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Oasis montaj 6.

2
Mapping and Processing System

QUICK START TUTORIALS

www.geosoft.com

, ,

.
: 09.03.2006.
Nancy Whitehead. , ,
info@geosoft.com.
Copyright Geosoft Inc. 2005. .
,

, , , ,
,
Geosoft.
Program Copyright Geosoft Inc. 2005. .
Geosoft Oasis montaj
Geosoft. GEOSOFT, Oasis
Geosoft.
Windows Windows NT
Microsoft.

Geosoft Incorporated
8th Floor
85 Richmond St. W.
Toronto, Ontario
M5H 2C9
Canada
Tel: (416) 369-0111
Fax: (416) 369-9599
Web Site: www.geosoft.com
E-mail: info@geosoft.com


Geosoft

Geosoft

Oasis montaj Viewer

Oasis montaj

Oasis montaj?

(Project Explorer)

11

13

14

16

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- ,

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25

Geosoft

26

Process Maker

28

Oasis montaj 6.2


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29

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Oasis montaj

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Oasis Montaj

32

- Oasis montaj 6.2

33

( )

33

- Oasis montaj 6.1 / Oasis


montaj 6.2
34

( )

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( )

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ID , 35

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Oasis montaj

1:
Oasis montaj

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FAST

2:

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50

53

Oasis montaj

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Oasis montaj

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Drag-n-Drop

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X, Y Z (Current X,Y, Z)

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60

62

64

65

Oasis montaj

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70

71

72

(Master Sample)

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3:

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Microsoft Access

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Microsoft Access

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Excel Comma Separated Value (CSV)


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81

Excel Comma Separated Value (CSV)


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87

87

88

()

90

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92

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97

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Bi-Directional ()

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Minimum curvature ( )

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Kriging ()

108

Tinning

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(Trend Enforcement)

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(Bidirectional)
111

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81

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Base Data

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3D (3D Views)

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View/Group Manager ( /)

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1
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Oasis montaj Windows

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Windows?

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,
(Georeferenced information)
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-
145


146


146

147

6:

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149

(Colour Shaded
Images)
149
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/

154

155

7:

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8:

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9:

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185

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Krigrid

196

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11:

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Geosoft

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Oasis montaj

206

X, Y

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(x,y)

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14: 3D Oasis montaj


3D ,

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3D

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249

3D

251

3D

253

3D

254

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3D

254
260

15: DAP (Data Access


Protocol)
262

DAP:

262

264

Authorize Internet Communication

264

Internet Trust Relationship

264

Metadata Browser

265

16:

268
269

270

Trend Enforcement

271

271

, Bigrid

272

274

275

276

277

279

280

281

281

284

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285

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287


CSV

287
288

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Oasis montaj

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GI (*.gi)

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292


1:
:

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297

GX Geosoft eXecutable

297

297

297

298

298

(*.MAP)

298

(*.MDF) (map description file)

298

(*.OMN)

298

Oasis

298

Oasis montaj

298

(*.GPF)

298

298

(random) xyz

298

298

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299

299

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Oasis montaj ,
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(Manual), (Tutorial),
(Technical Notes) PDF.


Geosoft .
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North America

Europe and North Africa

Geosoft Inc.,
85 Richmond St. W., 8th Floor
Toronto, Ont.,
Canada
M5H 2C9

Geosoft Europe Ltd.


20/21 Market Place, First Floor
Wallingford, Oxfordshire
OX10 OAD United Kingdom

Tel. (416) 369-0111


Fax (416) 369-9599

Tel: +44 1491 835 231


Fax: +44 1491 835 281
Email: tech.eu@geosoft.com

Email: tech@geosoft.com
South America

Australia and Southeast Asia

Geosoft Latinoamerica Ltda.


Praa Floriano 51 / 19 Andar
CEP: 20031-050, Centro
Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil

Geosoft Australia Pty. Ltd


350 Hay Street
Subiaco WA 6008
Australia

Tel: (55-21) 2532-0140


Fax: (55-21) 2532-7197

Tel 61 (8) 9382 1900


Fax 61 (8) 9382-1911

Email: tech.sa@geosoft.com

Email: tech.au@geosoft.com

South and Central Africa


Geosoft Africa Ltd.
Buren Building, Second Floor
Kasteelpark Office Park
c/o Nossob & Jochemus Streets
Erasmuskloof X3, Pretoria
Tel: 27 12 347 4519
Fax: 27 12 347 6936
Email: tech.za@geosoft.com

Geosoft 5

Geosoft
, Oasis
montaj, ,
. , ,
Oasis montaj Viewer About, Tour
for New Users.
Oasis montaj Geosoft
.
Oasis
montaj Viewer Oasis montaj Mapping and
Processing System.
Oasis montaj Viewer
Oasis montaj Viewer ,
Geosoft, Geosoft
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www.geosoft.com

6 Geosoft

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Project Explorer ( )
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Metadata Tool ( )
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(*.GDB) XYZ (*.XYZ)

3D Mapping
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Auxiliary Tools ( ): Histograms


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( ), TriPlots ( )

Toolbars ( ): Database Tools bar (


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14 Geosoft

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16 Geosoft


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Geosoft 23

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Geosoft 29

Oasis montaj 6.2


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Oasis
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Oasis
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Explorer,
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: (Histograms),
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- (Metadata Tool)
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,

30 Geosoft

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CAD
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Oasis montaj. :

(.
30)
Oasis montaj (. 31)
Oasis montaj (. 32)
( -) (. 35)
(. 35)
(. 36)
(. 37)
Oasis montaj (. 37)
(. 4)

Oasis montaj
:

Windows 2000, Windows XP Pro. Windows 95, 98, Me


Windows NT.
Oasis montaj
.
Pentium.
256 , 128 (
)
24-
3D-. 64 M .

Geosoft 31

, Windows.
Hewlett Packard .
Internet Internet
Explorer 5.0 . ,
Internet Explorer , Oasis montaj
Internet , IE5,
.

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( 50,000
500x500 )
A3 11x17 ,
10 ( Geosoft Driver) 60 (
Windows)
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2000 ,

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MAGMAP FFT 12
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Geosoft Driver) 500 (
Windows).

Oasis montaj
Geosoft,
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(Park eLicense)
Geosoft, .
(Transfer eLicense)
ID.
(Lock eLicense)
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(Unlock eLicense)
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Oasis Montaj
Oasis montaj -.
.

Geosoft 33

Oasis montaj
.
Internet Internet
Explorer 5.0 . ,
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Internet IE5 .
- Oasis montaj 6.2
, , ,
, 6.2 6.1. - Oasis montaj 6.1, ,
, - Oasis montaj
6.1 / Oasis montaj 6.2.
3. - Oasis montaj 6.2.

InstallShield Wizard Setup ( ), ,


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4. ,

Geosoft Oasis Montaj InstallShield Wizard Welcome (


Geosoft Oasis Montaj).
, .
5. "Installation Completed" ("

"), Oasis Montaj


release notes.
6. [Finish] [] .
7. ,

( ).
, ,
- Oasis montaj 6.2 / Oasis montaj 6.2.
( )

Geosoft online, , ,
.

( ):

1. Internet.
2. (Start)

/Geosoft/Oasis montaj/License/Setup (Programs/Oasis


montaj/License/Setup) ( Oasis
montaj). Geosoft License Manager (
Geosoft).

34 Geosoft
3. "License Key" 8- -

( -)
[Internet]. Geosoft
.
4. , .

- Oasis montaj 6.1 /


Oasis montaj 6.2
, - Oasis montaj
6.1, Oasis montaj 6.1
Oasis montaj 6.2, .

6.1

O ASIS

MONTAJ

6.2

1. - Oasis montaj 6.1.

InstallShield Wizard Setup ( ),


, .
2. ,

Geosoft Oasis Montaj InstallShield Wizard Welcome (


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.
3. "Installation Completed" ("

"), Oasis Montaj.


4. [Finish] []

Oasis montaj. Geosoft License Manager


( Geosoft).
5. "License Key" 8- -

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[Internet]. Geosoft
,
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6. Help Check for Updates ( ).

Oasis montaj InstallShield Updates (


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7. [Show Updates] [ ],
.
8. [Add] [] ,

[Next>] [>] .
9. [Next>], Download or

Install the Update ( ).

Geosoft 35

Install (),
Oasis montaj. .

( )

Oasis montaj,
Geosoft
.
( )
1. Internet.
2. File License/Park License.
3. Geosoft License.

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Geosoft
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Geosoft,
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ID (,

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ID ,

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).
2. Start () Programs/Geosoft/Oasis

montaj/License/View Computer ID (/ Geosoft/Oasis


montaj/License/View Computer ID). Geosoft License
Manager ( Geosoft). -
ID .
3. , .

[OK], .

36 Geosoft


1. Oasis montaj ,

Internet.
2. File License/Transfer License.

Geosoft License Manager.


3. "Target Computer ID" ID ,

[OK].
4. ID

Geosoft
ID.
:
1. Internet.
2. Start () Programs/Geosoft/Oasis

montaj/License/Setup (/ Geosoft/Oasis montaj/License/Setup).


Geosoft License Manager.
3. "License Key" 8- -

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[Internet].
Internet .
4. ,


(..
). Geosoft,
Geosoft.
1. Geosoft .
2. Oasis montaj Internet.
3. File License/Update License.



, .
,
.

Geosoft 37



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1. .
2. Properties () Settings ().
3. colour palette ( ) Colour 16-bit True Colour

24-bit.

Oasis montaj
Oasis montaj
.
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.

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,

.

O ASIS

MONTAJ ,

1. Edit Settings, General.

Default settings.
2. .

. Geosoft,
.

38 Geosoft

:
Default menus

Default grid colour table



Default map font


Default symbol font

(.omn)

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TRUETYPE.INI
TrueType
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Geosoft 39

:
Default input grid
format

,
.




Default output
grid format

,
.



Default grid
element type


Error level
reporting

,

Geosoft.
Geosoft DOS, "16-bit (DOS
compatible)".

All errors ( ),
.
GX ,

GX.

40 Geosoft

Print memory
(megabytes)

()

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Geosoft. 0,
33%
.

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50%
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Windows.
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Oasis Montaj

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//.
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DAT ,
.

4
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GEOTEMP,

Geosoft.
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GEOTEMP.

Geosoft 41
4. [Next>], Internet settings,

5. -.

proxy- firewall,
"Proxy Server/Firewall". Proxy- firewall
POST HTTP GET http Oasis montaj
proxy/firewall.

(Advanced Settings) Oasis montaj -
,
Oasis montaj. Advanced Settings (geosettings.meta) ,
Oasis
montaj.
Oasis montaj
, . Oasis
montaj Advanced Settings
. Advanced Settings
montaj
.
Advanced Settings,
Edit|Settings|Advanced, (MetaData
Browser) . ,
.

42 Geosoft

(General Settings) (SETTINGS GX)


Oasis montaj.

1: 43

1:

.
Oasis montaj 6.2. Oasis montaj.

O ASIS

MONTAJ

1. Start () Programs

(), Geosoft Oasis montaj/Oasis


montaj.

2. Geosoft Windows (Windows

Explorer) File manager ,


.

Oasis montaj
Oasis montaj
Windows,
,
Online, :

44 1:



, .
.
Oasis montaj

Geosoft

*.GDB

*.MAP

Geosoft

*.GRD

,
/

*.AGG


(Geosoft eXecutable)

*.GX

Geosoft

*.GS

Oasis, Oasis

*.OMN, * .SMN

- Geosoft

*.GPF

Geosoft,

*.GI

Geosoft (
MapInfo,
Geosoft
MapInfo (*.map))

*.GM


, ,
-
( ).
, ,
, , D:\Tutorial.
Geosoft Geosoft.

D:\Tutorial.

:
casaber.xyz
geochem.xyz
mag.leg

krigsample.csv
krigsample.xyz
head.xyz

mag.xyz
survey.leg
map04mag.grd

1: 45
map04.con
map.prj
mag.agg
indexmap.jpg

magvlf.xyz
sqltest.mdb
test.grd
projtest.xyz

map04.mdf
mag.grd
omontaj.tif


, - Oasis
montaj 6.2 ( Geosoft). \Geosoft\Oasis
montaj\data\various.
various D:\Tutorial.


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P ROJECT :
1. Oasis montaj.
2. File Project, New.

New Project ( ).

