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VOICE

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Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

Weekly

http://www.thevoicemyanmar.com

Vol.8 / No.9

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VOICE

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VOICE

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Weekly

Vol.8 / No.9

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

Monday, Feburary 13 - 19, 2012

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THE VOICE WEEKLY 33

Vol.8 / No.9 - February 13 - 19 , 2012


Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

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Living Color
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LOCAL

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

VOICE

The

CEREMONY

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VOICE

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LOCAL

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

News in Brief
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11

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12

VOICE

The

LOCAL

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

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EDUCATION

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

13

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pmrsufESm 15 od k Y

14

VOICE

The

EDUCATION

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

2012 ckESpf wuodkvf0ifwef;pmar;yGJ ocsFmajzqdkenf;vrf;nTef


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pmrsufESm 15 od k Y

EDUCATION

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

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tion (C)

15

VOICE

The

aygif;&rSwf (60)rSwf jzpfygw,f/ Section (C)


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Chapter
Chapter
Chapter
Chapter
Chapter
Chapter
Chapter
Chapter
Chapter
Chapter
Chapter
Chapter

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Total

2
2
2
1
3
2
2
2
1
2
3
3

3
3
6
3
3
3

10
5
5
5
10
10
5
10
5
5
10
10

15
10
7
6
19
12
7
12
6
10
16
16

25

21

90

136

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*sufz&Dwiftkef;(&efukefpufrIwuokdvf)

16

VOICE

The

EMPLOYMENT

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

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17

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18
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VOICE

Monday, February 13 - 19, 2012

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19

VOICE

The

Monday, February 13 - 19, 2012

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20
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BUYING GUIDE
21

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

VOICE

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Vol. 8 / No.9

February 13 - 19 , 2012

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Myanmar Hotel & Tourism Guide 2012


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22

VOICE

The

BUYING GUIDE

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

BOOK

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The Rules of Life
Richard Templar
Rule 29

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Get used to stepping outside your comfort zone

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Be Prepared to be a little bit brace every day. Why? Because if you don't you'll grow stagnant and
mouldy or curl up and wither/We have have a comfort zone where we feel safe and warm and dry. But every
now and then we need to step outside and be challenged, be frightened, be stimulated. It's this way that we
stay young and feel good about ourselves.

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SPECIAL REPORT

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

23

VOICE

The

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Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

SPECIAL REPORT

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25

VOICE

The

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26

VOICE

The

PERSPECTIVE

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

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28

VOICE

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NET N TECH

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

VOICE

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Vol. 8 / No.9

February 13 - 19 , 2012

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Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

OPINION

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VOICE

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LETTER TO THE EDITOR

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30
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]]Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;wm &Srf;? ucsif? u&if
vufeufudkiftukefygw,fqkdawmh xl;xl;jcm;
jcm;yJvYkd xifygw,f/ jynfwiG ;f ppfawGjzpfae&if
wkdif;jynfu b,fvdkzGHUNzdK;wkd;wufrvJ/ KNU
eJYvufrw
S x
f ;kd wmuawmh u&ifjynfe,ftwGuf
tvm;tvmaumif;w,fvdkY jrifw,f/ bmyJ
ajymajym u&iftwGuf tckvNkd idr;f csrf;a&;&wm
ydkaumif;w,f/ tck 'Drdkua&pDpaeNyDqdkawmh
awmfawmftusKd;&Sdw,f}} [k qkdonf/
jynfaxmifpo
k rw jrefrmEdik if aH wmf jynf
axmifpk tpdk;&tzJGUu aMunmcsuftrSwf 1^
2011 jzifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;&ef zdwfac:jcif;
udk 2011 ckESpf Mo*kwfv 8 &ufaeYwGif xkwf
jyefaMunmvdkufonf/ xdkuJhodkY xkwfjyefaMu
nmNyD; 2011 ckEpS f pufwifbmv 7 &ufaeYrpS
wdkif;&if;om; vufeufudkiftzGJUrsm;ESifh jynf
axmifpktqihf Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;a&;tzGJUwdkY
oabmwlvufrw
S rf sm; a&;xd;k cJMh uonfrmS 2012
ckEpS f Zefe0g&Dv 28 &ufaeYtxdqykd gu vufeuf
udkifwyfzGJUaygif; udk;zGJU&SdaeNyDjzpfonf/
jrefrmEkdifiHonf 'Drdkua&pDpepfodkY pwif
ul;ajymif;aeaom tcsdet
f cgwGif wkid ;f &if;om;
rsm;tm;vHk;ESihf xm0&Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;aerI
rsm;omru wkdif;&if;om;rsm;\ vlaerIb0
vHkNcHKzGHUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;udk wpfNydKifeuf pwif
vkyfaqmif&rnfjzpfonf/
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S af &;xd;k NyD;
aom wdkif;&if;om;tzGJUrsm;&SdouJhodkY Nidrf;csrf;
a&; vufrSwfa&;xdk;&ef usef&Sdaeao;aom
tzGUJ tcsKUd vnf; &Sad eayao;onf/ e,fajra'o
zGHUNzdK;a&;? Nidrf;csrf;a&;twGuf wpfOD;ESifhwpfOD;
,HkMunfpGmjzifh vufwGJvkyfaqmifoGm;rnf
qdkygu jrefrmEdkifiHom;wdkif;&if;om;tm;vHk;
twGuf xm0&Nidr;f csrf;a&;&&S?d a&muf&v
dS mrnf
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aqGNidrf;at;? csrf;Nidrf;jzL

