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T C o m m

42011
TComm Telecommunications
and Transport magazine

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, 2010.
14. . 119124.

Methodology of regional infocommunication development estimation,


reflecting level of socioeconomic development of the RCC participants' countries
Zorya N.Ye., Kuzovkova T.A.
Abstract
In the article proposals on methodology of regional infocommunication development estimation, reflecting level of socioeconomic development of the RCC
participants' countries are presented. It is proposed to make infocommunication development estimation by set of particular, resumptive and integral indicators
using method of standardized rate and ratings at three perspectives: condition, dynamics and development potential.
References
1. Recommendations on how to fill the parameters that characterize the business climate, human capital, government regulation in the ICT (RBB figures)
Decision number 39/3SNG. .: RSS, 2009. 39 p.
2. Zorya N.Ye., Kuzovkova T.A., Muhitdinov N.N. Regional monitoring of infocommunication development of the Regional Commonwealth in the field of
communication: monography. [Regionalnij monitoring infokommunikatsionnogo razvitiya Regionalnogo sodruzhestva v oblasti svyazi: monografiya]
.: SUM, 2010. 19 p.
3. Kuzovkova T.A., Zorya N.Ye. The results of the integrated assessment of the state and capacity of communication development of RSS countries
[Rezultaty integralnoj otsenki sostoyaniya i potentsiala infokommunikatsionnogo razvitiya stran RSS] // Vek kachestva, 2010. 6. P.3437.
4. Zorya N.Ye. Use of monitoring for coordinating regional communication development of RSS countries / / [Ispolzovanie monitoringa dlya koordinatsii
regionalnogo infokommunikatsionnogo razvitiya stran RSS] Bulletin of the University. The State University of Management, 2010. 14. P.119124.

18

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9. 2232435
10.07.2004 ., 23.08.2002 .
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22.06.2005 .

The effective device for information destruction immediately in the personal computer
B.S. Lobanov, YU.S. Bondarev, A.Yu. Mityagin, B.V. Hlopov
Abstract
The effective device for information destruction immediately in the personal computer is presented. Primary benefits of the present device the following: 1) the Impulse magnetic field of
the considerable intensity is formed in smaller volume, and magnetic field influence on all sections provides with magnetic disk rotation. Disk rotation is carried out or from regular power
supply unit of the computer, or from the independent power supply. 2) winding of a wire of the solenoid of magnetic system is carried out under different corners concerning a solenoid
axis. 3) presence of system of conservation of energy and its additional usage. The presented device is allocated immediately in the personal computer and allows guarantied and the
main thing urgently to destroy the information. It is not less important that at certain modes information destruction is possible a reuse of the carrier after record deleting.

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. , 
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.
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, N
,
N 
Np , 
. 

TComm #42011

. 2

,

, 
.

, 


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"".
[4] 
:

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.


.


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.1.
, 

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. , 

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. [6]. 
. 


.


:
TA = t t;

(1)

= N/N;

(2)

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(3)

TI = tp t;

(4)


, , PR TI


. 3 . 2.
1

27

. 3


n ,
, :
n

i =1

i=2

i =1

TAn = TAi + TIi = ( (TAi + TIi )) TI 1

(5)
n

n 1

i =1

i =1

i =1

i =1

i=2

i =1

PAn = PRi * PAi = ( ( PRi * PAi )) / PRn

(6)
PRn = PRi * PAi = ( ( PRi * PAi )) / PA1

(7)
n

i =1

i=2

i =1

TIn = TIi + TAi = ( (TIi + TAi )) TA1

(8)

.
,
, 



, 
.
.
,
. 3,
, ,
,
. 
, 

,

.


"" TAn Pn 
n . (5,6) n 
, ,

,
. 
, 
"
".

) 

, ) 
, ) SLA, )
.

1. 18 
2005 . 87 " 
, , 
" ( 29
2005 .).
2. .., ..

