Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 47

.., .. .

2011
( 3)


. ., . , akoryanov@mail.ru
.., . , aaprokof@yandex.ru

1. 2
1.1.

, ....................
, ...........................
, ......
, .....
........
1.2. .
..
......................................................
..


26
2.3.
.
..
.....
.....
..

..

2
3
7
8
10
12

2.4.
.

R

..
..

13
13
14
15

27
27
27
28
28
29
30
30
31
33

2.5. . 34

1.3.
. 16

3. 35

2. -
.. 17

3.1.
. 35

2.1. .. 18

3.2.
36

2.2.
....

...
...
..

3.3.
37

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

18
18

. 38
.. 45

20

47

20
22

.., .. .
, .
, ,
.

(
, ).
(,
..),
.

. ,
.
, . , g ( x ) h( x)
, g 2 n1 ( x ) h 2 n1 ( x ) ,
y t 2 n1 , n N, R g ( x ) h( x) g 2 n1 ( x ) h 2 n1 ( x )
.
, ,
, .

1.

,
,

( , , ),
.
, (
), (
). ,

.
1.1.


, , , , , .

. ,
,
.
,
2n

f ( x) 2n g ( x) , n N ,

2 n f ( x) 2 n

f ( x ) 0,
g ( x) 0

2n

g ( x)

2n

f ( x) g ( x ),
f ( x ) g ( x ),

f ( x) 0,

g ( x ) 0,
g ( x) 0


2n

f ( x) 2n g ( x) , n N ,

f ( x) g ( x ),

g ( x ) 0.
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

.., .. .
, ,
.

. 1

1. (, 2009).

.
( x 1)( x 3)
0 x
(. ).
.

3 x 2 6 x 9 1

x
x
5 x 1

x2 6x 9 1
.
4

5 x 1

: 0 x 1, x 2, 3 x 4, 4 x 5.

. x 2 6 x 9 ( x 3) 2 ,
x :

x 0,

5 x 0,

5 x 1

2. (, 2000).
( x 2) 2 2( x 1) 2 x 3 .
. , :

x 0,

x 5,
x 4.

( x 2) 2 2( x 1) 2 x 3

x 2 4 x 4 2( x 1) 2 x 3 0

x 2 2 x 1 2( x 1) 2 x 3 2 x 3 0

x 2 6x 9 1

x 3 4 0 . (*)

x
5 x 1

x 2 6x 9 1
0 ,

5 x 1

x 1,
2

x 2

x 2.

2.

,

,
.

x 2 4x 3
0
x

( x 1)( x 3)
0.
x

Ox (.1)
.
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

( x 1)

x 1 2x 3 0
x 1 0,
2x 3 x 1

2
2 x 3 ( x 1)

2. x 2 6 x 9 1 0 . (*)

3
40
x

1. x 2 6 x 9 1 0 | x 3 | 1 ,
x 2 x 4 . ,
,
x 2 , (*) .

2x 3 0
2x 3 0

( x 1) 2 2( x 1) 2 x 3

2n

f ( x) 2 n g ( x)

f ( x) g ( x),
(1)

g ( x) 0;

2n

f ( x) 2 n g ( x)

f ( x) g ( x ),
(2)

g ( x) 0;

.., .. .

2n

f ( x) g 2 n ( x),

f ( x ) g ( x) f ( x) 0,
(3)
g ( x) 0;

2n

f ( x) g 2 n ( x ),

f ( x) g ( x) f ( x) 0,
(4)
g ( x) 0;

2n

2n

. 2
.
18 x 2 .
: 18 x 2 .
(3). ,

f ( x ) g 2 n ( x ),

g ( x ) 0,
f ( x) g ( x )
(5)
f ( x ) 0,

g ( x ) 0;

x 18 (2 x ) 2 ,

x 18 0,
2 x 0

2
Ox . 3.

f ( x) g 2n ( x),

g ( x) 0,
f ( x ) g ( x)
(6)
f ( x) 0,

g ( x) 0;

2 n 1

f ( x ) 2 n 1 g ( x )

2 n 1

f ( x) g ( x )

f ( x ) g ( x ) ; (7)

f ( x ) g 2 n1 ( x) , (8)

(7) (8)
: , , , .