31

VOICE

The

Monday, February 13 - 19, 2012

ukeNf rdKUwGi;f vrf;ab;0J,mwpfavQmuf


&Sd jyu'defrsm;? "mwfyHkrsm;a&mif;csae
onfh qdik rf sm;wGif ,cifu a&mif;cscGihf
r&cJhaom AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;yHkrsm;? a':
atmifqef;pkMunfyHkrsm;udk ,cktcg ay:ay:
xifxifyifa&mif;csvmMuonfukd awGUjrif&onf/
xkdodkYa&mif;csvmMuonfhenf;wl vltrsm;u
vnf; 0,f,o
l rd ;f qnf;MuNyD; tdrrf sm;? qkid rf sm;?
um;rsm;ponfwkdYwGif tjrwfwEkd;csdwfqGJvm
Muonfudkvnf; jrifawGUvm&onf/
]AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;}/ xdkolonf b,f
odkYaom olrsKd;ygenf;/ xdkoludk jrefrmjynfol
rsm;u tb,faMumifh ESpaf ygif;rsm;pGmMumonfh
wdik af tmif cspcf ifav;pm;NrJ jzpfaeMuygoenf;/
Adv
k cf sKyaf tmifqef;udk cspcf ifav;pm;vsuf
&Sad eonfrmS Adv
k cf sKyfatmifqef;\ pGr;f pGr;f wrH
vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;udk rsufjrifudk,fawGU awGU&Sd
vdkuf&aom vlBuD;rsm;omru AdkvfcsKyfvkyfBuH
cH&NyD; tcsed u
f mvusrS arG;zGm;cJah om vli,frsm;
uvnf; cspfcifav;pm;vsuf &Sdaeayonf/
]]Adv
k cf sKyu
f kd av;pm;p&mawGuawmhtrsm;
BuD;ygyJ/ eHygwfwpftaeeJYu pdw"f mwfayghAsm/
rsKd;cspfpw
d "f mwfaygh/ toufpeG Yf NyD;aqmif&u
G &f J
w,fqdkwm enf;enf;aemaemrS r[kwfwm/
aemufNyD; olU&JUaexdik rf /I Edik if ahH cgif;aqmifwAhJ sm?
NcdK;NcdK;NcHNcHaexkdifcJhwmAsm/ 0rf;enf;vGe;f vdYkyg/
aemufwpfcu
k arwma&;/ b,fred ;f rudrk S &ifrckef
zl;wJo
h Al sm/ rcifMunfqw
kd q
hJ &mrav;eJYrS ...}}[k
pD;yGm;a&;wuov
kd yf xrESpf wufa&mufaeaom
touf 17 ESpt
f &G,f udpk ikd ;f aevif;OD;uqdo
k nf/
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;onf 1915 ckESpf
azazmf0g&Dv 13&ufaeYwGif arG;zGm;cJhNyD; 1947
Zlvdkif 19 &ufaeY touf 33 ESpft&G,f
vkyfBuHcH&um uG,fvGeftedpa&muf&SdcJhonf/
tcsderf wkid rf D uG,v
f eG cf ahJ omfvnf; Adv
k cf sKyf\
av;pm;p&mtcsufrsm;pGmwkdYonf jrefrmjynf
olwkdY\&ifudk ,ckwkdifkdufcwfqJ&Sdaeonf/
]]tefwDuawmh AdkvfcsKyfudk av;pm;wm
awmh rajymygeJY/ AdkvfcsKyfeJYywfouf&if &ifxJ
rSm yDwdjzpfNyD; MuufoD;awmifxw,f/ udk,hf
wkdif;jynf vGwfvyfa&;&atmif BudK;yrf;ay;cJh
wJholav/ tJ'gaMumifh AdkvfcsKyfeJY oufqkdifwJh
aeYawGu trSwfwrJhjzpfp&m taMumif;udk r&Sd
ygbl;}} [k Adkvcf sKyfatmifqef;ESifh ywfouf
cHpm;rdonfrsm;udk rdcifwpfO;D jzpfol touf 58
ESpt
f &G,f a':ZifZifu qkdonf/
vly*k Kd vfwpfO;D rnfa&GUrnfrQ wm0efaus
cJhonfudk od&Sdvdkygu xkdolaoqHk;csdefwGif vl
trsm; rnfrQwoo jzpfonfudkMunhf od&Sd
Ekdifonf[k pmtkyfxJwGif zwfIzl;aMumif;?
AkdvfcsKyfatmifqef; uG,fvGefcJhonfrSm MumNyD
jzpfaomfvnf; ,ckwkdif vlBuD;vli,fwdkY\
pdwfxJ rarhEkdifjzpf&jcif;rSm wkdif;jynftay:
Adv
k cf sKyf\ wm0efausrIrsm;aMumifh jzpfaMumif;?
k;d om;rIrmS Adv
k cf sKyf\jy,k*w
f pfc[
k k jrifaMumif;
touf 26 ESpft&G,f rZifa0vif;uqdkonf/
]]AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;udk uRefrtav;pm;
qH;k tcsuu
f ol[m wkid ;f jynfacgif;aqmifwpfO;D
jzpfayr,fh rmefrme0ifh<um;rIr&Sdbl;/ tckacwf
vlawG&JU oabmu udk,hfrSm tmPmvkyfydkifcGifh
wpfckck&SdvmNyDqkd&if rmefrmeawG&SdvmMuNyD/
AdkvfcsKyfuawmh tJvkdr[kwfbl;/ oltouf&Sif
wke;f rSm olwwfEidk o
f rQ taumif;qH;k BudK;pm;NyD;
vkyfay;cJhw,f/ olvkyfBuHcH&wJhtcsdefu ajym
r,fq&kd if i,fi,fav;yJ&adS o;w,f/ tJ't
D csed f
rSm qHk;oGm;awmh vlawG&JU pdwfxJrSmESajrmwm
a&m? 'Dt&G,fav;eJY 'DavmufawmifvkyfEdkifcJh
w,faygh/ NyD;awmh ]AdkvfcsKyfom rusqHk;bJeJY
&Scd &hJ if igwkYdjrefrmEkid if }H qkw
d hJ pdwrf sK;d vnf; vlBuD;

&ifxJuAdkvfcsKyf

"mwfyHk -jrifhrdk;ndK
vli,ftm;vHk;&JU pdwfxJrSm tenf;eJYtrsm;
&SdMuw,f/ AdkvfcsKyfujrefrmEkdifiHtwGuf tpm;
xkd;vkdYr&wJh acgif;aqmifaumif;wpfOD;yg}} [k
ukrPD0efxrf;wpfOD;jzpfol rZifa0vif;uqdk
onf/
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef; uG,fvGefcJhonfrSm
ESpfaygif; 65ESpfwkdif&SdNyDjzpfaomfvnf; ,aeY
wkid f rSwrf w
S x
f ifxif&adS eqJrmS ol\ud,
k u
f sK;d pGeYf
trsm;tusKd;twGufvkyfaqmifcJhaom pdwf
"mwfaMumifhvnf;jzpfonf/
]]AdkvfcsKyfeJY ywfoufNyD; BudKufwmu
ud,
k u
f sKd;pGeYf NyD; trsm;tusKd;twGuv
f yk af qmif
cJw
h mawGuykd g/ twtusKd;xuf y&tusKd;vkyf
NyD; toufpGefYoGm;cJhwm/ av;pm;NyD; MuufoD;
x&ygw,f}} [k a':ZifZifu AdkvfcsKyfESifh ywf
ouf cHpm;rdonfrsm;udk ajymjyonf/
]]AdkvfcsKyfeJY ywfoufvkdY tav;pm;qHk;
tcsufESpfcsuf&Sdw,f/ ukd,fusKd;rMunfhwJhpdwf
tJ'golrsm;eJY rwlbl;/ urmay:rSm b,foleJY
rS rwlygbl;/ urmeJYcsDNyD;awmh ajymEkid yf gw,f/
aemufwpfcsuu
f awmh toufupkd eG YfNyD; BudK;yrf;
ay;cJhwmudkyg/ 'DESpfcsufvHk;u awmfkHwefkH
vdkufrvkyEf idk yf gbl;}} [k touf 24ESpf t&G,f
0efxrf;wpfOD;jzpfol rcs,f&u
D ajymqkdonf/
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;udk twk,al v;pm;rd
onft
h avsmuf wwfEidk o
f rQ ud,
k u
f sK;d rMunfhbJ
trsm;tusKd;twGuf wwfprG ;f oa&GU vkyaf qmif
rnf[k qH;k jzwfxm;aMumif; rcs,&f u
D qdkonf/
]]uRefawmfhb0&JU tav;pm;qHk;udkar;&if
AdkvfcsKyfyg/ AdkvfcsKyf"mwfyHkawG tckvkd rsm;rsm;
pm;pm;ra&mif;cifuwnf;u uRefawmfh ydkufqH
tdwfxJrSm AdkvfcsKyfyHkygwJh ydkufqHav;awGudk
acgufNyD;odrf;xm;jzpfw,f}} [k bPf0efxrf;
wpfOD;jzpfol touf 30t&G,f udka0vif;u
ajymonf/
]]AdkvfcsKyf[m pum;udk cyfjywfjywfajym
NyD; udk,fvkyf&r,fh[mudk wpdkufrwfrwfvkyf
cJhwJhvlkd;BuD;vkdY ajym&r,fxifw,f/ t*Fvef
oGm;wm tusqif;&JvkdY tdEd,0efBuD;csKyfael;

