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Abaqus -

,
. Abaqus
Abaqus, Inc. (USA) 1978 . C 2005
Abaqus, Inc. Dassault Systemes ( CAD
CATIA PLM SmarTeam Enovia).
Abaqus
SIMULIA,
Dassault Systemes Abaqus, Inc.
,
.
SIMULIA ,
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- SIMULIA/Abaqus
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, , ,
, , .

SIMULIA/Abaqus .
, , ,
.
Abaqus Student Edition,
,
SIMULIA Abaqus.
Abaqus/CAE.
/ .
Abaqus Student Edition SIMULIA/Abaqus,
1000.
Abaqus Student Edition .
Abaqus Student Edition ,
.
.

, 2008.
127083, , , . , 18, 7- , .705
./: +7(495) 612-4422, 612-4262, info@tesis.com.ru

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12 Abaqus/CAE

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13 SIMULIA Abaqus

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14 baqus 6.6/6.7

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98

1:
- SIMULIA/Abaqus -
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SIMULIA Abaqus , :
- , (ABB, AEA Technology, SIEMENS, EPRI, );
- (BMW, FORD, General Motors, Mercedes, Toyota, Volvo, Goodyear);
- / (General Dynamics, Lockheed Martin, US Navy, Boeing);
- (Intel, Hewlett-Packard, Motorola, IBM, Digital);
- (British Steel, DuPont, );
- (Exxon/Mobil, Shell, Dow);
- (3M, Kodak, Gillette);
- (GeoConsult, ISMES, , .).
, SIMULIA/Abaqus - ,
, ., , , ,
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SIMULIA/Abaqus
, :
- ( )
-
-
- ( )

-
SIMULIA/Abaqus , ,
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..
SIMULIA/Abaqus .
() Abaqus/Standard Abaqus/Explicit, -
Abaqus/CAE ,
(Abaqus/Aqua, Abaqus/Design, FE-Safe). .

1:

Abaqus/Standard SIMULIA
/Abaqus, . Abaqus/Standard

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Abaqus/Explicit
, . .1

,
, .
Abaqus/Design - Abaqus/Standard,
.
ABAQUS/Aqua Abaqus/Standard,
, , .
FE/Safe SIMULIA/Abaqus
, , .
Abaqus/ADAMS SIMULIA/Abaqus
ADAMS/Flex.
Abaqus for CATIA v5
SIMULIA Abaqus CATIA.
Abaqus/MOLDFLOW MOLDFLOW
- SIMULIA/Abaqus.
Abaqus/CAE , ,
SIMULIA/Abaqus.
VCCT (Crack Closure Technique)

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2: -.

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ABAQUS CAE. Start Session,
2.1, 4 :

2-1

Create Model DataBase ;


Open DataBase - ;
Run Script ;
Start Tutorial .
Create Model DataBase .

ABAQUS/CAE
. 2.2



2-2. Abaqus

ABAQUS 6.7. ,
, .
Viewport, ,
. ,
2.2. Viewport ,
.

ABAQUS ,
,
-
. ABAQUS.

Module, 2-3.
:

2-3

PART , , ,
;
PROPERTY , ,
, ;
ASSEMBLY ,
;
STEP ,
;
INTERACTION , ,
;
LOAD , , ,
;
MESH , , ,
-;
JOB , ,
, ;
VISUALIZATION ,
;
SKETCH , .

Abaqus/CAE
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2-4

2.1 .
- 10 ,
5,0*1,0 2, 16
1 , .
1.4. ,

,
, b, ,
.

F
2-5. -

= 1,4 .

Q
z , 1.5.
Q0

M0

2-6

Q = P, = PL.
Module PART. Create Part.


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(. 2-7.).
, ,
, .


2-7

, ,
Part Create . , ,
,
. 2-8
Create Part, .
. Create Part
, ,

, 400 , Beam-1.
Continue.
, .
10 .
100 .
Create Lines Connected.
2-8

, , . 2
, 2-9, 0,0 100,0
Enter.
Cancel.

2-9

, ancel ,
Done.
Cancel

Back.

10

PROPERTY. PROPERTY
.
Material -> Create (. 2-10),
Materials

ABAQUS : , , , ,
, . ,
-, , , , .
.
,
Materials
. Edit
Material, 2-10.
Metal.
, :
General Density = 2600 (/3) Mechanical Elasticity
Elastic: Youngs Modulus = 5.6e+08 (),Poissons Ratio
= 0.3. .
. ,
.
,

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Sections ,
Create Profile, Profile
Create. Create Section,
Beam.
Beam Section.
Continue, Edit Beam Sections.
. Create Profile
name Abaqus/CAE . Create Profile
Rectangular Edit Profile, a = 1, b = 5.
, Profile name.
Material Name Metal,
.
. rts
, Part-1
,
Assign Section ,
Assign Section. ,
. Done.
.

11

, .
Assign Section Orientation Assign Beam Section
Orientation. , ,
Done. ,
( ) . 0.0, 0.0, -1.0
, , .
ASSEMBLY. Assembly,
( ) . ,
, .
, Create Part Instance



,
Instance Create.
Parts. , ,
Instance Type Independent , ,
.
,
Instance->Translate, Instance->Rotate, Instance->Rotate.
.
ABAQUS/CAE - .
Step , - (General)
(Linear Perturbation Step) (, ,
..).
ABAQUS
, ,
. STEP Create
Step
,
,
Step Create. Create Step,
Initial. Static, General Loading.
Continue, Edit Step, Description
- Console Beam.
, Nlgeom=On, OK.
STEP ,
Create Field Output
Create History
Output. ,
, , .. .
,

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Manager
Field Output ,
Output Field Requests Manager. Field Output Requests Manager.
Edit, .
, , , ,

12

.
Dismiss.
, INTERACTION .
LOAD.
, ,

, Create Load
, Load Create.
, (Loading), , Tip Load,
Category Mechanical Types for Selected Step
Concentrated Force.
Continue Edit Load.
, 2-18 CF2 = 1000. . .
, , .

BC Create.

, Create BC

Create Boundary Condition Initial


Mechanical Symmetry/Antisymetry/Encastre.
BeamBound. Continue . , ,
Done, Edit Boundary Condition.
Encastre,
, .
- . ABAQUS/CAE
, Mesh.
MESH. , , .
ABAQUS Seed.

Seed Part Instance

, ,
Seed Edge By
Number Seed Edge By Number.
- 10.
Done, ,
.
, , Seed Edge By Size Seed Edge Biased.
, .

Assign Mesh Controls Mesh Controls
, ,
.
Assign Element Type Mesh Element
Type
B21H, , ,
, ,
.