. (6), ,
:

. 2 x 0 2 x 0 ,
,
x 18 0 .
2 x 0 ,
2 x 0 .

x 2 10 x 9 ( x 2 2 x 3) 2 ,
(I) 2
x 2 x 3 0.

x 2 10 x 9 0,
(II) 2
x 2 x 3 0

( x 7)( x 2) 0,

x 18,
x 2.

(I) :
x 2 x 3 0 x (; 1] [3; ) ;
(I)
:
( x 1)( x 9) ( x 1) 2 ( x 3) 2
2

x
x

( x 1) ( x 1)( x 3) 2 ( x 9) 0

( x 1) x ( x 2 5 x 2) 0

. 2
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

x 2 10 x 9 x 2 2 x 3.

x 18 2 x .

2 2
. 3

4. (, 1999).

3.

x 18 (2 x ) 2 ,

x 18 0,
2 x 0

( x 7)( x 2) 0,

x 18,
x 2.

.., .. .
x 2 10 x 9 ( x 2 2 x 3) 2 ,
2

x 10 x 9 0,
2
x 2 x 3 0.

5 17
5 17
( x 1) x x
x

0.
2
2

5 17 1
,
2
2

9 5 17

5.
2
2
Ox (. . 4)
(I).

0 5 17
2

5 17
2

x 2 2x 3 0 .

(I)
(. . 5)

5. (, 2009).
x 3 6 x 2 14 x 7
7x
.
x 1

5 17
x {1} 3;
.
2

. ,

(II) :
2
x 10 x 9 0 x (; 9] [1; ) ;

7 x

0 5 17
2

5 17
2

x 2 10 x 9 0,
2
x 2 x 3 0.

. 4

x 2 10 x 9 0 ,
,
..

x 2 10 x 9 ( x 2 2 x 3) 2 ,
2
x 2 x 3 0.

x 3 6 x 2 14 x 7

x 1

7 x x 1 x 3 6 x 2 14 x 7 ,

x 1

. 5

x 2 2 x 3 0 x (1; 3) .
, (II)
x (1; 3) .
(I) (II),
.

5 17
: 1;
.
2

(7 x )( x 1) x 3 6 x 2 14 x 7,

7 x 0,

0
,

x 1

4 (6). .
x 2 2 x 3 0 , .

x 2 2 x 3 0 ,

x 3 5 x 2 6 x 0,

1 x 7

x( x 2)( x 3) 0,

1 x 7.

. 6 .


. 6

: 1 x 2, 3 x 7.
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

.., .. .
6.

(8 x )(2 x 1) ,
:

2x 3 x 2 2 .

(8 x)(2 x 1)

. x 2 t ,
t 0 . x t 2 2

8 x

(8 x )(2 x 1)
2x 1

2x 1 8 x 1

2t 7 t 2 .

t 2 0 , 2t 2 7 t 2 4t 4
t 2 4t 3 0 t 0 .

0,5 x 8 ,


t 1

t 3
t 0

0 t 1
t 3.

3x 8 0,

2 8 x 3x 8 8 x 0,

4(8 x) (3 x 8) 2

x :
0 x 2 1

x 2 3

x 3 ,

4 x 8.
x 8,

(9 x 8)( x 4) 0

0 x 2 1

x 2 9

2 x 3
x 11.

2x 1 1 8 x .

. 7 .

: 2 x 3; x 11 .
7. (, 2002).

1
1
1

.
8 x
2x 1
8 15 x 2 x 2

8
9

8 x 0

2 x 1 0,
(2 x 1)(8 x ) 0

( *)

(8 x)(2 x 1) 0 , ,
(*)
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

: 4 x 8 .


1
.
(8 x )(2 x 1)

0,5 x 8 .

0,5 x 8 .