46 1:

: Oasis montaj ,

, .
3. . ,
GeoDemo D:\Tutorial.
4. [Save] [].

. ,
, Project Explorer.
,
.

1: 47

5. , File|Project

Close.



Oasis montaj ,
- .
.
(
, 3D,
, , ..)
(, magmap.omn),
,
.
, Help|Manuals and Tutorials
- Geosoft,
http://www.geosoft.com/resources/tutorials/.
Oasis montaj , .
,
. ,
. ,

48 1:

,
UXO, .
, Oasis
montaj .

1. GX Load Menu ( Load

).
menu
Load menu ( ).
2. (*.omn) [Open]

[]. .
:
(, -
), Default settings,
.
, ,
Advanced Settings ( Edit|Settings|Advanced).
MetaData.


Oasis montaj .
Online (Online Help system)
, Contents
(), Index () Search ().
(Manuals), (Tutorials)
(Technical Notes), (
Acrobat Reader 4.0).
Geosoft FAST.
, FAST
.
?

Fastest
Information




<F1>.

(GX).

[Help]

(GX).




Oasis montaj (GX).

Application
Information

1: 49

System
Information

Tutorials

Help Help
Topics ( )

.
Contents
Search.


Oasis Montaj,

GX.

Help
Manuals and Tutorials.

Quick Start

,



Adobe PDF
online.

, S
FAST. ,
:

50 1:

FAST
Geosoft -
:

,

, .. Oasis montaj.
.
,

.
40 .

.

.


,

.
:

Airborne QC Toolkit
Chimera Geochemistry System Tutorial
Euler3D Deconvolution System
Geosoft Levelling System
GeoStrike Trend Enforced Gridding
GridKnit Grid Stitching Tool
Interactiv IP Processing System
MAGMAP 2D-FFT
Oasis Montaj 1D-FFT Filters
UX-Detect UXO Detection System
Wholeplot Drillhole Plotting System
Xcelleration Gravity Processing System
256-Channel Radiometric Processing System

, ,
,
,

1: 51

. Geosoft
http://www.geosoft.com/resources/tutorials/
:
1. Help Manuals and Tutorials.

Acrobat Reader.
2. (Manual), (Tutorial)

(Technical Note), .
PDF Acrobat Reader .
3. Adobe Reader , File Print,

2: 53

2:
,
, . Oasis montaj
,
, .

, .
,
.
,
.

Oasis montaj
Oasis montaj
. ,
(ASCII )
Oasis montaj. ,
,
, , .
Oasis montaj ,

Geosoft (*.gdb).
, ,
.
.
,
. , .
, .
,
, .
, .
:
1. Data New database.

Create New Database ( ).


2. New database name ( ) tfmag.gdb.

Maximum lines/groups Maximum channels/fields


/ /.
200 50, ,
, , ,

54 2:

.
,
. ,
Maintenance Data.
3. Compression () Compress for SPEED (

) Advanced.
4. Oasis montaj

. "
" - ,
/ . ,
(1024 ), ,
, 4
64
. .
[Help].
5. [OK].

2: 55

Oasis
montaj
Geosoft
.
Geosoft XYZ ,
.
, ,
(Help).

1. Data Import, Geosoft XYZ.


2. Import XYZ data ( XYZ).

3. XYZ data file mag.xyz.

[Browse], Tutorial.
: [Browse]
.
.
4. [Template] [].
Import. ,
.

56 2:

5. Template Name default.i0.

, .
,
, .
6. - (

) Source Data
( ) Output ( ),
.
7. Source Data Format

: normal (), scientific (), dat (), time


(). - ,
( 9999),
Dummy ( ).
8. Output Channel ( ) Name

,
. Type , Width -
- , Decimal .
9. [OK],

Import XYZ data.

2: 57

10. [OK], .
11. ,

: , (..

) XYZ *.
9999 (),
Dummy .

Drag-n-Drop
Oasis montaj 6.1.
(Drag-n-Drop) XYZ (*.GDB).
, XYZ,
, ,
XYZ.
Windows
: (*.GRD), (*.MAP)
(*.GDB) Oasis montaj.
Project Explorer .

58 2:



Oasis montaj
.
. ,
,
, .
, ,
.
Oasis montaj , , (Help).
, ,
.
: ,

L0:0. , ,
0, .. ,
.
, .
( ):
1. mag,

.
Remove
column ( ). .
: - (*.gdb).

.

1. ,

List.

2.

2: 59

. mag,
.

: ,

, ,
[Enter].
: **, ,
.
, ,
.
. ,
, ,
.


, ,
.
, .
.
.
,
.

60 2:

,
.
X, Y Z (Current X,Y, Z)
Oasis montaj "" X Y ( Z).
,
X Y ( Z) (, East, North Relative Level).
X, Y ( Z),
Coordinates|Change X, Y coordinates (| X,Y)
.
X Y.
, X Y.
,
"" X, Y ( Z), .

, "x", "y" ("z") (
).
(
Coordinates|Change X,Y coordinates), . ,
"x" "y", ,
"Z", "z". "z"
Wholeplot, DH_EAST = "x", DH_NORTH =
"y" DH_RL = "z".



,
Oasis montaj, Utility -Utility.

, .
,
, .

1. mag,

.
.
: (
), .

2: 61

, . ,
.
2. Utility Report, Mark statistics.
Stat Report.

3. [Save Stats],

. Save Stats,
New statistics file ,
[OK],
.

4. [OK] Stat Report, .

,
:

,
.

(
)
,

62 2:
().


,


.

: mag 9999.



,
. .
32
. , ,
.
:
1. mag ( ),

Profile Show profile ( ).


.

2: 63
: mag, -

mag,
.
2. Profile
, ,
..

1. ,

.
L5:0.
2. ( ),

List.
.
,
.
,
, .

3. L13:0 ,

L13:0, :

64 2:

4. 9999.

,
- .
: ,
[Page Up] [Page Down] .
,
(Line Command Toolbar).
, .

/ (Display First Line/Group).
,
.
/ (Display Last
Line/Group). ,
.

/ (Display Previous
Line/Group). ,
.
/ (Display Next
Line/Group). ,
.

2: 65
/ (Create a New
Database Line/Group). ,
.
, , .
,
.
/ (Delete
Selected Database Line/Group). ,
.

,
. ,
, .
.

1. Data Channels, Protect none

( ).
2.

, , .
: - ,
,
. ,
protected. , ,
.
:
1. Data Channels, Protect all

( ).
2.

, , .
: - ,
,
. protected.
, , .

Oasis
montaj
.
,

66 2:

.
- ,
. ,
mag, , .
:
1. ,

, .
2. magedited

[Enter]. Create Channel (


). Create Channel .

New.

3. [OK], ,

. magedited
.
4. Utility Copy channel.

Copy a channel ( ).

2: 67

5. Copy FROM mag, TO -

magedited. [OK].
6. mag magedited,

.
,
:

1 3 , ,
, , magedited2.
1.

magedited2, .
2. [=],

.
,
.
3. mag. ,

, mag. ,
,
.

4. [Enter],

.
:
,

.
.
,
.

68 2:
:

magedited,
magedited2.
1. , ,

, (..
).
,
.
2. magedited2

Delete channel ( ).

3. Delete.

, ,
.

2: 69
4. [Yes] [],

. , [No] [].
, ,
Enter .
: ,
.
remove ()
, .
delete (),
,
.


,
.
13:0 tfmag.gdb.

, :

1. , , , ,

.
, . (
,
.)
2. 13 (L13:0)

magedited.
3. Profile Show Profile.

.
4. (

). ,
, - 9999,
32,
. ,
.

70 2:

5. 9999

magedited. [Delete],
.
(*).
6. 131,

(*).
, .

,
. ,
:

2: 71

: mag , 9000,
magedited mag,
. ,

.


,
,
, .

1. Utility Interpolate.

Interpolate Dummies.

2. Channel to interpolate magedited Output

interpolated channel . Interpolation


method - Minimum Curvature.
[OK].
3. ,

, .
[Help].
4. mag magedited,


Show profile.
.

72 2:

: ,


. , ,
: magedited - (4720.90 5974.10), mag (4639.92 10104.08).

Panel Options
Y.
:
1. .

Panel Options.
2. Panel Options.

Scale to fit for each line (,


) Same scale for all
profiles in panel ( ).

2: 73

3. [OK],

:
Scale to fit for each line
,

Fix the range


,
.

.


Fix the scale, centre the range
,

74 2:

Same scale for all profiles in panel




Same range for all profiles in panel

(
)
.


.

(Master Sample)
Master Sample
(fiducial rate),
. Master Sample .
Master Sample , ,
, .
, ,
( ).
. 1
10 /. 1
, 2, 1
/. Master Sample 2, 1
.
.
M ASTER S AMPLE :
1.

Master Sample.
M ASTER S AMPLE :
1.

No Master Sample.



, .

1. Data Save database changes.


2. Save Changes.

[Yes] [], .

2: 75

3. ,

.
: , Data
Discard changes... ( ...).
.

3: 77

3:
asis montaj :

(Access, FoxPro, Dbase, Paradox


ODBC)
Microsoft Access database (*.mdb)
ASCII
Excel-style import wizard
ASCII


Oasis montaj ADO ODBC,
Microsoft,
.
:

3: 78

Oasis montaj
Microsoft Access,
.
Access
Oasis montaj, .
, ASCII,
Oasis montaj.
, , Ascii Oasis
montaj.

Microsoft Access
tfmag.gdb.
x, y, (mag).
, ,
.
(.. ),
(, ,
), ,
.

Microsoft Access
,
, , Geosoft
Microsoft Access.
, , Access
, .
, ,
. -
, , ,
.

Access. , :

Individual
tables

Single table

( )
.
.

3: 79
: ,

(Individual
tables). (,
),
(Single table).
.

M ICROSOFT A CCESS :

1. , tfmag.gdb.
2. Data Export, Microsoft

Access. Save to Microsoft Access


database (MDB) ( Microsoft Access).

: Lines/Groups to save ( /)

selected lines ( ),
, ,
. -
, (Line
Selection Tool), Data,
Lines, Selection tool.
3. Output MDB file name Export_Access
, . [OK].
4. ,

Access.


Microsoft Access,
, Access Database. ,
- , Access,
(*.mdb),
, .

3: 80

Geosoft ,
Microsoft Access (*.mdb). ,
:
dBase III
dBase IV
dBase 5

FoxPro 2.0
FoxPro 2.5
FoxPro 2.6

Paradox 3.x
Paradox 4.x
Paradox 5.x

:
1. Data New database.

Create New Database. New database name


Import_Access [OK],
.
2. Data Import|Database Table All

Tables. Import Database.


: ?
, ,
[Yes] [].

: All Tables, ,

.

. Single Table,
, .
3. Import Entire External Database.
[Browse], File to import
Export_Access.mdb. Store tables as Lines.

4. [OK]. .

3: 81

Excel Comma Separated


Value (CSV) (, )
- ASCII Excel-
(*.CSV). ,
Oasis montaj ,
, Excel.

E XCEL :

1. , tfmag.gdb.
2. Data Export, Other.

Export to Other format ( ).

3. Format CSV (Excel), Data file Name

Export_Excel.
[OK]. .

Excel Comma
Separated Value (CSV)
Oasis montaj ,
Excel.
.

E XCEL :

1. Data New database.

Create New Database. New database name


Import_Excel [OK],
.

3: 82
2. Data Import, Ascii.

Import Wizard ( ).

3. File to import [Browse]

Excel-Export.csv. [Wizard].
4.

(Data Import Wizard).



File Type Delimited (.. ).

5. . Data

headings on row , (..


), Data Units on row
( - m - ft ..), Start import on row
, ,
Preview rows ,
.

3: 83
6. , ,


, .
[Next>].
7. .

Column delimiters ( ) ,
Microsoft Excel
CSV. , ,
, .
[Next>].

Ascii
. Ascii
(Fixed Field), ,
(Delimited).
Microsoft Excel Comma Separated Value (CSV),
Comma Delimited, White Space Delimited Tab Delimited.
,
.
,
Ascii Import Wizard [Help]
.

3: 84
8. .

Channel Type
, ( Data).
, ,
. Parameters ,
, .
.
: , Y,
,
Parameters.

9. [Finish]. Save the

template? ( ?). [Yes],


.
[Help].

