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1 889

22.161.5
34
517.53/55(075.8)

. ., . ., III > . .

: . . 3- .,
..: . . . .-. ., 1080, 4 80 ISBN 5-02-013954-8.

.

. , - ,
,
, .
2- . 1982 .
- - .

f.1602070000027gogn
053(02) -89

'
/
--104-

( .

-

, 1982;
, 1989

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

I.

. .
. . .
. .

argz

II.
7. .
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16. ,

.
.

.
.

'

III. .

17.
18. . .
19.
, . . . .
IV.
20.
21. In z
22. .

23. .
24.
25.
26. . '
27.
V.
28.
29.

7
7
18
24
35
44
50
57
57
64
75
83
86
89
101
107
109
111
121
121
12 6
136
139
139
145
153
164
169
187
192
203
218
218
228

30.
31.

252
256

VI.
32.
33.
34. -
35. .
.
36.
,
37.
. . . . . . .
38.
39.
40.

267
267
273
279
288
312
323
335
350
358

VII.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.

366
366
383
390
402
410
425

VIII.

47.
. . . .
48.
49.
50.

436
436
444
457
464
473
475



- .
.
,
.
, (
, , , ).
, .
. ,
.
.
( IIII, V, VI) , -. I , . II
, ,
. III . V .
,
(, , ),
-. VI , : ,
, .

( IV, VII) . IV .
.
. . VII ( , , ,
).
VIII .
1976 . (1982 .) .
.

. . ,
.

1.
1. .
(, ) ,

:
1. ( ) (2, /2) , Xi = 2 i/4 = 2.
2. { yi) (2, ) (xt + , yi + 2).
3. ( yt) (2, 2)
(xiX2 yiy2, Xiy2 + x2yC).
, ,
,
. ,
( J/i) = (a;2, ) ,
xt = x2 yi = y2;

(1)

( /4) + (;2, y2) = {Xi + x2, + ),


(2)
(% Hi) (*, 2) = {xix2 - 2, xty2 + x2yi).
(3)
(2), (3) , ,
(xh 0) + (2, 0) = (4 + 2, 0), ( 0)(x2, 0) = (xix2, 0),
,
(, 0) . (, 0) : (, 0) = .
(0, 1)
i, . . i = (0, 1).
2
(3) i i = .

. I.

(2), (3)
(0,i/) = (0, l)(z/, 0) = iy,

(, ) = (, 0) + (0, y) =
, (, ) + iy. x + iy
. iy . ,
0, . . (0, 0),
, ,
.
(1) (3) :
i + iyi = + iy2 ,
Xi = X 2 j/i

+ iy%) = (Xi +)+


=

1)

i(yr

= /;

{Xi t iV^+iixiy2+Z 2 i 7i)x

(4)
(5)
(6)

+ ii/
z, . . z = x + iy. ,
z = + iy.
:
= Re (x + iy) = Re z,

= Im ( + iy) = Im z * ) .

, , ,
z = + iy ,
.
iy z = + iy :
2 = + iy =

iy

(7)

, (z) = z z. (4)
, z = z
, z .
2
2
+
z = x + iy \z\:
, \z\>0, | z l = 0 ,
z = 0.
.
*) Re Im
Reel () Imaginaire ().

1.

:
(9)
(10)

= ||,

zz=lz|\
(7), (8)
zz={x + iy) ( - iy) = + 2.

, z ,
.
2. .
:
1. :
2. :
(Zj + Z 2 ) + Z3 = Zi + (zz + Zs),

(ZiZt) Z3 = Zj {z2Z3) .

3. :
Zi(z2 + Z 3 ) = ZtZ2 + ZiZs.

, , . zt =
= xt + iyu z2 = + /. (5)

+ = 2 + Xi z/t + yz + I/i. , zt + 2

= Z2 + Z,.

13.
13 , x + iy , i .
, (5) (6),
. ,
(6)
(xt + /i) (2 + iy2) = xtx2 + ix,y2 + ix2yt +
i2 = 1.
,
. , z

z + 0 = z, z - l = z .
,
. , ,

10

. I.

. Zi
z2 , , z,
Z + Z2 = Zi.

(11)

z t z2
Zi z2. , 0 z .
(4), (5) ,
zi.=xiJriyl
z2 = x2 + iy2 (11)
z = (xt ) + i(yt 2). ,
zi z 2 = (, + iy t ) ( + ii/2) = (, 2 ) + (/, 2).
(12)
. ,
, , Zi z2 z,

zzi = zlt
(13)
zt: zz

.
a
, (13)
z, z, ^.
(13) (10),
z

z!z 2 l 2 = ZiZ2, .

I 2I

z = -.-* 1 . ,

zi = xi + iyi, z2 = X2 + iy2,

(14) -

,
,
.
1.
2 3? _

(2 ) (3 ) __ 6 8t 9i + 12t g

F+^i ~ (3 + 4i)(3-4t) ~

+ 42

__

"~

m 12 6
17 .
=
25
~"25~~25~ -

3. .
.

1.

11

z = + iy
(, ), z
(. 1).
, , .
, . ,
. , ,
.
, z z ,
z z ,

, z = + , z = (z)+i(y), &z=x+i(y)

(.1).

-Z9--

~\

-z
. 1

. 2

z 0 z (. 1).
0 . , z, z.
(8) . 1 , z iRezI ^ Izl, llmzl < |z|.
. (5) , zt + z2 , Zi z%
(. 2). z\ Z2 z\ z%
(. 2).

12

. I.

. 2 , zt z2
zt z2, . . [zi z 2 l.
2. z, I z z01 = R, R
20, iz zoi z z0. []
3. z, Iz Zil = |z z2l, ,
Zi z2. , , , z,, z2,
. []
4. ) z, Iz z 4 | + |z z2l = 2a, > - 2 ~ | 1 z 2 |,
zu z2 , ,
Iz z j + Iz z 2 l z
Zi z2.
) , I \z zt I Iz z 2 | I = 2a,
a-C-n-lzj z 2 |,
Zi, z2 , . \_\
. Zi z2

. 0, Zi, Zi + z2 \zt\, |z 2 | |z t + z 2 | (. 2).


, (15)
.
. zu z2, ..., zn
(16)
. 3

4. .
z = + iy , ,
, < (. 3), r = | z | 0 z,
z, .
, , .
z (z 0) -

1.

13

: < = a r g z * ) . z = 0 , ,
, , z 0.
. 3 ,
a: = rcos<j>,
j/ = rsincp.
(17)
, z 0
z = r(coscp + tsincp).
(18)
(18) .
(17) , z = x + iy, cp = argz,
cos = j

s i n =

y
r

(19)

. 3 , :
< z = + iy
, (19). ,
z = x + iy (19).
(19) , < = + 2kn, k = 0, 1 , 2 , . . . ,
<0 (19). , : 0
z,
fc = 0, 1 , 2, . . .
(20)
(19) , z x + iy
tg<p = J L .

(21)

, (21) (19).
5. z =
= 1 i. z = I i
tg = 1, arg (1 i) = ^ . + 2, = 0, 1, 2, . . . []
\z\ = 1, = agz, (18) = +
+ i sin . cos + i sin , . . *"1

' = cos + i sin .
(22)
*) arg argument ().

14

. I.

,, 2 < = , ==- 1 , , ""2

72

- i (.4).
( )
, \ \ = 1 <.
(22)
(23 Jf
- _ c o s _ s i n .

i,,

(22) (23)
cos = ~Y (ei(? + -'"?),
!
(24)
1
sin =
(^
)

.
% i-B*.


, i . :

(26)

'

incp

n = 0, 1 , 2 , . . .
(27)

(25).
(fVie^z ( c o s _|. i s i n ^ ( ^_ j s i n 2)

= (cos cos 2 sin sin 2) + (sin 2 cos 2 + cos sin 2) =


{

- cos ( + 2) + i sin ( 1 + 2) = ( 1 ).
(26). (27) (25) (26) .
(27) (22)
(cos + i sin )" = cos + i sin , = 0, 1 , 2, . . . (28)
6.

Si = cos + cos ( + ) + cos ( + 2) + ... + cos { + ),


S2 = sin + sin ( + ) + sin ( + 2) + ... + sin ( + ).
S = Si + iSt, (22)
S = (cos + i sin ) + (cos ( + ) + i sin ( + ) ) + . . .
... + (cos ( + ) + sin ( + )) =
__ gi

gi(x+a)

gi(x+no)

1,

15

q =
= ' ,

5 =

(+1) _

^-%

^-. 5 = Re S, St =

=15, Si
Sz. e i a / 2 ,
11 sin (a/2),
COSU + [ + 4-) a) cos ( -2-

= 2smv

\ '

I sin^E + -) + i cost + --


. (n+D-a

sin

.
_
* ~

s i n

(n + 1) a
2
. /
r
. a
Sin^-f-sin-g-

(18) (22) , z = 0

z = re4,

(29)

= ||, = argz. (29)


.
(25) (26) ,
:
ZI

fn(2

//

"~ - ' 1 * 2 ^

(31)

(30) ,
:
:
(pi = argz 1( q)2 = argz 2 ,
,+ 2 = arg(ZiZ2). (32)

. I.

16

(31) ,
:

:
= arg z l t

p2 = arg z 2 , 2 = arg -i-.


Z

(33)

7.
- )3(1 + )2 = (2- 1 / 3 ) 3 (2 1/4 ) 2 =
, (. 3) ,
: zt = r1etqpi z 2 = r 2 e i 4 \
Zi = z2 , rl = ri 1 =
= 2 + 2,
. , zd = z2
,
lzj = |z s | arg Zi = argz 2 + 2kn,
(34)
.


. Ai =
= (* Vi), = (, ,), = (0, 5
(, ), ,. = ^
= .
z, = xt +. iyt, z2 = x2 + iy2.
1, 2:
( a2) = Re(zlz2),
25, S
S , 2.
s =

= (, ) (, ). ('\ ') , -

17

1.

(. 5). ia
x + iy*=re">. ''+ iy' = '<*-> = re* e'
ia
= (x + iy)e~ , . .
' + iy' = (x + iy) (cos a sin a ) .
, ,
' = cos + sin , '' = sin + cos .
5. .
zn = a,

(35)

, .
= 1'8, z = *'.
rV"" = 1'9.
(34) " = ,
= 9 + 2, = j^'p, = (9 + 2)/
fc =i 0, 1, 2, . . .

(36)

, (36) . , z0, zu ..., zn_i ,



, 2 (.
(34)). z n = z0,

Z,

'-

| z n | = [ z01 = = 0 + 2.
z n + 1 = z,, z_t = _4

6
. .
, (35)
:
zk = e+2*W
, 1
- 1.
(37)
=

re-,
0 (. 6).
. z -
( V~a), z" = . 2 . . .

18

. I.

, 0 -
.
6. .
z = + iy, (7) z = . (. (9)), : = Izl. .
z = reitf. (22) (23) ( . 7) ,
z = ~. , < =
= arg z, = arg z.
,
:
Zx 3 2 = Zx 2 2 ,

f(*")=-(*)",
. 7

- 0 , 1 , 2, ...,
z 0

< 0.

.
8. (z) = aozn + a^"" 1 + . . . +
.
P(z o ) = O, ( ) = (2 ) = , . . z0
,
z0
. []
2.
1. . {zn} zu z2, ..., zn, . . .
, .
.
{zn}, > 0
N = N(e), n>N
\zn-a\<e.
(1)
lim zn = a.
m-oo

, {zn},
l i m | z n - a | = 0.
(2)

19

2.

, , .
(1) ,
zn
(. 8). , . . z,
\z ol < e, > 0 , - . , {zn},
, .
,
{zj \
,

. 8
.
{zB} {} {),
zn = xn + iyn, = 1, 2, . . .
1. \imzn = a, =
-

= + :
lim xn = cs, lim yn = 0.
-

->

. Hmz n = ,. .
-*<>

(2). \ ccl < \ \


\ pi < \zn \ lim xn =
-*

lim yn = .


\zn-a\ = \(xn-a)+i(yn-$)\<\xn-a\ + \yn-$\
(. (15), 1).
1 : lim zn = lim n = , to
-

lim (zn
lim (znt,n) = ab,

->

(3)
(4)

n-oo

lim f- = ,
2*

( = 1, 2, . . . ;

(5)

20

. I.

, ,
. . {zn}
, > 0
N, >N
m>N

\zn-zm\ < .
{zn} , R, |zn[ <R
.

, .
, , . ,

. .
,
{zn} {xj {yj, zn = xn + iyn,
1.
,
.
1.
I || \\ I < \zn \ (. (15), 1)
:
lira = , lim | zn \ = | |.
-

-*

2.
. =
rnei<Pn, rn = \zn |, = arg zn. lim rn = lim =
ia

= , lim z n = pe .
z n == rn cos + irn sin
1.
2. . .
.
izn) ,
limz n = oo,

(6)

->

lim | zn | = .

71-

(7)

2.

21


,
7) , i ? > 0 N,
> N

1*1>.

(8)


.
1. zn 0, = 1, 2, ..., lim zn = -

, |lim = 0.
n-oo

2. lim zn = lim t,n = , lim (z n + n) =

->>

3. lim z n = \imZ,n = ,

, lim (znn) =

lim- = .
(7). (8) , zn R
0 (. 9). . , z =
^7'^7^^
"
izn},
z =
, .
, z =

. ,
g
,
.
.
5,
0 (. 10). S, 0. z
,
S ,
(. 10). , {zn}, ,
5, . z =
.
5 -

22

. I.

. , S
.
( z = <) .

.

. 10

, [15].
. , . .
z <> , . .
z + oo7 z , + . . . :
(0, +) ,
(', +i) ,
( io, + ) Re z = ,
($i , + ) Imz = . .
. ,
. .
( , ) .
. lzn} , .
() , > 0 , | Znh I >> . , lira Znk .
ft- 00

2.

23

3. .
.

(9)

sn = 2 z* s Un} (9): s = 2 zft

ft=i

(9) ,

2 Izh |.
, .
, :

1. 2 zh ,

h 2

vi
z

h ~~

ZJ

zh = xk + 1-

Ukf.

I "V
x

h - I Zj i/fe-

oo

oo
z

2. 2 fe , 2

, -

^j ez/j = ^ zhh=i
h=i
00

OO

OO

3. 2 zft 2 fc , 2 (zh + s) ft=l

=1

ft=l

00

h + = Z j fe + 2Zl bft
z

ft=l

oo

4.

oo
z

2 h 2 fc ft=l ft=l

oo /

s , 2

fc=l \=1

so.

ft

2 znfc-n+i

24

. I.

5. . 2 ft
, > 0 N,
>N rn&* n>N
h=n
oo

6. 2

s , Hm Zh = 0.

00

7. 2 Izk I , 2

k .

fe=i ft=i

3.
1. . z = a(t) ^=^$
.
o(t) = %(t)+ iy\(t),
| ( 2 ) = R e a ( ) r)(t)=Imo(t) . .
o(t)=%(t)+ir\(t)

(t) = lim I (t) + i lim (t).

(1)

, lim a (t) ,
lim|()
*-*

)().
'-*

: l i m c ( ) = a , ec > 0 > 0, \a(t)~


a\<e
t , \tto\ < , t=t0.
: limo(t) = , lima( n ) =
{} , lim tn = t0, tn U
n-*<x>

n = l , 2, . . .

: lim ox (t) = at Iima 2 () =
t-*t0

= a2,
lim [ax (t) or2 (t)] = 2,

-*

lim [ (t) o2 (t)] = ata2,

3.

25

2 ,
=

lim a(t)

t-t o -o

lim a (f).
.
o(t) = %(t) + ir\(t)
( ), ( )
|(f) -(*).
: a(t)
U, lima(f) = (0), . .
'-'
> > 0, \a(t) a(t0) I <
< , U to\ < .
, , ,
, . ,
o(t), [, ],
: \o(t)\ < 1 > 0 fe[a, p].
<s(t)==%(t) + i\\(t)
o'(t)-t'(t)+ti\'(t).
(2)
, ' (t) ,
%' (t) r\'(t).


a'(t)=lim
(' + *')-().
(3)
, [ [t)
2 (t),
(*! )' = [ 02, (& = '^ + '2,
02(0^0,

\ t

l g 2 ~

iq2


. , , , .

26

. I.

1. a(t) = eu [0, 2], or{t) = ieu, l a ' ( i ) l = l * ( 0 , 2].


, ' (t)
[, 2], (0) = ( 2 ) = 1 .
() = |()+iri()

JJ y\(t)dt.

(4)

:
5

a(Odt = limSa(T f t )Af f t )

(5)

- fc=i

a = i 0 < <... < tn = ,


= max Atk.

Atk = tk th-lf

4-i < 4 < tk,

, , , . :
1. \ it) dt = a \ a (t) dt,
a = const.

2. j [ax (0 a2 (] dt = j o x (t) dt j a2
a

3. j ( )
e

f)

4. Jo(t)d* = J a ( * ) * + )o(t)dt.
a


5. J a (t) dt = () (a), (t)
a

(0. . . '(0 = (0. a<*<ft.

6. <j(t)
[, 4], |o(f)|

j (t) dt

\a(t)\dt.
a

(6)

3.

27

. |()1 . (6). (16) 1,

2 o(xk)Ath

h=i

, -* , = max Aift, (6).


. (6)

\
\a{t)dt

a) max |

(7)

,
.
2. ] extdt = , "
6
[0, 2]. []
. o{t) =
+ ir\(t) - (!()>
, a(t)
-, .
z o{t), o c < f < p ,
[, ] , . , z = a(t) , .
2. . a s S f ^ f i z = a(t). ,
*)

= a(t),

(8)

(8)
. , z, = (4) z2 = a(t2), < ft < t2 < (J,
, z2 (8) z4 (:
z4 z 2 ). , (8)
. , (8) t.
z (8), *)

28

. I.

t, .
( )
( ) ( 8 ) , & = ( ) ( ) .
( 8 ) . z a(t), a.<t*&$, (). , , , .
~?
?
3. z = cos, < ^ 2 ,

[1, 1],
z = 1 z = 1

(. 11).

4. z = 1', 0 t ,
= 1 , Im z ^ 0,
-/
- ^
. 12
(. 12).
f
, : a(U) = o{tt) ti=tz,
Zi = a(ti) z2 = a(t2) ,
.
(8).
: () = (), (8).
, , . , , .
3 4
(. 11 12).
5. z = e", 0 < ^ 2 , |z| = 1, , z = 1.
(. 13). []
6. z = o{t),

c) = U

^ - ^ < ^ 2 ,

4]

z = 1
(.14). z1 = a(0) za = a(5jt/3)
,
: zt = z2 = 1. Q
7. z = cos t, n < t 5 n, [1, 1], : z = 1

g .

29

z = l z = l z = 1 (. 15).
, (1, 1) . []
. z = ai(t), ai^t^^i
z = o 2 (t),
2 < < [52 , t = s(x), a2sT=s{J2, , s(a*) = <z,, s({J2)=fJ,
O I ( S ( T ) ) = O 2 (T)

a 2 S = 2.

, , .
, z = ai(t), a < ! ^ ( J , Z = 0 ( T ) , O ^ T ^ I , ,
2

-i

15
t = a + {$ ); oi(t) = o1(a + ($ )) = 2 ().
, , ,
[0, 1].
8. , 3,
z = t, 1 ^ ^ < 1 , z = 2t 1,
. 13

. 14

, z = a(t), a <
^ t ^ . f~l ,
.
" 1 z = a(t), p < < .
if, Zi = a{tt) {12),
ti U [, ], .
a = U < U < h < . . . < tn = Y* , zh-i a(tk-i) zft = a(^) (A; = l, 2, . . .
..., ). , f
Ti . Y Y fi, , ) "-
: ^ = fiT2 Tn- zh = a(tK), / = 0, 1, ..., , , f (. 16).
,
Y. , f
, .

30

. I.

, z = o(t), a^t<$,
a(t) (a, (ij
a'(t)=O, ,
,
' () = '().
zlSf.*--.-2?
ff'n

,
"i/7"/ .
.
. 16


z = a(t), a < t s [3, c(t)
[, ] a'(t)=O. .
, : f
z = a(t), a ^ ^ | } , > [, ]
' ^ ^ , if z0 = o(t0) a'(t0)
(. . 27). ,
, ,
, ,
.
.
,
: z = a(t), a < < ( } ,
(

\a'(t)\dt = dl .

.
. t>a
z = o(t)
(+) = , . . lim ()=. ,
z = a(t),

as*<oo,

(9)

(9)
. (9) -

3.

31

, [J > z = a(t), a S S
.
,
t <t^a
.
(9)
= Ci (), a i ^ T - < P i ,

\ () -*

->-{$1, , .


(9).
3. . D
,
, . . , D, , D;
, . . , D, , , ,
D.
D , , D, , D.

'%

. 17

. 18

. D,
, D D.

,
.
, , D , D
. .
9. 0 < ! z a l < e , e > 0 , z = a \z a\ = , (. 17).
: . | \ < . []

10. \z\ < 1, 0 < a r g z < 2 n , . 18, : < 1

32

. I.

[0, 1].
: [0, 1], z = l z = 0 ; [0, 1],
z = 0 z = 1 ; = 1,
. , (0, 1] .
11.
1 < < 2 :
= 1 2 , 4 =
= 2,
, ,2 = 1,

(. 19). D
D , :
. 19
Izl <R, Da . . 1719.
12. (. 20):
)
>1;
) I m z > 0

) | I m z | < l ;

-I

. 20

8 3.

33

) l l m z | < l , R e z > 0
[1, 2]. Q
D , , D, , D.
(. 21),
(. . 4 3).

. 18 20,6, ; . 17,
19, 20,3.
,
,
z oo .
13.
:
) > 1 (. 20,);
) ;
) z=a . (
14. :
) z= I, i 1 i;
)
[0, 1] [i, 2i]\
) 1 < < . []

:
, , ,

.

.

.
: ,
,
. ,
,
Y
.
, D , 3 . . .

. I.

34

, D,
D.
, ,
, .
4. . (. 21, 22).
.

. 21

. 22

^: z = 0 (t), 0 < * < 1 , fi: = d (t), 0 sg < 1,


D = (0) = , (0)
= (1) = \ (1).
, ft
fi, D, a (i, s), O ^ t ^ l , O s ^ s ^ l :
1) [0, 1] "[,: z = (, s), 0 ^
sg t sg; 1, D;
2) a (t, 0) = (), (t, 1) = , ( 0 , 0 < * < 1 ;
3) (0, s) s , (1, s) = 6, 0 s s < 1.
, Yo ( = ) j ( i , 1 ) , 0 < ( ^
^ 1, ,
, D.
ii D (:
ti D), fo
"fi, D (. 22). f
D (: if 0 D),
, D
(. 21). .
:
1.
,
.
2^ Y = "1 ^~ D. ,
ti Yi D f2 "( D, f ^ D.
3. YT"1 , Y-

4.

35

4.
z
w = f(z), . . =
= + iy ^E w =
= u + iv. f(z) = u(x, y) +
+ iv(x, ), (, y)=Ref(x + iy), v(x, y)=lmf(x+iy).
, .
1. . , . . . f(z) z^-a ,
> 0 = ( ) > 0 , z^E, 0 < [ z | < ,
\f{z)A\<e.

lim f(z) = A
E

/ (z) -* z-*- a, z^E.


:
lim f(z) = A, {zn},
->,

zn^E, ( = 1, 2, . . . ) , ,
{/()} , . . lim f(zn) = A.
-

lim /(z)
->,

lim/(z).
1 2 ,
lim/(), f(z) = u(x, y) + iv(x, ), a a + i^,
->

lim (, ) limp (x, ),


lim / (z) = lim (, ) + i lim v (x, y).
z-* a

x-*a

,
: lim / (z) = lim g (z) =
-5,

lim[f(z)g(z)] = AB,
z-*a

lim[f(z)g(z)] =

^}

z->a

~ , , .
, ,
3*

36

. I.

f(z) g(z) , .
t(z) = o(g(z))
(z-+a, z^E) , f(z) g[z)
z^-a, z^E. , /(z) = o(l) (z-+a, z^E)
, f(z) z-+a, z^E.
, f(z) O(g(z)) (z- a, z=) ,
/(z) g{z)

/(z) ~g(z)

/ ( z ) = o(g{z))

(--,

(z-t-,

ieS)

ze=E)

/M-0(*(f)) (se)

t+a, e E s ( 2 )

lim

= 0-

/ (z)/g (z)

E: \f(z)lg(z)\^M, z<=E

/ W - 0 (()) (*-*o, -)

/ (z)/g (z)

z-*-a, ze^E. , f(z) = O(i)

(z-+a, )

, /() z-*- a, z^E.


f(z)~g(z)
(z->-a, z^E) , f (z) = (g (z))
(z-*a,
z^E),
f(z) =0{g(z))
(z-*-a, z^E) .
, ~, , ,
. (z-*- a, z^E)
(z-+a).
1. , > .
zm^o (zn) (z -v 0 ) ; zn = o (zm) (z * ) ; z" = (zm) (z e E,
n
(?m(z)
2.
(z) = a o z + ^"-' + ... + a n ,
m
m l

=^,

=0.

P
)
= boz + btz ~ + . . . + bm
,
()

0
n(z

m (
)
~ aoz" (z-*- oo), (
)
oo).
, m > r e ,
60z (z
(z *-oo),
Pn(z)/Qm(z) = o{
m = n,
Pn(z)/Qm{z)~

~ ao/bo (z -*)'.

4.

37

2. .
/(z) . /(z) ,
> 0 > 0, z^E,
|z | < ,
|/(z) /()] < .
,
/(z) ,

: /(z) =
= (, y)+iv(x, ) a = a + i$,
(, ) v(, ) (, (3).
f(z) ,
.
, ,

, /(z) g(z)
, g(z) .
: f(z) F() = f(a), F(f(z)) .
3. z, Rez, Imz, z, \z\
. []
4. (z) = aozn + o^z""1 + . . . +
. []
(z)

5. R (z) = Q-A, (z),


Q(z) , , (?(z)=0. []
: /(z), , ,
> 0 > 0,
z, e E, z2<= E,

\z\-zz\ <.
f(z) = u(x, y)+iv(x, ) (, ) v(x, ),
, /(), , -

38

. I.

. (,
,
.)
, .
:
1. D Du , Dt^D.
2. f(z) D, _
D , , D.
3. . (/ n (z)}

f (z), > 0 N,
|/B(Z)-/(Z)|<8

> N z^E.

2 gb(z)

Sn (z) =

= 2 Sk ( z ) .
:
1. ( ) .
{/(z)} , , > 0 N, >N,
m>N z^E
\h(z)~fm(z)\<E.
2. (

) .

2 gh (z) ,
, > 0 N,
>N, &* >N z&E
ft=n

3. . 2 {?/,(z)
l g f t ( z ) l < c k z^E, k=l, 2, . . .

...,

2 ck , 2 (z)
ft=l

kl

4.

39

4. / (z) = lim / (z), / n (z), re = l, 2, ..., -

. {/()}
, /()
.
5. g A (z), = 1, 2, ..., 00

2 & (2)

hl

, S{z) 2 Sh (z) .
4. .
^: z = o(), a ^ i ^ p , < < ^ w = ^(t). f: zt a{t) f w = ty(t).
, f>
:

()

{) <^.

(1)

7 , (1)
w f(z),
z = a(t), < t < , w = f(o(t))
(
(1) w = f(z), , ,
: a(ti)
= c(t2), t^tz,
z = o(1) = a(2) /(z)
. (1) w = /(z) = /(o(i)),
: w ty(t), a ^ f ^ p , ^: z a(t), a < f ^ f } , ; = |() a ^ f ^ p , ,
f , ( () = ^ (^).
:
1. /(z) D, , D.
2. /(z) D
, D, f(z) D.
5. .
D. D

. I.

40

1() ,
, D.
, (, b)>\a b\ pD{a, )=\ \,
[, ] D.
. ,
D, >(, ) > 0
, .
6. D | z | < 2
[0, 2] (. 23). p B ( - i , i) = 2,
p D (1 - i, 1 + i) = 22. = 1 , = 1
(. 23),
pD(a, 6)^=2, ( , 0 ) = 1 , ( , 1

- 0 - 1 + V2. []


D,

1\, 2, ..., . /(z)
D
. 23
1\, 1, 2, ..., .

. f(z)
D , ,
D ,
lim /( 2 ) = / ( ) .

()

, , D,
lim f(z)= lim f(z).
Pjp(z,a)-o

z->a,zSD

7. 6 :
lim f (z) = lim f(z),
Pp(z,2i)-0

lim
2

PD( ><O-*O

z->2i,z<=D

/ ( * ) = lim f(z).

[]

z-o,zeD

, D ,
D D. D , D
, , D.

4,

41

8. D 6 (. 23)
/(z) = Vz = r1/V'p/2, = % 0 < < < 2 ,
/ ( ) = lim /(z). /(z)
PD(z.a)->0

D . , z = >
,
lira

f(z) =

p>(z,*)-O

lim

/(z) = f{x + ) =

Vx.

z->x, Im 2>o

, z = x > 0, , /( ) = ._ ,
/(z) D
, . []
6. ,
.

. z = + iy
1 = ex+iy = e*(cos + i sin ).
,
Re = * cos ,

Im = * sin .

:
1. z t z2
2. 2ni:

3. ' .
4. z = x + iy
z

|e |=e*,

5. , , . .
=
=0. = arg , =
,

A = 0, 1 , 2 , . . .

(2)

, 1, z = 2kni, k = 0, 1 , 2 , . . .
. = , z In A.

42

. I.

(2) ,
In = In \A\ + iarg.4.
, lnl = 2foii, ln(-l) = (2k +l)ni,
\ai=\2k + ~jni
( ).
. sin z
cosz z
sin z = jr (eiz e~iz),

cos z = - | - (eiz + e"iz).

(3)

sin z cos z:
1. sinz cosz
.
2. sinz cosz , . . sin z = cos z = .
3. ,
,
z. ,
sin2 z + cos2 z = 1 * ) , sin 2z = 2 sin z cos z,
sin (zl + z2) = sin Zi cos z2 + cos z t sin z2,
cos (zi + z2) = cos Zt cos z2 sin z4 sin z2.
,
)
sin (z + 2) = sin z,

cos (z + 2) = cos z,

. . sinz cosz 2;
)
sin(z) = sinz, cos(z) = cosz,
. e. sin z , a cos z .
4. z = + iy
4-1 ev- " | s i n 2 | < ~ - ( ^ + -),

(4)

(4). (3) (. (15), 1)

) 15 ( 2) .

g 4.

43

, ,
I | = | -V* I = ~ I eix I = '\

\ ~ | = ,

(4). (5).
(4) (5) , -> ( , z = + iy):
t sin z I -^- e]v\ I cos z I -15- e l y | .
, sinz cosz (
2).
5.
sin ( + iy) = sin x ch + I cos x sh y,
cos (x + iy) = cos x ch i sin x sh y.
( (4) (5)) , ,
sinz = 0 cosz = 0
= 0, . . . ,
sin z = 0 z = , = ,
1 , 2 , ..., cos z = 0
z = -j- + , = 0, 1, 2, . . .
tgz ctgz
,
sin
tgZ
=
,
6
cosz'

.
cos z
CtgZ
= -: .
&
sin

1 5 , tgz
~2 ;, ctgz z=kn, / = 0,
1 , 2, . . .
. shz chz

shz = -j-(ez e-z),

chz = -j-(e* + e~z).

(6)

(3) (6) , shz = jsin(iz), chz = cos(iz). , shz chz sinz cosz. , ,
sh z ch z ; shz = O
z = kni, = 0, 1 , 2, ..., ch z =
z = ( --~+ ^ ] h = 0t 1 , , 2, , . .
t h z cthz
.
shz
t h Z = -,
ch z'

,,
chz
Cth Z = -r-*
sh

, I.

44

In

th z z I- + kn j it cth z
z kni, A; = 0, 1 , a=2, . . .
, , , z.
5.
1. . . f
/(z). ifii ^2, > z0, z4, ..., zn, (, z0 , a zn
f (. 24). ^
1 ( = 1, 2, ..., )
Y (ZA-I , a zA *{)
Z = max lk.

*{fc
5*s Tft

2/(*)(**-**-!).

(1)

ft=1

. 24

1-+Q
(1), zh, 1^, f(z) no :

/ (*) dz = 2 / ( W (**-**-!}.

()

iy, f(z) = u[x, y)+iv(x, ).


xh-i = Axh, yh yh-! = Ayh, %h = %h +ir\h.
n

2*-i) =

= ( 1 ]), * = (|k, 11)-


I - 0,

J f(z)dz~ udx vdy + i j + %.

(3)

v
v
v
, J / (z) dz v

5.

45

:
J dx v dy j vdx + dy.
v
v
z = a(t) = %(t)+ir\(t), a<
< < , (3) dx = \'(t)dt, dy t\{t)dt , ,
J /() dz = J {ul' - ') dt + i J {v\' + ') dt =

= j (u + iv) (V + ') dt=)i(o (t)) a' (t) dt. (4)


a

1. / ( z ) ^ l , b
". (1)
71

(Zh Zft-x) = Zt Zo + Z2 Zx +

. . . + Z n Z n _x

= z n z 0 = & a,
j dz = b . , j dz v
v
^
. I dz
\dz.
v

, = , j dz = 0, . . J dz v
v
. [J
2. . (3) , .
,
:
g(z)dz,
(5)
b ( ).
2-

j/(z)dz =

j f(z)dz,
v

(6)

-l

. . .

3.

j / (z) dz = j /(z) dz -i- f /(z) dz.


v,v,

(7)

46

. I.

2. f(z) = z, f
. f(z) = z
, \ zdz (2)
'

, tk.

Z,k = %k-i \ zdz lim S,

1^0

'

S = 2 Z]i-1(zk Zk^j). fe = zk,


n

= lim<S, .S = 2 Zfc(zft zh^i).


-

ki

z dz = 4 -

lim

J zdz =
V

,
s

( + S),

2 ( )
h=l

= z\ - z\ + z\ - z\ + ... + z\ - z n_x = 4 - < = b

= -|-( 2 - 2 ).
v
, J z dz v
. , J zdz
v
. []

\ (z a)ndz,

3. 1=

, | | = , > 0 , .
z = a + pe'', 0 <
< t ^ 2. dz = ipe" dt (4)
In =

n+1

ip

= { /_4 = 2, = 1 ( 3 )
i=0

= 0.

47

5. .

,
(z a)ndz

= 0, 1, 2 , 3 , . . . ,
, = 1.

(8)

: / () = 2 /n (z),:
/(z)(ra =
= 1, 2, . . . ) , f>
, . .

f(z)dz= 2 J/n (z)dz.


(3)
,
.
3. .
1. f(z) f.

(9)

\\dz ,
\dz\ = (dx)2 + (dy)2 = ds

, , (9).
. (9) (4)
(6) 3.
. (9)
(10)

f(z)dz
= max | / (z) |, Z(f) f.

2. f(z) D
f D. f(z) no f f(z) no , D, . . > 0
, D, ,
7 <<

(\\

. Dt ,
D Di ( Dk

48

, I,

4). 1, . 2 4 f(z) D, . .
> 0 8 > 0 , z<^Du
t,^Du
|z | < 6
I .
- ^i, > >
z0, z,, ..., zn , lh
|z zA| < ( = 1, 2, ..., ) Di
( , 4 ) . zo, Z\, ..., zn, ch
[zh-u zh], Kk= Izft z*_il ( = 1, 2, ..., n).
4 < , ^ 1 < , . . ^ cft
\z zh\<8
(ft = l, 2, ..., ). ,
] z e c s (12)

|/( z )-/(z ft )|<-J-.

(13)

(11).

ft

ft=1

LVft

f(z)dzL

Vft

J / (zh) dz = j / (zft) dz = / (zO (zft zft_i

(. 1),

f(z)dz

h1

[f(z)-f(zh)]dz
"fk


(14) (10) (13),

ft

=i

3. D ,
D. f(z) -

49

D , /(z) no f(z) no , D.
3 .
.

D 1\, 2, . . . , : = {J Th.
f(z) D
, /(z)
\f(z)dz= S

\f{z)dz.

(15)

fe==1

3
. f(z) D
, f(z) no D

f(z) no , D.
4. if, D, , D.
. D, (, ) =
= inf \z | f
D. ,
(, .)>0.
f ^ Yz > "{*
z0, zu ..., zn, z0 , a zn ,
, 1} -g p (, ):
*;<-(?')'

7 = 1.2, . . . , .

, "f :
| _ 2 ; . | < ^ - ( 7 , ),

Kf

/ = 0 , 1 , . . . , .

(16)

, z e ^

4-p(7,r)<i-p(v.r),

(17)

, . ^ } (j = 1 , 2 , . . . , ) ;
. Z),

(16): Dx i=U Kj. Dx Di^D,

1
P(Y. TJ^-g- P(Y, ), 4 D 4 .
4 . . .

50

. I.

6. arg z
lnz 4 lnz = ln \z\ +
+ i arg z. IV , .
argz.
argz , , (. . 2) , 21.
13.
1. . , z (z = + iy)

x = rcosq>, j/ = rsinq).
(1)
(, <) , (, ) (1).
(, ), (1)
= + /2. :

cos =

~f7=T=T'

sin

= arg z 2,
.
(
(, ) (, ))
.
(, In z) .
, (1) z (0 < < , < ^ ) U { = 0, = 0}
(, ). (. .
), z
.
, , : {0 < <
<, < < ) . z Do: (, 0] (. 25).
Do < > 0 ( >0 = 0). < < , z^D0

= (z). Do
(). (, ) >,
(1) Do -

51

6. arg 2

,
/ = .
() (2),
< < . z > ()
argz
(. . 4 1). ()

V///////////,

'/

-:

. 25

argz. = arg z.
Do () argz.

= , 1, 2, . . .
= arg z, ,
(2) :
arg z = arctg ,

> 0;

arg z = + arctg ,

< 0, > 0;

argz = + arctg,

, /<0.

, argz ,
/2 /2 0
, argz .
arg z,
(. (15)).
2. .
z = 0. z z
z
arg z (. 26).

52

. I.

1. ) f
1 i 1 + i, arg z = -5-;
) + |z| = I, Imz>0, , AI+ arg z = (. 27);

. 26

, 27

) 7- |z| = 1, I m z < 0 , , AT_argz = (. 27). []


A T argz. (1)
dx = cos dr sin dq>, dy = sin<pdr + r cosy dy,

(3)

= sin dx + cos dy. ,

(4)

J d arg z.
v
z ^
. . : A T argz. ,

(5)
^-,

dz

dx 4- i dy

I m = Im

T_.

(6)

dx A- x du

(6) .
.
1. 1 ft z 0 (. . f 4i 0 < | z | < o o ) (. 28),

53

6. arg z

7 arg z = Av arg z.
.

Pdx + Q dy,

(8)

(, ), Q(x, ),
D, if D.
[9]
. D ,

(8) ,
D, , ,
D

=-^-.

(9)


. D ( , ) (9) i
, D (. . ^ "
D),
(10)
(10)
'

/1 /~

,

(9) 0 < < < . ,
.28
(5) (10) (7).
(7) (. 28).
1 , ,
2. z = 0
,
z = 0 (. . 0 < < ),
A T argz

(11)

, (7) ^ Y 1 (. 1,

54

. i.

) ) . (11) .
2. f UI = 1,
, arg z =

= 2.

:
3. z = ,
arg z = -AT_1 argz.

(12)

4. f = Y1Y2 z = 0,
AViVa arg z = ? 1 arg z + AVa arg z.
(13)
(6) ( (6) (7) 5).
3. argz. D , z = 0 z = .
argz 0 z 0 .

arg z = arg z0 + arg z,


(14)
z0 z
D.
1 . 2 arg z
Y) , D (. 4 3), , (14) D. D,
Z

argz = argz0 +

dx 4- dy
J

. ^

X -J-

,. r-

(15)

, (14) argz D.
, :
(argz) k = argz 0 + A T argz + 2/cn, = 0, 1 , 2, ..., (16)
. . argz D
(16). , argz D z0 s D.
3. Do 1
(<, 0]. z0 = I, arg 1 = 0.
arg z = AT argz,
(17)
f z0 = 1 z
Do (. 29). , (17)

55

6. arg

cp(z), . 1. , :
arg 0,
> ,
arg (iy) = -,

> ,

arg (ty) = -,

< 0 . .

[]

(14) z0 D.

. 30

4. Di [0, +). z0 = 1
, arg z0 = arg 1 = 0.
argz = A T argz,
(18)
zo = 1 z
Di (. 30). , :
arg (iy) = 4",
arg x

arg (ii/) = -g-,

> ,

< ,

/ <

. . (. 3).
(18) . > 0 arg ( + ) = lim arg (x + iy) = 0,
v-+o
arg (x JO) = 2. , (18)
(0, +.) ,
. ( (17)
(., 0).) , , ,
.0 0 < | z | < o o
argz. []
(14) , , (14)
D, ,
A T argz , . .
f, D,

56

. I.

arg z = 0. ,
D ,
z = 0, . . , D
z = 0 (
, ,
z = ).
,

. 31

z = z = o.
argz
.
, (17) : tt<argz<jt, z^D0,

(18) 0 2: 0 < a r g z < 2 n , ^ , argz .
5. D2
= , t < . arg 5 = 2.

arg z = 2 + AT arg z,

f z0 = 5 z Z)2 (. 31). ,
, : arg(6) = 3 , arg7 = 4rt,.
arg(4) = , arg 3 = 0, arg(2) = , a r g l = 2 . .

II

7. .
1. . /(z)
z0. z

'z
* ~~ ^z' Az - 0,

/(z) z0 /'( 0 ),
/(z) z0.
,

- - " s + %-/<%).

(1)

/(z) ,
.
A / = /(z o +Az) /(z 0 ). (1)

lim = /' (,0).

(2)

, > 0 = ( ) > 0 ,

, 0 < I Azl < . (2) ,


A/ = f (z0)Az + o(Az)

(Az-vO).

, / /(z)
.
A/ = ^Az + o(Az),
(3)
, Az, /(z) z0 A = / ' ( z 0 ) .
, (3) f(z)

58

. II.

z0. (3), , , ,
z0, .
1. f(z) = zn (n>1 ) ,

lim ( + * > -
^

= lim "

0 ( A z )
A

->0

= nzr-K

(4)

(5)

(z)' = nz"-\ U

,

.
1. /(z) g(z) z,
, , ( g (z)=Q)
(fg)' = f'gr,
(/)' = /' ( = const),

2. /(z) z, F(w) w = f(z),


O(z) = F[/(z)] z,
O'(z) = F'(w)f(z).
(7)
2. (5) (6) ,
) f(z) = zm, <0 ,
, z = 0, (z m )' =
= mzm~1; ,

) (z) = aozn + ^~1 + . . . + an-iZ +


' (z) = na o z n "i + ( 1) a lZ "-2 + . .. + 2a n _ 2 z + -1',
) (z) = -^-
Vi

\z)

, Qm (z) 0, R' (z)


, . U
,
(1) .
, -

7.

59

. 12
, , ,
.
4 , f(z) = u(x, y)+iv(x, ) z = x + iy v (, ). .
, f(z) = u + iv
v.
2. .
1. f(z)u(x,
y) +
+ iv(x, ) z = x + iy, ,
1) (, ) v(x, ) (, );
2) (, )

17 ~ lf(

f(z)
>

{Z

dv_

>

'

. .
/() z. (3)
/ = /'() 2 + (),
(10)
() = () ->0. p = l A z | =
2
2
= () + (/) . () ,
e(p) = ei(p) + ie 2 (p), ^), 2 () .
---0 ->0,
()
. ()
> U,
>- U -> U,
(), 2 ()=( ) ( - 0 ) .
(11)"
0
Af = Au + iAv, f'(z) = A + iB

+ i Av = ( + W) { + i Ay) + e. + ie2.

(10),
(12)

,
.

(13)

60

. II.

, , v (, ).
(13)


~17'


~ ~~'

9v
dv
A
-~>
~~dJ'

(9),
f(z)=*A + iB.
. (, ) v(x, ) (, ) (8).
(13), 6i = o(p), 82 = o(p). i ,

+ i Av = - Ay + i ( + ) + , + ,

/ = [ + ) (; + i ) + 4 + 2)

() = (), (3)
/(z) z. .
3. ) = " cos + ie* sin ,

dv

= c o s = -,

dv

(9)
....

() ==

. . dv
\- i

. .
()' =
(14)
) sinz, cosz, shz, chz
,
(sin z ) ' = cos z, (cos z ) ' = sin z,
(15)
(shz)' = chz,
(chz)' = shz.
(16)
2

) z = i2xy. - = 2xt
-j- = 2/, -Tj- = 2y, - = 2x. (8)
2
= / = 0, , z z = 0. []
= , /(z) = a(r, y)+iv(r, ),

1 dv

dv

\ '

*!\
V

'

7.