1
1

8 x
2x 1

. 7

.
:

8 x 0

2 x 1 0,
8 15 x 2 x 2 0

8
3

.., .. .
,

2 x 1,
1
x2 2

x2 1
x2 1
1 x 2 .

, .

(( x ))

f ( x)

(( x))

1
1
2- . 1 0 1 ,
2
2
, (12), :

f ( x ) g ( x),

( x) 1,

(9)
g ( x) f ( x),

0 ( x) 1.

g ( x)

1

2

x 2 1

g (x)

f ( x ) g ( x) . (11)

f ( x ) g ( x ) 0,

( x) 0,
( x )
( x )
( f ( x)) ( g ( x))
g ( x ) f ( x ) 0, (13)

( x) 0.

( x 2 x 1) x 1.
.
( x x 1) x ( x 2 x 1) 0
(9).
2

log 2 x 2 1

1.

x 0,
(1)
2
x

1
,

( x 2 x 1) x 1
x 0,

( 2)
0 x 2 x 1 1.

. 1- . x
x 1,
: x 2 1 0
x 1.


1

2

log 2 x 1

log 2 x 2 1

2 1

2log 2 x

(1) :
x 0,
2
x x 1 1

x 0,

x( x 1) 0

x 0,

x 1 .
x 1 0

1
( x 2 1)1 2
.
x 1

(2) :


21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

9.

8.

.
log 2 x 2 1 0
(. , ).

f ( x ) g ( x) . (12)

1

2

2 x 1,

1 x 2 .

0 a 1 ,

1

2

: ( 2 ; 1) (1; 2 ) .

a f ( x) a g ( x )

log 2 x 2 1

2 x 2 ,
x 2 1 1,

2
x 1,

x 1 0,
x 1

:
a 1 ,
f ( x)

1
1
2

log 2 x 2 1 0

f ( x ) g ( x ),

( x) 1,
g ( x ) f ( x ), (10)

0 ( x) 1,
( x ) 1.

(( x )) f ( x ) (( x)) g ( x )

log

.., .. .
,

x 0,
x 0,

x 2 x 1 0

2
0 x x 1 1.
x( x 1) 0

, .

x 0,
x 0,
.

x ( x 1) 0
x 1 0.

log ( x ) f ( x) log ( x ) g ( x)

: x 1 .

f ( x) g ( x ) 0,

( x) 1,

g ( x) f ( x ) 0,

0 ( x) 1.
:
a 1 ,

(9).
.
( x 2 x 1) x ,
x 2 x 1 0
x R .

log a f ( x ) log a g ( x) f ( x) g ( x ) 0 . (15)


0 a 1 ,

lg( x 2 x 1) x lg1

log a f ( x ) log a g ( x) g ( x) f ( x) 0. (16)

x lg( x x 1) 0
x 0,

2
lg( x x 1) 0,

x 0,

lg( x 2 x 1) 0

(14)

log ( x ) f ( x) log ( x ) g ( x)

x 0,
2
x x 1 1,
x 0,

x 2 x 1 1.

f ( x) g ( x) 0,

( x) 1,

g ( x) f ( x) 0,

0 ( x) 1.

(17)

:
a 1 ,
log a f ( x ) log a g ( x ) f ( x ) g ( x) 0 . (18)
0 a 1 ,
log a f ( x ) log a g ( x ) g ( x ) f ( x) 0 . (19)
10.

log 0,1 x 2 x 2 log 0,1 ( x 3).

. 0,1 , , 0 0,1 1 ,
, (19), ,

x 2 x 2 x 3,
( x 5 )( x 5 ) 0,

2
x x 2 0
( x 1)( x 2) 0.
. 8 .
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

.., .. .
12. ( 2010).