3G. , 6, 2011, . 3741.
3. ETSI TS 102 2502. Speech processing,
Transmission and Quality Aspects (STQ); QoS aspects for
popular services in GSM and 3G networks; Part 1:
Identification of Quality of service aspects.
4.  .800 (08.94) Terms
and definitions related to quality of service and network
performance including dependability.
5. 3GPP TS 22 071. 3rd Generation Partnership
Project; Technical Specification Group Services and
System Aspects; Location Services (LCS); Service descrip
tion; Stage 1 (Release 7).
6. .., ..
LBS 
. , 7 2007, . 2629.

The method of standardized quality indicators calculation for additional services on mobile networks
Maksimenko V.N., Vasilev M.A.
Abstract
The process of providing additional services on the mobile network is considered as a consistent chain of functions. These functions are
necessary for the implementation of additional service. Generalized mathematical expressions for calculating the standardized quality
indicators are defined.
References
1. The governmental order of the Russian Federation from February, 18th, 2005 87 "About the statement of the list of names of the telecommunication service brought in the
licenses, and lists of license conditions" (with changes from December, 29th, 2005).
2. Maksimenko V. N, Vasilev M. A. A technique of system designing infocommunication services of networks 3G. Electrosvyaz, 6, 2011, P. 3741.
3. ETSI TS 102 2502. Speech processing, Transmission and Quality Aspects (STQ); QoS aspects for popular services in GSM and 3G networks; Part 1: Identification of Quality
of service aspects.
4. Recomendations  .800 (08.94) Terms and definitions related to quality of service and network performance including dependability.
5. 3GPP TS 22 071. 3rd Generation Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services and System Aspects; Location Services (LCS); Service description; Stage 1
(Release 7).
6. Maksimenko V. N, Vasilev M. A. Principles of quality assurance of services LBS in a network of cellular mobile communication. Electrosvyaz, 7, 2007, P. 2629.

28

TComm #42011

:
,  ,
.

..,
, . .
bugaev@cos.ru
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2010 . 

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TComm #42011

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(. 1).

(1)
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(2)

[5], [6]
. 1. SSSR,

(3)
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30

. 2.

TComm #42011



, , 
(. 2).

(16)

(5)
,

(6)




. 
,  
ts us, 

(17)

(18)


, ,
,
d(0) = 0 + 1.

SSSR

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r(t) ,

(13)
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. 

.
.
(1) d(x) = x + 1 ,
(6)

(15)

TComm #42011

h , x
, ,
,
, 
. , 

.
(2)
(9)(14) , 
(9) 
xk+1.
, xk+1(t) , 
(9) xk(t),

.
SSSRsystem




, 
. 
, 
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yi , [xi, xi+1] 
t, ui =f(yi), f 
.
, 
[xi1, xi] 
, 
. , ,

(19)


(19) .

1. Renschel A., Z. Oster. Ing. Arch. Vereines, 95,


1950.
2. Pipes L. A. J. Appl.Phis. V.24, 1953, p.274
3. Chandler F.E., Herman R., Montroll E.W. Traffic
Dynamics: Sstudies in Car Following. Operation
Research, 6, 1958, 165184
4. Kometani E., Suraki T. On the Stability of traffic
Flow, J. Operational Research, Japan 2, pp.1126
5. Gazic D.C., Herman R., Potts R.S. Car Following
Theory of Steady State Traffic Flow. Operation Reserch,
V.7(4), 1959, p.499505.
6. Gazic D.C., Herman R., Rothery R.W. Nonlinear
Follow the Leader Models of Traffic Flow Operation
Reserch, 1961, V.9, pp 545567
7. Edic L.C. CarFollowing and Steady State Theory
for NonCongested Traffic. Operation Reseach, 1962,
V.9(1), pp. 6676.
8. Traffic Flow Theory. Transportation Research
Board. Special Report, 165 ed.de Garther N.Messer
C.J., Rathi A.K., 1992 (p.4, 41439) Flow Theory.

31


,
*
: ,
,
.