10. Save the template.

3: 85

11. Template ,

, .
[OK].
12. Import. [Yes] [],

13. Import_Excel.gdb,

3: 86


Geosoft
Oasis montaj 6.1.
Windows (*.GDB)
.
, Windows
Oasis montaj : (*.GRD),
(*.MAP), , XYZ
(*.GDB). Project
Explorer .

4: 87

4:

,
. Oasis montaj
.
Oasis montaj
.
:




(base map)




,

.


Oasis montaj ,
(, )
( - ).
, , .

. , ,
,
.

1. , tfmag.gdb.
2. Data Lines, Selection Tool.
3. Line Selection Tool (

).

88 4:

,
- , [Highlight lines
by range] [ ].
[Select highlight] [ ]
[Deselect highlight] [ ],

.
, .
.
,
.
, . [OK].


Oasis montaj ,
.
(*.MAP),
. , , , -
. ,
.
Oasis montaj,
. .
, .
.
, , , ,
,
.
.
, .

4: 89
:
1. tfmag.gdb.
2. Mapping New map, New map from

X,Y.
3. Data range to map (

). [Scan data].

X, Y (Minimum X, Y, Maximum X, Y)
(Distance units).
:
, ("metre"). ,

. , ,
Default settings ( Edit|Settings|General).

4.

[Next]. Create a
New Map ( ).

5. Map name tfmag.map, Map Template

portrait letter ( ),
[Scale] []. ,
.
(100000).
6. [Finish], .

90 4:
: , ,


()
,

, . ,
,
, A4 A3.
: ,

.
,
. ,
TEST.
:
1. Mapping New map, New map

from X,Y.
2. Data range to map.

[Scan data].
X, Y. [Next].
3. Create a New Map. Map name

New Template.map Map template


portrait A4.
4. [Templates]. Map

Template Manager ( ).

5. [New],

. New Template.

4: 91
6. New template name NEW_A4 [OK].

Edit Map Template.

7. Map style figure. ,

figure
, map
.
8. [OK].
9. Map Template Manager.

[OK].
10. Create a new map. Map

template NEW_A4.

92 4:
11. [Scale]. ,

.
(150000).
12.

[Finish],
.

(Base Map)
,
, , ,
, /, .
map,
figure. ,
Figure , map
.
.

F IGURE :

1. , tfmag.map.
2. Mapping Base map ( )

Draw base map ( ).


Base map layout ( ).

4: 93

3. .

Map style .
Map style figure Map scale ( )
100000. .
[Next>].

4. Figure style base map.

Reference grid
. Reference Grid dotted lines
( ). [Next>].

94 4:

5. Figure titles ( Figure).

Title Sub-Title . [Finish],


tfmag.map.
, .

M AP :

1. , NEW_A4.

figure map, ,.
New Map_Map Style. [Finish].
.
2. Mapping Base map, Draw base

map. Base map layout.

4: 95

3. .

, Map Style,
. Map style map
Map Margins , .
4. [Next>].

Full map style base map.

5. Reference grid

. dotted lines.

96 4:
6. [Next>], Map

title block ( ).

7. ,

, [Finish],
.
8. , .

4: 97


, ,
( -
).
:
1. New Map_Map Style.map.
2. Mapping Line Path ( ).
3. Line path plot.

4. [OK]. New Map_Map Style.map

1. , New Map_Map Style.map.


2. Mapping Profile.

Profile plot.

98 4:

3. profile channel ( ) magedited. profile

scale (units/mm) ( , /) 50, profile


base ( ) 5000. line colour
[OK].
4. , .


[Help] Profile plot.

4: 99


,
.
, .
,
(Map Tools Bar),
.

Interactive Zoom

,
.
,
(, -
), ,
,
.
,
Interactive
Zoom.

,
, .
,
,
,

100 4:

Zoom Box

.
. ,
.
: ,
.
,

, ,
, ,
.
,
Zoom Box.

Zoom Out

Zoom In

Zoom to Selection

Pan

,
50%.
,
Zoom Out.

,
50%.
,
Zoom In.

,
.
,
Zoom to
Selection.

, .
, ,

.
,
Pan.


Full Map

,
.
,
Full Map.

4: 101


Last View

, ,
.

, .

, ,
.
,
Last View.

Redraw

,
.
,
Redraw.


Oasis montaj
,
, .
Map|Configure Shortcut Keys,
,
.

102 4:

(Z OOM B OX ):

1. Zoom Box (

)

Zoom Box.

2. . ,


, . .
.

.
3. .

4: 103

(P AN ):
1. (

)
Pan.

2.

.
, , .

(Z OOM I N ):
1. (

)
Zoom
In.

2. 50%.
(F ULL M AP ):
1. (

)
Zoom
to Full Map.

2. .
(L AST V IEW ):
1. (

)
Last
View.

104 4:
2. ,

.
(R EDRAW ):
1.

, ,
. ( )

Redraw.
2. .
3.

Map Tools Bar ,


.

4: 105
,

( )


Map Tools Bar

,
.

[ ] [This Map Only]


,
.

[ ] [All Maps]
,
,
.

[Other Maps Only] [ ]


, ,

106 4:

, .
, .
,
.



,
, X-Y.
:
Bi-Directional ()
Bi-Directional ()
()
()
(). BIGRID, ,
, .

Parallel Lines

Lines with some tie lines

Roughly parallel lines

: BIGRID ()

, .
,
RANGRID KRIGRID.
(BIGRID GX)
, ,
,
().
, BIGRID
.

4: 107


. ()

.

.

,
.
, BIGRID
.
, (
) Akima .

. BIGRID
/ .

( )
.
BIGRID :

, ,
.
Minimum curvature ( )
(RANGRID GX)
,
, Swain (1976) Briggs (1974).
,
.
RANGRID (
8 ).

.
,
.
, .

108 4:

, ,
2. , ,
. ,

.
RANGRID ,
.
,
. ,
.
RANGRID , :

100 99 % 1%
.
RANGRID GX :






: ,

,
.
Kriging ()
- ,
,
.
RANGRID KRIGRID, XYZ
, .
(random),
.
,
( )
RANGRID KRIGRID.

4: 109

:
+

+
+++
+

+
+

Random
Data
Non-parallel
Line Data

Orthogonal
Line Data


, RANGRID.
KRIGRID, :


, (
)

(KRIGRID GX)
,
XYZ. KRIGRID ,
, .
, ,
.
,
, ,
.

.
.
Geosoft , .
,
.

110 4:

Mining Geostatistics
(A.G. Journel and C.J. Huijbregts, 1978).
KRIGRID :





, , , ,

: ,
,
.

Tinning
Oasis montaj
TIN (Triangular Irregular Network)
TIN
(Nearest Neighbour), (Linear)
(Natural Neighbour).

Sweepline, Steven
Fortune , Bell Laboratories (Fortune, S 1987). TINDB GX
X, Y (Z ) Geosoft (*.gdb) Sweepline
TIN (*.tin).
(*.tin) Z, TIN
TINGRID GX. TINGRID GX
Z (*.tin)
(Nearest Neighbour), (Linear) (Natural
Neighbour) (Sambridge, Brown & McQueen 1995).
TIN
(X, Y) .
,
Z. ( , (*.tin)
Z, Z.)
Geosoft TIN,
TIN (TIN Nodes), TIN (TIN Mesh

4: 111

), (Convex Hull),
(Voronoi cells).

(Trend Enforcement)

, ,
, .
, ,
.
, ,
. ,
.
,
. ,
Oasis montaj, 16:
268.

(Bi-directional)
(Bi-directional)
(
, ()
, ).
, Dialog controls (
) (control file),
.
.
,
. , .
XYZ (B I -D IRECTIONAL )
:

1. tfmag.gdb.
2. Grid Griding|Bi-directional line gridding|Dialog

controls. Bi-directional gridding of line


data.

112 4:

3. Channel to grid magedited

Output grid - tfmag (,


*.grd).
4. 1/4 1/8

. 200
, Grid cell size ( )
50.
[Help].
[Advanced>]. Advanced Gridding
options.

5. .

[Help].

4: 113

[Finish],
.
:
X Y.
1/4 1/8
. , BIGRID
,
. .
(B I -D IRECTIONAL )
, :
1. Grid Gridding, Bi-directional line

gridding Control file. Bidirectional gridding.

2. Data channel magedited.

New grid file tfmag_con. Transverse gradient channel


, .

[Help].
3. . ,

,

(BIGRID). , ,
fmag.con, .
4. [Edit Controls],

Select a default text editor.

114 4:
5. ,

.
[Browse] (, (Notepad))
[OK]. Edit file using
notepad.exe.

6. ftmag.con . [OK].

tfmag.con.
7. , ,

BIGRID.
.
8. tfmag.con [Grid]

Bi-directional gridding,
.
: ,

, .


:
, , ,
( ), (
) .
.
Project Explorer
"Grids". ,
"". ,
, .
,
Project Explorer "Map".
: ,

( ).
,
, .

4: 115

1. tfmag.map, .
2. Grid Display grid|Single grid.

Place a grid on a map.

3. Grid name, [Browse], tfmag.grd.


4. .

[Current Map] [ ]. tfmag.map


tfmag.grd.

116 4:


,
. ,
, .
Oasis montaj
.

Adding Contours to Maps (
).
: (quick),
(custom), (log)
(control file) ( ).

Quick () .
Custom () - .
.
Log contour ( )
,
.
Control File ( ) ASCII
.

()
.

1. , tfmag.map.
2. Mapping Contour,

Quick. Contour.

3. [Browse] tfmag.grd,

.
4.

[OK]. .

4: 117


5: CAD
CAD.
.
, 6:
.
, ,
, , :
, , ,
.
:
1. File Project, Close.

Save Modified Documents (


).

118 4:

2. All (), None ( ) Selected

() ( ) .
, <Shift>
<Ctrl>
.
3. [All],

, .


Geosoft
Oasis montaj 6.1. (Drag-n-Drop) Windows (*.GRD)
.
Windows
Oasis montaj : (*.GDB)
(*.MAP), XYZ
(*.GDB).
Project Explorer .

5: CAD 119

5:
CAD
,
CAD Oasis montaj. ,

. ,
,
.
, :



,








,


, mag.map.
- Oasis
montaj/data/various. ,
.


, Oasis montaj,
. , .
:
1. File Project, New.

New Project.

120 5: CAD
2. . , Interp

D:\Tutorial\cad. Oasis montaj


,
. D:\tutorial\cad
mag.map, mag.grd mag.GRD.gi.
3. [Save]. ,


, , ,
.
1. Map Open map.

Open Map. mag.map


C:\tutorial\cad. [Open] [].
2. D:\tutorial\cad\mag.map,

:
() , ,
mag.grd , pastel.tbl
(Select a Group) ( ( ))
,
Image Colour Tool
( ). Load
from File ( ), Oasis montaj|tbl
pastel.tbl [Open], [OK]

5: CAD 121

Image Colour tool.


.


Oasis montaj ,
. -,
,
. -,
,
. ,
,
.
Base Data
Geosoft
(Views). Base (),
Data (),
. ,
- ,
Base. , , ,
Data.
3D (3D Views)
3D (3D View) 2D ,
, . 3D
GX.
2D , 3D ,
X,Y Z. , 3D .
, 2D
, 3D . 3D
.
3D ,
.
3D (3D Tool)
3D Viewer. 3D Viewer
3D ,
,
. 3D Tool
3D : ,
,
.

122 5: CAD

3D
14: 3D Oasis montaj 245.

Oasis montaj (Groups)


, () .
Base - ,
. , ,
Data. ,
, .
. ,
(, ), .
View/Group Manager ( /)
,
View/Group (Manager /) ( ).
, : Base
() Data () (. ).
.
( ),
, - .
.
, ( )
( ). ,
, ,
( ). Render images (AGGs) first
, .
Auto-Redraw ,
.

5: CAD 123

Map View/Group Manager



(
). , ,
, .

(
). ,
. ,

, .
(Other Group Properties)
() ().
:

.

,
. Moveable
, , .
, (),
Masked.

124 5: CAD

: Mask to View region


Transparency. Mask to View Region
.

VIEWEXTCLIP.GX.
Transparency
( Transparent
- Opaque).
Map View/Group Manager
, Render images (AGGs) first AutoRedraw. ( )
.
, . ,
, .
:
1. Mapping New group. View

data.
2. New group name interp.

3. [OK].

Map Edit.


, ,
. Map Edit,
. ,
.