. 8

2 log 2x 1 | x |
log 2x 1 ( x 7)

: 5; 2 1; 5 .

log x (7 x ) log x ( x 3 6 x 2 14 x 7)

log x ( x 1) .

| x | 0,
x 1
2 1,

x 7 0,
x 7 1,

x 12 0

. , ,

log x (7 x )( x 1) log x ( x 3 6 x 2 14 x 7),

x 1.

x (7; 6) (6; 0) (0; 1) (1; ) .


x :
log 2x 1 | x |
log x 7 | x |
log 2x 1 ( x 7)

(7 x )( x 1) x 3 6 x 2 14 x 7,

1 x 7
x 3 5 x 2 6 x 0,

log 3 ( x 12)
log x 7 ( x 12) ,
log 3 ( x 7)

x( x 2)( x 3) 0,

1 x 7.
. 9 .

2 log x 7 | x | log x 7 ( x 12)

0 x 7 1,
7 x 6,
2
2
x x 12
x x 12 0

x 7 1,
x 6,

x 2 x 12
x 2 x 12 0

. 9
: (1; 2) (3; 7) .
.

, . x 1 0 .

7 x 0 (7 x)( x 1) 0 .
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

log x 7 x 2 log x 7 ( x 12) .


(7; 6) (6; 0) (0; 1) (1; ) :

x 0,
x 1 0,

x 7,
x 6,

x 12

(17)
, ,

log 3 ( x 12)
.
log 3 ( x 7)

. ,

:

11. (, 2009).

7 x 6,

7 x 6,
( x 4)( x 3) 0

x 6,
3 x 4.

( x 4)( x 3) 0
9

.., .. .

(7; 6) (6; 0) (0; 1) (1; )


.
. (7; 6) [3; 0) (0; 1) (1; 4] .

(23)

f 2 ( x) g 2 ( x)

f ( x) g ( x) f ( x) g ( x) 0 ; (24)

f ( x) g ( x)

f 2 ( x) g 2 ( x)

f ( x) g ( x) f ( x) g ( x ) 0 . (25)

14.

. :

x 7 4x5 x 2 2 x 3

x7 4 x5 x 2 2 x 3 .

x 9,

1
x3
9 x 4 x 11 .

. (20) ,

(I) :

x 7 4 x 5 x 2 2 x 3

x 7 4 x 5 x 2 2 x 3,

7
5
2
x 4 x x 2 x 3

( x 7 4 x 5 x 2 2 x 3)

x 9,

(I) x 2 16 x 38

0
( x 9)(4 x 11)

x 9,

( x 8 26 )( x 8 26 )

( x 9)(4 x 11)

x 2 2 x 3 0
3 x 1

0 x 1.
5 2
x x 4 0
x 0

x 8 26 .

: 0 x 1 .

(II) :

15.

x 9,
x 2,75,

(II)

( x 4) 2
x 4.
( x 9)(4 x 11) 0

log 9 (2 x 1) log 3 (2 x 1) 1 0 .

(I) (II),
.
: x 2,75 , x 4 , x 8 26 .

log 3 (2 x 1) 1 log 9 (2 x 1) .

(23), ,
, ,

,
, .
f ( x ) g ( x),
f ( x ) g ( x)
f ( x ) g ( x ),

(20)

f ( x ) g ( x),
f ( x ) g ( x)
f ( x ) g ( x);

(21)

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

f ( x) g ( x ),
f ( x ) g ( x)
f ( x) g ( x );

13. (, 2002).
1
x3

.
| x 9 | 4 x 11

(22)

f ( x) g ( x )

x 9,

(I) 1
x 3 (II)

x 9 4 x 11

f ( x ) g ( x),
f ( x) g ( x)
f ( x ) g ( x);

log 3 (2 x 1) 1 log 9 (2 x 1),

log 3 (2 x 1) 1 log 9 (2 x 1)
log 3 (2 x 1) 1 0,5 log 3 (2 x 1),

log 3 (2 x 1) 0,5 log 3 (2 x 1) 1

10

.., .. .
,
, , ,
.
, .

2 x 1 3 9 ,
2

log
(
2
x

1
)

,
3
3
1

0 2x 1 .
log 3 (2 x 1) 2

9
.
3
9 1
1
4
: x , x
.
2
9
2
16.
x

17.

| 2 x 2 | 1 2 x 1 .

| x 1| | x 2 | 3 x .
.
x 1 0,
x 2 0 1 2.


