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I

2010

I

2010
( 2009 )

/
/, 2010

2010 .

(4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom)


(999 University Street, Montral, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7)

, 1998.
, 2002.
, 2003.
, 2004.
, 2006.
, 2007.
, 2008.
, 2010.

ISBN 978-92-9231-758-4


: 9731P1

/ 2010

.

,



.

...................................................................................................................................................

vii

.......................................................................................................................................................

ix

1.

1.1

............................................................................................................................

1-1

1.2

..............................................................................

1-1

1.3

...............................................................................................................

1-2

1.4

.......................................................................................................

1-3

1.5

.............................................................................................

1-3

1.6

................................................................................................................

1-4

1.7

...................................................................................

1-5

1.8

SAR 1949
..........................................................................................

1-6

2.

2.1

(SAR) ..........................................................................................

2-1

2.2

......................................................................................................................

2-1

2.3

...........................................................................

2-3

2.4

............................................................................

2-9

2.5

(SAR) ............................................................................................

2-10

2.6

............................................

2-11

2.7

....................................................................................................................

2-12

3.

, ,

3.1

....................................................................................

3-1

3.2

.............................................................................

3-2

3.3

...........................................................................................................................................

3-6

4.

4.1

.......................................................................................................................................

4-1

4.2

...............................................................................................

4-1

4.3

, SAR ............................................................................

4-3

4.4

...........................................................................................................

4-4

4.5

..........................................................................................................

4-6

4.6

...................................................................................................

4-10

4.7

MEDICO ..............................................................................................................................

4-10

4.8

......................................................................................

4-11

5.

5.1

SAR ............................................................................................................

5-1

5.2

.............................................................................................................

5-2
iii


5.3

.................................................................................................................................

5-5

5.4

........................................................................................................................................

5-9

5.5

.............................................................................................................

5-13

5.6

...........................................................................................................................

5-13

5.7

.........................................................

5-15

6.

6.1

...............................................................................................................

6-1

6.2

........................................................................................................

6-2

6.3

.............................................................................

6-3

6.4

...............................................................

6-3

6.5

..........................................................................................

6-5

6.6

- ..........................................................

6-8

6.7

.......................................................................................................

6-9

6.8

..........................................................................................................................

6-9

A. , - .
B. .
C. SAR.
D. .
E. .
F.
,
.
(CMSS)
.
G. .
H. .
I.

J. SAR.
. SAR

.
L. SAR
SAR.
. .
N. RCC TMAS
.

iv
, 2008 , 1 2009 .




(SAR)
,
(SOLAS).
,
SAR. SAR,
SAR .
SAR SAR
, ,
SAR.
" " ( I) SAR,
SAR
SAR;
" " ( II)
SAR;

" " ( III) ,


, ,
, SAR
.

1 SAR, ,
SAR, , . SAR
, .
2 SAR. ,
, ,
.
3 ,
SAR.
, .
4 SAR
SAR.
5 SAR.
6
, .

.
,
2001 ( 1 2002 ), 2002
( 1 2003 ), 2003 (
1 2004 ), 2004 (
1 2005 ), 2005 ( 1
2006 ), 2006 ( 1 2007 )
2007 ( 1 2008 ).
2008 ,
- 2008 , 1 2009 .
/
2007
(COMSAR) 2008 .
, 2009 I .


.......................................
.............................
....
...........
....................................................
......................................................
..................................................................
......................

...........................

..............

AFTN ....................

AIP ..........
AIS ...........
AMS ........................
AMS(R)S ........
()
AMSS .............

ARCC ............

ARSC ............

ATN .........................

.....
GMDSS

CES ..................................

..................................................................

CRS .....................................

.......................

C/S ................................................................

................................................................
. ..................................................
.................
........... -
.................
........................................

CW .............................................
DF .....................................................
DME .............................
DRU ..................................

DSC ........................
ELT .......................

...............................

EPIRB ...................................

............

GES ....................................

............................

GMDSS .......................

..........................
..............................
...........................................................

GNSS ...............................

...................

GPS ......................

......................................................

ILS ..............................

...................
........................................

IMSO ........

..............................

INS ...............

.............................................
ACO ....................................................

JRCC ............. ( )

AES .............................

LES .................................

AFN .....................

LUT .......................
vii


MCC .............................

RTG .................................................

MMSI .....................

SAR ..................................................

MRCC ....................

MR ............................

SART .........

SC .................................................... SAR
SCC .......................... SAR

MRSC ....................

SDP ....................................... SAR

MRU ............................

SITREP .....................................

MSI .................

SMC ................. -

NBDP ......................

SOLAS ..........

NOTAM .................................

SPOC ................................................. SAR

OSC ....................

SRR .....................................

OSV ...............................
PLB .......................
PRU ..................
RANP ..................

SES .......................................

SRS ...............................
SRU ........................ -
TLX .....................................................................
TMAS

UIR .................

RCC ......

USAR ...........

RSC ......

UTC .................
VOR ..................... -

viii
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

,
.


(ELT)


(EPIRB)

, ,
,

.

(CES)

,
.


(RSC)

,


.
. RSC, ,
;
ARSC MRSC.



(GMDSS)

,
, , ,

.


(GPS)

,
.


(PLB)

,


.

,
.

,
.

()

,
SAR
-
.


(OSC)

, -
.

(SC)

,

SAR
.

ix


(SMC)


(RCC)

,
-
-
.
. RCC
,
; ARCC MRCC
.


SAR (UNSAR)

, RCC

SAR
.

,
, ,
, .

, ,
,
,
.

, ,


, , .

(SRS)

,

.

, , ,
,

, .

-
(SRU)

, ,
- .

,
- .

, ,
, ,
,

,
.

, ,
- .

,
,
,
.


(SDP)

,
,
,

-

,
(,
).


(SPOC)


,
,
.

(DF)

(SRR)

,
,
- .


()

,

, ,
, .

,
, 121,5 406 .

,
,

.


(JRCC)

,
, ,
.

, ,

.

,
, .

, ,
,
.

,

.


(LUT)

, ,
-,

.
xi

, 2008 , 1 2009 .


(MCC)

-,
()


.

()


(DSC)

, ,

.

(MRO)

-
,


, ,
,
, .

Amver

NAVAREA

16 ,
.

NAVTEX

SafetyNET

(EGC) ,
(MSI)
(GMDSS).

xii


1.1

1.1.1


(SAR)
, .
SAR SAR,
() ()
,
, , .

1.1.2

,

,

.

1.1.3


,
.
SAR ,
,
. , ,
, SAR.

1.1.4

, ,
SAR, :

SAR;

, SAR;

, SAR;

, , SAR;

SAR;

SAR
.

1.1.5

,
.
( )
( ).

, SAR,
SAR.

1.2

1.2.1

, , SAR
, , .
a)


, , , .

, . ,
SAR ,
, " SAR".
1-1

1.
b)

SAR
,
. SAR
,
.

c)

SAR
, .
;

, , , .

d)


,
,
.

.

e)

,
SAR, SAR.

1.3

1.3.1

(SOLAS),


/ SAR.
1982 . . 2 98
:
" ,
-
, , ,
."

-.

1.3.2


SAR SAR
.
SAR .

1.3.3

1.3.4

,
SAR, ,
.

1.3.5

SAR
SAR.

1.3.6


, :

1.3.7

1-2

SAR;

SAR ;

RCC
.

,
, ,
.

1.
1.3.8

.
,
SAR
.

1.3.9

1.4

1.4.1

SAR ,
SAR:

,
;
;

,
.

1.4.2

2 SAR,
, 4
. 2 5 ,
SAR, , 3
, SAR
.

1.5

1.5.1

SAR . 5
6 :

, ;
;
SAR ;
.

1.5.2


SAR .
,
, SAR.

1.5.3

SAR (SC) SAR. SC,


SAR
. SC , ,
( ) SAR.

1.5.4

SAR . ,
SC ,

. ,
,
, SC . ,
SAR,
SC . , SAR
, , ,
SAR.
1-3
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

1.
1.5.5

SC , SAR.

.

1.5.6


.
SAR, 6.
SAR
.

1.5.7

,
SAR
.
. 5 6.

1.5.8

SAR
, ,
.., ,
.
.
, SAR, ,
,
.

1.5.9


SAR, ,
;
2. , , ,
, SAR, SAR
, .
, SAR ,
SAR .

1.5.10

,
SAR,
.
SAR ( SRU).

1.5.11

(RCC)
(SRR) , ,
(RSC)
(SRS). RCC RSC .
SAR 2.

1.5.12

SAR 1-1.

SAR

SAR

. 1-1.

1.6
1.6.1

1-4


SAR SAR
, ,
SAR. ,
, SAR
, .

1.
1.6.2

,
,
. ,
SAR
, ,
. ,
, ,
.

1.6.3

SAR
,
SAR .
SRR SAR,
, , SRR
.

1.7

1.7.1

SAR ,
. SRR,
,
SAR SRR RCC. SRR RCC,
SRR, RCC
.
. RSC.
SRR 2.

1.7.2


, . ,
,

SAR.
SRU,
, .
.

.

1.7.3

SAR, ,
, . . (
)
.
RSC, SRR . .,
:

1.7.4

SAR;

SRR;

, ,
, . .