u 'Dtwkdif;oGm;vdkYrjzpfbl;qkdNyD; ukwftus
vufaqmifay;vkdY 0wfoGm;&w,f/ jrefrmEkdifiH
&JU acgif;aqmif[m wkdif;jynftwGuf Munfh&
vGef;vkdY tusaumif;aumif;awmif r&Sd&Smbl;/
tJ't
D aMumif;awGukd pmawGrmS zwf&rSw&f awmh
AdkvfcsKyfudk ydkNyD;av;pm;rdw,f}} [k udka0vif;
u qufvufajymqkdonf/
AdkvfcsKyf\ tjyKoabmaqmifonfh vkyf
&yfrsm;? trsm;tusK;d aqmif&u
G yf rkH sm;udk av;pm;
cspcf iforl sm;&So
d uJo
h Ykd Adv
k cf sKyf\ trlt&mrsm;?
tjcm;aom vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;udk wdkif;jynf
tusKd;aqmif&Gufjcif;? raqmif&Gufjcif;ESifh
rqdkifbJ cspfcifaeMuolrsm;vnf; &Sdayonf/
]]tpfruawmh ol;kd om;wmudk oabmus
w,f/ olu 0g'wpfcw
k nf; vufuikd x
f m;wm
r&Sb
d ;l / Oyrm-uGejf rLepfqv
kd nf; olvufcw
H m
yJ/ olUNcHxJu &JabmfawGeJYwef;wl xrif;pm;
wm? olU&JabmfawGu qefMurf;eDeYJ pm;aeovdk
olwdkYxrif;0dkif;rSmvnf; 'DvdkrsKd;yJpm;wmawG/
NyD;awmh taMumfonfudk olUukwftuscRwfay;
wmawG? tdrfomwufNyD; vufudkqyfjymeJY
raq;wmawG? vef'efudk a&mufa&mufcsif;
pmtkyfqdkifawGqD wef;oGm;wmawGqdk&if Adkvf
csKyfrdkYvdkYvm;rodbl;? tJvdktrlt&mawGqdk cspf
w,f}} [k EdkifiH&yfjcm;wGif a&muf&Sdaeonfh
touf 29 ESpft&G,f rESif;yGifhjzLuqdkonf/
tcsKdUuvnf; oufwrf;wpfavQmufwiG f
tav;pm;qHk; yk*dKvfrsm;xJ AdkvfcsKyfonf
eHygwfwpf odkYr[kwf eHygwfESpfae&mrsm;wGif
&Sdaeonf/
]]uRefawmf av;pm;&wJh yk*Kd vfEpS af ,muf
&Sdw,f/ wpfa,mufu Ak'/ wpfa,mufu
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;/ AdkvfcsKyfeJY ywfouf&if
eHygwfwpfu udk,fusKd;pGefYwm/ eHygwfESpfu
wnfMunfcHhnm;wm/ eHygwfoHk;u oem;
Muifemwm/ eHygwfav;u tajymxuf vuf
awGUudk ydOk ;D pm;ay;wm/ eHygwfig;uawmh jA[p&kd f
w&m;av;yg;eJY em,u*kPf ajcmufyg;eJY jynhpf kH
w,f/ tJ'gawGuawmh AdkvfcsKyfudk tav;pm;

qHk;tcsufawGyJ}} [k rHk&GmNrdKUwGif aexdkifonfh


touf 23 ESpf t&G,f udkatmifrGefuqdkonf/
AdkvfcsKyfudk MunfndK&if;pGJ&SdNyD;olrsm;rSm
AdkvfcsKyfESifhywfoufonfh trSwfw& "mwfyHk
rsm;? uD;csdef;uav;rsm;udk oGm;av&mwGif
o,faqmifaeMuonfudk awGU&onf/
oufvwfydkif;t&G,f&Sd tiSm;,mOfarmif;
ESio
f w
l pfO;D u ]]uReaf wmfu
h m;xJrmS qdk Adv
k cf sKyfykH
axmifxm;w,f/ t&ifuwnf;u tJ'Dvdkav;
vkyfxm;csifwm/ ckusawmh AdkvfcsKyfyHkawGudk
xifxifay:ay:a&mif;ae 0,faeMuawmh uReaf wmf
vnf; ckrSAdkvfcsKyfyHkudk axmifxm;jzpfwmyg}}
[kqdkonf/
vmrnfh azazmf0g&Dv 13 &ufaeYonf
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;\ 97 ESpfajrmufarG;aeY
jzpfonf/ xdak eYwiG f Adv
k cf sKyftwGu&f nf&,
G Nf yD;
qGr;f uyfMuolrsm;? ukov
kd af &;aqmif&u
G Mf uol
rsm;vnf;&Sdonf/ xdkYaMumifh tcsKdUaomvli,f
rsm;udkvnf; AdkvfcsKyfarG;aeYwGif rnfonfh
tpDtpOf&Sdonfudk ar;jref;Munhfrdonf/
]]uRefawmfuawmh AdkvfcsKyfyHkygwJh tus
0wfr,f/ AdkvfcsKyftkwf*lrSm oGm;uefawmhr,f}}
[k udkpdkif;aevif;OD;u oljyKvkyfrnfh tpDtpOf
udkqdkonf/
xdek nf;wlyif udak tmifreG u
f vnf; ]]'DEpS f
awmh bmvkyjf zpfrvJrpOf;pm;&ao;bl;/ cgwdik ;f
ESpaf wGuawmh vrf;avQmufw,f/ vrf;avQmuf
w,fqdkwm Adkvfwaxmifuae ajreDukef;txd
vrf;avQmufwm/ wpfa,mufwnf;avQmufwm/
av;pm;aomyk*Kd vu
f kd 'Dxufruaom av;pm;rI
awGeYJ vkyjf ycsiaf yr,fh uReaf wmfu bmrSr[kwf
ao;ygbl;}}[k qdkonf/
Adv
k cf sKyEf iS yhf wfoufNyD; rdrrd w
S o
f m;rdonf
rsm;udkvnf; touf 25 ESpft&G,f raomfwm
u ]]AdkvfcsKyfeJYywfouf&if uRefr pmawGyJzwf
zl;w,f/ pmawGxJrSmyJ AkdvfcsKyfudk &if;ESD;cJhwm
yg/ q&mode;f azjrifah &;wJh ]ta&SUuae0ef;xGuf
onfh yrm} pmtkyfudkzwfawmh AdkvfcsKyf&JU
Character udk enf;enf;odvmw,f/ tJ'DxJrSm
AdkvfcsKyfu aemufaz;cef;u xGufvmNyD; a&pdk
aewJhvufudk olrsm;rsufESmokwfy0grSm oGm;
okwfwm/ 0dkif;atmfMuawmhvnf; olu rMum;
ovdkyJ/ NyD;awmh rwfwwfBuD;&yfNyD; pmtkyfudk
zwfaew,fwJh/ olUpdwfMunfh&wm olpdwfr0if
pm;wm? ta&;BuD;w,fvdkY rxifwmawGudk *k
rpdkufwwfbl;xifw,f/ NyD;awmh AdkvfcsKyfu
pufb;D vnf;rpD;wwfb;l wJ/h pufb;D udk ywfcsm
vnfMunfNh yD; Adv
k af e0if; ig pufb;D rpD;wwfb;l
vdYkajymw,fvYkdvnf; zwfz;l w,f/ tao;tzGJ
av;utp AdkvfcsKyf&JUdk;om;rI[m odyfudk
pdwf0ifpm;zdkYaumif;ygw,f}} [k qdkonf/
AdkvfcsKyfESifhywfoufNyD; trSwfw& vGrf;
qGwf uAsmrsm;? aqmif;yg;rsm;? udk,fawGUrsm;?
AdkvfcsKyf\ acgif;aqmifrIydkif;qdkif&m avhvmrI
rsm;udkvnf; pmayynm&Sifrsm;u a&;om;azmf
jyxm;onfrsm;onf AdkvfcsKyfudk rod? rrDvdkuf
onfh vli,frsm;twGuf avhvmzG,f&mrsm;jzpf
onf/ xdkenf;wlpGmyif AdkvfcsKyf\vkyfaqmif
csufrsm;udk rsufjrifudk,fawGU awGU&SdcJh&aom
a&SUrD aemufrDvlBuD;rsm;\ jyefajymif;ajymjy
csufrsm;t&vnf; vli,frsm;onf AdkvfcsKyfESifh
aumif;rGefpGm &if;ESD;Edkifonfjzpf&m AdkvfcsKyf
atmifqef;[lonf jrefrmEdkifiHtwGuf arhr&
Edkifaom? arhaysmufr&aom tNrJwap*kP,
f l
&rnfh Ekid if ahH cgif;aqmiftjzpfomru vli,frsm;
twGuf av;pm;p&myk*dKvfwpfOD;tjzpfvnf;
tNrJ&SdaeOD;rnfrSm taotcsmyifjzpfonf/
csrf;Nidrf;jzL? aqGNidrf;at;