61

,
[ , .
+

4. D z .
) = Vr '/2, z_ = {", 0 < < 2, (17) Tz D . (18) ( z)' =
. .
(19)
) In z = In r + iq> (z = rei<p, 0 < < 2)
(17)

(lnz)' = -L.

(20)

3. .
f(z) = u + iv D , ,
. , (8) , ,
'

'

'

,
(21)

'

(, ), D (21), D,
(21) .
, D

, , .

62

. II.

f(z) = u + iv, D,
.
(, ) v(x, ),
, .
,
.
, D (, ) v(x, ), , 1,
f(z)= u + iv D. ,

2. f(z) = u +
+ iv D ,
(, ) v(x, )
.
(, ), v(x, ),
.
3. (, ),
D, , .

. (, ) D ,
I
[

\ _ JJ_ (. \
) ~ [ ] '
,

, ,

,
^ax+-gay
v(x, ),
( 6, . 2)
x

' ^

dx

--dT

dy +

~dT

( 2 2 )

(Vo)

(0, yo)^D (, y)^D ( ,


(0, 0) (, ),
{, ), (0, ) ).
(22)
dv __ __ _
~
'

dv_ _ _
~ '

, v (, ) D , (, ).
2 3 ,
(, ) D, ,
,

7.

63

D f(z) u + iv, . . ( ) . D , v, (22), f(z) = u + iv


.
, (, )
(, ) ( )
(22) (. 5).
5. f(z),
= 3 3 .
dv

v = -3zy2 + g(x).

(23)

(23)
| = - 3 + *'(*)
, (8)

--3' +

(24)

(25)

(24) (25), g'(x) = 3x2, g(x) = x3 +


+ , , (23)
v = + Xs + .
/() = + iv = 3 - 2 + i(xs- 2) + = (3 + )
. []
4. .

.
1. /(z) z = a (a=oo)
/(*)= 2

cn{z-aY,

(26)

z = (. .
\z a [ < p , > 0 ) . /(z)
z = a.

f(z) D,
D.

64

. II.

4. f(z) z = a,
.
. , (26) , ,
f(a) = c0.
-f(a)

_ / W - V _ V -

N-i

(27)

(27) \z | < 4 < ,


(27)
-*- (
11),
4. (27)
z -* , . . /' () =
1. ( 12) ,
, , .

. 6. . _

= J^ zn z =

( < 1). []
2. /(z)

(28)

n=o

z = (. .
Izl >R). /(z) .
2. 2 ,
/(z) z = > ,
g() = /(l/) = 0 7. f(z) = z/(z i)
2 = 00, g(t,) = f(1/t,) = 1/(1 )
% = 0. []
8.
1. . 4 . .

z w = f(z) ' w (. 32). , '. w^-E' -

8.

65

z^E, z w
w = f(z).
, '
, , . . w = f(z) . w = f(z)
, /(z)

. 32
. .
1. w = j(z) ,
.
w = f(z), , .
, w = f(z) , z t z% /(zj) = /(z 2 ) ,
zt=z2.
, w = f(z) ,
Zi z2 (Zi=z2) , /(z 1 ) = /(z 2 ).
,
Ei <= ,
.
( ) , . .
= /(z) (-^-^,
w = g{t>) Et {^),

w
g[f(z)] (. 33) {-+).
, w = /(z): E -* ' ,
w^E'

z^E , f(z)=w.

' z = h(w), /(z).
:

f[k(w)] = w, w^E';
5 . . .

h[f(z)] = z, z<=E.

66

. II.

w = f(z), \ ,
z = h(w) '.
2. .
1.
w=*f(z) = az + b,
(1)
, ( = 0),
,

x = h(w)=w-

(2)

.
(1)
z -

. 33

. z = = , z w (1), (2).
= 0.
w = az,
(3)

= Izl, argu> = arga + argz.


(4)
(4) , (3) z \\

z = 0 = arg . (3) arg z = tp argu> = <p + a, | z | = r \w\ = lair (. 34). \z\<R
|| < \a\R.
ia
\\ = 1, . . a = e , (3)
. , w = iz
/2, w = z
.

8.

67

(1)
w = az + b , :
) z \\ ( 2 = 0);

. 34

) = 0 = arg ;
) ()

. D
2.

w=

(5)

z w (
z = 1/w ). z = 0 w = , z = w = 0. arg z =
(5) arg w = <,
= \w\ = 1/, |z| < R

>1/.

3.
w = z\
z\ = Zj,

(6)

Zi = z 2 )
Zi = - z 2 .

(7)

, (7), 2
. , w = z ,
D ,
, 5*

. II.

0. , (6) I m z > 0 .
argz = a ( 0 < < ) ,
(. 35). (6) arg w = 2. arg z = , 0 . arg w = 2,
arg z = ,

35

. z , w.
arg z = arg z = , Im z > 0, arg = 0 arg w = 2.
w. (6)
Im z > 0,
, w , arg z = 0
(. . z)
, arg z = .
2
, w = z
w (. 35). ,
w = z2 z = pe'e, 0 S it ne2
2
|>]= ( wt=1
=
p e , Zi = z2 = " = ,
, ).
z
w = z I m z < 0 w
(.36).
arg z = arg = 2,
Im z < 0,
. , argz = ^ + 6 ( 8 > 0 , ), argz = n, 2 2ni

8,

69

arg w = 2 + 26,
. , arg z = 2 arg w =
= 4 26, .

argz

, w = z2 ( R e z > 0 ) ( R e z < 0 )

(.37). D
4.

(8)
w \
, D, (8) .
*,-*= 1,
e i = * ,
.
.
(. 6, 4)
z

Zi Zz = 2kni

( - 0 , 1 , 2, . . . ) . (9)
, (8) , D
,

(9).
, w =
= " < Im z <

()

(%\
37

Dt: 0 < 1 < 2 (. 38)'. (8) z x + iC ( , 0 < < 2 ;


-<;<+<),
Dt,,
w = ex+ic = e* eiC, . .

arg w = . z = x + iC , 0 2.
arg w = C, = x + iC,
, w. z = x( < < ) z = x + i 2,

70

. II.

Du arg w = 0
arg w = 2.
, w = % 0 <
< < 1 < 2 ,
{0, +) , ,
.
, (8) z = Ci + iy (,
, ( < 2 ) , Di

. 38
Cl xv

, w = e e
i ( zt = \
w1 = eci , z2 = d + 2ni
w2 = e C l e 2 m ,
^).
, D 2 : 2 < Im z < 4
w = e*
[, +) , . D2
, .
, w = '
Dk: 2( 1) < Imz<2kn
{ )
w [0, +<). Q
3. .
1. . w = f(z)
z0 j (zo)=0. : z = o(t),
<=^[5 (. 39), z0 = o(t 0 ), ^ o e
( , ). 9 , if
za
( ,
). 6 = arg '(f 0 ).
' f w = f(z), . .

i': w = w(t) = f[o(t)], a<t<$,

w0

8.

71.

Zo{wo = /(o(i 0 )) = /(zci)).

(M.

()

}'()0 '()0
(. 3), w'()
0, . . f' 0.
arg u/(*0) = 6'. (10)
6' - arg w' (tB) = arg f (z0) + arg o' (f 0 ),
. e.
6 ' = 9 +arg f(z0).
(H)
a = 8' 6 f
z0 w = f(z). ( ) ,

. 39
W=/(Z)

/'(zoJ^O, z0
a = arg/'(z 0 ), . . ,
z0, w = f(z)
(()0)
, z0.
, u> = /(z), f(z) z0 /' (z0) 0,

72

. II.

, z0,
, (. 40).
5.
= /(z) z0.
) f(z) = = 2 , Imz 0 = y 0 > 0 .
0

Z
tt

) / (z) =

*/

/_

2i Im

^-, | z01 < 1.

zz
1 zz

2. . w = f(z)
z0 fr(zo)=O.
z , z0 (. 41). Az = z z0,

. 41
' = f(z) f(zt,) = wwa.
,

/'(z 0 )

= /' (0) + (Az), (Az) ->- 0 Az -* 0,



lim
-*

"

)'
(12)
\z Zol = lAz! = , ,
(12) , |z z o | = p

8.

73

w = f(z) ,

\W-WQ\ =pl/'(Zo)l , w = f(z)
, , | | < 1/'()1
.
Hm W-f =
f z0 w = f(z). ,
z0 = 1/'(0) |.
3.

.
/(z) z0.
2. w f(z) z0,
z0.
, /(z)"
z0 (
z0) /'(z o )^O, w = f(z) z0.
1. /A(z0)=?fe0 ,
w = f(z) z0 . ,
w = /(z) = + iv
= (, ), v = v(x, ).
(13)'
/ (13)

~
dv

dv

dv
'

( 7 ,

( 8 ) ) , -

fdv\*

= g + ig-,
, f(zo)=O, J(za)=O.
3. /(z) D w f{z)
D.
.

74

. II.

12 ,
/(z)
1) D,
2) D,
3) ,
w = f(z) .
, 3) 1) 2) (.
31).
. 2. w = az + (=0)
. , w = z2 Im z > 0
[0, +). , w = e'
0 < Im z < 2.

VI.
2. z0
f(zo)=O,
w = f(z)
z0. /(z) =
%. z0 = 0
(/'(z) = 2z). argjz = a argz = p, z = 0. w = z1 arg w = 2 arg w = 2.
, 2((J ) . , z = 0 , . . w =
z = 0.
4.
. w = f(z) D D'. / =
= l/'(z)P, D'

S (') = f ]dudv = f f \J\dxdy = J f | f (z) f dxdy.


D'

i , D,. ^'
w = f(z). '
V'

3.
(14). ,
| / | , / (13), (13), . .
w f(z) = n + iv. ,
w = f(z)
l/'(z o )l. , !/'( 2 )1 -

9.

75

9.


.
1. .
1. /(z) D D. f(z) no f,
D, :

(1)

f(z)dz = O.
V

.
(3) 5

f(z) = u(x, y)+iv(x,

y)t

\j{z)dz = Jl + iJ2,

dx v dy, / 2 = I v dx + dy.
V

f(z) D, , v
D

dv

~ ~~'

/\

dv_

'

' '

6 (. 2) (2) ,
h h~0. , j /(z)dz Jt + iJ2 = 0.
v
2. ( ).

).

/(z) D.
f(z) no f,
D, :

() = 0.

(3)

.
, .
1. * f
, D. . .
( -

76

. II.

) ,

I!

'f(z)dz

(4)

(. 42) , (*} (fc =


= 1, 2, 3, 4). ,

j f(z)dz=$f(z)dz.

= 1 .

(5)

, (5) ,
,
( ) <4) (
).
(4) (5) ,

(5)
(
Ai)

i dz

. 42

__
4'

(6)

. . < , .
, 4
,
2 ,

\f(z)dz
. , {} ,
+ 1 ( = 1 , 2 , . . . )

/(*)*

(7)

9. KOIHII

77

(7) /. / . ;
/2" , , -*
-* 0 (->). , {} : An+i, An+2, . - -->. , z0,
1, 2, . . . , z0 D.
/(z) z0,

/=/(*.)+/'(*<) (*-*.)+<>(*-*.),

f(z)dz =
An

= / (z0) \dz + f (z0) \zdzAn

zof (z0) j dz + \o{z-

An

An

z0) dz.

(8)

An

\dz = O, Jzdz = 0 ( 5, 1, 2),

(8)
1 I \Z)
An

aZ

1 " \Z Z0/ a Z t
An

\")

o(z z0) ,
> 0 = 6() , z: \z z 0 l < 6

I o ( z - z 0 ) | < e ] z zol.
(10)
,
\z z o l < 6 . (9) (10)
^

I Iz ;

. .
2

(11)

Jn<^fn.

(7) (11), / 4 < 7 4 " , . . < ,


> 0 , > 0
. , = 0, . . (3) , D.
2. f , D.

78

. II.

, , . /== \f(z)dz , ,
, / = 0.
,
. , j / (z) dz 0.
3. , , "\ , D. 2, 5 J / (z) dz
v
,
D, . . > 0 L ,
\li(z)dz-\f(z)dz <8.

\ / (z) dz = 0 -

\f(z)dz < , -

v
> 0 , J / (z) dz = 0.
v

3. , .

1.

0 < < 2,

] -~-

/(z) =

( 5 , 3).

|=1

,
.
1. /() D, f(z) . , f, ^ D
,
{z)dz=

lf{z)dz.

, f D
( ), .
, 6. . 2, 3, .

9.

79

3. f(z) D, f 4 ^2 D,

J/(*)& = J/(z)d2.
D .
, f
D.
.
4. D
/(z) D .
\f{z)dz

4 2 3, 5.
4
.
2. D

1\, , . . .
..., , , /(z) D .

\
\i(z)dz+
S
0

\f(z)dz = O.

(12)

fe=1

rft

, ,, ..., ,
D .
. 1\,
2, . . . , ^I fz, , * ( - ' ^
D . D
, ..., fi, 42, ..., fn.
4 J / (z) dz 0. ,
Y* (& = 1, 2, . . . , ) ( ) , , J / () dz = ,
(12).
2. /(z)
D ( )
if (
), Di^zD (. 44).

80

. II.

(13)
(13) Y Ti
. (13) ,
,

. 43

. 44

/(z) , ] f(z)dz

.
4. . /(z) D, F(z) . F'(z) = /(z) z e F(z) f(z) D.
5. f(z) D, .
.
(14)
, D.
(14) ( 1), F(z) D. ,
F(z) /(z), . .

F'(z) =

9.

81

z + Az D, z^D.
z+&z

(z+
F ()
Az

Az
Z

(15)
, =
Az -* 0.

/ ()

z+

dt, = Az (5, 1),

z+

AT J /(*)* = /(*)

(16)

(15) (16)
, , z z + Az.
z+

11< f l/(0-/(z)li^|.

(17)

/(z) z >
= ( ) > 0 , \z ? ! <

(17) 5 [z, z + Az], \z t\ <


^ lAz| , , (18) ,
IAz| < . (17) (18) I <* | < ^ | Az|, . . l a l < e f
| A z | < 6 . ,
-

. . F' (z) = /(z). .


5
3. /(z)
D, , 6 . . .

82

. II.
z

D, .

F (z) = J / () dt,

f(z).
, F(z) f(z) D, F(z)+C, , /(z)
D. , ,

6.
f(z) D F(z) + C, F,(z)
- f(z),
.
. Fi(z) Fz(z) /(z) D. F(z) = F2(z)
Fi(z) = u + iv D. ,

F' (z) = F'2 (Z) F\ (Z) = / (z) / (z) = 0

z^D. ( 7, (8), (9)), = ~
= = == 0 D,
F(z) = const, . . F2(z)' =
= Fi(z) + , .
4. 5 '
F(z) f(z)
- ,

(19)

.
5. 5
(20)
. (19) z = Zo, = F(z 0 ). , , (19) z = zt,

F(*i) = 1 /() dl + - j /() dl + F(z0),


(20).
6. f{z) g(z)
5,

10.

83

f / () g'

.
gf
2

jg' = (/g)'

= f (zx) g ( 2 l ) - / (z0) g (z0) =

(21).
,
, . , ,
2

( > 0 - ).
1. / ( z ) = 1/z Z): 0 < | z | < . cz D.

, D,
6 /(z)
F' (z) = 1/z. ,

D,

j - = 2 =^=0.

[]

10.
.
. /(z) D {
D . z,
6*

. II.

84

,
(1)
(1) .
.
/()/( z ) D . ,
|z\ < : | z\
f- , 2
( 9, (13)), (. 45)

Lf
C

T a K

KaK

2Hi

, = 1 ( 5,

3) ,
J

(2)

~ 2ni J - z afe ~ '

(1) , = 0.
/() z
> 0 = ( ) > 0 , 1/()
/(zi) I < e
| z\ < . ,
/(-/()!

i-JL
1

< . ,
,
/ 4 = , . . J = f{z).
(1) .
45
1. !)

/(z) D .
z, D,

10.

85

(3) , (1);
4 9.
, D .
(3) (12) 9.
(3) /(z) .
(3). /(z)
D | i f,- (Yi "\), Di<^D (. . 44). z s f l ,

(4) f fi .
2. _ (3) z , . . z D, D
.
. z

I 0,

z Z>.

. f(z) : \z zol < i? w


. , . .
2

(5)

. (3) R z0.
iv

= za + Re ,

0 < ^ 2,

dt, =

2: J J

22 J

'*
2

(5) .

86

. II.


.
u(z)=u(x,
),

z = x + iy,

: \z z o | <R,
.

. /(z)
, Re/(z)= u(z).

(7) ,
2

, -* R, (6).
11.

1. .

2 *(*-)",

(1)

=0

, ( = 0, 1, 2, ...) , z
. = 0 (1)
=

(2)

, (2)
(1).
(2) z, (2) . z =
(2).
,
z = 0 ( 3).

1. 2 ( l ) n z " |z| < 1 -

\z\ > 1. Q

11.

87

2. ^9 -L , z 0,
>0 IzlnI < 1/2, . . \zn/nn\ < 1/2",
z. []

3. 2 " 2 " z = ,
=

z = 0, > \J\z\ \nz\ > 1 \nz\n > 1 ( ). Q


1 ( ) .
(2) z 0 ^ ,
- lz| < |z o l, Kt: \z\ ^ i?j < [ |
.

. (2)
z e lim cnz% = 0 , , -

> 0, | % \<,
z .
(3)
q = !z/zol < 1, (3)
(2) .
, , | | < / | / | < / " , g i = / ? 1 / | z o l < l
z, (2)
.
R z =
z, (2) . \z\>R
.
1. (2) : \z\ <-R,
|| < , < .
, R
(2). |z| =R
(2) , .
(2) z = 0,
R = 0, ,
R = .
' (2)

R = ill, 1 = 1.
-

(4) . {1].

(4)

88

. II.


2 ncnZ""1,
=

Km = 1, (4)

(5)

(2).

~*

2. (5)
(2).
2. .
2.

(6)

R (=0). \z\ <R . ,


(6).
.
S (z) = S ?-1,

(7>

=1

(6). 2 (7) . \z\^Rl<R

S(z) Kt. , f(z)


Id
S(z)-f(z).
(8)
Y , Ki 0 z. (9)

,
Z

/ = 1 , 2, . . .

(9)

"f (. 2 5)

(7) , J S () %
,

71=1

12.

(10) (6)

3 9 J S () dt,

S(z) , , S(z)= f (z).


, /(z) Kv
(S), . . (6) Ki. Rt Kt
R, (6) ' .
, ,
(6) . .
3.
(12)
=


= /().

\z a | < i ?

= !^>(=1,2,

(R=0),
...).

(13)

. 2 (12),
/<">00 = " ! c + ( + l ) ! < V n ( z - a ) + . . .
(14)
z<siL (14) (12) z = a, (13).
(13) .

V^ ") ()
^ --^ ( -- )
71=0

f(z). , (12)
.
12.
7 (. 4).
.
1. .
1. f(z) D, .

90

. .

. % D. : \z a\ < , > 0 , D fp: It al = . z


.

=--
z :
1

(-*)"

t, e , TO

, , (2) YP ( ).

t(
(

( )

(2) /(),
^, /() , , fp. fp (3),
(1)

/(*)= 2 *(*-)".
=

J
IC|

()

fJ
(^

IC-a|=P

(4) : \z a\ < , ,
/() .
D, /() D. .
1 4 7
1. f(z) D, ,
.
, D
. -

12.

91

( 7), , ,
/() g(z) D, ,
( g(z)=O) /).
, /(z) D,
F(w) G w = f(z) (z^D)
G,
() = F[f(z)] D.
1
2. (4)
< Ri, Rt z =
D, f(z)
.

\z a\<

(4) ,
Rt.
3. f(z) :
\z \ < R,

71=0

.
4. f(z)
z = , .
. /(z) : \z \ < (4)
, , ( 11, 2). 1 /(z) .
, z0 e ,
=

\z z o l < p i ,
Pi > d, d z .
1. , z = a,
,
z =
z = , . ,
/(z) = z2 z = 0 ( 7, 3, )
z = 0.
2. .
2. f(z) D, .

YP \t, z\ ^ p, D.

92

. 1 /(z)
D. z a^D. f(z)
z = ,
/ ( * ) = 2 <?(*-)".
71=0

(7)

(7) 1 | < ( > 0 ) .


2 11 (7) \z | < ,
(. (13) 11),
= /().

= ^

( * = 1 . 2 , .-.)

(8)

j ^

! ~ 2

, z, (6).
, , , .
2. (6)

.
3. /(z) , ( 1)
, /(z) ( , 3). ,

71=0

/(z), ,
. . ,
-I/*1,

= ,
, , , f(x) = 0 , f(x)^O.

12.

93

2 . 3 7
5. .
3. . 1 , f(z)
D . .
3 ( ) . f(z)
D f(z) no , D,
. f(z) D.
. 3 9 /(z)
, . . F(z) , F'(z) = /(z) z^D. 1 F(z) D, , ,
D , . . /(z) =
= F' (z) D.
4 ( ).
fn{z) ( 1, 2, ...) D,

(9)
71=1

,
D. f(z) D.
. z0 D. : \z z01 < , D. , (9)
, , . , /(z) (n =
= 1, 2, ...) , , . /(z) , .
f , f (9)

J fn(z)dz
V

= O (n = 1, 2, . . . ) ,

, J / (z) dz = 0. ,
v
/(z) , , z0.
z0 D, /(z)
D. .

94

. II.

5 (
).
(9) .
Di}
D.
( , , []).
,
, , 15.
. 3
. ,
:
{ )^{
)=
^{ ).
{ ) f(z) D:
1) f(z) D;
2) .
f(z)
D .
:
1) , , f(z)

g(z)i ( gi^^O)
;
2) ;
3) ;
4) .
4. .
/(), Iz | < ,
(. 3 1)
/()=Sc(z-o),

(10)

= - ^ / ( )

(11)

IS-o|= P l ^

>

/(z)
z = .

12.

95

, sin z, cos z, sh z, ch z z = ( 7, (14), (15), (16))


:

= 2^71=0

(_1)" 2 2+1

(2 + 1)1
;

n=o

n=o

oo

shz= 2
=0

=0

rh = 2
\z] < 1.
, ,
(10) (12) . ,
( , (13) (16)) .
1.
00

1
(1

^^
Z]

^^

'

(16). []
2.
z = 0
,

(16)

|zl < 1. []

96

. II.

.
1. . /() g{z), z = ,
n=o
oo
71=0

(17) (18) \z a\<R.


Af (z) = 2 (z a)n,
f(z)g

= const,

(19)

(z) = S (en dn) (z - a)",

(20)

71=0
OO

f (z) g {z) = Jj I 2J ch.dnk I (z d)n.


n=o \fe=0

(21)

(19) (21) \z a\ <B.


3.
2 = 0 e z cosz, (13), (14).

i_l_fJ = J_
1 + i = 2 ' /4 , 1 i = 2 -' /4 , (13)

cosz = 2

" = 2 "C 0 S T z "'

. []
2.

.

z a /(z),
(/( z )
(,() 0).

w7)]'

00

/(2) = S ( 2 - a), g(z) = ^ ( - )-,


=0

=0
=0

12.

97

, z f(z)h(z)= g(z),
cobn + Cibn-i + . . . + cnb0 = , , 2 . .- 0, ...,
, ..., (. [11]).
4. z
~~

7>

,
= 1, +10 + \+11 + ...+ +1 = 0 ( > 1), Chn+i
( = , 1, ..., ) . (22) |zl < 2.

.e2i2+l

cos z

2*

(22),

z (||<).

(23)

=1

3. .

/(*)= 2/(*)<

(24)

=1

/(*) = 2 (z - )" ( = 1 , 2 , . . . )

(25)

: \z \ < , ,
(24) \z < pi,
p t < .

(2 ^
m=l

ft)

) (z - )*.

(26)

4. .
/(z)=g(ft(z)], w = h(z) .\:
7 . . .

98

. II.

\z a\<Ru
g(w) : \w-r-b\<
< R, h(a)= b.

g(w)=ilbn(w-b)n,

ft

(s)= 2 an (*-)"

g(w) h(z).
h(z) ,,
2: \z a\ <R2 < J ? i , \h(z) h(a) | <R, . .
\w b\ < R. /(z) .
/ (z) =

= 2 c f t ( z a)h

(25) (26), / n (z) =

= {h (z) b] ,
f(z)^g

(w) = 2 (w - ) = 2 [h (z) - bf.


n=o

(27)

n=O


/(*)= 2 bn[h(z)-bf=

2 ch(z-a)k

(28)

\z a\ <R2, R2 ,
\ a\<.R2

\w =
= |() 61 < .
5. .
.

/(*)=2cB(*-a)w

(29)

: \z a\<R ,
. z
_ a = ( b _ ) + ( z ).
(30)
z
(29) (30)
/ () = 2 * -b) + (b- a)]n.

(31)

=0

|z | < , R 16 ai, \z a\<R , , (31)


=0

(32)

\z b] < p.
5. . z =
/(z), / ( ) = 0.

12.

99

1. /(z). /() z = :
n

(33)

f(z)=icn(z-a) .

z a /(), = /() = 0.
(33) ( 0 = c t = . . . = -^ = , 0), . .
f(z) ^cm(z-

a)m + cm+i(z

- a)m+i

+ ...,0.

(34)

( )
z = a /(z). ch = fk)(a)/(k\)
(k = 1, 2, . . . ) ,
z = f(z)
, z = .
(34)
/(z)-(z - + cm+1(z-a)+...],

(35)

fe(z)= c m + c m + 1 ( z ) + . . . ,
(34). , h (z)
z ~ , h (a) = cm 0. , z =
f(z),
f(z) = (z-a)mh(z),

{)0,

(36)

h(z) z a.
, /(z) (36),
h (z) z = , (35) (34), . . z = a
f(z).
2. z = /(z). /(z)
z = (. 4 7),

/(*)=* + 2 %

<37)

, = /()=. (37), . . Ci = 2 = . . . = cm-i = 0,


0 ( z =
/(*)).

/(z) = z-^(z), t()=c#0,


if (z) z = .
7*

(39)

100

. II.

, f(z) (39),
>1 , -() z = ,
(38), . . z
/(z). ,
. <>
f(z), f(z) = (z a)mh(z), h(z)
,() 0.
, f(z) f(z) =
= z~mty(z), ij)(z) z == ,
i|)(>) =^0, > 1,
, z = m /]0).
6.
/(z), g(z) = [/(z)]p (/>S*1) .
4. (36)
}{z)~cm(z-a)m,
0 {z-*a)
(40)
,
/(z)
.
, f[z), z = oo)
,

f(z) ~-4-,

(z->-<x>).

(41)

(40) (41)
z = a ()
5. /(z) = s i n zh - ( = 1, 2, . . . ) z = .
3
6. /(z) = ( e * + l )
z t = (2fc+ 1), fe = 0, 1 , 2 , . . .
(z' -4- l ) e

1/

7. / (z) = ,2
,
<ik+i)ni 3
2* = e
',
= 0, 1, 2; z == :
2

1 8

(-1

:
7. f(z)
/() = 0. /(z)==0 ,

13.

101

,
f(z), .
. : 1) (33) , / ( z ) = 0
; 2) m ^= 1, 0 =
= , . . . = Cm-t = 0, Cm 0.

m f(z) , , 6, f(z) = (z a)mh(z),


h(z) , ()0. h(z) ()0 , h(z)=
0 . , , f(z),
. , .
13.
1. .
. 1 8. .
w /(z)
' (. 46).
w e
'
z e
, / (z) =
= w, . .
w e '

f(z)=w

(1)

z^-E.
'
. 46
z = h(w), w=f(z).
, , w = f(z), w^E'

(1). ,
'
,
.
.

w = /(z) z0 f () 0.

102

. II.

1) : \z z o ! < p ': \w wo\ < p ' ,


H?o = /(z o ), , w^K'
(1)
z h(w), z^K;
2) z h(w), w = f(z), w0;
3) w0
fc

(2)

>>=ra = risW

. z = + iy, w = u + iv, (1)


(, ) = ,

(3)

v(x, y)=v.
2

J(x, y) = J{z) (3), l/'(z)|


(14) 8, z0 =
= + iya , , .

(. [9]) w0 = 0 + iv0 = (, v), y =
= (, v), (3). , ': |7 wo\ < p' ,
w^K'
(1)

z = x(u, v)rf-iy(u, v) = h(w),


, z e z = h(w) .
, h(w) w0.
? w + Aw<=K'. Az/Aw,
=^0, a Az = h(w + ;) h(w). , Aw=O,
Az=^=O, w = f(z) z0
w0.

-Az

(4)
v

'

Aw -* 0; h{w) Az ->- 0. Az - 0 (4). Az, w=*f(z) z0, .,. . , (4) ; -* 0


(2). .
2
2. . w = z .
z* = w
(5)

13.

z. (5), (. 5 1),
w pemejfflfl.
(5) llw, >.
, z = h(w), w =
= z2, . , w = z2 z w.
,
D , w = z2.
, , z,
w. Do z . z Do
w = (z) = V~r '/2, 0 < < 2.

(6)

/i(z)
Do j \ (z) = z, . . / t (z)
w2 = z.
(7)
w = / t (z)
(. 47). (6),

777////7/////7/////////////

. 47

, (7), (6), 1 ; > 0 , z


( 3 8 ) .
, w = /4 (z)
Do, . . [0, +), .
,
w fx (z) = -V? ei<f/\. 0 < < 2,

104

. II.

, Z30,
ft (z) = z D o
(. 47).
, /i(z) /2(z)
Do Vz. , , Do . (2)
f' (z\

- 1 2

(8)

, /i(z) /2(z)
(8) , ( 4 7). /,(z) () Vz D o .
Vz. ,
u? = Vz
, )
- >; ) ( ),
,
. 48
.
,
Vz, z0 = 1 wo = i,
w = (z), Do ; , 1 -*i,
w = fz{z), Do .
_
, Vz,
z0 = 1 + 0 i, [0, +),
1, w = (z); z0 = 1 + 0 i *- 1,
w = / 2 (z).

(. 48). , _
Vz:
/

u, = / 1 ( 2 ) = y 7 *> ,
2

w = f2 (z)i= -Vr e*'

(z = \ - < < ) .

w = fi (z) D -

13.

105

( R e w > 0 ) , w = f%{z) D
(. . 2 8; . 37).
, z

, Vz
. ,
Vz
arg z = . D, ) = .
,
1) Vz
, . . arg z =
= , z = 0 z = ;
2) Zo * 70 Wo',
3) Da, ;
4) Vz Da
,
, ( ,
).
3. In z.
. 6 4. , . w.
= z.
(9)
= ', w = u + iv. (9) =
In r, v = <f + 2kn ( 0, 1 , 2, . . . ) . ,
u? = lnz = ln |z! + i(argz + 2fcrt),
(10)
arg z z, . , (9) z = 0 , (10), . .
z (z 0)
.
(In I z I) .
D
, . .
, D
lnz. ,

D, argz .
Vz, D
Do, . . [0, +).

. II.

106

= arg z . <p = argz ( , )


Do, ,
0<<<2.
(11)
,
; = 1 = 1 Izl + iargz,
(12)
= arg z (11).
w = lnz (9). (11)
(12) , Do. w = In z Do 0 < Im w < 2 (. 49).

////////////////////////////

2xi
H*VnL-

'///////////////?/////////////.

-2

4 7,
: lnz,
(11) (12), Do.
Do
,

(lnz)' = 4 , Da ,
(argz)* = argz + 2fert (/ ),
(13)
= arg z , (11). (13) & = 1,
(argz) t

14.

w = (In z) j = In \z\ + i arg z + 2ni = In z + 2ni.

(14)

(In z)t Do 2 < Im <


< 4 (. 49).
, (13) = 1,
w = ( l n z ) - i = In z 2ni,
(15)
Do
2 < Im z < 0 (. 49).
(lnz)i (lnz)_ 4
Z)o.
Da
( (13)); , -
Do , . . (0, +>). , , , (11) (12).
, .
IV.
14.
1. .
1 ( ) . f(z)
D. f(zn)=O, = 1, 2, . . ., {zj
, zn^D,= 1, 2, . . . , , limz n = a, a^D. /(z) = 0 D.
71-*

.
z :

/(z) -

/(*)=2*(2-)\
fe=0

(1)

, . ; , 7 12, U , /(z)=0 z^U, z^a. ; ,


. (1) : ]z a\<p0,
D. , /(z)= 0 .
D; ,
f(b)=O. "f, D.

108

. .


D; f , D, > 0.
, Kt, ...,
z0 = a, zu ..., zn = b f ,
; , , \ZJ ,-,\ < /2 / = 1, 2, . . .
..., . } D,
Kj+i Kh j =
= 0, 1, ..., 1 (. 50).
0 ^ , ; ,
/ ( z ) = 0 .
/(z)
z z t . Kt
D,
Ki.
Zi Ki
.50
, / ( z ) = 0 z t ,
, , / ( z ) = 0 Ki.
, , /(z)
Kj, /() = 0. .
1. /(z) D
/ ( ) = 0 , D
a^D. f(z)=O D.
. {zn}, = 1, 2, ...,
, zn^E,
lim zn = . /(z n ) = 0
-

zn D, /(z) = 0 D .
2. /(z), g(z) D , D
a^D. /(z) = g(z) D.

. h(z) = f{z) g{z)


D h(z) = O z^E, fe(z) = 0 D
1. /(z)=g(z), z^D.
2. .
1. /(z) = sin(l/z).
/(z n )=0, zn = l/{nn), n = 1, 2, ..., lim zn = 0,
-

/()0. , 0
{zn} s i n .
2. 1, 2
, D
.

15.

109

,
:
3. f(z) D
/ ( 2 ) 0 , D, <= D. /(z) = 0 D.

,

. , , f{x)
/ , ,
, . h I ,
g(x), , f(x).
/(*), ^1
g(x)
15.
1. .
1. :
1) /(z) ;
2) F(z) D, \
3) F{z)=f(z)
z e .
F(z) f(z) ( D).

.
1 ( ) . , D.
D .
. , /(z), , Fi(z), F2(z)
D. F 1 (z) = F a (z) , ,
, Fi(z) = F2(z) D.
, , , D,
D, /(z) D.
1.
=0

. .

:
< 1 . /(z)= 1 / ( 1 - z), | z l < 1.
F () = 1/(1 z) D ( z = 1)
F ( z ) = / ( z ) | z l < l . , F(z)
() f(z)
D. yj
2. , . , sin z, cos z
4. ,
", sin , cosx. , ,
71=0

z, z ( 12). z = x *. ,
* .

2. , , .
, .
2. f(z), g(z) .
](z)dzg(z), f(z)g(z),f(g(z))
.
2
( 12).
sin z, cos z, sh z, ch z, :

( 1 ) 2
V
,_ , ,

(2 + 1)!
,2+1

,^_J

'

"C O
S"Z-=-
_

(2)|

^ ,

-271

(2re)1

'

ch z = 2 '

z, sin z,
cos z, sh z, ch z . ,
sin x, cos x, sh x, ch ;
.
tgz, ctgz, thz, cthz,

ch '

sh 2

16. ,

tg z z= , cos z *
. . z=^~ + kn, = 0, 1 , 2, . . . ctgz
z ^ , th z z i ( + 1,
cth z z ikn, = 0, 1 , 2 , . . .
. ,
.
2. ,
sin2 z + cos2 z = 1
z.
2 f(z)= sin2 z + cos 2 z 1,
sin z, cosz . , /() = 0
, ,
/(Z)SEO z. D
3. ,
/l+*2 =

*l e 2 2

(1)

zu zz.
zt, z2 (1) .
z2 ,
(1) z4. Zi , ,
, Z|. , (1)
Zi z2.
zt .
(1) z2.
z2,
z2. (1)
zt z2. D
16. ,
1. , .

F(s) = J/(,*)#.
v

(1)

1. :
1) If ;
2.) /(?, z) (, z) ^,
D ;

112

. II.

3) 7 /(, z) z D.
(1) D .
. 1, 2 F(z) D. a^D

, D.
. ' , .
\v
j
\
,
' ( ).
F(z) ; , F{z)
D.
1. f
, 2, 3 :
4) (1) z^D',
D'
D.
F(z) D.
2. 1, 3 ,
j(t,, z) ^. /(, z) (, z) z^D, s , if 4, F(z) D.
1 2
, 1; (2)
(1).
2. 1.
%-dl
z^D.
(3)
v
. \z a\^r,

D ' . \z a\<r


. 2 ,
1 2, (3)
D ' , D' D.

16. ,

2. .
,
.
f(t) > 0 .
t.

(4)

3. f(t) t^O

\f(t)\<Ceat,
t>0.
(5)
F(z) , Re z > .
. 1 1. 2, 3 1 . > 0, Re z >
> + , t > 0.
\f{t)e~zi\ < ( - ) ' < - " .

j ~ * dt
, , .

(4) z Re z > a + F(z) . > 0 F(z) Rez>cc.


f(t), ,

j e*f(t)dt.

F(z)=

(6)

4. f(t) <
< t <
at
(
\f(t)\<Cie- ,
t>0;
|/(*)1^ 2 , * < 0 ,
(7)
> 0 , [}>0. F(z) , < Im z < ^.
. (6) :

F(z) = * / (0 dt + J / (t) dt Fx (z) + Fu (z).

(7) 3 Ft(z) Re(iz)> , F2(z)


Re(sz)> p, .
8 . . .

114

. .

, /() , . . f(t)^O
\t\>T, UISf,
. 1,

F (z) = j f (t) dt,

-
f(t),
t&>0,
(8)

f(t)dt.

t" = etlni,t>
0.
5.
:

f(t) t > 0

> . , < Re z < $.


. (8)
1

F () = j f' f (t) dt + j f- f (t) dt ^ F1 () + F 2 (z).

0 < t< 1, Re z 3* a + 6 > 0;


i
l

J t ~ dt

> 0, , -

, Fi (z) z Re z >
s
5 a + 6. 2 Ft (z) R e z > .
, t > 1, Re z =^ > 0

J f^'^dt

1 ,

F2(z) R e z < .
:
[M(f(t))]{z) = lF(f(e'))](-iz),
(10)
[M(qi(t))](z) , a [F(q>(t))](z)
<(?)- ,

16. ,

115

t = ex,

[ U (*))] (*) = i f- f (t) dt= j e" f dt


0

( , ). (10).
, (10)
5 4.
3. -. - () >0
f-\-xdt

(11)

~*.

(z) = j ?--* dl.

(12)

~*<1, 0 < * < 1 ; - ' < , t>l,


> 0 .
5 () 0 < Re z <
< > 0, F(z)
Re z > 0. , ()
(0, +<>) .
> 0 -
( + 1 ) = ().

Re z > 0,
( 2 ) = ^ - ( + 1 ) ,

Rez>0.

(13)

( + 1 ) R e z > 1 . , , (13),
7)1 = {Rez>I, z 0} F(zX Dt.
(13) Z)2 =
= {Rez>2, z=0, *1},
- D2. , :
-
, z = 0, 1,
-2,...
(13) . ,
8*

116

. II.

. (12) :
1

() = J **" V dt + j f " V d* = ^ () + F2 ().

(14)

5 , Fz(z) , a Fi () Re z > . , F 4 (z).


~* :

=0

0 ^ t S! 1
tz~\ Re z 5= 1, 0 t s 1.

(R.,>1). (15)

(1)" 1
|
j- ,
z = 0, 1, 2, . . . DP z, - z = ,
1, 2, . . . 11/(z + ) I ? 1/ z e= Dp, (15)
z e Z)p,
,
z = , 1, 2, . . .

- , z = 0, 1 , 2, ....
4. .
, .
6. /()
| arg I < < /2. F (z)
| arg z | < - - + .
.
(17)

16. ,

h 0*11<, arg = - P , 0 < < . ,


(18)

> 0. CR, [0, R], [Re-{\ 0] ^ : | 1 = , ~ <


< a r g < 0 (. 51).
] e~xlf () dt, = 0- , fR R -*->.
, | / ( ? ) | < 0 * S l l < , largfcKa. , =
= 1, ^ ^ 0 t, s ^ . ,

VR

(R - , >0).

1 I e ~ s l \\d\=MR]

xRcosv

e-

dq>

Vfi

R->-oo

(18). , =~"1, 0 < < Zp,

F p (z) = j e -p(~ ip ) / (~*) e-*P dp.


| / ( ~ * ) | < 0 < < ,
3, Fe(z)
Re (ze~if) > 0, Fo (z)
Re z > 0.

[F0(z),

Rez>0,

/?() = /;7(;) ;>0, ()


R e z > 0 Re(ze~ l ( i )>0, . .

2 ~ < a r g z < - < r + - ,
< . , F(z)
2 " < a r g z < ; - g - + . ,
^ < 0, , F(z)


2
< a r S z < ~2~- .

118

. ii.

1.

1
/ () = j-j-f

|arg| ^<-~-. , F(x)

| arg | < -- + , . . (, 0]. []


5. .

. , /()
f.
1. f . f
.
1. ,
, , . . . ,

>1.

, , (20), . z = ;"1
F(z) = G(w),
v
, %w 1 = 0
w G(w) w 0
1.
2. if . , , , f ;

f(t)
,

oo<f<oo,

>0.

(22)

16. ,

, (21)
F+(z), F-(z), I m z > 0 ,
Im z < . 1. Im z > 0. z = + iy :
||=^, ^,
> , >0. t

I t - z| 2 = (t - )2 + 2 > ? - 2 [t\a > f/2,


UI > 4a. ,
tit)

( , \t\

J g (t) dt , \t\>

F(z) z e .
1 F(z) z e l l ; >0
, > 0
, (21) F+{z), . ,
(21) F-(z), .
2. /(z)
(22).

t z

dt

,
[0, +,). []
3. /()
,
. , , , .
3.

F{z) < 2. , F(z)


z. R > 2

FB(z)

Izl <R.

Fa(z)-F(z)
(lzl<2).
(23);
.

120

. II.

/() = (2 + 1)~ z)~l [| <


< 11 < , | 1 > 1 , 1/( 2 +1) {.
, 11=2 11= /() < 2 , (23). []
.
F(z) (20), Y . , >, .
/() D, f' , ' ,
Y '-
V'

F(z) D',
'. , /()/( z ) D, z e Do,

V'

, D', F(z). , Fy, (z) = F (z) (z^Da),


.
(21).
7. f{%)
=? Im =^ 0
(21)
I m z > Fa(z)
ia+oo

(24)

, :
1) ;
2) ;
3) .
21, 23.

III
.

17.
1. .

<?* (*-)",

(1)

, , .
z,

2 *(*-*)",

(2)

00

2 ( 2 -)"=2-^,
7 1 = 1 *

=1

(3)

'

(1) (2)" (3)'.


(2) , , ,
| \ < R ( R = 0 (2)
, R =
). (3) l/(z a) t,

2 *
, (3)
= 1/.
p<R,
(1)
p < ! z a\<R,

. . .

\t\ < a.

\z | > ,
(
(5)"

122

. I I I . .

, (5),
(1)
(2) (3). , (1) (5), (4). , (5), (1) ,
. > R,
(2) (3) , ,
(1) .
1.
( 11) ,
<
< P i < \z \ sg Ry < R,
(5), (1) ( 12, 4) /(z)
(5). 1.
2. 52
.
1. /(z), D: . <
< \z \ < R,

/00= 2

cn(z-a)n,
(

(6)
d t
>

p<R0<N,
(7);
re = 0, 1, 2, . . .
. D^. p i < \z a\ <Rt
(. 52). 4 D%. z Di. (4) 10

(. 1 12),

1
= 2HTJ

17.

123

, , (8).

( )

Pi

|-

-=<7<1,

, (11)
( s r , ) ze=D. /() Ti, ,

4.
(12) + 1 = ,

cn(z-a)n,

(13)

(14)

(13) (9) (8),


Dt (6), (10) (14).
2 ( 9 , (13)), (14) (10) | a\=R0,
pl<R0<Ri,
. . (7). 4
, a Ri R, (6) D. .
3. .

2. f(z), D: < \z \ < R, .


. f(z),
D, :
00

/ () =

( - ) =

71=

(15) (z a)~m~l,
,

(15)

m -

1 1

< (z - ).

cn (z - )"-"
)"-" 1" 1 = 22


(z - ))
~-\
~ -\

(16)

(16) \z

124

. III. .

\ = , < Ro < R, ,
,

(z-a?dz = {

|-|= 0

[2ni,

= 1,

= .
2 ,
, .
1.
/ ( Z ) = (1_)(. + 2)
Dt: \z\ < 1, D2: 1 < < 2 , Ds: | z | > 2 .
j(z) . /() :

Mrh ih)

(17)

< 1,

i
=

> 1,

, Izl < 2

|zl > 2,

) Z),: Izl < 1 (17), (18), (20) f{z)

n=o

17.

125

.
) D2: < 2 /(z)
( (17), (19), (20)) :
.

3 2

,
.
) D3: > 2 f(z) (. (17), (19), (21)), z
\1 O^~l 1

2.
. /(z)
6 1 < l z l < l + 62, 0 < ! < 1 , 6 2 > ,
(22)
\z\ = 1.
/()=

CnZn,

, z = et<f,

= 2
2 ^.