SAR :

() SAR;

RCC RSC;

,
;

1-5

1.

, ,
.

1.8

SAR 1949

1.8.1

SAR
1949 ( ,
, , ,
12 1949 ) I .

1-6

a)

SAR, ,
, .
,
SAR, RCC RSC,
- . SAR

I .

b)

XIV ,
.

c)


( )
, .

d)

,
( )
.


2.1

(SAR)

2.1.1

SAR, , ,
.
SAR, , SRR
, SAR SRR.
SRR RCC. SRR
(). SAR
SAR. SAR , SAR,
.

2.1.2

SRR , ,
.
SAR SRR.
, , ,
SAR. :

SRR SAR;

RCC SAR;

RSC RCC SRR;

SAR, SRU
, ,
SAR;

(OSC),

;

, SAR.

2.2

2.2.1

.
RCC , RCC
SRU ,
. 4
, RCC. SAR
.
,
RCC RSC. ,
, RCC RSC,
. RCC RSC

SAR. . 21 SAR.
SAR :

2.2.2

, , ;
, , SAR
(SMC), OSC SAR
, SAR;
2-1
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

2.
RCC/RSC

SAR

. 2-1. SAR

(DF) , SRU
, ,
.


2.2.3

,
RCC RSC.
, ()
(CRS).
,
RCC. 4 .

2.2.4

RCC
, .
RCC RSC
.
, RCC, RSC SRU
.

, ,
. ,
RCC RSC ,
.

2.2.5

SAR,
,
.
, .
a)

,
,
(ELT).
SAR ELT,
121,5 .

b)


(EPIRB), .
EPIRB ,
SAR .
,
4.

2.2.6

,
SRU.
, SRU
.

2.2.7

SAR SRR
, .
,
. - ,
, ,

2-2

2.
, EPIRB ELT ,
, .
SAR
2.2.8

SAR SAR
SRR, .
RCC RSC
.
SAR, RCC,
, ,
,
. RCC, , -
(SMC) SAR. SMC
OSC SAR
.

2.2.9

RCC RSC ,

.
" "
.

2.2.10

SAR RCC RSC,



RCC RSC. ,
RCC RSC,
.

2.2.11

SRU OSC , .
SMC SRU,
SRU . /
, SAR,
, ,
. SAR,
, SAR.

2.2.12

,
, , SAR ,
SOLAS, , , ,
, , .

2.2.13

SAR
/ SAR
,
. , RCC
/ - ,
. -
,
. SOLAS
.

2.3

2.3.1

RCC ,
SAR SAR SRR. RCC
, SAR
SRR,
(RANP) SAR . SAR
RCC (ARCC). , SAR,
RCC (MRCC). ,
SAR RCC (JRCC),
2-3

2.
, SAR,
RCC.
.

RCC
; ARCC MRCC
.

2.3.2

SAR RCC
SAR, SRR. ,
, RCC .
;

. , SRR,
, .

2.3.3


RCC . RSC ( )
RCC , RCC,
, RCC,
.

2.3.4

JRCC
RCC.
.

, , .
:

SAR.

MRCC, ARCC.
SAR , MRCC .
, ,
, ARCC, ()
().
2.3.5

JRCC SAR
. JRCC RCC, ,
.

2.3.6

12 ,
, SAR, RCC SRR.
.
RCC RSC " "
.

2.3.7

RCC ,
SRR RANP SAR
. , RCC
. RCC
"" "".
2-2.

2-4

SRR, SRS
SRR, SAR

2.

, SRR (,

, )

, ,
MCC, CES ..
:

RSC


CRS
:
SRU
RCC

SRU





. 2-2. RCC

2.3.8

RCC ,
SRR. RCC
. , , , ,
, ,
RCC.
, SAR, RCC
,
SAR. , , ,
SAR.
, .
SAR
. , RCC
, , ()
(),
. ,
, ,
RCC ,
. RCC
.

2.3.9

, JRCC, ARCC MRCC


.
RCC ,
.

2.3.10

RCC RCC
, .
a)

.
, .
,
.
,
2-5
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

2.

, .
(AFTN)
(AFN)
. , ,
,
. RCC
. , ,
, , ,
, RCC
.
,
. 4
, RCC
RSC.
b)

. SMC

. RCC
SAR.
SRR ,
SAR ,
SAR , .
, SRR.
, () ,
.

c)

. RCC RSC
,
, .

d)

. , RCC,
, :
SAR, , ,
SAR;
, ,
, , ,
;
;
(AIP);
, , ;
.


2.3.11

2-6

RCC . ,
, , ,
, RCC .
SAR ,
SAR.
,
.
SAR. SAR SMC
RCC
RCC. RCC ,
,
. ,
,
. RCC
.
, SMC .

2.
a)

RCC. RCC , .
, RCC
, RCC .
RCC
. RCC
, , ,
, RCC,
SAR.

b)

RCC. RCC ,
SAR. RCC
, SAR,
.
, , ,
SRR. RCC .
, RCC
,
RCC.

c)

SAR (SMC). SAR


SMC, SMC
,
.
RCC SAR,
. SAR
. SMC SAR
, ,
. RCC SMC
,
, . SMC
SRU
. SC, , SAR.
( SMC " "
.)
, SMC,
:
, RCC,
, ;
SAR,
;
(, );
,
, , .

,
2.3.12

SAR.
a)

RCC, SMC RCC


, ,
. SAR
. RCC, ,
SAR
.

b)

.
,
.
, ,
.
, , ,

2-7

2.
. 3
.

2.3.13

2.3.14

RCC SAR
SRR SRR.
SRR SAR
SAR.
SAR, .
RCC RSC , :

SAR;

, SRR;

, .

, SAR
. " "
.

2.3.15

SRR RCC ,
- . RANP SRR
.
SAR , SRR. SRR
SAR SRR
. SRR ,

,
RCC. SRR
SRR / ;
SRR ( SRS).
a)

, SRR. SRR

, SRR .
:
;
;
, , SAR;
;
,
.

b)

SRR :
, ,

SAR ,
.
, RCC .
, RCC
.

c)

2-8


(UIR). UIR SRR .

2.
, ,
.
, SAR,
" ", , UIR.
,
, SAR,
.
d)

, SRR
.
,
.
SAR SAR,

- . SRR ,
, ,
.
, , , .

e)

SRR -
. SRR , -
SAR
. SRR
, . ,
SAR,
, .
, RCC SAR .

f)

SRR .
SRR ,
SAR.
, , ,
SRR,
, SRR.
, SAR
RANP . SRR
SAR
.

2.4

2.4.1

, RCC
SAR SRR.
RSC SRS.
:

2.4.2

- SRR
RCC SAR;

SRR -
,

;

SAR, ,
.

RCC RSC,
, SAR.
RSC , RCC.
, RSC.
RSC ,
RCC. , , RSC , RCC,
, .
2-9

2.
2.4.3

, SAR, RSC
(ARSC), , SAR, RSC (MRSC).
.

RSC
, ;
ARSC MRSC.

2.5

(SAR)

2.5.1

SAR SRU ,
SAR. SRU
,
, . SRU
, . SRU
, ,
:

2.5.2

2-10


, , , ,
;

,
;

, SRU, .
a)

. SRU ,
, SMC, OSC, ,
SRU , . 4
SRU .

b)

. SAR ,
,
, .

c)

.
SAR
.
.
.

,
.
.
, ,
.

,
,
B.
SAR,
.

d)

. SRU , ,
,
SRR, () , , .

2.
- (SRU)
2.5.3

SRU.
SRU SAR

.
SAR . SRU
SAR, ,
.
SAR

2.5.4

SRU
, ,
.
SAR .

2.5.5

SAR
, , SAR.
SAR ,
.

, ,
,
. ,
SAR
SAR SRU.

2.5.6




. RCC
(TMAS)
. RCC
TMAS.
.
TMAS. RCC

. RCC
TMAS N.

2.6

2.6.1

SAR,
. SMC
OSC, , SRU,
, , ,
OSC. , SAR,
, OSC , SMC
. , OSC
SMC ,
, RCC . OSC
SAR,
,
OSC. OSC.
()
SAR .

2-11
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

2.
2.6.2

,
, , ,
.
()

2.6.3

SAR ACO SRU


, .
SRU.

2.6.4

, SAR;

SRU;

SMC ;

- .

2.7

2.7.1

(, RCC SRU)
SAR.
. ,
:
,

SAR (SDP),

(, ),


2.7.2

SAR ,
, ( ) ,
,
, , .
4 .
. 1.11 II " ".

2.7.3


.
, ,
.
- .
RCC ,
.
,
, .

2.7.4

.
, , ,

2-12
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

2.
. SAR
SAR, , RCC
. ,
, ,
, , ,
. SAR
SAR (SDP),
.
, . -
, SAR.
, .
, , ,
(MMSI) .
,
RCC, .
2.7.5


SAR. C
SAR.

2-13

, ,

3.1

3.1.1

,
.
SAR SAR.

3.1.2

SAR
, .
.
, , SAR
, , - .
.
SAR,
SAR
SAR .

3.1.3

3.1.4

3.1.5

3.1.6

. SAR
, , ,
,
.
.
3.2.


.
.

. ,
.
.
, ,
,
.