13

, , Mesh Part Instance

Mesh Part Instance Create. ,


. - .
JOB.

Create Job Job Create,



*.odb, .
Create Job, Beam2D-Bending. ,
, *.odb.
Continue Edit Job,
Full Analisys, Background Immediately.
, Bending static, ,
,
. .
. ,
,
Beam2D-Bending Submit, Job Manager
Job Manager Submit.
Running , Completed -
Results, .
VISUALISATION. Fast Plot Deformed ,
Plot
Undeformed ,
Plot Contour
, ,
. ,
Plot.
, Result Field
Output. , .
,
. ,
, , ,
ABAQUS: X, Y Z , , 1, 2
3. ,
Results at nodes U U2.

14

3:
-
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ABAQUS, , . ,
3DBeam Create Part ,
, Modeling Space = 3D, Type = Deformable, Base
Feature Shape = Solid, Type = Extrusion, ,
( ).
, Approximate Size 20.
Continue, .
PART Create Lines:Rectangle

Add Line - Rectangle.


-2.5, -0.5 2.5, 0.5.
Enter Done,
100.
. ( 3.1)

3-1

15

View Zoom,

View
Rotate,

View Pan

Display Shaded

Display Wireframe

View Fit,

Display Hidden,

,
View Zoom Rectangle,
.
PROPERTY, ASSEMBLY STEP
, . -, .
-, Create Section Solid
Homogeneous, . Edit Section
, Plane stress/strain
thickness = 1, ,
Section Assignment , Assign Section,
, .
LOAD. , ,
. ,
, . ABAQUS
Partition. Tools Partition

Partition Sketch: Face.
Create Partition Face Sketch.
, ,
Done. horizontal and on the top
, .
Create Lines Connected Add Connected Lines,
, . Done
, . ,
. Partition Edge By Parameter,
Tools Partition - Create Partition
Edge Enter Parameter.
,
, 0.5 Create Partition.
Done. .
, ,
.
, Initial, , ,
, , . ,
, ,
View Rotate.
MESH. Seed Instance Seed Part
Instance. 1.
, Seed Edge By
Size Seed Edge By Size, ,
Seed Part Instance. 4
, Shift.
Ctrl.
20. Done 60
. Mesh Controls
16

Shape =
Technique = Structured. Element Type
C3D8H, ,
, 3D Stress,
. Mesh Instance
MESH,
Done.
JOB VISUALISATION ,
. , ,
, Beam3D-Bending.
,
. , .
Beam2D-Bending.odb, .
.
Viewport Create, . ,
. , ,
Viewport. .

17

4:
(, , , )
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, 4.1. ,
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4-1

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ABAQUS. ,
Beam-Materials. ,
, , ,
PROPERTY
Create . : Density = 5400
(/3), Youngs Modulus = 4.3e+8, Poissons Ratio = 0.28. Mechanical
Plasticity Plastic. ,
: Yield Stress Plastic Strain. , ,
. ,
, ,
, . ,
4.2. ,
, .

18

Yield Stress

Plastic Strain

54e+4

0.0

58e+4

0.0006

63e+4

0.0008

69e+4

0.0013

74e+4

0.0018

78e+4

0.0023

4-2

- Copper.
. JOB
, , Beam3DPlastic. Submit, .
,
. , , .
. , ,
. Plywood.
: Density = 1460 (/3). Mechanical
Elastic, Type
Isotropic Orthotropic. : D1111 = 2.3+8 , D1122 =
3.8+5 , D2222 = 4.3+8 , D1133 = 5.6+5 , D2233 = 1.4+7 , D3333 = 1.8+9 , D1212 =
2.7+5 , D1313 = 1.6+6 , D2323 = 4.3+5 . .
Datum Csys Create
datum Plane: 3 Points Tools Datum, Type = Csys, Method = 3 points.
Create Datum Csys Coordinate System Type Rectangular
, Datum csys-PlyWood. Continue,
, .
, .
Create Datum. Assign Material orientation
Assign Material orientation.
Done.
Axis-3 .
Enter .
Beam3D-Orthotropic
.
. ,
.
Composite Elastic Engineering
Constants. : Density = 4850 (/3), Youngs Modulus: 1 = 3.6+8 ,
2 = 2.8+7 , 3 = 4.5+7 , Nu12 = 0.34, Nu13 = 0.23, Nu23 = 0.28, G12 = 3.2e+7 , G13 =
4.0e+7 , G23 = 6.2e+7 . .
, , Beam3D-Composite, , ,
.
19

, ,
Primary Variable Pressure
, .

0
0
. ,
.
0.3
0.8
Rubber Type Isotropic.
0.6
1.6
Density=1870 /3
Hyperelastic. Test data Input source.
0.9
2.5
,
1.2
3.8
,
, ,
1.5
5.0
. ,
1.8
6.8

, Strain energy potential Polinomial Moduli time
2.1
8.3
scale (for viscoelasticity) Long-term, Strain
energy potential order 2.
2.4
12
4-3
, ,
. Test Data
Uniaxial test data. Suboption Editor ,
4.3. Nominal Stress Nominal Strain
. , . ABAQUS
: , -, , . N=2. ,
, .
,
Evaluate, Material Evaluate Rubber.
Evaluate Material.
Nominal Stress

Nominal Strain

Source Test data, Standard Tests


- Uniaxial Planar.
Nominal Strain,
, 12. Strain Energy Potentials
, , , Polynomial,
Mooney-Rivlin Odgen. . ,
,
.
,
, , Beam3D-Rubber.
.

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20

5:

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, 2,
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. , Model Copy Model
Model-1 Model-2. .
.
STEP. STEPS ,
, Step Manager,
, Create. Procedure type = General,
Dynamic, Implicit. Dynamic Loading.
Edit Step . Basic Free ,
Time Period, 12 .
Incrementation Fixed, 200,
Increment size 0,1 . Other
Numerical damping control parameter, -0.3 ( )
Dismiss.
History Output ,
.
: , Tools Set Manager,
Create. ,
Loading .
Set-1, Rename,
.
Done, Dismiss.
, History
Output Requests Manager, Output History
Output Request Manager . Dynamic
Loading , ,
Displacement/ Velocity/Acceleration Set-1,
Domain, Set .
LOAD.
, ,
.
Propagated Inactive Deactivate.
, ,
JOB. , ,
Create, Submit.
- Beam3D-Frequencies.

21


Results VISUALIZATION
*.odb.

ABAQUS/CAE

Animate Time History Time History Animate .


.
Allow Multiple Plot States

Plot Contours on Deformed Shape


, Animation Options ,
. ,
, , Animation Options
Mode Play once.