32
32 THE VOICE WEEKLY
VOICE

The

Vol.8 / No.9 - February 13 - 19 , 2012


Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

PERSPECTIVE

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aZ,sol
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pGrf;&nf (Productivity) jrifhrm;vmrnfjzpfjyD; EkdifiHhpD;yGm;wdk;wufrnfjzpfaomaMumifh xdkukrPDMuD;rsm;udk qGJaqmif&eeff jrefrmEkdifiH
&if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIOya'udk topfa&;qGJaeeovd
ovdk ta&;,lydwfqdkYrIrsm; kyfodrf;vkdufygu tjydKiftqdkif0ifa&mufvmvdrfhrnf[k jynfwGif;
jy
nfyu cefYrSef;xm;Muonf/ odkYaomf EkdifiHwum ukrPDMuD;rsm; 0ifa&mufvmkHjzifh jynfwGif;ukrPDrsm;\ u
jynf
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pGrf;&nftvdktavsmufwufvmrnfr[kwfbJ rdrdukrPDrsm; pGrf;&nftxdkuftavsmuf&SdaerSom olwdkYxHrS vQHusvmaom
aumif;usKd;rsm;cHpm;&um wdk;wufvmrnfjzpfonfhtwGuf jynfwGif;ukrPDwdkY toifhjyifxm;&efvkdonf/
Ekid if jH cm;wdu
k f u
kd &f if;ES;D jrKyEf rHS I ( Foreign Direct Investment) enf;ynmrsm; vufajymif;&&Sdjcif; (Technology Transfer)
onf EkdifiHhpD;yGm;a&;wdk;wufatmif wGef;tm;ay;EkdifaMumif;
Ekid if w
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rD sm;tm; enf;ynmay;um uefxdu
k f
tjzpf EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIrsm;udk EkdifiHtrsm;u olYxufig pepfjzifh xkwfvkyfapaom ukefypnf;rsm;aMumifhvnf;aumif;?
tvkt,ufqaJG qmifMuavh&o
dS nf/ xdo
k Ykd qaJG qmif&mwGif tcGef jynfwiG ;f ukrP
rD sm;onf Ekid if jH cm;ukrP
MD uD;rsm;xHrS 0,f,o
l ;Hk pGJ
uif;vGwcf iG rhf sm; ESpt
f wefMumay;jcif; (Tax Holidays)? tajccH onfh azmufonfrsm; jzpfaeyguvnf;aumif; enf;ynmrsm;
taqmuftODrsm; wnfaqmufay;jcif; (Infrastructure)? Ekid if jH cm;om; vufajymif;&&SdEkdifonf/
wdkY pdwfBudKufvkyfcGifhudkifcGifh&atmif pnf;rsOf;Oya'rsm; a&;qGJ tajrmuftjrm;xkwfvkyfa&mif;cs&jcif;aMumifh
jyifqifjcif; (Regulation) wdYkjzifh rdrEd idk if u
H kd Ekid if w
H um ukrP
MD uD; &onfhtusKd;aus;Zl;rsm; (Economies of Scale)
rsm; (Multinational Corporations MNCs) vmcsifvkyfcsifudkifcsif
EkdifiHjcm;ukrPDMuD;rsm;\ 0,fvdktm;aMumifh jynfwGif;
atmif jyifqifMu&onf/ xdkukrPDMuD;rsm; ,laqmifvmonfh ukrPDrsm; tajrmuftjrm;xkwfvkyfa&mif;cs&jcif;jzifh aps;csKdcsKd
enf;ynm? aps;uGu?f pDrcH efYcrJG yI nm ponfwYkdukd jynfwiG ;f ukrP
D jzifh a&mif;csEidk jf cif;? vkyif ef;wd;k csUJ Ekid jf cif; ponft
h usK;d aus;Zl;rsm;/
rsm;u wpfqifhcHjyefvnf&,ljcif;jzihf xdu
k rk P
rD sm;\ ukex
f w
k f
vQu
H s&v'frsm;wGif taumif;csn;f &So
d nfr[kw?f atmufyg
vkyfrIpGrf;tm; wdk;vmap&ef arQmfrSef;xm;Muonf/ wpfqifhcsif; wdkYonf vQu
H s&v'fqdk;rsm; (Negative Spillovers) jzpfonf/
wuf&if;wuf&if; aemufq;Hk wGif jynfwiG ;f ukrP
rD sm;onf jynfy u/ &if;jrpfrsm; qGJ,loGm;jcif;
jynfwGif;ukrPDrsm;&Sd t&nftaoG;jrifhrm;onfh ynm&Sif
ukrP
BD uD;rsm;ESihf wef;wl&ifaygifwef;Edik v
f mum xdo
k w
l Ykd xkwv
f yk f
onfyh pn;f rsm;twdik ;f ? xdo
k w
l Ykd ay;onfh 0efaqmifrIrsm;twdkif; rsm;onf vkyfcvpmESifh tcGifhtvrf;ydkaumif;aom EkdifiHwum
urmwGif xdk;azmuf0ifa&muf&mrS EkdifiHhpD;yGm;t&Sdeft[kef ukrPDMuD;rsm;okdY a&TUajymif;oGm;jcif;/
jrifhvmrnfjzpfonf/ awmifudk&D;,m;? xdkif0rf? a[mifaumif? c/ aps;uGufa0pkcGJay;vdkuf&jcif;
pifumyl? wkwf ponfh ta&SUtm&SEidk if rH sm;onf xdek nf;jzifh zGUH jzdK;rI odkYr[kwf aps;uGufaysmufqkH;jcif;
0ifa&mufvmaom Ekid if w
H umukrP
rD sm;onf jynfwiG ;f aps;uGuf
avSum;xpfrsm;udk wpfqifjh yD;wpfqifh wufvrS ;f vmjyD; xdyyf ikd ;f
odkY a&muf&SdvmMuonf/
(domestic market) udk ypfrw
S x
f m;onfv
h yk if ef;rsm;jzpfaeygu
EkdifiHjcm;wdkufdkuf&if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIrsm;aMumifh cHpm;&aom jynfwGif;ukrPDrsm;taejzifh aps;uGufa0pkcGJay;vdkuf&jcif;?
&v'frSm EkdifiHvkH;qdkif&m pD;yGm;a&;ESifh vQHus&v'frsm;[k ESpfrsdK; r,SOEf idk yf gu tqd;k qk;H taejzifh aps;uGufwpfckvkH; EkdifiHwum
&Sdonf/
ukrP
BD uD;rsm;aemufygoGm;jcif;wdYkjzpfEidk o
f nf/ Oyrm-jrefrmEkid if H
1/ EkdifiHvkH;qkdif&m pD;yGm;a&; (Macroeconomy)
wGi;f vufvaD ps;uGuw
f iG f Wal Mart uJo
h Ydk r[mvufvq
D ikd rf sm; 0ifvm
Ekid if jH cm;wdu
k f u
kd &f if;ES;D jrKyfErHS rI sm;aMumifh Ekid if \
H a&cHajrcH? ygu jrefrmEkdifiHwGif;vuf&Sd mart rsm; xdcdkufEkdifjcif;/