5: CAD 125
1

/ (Map
View/Group Manager). ,
,
( , , )
( ).
M AP V IEW /G ROUP M ANAGER :
1. ,

Select a group ( ) (

).

2. View/Group Manager (

.
3. View/Group Manager.

interp .
, , .

4. [Edit Group]. Map View/Group Manager

, ,
Map Edit.
5. ,

End Editing (
).

126 5: CAD
2

-
.
, , .

1. Select a group (

).

.
2. Groups,

, . ,
, Edit this
group. ,
Map Edit.
3. ,

End Editing.

,
,
.

, , ,
.
, .

1. ,

Select a group (

).

2. View/Group Manager (

).

3. AGG_mag,

.
.
4. [OK].

. , .
5. ,

Status|Hidden.

5: CAD 127


,
Moveable. , ,
.
:
1. moveable.

. :

View/Group Manager Tool ( ).


, View/Group Manager
Moveable. [OK].

- Select a group ( )
, .
Moveable.
2. .
( ).
3. , ,

.


, -
. , ,
.
.
, ,
.
:
1. Utility Window Data, Create

rectangular mask. Define rectangular plot


mask ( ).
2. [Interactive]. Define

rectangle. [OK].

128 5: CAD
3. , Mag.map .

Define a rectanglular plot mask


.

4. Output mask file rectanglemask.ply

inclusive (). ,
, ,
.
5. [New File] [ ],

1. Mapping Masking, Apply mask to

a view ( ). Reset
view clip region.
2. Clip polygon file (.ply), [Browse]

rectanglemask.ply, Map view data.


3. Clip all groups no. ,

4. [OK].

5: CAD 129
:
1. ,

Select a group (

).

2. Map View/Group Manager (

).

3. AGG_mag,

.
4. Masked to viewed region. [OK].
5. ,

, .

6. ,

,
Status|Masked.

,
,
, , .
,
.

,
. ,
Snap to point ( ) Snap to line (

130 5: CAD

), .
.

1. mag.map.
2. Select a group (

).

.
3. Groups,

, (interp).
4.

Edit group.
Map Edit.
5. (

).

6. .

, , ,
,
.
Done ().

7. ,

( ).

5: CAD 131

8. ,

. ,
.
9. .

:
- .
: ,
Cancel ,
( ,
).
10. Snap to point ( ).
.

11. ,

132 5: CAD
12. ,

.
13. ,

. ,
(. ).

14. .

Snap to line ( ). .
, ,
. Snap to line :

, :
,
, :

15. ,

, .
16. Done,

.
17. ,


,
(, ).

5: CAD 133
:
1. , ,

.
, , .
2. .

Attributes. Polyline Attributes.

3. Thickness (

0.1).
4. , Draw Colour.

, .

134 5: CAD
5. , Styled Line.

Styled Line, Line Attributes.

6. Pattern Family

: Standard Patterns ( ), Fancy lines (


), Geology (), Arrows (), Slashes ( ),
Shapes (). Pattern . Pitch
( ).
[OK].
7. Smooth line,

.
8. [OK],

[Cancel] ,
.

/ ,
. -
,
,
.

5: CAD 135

1. Mapping Create Polygons from lines.


2. Create a Polygon area group from a line

group.

3. Line group to process ,

.
4. colours or patterns

: colours (), patterns () both ( ).


both.
5. Number of units .

10.
.
6. Legend Yes, .

[OK].
7. Legend .

8. [OK], ,

136 5: CAD

1.

() .
.
Polygon Attributes.

5: CAD 137

2. Colour.

, .
(.. ),
Filled. ,
Draw Edge Colour.
3. , Fill pattern.

Pattern Pattern
Attributes.

138 5: CAD

4. Pattern Family

: Objects (), Hatches () Solid Fill (


). , .
5. Tile Size , Tile Density -

,
. Line Thickness (% of Tile Size)
( % ),
. [Refresh]
example, .
6. , , [OK]

[Cancel] , .
7. [OK] Polygon Attribute,

, [Cancel],
.

5: CAD 139


()
(), Map
Edit,
.
, .

(Get Colour Tool)


,
Map Edit.
.

(Polygon
Fill tool) ,
Map Edit.
.

1. Get Colour (

) Map Edit.
).

2. ( ) , -

,
.
3. (

). ,
.
( ).


Oasis montaj 6.0
. ,
,

.

140 5: CAD

Oasis montaj Mapping and Processing


System
.
Edit Vertices (
)
Map Edit,

.

: /
.

(Polygon
Edit Tools)


.
,

.

.
,

.
N-
.
, n
.

.
,


.

5: CAD 141


/
. ,

( )
.

/
. ,

( )
.
/

(+) (-) .
: (+) (-) -

.
.
:
1. Select a Group (

) ,
, .

2. ,

Edit this group (


). (
- ,
).
3. , ,

Edit Vertices
( ). .

1. ,

Edit Vertices.
2.

, .
+ (,
(

)).

142 5: CAD
3. +,

1. ,

Edit Vertices.
2. , .

- (,
(

).

3. -, ,

5: CAD 143

Oasis montaj Windows



Windows
Oasis montaj.

Oasis montaj .
Windows :

( EMF)
Windows Oasis montaj.
Oasis montaj
EMF . ,
, .

.
- ,
.

Windows?
Windows
:
1. ( ) .
2. , ,

.
,
.
- , ,
. ,
Microsoft Word,
ASCII, EMF Word,
.
, ASCII.
PowerPoint, ,
Oasis Montaj EMF.
Oasis Montaj ,
:

,
. ,
.

144 5: CAD

,
. - ,
, .
EMF /,
.
/,
.
,
(Georeferenced information)
, data,
(geo-referencing information).
, ,
( )
.
.

paste georeferenced,

data. data ,
data,
.
( ),
:

1. - ( ),

,
).
, Shadow Cursors (

, Select/change the current vie


. , .

, Select a group

, ,
, Select a group
. ,
( ,
Edit this group).
,
.
2. .
Cut , Copy , Copy map to clipboard
( ), (CTRL+C).

5: CAD 145
3. , .
4. paste

georeferenced. ,
, .
-

, ,

. .
.
Oasis Montaj ,
:
-

1. ,

-.
2. , .


. Map Duplicate map.
Duplicate copy of current map. New
map name , Contents ()
blank . .
3. , , ,

Select/change the current view ( ),


, .
Copy ( CTRL+C).
4. -,

Paste. ,
, Same scale at offset
- ,
. , , .
5. 3. 4. ,

-.
-,
, .
.
Map/Snap resolution, ,
.
- ,
. , 3 Copy

146 5: CAD

Copy map to clipboard. 4 Same


scale at offset. ,

, .


,
,
Enhanced Metafile Format (EMF) Bitmap. ,
Word.
,
EMF ( ).
, .

1.

( Word, ( )
PowerPoint).
2. Oasis montaj ,

.
3. paste.

, ,
.


,
,
EMF Bitmap Oasis
Montaj, . ,
PowerPoint , ,
Word.

P OWER P OINT :

1. Oasis montaj

, .
2. Select/change the current view (

) ,

PowerPoint.
3.

Copy ( Ctrl-Insert).

5: CAD 147
4. PowerPoint , .
5. PowerPoint Edit ()

Paste Special ( ). ,
,
. Picture (Enhanced Metafile) (
( )).
:
Microsoft. ,
Enhanced Metafile Bitmap
.


6:
.
4.
.
, ,
, , (
) , ,
.
:
1. File Close Project.

Save Changes.
2. [All], ,

. ( ,
.)

6: 149

6:

3,

. .


4.
GeoDemo.
:
1. File Project, Open.

Open Project.
2. GeoDemo.gpf [Open].

, .


(Colour Shaded Images)
,
-
. ,
.
.
,
_s
. , mag.grd mag_s.grd.
,
( ), Image Colour Tool,
, Mapping|Display grid|Colour-shaded grid
image.

1. Grid Display grid, Colour-shaded

grid. Colour-shaded grid image.

150 6:

2. Grid name [Browse]

(tfmag.grd). Shading effect Normal


(RGB). Colour table, Colour method, Illumination inclination
Illumination declination .
: Illumination inclination Illumination declination -
.
3. [New Map]. Map
Exists, , .

4. ,

tfmag.map. [No], ,
. New map name.

5. tfmag_shaded.map. [OK].

tfmag.grd

tfmag_shaded.map.

6: 151



Oasis montaj (Image Colour
tool),
,
.
.

Linear ()
.
Normal ()

.
Equal Area (Histogram)
,
.
(I MAGE C OLOUR T OOL ):

1. , tfmag_shaded.map.
2. Select a group (

).

3.

, , .

152 6:

, , ,
.

4.

Image Colour Tool. Image Colour Tool.



(colour.tbl), .

6: 153
/ :
1.

,
.
.
2.

,
.
. , tfmag_shaded.map
.
: [Reset] (
.

),

:
1. , Image Colour Tool .
2. tfmag_s.grd.

, Image Colour Tool.

3. tfmag_s.grd

.
4. [Dynamic shadowing] (

Shadow Tool.

).

154 6:

5. Shadow Tool ,

.
6. [DynaShade]. (

).

7. -,

. ,
.
: ,
.
8. ,
[Stop], [OK].
9. Image Colour Tool.
10. [OK], .

/

Oasis montaj /
.
/ :
1. Grid Utilities/Copy/convert.

Copy/convert grids.
2. Input Grid File [Browse]

, Output Grid File .


3. [OK].

.
: /
[Help]
Copy/convert grids.

6: 155



, .
, ,
.
, :


-
.
1. , tfmag_shaded.map

tfmag.gdb ( ,
, ).
2. Window Tile Vertically.

.
3.

Shadow Cursors ( ),
Map Editing. ,
, ,
.
4. -

, , ( )
.
,
.

156 6:

:

. (,
)
.

7: 157

7:

,
.
,
MAPPLOT GX.
,
Map04.con .
:
1. Mapping Base map,

Mapplot control file, From control file.


2. MAPPLOT control file and load on

current map.

3. [Browse] Control file name

(Map04.con). Draw to
a new map, . Match strings
.
[Help].
4. [OK], New map.

158 7:

5. New map name (Map_04)

[OK]. ,
Mapplot (map04.con).

6. Map04.con . ,

Edit Edit ASCII file. [Browse],


. , 4-
(, SURR), MAPPLOT GX.
:
survey.leg mag.leg. :
Geosoft - map04mag.grd; TIF - omontaj.tif
(Oasis montaj logo); JPG - indexmap.jpg.
MDFF map04.mdf
DATT s1=kt100
DATT s2=kt200
DATT s3=kt500

7: 159

DATT t1=kt100
DATT t2=kt200
DATT t3=kt300
MGRP Surround,0,0
SURR s3,0.15,s1
DATT s1
MGRP Coordinates,0,1
ANOY ,,,,,2000,0.15,,-1,-1,,,-0.15,,1
ANOX ,,,,,2000,0.15,,-1,,,,-0.15,,1
DATT refgrid=kt150
GRID 2
PROJ
DATT
GRID
ALAT
ALON

map.PRJ
llgrid=kt050
-3,0.05,0.0230
,,0.5,,,-1
,,0.5

DATT
RECT
MGRP
SCAL
SCAL

s1
12
Scale_Bar,0,0
1,6,2,,ft,,,,1
1,6,3,,mt

MGRP North_Arrow,0,0
NARR 9,-6,-4,0.0,4,s2,80.3,23.4
MGRP Index_Map,0,0
RECT 3,-10,7,-2.65,15
TEXT 3,-9.8,7.2,-1,"Index Map - Topography"
s1,,,,,TI
RECT 3,-8,10,-6,13
s3
TEXT 3,-8.2,9.7,-1,"Survey Area"
s1,,,,,TI
MGRP Color_Bar,0,0
CBAR 6,-14,-8,1.2,0.6,s1
mag.agg,,,,-1
"Magnetics"
"[nT]"
DATT s1
MGRP Legends,0,0
TXTB 3,-6,20,0,,mag.leg
s1

160 7:
TXTB 3,-10,30,-1,,survey.leg
s1
MGRP Titles,0,0
TITL 3,0,0,12
a,"Goldhunter",0,t2,.4
b,"Total Field Magnetics",0,t3,.3
b,"Northern Province",0,t2,.3
b,"Canada",0,t2,.3
c,"Data collected by ",0,t1,.25
c,"Helicopter Magnetics System",0,t1,.25
c,"flown by",0,t1,.25
c,"Surveys 'R Us",0,t1,.25
d,"Gold Mapping Corp.",0,t2,.3,,,15
MGRP Mag,0,1
AGGR 0
AGG_mag
mag.grd,colour.tbl,3
MGRP Logo,0,0
AGGR 2,-5,1,18,6,1
AGG_logo
omontaj.tif(IMG;t=tif)
MGRP IndexMap,0,0
AGGR 3,-10,7,36,15,1
AGG_indexmap
indexmap.jpg(IMG;t=jpg)
7. map04.con (,

Notepad).
8. map04.con.