. ,
, , , , ,
.
, .
.
,
. ,
,
.
, , ,
.
( , RCC).
,
.
3-1

3. , ,
.
.
3.1.7

,
, , , ,
, .
, ,
.
, ,
.

3.1.8

RCC RSC .
RCC .
RCC SAR,
SAR.
.

"" ,

. ""

.

3.2

3.2.1


SAR, , SC, SMC OSC.

3.2.2

, , :

RCC RSC;
;
;
;
( ,
, , SAR
, ), . .;
.

3.2.3

, .
,
. , , ,
.
.
SRU.

3.2.4


, , ,
, .
.
.
.

3.2.5

RCC RSC
SAR. , ,

.

3.2.6

3-2


.

, .

3. , ,

.
3.2.7

. RCC
RCC,
, .

.

3.2.8


,
. .

3.2.9


, .

3.2.10

SAR :

, SAR ,
,
SAR;

3.2.11

,
.
SAR RCC RSC
. ,
, ,
.
:
;
() SAR;
;
;
;
SAR;
SRU;
;
SAR;
;
/ SRU;
;
;
SAR;
-;
;
;
;
;

;
;

;
;
SAR;
;
;
SAR;

;
;
;
;

;
;
;
;
;
SAR;
SAR;
;
;
;
SAR;
;
; , SAR;
;

;
SAR;
;
;
;
;
;
AFN;
AFTN.
3-3

3. , ,
3.2.12

SAR, ,
:

3.2.13

3.2.14

3.2.15

3.2.16

3.2.17

3-4

;
;
;
, .

SAR, ,
, , , ,
;
.

, ,
, .
, ,
.
a)

, .

b)

,

.
.

c)

,
.


SAR,
( RCC) (
SRU). ,

.


. , ,
.
,
.
.
,
. ,
, ,
, .
, ,
.

.
a)

SAR
. SAR
. RCC
SAR
.

b)

,
SAR .
, () SAR.
,
.

3. , ,
c)

,
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.

3.2.18

, .

3.2.19

.
.
,
.

3.2.20

a)

.
, , ,
.
. ,
.

b)

. SAR
, . ,
, .
,
,
.

c)

. .
.

d)

. ,
.
.
.

e)

. .
, , , ,
.
.
.

. ,
, SAR. ,
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SAR. .
().

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,
.
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.
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,
.


. SAR ,
,
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.

b)

.
.

, .


.
3-5

3. , ,
,
, - .
c)

.
SAR SAR
.
, ,
. SAR
, SAR,
, .

d)

.
SAR.


.

3.3

3.3.1

,
. , ,

SAR. ,
SAR, .
, .

3.3.2


.
a)

.


.

b)
. , ,
SAR.
- .
c)

3.3.3

3-6


, SAR.
SAR
, ,
SRU.


.
SAR,
, .
SAR,
.
SAR .
.
:

, .

3. , ,

3.3.4


, .
, .
,
SAR.

3.3.5

. :
( ) , ( ),
,
.
, .
,
. , ,

, .

3.3.6

. , ,
.
,
SAR.
a)

. ,
,
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SAR
,

. , SAR ,

.

b)


, ,
.
, .
, .

c)

, - ,
, ,
SAR .

d)

,
. SRU .

e)

SAR
.
.
, ,
SAR, SAR,
SAR.

f)

RCC SAR
.
, , ,
SAR, ,
.
(, ,
) SRR.

g)

, " " ,
SAR.
, SAR,
,
, SAR.

3-7

3. , ,
3.3.7

3.3.8

3-8

. .
, , ,
. ,
, , ,
, . , ,
,
.
.
, .


() SAR,
.
.

4.1

4.1.1


. SAR, , RCC RSC, SAR
,
. SAR
SAR. ,

, SAR.

4.1.2

, SAR, , ,
,
,
,
.

4.1.3


. D , , .

4.1.4

4
;

6 ;

II " "
SAR;

III " " ,


.

4.2

4.2.1


, :

4.2.2

SAR;

SAR ;

SAR
.

, SAR,
:
a)

.
RCC, ,
. ,
,
RCC .
SAR .

b)

. ,
, ,
. ,

, . .
4-1

4.
. RCC

.

, RCC
. ,
SAR, ,

.
, .
.
c)

.
, SAR,

.
, ,
. ,
, .
,
,
. ,
SAR, , SAR,
,
SAR , . ,
SAR ,
, . E
, SAR
.

d)

, .
, ,
, RCC ,
, ,
RCC (
ELT EPIRB).
,
SAR.
ELT EPIRB ,
, , .

e)

. SAR .
, , ,
, - RCC
.
.


. RCC
, , ,
,
RCC.

4.2.3

,
,
, SAR, ,
( .918 (22)), 10
PANS-ATM ( 4444)
RCC, ,
.
, SRU .

4.2.4

, ,
SAR
, .

4-2
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

4.
4.3

, SAR
,
.

4.3.1

,
,
.

. , ,
, , .

4.3.2


, SAR. ,
, .

4.3.3

, ,
, , SAR,
, .
SAR .

4.3.4

SAR .
,
.

4.3.5

4.3.6

4.3.7



, , SAR,
SAR .

, . ,
:
,
SAR, ,
, .
, ,
.
,
SAR .
,
SAR. SAR
, . ,
SAR,
, , .

, .

.
,
;
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,
.

4-3

4.

4.3.8

4.3.9

4.3.10


.
,
, .
.

. , ,
,
(, ).


SAR.
.
,
,
, .
:

,
, , .


. , SAR
, ;
. ,
,
. , ,
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( )
, . ,
, ,
.

4.3.11

SAR
,
SAR.
,
, SAR
, . F
,
SAR.

4.4

4.4.1

, , SAR
.

4.4.2

, , ,
, , , , .
SAR,
, .
; ,
, ,
, , .

4.4.3

,
, G.

4-4

4.

4.4.4

, ,
.
,
, , . ,
,
.
a)

,
,
(ELT).
SAR ELT 121,5
. ,

, 121,5 .

b)

,
(EPIRB)
.

c)


, 2182
(). . G
SOLAS.

4.4.5


. SRU ,
,
, , SRU , .

4.4.6

,
ELT EPIRB, , ,

(GNSS), , (GPS),
.
GPS ,


.

4.4.7

-
, SRU,
.

4.4.8

SRR ,
, ,
, . .
,
, ,
EPIRB ELT -, ,
.

4.4.9

(LOP)
(DF) .
LOP .

SRU.

4.4.10

,
.
GNSS, GPS ,
.
.

GPS
,
;
- .
4-5

4.
4.4.11

SAR
. ,
121,5 (), SAR
.

4.4.12

SAR SRU :

, 3023 , 4125 , 5680 , 121,5 , 123,1


2182 ;

, 9 (SART);

, 123,1 (),
SAR
;

4.5

4.5.1

, ,

.
SAR, SAR.

4.5.2


" " ,
,
RCC RSC.
, :

(CRS);

(LUT) -
(MCC) ;

(LES) (
(CES) (GES));

();

, ,
.

4.5.3

RCC ,
. -
ELT, EPIRB (PLB).
() ()

. CRS
.

4.5.4

RCC, RSC SAR


.
. ,
, ,
, , .

4.5.5

4-6

SAR
SAR , SAR
SRR . ,
SRU SAR,
, ()
10 ,

4.
.
,
.
SAR
RCC.
4.5.6

RCC RSC ,
.
II " "
.

4.5.7

,
RCC
. ,
SAR RCC RSC
, , , RCC
RSC; RCC RSC,
.

4.5.8

, RCC RCC
SRR (RANP) SAR ,
SRR, ,
, , SAR (SPOC), "" RCC,
. ., -
SAR
. 121,5 SPOC ( ARCC MRCC),
,
, .

4.5.9

RCC RSC
. SAR,
RCC, , ,
, .

4.5.10

,

, .

4.5.11

ARCC MRCC GES (SES)


, ,
SAR, RCC ..
, RCC LES;
SAR
SafetyNET (. G)
.
SES -C; ,
,
SAR SafetyNET .

4.5.12

(AFTN) (AFN)
ARCC, MRCC MCC -,
.

RCC.
SAR ,
.

4.5.13

ARCC . ARCC
,
.

4.5.14

SAR
,
.
, ,
4-7

4.
, SAR (SDP).
, ,
SAR ,
SAR ,
.
4.5.15

ELT, EPIRB
,
SAR.
,
RCC .
- ,
RCC , RCC
, .
.

4.5.16


,
SAR. ,

SAR, .

4.5.17

ELT/EPIRB , ,
.
ELT/EPIRB, , ,
, 27 36 ELT EPIRB,
SAR, , ,
.

4.5.18

, ,
SAR,
, :

(
(MMSI), , , EPIRB ELT . .);

/ ( 5, 525
25);

, ;

* ( );

* .

* .
4.5.19

, .
,
. , , ,
.
,
.

4.5.20

, ELT/EPIRB,
ELT/EPIRB
ELT/EPIRB ,
.

4.5.21

, , ,
, ELT/EPIRB,
SAR.

4.5.22

ELT,
406 / EPIRB,
ELT/EPIRB SAR, , , :

4-8

4.

4.5.23

4.5.24

4.5.25

4.5.26


SAR , ;

, , ,
,
;

(AIP)
, SAR
ELT/EPIRB;

ELT/EPIRB
.