vlom;t&if;tjrpfay:rlwnfum Edik if MH uD;xGm;wd;k wufvmrnf/ */ jyifyrS wifoGif;vmjcif;
EdkifiHwumukrPDMuD;rsm;u ukefypnf;xkwfvkyf&mwGif
tvkyt
f udik t
f cGit
hf vrf;rsm; aygrsm;vmjcif;? Balance of Payments
k yfaomypn;f rsm;udk jynfwiG ;f rS r0,f,b
l J jynfy&Sd ,if;wkYd
tcsKd ;rQwjcif;? jynfwiG ;f &if;ES;D jrK yEf rHS w
I ufvmjcif;? ydYu
k ek jf rifrh m;vmjcif; vdt
[laom Ekid if v
H ;Hk qdik &f m pD;yGm;a&;nTe;f ude;f rsm; (Macroeconomic vufpGJ ukefypnf;ay;oGif;olrsm; (Supplier) xHrSom qufvuf
indicators) rsm; wdk;wufvmrnf/
rSm,laomaMumifh jynfwGif;ukefypnf;xkwfvkyfay;oGif;olrsm;
2/ vQHus&v'frsm; (Spillovers)
ae&mr& ab;a&mufoGm;jcif;/
twk,ljcif; (Demonstration Effect)
pk y f , l k E k d i f p G r f ;
txufwGif wifjycJhonfh vQHusaumif;usdK;rsm; (Positive
Ekid if w
H umukrP
MD uD;rsm; ok;H pGo
J nfh enf;ynmrsm;? pDrcH efYcJG
ykrH sm;udk jynfwiG ;f vkyif ef;rsm;u avhvmtwk,u
l m vku
d v
f v
H yk f Spillovers) udk &,lEidk v
f Qif jynfwiG ;f ukrP
rD sm;onf wpfqifch sif;
udik jf cif;jzifh xdek nf;ynmrsm;? pDrcH efYcyJG rHk sm;udk &,lvu
kd f Ekid jf cif;/ wpfqifhcsif;jzifh EkdifiHwumukrPDrsm;udk trDvdkufEkdifrnfjzpf
vkyfom;rsm; a&TYajymif;jcif; (Movement of Workers)
onf/ rlvuwifjycJo
h nft
h wdik ;f wkwu
f rk P
rD sm;onf rlvu
Ekid if w
H umukrP
MD u;D rsm;wGif tvkyv
f yk af om jynfwiG ;f vkyo
f m; Ekid if w
H umukrP
MD uD;rsm; vkt
d yfonfh ypn;f rsm;teufrS enf;ynm
rsm;tm; xdu
k rk P
MD uD;rsm;u avhusiahf y;vdu
k jf cif;jzifh xdv
k yk o
f m; edrehf rd yhf pn;f rsm;udk xkwv
f yk af y;&onf/ xdYkaemufwiG f enf;ynm
rsm;onf pGr;f aqmif&nfjrifv
h yk o
f m;rsm;jzpfvmMurnf/ xdv
k yk o
f m; tv,f tvwfrsm;udk xkwfvkyfEkdifvmonf/ wpfcsdefwnf;wGif
rsm;tm; jynfwiG ;f ukrP
rD sm;u jyefvnfimS ;&rf;Ekid o
f nf/ odYkr[kwf wkwEf idk if x
H w
k f Made in China pmwrf;yg Ekid if w
H umukrP
MD uD;
xdkvkyfom;rsm;onf udk,fydkifvkyfief;xlaxmifvmMurnf/
rsm;\ wHqyd rf sm;udk aps;uGuu
f 0,f,o
l ;Hk pG&J mrS Made in China
jynfyaps;uGufokdYvufvSrf;rDjcif; (Access to Export Markets) udk vufcv
H mMuonf/ aemufyikd ;f wGif wkwu
f rk P
rD sm;onf rdrd
Ekid if w
H umukrP
MD uD;rsm;\ *kPo
f wif;ESihf ,if;wdYk azmuf wdkYudk,fydkifwHqdyfjzifh EkdifiHwumaps;uGufrsm;odkY 0ifa&mufvm
xm;aom vrf;aMumif;rsm;udk ok;H pGjJ cif;jzifh jynfyaps;uGurf sm;odYk Muonf/ xked nf;udk a&SUydik ;f wGif awmifu&kd ;D ,m;? xdik 0f rfwYkd ok;H cJMh u
jynfwGif;ukrPDrsm;\ xkwfukefrsm;vufvSrf;rDEkdifrnf/ rlvu jyD;jzpfonf/ ,aeYacwfwiG f awmifu&kd ;D ,m;onf a&SUrSomG ;onfh
wkwEf idk if x
H w
k yf pn;f Made in China rsm;tm; rnforl Q rok;H pGv
J kd *syefwdkYudkyif e,fy,ftcsKdUwGif tvJxkd;aejyD/ tar&duef
Mu/ Ekid if w
H umukrP
MD uD;rsm;u wkwEf idk if w
H iG f xkwv
f kyfaom jynfaxmifprk S wDxiG zf efw;D rI jrifrh m;vSaom Apple \emrnfausmf
ypnf;rsm;udkrl Made in China jzpfaomfvnf; EkdifiHwum iPad udk awmifudk&D;,m;\ Samsung Galaxy u aps;uGufa0pk
ukrPDMuD;rsm;\ wHqdyft&Sdefjzifh vufcHMuonf/ aemufydkif; vkaejy/D odYkaomf xdk Spillover rsm;udk pky,
f El idk &f ef jynfwiG ;f ukrP
D
wGif wkwu
f rk P
rD sm; ud,
k w
f ikd x
f w
k af om ,if;wdYku,
kd yf ikd w
f q
H yd f rsm;\ pky,
f t
l ok;H csEidk pf rG ;f &nf (Absorptive Capacity) jrif&h efvkd
jzifh Made in China ypnf;rsm;udkyg vufcHvmMuonf/
aMumif; okawoersm;wGif awGU&S&d onf/ pky,
f El idk pf rG ;f qdo
k nfrmS
jynfwGif;vkyfief;e,fy,fopfrsm;? aps;uGufopfrsm; ay:ayguf jynfwiG ;f ukrP
rD sm;\ vlYprG ;f tm;&if;jrpf? pDrcH efYcrJG aI umif;rGejf cif;?
vmjcif; (Local supplier industries and markets)
okawoeESifh zGHUjzdK;a&;vkyfief;rsm; tm;ay;xm;jcif;wdkYESifh
jynfwGif;wGif e*dku 0,fvdktm;r&Sdaom? rxkwfvkyfcJhzl; oufqikd jf yD; awmifu&kd ;D ,m;? xdik 0f rfwYdk\a'ocHvyk if ef;rsm;onf
aomypn;f rsm;udk Edik if w
H umukrP
MD u;D rsm;\ vdt
k yfcsut
f & jynfwiG ;f pky,
f El idk pf rG ;f &nfjrifch MhJ uojzifh a&SUwef;odYk a&mufvmcJjh cif; jzpfonf/
ukrP
rD sm;xHrS 0,f,jl cif;jzifh jynfwiG ;f wGif vkyif ef;e,fy,fopf
pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sif jrefrmwdkY jyifqifxm;aomaMumifh
rsm; ay:aygufvmum aps;uGufopfrsm; ay:aygufvmEkdifonf/ jrefrmhwdkif;&if;om;vkyfief;wdkY ,ckxuf tm;aumif;armif;oef