/, .
,
. /
:
/MGRP IndexMap,0,0
/AGGR 3,-10,7,36,15,1
/

AGG_indexmap

indexmap.jpg(IMG;t=jpg)

9. map04.con map04_no-index-map.con.
10. MAPPLOT, ,

, map04_no-indexmap.con, - map04_no-index-map.map. JPG


indexmap ( )
.

7: 161
11. - .

[Help] MAPPLOT control file and load on current map.


MAPPLOT
GX.

8: 163

8:

- ,
. Oasis montaj ASCII ,
,
. ,

,
Run Script, GX.
, .
(*.GS),
GX, - ,
( GX). (*.GS)
,
GX .
, GX:
MAPPLOT, ,
.
:
1. GX Record a script.

Create Record File ( ).

2. File name (Script_map)

[Save].

164 8:
3. Mapping Base Map,

MAPPLOT control file, From control file.


Mapplot.
4. [Browse] Control file name

map04.con. Draw to a new map.


[OK].
5. New map. New map name

(script_map) [OK].

6. Mapping Line path.

Line path plot. ,


. [OK].

7. Mapping Profile.

Profile plot.

8: 165

8. profile channel magedited,

profile scale (units/mm) 50, profile base - 5000.


line colour . [OK].
9. GX Stop recording.

.
script_map.gs.
10. Edit Edit ASCII File ( ASCII

). Edit a file using notepad.exe.

11. [Browse] Script_map.gs,

. [OK],
,
.

166 8:

GS. GX, ,
GX: MAPPNEW, PATH PROFILE.
, , , .
/-------------------------------------------------------/ LOG OPENED : Wed Mar 17 00:55:00 2004
/-------------------------------------------------------CURRENT
Database,"D:\Tutorial\tfmag.gdb"
CURRENT
Map,"d:\tutorial\Map_04.map"
SETINI
MAPPLOT.CON=".\\map04.con"
SETINI
MAPPLOT.NEW="1"
SETINI
MAPPLOT.MS1=""
SETINI
MAPPLOT.MS2=""
SETINI
MAPPLOT.MS3=""
SETINI
MAPPLOT.MS4=""
SETINI
MAPPLOT.MS5=""
SETINI
MAPPLOT.MS6=""
SETINI
MAPPLOT.MS7=""
SETINI
MAPPLOT.MS8=""
SETINI
MAPPLOT.MS9=""
SETINI
MAPPLOT.MS10=""
SETINI
MAPPLOT.MAP=".\\Script_map.map"
GX
mapplot.gx
CURRENT
Database,"D:\Tutorial\tfmag.gdb"
CURRENT
Map,"d:\tutorial\Script_map.map"
SETINI
PATH.LINE_COLOR="K"
SETINI
PATH.LINE_THICKNESS="0.15"
SETINI
PATH.TICKFLAG="0"
SETINI
PATH.LABEL_FORMAT="TL"
SETINI
PATH.LABEL_DIR="0"
SETINI
PATH.LABEL_COMPASS="0"
SETINI
PATH.LABEL_LOCATION="1"
SETINI
PATH.LABEL_SIZE="2.5"
SETINI
PATH.LABEL_COLOR="K"
SETINI
PATH.LABEL_WEIGHT="0"
SETINI
PATH.H_OFFSET="2"
SETINI
PATH.V_OFFSET="0"
SETINI
PATH.GAP="0"
GX
path.gx
CURRENT
Database,"D:\Tutorial\tfmag.gdb"
CURRENT
Map,"d:\tutorial\Script_map.map"
SETINI
PROFILE.CHANNEL="magedited"
SETINI
PROFILE.SCALE="50"
SETINI
PROFILE.BASE="5000"
SETINI
PROFILE.LOG="0"
SETINI
PROFILE.LOGBASE="1.0"
SETINI
PROFILE.SMOOTH="0"
SETINI
PROFILE.COLOR="CM"
SETINI
PROFILE.THICKNESS="0.15"
SETINI
PROFILE.STYLE="0"

8: 167
SETINI
PROFILE.PITCH="5"
SETINI
PROFILE.PFILCOL="N"
SETINI
PROFILE.NFILCOL="N"
SETINI
PROFILE.GAP=""
SETINI
PROFILE.JOIN="1"
SETINI
PROFILE.PLOTORDER="1"
GX
profile.gx
/------------------------------------------------------/ LOG CLOSED : Wed Mar 17 00:56:43 2004
/------------------------------------------------------12. script_map.map, 2,

. ,
magedited .
13. script_map.map. ,

.
14. GX Run Script.

Run a script with parameters.

15. [Browse] (Script_map.gs).

[OK]. GS ,
GX, .
16.

- . ,
PROFILE.COLOUR B () R ().

9: 169

9:


, ,
, .
,
,
.
,
.


GeoDemo.gpf, ,
,
, .
:
1. Data New database.

Create New Database.


2. New database name (geochem.gdb).

[OK].
3. , ,

4. Data Import, Geosoft XYZ.


5. Import XYZ data.

6. [Browse] Tutorial

geochem.xyz. , Import Template


[Template].

170 9:
7. Import,

8. Z1 Output Name Z1

As. Z* ,
.

9: 171

9. [OK], Import XYZ

data. default.i0
. [OK], .

10.

Import XYZ. ,
.

172 9:


,
.
As
LogAs.

1. (

),
New.
Create Channel.

9: 173

2. Name Log_As [OK].

,
.
3. Log_As,

.
4. [=].

. Log10 (As)
[Enter].
5. , .

174 9:

6. Data Save database changes,

.
7. Save all changes.

[Yes] [].

Oasis montaj
.
,
, , .
:

9: 175


. Oasis montaj
,
.
: (*.ZON), (*.AGG), (*.TBL)
(*.ITR).
. ,
.
:
1. geochem.gdb.
2. Mapping New map, New map from

X,Y.
3. Data range to map.

[Scan data].
X,Y.
4. [Next]. Create a

New Map. Map name geochem.map


[Scale]. ,
.
(75000).
5. [Finish], .
: , ,

Oasis montaj
.
1. geochem.map.

176 9:
2. Mapping Symbols, Location Plot.
3. Symbol plot.

, . [OK].

4. .


.
1. Mapping Posting.

Post data values on a map.

9: 177

2. , .

[OK].
As.
:
, , Au, As, Cu Pb.

1. Mapping Symbols, Proportional

size.
2. Proportional size symbols.

178 9:

3. Data channel (As),

, , .
Scale Factor ,
( )
1 . , - 1000, 20000,
20 .
4. [OK], .
: Zero base level (data units) -

,
.
, ,
.

9: 179

: geochem2.map
75000, .
1. Mapping Symbols, Zone Coloured.
Coloured symbols.

180 9:

2. Data channel As ,

. [OK].
Colour Symbol Tool.

3. Distribution

( Log) , , [OK].
, .

9: 181

, (Colour Range Symbols)


.
, , .
1. (geochem3.map) 75000.
2. Mapping Symbols, Colour Range

Symbol.
3. Classified symbol plot.

182 9:
4. Classification channel Au ,

. [Ranges] [].
5. Specify Ranges.

6. , ,

. [Symbols] [].
7. Specify Symbols.

8. .

.
9. [OK], Specify

Ranges, [Sizes] [].


Specify Sizes.

9: 183
10. .
11. [OK], Specify Ranges,

[Colours] [].
Specify Fill Colours.

.
12. 5 [OK],

Specify Ranges.
13. [OK], Classified

symbol plot.
14. [Plot].

5 .
.
100 ppm.

184 9:

. ,
, Cu.

,
, .
1. Mapping Symbols, Colour Range

Symbol Legend. Classified Symbol


Legend.

2. [Locate] [].

Locate Legend. [OK],


. ,
.
3. Classified Symbol Legend

X Y , .

4. Title for Legend ( ) Au (ppm)

[Plot]. .

9: 185

1: ,
, ,
.
, .
2: ,
, (*.ITR). (*.ITR)
, .
, - .itr, ,
Au.itr



(RANGRID GX)
.

.
(M INIMUM C URVATURE ):
1. geochem.gdb.
2. Grid Gridding, Minimum curvature

Dialog controls.
3. Minimum Curvature Gridding.

186 9:

4. Channel to grid (As), Name of new grid file

(As.grd), Grid cell size


(50).
:
( Advanced) [Help].
5. [OK].
(As.grd).

9: 187
: . ,

As.grd
.
.
, .

:
1. (Bi-directional)

,
.
.
2. (Random)

,
.
.

188 9:
3. (Kriging)

,

.
.
4. (Tinning)


,

. .
, Random Kriging
.

,
(,
).
,
, (
) .
,
. ,
Oasis montaj
.



.
.
:
,
. ,
, .
,
,
. 5 :

C (Power)
(Sphere)
(Gaussian)
(Exponential)

9: 189

(User-defined)


.
.
,
.
.
Geosoft , .
, ,
.
Mining
Geostatistics, A.G. Journel and C.J. Huijbregts, 1978.


krigsample.csv. ,
.
:
1. Kriging.gdb.
2. Data Import, Geosoft XYZ.

Import XYZ data.

3. XYZ data file [Browse]

krigsample.xyz. Import template Import mode


, .
4. [OK].

190 9:


( , Geosoft ).
( )
.

.
,
.
:

(*.var) ,


.

, ,
, log option, log minimum . ,
,
:
(Power)

(Spherical),
(Gaussian)

(Exponential)

/ (Range/Slope),
(Nugget) (Sill).

9: 191

(User-defined)

,

(User-defined ) .


(),
.
1. Grid Gridding|Kriging,

Dialog controls. Kriging.

2. ,

[Advanced>]. Kriging Advanced


options.

192 9:

3. Name of output variogram file

Cu.VAR.
.
4. [Variogram Only] [ ].

9: 193


. ,
.
, - ,
.
( ),
. h
(range) .
(sample pairs). ,
.
,
. ,
10 000 ,
.


. ,
,
,
.
, ,
, , .
, :

194 9:

Nugget ( ) ( ):
,
h=0. 0,
.
Sill (): ,
(
).
Range/Slope (/): ,
.
.
:

1.

, .
2. Grid Gridding, Kriging

Dialog controls.
3. Kriging.

[Advanced>] :

Variogram model spherical

Name of the output variogram file Cu_spherical.VAR


Range/Slope (4000)


Nugget (0.06)


Sill (0.16)
4. [Variogram Only]. Cu_spherical.VAR
.

9: 195

5. , ,

1. Grid Gridding, Kriging,

Dialog controls. Kriging.

2. Channel to grid Cu, Name of new grid file -

Cu.grd. [Advanced>]
Kriging Advanced Options.

196 9:

3. Kriging.

[Back],
Kriging.
4. [OK],

.
Krigrid

krigrid. :
1.
2.
3. (

Grid/Gridding/Kriging/Plot Variogram)
4.
5. (Base map)

Krigrid :

9: 197

10: 199

10:

,
.
:


(,
).

CMY (--)
RGB (--) (
-).

, , ,
,
JPG . ,
,
Grid|Display Grid. :

AS:

1. geochem.gdb tfmag.map. (:

tfmag.map
(path), (profile) ., . ,
tfmag.map , .)
2. View/Group Manager (

data, (Coordinates).

200 10:

.
3. Grid Display grid, 2-grid composite.
4. Display 2 grid composite on map.

, (
As.grd, ,
).

5. [Current Map].

,
As. , :

10: 201

1. ,

(*.grd) Au, Cu Pb
geochem.gdb. ,
, , ,
(minimum curvature).
2. geochem.gdb tfmag.map.

View/Group Manager ( ) ,
(Coordinate).
3. Grid Display grid, Ternary image.
4. Ternary colour image.

, .

202 10:

5. [Current Map].

Pb-Au-Cu, Pb
- , Au - -, Cu - .

