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SOLUTIONS & COLLIGATIVE PROPERTIES
IIT-JEE
CONCENTRATION
1) Match the following
A) Gas in solid 1) Soda water
B) Solid in liquid 2) Brine solution
C) Solid in solid 3) Air
D) Gas in liquid 4) H2 occluded in Pd
5) Magnalium
Correct matching

m
A B C D

ail N
1) 4 2 5 3

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2) 4 5 2 1
3) 4 2 3 5
4) 4 2 5 1
Hint : Soda water = CO 2 in water
Brine i@ R= NaCl in Water
Air = O 2 (and other gases) in N 2
ad VA
Magnalium = Mg (1-15%) in Al (99-85%)
2) Not a homogeneous mixture
1) Soda water 2) aqueous sugar solution
3) Sodium amalgam 4) Milk
em TYA

Note : In case of milk, fine liquid fat particles are dispersed in water. It is not a true solution.
3) The molarity of 500 cc of solution containing 0.2 moles of NaCl.
1) 0.2 mole L-1 2) 0.4 mole L-1 3) 0.1 mole L-1 4) 0.8 mole L-1
Hint : Molarity is no. of moles of solute per litre of solution.
ich DI

4) The molarity of H2SO4 solution is 2 M at 27oC. What will be its molarity at 100oC ?
1) = 2 M 2) < 2 M 3) > 2 M 4) All
ad V. A

Hint : Molarity is altered with volume of the solution.


5) The molarity of 250 ml of solution containing 0.365 g. of HCl.
1) 0.04 M 2) 0. 04 m 3) 0.01 M 4) 0. 02 M
6) What is the molarity of 2% NaOH solution ?
1) 20 M 2) 10 M 3) 0.5 M 4) 0.2 M
 
%  WV  X 10
Formula : M
Formula weight

7) The molarity of 5.3% Na2CO3 solution of specific gravity 1.1 is


1) 0.55 M 2) 5.3 M 3) 0.53 M 4) All
 
%  W  X 10 X d
W
Formula : M 
Formula weight

8) The weight of H2SO4 in 200 mL of 0.2 M H SO4 solution is


2
1) 3.92 grams 2) 39.2 grams 3) 9.8 grams 4) 0.98 grams
9) What is the weight percentage of 1 M Na2 SO4 solution ?
1) 1.42% 2) 14.2% 3) 0.29% 4) 2.9%
Note : Weight percentage is weight of solute in 100 ml of solution.
10) The weight percentage of 4 M H2O2 solution of the specific gravity is 1.36 is
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w w w
1) 20 % w
2) 10 % V
3) 10 % w
4) None
-1
11) The density (in g. mL ) of a 3.60 M sulfuric acid solution that is 29% H2 SO4 by mass will be
1) 1.22 2) 1.45 3) 1.64 4) 1.88 (AIEEE-2007)
12) 4.6 g of ethyl alcohol is dissolved in 1000 g of water. The molality of the solution is
1) 4.6 m 2) 0.1 m 3) 0.46 m 4) 0.01 m
Hint : Molality is no. of moles of solute dissolved in 1 Kg of solvent.
13) Two moles of glucose is dissolved in 500 mL of water. The molality will be
1) 1.8 m 2) 18 m 3) 10 m 4) 4 m
Hint : Density of water is approximately 1 g. mL-1

m
ail N
14) The weight of NaOH in 10 mL of 2 m NaOH solution of specific gravity 1.08 is
1) 0.8g 2) 1.6 g 3) 2 g 4) 1.08 g

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w
15) The molality of 20% w NaOH solution is.
1) 20 m 2) 2 m 3) 6.25 m 4) 2.65 m
Hint: weight of solvent = weight of solution - weight of solute
16) What is the molality of 9.8% H2SO4 solution of specific gravity 1.098
1) 1 m 2) 1.098 m i@ R
3) 9.8 m 4) 2 m
ad VA
Hint : First calculate weight of the solution
weight = density X volume
17) 120 g of NaOH is added with one litre of water. The molarity of the solution formed is
em TYA

1) 3 M 2) > 3 M 3) < 3 M 4) None


Hint : The final volume of the solution is more than one litre
18) The molarity of pure water is
1) 5.55M 2) 55.5M 3) 1M 4) 100M
19) For a given aqueous solution , the relation between molality (m) and molarity (M) is
ich DI

1) m = M 2) m < M 3) m > M 4) All


20) One mole of a solute, occupying 100mL, is dissolved in 1000 g of a liquid ‘A’. The density of
ad V. A

liquid ‘A’ is 2 g.mL-1 If the solution formed is ideal, then


1) M = m 2) M > m 3) M < m 4) None
21) 20 g of NaOH is present in one litre of solution. Its normality is
1) 0.5 N 2) 1 N 3) 2 N 4) 20 N
W 1
Formula : Normality ( N )  x
G. E.W V (in lit )

