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INDIAN AGRICULTURE

WHY A FARMER COMMITTED SUICIDE? WHAT IS THE ROOT CAUSE? ---- A FARMER S VIEW DEAR SIRS, I WANT TO SAY SOMETHING ABOUT AGRICULTURE AND IT IS STRAIGHT FROM THE AGRICULTURE FIELD. DO YOU WANT TO KNOW WHAT IS AGRICULTURE NOW? IS IT AN INDUSTRY? WANT TO KNOW HONESTLY AND WITHOUT ANY BIAS? IF YES, THEN READ ON, OTHEREWISE STOP HERE. I DON T KNOW GOVT DEFINATION BUT I CAN GIVE YOU TWO DEFINATION FROM MY OWN EXPERIENCE:AGRICULTURE PROFESSION- FIRST. A PROFESSION WHERE TWO ELEMENTS HIGH RISK AND UNCERTAINTY IS FIXED WITH FARMER S FATE LIKE CHEWINGUM, SIMPLY UNAVOIDABLE .IN THIS PROFESSION,FARMER WORK HARD HONESTLY IN HIS FIELD, BUY S INPUTS LIKE SEED , FERTILISER, PESTICIDE, LABOUR ETC FROM THE SELLER [SELLER PREFIXED THEIR PRICE] WHO PLANT SEED, NURTURE THEM JUST LIKE HIS KIDS AND IF GOD GIVEN CHANCE THEN HARVEST AND BOUND TO SELL SORT OUT/ REFINED PRODUCE TO THE MILL/ STORE OWNER OR THEIR MIDDLE MAN WHO IS THE ACTUAL DECIDER OF FARMER S PRODUCE PRICE, SURELY LESS THAN THE POLICY MAKER S FIXED PRICE RATE. FARMER S PRODUCTION LOSS? INVESTMENT PROFIT? THEY DON T BOTHER. NORMALLY, WE KNOW HIGH RISK> HIGH GAIN. BUT IN AGRICULTURE IT IS- TOO HIGH RISK> TOO LOW GAIN. SECOND:-h A GROUP OF PEOPLE, LARGER IN NUMBER, STAYING IN BOP [ ACCORDING C. K. PRRAHALAD, MANAGEMENT EXPERT] OF OUR SOCIETY , BROUGHT UP JUST EATING THE REMAINS OF OUR INDIAN ECONOMY. THEY WORK HARD IN THE FIELD FOR THEIR DAILY LIVING; THEY CONSUME LESS BUT PRODUCE MORE FOR

THEIR BELOVED COUNTRY. OUR POLITICIANS SOME TIMES USING/ EXPLOITING THEM TO RETAIN THEIR SUPERPOWER. SOME GOVT OFFICIALS, SOME SALARIED PEOPLE TRY TO IGNORE THEM, THESE PEOPLES ARE INDIAN FARMER OR BPL CATAGORY. I WANT TO DICUSS HERE SOME PIONTS REGARDING AGRICULTURE: 1. WHEN WE UNDERSTAND THAT A REVOLUTION IS COMPLETE? A REVOLUTION IS COMLETE WHEN YOU COMPARATIVELY BACK TO YOUR STARTING POINT- SAYS DR. DEBASHIS CHATTERJEE, FORMER PROF. IIM, LACKNOW, NOW DIRECTOR, IIM, KHOJIKODE 2. ANOTHER GREEN REVOLUTION IS NOT POSSIBLE SAYS PROF ABHIJIT SEN, MEMBER, PLANNING COMMISSION OF INDIA. BOTH THESE COMMENTS IS ABSOLUTELY TRUE. WE [FERMERS] ARE EXPERIENCING THE SAME NOW. IN LATE 70 S WE FIRST STARTED BORO [HIGH YEILDING SUMMER PADDY] CROP THAT TIME FERTILISER WAS NOT EASY AVAILABLE BUT GROUND WATER LEVEL WAS TOO HIGH SIMPLY A SHALLOWTUBEWELL WAS ENOUGH FOR 7-10 ACRE LAND IRRIGATION, ACTUALLY LAND WAS READY FOR NEW CROP, THAT TIME SUMMER PADDY PRODUCTION WAS 35-45 PACKETS [60 KG] PER ACRE BUT AFTER 35 YEARS PRODUCTION IS 2030 PACKETS PER ACRE. WE ARE TRYING OUR BEST BUT CAN T PRODUCE PREVIOUS PRODUCTION LEVEL. IS WORKING THE LAW OF DEMINISING RETURN? ON THE OTHER HAND, POPULATION PARTICULARLY IN RURAL AREA ARE INCREASING RAPIDLY, EVERY DAY WE ARE GETTING NEW MOUTH FOR FOOD. GRADUALLY INCREASING GAP BETWEEN POPULATION AND AGRI PRODUCE. IS IT AN ALARARMING SIGNAL? NOW PERFORMANCE OF THESE, DIRECTLY IMPACT A FARMER S INCOME AND THEIR LIVLIHOOD. A-INDIAN METROLOGICAL DEPARTMENT (IMD)