(23)

00

, ^()
/(z) (22), (23)
-().
4. .
3. f(z) D:
0 < \z \ < -

/(*)= 2

/(z) D

J-,
M = max\f(z)\,

= 0, 1 , 2 , . . . ,

^R: \z a\ =R,

<<

(24)

126

. III. .

(24) .
. (7),

18.
1.
.
1. /(z)
0 < | z | < , (=<>

/(z).
0 < \z \ < , . . \z \ < , : .

,
f(z), /(z) ,< |z| < <.
/(z)
.
2. /(z)
) ,

;
) , lim/(z) = ;
z->a

) , Km / () .

1.
z = 0 , /() z=Q n
,.

sinz

hm
z-*0

,.

3!

= hm
Z

z->0

2.

= 1.
Z

ii

18.

127

1 ,
2->1

[]
[]

3. z =
2, sin z, cos z,
z -* .
, lim * = , lime* = 0, sin
+

cos -* . []
4. / (z) = 1 ^ 2 z = 0
, /(z)
z z -* 0. , z = ,

lim /(z) = lim e1/*2 = ,


z = iy,
lim/(z) = lime- 1 ^ 2 = 0.
z-0

J/-0

2. .
f(z) : 0 < l z a l < p .

/(*)=

cn(z-a)n,

(1)

.
3. (1)
f(z) ,
\Z~a)

71=1

/,(*)= 2 <?(*-)"

(3)

n=o


(1).
/(z)
, . . R< \z\ < ,

/(*)= 5 cnz.
=

(4)

4. (4)
f(z) ,
h (2) = 2 ^ ,

(5)

/2(z) = c 0 + Sc_ n z-

(6)

n=l

'

n=l

128

. III. .


(4).
1.
( ),

, z-*- a.
,
, , , . .
/(z) /i(z), ,
.
5. /(z) = zV / z z =

, , (7)
z = 0 f (z) = ^

/,(*) = ! + + --.

(7),
(
z = 0), /(z)
z = . (7) z =
z2 + z,

6.
z = 1 .
/(*) = cos(l - j i - j ) - cos 1 - c o s ^ j + sin l-sinj-ij.
cos z sin z,
/(z) z = 1:
, /

+1

/ (Z) = COS

, sin I

r-^7 = COS 1 -\

2+ 1

sinl
3! (+ I) 8 +

' ""+

cos I

x
2

2!(z+l)
. ..n
cos 1
,
. ..n
cos 1
K.
' ' (2)!
(2)!(s(s++l )l 2)n2 n

. . (8)

18.

129

7. gz(z) g (z) = z2 cos j-j-j z = 1,


z2 % +1.
z* = [( z + l ) - l ] 2 = (z+ I ) 2 - 2(z + 1) + 1.
(9)
(8) (9),
*(*) = ^ - 2 s i n I + (sinI - 2 c o s l ) - ( z + 1) + cos 1- (z + I) 2 . Q
8. ^(z) /(z)= l/(z2 + 1) /(z) = j[ g (z),

9.
' V " ' - ( 2 2 + l)(Z2-4)
z = z 2 , /(z) = ;
g(z) (,
). []
3. .
1.
/(z), ,
.
. . /(z).
() = =^

(10)

, , f(z) , . .
\f{z)\<M,

0<|z-al<p.

0<1<,- (11) ( 17, (24))


\\</
8 . . .

= 0,1,2, ...

(12)

130

. III. .

(12) p t , p l t = 0 =
= 1, 2, ..., . . /(zj
.
.
/(z) ,

2
/(z) = co + c ( * - a ) + c , ( z - a ) + ...,
(
(13) 0 < | z a l < p .
(13) |z a l < p , , -, lira/(z) = 0, . . -*

.
1 , (10) (11), . .
2.
f(z),
, f(z)
.
2. DO /(zj
a (f (a) =\]im f (z) =
:
1(z)= S c ( z - a ) , | z - o | < p .
. .
(

Ai

10. / (z) = t _ 8
z = 0,
z = 0 z -+ 0
e ' - l ~ z , ( e ' - l ) * ~ z 2 , l-cosz~zV2,
, lim/(z) = 2 (/(0) = 2). []
~
1
11. /(z) = ctgz

z = 0,
cos*

1 ,

g[z) z=*0 . Q

18.

131

4. .
3.
f(z), ,
(14);
i{)(z), , ^1 .
m / (z).
, z = f(z)
,
}(z)=*zmh(z),

(,)* 0,

(15);

h(z),
z=*<, n z ^ l
( z = <
f(z)).
. = /(z).
/(z)
lim/(z) = , ,
: 0 < l z o l < p ( ,
f(z) ).
g(z) = l//(z).
, f(z)
(16). , g(z). (16) , ! g ( z ) | < l
, is. 2 ,
g(z).

, g(z) |z a\ < .
m g(z). 6 12
( (36)) g(z) = (z a)mh(z), h(z)
a, h(a)=O.

()= l/h(z) , it(a) =


1/)0
, (14) , f(z) Hm/(z) = oo,
z-*a

. . z = f(z).
z = oo f(z). , z = g{z) =
= l//(z).
6 12 ( (39)),
9*

132

. III. .

1.
m f(z) ,
f(z)~A{z-a)-m,
,
z-+a.
(
,
f(z)
:
f(z)~Bzm,
, z-*o.
(18);
(
(17), (18) (40), (41) 12) , m
.
4.
f(z), , f(z)
.
.
/(z). (14).
i|}(z) ,
/(z) :

f& = ^

... + ^-a + co + c1(z-a)+...

/i (z) = ^

=1 (* >

(19)

( ) , - 0,
.
, (19) (14) , , /(z) .
. f(z)
z = ,
(15).
12. /(z) = l/sin(l/z) zh = l/(kn)
(A = l , 2, ...) ,
g(z) = l//(z) = sin(l/z) , z
(g' (z) 0). , z = 0 ( ). z =
f(z), f(z)~ z {z-+ ) . []
13. /(z) = (l cosz)/(e* 1)*
2 = 0 , <p(z)= 1 cos z
1}() == (* 1) z = 0
r
3
!
z-*0 l - c o s z ~ z 7 2 , ( e - l ) ~ z , . . / ( z ) ~ l / ( 2 z ) .
zk = 2kni (fe = l , 2, ...)

18.

133

/(z),
i|)(z), <{)0. z = < ( ) /(z). []
5. .
5.
/(),
,
.
1 4.
14. z = 0

' . []
15. z =

71=0

/(z) z = . Q

6 ()..
/().
{zn},
, lim/(z n ) = .
71-

.
1. = . , /(z) , 2 .
,
: 0 < | z a! < 1/ zn , |/(z n )l>ra,

. . -* / (z n ) -* ( -*- <).

2. . , > 0
6>0

z
( 0 < | z a | < 6 )
,
I/(za) \<,
( = 1/,
= 1/, = 1, 2, . . . ) .
.
0 > 0 0 > 0 ,

134

. III. .

z: 0 < \z a\ < 0
\f(z)-A\>e0.

(20)

(21) (20)
U(z)|<i-, 0<|z-a|<6 0 .

(22)

/(z), g (z) {g (z) 0


0 < \z a\ < 0 (20)).
2
g(z) , ,
limg(z) = B.
(23)
z-*a

(21)
i{z)

= A +

7<jY 0 < l * - a | < 8 0 ,

(24)

(23) (24) , lim/(z) (


0 , = 0), . .
/(), , . .
,
.
7 ( ) .
,
, , , , .
.
16. z =
f(z) = e' ( 3 ) .
*=,
.
(25)
:
arg.4. A, k 0,
1, 2 , . . . (25) (26) ,
z = zh, ' , (). = 0 (
). [ ]

18.

135

17. /(z) = sinz z =


, sinz = A
:
zft = -j- In (iA + 1 2) + 2

( ).

, sinz . Q
, .
18. /(z) g(z)

, g{z)^0. F(z) = /(z)/g(z) z = a , . ,


^()^=0, F(z) .
g(z) }{)0, F(z). , /(z)
g(z), >
F(z) ,
< .
, tgz
, zh = -^- + kn ( ), . , ctg z z* = { )
. []
/z\

19. R (z) == "

Pn(z) Qm(z)
,
, Qm(z) "
.
R(z) . z = ,
, > , , < . []
20. z = a
/(z). g(z)=l//(z)
, ( ). , 0 < | z a\<6, f(z)'O, ,
g(z) (: f(z) = e1/z, g(z) e-i/z, z = 0).
f{z), g(z) , , z a
g (z)[f(z) sin , g(z)
~ sin (1/2)'

136

. III. .

21. /(z) = e 1 / s i n * zk = kn ( =
= 0, 1 , 2 , ...) . ,
sin z ~ (l)"(z ), z -* . .
z = -*- + 0, sinz-*-+O /(z)-*-+, z -* ,
sinz->0 /(z)->-0, . . /(z)
zh. . /(z) .
z = |(z) . []
21.
22. ,
/(z), g(z) = eHz)
.
. (17)
/(z)~4(z-a)- m , A*0 (z-+a). A = \A\eia, - = *,

/ ( z ) ~ Ulr- m e i ( a - m < 1 ) ) .
(27)'
li'.z >1, <pi = a/m. (27)
, / ( z ) ~ U l r - m (r->-0, z^h), lim g(z) oo.
-, 11

, z = 12, 2 = ( + ;)//, j(z)


|4|r~ m , ,
Hm g(z) = O.
2

, g(z) z->-a, . .
g{z). \j
2
23. / (z) =
j z f t = 1 +
3

+ --( = 1 , 2 , . . . )
, z = 1 , z =
: sin J-JT\~~
' / ( z ) ~ z 5 (z-*).
f(z) . []
19.
, /(z), , .
/(z)

/W=2/.

(1)

z , ,
/(z)
.

19.

137

f(z) z = .
z = /(z), /(z)
. , =
,
(: ez, sinz, cosz).
f(z) z = , /(z) =
= 0 = const. ,
, .
1 ( ) .

/(z)= 2 v *
fe=o

> 4
\f(z)\<M\z\n,
> 0 .

(2)

f(z) .
. (. 4,
17), (2) R~>Ri
(1):
\

fc

= l,2, . . .

(3)

k>n,
(3) , 0, R
, R.
, +, = + 2 = . . . = 0, . . /(z) . .
1. /(z)
, : / ( z ) ^ const.

,

. (z) =
n

= 0 + c,z + . . . + cnz
( ^ 0 , > 1)
.
. (z) .
g(z) = l/Pn(z) .
g(z)-+O - > (Pn(z)~ cnzn, z->-oo), ,
g{z)^ const, g{z). , Pn(z) .
, , .
. /(z) ,
,
, , .

138

. III, .

(: ctg z,
1
1 \
^-g, 1.
. , . .

2. /(z),
, ..., . ( z = ),

t(z)f:

(4)

/0(z) fh(z) f(z\


z = ah ,
.
m

*) = 2 ^, / w =4i +
J1 \

ft/

/(z)
2 = .

*()=-/(*)-/()-/*(*)
, , g(z)**A = const. /k(z)--0 z--
.(* = 1, 2, ..., s), = lim [/(z) - /0 (z)].
Z-oo

1. (4)

( + /(z) ).
2 .
2. (. [1]),
.

. ,
, , , , .
, ,
. ,
tgz i i, . .
tg z .1 z.

IV

20.
1. . .
,
.
DB, Dt, Dol
(. 53). /o(z),
fi(z) Do, Dl ,
DOi, . .
U ( z ) s / (z),

z e DH.

/i(z) /0 (z) Do Dt.


.

. 53

. 54

Da, Du ..., Dn ,
D) Di+U S j s n 1 (. 54). / 0 (z), U(z), . . .
> U(z) , fj+i(z) fj(z) D} Dl+l. ,
fj(z) D} / J ( Z ) / ( )

140

. IV.

/(z) /() Do, Du ..., Dn.


.
{/0 (z), /t (z), . . .
..., / n (z)} F(z).

, F(z) ! , Do, Du ..., Dn
, . . Do Dn.
/0(z) /(z)
Do Dn
. F(z)
, , /) 4
.
. 55 ,
Do Dt DOi 01.
.55
z e f l , , /0(z) ()
, z s 1 , z ^ ^oi F (z) =
= / 0 (z), F(z) = fi(z), ^ ( ) , ,
.
( ) F(z)
/ 0 (z), /i(z), ..., / n (z).
'F(z) , /0(z) , . ,
(, , ). ,

.
, , .
2.

z0 /(z),
.
,
.
. .

.

20.

141

1. *
( ? ) , f / t (z)
<p(z) (,
if) f, .
fz (z) z t i .
fz (z), z0 ^.
, /*0 (z) f,
Y 1. , ,
*( ( 4). ,
z = a(t), < < 1 , zt = o(t) f <f(zt)
< zt *]( q>(z) z ,
.
2. /zo(z)
, ,
7. , /zo(z)
', f
. . 5 ( 2, 3). ,
, ,
,
.

.
.
.
. Y: z = o (0> 0 <
< s l , / 0 (z),
zo = a(0) ,
. zt = a(t) /<(z),
(^) / ( (z t ), 1 , . ,
; /t(z) zt f, () =
=
fi( z ;)i 0 < < 1 , , /i(z), fi(z)
. , < () ^
^ < (t) 0 t < 1; .
, /i(z), /i(z)
f, zu
; -<
zt.

142

. IV.

t, < (t) = < (t). [0, ], > 0 .


, / 0 (z), /o(z) z0
,
, 4: z = a(t), 0 = ^ < 6 , . , [, 1]. t* > 0 ,
(0 ( * ) | 0<t<t*,
** , .
, , (*) = <(*), t*^M,
t* = l, . t*<l. <p{t), <p(0
t S t* ; ft* (z), ft* (z)
, z<
. , ft* (z) = ft* (z)
z = a(t), t* a*Zt*^t*,

zt*.
[t*, t* + ], t*.
3. . z0 f(z).
z0, ;

, /(z).
.

. .
, . . 2 , . .
. , F(z) z, , .
24; .
4. .
, .
,
.
/ (2)= S M * - a ) f
71=0

(1)

20.

143

> 0. /0 (z)
: \z a\<R0, / 0 (z) . /0 (z)
z .
(Z__ ) = [ ( Z _ j)

( )] = S C t ( 6 - a)"-*(z )*.
ft=o

(1) , z b,

A(z)= =0
2 4(-)".

(2)

Rt (2), Ki \z b\ <
<Ri~, i?i ^Ro \b a\, i? t , ( 12). /?1 = /?0
I 16 \, % ,
. Rt >
> i ? o \b \\ Ki (. 56).

[ ) },
[
, /i(z) . 56
/o(z) ( ).
, ( ) / 0 (z), /i(z), ..., fn(z) , /,(z)
fi-i(z), 1 / < . , ..., /o(z), /i(z), ..., /(z) z0, z,, ..., z n .
fn\z) /0 (z) , ..., .
.
.
.
5. .
24.
/0() : z =
= (*), 0 ^ t ^ 1, ft (z)
zt a (t) 7- ft ()

1. r(t) ft(z) t
, t.

144

. IV.

. (t0) < to.


ti , z ( ft () I z(
zt | < - - .

/, (z) ,

z% ft

()

r(t.)^

\ 1/

) I zt z , I.
\ 0/

'j

I I

(12),

'

/ t (); , (<0) ^ (<) I z t z f

I.

(t) t.
2.

.
. (t) * 0 ^ t ^ 1, r (t) ^ 6 >
t [0, 1].
1 ] .


0 sg
g t00 <
< t11 << .....
. . . < tn 1 ,

I (*i+i)
( * ) (t
(t)}) | < ;'' = 0,
0 1,
1 . . . , 1.
1
-: | z z f . l < r-),
] = 0,i,...,n,

, ft

(z), ft

(z),...,ft

(z) -

.
3. ,

, .
.
. Yi: z = Oj (t), O ^ t s s : 1; / = 1, 2. max j , (I) () I. , .
. / (z) z0 =
= (), Y: z = a(t), 0 =g: t ^ 1,
. 0 = U < h< ... < tn = 1 ,
| a(t) o(tj-i) | < 6/4 tj_i sg t < th j = 1, 2, . . . , n, 5 > 0 ,
2. 2 /o(z) KIJ,
\,...,\
} zf., .
f. z = (t), O ^ r t ^ l , (0) = (0),
( 1 ) = ( 1 ) , , , ,
6/4.
, /o(z)
Y- fj, - , ,
o(tj), a(tj+i) a(tj), a(t}+\), ). z(f)
"f fi> ft (z) = / t . (z). zt
Kj

ft. (z), f(z)

z(t). ,

f> (*) = ().


, ( "^ ft(z),
f < () {lt) =

f ()

21. Inz

145

, < f! , /o(z) "f. ^ , ,


< z .,
1 < / < . 1 f . e K.fiK-+v f(. () = ff
(),
/0(z)
, ..., . , / t - ( ^ J = / t - + 1 O t ) ' 0
zf . .
21. In z
1. In . In . Inz z In . In ;

0 < < 2.
z, . .

n=l

(1) : \z1|<1,

/ () , /0 () = In 0 < < 2. , /0(z) ( !) In ; 0 <
< < 2 ..
Inz , / 0 (z), z = 1.
, /o(z)
, Inz.
/0(z)
( 20), . :
X

1
. . .

146

. IV.

,
/ 0 (z).
1. : \z 1|<1

, .
. /(), (1),
. , (1'),
5 9,
. 0 < < 2 In , . . (1).
(1) z = , . . (1').
2. / 0 (z)
, z = 1 z = 0.
.

, w(z)
^. z0 ^ ^, z = 0,

^ I-W+jf.
1

(2.

,
(. 57). 5 9,
. ,
f(z) z0 f. z = 1

/ 0 (z). , ,
1 20,
w(z) f(z)
"/ , z0. , . z e | 0

21. In

147

fo-
(2) (3) , /(z) = w(z), fo> .
D ,
f(z) zo^D. /(z) , D.
, D .
2

1.

Inz 0 <

<<.
2. Inz. 2 , In z z = ,

Inz

-Jf

(4)

, 0, . . = re'",
= | | , d% = 'dr + ire*dy, -^ = -^+id<p, (4)

J- + i J dtp = In|z\ + iAyangzt


V

A T argz f ( 6 ) . ,
Inz = In \z\ + iA-, argz.
(5)
I n z .
1. Inz
z, f, (4). ,
(In z) f (f)lnz.
,
. pas , .
(4)

1. Inz zu

/o(z) .

) [1, i], Zi = i;
u
) i + : z = e , 0 < t < , Zi = 1 ;

) 1 if_: z = ~ , 0 ^ t < , z, = 1 .
10

148

. IV.

) arg z = /2, In i =
) A T argz = -Ht, ln(l)=in,
) , argz = , 1(1) = in. []
(5)
:
1. lnz z

in/2.

lnz = l n | z | + sargz.

(7J1

arg z : arg z = (arg z)'o + 2/,


(argz) ,
.
ln(re*)'=lnr + icp + 2fcm\

= 0, =, 2, ...,

(8)"

In r .
, In z , . .
z=0, oo
. :
Re In z In \z\
z , In z.
(7) ,
e l n * = z,

(9);

In z .
(7)
z0 2kni, .
:
2. ft (z), /2 (z)
z0, ft{z) fz{z)^2km
,
.
,
Zo^O,
. .
3. /(z) lnz , /(z0) = lnz 0 .

/ (z) = In z0 + 2 ( V - ( - *).

()

=1

\ zol < |z o l.
, (10)
, z, z0.

21. In

149

(10).

(6) , /' (z) = 1/z za,


fn) (za) = ( l ) n - 1 ( l)!/z" S* 1, (10) .
(5) , , = 1.
4. z0 lnz 0 Y z0 z. In z
z,
^.
In z = 1 + In

Avargz.


Inz = In \z\ + i[Im(Inz0) + AT argz].

(11)

(12)


dt
lnz = lnz0 + \-f.

2. In i = 52, ^ [i, 2]. , i5n/2


z = , Y- (12)

3. In z.

III .
1. F(z) .

F(z).
3. 0,
lnz. []
. F(z) 0 < \z \ < . z0
/o(z) z0 \z a\ = \z0 a\ z0. ( :
.) fi(z), -

150

. IV.

,
/o(z), F{z).
^ , , fo(z)
2 = 0
. (z) , (11)
, .
5. 2 = 0
l n z - * l n z + 2ni,
(13)
. . +2.
z = 0
lnz-*lnz-2nf.

(13')

2. 5
. ,
F(z) : 0 < <
: z = 0

F{z)-+F{z)+c,

(. . = const).

G(z) .

G(z) = F (z)
;j^lnz.
,
G(z)-*- G(z) z = 0.
lnz,
, ( ) , , . ( )
. , . - , .
(11) ( 6) :
6. fj, 72 0 < < <, , . /(z) . .

21. In

151

^2
.
, ^ f2
: Av arg z = A ?2 arg z,
Yi ()
.
D , 0, . z o e f l lnz 0
. f(z) (/(zo) =
!=lnz 0 ) , z0
D,
D /(z). /
6 ,
/

/
, /
, . - L

. 58

D. z0 ,
.
D (, 0]
{. 58}. lnz .
ft = 0, 1 , 2 , . . .

(14)

(argz) 0 ,
Jt<(argz)0<n.
D,
.
,, = 0, 1 , ..., , Dk
/*(z).
Dh () .
1 (, 0] Dk l,1 . z = < 0,

(argx) 0 = , a r e 1%. ,
ift+1

152

. IV.

h+i
it, k = 0, 1 , 2, ..., lnz
.
. 59. .
.
, .
3. -
. , D

,
.
. , .59

J R () In x , R{x)
, [0, +)
( 29).

%
lnz.
: 0 < Im z < ^ 2
S: < arg w <a. ,

///////////

z=lr\w

////////////
777/77//////////

////////// '////

. 60

z = In w
S: 0 < a r g ; < a : 0 < I m z < a (. 60).
,
. S ,
0, . , z = In w
. S -* za(w);
:

1) 0 < 1 (;)<2 S;
2) zo(l) = 0 (. . ).

22. .

153

M? = lnz (, / 0 (z),
(14)), z
(, 0] < Im w < .
S . , fh(z) S, (14), w = fh(z)
S (. 4 9 ) :
2 <1?< 2 + .
In x In {\2) = In x{ + In x2. In ,
111 (Zl22) = In Zy + In Z2
(z,, Z 2 # 0 )
(15)

In z
Z2,

. , w\ = In z\
z, w2 = In z<i In z
w\ + w2 In (ziz 2 ).
. +>

1 2 , l n z

, > = In (ziz2) In
zjz2, wj = In Zj, / = 1, 2, w0 =
= w\ -f 72, . . (15). u?o = ln (ziz 2 ), wi = l n z i .

. . > ii In z.
(15), , , In z z\, z2, ziz 2 . ,
Z! = z 2 = 1, In (Zlz2) = 0, In zi = 0, In z2 = 22.

22. .

1. . lnz.
, ,
. .
.
/(z), g(z), z0,
F(z), G(z) ,
.
g(z),

f{z)g{z), /g(z)

z0 ( ,
^ ( z o ^ O ) .

154

. IV.

F(z)G(z),

F(z)G(z),

F(z)/G(z)

. /(z), g(z)
, , , , ,
F (z), G(z) .
F'(z) , f(z) z0.
, .
, F(z), G(z)
.
1. F(z), G(z) D.
F'(z), G'(z), F(z)G(z),

F(z)G(z),

F{z)/G(z)

le , G(z)=0 zeZ)J
D.
.


F(z)+G(z);
. /(z), g(z) , z0, D
z0. f(z),
g(z) , ^ ^
/:(*), g:(z). hi(z) = ft(z) + gt(z) ;
() = /(z) + g(z) z0
Y>
. ,
(
):
ln 2 z ( 0 < l z | < o ) , zlnz ( 0 < | z | < o o ) ,
z + lnz(0<|z|<oo),

g l l ( z ^ 0 , e, 00).

1. F(z) = z\nz (
z = 1, In I = 0).
. ,
z = 0 F(z). \z\ = 1 z = l, . z = 0 (. . f(z) )
In z -* In z + 2ni, f(z)->-f(z) + 2niz. ,
z = 0 . /(z)->- f{z)+ 2nniz. z =
F(z), z = 0 .

22. .

155

z =
.
. F(z), G(z) /(z),
g(z), z0, wo = f(zo) . G(F(z)) , g(f(z)).
2. F(z) D,
D G(z)
D. G(F(z)) D.
.
z0 D. /(z)
Yi s ^ /5 (z)
w(z) : w(z) = fz(z). , D,
wo f(zo). , g(w)
G(w) , gm(w) >^. w^y,
> = /;(), gw ( (z)) = hi (z)
^ 7i . g{f(z))
7, G(F(z))
D .
2. ln(z a) 0 <
< |z a | < o o . Q
3. In . .
1 .
, w = . , D
0, . 1> : 0 < \w\ <. []
:
1(~) z a, R e l n ( z a) =
= l n | z a\, , .
1. , F(z) = ln(z a)
: , ,
. , , ,
.
4. F(z) In

k = 0, l, 2, . . . Q
. 5.

156

. IV.

2. . >0 a
ain
x = e *.
z
( ), , ,
za
go(z) = e a V 2 ) z = l, / 0 (z) lnz z = l ( 21, (1)).

, E g 0 (z)

ft

= /c! C a .

(2).
.
3. za 0 < \z\ <>.
. lnz D:
0 < < ; a lnz.

a
a ln
, 2 z = e *
D
.
, :

i * = **-.

(3)

2. :

za .
(1)
z a .
(1) (12) 21.
1. f z0, zt
0, . z0 f(z) z"
, / (z0) = z".
.

22. .

157

, Z\
z? = z" exp a In *j- + iaA ? arg z .
(4)
L

J
, .
z" ; .
2. za z0 ^ , .
/i (z), /2 (z) z0 , > :
j2\z)^e

Ji\z),

()

.
(1) 2 ( 21).
3. za
z = re*
U, 1 , / , . . .

\),

, Iz"! :
1| = .
(7)
(4) (11) 21 (8) z" .

4. z0 = z" = " 05
z . z" z l t
^, ,, a zt.
(8)
,
arg z a = aA r arg z.

(9)

.
5. j^z = z1^1, > 2
Ut
, z = re ,

y~z

y-re>+*k\

= 0,1,...,-1.

(10)

, Yz = 0, 1, . . . , 1 ,
, < (( + 2)/ . ,

158

. IV.

ft = + , , ~ , 0 ^ > 1. el4>k=
_

i2nmetq>r _ ^

^Q)

y^z.

, z 0 < < < -, . .


.
(10)

, V~z () z".
_
6. Vz z = re1'" Vz = l/reUf = Vre i p / 2 . ,
1/z 0 < < . []
7. , z e 0 <
<

<.

, z a z = re*" (6). , ; ". ; , , \ = e i f t i 2 5 t a . , (kt 2) = , =0 , . . a


, . []
3. ,
z* 0 < < .
_ 8. z = l f(z)
fz , / ( 1 ) = 1 , Y [1, i].
1/i, .
_ |Vi| = l, A T argz = n/2, (8)
/
* = ' \
Y ~ z = ~", 0 < t < /2.
/4
in/
7 arg z = -/2, = ~" = -e \

z*:
5. f(z)
z* Zo^O, ,
/(z o )==z".
^

I()

== z

o^
ft=o

'

(^)

\z zoi < lzol (. . Zo, z0


z = 0).

22. .

159

=0

, (3') , f(z) = aza/z,


/w ( z ) = k\ C%zFz-k,
, (12).
, (12) ,
( z0, z, a ) .
xi, *$

(V 2 ) e = *?<?

(13)

tt, j ^ O
. (13) ,
(15) 21a . ,
u>i, > -
z i, zt, >12

ziz2. , 1 za ,
> = , >2 = "
, ^ ^ . ().
3. . 5 ( 21)
:
a
6. f(z) z Zo^O,
. z = 0
, . .

-<2

/(z)-e-ta/(z).

(14')

. 6 , z = 0, >
z", .
.
1. F(z) : 0 < l z o l < p ,
> 2 F(z).

F[z).

160

. IV.

z = .
, . = >, .
4. ( 26),
F(z) ,
F(z) ( = ).
9. 0, z. , _ 0, llz.
, /o(z) -
j / z Zo^O, .

. . . Q
10. F(z)=l/Vz
0 < l z l < ; 0,
. Q
5.
F(z)=l/l/z
: z = 0 , (1/) = . ,
z-o

.
11. F (z) = - , 1
: z 1 . z =
. ,
G(z) z = G() I = 0; 2 F{z)
1 .
, , 0, <*>, In a
aInz
. z = e
,
z"

. ,
(. (6)).
12. S 0 < arg z < p < 2.
a
z . ,

22. .

161

( )
/o(z)= | z l V a a r g z ,
0<argz<2n.
(15)

/*(*)= ea"V. (*),

(16)

. _
, l/z : / 0 ()="
e ( < / 2 ) a r e % /i(z)--/oCO, 0 < a r g z < 2 r c (. 1 3 ) .

ui=z'

. 61
> 0 , 0 < a[J < 2. w = fo(z) z a
S: 0 < arg z < 3: 0<aTgw<a$
w (. 61), . . S . , (6) ,
; = **, z = re* ( 0 < < ) , = , - = ,
w 3 (. 61). []
13. D
[, +) (. 47). F(z)=Hz D
/i(z), / 2 (z):
/i(re*)=VFe"*,
1

/, - - / , ( * ) .

z = re *, 0 < < 2. w (z) D Im w > 0, > = /2 (z)


(. . 47).
z = x + iO, x>0 (. . z
). fi(x + )= > 0. z = a;
(. . z
), /,( ) = . []
4. .
. 62
, z" , , .
, z"
.
11 . . .

162

. IV.

Vz. _ D (, 0]. /i(z), /2(2), ,


/ i ( l ) = l , / 2 (z)= /i(z). Dt, D 2
D , /A(z) Dk.
z = ,
kt (re*) = ireh/2,

- < < .

4 Dh, a. it 1 . < = 1,
/i (z) I ,+ = /2 (z) L..-.
Z<2

/100 U , - = /2 W L . + -

2<2

Z(^

Z^:i2

, ,
, it 1^ , ,
^t (-). (. 62), .
y^z.
Do, ..., Dn-i D (
(, 0]). Dh
j h (z) = ({/)(+2))

/ f t (z)|

zlk

=/ft+i(z)l

_ relq>t

_ < < .

- I* IZ,
zelk

it IJ . ., , , IZ-i l.
y^z, .
, /z
.
5. . , 0 < Iz a\<r
( !)
F(z). , ,

.
14. F ( z ) = Y z s i n z : 0, ,
. * = /, = 1 , 2 , . . .
: F(zh)= 0. []

22. .

163

15. F(z) = z' = l n *.


z = 1/ ( > 0 )

= 0, 1,

...,-1.

, z = 1/ % . <
; F(a) :
F ( a ) = a"e te2 *" t ft = 0, 1 , 2, . . .

(17)

, 0 < < >


.
, z = 0 ( z = )
F(z).
/ (), z o ^ O , z = 0 .
In z +2,
/o(z)->- e 2 "'7 0 (z). ^ z' z0 ^ 0,
/ft(z) = /o(z)ai2ft*% = 0, 1 , 2, . . . D
16. i\ . . z* i. (17) ,

, = , 1 , 2 , ...
, i{ . []
4.
z
17. F(z) = Vz : Ft(z) = z, Fz{z) = z. Q
4, 17 , .
. , , , ,
.
18. F(z) = cos Vz
0 < | z l < , 2. , -_
. z0 /(z) 1/z
, z = 0.
/(z)->- f(z), cos/(z)-- cos/(z),
cos . z = 0 ; , cos Vz .
11*

164

. IV,


z = . []
19. F(z) = (sinYz)/Yz
. ( Vz .)
za .
20. za 1, 0.
, a In z = 2kni,
zh=eWa)th",
=0, 1 , 2, ...
; zh
. ,
= 1 .
:
/(z) = 1,
/ ( z ) = l .
: , ,
(0, 0]; za
.
Izl = 1
, 1; , za = 1 . [
23. .

1. . F(z) /0(z) .
z0

= J/
, . go (z) .
G(z), ga(z)
(. (1)) z0, F(z).

23.

165

1. F(z) D,
G(z) D.
2 21. ^ D
z0. ^ ft ^, z0 , /(z) F(z), / 0 (z) ^-
z^K

, .
5 9 g(z) , . . , = z0, g-(z) = g<,(z). , ^ ;
, 2 21.
go{z) f,

G(z) D.
,
G'(z)=F(z).
, Gi(z), G2(z)
F(z), Gt(z) G2(z)^ const.
2. arctgz, arcctgz, arthz, arcthz. x arctga;
X

(1 + z 2 ) " 1 ,
z = i.

(3)
JIo 1 arctgz z = i.
.

166

, ,

,
arctg z = ^ In ^

(4)

arctgz . 2 =
arctg z = - In

.
i

z = i .
arctgz tgz, . .
tg (arctg z) = z
z , .
1. , arctgz tgz. , F(z) = arctg (tgz) ,
Fk(z) = z + kn, & = 0, 1 , 2 , . . .
/ (z) z = 0 ,
/(0) = 0.
00

/ () = 1

n=o

\z\ < 1.
, , :

4 arctg

- ^

arcctgz, arthz,
arcthz. , . .
3. arcsinz, arccosz, arshz, arch z. a:=[ 1, 1]
f
dt
arcsm x .
.
' . 1.
F(z)= 1/1 zJ z = l ( F(z)).

23.

167

1
(6)

arcsinz =

dhl. , 1 ,
/0(z) arcsinz
z = 0.

/ () = arcsin z = I

,^,

i i-s

D.

D (, 1], [1, ),
, D,
,
arcsinz .
z 1 ,
sin w = z, w = arcsin .

* '
2
,
arcsin z - - i In {iz + Y l - z ) .
(7)
. f+,
f_ z = 0,
z = l z = 1 + _ (. 63).
_ 4+

. f , ,
|z=Fl| = l
(. 63).

/(z) . 63
z = 0.
1. /o(z) f.,.. z
z 0.
/(z) Y) 0 z z,

168

. IV.

Y+ Y = IP z]: 7 = +*-
z = l , VI zz-* VI z 2 . ,

, VI 2lt=o = l (
+). f
[0, 1].
VI >0; VI 2<0. ,

V+

, ^+
/ . ( * ) - [ - / . (*) + !

(8)

, /.(*)-[-/.(*)-].

(9)

, v+
2. /0()

T-t-T

/(2)-/(2)+2].
(")
/0(z) Y-T+)
/ ( * ) - [ / . ( * ) - 2 ] .

, , Y-Y+
Y+Y- z = 1 ( /o(z)
; . 24,
). , z = ,

7+V . , (7+7- 1 ) = 1, 2, ...)

/ . ( * ) - / . (*)+2.
arccos z, arsji z,
arch z. .

24.

169

24.
1. . , . F(z) D.
z0 s D fZf) (z), , F{z). , fza (z)
. f z0, z
D, /z (z) -:
* | F(z).
F (z) D
, F (z) D. ,
F(z) ( ) , F(z) D.
.
. D f{z),
z0,
, z0 D.
F(z),
f(z) no , D.
/(z) D .
:
, ,
.
. fo, 7 , z = o 0 (f), z = Oi(t), C K ^ ^ l , D
z0, z4. , f(z) f0, Y
z4. ,
F(z), f(z\, D; F(z) D.
, , , D . D , ^, * , . . CP(s, t), ( 3):
1. O(s, t) :
< s, t ^ 1, D.

170

, IV,

2. (, 0) = Zo, <b(s, l) = Zi
, ))
1 (( ))

s;

(0,

t)=ao(t),

[ 0 , 1] z = ( , f),
^ l , f> D
z0 zu s, s' e= [0, 1]
, Ya' ,
: (ys, Y*') = & | (s, t) (sr, t) \
. , 3 20 s s / = [0, 1] 6 ( s ) > 0 , $' /, = (s 6(s),
s + 6(s)), /o(z)
w
z4. /., 0 = < st < . . . < $ = 1, /, , /,.., ^ + 1 0 < / < 1,
. S G / [ | Iti,
/(z) Zi\ 5 s e / S l (J ISavL . . , , /(z) f,, O ^ s ^ l ,
z t .
S O

, .
( ).
/(z), z0, ,
z0 D. fo, ft
Zo D, f(z) Yo. Yi
.
D .
2. . . ,

. , F(z) D.
, ;
, 9 (. 43).
/ 0 (z) Zo^D. D F0(z), F(z).
z0 F(z);
, D F(z) . , , D

24,

171

, -;
-
.
.
1.
f, 0 .
D . , lnz
D . za e D
f(z) . , 0, >, , ,
D .
D lnz
. (z), /2 (z) , (z) /2 ( z ) s 2kni z^D,
(. 2 21).
,- z a D . a
I m a ^ O , ;
a = p/q, , q , g ^ 1,
q ( 22). , z D .
fi (z), /2 (z)
za D, fz(z)=e2klliaf1(z),
0
( 22, 2). []
2. f(z)
lnz
D (. 31), , /(1) = 0.
/ ( - 2 ) , /(3), / ( - 4 ) . (5) 21 z^D
/(z) = ln \z\ +iA T argz,
f 1, z D. ,

[]

3. / (z) 2 3. (10) 21

4. D: 0 < < < \n.z,Yz ( r a > !)



5 21 6 22.
[]

172

, IV.

5. Da
ia
z = re , 0 < r < ; 0 < < 2 1 , , Da Yz
. / a (z) / ( 1 ) = 1

U(i) (/2).

i Da 1, L
1. /2 < < 2. f
[1, i], = /2, fa(i) = </ \
2. < < /2. ^
z = ~", 0 *S t ^ /2,

= -/2, fta(i)^-eMi.

, In/(z), Y/(z),
(/())", /() . F(z) = lnJ(z)
; , , , (. 4 22).

F(z) = In f(z),

F(zo)=wo,

w0 ln/(z 0 ), F(z).
6. /(z)
D.
D. ew = /(z 0 ).
, F(z) D ( 2 22), D. F(z)
Ftz)
e
=/(z);
F(zo)=wo
D.
F(z)
F(z)-ln \f(z) I + ipmw. + AT arg/()].
(1)
f D z0, z. []
7. /(z)
D.
= / (z0), D.

[]

24.

173

. / 4 (z)', /2(2) D.

F0(z) = In (A (z) /, (z)), Fo (z0) = w0,


D ( 6).
1. w0 = Wi + w2, D
F0(z)^F1(z)+F2(z).
(2)
. F(z) = F t (z) + F2(z) D eF<z> = fl(z)f2(z),
F(zo)=wo.

D
( 6). F0(z)
, . .
eF(z) = ft(z)h(z);
F0(zQ) = w0,
F(z)= F0(z) D.
(2)
In ( ( ) / , ( * ) ) - I n (z) + I n A (*),

ZZED.

(3)

(3) 1.
(3)

= /,

(4)

(), /i(z) D , (4) z e D.


(4) :
D , z0 ^
D. , , (4). :

F,{z) = F^z)F2{z),

w0

174

. IV.

(3), (4) .
. fi(z),
/z(z)
D, D.
A v arg ( (z) / 2 ()) = A v arg / x (z) + v 'arg /, (z),

(5)

Av arg ri-. = Av arg /x (z) Av arg /2 (z).

(6)

V2

. (5).
D , f z0, z Fj(z),
7 = 0, 1, 2 , 1. z e D

F 0 (z) = In !/,(z)/2(z) I + ; . + arg(/ t (z)/,(z))J.


(2) , w0 = Wi + ,
(5).
D . f D , Kt, ..., , z0,
zt, ..., zn . zo
, zn = z
Y- "fo, -I 4*1 4i }, \ =
= Tfofi Tfn-iTfn- (5) fj
. T 0 i
fo, -i Ti

(5) .

(6) ,
(4).
, (2), (3) . , , /i(z), /2(z) D. z0 e D; ( 7)
U
( 4 = ),

gi (z.) = wh

7 = 1,2,

w} , w0 = WiW2;

go(z)^gi(z)g2(z),

(7)

zezU.

Fj{z)
,
gi(z), z0, / = 0, 1, 2, (7)
F<t{z) = Fl(z)Ft(z),

(8)

24.

175

. (8) :
. (3), (4).
3. . F(z),
D. .
f(z) - F(z) , -{
z0, D.
/(z) ,
g(z) 0. :

2. *(
f(z) D F(z). , D
Ft, (z) ,
z0.

.
. [24].
f
g(z)= f(z), F(z) D .

. ,
V/(z), In /(), (f(z))a, /(z) D , .
, , lnz, z* ( 21, 22): ln/(z) ( (/(z)))
.

3. f(z) D, F(z)=\nf(z)
F0(z) za^D. F(za),
f

176

. IV,

( z 0 ), D, F0(z0),
F(z) D.

(f(z))a.
. .
If z0, D. F0(z)->- Fi(z) if, Fi(z)

z0. , Fi(zo) = F0(z0).


F(z) = ln/(z) z0
~ , F 4 ( z ) = F0(z).
2 F0(z)
D .

.
8. , F(z)=llzz 1
Do, Do
(-, - 1 ] [1, +).
z2 1 Do, 2 22 F(z)
Do. Da ,
F(z) Da. zo^D0:
#,(*)-*-1,
w\ = ZQ 1 (. e. w0 z\il). Do , Fl{z)^-Fa{z), z^D0.
Z

, G (z) = In - z-\-

)0; ,
z0 ^ D. ,
Gh(z) :
0

(k = 0, 1 , 2 , ...). G

9. D ( ) [1, 1] (. 64). , F(z)=~]/z2 1 D


. , D .
1. F0(z)
F(z) z0 ^D if -

24.

177

z0, D. F(z0),
f,
2

= A T arg(z 1 ) . 1 = ( z 1) (z + 1),
= <1 + 2, 4 = A T arg(z 1), 2 = A T a r g ( z + 1).
1) 1[ 1, 1] , <pt
= 2 = 0, F(zo) = Fo(zo).
2) [1, 1] f ( - 64)
, 1 = = 2,
= 4 F{z0) = F0(z0). - , = 4it.
,
/0(z)=Vz2-l,

zeD;

/,(2,)-IP,

D (w0 zjj l ) .
,
D,
/l 00 s -/ (2), ZSD,
1
D.
2. F(z)

F () *= zG (z), G (z) = ]/"l J-.


G(z)

^0(2), Go (z) F(z), G(z)


z0. z D. G(z) D = D U{z = 00}
. G(z) D, , / ) . ,
F(z)-G(z),
D. []
10. D [1, 1] /(z) D Vz2 1, , / ( 2 ) = V 3 .
12 . . .

178

. IV.

z = x. z^D,

, = A T arg(z-l),

A T arg(z + 1 ) ,

2, z D.
1. > 1.
(2, ], ! = 2 = 0 f(x)=l!xz
1. (
.)
2. <=(1, 1) .
, ^ . 65). 1 = , 2 = 0, f(x + iO) =
3. < 1 . , . 1 = = + ,
/(;

)=_^.

4. , f
,
(. 65). 4 = ,
2 = 0, f(x 0) =

z = iy, y>0.


[2, iy]. , + ,% ,

/(/) = 1/ + 1
(>0).
,
f ( y )

65

f{z). (3) 22
!_
11. Z), /(z) , 10.
/()
Z

, f(z) = zg(z),

^
g{z) D } 1
".
1 zy

f(x)>0
> 1 ( 10), g(x)>0 > 1 ,
lim g(x) = l. , g ( ) = l , -+


1/2 ( l)"z~ 2 n . U

24.

179

12. ,

D (. 64),
D |[1, 1],
1. F0{z)

F(z) z0 f z0, D. F(z0), ,

1
v ^ S

2
_i_ " =

*Pi >

1 = = ^ v

_\

' * z/>

2 = arg(l + z).
[1, 1] f, q>i =
= =. [1, 1] ^
, 4 = 2, 2 = 2,
4 2 = 0. , F(zo) = Fo(zo),

D.
F(z) D .
(z) = In

1 z

1 Z

I m

= 0, 1 , 2 , . . .
|
2
w0 = In 2
, Y z0, z D.
2.

F(z) = In

^-,

F(z o ) = ,F0(z0)

D = DV{z = }. D ;
F(z) D,
, D.
13. D
[1, 1] /(z) D I n . .
, /(0 + )=0 (. . /(z) z = 0,
12

180

. IV.

, ).
/(z) .
D
/ (z) =

l n

4 = A T arg(l z), 2 = A T a r g ( l + z),


Y D 0,
, z.
1. z = x^(1,
1) . 1 = 2 = 0,

( ).
2. z = > 1; ! = , 2 = 0,

z = < 1 , ! = 0, 2 = ,

/ (*) = 1 -3. z = x<^(1, 1) . ! = 2, 2 = 0,

4. z = iy, >0.
1 = 2 , = arctg ,
> 0
f(iy)=
2 arctg ,

iy\ = |1 + \. , f(iy)= 2s ( +
+ arctg ) < 0. []
14. D, f(z) , 13.
/(z) z = <.
> 0 ( 13, 4) f(iy)= 2i arctg ,
/() = lim /(/) = .
, z =

z = , z = . *

24.