22) 4.9 g of H2SO4 is present in 250 mL of solution. The molarity and normality of the solution are ,
respectively.
1) 0.1 M & 0.2N 2) 0.2M & 0.4N 3) 0.2 M & 0.2N 4) 0.1 M & 0.1N
23) The weight of H3PO4 in 500 mL of 0.3N H3PO4 solution is.
1) 0.3 g 2) 9.8 g 3) 0.98 g 4) 4.9 g
Hint : Basicity of H PO = 3
3 4
24) The normality of 5.7% Al2(SO4)3 solution is
1) 5.7 N 2) 2 N 3) 1 N 4) None
FW
Hint: EW of Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 
6

25) The specific gravity of 31.6% w/w KMnO4 solution is 1.5. The normality of the solution in the
acidic medium is
1) 15 2) 1.5 3) 31.6 4) 3.16
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 w
%  X d X 10
 w
Formula : N 
G .E .W

7+ 2
Hint : Mn  Mn (in acidic medium)

26) The normality of 2.36M H2SO4 solution is


1) 4.72N 2) 1.5 3) 1.18N 4) None
Formula : N = M X basicity (for acids)
27) The molarity of 0.3N Ba(OH)2 solution is
1) 0.6M 2) 0.3M 3) 0.1M 4) 0.15M
Formula : N = M X Acidity (for bases)
28) 5.26 g of KMnO4 is present in 100 cc of a solution. What is its normality in basic medium.

m
1) 5.26N 2) 1N 3) 3.16N 4) 2N

ail N
7+ 4
Hint : Mn  Mn (in basic medium)

gm DHA
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29) The number of H+ ions in 100 mL of 0.1M H2SO4
1) 6.023 X 1021 2) 1.2046 X 1022 3) 3.10 X 1021 4) All
30) The solution with least molarity is
1) 1N HCl 2) 1N H2SO4 3) 1N Na3PO4 4) None
i@ R
31) The amount of HNO3 to be added to double the concentration of 500mL of 1M HNO3.
ad VA
1) 63 gr 2) 6.3 gr 3) 31.5 gr 4) 12.6 gr
32) The ratio of volumes of 2 M and 4M solutions to be mixed to get 500mL of 3M solutions.
1) 1 : 2 2) 1 : 1 3) 2 : 1 4) 2 : 4
em TYA

33) 500 ml of 0.4M Na3PO4 solution is diluted to 0.1M solution. The volume of solvent
required is.
1) 2000 mL 2) 1500mL 3) 1000mL 4) All
H in t : U se M V  M V
1 1 2 2
ich DI

34) 300 mL of 2M NaOH solution is added to 200 mL of 0.5M NaOH solution.


What is the final molarity?
ad V. A

1) 14M 2) 1.4M 3) 0.7M 4) 7M


M 1V1  M 2V2
Hint: M mix 
V1  V2

N N
35) 10 mL of HCl solution is mixed with 125 mL of H 2 SO4 and the resultant solution is
2 5
made up to 1 Litre. The normality of the final solution is
1) 0.03 N 2)0.01 N 3) 0.3 N 4) 0.5 N
36) What are the volumes of 3M HCl and 5M HCl solutions, respectively, to be mixed to get 2
litres of 3.5M HCl solution?
1) 1.5 L & 5 L 2) 2 L & 3 L 3) l L & l L 4) 1.5 L & 0.5 L
-
37) Equal volumes of lM KNO3 and lM Al (NO3)3 solutions are mixed. The concentration of NO3
ions in the final solution is
1) 2M 2) 1M 3) 4M 4) 0.5M
-
Note : 1M Al(NO 3)3 contains 3M NO ions.
3
38) 10 mL of 1M Na2 CO3 solution is made upto 1 litre by adding water. The normality of the final
solution is
1) 0.01 N 2) 0.1 N 3) 0.2 N 4) 0.02 N
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-
39) 20 mL of 1M NaCl is added to 10 mL of 2 M AgNO3 . The concentration of Cl ions in the final
solution is
1) 0.5M 2) 0. 4M 3) 1.5M 4) None
- -
Note : All the Cl ions are precipitated out as AgCl. Hence the final concentration of Cl will be almost zero.
40) Which of the following solutions contains more number of ions?
1) 9M KNO3 2) 8M NaCl 3) 4M Al2 (SO4 )3 4) 6M Na2 SO4
41) A 0.02N NaCl solution is diluted by 100 times. The number of moles of NaCl will be
1) increased 2) decreased 3) unchanged 4) Cannot say
Hint : There is no change in the number of moles of solute during dilution. Only the concentration is changed.
42) Which of the following graph represents the variation of molality (m) with temperature (T)

1) 2)

m
ail N Molality (m)
Molality (m)

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T emperature (T) T emperature (T)
i@ R

3) 4)
ad VA
Molality (m)

Molality (m)
em TYA

T emperature (T) T emper ature (T )


ich DI

Hint : Molality is independant of temperature


43) The equivalent weight of K2 Cr2 O7 , when it is used as an oxidising agent in acidic medium is
ad V. A