I HAVE NO CLAIM TO METROLOGICAL EXPERIENCE, I JUST GO BY WHAT IMD AND OTHER FORECASTER AGENCY SAYING .EVERY YEAR, PRIOR MONSOON, THEY SAY

THIS YEARS MONSOON WILL BE NORMAL. IMMEDIATELY AFTER HEARING THIS NEWS ,OUR AGRI-MINISTRY AND OTHER GOVT / NON-GOVT AGENCY OFFICIAL BECAME BUSY WITH CALCULATING THE MIRACLE NO AND PERCENTAGE OF AGRI PRODUCTION, GDP GROWTH, INFLATION ETC, ETC. BUT UNFORTUNATELY, FARMER S EXPERIENCE IS DIFFERENT FROM IMD FORECAST OR AGRI MINISTRY DATA. WE HAVE NO DOUBT; THEY ARE HIGHLY QUALIFIED, SALARIED PEOPLE THEY CAN SAY. EVEN TODAY, BEFORE CROP PLANTATION, THEY CAN SAY EASILY THAT CROP S PRODUCTION QUANTITY. WE CAN NOT BLAME THEM BECAUSE THEY WERE EMPLOYED FOR TO DO SO. MORE OR LESS MONSOON, EITHER MORE OR LESS PRODUCTION CAN NOT AFFECT THEIR MONTHLY INCOME. BUT FARMER KNOWS IMD HAS NO CONTROL OVER MONSOON. A LOW RAIN CAN CREAT DRAUGHT [PRODUCTION COST HIGH], HEAVY RAIN FLOODS [INVEST LOSS]. IN THE MEAN TIME FARMER FACE AILA/ LAILA OR ONE WEEK HOT WEATHER IN JANUARY/ FEBRUARY, CAN DESTROY THEIR FATE. IN AGRICULTURE, NATURE CAN DO EVERY THING. IMD CAN T PRTECT US. MY HUMBLE QUESTION IS, IS NOT POSSIBLE MORE ACCURATE? BECAUSE AGRICULTURE NEED TIMING FOR PRODUCTION. B-- MSP RATE: - SEPT., 2010, AGRI MINISTERY DECIDED TO HIKE MSP ON FOOD GRAIN. SEPT/OCT IS THE IDLE MONTH FOR AGRICULTURE. SMALL/MARGINAL FARMER BOUND TO SELL THEIR PRODUCE AT THE HARVEST TIME.THIS MONTH THEY HAVE NO SALEABLE PRODUCE, BUT LARGE FARMER/ MILL OWNER HAVE ENOUGH STOCKS. FROM THIS HIKE THEY ARE THE FIRST BENEFICIER. FOOD PRICE GONE HIGH BECAUSE GOVT GIVES THEM OPPORTUNITY, THEY SIMPLY GRAB IT. IAM SORRY TO SAY, ITS LIKE OUR RITUAL,EVERY YEAR GOVT.ANNOUNCED THE MSP RATE, BUT FARMER ARE NOT GETTING THAT PRICE. IT IS NOT NEW ONE, WE ARE EXPERIENCING THE SAME YEAR AFTER YEAR. WHO IS THE RESPONSIBLE FOR THAT ? CERTAINLY NOT FARMER. THIS YEAR(2011) FARMER FACING AN UNAWARE SITUATION.WHATEVER THE PRICE, PADDY WAS SALEABLE ALL THE SEASON,BUT THIS IS THE FIRST TIME IN RECENT DECADES, THERE IS NO PRICE, NO BUYER. GOVT. S MSP PAYMENT DECISION THROUGH CHEQUE THAT MEANS BANK A/C,CHEQUE DEPOSIT, CASH AND THIS PROCEDURE S OTHER MEANING IS DELAY.