(, , )
Animation Controls.
Result History output.
, . ,
, , Dynamic
Loading Spatial Displacement: U1 at Node XX in NSET SET-1.
Plot .
XY Curve Options.
, : ,
. XY Plot Options,
, , .

22

6:.
.
ABAQUS ,
.
. , -
, Delete ,
Loading. Create Part
,
, Modeling Space = 3D, Type = Discrete Rigid, Base Feature
Shape = Shell Type = Revolution,
. Ball. Continue Create Arc:
Center and 2 Endpoints
Add Arc Center/Endpoints
(0.0, 0.0), (0.0, 5.0)
(0.0, -5.0). ! ,
, CenterLine.
Create Lines Connected Add Line
Connected Lines. Cancel
Done. Edit Revolution, Angle
= 360.0 . , ,
Tools Reference Point (0.0, 0.0, 0.0)
Enter. .
. ,
Feature Edit Edit Feature,
.
PROPERTY. Edit
Material Plastic Metal Material Create,
: Density =7850 (/3), Youngs Modulus =2e+7
, Poissons Ratio=0.3. ,
Mechanical Plasticity Plastic , 6-1.
Yield
Plastic
,
Stress
Strain
3000
0
Section Create .
3400
0.03
, ,
4000
0.07
.
4500
0.1

4800
0.15
. ASSEMBLY.
5100
0.2
, Beam Ball, .
5300
0.25
Instances ,
5400
0.3
Instance Create Instance Part,
5350
0.35
.
5200
0.4
. Y 5.5
5000
0.45
Z 50 ,
6-1
Instance - Translate
Translate Instance. ,
, Done. ,
, . ,
, .
23

, (0.0, 5.5, 50.0) (0.0, 0.0, 0.0).


, ,
.
STEP NlGeom = On
, , Step-2. Motion.
INTERACTION .
, ,
.
, Interaction Create, Create
Interaction. Create Interaction ( 6.2),
Loading, Types for selected step Surface-to-surface contact
(Standard). Continue ,
(master) (slave). .
, .
.

,
, ,
.

Done

(Purple)
(Brown) . ,
,
Purple .
,
.
,
Surface.
Viewport
,
,
6-2
, ,
. , ,
View Views Toolbox F8.
Done Edit Interaction ( 6.3)
.
,
. Slave Node Adjustment Adjust
only to remove overclosure ( ).
(Sliding Formulation) - Finite Sliding.

24


Edit Interaction
Create
Create Interaction Property.
,
Contact.


Edit Contact Property ( 6.4),
Continue.

.

6-3


Mechanical Tangential Behavior
Mechanical Normal Behavior, .
Tangential Behavior Friction
Formulation Penalty,
Directionality
Isotropic

Friction Coefficient = 0.05.


Normal Behavior ,
.
.
LOAD
,
6-4
Encastre.
(Initial) .
, Create Boundary Condition Manager.
Symmetry/Antysymmetry/Encastre. ,
, Reference Point.

Y. Boundary Condition Manager, Motion
Displacement/Rotation
Y 10 , U2 = 10.
Z X Y.
Initial Symmetry/Antysymmetry/Encastre ZSYMM,
. 4 ,
. , , ,
, . BC-1
Edit. ABAQUS ,
25

Yes. Edit Boundary Condition Edit


Region, .
MESH.
. .
. ,
. Seed Instance Seed Part
Instance 2 .
Assign Mesh Controls Mesh Controls
TRI. ,
Mesh Instance Mesh Part Instance.
, . ,
, .
. ,
, , .
Tools Datum. Create Datum
Plane Point and Normal.
Create Datum: Plane by Edge.
, .
. ,
.
Tools Partition. Cell - Use
datum plane. , Partition Cell: Use Datum Plane.
, Create
Partition .
Cancel !
.
. Seed Instance.
0.25 .
4 , 2
. ,
. ,
, .
Seed Edge biased Seed edge:
Biased. (8 ).
, , , .

, . 4,
40.
. 8
. Seed - Edge By Number
. , 4.

Abaqus Student Edition,


, ,
.

26

,
, .
Mesh Element Type Assign Element Type.
, . Element
Type : Standard,
3Dstress, Linear, HEX.
C3D8I. ,
Incompatible modes.
,
Mesh Region Mesh Region.
.
, . , Beam3D&Ball
Roquelle . (,
*.sta-): , .
, Results,
.
.
CAE ,
.
Result Field
Output, Primary Variables CPRESS Contact pressure at
surface nodes.
. Animate Time History
.
,
Result Field Output, Primary Variables, COPEN
Contact opening at nodes.

27


7:

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, , . ,
, ,
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PART
Extrusion . ,
, ,
5 Add Circle
Create Circle: Center and Radius. ,
, , .
(0.0,0.0)
(0.0, 5.0). ( Extrusion Depth) 10,
.
PROPERTY Alloyed Steel ( )
Youngs Modulus E = 9.9e+10, Poissons Ratio
=0.25, Density
= 7800/3 ,
.
ASSEMBLY
. ,
, Part-2,
. ,
,
, .
,
,
90 Y
5.5 , 5 20
Z.
Part Instance Rotate Part Instance Translate .

Rotate Part Instance
Translate Part Instance.
, Y
(0.0,0.0,0.0) (0.0,1.0,0.0), Angle of rotation = 90.
Position of Instance . ,
(0.0,0.0,0.0) (-5.0,5.5,20.0),
.

28

STEP ( Step-1,
) Delete
Step Manager, Dynamic, Implicit,
, Rolling. Time Perriod 24 .
Incrementation Type Fixed, Increment Size = 0.1,
Maximum Number of Increments = 400.
INTERACTION. , ,
, Friction Formulation
Frictionless Initial. ,
! , ,
.
LOAD .
Create Boundary Condition Initial,
. Symmetry/Antisymmetry/ Encastre
, Shift, ,
Done Xsymm. .
Create Load
. Create Load Types for Selected Step Concentrated
Force Category Mechanical, ,
Shift, Done,
Edit Load CF2 = -200 (), CF3 = 100000 ().
MESH . ,
, , Mesh Delete Instance Mesh
Delete Instance Mesh. Done,
. , Seed Instance
Seed Part Instance 1 ,
Seed Edge by Size
Seed Edge By Size, , Shift, 4 .
, 5
. Mesh Part Instance , .
, Seed Edge
by Number
Seed Edge By Number,
, Shift,
24. .
JOB Beam&Cyl-1.
Submit ,
Animate Scale Factor Animate Scale Factor.
VISUALIZATION ,
,
ABAQUS .
Animate Save as. Capture Current viewport.
Rolling Cyl, *.avi,
. ABAQUS/CAE
.