GMDSS
5 IV 1988 SOLAS,
SAR
,
(GMDSS), .
RCC ,
" GMDSS". SAR ,
RCC, ,
.
,
:

-, - - (DSC);

, SafetyNET, NAVTEX -
(NBDP);

EPIRB, MCC LUT;

RCC SES.

SAR
;

. SAR
, .
SAR ,

. SAR , :

CRS CES
SAR
, ;

, ,
. ,

.

.
II " " .
, ,
Amver , SAR.
Amver (. D)
, RCC SAR.
RCC.
4-9

4.
4.6

4.6.1

,
,

RCC RSC. , .
, ,
:

, ,
RCC RSC;

30 ;

, ,
RCC, ,

;


RCC;

4.6.2

, , , , ,
,
, ,
, .
, ,
.
, ,
.

4.6.3

,
. , ,

.
, ,

. ,
. SAR

.

4.6.4


- ,
. (PSAP)
.

4.7

MEDICO

4.7.1


,
.
"DH MEDICO". , ,
,

. RCC
(TMAS)
,
.

4-10
, 2007 , 1 2008 .

4.
4.8

, -

4.8.1

/
, ,
.

4.8.2

4.8.3

,
,
.

4.8.4

- ,

.
"RESCUE"

, .

"AIR CO-ORDINATOR"

().

"SAREX"

, /
.

4-11


5.1
5.1.1

5.1.2

SAR

SAR
SAR .
SAR ,
,
.
, .

, , ,
,
, .
.
; , , ,
.
SRR.

5.1.3

SAR ,
, , .
12 " "

SAR.

5.1.4

SAR
. ,
,
, .

5.1.5


SAR
(, )
SAR .
SAR SAR,
, .
SAR ,

SAR , .
.
a)

RCC,
,
, RCC .

b)

,
, ; RCC
,
.

c)

5-1

5.
5.1.6

5.1.7


SAR. SAR
,
.

,
SAR ,
. SAR,
.

SAR,
. H ,
SAR,
, , SAR
.

5.2

5.2.1

,
SAR. , ,
. . SAR .
,
SAR (SCC), , ,
, ,
, ,
.

5.2.2

5.2.3

5.2.4

5.2.5

5-2


SAR :

, SAR
;

,
;

, ,
;

SCC SAR.

SAR
. .

SAR

SAR.

, ,
, .

,
.
,
SAR.
SAR;
, , , .
SAR .

5.
a)

,
.

b)

, ,
, , ,
.

c)

.

,
, SAR.

d)

SAR,
, :
, ;
SAR
;
SAR
;
SAR;
SAR
RCC.

5.2.6

, SAR
, .

.

5.2.7

, SAR, ,
, ,
, , .
.
, ,
, .
, ,
.
SAR, . ,
SAR, , ,
SAR " ".

5.2.8

,

:
[X]% , ;
[X]% , .

5.2.9

5.2.10


SAR ( , )
.
, .
SAR.
, , SCC
.
SAR,
SAR, . ,
, ,
,
.
SAR.
SAR
,
5-3

5.
. ,
, -
,
.
5.2.11

5.2.12

SAR
SAR , ,
SAR. SC .
SAR ,
SAR.
SCC, .
SAR , SRR, RCC RSC,
SAR , .
,
, , SAR ,
.
SAR, , .
SAR :

SRR, SRS,
;

, ;

SAR,
;

,
SAR;

,
, SAR;

RCC.

5.2.13

SAR
()
. SAR
.

5.2.14

SAR
. SAR
SAR .
SAR

,
.

. I
SAR.

5.2.15


(RCC)
(), ,

.

5.2.16

SAR ,
,
.
SC, ,

.
SAR.

5.2.17

SAR
,
( ).

5-4

5.

5.2.18

5.2.19

SAR
SAR, 5-1.
SAR SAR (RANP) .

( ) , , SAR
. SAR SAR
RANP SAR.
SAR RCC .
SAR .
SAR
, RCC RSC.
, .
12 SAR

SAR

RANP
SAR


SAR

SAR
( )


SAR

SAR


SAR
RCC/RSC

. 5-1. SAR
5.3
5.3.1


SAR: .
, ,
, SAR.
SAR
. SAR :

5.3.2

5.3.3

, SAR

SAR.

RCC RSC
SRR RCC. SRR,
RCC.
RCC RSC
SRR. RSC SAR SRS.
SAR , ,
, SAR.
,
RCC RSC, SAR,
, , , SAR,
SAR.
. SAR
5-5

5.
, .
,
. SAR :

5.3.4

5-6

, , ,
, , ,
SAR;
RCC RSC;

, , , SCC;

SAR SAR;


SAR, ,
SAR;

,
, SAR,
;

SAR, SAR;


SAR , ;

SAR ;

SAR, SAR SAR;

SAR, SAR;

SAR
SAR;

SAR;

SAR;


,
;

,
SAR;

,
SAR;

SAR;


SAR ;

SAR;

,
;

SAR
;

SAR RCC
RSC , SAR
SAR.
SAR SCC .
,
SAR SAR. , SCC,
, ,
SAR. SCC SAR,
, SAR.

5.
5.3.5

RCC RSC SAR.


2 .

5.3.6

SAR SMC, ,
, RCC RSC. ,
, SMC ,
SMC ,
. SMC
RC
, , , .

SMC. SMC
,
,
SAR.

5.3.7

OSC SMC
SAR. OSC
,

. , OSC ,
.

5.3.8

SRU ,
, SAR. 2
, SRU.

5.3.9

,
RCC RSC. . 4.

5.3.10


SAR
, . SAR
.
a)

.
,
. , , , . .
,
.
SAR, , .

b)


SAR, .
,
, .
3.

c)

" SAR". SAR


, SAR.
, SAR
, ,
, , ,
-
.
- SAR.

d)

, SAR,
SAR. 6
,
.

5-7

5.
5.3.11

5.3.12

5.3.13

5-8

,
SAR; ,
.
a)


SAR.

b)

, SAR ,
.

c)


, .

d)

, , SAR,
, .

e)

f)

, RCC RSC , ,
, , ,
SAR.

g)

,
,
, , ,
.

h)

, ,
,
, ,
, ,
, , ,
.

i)

SAR

,

.

j)

, , , , . . SAR.

k)

, SAR (,
) (, ).

l)

,
; ,
, , ,
, ,
SAR .

SAR :

SAR ,
, , , SAR,
;

, SAR ,
, ;

, , ,
, .

, ,
"" "

5.
". ,
, :

, ;

,
;

,
;

SRU ,
;

SAR ,
.
:

5.3.14

, ,
, ;

SAR
;

5.3.15

SAR ,
.
, SAR.

7 II
SAR ,
.
SAR
SAR, ,
,
.
5.4
5.4.1


SAR ,
.
, SAR
SMC.

5.4.2

SAR
SAR. SC , RCC
SAR, , ,
. SAR
. , ,
.

SC, RCC.
SAR. SCC .

5.4.3

SAR
. SAR
SAR. , ,
SAR, SAR
,
,
5-9

5.
,
. ,
SAR
SAR
.
5.4.4

5.4.5

SAR ,

. , ,
SAR. C
, ; :

, ;

, ,
, ;

- ;

, ;

( ,
SAR);

SAR;


SAR , .
,
SAR .
,
SAR, ,
, .
SAR SCC.

5.4.6


SAR. SAR
.
, ,
;
.

5.4.7


SAR,
,
, , ,
.

5.4.8

SAR, , , ,
, ,
.

,
SAR, .
, SAR
, , ,
, , SAR

5-10

,
,
RCC .
,

5.
. ,
, .

5.4.9

,

SAR, 5-2.

SAR

SAR

SAR


.
.
.
SRR RCC.
SRS RSC.
.
.
.
.
SAR

.
.
RCC

SAR,




RCC


SAR
.

.
.

SAR.
OSC
OSC.
SAR.
.
SAR

.
SAR
.
.

SMC
RCC RSC


SAR

,

,
, ,
, . .

SAR.
.
.
.

SRU
SAR

. 5-2. SAR
5.4.10

SAR
, ,
, , , .

.

5.4.11

5-11

5.

.
5.4.12

.
a)

. ,
,
.

b)

. ,
.

c)

.
.

d)

. ,
.

e)

, . .
.

f)

;
3 6.
5.4.13

5.4.14

5-12

SAR.
a)

, ,
.
" ", .

b)

" ",
,
, ,
.

c)

, ,
,
, SAR.

d)

, , ,
,
SAR, .

SAR :
a)

. SAR
. ,
SAR.

b)

. SAR
-
.
.

c)

. , ,
SAR ,
.

d)

. SAR
.
SAR ,

.

e)

. SAR .
, ,
.

5.
,
,
, .
5.4.15

SAR
, ,
.

5.4.16

5.5

5.5.1

.

. - ,
- . SAR

.

5.5.2

SAR ,
. ,
() .
.

5.6

5.6.1

SAR .

5.6.2

a)

,
SAR
,
, ?

b)

SAR
, ?

c)

, SAR,
,
,
?

d)

SAR
?

e)

f)

SAR
, ,
?

g)

, ,
, , ,
?



SAR.
, , ,
.
SAR, ,
SAR, SAR
.