FROM NOV. THIRD WEEK,POTATO AND VEGETABLE CROP PLANTING WILL BE START. AT THIS SITUATION THESE CROP WILL BE DELAYED.THIS VERY LOW PRICE SURELY AFFECTS FARMER S PLANTING DECISIONS IN THE NEXT CROP. AGRICULTURE NEEDS NOW NOT THEN, TODAY NOT TOMORROW AND ABOVE ALL CASH. SIMPLE PROBLEM NEED SIMPLE SOLUTION. WHY WE COMPLECATE IT ? SO, I REQUEST OUR AGRI MINISTERY TO THINK AND DO SOMETHING AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE, OTHERWISE THE SITUATION WILL GO OUT OF CONTROL. FORGET FARMER S PROFIT, INCREASED MSP IS NOT ENOUGH FOR PRODUCTION COST. JUST INCREASE A LITTLE MSP WITHOUT CALCULATING THE LATEST PRODUCTION COST CAN NOT BE GUARANTEE OF MORE PRODUCTION. EVERY TIME,WE HEAR SOMETHING FROM OUR MINISTER/TOP BOREUCRATS LIKE THISNO ONE SHOULD BE ALLOWED TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE MARKET SITUATION , GOVT WILL TAKE STRONG ACTION AGAINST STOCKIST , MILLERS WERE NOT GIVING MSP TO THE FARMER , IF OFFICIALS CERTIFY THAT FARMER ARE GIVEN MSP WITHOUT VERYFING IT ON THE GROUND LEVEL, WILL TAKE STRINGENT ACTION , IT IS OUR DUTY TO ENSURE THAT THE POOR DO NOT SUFFER , GOVT WILL BUY PRODUCE DIRECTLY FROM THE FARMER , ETC., ETC.,ETC. ALL ABOUT OF THESE DILOUGE IS OUR GOVT POLICY AND A ROUTINE MANNER OF OUR MINISTER /TOP BUROUCRAT. WHY IS THIS DIALOGUE? BECAUSE FARMER CAN T SET HIS PRODUCE PRICE TAG. THIS IS THE MAIN DIFFERENCE WITH OTHER PRODUCER. ON THE OTHER HAND, AT THE SAME TIME OUR PARLIAMENTARIAN [LEFT/ RIGHT BOTH] TOTALLY COLLAPSE THE PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM FOR INCREASING THEIR OWN STIPEND.HOW MUCH THEY ARE GETTING NOW? GOVT KNOW BUT I AM SURE IT IS NOT OUR MSP RATE HIKE PERCENTAGE. ARE THEY FEEL SHAME? BUT ENTIRE COUNTRY FEEL SHAME SEEING THEIR FURSY BEHAVIOUR THROUGH TV AND OTHER MEDIA. IT IS AN INDICATION THAT THEY CAN DO EVERY THING FOR THEIR OWN? C AGRICULTURE INSTITUTION- OUR GOVT. AND THE SAME TIME OUR ELITE CLASS SOCIETY ALWAYS TALKING ABOUT IIT,IIM.I DON T THINK IT IS WRONG BUT WE HAVE TO KNOW WHAT ARE DOING OUR AGRICULTURE UNIVERSITIES? ARE THEY PRODUCING FRUITFUL RESULTS FOR OUR AGRICULTURE? IF YES, THEN NO PROBLEM, BUT IF NO, THEN WHY? WHY WE ARE USING THE SAME PADDY SEED

