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Highway and Traffic Engineering

Prof.-DR ABDULSAMI QURESHI

MEHRAN UNIUVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY RM-001/00QSP-004 Dec.01.2001

TENTATIVE TEACHING PLAN


DEPARTMENT/INSTITUTE/DIRECTORATE: CIVIL ENGINEERING Name of Teacher: Prof. Dr. Abdul Sami Qureshi Subject: Highway & Traffic Engineering Batch: 09CE- Year: Final Term: 1st Term Starting Date: 02-01-2012 Term Suspension Date: 22-04-2012

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TOPICS

Transportation system: Introduction Evolution of Transportation Highway planning Geometric design: Introduction/ Design controls Design vehicle Functional classification of roads and Design speed Design Driver Design Volume Sight Distances Cross section elements (with of travel lane, shoulders, medians 10 )

Lecture Required 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 2
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Cross slopes Horizontal Alignments: Introduction Horizontal curves Transition, curves Super-elevation Curve widening Vertical Alignments: Introduction Grades Vertical curves Pavement Design: Introduction Early road construction methods Design of flexible design Design of rigid pavement Maintenance of pavement Traffic Engineering: Introduction Intersection Design Traffic control devices Traffic signals Highway capacity Highway safety TOTAL

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REFERENCES
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. HIGHWAY ENGINEERINGPAUL H. WRIGHT/ KAREN K. DIXON TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING C. JOTIN KHISTY-B. KENT LALL HIGHWAY ENGINEERING J. KHANNA THE HAND BOOK OF HIGHWAY ENGINEERING T. F. FWA http://nptel.iitm.ac.in/ http://ocw.mit.edu/OcwWeb/web/home/home/index.htm HIGHWAY CAPACITY MANUAL

Overview of Transportation Engineering

What is TRANSPORTATION ?

Transportation System
Definition of Transportation Modes A transportation system is an infrastructure that serves to move people and goods efficiently. Efficient = safe, rapid, comfortable, convenient, economical, environmentally compatible.

Transportation System
Major transportation subsystems Land transportation: highway, rail Air transportation: domestic, international Water transportation: inland, coastal, ocean Pipelines: oil, gas, other

Transportation
A B

Movement of persons and goods over space

Transportation
Users / Substance

Infrastructure

Vehicle / Service

Users / Content
People p Passenger Transportation Goods p Freight Transportation
Share of total passengers or tons-km
Commuting Shopping Recreation

Waste disposal Local distribution Business Tourism Migration

Trade Energy & Raw Materials

Distance
Source: Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University.

Users / substance
Passengers Freight

Board, get off and transfer Must be loaded, unloaded without assistance and transferred Process information and The information must be act on it without assistance processed through logistics managers Make choices between means of transport often irrationally Logistics managers make choices between means of transport rationally

Source: Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University.

Vehicles / Services

Vehicles / Services

Vehicles / Services

Vehicles / Services

Vehicles / Services

Vehicles / Services

Vehicles / Services

Vehicles / Services

Vehicles / Services

Infrastructure

Infrastructure

Infrastructure

Ingram Publishing Royalty Free Photograph

Infrastructure

Infrastructure

Infrastructure

Infrastructure

Evolution of Transportation
2000
Hydrogen car Container ships Super tankers Electric car Maglev Jumbo Jet TGV Jet Plane

1950

Airfoils Highways Buses

Jet engine Helicopters Planes Tramway

1900

Bulk ships Liners

Trucks Automobile

Iron hulls

Internal combustion engine Metro Bicycles Electric motor Steam engine

Dirigibles Balloons

1800
Docks Locks

Omnibus

Rails

Maritime

Road

Rail

Air

Evolution of Transportation
The TGV (French: Train Grande Vitesse, meaning high-speed train) is France's high-speed rail service A TGV the fastest rail journey with a start to stop average speed of 279.4 km/h (173.6 mph),[2][3] surpassed by the Chinese CRH service Harmony express on the Wuhan Guangzhou HighSpeed Railway in 2009. Maglev (magnetic levitation), is a system of transportation that suspends, guides and propels trains, using magnetic levitation from a very large number of magnets for lift and propulsion. A hydrogen vehicle is an alternative fuel vehicle that uses hydrogen as its onboard fuel for power The current land speed record for a hydrogen-powered vehicle is 286.476 mph (461.038 km/h)

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Now a days Supertankers has a length overall of 380.0 metres (1,246.7 ft) and a cargo capacity of 3,166,353 barrels (503,409,900 l).

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Jet aircraft propelled by jet engines generally fly much faster than propellerpowered aircraft and at higher altitudes as high as 33,000 to 49,000 ft.
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A jumbo jet is a large aircraft, most commonly the Boeing 747. The 747-400, is the fastest airliners in service with a high-subsonic cruise speed of 570 mph, 920 km/h. It can accommodate more than 500 passengers.

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Evolution of Transportation

1500-1840 Average speed of wagon and sail ships: 16 km/hr

1850-1930 Average speed of trains: 100 km/hr. Average speed of steamships: 25 km/hr 1950 Average speed of airplanes: 480-640 km/hr 1970 Average speed of jet planes: 800-1120 km/hr 1990 Numeric transmission: instantaneous

Source: Dr. Jean-Paul Rodrigue, Dept. of Economics & Geography, Hofstra University.

Evolution of Transportation
1000 Road Rail Maritime Air Jet Plane

750

500

HST Propeller Plane 250 Automobile 100 Rail 50 Stage Coach Liner Clipper Ship 1800 1850 1900 1950 Containership 2000

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15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

0 Germany Japan United States World

existing Challenges

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Transportation
Multi-User Multi-Scale Multi-Modal Multi-Impacts

What is TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING ?

Transportation Engineering
One of the specialty areas of civil engineering
Development of facilities (roads , railways, airports, Bus stops,..) for the movement of goods and people Planning, design, operation and maintenance

Multidisciplinary study

Transportation Engineering

Transportation Engineering
An interesting / exciting area ! Employers
50% government 40% consultants 5% research, teaching 5% other rail, trucking firms, etc.

Highway Engineering
The application of technology and scientific principles to the planning, functional design, operation, and management of roads, streets and highways, their networks, terminals, abutting lands, and relationships with other modes of transportation. Areas of highway engineering: Planning of streets and highways Geometric design of road facilities Traffic operations and control Traffic safety Maintenance of road facilities and controls

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