5-13

5.
5.6.3

SAR
:
;

, ;

/;

/,
;

/.

5.6.4

SAR,
, ,
() SAR. ,
,
, , , ,
.

, .

5.6.5

,
SAR .
(
).

5.6.6


, SAR ,
, ,
.

5.6.7

SAR
, .

= EFF(L) =

LS
,
LS+LLA

= EFF(P) =

PLP
,
PLP+PL

LS

LLA

PLP

(
, SAR );

PL

5.6.8

,
.
.
,
.

5.6.9

, SAR, ;
.
, .
,
SAR ,
, ,
.
SAR.

5-14

5.
5.6.10

, , .
- , ,
,
SAR, .

5.6.11

SAR.
,
,
, .
, .

5.6.12

SAR .
,
, ,
, .
SAR. ,
, ,
.

SAR.

5.6.13

SAR
; ,
.
,
,
, , .
SAR
, .

EFF(L) 100 000


SAR


( 100 000).
,
SAR.
5.6.14

SAR , , ,
, , , ,
, . SAR
- , ,
SAR .

5.7

5.7.1


SAR SAR.
.
,
.
, ,
.

5.7.2

, -
, . SAR
, .
SAR ,
. ,
,
.

5.7.3

,
, .

5-15


6.1
6.1.1


SAR
SAR , ,
. SAR
SAR, ,
SAR, , .

6.1.2

,
SAR . SAR
SAR.

6.1.3

SAR, , . ,
, , SAR,
.
(
, )
SAR.
, ,
, .
, ,
.

6.1.4

6.1.5

6.1.6


SAR , , ,
, , ;
.
SAR
,
, . SAR,
, :

, .

SAR, , ,
:

, ;

SAR
6.1.7

SAR, ,
.
a)

, .
, ,

.
6-1

6.
b)

, .
SAR . ,
, ,
, , ,
,
.

c)

. SAR
SAR . , ,
SAR, ;
.
, , .
,
SAR.

d)

6.2

6.2.1

SAR ,
SAR. , ,
SAR, ,
, () .
SAR.

6.2.2

6.2.3

6.2.4

6.2.5

6-2


, ,
. ,
, ,
. ,
, SAR,

. ,
? ,
,
. , ,
.
.

SAR .
,
:

, .

, ,
.
,
,
;
,
, ,
.

, SAR,

. , .
, ,
, , , ,
.

6.
6.2.6

SAR SAR,
,
.

6.3

6.3.1

, ,
,
SAR SAR.
, .

6.3.2

, (SAR),
, ,
,

. ,
.
: (. . ), (. .
) (. . ).
SAR , ,
,
, SAR,
( )
.

6.3.3

, SAR,
.

,
, .

6.3.4

SAR ,
,
SAR.
SAR
, .

6.3.5

L.

6.4

6.4.1

6.4.2

SAR

SAR ,
. , .
SAR

. SAR
, , , :

, ;

, ;

, .

SAR , :

SAR,
, SAR
;
6-3

6.

6.4.3

6.4.4

, SAR;


SAR;

SAR
SAR (SCC), SAR.
SAR, , ,
. SCC SAR SAR
. ,
, SAR
.
SCC
SAR .
SAR SAR
, :


SAR;

, , , . ., :

SAR;

SAR;

SAR;

SAR, ,
, , , (
, ,
, , SAR, ,
, ,
, );

, ;

, ;



SAR;


, -;


SAR;

SAR;

,
;


SAR .

SCC SAR
SAR.
SAR. ,
SAR, , .

6-4
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

6.
6.4.5

6.4.6

SAR
.
,
SAR, , . J
, SCC.
SCC, SCC.
SAR
SAR
, :

SCC;

SAR;

SAR;

, SAR;

SAR ;

, , SAR;

JRCC ;


SAR;

, , , -,
Amver;

SAR ,
, .

6.5

6.5.1

SAR
, , , ,
. SAR ,
,
,
.

6.5.2


SAR, , , ,
. ,
, , ,
, ,
, , 2 () .

.

6.5.3

, ,

, :

,
;

, ,
, -;
6-5

6.

6.5.4

6-6

RCC
SAR;

,
;

, ,
.

SAR SAR
, , :


,
,
;


, , ;

, ,
,
;

,
, ,
, ;


, SAR;


, , ,
;


, ;

,
;

,
, SAR, SAR
, ;

,
, , ,
;

, SAR ,
, , , ,
;

SRR,
;

6.

6.5.5

6.5.6

, ,
SAR SAR;


SAR, ;


,
RCC.

, SAR
:

RCC , ,
LES, DSC MCC,
;

RCC
RCC
(
AES, )
;

, RCC LES DSC,


, , RCC
, ,
DSC;


, ,
RCC
, ,
RCC.

. SRU
, .
:


(, SAR
, 30 );

SAR

; , ,
,
(, SAR
90 );

SAR;
, ;

SAR ,
,
;

SAR
;

SRU , ;

, SAR
;

SAR ;

6-7

6.

6.5.7

SAR

;

;
SAR
;

, ,
,
:

,
;

SAR
;


SAR;

6.6
6.6.1

-
- (RO) ,
,
, ,
, .

6.6.2

MRO , ,
. ,
MRO, , ,
, .
MRO .

6.6.3


. ,

,
.

.

6.6.4

MRO .

, SAR.
SAR,
, ,
.

6.6.5

MRO
,

6-8

6.
, , ,
, - ,
- , /
, . . .
,
.
6.6.6

SAR MRO ,
,
. MRO ,
, .

6.6.7

MRO
, SAR.
.

, ,
.

6.6.8

, , ,
MRO.

6.7
6.7.1


SAR,
, SAR.
, ,
SAR.
SAR
.
.

6.7.2


.
, , ,
, ,
.

6.8

6.8.1

, ,
SAR SAR.
SAR
.
a)

,
.

b)

,
.

c)

, , .

d)

,
, SAR.

e)

RCC
, RCC
.

6-9

,
-


, .

[ ],

[ ]


-
[]
1
- -

1979 12
.
- , ,
.
2
-
.
3
-
.
,
, (, , )
, .
4

- *.
,
,
, , ,
- .

A-1

. , -
, ,

/ .
5
, - ,
[,
/ ].
6

[ ]
[]


[ ]

[ ]
[]

A-2

[].



1.

,
,
.

2.


,
:

3.

, , , .

,
. B-1.

B-1

SAR
C.1

C.1.1

SAR.
SAR ,
SAR.
,
, .
, SAR, :
a)

.
, ,
, .

b)

c)

. ,
.

d)

. ,
, , , SAR.
, , ,
:

, SAR;
;
, ,
;
;
, .
e)

.
, .

f)

.
,
. :

, , ,
- .

g)

. ,
,
(TMAS).

h)


, .

i)

. ,
.

j)

, . .

k)

. ,
.
. .

l)

C-1
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

. SAR
m)

.
,
SAR.

RCC.

n)

, ,
. ,
.
SAR :
;
, ,
;
;
;
.

o)

. .

p)

. .

C.2

C.2.1

SAR. SAR

SAR.
. SAR
RCC, , :
;
;
;
, ;
;
;
;
;
SAR ;
, , -;
.

C.3

C.3.1

-
SAR. :

, ;
, ,
SAR;
SAR;
RCC ,
, ;

121,5 .

C-2

. SAR
C.4

C.4.1

,
.
SAR. ,
, SAR .

C.5

C.5.1

,

, ,
.

C.5.2

,
SAR. ,
, .
SMC
,
, , , .
, ,
,
SAR .
SAR RCC,
,
. RCC
, ,
.
:
, ;
( ) , ,
;
, ;
RCC, .

C.6

C.6.1

, , , ,

, SAR.
SAR,
. , , , ,
. SAR ,
, .

C.7

C.7.1

, SAR , ,
, , . ,
, , ,
,
.

C.8

C.8.1

,
SAR. :
a)

,
. .

b)

. .
C-3

. SAR
c)

, .
; ,
, ;
.

d)

. ,
, .

e)

.
, .

C.9

C.9.1

SAR , .
, , ,
, ,
.
,
.

C-4


, ,
.
.
International Telecommunication Union
Director, Radiocommunications Bureau
Place des Nations
1211 Geneva 20
Switzerland

Telephone: +41 22 730 51 11


Facsimile: +41 22 733 72 56
Email: itumail@itu.ch

International Civil Aviation Organization


External Relations and Public Information Office
Air Traffic Management Section
999 University Street
Montral, Quebec
Canada H3C 5H7

Telephone: +1 514 954 8219


Facsimile: +1 514 954 6077
SITATEX: YULCAYA
Email: icaohq@icao.int
Website: http://www.icao.int

International Maritime Organization


Operational Safety Section
4 Albert Embankment
London SE1 7SR
United Kingdom

Telephone: +44 (0)20 7735 7611


Facsimile: +44 (0)20 7587 3210
Email: info@imo.org
Website: http://www.imo.org

Inmarsat Customer Care


99 City Road
London EC1 1AX
United Kingdom

Telephone: +44 (0)20 7728 1000


Facsimile: +44 (0)20 7728 1752
Email: customer_care@inmarsat.com
Website: http://about.inmarsat.com

CospasSarsat Secretariat
700 de la Gauchetire West
Suite 2450
Montral, Quebec
Canada H3B 5M2

Telephone: +1 514 954 6761


Email: mail@cospas_sarsat.int

Centro Internazionale Radio-Medico


Via dellArchitettura, 41
00144 Rome
Italy

Telephone: +39 0 659233312


Facsimile: +39 0 65923333
Telex: 612068 CIRM I
Email: telesoccorso@cirm.it

Amver Maritime Relations


Commandant (G-OPR-2)
US Coast Guard
2100 Second Street, SW
Washington, DC 20593
USA

Telephone: +1 212 668 7762


Facsimile: +1 212 668 7684

D-1

D.