WHICH USED IN 40 YEARS AGO? WHY WE ARE NOT PRODUCE POTATO SEED? WHY WE DEPEND ON PUNJAB? IT MAY BE WE CAN DO BUT DON T DO. OR MAY BE A DEEP CAUSE? D NREGA AND AGRICULTURE:- DO YOU THINK THAT NREGA IS THE SUBSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURE? THE ANSWER IS ABSOLUTE NO. BUT THE FACT IS NREGA THREATS AGRICULTURE PARTICULARLY IN MAN POWER COST INCREASING. STILL NOW, INDIAN AGRICULTURE IS DEPENDENT ON MANPOWER. AGRICULTURE NEED TO MAINTAIN TIMING. AT PRESENT, AN AGRICULTURE LABOUR IS MORE GAINER (THROUGH-NREGA+DISTRIBUTION OF FREE FOODGRAIN+AGRICULTURE WORK) THAN A SMALL/MARGINAL FARMER.BUT THE TRUE FACT IS SMALL/ MARGINAL FARMER IS THE KEY DRIVER OF AGRICULTURE PRODUCE. IF THEY DON T GET PROFIT, HOW THEY WILL SURVIVE? WHEN WE WILL START TOTAL MECHANISED FARMING? THERE IS NO OTHER WAY TO ARREST RISING PRODUCTION COST.

E--

AGRICULTURAL LOAN:-

ENCOURAGING MORE PRODUCTION? A DEBT TRAP? OR A DEATH TRAPS? WE DON T NEED SUBSIDY ON CROP LOAN, FERTILISER, SEED, AND ELECTRICITY FOR IRRIGATION OR ANY OTHER FORM OF SUBSIDY. WE NEED FAIR PRICE OF OUR PRODUCE FROM GOVT. WE NEED STRONG SUPPORT TO PROTECT OUR INVESTMENT. INCREASE FARM LOAN ,KCC CAN NOT SOLVE THE PREBLEM. I AM SORRY TO SAY, AFTER EVERY CROP, SOMEONE FARMER FROM SOMEWHERE IN OUR COUNTRY COMMITTED SUICIDE DUE TO INDEBTNESS. WHEN IT HAPPENS REPEATEDLY, THEN IT GOES TO OUR NATIONAL NEWS PAPER S INSIDE PAGE. OUR GOVT DON T FEEL SHAME. WE ARE USING THE SAME PROCEDURE. WE NEED TO GO DEEP DEPTH INTO THE PREBLEM, NEED TO WORK HARD AND HIGH LEVEL HONESTY AND INTIGRITY. SOME TIME WE ARE CONFUSEDTHOUGHT ARE WE DOING FARMING OR DOING CRIME? IF A FARMER TOOK A BANK CROP LOAN