jref

jzpfaevQif wpfcsufcw
k f ok;H csufjywf atmufygtusKd;ok;H rsKd;vk;H
cHpm;&rnf/
1/ 0ifvmaom Ekid if jH cm;ukrP
rD sm;xHrS vQu
H saomaumif;usK;d
rsm; (Positive Spill-over effects) udk tqifoifh csufcsif;
vufiif;cHpm;Ekid rf nf/
2/ 0ifvmaom EkdifiHjcm;ukrPDrsm;ESifh ,SOfjydKifEkdifrnf/
vQHusqkd;usKd;rsm; avQmhcsEkdifrnf/
3/ tmqD,H vGwfvyfaomukefoG,fe,fajrtjynfht0
pwifcsdef (2015) wGif EkdifiHwGif;0ifvmaom tmqD,Hxkwfukef
rsm;ESifh rdrdxkwfukefrsm; ,SOfNydKifEkdifrnfjzpfovkd tmqD,HEkdifiH
rsm;odkYvnf;aumif;? tmqD,Hr[kwfonfh tjcm;EkdifiHrsm;odkY
vnf;aumif; rdrdxkwfukefrsm; wifydkY,SOfjydKifEkdifrnfjzpfonf/
wdkif;&if;om;pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;tcsKdUrSm jrefrmEkdifiH
twdkif;twmjzifh MuD;rm;aomfvnf; tpdk;&udkom a&mif;
(0efaqmifrI? ukefypnf;rsm;a&mif;)&if; MuD;yGm;vmcJhonfrsm;
jzpfaomaMumifh jynfwGif;jynfyaps;uGufwGif; jydKifqdkifrI
tawGUtBuKHenf;cJhonfhtwGuf EdkifiHwumukrPDMuD;rsm;
0ifvmonfhtcgwGif jydKifMuqdkifMu onfhtcg acsmfvJEkdifonf/
aps;uGuo
f nf nmwmjcif;oabm r&S?d ]awmfoal e? rawmfoal o}
jzpfonf/
okYd aomf jyifqifxm;ygu jydKifqikd jf cif;udk aMumuf&efrvd?k
aMumufvnf;rxl;? jydKifqdkifjcif;onf aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&;\
tESpo
f m&wpfcjk zpfonf/ w&m;ojzifh jydKifqikd jf cif;jzifh jynfwiG ;f
ukrPDrsm;\ t&nftaoG; wdk;wufvmum EkdifiHwumodkY
xdk;azmuf0ifa&mufEkdifrnf/
ukojcif;xuf MudKwifumuG,fjcif;u aumif;onf
]Prevention is better than cure}[k aq;ynmu qdkonf/ ,ck
tajctaewGifvnf; 0ifvmcgrS uref;uwef; vdkufvHzmax;
jcif;xuf MudKwifjyifqifxm;jcif;u ydkaumif;ygonf/
uHaumif;jcif;qkdonfrSm ]tcGifhtvrf;ESifh jyifqifjcif;wdkY
qkHrdjcif;} jzpf&m tcGifhtvrf;ay:vmvQifyif jyifqifrxm;olwdkY
uHraumif;Ekdif/ wpfzef Ak'bmomt& ]uHqdkonfrSm tvkyf}
jzpfonf/ jrefrmEkdifiHom; wdkif;&if;om;vkyfief;&Sif MuD;i,fwdkY
tm; uHaumif;apvdkygonf/ olwdkYuHaumif;rSom jrefrm
wpfEkdifiHvkH; uHaumif;rnfjzpfonf/
aZ,sol

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

PERSPECTIVE

33

VOICE

The

,ciftywfrStquf

jrefrmUEkdifiHa&; avUvmqef;ppfcsuf (2) 1948-1988


CASE STUDY OF MYANMAR POLITICS 1948-1988

ausm0f if;
a&cHajrcH
jrefrmhEkdifiHa&;ordkif;udk jyefMunhfvkdufaomtcgumv
tm;jzifh t&SnfMumqHk;jzwfoef;cJh&onfrSm ya'o&mZfacwf
jzpfonf/ taemf&xmeef;wufaom 1044 rS oDaygbk&ifygawmf
rlaom 1885 txd a&wGufvQifyif ESpfaygif;&Spf&mausmfonf/
umv&SnfBuD;twGif; tajccHt&rajymif;rvJ &SdaecJhonfrSm
]t<uif;rJhbk&ifpepf} (Absolute Monarchy) jzpfonf/ ordkif;
ynm&Sifrsm;\tvkdt& tqkdygt<uif;rJhbk&ifpepfwGif xl;jcm;
vuPmoHk;&yf&Sdonf[kqdkygonf/ onfwkdYrSm ...
1/ bk&if\A[dktcsuftcsmtcef;
(Central Position of Kingship)