181

00

-l)

n + 1

1 < |z| < . []


, , D
[, ]. , 9
12, ,

F (z) = V(z-a)(z-b),

G () = lnj^f

D .
4. ().
15. D
[1, 1] (. 64). ,

D .
Fa(z) F(z)
z0 z0, D. F(za), Y,
12, = 0, F(zo) = F0(z0)

D. F(z) D " \
. []
16. D [1, 1],
f(z) D ( . . J , ^ /(0 + )=1 (. . / ( z o ) = l z0 = 0, ). /(z)
. z e D
'

/ ( z ) = | r T i I"*>>

= <Pi .

4 = arg (1 z), 2 = arg (I + z) f , 0 + , z D. <pi, 2 , 13.

182

. IV.

1. z = a ; e ( 1 , 1) ,
1 = = 0,

/(* + *<>)= ( i f f )"><>


2. z = > 1, 1 = , 2 = 0

z = < 1 , ! = 0, 2 = ,

( j x - j ) > 0 .
3. z = a : e ( l t 1) ,
1 = 2, 2 = 0,

( ) % .

17. /(z), D , 16.


j(z)
z = .
/ ( ) = lim f(x) = e~WI1
( 16, 2). ,

g(z) z = g ( ) = l . g(z) 1/z,

-* + )

18. D [0, 1].

D . , 15.
/(z) D F(z), . f(z) -

24.

183

z = . z s D

1 = 2, 2 = A T arg(l z), ^
D zQ = -^ + iO (
=
) z. z = x>l;
4 = 0, 2 ,

. ,

/ ( ) = lim f(x) =

eim.

z =
-1/3

z = 1. ,

f(z) = einl32Cl1!3(-l)nz-n.

19. () :
Pn(z)=a(z

Zi)(z z2)...(z

zn),

a=0,

Zi, . . . , zB , . f i > m a x | z f t | 1
. . Pn(z) \z\ < R. ,
F{z)]== j/Pn(z)

D: R < \z\ < .
F0{z) F(z)
z0 f z0, D. f
F(z0), F(zo) = F0(z0)e^/n,
= A T argP n (z).
, = 4 + 2 + . . . + , ^ = arg(z z}).
Y D, * =
T
= 0, = 0 F(z o ) = / o(zo). \z\ <R
, .
^ = 2, // 2 F{za) = Fn(z0).
3 F(z) D
'. /0 (z) ,

U (z) = e% (z),

= 1, 2, . . , - 1.

, f(z) = Pn{z) ~-\faz


(z->oo), )/ ( ).

184

. IV.

z<,G(zo)=sFo(zo).
G(z)
D = D U{z = <} , ,
. D=>D, G(z) D. []
20. F() 19. Zo, z}, 1 <
, D (. 66).
, 19,
, F(z)
D . []

. 67
2

21. F(z)=> (z 1) (z 4) D, D
[2, 1] [1, 2] (. 67).
/^(-) F(z)
z0 ZQ,
D.
<\ = A T arg[(z* - 1) (2 - 4 ) ] .
,
4,

arg (z

= 2, z2 = 1 , z3 = 1, z4 = 2.
Zl
1, ] = 0, F(z,j) = Fo(z0). f [2, 1], 3 == 4 = 0, 4 = 2 =
= 2 ( ^ ), = 4
F(zo) = Fe(zo). , F(ztt) = F0(za), if -

24.

185

[1, 2]. 3

D. [}
22. z\, Z2, ..., zin , F(z)~1(z z j ( z z 2 )...(z z 2 n ). 1},
z2j-u Zy, I < / < .
F(z) ; , 21. []
23. P n (z) ,
Pn(z) = a(z z 4 ) (z z 2 ) . . .(z zn),

a=0,

|z| < R. ,
D: R< \z\ <
F (z) = (z).
F0(z) F(z)
z0 f z0, D. Y
F (z0) = Fo (z0) ei(f/m, = <pt + 2 + . . . + ,
; = A T arg(z z ; ) .
f D, ,- = 0.
"
\z\ <R. ^ = 2, = 2.
, F(z) D , 2 / = 1,
. . . []

24. F (z) = In g " ^ g + g,

F(0)=u>0,

i^o 1| 2=2 / Z)o


4,

,,,

(z l ) ( z 4 - 4 )

2, 1, 3. , / (z) - ( _ 3 ) ( + 2)
Z)o,

F(x) = lnf(z),

"

F(0)=w0

Do 2 22. ,

F(z).

1. , 4, 2, 1, 3. D t , (. 6)
F(z) Di.

186

. IV-

2. (, 4], [2, 1], [3, <) ,


D2 F(z) . , ^
, D2
[2, 1],
= Av arg j | ,

2 = A 7 arg i ^ | .

, cpi = 0, z + 4 0, z 3=^0 Y- , 2 = 0, , 12, A , a r g / ( z ) = 0 . ,


, 12, , F(z) D2. , Ds: -g- < z + < .
3. Dt [4, 2], [1, 3];
F(z)
. , f , D,
arg/(z) =
[4, 2] f [1, 3] f,
, 2 = 0, 1 = 0 12. , (1, 3] f , F{z)

-- Z + -FT \>s
25. D [0, 1],

/(z) = f z ( l - z ) 3 ,

(0,1).

f(x+t0)>0,

f(z) D ( 19). /(1),


/ ' ( - I ) , / " ( - ! ) /(z)=y'7(*j, g(2) = z(1 -zf.
, 4To4-{wa) = ((3') 22),
'

aw

'

>

. ,

f (Z) = i **(z) f

SW

16

g ()

1 i;e( 0(0,
Y
, 1),
1 .
,
AT arg g (z) = AT arg z + 3AT arg (1 z) = n.

g 25.
i3l/4

187
1/4

,
/ ( - 1) = e 1 f *(-,!) | =
( _ l ) = _8, g'(-l) = 20, g " ( - l ) = - 3 6 ,
g

26. , >:

1 < <

G(z)=Vz 2 1 D
gt,(z), gi(z)
( 9); # 0 ( 2 ) > 0 ,
i ( 2 ) < 0 , . , F(z)
D :
*i(*)i-lnM*),

7= 0,1,

hi(z) = z +

gi(z).

, gi(z)** go(z).

z -*

^ | z | = p > l , , z = . >)
Fj{z) , f
0 = 2 + ip0, q0 = arg[2 + 0[jjj.

, = 0, Fo (z) .
, (pt = 2 + fy, ^ = Av arg [-j + f-^-)),

|>1 = 0, . Q
25.
/(z) , % ^ .
5 /(z), f, D .

( 20) ,

188

. IV.

/(z) D , D.
,
lim /

(ft)

(2) = 00

(1)

>0, % Hz) ( & = 0 / < 0 ) ( z ) = / ( z ) ) . ,


/(z) % D , ( 20) /:(z), : \z 1 < , / t ( z ) ^
^ / ( z ) , ] . , ^

* ) = #>()=#= ,
(1).
, D .
.
/(z)=2cn(z-)n

(2)

.
. : \z a\<R
(2), 0 < < , ^'- \% \ =
f(z). , ^. F(z),
F(z)=s f(z), z^K. ^ ^ , F(z) . , in ,
fn.
[9] , . . K^-d = 1,2, ...,), %}<=[* , % ^ *fR .
Zj ^+1 (j
= 1, 2, . . . , ; Kin+1^Kix),
i? 0 =
= min I Zj a\. F(z), /(z)
\<i<n

, : \z \ < Ro,
R0>R.
( 12, 3), F(z) (2), . . (2) R, .

25.

189

2 ( l ) " z 2 n 1.

1.

1/(1 + 2 ), , i i. Q
. (2) /().


( 11).
2.

1
(2 + 2)(*-3)
71=0

2, z =
2. Q
3.
.

tg z =

sin z
COS Z

V'

= >, cnz
-*J

/2, z = 0 tg Z Zi = /2 Z2 = /2. Q
1. *
,

2\-

. 1/(1 + 2 ) ,

21)*

(4)

1. . , (3) R = .
1/(1+ z2) Zi = j , z2 = i, (4) 1.
2. (2)

(. 46).

190

. IV.

zn -

4. = ^
=0

; 1 ,
. Q

(_ l )

n + 1

1,

, /(z)
ln(l + z). []
zn

V^

6. / (z) =

( + 1)

=1

'

'

, 1,
f(z). , f(z)
1 -\^ln(l
z) = F(z), z = 1 F{z)
( ). U
, .
7.

1. ,
z = l /(z). f 2
2
[0, 1]. z , z = -+ 1 z = -* 1 0 [ 0,
1, 2, ...)

, , / () = 2 -- -- 1 0.

, (1) z = 1
f(z).
,

/(z):
/ = 1,2, . . .

(5)

z = 1 /(z),
(5) , ,
2

z "=l,

(6)

/(z). (6) .

25.

191

,
f(z). , 5
, ,
, .
8.

/ (z) = 2 cnZ z0,


. .
,

g(z)

\z\ <R, R> \zo\,

bnzn

(8)

71=0

z0

2 ^

77

(7), (8) (10) ,

(9)

(11), ,

=0

cnz 1 Re > 0 9 , z = 1

192

. IV.

26. .

1. . . -

, , , . ,
.

. 25
. ( ),
ze , .
,
. .
. z0 /(z).
/(z) ( z 0 ),
, F(z).
/(z) ,
,
F0(z) F(z).
,
.
F0(z) z. .
24;
.
D .
( 20). D ,
/(z) ^ , D. D F(z).
1. F(z) ,
. -

F(z).

26.

193

F(z), , G(z). ,
,
.
F(z),
(,
), .
1. 0 < < , z0 e .
z0 /(z) In z
, .
^ (z), In z.
, g(z) ,
z0 e , Go (z)
. []
, 20,
, . . ,
, ,
, .
1
In z, (
yz, z").
2. z = 0
^o(z) , 1.
z = 0
G0(z) y^z, 1. U

.
_
3. F(z) = z _ ^ z = 1 Vz , , /i(z), /2(2). /i(l) =
= + 1 , /2(1) = 1. F(z)

Fi(z) z = l , Ft(z)
z = 1, 1 + /2(1) = 0.
4. F(z)= z + T/zl 1
/o(z), /i(z)
[1, 1] ( 24, 9). / 0 ( 2 ) = 2 + ,
13 . . .

194

. IV,

( 2 ) - 2 - ;
/0(z)~2z,

()~

(z--oo)

( 24, 26). , z = /0(z)


/i (z). []
( 12), z = 1 F(z).
.
1. F(z)
U , / ( z ) ^ 0 F(z) ( < <). U

f(z) + F(z), f(z)F(z),


(

J>"(z)=0

z <= 7)',

.
U G(z)= f(z)+ F(z). zo^U,
, , /i(z),
/ 2 (z), . . . F(z). ,
/ ( ) + ( ) , /(z) + / 2 (z), . . . G(z), .

f(z)F(z),

f(z)/F(z).

5. z = 0
=, z z,
z + z,
-7=, Vz s^n z (
Yz
1 + 2
z = 0).
+ sin z, ' , =,
^= -

1+ yz

z = <, . Q
6. 0,
, Vz + \
, z sinz. U
7. 0,
'

26.

195

8. / ( z ) ^ 0 .

a + f(z),

yzaf(z),


ln(z ) + /(z), /(z)ln(z a ) ,

\-Ju-

a. Q
9. F (z) = =..
1 + z
0, 1, .
0,
( 5). U z = l 1/z
/ t (z), / 2 (z)
; / 1 ( 1 ) = 1 , /2(1) = 1.
F(z) F, () = . ,
, / = 1,
2, z e U. Ft(z) z = 1, Ft(z)
, ( 22, (12))
/2(z) = 1

z = 1. []
10. F (z) =
= _ ., 0, 1, . 0, ( 7). z = 1 In z
/ A (z), ; = 0, 1 , 2, ...;
( 1 ) = 2nik. z = l

Fh /z\ = h t
0,
Fo(z). U
2. ,
( ). f(z)
D. D
( 24)
F(z) = ln/(z),
13*

F(zo)=wo,

(1)

196

. IV.

2 = /(z0) (. . ).
F(z) z e j ) (1)
24:
F(z) = \n |/() I + i[Im wa + arg/(i)l
(2)
f D 0, z; ^(z)'
z, if.
, D

G(z) = VW),

G(20) = o = P 0 A

(3)

zB<=D, o = /( o)- e f l
<p = A v arg/(z).

(4)

, /(z)#
, In /(z), V^/(z) .
ln/(z), V7(z):
z0, .
2. / ( z ) ^ 0 f () = 0, .
1)
ln/(z);
2) f(z),
^ ( z ).
. D ,
/(z)-(-*)-&(!),

0 , h(z)
D ^ - D l H a } (12, 18). -
z0, D,
.

arg f(z) = arg (z - a) + ? arg h (z) => 2jxm,


A T argu(z)=O. ,

AY argfe(z) = jdargfe(z) = Im j^-||j-dz = ,


v
h'(z)/h(z)

26.

197

Z?i. ,
f* = fY . . . ( ). z0, D, if* (
), F(z)= l n / ( z ) ,
G(z)=*
Vf (2) z0 :
Fh (z0) = In I / (z0) I + i [Im w0 + 2],

k = 0, 1 , 2 , . . . , F(z)
D , -

F(z).

= 1; z0
Gh(z0), 0 < ^ 1
G(z), ,
.
: z^D

(. 2 24):

In / () = In (z - ) + In h (z), VW) = V(z ~

lnA(z), i/fe(z) D U {} .
1.
11. R(z)
.
( )
F(z) = In R(z), F (z0) = w0 (e R (z0) z0
, R (z)),

. . Q
12. R(z)
, . r
y R(z).
[]
13. f(z)=zmh(z),
h{z) D: \z\<r,
.
: 0 < < .
z = 0.
1 Izl =
= lzo| z0. f (4)'
*4zo)-*F A (M, Fh{z0)=wQe"hm',
arg / (z) = arg z + ATarg h (z) = 2nm.

(61

198

. IV.

) , . F(z)
z0 , 0
F(z).
) d , , . .
= pd, = qd, , q , q ^
> 1. Fk(z0), k = 0, 1 , . . . q
. z = 0 q,
q^2. q = 1, . . ,
z = 0 .
, 0 1
y^z^/iz 1) 3. jj
. . U ,
F(z),
U,
, U. U , . . , U. , z0 ^ U, /o(z)
, U; U F0(z) F(z). ()
F(z) z0,
Fa(z), U Fi(z) . .

F(z) U ,
. .
14.

F(z)=
:

H(G(z))

g(z) G(z) , ,
z = 4, |f(4) = g- (. . 1=4 = 2). D 0, 1, ;
G(z) D
0, . w 1/3 h(w) H(w) \nw; hi -g-j = 1 + ni. 2 22 F(z) H(G(z)),
h{g(z)), D.
a) z = 1. , :
0 < l z II < z = l F(z)

26.

199

Fi, 2 (z), F2 (z) ^ Fi (z),


z = 1 . , ( ) = : I z 1 | < , ,
q>j(z), / = 1, 2, , ( 1 ) = 1, 2 () = ( p ^ z ) . G(z)

(z) = 1 -\

. . ,

, d ( z ) , G2(z)
z = l. F(z) if
Fs(z) = InGj(z), / = 1, 2,
F 2 ( z ) = Fi(z), z = l Fit2(z)
( 2).
) z = 0. , : 0 < | z | < r
F(z) ,
z = 0 .
G () = In - U = 0
Gh(t,), fc = 0, 1 , ...,
8(0)= 2kni. , Fh(z) (2()
z = 0. |l

\z\
Fh(z)=2kni-2

tz + O{z).

, Fk(z)
, z = 0
.
) z = . F(z)
, z = 0. , z = 1/5 F(z)

^ = 0. Q
15.

F (*) = *+ /.

200

. IV.

G (z) = j / z, (z) =
= V z + l ; g(z), h(z)
i = l : j ^ z | z = 1 = l,
V z T r U i = 2 > 0 . F(z)
1 , 0, .
) z = 0. ,
Ki'. 0 < | z l < r z = 0 F(z)
F 4 (z), F 2 (z),
z = 0 . , # ( z ) = V z + l #i(z)',
# 2 ( z ) = # 4 (z) .
F(z) Ki
Fl(z)=G(z)+Hl(z),
F 2 ( z ) = G ( z ) + # 2 (z),
z = 0 ( 8).
) z = 1. \ 0 < l z +
+ 1 | < F(z) , z = 1
. , G(z)
2

Gx (z), G2(z)==e3 Gx (z),


3

G3(z) = es G1(z), F(z) Gj(z)+ H{z), j = 1, 2, 3.


) z = . , z =
F(z). f z = 1,
z = 0, z = 1. f
A T argz = arg(z + 1 ) = 2.
F(z) 2 = 1 F ( l ) =
= 1 + 2. iV f -

F(i):

2</3

N=1:

/?(1)=

-2;

N=3:

F(l)=l-V2;
1</3 V2.

iV = 6 ^(1)== 1 + Y2.
, F(z).

: , w = F(z) -

26.

201

" .
w yz + 1 = j / z ,
ws + Bw(z + 1 ) - z = V l + T (3w* + z + 1)

P{w, z ) ^ w* - 3(z + I K - 2zw3 + 3(z + l) 2 u; 2 - 6z (z + 1) u; - z3 - 2z2 - 3z - 1 = 0.
z ; , ,
z , z = 1. Q
3. .
*
z .
3. F(z) :
< |z \ < ,
< .
F(*)=

ch(z-a)h/n,

(7)

.
. (,)=>F(a+,
+ %"); : 0 < | | < y F . , () ; , () R , 1 17, :

(0=

S ^ft,

(8)

*=

.
f: |1 = , 0 < < > / , . f
, z = + %
*j: \z I . /o(z) zt = a + pn F(z).
F(z),
/ (*)"*" /o(z) ^- , <0 (S) *"
-*-(?) if, <fo(t)='U(a + ")

So = (), (^)
. " = z - , (8) (7).
. z = * < F[z]. -

202

. IV,

F(z)=

kln

S ckz ,

(9)

R < < <.


, 5 = 0 F(l/) 3.
, (7), (9) .
4. . , z ,
( ) . F(z) , F(z) R, F(zJ
. F{z).
.
F(z). R ( F(z)) = ( 2 0 ,
/()), /(z) z0 F(z),
, (z0, /o(z)) (z0, /i(z))
, /<>(*)
(z) . = (z0, /0 (z)) z z 0 :
(Zo, /o(z))--Zo.

U. = (z0, f (z))
P=(t,, /o( z )), l z o | < e > 0 , /o(z) Iz zol < 8. 171 Iz zo\ < e.
1.
[6], [19], [24].
, .
. 21, 22 Inz, Vz.
2.
, .
,
( ). F(z) D m R , , D,
m .

27.

203

F(z)
. w = F(z)
, (z, w), z, w , . . .
F(z) (z, F(z)), F(z)
F(z) z. ,
,
(z, w).
, ;
.
, F(z) (z l ) l n z ,
z = 1, w =
.
27.

1. . :
y"+p(x)y' + q(x)y = 0.
(), q(x)
, .

w"(z) + p(z)w'(z) + q(z)w(z)=O


(1)
. , ,
, ,
(1). , , p(z), q(z) , (1) , , , p(z), q(z).
p(z), q(z) , ,
(1) , . , .
(1), p(z), q(z) D z. :
(1),
w(zo)=wo,
w'(zo)=wl,
(2)
z0

D, a wa, wt .

204

. IV,

1. p(z), q{z) (1)


: \z zo\ < R.
w(z) (1) ( 2 ) , .
. [21], [18].
, ">(z) (1) (2J,
1. w{z) ,
:
n

w (*)= 2">n(z-z o ) .

(3)


:
Wi = w' (Zo).

, p(z), q(z) :
00 = 2 Pn (Z - zo)n,

q (z) = fj

n=0

(4)

qn (z - zQ)",

.
(3), (4) wr, " (1);

2 c n (z z o ) n ,
. = 0 =* 0, 1, 2, . . .
wit
wt, . . .
, , z0 = 0.
w" + p (z) w' + q (z) w =
- 2

n-1
(- 1) u;nz"-2 + 2
2 ^n2 2

n=l

PmZm + S WnZ" 2
0

m=0.

n=o

m=o

= 0.
= 0
I- 2) ( + 1) wn +2 =
+1

^ 2 kpn-h-

n = 0, li 2, . . .

(5)

fe-0

>+, w0, u>i,


..., +1 . w0, wx , (5) w2, ios, . . .
1.
w"-zw
= 0.
[6]

27.

205

.
p(z)"O, q(z)=z,
. 1 .
. (5)

( + 2) ( + 1)>+2 = wn-u = 1, 2, . . .
, >2 = 0, , >5 = u>e = = >+ =
. . . = 0.
=

' (2-3)-(5-6) .,.[(3n-l)-3n] '

*n+1

(3-4).(6-7) . . . [ ( + 1)1 '

,(z) >,(0)=1, w[(0) 0


>2 () i#2(0) = 0, w'2(0) 1.
w1 () =
(2-3) (5-6)
Z

+ 3^4+ (3-4)
(3-4) (6-7)
(6-7) +

+
+ (3-4) (6-7) ...13(3+1)]

"

" '

Wi(z), wt[z). ,

. []
2.
w
, , .
1 . U
3.
H7"(z)-(2*-a 2 )i0(z) = O

( ) 2. [ ]
1 ,
.
1 ,
(1) .
(1)

1

206

. IV.

2 (

) . p(z), q(z)
D, z0 s .
1) D w(z)
(1) ( 2 ) ,
2) , . . itfi(z), w2(z) D (1)(2), u>i(z)^
B*WZ{Z) D.
. D w(z) (1) (2).

w(zo) = iv0,

w' ( z o ) = Wi.

(1) w" (zo) = p(zo)wl q(zo)w<> (1),

w'" =

-(p(z)w'y-(q(z)w)',

w" (z 0 ).
, ww(z0),
?(5) (z0) . . , w ( n ) (z 0 ),
.
. 1 wu{z) (1) (2),
: \z z o | <R, R z0
D. z0 wo(z). ,
, D, z0.
D, > 0.
^ , ..., . Kj
z0, ..., zn f (zn ), Zj- Kj
Ki-l / = 1,2,..., .
Zi ,
w0 (z) , . .
Wt> = wo(zi), u;1 = w 0 (z 1 ). 1 Kt Wi (z);

wt(z)=w0(z),

z^Kor\Ki.

, 2 w2{z)

w (z2) = w1 (z2), w' (z2) = w\ (z2),
wt (z) z ^ Kt fl K2.
, , wu{z)

27.

207

, ..., ; wo(z),..
. . . wn(z) (1).
, wo(z)
D w(z),
(1). D ,
w(z) D.
.
2
3. p{z), q(z) (1)
D. (1)
D .
D , (1)
.
4. :

w" + ^w'+w

= 0,

(7)

, . z = 0.
(7) w z\
zx~z, ,
,:
= 0.
(8)
%2 ,
w1 (z) = z S w2(z) = z 2 . : 1 = 2 = ,
(. . ( I ) 2 = 0), (7)
Wi(z) = zx , , wz(z) = z%Inz; (. . .).
(1) . = 1/ () =
= w(l/t,),

(9) = 0,
2 - 1 1~1\% ^~*[-^) = 0.
, (1) ' z , 2z z2p (z), z4g (z)
Z oo.

2. .
(1) .
, , . , z = 0

208

. IV.

(7). Xi,
X (8) , w (z) = Cxz x + C2z , .
Xi, , ImXi^O,
^, = 0 ( w (z) = 0).
(1)
z0, . : 0 < \z zo\ <r, p(z), q(z) , ? .
Wi(z), wt(z)
wx(z) = 0 ,

w[ (z) = ax;

io2 (z) = b0,

w't (z) = bx,

(10)

ah b} ,

U z, .
1 w\(z), w\(z)
(10), U, , 0. wt (z), w% (z)
, w\(z), w\(z), z. 3 Wi(z), Wi{z)
(1), . .
(1).
f z, , w\ (z)x w\(z)
.

v%(z)-+w\(z), w\{z)-+w\{z\
w\(z), w\(z) U . ,
(1) z^U.
w\ (), w\ (z)
z e 7, c f t ,

wl(z) = c21wo1(z) + c22wl(z).

rvl(z) = cnwl(z) + c12w(z),


:

-11

(11)

Cl2

Xi, X , . .

21

= 0.
22~^

(12)

27.

209

4.
1. Xi, % (12) ,
(1)

} = } (/ = 1, 2) q>i(z), 2 ()
.
2. (12) , %1 = %2 = ,
(1)
w2(z) = (z ) 2 () + ( ) !()1( z 0 ).
X = 24, <fi (z), <p2 (z) .
, 0< \z za\ < (1) .
. -

w>(z) = (WJ^\

/= 0,1,

(11)
w1(z) = Cw" (z).

(15)

w(z) = Tw(z).
(16J
^
(15)
(17);

w"(z).

1. Xi, Xz .
, :

(17)

pi ,
1

14 . . .

= ^,

(z) = (z z o ) ~ P l ^ (z).

(18)

210

. IV.

f
.

,-.

(z-z0)

-,

->e

-,

4z-z0)


. .

4>i (z) - >

2,

\~Pii

(z 0 )

~ / \

^wl

() =

= ^ 1 (Z -

Z,,)""^! ( Z Z,,)"^! (Z) = (Z),

, q)i(z) , , . , (1)

>1 (z) = (z - ) 1 (z)
, ,
1 .
2. ,1 = = %. ,
) ;
) .
)

(18)
Sl(z) = ^ ( z ) ,

w\{z) = hh%{z) + w\{z).

(19)

i#i(z), w\{z), (13).


(19) ,
w\(t)

S()

'

(z) = sr; :
w\(z)
t|>(z)-^(z) + -i
f. ( 21, 2),
, wt(z),
wl(z), (14)"-

27.

) ~ = (0 *

211

(18)
w\ (z) = hv\ (z), w\ (z) = ho\ (z),
ws(z) u?3(z) = (z zo)cpj(z), / = 1, 2,
<Pi ( z ) . .
1. (1) z = . (1)

w1(z) = z\1{z),

(20)

w2(z)=z\2(z),


a? t (z) ^ , ( z ) ,

l>

H72(z) = z <p2(z) + az <p 1 (z)lnz,

(21)

cpi(z) 2()
z = .
, z = l/ (1) (9);
, Z, = 0.
3. . zo
(1).
:
) z0
q>i(z), 2 (), (13), (14);
) ztt
q>i(z), ().
) z0
(1), ) (1).
Z = .

. ,
; . [18].
1. z0 , wt(z)
(13). 4 (z) = (z z<>)m((i (z),
, |() z 0 .
pt p t = ( + /,

, 1 =
14*

212

. IV.

,
<pi(z), <p2(z) z 0
( ) ^ 0
, , . ,
,
.
, , z = 0.
. z = 0 (1), ,
z = 0:
1) p(z) ,
2) q(z)
.
.
,
(12) .

^+p(z)+q(z)

= O.

(22)

, w1(z)=*z1q1(z),
X1 = e2mp\ 1(0)=?=0 (. 1)'.
wi(z) (22),
Pi ( P i - 1 )

, 2 P i

,>"

<23>

, w2(z) (13)',
2 () z==0,

- J ^ j - , ^ - ^ - ,
!

/ = 1, 2, z = 0,

!,2 ( 0 ) ? 0 . (24) (23),


[Pl-p2 + za(z)]p{z) = z-lb(z),
(25J
a (z), () z = 0. 4 * 2,
! &
pi ? p2 (25) , p(z)
z = 0, .
(23) , 2 = 0 -

27,

213

q(z) ,
.
, z = (1),
+ bVLw = Ot
(26)
uf + w'
a(z), b(z) z 0.
. [18], (26) ,
. .
5. z = 0 (1), , (26), a(z), b(z)
z 0.
2. z =
(1), , (26), a(z),
b(z) z = .
5. (7)
. . []
6.
zzw" +zu/ + (z 2 -v 2 )u> = 0
(27);
(v ) : 0 . z = 0
, z == . Q
7.
z(l - z)w" + ft -{a + p + l)z] w' -a$w = 0
(28);
(a, [J, f ) : 0, 1, >.
. Q
4. . (26), z = 0
. .
w(z) = zp^wnznt

(29)

> 0, , wn .
5 , (29); z = 0.
71=0

W" (*) = 2 ( + ) ( + - 1)
=0

214

. IV.

a(z), b{z) :

()= 2 zn, b(z)= S ".


n=o

n=0

(29),
zew0 [ ( - 1) + + ] + z p + 1 W4 [( + 1) + ( + 1) + ] +
+ wD (, + bi)) + . . . + zp+n{wn [(p + ) ( + - 1) +
+ 0 ( + ) + ] + ... + Wo ( + ) } + . . . = 0.
z p+n , = 0, 1,
2, ..., :

();
^/ ( + ) + wn-ifi ( + / 1) +
+ ?-,/,( + - 2 ) + . . . + >/() = ,

w0 I" 0, / 0 () = 0, . .
& = 0.

(32);

.
Pi, . .
1. pi 2 . /o(pi +
+ )=0, / + ^ ^1. p = pi
(30), Wi, w2, . . . ( = ). (26)
Wi{z), wz(z) (13).
2. p t 2 . pi = > 0.
fe
/o(pi) = /(+ )= 0, /o(pi + ra)'? O 5*1. Wi(z)
(13).
[22]:
z

= const.

27,

215

(33)

p{z) = ^

= - + at + . . . ,

ij) (z) z 0. ,
(33) z ()
( z ) z = 0.
(32) , 4 + 2 = 0 + 1,
= + , 0 2p t = ( + 1). % (z) =
00

*= S Xn j
=0

X W S J C
=

(33),
m
Wt (z) = u?! (z) (xm In z + z" A (z))',
h(z) z = 0. , (26)'

">2 () = 2 1 " 2 (Z) + Wj, (Z) Xm In S (

(34)

2 (z) z = 0.

.
8. z = 0 (27). (32)]
p ( p - l ) + p - v " = O,
( , = v.

216

. IV.

1. v .

1,2 (z) z = 0.
2. v ; v > 0 .
w (z) = z"q>i (z),
<pi(z) z = 0. (33J
W, (Z) = 1

v > 0 v .
. (30)
( = v)

wnfb (v + ) - _ = 0,
2

/() = V . , wl = v>3 = . . . = w2n+l


=...
w ( 1)"
. . . = 0 win . ,

4"nl ( + 1)

(v + n)

. ,

>'


Jv\Z)

(-Dn(^2)2n+V

w\ (z) , . v
, / v (z), /_,(z) .
9.

(l-z*)w"

-2zw' + Xw = 0

(X ) z = 1
. z =
= 1. ( 1)+ = 0, ->
e

pi 0. , U'I (z), z = 1,

27.

217

(33).

p(z) =
^ In (z2 1),
a z

1 z
z

w9

= w, () -5

% = 1
1

=1

w2(z) = u?i(z)ln(z 1) + (), <p(zj


z = l, (1) = 0. , w2(z) z = l. Q

V

28.
1. . /(z)
( ), . . : 0 <
< \z \ < 0 . ,
, /(z) 00

/ (z) =

(z ).

1. /(z) ( res/(z)) c_i


f[z) , . .
res/(z) = c_ 1 .

(1)

(7) 17

fp: Iz | = ( 0 < < 0 ) .


f f(z)dz
vp

= 2nires/(z).
*-

(2)

, z = a f{z), f(z)
, 2JU. , res / (z) = 0,
f(z).
( ).

28.

219

1. ei/z z = 0.
1/z
0
c
res
e = 1 + 7- + + '
-i = *
<?'* = 1-
,
1/f
1/f
j e & = 2ni-rese = 2jri.
Z

|2|=1

2.
8

~9

/(*) = - ^ - res/(z) = ^-,

1 /

z
\
I Z
; ) = - - [ ^ - + - - + . . . 1 -1 = gj-.

3. /(z) = zcos^r-j, res/(z) = ,


2. z = a {).
1. .
/(z), f(z)
/ (z) = _ (z - )" 1 + (z - ) ,
1=0

~ = lim (z ) / (z),
res / (z) = lim (z a)f (z).

(3)

, /(z)= ()/1|(), <p(z) () , q>(a)=0, if(a) = O, if'()=0,


f(z), / \

1 I \

(3)

res/() = hm

()

,J

()

= hm ^ .
a

()
,' (a)

2. .
/(z),

/(2) = - ! f ^ + . . . + 7 5 i r + 'o + M z - a ) + ...

(5)

220

- V.

(5) (z a)m,
(6) 1 z-*-a, ( - 1)1 - =

^1

[(z a) /(z)J,

z-*a dz

-
:
, /(z) = A(z)/(z a) m , /&(z) a, h(a)=0, (7)
:
=(-)

(m-l)l

4.

/ (z) =

(z 1) ( 2)

z = 1
z = 2. (3)
2)

(8) res/(z) = (zn)


2=2

2=2
/z=2

= 1. Q

5. ctg z = z = (
) , (4)
.
cos z "I
.
res ctg z = .rr
= 1.
, , ,
ctgz l/(z kn). Q
3. . f(zj
0 < < , . . z = . z=> f{z)
,
, f(z)
< Izl <
00

/<*)= 2

=0

2. /(z) z = >
( res / (z)) - _4 2=00

1/z /(z)

28.

221

! , . .
/(*)=-!;_!.

(10)

(7) 17 c_! = ^

\z

f(z)dz,

= ( > ) .
(10)
j f (z) dz = 2ni ies f(z),
2=0
vP

(11)

YP \z\ = p , .
1. (2) (11)
. , f{z)
U ,
/(z) ^
, 2 ( fp U
(2) (11) ).
z = /(zj.
/(zj

/ (z) = j - + ft+ * + . . . ,
z

C-k 0, z ->

=1, res / (z) = 1 = , ; ^ 2, res /(z)=0.


,
z

>0

/(z)~4( - )

=>/() = - ,

/( ) 4(

(12)

2=0

>2)

6.

= 1H

c-i = 1 , , rese

5" + -

= 1. ,

z = ,
. []
1

7. f(z) = r-^cos z = <


: f(z)~ 1/z (z -*- ).
(12) , res/(z) = 1. []

222

. V.
z

8. / () = -
sin z =
: / ( z ) ~ 1/z3 (z--<). (13) res/(z) = 0.
Z=oo

''

9. /(z)
L J
[1, 1], 1 z = 0 ( 17 24). /(z)
/(z) == e ~ t a i t ( l + . . . ) ,

z = oo
i

4. .
1 (

) . f(z) D,
z4, z2, ..., zn,
f , D
zit z2, ..., z n .
\ f(z)dz=2ni^

res f(z),

(14)

.
. f* ( ^ = 1 , 2, ..., ) zk, . 2 9

, (2), (14).
. f(z) ,
. f{z),
z = <, , . .
2 res / (z) + res / (z) = 0.

(15)

ft=l
ft

zh (ft = l, 2, ..., n)

f(z), z = < ,
/(z).
. f \z\ R, R ,

28.

zk

223

( = 1, 2, . . . , ) f. 1
\f(z)dz = 2ni 2

res/(z).

(16)

z=zh

, (11) ,

.) / () dz= 2ni res / (z).

(17)

(16) (17) (15).


1
2. f(z) D
,
, . .
) D z = ,
\ f(z)dz = 2ni 2

res/(z);

z=zh

fc=l

(18)

) z = o D,

f /(z) dz = 2ni I 2 res / (z) + res / (z)).

(19)

zu z2, . . . , z n f(z),
D.
, ) D .
D, D
) Z} ( / = 1, 2, . . . , ). 4 9 /(z) D , . .

U(z)dz=U(z)dz+'jtf(z)dz=O,

(20)

^1 Vj

^ Kt .

I f(z)dz = 2ni res / (2)


)

Z=Z

( (2)), (20) (18).


) \z\<R, D f{z\
. 68). G, G =
= D }, .

. V.

224

G D, YJ
^ : \z\=R.

j /(*) dz = J / () dz + 2 J /() dz + J /() dz = 0,


r

i=1

Vj

(21)

vB

f .

f(z)dz = 2ni res/(z),


(21) (19). .


.


.
5.
.

.
f (

).
10. /(z) = (cos z)/z\ (14)

< 2 f(z)
Z = 0 () /(Z) = 4 " ofi + 77-Z+ . . ., TGS / (z) == C-j =
Z

== 1/2. ,

\ &

z=0

1 jA- dz .
J

. /(z) = 1/{ + 1). / =


= 2/(),

f(z)

z=ni

/ (z) dz =

\z 2i\ < 2 , ,
Z = JU. (4) (z)

, , / = 2. \_\

28.

223

12. /(z) = (2z l)cos^-, / = ) f(z)dz=


Iz'i=a

= 2nires/(z), /(z) Iz| < 2,


z=l

z = 1, .
cos ^-7 = cos (1 -\-^- = cos 1 cos j^TT sin 1 sing __ 1 =

2 z - l = 2(z
c-j (z l ) " 1
/(z):
_! = (cos I + sin 1).
, / = 2n(cos 1 + sin 1). []
'1/(-1)

13. / = \

__ A- dz.

N=4

1. /(z) grrj e l / ( Z ~ <


< 4 : z = 1 z = 2. ,
/ = 2 (res / (z) + res / (*)).
=1

=2

4
nlfc-l)
L
= 1 " ' \z
)

* 2

l ( i l )
'

=0

res / () = 2 -; ^ ~ - ,
71=1

, / = 2ni.
2. / = 2nires /(z). z = /(z)
=

:
(12) res/(z) = 1 , , / =

14. P(z) =
^ 2 *]( , 1 5 . . .

226

. V.

. ,
w (z) = ^-.

(22)

-^-r- dl
7


P w (z) = w(n) (z) + axwin~V (z) + . . . + _!' (z) + anw (z) = 0
(23)
:
u;(0) = 0, i#(0) = 0, ..., ;'""2'(0) = 0,

(22) w(h) (z) = ^

w<"-(0)=l.

(24)

* yk zZ

j join *%> > ,

(23) .
(24).

<., VP() % = ; , , <; 2

resft/-P(D = 0. , w ( A ) ( 0 ) = 0 ; = 0, 1, . . .

50

..., 2. = 1; ^ - ' / ( 5 ) ~ 1/^ (-*" ),


ras("~V-P(E)) = - 1 (25) , w ( " - " ( 0 ) = l . [j

6. . . 1518
, .

15.

JZT1 ^z*

|Z-11=1/2

1/z : \z ll < V2
gi{z) ^ ( z ) 3 3 gi(z) , , /1(z) = ^i(z)/(z 1)
/2(z) = g 2 (z)/(z 1). gi(z) ,
4 ( 1 ) = 1 ; g 2 (l) = 1. (), /2(z) , z = 1,

28.

227

.
(z) dz = 2JU res / x (z) = 2nigx (1) = 2JU.

\
,

J
|z -11=1/2

f2(z)dz = 2JU.

[]

16.

. -

|zl > 2 : / 4 (z) / 2 (z).