THEN I AM SURE HE IS DOING CRIME IN THE NAME OF FARMING. I AM GIVING AN EXAMPLE HERE:SUPPOSE FARMER BUDDHU TOOK A BANK LOAN OF RS 1 LAKH FOR POTATO FARM ING OF HIS LESS THAN 3 ACRE LAND. IT MEANS HE HAVE TO INVEST ALL THE LOAN MONEY. ASSUME BEGINNING IS AL OVER GOOD, BUT SUDDEN HEAVY RAIN OR 10-MINUTES HAIL-STORM OR A HOT WEATHER IN JANUARY/FEBRUARY [GOD MADE] CAN DESTROY ALL CROP. ON THE OTHER HAND,A VERY LOW FIELD PRICE[MAN MADE] WHERE HE UNABLE TO RECOVER HIS INVESTMENT. WHAT WILL BE THEN? SURELY MR- BUDDHU CAN T REPAY HIS BANK LOAN. HE WILL BE DEFAULTER. WHERE HE WILL GET THE MONEY FOR NEXT CROP BORO OR KHARIF ? CERTAINLY BANK WILL NOT GIVE ANOTHER LOAN TO A DEFAULTER. DUE TO MONEY SHORTAGE NEXT CROP S PRODUCTION WILL BE HAMPERED. AS A DEFAULTER, BANK WILL TAKE LEGAL ACTION AGAINST MR. BUDDHU; BANKS HAVE THE RIGHT TO DO SO. THIS TIME FARMING TURNS CRIME .AT THIS POINT, WILLMR.-BUDDHU STOP HERE? YOUR SURPRISE IS WAITING HERE, JUST READ ON. BEYOND THIS TURMOIL FINANCIAL SITUATION MR BUDDHU WILL NOT STOP HERE. HE DESPARATELY MORTAGE HIS GOLD [WHICH HIS WIFE KEPT FOR HER DAUGHTER] AGAINST A HIGH RATE INTEREST. HE WILL INVEST THE GOLD MONEY IN THE NEXT CROP KHARIF OR BORO, HOPING IN MIND THAT HE WILL REPAY LITTLE OF HIS BANK LOAN AND AT THE SAME TIME ABLE TO RECOVER HIS GOLD. BUT IN SEPT/OCT A HEAVY RAIN FLOODS HIS CROP. AFTER ONE OR TWO YEARS THIS MORTGAGE GOLD WILL BE WASHED OUT BY INTEREST. AT THIS POINT, MR.BUDDHU WILL UNABLE TO MAINTAIN HIH FAMILY. HERE START GERMINATING THE SEED OF FARMER SUICIDE. NOW REPEATED RED LETTER FROM THE BANK AND ANXIOUSNESS OF HIS DAUGHTER S GOLD (READ MARRIAGE)- THIS TWO ELEMENTS IS ENOUGH FOR HIS SUICIDE. HERE IS THE ACTUAL SEED OF FARMER SUICIDE. CAN ANY ONE SAY, AS A FARMER WHAT WRONG BUDDHU DONE? IS MR. BUDDHU DONE FARMING? OR DONE CRIME? BELIEVE IT OR NOT, IT IS A CLASSIC EXAMPLE OF INDIAN AGRICULTURE, PARTICLARLY SMALL/MARGINAL FARMER.

PER BIGHA(1/3 RD ACRE) ONLY PRODUCTION COST OF KHARIF (AMAN) CROP EXCLUDING LAND LEASE(REN
INPUT COST 1996 2001 2006

ALL OUR CIVIL SOCIETY OCCATIONALLY USE AN OLD PROVERB:- FARMER DIES WITH HOPE -[ASHAI MORAY CHASSA IN BENGALI. IT IS A PROVEN PROVERB.BUT ONE THING I MUST SAY HERE- A FARMER IS THE BEST POSITIVE THINKER ON THIS EARTH. THEY ARE LOSSING MONEY, THEY ARE DYING, THEY ARE COMMITTED SUICIDE YET THEY ARE PRODUCING FOOD GRAINS FOR THEIR COUNTRY. I WILL REQUEST HERE TO OUR NON-AGRI PROFESSIONAL, JUST THINK A SINGLE MOMENT INSPITE OF ALL ODDS HOW ONE GET THEIR FOODS ON TABLE.MAY BE ONE HAVE ENOUGH MONEY BUT THEY CAN NOT EAT CURRENCY NOTES . YES FARMER THINKS IT IS THEIR SOCIAL OBLIGATION AND FOR THIS MENTALLITY NATION GETS THEIR FOOD. INDIAN AGRICULTURE IS IN CRYSIS POSITION, NO ONE TO HELP US. IF I TELL HERE THAT SOME DAY WILL COME IN NEAR FUTURE WHEN FARMER WILL PRODUCE LESS OR BOUND TO STOP PRODUCTION, SOME ONE MAY DISBELIEVE ME. BUT IT MAY BE TRUE IN NEAR FUTURE. AT LAST ONE REQUEST (FROM THE CORE OF MY HEART) TO OUR GOVT AND NON AGRI PROFESSIONALS, IF YOU CAN T DO SOMETHING FOR US, DON T DO. PLEASE DON T LAUGH AT US. PRESENT AGRICULTURE SITUATION IS VERY BAD, FOR SMALL/MARGINAL FARMER. HOW THEY SURVIVE? FARMER SUICIDE WILL NOT STOP HERE. IT IS A BEGINNING. NEAR FUTURE SUICIDE RATE WILL BE INCREASE. PLEASE DON T DEGRADE US. I AM SURE FUTURE GENERATION WILL LEAVE THIS AGRICULTURE PROFESSION GRADUALLY. BUT TRUE FACT IS WE NEED FOOD . WE CAN T IGNORE AGRICULTURE. AT THE END I AM GIVING HERE A CHART OF KHARIF AND POTATO CROP FROM 1996 TO2011. NOW, HOW MUCH MONEY A FARMER GAINING OR LOSSING AFTER EVERY CROP. ANYONE CAN COUNT A FARMER S INCOME THROUGH THIS CHART. DEAR SIR, WE HAVE A FAMILY.HOW WE MAINTAIN OUR FAMILY? WE ARE BUYING THE SAME BASIC NEEDS FROM THE SAME MARKET.