..,
. .. ,

;
,
oshestakov@cs.msu.su

1.

,
,

,
(. [1]).

, 
, 
.
[2] ,



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.

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).

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* ( 110100515 11011226),
( 14.740.11.0996).

32

TComm #42011

TComm #42011

33

1. Soumekh M. Synthetic Aperture Radar Signal


Processing with MATLAB Applications. John Wiley &
Sons. 1999.
2. Agranovsky M. L., Quinto E. T. Injectivity sets for the
Radon transform over circles and complete systems of radi
al functions // J. Funct. Anal. 1996. 139. P. 383413.

3. Hellsten H. Inverse scattering analysis of diffrac


tion limited SAR // IEEE. Trans. Ant. Prop. 1990. 38. N
10. P. 15171522.
4. . . 

//. . . . 15. 
. . . 2010. 3. . 2329.

5. . . 


// . . . . 15.
. . . 2003. 3. . 3741.

The uniqueness of the probability characteristics of stochastic


reconstruction images generated by a synthetic aperture radar
Shestakov O. V.
Abstract
The task of reconstruction of the probability characteristics of stochastic radar images with their probabilistic characteristics of spherical projections is considered.
On the example of the covariance function is shown that in general the problem has no unique solution.
References
1. Soumekh M. Synthetic Aperture Radar Signal Processing with MATLAB Applications. John Wiley & Sons. 1999.
2. Agranovsky M. L., Quinto E. T. Injectivity sets for the Radon transform over circles and complete systems of radial functions // J. Funct. Anal. 1996. 139. P. 383 413.
3. Hellsten H. Inverse scattering analysis of diffraction limited SAR // IEEE. Trans. Ant. Prop. 1990. 38. N 10. P. 1517 1522.
4. Shestakov O. V. Recovering of probability distributions of stochastic radar images [Vosstanovlenie veroyatnostnyh raspredelenij stohasticheskih radiolokatsionnyh izo
brazhenij ]// Vestn. Mosk. unta. Ser. 15. Vychisl. matem. i kibern. 2010. 3. . 2329.
5. Shestakov O. V. On uniqueness of the probability characteristics of multivariate random functions with probabilistic characteristics of their projections [O yedinstvennosti
vosstanovleniya veroyatnostnyh harakteristik mnogomernyh sluchajnyh funktsij po veroyatnostnym harakteristikam ih proektsij] // Vestn. Mosk. unta. Ser. 15.

34

TComm #42011


LTE

: ,
, ,
, LTE.

..,
,
Oxford Brookes University,
,
kuxa.ev@gmail.com



. 

, 
,


WiFi. 
,
3GPP 8, 
LTE.
2009 9, 
.
LTE

OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency
Multiple Access), 

. 



. LTE 
24 ,
3G, 6 3GPP
[1]. LTE 

MIMO (Multiple Input Multiple Output). 

, 44

TComm #42011

Long Term Evolution (LTE) , 


, ,
. 
.
Microsoft Excel,
, 
. 
. 
, 
Excel . , 
 , 
,
, LTE.
MIMO, ..
.

.
, , 

, .

, ,
, 
.
LTE

(1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15 20 ). ,

.
LTE
,
, , 



LTE. 

Microsoft Excel

,
,
.

, LTE , eNode B, 
. 


( 3GPP)
(antenna gain), 
. 
, LTE 



. 

,


[2]. 
, 

 ().


(User Equipment, EU),
, 
/,
,  
.

,


.


. , 

, Hata. 

[5]:
LH = 69,55 + 26,26log10(f)
13,87log10(hb) a(hm) +
+ [44,9 6,55log10(hb)]logR,
LH ,f ,
hb 
, a(hm) , 
R 
.

35


R 
LH,

.


COST231 /. 
:
,  
 .
, Hata 

. 
,
, 
.
1
. 
, , 
180 ,
, 

:
P = 10 log10(kB Tf1000), ,
kB 1,381023/,
f
, .
2 

. 
.
COST231
,
, 


.
, . 2, 
, 
. 1, 
, 

, 

.