(; 1) , [1; 2)
[2; ) . ,

(. . 10).

. (22), ,

| 2 x x 2 | 1 2 x x 1,
x
x
| 2 x 2 | 1 2 x 1.
(20) (22), ,
.
2 x x 2 2 x x,
x
x
2 x 2 2 x,

x
x

2
,

2 x x 2 2 x x 2

x 1,
x 1
2 2,

x 1

4
,

x 0

x 2

. 10
x 1 ,

x 1,

x 0,
x 1,

x 0.

x 1 x 2 3 x

x0.

, x 0
.
1 x 2 ,

: (; 0) (0; 1) (1; ) .
:

x 1 x 2 3 x

| f1 ( x) | | f 2 ( x ) | ... | f n ( x ) | g ( x) ,

x 2 .

,
.
x 2 ,

: , , , ,
. , f1 ( x), f 2 ( x), ... , f n (x)

x 1 x 2 3 x

x6.

, x 6
.
, .
: x 0, x 6 .

f1 ( x) 0,
f ( x ) 0,
2
...............

f n ( x ) 0.
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

x 1

11

.., .. .

x x 4 0,
(II)
| x 3 | 1 0.
5 x 1

,
,
() .

f ( x ) 0,

g ( x ) 0,
f ( x ) g ( x) 0
f ( x ) 0,

g ( x ) 0.

( x 1)( x 3)
0
x
0 x 1,
.

x 3.

3
40
x

(26)

(2) :

(27)

f ( x) 0,

f ( x)
g ( x) 0,

0
f ( x) 0,
g ( x)

g ( x) 0.

(28)

f ( x) 0,

f ( x)
g ( x) 0,

0
f ( x) 0,
g ( x)

g ( x) 0.

(29)

| x 3 | 1 0

| x 3 | 1
5 x 1 0,
0

|
x

3
|

0
,
5 x 1

5 x 1 0

x 4,
| x 3 | 1,

x 2
5 x 1,

x 4,

| x 3 | 1,
2 x 4,
5 x 1

4 x 5

x 2.

x (0; 1]
(I).
(II). (3), (1), x 0,
3
: x 4 0
.
x
1

3
.

(4),
(2)

18.
3 x 2 6 x 9 1

x
5 x 1

x 2 6x 9 1
.
4

. :

5 x 0,
x 5,

5 x 1 x 4
:

2
3

x 6 x 9 1
x

0.

x
5 x 1




(I) (II):
3

x x 4 0, (1)
(I)
| x 3 | 1 0; (2)
5 x 1

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

( 4)

(I).
(1) :
x

f ( x ) 0,

g ( x ) 0,
f ( x ) g ( x) 0
f ( x ) 0,

g ( x ) 0.

(3)

| x 3 | 1
5 x 1

x [2; 4) (4; 5] .

x [2; 3)
(II).
(I) (II),
.
: (0; 1] [2; 3] .
12

.., .. .

1.2.

2
3.
x 2

: 0 x

. x t , t 0 .
2
t
3
t2

log 5 7

1
1
5
x .
3
2
6

21. ( 2010).

(t 1)(t 4)
0.
t 2

5
6

1
1
3
2
. 12

19.

x2

5 7

x 2 16

1 log 5

7 x 5
7 x

2 16

1
2

log 5 7 2 x 1 .

. 11

. ,

:


, :
0 x 1,
0 t 1,
0 x 1,

2 t 4

4 x 16.
2 x 4

7 x 2 5 7 x 2 16 1 0,
2 x 2
7
1 0.

: [0; 1] (4; 16] .

7 x t . x 2 0 x ,
-

20. (, 2009).
1
1

.
2
6 x 5x
6 x 2 5x 1 1

0 7 x 7 0 1 .
0 t 1 . ,

. 6 x 2 5 x 1 t ,
t 0 ,

0,

(t 1)(t 1)
0 t 1.
t 0

t

t 5
log 5 (t 5)7 16 t 1 log 5 16

7 t 1
16
log 5 (49t 1) 2 , 0 t 7 .

