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LTE:

,

Long Term Evolution (LTE),

.



, : ,
.
:

, 3G
Utel, MTC PeopleNet.
WiMAX, ,
, AlterNet.
,

. 3GPP (3rd Generation
Partnership Project) 3G-
2008 . LTE
(Long Term Evolution) Release 8
. 4G,
3G WiMAX -

who?
3G , , ,
.
WiMAX
VoIP
.
LTE , , ,
, WiMAX,

. .

56

3 (46) 2009

4G. GSMA Mobile


World Congress,
, ( , ) LTE-,
3G/LTE.

.

LTE

LTE 3GPP 2004 .


Universal Terrestrial
Radio Access (UTRA)
.
3-4 HSDPA
Release 6. , 100 /
50 / .
,

.


. E-UTRA (Evolved UTRA), 2007 .,
1,25 20 M.
LTE
SAE (System Architecture Evolution)
,
2004 . SAE (NGN),
IP- -

.

UTRA, WiMAX,
Wi-Fi .
,

, ,
WiMAX.

LTE
2006 . Mobile
Broadband: The Global Evolution of
UMTS/HSPA Release 7, 2008 .

Release 8.

LTE WiMAX

LTE
Motorola
T-Mobile
Qualcomm

WiMAX
rel 1.5

220

220

22

64-QAM-5/6 64-QAM-5/6


, /

44

117

24

226

42

22

64-QAM-?

144

277

44

64-QAM-5/6
144,6

289

1x2

1x2

1x2

1x2

/
/

64-QAM

16-QAM

64-QAM-5/6


, /

50,4

75

69,1



. , SC-FDMA

(-)
, OFDM.
WiMAX, LTE
MIMO, - -

OFDM SC-FDMA

LTE

LTE, WiMAX HSPA


Release 8
(.).
(

).
LTE, WiMAX

(Orthogonal Frequency Division
Multiplexing, OFDM) - (Multiple Input,
Multiple Output, MIMO).
WiMAX

OFDM,
LTE

(Single-Carrier Frequency Division
Multiple Access, SC-FDMA). OFDM
SC-FDMA OFDM SC-FDMA.
SC-FDMA
, ,
WiMAX-,

LTE, SCFDMA OFDM


- : 15
, ,
66,7 (1/15 ).
,
OFDM ,
SC-FDMA .
, (OFDM) ADSL,
256
, / .
.

-1,1

1,1
I

-1,-1


QPSK OFDM SCFDMA .
, OFDM ,

15 .
(, , )
66,7 .
SC-FDMA
, 60 (
15 ).
,

OFDM, SC-FDMA
, SC-FDMA
(-) ,
OFDM.

1,-1

1,1

-1,-1

-1,1

1,-1

1,1

-1,-1

-1,1

1,-1


QPSK

OFDM

15

OFDM
15
OFDM
f1

OFDM

SC-FDMA

SC-FDMA

f1

60

SC-FDMA
M*15
1/M SC-FDMA

3 (46) 2009

57

(, ,
MIMO
HSPA-E Wi-Fi-
802.11n),
( Smart
Antennas).

,
, ,


,
.

. ,



,
,
.
.
:


,
,
,
, .
WCDMA/HSPA 7,
LTE -


(MBMS), ,
, .

()
(Multicast-Broadcast Single-Frequency
Network, MBSFN).
, , ,

.
, , LTE

: 1,25; 1,6; 2,5;
5; 10; 15 20 . LTE
,

(Frequency
Division Duplex, FDD) (Time Division Duplex, TDD)
. ,
,
,
15 , 1 .
LTE HSPA. HSPA,
LTE .

,

. -

Service Control & Data Bases

IMS

Access

PCRF

HSS/AAA

Core Switching & Transport


aGW
MME
SAE GW

eNode B

SAE

58

3 (46) 2009

Serving GW

PDN (HA)


Hybrid Automatic Repeat-Request
(HARQ), HSPA.

LTE

( 20 , 4
64-QAM) 300 /
10 .

SAE

LTE

HSUP 3G-, SAE NGN, Evolved
Packet Core (EPC) IP-.
,
3G-
:
GGSN (Gateway GPRS Support
Node) Serving GPRS Support Node
(SGSN), RNC
(Radio Network Controller) Node B.
SAE :

(.): eNode B
(evolved Node B),
, aGW
(Access Gateway).
IP- SAE,
,

GGSN SGSN ( IP),
RNC Node B
,
eNode B
IMS- aGW.
aGW
Serving Gateway PDN
Gateway, SAE
(SAE GW),
(Mobility Entity Management,
MME). eNode B
Serving
Gateway (SG),
-

,

SG
2G/3G-, 3GPP-. SG



PDN.
SAE-

SG.
PDN (Public Data Network)
IP- ,

3GPP -3GPP (WiMAX,
CDMA 1X, EVDO). PDN GW , ,
IP-
.
IP- (, )
( , , IP-).
SG, PDN Gateway

,
,
.
MME,
aGW, SG,

PDN, ,

LTE 2G/3G-.
, -

VoIP-,


IP-:

( )
,
. LTE eNode B

, NAS-

.

eNode B (eNB) , , .
CDMA- LTE
(soft handover),



,
, .
LTE : eNB
,
, eNB

.
eNB , ,

,
eNB ,
,
.

, RNC lur CDMA,

eNB
aGW ,
30 .

,
AIPN-

, .. . ,
,
,

.

,
-
,
,

. ,
,

.
IP- QoS
aGW eNB,
eNB,

, eNode
B
.
QoS ,
OSI VPLS (Virtual Private
LAN Service),
3 OSI IP MPLS. VPLS
,

3G Node B LTE
eNode B (
): 3G NB
RNC , 3 (46) 2009

59

VPLS, LTE
eNB . VPLS ,
(MBMS),
IP- .


Metro Ethernet
MPLS. IP MPLS
, VPLS,
.

HSPA WiMAX ,
,
LTE-.
, ,
LTE
, .
2007 . LTSI (LTE SAE Trial Iniative, www.
lstiforum.org) Alcatel-Lucent, Ericsson,
Orange, Nokia Siemens Networks, Nortel, T-Mobile
Vodafone,
(Motorola, Qualcomm,
Huawei, NTT DoCoMo, China Mobile .).
,
LTE,
. , 12 . .
,
698806 ,
, .

2007 ., Verizon
Wireless AT&T Wireless
$19,2 ., ,
LTE-.
,
2008 . Ericsson M700,
100 50 / , , 700 .
,
LTE-
. , LTSI
700
( LTE- 60

3 (46) 2009

),
.
LTE 2008 . Motorola Nokia
Siemens Networks,
.
, 2009 .
,
LTE 2G/3G-.
NTT DoCoMo LTE-
2,1; 2,6 1,5 China Mobile
2,3 .
. Ericsson M700,
Qualcomm
Mobile
Data Modem (MDM 9200, 9600 9800)
LTE
50 /, 25 /. , Qualcomm MDM , 3G-:
MDM9200: UMTS, HSPA+, LTE;
MDM9600: UMTS, HSPA+,
EV-DO rev. B, UMB, LTE;
MDM9600: EV-DO rev. B, UMB, LTE.
LTE- LG Electronics Samsung.

.
LTSI
. ,
LTE
,
.
,
, WiMAX Wi-Fi-

.
,
LTE .
,
(R&D)