6. Grid Display grid, Ternary legend.


7. Ternary Colour Legend.

, [OK].

10: 203

8. Locate Legend :

,
. [OK] , ,
, ..

9. .

204 11:

11:
Oasis montaj " ",
.
,
. ,
,
.

?
(
) () ().
(, ),
(, ).
:
268.

, ,
.
:

Ellipsoid (): (
),
.
Spheroid (): (
),
.
Datum (): ,
. , ,
. ,
.
Local Datum Transform ( ): ,
.
, , WGS84.
Projection Method ( ): ,

(, Transverse Mercator,
Lambert Conformal.

11: 205

Geosoft
,
(X,Y)
, .
, Oasis montaj
, (X,Y)
(unknown projection).
, :

.

.
,
.
,
.
: ,
.
:
268.
Oasis montaj
,
,
. ,
Oasis montaj ,
.

, data .
, ,
"X" "Y" .

206 11:

, ,
. ,
,
-
.

Oasis montaj
Oasis montaj - .
, .
,
: ,
.
:
268.
(x, y) - Projected (x,y)
, UTM,
.

(, ) - Geographic (long,lat)
. .
(, UTM, USA State Plane).

, (, ,
).

( ) (, WGS 84 / UTM zone 44N)


.
: ( ) ,
,
.
. ,
,
.

X, Y
, Oasis montaj,
.
X Y.
,
X Y . ,
, X Y.
Oasis montaj "" (current) X, Y Z.
,
X, Y Z (, East, North Relative Level).

11: 207

, ,
"" X, Y Z.

"x", "y" ( "z") ( ).
, .
, "x" "y",
"Z", "z". "z"
Wholeplot, DH_EAST = "x", DH_NORTH = "y" DH_RL = "z".
: , , ,
, ,
.

Y:

1. , X Y

East North ( ).
2. X Y,

Coordinates/Change Coordinates.
Change X, Y coordinates.

3. X Y ( East

North) [OK].
4. X Y ( East

North), x y
.

Oasis montaj (Projection Wizard),


.

208 11:

, . ,
, , ,
- ,
.

, ,
. , Oasis
montaj
.
.
.
X Y.
:
a.

Projected (x,y) - (x,y)

b.

Geographic (long,lat) - (, )

c.

No Projection -

d.

Copy from channel -

e.

Copy from a grid -

f.

Geosoft PRJ file (projection file) - Geosoft PRJ ( )

g.

Geosoft warp file ( Geosoft)

(x,y)
(Projected (x,y)),

, UTM, .
(X, Y)

1. geochem.gdb,

(X, Y).
2. Coordinates Set Projection.

Georeference database channels.

11: 209

3. X Y,

, Set as current X,Y? (


X,Y?) Yes, [Projection].
,
. ,
Unknown coordinate system (
).

: , Oasis montaj,

,
,
.
, .
, .
4. , [Modify].
Define a Coordinate System.

5. Coordinate system .

, X Y,
(x, y) - Projected (x,y),
,
- Geographic (long,lat).

210 11:


211.
6. [Next>].

Define a Projected coordinate System.

7. Datum Projection Method

, .
: ,
, ,
( ) ,
[New method].
8. [Next>].
Choose local datum transform.

9. Local datum transform

. ,
,
.
10. [Next>].

Units of length.

11. Length unit .

,
, .

11: 211
12. [Next>].
13. Projected Coordinates System (x,y),

14. , [OK],

. [Modify],
.

,
(Geographic (long, lat)),
.
: ,

- .
,
,
X, Y
.

1. ,

( ). ,
projtest.xyz east north longitude
latitude.
2. Coordinates Set Projection.

Georeference database channels.

212 11:

3. X Y,

( , X,
Y longitude () latitude ()).
[Projection]. ,
.
, Unknown coordinate system.

: , Oasis montaj,

,
,
.
, .
, .
4. [Modify].
Define a Coordinate System.

5. Coordinate system .

,
, - Geographic
(long,lat), X Y,
- Projected (x,y).
(x, y)
(X, Y) 208.

11: 213
6. [Next>].

Geographic coordinate system.

7. Datum

[Next>]. Choose local datum


transform.

8. Local datum transform

. ,
, .
9. [Next>].

Units of length.
10. Length unit

. ,
, .
11. [Next>].

Geographic coordinates (long/lat),


.

214 11:
12. , [OK],

. , [Modify],
.



,
,
.
:

,
.

1. Grid Grid Info.

Grid Statistics.

2. [Browse],

. [Report]
Basic grid report.
.

11: 215

3. [Modify], Modify grid

information. ,
.
, ,
,
.

4. [CoordSys], ( )

216 11:
5. .

,
Unknown coordinate system (x,y).

6. , Oasis montaj,

,
, .
,
. , .
7. . [Modify].
Define a Coordinate System. ,
,
.

8. Coordinate system

. ,
, - Geographic (long,
lat).
9. [Next>],

Define a Projected coordinate System.

10. Datum ,

[Next>]. Choose local datum


transform.

11: 217

11. Local datum transform

.
, .
[Next>].
12. Geographic coordinates (long/lat).

, [OK].

13. Modify grid information.

[OK], Basic grid


report. [Exit], .

Oasis montaj ,
.
data. base.
: X, Y
. ,


.
: ,

, X Y,

218 11:

,
.
X, Y
New map from x,y
.
,
.

X,Y:

1. ,

. Mapping
New Map|New map from x,y.
Data Range to Map.

2. ( ),

, ,
. ,
( Scan data)
( Scan grid).

:
a. [Scan Data].
b. .
c. Data Range to Map,
, ,
.

:
a. [Scan Grid].

11: 219

b. ,
.
c. [OK].
d. Data Range to Map,
, ,
.
3. [Projection], .

,
, .
,
.

: , Oasis montaj,

,
,
.
, .
, .
4. , [Modify].

, 4
(x,y) 208.
5. ,

Projected Coordinate System (x,y).

220 11:

6. , [OK],

. Data range to map.

7. [Next>].

Create a New Map.

11: 221
8. Map name .

.
, [Scale].
9. ,

, .
.
10. [Finish].

() .


(x,y).

/ ,
New map from x,y.
.
, (x,y)
,
x,y.

:

1. ,

. Mapping
New Map|New map from lat,long.
Data Range to Map.

2. ( ),

, ()
. ,
[Projection], [Modify].

222 11:


:
a. [Scan Data]
b. .
c. Data Range to Map
, ,
.

:
a. [Scan Grid].
b. ,
.
c. [OK].
d. Data Range to Map
, ,
.
: /
data ,
- , ,
, ,
.
,
.

, ,
, ,
. ,
:



MapInfo
, DXF

:
1. : ,
, .

11: 223

. , ,
.
2. , ,
. ,
, UTM,
/,
,
.
, UTM .


,
.

, .

, .

X Y ,
.

,
.

:
1. Coordinates Define a Warp.

Warp file creation.

2. Output Warp file name (.wrp)

Warp type Definition Mode


.
, .
(, 4 )
.
: ,
,
(, ),

224 11:

( UTM), .
, ,
: interactive
() manual ()). ,
, ,
,
( ).
3. [OK]. Map
projection, ,
.

4. ,

[No] .
Define Warp control points.

5.

,
.
[OK].
6. (

),
. ,
Assign new coordinate 1 of 4.

11: 225

7. New X Y X Y

[Next>], .
, .
: , ,
. ,

.
8. , Coordinates|Apply
warp Warp a grid.
Warp a grid.

9. Grid file , Warp definition file

, New warped grid file


. [Next>].
New warped grid.

226 11:

10. , [Finish],

.

(, tiff, bmp),
, .
"" , ,
, -.
, ,
.
,
Geosoft (*.grd) ,
.

, ,

.

Geoid height GPS
. Geoid height (GEOID GX)
GRS 80 .
GX ,
GRS 80,
Oasis montaj/etc.
GEOID GX.

11: 227



"" ,
"" ,
. , ""
, ,
.
,
,.
1.) ?
1.) "". ,
,
.
,
.
.
, NAD27
Clarke 1866 .
, -
.
, .
,
,
. , "Luzon 1911", "Mound Dillon" "NAD27"
"Clarke 1866",
, .
,
X, Y
.
: ,
, Geosoft " "? GPS
,
.
WGS 84, ""
,
.
WGS 84, ,
NAD27, ,
NAD27 .

228 11:

, NAD27 , WGS
, ,
NAD27 WGS27.

NAD27 WGS84,
GPS. NTv2
NAD27,
NADCON.
. NTv2 NADCON ,
, (
Geosoft).

WGS 84 (
),
. ,
WGS84,
Bursa Wolf (
datumtrf.csv). ,
, , ,
. , ,
NAD27, ,
NAD27, . ,
, "MEAN Canada"
"Canada (Yukon)". , NTv2.
2.) (
), , NAD27.
, .
2.) , NAD27 , ,
Clarke 1866. ,
.
,
, "[NAD27] Canada Alberta;
British Columbia". "[NAD27] Canada NTv2 (20 min)",
,
.

( "*"). "*" ,
, , -
. ,
, "Clarke
1850, UTM 42S". ,
, ( )

11: 229

, ,
.
3.) ldatum.csv [NAD 27] Canada
(Ont.&Man.), [NAD27] Canada
(BC/AB). ?
3.) , .
, Excel /
(Data/Sort)
( ), -. ldatum.csv
,
.

datumtrf.csv. ,
. , ,
,
.
, ,
SETIPJ GX.
, http://users.netonecom.net/~rburtch/geodesy/datums.html

12: 231

12:

.
,
.
:


, .
:
1. geochem.gdb.
2. Data Maintenance (),

Details.
3. About Database.

232 12:

4. ,

(Elements: Groups or Lines, Channels, Blobs,


Block Size, Compression File Size). ,
- (Statistics),
, .
( Unused)
(, 20%),
(. ).
, ,
.
5. [OK], .


,

.
-
.
:
1. , .
2. Data Maintenance, Defragment.

, ,

12: 233

, (*.GDB)
.

,
:
(/
/) , ,
Grow. ,
Verify. (,
),
Repair
.
, , .


.
,
, ,
readme.
RTF ,
Windows Wordpad
.

1. Data Database comments.

_dbcmnt.RTF,
. , , , ..
, .
. [Yes].
2. Data Database comments.

, 1.

234 13:

13:
Oasis montaj

.
Geosoft XYZ .
Oasis montaj Windows
. ,
,
.
Geosoft ,
,

.
,
. ,
,
PostScript.


Geosoft ,
.
:
Enhanced Metafile
ArcView Shapefile
CGM Plot
Bitmap
PCX
PNG
Encapsulated Post Script
TIFF Compressed
Geosoft COLOUR Grid
ER Mapper RGB
ER Mapper ECW Compressor

MapInfo TAB
Geosoft Plot file
DXF AutoCAD
DXF AutoCAD v12
JPEG
JPEG High Quality
TIFF
GeoTIFF
MapInfo TIFF
ArcView TIFF

, ,
, Exporting and Archiving .

1. .

13: 235
2. Map Export.

Export Map.

3. Region to Export (Viewed Region

( ), Full Map ( ) Selection ()).


4. Output Format , Image

Resolution , Export To
(File ( ) Clipboard ( ).
5. Options Cluster Dither, Error Diffusion No Dither.
6. [OK].

File, the Exported file name.


[Save].
7. .

:

1. Data Export, Geosoft XYZ.

Export XYZ data

236 13:

2. XYZ data file Geoexport [Template].

Export XYZ Template.

3. .

- , Channel
[Remove]. ,
[OK]. Export XYZ data.
[OK], .
: Include Comment Header (
) ,
, .
Include Dummies
.

13: 237


Windows.
,
. ,
,
, Geosoft bands,
Geosoft bands and dither, HP-RTL.
, .


.
, , .
, ,
.

1. , GeoDemo.gpf.
2. File Printer and Page Setup (

). Page Setup
( ).

238 13:

3. :

(Size), (Sourc), (Portrait)


(Landscape) (Margins).
4. [Printer], .

5. .

[OK] , .

13: 239


Change Printer Configuration Add Printer Configuration
,
.
:
1. Print [Add Config].

Add Printer Configuration.

2. Windows, ,

Print Mode ( )
Windows.
3. Windows -

, ,
Print Mode Geosoft bands Geosoft
bands and dither.
4. Geosoft HP-RTL device,

.
5. (Colour Scaling),

CYMK.
6. , Image

print resolution 3D print resolution


dpi.