LTE
. LTE 
:
(Quadrature
Phase Shift Keying, QPSK) 
(Quadrature
Amplitude Modulation, QAM)  16QAM
64QAM. QPSK 
,
16QAM 4 64QAM 6
. ,
, 
, 
/ 

36

. , 
/
, ,
.
,
LTE
(Forward Error Correction,
FEC Channel Coding),
, 
, 
, ,
.
 ( 
/), 

. , 

. LTE
: 1/8, 1/5, 1/4,
1/3, 1/2, 2/3, 3/4 4/5.

. , 2/3 
, 3 ,

.

FEC,
/. ,

, 
/ ,
, 
.


(Reference
Sensitivity) , 
[4]:
REFSENS = P + NF + SINR + IM 3, ,
P , NF (Noise figure)
, SINR (Signal to
Noise and Interference Ratio) 
, IM
(Implementation Margin) 
3
MIMO.

TComm #42011


3
/ FEC, [4].

TComm #42011

3 SINR

. ,
/


.



. , 
64QAM 
.
4 


. 
, 

,
, 
.

LTE 

. 

(Radio frame).
 
(Subframe), ,
0.5. 

12  (Subcarrier) ,
15 ,
180 .


(Resource Block). 
LTE 

(Resource
Element). 
(Cyclic Prefix)  
, 84
72
[3]. ,
2 
QPSK, 4 16QAM 6
64QAM, .
,


.

20 , 100
, 64QAM
Cyclic
Prefix,

37


.
100 84 
, ,
, 6 . 
0.5 .
, 
:
= 100 [ 
] 84 [ ] 6 [] /
0,5 [] = 100,8 /
,

, 
,

(FEC), 
, .



, 
.
5 
,
3 , 
. ,
QPSK 
1/3, 

1,48 /. 
, 15
, 
15

, ,

100 /.



. , PDCCH
(Physical Downlink Control Channel)
1 3 ( 2 4 
1,4 ) 

(Subframe).

, 

.
8, 12
24 , 4,8%
14,3%
.
6 



. , 

71 /,
30% 
100 /. , 


,


.
, , 


LTE 

.

,
.

1. Khan F. LTE for 4G Mobile Broadband.


: Cambridge University Press, 2009. 3 .
2. Lee J., Han J., Zhang J. MIMO Technologies in
3GPP LTE and LTEAdvanced / EURASIP Journal on
Wireless Communications and Networking, ID
302092, 2009.
3. Holma H., Toskala A. LTE for UMTS OFDMA
and SCFDMA Based Radio Access  , 
: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2009. 89 .
4. Sessia S., Toufic I., Baker M. LTE The UMTS
Long Term Evolution. , :
John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2009. 522 .
5. Smith C., Collins D. 3G Wireless Networks. 
: McGrawHill Companies, 2007. 408 .

Data Throughput and Coverage Modelling for LTE Mobile Network Base Station
Kuxa Evgeny,
MSc Student, Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom
Abstract
Long Term Evolution (LTE) networks appeared to replace the mobile networks of third generation, showing better results in data rates, signal latency and spectrum efficiency.
Building a network plan is impossible without modelling of range and throughput of base station. A software tool is suggested that is based on the Microsoft Excel spread sheet and
that is capable of evaluating coverage and maximum throughput of a base station depending on the network and equipment parameters. The developed tool is easy to use and can
be run on almost any PC equipped with Microsoft Excel program or its analogue. Thus, the presented software tool can be interesting to the mobile networks engineers, who can use
it on the early stages of network design or to the students of relevant courses, who are interested in LTE networks principles of operation.
Keywords: computer modelling, mobile networks, throughput, coverage, LTE.