1.PADDY SEED RATE (5KGS) OTHER COST FOR SEED 2.TILLING & LAVELING 3. PLANTING

RS.8/KG

RS. 40.00

RS.12/KG

RS. 60.00

RS.15/KG

RS. 75.00

100.00 200.00 300.00 6LABOUR@RS.30= 180.00 7LABOUR@RS.40=

150.00

180.00 360.00

280.00

7LABOUR@RS.50=

350.00

4. LABOUR FOR WEEDING (AVERAGE 6 LABOUR) 5.FERTILISERIFFCO -20KGS UREA-5KGS 6.PESTICIDE& LABOUR REAPING LIFTING THREASING

@ RS.30

180.00

@RS.40

240.00

@RS.50

300.00

@RS.8/KG= @RS.4/KG=

160.00 20.00 150.00

@RS.10/KG= @RS.5/KG=

200.00 25.00 190.00

@RS.10/KG= @RS.6/KG=

200.00 30.00 240.00

4 LABOUR@RS.30= 6 LABOURE@RS.50= 5 LABOUR@RS.50 =

120.00 300.00 250.00

4 LABOUR@RS.40= 6 LABOUR@RS.60= 5 LABOUR @RS.60=

160.00 360.00 300.00

4 LABOUR@RS.50= 6 LABOUR@RS.70= 5 LABOUR@RS.70=

200.00 420.00 350.00

TOTAL PRODUCTION COST FIELD PRICE RS. 240/PER PAC(60KG) RS. 400/QUINTAL.

1850.00 2515.00 RS.290.00 500.00 3035.00 RS. 320 RS.500+

ASSUME, AVERAGE PRODUCTION 8 PACKETS FROM PADDY STRAW

8 PACKETS(60KG)X240=1920.00

8 PACKETS X290 =2320.00

8 PACKETS X 320=2520.00

50.00 TOTAL PRODUCE VALUE (ACCORDING FIELD PRICE) FARMERS PROFIT/LOSS IN THE RESPECTIVE YEAR 1970.00

50.00 2370.00

00.00 2520.00

PROFIT 120.00

LOSS

145.00

LOSS

515.00

FROM I996---TO 2011

*SEED PRICE INCREASED 3TIMES. *FERTILISER INCREASED ALMOST 3 TIMES. *PESTICIDE INCREASED DOUBLE. *LABOUR WAGES INCREASED LITTLE LESS 4 TIMES. *IRRIGATION INCREASED 4 TIMES. * DIESEL WAS (1996) LESS RS.14/L , NOW IT IS RS.44+/LITER. *PADDY MSP INCREASED LESS 3TIMES (ACTUALLY FARMER GETTING 2 TIMES).