(gram atomic weights of K=39.1, Cr = 52 , O = 16)


1) 98 g 2) 49 g 3) 294 g 4) None

Hint: Cr6+  Cr3+ (in acidic medium)


Formula weight
GEW 
6
44) Match the following
Reaction Equivalent weight of the reactant
GMW
A) C2 O4 2-  CO2 1)
2
GMW
B) FeSO4  Fe3+ 2)
1
GMW
C) H3 PO4  PO4 3- 3)
3
GMW
D) KMnO4  Mn2+ 4)
5
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Correct matching is
A B C D
1) 1 2 4 3
2) 1 2 3 4
3) 2 1 4 1
4) 4 3 2 1
45) The equivalent weight of H3PO4 in the following reaction is
2 H3 PO4 + Ca(OH)2  Ca (H2 PO4 )2 + 2H2 O
MW MW MW
1) 2) 3) 4) All
1 2 3
Note : Equivalent weight of a substance depends on the reaction.

m
46) 300 mL of 0.1M BaCl2 is added to 100 mL of 0.1M Na3 PO4 . The amount of Ba3 (PO4 )2

ail N
precipitate formed is

gm DHA
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1) 10-3 moles 2) 2 x 10-3 moles 3) 5 x 10-3 moles 4) 5 x 10-2 moles
Hint : 3 BaCl2 + 2 Na3PO 4  Ba3 (PO 4 )2 + 6 NaCl
3 moles 2 moles 1 mole
47) Choose the incorrect statement.
1) One equivalent weight of an acid is completely neutralised by one equivalent weight of a
i@ R
base
ad VA
2) One mole of an acid is always completely neutralised by one mole of a base.
3) One equivalent weight of an oxidising agent oxidises one equivalent weight of a reducing
agent
4) All are incorrect.
em TYA

48) The volume of 0.1N KOH required to neutralise completely a 20mL of 0.2N H2SO4 is
1) 10mL 2) 40mL 3) 10mL 4) 20mL
Hint : Use the formula N V =N bV b
a a
49) 25 mL of 0.2 M Na2CO3 is completely neutralised by 12.5 mL of HCl solution. What is the
ich DI

molarity of HCl solution?


1) 0.8 M 2) 0.4 M 3) 0.2M 4) 0.1M
ad V. A

50) 100mL of 0.2 M KMnO4 oxidises 50mL of oxalic acid solution in acidic medium completely. The
molarity of oxalic acid is
1) 1M 2) 0.2M 3) 0.4M 4) 2M
-2 2+
Hint : KM n O 4 + C 2O 4  Mn + CO 2
oxidant reductant
Formula : N V = N r Vr
o o
N o = M o x no. of e- gained by KMnO 4
N r = M r x no. of e- lost by C 2 O 4 2-
51) 20 mL of H2SO4 is required to completely neutralise 10 mL of 0.2M NaOH solution. The weight
of H2SO4 in 500 mL of H2SO4 solution is
1) 4.9g 2) 2.45g 3) 9.8g 4) None
52) 0.18gr of a metal (Atomic weight = 54g) reacts completely with 100mL of 1M HCl. The valency
of the metal is
1) 1 2) 2 3) 4 4) 3
weight  w 
Hint : no. of equivalents (n )=
e equivalent weight(EW)
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A to m ic w e ig h t  A .W 
E .W 
v a len c y

53) 'x' g of a metal 'M' is completely reacted with 100 ml of 0.2N HCl. If the atomic weight of metal
is ‘100x’ g, then the formula of its sulfate salt is
1) M2 SO4 2) MSO4 3) M2 (SO4 )3 4) M(SO4 )2
54) 20g of a bivalent metal liberates 11.2 litres of H2 gas at STP by reacting with excess of acid
solution . The metal is
1) Mg 2)Al 3) Ca 4) Ba
55) 10mL of 0.2M KMnO4 solution is required to oxidise 20mL of 0.3M KI solution completely.
The change in oxidation state of ‘Mn’ in this reaction is.
1) Mn7+  Mn2+ 2) Mn7+  Mn3+

m
3) Mn4+  Mn7+ 4) Mn7+  Mn4+

ail N
H.W : Write the balanced equation for the reaction

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KMnO4  6 KI  4 H 2 O  2 MnO2  3 I 2  8 KOH

56) 18g of glucose is dissolved in 1800 g of water. The mole fraction of glucose is
1) 0.1 2) 0.01 3) 0.001 4) 1
n glucose
Formula : X =
i@ R
glucose n glucose+ n water

57) The mole fraction of urea in its aqueous solution is 0.23. The mole fraction of water is
ad VA

1) 0.46 2) 0.77 3) 0.23 4) 1.8


58) Which method of expression of concentration has no units and independant of temperature?
1) Normality 2) Molality 3) Mole fraction 4) All
em TYA

w
59) The mass percentage of ethyl alcohol in water is 23% . The mole fraction of alcohol is
w
1) 0.208 2) 0.104 3) 1.04 4) 3.26
Hint : solution contains 23 g ethyl alcohol + 77g water
ich DI