References:
1. Khan F. LTE for 4G Mobile Broadband.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. p. 3
2. Lee J., Han J., Zhang J. MIMO Technologies in 3GPP LTE and LTEAdvanced / EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, Article ID 302092,
Volume 2009.
3. Holma H., Toskala A. LTE for UMTS OFDMA and SCFDMA Based Radio Access Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2009. p. 89.
4. Sessia S., Toufic I., Baker M. LTE The UMTS Long Term Evolution.  Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2009. p. 522.
5. Smith C., Collins D. 3G Wireless Networks.  New York: McGrawHill Companies, 2007. p. 408.

38

TComm #42011

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TComm #42011


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IPTV
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Multiservice network for Subway Situation Centre


Kazanskiy A.N., Kabov A.S.

Abstract
The report focuses on the problems of a multiservice network of the Subway Situation Centre (SC). The
tasks of the SC network functioning are considered and the classification of the transmitted information is
given. Features of subway SC network construction are analyzed. The concept of development and
quality research of the networks is proposed by the authors an SC connection. One possible way of con
structing models of SC networks is considered.

TComm #42011

:
,
,
.

..,
..


2 , 
(
) ,

. 
.

xk +1 (t , t0 ) = l (t ) (t ) + L(t , ) ( ) d + f (t , t0 ) +
t0

+ K (t , ) xk ( , t 0 ) d ,

(1)

t0


[1] 



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TComm #42011

xk(t, t0), xk+1(t, t0) k (k+1) 


n
; (t)
m () ;
l(t), L(t, ), K(t, ), f(t, t0)
II ; t0 
( 
); t 
(t0 < t < b), b = const .
x0(t, t0)
f*(t, t0) 
C[t, t0]
[t0, t] [2,3],
.


L(t, ) K(t, ),
l(t). (,
)  
f(t, t0).

m ;
n 
(t, t0); Wn(...) n
;
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; xij i
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x x x ... x
[4] 
dx0 dx3dx4 ...dxn
n 
, 
:

Rxy(ti, tj) :
Wn (xm1 ,..., xmn ; t1 ,..., t n ) =
(2)
+ +
= n [f m1 (xm1 ), f m 2 (xm1 , xm 2 ),...,
Rxy (ti , t j ) = [ x (ti ) mxi ][ x (t j ) mx j ]
0 3 4

f mn (xm1 ,..., xmn ); t1 , t 2 ..., t n ]

m1
n

j
( Lri + lri ) K ri
i =1
j =0

W2 ( xi , x j ; ti , t j ) dxi dx j ,

mx 
i
ti, tj.

41




, 
. 

, 

.

, 

II (1)
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=

K1 ,..., K n f m 0 ,..., f mn

f m 2 (xm1 , xm 2 ),..., f mn (x m1 ,..., xmn ); t0 , t1 ,..., t n ]

ak (t ) x ( k ) (t ) + ak 1 (t ) x ( k 1) (t ) + ... + a0 (t ) x (t ) =

= bl (t ) ( l ) (t ) + bl 1 (t ) ( l 1) (t ) + ... + b0 (t ) (t )

(4)

{ak (t ), ak 1 (t ),..., a0 (t )} {bl (t ), bl 1 (t ),..., b0 (t )}
n x n n x m
.
,
{ak (t ), ak 1 (t ),..., a0 (t )}, {bl (t ), bl 1 (t ),..., b0 (t )}
, ,
.. l < k, (4)
(1). , , K(t, )
(1) 
:
K r (t , ) =

k r 1

s =0

r 1
(t ) s
(t ) s
csr ( ) +
g sr (t )
s!
s!
s =0

(5)

r 1

csr ( ) = ( 1) r i
i =0

t0

(t u )

k s i 2

ai (u )

du +

! r i 1)!
(k r s 1)(

s +1

+ ( 1) j C jj+ k s 1 a (j +j )k s 1 ( )
g sr (t ) =

n +1 ( f m 0 ,..., f mn ; t 0 ,..., t n ) n ( K m1 ,..., K mn ; t0 ,..., t n )


1

dlm 0 ...dlmn d Lm1...d Lmn df m 0 ...df mn dK m1...dK mn .