PER BIGHA (1/3 RD ACRE) ONLY PRODUCTION COST OF POTATO CROP (EXCLUDING LAND RENTAL VALUE AND FARMER S WAGES)
INPUT COST POTATO SEED(PUNJAB) 2 PACKETS TILLING+LAVELLING FERTILIZERIFFCO 3PACKET UREA 1 PACKET 1996-97 <10YEARS> @ RS.1100/PACKET RS.2200 BY TILLER 310 @ RS.380 1340 @RS. 200 200 6 LABOUR @RS.40 5 LABOUR @RS.40 2006-07 @ RS.1500/PACKET RS.3000 BY TILLER RS.560 @RS.440 RS.1580 @RS.260 RS.260 7 LABOUR @RS.70 5 LABOUR @RS.70 2007-08 @ RS.1200/PACKET RS.2400 BY TILLER RS.600+ @RS.450 RS.1350 @RS.270 RS.270 8 LABOUR @RS.75 RS.600 8 LABOUR @RS.75 RS.450 PESTICIDE(ANTI FUNGUS 1KG) 2 LABOUR RS.180 RS.180 RS.150 RS.80 IRRIGATION HARVESTING- 8 LABOUR DOUBLE TILLING +LABOUR RS.250 @RS.40 RS.320 RS.100 RS.40 RS.500 @RS.70 RS.150 RS.70 RS.560 @RS.75 RS.600 RS.140

RS.

RS. RS. RS.240 RS200

PLANTING WEDDING-NARROW LINING

RS.490 RS. 350

RS

RS.5

RS.150 RS.75

TOTAL PRODUCTION COST AVERAGE PRODUCTION-> FIELD PRICE PER PACK-> TOTAL FIELD PRODUCE VALUE-> REMARKS RS.5460 60 PACKETS(60KG/PACK.) RS.70 PER PACK

RS.7580 AVERAGE 20PACKS(50KG/PACK) RS.210/PACK RS.4200 TWO HOURS HAILSTORM WITH HEAVY RAIN LOSS RS.3380

RS.7365 60 PACKS. RS.70/PACK RS.4200

RS.4200 AVERAGE GOODHARVEST

AVERAGE PRODUCTION,BU THERE ARE FEW TAKER LOSS RS.3165

PROFIT/LOSS AS PER FIELD PRICE

LOSS RS.1260

NOW FARMER HAS TWO-OPTION. 1] AT THE HARVEST TIME HE CAN SALE HIS POTATO WITHOUT THINKING HIS PROFIT OR LOSS 2] HE CAN SEND THESE POTOTAS TO THE STORE AND FOR THAT HE HAS TO INVEST EXTRA RS. 30-40 PER PACK (PACKET+ GRADING+WEIGHING+ ROAD SIDE+ TRUCK FARE+LOAD/UNLOAD) . AT THIS STAGE A POST HARVEST LOAN WILL BE MORE DANGEROUS FOR A FARMER- PLEASE SHOW THE CHART. PLEASE REMEMBER HERE THAT SOME ONE ELSE CONTROLS OUR DESTINY. WE CAN T DO ANYTHING EXCEPT PRODUCING. PRODUCTION COST WAS COST OF STORE SENDING TOTAL INVESTMENT RS.6660 RS. 5460 60XRS.20=1200 RS. 7580 20XRS.30=600 RS.8180 RS.7365 60X30=RS 1800 RS.9165

IN NOVEMBER THE STORE PRICE(FREE BOND) TOTAL PROFIT/LOSS FOR THE YEAR

RS. 20/PACKX60=1200 LOSS RS. 6060

RS.400/PACKX20=8000 LOSS RS.180

RS.50/PACKX60=RS.30 LOSS RS 6165

IF A FARMER SELL HIS POTATO AT THE HARVEST TIME, THEN CAPITAL LOSS. IF HE WANTS TO TAKE ANOTHER RISK THEN MORE CAPITAL LOSS. HOW A FARMER PROTECT HIS CAPITAL? IN 1996 POTATO PRICE WAS RS 70/ PACK. AFTER 15 YEARS IT IS RS.50/ PACK.IS IT HINT US THAT WE ARE PRODUCING MORE? HOW A SMALL/MARGINAL FARMER SURVIVE? IN THE MEANTIME PRODUCTION COST MORE THAN DOUBLE.