29

8:
.
.
, .
U
: U t Q c U . , , Q .
, ,
- . PROPERTY
, Edit.
. ABAQUS , , c
( ). , ABAQUS
q = W U, W
.

Thermal

Conductivity = 3750 /**, Specific Heat = 0.15 /*3.


.
STEP Heat transfer.
Time Period 4 . Incrimination Type
Fixed, Increment Size = 0.15, Maximum Number of Increments = 100.
Description , , Thermal Load.
Field Output Manager ,
F-Output-1. Edit
, , TEMP
Thermal. .
LOAD .
Create Load Category Thermal Type for Selected Step Surface heat flux.
. Edit Load Distribution Uniform,
. Magnitude 12000
/*3. .
MESH . Assign Element Type
Mesh Element Type,
Family Heat transfer, Element Type -
Convection/Diffusion. ,
.
JOB , ,
Beam3D-Heat, .
LOAD. ,
Load-1, Edit. .
Magnitude -1000 /*3.
, , Beam3D-Freeze. VISUALIZATION
. ,
. Result Field Output
TEMP Primary Variable .
.

30

9:

.
. , q
E F=q*E, E=Q/4 r2. , ,
. ABAQUS
.
.
,
, , . PART ,
, , 20*20.
PROPERTY , .
, , Section-1.
, .
Edit Material , Other, Electric
: Piezoelectric 3*3*3

eijk = 12, 0, 0, 2, 4, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0 ; Dielectric
= 6.
ASSEMBLY ,
. Z 50 Y 80 , ,
Part Instance Translate .
, , (0.0,30.0,90.0).
INTERACTION Surface-to-Surface contact (Stanard)
. ,
, , .
Edit Interaction Slave Node Adjustment Do
not adjust Slave Nodes. Small Sliding,
Penalty 0.12, Normal
Behavior Use augmented Lagrange.
LOAD ,
Symmetry/Antisimmetry/ Encastre ,
, 1 .
Create Load Category Electrical,
Type for Selected Step Concentrated harge. Edit Load
,
, Done.
Magnitude = 1e-6
.
MESH . .
Seed Edge By Number, 4
16 . C3D8E,
Family Piezoelectric.
JOB,
, , Charge-1. Submit
31

, VISUALIZATION
Results. , ,
, ,
, .
,
, ,
, 5 ,
.
HEX.
, , Charge-2,
, *.odb-.
, , , ,
.

32

10: /
Abaqus/CAE CAD -
. ,
. ,
Abaqus/CAE :
3D XML (file_name.3dxml)
3D XML Dassault Systmes XML
. ,

. 3D XML
. 3D XML 3D
XML Dassault Systmes. 3D XML CATIA V5.
Abaqus/CAE .
ACIS (file_name.sat)
ACIS - Spatial,
ACIS-.
ACIS-, ,
ACIS .
AutoCAD (file_name.dxf)
, AutoCad (.dxf)
. , Abaqus/CAE
AutoCad, ,
.
CATIA V4 (file_name.model, file_name.catdata, or file_name.exp)
CATIA - IBM Dassault
Systems. CATIA-, ,
ABAQUS/CAE CATIA.
CATIA V5 Elysium Neutral File Elysium Neutral Assembly File (file_name.enf_abq or
.eaf_abq)
CATIA V5
Elysium Neutral File (.enf) Elysium Neutral Assembly File (.eaf)
. CATIA
V5 Abaqus/CAE.

33

CATIA V5 parts and assemblies (file_name.CATPart or .CATProduct)


CATIA V5 Associative Interface add-on Abaqus/CAE
CATIA V5.
I-DEAS Elysium Neutral File (file_name.enf_abq)
Abaqus/CAE plug-in I-Deas.
ABAQUS/CAE I-Deas.
IGES (file_name.igs)
IGES - ,
.
Iges-, ,
Iges .
Parasolid (file_name.x_t, file_name.x_b, file_name.xmt_txt, or file_name.xmt_bin)
Parasolid - Unigraphics
Solutions. ,
Abaqus. CAD - : Unigraphics, SolidWorks, Solid Edge,
FEMAP, MSC.Patran.
STEP (file_name.stp)
, (
10303-1) IGES. ISO AP203
(),
, .
VDA-FS (file_name.vda)
Verband der Automobilindustrie Flachn Schnittstelle (VDA-)
. VDA-FC IGES
ASCII; , VDA-FC
. , IGES , , ,
, VDA-FC.
VRML (file_name.wrl)
(VRML) -
, web- VRML .
- , , ,
- . VRML-
. VRML
CORTONA COSMO.

34

Output database (output_database_ name.odb), ABAQUS/Standard and ABAQUS/Explicit input


files- Abaqus.
, ABAQUS/CAE
. , , ABAQUS/CAE
. ,
. , - ,
ABAQUS/CAE, .
; ,
.

Part,
Abaqus/CAE. ,
.
ABAQUS/CAE
:
Name
Repair Options
Convert to analytical representation
Stitch gaps
Convert to precise representation

( )
( )
( )
( )
( )

.

. CAD
, SolidWorks.(
10.1)

35

10-1

Abaqus (. . 10.2).

10-2

36

Abaqus. FILE -> Import>Part


OK . ()
( 10.3),

, OK , .

,


.

10-3

37

11. :
.

11.1

11-1

, .
.11-1
:
, 11.2
, 11.3
11.4
,11.5
,11.6
,11.7
,11.8
,11.9
11.10
. 11.11
. 11.12.

38

11.2
, .
Abaqus/CAE , , .
:
a)
b)
c)

, .
, . ,
.
.

11.2.1
( ), ,
. (0.04 0.04 )
(0.04 ), .
11-2.

11-2 , .

:
1.

Abaqus/CAE .

2.

Parts, .
Create Part.

3.

Hinge-hole. :
d) Three-dimensional () deformable () .
e) Solid extrusion ( ) .

4.

Appropriate size 0.2. ,


, 0.14 ; 0.2
. Continue,
.

5.

39

6.

2- -
, .

7.


0.04 .

Add Dimension

: , ,
;
.

8.

Done , . Abaqus/CAE
Edit Base Extrusion.

9.

0.04 Depth Continue.

11.2.2
.
,
. 11-3.

11-3 .

:
1.

Shape>Solid>Extrude.

2.

.
, 11-4.

11-4 .
.

40

, ,
11-4.

3.

11-5 .

4.

C Magnify View
:

Pan View ,

5.

,
. .

6.

, :
a.

,
.

b.

.
.

c.

: ,

7.

2- ,
.

8.

, :

,
, .
a.

( [Shift]+Click,
).

b.

, 0.02 . ,
11-6.

41

11-6 .

, ,

9.

3
.
, .
, .
a.