/i(z) ,
z2/i(z)->-l (z->>). /2(z)
z2/2(z)->- I (z->). /i(z) /2(z)
z = ,
|2|=2

|z|=2

17.

~~~~ ^ z -

lz+l|=l/2

lnz : lz + l | < l / 2
gk{z), g*(1) =
z 2 -4- 1

1. /()= - ,_<-.

^(zj^jti

, ', =0 fh(z)
, ,

/ft(z)dz=O,

U+11-1/2

/ 0 (z) z = - l 22 + 1 1
2
. res /0 (z) = _ , I
= JTJ-,
= - 2

/2

/0 (z)dz =2ni

res /0(z) =
l

=-t

18. /(z)
V z/(l z) [0, 1],
. . ) f(z)dz.
/(z)
W- f
| z | > 2 , j f(z)dz = 2i res /(z).

||
24 ( 18) /(z)
15*

228

. V.

z = :
/ ( ) = *> 11/3 ( - l)nz-n

= ein/s (1
( + +)

res / (z) = -5- 1/3 . ,

2=

\ / (z) dz = - 2 res / (z) = ^


1.-2

ei3t/3.

29.

.
.

,
. , , , ,
. ,
.
2JI

1. / = J (cos , sin ) d(p.

I = \ R (cos , sin ) dq>,

R(u, v)

(1)
v.

z = ' .

0 2 z = 1 . (1)

/=

(z) dz,

1
1*1=1
Z
i? x (z) = - R i (2 + -f > TA - ) \

29.

229

z.

I = 2 2 res Rt (z),
ft=l z=zh

Zi, z2, ..., z n Ri(z),


< 1.
1.

/=

1 2a ces -f- 2

z = ,

1*1=1
2

az ( + 1) z + = Zi = a, zz = 1/.
< 1, < 1 Zi a-^
/(z). (4) 27
res / (z) =

-"2

= -j

,/ = 2/(1 2 ). []
2.
.

1=

J (*)&,

/
-/?

(2)

69

i? (;) . ,
(2) .
(2)
, . ,
(. 69), [ R, R] CR (Izl =R,
0<i
=!argz<n),

R (z) dz.

.
1. f{z) I m z >
> 0, , -

230

. V.

j f(x)dx

(3)

Hm [ f(z)dz = O,

(4)

R \z\=R, I m z X ) ,

f f(x)dx = 2ni 2
-

res/(z).

[(5)

lmzh>oz=zh

(5) /(z), .
. (. 69) R , /(z),
, .

\ f(z)dz= j f[x)dx+ \ f(z)dz = 2ni 2

-R

CR

res /(z).

lmzk>oz=zk

R -*<*>. (3)

Km \ f(x)dx=

\ f (x) dx.
_Joo

- AR

, J /(z)dz--0 R-+oo (4). (5) .


(2). R(z) = Pn(z)/
/Qm(z), Pn(z) Qm(z) m . (2) , = >
> 2 R{z) .
,
R (z) ~ A/z*,
2

z -* >,

> 2 ,

\R(z) I ^ c|zl~ .
1 ( ) | ^ ~ 2 ,
,

R (a) dz

29,

231

, (4)
1

R (x) dx = 2ni
-

res i?(z).

(6)

lmzh>oz=zk

R(z),
.

R (x) dx = 2ni

re

s -ft (z).

2.

/= \

rj.

2
^

'

'

R (z) = - 4 = ( z _ . ) A ( z + , ) 4
z = i,
(8) 28

res R(z) = m [ ^ r ^ i j z = i

(6)

- 32 '

>

/ = 2ni res R{z) =

= 5/16. D
3.
7-

^^ J

. 70

J !_!_ 2 ' / > 1 -

.
2n
ii2K+i) /2n
z + 1 = 0 : zk = e
" ,
= , 1, ..., 2 1. : R(ein/nz)^
R(z).
(. 70),
[, R], CR: z = Rei<f, 0 ^ < / I: z = ' / , 0 ^ sg R.

[ R (z) dz = j R (x) dx + [ R (z) dz + j" i? (z) dz = 2 res i? (z), (7)

cR

*=*a

R(z) z0 =
_ eMi/(2B)_ g b I 4 e T

Zo

res R (z) =

232

. V.

, I [, ];
R

(z) & = - (1) ' = - / dr 2 n.


J w
J
J 1+ r
CR. li?(z) 1 ~ l/|zl 2 n (z-*-),

(7) R ->- ,

(i-ein/n)l

= -^einK2n\

/==2 2__.

3. /== j eaxR{x)dx.

R{x) -

.
00

/ = j eia*R(x)dz

(8)

00

R(x). (8)
2 ( ). > 0 :
1) g(z) 1 z> , > , > 0 ;
2)

ilf(i?)=:max|g(z)|->0

i?->oo,

(9)

= , Im z 5= 0.
5
lim \ g{z)eia4z = 0.
.
{
^ < , dz = iRe 4q),

z^ , R> .

jgiajj __ | e a(B cos (p+iH sin ) j _ . g- eln

(10)
z = *",
(11V

a > 0 , | e i a M < l (z^CR). (10). \eiaz\ ,


!-cp,

0<<|,

(12)

29.

233

sin <p
[, /2].
1 = J etazg(z)dz. (11),

/2

(12)
/2 _

|/| <2#() j e

_ _

% n<P

d<p = M(R)(%-)e

*"

= Af () (1 ~ ) < Af ().
(9) (10). .
(8).
,
R(z) , , R(x)~-^-(-voo),
k>l.
,

(9) ,

eiazR (z) dz-> 0

(R -> oo, a> 0).

(5)
oo

res (e i 0 K #(z)).

f eiaxR (x) dx = 2ni 2

(13)

Im%>0 =

1. < 0 , , (.69)
, ,

f R (x) eiaxdx = - 2ni

res

[R(z)eiaz].

I m z < 0 *=2fe

2. R(x)
> 0 , , (13) ,

res (eiazR

[ R (x) cos ax dx = - 2 Im 2
oo

(z))]f
(14)

(' R(x)sinaxdx = 2nRe\ 2


[lmzk>0

res (e^i?
z=zft

234

. V.

(14).
, .
4.
1) cos 5x

dx.

(14)
/ = - 2 Im res (1 . ~ *
VI,
U=i+2i\
z*-2z+5)\'
/(z)
( ). (4) 28
res / (z) =
z=l+2i

( Z 2 -2z+5)'
-p

. 71

- (cos 5 + t sin 5),

/ = ~10 sin 5. []

5. /= \ ^-^-dx. ,

, . 71. / , =
= \ dz.

, e'Vz

, . , , , [-R, ], (, ].

h(z), z = 0. z^Cp,
z = *, 0 < < , dz = ''

\ dz = = in.

29.

235

h(z) z = 0 , , J h (z) dz ->-0 -* 0.


-dz-*in
cp

->0.

CR R -* ( ). , [-R, ] [,

d x J d
J
R

J
P

2i

J
P

dx.
J
P

= 7 P i B = 2ijl^-dx-in

+ , () + 2 (7?),

(15)

4()--0 ( p - * 0 ) , 2 (#)-* (R -*>). 7


,

.
I sin ,
lira j
= I.

(15) -* , 7? -<, 2
in = 0, I = nil.
[]
6.

cos cos 6 ,
J

/ \

a:

\
dz,

rpJR

) . 71.
. , ,
, CR, [-R, ], [, R]. f{z) (eiaz e'Pl)/z2 z = 0
res / (z) = i (a 1). 5, ,

2=0

(a [J) -> 0,
7? -- . ,

+ e~iax
^ + ~' \ , _ 0 cos g.r cos ^ ^
P

236

. V.


R
> cos cos

2J

-g

/ \ .

/ \

^_ + ( ) + () + 2 () =

(4 -> 0 -* 0; 2 -* 0 R -<)
-- , - , 2/ + ( (J) = ,

/=(-). D
7.

Ix = I cos 2 da;,

/ 2 = J sin 2 da:,

, . 70 ( = 4).
eiz ,

\ e^dz = J e^dx + j eiz*uz + J efa\fe = 0.

(16)

cR

j elz dz. z^CR

z = Rei(f, 0 < < jt/4,

CR

| e f a 2 | = e~R s i n 2 < P ^ e - ( * B ' * sin2<pS


^ 4/ (0 (p < /4). ,
/4

R j - ( 4 2 / ) ^ = i - (1 - e~R*) -* 0

( -> oo).

, z e / , z re

=-

in/4

ta/4
e

= ~ .

J -'dr.

[9] ,

(16) /?-*>,
(17)

29.

237

(17) , :

sin dx =

I cos dx =

. ".

[]

4. / = J - 1 () dx.

(18)

*) , R(x) . (18) R(x).


.
(18) ,
R(z) (0, +ooj
lim|z| a i?(z) = 0,

z-o

lim\z\*R(z) = 0.

z-oo

(19)

, z = 0 , .ff(z).
R(z)
(19)
, > 0 . (19). , R{z)

R{z)~AJzk
( z ^ ~ , , ),
(20)'
, , (19) , > 0 . , (18),
R(z)
, [0, +) , R(0)=0,
, 0< < ,
(20). ,
R (z) -- 0 z -- .
(18), ' . D
[0, +). D h(z)
za-1, ;
za~l, h(z)= za~l.
*) (27) . .

. V.

238

D = ', r = | z | , q> = argz, 0 < < 2


, ,
h (z) = z a -' = (re*")*-1 = r a - y <-*>*, 0 < <p < 2.
= 0,
z , . . z =

h(x) = h(x)eii7ia,
h(x)>0
(x>0).
a i
f{z) = h(z)R{z) = z - R(z). f(x)^h(x)R(x)
)

]\).

\1)

, (18)
(22)
R(z).
, (. 72),
: |zl = p , CB: \z\ R [, R], [R, ],

.
^
R > 0 , > 0
,
] R(z).

J f(*)dz =
1

(23)
z=zk


R(z).
, /,
. 72

/, = f / (*) dz + j / (S) Ar + j / (z) dz + J / (z) dz.


cp

(24)

cR

, CR
-> 0 -* . :

29.

3. () = max|/(z) |,

i z | = p .

z=Cp

^ - RM(R)-+0

()->0

[ Z )dz-^O

239

R -*- ,

(+0),

[z)dz>-0 (i?->oo).
.
:

/(z)d*

(24) 3 . ,
() = max | za~1R (z) | = " " 1 max \R (z) |,
(19) , "max | R (z) | ->0

-*- 0

/()- ^-0. , RM(R)-+0


-> .

(23) -* , R -*
(21),
/ _ 2/ = 2 . 2 r e s ( 2 -1 ( Z )) f
Z=2ft

(22).
8.

R(z)= l / ( z + l ) , | z | | i ? ( z ) | ~ 1/|- -^ z-<,


< 1 . , [z| a [i?(z) i ~ |z) a -* 0 z ->- 0,
a > 0. , (19) ,
(22)
2
a

/(z) = z ~ l(z + 1). ,

01 1

res /(z) = z " l^-x = e-D,


z= 1
iaic

= (argz) z=u _ 1 = . , res / (z) = e ,

/ = -^.

sin

"-

(26)

'

240

. V.

3. (25)
: / = / ( ) .
< < 1 , > 0 , / ( )
0 < < 1 (26).
(26)
0, 1 , 2, . . . , (26) (25) (0, 1)
0, 1 , 2 , . . .
9.
---- dx,

0 < < 4.

R(z)=

| z | a | i ? ( z ) | ~ l / | z | 4 - ^ 0 z + >, T a K

< 4 ; |()| ~ --0 z--0, > 0 . (19) , (22)

[res/(z)+ res/(z)],.
=

lz=i

f(z) = za~lR(z). R(z)


i L (8) 28
res/(z) =
,=i y W
L (z + if Jz=i
( 22):
p
e
(z )' = $z /z. ,
2

res/(z) = z-i(z + i ) - p i - 2 ( z +
(za~i)z=i

= ~"/2.

res/(z) =

,
Z)

l { a

z=i


res / (z) =
=i

2
g

^ c c ^

t(2-a)
/ = " f 2 7 a >
4 sin (/2)
(/2 '

-|-e

v//

[Z a ) c o s (ajt/<i)

2sinaix

241

29.

R (a?) dx.
-
1

*) , R(x)
. , R(z) [0, 1]
1 < <
< 1. (27)
.
,
(27) /(1 ) =

(18).
, 73
(27). .
D z [0, 1] (.73).
h{z)
I _2)
. z =
= ; + ( 0 < ; < 1 ) ,
h(x+

j0) = /i(^)

h(x) = h(x iO), 0 < < 1 , x=x iO . (. 16 24)

cpi = A T argz, qp2 = ATarg(z 1); - ,


z^D
(. 73).
z = xx id ( 0 < < 1 ) , 1 = 2, 2 = 0

f(z) = h(z)R(z).

f(x-i0)

= ei2naf(x + i0),

f(x) (27).
*) (18) . 6,16 JQ. . .

242

. V.

, (27)
/
j __

2ni
1-*

res f(z) + res /(z) ,

i=l * = z h

2=

(28)

2i, Z2, ..., zn R(z).


(28)
(. 74), . : = , ': |z 1 | = lt:
p<x^
^ 1 , h: < < i ,
. ( 2
28)

/ = f / (z) <fe = 2 [ 2 res / () + res / () |,


, R(z)
.

(29)
-

, 74
, /

1-

(z) dz +
0

\ / () dx + \ / (z) dz + J / () dx.

'

(30)

1-

. , R{z) z = 0 l i ? ( z ) | ^ M
a
a
. , \h{z)\ = \z\*/\i z\ <Mi\z\
\z\.
z^Cp, l/(z) I = \h(z) I \R(z)\ <,
a
1+
() = max | / (z) Af 2 p .
, () < 2 -^ 0
->- 0, 1 + > 0. 3

j / (z) dz -+ 0

(->0). ,
-* 0. (29)

29.

-* 0,
/

s / (z) + res / (z) ,

(28).
z = oo, , R(z)'
, . .

h(z) = |
z == .
A ( ) ( ) ,

(.

17 24) h (z) =

, z = , ^ ( ) = 1 . h(oo) =
|
arg(z-l),
"Yi
(1-2) 1 = ^ a r g z > 2 = ^
(. 74),
> 1 . cpt = O, 2 , () =
= 11. ,
=

= h(z)R(z)=h(oo)g(z)R(z) =

ian

res /(z) = e (ac0 + c_x). , z =


2=

= R(z), . . = ,
_! 0,
res /(z) =
3 . 4. (27)

R() , 1 < < 1 , ^ .


ia71
res / () = e [0 ( ) + c-j],

16*

+-)

244

. V.

10.

i?(z)= l / ( z + 1 )
z = 1. (28)

f(z) = h (z) R (z) = (jJ

Tqrf

res /( z ) = fc(_i) =
h ( 1) = 2~Va(<Jli~<p2), opx = , 2 = 0. ,
res
z=1

R (z) =

5- + . . . , (31)
^

res / (z) = e

toJt

2 = :

/ =

- (2

- 1) =

. .

11.
1
i

'

d x

R(z)= l/(z + 2) z = 00 , h (z) = (/(1 z)) 2



z = . , z =
f(z)=>h(z)R(z) res /(z)= 0 (. 3
$28).
(28) I = ni res /(z), a = Va
z=2

res /(z) = h' ( 2), h(z) = (-1 1) *. (


25 24)

245

29.

h( 2) = -
3

= iY /2

= /(4/).

= . ,

. , / =

res /(z) = i

h( 2) =

12.
*>' *.

/=
-1

[1, 1]
[(1 z) (1 + z)3] '*,
; h(z), h(x+ iO) =

()
>0,
_ h f-r

fl)\

o"

V/

X h (x) = ih (x) h(z)


( 24, 16).

R (z) =
. 75

(. 75), [1, 1] [1, 1],
. ( 2 28)
1

-1

\ f (x) dx +
1

/ () dx = 2 (res / (z) + res / (z) + res / (z)\,


J

\*=i

z=i

f(x) = if(x). .

z=oo

res f (z) = [

h(z) i
( * } = AVft arg (z 1) <)= AVft arg (z + 1),
Y* ( = 1, 2) , 0 +
(. 75).

( 1}

( )

| (0 | = / 2 , ! = - /4, 2 = /4 (. 75), h (i) = / 2 /8


=

We.

246

. V.

, .. v

.,

, -~

(2)

(2)\

1 + 2 ) = / 2 1 ( 1 1 / 8 ) (. 7 5 ) '

res / (z) =

2=

z = .

-l ftx () = ( 1 /4)( 3) + 8( " ( 2 ) ) ) ( 3 )=

^ a r g ( _ 1 ) ) ()= ^ a r g (

+ 1), Ya 0 + > i
(. 75). (13> = , <> = 0. , fei(<) =
0

res / (z) = e~ iJt/4 .


(1 + i)I = 2 (' / 8 + ei3n/s - 21/4),
/ = / 2 ( / 2 c o s - 5 - - l V

[]
*/

13. / = j

^ ~3

dx.

h (z) [z (1 z)3] 4 [0, 1],


4
, . . h ( + ) = h () = [ (1 xf] > 0 , 0 < # <
< 1 . (-) = /1() = ih(x). j(z) = h(z)R(z),
3
( ) = 1/(1 + z ) .
f(x) = f(x-iO) = if(x).

1

\f(x)dx+

/ () = (1 i)I = 2ni(ies

\Z=-1

f(z)+ res / (z)V


2

=oo

. z =
/(z) (i?(z)~l/z 3 , h(z)~Az,
z ->>),
res / (z) =
Z=oo

29.

247

z = 1 f(z)

7/

(8)

A"(-l) = -3-8- V

/4

28 res /(z) = -^-h" ( 1),


( 24, 27,~. .

res /(z) = -4-8~ 7 / V*/4.


~'/4/ = 8~7/4</4,
.

/ = >/2/64.

6. / = J ~ (Inx) m R(x)dx.

^a~1Qnx)mR(x)dx.

(32)

, > 1 , R (z) . , R(x) , . 4. (32)


,
(19), ln m x .
, (32)
(18) .
,

-?L J x^R (x) dx=*\ ~'1 R (x) dx.

(18) , (32).
(32)
. D [0, +),
h(z)=za~i za~i D (. 4),
. ,
; lnz. D
In z = In I z I + i arg z,

0 < arg z < 2.

z = x + ( > 0), arg z = 0


In (x + iO) = In x.
z = x iO = x (x>0),

argz = 2ji

ln(x -iO) = lnx = lnx + i2n.


f (z) = h(z) (Inz)mR{z) = za~1 (Inz)mR(z);
+ iO) f(x) = xa~l(hix)mR(x)

f(x +

248

. V.

(32),
/( - ) = f(x) = ""*-1 (In a; + 2ni)mR ()
f(z) .

',=

J f(z)dz,

(33)

, , . 72. (19). 3 R -* , -- 0.
. 4,

J [/ (*) - f (*)] dx = 2 2 res / (z),


z=2

(34)

ft

R{z).
.
1. . (34)

12

j xa~1(lnx)'
x

X.R(x)dx, 0 ^ s < m 1. , = 1 (34)

7(1

), ( >1)

(1 _ 2) / _ 2nieiina

\ xa~1R (x) dx = 2 2

res (za~lR (z) In z),


(35)

Zj, z2, ..., zn i?(z). (35)

/, J x ~ R (x) dx.

2. . (32)

/ = j (In x)m R (x) dx,

(36)

R(x) .
m+l
(33)
(lnz) R(z),
m
m
(lnz)
i?(z). , m /(z) = (lnz) fl(z),
m

f(x) = {lnx) R(x),

f(x) = (lnx + 2ni) R(x)

(34)

.
, R(z) , (36) m
/(z) = (Inz) R(z); | ,
. 71 (. 15),

29.

249

14.

/ = l a f ^ l n a :

(19) ( = 1 / 2 , / = 2) (35)

21 + 2 f - - d * = 2 res /(z).
J (* + i)
z=-i

(37)

z = 1 ,

(*'' In Z)Ux = [ ( - 4

j
(z

)=_! = ~{/2 = j , (In z)^-! = in. ,

res /(z) = 4^

2=-l

(37) ,

X I*

15.
1U

7=

% dx,

a>0.

, . 71.
/=
/(z) =

2
2

f{z)dz = 2ni res /(z),

z -\- a

z = > 0. l/(z)l <Afillnp|


| / ( z ) | < M 2 i ii -*
f ( z0,e C
).

C(jeCp),
RB -*<*>,

R
,/
/ In z \
In a + in/2 -,-*
n
res / (z) = -^
=
'.
. -> $
i?->oo, ,
0

j / \ 1

In 4- in

\ / () = \ 2

. .

= i 4- \

250

. V.
00

21 + \ ,
= /in a + i~),
J +*

Z)

/ = --1. D
, . 6,

/ =
= j [in ( | _ J - ) ] (a:) da:,

(38)

, (<), ^ 0 .
(38) = , = , = . (38)

/ = ) R () dx, R () ,

. 4. R{x) ,

/ = -?- j R (x) dx, ,

. 2.
R{x) . / , =

J In zR (z) dz, ,R ,

. 72, a In z .

16.

/ =

,3

2
+1)
,3 .
( ) {
)
)
( ) ( ) (
)
(
3
2
= f{x)+ 2ni/(x + l ) (34)
J <(

/ =

_ 2 res/(),

zA = et^+'J" 1 '/^ fc = i ? 2, 3. zt
/ (z) =

_g

res/(s) = [

*"

^ ^

1-2)3(*-)3

'

29.

251

In z1 = ni, (zx z2) (zx z3) = (z3 + l) z _ 2j. =


= ?, zj = 1, zx + z2 + z3 = 0,

, lnz 2 = -^-ni, Inz 3 = -q-,

^/(z) = \[\ m), vejj(z) = A(i _-


9 [

x +

2 +

/ ~

27

(38). ( )/( )== /

J = J (a:) l n m a: dr.
, ,
, [10], [16].
.

17.

\ ~ cos bxdx,

a>0.


z1 = R,

z2 = R + -Tj^-i,

z3 = R + -T^i, z4 = R,

R > 0.

f(z)

-az\

Z =

iy.

X+


-^ 2 dz = 0.

(39)

[zu z2] [z4, z3]


4"

, f(z)
R -> . z e [z2, z3],

252

. V.

(39)

2
J -"* J -* -">* dz + () = 0,
-

(R) -*

(40)

, (40) ,
4

30.
1. .
1. f(z) G,
, , , D , G
.
f(z) , ,

N , /(z) D. ,
, , .
.
, f(z)
D , G
( ).
f(z) D . , ,
/(z), G , , /(z) = 0
.
r
F(z) =
f (z)/f(z)
f(z),
( 28) (1) ,
/(z), D.
z = a /(z) .

30.

255

g(z) , a, g(a)=0. , F () = ij^r- = ^ + -2--, res F(z) = nr


. . F(z) z a, /(z),
.
, z = /() , h() , z = b, h(b)=O.

, , res F (z) = , . . F(z)

z =

z = b, /(z), , .
, (1) /(),
(1) .
1. (1) .
. 1 (1)
:

-ArArarg/(z) = i V - P .

(2)

A r arg/(z) f(z)

.
. /(z)
f(z)>0 . , f(z)=O
,
ln/(z).

Jw

d(In/(Z)) =

2S A rln/(z),

(3)

A r ln/(z) () ln/(z) z . ln/(z) = ln l/(z)l + iarg/(z), lnl/(z)| , 1 l/(z) I = 0 . ,


A r ln/(z) = iA r arg/(z),
(3)

(1) (2).

254

. V.

(2) .
(2)
f(z)
,
2 ( , /(z)
, , ).
2. (2) ,
/(z) D,
,
.
, /(z)
D ( = 0), (2)

A r arg/(z). "
(. 76) w = f(z). z w ". f(z)
, w
'. w
w = 0, A r arg/(z) = 0.
2. .

. 76

2 ( ) . f(z)
g(z) D

1/(*)1>1*(*)1.
f(z) F(z) = f(z) + g(z)
.

(5)
D

30.

255

. (5) f(z)=O
. , F(z)^0
, \F(z)\>
\f(z)\ \g{z) I > 0 . NF Nf D
F(z) f(z) . (4)
2

NF = -^ Aravg

(6)

F(z).

j(z)=O , ^

arg F (z) = arg / (z) + arg (l +

).

(7)

, (7) .
, z
? = l + ff(z)//(z) " (. 77),
\w 1 | < 1 ,
z e f (5)
\w 11 = \g(z)/f(z) I < 1. , w,
',
w =

A r a r g ( l + g{z)/J(z) ) = 0.
, (6) (7) ,
NF = Nf.
1.

77
z9 - 6z4 + 3z - 1 = 0
9
z | < l . /(z) = -6z\ ff(z) = z + 3z - 1.
, : |z| = 1 ,
9
l / ( z ) l = 6 , \g(z)\ s? | z | + 3|z| + l = 5,
l/(z)| > lg(z)| z e T ,
|z| < 1
/() = 6z4 = 0 , . . 4. []
2. ,
z + X ez 0, >1
(8)
( R e z < 0 ) (
) .
, CR: \Z\ = R, Rez < 0 I: [iR, ].
1
/(z) = z + A,, ff(z) = . I \f{z)\ =\\ + iy\>
ty
> 1, lff(z)l = \e \ = 1.

256

. V.

\f(z) \>\z\-K

= R-K>l,

\g(z)\

+1

= le* "| = * < 1,

= 0.
(8) \z\<R, R e z < 0 R~>X+l
z + X = 0, . . 1. ,
(8)
. ,
(8) ( , 1) z x = Q
-- . []
3. - ,
2 /(z) g(z) D .

(. 19).
3 ( ). -
.
.
() = aazn + c^z"-1 + . . . + an-iz +
- (0 0).
f(z) = aozn, g(z) = aizn-i + ... + an^z + an.

= 0,

> 0 ,

z: \z\lSzR
7W
Iz! = R. (9), NF = Nf. Nf = n,
n
f{z) = auz \z\<R ( z ~ 0
f{z)). ,
|zl <R F(z) = Pn(z) , . .
Pn(z) .
(9) F(z) \z\^R,
.
31.


.
( 19).
f(z) ,

31.

257

,
.
19 , f(z), ( ),
( f(z)
2 = ) (
/(z) ).

/(z), () .
1. .

1. {}
( +1 , = 1, 2, ...)'
, z = 0 ,
^<

(11 = 1 , 2 , . . . ) ,

(1)

Sn , dn Tn(dn=
inf \z\\,
I
zern
)
dn-^, re - .
(2)
.
1. zh ( f t = l , 2, . . . ) f(z), z = 0, : |zjs
s S l z j l ^ . . . f(z) {}, . .
\f(z)\<M,
,
n = i, 2, ...,
(3)

Ah= res /(z).

(4) -

=zh

f{z).

ze=Gn (Gn ) % ^ zk (k = 1, 2,...)'.


F(Q = > (__ Z) Gn F&)
= z, = Zfc s Gn; S= 0
, ( /(0) = 0)
17 . . .

258

. V.

F(%).
2

res F(Q.

(6)

(3) 28

res * ( ) = [ - ]

=-/(0),

(7)

=/(2),

(8)

(7) (9) (6),

z
-,
z

k{zk~z)

/
r- = I

\ ~

, 1 \
-\

kj

= /( + 2 ^ + i) + 24i
/(z). Z) . : |zl < R , Dcz .

| z | < i ? (z<=D<=K), \t,\ >dn (dn


), \t, z\> || \z\>dn R, 1/(^)1 <.
,

Sn<Cdn (1). (2) , /n(z)->-0 -> z e D (z*zk,

k=

i,2,...).

(10) ->>,

(11) (4), ,
(4) : , , (, -

31.

259

, ,
4 2, 2 , . . .
1. 1 , (3)
( r a = l , 2,

lf(z)\*ZMlz\*

(12)

> 0 ( 1). :

(13)
(13) 1

^
] ..

2. ctg 2 . /(z) = ctgz


. , ,, = ( 1 , 2, . . . ) ,

res / (z) = 1 ( 5 28). , f(z)
{},

AnBnCnDn
(. 78)
z = 0, ,

2, = - ^ - +

/
\
- 78
( = , 1, , . . . ) .
, z ^ C A ; z = a n -bii/, < / <
,
|ctgz| =
+

(14)
lctgzll, z^CnDn
(ra = 0,
2,
z e 5, z = x + ian,
|ctgz| =
1-
17*

1-

260

. V.


( = 0 , 1 , 2 , . . . ) .

(15)

lctg(z)\= Ictgzl, (14) (15)



DnAn

AnBnCnDn,
. . . ,
Ictgzl < ,

zsr,,

= 0, 1, 2, . . .

, / (z) = ctg z

. , /(0) = 0, f(z),
z = 0, . , (4) /(0) = 0,
= 1 ( = 1, 2, ...) , ,

, : = 0.
, _! 1\
/ ( z ) , zh kn zh = .
(16) , , 1
1
1
1
2z

;
-;
1
-
1 = -=
-.
-in
to
' 2 + to
z 2 _ ;
,

1.

: a) tgz, ) s,
s , ))
sin
1
sin zz
) tgz = ctgfz -yj, (16)
(/2)

.
ft=l \ Z

2k

~i

Z +

31.

261

) 1/sin2 z = - (ctg z)', , (16),

)
J

_J

- / 2

-/2_/2

/2+ -/2

,
2

* __ 1 ~~

/2

e~z/2 ~

ez/2 e~

z/2

'

, cth = ictg(i^) (17), -

2. ,
(20)

^ )

, s t s 2 .
) (17) z = ian,
ctg ian = i cth an

j-

^- 5 l t

(20).
) (21) (20)

. 0

3. .
, n- Pn(z)

(Z) = A(z-

Zl) (z - z2) ... (z - zn) = ( - z ft ), (22)

ft=i

z t , z2, ..., zn (
).
(22) ( )
. ,
f(z) . ,
/(z)
, F(z) = In/(z), ( 6 24), , -

F'(z) = f{z)/f(z),

/(*) = *"*>.

(23)

262

. V.

, f(z)
ah ( 1, 2, ..., s) ph , (z) = f(z) / (z), (z) = (z ajfi . . . (z - / 8 ,

, ,
(23), /(z)= (z i ) P l . . . (z ae)p'eF{z),
t. e.

f{z) = e^Y[{z-akf\

(24)

F(z) .
/(z) ;
(24) . . (. [lj, [11]).
2.

(1 + *)

(25)

Ll (1 + -), (25)

*).

(26)

< arg (1 + ) < , 1, 2, . . .

3. (25) , (26) .
,
(25) 2 | a f t | .

,
.

*)].
/*(z) , D.

(27)

31.

263

4. (27) D, ( , , )
D.
5. (27 ), D, ,

Fn(z) = [1 + /fe(z)] !).


(27)
00

D, F (z) = lim Fn (z) = [1 + fh (z)] D ( 12).


1 :
2. f(z) , F(z) = f'(z)/f(z)

1,

/(*) = /(0) *

fl^-i-)^*,

= -.

(28)

(28)
.
[ 1 ~ \
, zk.
. F(z)
zh, zh f(z), . Ak = res F (z) = nk, nh zk z=zk

f(z) (' 30). 1

^)

(29)

F (z) = -r- [In / (z)], , (29) ,


0,
/(z),

264

. V.

(30), / ( * ) = / (0) * (1 - ) ,

F(0) = f (0)//(0), (28) .


2. , 1, (28) :

hk (z) = -J- + -j (-j-\ + . . . + \-j-Y' g (z) .


4. . f(z) = (smz)/z. = (& = 1 , 2 , . . . ) . ,
/' (z)

F (z) = v ; = ctg z
2 ,;
, (28). /(z) =
Z

= (sin )/ = 1 -^ + . . ., /(0) = 1, /' (0) = 0,


(28)

(31) , (= 1, 2, ...) .
,

i)fcl \

(32)

3.
1.
_ !

sh = i sin i^ (32),

D
5. . V , . .

* = (;)= 2 bn(w-wo)n,
=0

(33)

31. !

265

z = h(w) , z0

! = / ( ) = ( - zo)n, /' (z0) =^0, w0 = /(z 0 ).


=

/'(zo)=0,
( 13) : \z z o l < p ^. \> 71 <
< 4 , w^Ki
f(z)=w

z^K. z = h(w), 4 . (33) .


4[^

(34)

" , w^ ^
F{%>)= 5/'(5)/(/(5)~~ w ) f,
z h(w), F(t,),

I(w) = ^res F(Q = L ^ ' - L ' l ^h(w) = z,


. .

() -

">-^"'
1

~ / (?) - ^0

Vi

(w % ) "

^ f l (/ () - W )"+! '

(36)

(36) X, (S Tf), \w ?01 <


< 4 ( , ) , a l/(?) H 7 ol > p i ( 5 s I f ) - (36)
. ?/' (Q ,

=0

(37) & z0. > 1 (37)


266

. V.

(38) f
, n- = z0.
(7) 28,
(39)
(33),
(39) ( z0), .
4, 2,

(33)

1=,

2 =

-,

/ (z) = 2

I / 2

n=0

n (z z o ) n .

3 = -{ 2 3).

4. f(z) ze-az (zo = O, ;0 = 0). , (39),

, , z = h (w) ~ ^ ^
n=i

VI


8.

.
32.

1. . 13
/(z), z0,
, f'(zo)O. , /'(z o ) = O.
1. w = f(z)

>2. U, V z0, wa
= /(z0) z = i|)(u>) ,
)

-w
( z) i t e F , w w0,
z = ^(w), U;
) 2 = |>(>) V, ">0
))**w,
w^V.
(1)
(1) , z==iJ)(;)
w = /(z), z=Z7. ) - V, w w0.
. z0
/(z) /(z0) , . .
W- Wo = / ( z ) - / ( z o ) = ( z k(z) z u(z)s?feO (. 5 12).
w u>0 = n, n = (2 z o ) n u(z),

268

. VI.

= ( z0) h (z). 1 h (z)



z0 , h(zo)*=O (. 2 24).
/ii(z) Z, = (z z<>)hi(z).
w = f(z)

w = wo + ,
(2)'

i^l(z)=(z-Zo)hl{z),

(3);

hl{z) z0
()
(3) 13,
'(zo) = /^(zoJ^O. U
Zo, = (z) : |1<, > 0 (0 = (zo) = 0).
= (z), z^U,
2 = ()> .
Z, = y^w w0, (2), n-
V: 0 < | u ; o l < p n ( 2 2 ) . , z = - (w) = g (/ w w0),
w = f(z), z<^U, n- V ( 22).
1. 1 wa
z =>
= ty(w), w = f(z),
we

| (w) = 2 (Vw wo)h,


ft.=0

Zo, ct 0.
,

| (w) = g (Vw w0), a g () = 2 Chi**

co = g(0) = z0 ct*0, (3) ( 13, (2))

1
2. 1 ~
z = #(;), zo = g(O), = 0 ,

/Of (
5 = 0.

32.

269

1. z0 /(z).
f(z) = A.
(4);
U z0. , , , \\ > , (4) ,
U, z0 /(z).
) 0, g ( z ) = l / / ( z )
z0 g(z0) = g'(zo) = . . . = g (n - 1) (zo) = 0, ^ " ) ( z o ) ^ O ( 1 8 ) .
13 1 , g(z)= 1/A, (4),
z e U, 1/1I < > 0.
) z0 = < = 1/z z =
= 0 ( 8). (4)
z = /(1/) =
= = 0. () = /(1/)
5 = 0 ( 18). ,
), h(%) = A . []
2. . 8.
.
. /(z)
z0,
z0.
, . ,
, : D
D (.
5).
.
2. f(z), z0 <, ,

*
.

. /'(z o )=O
/ ( z ) # const, 1 z0
zt z2 ,
/(z 1 ) = /(z 2 ), . . /(z) z0. , /(z) = const
z0.
. /'(z o )= 0, 13 f(z) z0.
"3.

270

' VI.

z = <,
, Ci = res / (z) = 0.

.
''

= 0. = 1/z
l z | > i ? z =
|| < 1/R = 0 ( 8). ,
f(z) z = oo ,
g() = 0, . . 2
g' (0) = - 0.
4. /(), z,
( ),
, ( ).
2 ( 3, 20 = ) l//(z).
, 4 1.
2. ) f(z) = z2
z 0, z = 0 z = <.
) / ( z ) = l / z 2 z=0, <*>
= 0 2 = .
3. z0
f(z), z0. , z0 f(z) = A
( 19)
, , , , . .
f(z) z0. Q
4. f(z) D,
zu z%,
/(z). , D. , 141
, f(z) = A Zi 2.2, zj Zj (/ = 1, 2) ( 1),
. . f(z) D. []
5. ) f(z) = ez
z ,
. , zh =
a + 2kni ( 0, 1 , 2 , ...) .
) /(z) = z2
1 < < 3, ,
/(z) : f(z) = f(z).
. f(z)
D zu z2, ..., zn.

32,

271

zh { = 1, 2, ..., ) f(z) ( 3)
( 4). , f(z)
, ( 4).
,
f(z) D :
1) /(z) D, , , ;
2) f(z)
, /' (z) 0;
3) z =
/(z) , _ =
= - res /(z)=/=0.
2=

1)3), ,
( 5).
33.
3. .
3 (
).
f(z) D / ( z ) ^ const.
w = f(z) .
. G D w = f(z). , G .
Wo G, . . wo f(zo), Zoe-D.
1 13 w w0
z z0 , w = f(z), . .
w^G. , w0,
G.
G w = f(z),
, D, , G. , G , . . .
5. f(z)
D , ,
, , / ( z ) ^ const. D
w = f(z) w.
. ,
f(z) zo^D.

.
Do D z0. 3
Do w = f(z)
Go. 1 , R < I w I <
< , Go. , G = Go U
U {iv = } .

272

. VI.

4. .
4. /(z)
D, / ( z ) ^
const.
max | / () |
z=D

D.
. zo^D
,
Zi^D , l/(zi) I > l/(z0) I. 3 D w = f(z)
G, wo = /(z0) .
, wt <= G , 0, >, , |M?II>|H> I (. 79). wt
0

. 79

Zt^D, . . Wi = f(zi). , l/(z4) i > l/(z0) I.


6. / ( z ) ^ const D, l/(z) I D.
, 4 ,
zo^D , ,

1/(*,)1 >!/(*.) I.

7. D
/ ( z ) ^ const D, l/(z)l
D.
, l//(z) D 4 zo^D Zi<=D , |l//(zi)l > ll//(z o )l, . . l ) l

l /()
()l

6. / ( z ) ^ const D, l/(z)| | = = const. , /(z)


D.
, f(z)=O z^D, 7 l/(z)l > c = 4: |/(z) I < z^D.
Q

33.

273

. j(z)
UI < 1, /(0) = 0 l / ( z ) l < l

Izi < 1.

< 1
\f(z)\<\z\.
z*0 Izl < 1 l / ( z ) I = I z l ,
f(z) = eiaz,
.
. g(z) = f(z)/z.
Izl < 1, /(0) = 0 ( 18).
= , 0 < < 1 \g{z) I = l/(z) l/lzl < 1/.
, 4 Izl < p
l g ( z ) l < l / p .
, l g ( z ) | < l , . . l / ( z ) l < l z | < 1 .
, z0 ( l z o l < l ) lg(z)l
, . . lg(z o )l = l, g(z) = const
( 6), . . g(z) = eia f(z) = eiaz.

.
5. (, ), D, (, ) const.
D.
. , , (, )
(, ), .
:
(, ) zo = xa + iy
D. Dt, D z0. Di /(z) , Re/(z) = u(a:, )
( 7). g{z) enz) Z?4 \g(z) I = (')
z0. , g(z) = const ( 4), / ( z ) s
= const (, ) = const z^Di. Di (, z) = const z^D, .
33.
1. . 8 , . ,
.

18 , . .

274

. VI.

1. w = f(z) D z G
w ,
1) , . . f(z)
D;
2) /(z) D, ,
, ,
.

w = f(z) z0,
/(z) . /(z)'
z0 /'()^ ( 32), ( 8) :
1. . z0
, , If (Zo)J.
2. . z0
, arg/'(z 0 ).
:
3. , , .
4. .
1 ( 8, 13, 32).
2. . .

2. ,, fa, -

z = ,
% = 1/z % = 0.
2 ,
= 1/z .
1. fi f2
z0. fii *
z = z0, .
. , , ,
zo = O. : argz = <p,- ( / = 1 , 2).
fi, tz ( ^ ^) z = 0
= 2 1 (. 80). Yi = 1/z
,: arg = <pf (/ = 1, 2) ( 8) , ^2 = 0 () (0 = (. 80). , 2 ^i,
z= .

33.

275

2 2
:
5. D
.

. 80
. 1 2
:
1.

z = c - i ^ O , w = f(z) z = .
2. f(z)
z 0 ( ), w = f(z) z0.
, .
w f(z)
: = l/z w = g&) = / ( l / ) = co + c_1 + -&* +...
2 = 1/z z = . w = g(^) = 0, g' (0) = c_t 0 ( 2).
, w = f(z) z = >.
1. , 5 = 1/z
180
z = l (
). , . 2 . ,
.
18*

276

. VI.

3. .
D G ,
.
1 (
)'.
w = f(z) D G,
1) f(z) D, . . /(z) , D ;
2) w = f(z) .
[5].
, 1. D G

.
2 (
) . w = f(z), D ,
. D
D G.
. ,
1) wa^ G
Zo^D , J(z<,)=w<,, . . f(z)w0
D;
2) wu G, /(z) wt z^D.
. f(z) w0 , z^T w = f(z) , ?0 G. , ( 30) f(z)w0 D
N (1/2) arg [/ (z) w0] = (l/2it) Af-arg (w w0). w0 (. 81),
arg (w w0) = 2 N = 1.
, wY ,
arg (w Wi) 0
(. 81) f(z)Wi
D.
2. 1 2
:

(. [5]).
4 .

33.

277

3 ( ) . D , .
1) w = j(z), D \w\ < 1;

. 81

2)

f(zo)=w<,, arg/'(zo) = a.
z0, w0
.

(zo^D,

(1)

| ; 0 | < 1 ) ,

:
) ,
) .
l w l < l .
, w = f(z)
\w\ < 1.
, , / ( z ) ^ const ( 19). , w = f(z)
z0 |;| < 1, z z0. z0
/(z) ( 18), . . f(z) , /(z)^
sa const .
, D
, D ,
. 3
. 3 [5].
3
. D G
. -

278

. VI.

w = f(z), D G ,
/(zo) = Wo, argf(z o ) = a,
(2)
zo<=D, wo^G, a .
. . 3
= g(z) D
l l < l , g(z e ) = 0, argg'(z e ) = O (. 82). , % = h(w)
G | | < 1 , h(wo) = O, argh'(wo) = .

. 82

? = (), = (>),
I I < 1 G , i|? (0) = w0,
argi|)'(0) = , (. 82). , w = f(z) =
= ^(g(z))
D G
(2).
. w = fj(z) (/ = 1,2)
D G ,
h (zo) = "V

ar

S /i (h) = a>

/ = 1 2 -

, fi{z)^U(z)
z^D.
3 % = h(w) G || < 1 , h(wo) O,
aTgh'(wo) = 0. t, = gj(z) h(fj(z)) (/ = 1, 2)
D \%\ < 1
g.(zo) = O,
= 1,2.
, 3 gl(z) g%(z), . . h{fl(z))^*
h(f2(z)),
/,(z) = / 2 (z).
.
- , , . , , .

34. -

279

, D G ,
D G, . (2),
. :
0, vQ (wo = uo + iv0) . (2) , .
:
1. w =
= /(z) D G,
/(Zo)=H?o,

f(z1)=Wl,

z0, w0 , a zu Wi D
G .
2. =
= /(z) D G,
f(zk)=wh,

fc

= 1,2,3,

Zi, z2, z3 D, a wit wz,


w3 G,

D G .

.
D: < < , G:
p1<\w\<JRi
/)
G (. 36).
[5].
34. -

(1)

, , , d , -.
, (1), . ad be 0 , w const. (1) , , w() = a/c,
w(d/c)^, = 0, w() = . , . , = 0 (1) , , ,
.
- .

280

. VI.

1. .
1. -
.
. , (1)
, z = Ale .
(1) z,

dw-b
-j- 1

_0

(2)
v

'

'

(1). (2) -. , -
.
1. :
w = f(z) ,
-.
, 1 33 /(z)
,
. z 0 res/(z) = ^4,
Z

=z0

g(z) = f(z) A/(z z0) . , ( 19) #(z) = const, . . /(z)- .


z0 = , /(z) /(z) = O(z) (z -* )
( 19). f(z) = az+ b.
2. .
2. -
, . .
1) () - - ;
2) , -, -.

.
1.

2 . 1.

^ '

(3)
(4)

(3) (4),

az+b

(5)

34. -

281

ad be = (aidi bici) (a2U2 b2C2)^= 0, . . (5)


-.
2. - . , w(z) = l/z, (z) = z + l ,

3. .
3. -
.
. w = az + (=0). ,
( 8 ) . , , .
, - w = c z , d (),
(6)

> ^ +

=/, = ( ad)/c2, zo = d/c. ()'


:

Z = z + z0, r\ = , w = A + Bi).

7)

(7) ,
. , (7), . .

(8)

w = ,

.
z =
= x + iy

+ "/ + 6 = 0

(9)

( = 0, (9) ).
2

a; + i/ = | z | = zF, aj = -g-(z + ), = -^-( z),


(9)
azZ + Dz + Bz+$ = O,
D = -- ( iy).

(10)

(10) z = l/w,
+ a = 0.

()

282

. VI.

, (10) (, = )
(8) (11) (,
6 = 0).
, - w = 7~
CZ ~ ,

, z =
= d/c, , .
, .
: -
.
4. . ()
. R
.

- 83
.
*

, , , * = Rz (. 83).
, .
, z z* : \z a\ R,
,
\z a\\z* a\Rz. z = .
, = z, z*
z*=R4z.
(12)
,
= 1 (. 84) z, z*
z* = 1/z.
(13);
z z
, (13) , 1/z z
: ( ) (. 84).
(12) , | z I = R z, z*

z* = + --=.
z

(14)

34. -

283

-
.
4. - , ,
, .
, , .
.

. 84
. * , if, , .
. . ,
* R (. 85). ,
, *. ,
Y .
( ) = *. R2,
, * .
, OP = R, . . .
, f , , f,
.
. f,
, *,
(. 85). ( ),
, *, , . .
. , , * ,
,

284

. VI.

-j- MM*t , *, .
, * *. ,
, *,
(. 85). f , , =
= * (. ) .
4. z z* -
w j(z) , z,
z* w, w* .
. , w, w*
. ,
, ;, *, .
f -
w = f(z) , z, z*.
f . , f ,
-
.
5. - ,
.
5.
-