-1
60) 10 mL of a liquid (density = 4.9 g. mL ) is dissolved in 0.18Kg of water. If the mole fraction of the
liquid is 0.01, then its molecular weight will be
ad V. A

1) 98 g 2) 49 g 3) 4.9 g 4) 490 g
Hint : For very dilute solutions

nsolute
X 
solute nsolvent

61) The molality of an aqueous solution of urea is 3 m. What will be its mole fraction?
1) 0.3 2) 0.18 3) 0.054 4) 0.003
Hint : For dilute solutions

molality x MWsolvent
X solute 
1000
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VAPOUR PRESSURE

1) The vapour pressure of a liquid does not depend on


1) Nature of liquid 2) Temperature 3) Surface area 4) None
2) The rate of vapourisation of a liquid depends on
1) Temperature 2) Nature of liquid 3) Surface area 4) All
3) The vapour pressure of a liquid at its boiling point is
1) equal to atmospheric pressure 2) Lower than atmospheric pressure
3) Greater than atmospheric pressure 4) None
4) The vapour pressure of pure water at 373 K is.
1) 1 atm 2) 76 atm 3) 100 atm 4) 273 atm
5) The boiling points of liquids A,B & C are 350K , 490K and 630K respectively. The correct
diagram of graphs representing their vapour pressures against different temperatures.

m
ail N
1) 2)
A C B

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vapour pressure

vapour pressure
A

C
i@ R
T emper ature T emper ature
ad VA

3) 4)
A B C A B C
em TYA
vapour pressure

vapour pressure
ich DI

Temper ature T emper ature


ad V. A

6) Which of the following represents graph of logP against 1/T according to Clausius-clapeyron
equation (where P = vapour pressure and T = temperature)
1) 2)
log P

log P

1/ T 1/T

3) 4)
log P

log P

1/ T 1/ T
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Hint : Clausius - clapeyron’s equation is
 H va p
ln P    C
RT
H.W : What is the slope of the curve in the given graph ?

H vap
Ans :
2 .3 0 3 R
7) Which characterizes the weak inter molecular forces of attraction in a liquid ?
1) High boiling point 2) High vapour pressure
3) High critical temperature 4) High heat of vapourisation
8) At equIlibrium, the kinetic energies of vapour and liquid are
1) Equal 2) Not equal 3) Equal only at boiling point 4) All
9) According to Raoult’s law, the partial vapour pressure of a liquid in a solution is
1) inversly proportional to its mole fraction 2) directly proportional to its mole fraction

m
ail N
3) equal to its mole fraction 4) greater than the vapour pressure of pure liquid.
10) According to Raoult’s law, the vapour pressure (P) of an ideal solution containing two miscible

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liquids i.e., A and B, is
1) P  PAo X A  PBo X B 2) P  PAo X A  PBo X B
3) P  PAo X A  PBo X B i@ R 4) All
11) A solution of two liquids behaves ideally when
1) Hmixture  0 2) Smixture  0 3) Vmixture  0 4) Hmixture  0
ad VA

12) An ideal solution is


1) Benzene + toluene 2) n-Hexane + n-Heptane
3) Chloroben zene + Bromobenzene 4) All
em TYA

13) Which, among the following solutions, shows positive deviation from Raoult’s law
1) Ethanol + Water 2) Ether + Acetone
3) Carbontetrachloride + acetone 4) All
14) The partial vapour pressure of liquid ‘A’ in a solution showing positive deviation from Raoult’s law
ich DI

is given by
1) PA = P0A XA 2) PA > P0A XA
ad V. A

3) PA < P0AXA 4) PA = XA
15) The vapour pressure (P) of a solution showing negative deviation from Raoult’s law is given by
(solution contains two liquids i.e, A and B)
1) P = P0A XA+ P0BXB 2) P = P0A XA - P0B XB

3) P < P0AXA+ P0B XB 4) P > P0AXA+ P0BXB


16) The solution which shows negative deviation from Raoult’s law is
1) CH3COOH + C5H5N 2) H2O + HNO3
3) CH3COCH3 + CHCl3 4) All
17) For a solution showing positive deviation from Raoult’s law
1)  H mixing  0 2)  Vmixing  0
3) Both 1 & 2 4) None
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18) The graph of vapour pressure of solution showing positive deviation from Raoult’s law is

1) P
total 0
2) 0
P P P
A total A
vapour pressure

vapour pressure
0 0
P P
B B

0 X 1 0 X 1
A A
1 XB 0 1 XB 0

m
ail N
3) 0
4) P
P total 0
A P
A

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P
vapour pressure

vapour pressure
P total 0
B P
B

i@ R
0 X 1 X 1
A 0 A
ad VA
1 XB 0 XB
1 0

H.W: Which graph shows negative deviation from Raoult’s law?