,
.
2- ,
3 . 11-7.

10.

11-7 .

11.


, .
.
.

a.

, 0.01 .

b.


. , 0. (

42

0, ).
,
, .
: , Abaqus/CAE ,
;
. ,
.

12.

11-8.

11-8 .

13.

2- , .Abaqus/CAE
, -
, , .
. Abaqus/CAE
Edit Extrusion.

14.

Edit Extrusion: Type Build,


, .

a.

Depth 0.02.

b.

Flip, ,
11-9.

43

11-9 , .

c.

d.

Keep internal boundaries. , Abaqus/CAE


,
.
.
OK, . Abaqus/CAE
, .

11.2.3
,
. , ()
() . ,
, .
0.01 0.012 .
:
1.

Hinge-hole Parts.
Features. , Name
. :
() , Solid extrude-1, , Solid extrude-2.

2.

3- Solid extrude-2 () . Abaqus/CAE


.

3.

Edit. Abaqus/CAE .
, (twist)
c (draft) ( ),
.

4.

Edit Section Sketch.Abaqus/CAE


, .

5.

44

6.

(0.010).

7.

Edit Dimension 0.012 OK. Abaqus/CAE


.

8.

2- , .
Done .

9.

OK,
. .

:
. Abaqus/CAE , ,
,
.

11.2.4
, 11-10.

11-10 .


, 11-11.

11-11 .

45

, , Abaqus/CAE
,
. :
f)

g)

, .

h)

, .

:
1.

Tools>Datum.

2.

,
. Create Datum
Point.

3.

Enter Parameter.

4.

, -2.
, 0.0 1.0.
.

11-12 .

5.


[Enter]. , -12,
0.75 ,
, 0.25. Abaqus/CAE
.

6.

, .
Create Datum Axis. 2 points. Abaqus/CAE
, .

46

(, )

7.

. Abaqus/CAE ,
, 11-13.

11-13 , .

8.

,
. Create Datum Plane. Point and
normal.

9.

,
.

10.

,
.Abaqus/CAE , 11-14.

11-14 , .

11.2.5
, ,
. ,

11-15.

47

11-15 , .

:
1.

Create Datum, Tools>Datum.

2.

.
Create Datum Point.

3.

Enter Parameter.

4.

, 11-16.

11-16 .

5.

, 0.0
1.0. 0.75 ( 0.25,
11-16) [Enter]. Abaqus/CAE
.

6.

Create Datum Midway between 2 points.

7.

8.

. Abaqus/CAE
..

9.

Create Datum.

48

:
Shape>Cut>Extrude.

1.
2.

,
.

3.

,
, 11-17.

11-17 .

, ,
.
4.

5.

, .

6.

1- .

7.

. 0.003 .

8.


. . ,
.

9.

. Abaqus/CAE ,
, ,
. Edit Cut Extrusion.

10.

Type Edit Cut Extrusion Up to Face OK.

11.

,
, , 11-18. (
, Abaqus/CAE
). Abaqus/CAE
, .

49

11-18 , .

12.

Render Style

,
, ,
, 11-19. (
11-19).

11-19 .

13.

, , :

a.

b.

File Name, OK. Abaqus/CAE


Part.
.

14.

Save Model Database As.

File>Save.

,
Abaqus/CAE. Abaqus/CAE
, Open Database Start Session.
, , ..,
, .

50

11.3
i)

j)

k)

, .

l)

11.3.1
Steel, 209 GPa
, 0.3.
:
1.

Materials,
. Edit Material.

2.

Steel.

3.

Mechanical>Elasticity>Elastic.

4.

Abaqus/CAE Elastic.

5.

Elastic 209E9 0.3


.

6.

OK, .

11.3.2
, Steel.
:
1.

Sections,
. Create Section.

2.

:
a.

SolidSection.

b.

Category Solid.

c.

Type Homogoneous ,
Continue. .
:

3.
a.

Steel. ,
Material,
.

b.

Plane stress/strain thickness OK.

51

11.3.3
Solid Section .
:
1.

Hinge-Hole Parts
Section Assignment.

2.

, .
Abaqus/CAE .

3.

2- , , ,
. Edit Section
Assignment, .
SolidSection, .

4.

SolidSection OK. Abaqus/CAE


, ,
.

11.4
, , ,
. ,
.

11.4.1
.
1.

3- Hinge-hole Parts
Copy. Part Copy.

2.

Hunge-solid OK. Abaqus/CAE


Hinge-solid.
.

11.4.2
, , .
:
1.

Hunge-solid, Parts,
. Abaqus/CAE .
, , .

2.

Feature Hinge-solid.

3.

3- Datum pt-1 . Abaqus/CAE


, 11-20.

52

11-20 .

4.

Delete. ,
Abaqus/CAE , ,
.
. Abaqus/CAE ,
, .
Yes, . Abaqus/CAE
. ,
, .

: , ,
Suppress.

11.5
, .
.
;
, .

11.5.1

.
:
1.

Parts, .
Create Part.

2.

Pin. , , ,
Analitical rigid, Revolved shell.

3.

0.2 OK.
;
.

4.

5.

,
0.12.

6.

0.06.

53

7.

2- , .
11-21.

11-21 .

11.5.2
.
,
.
Load.
, , .
,
. , 11-22.

11-22 .

:
1.

Tools>Reference Point.

2.

54

11.6
.

. .
, .

11.6.1
:
m)

Hinge-hole.

n)

Hinge-solid.

o)

:
1.

2.
3.

Assembly. Instances
, . Create
Instance,

Hinge-hole. Abaqus/CAE
.
Apply. Abaqus/CAE
, .
Abaqus/CAE Hinge-hole-1, ,
Hinge-hole.

11.6.2
.
, Abaqus/CAE X.
:
4.

Create Instance Auto-offset from other instances.


.

5.

Hinge-solid OK. Abaqus/CAE


, X,
, 11-23 (

.

55

11-23

11.6.3
Assembly
, ,
, , .
Parallel face ( )
, .
Face to Face ( )
,
.
Parallel Edge ( )
,

Edge to Edge ( )
,
.
Coaxial ()
,
.
Coincident ()
, .
Parallel CSYS
,
.
Abaqus/CAE : ,
. ,
. ,
,
.

56

,
. ,
.

57

:
1.

,
. Constraint>Face To Face.

2.

,
11-24.

11-24 .

3.

,
11-25. Abaqus/CAE ,
.

11-25 ,

Abaqus/CAE ;
, . ,
.
4.

Flip, . OK,
.

5.

, ,
(0.04), ,
, [Enter].
Abaqus/CAE ,
0.04 ,
11-26.

58

11-26 1:
.

,
.
, .
6.