, zu z 2 , z,
Wi, w2, w^.

(15)

W i

. 2 ,
w = f(z), (15), . , wh = f(zk) (k= I, 2, 3).
, - w ji (z) , w = f(z),
wk = fi(zh) (& = 1, 2, 3), /i(z) = /(z). z = ty{w) , w = f(z). a|)(/i(z)) - :
z

)) =

i|)(/i(z ft )) = z*, . .
az

k " ^

= zft,

k = 1,2,3.

34. -

285


czl +(d a)zhb = O,
. . cz2 + (d a)z b = 0 . , 0, d = a, 6 = 0 " (/i (z)) = z,
fl(z) = f{z).
1. w = f(z),
(15), ,
zh (k = 1, 2, 3), ,
wk (ft = l, 2, 3).
, , .
3. 5 ,
- w w(z)
z i t z2, . . , w(zh) = zk (k =
= 1, 2), w(z)*z. - ,
zu z2,

.
1. - , z4 w = 0, z2 w = ,

w= A ^ - ,
. []
6. - .
2. -
Im z > 0 I >\ < 1
w = *^- eia,

(16)

(17)

Im z0 > 0, .
. - w =
<=w{z) I m z > 0 | ? | < 1 ,
w(zo) O (Imzo>O). w(zo)= (16)
w = AZ-^S-.

(18)

, 141 = 1.
, . . \w\ = 1 -

. VI.

286

z = x, (18)
1=
eia (18)
(\ zo\ = \ z o l). ,
(17).
4. (17) z0 -g- (. 86), (17)
arg w' (z0) = ( 8 , 5).
5. I m z > 0 \w\ < l
() ./////,,.
(17).
,
( 33),
/77V/,,/77.

>^

^\

/, w = w (z) I m z > 0 |;| <


< 1, w(zo) = O, arg w' (z0) = a
8 6
- j . , (17).
(19), (21).
3. - < 1
\w\ < 1
0

(19)

w=

lzol < 1, .
. - w =
= w(z) l z l < l | ; | < 1 ,
u?(z<>)=0 ( I z o l < l ) . (. 4) ?(1/ )= (16)

^ =^

(20)

, \\ = 1.
, . . \w\ = 1 z =
= \ (20)

Mli

1=

ia

, A = e

zn\

(20) (19). []

34. -

287

6. (19) z0 (. 87), (19)


arg/(z o ) = a ( 8 , 5).
4. -
Im z > 0 Im w > 0
(21)
w = cz+d'
, , , d ad be > 0.
. - w =
= w (z) Im z > 0

. 87

Im w > 0. zu z2, z3 Im z > 0, . . zh . Im w >


> 0, . . wh = w (zft) .
w w(z) (15), (21), a, b, , d .
, ad be > 0. ( 33) w ~w (z) Im z = 0 Im w = 0
. ,
z = arg w' (x) > 0, . .

w'(x)=
ad be > 0. Q
5. w = w(z) \z\ < 1

l i o | < l ,

w{za) = wtl
arg w'(z o ) = ,
-=L- =

=- e

(22)

288

. VI.

,'lzl < 1 |1 < 1 , g(z o ) = O


argg'(z o ) = <x ( 3).

\w\ < 1 || < 1 , h(wo) =


= 0 argA'(u>0) = O ( 3). , w =
= w(z), (22), < 1
1 < 1 , w(zo) = wo arg w'(zo) = a. D
6. w = w(z) Im z > 0 Im w > 0, w(z0)=w0, a r g u / ( z o ) = a ,


(22). \j
35.
1. w =z2. w = z2,
8.
1. . , w = z2 D ,
zi z2,
Zi = Z2.

(1)

(1) , zt z2 2
z = 0. , w z D ,
,
z = 0.
, w = z2 ,
z = 0.
1. ) w = z2
Im z > 0 G w
[0, +) ( 8, . 35).
) w = z2 I m z < 0 G ( 8, . 36). []
w =
z
= z .
2. argz = a

| z l = p . arg z = const \z\ = const z ( ). 8


2
, w = z :

35.

289

) arg z = arg w = 2;
) 2| z [ = p , a ^ a r g z < ( J , (J < ,
\w\ = , 2 arg w ^ 2.
2
2. 1, 2 , w = z
S: pi < Izl < p 2 , 0 <
0
< arg z<a<n,
^ ^ ^ + ,
S: ? < < 1 , 0 < arg ; < 2 (. 88). Q

. 88

3. Rez = c, Imz = c. ,
w = zz :
) Rez = c
(2)
) Imz = c

JJ = 22, w = + io.
,
w = + iv = z2
. . = , v = 2. Rez = ; = , <<
2

+,

= - , v = 2,

(2). , I m z = j = c
(3).
= 0, = 0, 2 (,
],* , . . Re z == 0
(, 0], ( 8 , . 37). , I m z = 0 [0, +),
(. 88).
, (2)
(3) 19 . . ,

290

. VI.

. (2) (3) w = 0.
3. 1, 3 , w = z*
(. 89) , (2),

(3)-

. 89

2. w = V . ; = Vz,
w zz, 13 22. ,
Vz z z = , , ,
z = z = , .
4. D z _
[, +) ( 13, . 47). Vz / t (z) / 2 (z)= A(z),
fl(x + Oi)= Vx>0 > 0 , . . /i(z)
.
w = (z) D Im w > 0, w = f2 (z) I m w < 0 ( 13, . 47). []
5. D (,
0] ( 13, . 48). Vz
/ 4 (z) /s(z) = /i(z), ( 1 ) = 1 . > = /4 (z) D Re z > 0, w = /2 (z) Re z <
< 0 ( 13, . 48).
6. D /2 = 2\ + - j ) ,
2

> 0, z = + /, . . / > 2 f: + -|)

(. 90).

35.

291

Vz
/i(z) / a (z) = -/,(z), U { jj = i VJJ2.
3 (. 89) , w = /t (z)
D Im w> /2, w = f2(z) Imw< /2 (. 90). []
W=f,(Z)
'////////////////

of

. 90

7. D Im z > 0
[0, ih] (h>0)
(. 91). D Im w > 0.
) = z2 D
Di % [ , +) (. 91);

ih

777777777,

-h

. 91
J2

) TJ = S + '
() Di D* i\ [0,
-boo) (. 91);
) w = ] (, Z?2, )
< *

292

, VI.

/?2 Im w > 0
( 4 ) .
, )), . . W = Vz2 + ft.2 D 1 ; > 0 (. 91). [}
3. w za. z" 22. ,
8. w = z?, > 0,
0 < arg z < ji < 2, {1 < 2/, 0 < arg w <
< (. 61). []
1. 8 za :

*--l*|V-",

(4J

0 < arg z < 2.


8.
9. 5 0 <
< arg z < p sg 2. w =
= z"/p S
Im w > 0. []
D, , (. 92).
. , D
- .
-

= i"Z7b>

() = 0, ()=. , D, , % = 0
( 34). , D
< arg 5 < + , .
] = ^~' 0 <
< arg ] < , w = 1/ 1>0 ( 9). ,

D .
10. , . 93, :
-

?\2/3

g 35.

293

-
z

4. we .
8. .

= *

2
. 93

1. . w = D , zit z2,
Z i - z a = 2fan,

& = 1 , 2, . . .

(5),

, w = 0 < Im z <
< 2 ?
[0, +) ( 8, . 38).
Re z = const,
z
Im z = const w = e .
2. Rez = c, I m z = . 8 , w = e*
) Rez = c, a < I m z < & , <2, |?1 = , ^ arg w < ;
) Im z = arg w = .
11. 1, 2 ,
w = ez , <
< Re z < 2, < Im z < b, > ^ d < 2 < +, < 2,
J < | w \ < 2 ,
< arg ; < &.
. 94. []

, VI,

294

5. w = In z. w = In z,
to = *, 13 21. ,
uj = lnz z z = 0, , , z = z = <,
.

/ss////////////////,

w=e2

Ttl
=

. 94

w =
= lnz, 13 21.
12. D z
[, +) (. 49). lnz
:
(In z)* = In lz| + i(argz) 0 + 2bri,
& = 0, 1 , 2 ,
0 < ( a r g z ) 0 < 2 n . u; = (lnz) f t
D 2 < Im w<2(k + i)n (. 49). []
13. w = In z 0 < arg z < ^ 2 0 < Im w < (. 60).
lnz = ln |zl +{"argz, 0 < argz <<x. []
6. .
W = -

(6)

35.

295

.
1 (
1\
z ^ O , o( w'(z) = -j ( 1
H a z = 0
z = . , (6) z=d=l,
?'()= z=l, z = l ,
/(1) = 0 (. 2 32). .
1. . w -^iz-\)
D , zt 2,
1.

(7);

, + j = ^ ( 2 2 + ) {zl )
] = 0, zt = z 2 , z^2 = 1.
X (1
(7) , 2 = 1/z,
z t : Izl = l I m z = 0 ( 34,
. 84). , , ,
:
.
14. w -j ( z + ) :
) Izl > 1 ,
) Izl < 1 ,
) Im z > 0 ,
) Im z < 0 . []
2. D , 1/z,
z^D. D
, D D
. w = -^\z-\I
D , w<(z) =
= (1/z).
2. .
l z l = p argz = a (
) . (6)
z = re1'", w = u + iv, + iv = -^ [re*9 + -j e~ fq> ),
u =

T \ + 7/

cos

4>

v =

T [ ~ 77

sin

(8)

296

, VI,


2 = ', 0 ^ 3 2

(9)

( > 0 ). (8) ,
(9)
=

cos>

" 4 ( +j )

y =

1 /'
1\
1
Op =-j! + I, = -^

II

w 1 ( \ = 1).
(10) , 1

, 1/ ( p ^ l ) (10) , . . 95 | z | = p , > 1 ,
,
(11); (10) ,
. . 96 =
0 < < 1 (11);
: = , , (11), .
1 (10) (1, 1], , . . = 1
[1, 1], (. 95, 96).

z = reia, 0 < < +
(12)
( ). (. (8))
0 < r < + oo.
(13) , ^/2
),
cos*a

4sin4 a

(13)
(

(14)

(14) w = l v = utga.
0 < < / 2 , (13)
(14), . . (12) 0 < < / 2 -

35.

297

(14) ( . 97).
13
(14), (12) j t / 2 < c c < j t
(14) (. 97). ,

. 95

(13)
(14), .
(12) = /2 ( ). (13)
, arg z = /2 Re w = 0
(. 97). arg z = /2
Reu; = 0. = 0 (13) {1, +<),
( ) (. 97), . .
argz = 0 [1, +), :
[1, +0) [1, +) (, 1]

. VI.

298

[1, +) (. 97). , argz = n


(, 1], (. 97).
, w = ^-Iz + I | z | = p (11), argz =
= (14); (11) (14) ; = 1 ; (11)
(14) .

//7/

-7

. 97

15.
D

(. 95). D
, ( 14).
1. = , > 1
(11), w
[1, 1]. ,
[1, 1] (. 95).
2.
z=*reia, <+
(15)'

= -j ( + J cos a,

v = [ j s i n a ,

1<<+,

(16)

() (13).
0 2 (16) w [1, 1] (. 95). , [1, 1] (. 95).

35.

299

, = 1, ( D), [1, 1]; :


= 1, I m z X ) , = 1, I m z < 0 (. 98).

-/

'

'

. 98

, \z\ = 1
[1, 1] . []
16. 15, ,
1 /

i )

W ~2\Z + YI
< 1 [1, 1] (. 96). 15 2.
, = 1, ( < 1 ) ,

'
-1

Wfttf-U

'

. 99

[1, 1], . : = 1, I m z X )
, 1,
Im z S 0 (. 99). Q
17. 15, ,

w=

2"(z + \

300

. VI,

Im z > 0 w
(, 1] [1, +) (. 97).
) (, 1]
(-, - 1 ] ,
)
{1, 0 )

(-<, - 1 ] ,
) (0, 1] [1, +),

-/

. 100

) [1, +>) [1, +)


(. 100). D
18. 17 2 ,

w Y\zJr~z)

I m z < 0 >
(>, 1] (1, +<). []
. 9597 z w .
.

-/

-;

;
. 101

19. w = - j ( z + 1

) I m z > 0 , Izl > 1 (. 101) Im w > 0 ( . 95);


) < 1, I m z < 0 (. 102) 1 > 0 ; | z l < l , I m z > 0 (. 102)
Im w < 0 ( . 96);

35.

301

) \z\ > > 1 (. 103) ()


[( . 95); || < < 1 (. 103) (11) ( . 96);

/'///7/7'//

- 1 0

CL

-1

. 102

. 103

) a < a r g z < f t , 0 < < / 2 (. 104)


(14) ( . 97);

. VI.

302

) 0 < a r g z < a , 0 < < / 2 , (. 105)


(14)
[1,+) ( . 97);

-7

. 104

. 105

) 0<argz<a, | z | > l , 0<</2, (. 106)


( . 97).

cos a
D

;--;>1,

u">0,

v>0

(w = u + iv)

sm

7. = z + V 1,1 . w = -^ \ z + I ,
z = w + 2 1, . .
(17)

35.

303

. , (17)
.
(17) 24.
, (17) z z = 1 , z , z = 1 , .

cosct /

^7777777777

. 106

. 107

20. D z
[--1, 1] (. 107). z + 2 1 , f,(z) / 2 (z), }i()=*
, / 2 ()= ( 24). 15, 16 (. 98, 99) , w = fl(z)
D , w = /2 (z)
< 1 (. 107). Q

304

. VI,

21. D z
(, 1] [1, +) (. 108).
z + Vz2 1 /i(z), / 2 (z),
() = , / a (0) = - i ( 24). 17, 18 ,

-10

-/

/
Oaf 1

. 108

w = fi(z) D I m u > > 0 , ?==/2()


I m u ; < 0 (. 108). []
22. Im z > 0 z + Vz2 1
A(z), / 2 (z), / t (0) = i, / (0) =
i. . 109 (.
. 101, 102). []

. 109

8. .
.
23. , w = ch z
0 < Im z < , Re z > 0 I m u 7 > 0 (. 110).

305

35.

, w = ch z = -5- ( + z) :

t-, J = *
1 /

(. 946)

1\

if = -g- (S + -) (. 101) -

. 110. Q

w=chz
z=arct\io,

-/

. 110

24. , w = cos z
< Re z < 0, Im z > 0
1 > > 0 (. 111).

u>=cosz

z=arccos , z(O)=-j-

-JL

v'//////7///7////////////////?/////

. 111

, cosz = ch(iz), ,
% = iz ( z = 0 /2),
w cht, (. 110),
. 111. Q
20 . . .

. VI,

306

25. , u> = sinz


/2 < Re z < /2, Im z > 0
1>>0 (. 112)',

z=a.rcsinw, z(O)=O

-/

. 112

, sinz = coslz -^L

(),

= z-^

U7 = cos (. 111) . 112. []


26. , w = tg z /4 < Re z < /4 I w I < 1

z=arctg w.z(0)=0

. 113

(. 113). , w(0) = 0, argu/(O) = O.


,
t g z = 5^-i = - -.
s

COS Z

iz

^-

_|.

35.

307

, . 113. []
(2326) ,
- ^_
, - {)
34 35, . 17.

9 . . - ,,,,i,i,u.n,,ixs

.,,,,,>!>>>,,>>>,

, b
34 35,
. 114
. 18, .
.
(2733) w =
= xv (z) D z -

Imw>0.

27. D z (, ]
[, +), << <+ (.114).
1. 10 (. 93),

2.

= (z ^ ) _

) D
(, 1] [1, +). , 21
(.
108), w - % + * -1, ;, - 1 .
28. D Im z > 0
| z l = l , O ^ a r g z ^ a , 0 < <
(.
115).
1. = (z 1)/
/(z+1)

Im z > 0
Im
> 0

(( 33)
33)
- 1 0
[, , 1 -* 0,
. 115
1 -* , h = tg(a/2). ,
7 (. 91), ? = 2 + , w(x + Oi)>0
2. %>~2\z^)
D
[cos , + ~ ) ( . 97). . 27. []
20*

(, 1]

308

. VI.

29. D 0 < I m z < n


[0, id], 0<d<n
(. 116). * D . 115. . 28. []

////////////////////////////////////

-til

. 117

. 116

30. D < I m z <


[, +), (. 117). % =
D
XI
(, 0] [, +). . /////,//,. 27.
31. D 0 <
< Im z < , Re z > 0 [,

+ J-^|, > 0 (. 118)'.

% = ch z
D 1 > 0
,,
[0, isha] ( 23). . 7.
[]
32. D R e z > 0 , \z II > 1
[2, 3] (. 119). = l/z !)
Z), 0 < Re % < 1/2
S//////S/////.

. 119

. 120

[1/3, 1/2]. Dt
. 116. . 29. [ ]
33. D | z - l l > l , | z - 2 | < 2 , I m z < 0
(. 120). = 1/z D D t : 1/4 < Re % < 1/2, Im % > 0. Dt . 111. . 24.

35.

309

(3437) w =
= w(z) D z

<1.

34. D z [, ],
< < & < + (. 121). =

e=s /2 j J _ ( ) D
[1, 1]. ,
20 (. 107), w = +

+ VFr"l, (~) = 0. D

b
. 122

. 121

35. D < 1 [1, ],


1 < < 0 (. 122). = ( 2 + 7")
D
I ^ [ ) . 1 ( - 96). . 34. []
36. D > 1
[, -1] [1, ], - < < - 1 , 1 < < + (. 123). t, = "2 (z + ) D

[\

'],

' -^[ + I, V = -g-lb + )

( . 95). . 34.

. 123

[]

. 124

37. D < 1 [0, 1]


'(. 124). = 2 " ( + -j) D Dr. [1, +)'
( . 96). ] = + 1, rjl;6 = 2,

310

. VI.

Im r\ > 0. , w =
= (TJ i)/(t\ + i) Im r\ > 0
< 1 ( 34). Q
[8].
38. D I m z < 0 , \z + il\ >R,
Z > i ? > 0 (. 125). ( ).
D
. , Im z = 0
Iz+ = R. ( 34), . . . Im 2 = 0 , to,
> 0 . iz + ill^R
2
1
(I + ) {I ) = R*, =*>1/1 R . ,

(18)
w = zia'
, Im z = 0
f. ( 34)
z = ia w = 0, w =- , . , w = 0
"f. ?(0) = 1 f, f

\-i(L+R)
. 125

1=1 (. 125). ,
| + | = (18)
|>| =*/?!, /? = , 1 , ' . ( 33)'
(18) D Ri < \w\ < 1 (. 125). []
39. D |z + l l >
> 9 , |z + 6 l < 1 6 (. 126).

35.

311

D .
, | z + l | = 9 | + 6 | = 1 6 .
, . .
(. 126), ,
.
( 34)

( + 6) ( - 6) - 2 5 6 .
,
= 2, 26.
38, ,
z 2

w = _ . 126
D 1/3 < \w\ < 1/2.[]
40. D \z ih\ > V 1 + h2, ft
. f
ih, z = l , z = ia,
= , a = f e + VH-/i 2

(. 127). ,

= ' 2 " ( " ' " ) D.

. 127

t, = 1/z, f; z.
z = l , z = ia
% = i/a, i ( 34).
, s = % = 0,
f. , D f
D . D

312

. VI.

, 2
( D).
D 1 /

i\

Z \

2 /

. , w = - z -\

w 1 = [ . .
:

=(JT~J)

f -

, = 0 ; = .
1 -4-
~
w = ^ _ > ^ ' ? = 1 . z = ia
1 /
i\
? = -=
=
z \z z /1
= - I m
) = ih, f' w = ih. , 7 "{'
; = 1 , w = ih (. 127).
, , ] f z = 1,
(. 127), .
( )
. . [10]. D
36.

.
.
, .
1. . .
1. D
Du D2 (. 128), f(z) Du D2 D. D.

. , , f(z) D

36.

313

D ( 16). ,

f(z)Bf(z)
.
, (1)
z e f l i
1

(2)

Fj D] (/ = 1, 2). (2)
1\ /(z), 2 ( 10), . .
F ( z ) = / ( z ) z^Du
, F(z) = f(z)

. 128

. 129

z e D j . , F ( z ) = / ( z ) z*=D,
f(z) D.
1. Dt, D2
f (. 128) ft(z), fz(z) Dlt D2
. if ,
* Kz)

ft(z) Di Di U if U Dz.
, f2(z)
ft(z) D t Dz .
D ,
if , D* ,
D (. 129).

314

. VI.

1. f(z) D,
i , D, D* . /(z) f
>
D U "f U D*.
[/(), ze=Z>UY>

\f{z), z<=D*.

. ,

U(*)-W),

**D*

(5)

/i () z ^ D*.
/] ( + Az) / t (z) ^ / ( +Az) / () _

z *, 0 ^ D z +
Z) (. 129). , Az -*-
(6) /' (), . . /i(z) = /' (z).
, / f (z) , , D*.
, F(z),
(4), D U f U D*. , /(z) f , lim/(z) = f(x)%
,

lira j x (z) = lim /(z) /(x),

. . -

/,(z) . f(x) = f(x) , /t(z) ! z e T = /(z) | . , /"()


D U f U I ) * 1 /(z).
, 1 /i(z), (5),
/(z) ( D D* ).
1. /(z) , z
z
z
/(z) = /(z). , e = e , sinz =sinz, c o s z =
= cos z, sh z = sh z, ch z = ch z. []
2. f(z)
I m z > 0 , zo ( I m z o > O ) ,
. ,

36.

315

z-*-, Imz>0,
~- TZT7 + ~ + '

(')

= res /(z), .
z=z

, (4)
, z0 0, res F (z) = ( (4)). g (z) = F (z)

. -

-*

, g(z)ssconst ( 19),
(7). []
3. /(z)
I m z > 0 , fi: (, ), 2:
(, +), < 5 < +
. (4)
z [, ]. []
4. Do z
J1, 1] z = . , Do
2 1 .
, ( 24) f(z) 2 1
I m z > 0 . f(z)>0
> 1 , .
/ ( ) < 0 < 1 ( 24) 3 , 2
(4) 1 D o . D
2. . 1, (. 130):

. 130

) w = f(z) D
' G, Im w > 0;
) ^ f'
Imu> = 0 (Y' G).
1
2. w = F(z),
(), Da = D U i U Z)*

. VI.

316

Go = G U ' U G*, G* , G
Imu7 = 0 (. 131).
5.
. Z)o z

. 131

[4, +) [, 3] (. 132).
Do Im w > 0.
,
r\ = z2 (. 7 35).
, z2 Do (, (4) 2 = (Ai)z 16).
31

w=v
Bn
7/77

-5

-4

>~\

. 132

Do. D Im z > 0 [0, 3] (. 133).


r\ = zz .
7 35 , = f(z) = Vz2 + 9
D G: Im % >
(. 133). }(z) Yz2 + 9 ,
/(:c + 0 i ) > 0 >0. :
(, 4) ': (, 5) (. 133).
2 = F (z) = fz2 + 9

36.

317

D 0 = D U f U D * G0 = G\) y'U G*, Go [5, +) (. 132). F(z)


/(z) Do, . .
F(z) Yz2 + 9 D o ,
F ( + Oi) > 0 > 0.
Go = ; + 5
Im w > 0,

7
'//////////7///////

-5

. 133

u> = 5 + ^ + 9 .
Im w > 0
(. 132). []
6. . Do < 2 ( + /2),

. 134

z = x + iy, > 0 (. 134).


D o Im w > 0.
/2 = 2 1 + -) = Vz ( 6 _35). ,
z = 0 Vz. Do; D <.2\ + -jj, y>0
(. 135)'.
D .
_
1) t, = Vz
D
(. 135) : 0 < Im < /2. Re > 0 ( 3 35).

318

. VI.

2) ] ch ._ (. 135) 1)>0 ( 23 35).


, ] = ch

._

D Im t\ > 0 , f:

///////////////////,

^
/////////7/,
'//////////////s

-1
7j=ch

7t\fZz

; 135
(/2, +) i': (1, + 0 0 ) (. 135).
2 ) = ch

^_

Do (, 1]
(. 134).
3) w = 1 )
(, 1] Imw>Q
(. 134).
: w = i VH ch " ._
Do I m u > > 0 (. 134). [ ]
7.
. \
^ > 1 , >0
( De
cos

sin a

. 136), z=~x+iy, 0 < C C < J T / 2 , 1 > 0 .


=
z + Vz* 1 , ( 35). Do z = 1 . Do; D

~ > 1 . >0, >0


(. 137).
r
cos a sin a
^
D .

319

36.

( 19, 9, 19, 35), , =


= ch( archz) D I m > 0 , . (cos, +)
': (~1> +) ( 137). 2

. 136

= ch ( archz) Do
Go (, 1] (. 136).
w = 1 Go Im w > 0 (. 136). , w =
= 2chl-^-archz) Da Im w > 0 (. 136).

0
=ch ( archzj

coscc

~7

///////7777777777/

. 137

* . 1 2
, "\ if' ( , ). -
if' -
. . [10].

320

. VI.

8. D z
1/
[,
], = 0, 1, ..., -1 (. 138).
D .
Do'. 0 < a r g z < 2 n / r a (. 139).
w = /0 (z) Da Ga: 0 <
< arg w < 2/, | > | > 1 (. 139),
/(1)= 1, /( 0 0 ) = 0 0 , / 0 (e 2 " i / n ) = e 2 ! t i / n .
(8)'

( 9, 19 35), , > = / 0 () =
= (z n/2 + Vz" 1) 2 / (. 139). /o(z)
(z n / 2 +Vz n 1 ) / >, (8). ^ 0 :
(1, +) ' (1, +), ^ (e2niln, + o o e 2 I l i / n )
Yi: (e 2 I t i / n , + 21').

. 138

, F(z)
/o(z) D w = F(z) D \w\ > 1 (. 138).
Do Dt: 2n/n < arg z < 4jt/n
G t : 2/ < arg > < 4//, |;| > 1. Dt Do 2 "' 7 ";
Glf Go. ,
Z>! G t . /i(z)""/(,(z), zeif,,
. . /i(z) / (z) Z)o Dt ft.
, Dk 2/ < arg z < 2 ( + 1) /, Gk
2/ < arg w < 2 ( +1) /, I u? I > 1, =
B

zh i/n

ih

i/n

=fh{z) = e " f0(e- * z),

ze=Dh

Dk

36.

321

Gh (fc = 2, 3, ..., ).

"+

, Z)n )
/(2) = e*'"U(e-*n"i/nz) = /(), Z?o.

, w = F (z) fh(z), zeDkU^k,


= 0,1,...
. . ., n 1, )

"/////

. 139

2
. 140

D \w\ > 1. , > =


= ( /2 + Vz" i)2/ Z) \w\ > 1. [j
9. D Im z > 0 [, + ia], = 0, 1 , 2, ..., 0<<%<+<
(. 140). D Im w > 0.

Do:
< Re z < 0,
Im z > 0
(. 141). w fo(z)
Do t Go: < Re w < 0, Im w > 0 (. 141),

/ 0 (fa)-=0, / ( - - ) = ~ , /()=-.
(9)

? = cos z, r\ = ^/ch a, w = arccos iq
21 . . .

322

. VI.

( 25, 35),
COSZ

(z) = arccos -r
'
ch a

0
nv

/ (z) arccos -
Do, (9).

<0

9?.
'S///S//////7/

. 141

Tfo: (ia, ia + i) Yo: (0 0 + i)) Y-i : (


+ , + ioo) -^. (, + ioo).
, F(z)
/() D w = F(z) D Im w > 0.
Da Dt: 0 < Re z < ,
Im z > 0. Dt Do
; Gu Gn.
,
Dt Gt. /j(z) = /0(z)
7, . . /i(z)
/ (z) Z)o Z?i f , Z?ft
{ 1) < Re z < /,
I m z > 0 , Gft
(ft 1) < Re w < , Im w > 0,

/) ft Gh, = 0, 1 , 2, . . .

/*(z)^A-i(z)

^-,:

( ( l)n + ia,

,
z<=DhUiK,
w = F(z) = fk(z),

(k l)n + i<>).

* = 0, 1 , 2, ...,

Z) D

Im z > 0
(. 140). ,

37.

w = arccos - D

323

Im w > 0. ]
10. w = f(z) : p < | z | < i ? ': ' < \w\ < R'. , , . . /' = R/R'.
. :
1) = | > | = ' ;
2) =
\w\=R'.
. ^i(z) /(z)
Kt: p, < \z\ < R, , = 7. w = Fi(z)
Kt /^: p\<\w\<.R', p1(p')2/R,
, | z | = p t |u>| = Pi.
, F2(z) Ft(z) ( /(z)) 2: r 2 < | z | < i ? , = 7 3
. . ,
F(z) /(z) 0 < < / ? , HmF(z) = 0.
z 0
F{z) ( 18), . . w = F(z)
\z\ < R \w\<R', F(0)=0. ,
F(z) - F(oo)=< ( 34), . .
f(z) = Az, /' = R/R'. []
37.

w = f(z) I m z > 0 ,
w.

s//777///'////>

. |142

(. 142): Ah , = 1, 2, ..., ;
21*

324

. VI.

, 2 ak = 2; w =fti](z), . . }()
1. .
1. w = f(z) Im z >

, 0 < o c f t ^ 2 , ak=oo (& = 1? 2, . . . , ).


Z

f (z) = J (S -

flj)"!-1

( - a , ) e 2 - 1 . . . ( - a n ) " " - 1 d + c l f (1)

, 4 ,
Im z > 0.
. ( 33) w = / (z), 1 > 0
, ( = 1, 2, ..., ).
.
1. ? () / (z),
Im z > 0. , F (z)
( =
= 1, 2
).
( 36). w = / (z)
: (, .+\) *: {, 4ft+1)-{an+\
+1 = \\ if*, = 1, 2, ..., ,
z = ).
/ (z) /(z) ^
Im z < 0. w = / ()
Im z < 0 ,
h, (. 143).
1 , ?-, 1\,- 1 (. 143).
, fhj(z) /* (z) "fj
Im z > 0. w = fhj (z)
Im z > 0 Ukj, * lj (. 143). ,
fkj(z) , Im z < 0 . . F(z),

( = 1, 2, ..., ).
2. , F" (z)/f (z)
{ =
= 1,2
).
, . ,
/*(z) = e i p f t / " ^ + %

Imz<0,

(2)

. , w = /(z)
w* = /^ (z) (Im z < 0)

37,

325

Ik-
Z, = (w ^
,
< =
= arg (Ah+i. Ah), h Im = 0
, 1, ,

Im; = 0 (36). , (w* ^


=
:

[(> Ak) e

l<Pft

] , (2).

77Z9.

Xz- -

. 143

.,

Im z > 0.

(3)

(2) (3) fhj (z) = w / (z) + Bhj, Im z > 0.


/(z), I m z > 0 , F(z)

f(z) = e'e/(z.) +B,


Im z > 0,
f" (z)lf (z) = /" (z)//' (z). ,
f*(z),
I m z < 0 , F(z) (f*)"l(t*Y = ( / * ) " / ( ' * ) '
, g (z) = F" (z)/Ff (z) .
, g (z) * ( = 1, 2, ..., ). , Im z > 0 / (z) /' (z) 0,
w = / (z), I m z > 0 , .
(2) = /" ( z )//' (2) Imz > 0. , g (z) Im z < 0.
, / (z) Im z = 0,
ah ( = 1, 2, ..., ). }'(&) Imz = 0, z 00,

( = 1, 2, ..., ), z = 00 / (z)

c_i^=0. , /" () //'(),


g (z) = F" (z)/F' (z) * (; = 1, 2, ..., )

. VI.

326

z =

3. , * / (z)

1 (2) = -I- (Z \
' \ /
' \
ft/

* . .

flu (Z),
* ''

(4t)
'

fe* (z) * (*) ^= 0.


: \ z * | < , Im z > 0, > 0 (. 144). w = /(z)

X , , Ah = (w ) h G, G , ? = 0.
,
= gk (z) = [y(2j_] * G , g\ (a*) = 0 , f: ( * ~ > * + ) f'i
= 0 (. 144). gk~(z) z = ak ?' (fe) =?*= 0, . . g (2) = (z ) ft (z),
(z) z = * * (^) = 0.
[/ (z) -Ah] A = (z aft) gfe (z) (4).
4. , /"(z)//'(z)
(5)

(4)

/"

"

z a

+'it

M'

^ () = afefeh (z) + ( oft) ft^ (z) z = ah tft (ah) =


= aftfet(at) = 0 . , g(z) = F"(z)IF'(z),

j"(z)lf'(z)
* ( 2), res g (z) = a ft 1 . 2 ,

&

ft-1

37.

327


z->oo. , ( 19) (z) ,
Im > 0 (5).
5. (1). (5) , Im > 0,
z0 z,
In /' (2) = 2 (fc - *) l n ( z ~ ah) + .

/' (z) = (z - / I " 1 (, - af*-1 ... (z - )"" 1 .


(1). 1 .
2. . (1)
w = f(z), Im z > 0 .
, , . .
nah ( 1, 2, ..., ), /(z) ak ( = 1, 2, ..., ) , . ( = 1, 2, ..., ) ( 33); ah
, Ci . .
(1)

(6)
1

2 1

h (z) (z ^
(z )
1
. . . (z ) ' ~
Im z > 0.
( 24), (6)
h(z) (, argc).
, ,
3, 1 < 2, z0 = i ( z0
ct). (6) z = c t = /(0 = At.
argc. , &Tgh(x) = 9 = const 4 < <
< 2. (6)
\h(t)\dt,
argc = arg(4 2 At) 6. ,

(6)

328

. VI.

> 0, = arg(4 a At) 8.


(7) 2 : 4, -, . .
(7)
a

Aoi&

, ,
e+i),
\Ah+1-Ah\

= A

k+i
I

h ff\ At

arg h (x) = const

j
a

| A ( t ) | d t , ft = l , 2 , . . . , n .

{ah,
(8)

ft

an+l = a,, 4 n + i =-4i (aft, a f t + i),


A; = 1, 2, ..., n, z = >.
, 4, 5, , (8).
1 , . ' (8).
(. 2, 4).
3. . 1 ,
ah ( 1, 2, ..., ) .
1. w = f(z) Im z > 0 , ( = 1, 2, ..., 1), = >.
() = j ( - ,)**-1 < - 2)*-1 . . . ( - ^ ) " " - 1 " 1 d + ev

(9)

(9) (1) - Im z > 0


1 > 0 , z = ^ = [10]. , (9) ,
(1). , ,
(9). , z0 = cl = Ai.
1.

. w = f(z)

I 37,

329

Im 2 > 0 2, , v l , = 0, 1, 1 3 >
(. 145). 0 < < 1 ( = 1, 2, 3), a t + , + , = 1.

w=f(z)
3=
'/////////////////////','. '

. 145
at 0, fls = 1, 3 = 00 (. 145). (9)

/ (2) = J gl- ( - I)**" dS = A j "!" (1 - ~

dl,

4 = (~1)*, (0, 1).


1

= 1 == A j tai"X (1 " 2 " 1 dt = A-B(av

a2)

= 1/.(1, 2 ), B(a,i, a2) - [9]. ,

Im z > 0 . []
2.

. w =
= /(2) Im z > 0
Ah ( = 1,. 2, 3, 4), At = 1, =
= 1 + , , = - 1 + , 4 t = - 1 , > 0, Oh = 4 " (* = 1 2,3,4)
(. 146).
: + 0, 1, 1 + , (. 147).
w = f(z) R e z > 0 , I m z > 0 + , /(0) =
= 0, / ( 1 ) = 1 , f(oo)=iH. f: (0,
+ioo) f': (0, ), w
= 1 + z = , 1 < < +< (. 147).

330

. VI.

( 36)
/(z) I m z > 0 /(z). w = f(z)
A,=-IHH

iff

,=

-,

<,=-1

=?

. 146

1HH

w=f(z)

. 147

Im z > 0 (. 146) , /(0) = 0, /(1) = 1, / ( ) = 1 +


(1)
Z

(11)
==1/, 0<<1
( 1 f ) ( l 2)>0
0 < * < 1.
, , (8)
1

dt

J /U-<2)(i-*V)

dt

'

(11) = 1 . Z = I|)(M>), (),


Im z > 0.

37.

331

ty(z):
1. i|)(z) z,

z = 2n + iH(2k+l)
(, ),
.
2. if) (z) , 2\ 4 2 = 2Hi, . .
(, ).
1. ,
[10]. (5J, [15].
4. . , w = .
w = <.
mXj , = ,
2 < , ^ 0 ( 33).

/ | & = &.
fc=l

,
1 1, . .
2. w = /(z) Im z > 0
) (1), ah ( = 1, 2, ..., );
) (9), ak=<x> ( = 1, 2, ..., 1), = .
1 ( . [10]).
3.
, = 0, = 1, , = 0 < ! < 2, 0 < < 2, 2 < , < 0,
1 + 2 + 3 = 1. 2 1 , (10) I m z > 0
.
. 148 :
_
1
) .
h 2

=4.
) , =4. ) , = 2,
3

) ., ,

1
2 '
_ 3 .

4~'

2 -

'

3
2 '

332

. VI.

(10) :
a) u; =

4/~

4/

arcsin z

) = 1 - (l + ^-) / = 7 ;
r) w = [arcsin/z + (2z l ) / z ( l z)].
, z = , 0 < < 1 . []
4. 0 <
< Im w < ( + nhi, nki],
0<h<l
Aj=co

3=>

,=
777777777777/

. 148
)
,
= 2,,
(. 149).

As
nhi,,
= 4 = 00. { = 0, 2 = 1, 3 = .

4 = , 0 < < +. 2 (9)


I m z > 0
)

ip = / (z) =

argc (. . 2).
(0, 1): Zi = !, 0 < ! < 1. w

(12)

/(z4)

37.

(, )
Re Wi < 0, Im w = nh. (12)
.

wt-A,

333

( 149), . .

tdt

_ C J ( t _ 1 ) ( f + ft).

Wi Ai = Re Wi < 0, (0 < t <: Xi < 1). , > 0.

,,=

SS////////////Z////////////////ff////////L////////////////f/////Sf/

A, =tx>

w,

=
=

ni

Wj

A,='

A7=7tih

>

A3=oo

. 149

, (12)
: , > 0. .
z, = 1 , z2 = 1 + , > 0 . wl f(zl) (Ah ), w2 =
= /(z2) (2, 3) (. 149), lm(w2 u>i) =
= /. (12)

(z2) - / (Zl) = J -/ + .

w2 -w^f

13

| l = p , Im t, ^ 0,
(. 149).
(13). = 1

j>gg

, g _ g , =
__ + g(Z),

' = 1 , , -

334

. VI.

: lg()l < .
(13) .

.35"

\ at,
+
J t=l

cm
~ +~"


(-^0)

(15)

(13)(15)

-* 0

, (16) (12) , w Ak,


= 0.
At.

'V///////////////6'////////////////'
. 150

3 = , z4= + , lm.(wk u > 3 ) = n ( h I ) ,



|^ + | = , I m ^ > 0 (. 149).
-* 0

(16) (17), = 1, = .
(12) ,
W = /(2

38.

335

, t, = (. 4, 35) G Im >
> 0 [0, ! ] (. 150). ,

Im > 0 G.
38.

, [2], [10].
.
1. . -

. D
u o (z). : u(z), D,
u o (z):
= 0, z e f l ; u|Z=r = MO(Z).
(1)
u(z)= (, ), u o (z) = (,

. = - , .
<9

(1)
. [2]. ( 5, 32).
, ut(z), Uz(z)
D , Ui I = = 21 ut(z)u2(z) D
, .
5 32 ut(z) u2(z)^ 0 z^D,
. . u4(z) =
= 2 (), z e f l .
(1)
, uo(z) .
D u(z), D, uo(z)
u(z)=uo(z).
D
.
[2].

336

. VI.

,
u(z), .
1. ) (, )=,
> 0, = 0 (=).
, ,
, .
1 2 2
1+
)
(, ) 2 = Re j ^ n
2+<1,

, ( 1 , 0), 2 + = 1, ( 1 , 0 ) . , , . [ ]
2. .

1.

z g(t,)
G D
u(z) D .

()= w(g())
G.
. Gt <=
<= G. Gi z = g r ()
Dtc:D. / ( )
Di , R e / ( z ) = u ( z ) (
f(z) 7). / ( ) =
f(g(%)) Gu ( ) = Re f ()
d ( 7). Gt
G,
u(Z)
G .
1 . {%, Ti) = R e ( ) , y(i, r\) = lmg(t,),
= g + iri- z = g(t)
(z = x + iy)
~(1,
) , = (1, ).
(2)
#() , (I, ), (%, )
.
(2)

(3) , u(z) , , {%)= u(g(%))


| , , . . . .

38.

337

2. D I m z < 0 , \z + U\>R,
I > R > 0 (. 125).
= 0, z e f l ;
1= = , ul| 2 + i , ,= = = const.

(4)
(5)

= h (z) = _ j g
Z) 1, i ? 1 < | ^ l < l ,
2

a = yi R\ R1=(R + l a)/(R + l + a)

( 38, 35).

I m z = 0 | | = 1 , \z + il\=R ll =
= JRi. z = g{t,) , % = h{z).
1 ( 5 ) = u(g(%))
:
= 0, t,<=K.
(6)
(5)

, (4) (5) (6) (7). .


= g + | = pe ie . % = cos 9, rj =
= sin 0 (6)

1
+
<?

1 2
~

(7) 0,
, (6) (7)
0, . . {%)
. , , (6) (7) 0. , (%) 0, (6)

2

da

du


() = ct + c2 In p = ct +
+ c 2 ln|l. (7) ci==0, /\Rt, . .

< 0
(6) ( 7 ) .
(4) (5) z = + iy.
22 . . .

338

. VI.

(z)= u{h(z))

(4) (5)

a = 1l2-R\
Ri=(R + I - a)/(R + l + a).
Q
3. .
2. u(z),
< 1, \z\ < 1.

(re1*) =

(8)
W

J i_

z = re**, 0<r<l.

. , z = 0 (8)
(6) 10 (
). , z 0 u(z)
. z0 = 0,0 =S ro < 1
(9)

1-0

|z|

\ < 1, A(z o )=O

( 34).

(9)

z = g(5) || < 1
\z\ < 1 , g(O) = zo.
u(z), \z\ < 1,
|zl =^ 1. , () =
~u(s(^>)) |1 < 1 ( 1)
|| < 1. ( 10)
2

(11)
. (11)

3391

38.

eie z

( ! *)=(( 1 )) = ( ; ). (12)

z0 = = ' (11) (13),


(8). .
. ,,

^
1 2 cos ( ) +

\ e i e 2 |2

e i e z'

(8)

(z) = Re j (*) f^f

d8

(' ) . (14) 1'9 = %, dQ = -,

j u()|4-f- |2l<l-

(15)

, (8) (15).
1. ,
, .
.
1. f(z)
< 1 u(z) = Re/(z)
Izl < 1.

. F(z) , (16). F(z)


< 1 ( 1 16) (15) ReF(z) = M(Z) = Re/(z).
, F(z) = f(z)+iC
(. 3 7), 22*

340

. VI.

ImF(0) = 0. ImF(0) = Im/(0) + C =


= Im/(0), . e. F(z) f(z) / ( 0 ) , (16) .
Izl < 1. ,
sincp
coscp, (15)
.
3.
J ! ^
(17)
z = rei<f. (15). = ' 9 ,
(

)
2 (22 + 5 + 2)'

5 + 4cos9

"*>>

/ = : 1 ;^
-^,
^i
2 n i
2
i
2

(
2
C
+
5S
+
2
)
(
C
*
)
t
|
I I = 1 . F() || > 1
= 2
= . , (19) 28
/ = res F(t) res F(Q.
| ; i 1

=-2

E=oo

(3), (12) 28

/<0

(15) "(17)
.
U

.
X

sin

< Izl < R


( , )
[2].
n
In , r cosnq>, r" sin , = 0, 1 , 2, . . .
(18)
4. .
3. u(z), Im z > 0,

38.

341

I m z = O, ,
,

z x+iy, > 0.
. zo = xo + 0, / > 0,

(20)

Z = h(z)='-^
I m z > 0 || < 1, h(zo)~O

( 34). (20)

z = g(Q = ? - ^ 2 .

(21)

z = g(t,) || < 1 I m z > 0 , g(O) = z0. 1 (%) =


= (#()) || < 1 .
, () \t\ < 1
| | = 1 ,
. ( 1)

(z0) = (0) = J Z (**) difr.

(22)

(22)

(23)

-^.
(**) = (h(t)) = u(t). (23)
di|, =

~ Z

d^ =

df.

(24)

zo== xo + iy<> = + ^/, (22) (24) (19).



\
^&-. , (19)
(t ) -f-

l l

342

. VI.

(19) (25)
I m z > 0 . , ,
= 0,

y>0;

(26>

u\y=0 = R(x),

R(z) , i?(z)-*-0 z -* .
(25)
+ 00

(z) = Re \ dt,
v
'
ni J t z '

Im z > 0. (. 2 29)

(z) = 2 Re 2

res M.

(27)

i?(),
Im < 0.
4.
= 0,

> 0;

|=0 = - .

(27)
y +

= - 2 R e 9 . , \, ., = ,
2.(*+)

1
2

1)


= , ;

a l r = B 0 (z),

(28)

D . D .
= h (z) D
Im > 0, z = g () .
u(t,) = u(g(t,)) Im >
Ml4=o = Mo(^(z))U e r = Mo(&), & = ! + ]. (25)

38.

343

% = h(z), t = h(r).
(28)