Answer: 3
em TYA

19) The forces of attraction in the following solution are greater than those of in their component pure
liquids
1) Benzene + Toluene 2) Ethanol + Water 3) Acetone + Chloroform 4) Acetone + Ether
20) 50 mL of ethanol is mixed with 50 mL of water. The volume of the solution formed will be
ich DI

1) = 100 mL 2) > 100 mL 3) < 100 mL 4) None


Hint : Vmix  0 i.e., shows positive deviation from Raoult's law
ad V. A

21) The vapour pressure of water at 300K in a closed container is 0.4 atm. If the volumeof the con-
tainer is doubled its vapour pressure at 300K will be
1) 0.8 atm 2) 0.2 atm 3) 0.4 atm 4) 0.6 atm
22) The vapour pressure of deliquescent substance is
1) Equal to the atmospheric pressure 2) Equal to the pressure of water vapour in air
3) Greater than the pressure of water vapour in air
4) Less than the pressure of water vapour in air
Note : Deliquescent substance absorbs water from air and becomes liquid (by dissolving in water).

COLLIGATIVE PROPERTIES
1) The property which depends only on the number of particles and not on the nature of particles is
1) Relative lowering of vapour pressure 2) Elevation in boiling point
3) Depression in freezing point 4) All
2) Choose the incorrect statement
1) The vapour pressure of a solution containing a non volatile solute is inversely proportional to the
mole fraction of solute.
2) The lowering of vapour pressure of a solution containing a non volatile solute is proportional to
the mole fraction of solute.
3) The vapour pressure of a solution containing a non volatile solute is proportional to the mole
fraction of volatile solvent.
4) None.
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3) The vapour pressure of a dilute solution (P) containing a non volatile solute is ( Let P01 = vapour
pressure of pure solvent, X1 & X2 = molefractions of solvent and solute respectively)
1) P = P01 X1 2) P = P01 (1-X2) 3) both 1 & 2 4) None
4) The relative lowering of vapour pressure of a dilute solution containing a non volatile solute is
1) equal to mole fraction of solute 2) equal to mole fraction of solvent
3) equal to mole fraction of solution 4) greater than mole fraction of solvent
5) 6 g of Urea is dissolved in 90g of water. The relative lowering of vapour pressure is equal to
1) 0.01 2) 0.06 3) 1.1 4) 0.02
Hint: Urea (NH 2 CONH 2 ) is a non volatile and non electrolytic substance.

P
Formula : Relative lowering of vapour presure  X2
P0

where P = lowering of vapour pressure


0
P = vapour pressure of pure solvent

m
ail N
X 2 = mole fraction of solute

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6) Calculate the amount of glucose present in 90g of water when the relative lowering of vapour
pressure is 0.02.
1) 9g 2) 12g 3) 18g 4) 24g
Hint: The molecular formula of Glucose is C 6 H 12 O 6
7) The lowering of vapour pressure of a solution containing 15g of non electrolyte in 90g of water at
i@ R
373K is 1.013 X 103N.m-2. The molecular weight of the solute is
1) 300g.mole-1 2) 90g.mole-1 3) 150g.mole-1 4) 135g.mole-1
ad VA

Hint: 1 atm = 1.013 X 10 5 N.m -2


8) 1g of a non volatile and non electrolytic solute is dissolved in 78g of benzene at 780C. The molecu-
lar weight of solute is 100g.mole-1. What will be the vapour pressure of solution at 780C.
em TYA

1) 75.24 mm Hg 2) 780 mm Hg 3) 684 mm Hg 4) 752.4 mm Hg


Hint: The boiling point of benzene is 78 0 C
9) 10g of a non volatile and non electrolytic solute is dissolved in 1000g of benzene. The vapour
pressure is lowered by 0.5%. What is the molecular weight of solute?
ich DI

1) 312g.mole-1 2) 156g.mole-1 3) 78g.mole-1 4) 100g.mole-1


P 0.5
Hint : 
ad V. A

p0 100

10) The vapour pressure of an a aqueous solution of sucrose is 0.99 atm at 373 K. The molality (m) of
the solution is
1) 0.99m 2) 0.55m 3) 5.5m 4) 37.3m
P molality x MWsolvent
Hint: p0 =X solute 
1000
11) The lowering of vapour pressure of 1% (w/w) aqueous solution of a non volatile and non electro-
lytic solute is 1.52 mm of Hg at 373K. The molecular weight of the solute is
1) 91g 2) 180g 3) 30g 4) 909g
12) The vapour pressure of a solvent is decreased by 10mm of Hg by adding a non volatile solute. The
mole fraction of solute is 0.14. What would be the molefraction of solvent if decrease in vapour
pressure is 20 mm of Hg
1) 0.28 2) 0.14 3) 0.72 4) 0.86
13) A 6 % glucose solution and 2 % solution of 'x' show same relative lowering of vapour pressure.
Assuming 'x' to be a non-electrolyte, the molecular weight of 'x' is
1) 30g.mole-1 2) 60g.mole-1 3) 90g.mole-1 4) 180g.mole-1
Hint : Molefractions and hence the number of moles of glucose and ‘x’ are equal.