D-2

Global Positioning System (GPS)


US Coast Guard Navigation Center
7323 Telegraph Road
Alexandria, VA 22310-3998
USA

Telephone: +1 703 313 5900


Facsimile: +1 703 313 5910
Website:
http://www.navcen.uscg.mil

Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS)


Coordinated Scientific Information Center
of the Russian Space Forces
P/O Box 14
Moscow
Russia 117279

Telephone: +7 95 333 8133/333 7200


Facsimile: +7 95 333 8133
E-mail: sfcsic@space.ru


E.1

E.1.1

, SAR,
,
.
, ,
. , ,
.

E.1.2

,
,
.
, SAR, ,
SAR, ,
SAR , .

E.1.3

, SAR ,
.

E.1.4

RCC
SAR (UNSAR)

. ,
, , , ,
SAR .

E.2

E.2.1

, SAR
:

;

RCC;
UNSAR;
, :


;


;
, ,
,

;
, ,
,
, ,
;
E-1

E.
, , ,
;
,
,
;
, ,
,
;

;
, :

,
(
,
);

, , , ,
,
;

,
;
, ,
, ,
;
;

,
;

,
, (
);

/ , ,
, ,
;

, ELT EPIRB,

, ;

EPIRB ,
;
;

ELT EPIRB
;

E-2

,

SAR;

E.

,
;

, , ,
,
;

(), () ,
,
, ;


,
;

, ,
;

,
;

, ELT EPIRB,
SAR, ,
,
, SAR (
,
, SAR
, );

ELT, EPIRB, DSC ,


, ,
, ,
;

ELT EPIRB

;

EPIRB , (EPIRB
,
,
SAR);

EPIRB, ,
,
SAR
EPIRB;

, , EPIRB;

, ELT EPIRB
-
,
, , , ,
;

, , ELT EPIRB ,
;

ELT EPIRB ,
.

E-3




,


PSTN .
PSDN
PSAP
, RCC.
- SAR SAR

R .
D .

PSTN

PSDN

,
RCC

RCC
PSAP

RCC

PSAP;

RCC PSAP SAR

9a

< 100

9b

< 5

10

11

SAR

12

13


SAR

14

15

16

17

(
) ,

18

19

, , ,
RCC

F-1

F.
,


(CMSS)

, " " " ",
"X" 15 . ,
, .
PSTN .
PSDN .

1.
/

2.

3.

4.

5. PSTN
PSDN

6.

7. 125 (. .

)

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

X
PSDN
PSTN

14.

15.

,
,

F-2


G.1

G.1.1

, , , ,
SAR.
.

G.1.2

, ,
.

G.2

G.2.1

, ,
() (3000 30 000 ),
() (30 300 ) () (300 3000 ).

G.2.2

(RANP) SAR

SAR.

G.2.3

RANP , , ,
.

G.2.4

G.2.5

10
; ,
. 10 ,
, , RANP.
121,5 ,
.
121,5
ELT ( , ).
123,1 .

G.3

G.3.1

SAR, ,

SAR.

G.3.2

SAR
,
, .
, .
SAR
,
. SAR
.

G.3.3

SAR
SAR
, .
, SAR -
- .

G.3.4

, ,
- ,
, , ,
, ..
G-1

G.
G.3.5


SAR
, ,
.

G.4

G.4.1

,
, .

G.4.2

( 300-3000 ),
.

G.4.3

- (3000-30 000 ),
.

G.4.4

156,8 ( 16) ,
- . 156,3 ( 06)
.

G.5

G.5.1

1 1999 , SOLAS,
,

(GMDSS).
GMDSS .

G.5.2

GMDSS SAR,
() 1979 .
,
SAR, , .

G.5.3

SAR .

G.5.4

GMDSS , , ;
, ;
; ,
. ,
,
, SAR,
.

G.5.5

,
GMDSS. , GMDSS
, SAR
SAR SAR
SAR.

G.5.6

RCC GMDSS SOLAS


. GMDSS
,
( - ), ,
SAR .
, SOLAS, GMDSS
GMDSS GMDSS.

G.5.7

GMDSS
, ,
GMDSS. SAR
, .
16, -
16 , .
, , , ,
;
; GMDSS;
;
. ,

G.5.8

G-2

G.
SAR ,
GMDSS.
G.5.9

, SOLAS,
CRS DSC, NAVTEX .. ,
DSC ,
, .

G.5.10

,
, , DSC - ,
;

, .

G.6

EPIRB ELT

G.6.1

GMDSS
(EPIRB):
EPIRB, 406 ,
-, (LUT)
(MCC) SAR (SPOC);
EPIRB -E,
-E (CES) RCC -E.

G.6.2

- ELT,
406 , (PLB),
406 .
ELT EPIRB, 121,5 / 243 ,

GMDSS.

G.6.3

EPIRB EPIRB , 70. DSC -


EPIRB .

G.6.4

ELT EPIRB 121,5 ;


243 , EPIRB
SART.

G.6.5

ELT EPIRB , ,
.
,

.

G.7

G.7.1

, SOLAS,
- .

G.7.2


, , , , . SES
-C , -
, ,
,
. ,
-A, -B, -M -E (E EPIRB). SES
-
(PSTN)
(PSDN), ,
SES .
, ,
, ,
.

G.7.3

G-3
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

G.
G.7.4


, . ,
,
.
, ,
RCC .
SAR.

( ) SAR ,
.

G.7.5

, .
- ,
,
- , (SMS),
, .
,
SAR RCC RSC,
.

G.8

SafetyNET

G.8.1

MSI.
RCC NAVAREA
, ,
SafetyNET .

G.8.2

NAVTEX,
SafetyNET. SOLAS ,
, NAVTEX, NAVTEX,
518 .
MSI SafetyNET NAVTEX ,
- .

G.8.3

SafetyNET NAVTEX SAR


, ,
. ,

,
, , .

G-4
, 2008 , 1 2009 .



1.

1.

i)

, 1944 .?

ii)

, 1979 .?

iii) (SOLAS), 1974 .?


iv) , 1958 .?
v)

, 1982 .?

,
(SAR) ,
?

2.

,
SAR?

3.


SAR?

4.

(, , . .)?

5.

SAR ,
?

6.


SAR?

7.

(, , . .)?

8.

RCC
SAR?

9.


,
(RCC) ?

10.



SR?

11.

SAR,
, ,
SAR?

12.

- RCC ?
, ?

13.

RCC, RSC, SAR


?
H-1

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

H.
2.
14. i).

SAR (SRR) SAR


(SRS)?

14. ii)

SRR SRS ?

14. iii) (),


SAR ?
15.

SRR SRS
?

16.

SRR SRS
?

17.

- , ,
SRR SRS?

18.

RCC (SRR)?

19.

RCC RCC ?

20.

, SAR
SAR ,
?

21.

SAR

, , ,
?

22.

RCC RSC ,
SAR?

23.

, ,
?

24.

, ,
, ?

25.

RCC RSC
( , ,
, ,
. .)?

26.

RCC RSC ,
?

27.

RCC RSC , SAR,


, AMVER, -, ?

28.

() RCC SAR
?

29.

RCC RSC SAR?


a) , SAR?

30.

SAR,
, ;
, .

31.

RCC RSC
SAR?

32.

SAR
?

H-2
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

H.
3. , ,
33.

RCC RSC
SAR ?

34.

35.

RCC , , RSC
?

36.

RCC RSC , :
i)

SAR?

ii)

, ?

iii) ?
iv) ?
v)

vi) ,
, ?
vii) SAR?
37.

SAR
SAR?

38.


SAR?

39.

40.

RCC RSC RCC RSC


?

41.

SAR
?

42.

RCC?

43.

( )
SAR?

44.

SAR
SAR?

45.

SAR ?

4.
46.

, RCC RCC RSC?

47.


, ?

48.

RCC RSC ,
() , SAR?

49.

RCC RSC ?

50.

RCC
?

51.

RCC, ?

H-3

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

H.
52.

, ,
, 121,5 ; ,
406 ; EPIRB?

53.

, 406 , ?

54.

ELT, EPIRB PLB, 406 ?

55.

SAR?

56.

SAR (SPOC) -?

57.

SPOC ELT, EPIRB (PLB)?

58.

RCC RSC
(AFTN) (AFN)
?

59.


(GMDSS) ?

60.

RCC RSC
?

61.

, SAR, , ?

62.

, SAR,
?

63.

RCC RSC ?

64.

65.

SAR ?

66.


:
i)

()?

ii)

()?

iii) -?
iv) -?
?

v)

vi) ?
vii) ?
viii) ?
67.

RCC RSC
?

5.
68.

:
i) ?
ii) ?