(3)

s l

(1)
i =0

(t u ) k s i2 ai (u )
du
(r i s 1)(
! k r 1)!
t0
t

r s i 1

i!
j! (i j )! 
.

(5) 
II 
2 r=0 r=k. 

,
Ci j =

n +1 (lm 0 ,..., lmn ; t0 ,..., t n ) n ( Lm1 ,..., Lmn ; t 0 ,..., t n )


1
n
n m 1
i

lm 0 ( Lmk + lmk ) (K mk )
k
k
=
1
=
1

i =0

II 

, 
, , 

. 
, [5] , 

j =0

n+1 f m0 (ym0 ), f m1 (xm1 ),

L1 ,..., Ln l m 0 ,...,l mn


. , 

,

{ak (t ), ak 1 (t ),..., a0 (t )} {bl (t ), bl 1 (t ),..., b0 (t )}.

(4)

. , 

.

, 



( ) .




. ,



.

1. .. 

/ . .
1999. .42, 3. .287300.
2. .. . 
.:, 1975. 304 .
3. .., .., 
.. . .: ,
1968. 448 .
4. .., .. 


/ , 790
2009 10.12.09.
5. .. 
/ : ,
1979. 224 .

The method of successive approximations for direct statistical analysis of continuous linear control systems with variable parameters
Yesipenko V.I., Smirnov V.V.
Abstract
The solution of the integral Voltaire equation of the 2nd kind was received when using the method of direct statistical analysis of dynamical systems and the method of
successive approximations. The equation describes the continuous linear automatic control system with variable (including with random) parameters. Benefits of describ
ing control systems for integral models are listed.
References
1. Yesipenko V.I. Probability density function of the random process at the output of a linear system [Plotnost raspredeleniya veroyatnostyej sluchajnogo protsessa na vyhode linyejnoj
sistemy / Izv. VUZov Radiofizika. 1999. t.42, 3. P.287300.
2. Krasnov M.L. Integral equations [Integralnye uravneniya]. M.:Nauka, 1975. 304 p.
3. Zabryeijko P.P., Koshelev A.I., Krasnoselskij M.A. Integral equations [Integralnye uravneniya]. M.: Nauka, 1968. 448 p.
4. Yesipenko V.I., Smirnov V.V. The method of sequent approximations for direct statistical analysis of continuous linear control systems [Metod posledovatelnyh priblizhenij pri pryamom sta
tisticheskom analize linyejnyh nepreryvnyh sistem upravleniya] / VINITI, 790V 2009 ot 10.12.09.
5. Brikman M.S. [Integralnye modeli v sovremennoj tyeorii upravleniya] / Riga: Zinatne, 1979. 224 p.

42

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.

1. .
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2. Fractal image compression: theory and applica
tion, ed. Fisher Y., New York: SpringerVerlag, 1995.
341 p.
3. Wohlberg B., De Jager G. A review of the fractal
image coding literature // IEEE Transactions on Image
Processing, 1999. V.8. 12. P.17161729.
4. .., ..
// ,
2009. 4. .3640. URL: http//www.elsv.ru/
files/actual/130.pdf.
5. Polvere M., Nappi M. Speedup in fractal image
coding: comparison of methods // IEEE Transactions on
Image Processing, 2000. V.9. 6. P.10021009.