14) Correct pair of aqueous solutions with equal vapour pressures.


1) 0.1M urea, 0.2M sucrose 2) 0.1M NaCl, 0.1M glucose
3) 0.1M Na2SO4, 0.1M KCl 4) 0.2M urea, 0.1M NaCl
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15) The vapour pressure of aqueous solution of K3[Fe(CN)6] is same as that of 0.4M aqueous
solution of urea. Then the concentration of K3[Fe(CN)6] is
1) 0.4M 2) 0.1M 3) 0.2M 4) 0.8M
 3
water
Hint: K 3  Fe  CN 6   3 K ( aq )   Fe  CN 6 
( aq )

16) The lowering of vapour pressure of solution containing 'X' is twice of solution
containing 'Y', then (both 'X' & 'Y' are non electrolytes)
1) The MW of 'X' is twice of 'Y' 2) The MW of 'Y' is twice of 'X'
3) The mole fraction of 'X' is twice of 'Y' 4) The mole fraction of 'Y' is twice of 'X'
17) An aqueous solution of Ca(HCO3)2 is heated strongly and filtered. The vapour pressure of clear
filtrate is
1) Greater than that of pure water 2) less than that of pure water
3) Equal to that of pure water 4) Can not say

m
2+ 

ail N

Hint : Ca  aq   2 HCO3  aq   CaCO3  s    CO2  g   H 2 O( l )

18) The vapour pressure of an aqueous solution containing sucrose at 1000C is

gm DHA
.co
1) = 76 cm Hg 2) > 76 cm Hg 3) < 76 cm Hg 4) = 100 cm Hg
19) Which of the following aqueous solutions has the minimum boiling point ?
1) 0.1M NaCl 2) 0.2M urea 3) 0.1M sucrose 4) 0.05M CaCl2
20) The vapour pressure of an aqueous solution of 0.2m glucose is 1atm at 100.360C. What is the
i@ R
molal boiling point elevation constant of the solvent ?
ad VA
1) 1.8 2) 1.8 K.mole-1 3) 1.8 K.Kg.mole-1 4) 1.8 Kg-1.mole-1
Hint : Elevation in boiling point = Tb  K b . m

where K b  Molal boiling point elevation constant (or) ebbulioscopic constant


em TYA

m  Molality
-1
Note : The unit of K b is Kelvin.Kg.mole

21) 0.2g of a non volatile and non electrolytic solute is dissolved in 20g of a liquid to elevate the boiling
ich DI

point of the liquid by 0.180C. The ebbulioscopic constant of the liquid is 4.212 K.Kg. mole-1 .
What is the molecular weight of solute ?
ad V. A

1) 23.4g.mole-1 2) 234 g.mole-1 3) 117 g.mole-1 4) 202g. mole-1


w2 1000
Hint : ΔTb  K b . m  K b . .
MW2 w 1

Where w 2 = wt. of solute


MW2 = Molecular wt. of solute
W1 = Weight of solvent
22) The vapour pressure of a liquid becomes equal to 1 atm at -730C. The molar heat of vaporisation
and molecular weight of liquid are 40 J.mole-1 and 180g.mole-1 respectively. What is it’s ebbulioscopic
constant ?
1) 1.496 K.Kg.mole-1 2) 149.6 K.Kg.mole-1 3) 1.8 K.Kg.mole-1 4) 40 K.Kg.mole-1
2

Hint : K b 
 M
R Tb
0
1

ΔH vap 1000

where R  Gas constant


0
Tb  Boiling point of pure liquid (solvent)

ΔH vap  Molar heat of vapourisation

M1  Molecular weight of liquid (solvent)


Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan
adichemadi@gmail.com
23) 0.6 g of urea is dissolved in 1 mole of propyl alcohol. The molal boiling point elevation constant of
propyl alcohol is 0.18 K.Kg.mole-1. Calculate the elevation in boiling point.
1) 0.03 K 2) 1.66 K 3) 3.3 K 4) 0.33 K
24) The aqueous solution showing maximum depression in freezing point is
1) 0. 1M CaCl2 2) 0.3M urea 3) 0.1M Na3PO4 4) All
25) 2g of non electrolytic solute is dissolved in 36g of water. The depression in freezing point observed
is 1.08 K. The cryoscopic constant of water is 1.8 K.Kg. mole-1. What is the molar mass of solute.
1) 9.25g.mole-1 2) 18g.mole-1 3) 92.5g.mole-1 4) 180g.mole-1
w2 1000
Hint : Depression in freezing point = ΔTf  K f . m  K f . .
MW2 w1

