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Outline
How We Learn? What We Remember? Instructional Methods Learning Objects Principles of Material Development Orun Madran
UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey 2

Visual Design

How we learn?
Taste Touch Smell 2% 1% 4% Hear 10%

What we remember?
READ HEAR SEE HEAR&SEE

10 % 20 % 30 %

See 83%

50 %
70 % 90 %
4

SAY

Taste

Touch

Smell

Hear

See
3

DO
UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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Instructional Methods
Presentation Demonstration Discussion Drill-and-Practice Tutorial Cooperative learning Gaming Simulation Discovery Problem solving
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Which instructional method?


Presentation Demonstration Discussion Drill-and-Practice Tutorial Cooperative learning Gaming Simulation Discovery Problem solving

We have to combine them; more visual elements more interactivity

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

What kind of material?

Learning Objects
The term learning object generally refers to a reusable component at the page, lesson, or, perhaps, course level.

Easy to create Easy to offer Easy to access

Reusable

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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Learning Objects
Lego Brick

Learning Objects

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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Advanteges of Learning Objects

Visual Design
General Principles
Materials which are well-designed; Makes learning easier. Makes learner creative.

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UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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Good Visual Design


Presents your instructional material in a clear and appealing manner. Makes your material easily understood.

How can I make good design?


Use the visual design principles to improve your design. Critically examine your work to see if the message design can be improved. Keep things simple.

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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Visual Design Principles


Harmony Balance and Symmetry Emphasis Alignment Closure

Harmony
Harmony refers to the way that the elements of a display interact together in a pleasing manner.
Lack of harmony

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Harmony

Harmony (Killer)

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UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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Harmony Tips (3 x 3 Matrix)

Harmony Tips (3 x 3 Matrix)

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Harmony Tips (3 x 3 Matrix)

Harmony Tips (3 x 3 Matrix)

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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Balance and Symmetry


Elements of differing sizes can be brought into balance, by moving them closer to or farther from the center of the page (Like a seesaw). Balance in visual design is preferable to imbalance. Symmetry is achieved when one half of a visual display is a mirror image of the other half.

Balance and Symmetry

Balanced

Imbalanced

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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Balance and Symmetry

Emphasis
Emphasis is used by designers to create dominance and focus in their work. Designers can emphasize color, value, shapes, or other design elements to achieve dominance.

UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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Emphasis

Emphasis

New user account

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Alignment
Alignment of elements within a screen is an important part of organizing and grouping. If at all possible, you should align elements in such a way as to visually maximize differences between different kinds of text, labels and pictures
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Alignment

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Alignment

Alignment

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Closure
People tend to fill in missing bits, and perceive visuals as complete, or closed, entities.

Closure
People also tend to group closer objects.
Introduction The UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop hosted by the Department of Information Management & Faculty of Education of Hacettepe University will take place in Ankara, Turkey, from 3-5 September 2008. This workshop, as part of a series of 12 workshops covering all regions of the world, aims to provide Information Literacy instructors with specialized, authoritative, comprehensive and up-to-date training knowledge, and bring them together to discuss and share information on current issues. The workshop will include group work, and will be facilitated by expert presenters. A Certificate of Completion will be awarded to workshop graduates who successfully complete the workshop. Introduction The UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop hosted by the Department of Information Management & Faculty of Education of Hacettepe University will take place in Ankara, Turkey, from 3-5 September 2008.

This workshop, as part of a series of 12 workshops covering all regions of the world, aims to provide Information Literacy instructors with specialized, authoritative, comprehensive and up-to-date training knowledge, and bring them together to discuss and share information on current issues. The workshop will include group work, and will be facilitated by expert presenters.

(unity provided)
UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey 33 UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

(unity lost)
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Bibliography
altay, K. Instructional Technology and Material Developments Course Materials. Retrieved August 1, 2008, from METU Open Courseware Project Web site: http://ocw.metu.edu.tr/computer-education/instructional-technology-and-materialdevelopments Glbahar, Y. Instructional Technology and Material Developments Course Materials. Retrieved July 25, 2008, from http://www.baskent.edu.tr/~gulbahar/dersler/egt301.php McClurg-Genevese, J.D. The Principles of Design. Retrieved August 3, 2008, from http://www.digital-web.com/articles/principles_of_design/ Seferolu, S. S. (2006). retim Teknolojileri ve Materyal Tasarm (3rd ed.). Ankara: Pegem A Yaynclk. Yaln, H. . (2006). retim Teknolojileri ve Materyal Gelitirme (17th ed.). Ankara: Nobel Yayn Datm.

Orun Madran omadran@baskent.edu.tr


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UNESCO Training the Trainers in Information Literacy Workshop September 3-5 Ankara Turkey

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