, w = j(z)
D \w\ < 1, (15) (28)

(28) (29) (30) t, = h(z) D


(8) (19) Z, = h(z).
5.
= 0, 0<<;
|1 >0,
U
[ <0,

(31)
-- 0,

(32)

z = x + iy. % = ( == \ + ir\) 0<<


t ] > 0 ( 3 5 ) .
(32)
> 1 ,
< 1 .
(19)

| = * cos /, r\ = ex sin i/
(31) (32)
/ \
1
v(z)
= -
'

. ~ cos
arctg
:
-. ]1u1
&
sin /

5. .
D
G(z,9 = ^ - l n | z - E | + *(*,),

g{z, 5) :

Jefl,

(33)

344

. VI.

1. %<=D g(z, ,) D, . .

0 + ^1 = 0, z = x+iy<=D;

(34)

2. %^D g{\, z)
D
(z,y|2er--2nln|z-S|2(_r.

(db)

(35) ,
G(z, )| = .

(36)

, ? s f l g(z, )
(34) (35). ,
. ,

.
4. D
w = w(z, ), e Z ) , %^D
D \w\ < 1 , z = w = 0: w(t,, j) = 0.
D

. %^D.
w w{z, %) , . . w(z, %) D, w ' =j= 0 z^D.
w(Z, ) = 0 , w(z, 5 ) ^ 0 z=t,. , w(z, )

w(z, ) = ( z - H ( z , ),
|(, %) D
z^D. (38)

(38)
I|J(Z,

) # ( )

g (z, Q = 2^" l n I
' (z> Q I D D
1

38.

345

, ^ , \w{z, 5)! = 1 (39) (35). , (39) .


2. w = w(z) -
D \w\ < 1, w(z, t,) ( 34)
^

>

1 - (z) w (0

(40)

G(z, ) :
1. :
z).
(41)
2. z^D
( = + ^) D = z.
3. z ) D
G(z, E ) l t e r = 0.
(42)
2 3 1 . 1 .
(40) 1>(, z) i = \w(z, t,) I, (37) (41).
. [2].


Aw = F(z), z^D
(43)

1 = ().

(44)


(43) (44)

fj^

(45)

= 1 + ), - ^ ' D . (45) . [2].


6. . D ni{z).
: u(z),
D
= 0,

zeD,

(46)

346

. VI.

=i(*),

(47)

^ .
(46) (47) ,

f Ml ( 2 )<fe = 0,

(48)

ds = \dz\ .
, [9]
D

(46) (47) (48).


(48)

.
[2]. .
u(z), u(z)
(46) (47).
u(z) = u{z) (z)

g | 2 e r = 0-

(49)

[9]

0 (49).
D. , ^j = 0 jjj > u(z) = const
(46) (47) , D . , u(z)
D.
6.

= 0, >0;

fj-

z = x + iy, () <
-)

(51)

38.

-*-

.,-,

> 0.
*

347
\

--\

on 1/=

= --\

<?!/ |=

. -

, (48) , . .

00

(50)
, () , -- > 0.

--
!/=0

(19) =

J (t x)

-\-

; dt,

+ 0

u (z) = - - , (0 In [(f - z) 2 + /2] dt + ().

(53)

> 0 ,
,
(51)
. () , . . " () = 0, ()
= Ct + . (52) ,
(53) > 0,
-f-OO

-J-OO

J (t) In [(t - x) + ] dt - In (a* + y ) j

Bl

(*) dt =

+OO

. 2 + 2

J | (t) \ In (| t \ + I) 2 dt,

00

(51). u(z) , ,
() , . . 2 = 0, (53) -

348

. VI.

(50):
+ 00

| - j ( * ) I n [ * z \ d t + ,

u(z) =

(54)

(* )2 + = \t z\2. []
(46) (47)
D
D (54).
t, h{z), = 1 + IT)
D I m > 0 , z = g(t,) . ( ) = (#())

Im % > 0. -^=-

,
Im g > 0.
z==
f ( ) ,
I
0 1#'(1)1. ,

4=0

]=

, -^

+ 00

(54)
=

, = A(z), * = ().
g' (t) = , ., (46) (47)

-h(z)\J^Jdx

+ C.

(55)

7.
(56)
2

z = ', (eilf) j ( ! ) dcp = 0.


-

=i

38.

349

z = g () =
I m : > 0 || | | < 1 ( 34).
= h(z) = r r r f * ' (z) =
^-,
(55) (56)
1

\ '

Ul

HI-

\ '

ltl=l

. (57)

(1-)"

; ,

(57)
(1 -

1 + .
1

~ ~

|1-,

| 1 - 2 |

(57)
2

u(z) = - 1 jMl

C,

In|

= JL j

Ml

( e i e ) in 11 e i e j dd =s const

( z ) . (56)
(58)
. [ ]
(46) (47) D
D
(58).
(46) (47) D
v(z).
dv

, -^

= "^)
,
(59)

350

. VI.

.

(59),
u(z) ( 7).
39.
1. . z = + iy D = (, ), (, ) : = ( , ) , = ( , ) .
, D (, ). , ,
D. , :
A=Ax+iAy.
(1)
z, .
[9].
.

=(,),

% = (,).

(2)

t
. (1)
(2), . . = <(), y = \p(t),
J;i<t<t2,
(<p(0i ^(t))
. (, ),
, . .
(,

) = 0, (0, ) = 0,

(2)
. (0, ) ( ), .
, - (2) ,
D . (2), (, ) , (, ),
.
.
. , :

39.

351

1. ( ).
2. .
3. .
D,
.
, .
(, ). ,
(, , z), v {vx{x, ), vv(x, ), 0),
.

v = (vx, vy).

(3)

, ()
.
.
iV = J (, ) ds.
v

(4)

(, )
, "[, (is Y- Y ,
() ,
( ) -{.

N = j Avdx + Axdy.

*-- +

<6>

f (A, n) ds = J J div A dx dy.

(7>

f , D.
(6) .
(7) .
f (0, /) S , -

352

. VI.

7-
div = lim

S-,o

(8)

'

,
.
.

A, t) ds,

(9)

t , .

= j Axdx + Aydy.

(10)

1. ( ) ; .
: (1)
=
= (, , 0).
rotJr = (0, 0, rot ).
(12)

J {A, t) ds = J j rot A dx dy.


V

(13)

Y ,
D.
^0

, (8), (0, ) S
, f. ,
.
2.
- ,(. 1).
s

39.

353

. U (0, ), U to = 7 2 rot , rot


(12).
2. . ( D),
:
div^ = 0.
(15)
. ,
Da
t.
Do Dt (15) , Do Dt . , div v = , , .
D . (6), (8),
(15) ,
Z

Aydx + Axdy

(16)

. , D ,
.

^'

=~~

< 17 )

,
.
,
. ,
(2), (17)

v (x, i/) = const .


D , , (16), , , .
, (17) (
), (, , D) .
, . .
v (, ) , (17)
Z), .
23 . . .

354

. VI.

, , D, :
rot4 =0
(18)'
D. D ,

(> ) = \ Axdx

+ Avdy

(19)

D . {, )
.

, , . . ,

(20), .
(, ) = const .
. , - grad = (, Av), .
,
D, ( , , D) ,
. D
,
(20) D .
,
() [9], [13].
3. . D, , . .
d i v ^ = 0 , rot.4=0
(21);
D.
. (17), (20) ,

'

dv
>

,.
^ '

f(z) = u(z,y)+iv(x, ).
(23);
,

39.

355

1.
.
f(z) . D ;
D , D
.
.
24

'-e + 'S-JHs-fi*

< >

, , , . . /'(z),
D.
/' (z) dz = ( - iAv) (dx + idy), (5), (10)

N = Im j /' (z) dz,

= Re j /' (z) dz.

v
,

(25)

+ iN = f /' (z) dz.


v

(26)

.
1. . = + iAy, , Av . f(z) =
= Az + , . , .
. []
2.
2

2
f(z) = z , (, ) = / , v(x, y) xy. , = const,

2
= const (. 151). z = 0
. , (24)
,
,

f(z) = O.
z = 0
: = 0, z 0,
z = 0.
: =
23*

(27)
.

0, z 0. []

356

. VI.

3. .
,
. 0 f(z),

= , .... /-"-0, /"


^ 2. z =
( ) Zo = g(O), g()

. 152

I = 0 ,
= 0 ( 32, 2).
, (28).
, = 2 ;
/.
3. .
f(z) = ^~ In , ()0 .

ln

= Sr '

arg z = const,
|zl = const (. 152). *0.
,
. f (z) = Q/(2nz), (26) N = Q, = 0.
z = 0 Q,
Q>0,n \Q\, Q<0. []

357

39.

4. .

f(z)=*

= =-? In z, *f* .

|zl = const, arg z = const (. 153). ,


z = , J /' (z) dz =
v
= , N = , = . z = 0 . []
,
, .

5.
. 153
( ) .
() ,

, . f , 4,
N = Q, =^ . , . []
6. . /(z) = -5, . , (. 154).
, .

(. 155) , z =
= fe -* , Q-*<*>, Q 2h -* .
,
lim Q'2

2 dz

2"

358

. VI.

7. . z = 0: f(z) = Cz~n, n>2, =0


. , 2 = 0 -

. 154

. 155

;
() ,
. JJ
40.
1. . [10].
V vx + ivy , /(z) =

= (, )+ iv(x, ),

(1)

v=T&-

D
S D S, .
Voo , ,
V"oo, . D , /' () = Vx.
z = :
\z)

V 4

"

+ ...

\)

(26) 39 2nic-y T + iN, N


, D. D , ,

40.

359

N = 0, (2)
/( 2 ) = F c o Z + C + ^ - . l n Z - ^ - + . . .

(3)

z . V
f(z). S :
S . , S , S
v(x, i/) Is = const.

(4)

, f(z),
D, (3) z = <,
,, , (4) S.
1. .
. /i(z), / 2 (z) .
f(z) = f1(z) /2(z) D. v(z) = lmf(z)
D, S,
v (z) e const. , /(z) = const, /i(z), /2(z) , .
, =
, 0.
2. w = f(z) D
, .
. , yls = 0. , w = g(z),
D g () = Vxz + g0 + . . .
z = . g(z)
(4) ; 1,
()

/() e ( )

w = h(z) D
[0, 1].
z =
h()

w = (h(z~i))~i
D
Z)t .
w = z/(h-1 + hoz + . . . ) , w(0) = 0,

360

. VI.

w' (0) = hi\. ( 33) fta(z), D Du , a.rgh'a(0)=a. a=argV o o


\z) ~,
h

\ a()\

, _, '>

, w = f(z) = u + iv, D ,
, (3) ( = 0) (4),
. , D
< 2, v = v0.
2. . , ,
Voo , ,
Vx.
,
, .
, S
. p(z)
z. S ,
dz S ipdz.
, S, = \ipdz. s

, v = \ V |, V .
= _ |

| 2 <fe.
S

5 (. (4)),

V = /' (z) = ;' , < = arg dz. ,

e~2i<fdz = dz. , ,

% [Wfdz.

(5)

40.

361

, . . .
(2) z =

,
= _ ipTV*,.

(6)

. . : ,
; F, .
3. . , \z\ =/?.
.
, , . .
Fa, .
( z

, R \

. /' () = F _
i?2F
w = VocZ -]
. (
2
_
V R
Foo ) w = Vxz H. *
FooZ
2
VooR /z, z = 0.
Re In z = const \z\=R, g-lnz
,
/(z) = F o o Z + ^ + ^ - i l n z .

(7)

, /' (z) = 0, . .
.

362

. VI.

| | ^ 4 | Voo | R ,
|zi,2l = R .
, V>
. (9)
z 1 | 2 = R(i sin a cos ),

sin a
ia

00
a)

: z t = Re , z2 = Re "~ .
= , Zi,2 = JR,
= AnVooR .
(. (4)).
, z2,

. 156

(. 156,). z
. Zi
( ) ; . , , z2, , zu
. , Si
= 0,

2VR*

, -g- /"(zi) ( zif ( 39). 2, 39.

40.

363

= 0

, z = iR, /3 ( 39). . 156, .


| | > 0 , (9)

- ( V?* - lerfvlfl) R.
(8) , | z l z ! l = f l 2 ,
, \z\=R. (. 156, ).

: = 4nv*R sin . argV oo = 8,
Rsinia-Q).

(10)

4. . S

- + il = l (0<<).
, = &2 2.
. , w(z) = z +
2
2
+ Vz , \z\>R ( 35, . 7). [, ] , Vz2 2 > 0
z&(c, +<). R
( 35, . 6) = --( R + -=- L
= - (R

), R = + . (7)'

1/2 , * * ~ z
(z->) w'(oo)=2.

364

. VI.

+ ^-An(z + V^=^).

(11)

= , 6 = 0 / = [, ]
(11)
2

372+ _I.l n (z + / ^ 7 ) .

V = "00 + iv,*, *,, . ,

/ () =Uaaz - iVoo / i ^ = 7 * + _.l n ( + ~?) .

(12)

. (12)

, . .
.
.
. . . .
.
. : .
, .
z = ,
;
z c.
(13)
0 = -2.,
(14)'
(13)

V = - ivM .

(15)

z = c .
5. . f ; z = ,

40.

365

z ih, ' w =
= ih, w = -a (. 127). | 35 ( 40) , w *= z + Vz2 2 ^'. , f z = = 2 arctg(ft/a), z = a
( ) / 2
"Yd wd = ih de~'an,
'
w = a; Rd = + hz + d. w(z) yd ^d (. 127),

.
,
.
(16)
^d
>/?, (7)

V.J4
w = w(z) (16).
: . z = a Roe~ian,
R0>0
(. 127), (10)

= 2nv0o(

+ fe + d) sin ( + - | -


| | = 2npvl ( V&Th?

+ d) | sin ( + -

VII

41.

, .
f(z)~O[g{x)),

f(x) = o(g(x)),

f{x)~g{x)

-* . , , ~ 4.
1. .
.
1. /(z)
<, . . /(zo) = O, f(zo)fbO.

/(*)-,
(1)
. (1)
z(e), z 0 ;
z(e) -* 0.
( 13).
= 0 z(e), /(z) (. .
/ ( z ( e ) ) = 8 l e i ) . z(e)
= 0
(2)
=1

I e I < > 0. (2) ( 31). , d = l//'(z 0 ).


(2)
N

2 () = z0 + 2 ch& + (ew+i),
fti

- * 0.

(3)

41.

367

, iV = 1 z(e) = Zo + <2(e), N = 2

Z(8) = ZO + T ^ - + 0(8^). Q
(4)
1. (2), . , z(e)
(2) (1). /(z)

\z zol f{z)=

2 n(z z o ) n ,

n=l

(1)
n=i

\h=l

, , Ci, 2, . . .
2. (1), /(z)
> 2 z0, . .
( 32) ,
0 (1)
z o (e), Zi(e), ..., z n _ 1 (e) (
- ). ,
(1) ,
1. ,
0,
= 0. , ,
5 : |el > 0 , largel < -
(0<<).
z0
/(z) = (z-z o )g(z),
(5)
g(z) z0.
= ( 0)

/ Yif

< / < 1,

(6)

. ^ S; , >/^>0
> 0 .
g (z) U z0
. Vg{z)

368

. VII.

; ,
n
Vg (z0). f(z) = ((z z o )i^g(z)) ,
(6) (1) U :

(z - z0) i^7(z) = ^'

VI,

0 < / < - 1.

(7)

/(z) (7), /' (z0) = g(z0),


(7) 1 .
, e e S (1)

h

*i(e) = z0 + 2 ch{e^^V~z) ,

< / < n - 1.

(8)

(8) . ,
jfe S ,
> 0. *
( 31). ( 32),
"

3.
z3-zs = e

(9)

-* 0. = 0 (9) Zi = 1
z2 = 0. (9) Z!(e)--Zi = l
( -* 0) z2,j () -* z 2 => 0 ( -+ 0).
z,(). z = l + ^,
+ 2^ ! + * = . 1 , = 2

**

( C l e + 2 2 + . . . ) + 2 (^ 2 + . . . ) + ( 8 ) - = 0.
, 2,
^ - 1 = 0,

2 + 2\ = 0,

Z i ( e ) = 1 + 8 2 2 + ( 8 ), ->-0.
Zz,s(&)~ > 0 , , iz > 0. (9) z =
:

41.

369

1 zl,_0 = 1.

z = 2

fe=i
Cl

( 8 )*)

/ i + 2 - - 8 + () = I / ,

c t = i, c2 = 1/2* ,

z2 () = iVl--Y

-* 0, <S, 5 z = 0. []
4. z sinz = e. = 0
z = 0 3, ,
z = 0. -- 0, > 0.
\z\

z sin z = -g- + (z5) = e,


(8)
Zj (e) = ^ ^ 6 i + (82/3),

_^ ,

/ = 0, 1, 2.

/ > 0 > 0. D

5. (1), /(z)
z = . (1)
,
-* 0.

| z | > i ? R >{
. % = 1/z (1)

#()= 2

> ^(0) ^ 0. -

ft=0

, 1, 2. []
24 . . .

370

. VII.

6.
(*)->.,
(z) > 2:
(z) = aozn + aiz"-1 + . . . + ,

(11)
0 0.

X -* ,
X^S,
S ]avgX]<n ( 0 < 6 < ) .
=> 1/, = 1/z; (11)

2 , (11)

0 < / < 1 , V% }/~ , X > 0. []


f(z) , s-*-0 (1)
/(z) = 0. -> 0
(1), /(z) .
7. = = 0 .
0,
z f c (e)= 2/em + ln e
(In e ), z s (e)
-* 0. []
.
f(z)

/00-0

(12)

zl7 z2, ..., zn, . . . (12)


, , zn -* -*<.

(12) /(z).
8.
tgz = i (13)
,
tga: 1/. tga;, i/x -

41.

,
= 0.
(/2)<
-* +.

371

(13)
(13),
< + (/2). = + , 1/ = ,

cos -!

sin

8 = 0 (14) = 0; () (14) ,
()--0 ->-0. (1),
1() = 0 = 0
00

f(y). 1 , () = 2

>

4 = 1,

/. ,
= + +
, (14) {), = 1, 2, . . . []
2. , (13)
.
9.
z lnz X
(15)
D, D (, 0],
\z\ < , > 0 . l n z
D , z = > 0.
(15) % -*-+<.
, (15), , z = z(A,); z(A)-*- ,->+<. , z In z D<=-D.
, Inz = ln \z\ + i<p, | < | < z^D, | l n z | =
= o(|z|) z-* oo, z^D. , z{X)~X -+>
()-,(1 + (,)), ?(,)-^0 ->-+.
1. , , > > 0
(15) D z(X),
1 + +.
24

(16)

372

. VII.

(15) 2 = ,(1 + ) ,
l n ( l + S)

_ 1 A

( 30). (17)

(
l
O,
(18)
= 1, 6 = 1/, , 6 = ()
(,->-+). ,: ll=s2s. -* 0
-- +, , > 0 ,
: | | < 1 / 2 >0. 1(1 + )
, . . i In (1 + ) I < , , > ,. | I = 2

== () -* +,
, > Xt, 4 . (18), ,
= 0. , X^Ki (18)
, 0(.); |(.)I < 2 | | , . .
(.)=0((1))
(,-*-+>). (16) .
2. (16). , . . = ((In k) /X) (17). ,

1(1 + ) = () ( - 0). ,


z(k), (16). (17) 5, z(X), . .
3. , (16)
S, I,i ->, S largA.1 <
^ ( 0 < < ) . In ,
S ,

>1.
10.
e'=*az,

(19)

41,

373

, ,
.
(19)
,
* az . , \ez\
arg z = , ,
arg z = , , \az\
. ,
(19) , . .
, , , .
.
1. Re z < 0, \z\ > 1/UI (19)
, \\ < 1, \az\ > 1.
2. S, largzl ^ /2 . ,
( 0 , /2) 3, (19)
. z s 3C
= , | < | < ; - | , | | = e r c o s < p > er 8 i n e .
\az\ = | a | r = o ( e ' s l n e ) (r + + o o ) , T O | e ' | > \az\ (z s , | z | > f l ) ,
R (19)
z^St, lz| > R. , (19) .
3. 5 g : - g ^ arg z ^ -. (19) St,
.
5 , (19);
,
z = 2mn + l n a + lnz.
(20)
In a , lnz Re z > 0 , (0, ). , , 9;
= 2nin + In .
, 9. z = 2nin + ,

% ~ ln(2jtwa) (->-<).

z = 2 + In + In (2) + ( i 2 p j ,

n-y+oo.

(21)

374

. VII.

z zn (21) (20),
.
(21) l n r e > 0 , Re ln(2jim)> 0.
(19)
2~ < arg z <
2~ + - LJ
11.
sin z = z.
(22)
I sin z [
z = 0, . (22) . .
8 =S arg z ^ , 0 < < , s . z = re'"; < < < z <= .
| sin z | = ~Y | eiz e~iz | > - | - ( e r s i n E e~rsine),

z <= Se.

z e S , , \z\ >R R , I sin z I > \z\ (22) . ,


(22) .
+ ^ arg z < 8,
/ (z) = sin z z .
(22) : z0, z0, z0, z0,
/(z) f(z) f(z) ( , }() ).
Ss: 0 < arg z ^ . > 0 , .
(22)
",
1).

(23)

Vz 1 Ss
fj(z), / = 1, 2, / 2 ( z ) = / i ( z ) . /4(z) ,
= > 1 ;
fi(z)~z,
/2(2)
z z e St. , z + (z) ~ 2z, z + /2 (z) ~
~ l/(2z) z -* , 5 , ( 11 24).
Imz>0

z e iS, |' | < 1 . (23)


z e 61,, |z| > 1/2 " = i(z + U(z)).
,
z = 2 + -|- i In g (z).
g ( z ) = z +/ 2 (z), n&*l ;

(24)

Ing(z)

S 41.

375

5 , z. , (24) ; , zn ~ 2 -* . , 5 z -*

In g () = - In (2z) + In (l + (-1-)) = - to (2z) + (),


(24)

z = 2 + - + i In (2z) + (4"
( z = z n ). , 9,

f^j

?-^ + . (25)

{}, { zn>, {zn).


2. .
(26)

t.

F(x)
-* -. J / (t) dt , ,

-* +
G(x) = F(+) F(x), . .
.

(27)


, . .
f(t)~g(t),

t-++oo%

(28)

li(t)dt~\g(t)dt,

x-^+oo.

(29)

376

. VII.

1.
f(t),
g (t)

g(t)

I g(t)dt=

(30)

(28) (29).

.
X

j / (0dt
lim
dt

(30).

1. 1

2. 1

Ht)-O(g(t))t

.
> 0 ,
,
X

jf(t)dt
,

(t>b>a).

41.

= j \f{t)\dt.

377

()--+< ->-+,

2{)
, 2 .
12. 1 1, 2 ,
> 1 , , -- +

/ () = (*) => J / (*) =

/ () = () => j f(t)dt

/() 5= . []
13. f(x) >
0. -* +>
f(x) --=>

f (t)dt ~ \,

1 1, 2. []

14.

F() = \ ]/' 1 + 1 df.

*2 + 1 ~ t * -> +>, F(x)~xV2


(-*-+).
F(a;)
: -* + . t > 2
3

-- = i + ^- + ( ).

378

. VII.

, > 2

J / F + l d* = J( + -gj-) d* + J (8) .
2

*+1

VWT1
-1

0 ( 1 ) ,
-* +. []
1 1, 2, ,
, [, +) [, ), (30)

(t)dt= + .
e

15. f(x)~ Ca;- (a: -- + 0 ) , ,


/() 0 < < .

>1

, -* + 0

(27).
16. f(t),
t^a,

g(t)>Q

g(t)

-* +<

9 41.

379

f(x)~g(x)=>)f(t)dt~$g{t)dt,
X

f(x) = o (*(*))=* J /(*) dt = o[ f g(t) dt ,

\x

/
\

/(*) = (*(*))=- J /( < = J *(*)


, g(t)

f(t) . , 1,
. []
17. > 1 , =0 ,
f(x)
3* . -* +

f(x)

= o (~) => j / (*) dt = (a;i-e),

18.

v () &* ,
v(x)-*-Q -* + > 0 . ^() -*- +.
2
) / + ()~ ; : -> +<, 1

F(x)~kx,

-* +.

) , , J v (t) dt << .

F(x).
X

F(x) = ( VW+- ) dt + kx^

w ^ _

J * + (*) + *

380

. VII.

(1) -*- +; ,

dt.
) v(x)t
F(x). ,
, v{x) + > 0 > 0
v(x)~Ax~a,
-*-+,
0, > 1.
()

.4

ZA

^ +^^ +
(31) 17
F(;r) = b ; + C + ^ " ^

+ o(z-+%x-++

oo.

19. -* +0

f(t) 0 ^ ( < 1
. , = 0 F(e) ,
f(0)=0, , /(0)=0.

() = /()[1(1 + ) - 1 ] = - / ( ) 1
,
F
0
f(t) f(O) /(*) /(0) =*
= <(), (^) O ^ i ^ l . ,
1

= max |q>(f)|- ,
t

= -/(0)1118 + 0(1),

8 ^ + 0.

8 41.

381

3. .

(32)
S(n) -* +<.
; ,
(. . f(k) ).
(32) .
2. f(x) , ^ 0.

2 / () =

/ () dx + (1) + (/ ()) ( - ).

(33)

. /(#) .
ft fc+i

J /(ar)dr</-(ft)< f /(;).
ft-i ft

ft = l, 2, ..., 1 ,
1

/().

,
71

() / (0) _ / (W) _ J / ()

(34)

(33).
f(x) .
20. ,

24"
2

= 1 + 0(1),

71->+.

ft=l

2 , -*

(4-)=in n+ (1).

382

. VII.

21. > 1 .

, 2, -*

2 fc" = J xadx + (1) + (*) =

(32) J f{x)dx.

3. f{x)
> 0.

S /(*)-j/(a:)
=0

< 1/(0)1+

(35)

.
=

J f(k)dx=

) f(x)dx + g(k),

ft-i ft-i

= J I/ / 0)] ^rft-i

f(k) f (x) = j /' (t) dt,

ft
ft


ft

ft

J J

fti

,
J J / () ^

(35).

fti \fti

/()+ 2
ft=l

ft1

\f(t)\dt,:

42,

383

3. 3 ,

2 /(*) - 1 /(*) ** < I /() 1 + JI /' (*) I dx,


i=n

(36)

, .
, 20, 21
3.
22. , > 1
.

(36).
/' () = ax~ a ~ t ,

n
re-+ +

42.
1.

> 0, -* +>.
,

/(*) = - J -1
00

) f

,
i

, (-D

(+1)1

384

. VII.

Sn(x) , . Rn (). ~' =^ 1 ^ t,


\
+1 '

, -

/ 1 +
2\ ~~.
,
:

. . f(x) ,
(2)

\f(x)-Sn-1(x)\<-%L..
X

(2) . ,
>2 \f(x)~Sn-l(x)[
< 1/(2"). f(x) ,
(1).
, ( -- +)
(1) . , = 10, = 5
5.(10) = 0,09152,

0 < /(10) - 5 5 (10) < 0,00012,

/(10) * 5 5 (10)
0,1 %.
, f(x)
(, ) , .
(1) ,
. , ,
.

f(x)

/ () *-* j ^ -+1 .
n=o

. , ( + 1)- - (+ 1)~1 -*
-* . , , -

f(x).

42.

385

, , .
, , , . .
,
, , ,
.
.

.
2. . ( ) , . {(fn(x)), n 0, i, 2, ...,
, ( -* , ),

.
1. <() -* (
= 0). []

2. () = ~

->- , ^ :
1) > , = <>;
2) > , +<;
3) < , . []
3. (z) = zn z -* 0,
0 < < z = 0
: 0 < \z\ < , < arg z < ^ (0<(J a*S 2n). []
4. q>n(z) z~n z -> ;
z = oo (\z\ > R) : \z\ > R, < arg z < jj (0 <
< < 2) . []
.
; . .

1. {<())
->- , .
25

. . .

2 (#)>;
=

386

. VII.

,
1(), N >
N

1 (*) 2 () = (),

--a, i e M .

(3)

2 () /(),

/()

()

. 1
:

(4,

, .
,
. ,
(4) . 1. ,
JV

RN(x) = f(x) 2 >().


, ,
->-0,

J*,\

-*-,

<=,

RN(x)
N -+ (. !).
,

-^ (-*-0). ,

.

.
1.
.

42.

387

. , f(x):

/ (*) ~ 2 (*),

/ (*) 2 (),

- , ^ .
, = . ,
f(x) ()= (0()), f(x) &()= ( 0 ())
( , -* , ^). , ( 0 0)(() = ( 0 ()).
>0(), 0 0 = (1), -*- , /, , 0 = . , , = |.
/() () 1, () = (, ()),

f(x)ao(fl>(x)

b,(f>i(x)=o((pi(x)),

, (4 bi)q>i(x)= (,()), at = 4.
, = .
,
. ,
~ - 0 + 0 ~ + .. . + 0 ~ + ..., --> +
( ~ -*- +),
~ 0 + 0 -' + .. . + 0 ~ + ..., -+ +.
3. .
(. 14)
.
, , . .
, . .
.
, z -- , Z E J S , S
\z\>R, a ^ arg z < 1 ( 0 < ^ < 2 ) ; , S
|z| > R.
1. 2. z ->- , z e S

(
=

z -* , z e 5,

a)
25*

a/ (z) + ^ (z) - 2 ( + ) z" n ;


=

388

. VII.

/ ( z ) ( z ) ~ 2 c n z-";

7Tdz~n>

, d n ,
.
, , ). . N > 0
/ () = 2 az-n + (s-w-i),

(z) = 2 *"" + (-*-!),

71=0

4=0

/ (z) g (z) = 2 * - " + ( z " J V ~ 1 ) '

= & + a i b n - i + +

71=0

0.

2.
. ,
3. f(x) > 0
ZJ anz~n,

j{x)~

x -+ + oo.

71=2

.
( %+

\f{t) dt=

RN(t))dt=

^
=2

\RN(t)\ < cNf~w"' t, c,v


,

J RN
3. .
4. f(z) S:
\z\>R, oc<argz<fj (0<fS < 2 )

f(z)~

2 anz-n,

=2

z-+oo, ze=S.

42.

389

z-*-, z^S, 3 , S,

, S.
4. ,
, . }(z) , .
5. f(z) S:
\z\>R, a < a r g z < ^ ( 0 < ^ a ^ 2)
OO,

/'(z).

*2nanz-n-x,

z->oo,

71=1

5 , S.
. S 4 < arg z < 4, <
< cti < pi < . z e S
(
f |g z | = e l z l , S,
0 < < 1 ; z^S,
z. , N^0
1 (2) = 2 *- + W (2),

| (Z) | < * | * ^ " ,

Z S 5,

71=0

i?jv(z) S.
N
n

f (z) = - 2 nanz~ -i + ^().


=1

I * ( z ) I = - 1 1 | r | l ^ ^ - 1 1 z i-1m g v i r*-1 < * i


1^1 > (1 ) Izl 5 - # > 0 .

390

. VII.

43.
1. .

() = J f(x)e
dx,
(1)

. / = [, ]
, .
f(x)^O S () = const .
, S(x)
. f(x) . f(x), S(x) ^1.
F(X) %-*-+. ,
. ^

S ()
,

()

/
. 157
0 I.
.
1. max S () 0 , i
I S" ().
, > 0 ekalx).
h(x, ) = e4*>-s(*o)).
, h(x0, )= 1 h(x, K)< 1 * > 0 .

(. 157). (1)
(0 , 0 + ) 0.
f(x)
, S(x):
/(*)/ (a;,), S(x)-S

(0) ^ S" (0) ( - )\

( $()0)
+

F{l)^e%s^)f(x0)

J eW2)s"^(x-xo)

dx.

(2)

XQ-6

. 4.

43.

391

= tHXS" (0) (S" () < 0,


), , (2)

X -- + ,

^ ~* ' 2 d t = 2. -

, F(X) -- +

2. max S () = I
.1

S'{a)*0.

, , , F(k)
[, + ].
f(x), S(x) :

+6

ma)

F(k)^e f(a)

f eUx-a)s'(a) .

. ,, , + . , , > ~

[)

\<1)

.,, , ,

\)

5' () < 0. , X -* +

(3), (4)
. .
2. S{x) .
.

1. / = (, )
,
S(x)<C, / ,
(5)

(1) > 0.
Re % > %
Ci .

|F(X)t<CieCRe\

(6)

392

. VII,

. Re> 0 (5)
= . ,

/ (X)e ^(-) e (.-4)S(*)

dx

, , (6) .
, / = [a, b] , f{x), S(x) ^1.
, , -* +,
^-*>, ? i e S t , Ss | a r g ^ | ^ - 7 j

. 0 < < /2. , S,,
>> sine.
-* , X ^ Sa :
(Re^)-" = O(U|- n ), n>0,
\e-CK\=O{\k\-N),
N > 0 .
1.
S(x)<S{a),

; S'(a)>0,

(7)

w /(), 5() = . -* , >,eS


(8)
=

.
.
1 d
f{x)
,
)
s
{x)
dx
{ ) )

Xi

(4) , ,

. 5" () 0,
> 0 , 8'()0 ^ < + .
(1) :
FM^F^
+ F^k),
Fi (k) [, + ]. F2(k).

43.

393

S(x) /
, S () = S () + < <> , > 0
. 1 s
1^ 2 (,)|^! 8() - ) 1.

()

Fz(%)
n i
s(a>
e*.s(a> ) 0 ) cnAr ~ e' (8).
FiCk), [a, a + 6], ;
+
+

(\

+6

+6

= +
e i s ( l l ) ( , -*>, . ^ 5 ),
S(a + 6 ) - i S ( a ) < 0 .
FU(A,). / t = [, + ]
-S' () < 0, 5i > 0 ,
S' () < Si / 4 ,
S(x)-S(a)-(x-a)S'{t),
| ( , + ) ,

/ 4 . ji{x) :
\f()\M
/ , , ,
+6

j I (*) 11 e*)-s()) [
a
a+

(12)
(13)
, (11) F () = Fl (X) +
+ F(A,) (10) .

394

. VII.

() ,

>,
+

Fi2 () , Ft (),
I

Fn(X) (13),
/ /t, ,

, (8) (9).
(8). F{%) % ( 1 16), (8) 5 42.
1. f(x)

^(x)e~Xxdx.

(14)

, f(x)
> 0,

0. ,
F () -

/) (0) ^~~1

(15)

, -*- , A, s 5 .
5() = , max S () = S (0) = 0,
2>0

5"()=5^. 1 , .
i
F(k) : F(A) = i '1(^) + F 2 (X),
Fi(X) [0, 1]. S(x)=- < 1
; > 1, 1

43.

395

, ->- , ^ SE. Fi(k) 1, (15). []


2.

-- +.

(:) = 1

%=F{x),

F(x)

F(x) (14).
t = 2 = 1 + ,

^ (14), = 2, / = (J + )~ ^,
/(ft) (0) =
7) (2 1)!!. (15), , -*- +

, 1#1 -> ,
|argx|^-r
( 0 < < ; / 4 ) . ,
2

, X

S2e' \ arg | ^ -=

2,

(15). Q
3. .

(,)= J e - M V " V ( O ^ .

(17)

2 ( ) . > 0, (5>0, j(t) 0<t^a


-

396

. VII.

t . -*-, 3 i e 5 ,
(n)

() _L 2 ^-(+)/ (iLL) / () .
=

(18)

X .
,

ReA,>0. / ReA,>0
, .
> 0. ,* = i/, ,
(19)
m

f -yp/)-id

aJ

"

Re > 0.
(19)
(0, +) R e X > 0 . (0, +), Re > 0.
2. (X)
:
Oi [0, ], > 0 .
"<'6 <0 6 < ^ , 1
2()
| 2
X^SZ,
\\>1, .
[0, ]
N

An) ,ri\

/ = '

' ', li|)w(f)l < ^ + 1 , 0 ^ i ^ 6 .

4()

43.

397

i, RN (I) = J % (0 ()
(0, +) (, +).
(19). 1 \~%\, ta < -aa t>a.

1 (X) = ^-(+)/ (_) + (<>-*).


,
RN (%) ^+1 \ ~ |
00

k^Ss.

( ). (18) . (18)
, 1.
3. -*
-- +
0()=-

V\

dt.

^(^)
( ).
, , .
. . l = [i, +i);
f{t)= 1/Vl + f, / ( 0 ) > 0 , Im t > 0 I. > 0
I. , ? (. 158).
[-R, R], \t\ = R, : \t i\=p

398

. VII.

. |)1 < " 1


UI->-, If] =R
i? ->- . , t^C9

U +II = 1 (*-*)(* +0 I=pl2i + O(p)|>p, -0;

,
(1/) -* , t^Cp.
-> 0 () .
, > 1

( f(t) ).

"\ 0, ii + 0, q>i = 0, 2 = + . ,
,
00

00

?~

0() = i\ - ,

J / 1

d (IT) =

J - -!

^ = -*

/>~xt,

J V((t-

( = + 1). ( = 1, = 1/2), ,

4. 5() .
2.
S(x)<S(x0),

=0,

a<xo<b,

S" {0)

(20)

f{x), S(x) 0. % -*- , 5 8


F(X)^e%s(xo)f1cnl'n~1/2.

(21)

=0

5
.

43.

399

(3), , ,

) ]

'

(22)


3. S(x)
0
S'(xo) = O, S"{x0)<0.
(23)
U, V = , = 0 q>(y) ,
5 ( ? ( J ) ) - 5 W = - J ! , y^V,
(24)
(/) j e F ,
25

-^,

( )

= () V U.
. , , 0 = , S(xo) = O.
1

S () = J ( t) S" (t) dt = J (1 - t) S" (xt) dtss x2h (x).

UQ = 0, S" (xt)<0
x e Uo, 0 Si 1, 5"' (0) < 0.

h(x) = $(t-l)S"(xt)dt

f/0 .
= 0,
(26)
z

. . x h(x) , , , S(x) = .

l/h(x)>0.

= V - ^ - ^ ,
(26) , = <(), (0) = 0,
.
2. = 0, S() = 0.
[4, 2] = 0 ^() :

400

. VII.

Fi() [, 61], F%{K)


[64, 62], () [2, ]. S () < 3(0)
^1, *0, Fi(K), FS(A.)
, -- , s St, . .
^()-(-**)
( > 0 ) , 7 = 1,3.
, 1.
} , S(61) = iS'(61); iS(6i)= e 2 ,
> 0, : = 0 S (), Fz(k) = (():
2.

\ (X) = j e-\(y)

dy, h{y) = f (())

' ().

g(y) = h(y) + h{-y).

F2(A.).
= 2, = 1, , g () ,
gm (0) = 0 .
F2(K) (21),

, g

C2n)

<2)

(0) = 2/

(0).

(1/2) = , '(0) (25).


2
1. max S ()
= I 5'() = 0, S" ()=0.

(n+1}

F () ~ MO 2J dn%-

'\

(28)

^ -1[^) + 0[)}

(29)

S 43,

40t

4. -

( + 1) = j f*e- .

( ) ) ^+.

(30)

(1);
. *~'
f > 0 to(x) = x, -+ +. ,
t = xt'.

(1): = , S = lnt t, / ( f ) = l .
t o = l S(to) = 1, S" (to) = I.
2, : (0, 1/2), (1/2, 3/2), (3/2, ). ~ = ) 1.
[1/2, 3/2] (22), (30).
(30)
:
! ~
(30) 2, z--o, 5 5 largzl < [7].
, 0 < < . - [22]
1()~(2

| ) l n z - z + -|

( 12, 4). (30) :

|0(1/)|<1/12.
5.

F () = 2
ft=0
26 . . .

402

. VII.

-- . . 00

kln~k^1 = \~

dx,

F(n) = n \e~m(\ + x)ndx,

00

F () = J enS{x) dx, S(x) = + l n ( l + ).

S() >0 = ,
$(0) = 0, S"(0) = 1. 2,

^()-72(1 + (1/)), ->.


44.
1. .

= $ f (x) eilsl-x) dx.

(1)

I = [, ] , S(x)
X
. (1) ,
S(x) .
F(K) ,--+<. /(#) = () S(x) = const .

F(X) = J f(x)eikxdx.

(2)

f(x) < < , F (%)-*-


lKx
-*- +. , % Re(f(x)e )
,
,
. ,

f Re(/(aOe**)dr.

(2) :

44.

[13].

403

\ | / () | dx .

iU

f(x)e dx^0,


^(,) . ,

/() .

f(x), S(x). ,
/.
1. f(x), S(x) S'(x)'O ^1. (1)
X -* +

F ( ~ -fa ^) ^ (1~ - -L *^> 2 ^ (^)- .

(3)

X .

eiXS(b)

,
)

fix)

S' [)

dx '

,
(9) 43.
1. (1)
, 1 43:

=i J- d

S{x)

^ )=-k

i71(X) = o(l) (A,-*-+>)',


(4) , {\/%).
26*

404

. VII.

F^X) , F (X);
,
f ix\

()= (f(x)/S'(x))',
a F2 F 4 /
/,. F 2 (\) = o ( l )
(A,-*-+>)
, F1(k)=O(k~1),
(4) .
, ,
F

<*> = +

a.,-, &, (5). , (3).


FCk) X,
F() , ( 16, 1).
(3) 5 42.
1
1. f{x) S(x)
+l , >1, [, ].
k-l

=0

A1

=0
h

+ o(X~ )

(A,-v+ oo).

(6)


, .
2. f(x) k i[0, 2]
-* +
= | eimxf (x) dx = o (m-h).

i2mn
, e
= 1 m ,
(7), (6)
.


.

(8)

44.

405

1. () = j eif2dt

-* +. :

<2

, , -* +

, ,

, :

Wat = 4- f r d ) - - * + -I- f *"*ett* .


3

ei


00

^jt~idt = 0(x-3),

;r->+0O.

*&-*-+<>[?} ^ + ~ ,
( -+-+) ().

7)- G
2. .
1 : S'(x)=0
^1, . . S() ()
. , F(K) , 1.

406

. VII.

S(x) = xz = 0.
( 1/) cos Xxz , (~1), . . . F(K)
1/. .
1. f(x) [0, ] =0. -* +
/ () /*1** dx = 4" ^- ( / 4 ) 0 ( ) / (0)

() =

(9)
() = sgn .
. >0 f(x)=l.
= t,

aYaX

I (/2) 2{

'dx = -4=r \ e^l*dt = ^=

f e^dt

\e^dtJ

"I

, , -^ e i J t / 4 l/"2n ( 29).
0(1/) - + 1,

< 0;
a

j eiax2dx = j **2
(3 = > 0 . , (10)
< 0 ,
< = \\ ein/l ~/\

f(x)
g () =

i-^-i

0 :

=^ < .

(X) = [

xg (x) dx.

44.

407

_ g (0) eW

()

dx

(11), (9).
1. ,
(9) , f(x) {0, ].
2. f(x), S(x) [, ] S(x) 0 [, ], < <.

S" ()= 0, (1)


/(,)

(12)

g ( )
.
: [, 0], [, ] F(X) :
F(X) = F, () + F2 (k). 5 " () > 0, .
S'(x0)>0
<^,
S()
0 < < , . . 5(;)> S(x0) . F2(X) ( [, ])
x = q>(t) , S() S(0) = t2 (. 43).

^( = /(()'(. ' = ,5()-5(;)>.


-* +

| 1 ff (0)
g ( 0 ) = /( )1/
|/

(1-),

~ol-
(/

Fi(k),

(12).

408

. VII.

S" ()< 0 S" ( )> 0:

= J &*>, S(x) = S (),

S" (#)> 0. .
2. -> +

n &z 0 .
1 = /2, 2 = /2.

Jn(x) <pi, (. . (12))
(1/), . .
II

3. .

2
f(n)
71=

71

(13) ,
) /(#) <
< < ;

/() ;

7 1 = 00

/' ( + )

0 < < 1.

(13) . [7].

(13). () =

f(x+n);

77=

1. >()
:
() =

2
ft

4>he2nihx,

44.

409

%=

fe=

/()

(14)

n=i

, (14) . ,
1

) e~2Ilihxdx =

< = \ - (X)dx=\
2 f(n+

=-

f f(x)e-2nikxdx=

e-2nihxf(x)dx,

< (14), (13).


(13) ,
=
-* , /() (. . f(x) \\ -* ,
}()). , j{x).

3.

F (t) JLL ,/

=- -

= - + t

F(t) t -* .

f(x, t) = /1 + f. . ), ) , )
( t>0).
1* (, t) = (* + t*)~ 1 / 2 - xeinx (x* + i 2 )~ 3 / 2 .

"V I

\\

17- _1_ 1% - /21-1/2

* ()

s [0, 1],

2 ( 1)

, Si [0, 1]
[9].
s [0, 1]

#2 = 2 ( - l) ft (^ + ) [( + )2 + 2 3 / 2 ,

410

. VII.

Si, S2,
1 . , ), ), ) . (13),

= 2
2 %(*), *(0= f
k=<x

= ty,

q>k(t) = 20((2 l)nt)


( 43, 3).
, 0()

, I\ > 1

\{)\<~,
,

< 4 2 | 0 ((2 - 1) n t
ft=2 ft=2

F(t) = 2<po(f) + (-) = 2}/~--[1

+ (1)],

45.
1. .
eMdz,

(1)

Y z,
/(z), 5(z) D, "f- F(X)
X->-+. / ( z ) ^ 0 S(z)^ const .
43 , f , S(z)
f , (1) . (1) ,
.
/(z), S(z) D, -

45.

411

f D ( ), F(k). ,
Y ,
1) max | exs<-z) | z0 e ^ (z0
2=v
),
2) Im S ( z ) = const z *s ^ z0.
fo , z0; ReS{z)^ Re S(z0) , > 0, z 0, z e f . , max Re S (z) z0
1). ^ ( |e*(s(zo)~e) I ) ->- + ( 43, 1).
! z = <p(), i o ^ i ^ i o , cp(O) = z0,
. 0 2) 1 5 ( ) ^
= JmS(zo),
'

F1 () = eiXlmS(zo)

J" J(t) e^) (ft,


-'

f{t)=j(<p(t))y'(t),

S(t)=~ReS(ip(t)).

F,(X)

5(f) , , F,_(X)
43 ,
.
, iS"(z o )=O. ,-^- Im S (z)
=0
2), max Re S (z) z0
2CV

( 1), -- Re S (z)
dt

= 0 . , - S (z)
t=o

dt

=0,
f=0

S' (z0) = 0.
z0 , 5"(zo) = O,
S{z). , 1), 2), S(z).
(1) , max Re S (z) Zo, 2EV

f. z0 .
, Re5(z) ,
, (
), (1) .

412

. VII.

,
( if, ,