Where Kf = molal freezing point depression constant (or) cryoscopic constant


w 2 = wt. of solute
MW2 = Molecular wt. of solute

m
ail N
W1 = Weight of solvent
26) The latent heat of fusion of water is 3.35 X 105J.Kg-1. Calculate the depression in freezing point of

gm DHA
.co
1m aqueous solution of glucose.
1) 0.00185 K 2) 1.85 K 3) 0.0185 K 4) None

2 2
R Tf M
0
1  
0
R Tf
 Hfusion = lf .M1 
Hint : K f  
i@ R
ΔHfusion 1000 lf .1000
2
 
ad VA
0
R Tf
 T f  .m
lf .1000

where R  Gas constant


em TYA

0
Tf  Freezing point of pure liquid (solvent)

ΔH fusion  Molar heat of fusion

l f = latent heat of fusion

M1  Molecular weight of liquid (solvent)


ich DI

m = Molality
ad V. A

27) The freezing point of acetamide in glacial acetic acid is 298K. At this temperature, the crystals of
1) acetamide appear first 2) acetic acid appear first
3) both appear together 4) None
Hint : Always crystals of pure solvent seperate out first at the freezing point of solution.
28) How many grams of glucose should be dissolved in 100g of water in order to produce a solution
with a 1050C difference between the freezing point and the boiling point. (Kf = 1.86K.Kg.mol-1
and Kb = 0.51K.Kg.mole-1).
1) 18.2g 2) 37.9g 3) 180g 4) 72g

Hint : T f Tb

Tf T f0 Tb0 Tb
0
   
 ΔTf +ΔTb + Tb0 -Tf0 =105 C
0
  
or ΔTf +ΔTb + 1000C-00C =105 C 
 ΔTf +ΔTb  =50 C
But ΔTf = K f m

and ΔTb = K b m
0
 Kf m + Kbm = 5 C
Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan
adichemadi@gmail.com
29) Ethylene glycol is used as an anti freeze in radiators to
1) increase the boiling point of water 2) decrease the freezing point of water
3) decrease the boiling point of water 4) freeze the water above 00C.
30) The depression in freezing point of an aqueous solution is 0.670C. What is its relative lowering of
vapour pressure?(Kf= 1.8 K.Kg.mole-1)
1) 0.0067 2) 0.042 3) 0.21 4) 0.42
31) Choose the correct statement
1) Spontaneous flow of solvent from dilute solution to concentrated solution through a semi
permeable membrance is called osmosis.
2) According to van’t Hoff, the solute behaves as a gas and the osmotic pressure of solution is
equal to the pressure exerted by solute if it were a gas at the same temperature and occupying the
same volume as that of solution.
3) Reverse osmosis occurs, when a pressure greater than the osmotic pressure of solution is

m
applied over it

ail N
4) All

gm DHA
.co
32) The osmotic pressure of 0.2 molar solution of urea at 270C is
1) 4.92 atm 2) 1 atm 3) 2.7 atm 4) 8.2 atm
Hint : Osmotic pressure ( ) = CRT

n
where C = = molar concentration
i@ R
V
-1 1
R = Gas constant (0.0821 L.atm.mole .K )
ad VA

T = Absolute temperature

33) 20g of a non electrolytic solute is present in 500 mL of solution at 270C. The osmotic pressure of
this solution is 1.8 atm. What is the molecular weight of the solute (in g.mole-1) ?
em TYA

1) 426. 2 2) 547. 3 3) 671.7 4) 323.2


34) The elevation in boiling point of an aqueous solution of glucose is 0.60C. What is its osmotic
pressure at 300K ? (Kb = 1.2 K.Kg. mole-1 & density of solution = 1.09 g. mL-1)
1) 623.6 N.m-2 2) 1247.1 N.m-2 3) 600 N.m-2 4) None
ich DI

35) The aqueous solution which is isotonic with 0.1M NaCl is


1) 0.1M Glucose 2) 0.1M CH3COOH 3) 0.1M KCl 4) All
ad V. A

36) Insulin is dissolved in a suitable solvent and the osmotic pressures (  in atm.) of solutions of
various concentrations (C) in g/cc are measured at 270C. The slope of a plot of  against C is
calculated to be 5 X 10-3. The approximate molecular weight of insulin is
1) 4.51 X 106 g 2) 4.926 X 106 g 3) 6.32 X 105g 4) 9.12 X 107g
n W 1000
Hint : π = RT= X X RT
V M.W V
 
 where C = W  in grams  
π 1000 RT
 Slope = = 
C M.W
 V  in cc  

1000 RT W
note : π = . is in y = mx form
MW V

37) The correct order of osmotic pressure of equimolar solutions of BaCl2, NaCl and C6H12O6 is
1) NaCl > C6 H12 O6 > BaCl2 2) BaCl2 > NaCl > C6 H12 O 6
3) C6 H12O6 > NaCl > BaCl2 4) All are equal
38) The osmotic pressure of 0.1M NaCl is greater than that of 0.1M CH3COOH. It is due to
1) NaCl is a weak electrolyte 2) CH3COOH is acid
3) CH3COOH is a weak electrolyte 4) All
39) When mercuric iodide is added to an aqueous solution of KI, the
1) Osmotic pressure is decreased 2) Vapour pressure is increased
3) Freezing point is raised 4) All
Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan
adichemadi@gmail.com