SpeedUP in fractal image coding by means of classification


Sergey Ilyushin
Abstract
Fractal compression is effective lossy image compression algorithm that achieves high compression ratios while preserving high quality. Elimination of redundancy related to self
similarity of image that exists on natural pictures makes strong compression possible. But the main drawback of the algorithm is long computing time because a lot of image blocks
have to be compared with each other in order to find out the most similar ones. Much attention has been paid to this problem by research community and different ways to speedup
the fractal algorithm have been proposed. One of the most effective approaches to the reduction of encoding time is an approach based on classification of blocks by one or sever
al features that can be considered invariant regarding transformations applied to the blocks. Consequently, a priori one can say that the blocks which belong to one class are similar.
This approach makes possible comparison of the blocks only within one class which contributes to significant speedup of the compression process. In this paper a novel variant of
classification by polar angle of mass centre of the block is suggested. It is shown that coordinates of mass centres of the blocks with high correlation form two sectors symmetrical with
respect to the origin of coordinates. Therefore polar angle of the mass centre is used as a feature that helps to split the global domain pool into classes and drastically reduces the num
ber of the blocks taken for comparison. This classification scheme yielded overall speedup of fractal image compression in 3 4 times.
In spite of the wide application of JPEG standard in some fields lossy image compression is not applied, for instance in medicine. Fractal image compression delivers higher qual
ity than JPEG at a comparable compression ratio. But the main obstacle preventing fractal compression from practical usage is long compression time. Therefore speedup of fractal
algorithm is of interest in such fields where exists necessity in transmission and storage of large amounts of image data while preserving high quality, for example in telemedicine.
Keywords : fractal image compression, speedup, classification, mass centre, invariant representation.

References
1. Welstead S. Fractal and wavelet image compression techniques Bellingham: SPIE Press, 1999. 243 p.
2. Fractal image compression: theory and application, ed. Fisher Y., New York: SpringerVerlag, 1995. 341 p.
3. Wohlberg B., De Jager G. A review of the fractal image coding literature // IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 1999. V.8. 12. P.17161729.
4. Ilyushin S.V., Svet S.D. Fractalnoe szhatie telemeditsinskikh izobrazheni // Elektrosvyaz, 4, pp. 3640 ,2009. URL: http//www.elsv.ru/files/actual/130.pdf.
5. Polvere M., Nappi M. Speedup in fractal image coding: comparison of methods // IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, 2000. V.9. 6. P.10021009.

TComm #42011

47





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,
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.

..,

. . .. .
kenigas@mail.ru

48


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.
,
, 
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, 

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TComm #42011

TComm #42011

49

50

TComm #42011

Statistical analysis and Dopplerresistant reception of Mary Stochastic


Orthogonal ParallelSerial Spread Spectrum Signals for mobile multimedia communications
Saltykov Anton Radievich
Abstract
In this paper the application of novel Mary Stochastic Orthogonal ParallelSerial Spread Spectrum Signals (MSOPSSSS) for Doppler Spread Spectrum resist
ant in the conditions of a discrete multi beam signal is considered and analyzed. Characteristics of MSOPSSSS with their benefits for modern mobile multime
dia communications have been investigated and shown by means of computer simulations. We propose a reception of MSOPSSSS with evaluation of chan
nel parameters based on the optimum nonlinear filtering theory methods with discretecontinuous Markov processes. Finally, the analytical estimations of the
reception noise immunity for both constant channel and channel with uncorrelated Rayleigh fading on subcarriers are carried out. Computer simulations have
shown working efficiency of the supposed receiver. The analytical estimation of noise immunity testifies to good potential both MSOPSSSS and their reception
algorithm. Results of research can be applied in the aviation monitoring systems intended for observation over onboard conditions for the purpose of passen
ger's safety. The various organizations requiring in noise immunity and reconnaissance protected communication can act as potential consumers of scientifictech
nical production created on the basis of receiving results. It can be armed forces, services of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, federal security services, Navy and
other organizations requiring in data acquisition and transmission (telemetry, positioning, remote control etc.).
ey words: Mary Stochastic Orthogonal ParalelSerial Spread Spectrum Signals, Doppler effect, multimedia communication, quadrature components, channel with constant
parameters, channel with uncorrelated Rayleigh fadind.

