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- ( )

. , . , .

..

2006

1
1.1
( )

,
,
n-p-n-p .

. 1

. 2
PSPICE

1.2

, ,
. . 3.

. 3 p-

:
2

Q0
I gen (Q0 , t ) =
F R

t
e R e F

(1)

R= 0.1,
F = 0.5.
. 4
10.00mA

8.00mA

6.00mA

4.00mA

2.00mA

0.02mA
2.2ps

10ps
... I(G_I1)

100ps

1.0ns

10ns

Time

. 4
( )

, Qc
0 10 (), Vdd = 3 V( ) ,
, R2.
0mA

-50mA

-100mA

-150mA

-200mA
0s

4.0ns
... I(R_R2)

8.0ns

12.0ns

16.0ns

19.7ns

Time

. 5 R2

pn .6, . 6.
3.00V

2.00V

1.00V

0.01V
0.05ns

5.00ns
... V($N_0003)- V($N_0004)

10.00ns

15.00ns

20.00ns

24.98ns

Time

. 6 p-n
3.000V

2.500V

2.000V

1.500V

1.000V

0.535V
3.0ps

10ps
30ps
... V($N_0003)- V($N_0004)

100ps

300ps

1.0ns

3.0ns

10ns

Time

. 6 p-n
( )

pC pn
CJC(50fF). npn-
0.7, pnp- 0.7 (.. ).

BF, IS, ,
RW RS, pn CJC.
4

2
2.1
.
,
, .
:
M (VDD ) =

1
V
1 DD
BV

(2)

Vdd - , BV - , n .
SEU SEL ,
3.3,
5. Vdd = 5 SEU
, SEL .

2.2 CJC CJE


pn-. CJC
pn- , CJE pn-
, . ,
. CJC CJE
:

0 S qN A N D
,
2(N A + N D )( k + U )

k = t ln

N A ND
Ni 2

(3)
(4)

Nsource/contact = 1020 c-3


Nwell = 1018 c-3
Nsubstrate = 1016 c-3
2
pn-: = 10
:

2.5 Is
npn- .
, pn :

IS =

qSD p
qSDn
n p0 +
pn0
Ln
Lp

(5)

:
Is n =

qSDb
n p0
Ln

(6)

ni2
pp0 = NA = 1017 -3, :
np0
p p0
Is n =

SqDn 2
ni
Ln N A

(7)

,
, , .. Wwell:
Is n =

Dn =36

SqDn 2
ni
Wwell N A

(8)

2
, ni = 1010 -3 Wwell = 2 , Isn =3 10-11 A -2 .
c

PSpice Isn= 10-14 ,


S 10-3 2.
pnp
:

Is p =

SqD p
Wwell N D

ni2 = 10 12 S [A -2 ]

(9)

Nd=1018 -3, Dp=13 2/ , Isp =10-14 A


S 10-2 2

3

3.1 BF
. 7
.

, Qc BF, ,
.

Qcr,

5
4
2

BF(pnp)

BF(npn)

10 20

. 7 Q BF npn pnp

3.2 Rs Rw
. 8 ,
. , , p+ contact,
n+ contact. , ,
. . 8,
.

. 8 QC RS RW

3.3 IKF
Qc
IKF.
, .

I(R2)

. npn pnp
(. 9.) (
.)

Qc Ikf npn pnp

Qc,pC

6,10
5,90
5,70
5,50
5,30
5,10
4,90
4,70
4,50
0

10

Ikf, m A
Qc(Ikf) npn

Qc(Ikf) pnp

. 9 Qc IKF npn pnp

3.4 Is
Is npn pnp
. 10.
, Rs Rw ,
.

NPN PNP .

30

Qc, .

25

20

15

10

15

15

Is(pnp)

20

3,5

Is(npn)

30

5
3,5

10

30

. 10 npn pnp

3.5

. ,
.

. . 11 .

Qcr,

7
6
5
4
3
2
200

250

300

350

400

. 11 QC ( ) ( )

3.6 pn CJC
pn CJC .

. (. . 2) (
), pn CJC (. 12).
CJC
. 13. CJC=(0,5-1,0) fF
1% (0,944%), .
5,5

Q c ,p C

5,0
4,5
4,0
3,5
3,0
0,1

. 12 pn CJC

1,0

CJC,fF 10,0

100,0

1000,0

. 13 Qc
pn CJC

3.7

,
, .
PSpice BV = 10 20,
9

14 15(Rs = 500 Rw = 500 ).

2,5

2,5

1,5

1,5

Qc,

Qc,

0,5

0,5

0
0

Vdd,

10

. 14 Qc
Vdd BV=10

10
Vdd,

15

20

. 15 Qc
Vdd BV=20

,
(. 16).
, .
.

LET, /(*^2)

12
10
8
6
4
2
0
2

Vdd,

. 16 .


3.3, .

.
. 2
PSPICE ,

10

BF, , Rs

Rw. Is, ,
.
, IKF ,
, .

pn CJC.
. 12 ( pn ).
, . 13.
.
,
, .
,
,
, .


.

.
1.

A.H. Johnston, IEEE Trans. NS-43(2), 505-521(1996);

2.

. , . , .
, 1989.

3. . . , . . , .. ,
. , 2003.

11

1

1

IS

1.0e-16

BF

100

1.0

.
NF

VAF

IKF

BF

.
ISE

NE

1.5

.
BR

NR

VAR

IKR

BF

.
ISC

NC

.
RB

IRB

, Rb

RB

50% RB
RBM.
RBM

RE

RC

CJE

0.75

.
VJE

12

0.33

0.75

0.33

0.75

1.11

.
MJE

,
.

TF

XTF

, TF
-.

VTF

, TF
-.

ITF

, TF
.

PTF


freq=1.0/(TF*2PI) .

CJC

VJC

MJC

,
.

XCJC

TR

CJS

-
.

VJS


-.

MJS

,
-.

XTB

BF BR.

EG

XTI

IS.

KF

.
AF

FC

0.5

27

.
TNOM

13

2
T=27 0C
Vdd = 3V
2

npn

pnp

IS=1.0000E-14

IS=1.00E-14

XTI=3.0

XTI=3.0

EG=1.11

EG=1.11

VAF=500

VAF=300

BF=50

BF=50

NE=1.2

NE=1.35

ISE=1.0E-14

ISE=1.000E-14

IKF=100.0m

IKF=30.0m

XTB=1.5

XTB=1.5

BR=1.15000

BR=1.5

NC=2

NC=2.0

ISC=0

ISC=2.0

RB=2

RB=10

RC=10

RC=2

CJE=1.000E-16

CJE=1.00E-16

MJE=0.33

MJE=0.33

VJE=.75

VJE=.75

CJC=1.000E-16

CJC=1.00E-16

VJC=.75

VJC=.75

MJC=.3

MJC=0.41

FC=0.5000

FC=0.5

TF=1.00E-9

TF=1.00E-9

XTF=30

XTF=30

VTF=10

VTF=10

ITF=0.27

ITF=0.27

TR=1.0E-9

TR=1.000E-9

14