THROUGH THIS CHART, ANY ONE CAN UNDERSTAND THE INCREASING PATTERN OF THE INPUT COST AND FARMER S PROFIT/LOSS OF THE SPECIFIC YEAR .ON THE OTHER HAND, PADDY PRODUCTION IS ALMOST STAGNANT .WE MUST REMEMBER HERE THE YEAR 2007 FOR FLOODS AND 2009 FOR THE DROUGHT .NOW, WILL AGRI-MINISTRY AGREE WITH ME TO GIVE THE MINIMUM PRICE FOR LAND LEASE VALUE AND A VERY MINIMUM FARMER WAGES . ONE IMPORTANT MESSAGE I WANT TO SHARE WITH OUR AGRI-MINISTRY, IF A SMALL/MARGINAL FARMER GET A JOB OF RS.3000/MONTH,I AM SURE MORE THAN 85% OF THEM QUIT AGRICULTURE.BELIEVE IT OR NOT BUT IT IS ABSOLUTE TRUE! HOW A SMALL FARMER SURVIVE? ACCORDING INDIA GOVT- NEW INDIA IS SHINING . ON THE OTHER HAND ,INDIA REMAINS LOW ON HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND THE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX RANKS US 119 IN A SET OF OVER 170 COUNTRIES. WE STILL HAVE STARVATION DEATH AND FARMER SUICIDES. WHAT IS THE TRUE PICTURE ?THEN WHY I AM WRITING? AGAIN FOR HOPE -(ASHAI MOREY CHASSA).I BELIEVE THAT WRITING IS ULTIMATELY A QUESTION OF SOLVING A PROBLEM. IT MAY BE A PROBLEM OF WHERE TO OBTAIN THE FACT OR A PROBLEM FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF POLICY, WHATEVER IT IS. IF GOVT (CENTRAL AND STATE) DON T WANT TO TAKE THE RESPONSIBILITY, WHAT WILL BE THEN? WHERE OUR GOVT. NO LONGER CARE US THEN WE HAVE TO CARE OURSELF. FINALLY FEW QUESTION: - A] WHAT HAPPEN IF THEY ORGANISED IN NEAR FUTURE? B] IF THEY DON T PERMIT OTHERS TO SET THEIR PRODUCE PRICE AND THE SAME TIME THEIR FATE? C] WHY THIS OLDEST PROFESSION NEGLECTED? D] OR IS IT AN IDICATION, THAT THERE IS NO NEED OF AGRICULTURE? I REQUEST OUR GOVT AND MY READER TO THINK TWICE BECAUSE WE NEED FOOD. YES WE CAN PRODUCE THE FOOD. BUT BEFORE THAT WE NEED TO

PROTECT OUR INVESTMENT. FORGET PROFT, FORGET LAND RENTAL VALUE, FORGET FARMER S WAGES WE NEED TO PROTECT OUR INVEST AFTER EVERY CROP. OTHERWISE TODAY WE WILL NOT UNDERSTAND, BUT TOMORROW EVERY ONE WILL FEEL PINCH AT THEIR POCKET. WE CAN T EAT CURRENCY NOTE.

. I AM WRITING THIS ON BEHALF OF SMALL/ MARGINAL FARMER, IT IS MY PERSONAL VIEW .I DO NOT WANT TO HURT ANYONE. WE NEED HELP!

ASGAR ALI MALLICK ( A SMALL FARMER)

VILLAGE & PO- KASWARA (WEST),

PS-POLBA, DIST-HOOGHLY-712102(INDIA)

MAIL ID-: ASGARA.MALLICK@GMAIL.COM