References
1 B. Le. Floch, R. HalbertLassalle and D. Castelain, "Digital Sound Broadcasting to Mobile Receivers", IEEE Trans. Consumer Electronics., Vol. 73, No. 4, pp. 3034, AUG. 1989.
2. M. Russel and G. Stuber, "Terrestrial digital video broadcasting for mobile reception using OFDM", Special Issue on MCC, Wireless Personal Communication, Vol. 2, No 1&2, 1995, pp. 4546.
3. P. Robertson, S. Kaiser, "Effects of Doppler Spreads in OFDM (A) Mobile Radio Systems", VTC Fall'99, Amsterdam.
4. S. Tomasin et all, "Intercarrier interference cancellation channel estimation for mobile OFDM", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 4, No1, January 2005.
5. Y. Zhao, S.G. Haggman, "Intercarrier interference selfcancellation scheme for OFDM mobile communication systems", IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 49, no. 7, pp. 11851191, Jul. 2001.
6. .B. rlov, . N. Chesnokov, .N. Shipilov, . I. Scherbakov, "Synthesis of multifrequency multiitem orthogonal chaotic signals", Radio engineering, 5, 2001.
7. I.S.Andronov, L.M.fink, "Transfer of discrete messages on parallel kanallamas", , "Owls. Radio", 1971.
8. V.I.Tikhonov, V.N.Harisov, "The statistical analysis and synthesis of radio engineering lipsrojstv and systems". .: Radio i Svyaz, 1991.
9. J. Prokis, "Digital communication". M.: Radio i Svyaz, 2000.

TComm #42011

51

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TComm #42011

53



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TComm #42011


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TComm #42011

55


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1. ..
DVBT/H.  .: , 2010.

2. .. " 
"
3. "Mobile television in Europe. State of the art and
current regulatory issues", European Platform of
Regulatory Authorities materials, www.epra.org
4. "Television on a handheld receiver broadcast
ing with DVBH", www.digitag.org
5.
25.05.2004 N 706.
6. 050602001.
7. 090402.
8. 100907.
9. 21 
2011 57.

Major trends in digital mobile TV in Russia


Umanskiy Roman, Ph.D., lecture of Moscow Technical University
of Communication and Informatics (rumanskiy@mail.ru)
Sivitskiy Pavel , MBA, Head of IT Infrastructure department
of LLC "KENTAVR" (p.sivitskiy@gmail.com)
Abstract
In 2006, as a result of decisions taken at the conference organized by the International
Telecommunication Union, Russia joined the international process of transition to digital television broad
casting standards. The authors of this paper describes the current situation in a certain type of digital TV,
namely in the field of mobile digital television in Russia. The article presents the main trends on the legiti
macy of the use of technology, spectrum and distribution of public television stations, reference is made
to existing legislation and implemented by their general analysis. The introduction of new technologies in
the territory of any country is a process with a lot of conflicting goals, the regulation of these processes is
one of the tasks of the state. The publication examines the process of development of digital mobile TV
in Russia as part of the implementation of the federal target program "Development of Broadcasting in
the Russian Federation for 20092015", at the same time argues that this type of distribution of media
content is different from "traditional" TV in time, place , duration and nature of consumption. The authors
emphasize the social and economic benefits from the transition to digital distribution of television signals.
Key words: Mobile television; DVBH; Mobile TV; Regulation of Mobile TV in Russia; Mobile TV Business Models
in Russia.

References
1. Serov A.V. Air digital television [Efirnoe tsifrovoe televidenie DVBT/H]. SPb.: BHV Peterburg,
2010.
2. A.V. BELOUSOV Broadcasting licensing during the transition to digital technologies [Litsenzirovanie
teleradioveshchaniya pri perehode k tsifrovym tehnologiyam].
3. "Mobile television in Europe. State of the art and current regulatory issues", European Platform of
Regulatory Authorities materials, www.epra.org.
4. "Television on a handheld receiver broadcasting with DVBH", www.digitag.org.
5. Russian Federation Government Decree, 25.05.2004 N 706r.
6. GRFC Decision 050602001.
7. GRFC Decision 090402.
8. GRFC Decision 10.09.07.
9. Russian Federation Government Decree, 57r, 21.01.2011.

TComm #42011


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