H-4

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

H.
iii) ?
iv) ?
v) ?
vi) ?
vii) SAR,
-?
viii) ?
ix) SAR ?
x) ?
xi) ?
xii) SAR?
xiii) SAR?
xiv) ?
xv) ?
xvi) ?
xvii) , (AMVER)?
69.

SAR
, 70?

70.


SAR SAR?

71.

SAR
?

72.

RCC SAR
SRR?

73.


SAR?

74.

RCC RSC ,
?

75.

76.

SAR?

6.
77.

,
, SAR

?

78.

RCC , ,
RCC.
?

H-5

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

H.
79.

,
, , SAR,
SAR
?

80.


, SAR?

81.

SAR
, ?

H-6

, 2008 , 1 2009 .


SAR Agreements

SAR
,

Notes regarding SAR agreements, and the sample


agreement which begins on the following page:

SAR
(
)

,

,
.

Parties may be organizations within a State, maritime


and/or aeronautical SAR authorities of two or more
different States (particularly with neighboring search
and rescue regions), or higher authorities of two or
more States, i.e., the sample agreement can be
adapted for local, national, or international use.




,
.
, ,
,
,
.

SRR,
SRR ,
SRR
, .

.
, SRR
SAR
RCC; SRR

,
SAR. SRR

SAR. ,
SAR
SRR
, .

SAR,
.

Each section of the sample agreement may be


optionally used or adapted as the Parties agree,
bearing in mind consistency with the principles of
international law, and the goals of IMO, ICAO, and the
States and Organizations concerned.
It is generally advisable to include specific information,
such as phone numbers or addresses, in appendices or
other documents separate from the basic signed
agreement.
When SRRs are addressed in the agreements,
normally only the lines separating the SRRs of the
Parties are described, since other delimitation of the
SRRs would normally involve States other than the
Parties. Agreements between national organizations
may or may not need to address geographic areas of
responsibility. It should be recognized among the
Parties that the establishment of SRRs is mainly for
ensuring the availability of SAR services, and to
facilitate proper distribution of distress alerts to RCCs;
SRRs should not be viewed as affecting political
boundaries, and do not need to align with political
boundaries if the Parties so agree for the sake of
improving or simplifying SAR operations. SRR
delimitation over international waters is not intended to
obstruct the provision of SAR services in any way.
Furthermore, the provision of SAR services within an
SRR shall be without regard to the nationality or
circumstances of the persons in distress.

If agreements discuss territorial entry for SAR,


provisions should account for a balance of concerns for
sovereignty and concerns for saving lives.

I-1

I.
, ""
,
.

The concept of territory is understood to include


territorial land, airspace, and seas.

, SAR

,
SAR
,
SAR ,
SAR
, .

It is advisable that SAR agreements address sensitive


issues to the degree necessary for practical SAR cooperation between or among the Parties, while
emphasizing the humanitarian nature of SAR, and
avoiding topics which are unrelated to SAR, or which
are both politically sensitive and unnecessary.

[ / ]
[ ]

Agreement on [Aeronautical and/or Maritime] Search


and Rescue between [name the Parties]

1.

2.

I-2

1.

INTRODUCTION


(SAR)
SAR;

Knowing the importance of co-operation in search


and rescue (SAR), and of the provision of
expeditious and effective SAR services;


()
/
();

Desiring to support the provisions of the


[International Convention on Maritime Search and
Rescue of the International Maritime Organization
(IMO) and/or the Convention on International Civil
Aviation of the International Civil Aviation
Organization (ICAO)]; and

SAR, , SAR;

Seeking to provide an overall plan for SAR coordination, use of available resources, mutual
assistance, and efforts to improve SAR services;

The Parties have agreed as follows:

2.

EXTENT OF ASSISTANCE

The Parties agree to co-operate in the following


areas:

a)
SAR (SRR);

a) Support each other by pooling SAR facilities as


appropriate for operations within their
respective search and rescue regions (SRRs);

b)

(RCC)

(RSC)
;

b) Make, and respond to, requests for operational


assistance between the designated rescue coordination centres (RCCs) or rescue subcentres (RSCs) of the Parties as capabilities
allow;

c) ,
,
, RCC RSC ;

c) Develop procedures and communications


appropriate for co-ordination among facilities of
both Parties responding to the same distress
incident, and for co-ordination between the
RCCs or RSCs of the Parties;

d) , , , SAR SAR;

d) Normally apply the guidance of the [IMO and/or


ICAO] SAR Manuals regarding SAR operational
procedures and communications;

I.
e) ,

,
SAR

;
f)

3.

e) Work to establish agreed procedures, which


balance concerns for sovereignty and for
saving lives, regarding entry of various types of
SAR facilities into the territory of the other
Party, solely for a search or a rescue operation;
and


SAR, :

f)

SAR
;

mutual visits by SAR personnel of the


Parties;

joint training or exercises;

,
,
SAR;

co-operation in development of SAR


procedures, techniques, equipment, or
facilities;


SAR ;

exchange of pertinent SAR or


communications information; and

SAR

SAR.

establishment of one or more SAR


committees to provide a means for ongoing
co-operation in improving SAR
effectiveness.

3.

SRR
,

SAR. SRR
, :
[ ,
]
4.

Enter into other collaborative SAR efforts which


may include:

SEARCH AND RESCUE REGIONS


Establishment of SRRs is intended only to effect an
understanding concerning where each Party
accepts primary responsibility for co-ordinating or
providing SAR services. SRRs of the Parties shall
be separated by lines connecting points as follows:
[appropriate
co-ordinate
points
describing
applicable lines]

4.

TERMS OF AGREEMENT

Each Party will:

a)
SAR
,
;

a) Keep information readily available on


availability of any SAR facilities or other
resources which may be needed for
implementing this Agreement.

b)

SAR,

;

b) Keep each other fully and promptly informed of


all SAR operations of mutual interest, or which
may involve use of facilities of the other Party;

c) RCC
RCC

c) Authorize its RCC(s) to request assistance via


the RCC(s) of the other Party, and to provide all
pertinent information on the distress situation
and the scope of assistance needed;

d) RCC
RCC ;

d) Authorize its RCC(s) to promptly respond to a


request for assistance from an RCC of the
other Party;

I-3

I.
e) RCC
SAR
(
SAR -

SAR)


,


RCC
,

;
f)

,
,
,


, .

f)

Normally fund its own activities in relation to


this Agreement unless otherwise arranged by
the Parties in advance, and, in any event, will
not allow a matter of reimbursement of cost to
delay response persons in distress.

5. GENERAL PROVISIONS

5.

This Agreement:

:
. . . [
];

shall enter into force . . . [provisions as


appropriate].


[ ];

may be amended
appropriate]; and


. . . [
].

I-4

e) Authorize its RCC(s) to promptly arrange, or


arrange in advance, with other national
authorities for territorial entry of SAR facilities of
the other Party (including overflight or landing
of SAR aircraft, and similar accommodation of
surface (land or water) SAR units) as
circumstances dictate for fuelling, medical, or
other appropriate and available operational
support, or in response to a request to the RCC
of the other Party for assistance of those
facilities which would involve territorial entry;

[provisions

may be terminated or superseded . . .


[provisions as appropriate];

as


SAR

SAR.
SAR
[ ]
1.

. SAR [ ]
SAR .

2.

. SAR [ ]
:
a)

,
SAR ;

b)
SAR;
c)

[]
, ;

d) SAR [ ]
SAR;
e)

SAR;

f)


, , ;

g)
SAR;
h) ,
SAR SAR;
i)

3.

SAR
[ ] SAR ,
.

. , SAR [
]. :
a)

b)
.
4.

:
, ,
, .
b) ,

.
a)

J-1
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

J. SAR
c)

d) [ ] [
]. , ,
[ ].
. SAR [ ],
[/]
.

J-2



SAR

1.

1.1


SAR
(), ,
,
.

2.

2.1

,
,
. 12 SAR
SAR (
10 15), 11
SAR.

(RCC)
SAR,
.

3.

3.1

()

:
1) ,
, SAR
.
2) , ,

,
.

4.

4.1

,
,
RCC ,
.
-1

.
SAR

4.2

,
,
- .

5.

5.1


, .

5.2

, , ,
, 12
.

6.

6.1

, ,
, .

6.2

, ,
, ,
. ,
(SRR).

6.3


SAR, RCC .
,
. , ,
, . 9.

7.

7.1

RCC , . SAR
RCC, , ,
, , , ,
.

7.2

, ,
, .

8.

8.1

,
, ,

.
.

8.2

, ,
,
, .

9.


(. . 9.1 9.2 RCC,
).

9.1

-2

.
SAR

)

;
b) SAR
;
) RCC ,
.
9.2

SAR RCC
:
) SAR.
b) , .
) ,
, RCC SAR
.

10.

10.1

,
, , .

11.

11.1

-3



SAR SAR


SAR ,
. ,
,
.
. 1 ,
, , , .

. 1.

. SAR
SAR ,
SAR.

L-1

L.
SAR SAR


,
SAR. SAR,
, ?

SAR? ,

, SAR.
, ,
,
.
, SAR,
.
, ,
.

, "
, , ";
. - ,
,
, ,
.
, ,
, ,
, ,
,
/.
(,
, , . .).
SAR , ,
,
(, , " ", ,
. .).
, ,
. : " " ( I), "
" ( II) " " ( III).