Constraint>Coaxial.

7.

, 11-27

11-27 .

8.

, 11-28.
Abaqus/CAE .

-28

59

9.

Flip,
. OK, . Abaqus/CAE
, .

10.


, .
, , 11-29.

11-29 2: , .

11.

, .
Constraint>Edge to Edge.

12.

, 11-30.

11-30 .

13.

,
11-31.

11-31

60

14.

, ;
OK, . Abaqus/CAE ,
, 11-32.

11-32 : ,
.

11.6.4
,
. ,
. ,
Query.
:
1.

Instances Assembly.

2.

Create Instance Auto-offset from other instances


.

3.

, ,
. Constraint>Coaxial, ,
. (
,
). Abaqus/CAE ,
11-33.

61

11-33 .

4.

Tools>Query.

5.

General Queries Distance.

6.

Distance X-, Y- Z- ,
.
, ; ,
, 11-34.

11-34 .

a.

,
, .

b.

, ,
. Abaqus/CAE
X-, Y- Z-.
X-, Y- Z- 0.01 .
, 0.02
.

7.

Instance>Translate.

8.

Done, ,
.

62

9.

0,0,0
0,0,0.02. Abaqus/CAE
0.02 Z .
: ,
, .
Cancel ( ), , Previous ( ),
.

10.

OK. 11-35.

11-35 .

11.

, ,
. Instance>Convert Constraint.
Done .

11.7
,
, . ,
, .

11.7.1
, ,
:
p)
q)
r)


.
.
, ,
.

Abaqus/CAE , .

63

:
1.

Steps, .
Create Step.

2.

:
a. Contact.
b. (Static, General) Continue.
.

3.

Description Establish contact.

4.

Incrementation, 1,
Initial. 0.1 .

5.

OK, . Steps
Contact.

6.

, (general, static) Load.


Apply Load 0.1 .
Steps Load.

11.7.2
field output requests ( ),
,
.
,
. Abaqus/CAE
.
,
, history output requests (
). X-Y
. history output,
, .
Contact Load :
s)

S ( )

t)

PE ( )

u)

PEEQ ( )

v)

PEMAG ( )

w)

LE ( )

x)

U ( )

y)

RF ( )

z)

CF ( )

aa)

CSTRESS ( )

bb)

CDISP ( )

Abaqus/CAE static, general


.
Contact,

64

. ,
Load CDISP, .

Load:
1.

3- Field Output Requests


Manager. Field Output Requests Manager.

2.

Field Output Requests Manager F-Oyput-1 Contact Edit.


Edit Output Requests Contact.

3.

(output frequency) Last increment,


.

4.

OK, .

5.

Field Output Requests Manager F-Output-1 Load.


Edit. Edit Field Output
Requests Load.

6.

1,
.

7.

Contact.
.

8.

CDISP, .

9.

OK, . Field Output Requests


Manager Load Modified.

10.

Field Output Requests Manager Dismiss,


.

11.7.3
,
. ,
:
cc)

Property.

dd)

Interaction.

ee)

Load.
ff)


Step. Job
X-Y .

, .
,
.

65

:
1.

Assembly Sets.
Create Set.

2.

Monitor Continue.

3.

, 11-36.

11-36 .

4.

Done, , . Abaqus/CAE
Monitor, .

5.

Step Output>DOF Monitor.


DOF Monitor.

6.

Monitor a degree of freedom throughout the analysis .

7.

Edit, Points Monitor


Region Selection.

11.8

. ,
. ,
, ,
, .
Abaqus/CAE
.
, . ,
Abaqus/CAE.

, , .
;
, (master) (slave)
. ,

. :

66

gg)

Pin, .

hh)

Flange-h Flange-s ,
.

ii)

Inside-h Inside-s ,
.

11.8.1
.
, ,
.
:
1.

View>Assembly Display Options.

2.

Instance.

3.

Visible Hinge-hole-1 Hinge-solid-1, Apply.


.

:
1.

Assembly Surfaces.

2.

Pin Continue.

3.

4.

2- , ,
. , ,
, . 11-37
, .
, , .

11-37 Pin.

5.

, .
, .
(Brown Purple),
. Abaqus/CAE Pin
Surfaces .

67

11.8.2
,
.
:
1.

Assembly Display Options ,


Hinge-hole-1.

2.

Surfaces Assembly.

3.

Flange-h Continue.

4.

,
, 11-38.

-38 Flange-h.

5.

, 2- , .

6.
Inside-h,
, 11-39.

11-39 Inside-h.

7.
8.

, Hinge-solid-1.
, Flange-s,
.

68

9.

Inside-s,
.

10.

Assembly Display Options.

11.9
(interactions) ,
.

- .
:
jj)

HingePin-hole,
Hinge-hole-1 .

kk)

HingePin-solid,
Hinge-solid-1 .
Flange, .

ll)

.
, .
,
, .
NoFric .

11.9.1
.
:
1.

Interaction Properties,
.

2.

:
a.

NoFric.

b.

Type Contact.

c.

Continue.

3.

Mechanical>Tangential Behavior
Frictionless ( ).

4.

OK, Edit Contact Property.

11.9.2

. .
, .
, , ,
.

69

:
1.

Interaction>Find contact pairs.

2.

Find Contact Pairs Find Contact Pairs.


.

3.

Contact Pairs :
a.

, .
, .

b.

,
(
).
. ( ,
3- , Delete).

c.


HingePin-hole.

d.

.
HingePin-solid.

e.

Flanges. ,
(master) (slave) , ,
, , ,
, ( 3-
; Switch surfaces).

f.

,
. Discretization 3- .
Edit cells. Nodeto-surface OK.

g.

OK, .

:
1.

3- Interaction
Manager.

2.

Create.

3.

:
a. HingePin-hole.
b. Initial.
c. Types for Selected Step Surface-to-surface contact
(Standard).
d. Continue. Region Selection,
, .
: , Surfaces
.

70

4.

Region Selection Pin (master) ,


Continue.

5.

Surface .

6.

Region Selection Inside-h (slave)


, Continue.

7.

:
a.

Sliding formulation Finite sliding.

b.

Slave Node Adjustment No Adjustment.

c.

d.

NoFric. ( ,
Contact interaction property,
).
OK, .

8.

,
HingePin-solid. Pin
, Inside-s , NoFric
.

9.

Flange. Flange-h
, Flange-s , NoFric
.

10.

Interaction Manager Dismiss, .

11.10
:
mm)

Fixed,
, 11-40.

11-40 .
nn)

NoSlip, ,
.
(, ) ,
1 5 . 11-41
, .

71

11-41 .
oo)

Constraint,
.
, 1 ,
.

pp)

Pressure,
. 11-42
, .