240 13:
7. [OK].

.
:
Printer Setup [Change Config].


, .

1. File Print preview (

). Print preview.

2. Select Region to Plot

, Plot Scale - Panel overlap (mm) . [Preview]. ,


, .
3. [Print], , [Close],

Print Preview.

13: 241


Print ,
, .
:
1. , .
2. File Print.

Print.

3. Select Region to Plot ,

( (Viewed Area) (Entire


Map)).
4. Plot Scale .

, Use Scale Factor


( ) (1 = 100
). ,
, .
5. , All

panels Range. ,
Panel overlap (mm) .
.
6. Copies .

242 13:
7. , Print to File ( )

.
8. Centre on Page, .

,
Fit On Roll.
9. ( )

, ( offset) .
10. [Print], .


Geosoft
.
.

1. File Batch printing ( ).

Print Multiple Maps.

2. Maps to Print , .

,
|.
: ,
[Browse]. Maps to Print,

13: 243

[Ctrl]
, .
3. .
[Help].
4. [OK].

14: 3D Oasis montaj 245

14: 3D Oasis montaj


3D Oasis montaj (3D views)
Geosoft. 3D
,
, .
3D ,
Oasis montaj Viewer.
Geosoft
(Views). Geosoft Base () Data
(), .
(Groups),
. 2D .
Base ,
. Data ,
(projected), (geographic)
X, Y. 2D
, .
3D 2D ,
. , 3D
(GX).
2D , 3D , X, Y Z.
3D .
, 2D ,
3D . 3D
. 3D
, ,
.
3D , ,
() .
3D 3D Viewer.
3D 3D viewer, ,
,
, 3D
(3D Tool). 3D , 3D
3D 3D Viewer. 3D Tool
Project Explorer Tools, ,
3D Viewer. 3D Viewer, 3D
Viewer,
.

246 14: 3D Oasis montaj

3D ,
2D . ,
Geosoft Base () Data
(). : ,
, Base.
: (),
, ,
Data.
, (2D)
, (3D),
(X, Y
Z). 2D ( X, Y),
. 3D
(Planes),
.
, 3D ,
, .
, 2D , 3D
.
X, Y 3D .
Z,
. ,
.
, Z
.
3D ,
, .
, 3D 3D Viewer. ,
3D (: ,
,
),
3D Viewer. 3D 3D Viewer,
3D
,
, ,
.
3D Viewer, 3D ,
3D Viewer.

14: 3D Oasis montaj 247

3D
3D 2D ,
, ,
3D .
3D

1. ,

Select/change the current view (

).

2. ,

Create a 3D view.
Create a new 3D View ( 3D ).
3D
3D (, 3D
).

3. New 3D View name 3D (3D_View).

Name of new plane in 3D View 3D (Geology).


: , 3D

, .
,
, .
2D ,
.
4. View or View/Group to draw on plane

data data,
.
data (Data\AGG_geology).
5. Relief surface grid (optional) [Browse]

,
3D .
(topography.grd).

248 14: 3D Oasis montaj


6. [Next>]. Relief

surface grid.

7. [Default],

,
. Relief base
Vertical scale .

[Help].
8. [Next>].

3D Controls.

9. ,

3D . [OK], 3D
3D Tool 3D Viewer.

14: 3D Oasis montaj 249


10. 3D Viewer

3D Viewer.
11. 3D .

3D ,
.

3D
3D
.
3D

1. Grid Display Grid|3D Surface.

3D Surfaces from a grid.

250 14: 3D Oasis montaj


2. Surface relief grid Colour image grid

, , ,
.
3. New or current map new.

. [Next>]
Surface Grid.

4. ,

[Defaults]. ,
, 3D .
[Next>]. 3D Controls.

5. 3D Control ,

, , 3D Tool,
3D Viewer,
.
6. [Finish], 3D .

, 3D Tool 3D Viewer

14: 3D Oasis montaj 251

. 3D Viewer,
3D Tool,
, 3D .
3D Viewer, ,
3D Viewer.

3D
3D
. , 2D ,
3D .
,
, ,
.

3D :

1. 3D (geology.map).

, Select/change the current view (

).

2. Add a new

drawing plane ( ).
Add a new drawing plane to a 3D view.

252 14: 3D Oasis montaj

3. Name of new plane in 3D view (:

, )
Relief surface grid (optional)
(topography.grd), .
4. ,

[Next>]
Relief surface grid.

5. [Finish], 3D .

,
.
6. 3D View ,

, ,
.
: ,

(Relief base), .

14: 3D Oasis montaj 253

3D
, , ,
3D , 2D .
3D , ,
, ,
,
, .
/
3D
.
,

1. 3D ( Select/change the

current view (

)).

2.

Set default drawing plane.


3. 3D , ,

Set a default drawing plane in a 3D View.


4. Default drawing plane

(magnetics).
5. [OK]. , ,

.
: Mapping, ,
.

1. 3D ( Select/change the

current view (

)).

2. Draw a

View/Group on a plane. Draw a view or


group on a plane in 3D view.
3. View or View/Group

, .
4. Draw on plane ,

.
5. [OK],

254 14: 3D Oasis montaj

3D

3D (). ,

. , ,
, 3D ,
( , ,
..) .
, ,
, . ,
, .
3D , 2D . 3D,
X, Y
.

3D Tool 3D Viewer
3D Tool 3D 3D
Viewer. 3D Tool Project Explorer Tools
, 3D Viewer.
3D Viewer, 3D Tool 3D Viewer,
.
: 3D Oasis montaj Oasis

montaj Mapping and Processing System ( ).


3D Tool 3D Viewer.
3D 3D Viewer.
- 3D
- 3D
- 3D
- 3D tool

14: 3D Oasis montaj 255

View
View :

(Rotate) 3D
360

(Zoom)


(Pan)

(Centre)

(brightness)


(inclination)


(declination)


(distance)
3D :

Rotate,
360
. , ,
,
( ).
1. Rotate. (

).

2. , ,

- -. ,
.
: ,
,
,
.
,
.

3D :

Zoom,

( ).

256 14: 3D Oasis montaj


1. Zoom.

).

2. , ,

, , .
:
, ( ).

, Pan
.
1. Pan. (

).

2. ,

, , .
, .
:

, Centre 3D ,
3D 3D Viewer.
1. Centre. .

Brightness,
.
1. Brightness.
2. , ,

( INCLINATION )

1. Inclination 3D ,

Fix.
2. 3D Viewer

( DECLINATION )

1. Declination 3D ,

Fix.
2. 3D Viewer

14: 3D Oasis montaj 257



. , 5,
,
5 .
1. Distance 3D

.
2. [Enter]. 3D Viewer

.
Planes
Planes :

(Plane)
(Offset) (
Z) Z

(Transparency)

(Relief grid) (
)
(Sample)

(Base)


(Scale)

(Clip min)

(Clip max)

1. Plane , .

Z:

1. Offset .

[Enter]. 3D viewer
.

1. Trans. , .

258 14: 3D Oasis montaj


: screen-door

. ,
- ,
.
, .

,
50%. 3
4 , 25% .

1. Sample

.
.
768 ( ,
16). [Enter].
3D .

1. Base .

[Enter]. 3D
.

1. Scale .

[Enter].
3D .


Z .
.
1. Clip min Z .

[Enter]. 3D
Z.


Z .
.
1. Clip max Z .

[Enter]. 3D
Z.

14: 3D Oasis montaj 259

Axis
Axis :

(box)
3D

(axis)
3D

X (X axis label)

Y (Y axis label)

Z (Z axis label)

3D :

Axis X, Y Z 3D
.
1. Axis,

X, Y Z.
3D :

Box 3D
.
1. Box

3D .
X, Y Z 3D :

X, Y Z, .
1. X, Y Z axis label ,

3D .
2. [Enter].

.
3D Con

260 14: 3D Oasis montaj

3D Con,
3D tool.
3D Con:

3D Con
, ,
3D Oasis Montaj.

, 3D
.

,
, ,
.

3D
,
, .

3D Con
3D Con :


(full
render resolution)


(fast
rendering resolution)


(smooth surface),
.

3D
3D Con 3D
.
, ,
3D Oasis Montaj.

14: 3D Oasis montaj 261

3D
, ,
.
:
,
(200-600 ).
, ,
, .
256 ,
.
:
128
, 2 24 . ,
, ,
. ,
,
.
:
. ,
3D , smooth surface
.

262 15: DAP (Data Access Protocol)

15: DAP
(Data Access Protocol)
Oasis montaj Geosoft DAP,
,
DAP
. DAP:
( ) (web-).
Oasis montaj, MapInfo ArcGIS DAP.

, ,
Oasis montaj
.
, Geosofts DAP Data Explorer, web , DAP.
www.geodap.com/map/ , !
Geosoft DAP
, Viewer
DAP.
1000 ,
DNAG ,
. Oasis
montaj,
.
DAP:

: DAT

.

: DAP ,
.

, : DAP
, Oasis montaj
.

:
DAP DAP /,
,
.

15: DAP (Data Access Protocol) 263


DAP,

O ASIS

MONTAJ :

DAP Geosoft
Oasis Montaj DAP. DAP ,
, .
,
.
,
( ).
1. DAP Get DAP data ( DAP).

Authorize Internet Communication


( ). :
(Internet Trust Configuration) "Trusted",
.
2. [Authorize]. DAP

, DAP
.

264 15: DAP (Data Access Protocol)


3. .

[Get Data] [
]. DAP Data Options.
(Grid Options) [OK],
.
[Help]
DAP.


Authorize Internet Communication (
) , ,
Oasis montaj
Geosoft. Internet Trust Relationship

.
Geosoft
.
Authorize Internet Communication
, Oasis montaj
. ,
DAP.

[Authorize] [],
.
[Deny] [], .
.
[Security] [],
Internet Trust Relationship (.
).

Internet Trust Relationship




.
,
Geosoft:
Trusted
.

15: DAP (Data Access Protocol) 265


,
DAP.
log, ,
.

Verify

. , ,
DAP, ,
.
[Accept] [],
[Deny] [],
.

log, ,
. .

Restricted
. ,
, - .
.

: Internet Trust Settings,


Edit Internet Settings.
Metadata Browser
(Metadata Browser)
, .
.
, .
Geosoft ,
"meta". Metadata Browser (
"schema")
.
, .
, Geosoft
Oasis montaj:

266 15: DAP (Data Access Protocol)

Data: Data ,
. "Data"
.
Grid: ,
.
Display:
, "Grid/Display".
Statistics:
, "Grid/Statistics".
Location: ,
"Data", "Grid/Location".

M ETAD ATA B ROWSER :

, Project Explorer,
Metadata Browser.
1. Grid Grid Info.

Grid Statistics.
2. [Browse],

.
3. [Report] Basic grid report .

15: DAP (Data Access Protocol) 267


4. [Meta], Metadata Browser Tool.

[Help]
Metadata Browser.

268 16:

16:

, , Trend
Enforcement Gridding Tool
, ,
- , , .
:
.
, ,
. ,
.
, ,
. , ,
,
.

.
RANGRID ,
, BIGRID.
.
, . Trend
Enforcement ,
, .
,
.

16: 269

Trend Enforcement Gridding


.
, :

( 270)
Trend enforcement ( 271)
( 271)
Bigrid (
272)
( 274)
Trend Enforcement Tool ( 275)
( 276)
( 277)
( 279)
( 280)
/ ( 281)


, Trend Enforcement
Oasis montaj. :


Trend Enforcement

270 16:

, - Oasis
montaj C:\Program Files\Geosoft\Oasis
montaj\data\trend. ,
.
, , D:\Tutorial.
Geosoft Geosoft.
,
C:\Program Files\Geosoft\Oasis montaj\data\trend
D:\Tutorial.


Oasis montaj . ""
Oasis montaj . ,
,
.
:
1. Oasis montaj.
2. File Project, New.

New Project.

: Oasis montaj ,

, (D:\Tutorial).
3. . ,
Trend D:\Tutorial.

16: 271
4. [Save]. .

,
, Project Explorer.
,
.

Trend Enforcement
Trend enforcement Grid,
Oasis montaj.
T REND E NFORCEMENT :
1. Grid Gridding, Trend enforcement.

Trend Enforcement.
TRENDDB.GX
TRNDPATH.GX
TRNDDIGI.GX

2. (GX)


trend_mag.gdb,
D:\Tutorial.
:
1. Data Open database.