(1) ). [7], [10], [12], [21], [22], - ,
/(z), S(z) i Y, .

(1) .
Re S(z) const, Im S(z) = const.
2. .
S(z) z0.


ReS(z) = Re S(zo)+ e, Im5(z) =
= Im<S(z<,) + e , z0.
1. S'(zo)^O.

z0 Re S(z) = const, Im S(z)=> const .
. JS(Z) z0,
S'(zo)=O. w = S(z) U z
V w<, = S(z0). U , V \ u o l < 6 , \v va\<b,

w = + iv, wo = U(, + iv0.


ReS(z), IniiS(z), U,
= const, v = const,
V. ,
Re S(z)=ReS(z0) ,
, , z = S~l (w) t
S, Wo (. 159
1 13). .
,
Re(z), ImiS'(z) , , ,
S(z)*=z (. 159).
ReS(z), Im5(z)
. .
1. S (z) z2. z = 0
. z = x + iy, S = u + iv, = 2 2,

45.

413

v = 2,
. ^, 2 ^ 0 ,
Re S = Im S = 2 , w = Q
/ = 0, ; + z/ = 0, ; = 0 = 0, /= 0 (. 160).
Re S(z) = Re 5(0) (. .
dz = 0) 4
; Re(5(z)5(0))
(. 160) . Do I arg z I <
< /4, Di |arg(z)i<
< /4; Re(z 2 )<
< 0.

z = 0
I m S ( z ) = ImS(Q), , I: = 0.
Re5*(z)= 2, . . . 160
Re S(z) z I z = 0. I . []
(, ,
Re S) ReS = Re(z 2 ), . . ReS = z/2 xz.
(. 161),
. , .

(, ) I.
, z 0
S(z) (. . S" ()=^ 0),
ReS(z), ImS(z)
, S(z)= z2.
2. z0
S(z), . . iS"(zo) = O, S"(zo)^Q.
U
Re S(z) = ReS(z 0 ) 1 12, z0 U
4 . Re(S(z) S(z0))
.
. 162.
., . U Zo- <(), .
V % = 0 ,

2, l ^ V

(2)

( 2 32). , ^ ' ( 0 ) ^ 0 , z = cp()

414

. VII.

V U. ReS(z), IniiS'(z) , = q>~1(z)


Re 2 = const, Im t,2 = const, . z, .
1. , ReiS(z)<
<Re>S(zo), Z, , lmS(z) =
= }mS(z0)
z^l. Re(z) I z z0.
I (. 162
).

. 161

. 162

3. . , f /(z), S(z) D,
.
1. max Re S (z)

, S'(a)::0.

F ( > , ) = [ / (z) e%s(z)dz ~ " V S ( a ) 2 cnl~n.


=0

X -* +
(3)

X
.

(3)

-1_

:a'

S' () dz '

(5)

, (3) (5) (8), (9) ( 43). 1 43.

45.

415

\. .
(1) , max Re S (z) zev
. , :
) max Re S (z) z0, zev

(. . '(*)= 0,
S"(za)^O);
) z0 , Re S(z)< Re5 f (z 0 ) (. 162).
2. ), ) .
X -* +

=\f

(z) eKSMdz ~ / S ( Z u ) cJTn-*'2.

(6)

"=0

X
.

K-.+

OO. (7)

(7),
(6) .
2. U z0, "f = Y U ^i, ^ 2 f F(X) : F(k) = F0(k)+ F 4 (^) +
+ F2(%), Fa(k) (1) ^3, j = , 1, 2.
max Re S (z) z0 e 0, , 2 43, , F4(X.), F2(h)
/ = 1,2,

(8)

, > 0 .
Fo(K).
U , V =
= () ,
) S(y&)) = S(zo)-,
l^V;
) () V V U, () = .
, 2 32. Fu{%)
= (),

e-wV(OdC-

(9)

g(g) =

/((^))'(5),

f0.

416

. VII.

V || < > 0 ; , <()


Re(2) = 0 : | ) =
= 0 (5 = + ni) V 4 . D 4 , U: (0, ), D 2 ,
Z: (, 0). ^, ,
foi, 72 ( z 0 ); , Re S{z)< ReS(z 0 ). , = 0 Yi>
Di, Z>2 . d
|| =j), ,
k, Yi.

f e-K'g (?) dl = f ertfg (0 dl + J e-K*g (Q d.

(10)

Re(^ 2 )<0 6i > 0


, Re(^ 2 )^ 4 d, ^i
[0, ]
(~ i), -*- + .
^2, ,
e- 2 g(Qd + O ( e - ' ) .

^ - ^ + oo,

(11)

' > 0 . (11)


, . . ( 43, (1)),
S = t,2. , max S () = ,

S" (0)0. 2 43, (6). .


(7) (, , )- 2 , ^
f', z0
1: lm S {z) = lm S{ZQ) I,
Re S ( z ) < Re S(z0) z ^ I , z=z0. ,

= P.,

(12)

0 I z0
.

/ ( z ) = l , S(z)=-^
az2,

/(z), S(z), S" (z) . -

S 45.

417

I, z =
(. . 2), Im(z) = 0, a ReiS(z)<0
z 0. z = , <;
< < ; S (z)=
" | | 2 z ^ I , I

(12) .
2

3. max Re S (z) -

7, S'(a) = 0, S" {).


X -* +

F () = f / (z) exsil)dz - ^ S ( a ) 2 ~~-

(13)

, (10).
2. max Re 5 (z)
zu z2, .. ., zm, , ,
) 2.
(1) X -* +
Zi, . . ., Z m .

1. z,-,
S'(ZJ)=O,
, (1) (3), (6), (13) ( (4), (7), (14)).
, (. [7], [10], [22]).
5. .
< 2. -- +

Ai () = -i- j" cos (-j- + far) dt.

27 . . .

418

. VII.

Ai(a:) = ^ -

(f3

' dt

+tx)
e

(15)

ft3
\
( sin (-5- + txj ,
). (15) ; .
1^. < 5 < , Ti = r]o = 1 + IT], .
1\

Re S (, ) = \\0 + -f- x t lo'


-i- + x u .

j e

(16)
d|

, )0 > 0. , (15)
1, |0 > 0, . .
S(Z x)

' dt

(17)

$(, ) >0

4() = iVx, %()= VI.


/ , t,i(x),
. . % = Vx. | = ,
(17), (1).

= 0 S(,). , |
Re 5 ( 1 ) = - - 2 / 3 ,

(19)

max Re 5(_|)
= 0. ,
S" (0)= - 2 =0.
, (18) 2
, :
. :

45.

419

(, 1), (1, ) [1, 1]. (19)

-<2/3)*3/2 f -*3/2|2 ,-|

1 43 (~ )
(#-*-+<), 1 2 <1 | > 1,
1 < | <
3
-* +. 00 < | < 1.
[1, 1] 2;
(7). S(0)= 2/3, S" ( 0 ) = 2,
(7).
= | + . I, = 0 S{t,), = 0 , U, 2. 1 , = ,
<<< 5 . . 0 = 0 (12). :
Ai(x) = -^-1/4<~
2

3/2

[1 + (-*/*)], ^ + .

(20)

(. [22]).
-* 4.
3.
-*

F(x)= j e~+iX'dt,

(21)

00

> 1 .
F(r\ = F (\

')\

, (21) -*-+,
11{ 1
~ ~ -> t F(x) (1):

F () = * 1/(2 - : ) (), (X) = J ^ S ( t ) dt,


27*

(23)

420

. VII.

(24

S(t) t2n~i
=

ft^if 2.

(25)

,
( ^ )

( ^ ) m

(26)

Re S (th) < , th t, Re S (th) > 0, th


.
(21) -*- +
( 44). , tk,
,
(),
I exs(th) | = e*-ReS(ffc) B -*+<.
() th,
Im t>0.

S(t),
. \t\ ->- S(t) ~ tZn/(2ri), . . Re S ()-
->- , UI -* I argfl < /(2), |arg< jxl <
</(2),
. ,
Im t = ( ) Re S (t) ~
~ ~2~ (^ ^) 2 (^ ^ "*" ); , (23),
Im t = , . ,

(,)=

exswdt

Imt=c

. , Im t =
f, ; ,
^ ,
argt a, l a l < " 2 ^
arg( t) = , | | < --
, .
(X)
Imt=lmt0,
f0 = " / ( 2 < 2 "' ) ) .
, , t =

45.

421

= 1 0 . , max Re S (t) Imt = Imt0 t0, ta. t = + ir\0,


Tjo = Imo I, Re(i() = TI0 = const.
R e [ ( | +irio) 2 "]

= - Re [(I + 0] = 2 Re (g +
,

0~\

(l + ^ o ) 1 - ^ ^

(27)

, . />0;

12

- Re ( + 0 = - Re ^

max(sincp f t )~

*-^ = j .
2n+1

"1

12

= 0.

| + ir)0 = -2; = 0.
/ < 0, > 0,
| + |0 I. ,
, max Re S (t) 10.
t<=i

, , max Re S (t)
t0, to- 1, ,
() , , .
(25), (26)

(28)
()
(7); US" (t) .

422

. VII.

U 1 0 1

S(t)-S(to)~S"(to)(t-to)\
10, ta,

(p^O), qo = -JL + ^
(28). , (7)

t0 ()

V(t0) = ^

^=)

*. [1 + 0 (," )].


to, , F () . , e-*2n'(2)sin tx , , , . ,
00

F(x)=

J e-*2n/<2) cos txdt

.
() V(to)+ V(10),
() , V(tc)~V(t0).
, ()
[1 + (?,-)].
, -* +
1

F(x) = - * ^ " " -(-/("- [cos(bx2/(2n-D _ JL +

+ (-*/<-)j. (29)
>

. / " 2


1 (

2
j , = 11 -I sin 0 , 6 = 11 - 1 0 ,

2(2-1)'
, (21)
; - <> .

45.

423

6. . 44 -

f / (x) eikS(x)dx

F(k)=

[, ], S(x) .
, S(x) , < < b S" ()* 0.
, , f(x), S(x)
f(z), S(z),
[, ]. ,

| / \ . | s*** t

^^\

~"~~

^^^

^^ \
_

iXS x
+

( o)

2 cnl

"

_ 1
2

-^+.

(30)

, (5) 44.
, F(X) , -* +
, .
,
[, ] f
,
max Re iS (z))
z = a, z = z =
= . f (30)
2 1, 2.
: S(x) = x2;
. Re(iz 2 )< 0
. ,
. 163.
R e ( t z 2 ) < 0 ,
a, b z = 0; jg 3
2.
,
, .
2. (30) ,
f(x), S(x) [, ] (. [22]).

424

. VII.

4. -
(15). l/\x\ t -* t,

(31)
X = \x\3/z, S (t) = i (-g
tj. tit 2 = 1 S(t) .
, max Re S (t) (> 2.
t
ReS() = 0. , ReiS(f) . t == | + , , Re S (t) =
= 0 r j l 2 g l j = 0 . ReS(t) = O
(] = 0) ! 2 g 1 = 0 .
. 164 (,
R e 5 ( i ) < 0 , ).
7 (. 164). t ~ \t\ */'
Ref -> +, ReS(Z) ~

~1 1 3

\eKS{t)\ -

Re->-+, t^y;

. 164
Ret-* ot f e y . , (31)
:

R e 5 ( f ) < 0 ,
tli2, Re>Sr(t) = O. 2 F(K)
tlit.

46.

425

S(t1>2) = -g-i, S" (tit 2 ) = rfc2t,

Ai(*) = -= 1
:--.

46.
1. .

(a0z + a,)"+(boZ + bi)w' + (c0zH-ci)u7 = 0,
(1)
uj, bh , .
$

(2)

i>() , , z. . ,
w' (z) = \ %v (0 d%, w" (z) = f el\*v (Q dg.

,
zw (z)=\v

- f eW (Q d%,

&) deb = v

.
,

zw' (z) = tv (E) elz \ - J e& ( ^

" (z) = ^ (Q

ZW

| - f

() ,
:

(52 + + ) : 1 = 0.

(3)

(1)

J & [(aj* + + Cl)v (Q - 0 (& (Q)'-b 0 (&; ())' - cov' Q] d = 0.

426

. VII.

v(t,) ,

(aj*v (0 + & () + cov (0) - (ag + b + Cl)v () = 0, (4)


w(z) (1).
(4) , . (4)


. .
1. =. , = 1, Ci = 0;
(1)
.

2 + + = 0

(5)

i 2,
v' (D _ - 1 . -i

(6),


w (z) = \ ( - ^ 1 - S , ) 9 " 1 ^ .

(7)

-5.) (5-5) "1 = .


2. 0 = 0. , ,. 1 ^ 0.

(8)

46.

, v () =

\AI4BZ,

u>(z) = cj U + -TJ

427

(
2 \
I Z, + - - I ,
\
/

<*

(9)

0 0 = 0, 1 = 1, ,

w(z) = Jexp [V' (^- + - + C l t] + SzJ dS,

(10)

.
(1),
.
(1) .
(1).
2. .

= 0.

w"-zw

(11)

, (10), ii>(z)=Jez~

e

fc-t 3 /| c

dt,, -

0.

(12)

, , M>(Z) = 0. , , (12)
z.
3

-- .
5 = 0,
So: |argl < / 6 , S: /2 < arg < 5/6,
5_,: -5/6 < arg < - / 2 .
U, li arg = 0, arg = 2/3. -

Ci = li~

/_,, C2 = l0 h, l-i 1. -

(12), (11):
\lz~^dl,

/ = 1,2,3.

(13)

, , ;
} ,
Wl(z)+Wx(z)+Wt(z)mmQ.
(14).

428

. VII.

, , .

Wi(z). . , ,
Im z > 0 ,

iJ

(15)

Wi(z) Ai(z) ( 41)


.
,s(z) Wi(z). (3) Ci
-2/3(+2) ( / 3 ) 3 = 3,
w2 ( Z ) = -"/,, (e-2^3z),

w3 (z) = >,.

(ez"t/3z).

3. (1) ^ .
zw"+(boz + bi)w' + (coz+c1)w = O.
(16)
i, % (5) , (7)
(16), (8). , . t,t,
%2 ,
, q . 0, i, 21
: 1) 4 ; 2) 2 ; 3) t ; 4) 2 .
(. 165).
(5 ~Si) p ~ 1 (5~ ^)*" 1 ' to
2{, 21*,
e~inip,
e~Zniq,
.
, (16) z = 0 ( | 27),
. . 165
. lu h
, 1 %%
(. 166). Imfci^ Im - Cit C2 , (. 166). -

46.

429

U, k ( i) p -'( ~ U)"~i ; .

(z) = f ( - "

( - ^ ,

/ = 1, 2.

(17)

,, Re z > 0 ,
(8) . , t, = i t, 0 < i < ,
| ^| = | e" iZ | e ~ m e z , | | -*+. l ( S - S i ) p ~ 4 ( t - W " 1 !
-- + ,


.,,,,,,,,,,rf
Wi(z) R e z > 0 .

,
j
R e z 3 s a > 0 . ( 16, .,,>;,,,,
1), wt(z) ( w 2 (z)) ^gg
Re z > 0.
27 , (16)
z i, 2.
w\ 2 (z) . 2 , 16 ( 6), , wt(z) (w2(z)) , ^1(^2) 2 (i).
4. . , , q . (
i) p ~\ ( ^) 9 " 1 ,
% | > 0, 5 2 > 0, . . . , -> +

>1 () ~ ^~ sin 2

~,

(18)

>2 () /~ *-9 sin <? 2 ^^""" ,


= 2* ( - 1) ( + ) & - 9 " " - 1 ( t - t t - ^ - f c l ,

: larg(i )1 <

(19) I arg( 2 Si) I < .

430

- VII.

( 43). Wi(x). (17) t = t,


t " - 1 ( + Ci - 9 ~ V< d*.
(, 0) . > 0,
, .
tp~l = einlp~l)\t\p~i
t*-1 = e~in{p~u\~
. ,
w () = 2 sinKpe^i*/ (x),

1{) -* +
( = 1, = />, /(0= (Si ~?2 0* - 1 )i
(18), (19).
< 0.

= (* + S i - 5 ) ' - v * .
> 1,
, > 0. > ,
> 1 , ( 1) ,

, (x) = e c i x ( -

__!_

( + 1) ( + 1) J
(

,
>0. , (18), (19)
< 0. > 0;
. (18), ,
. ,
<0
(18), (19) .
w2(x) .
1. (18), (19)
-- +, \z\ -* , R e z > 0 , argz
largzl < 2 8, > 0 .
.
2. (18)
.

46.


zzw" + zw' + (z2-n2)w = 0.

431

(20)


w = znu,
u(z) (1)
zn

(21)

i,2 = J, p = q = n+ 1/2,
u>x (z) =
(22)
; (z) = z

4, 2 , . 166,
(18), (19)
9

-2\
h k
( + + 1/2) (i/2z)
,

| |

w2 () ~ - V e~' e 2

4 (1+ 2{) 2 " - ^ 2

1/2
->-<,
largzl ^ / 2 - ( > 0 ) .

.

(2), v(,)
,
.
5. .
+ + +1 + = 0, = 0, 1, 2, . . .
(23)

432

. VII.

, , . 0, \ , (23) , 3, . . . , ,
. , , , , . . [18]. ,
, ,
, (23) ,
. .
[ ( + 2) + ,] %+ + [ft, ( + 1) + ftj yn+i + (con + Ci)yn = 0. (24)
aj, bj, Cj ( 0) I ) ^ ( 0 , 0).
(24)
[,, ( + 2) + ,] +2 + {<, + ,) = 0.
(25)
1 = 0, 0, {}
j/2m+i = 0, = , 1, 2, . . .
(2 2) +L
(25) =
y 2 n _ 2 ,
2na
~~ 1

( - If [(2n - 2) cn + Cl] [(2 - 4) + ,


+
a1)...(2a0
(2na0 + a1)(2(n-i)a0

.
(20 + ) ... (20 + a j =

2a

o/

, 0 ^ 0, 0 0

1- =^- + 1

0 = 0, #i ^ 0, ,
,
, (26). [yl]
(26), = 1, j/i = 0, {j/nl , = 0, /1 = 1, -

46.

433

(25) {1\ + 1), ct, c2 *


(26), 2
-* . -
( 43)

\"+ a i/ 2 a o


[ + 1 + I ~

V 2 ~v2aof

n> .

+ 21- \~2
/

~,

^-,

'

, yin ( ) -*
.
(24).
w(z) {):

*>(*)= 1 ^ .

(28)

(28) < , w(z):

= j *-"-*"> (*)**,
||=

0 < < .
28 . . .

(29>

434

. VII.


. - (24) % .

2 ( + ) ynzn = cozw' (z) + cxw (z),

71=0
oo

2
=0

[b0 (n + 1) + bj] yn+izn = bow' (z) + bxz~l (w (z) y0),

oo

2 [a0 (n + 2) + ,] + 1 =
= a o z-i (>' (z) -

) + a^-2 (w (z) - y0 J/JZ),

Vi

^(z)

z (c0z2 + 60z + 0 ) ' + (c,z2 + 6z + a,) w =
=/()-(, + 61) + ( + 1)1.
z u Zj,
c0z2 + boz + 0 = 0.

(30)
(31)

, ,

V 2 + V +a l _
r-i
p-i
q-i
r = 1 _ ^ l

+V + )

(30) ( /0 = 0, j/ t 0)
(33)
(30)

, ,
w(z) z = 0
q l
(28). (1 /)"-\ (1 z/zz) ~ ,
z = 0 .
, ajao ,
ajao > 0,
(35)
< 1. z0 = 0 (34) ,

46.

g(t)

43S

t = 0 , g(0) = a1a^'ly0..

h(z) z = 0 , h(O)=yo. :
, g(t) t . = (34)

>0() (33). w(z) z = 0.


,
/ (. (29), (36)).
(36), ,
. ,

{),
. (29), (36)
, -*<*>.
w{z)
zt z2, (28) <
< R, R = min (IzJ, |z 2 l). ,

. , q ,
w(z) zit z%,

Vuh\ = 1/.'

(37)

,
= 0,1,2,...
l

, 0 < < R~
8, (24)
.

28*

VIII


, ( ). .
, () . , , . , ,
.
47.
1. . .
f(t) > 0.

F(p) = \e-ptf(t)dt.
(1)

f(t), t :
1. t f(t) , , .
2. /(0 = 0 t<0.
3. . , t S* 0

\f(t)\<Ceat.

(2)

g 47.

437

f(t), 13, , , . .
F(p) /().
:

F(p)r*f(t).
, , , ,
, 13 .
1.

F () = \e~pt dt R e p > 0 F(p)=

= e~pt/p\ = 1/. ,

(3)

+ j-U

, g(t), 1 3, 2,

2 , , ,
. , Q{t)t, (*) *, 0 (t) cos t .
9()
, t < 0. , (), Q(t)f, Q(t)sint
1, f, sin t. (3)
1 =- .

(4)
v

'

2. , .

R e > R e A , F(p) =

-. ,

^^-

(5)

, , f(t) . 16

438

. VIII.

( 3), f(t)
t > (2),

F ()

) e~ptf ( dt

Re p > .

, /()
. ,
f(t) (2),
j(t).

. f(t)
F(p) Re p >
f(t).
. f(t) ,
lim

(6)

F(p) = 0.

Rep->+o

,
c

0
(a

s = Rep, | / ( 0 K i e

+8)

f(t)

C i > 0 , e > 0

(6).
2. .
1. . f(t)^F(p),
g (t) =G(p),

.
3. sin at, cos at, sh at, ch at.

sincof =

-iat

(5) ,
J / l d \

sm(ut= 2 [

)
sin at -

(7>

P +
cos cot =

-^

c o s ft)f =

. p

(8>

47.

, s h w i = - (* e~at)

- (

439

chat =

+ ~ ),

sh at =
/>

, ch at ^

,
J9

2. . f(t) = F(p), >

, at = ,

.
/' (), ..., / ( n ) (i) (0 - F (),

- ~2 (0) - . . . - / - 8 ) (0) - Z - (0),

f(t),

(9)

/ (ft) (0) = lim / (ft) (t), = 0, 1, . . . . it - 1.


i-+O

, ,

] f (0 e~pidt = [f (t)'**] \"+p]f

(t)e~ptdt.

Rep>Oo, 0 f(t),
t = ,
(10)
(9) .
(9) , / (0) = /' (0) = . . . = fn-l) (0) =
(n)
n
= 0. / (t) = p F (p) , , /' (t) = pF (p),
. .
. .
* 4.
.

F(P)*f(t),
n)
n
F< (p) = (-t) f(t).
(11)
, F(p)
R e p > a 0 ) 0 / ( ) ,

440

. VIII.

2 16

Pt

F' () = (e~ f (*)) dt = J e~pt ( - tf (*)) dt.

, F'{p) =(t) f (t). () .


4. f, tneu, tn sin <atT
n
t cos at. (4), (5), (7) (8) ,

f sin coi = . .

pa

, tcosat^-

~~ M

(12) = i<o,
, _

\ ( -f- i t o ) n + 1

( / + co 2 ) n+1

( - fo.)+i

. Re (p + )+1
t
t cos o i n ^ - ^ - - ,
)
. (of. ^ n .!
sin
/

(pJ + )

( / ). []
5. . f(t)=F(p),
t

J/(T)dr^^I.

(13)

, /(t) , , t

g (t) = j / () dx ,

#'(')=/(*) (0) = 0. g(t)i*G(p), (10)


), .. F(p) = pG(p),
(13).
6. . /(t)
F ( ) /(0/* ,

47.

441

, / (t)/t^O(p).

, R e p > a ,

(, )
Rep>a.
() = 0 (6), (15) (14).
5.

.-!^*.

(7) (14),

sin
S = I ^- = ^ arctg = arcctg p,
1

J I+1

v
(13)

7. . / (t) = F ()
= 0 t < , > 0,

(16)
, t = ,

p(

/ (* - ) - f /(* - ) e- di = J / (|)

(16).
6.

'-

= 0, 1, 2, . . . ,

> , = const, > 0.


, f(t) = h[Q{t)+Q(t-i)+...

+ Q{t-kx)

+ ...],

) ,

442

. VIII.

Re p>0,

|~ | < 1 2 ~ ,

1/(1 e ~ p i ) .
, / (t) ^ -;

^-.

(1

7. ( >
f(t) > 0 .
(/(*), 0 < ^ < ,
(

^ 1,

t<o, t>r.

f(t)^w(t) + f(t-T).
(17)
f (t) =- F(p), (<) ^ (), (17)

J <r pf / (
(18)
j(t)= \sint\ = .

v
e~ sin t dt = 52
( p sin t cos t) = 5
P +l

J
0

8. .
%

f(t)^F(p),

00

, / (*) = J / (f) e~(p~Mtdt

= F (p X).

47.

sin tot.

8.

443

cos cof

cos (at ** -s-^, sin of ^ - 5


-5, +
+

cos*^

~
2

, "sin<*^

2>

^
2

() +

9. . f u g
, / * g
(/g) (*) = j / (S) g(t t) dl.
0

,
, . . f(t) = F (p), g(t)^-G (p),
(19)

(f*g)(t)^F(p)G(p).

, (^) = (/* g) (i) .


, () 1 2, j(t)

g(t) . = ( , [}), ,
f(t) g(t).

1/(01
0, > 0,
2

> 0, C t > 0 , ^ Cje**


/ > 0. , |<(0 I ^ 1(+**+*)', . . ( 0 .
, (2)
f(t) g(t),
.
() (0-

dt.
Re p > ", ,
,

444

. VIII.

t | = ,

() = J e-vlf ( | ) d g j - ^ ( )

dT =

* ( ) G

()

(19) .
,
.

+1
1

cos coi

-g2

sin of

-j-5

'" cos cof

X
^2
( ,) + <
2wp

t cos cot
ch

p O)

sh coi

48.
1. .
1. f(t) , a F(p) . f(t) t
,
+

48.

445

(1) Rep = b>a0,


0 /()>
.
. g(t) e~btf(t),
>0. F(b + iu)
g(t),

(b+iu)t

F (b + iu) = j / (t) e~

= j g (t)

dt

e'iutdt.

1 g(t) , t . [9]

iu)eiuidu,

g(t) = - \ F(b +
00

. ,

+
(b+lu)t

f (t) JL F (b + iu) e

du

= ^-.

F (p)

eptdp.

(1) . .
. j(t)
F(p) , j(t) .
2. .
2. F(p) Re p > :

1.

J \F(a+ia)\da

>;

2. (R) max | F()\-*-0

^ , TR --

: \p\=R, R e p ^ a> .
F(p)
+

(2)
<

> , .
. , (2)
(><). ,
eptF(p) aibr

446

. VIII.

ib ( > a, a t > , > 0) . -* 2. ,


a+ib

lim

c^+ib
pt

f e F (p) dp = lim

b->a-tb

eptF(p)dp,

b-^aj-ib

. . (2) a
t.
, (2)
F(p), . . 13 47.
1

+ ^ ) l ^ = Ce '.

(3)

(3) (2) t [, ]
/() t ^ 0.
, j(t) = O i < 0. f, [ , + ]
: l/j|=i?, R e p > o .
ev'F(p) ^ ,
R -> (f < 0)
(( 29).
a+iR

/(i)=Hm

a+ioo
vi

pl

f e F(p)dp=

J e F(p) dp = 0,

t<0.

o-ioo

R->a-iR

, po(Repo>)
j(t) F(p0).

= giJr
0

a+ioo
Pot

J eptF(P)dpdt.

(4)

aioo

\F(p)e{P~Po)t\ = \F(a + ia)|e~ ( R e P ~ a ) t ,

00

j | F (a + ) da j e

ep

' di , -

(4) , , . .

a+ioo

a+ioo

48.

447

R > , = 0
fR.

,
1 M(R)2nR
.)

, R -*

(5),

0 R e p > a , 4
, (2) (1).
1.

D
. F (), D
, Im p =
= 0, Re p > 0, Re p > 0 2.
, :
\\ R, Re < ( > 0), lB: Re p = a,
2
2
2
2
Vi? a < Imp < Yi? , : 1 | = < , f: Imp = 0, i ? = ^ R e p < p .

pt

\ F(p)e dp

= 0.

(6>

= "", = , =
l/p = i\r, == , = , 1/ il/r. (6)

448

. VIII.

= 2 *** () P +

+ 55 J *"""'

eiaVr

iaVr

~;~

dr - | fF (p) dp.

j eptF(p)dp-*-0

R-*-oo, f > 0

(7)

( ),

epl'F(p) dp -v / (t) i?->oo ( ),

-a^e8dq,^l

- 0 ,

(7) -* , R-*-,

/ ( t ) = = _lJ e --J-Vldr + l.

(8)

(8) 1/ = ,

-'-^efa+l.

(9) ( 29, 17)


e
J

f i t ,

. .
_/2 sin 7
/ () = 1
dx.

(10)

il

(10)

48.

449

/7

7(0) = 0. (9)
a/iYt

erf () = () = - | - f ~
( ).
erf () Erf (x),

3. . j(t) F{p) , F(p) . F(p)


= :

, 0 = 0, F(p)^>-0 Rep->-< ( 47, (6)).


3.
= ,
F(oo)=: 0 =

=1 ^

F(p)

. /?0 , | | ^ / ? F(p).
F(p), if > 0 ,
Rl>Ra
,
\F(p)\<M/R 1^1=
29 . . .

450

. VIII.

( 17) ,
(14)
(13) (14)
+1

(15) (13) ,
/() . .
(13) e~pt t
0 . tn *n\/pn+1

,

3 .
. , 3:
f(t) = Q(t)g(t) , g(t)
, F(p) ,
.
2. f(t)

.
)..
t

Jn\2y

, ... .

t) = ,, .

. ,,, ,

V^. e .

(16)

(17)

4. F(p)
Rep> :
1.
Cn:\p\=Rn,
Ri<R2<...,Rn-^oo(n-^oo)
, max | F () | -> 0 (->);

48.

451

2. >

J \F(a + io)\da . 00

F(p) ,
= 2 res [F(p)epi],
(18)
()
F(p).
. F(p)
2 , , F(p)
a+ioo

*) = J eptF(p)dp.

(19)

joo

,
Re = a, aibn ,
Yn , [a ibn; a + ibn]
.
(19) ->- -* ,
a+ibn

f(t) = lim

f > 0

evtF{p)dp.

lira

^ () dp = 0.

(20)

(20)
f (t) = \im

{ eptF(p) dp.

(21)

(21) ,
(18). 4 .
. F(p) = An(p)/Bm(p),
,
, , <,

/( = 2 (Spi-S-l^)^(P-^"M Uft,
^

ft

(22)

dp

^ ..., pi Bm(p), mk pk.


(22) (18), ( 28). , F(p) , (22)
29*

4S2

. VIII.

3. f(t)

F(p) = -_ <\ I -L-2)


Pi = 1, = 2, (22')
D

, f(t) = 3e' 2~2(. , F(p) F () = _ j


-- = ^*. )

4. /(),

i 7 () =

^t

(pi){P

+ i)

Pi = i, Pi = i- (18)
( 28),

f{t)=-%t cos -J- ysin t.


1+2/ _ 1 / - 1
3 1
(1 + _2)2
2 (2 _|_ 1)2
2 ^ 2 _|_ \
^
> ^ *c o s *'
( + 1/

2 ^ s ^ n ^-

1 +

5. /()
F() = . - 1 ...
^(i?) Pi = i; pz = i.
(18)

48.

1 * 1"
1 * 1"
/() = [ ^ - ^ J p = i + [ ^ ~ p j p = _ 4 '

453

-i* 2 sinf.

4.
.
1. . f(t) = f.
1 < {$ < 0, /(0)=, f(t) , 47.
ji > 1 Re p > 0

(23)

F () = $ -**<

, Re p >
> 0. .
. (23) pt =
= ,

= ?),

(24)

>0.

F(p) (0, +)
Re > 0, , (24) Re p >
> 0,

^^1)

(25)

[J = 1/2 (25).
(1/2)= 7
1/ /? ^ 1/ /.

(26)

2. .
(

0<f<fc,
*
(27)
I 0, * < 0

h
1/,
*=

454

. VIII.

0 < t < h , :
h

J eA(t)d/ = J $ = l.

(28)

,
h-* 0 8h(t). 8(t)
- .
(27) (28)

8(

. - ,
( ),
, .
,
M0 = |[9(*)-9('-u)],

(29)

9() . , - h-*-Q
6h(t). () 1 (l e~ph)/ph,

6(t)**l.

(30)

, (29) ()
. 0 (), . .
(31)

Q'(t).

(30) 8 (t) = 1/
.
(30)

8(t x) = e~px,

>0.

("' {i) 5= 2

( ) (t) = pn.

(32)

48.

455

(32) [2].
3. .
1 /, .

1 \i/2

(2ft)I

F() = 0.

,
J0(t) + - 1

(33)

(33) t i$t, / 0 () = ,
-,
~% ) ~

(34)

(34) :

/ (f) .
(33), ,

= 0 (35) (33).
/i(*) = - / o ( * ) . /<0) = 1,
(36)
(36) (33) / (t) =( YP* + 1 p)/Vp% + 1, . . (35)
= 1. ,
(>2).
.
/n (t) = Jn-2 (t) 2/ n _i (t)
^-1(0) = 0,

Jn(t)

456

. VIII.

4. ,
.

Erf(i)= I erf(i),

/(O = e'erf(lT).

,
(37)

f(t)=>F(p).
(37), /]
* 1/ V ,
F () =
\=, . .
PF (p) = F(p) + -=,

(p-l)VP

(38)
(39)


g{t) = e* Erf (V7) = e' - e' erf (1/1).
(40) (39) ,
1
1
(-1)~~
+ ""

(40)

, Erf( |/7 ) = - ,

Erf ( VI)
V K

(41)

+ 1+ +

1/ +

1
1
pz = , ; ,

VP1

/),

a>0.

(42)

49.

457

49.

1. .
-
Lx = xw (*) + ^ " - " (*) + + a^x'(t)+

anx(t) = /(). '(1)

: (1),

x(0) = x0, s'(0) = *i, .... ^"-"()-*-!,

(2)

, Xi, ..., xn-i . ,


/(*) , x{t) (1) (2) -

, x(t) = 0 * < 0 .

x(t)**X(p),

f(t)**F(p).

, (1),
(2)
,

A(p)X(p)-B(p) =

() = + atpn~l + . . . + - +
Lx = 0,
() = 0 (-1 + ^"" 2 + . . . + ,_,) +
+ Xl {pn~z + aiPn-3 + ... + an_2) + . . .
X(p) = (B(p) + F(p))/A(p).

x(t) (1) (2) () x(t).
.
. , f(t)
( feu),
>() .
.

(1) (2) , x{t),
x'(t),
..., xin) (t) .
x(t) x(t)<=x(t)+ xo(t), (t)

458

. VIII.

Lx =

(3)

(2), 0 (t) (1) . ,


(t) Veu
( > 0 ),
x(t).
xo(t)
{t-l)dl,
z{t) (3),
2

z(0) = z'(0) = ... = z<"- >(0) = 0,

z<-')(0) = l.

(4)

(5)

(4) (5) ,
W

(0),

k = i,2,...,n.

(6)

z(t) Z(p)=
i/A(p),
, (<) = , z(t) ( 48, 3) (4)
(6) 0 (t), x'a(t), . . . , ^ (t). ,

x(t), x'(t),

..., ()(t) .

z(t) Lz = 0, (t) =
= Q(t)z(t) L, . .
(t) - .
. (2)
t = 0, t = U, x = t t0 (1) (2)
= 0.
1.
(0) = 2, '(0) = 0. x(t) * X (),

*' (*) ^ () -(0)=


() - 2,
2
" {t) * () (0) - ' (0) = () - 2.

49.

459

,
()

x(t) = 2 ch t. (J
2.
(0) = 0, '(0) 3= 2, " ( 0 ) = 0.

(0^, ' (t) * (), '" (t) = () + 2.

, ( 3 + )
2

X () + 2 = //
, X () = -| "|"2 ^.
^ 2 . ,
1+
(1 + )
( 48, 4)

(i) = ; r t cos ^ s i Q *

.
a ( 0 + 2 * " (*) + *(*) = snt
. x(t) = X (),

() =

I - ( 48, 5)

(*) = !-sin * ^tco&t 4- f2 sin .


.
4.
a2y ( * ) = 0 ,

x"(t)+

( 0 = 0,

y"(t)+

>0, 6 > 0 , (0) =


()(0)
()
0 , ' (( )0 )
' ( 0 ) 1
x(t)~X (p), y(t) = Y (p),
p2X(p)-l
+ a"Y(P) =
,
2

X (>\ = 4 *
W

2
4 - <
2 ~

V (\ = P 2 ~ g 2
1 )
4 V

26 / _

2 / _

&

26

+
+ 26

460

. VIII.

2. .
, , . .
(7)
K(t), f(t) , < {t) .
y(t)=Q>(p), f(t) = F(p), K(t) = G(p). (7) ,
O(p) = F(p)+ G(p)F(p),

{) - (7).
5.

J
,

() =

)(*

+ 1 ) ~ "2"

, ,
. .
(8)
/ , qp . f(t)*F (p),
K(t)=G(p),
()(). (8)
() . '. {) (8).

49.

461

6.
t

, _ . () = - $ , (/>)=

3. .
0 < < I , , . [2] :

^ = ^
?
2

\

=0

(9)
'
(10)

= \=1 = 0

u\t=0 = U0(x), j

=!().

(11)

, (), ul(x)
[0; Z], (9) (11).
U (, ) (, t). ,
,

~?^

j ~ 2? ^ = .
2

(11)

j- ?* pU
dt

(, ) 0

()

().

(9) ,
7

(10)

(13)

462

. VIII.

(12) (13), U(x, p),


(, t).
7. (9) (11) = 1, l = i,

() = sin nx, () = 0.
(12)
2

dU

,rr

s- U = sm nx.
dx

/|= = /|==1 = 0,
/ (, ) = -2
5, (, t) = cos nt sin #. U
p -\-
8.

= =
= Sin

= 0 -

bit.

2
u (x, t)=>U (, ), \
\ ?
j-. 2

&^

dec

,
'
= ,
U (, ) = ch px +
dx

+ C2shpx. sin * = /( + 2),

,
^^'^-p(p

+ co 2 )ch/

U(x, ) JCO, fcoft, coft =


= (-);
= 1, 2, . . .
. 00

(, t) res G (p) + res G(p) + 2 res G (p) + res


pft = icofc, G(i?)=C/(a;, ) '.

49.

463

, l o l ^ o ^ ( = 1, 2, . . . ) ,
G(p) ,
2 cos

,
res G () + res G () = 2 Re res G Q>) =
i

8in(ua;sillCl)i

res G (p) + res G(p) = 2 Re res G(p) = 2 ( p= P f t

P=-Pft

P=P ft

..

sincoxsinwi ,

(*') = -- +

1
2
()^rr^-
"


. 0 < < , , ,
.
^ 0 (, t)


|,_, = 0,

|= = /(*)

(15)

f(i) (, t) = U (, ). ,
(15), = , ~7^^"~$- (14)
,

\U(x,p)\<<*,

(17)

F(p) = f(t). (16) (17),

U(x,p) = F(p)e .
(, t)

464

. VIII.

U(, ) . U(x, )

,
48

U (, ) 1, t) = J / ( T ) - - G (x, t _ ) <h,

4
G (, t ) = ^ = (t )- 3 / 2 w\t-*).
1

50.
1. .
2
utt=a uxx.
(1)
(t, x)
t, > 0 .
( 0 < < ) ; 0
, . .
:
|,_-0,

,|, = .

(2)

> 0 = 0 ,
T),
(3)
- , V 0 .
(1) (3)
0<t<oo.

0<<,
(4)

50.

465

2
2

XX

'

^^"*

'

^^*

\ /

Rep->+.

v(p,x)-+0,
v(p, ) =

(7)

,,
/f

aF

/y>\

[*~~)

' *

> 0 . ( 48),

\ --

aVBIt

(8)

0 .
, ( a\V\) .

utt = + aut,
(9)
> 0, > 0 .
(2), ( 3 ) .
v(p, x)
>

"

Vxx

" ~~ v

(6), (7).
V

aV

30 . . .

1\\

1U

\ ^

466

. VIII.

1/ + : = 0, = .
Re p > 0
, * + > 0 > 0 ,
v(p, x) (7).
-* (11)

(11)
Re > 0, (t, #) =
t T-^-<0.
t
> 0 (11) ,
[10]

ioo

/ 0 . (11)
= /2,
= /2, = /,

(t, ) = - aVe-^'T)I0 (^- (t _ ) - ^ ) (* - - ^ ) .


(12)
= 0 (8). (12)
, x = a(t T)
.
> 0 (t, x)
t-*- +oo.
7

(- )~:7'
Znx

*^+o,

(t ->+>), ant

(8). .
2. , . (0 < < I), = 0 , = I ,
(,)=.
(13)
(12) (t, ) ~

. 1, ,
t T>0 . u(t, x) -

50.

467

(1), (2)
(3), (13). (4), v (5)
,,' I

__ Vp-pT

1\\


v(p, x) a.e,

,, , s h (x l)\

(15)


c+ioo

> 0 . .

c h ( = 0 ). ,
= ,

,
res (eptv (p, x)) =
ch
-
( ch
T

() = sin [^ ( + ) (; - Z)].

(17)

u{t,x) = ^

res (eP'i;(p, x))

(18)

i > + Z/a. ,
. t<T+ I/a,
, (8).

^ i \
30*

(19)

468

. VIII.

TN iy^, * ,
yN = naN/l. JN , IV
[ iyN, + iyN] N -* ^ (t, ), , IV,
, N -* .
1/

ch 4 = 4 " ~ ()> () = 1 +

2/

, | ( ) | > > 0 p^TN,



N. [/ + ij/w, + iyN]

!()1>=1.
-

[ iyN, c iyN], N -> . (15)

0(1//?) #
N -* ( ,
t^> + , ( : < / .
TN N -* .
(8), (6)
u(t )-u(t,x)

2iaV

n
((-1)i)

, 1 ( = , 1,
2, ...) , __,() = (),

= 2 1 s i n (<On( - )) sin w { -1))'

(20)


, = 0 , = I .
.
(20), . 1/ ,

50.

469

. , ,
, ? = .
i

2a 2 2 [pa 2 cos2 ( (t~ )) + sin 2 (<a (t ))].


n
/

(22)

N .
, 2, ..., NT. ,
(3)
N

m=l

, t > NT + I/a
N

uN (t, x)~

S (t - (m - 1) T, x),

Ui(t, x) , (20). ( 1, 6)
n

f t )

( -

T O f

))^

sin(G)nr/2)


= '

^ ( - ) ) . (23)
-
4aF(-l)"sin(coniVr/2)

" ~ (2 + 1) sin (a>n272) '


:
, . . 2/<. (24)

4
.
_iaVN(-i)n

- (2 + 1) '
| N.

470

. VIII.

,
, . .
= 2/, = Al/a.

(26)

. * ) = ^ 2 1

sin

sin

( <* - 4

27

<>


uN(t, x) = Nu1(t, x).

(28)

, u 4 (t, )
(N 1)- (24) N .
3. , .
u(t, x) (9),
, . 2. , v (10) (14). ,

(, *) =

apch

, v ,
ch Vz, sh Vz/Vz z ( 22,
18, 19). v

ch (- + ) = 0,

Re p =
= /2, , , ,
Dn > 0 . >
"

, .
, u(t, x)
. , 2 +
,
.
00

50.

471

,)= 2 (^- >-^ +


() , (17). .

-) _ eVn-T) = _

2te

- . - < ' - " s i n \JLp(t - ) J.

, 1,
(t, ) =

(31)
= 0 (20). (31) ,
:

= [ + J - -J-.

(32)

< /Z , VZ)n > 0 .


u(t, ) = \
) t-*+<*>, . .
, . N , , 2, ..., NT.
, t > NT + I/a
JV (*, ) = -j-

2d

T7W

[1-2

^-^~ ] +- ] . (33)

, . . N -* <.
2~

, (33)

472

. VIII.

n=o V

IT
2

sin

sin

, (34)

t = NT + x, x>l/a.
(35)
, , . . = 2/0 =
= 4//)0. (34)

uN (t, )

VK,
X

sin I J - ^ ( - )
(36)

(.
(18)), )


1. . . . .: ,
1984.
2. . . . .: , 1988.
3. . ., . ., . . . .: ,
1975.
4. . , ..: , 1966.
5. ., . ..: , 1968.
6. . . ,.: , 1968.
7. . . . .:
, 1979.
8. ., . ..: , 1963.
9. . . . .:
, 1988.. 1, 2.
10. . ., . . , .: , 1988.
11. . . . .: ,
1967. . 1; 1968. . 2.
12. . ., . . .: ,
1958,- . 1.
13. . . . .: ,
1983.. 1, 2.
14. . , .: , 1978.
15. . . , .: , 1984.
16. / . . .: , 1972.
17. . ., . . ..: , 1979.
18. . . ..: , 1974.. 3,
. 2,

474

19. . ..:
, 1960.
20. . ..: , 1980.
21. . ., . . .
.: , 1963.- . 1, 2.
22. . . . .: , 1977.
23. . ., . .
. .: , 1959.
24. . . , .: , 1985.
. 1, 2.


87
109
141
140
- 108
116, 119, 120
, 110
142
12
, 252
, 51
71
166
165
36, 366
385
, 386
, 386
386
408
- 401
, 386
397
417
360
87
262
21
215, 431
408
- 329
266
395
Befiepa 205
38
20, 93, 94
350
, 352
, 352, 357
354
, 351

, 357
-, 356
, 355
, 350
, 350
, 358
354
, 351
, 352
353
, 356
, 352
, 354
51
192
169

460
218

220
219, 220
, 222, 223
115, 401
61
, 273
62
213
34
31
31
343
- 454
335
29
29
232
33

476

312
361
295
437
395
, 111, 112
390
44
118
402
11
21
7
8
15

, 10
8
203
75
84
20, 24, 38
125
87
59
27
30
28
30
30
, 27
28
29

323
324
324
390

390

394, 436
61, 335
444
216
330
413
350
353
412

137
41, 105, 145
121
, 127
, 127
292
114
390
424
402
138
, 257, 259
8
169, 170
93
14
345
12
100
26
31
79
32
33
19
21
()
436
214
437

137
126
187
192
126
211
, 126
207

126
11
11
66
66
- 279
86
73, 274
80
138
438

126
18
20
38
19
18
35
113, 116
114
113
191
252
110
272

273
314
276
271
25
91
, 71, 72
433
345
338, 341
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