11-42 .

11.10.1
,
.
:
1.

3- BCs
Manager..

2.

Create.

3.

Create Boundary Condition:


a.

Fixed.

72

b.

Initial .

c.

Category Mechanical.

d.

Displacement/Rotation.

e.

Continue.

f.

Select in Viewport,
.
, 11-43 ,
.

4.

11-43 .

2- , , .
Edit Boundary Condition.
:

5.
a.

, U1, U2 U3,
1, 2 3.
,
( ).

b.

OK, .
: ,
. BC Assembly Display Options,
.

11.10.2

. ,
, .
:
Boundary Condition Manager Create.
a.

Create Boundary Condition: NoSlip.


Initial Step. Category
Mechanical.
Displacement/Rotation. Continue.

73

b.


, . 2- ,
, . Edit Boundary
Conditions . OK.

11.10.3 ,
, ,
,
.
NoSlip, 1
2 .
Boundary Condition Manager
, : Created
Propagated .
:
1.

Boundary Condition Manager Propagated,


NoSlip Load, 11-44.
.

11-44 Boundary Condition Manager.

2.

Edit, ,
NoSlip Load.

3.

U1 UR2,
1 2. OK,
. Boundary Condition Manager NoSlip
Load Modified.

11.10.4
, ,
.
, .
, ,
1.
:
Initial Constrain.
1.

, ,
11-45.

74

-45 .

2.

1, 2 3.

3.

Load ,
1.

4.

, Dismiss, Boundary
Condition Manager.

11.10.5
.
1 .
:
1.

Loads, .
Pressure, Load
Step. Category Mechanical.
Types for Selected Step Pressure, Continue

2.


, , 11-46.

11-46 .

3.

2- , , .

4.

Edit Load. -1.E6


OK.

75

11.11
:
qq)

,
, .

rr)

ss)

tt)

11.11.1
Mesh, Abaqus/CAE
, :
uu)

,
.

vv)

,
.

ww)

,
() , . (

).

Abaqus/CAE ,
, . ,
, .
11-47.

11-47 , .

, .
( )
. ,
, .
, , (
) .

76

: ,
,
; .
,
.
, .
, 3-
Instances Make independent.
, :
1.

Hinge-hole Parts
Mesh.
: ,
Instances Mesh .

Abaqus/CAE .
, ,
;
, ,
, 11-48.

-48 .

2.

, Object,
. Abaqus/CAE . ,
,
.
, ,
.

3.

Object (pin). Abaqus/CAE ,


.

,
; - .

77

11.11.2
, Abaqus/CAE ,
, 11-49.

11-49 , .

:
1.

Tools>Partition.

2.

, . Create
Partition Cell Type Define cutting
plane ( ).

3.

. Done, ,
.Abaqus/CAE
:
a)
b)
c)

. ,
.
. .
. ,
.

.
,
.
4.

3 points. Abaqus/CAE ,
.

5.

, ,
11-50.

78

11-50 , .

6.

Create Partition.Abaqus/CAE .

7.

Assembly Object ,
. 11-51.

11-51 .

11.11.3
Mesh Controls, ,
Abaqus/CAE , ,
Abaqus/CAE .
:
1.

. ,
;
, . ,
.
,
( , ) .
.

2.

.
Mesh>Controls.

79

3.

, , Done,
.

4.

Hex Element
Shape.

5.

, Abaqus/CAE,
Swept.

6.

Medial axis.

7.

OK, .

8.

, , Swept.

9.

Done .

10.

11.11.4
Element Type, ,
. .
:
1.

.
Mesh>Element Type.

2.

, ,
, Done,
.

3.

Standard
Element Library.

4.

Linear Geometric Order.

5.

3D Stress Family.

6.

Hex ( ) Reduced Integration


Element Controls.
, C3D8R. Abaqus/CAE C3D8R
.

7.

OK, .

8.

Done .

9.

80

11.11.5
.

, . ,
, ,
,
. ,
, 0.008.
.
:
1.

.
Seed>Part.

2.

Global Seed
0.008 OK. .

3.

Done .

4.

11.11.6
.

:
1.

.
Mesh>Part.

2.

Yes , .
.

. ,
, 11-52.

81

11-52 .

11.12
, , ,
, .
:
1. Jobs, .
2. PullHinge, Continue.
3. Description Hinge tutorial.
4. 3- PullHinge
Submit, .
5. 3-
Monitor, .

. .
Errors Warnings, .
, X-Y
, . (
, ).
1 .

6.

, , ,
Competed.
Visualization. 3-
Results. Abaqus/CAE Visualization,
, ,
.
: Visualization Module,
. Abaqus/CAE ,
, File.

82

11.13
, .
, ;
, , ,
.

11.13.1

.
:
Plot>Contours>On Deformed Shape. Abaqus/CAE
,
,
:

1.

Step: Load, Apply load


Increment

6: Step Time =

1.000

, ( ),
. -
, Abaqus/CAE.

, :

2.
a.

Surface Sets
PullHinge.odb.

b.

, .

c.

3- Remove.
, :

3.
a.

Options>Common.

b.

Deformation Scale Factor Uniform.

c.

Value 100, OK.


Abaqus/CAE
, 100, 11-53.

83

11-53 .

4. ,
. ,
. ,
.
5. .
, Result>Field Output.
6. Primary Variable , S11
Components. Apply,
1.
7. Invariant Max.Principal, Apply,
.
8. Field Output.
9.

Invariant Mises OK,


, .

11.13.2
, ,
. ,
, .
:
1.

Instances.

2.

HINGE-HOLE-1. 3-
Replace,
.
, 11-54.

84

-54 ,
.

3.

,
. ,

4.

Result>Field Output.

5.

Primary Variable List only variables with results:


at surface nodes.

6.

CPRESS Apply.

85

12: Abaqus
ABAQUS
ABAQUS
Python. Python
- .
(),
.
ABAQUS/CAE
GUI

ABAQUS

CLI

Python

Replay files

*.inp

odb_API.h

Script

Abaqus/Standard
Abaqus/Explicit
Abaqus/CAE
Abaqus/Design

*.odb

1 ABAQUS


, , .
:
, , ,
, , ;
, ,
;

86

(field output) , ;
(history output);


;

;
.
Abaqus (GUI)

Abaqus/CAE.
. GUI
Python. , GUI, Abaqus/CAE.
, , .
Abaqus/CAE , GUI .
Abaqus ABAQUS/CAE GUI
, , Abaqus,
:
. , ,
ABAQUS/CAE. , ,
. ,
Property, . ,
.
Job.
. , ,
. ,

.
, Abaqus/CAE
GUI.
( ). ,
.
Visualization
Abaqus/CAE.
Abaqus Python,
. ,
Python,
. Python ,
.
Python :
ABAQUS (abaqus_v6.env) Python;
*PARAMETER (*.inp);

Python (*.psf);
Abaqus/CAE
(*.rpy);
;
(*.odb).