Open database.
2. (trend_mag.gdb) [Open].

272 16:

,
Bigrid

,
, X-Y. Trend Enforcement Tool
Bigrid ()
, Rangrid ( ) Kriging ( )
.
Bigrid.
(B I -D IRECTIONAL )
:

1. Grid Gridding, Bi-

Directional line gridding, Dialog Controls.


Bi-directional gridding of line data.

2. Channel to grid Mag. Output

grid (trend), Grid cell size (25).

16: 273
: ,

.
[Help].
3. , [Advanced>].
Advanced Gridding options.

4. .

[Help].
5. Bi-directional gridding of line data,

[<Back]. [OK],
. (trend.gdb)
.

274 16:


Trend Enforcement,
.

1. Grid Display grid, Colour-shaded

grid. Colour-shaded grid image.

16: 275
2. Grid name trend.grd.

[Current Map],
trend.grd .



, - ,
, .
,
.
:
1. Grid Gridding|Trend Enforcement,

Find trends. Find trend lines in a


database ( ).

276 16:

2. Data channel for trends mag. Window

for Max-Min Search 500, Preferred angle for trends


125. , Allowable deviation in angle 30.0,
Maximum length for joins 1000.
.
[Help].
3. , [OK].

.
: Rangrid ,
Re-sampling interval along
trends. , Trend Enforcement
Tool .

[Help].


,
.
:
1. ,

trend_mag.gdb.
2. ( ).

List.
.

16: 277

R0:0 ( ).
( ).
: - (X, Y Z)
, ,
.


Trend Enforcement Tool .
R0:0 ( ) R1:0
( ).
:
1. Grid Gridding|Trend Enforcement,

Plot trends. Trend Line path plot


( ).

278 16:
2. Colour for minimum trends (R0, R2, etc) Colour for maximum trends

(R1, R3, etc) , Line thickness


0.15. (
, ).
3. [OK]. No defined map

scale ( ).

4. , ,

- , . ,
,
( ).
, .
5. [OK], .

[Help].
6. trend.map.

, (),
().

16: 279


, Trend Enforcement Tool
.
.

(,
random).
:
1. Grid Gridding|Trend Enforcement,

Add trend line. Add new digitized trend


line ( ).

2. [Browse], Grid to digitize trend2_s.grd,

Output channel mag. Re-sample


interval 25. ,
, ).
3. [OK].

Digitize to database.

7. [OK], .
8. ,

( , ).
Done.
9. ,

, R2.
, ,
R2 ( * ).

280 16:

,
, trend.grd.
(B I -D IRECTIONAL )

1. Grid Gridding, Bi-Directional line

gridding, Dialog Controls.


Bi-directional gridding of line data.

2. ,

trend.grd, Output grid file


(Trend_2.grd).
3. [OK],

16: 281

trend.grd ()


trend_2.grd ().

.
, .

() .

/
/
.

, trend_mag.gdb.
1. ( ).
2. Selections,

Selection Tool.

282 16:

3. Line Selection Tool.

4. R0:0 ( ),

[Deselect highlight]. ,
.
5. R1:0 R2:0. [OK],

16: 283
6. , , ,

[Select highlight]. .

284 :

( ),

. ,
, (f),
(e) (l).

l = 1/f
e = sqrt((2/l) - 1/(l*l))
e = sqrt(2f - f*f )
, ,

.
(Clarke 1866, Hayford 1910, ..),
.

,
. ,
,
.

, GPS,

. GPS
, , WGS 1984
(World Geodetic System 1984),
. ,
, ,
,
, .
, .
WGS 1984.
WGS 1984.
MAPPROJ.DTM.

: 285

, (
) , .
, , , -
(Hayford 1910).
,
. , Hayford 1910 , .
, (X,Y,Z) (0,0,0)
(. MAPPROJ.DTM).

Oasis montaj
, , ,
, . ,
, ,
Hayford 1910, , Brazil
Corrego Alegre, 1924
(206,-172,6). ,
HAYF1910 (Hayford 1910), - INT1924
(International 1924), NOT 55INT924 (Brazil Corrego Allegre),
, ,
,
, .
, GPS,
WGS 1984, .
, WGS 1984
(0,0,0). ,
WGS1984, - 55INT924.



. ,

WGS 84 NAD27 (North
American Datum 1927). ,
, .
,
.
, . -
,
, .

286 :

(Verhoogan, John, Francis J. Turner,


Lionel E. Weiss, Clyde Wahrhaftig, William S. Fyfe (1970), The Earth, Holt,
Rinehart and Winston, Inc., New York):

topographic surface

geoid

ellipsoid


.
( ),
, ,
. ,
. (
), ( ,
) , ,
,
. ,
.

,
.
, GPS
, ,
( ).
,
- WGS 84. ,

( ). ,
,
,
. ,
,
.

(,
).
(.

: 287

http://www.petroconsultants.com/products/geodetic2.html),
, Oasis
montaj:
1
,
, Bursa Wolf 7
(: X,Y,Z, X,Y,Z ).
,
: X,Y,Z.
, ,
, (,
NAD27 6 WGS 84).
Bursa Wolf Oasis montaj.
datumtrf.csv
, ldatum.csv ,
.
2

.
WGS 84
. ,
, , .
- NADCON NTv2 , Oasis
montaj. , NADCON NTv2
.
Oasis montaj
Oasis montaj/etc .ll2.

. , ,
*NAD27 NTv2 (20
min) [NTv2], NTv2.ll2.
, Bursa Wolf , NADCON NTv2,
.
, .

288 :

GPS WGS-84 .
Choose local datum transform (
).
Datum

Local datum
transform

[List All]
[ ]

.
,
.


. ,
.
, ,

<unknown>, .. . ,

,
<unknown>.
.

,
. ,
,

.

CSV
ldatum.csv
.
EPSG/POSC1 Datum_trf ,
datumtrf.csv .
,
.
(
NAD27). ,
, . ,
, .

EPSG (European Petroleum Survey Group) / POSC (Petrotechnical Open Software Corporation).

: 289

.
7-
. ,
Luzon 1911, .
:
1. , CSV

Geosoft, :
EPSG datum name

EPSG

Transform name

Area of use


.
EPSG, datum.csv.
, Luzon 1911.

, .

EPSG, *.
, *Luzon special.
,

. , [Luzon 1911] Philippines special.

.

dX,dY,dZ




. , -130,-77,-50. ,
, Geosoft
EPSG,
. -
.

rX,rY,rZ

(/3600)


WGS 84.
:
,

290 :

. Z (Rz)
.
( )
0,0,0.
Scale




WGS 84.
ppm, ,
(1+/1,000,000).
, 0.225.

2. ,

datumtrf.csv ( Excel ).
,
:
DATUM_TRF,CODE,MAPINFO,AREA_OF_USE,DATUM,TARGET,DX,DY,DZ,RX,RY,RZ,SCALE

, , :
*Luzon special,,,"[Luzon 1911] Philippines - special","Luzon 1911","WGS 84",-130,-77,50,0,0,0,0.225

CODE MAPINFO EPSG


MapInfo . ,
. MapInfo
0. WGS84 TARGET,
WGS84,
.
3. ldatum.csv,

.
:
AREA_OF_USE,DATUM,DATUM_TRF

:
"[Luzon 1911] Philippines special ","Luzon 1911","*Luzon special"

DATUM_TRF
DATUM_TRF datumtrf.csv .

: 291

Oasis montaj

,
,
Oasis montaj. ,
Oasis montaj.
GI (*.gi)
(Map views) ,
.
Oasis montaj
(.grd) GI (.gi). ,
mag.grd mag.grd.gi.
!

,
,
(grd.gi),
.

292 :


Oasis montaj 5.1 CSV
. :

ipj_pcs.csv

transform.csv

datum.csv

ellipsoid.csv

datumtrf.csv

ldatum.csv

.
.

, *, POSC
(Petrotechnical Open Software Corporation). ,
.



, GXF .
,
. , POSC,
.
1:
.
,
#MAP_PROJECTION.
EPSG
(2000/12/28).
, EPSG "TRF_METHOD"

: 293

. EPSG
GXF ,
EPSG.
EPSG "Transverse Mercator (South Orientated)" - , POSC
"Transverse Mercator (South Oriented)",
"Oriented".
:

.
( ) .
.
.
.

Geographic

. ,
.

Hotine Oblique Mercator

Latitude of projection centre


Longitude of projection centre
Azimuth of initial line
Angle from Rectified to Skew Grid
Scale factor on initial line
False Easting
False Northing

Laborde Oblique Mercator

Latitude of natural origin


Longitude of natural origin
Scale factor at natural origin
False Easting
False Northing

Lambert Conic Conformal


(1SP)

Latitude of natural origin


Longitude of natural origin
Scale factor at natural origin
False Easting
False Northing

294 :

Lambert Conic Conformal


(2SP)

Latitude of first standard parallel


Latitude of second standard parallel
Latitude of false origin
Longitude of false origin
Easting at false origin
Northing at false origin

Lambert Conformal (2SP


Belgium)

Latitude of first standard parallel


Latitude of second standard parallel
Latitude of false origin
Longitude of false origin
Easting at false origin
Northing at false origin

Mercator (1SP)

Latitude of natural origin


Longitude of natural origin
Scale factor at natural origin
False Easting
False Northing

Mercator (2SP)

Latitude of first standard parallel


Longitude of natural origin
False Easting
False Northing

New Zealand Map Grid

Latitude of natural origin


Longitude of natural origin
False Easting
False Northing

Oblique Stereographic

Latitude of natural origin


Longitude of natural origin
Scale factor at natural origin
False Easting
False Northing

: 295

Polar Stereographic

Latitude of natural origin


Longitude of natural origin
Scale factor at natural origin
False Easting
False Northing

Swiss Oblique Cylindrical

Latitude of projection centre


Longitude of projection centre
Easting at projection centre
Northing at projection centre

Transverse Mercator

Latitude of natural origin


Longitude of natural origin
Scale factor at natural origin
False Easting
False Northing

Transverse Mercator (South


Oriented)

Latitude of natural origin


Longitude of natural origin
Scale factor at natural origin
False Easting
False Northing

Equidistant Conic

Latitude of first standard parallel


Latitude of second standard parallel
Latitude of false origin
Longitude of false origin
Easting at false origin
Northing at false origin

Polyconic

Latitude of false origin


Longitude of false origin
Scale factor at natural origin
Easting at false origin
Northing at false origin

2:
UNIT_OF_LENGTH EPSG.
, POSC.

296 :

, EPSG
.

metre

1.0

ft

foot

0.3048

ftUS

US survey foot

0.3048006096012

ftMA

modified American foot

0.3048122529845

ftCla

Clarke's foot

0.3047972651151

ftInd

Indian foot (Clarke)

0.3047995102481

ftSe

foot (Sears)

0.3047994715387

lkCla

link (Clarke)

0.201166194976

lkBen

link (Benoit)

0.2011678249438

lkSe

link (Sears)

0.2011676512155

chBen

chain (Benoit)

20.1167824943759

chSe

chain (Sears)

20.1167651215526

ydSe

yard (Sears)

0.914398414616

ydInd

Indian yard

0.9143985539701

fathom

Fathom

1.8288

nautmi

nautical mile

1852.0

mGer

German legal metre

1.0000135965

dega

Degrees (angular)

n/a

297

,
.
. . ,

Oasis montaj ,
.

Oasis montaj ,
.

. Oasis

, .
, ,
. , .

Oasis montaj.

, .

( ),
.

, . ,
, .

,
,
.

, (X Y) (Z).

.

,
. , ,
(Data View).

GX Geosoft eXecutable

( *.GX)
Oasis montaj.

, (X Y) .
. ,
.

298

, .
, ,
WGS 84.

,
, . Oasis montaj
,
,
.

(*.MAP)

Geosoft ,
(, , ) ( , ,
, ), Oasis montaj.


(*.MDF) (map description
file)

, ,
,
. , MDF
MAPSET GX. MDF
ASCII .MDF.

(*.OMN)

,
.

Oasis

- ,
,
,
.

Oasis montaj

Oasis montaj ,
,
, ,
.

(*.GPF)

, .
,
, .

,
(Transverse
Mercator, Lambert Conformal ).

(random)
xyz

XYZ,
. ,
, ,
,
.

Oasis
montaj.

(
),
.

299

,
.

, ,
Oasis montaj.