.
,
.
,
, , .

L-2

L.
SAR SAR


. 1
,
SAR.

, >
< ,
10

> , 10

1.
, 2,
.
, .

SAR 10 .



, ;

,

;

SAR;
;



;
, SAR/ ;

SAR;
L-3

L.
SAR SAR




;

SAR;
;

;
,


,
;

(15 );

,



;

(614 );


SAR ;

( 14 );

2.

.
,
. ,
, ,

.

L-4

L.
SAR SAR


.
, 3,
. 3

.
, ,
,
.

3.
( : , , , L )


. SAR
, .
,

SAR. ,
.
SAR
.


, . (, )

. (,
, . .),
SAR.
SAR
. , .

L-5

L.
SAR SAR


,
, .
. ,
, ,

.

L-6

.1

.1.1

( )

SAR . ,
,


.

.1.2

:
,
, :

.1.3

1 2.

12.

25.

26.

28.

31.

32.

68.

, , .
, , ,
:

.1.4

2.

3.

6.

10.

11.

(
,
).

12.

13.

14.

17.

, -
-
-1

.

, ,
. ,
.
.2

.2.1

1979 , SAR
1979 , -
.

.2.2

SAR
.

.2.3

I-VIII ,
, .

.2.4

, ,
, , :

-2

1.

2.

- .

3.

4.

5.

RCC S



1.

(RCC)

1.1

1.1.1

1979
,

.

1.1.2

RCC ,
. RCC
. () ( )
() (S).

1.1.3


, S,


RCC .

1.1.4



MSC/Circ. 960.

1.2

1.2.1

1.2.1.1 ,
.
1.2.2.2
1.2.2.1 :
a)

b) TMAS;
c)
1.2.3

, (MEDEVAC), RCC
.

(TMAS)

1.2.3.1 S :

/ RCC .
b)

, .
a)

N-1

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

N. RCC S


c)

-.

d) ,
RCC
.
e)

RCC ,
,
.

f)

,
MEDEVAC,

.

g)
, RCC

, .
.
h)
.

1.2.4

i)

, ,
. ,
RCC.

j)

RCC
, ,
, .

k)

RCC .

1.2.4.1 RCC :
a)

, ,
S.

b) MEDEVAC MAS
.
c)

( )
, MEDEVAC,
, S.
RCC, ,
.

d) , ,
,
.
e)

, TMAS ,
, RCC TMAS
, .

f)

2.

2.1

2.1.1

TMAS :
a)

N-2
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

N. RCC S


b) ,
.
2.1.2

,
:
a)

b) ,
c)
2.1.3

MEDEVAC.

S , :
a)

b)
( ,
).
2.1.4

, ,
S , :
a)

/
;

b) /
.
2.2

2.2.1

S

.

2.2.2

S
RCC , .

2.2.3

TMAS ,
, :
a)

TMAS RCC :
1)

2)

() ;

3)

4)

b) RCC .
2.3

2.3.1

, TMAS
, ,
:

2.3.2

TMAS RCC ,
.

2.3.3

RCC .
,
,
.

N-3

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

N. RCC S


2.4

MDVAC

2.4.1

MEDEVAC ,
TMAS .
, (, . .),

. ()
MEDEVAC.
, , TMAS, RCC,
, .

2.4.2

,
. TMAS
, ,
, ,
.
, (
);
.

2.4.3

, MEDEVAC,
TMAS, RCC
TMAS. RCC
, :
1.

2.

3.

, , ;

4.

5.

6.

/ ;

7.

RCC :

2.4.4

a.

TMAS ,
:
a)

b)

- ,
;

c)

d)

, MEDEVAC.

b.

/ (),
.

c.

TMAS
.

d.

MEDEVAC, -
.

e.

TMAS
.

f.

MEDEVAC
MEDEVAC .

g.

TMAS MEDEVAC
.

N-4

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

N. RCC S


S :

2.4.5

a.

RCC:
)

b)

,
, ;

, MEDEVAC.

b.

,
MEDEVAC,
, .

c.

/
,
,
MEDEVAC
.

d.

,
.

e.

MEDEVAC
.

f.

RCC ,
, ,
MEDEVAC .

3.

3.1

3.1.1

S
RCC,
. :
a.

b.

c.

d.

( ).

3.1.2

S
.

3.2

3.2.1

, ,
. S.
S:
a.

b.

,
:
1.

(),

2.

3.

/ ,
N-5

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

N. RCC S


4.

5.

6.

RCC.

3.2.2

, ,
S ,
.

3.2.3


.
.

3.2.4

3.2.4.1 (
(SAC)) 32 38,
,
.
1.

SAC 32 .
S .

2.

SAC 38 ,

( ).
RCC.

3.3

S RCC

3.3.1

S RCC ,
.


(
S )

RCC

N-6

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

N. RCC S


3.4

S S

3.4.1

,
, . ,
,
S,
. ,
, RCC,
SAR (SRR).
SAR
,
S, S, RCC.
, S.

3.4.2


S . (.
MSC/Circ. 1218).

3.4.3

"
" SAR,
:
a.

, S
, ;

b.

RCC, SR, S
S, RCC;

c.

RCC S
, SAR;

d.

SAR S
S,
.

3.5

3.5.1


, ,
.

3.5.2

, ,
, :
a.

b.

RCC;

c.

,
,
.

3.5.3

S
, ,
.

3.5.4

S , , :
a.

b.

c.

, ( );

d.

(, , , . ., ).

S , ,
RCC.

3.5.5

N-7

, 2008 , 1 2009 .


. .
6.5, F
(. ELT)

(. EPIRB)
(. AFN)
(.
AFTN)
RSC (. RSC)


(. Amver)
3.2, 4.2
(. CES)
(. CRS)
(. UIR)
4.3
1.5
.3
6.4
.6

(. RSC)
GMDSS 4.5
1.6, 5.1

(. GMDSS)

(. GNSS)

(. )

(.GPS)
4.4, D
SAR 5.2
4.3
1.8
1.5, 5.4, A
1.1, 1.6, D
1.1, 1.6, D
5.3
D, G.7
6.5
D
SAR C
06 (. 156,3 )
16 (. 156,8 )
2.3, 3.1
2.7

1.3
(. )

(. OSC)

SAR (. SMC)
SAR (. SCC)

(. RCC)
4.3
- 2.2, 4.5, D, G.6
(. LOP)
4.2, E.1

(. SOLAS)

1.3, 2.3, 5.1, G.5
(. )

(. )
1.8, 4.2
D
(. )
2.2

(MRSC) (. RSC)

(MRCC) (. RCC)
4.5
2.2
4.3
(. LES)
-
(SRU) 2.5
1.7, 5.1, G.1, H
RCC 2.3
SAR
(. UNSAR)
(. )
2.3, 3.1, 3.2, 5.3
2.2, 4.5
4.2
4.3
F
5.6, H
6.4, F
SAR 1.7, 2.3
5.2
SAR 5.2
2.3
4.4
G.1
(. SRS)
- (. SRU)
- 2.5 ,4.4
2.2, 4.5
SAR (. SDP)
-1



(. SART)
10 4.5, G.2
12 2.3, 5.1
4.3
SAR 1.2, 5.3
4.2
4.2
(. DF)
(. SRR)
(. )
(. )
2.3, 4.5
1.3, 1.6, 1.7, 5.1, C.1
(. RANP)
5.4
2.1, 2.3
SAR 5.2
C.4
2.2, 2.3, 4.1, 6.4, C.2, G.3
2.3, 3.1
4.5
SAR 1.5
(. TMAS).
RCC (. RCC)
SAR 1.7, I
5.3
SAR 2.5
5.7
SAR 2.4
4.2
(. LES)
(. LUT)
C.5
2.3, 5.4
6.1
3.3, 5.3
B
(. )
2.3, 4.5
4.4
9 4.4
121,5 2.2, 4.4, 4.5, G.2
123,1 4.4, G.2
156,3 G.4
156,8 G.4
2182 4.4
3023 4.4
4125 4.4
500 4.4
5680 4.4


C.4
2.6
AFN 2.3, 4.5
AFTN 2.3, 4.5
AMVER 4.5, D
ARCC (. RCC) 2.3
ARSC 2.4
CES 4.5
CRS 2.2, 4.5
DF 4.4
ELT 2.2, 4.4, G.6
EPIRB 2.2, 4.4, G.6
GES 4.5
GNSS 4.4
GMDSS 4.5, G.5
GPS 4.4, D
IRCC 2.3
LES 4.5
LOP 4.4
LUT 4.5
MCC 4.5
MEDICO 4.7
MRCC 2.3
MRSC 2.4
OSC 2.1, 2.6
RANP 2.3, G.2
RCC 1.5, 1.7, 2.3
RSC 1.5, 1.7, 2.4, 5.3
SafetyNET 4.5, G.8
SART 4.4
SC 1.5
SCC 6.3, J
SDP 2.7
SES 4.5
SMC 2.2, 2.3
SOLAS 1.3, G.5
SRR 1.5, 1.7, 2.3
SRS 1.5
SRU 1.5
TMAS 2.5, 4.7, C.1, N
UIR 2.3
UNSAR E.1, E.2

5.6

-2

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

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