87

Python Python,
Abaqus ,
.
,
.
"""
:
get_max_Mises.py
:

.

, .
:
Abaqus/CAE /Viewer, .
"""
#
#

from abaqus import *


from odbAccess import *
from visualization import *
from displayGroupMdbToolset import *
from displayGroupOdbToolset import *
#
# ( )
# ,

vp = session.viewports[session.currentViewportName]
odb = vp.displayedObject
if type(odb) != OdbType:
raise 'An output database must be displayed in the current viewport'
#

maxMises = 0.0
haveStressOutput = FALSE
for step in odb.steps.values():
#
print ' '
print '---------------------------------------------------'
print 'Processing Step:', step.name
for frame in step.frames:
#
try:
stress = frame.fieldOutputs['S'] # S - Stress
haveStressOutput = TRUE
except KeyError: # ,
continue
for stressValue in stress.values: #
if (stressValue.mises > maxMises): #
maxMises = stressValue.mises
maxInstance = stressValue.instance
maxElem = stressValue.elementLabel
maxIntegrationPoint = stressValue.integrationPoint
maxSectionPoint = stressValue.sectionPoint

88

maxStep, maxFrame = step, frame


# , ,
#

if not haveStressOutput:

raise 'This output database does not have stress output'


# , ,

print
print
print
print
print
print
print
print

'Found maximum von Mises stress of %E in' % maxMises


' Instance:
', maxInstance.name
' Element:
', maxElem
' Section point:
', maxSectionPoint
' Integration point:
', maxIntegrationPoint
' Step:
', maxStep.name
' Frame:
', maxFrame.frameId
'---------------------------------------------------'

#
#

leaf =
LeafFromElementLabels(partInstanceName=maxInstance.name,elementLabels=(maxElem, ))
# -

vp.setColor(leaf=leaf, fillColor='Red')
#

vp.odbDisplay.deformedShapeOptions.setValues(renderStyle=FILLED, elementShrink=ON,
elementShrinkFactor=0.15)
#

vp.odbDisplay.display.setValues(plotState=(DEFORMED, ))
# ,

vp.view.fitView()

.
:

89

ABAQUS :
ABAQUS/CAE/Viewer:
,
.
ABAQUS/CAE/Viewer:
ABAQUS cae script=myscript.py

ABAQUS viewer script=myscript.py


ABAQUS/CAE:
execfile('myscript.py')
ABAQUS/CAE GUI ( ):
C:\> ABAQUS cae noGUI=myscript.py

C:\> ABAQUS viewer noGUI=myscript.py

90

13:
, ,
. ABAQUS .
.
.

Quantity

SI

SI (mm)

US Unit (ft)

US Unit (inch)

Length

mm

ft

in

Force

lbf

lbf

Mass

kg

tonne (103 kg)

slug

lbf s2/in

Time

Stress

Pa (N/m2)

MPa (N/mm2)

lbf/ft2

psi (lbf/in2)

Energy

mJ (103 J)

ft lbf

in lbf

Density

kg/m3

tonne/mm3

slug/ft3

lbf s2/in4

91

14: Abaqus
6.6.
ABAQUS/CAE,
.
:
, ABAQUS/CAE
,
Visualization.

ABAQUS/CAE .
,
.
ABAQUS/Standard ,

.
,
.
ABAQUS

o ABAQUS/Explicit ,

.
o ABAQUS/Standard - ,


.
o ABAQUS/AMS
Lanczosa,

.
ABAQUS
o Cohesive
o Abaqus/CAE
, .
Abaqus/Explicit.

(import analysis)
Abaqus/Explicit Abaqus/Standard vise versa
Abaqus/Standard .

92

,
robustness ()
Abaqus/Standard ABAQUS/Explicit
o . Abaqus/Standard
-.
-
TIE 6.5
o

Abaqus/Explicit
-
.

o
,


.
,

ABAQUS/Viewer ,
,
, , VRML.

93

Abaqus v 6.7
Abaqus/CAE
,

.
Abaqus/CAE
3DXML,
.
Abaqus/CAE 3DXML
:.
Abaqus/CAE
JPEG .
Abaqus/CAE ,
,
, .
Abaqus/CAE OpenGL ,
,
.
Abaqus/CAE,
:
Abaqus/CAE keyboard and mouse actions for view manipulation can be reconfigured to
mimic those used by popular CAD applications.
Abaqus/CAE
, CAD .
Abaqus/CAE - 3D .

.
Customize
Abaqus/CAE , ,

.
Functions Customize
Abaqus/CAE;

, .
NASTRAN PAMCRASH.
RADIOSS
Abaqus/Explicit.
, 6.7
,
, .
,
Abaqus/Standard,
.
,
. ,
Abaqus/Standard.
6.7
, -
.
Abaqus/CAE ,
.

Property .
Visualization .
94

Abaqus/Explicit -,

.
Abaqus/Explicit
,
Abaqus/Standard.

.

.

CAD Abaqus/CAE .
CATIA V5 Pro/ENGINEER.
CAD
Abaqus/CAE. ,
Abaqus/CAE , ,
.
, .
Abaqus/Standard SIM,

, Abaqus/AMS.
.
Abaqus/Standard
,
-
.
Abaqus v 6.7
, .

.

.
Abaqus/CAE
.
,
- .
Abaqus/Standard -

.
, .
Abaqus/Standard
. .

.

.

Abaqus/Standard
,
Abaqus/Explicit. ,
,
.

95


, - ,
..
6.7 :
Abaqus/Explicit
, Abaqus/Standard.
,

.
Abaqus/Standard,
Abaqus/Standard Abaqus/Explicit.


, , .

Abaqus/Standard Abaqus/Explicit.
C3D4H,
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C3D4H 4-
.
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Abaqus/Explicit
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:
Abaqus/CAE
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, Abaqus/CAE -
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Abaqus/CAE ,
,
,
.

- , ,
, .
.
Abaqus/Explicit .
Abaqus/CAE

.
,
. ,
, ..
96

.

Abaqus v6.7
.

97

15.
1. SIMULIA Abaqus/CAE User`s Manual v 6.7 2008
2. SIMULIA Abaqus Example Problems Manual v6.7 2008
15.1
SIMULIA/Abaqus,
PYTHON .
, SIMULIA/Abaqus
C:\Abaqus\6.7-2SE\samples\job_archive\ samples.zip
Abaqus/CAE ,
Run Script

98