jrefrmtygt0if tm&SEkdifiHrsm;\ ya'o&mZfpepfrSm


taemufEidk if rH sm;jzwfoef;cJMh uaom ya'o&mZfpepfEiS hf rwlyg/
a,bk,stm;jzihf taemuf\ya'o&mZfpepfwGif ]yg0gA[dk}
(Power Center) oH;k ck&o
dS nf[k qkEd idk o
f nf/ bk&if (King)? a'ocH
ya'o&mZf (Local Feudal Landlord) ESifh ausmif;awmf (Church)
wdYk jzpfonf/ a'ocHya'o&mZfrsm;ESihf ausmif;awmfwiG f ud,
k yf ikd f
ydik pf m;e,fajr? ud,
k yf ikd pf ;D yGm;a&;ESihf ud,
k yf ikd v
f ufeufuikd w
f yfzUJG
rsm;&Sd&m bk&ifESifhtNydKifyg0gA[dkrsm;jzpfaeonf/ tm&S (txl;
ojzifh) jrefrmhya'o&mZfpepfwGifrl oabmrsKd;r&Sdygacs/
jrefrmjynf&Sd a'ocHya'o&mZfrsm; (&Gmpm;? NrdKUpm;? e,fpm;)
rsm;rSm bk&if\aqGawmfrsKd;awmfESifh bk&ifhpdwfwkdif;uscefYxm;cH
&olawGomjzpfonf/ bk&iftvkdrusonfESifh &mxl;omru
ZufygjyKwfEkdifonfjzpf&m bk&ifudktefwkAvjyKEkdifonfhtae
txm;wGif r&Sdyg/ tvm;wlyif Oa&my? ya'o&mZfpepf&Sd
ausmif;awmfvdk bk&if\tmPmpufux
kd yd g;Ekid af om bmoma&;?
Ekid if aH &;tzGUJ tpnf;rsK;d vnf; jrefrmhorkid ;f wGirf &Scd yhJ gacs/ (taemf&xm
rwdkifrDu t&nf;BuD;rsm;rSm oabmrsK;d jzpfaumif; jzpfEidk af omf
vnf; taemf&xmaemufydkif;rSp EdkifiHa&;udkpGufzufEkdifaom
bmoma&;tzGUJ tpnf;rsK;d tajccHt&r&Sad wmh[q
k &dk ygvdrrhf nf/)
Oa&myESifh rwlonfhaemufxyfxl;jcm;csufwpf&yfrSm vl
wef;pm;zGJUpnf;yHkjzpfonf/ Oa&my? ya'o&mZfpepfwGif ueOD;
uwnf;u Mum;vlwef;pm;wpfck&SdcJhonf/ ukefxkwfud&d,mjyK
vkyMf uaom vufrv
I yk if ef;&Siaf v;rsm;jzpfygonf/ ukeo
f ,
G af &;
zGHUNzdK;vmaomtcg olwdkYwpfawGonfyif ukefonfav;rsm;jzpf
vmNyD; aemufyikd ;f pufraI wmfveS af &;ay:aygufvmaomtcg pufrI
vkyfief;&Sifrsm;jzpfvmMuygonf/ (blZGmrsm;udk qdkvdkygonf/)
tqkdygMum;vlwef;pm;wpfenf;? vlvwfwef;pm;\OD;aqmifrI
jzifhyif ya'o&mZfpepfudk awmfvSefajymif;vJNyD; acwfopfodkY
a&muf&SdvmcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
jrefrmhya'o&mZfpepfwGifrl rlvuwnf;u qdkcJhyg
Mum;vlwef;pm;rsK;d tm;aumif;cJo
h nfr[kwyf g/ jrefrmv,form;
rsm;rSm v,fvkyfud&d,mudk udk,fwkdifxkwfvkyfMuonfursm;&m
vufrv
I yk if ef;&Siq
f adk om tvTmwpfcrk v
l uwnf;u tm;aumif;
armif;oefr&Scd /hJ jrefrmhajr,mpD;yGm;a&;rSmvnf; a&mif;ukepf ;D yGm;
a&;oabmr[kwfaom obm0pD;yGm;a&;e,fy,fxJrS rxGufEkdif
cJh&m acwfopfukefonfvlwef;pm;rsKd;txd jzpfwnfrvmEdkifcJh
yg/ xdYk xuf pufraI wmfveS af &;\arG;&yfajrvnf;r[kwcf ahJ v&m
acwfopfudkOD;aqmifyHkazmfrnfh blZGmrsm;(vlvwfwef;pm;) tm;
aumif;armif;oefr&SdcJh[k qdk&rnfomjzpfygonf/ qdk&vQif
jrefrmhya'o&mZf vlYtzGUJ tpnf;wGit
f yk pf ;kd ol (bk&ifEiS hf olYtodik ;f
t0dik ;f )ESifh tkyfpdk;cH (v,form;rsm;) qkdaomvlrItvTmESpfckom
&SdNyD; wwd,tiftm;pkr&Sd/ odkYESifhtrQ Mum;vlwef;pm;udk udk,f
pm;jyKaom EkdifiHa&;twdkuftcHrsKd;vnf; b,fwkef;urSr&SdcJhyg
acs/ bk&if\tmPmpufonfom NydKifbufr&Sd? tcsuftcsm
tcef;wGif wpfavQmufvHk;&SdaecJhygonf/
2/ t<uif;rJhoufOD;qHydkifpepf
(Absolute Despotism)

qkcd yhJ g bk&if\A[dt


k csut
f csmtcef;udk wufuek &f u
G u
f ek f
zGifhapcJhonfrSm bk&if\tuefYtowfr&Sd vkyfydkifcGifhtmPmjzpf
onf/ jrefrmrIwiG f ]a&ajrhoeif;jynh&f iS rf if;}qkad om toH;k tEIe;f
wpfc&k &dS m wkid ;f jynf\a&ajrawmawmifobm0t&if;tjrpftm;
vHk;udkomru wkdif;oljynfom;rsm;\ touftkd;tdrfpnf;pdrf
udyk g bk&ifuydik q
f ikd o
f nfo
h abmyifjzpfonf/ wpfenf;qk&d vQif
]t<uif;rJhoufOD;qHydkifpepf}usifhoHk;ykdifcGifhyifjzpfonf/
ae&mwGif apm'uwufEkdifzG,f&mwpfckrSm jrefrmhtpOf
tvmwGif ]rif;usifw
h &m;q,fyg;}uJo
h Ykd aom bk&iftwGuo
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w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPm? w&m;Oya'jyKtmPmqdkaom r@dKif
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acwfopftkyfcsKyfa&;pepf\ okyfouef[kqdkEdkifygonf/
odkYESifhwdkif jrefrmhya'o&mZfpepfwGif odkYaom tmPm
cGaJ 0usifo
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acwf) wGif acwfopftkyfcsKyfa&;yHkoPmefrsKd; ajymif;vJusifhoHk;
Edkif&ef BudK;yrf;rItcsKdU&Sdoavmuf &SdcJhaomfvnf; bk&ifhtmPm
pufukd ausmEf ikd cf o
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tkyfcsKyfa&;pepfjzifhom ya'o&mZfacwfwpfavQmufvHk; pcef;
oGm;cJh&onf/
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ajrmufjrm;pGmusifvnfcJh&aom EdkifiHom;wdkY\ rif; odkYr[kwf
tpdk;& odkYr[kwf EdkifiHa&;ESifhywfoufaom tawGUtBuHKrsm;rSm
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twGuf xif&Sm;aomtaxmuftxm;rsm;vnf; jrefrmh"avh
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onf/ jrefrmwdYk rmS bk&m;&Scd ;kd wdik ;f ]rif;qd;k rif;npfatmuf rae&
ygapESib
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onfrSmvnf; av;eufaom t"dym,frsm;pGm&Sdygvdrfhrnf/
qdck yhJ gtwdik ;f &mpkEpS af ygif;rsm;pGm jzpfwnfpcJG ikd v
f mcJah om
cg;oD;onfEh ikd if aH &;tawGUtBuHKrsm;onfyif ]jrefrmhEikd if aH &;"avh}
udk yHkoGif;vdkufjcif;jzpfwef&monf/ oabmudk acwftquf
quf vufqifhurf;cJhMuaom jrefrmhdk;&mpum;yHkrsm;wGif q0g;
Edkifp&m&Sdygonf/ tqdkygdk;&mpum;yHkrsm;wGif ikyf0ifaeaom
]tawG;yHkpH} (Thought Pattern) rsm;onfyif jrefrmhEdkifiHa&;"avh
\ azmfjycsufrsm;[kqdkEdkifaumif;ygonf/

pum;yHkrsm;ESifU tawG;yHkpHrsm;
vufvSrf;rDorQ jrefrmhdk;&mpum;yHkrsm;udk pkpnf;NyD;
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EdkifiHa&;ESifhywfoufonfh tawG;yHkpHrsm;udk PfrDorQ xkwf,l
Munfhygonf/
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tqdkyg pum;yHkrsm;rS rSef;qMunfh&aom tawG;yHkpHrSm
,ckvdk .../ ]wdkif;a&;? jynfa&;? EdkifiHa&; qdkonfrSm odrfarGU
eufeJcufcJvSonfjzpf&m aus;awmfrsKd;? uRefawmfrsKd;? omref
vlxk\ ta&;t&mr[kwf/ bkef;BuD;aom rif;? tpdk;&? EdkifiHa&;
acgif;aqmifwYkdom pGr;f aqmifEikd af omudpj zpfonf/ tqdyk g rif;?
tpdk;&? EdkifiHa&;acgif;aqmifwdkYuyif vlxk\tcuftcJESifh
0efxkyf0efydk;rsm;udk ulnDajz&Sif;? z,f&Sm;ay;vdrfhrnf} qdkaom
tawG;rsKd;jzpfygvdrfhrnf/ (rif;? tpdk;&? EdkifiHa&; acgif;aqmif
wdkYtay: MunfndK&if;pGJ&Sdovdk tm;udk;orIjyKvdkonfhoabm)
aemufxyfpum;yHt
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OD;rnf/
pmrsufESm 34 od k Y

