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. 2004. .

45, N- 3

129

536.33


-

-
. . , . .
. . . CO , 630090

-
. , .
.

.
: , , , , .

[13] - , .
.

,
.
-
. ,
. , ,
. . . ;
, .
. ,
, . Tw0 ,
0 < x < x0 . .
, , Ts .
, . .

130

. 2004. . 45, N- 3

, ,
, .

 f 0
f 
1
f 00
(1)
((1 + t )f 00 )0 + f f 00 = f 0
2


= 0: f = 0, f 0 = fw ,

: f 0 1.

f ; fw = Vw (Re )1/2 ; Vw = w vw /( u ) , ; w,
y
 u 1/2 Z

dy,
; =
x

= x/L ; x, y
; u ; ; ; L ; Re = u L/ ;
.
, :

 1

t   f

Sk
+
+
f 0

= 0,
0 < < 1 , 0 < < ; (2)
Pr Prt
2
Re Pr
= 0 : = 0 ,

= 0: = w ,


w
2 w
=
Sk Qw ,
Fo
2

: 1

0 < < 1 ,

Fo > 0;

(3)

w
= 0.


t = t /; t ; = T /T ; 0 () (2) ;
= L/(c H) ; H ; Fo = ac t/L2 ,
3 L/
Pr = /( a ), Sk = 4T
, ;
Prt ; c ,
; ac , a ; 0 = x0 /L; 1 = x1 /L; x0 , x1
; .
Qw (3)

1  Re 1/2
Re Pr
Qw =
+ w
Vw QL ,

Sk
=0
Sk
Fo = 0: w = w0 ,

= 0 : w = w0 ,

= 1 :

4 ); E w = Ew /(4T
w
; QL = qL /( cp T ); qL .

131

. . , . .

(2)
Z
L (E0 E )
=
d,
(4)
4
4T

2hc2 /[5 (exp (hc/(kT ))

E0 (T ) =

1)] -

Z1
; E = 2

I ( , ) d ; I

; ; ; c ; h, k
; L = k L ; k
; . (4) ,
.
 1/2 Z
L
=
d.
Re

, - , , .
[4].
[5].
( )
(1), (2), (1), (3) , (1)
- [6].

, .
.
.
,

k = kp + kg ,
kp ; kg .
, [7]. , , ( ).

kg = P (CO2 CCO2 + H2 O CH2 O ),


P ; C ; H2 O ,
CO2
.
. [810] 300 1500 .

132

. 2004. . 45, N- 3

7250, 5331, 3755 1 H2 O 667,


3715 1 CO2 .
, , [11]. - ,
[11] (d
x = d/
).
,
(, ), , . . ,
. ,
. . ,

[12]
 a 
a1
2
,
(5)
Vw = exp
w
w
a1 , a2 , :
r
q M 
aPsat (T )
M
qL M
L
a1 =
exp
,
a2 =
.
2RT
RT
RT
u
a ; Psat ; M ; R . a1 , a2
.
T =
1000 , Ts = 1500 K, s = Ts /T = 1,5, a1 = 103 , a2 = 102 .
: w0 = 0,3, Pr = 0,7, Prt = 0,9, Re = 106 .
0,99. , CCO2 = 0,
CH2 O = 1. P = 1 , = 1, 104
2 107 3 .
,
. .
. 1 w - Sk QL , .
3 . 1 QL . , o
. . Sk ,
.


. .
, QL -
.

133

. . , . .

ow

1,4
1,2

1,0
1

0,8
0,6
0,4
0,2
0

0,2

0,4

0,6

0,8

1,0 x

0,4

0,6

0,8

1,0 n/n1

o
1,4
3

1,2
2

1,0

0,8
0

. 1

0,2

. 2

. 1. :
QL = 0; QL = 0,4; 1 Sk = 102 ; 2 Sk = 104 ; 3
Sk = 106

. 2. = 1 ( , . 1)

QL . Sk
,
.
. 2
. Sk
. Sk

. Sk = 100, QL = 0 ( ) .

134

. 2004. . 45, N- 3
Fw
0,014

0,012
0,010
0,008
2

0,006
0,004

0,002
0
Qw

0,2

0,4

0,6

0,8

1,0 x

0,05
0,04

0,03
0,02
0,01

2
3

. 3

0,2

0,4

0,6

0,8

1,0 x

. 4

. 3. QL
w :
QL = 0; QL = 0,4; 1 5
; 2 10 ; 3

. 4. QL Qw ( , . 3)

QL . ( Sk)
.

. . 3 w QL . ( ) Fo = 2,5 105 .
1 QL .
. ,
. , QL w . , , , -

135

. . , . .

.
.
. 4 Qw
QL . Fo = 5 105 .
QL . ,
Qw , . ,
Qw .
, -

.

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15/V 2002 .,
1/VII 2003 .

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. 2004. . 45, N- 3