Hint : 2KI + HgI 2  K 2 [HgI 4 ]

Initially 2KI gives four ions  +


2K and 2I
-

But K 2 [HgI 4 ] gives only three ions  +
2K and [HgI 4 ]
2

40) The van’t Hoff factor (i) is given by
Abnormal colligative property Actual number of particles in solution
1) 2)
Normal colligative property Number of particles taken
Normal molecular weight
3) 4) All
Abnormal molecular weight
1

m
Hint : Value of colligative property 

ail N
Molecular weight

41) The relation between van’t Hoff factor (i) and degree of dissociation (  ) of a weak electrolyte ‘A’’

gm DHA
.co
which dissociates by giving ‘n’ number of ions ( A  nB ) is
i 1 i 1 i
1)   2)   3)   4) None
n 1 n 1 n
Hint : A  nB
i@ R
initia l 1 mole 0
(1 -  )
ad VA
equilibrium n
 Total no.of particles in the solution = (1-  ) + n 
= 1+n  - 
= 1+  (n-1)
em TYA

van't Hoff factor (i) 


Total no.of particles in the solution

1  n 1  
no.of particles taken
1
i = 1+  (n-1)
i-1=  (n-1)
i-1
ich DI

  = n-1

42) The relation between van’t Hoff factor (i) and degree of association (  ) of ‘A’ which associates
ad V. A

as follows nA  An .
i 1 i 1 i 1 i 1
1)   2)   3)   4)  
n 1 1 n 1 1
1 1
n n

Hint : A  An
initial 1 mole 0

at equilibrium (1- )
n
  1
Total no.of particles in the solution = (1- ) + = 1+   = 1+ ( -1)
n n n
no.of particles in the solution
 van't Hoff factor (i) =
no.of particles taken
1
1+ ( -1)
n

1
1 1
i .e., i = 1+ ( -1)  i-1= ( -1)
n n
i-1
 = 1
1
n
Prepared by V. Aditya vardhan
adichemadi@gmail.com
43) Choose the incorrect statement.
1) Van’t Hoff factor (i) for aqueous solution of sucrose is one.
2) Van’t Hoff factor (i) for aqueous solution of acetic acid is greater than one
3) Van’t Hoff factor (i) for a solution of acetic acid in benzene is less than one
4) None
Hint : Van’t Hoff factor ‘i’ = 1 when there is no dissociation or association
i > 1 when there is dissociation
i < 1 when there is association
Acetic acid dimerizes in benzene (a solvent with low dielectric constant)

44) The degree of dissociation (  ) of a weak electrolyte AX BY is related to van’t Hoff factor (i) by
the expression.
i 1 i 1 i 1 x  y 1
1)   2)   3)   4)  
x  y 1 x  y 1 x  y 1 i 1

m
45) If van’t Hoff factor of Ca(NO3)2 is 2.3, then its percentage of dissociation is

ail N
1) 22% 2) 65% 3) 60% 4) 44%

gm DHA
.co
46) The molecular weight of acetic acid dissolved in benzene is calculated as 90g.mole-1 by using
osmotic pressure method. What is the percentage of association of acetic acid.
1) 0.33% 2) 0.66% 3) 90% 4) 66.6%
0
47) 0.01m aqueous solution of K3[Fe (CN)6] freezes at -0.062 C. Its % of dissociation is
(Kf =1.86K.Kg. mole-1)
i@ R
1) 72% 2) 88% 3) 78% 4) 56%
-1
48) A solution containing 0.8716 mole.L of sucrose is iso-osmotic with a 0.5M NaCl solution. What
ad VA

is the degree of dissociation of NaCl


1) 0.7432 2) 74.32% 3) 0.8716 4) 0.3716
49) The minimum value of van’t Hoff factor if a solute undergoes trimerization in a solution is
em TYA

1) 0.5 2) 1.33 3) 0.33 4) 3


50) The observed molar mass of KCl obtained by freezing point depression method is related to the
actual molar mass (M) as (the degree of dissociation is x)
1) M (1 + x) 2) M / 2x 3) M (1 + x)-1 4) M (1 - x)-1
ich DI

0
51) At 25 C, a solution containing 0.2g of poly ethene in 100 mL of toluene shows a rise of 4.8mm at
osmotic equilibrium. The molecular weight of polyethene will be (density of the solution =
0.44g.mL-1)
ad V. A

1) 5.29 X 103g 2) 2.98 X 105g 3) 2.39 X 103g 4) 2.39 X 105g


52) A boy manured a rose plant with highly concentrated solution of urea. On the next day
1) the green colour of the plant will be improved. 2) the plant will grow taller.
3) the plant will bear more number of roses. 4) the plant will die.

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