34

VOICE

The

PERSPECTIVE

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

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toHawG pHkvmonf/ vlpHkvmaomaMumifhjzpfonf/
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rsm;vnf; &Sq
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toHpHkzdkY BudK;pm;aeaom tcif;tusif;opfu jynfwGif;jynfy&Sd
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Mum;jzwfa&G;aumufyjJG zpfaomaMumifh ygwDEikd if aH &;? a&G;aumufyJG
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wpfcktwGuf qHk;jzwfMuawmhrnf/ xdktcg vlpHktoHpHkvmonfh
tcif;tusif;opfwGif yg0ifvmolrsm; {NyD 1 tvGef jrefrmh
EdkifiHa&; aemufxyf yHkoPmefopfrsm;? yg0gopfrsm;udk arG;zGm;
awmhrnfukd em;vnfxm;ojzifh ajymif;vJvmawmhrnfh tajctae
rsm;twGuf &yfwnfrI toGio
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vmr,fhESpftenf;i,ftwGif; EdkifiHa&;odyHynm&Sifrsm;tMum;

vlpHk? toHpHkvmaomtcg 'Drdkua&pD\


toGifoP mef yDjyifrIomru tESpfom&yg
yDjyifvmap&ef a&SY wdk;vkyfaqmif&rnfU
tcsufrsm;jzpfojzifh Zmwfaumifwdkif;
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vpfb&,f'Drdkua&pD\ toD;tyGifUrsm;udk
zefwD;Mu&awmUrnfjzpfonf/
jrefrmjynf Edk;xvmrIESifU pef;yGifUvmrIonf
2012-2013twGif; vkyfaqmifp&m&Sdonfrsm;udk
tjrefqHk;vkyfaqmifzdkh tcsufjyaeonf/
nwGif;csif;'Drdkua&pDudk razmfaqmifEdkifaomfvnf;
wdkif;jynfwpfckvHk;udk *vdkb,fvrf;aMumif;ay:
qGJrwifNyD; 'Drdkua&pDnpmudk
wGJzufpm;oHk;zdkhqdkygu
vlwdkif; tvkyfvkyf&rnfUtcsdefjzpfaeonf/
pmrsufESm 33 jrefrmhEdkifiHa&;avhvmrS tquf
]]rif;em;wpfaxmif? rif;ajrmifwpfodef;}
rif;wdkYrsufapmif;? taMumif;ra&G;
rif;? tpdk;&? EdkifiHa&;acgif;aqmif (txl;ojzifh tmPm&
EdkifiHa&;acgif;aqmif) wdkYESifhywfoufvQif qdkcJhNyD;onfhtwdkif;
av;pm;tm;udk;vdkMuonfhwdkif aMumuf&GHUxdwfvefYMuonfrsm;
vnf;&Sdonf/ tmPm&Sdolrsm;ESifhywfoufvQif a0zefaxmufjy
zdkYaeaeomom raumif;ajymzdkYyif r0Hh&JavmufatmifaMumuf
onf/ (jrefrmh"avhwiG f ]rif;} udk &eforl sKd;ig;yg;tjzpf owfrw
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xm;onfrSm taMumif;rJhr[kwfwef&m)
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]rif;ca,musfm;? urf;em;opfyif}
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tkyfcsKyfa&;? EdkifiHa&; tvkyfrsKd;&zdkYqdkvQif wpfckwnf;aom
enf;vrf;rSm tmPm&Sdolrsm;\ olaumif;jyKrIomjzpfonf/
odkYwap odkY rif;vdkvdkuf rif;BudKufaqmifNyD; &vmaom
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udk wpfygwDtmPm&Siftpdk;&u tMurf;zufNzdKcGJcJhNyD;aemufydkif;
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armif;oefaom t&yfbufulnDapmifha&Smufa&; Sector rsm;
acgif;axmifxvmonf/ xdktcg EdkifiHa&;uyfab;ESifh obm0
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PERSPECTIVE

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

35

VOICE

The

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OD;vS0if; (avol&JwpfOD;)

36

VOICE

The

PERSPECTIVE

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

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38
The

VOICE

Monday, February 13 - 19, 2012

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12/
13/
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6.2.2012
732500
731000
685000
7.2.2012
731000
730000
684500
8.2.2012
738000
742000
695700
9.2.2012
743000
743500
697000
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812 usyf
824 usyf
tar&duefa':vm 925.17
tar&duefa':vm 17.997
tar&duefa':vm 884.992

tu&m

aps;EIe;f

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(usyfodef;)
Suzuki Wagon R+
Surf KZN - 130 (95)
Suzuki R-

('DZ,f)
a&Tig; 2.5 G(2000)

Saloon Mark II 92
Mark II

SE Saloon Limited 88

cs,f&D0uf*Gef
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Toyota

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Sunny Super Saloon


Toyota pufkyf(yg0g&def;*sm;)
CE 96 (90)

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3*
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6*
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7*
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6*
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6*
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170
350
130
210
340
140
135
130
150
250
130
335
210
125

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6 . 2 . 2012
9 . 2 . 2012 +^3800
3800
1725
1730
+
150-535
140-550
800-1500
775-1475 950
1000
+
350
365-375
+
2400-2800
2500-2750
1030
950-980
580
560
575-600
600
14500
14500
21500-24000 21500-24000
22500-23500 23000-24000 +
29500-32000 29500-32000

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tar&duefa':vm
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tar&duefa':vm
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117.510
2.444
997.00
24.530
322.500
642.750
663.500
724.750
388.350
Source : Bloomberg

39

VOICE

The

Monday, February 13 - 19, 2012

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40
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Monday, February 13 - 19, 2012

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YMO

THE VOICE WEEKLY 41

Vol.8 / No.9 - February 13 - 19 , 2012

41

FOREIGN AFFAIRS
Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

VOICE

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42

VOICE

The

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

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FOREIGN AFFAIRS

43

VOICE

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44

VOICE

The

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

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Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

45

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46

VOICE

The

SPORT
Soccer Weekly Fixtures

11-2-2012 (paeaeY) y&D;rD;,m;vd*f yGJpOf (25)


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Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

English
Premier
League
Prediction
Match (25)
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47

The

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Weekly

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VOICE

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48

VOICE

The

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

The
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Vol.8 / No.9

SUPPLEMENT

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50
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VOICE

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SUPPLEMENT

Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

NEWS MAKER

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Monday, February 13 - 19 , 2012

SUPPLEMENT

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51
VOICE

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