6 x 2 5 x 1 1,
x (6 x 5) 0,

2
6 x 5 x 1 0
(2 x 1)(3 x 1) 0.
(. . 12) 0 x

(


),

1
3

log 5 (t 5) 2 log 5 7 2 t 1

1
5
x .
2
6

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

(t 5) 716 t 1 0,
2
16
0t 7 .
7 t 1 0,
0 t 1

1
1
1
1

0,
2
2

t 1 t 1 t 1 t 1
t 0
t 0

(t 5) 2 (49t 1) 2 ,
13

.., .. .
2,
2 2
[2; 2]
2. 2
(5 4) : 2 0,5 . 2 0,5. ,

(t 5)2 0 (49t 1) 2 0

0t 7

16

. :

(t 5) 2 (49t 1) 2
(t 5) 2 (49t 1) 2 0

(t 5) (49t 1) (t 5) (49t 1) 0
1
3
t
.
12
25
t
16
0t 7 .
,
2
x 4,
16
.
7 x 7 . x 2 16
x

4
.

(48t 4)(50t 6) 0

| u 2 | | u 2 | 5 2,5 u 2,5
| u | 2,5 .
1
t 2 1
2,5
2,5
t
|t|
2 | t | 2 5 | t | 2 0 0,5 | t | 2 .
t

. (; 4) (4; ) .
22. (, 2009).

log x 1 2 log 2

0,5 log 2 ( x 1) 2,
2 log ( x 1) 0,5

x 1

4
| log 2 (4 x 4) log x 1 2 | 5 .

2 x 1 4,
2 1 x 3,

1
1 3
1
x 1
x
1.
4

2
2
4

x 1 0,
1 x 0,

x 1 1
x 0.

3
1
x
1,
4
2

2 1 x 3 .

x

1
log x 1 2
,
log 2 ( x 1)

23. (
, 2011).

, log 2 ( x 1) t ,

1
1
t 2 t 2 5.
t
t
1
t u ,
t
|u 2| |u 2| 5.

. x 2 x 3 .
x

x2 2x 1 x2 2x 1
(2 x 2 x 5) 2

.
( x 2) 2
( x 3) 2
2( x 2) 2 ( x 3) 2

2( x 3) 2 ( x 1) 2 2( x 2) 2 ( x 1) 2
(2 x 2 x 5) 2
2( x 2 4 x 3) 2 2( x 2 3 x 2) 2
(2 x 2 x 5) 2 .
,


(. ).
2 2
5,
[2; 2] 2 2
5. [2; 2] . ,
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

2 x 2 x 5 ( x 2 4 x 3) ( x 2 3x 2) .
x 2 4 x 3 u x 2 3 x 2 v .

2u 2 2v 2 (u v ) 2
2u 2 2v 2 u 2 2uv v 2
14

.., .. .
u 2 2uv v 2 0

(u v) 2 0 .


x sin t , t ; .
2 2

cos t 4 sin 3 t 3 sin t 0

cos t sin 3t 0 .

sin t sin 3t 0
2

, u v .
,
1
x 2 4 x 3 x 2 3x 2 , .. x .
7
1
. .
7


2 sin t cos 2t 0
4
4

t n,
sin 4 t 0,

t 3 k ,
cos 2t 0,

8
2
4

n, k Z.

; 2 2

3
,

,
4
8
8


sin , sin ,
4
8
3

3
sin
.
,
8
4
8 8
y sin t
;
2 2
3


sin sin sin
.
8
4
8
4. f (x ) .
f (x ) ,
, f (0) 0 , , f ( x ) 0


,
:

x a sin t , t ; ,
2 2

x a cos t , t 0; ,
,
a2 x2 ;


x a tgt , t ; ,
2 2

x actgt , t 0; ,
,
a2 x2 ;

|x|

a

, t 0; ,
sin t
2

a

, t 0; ,
cos t
2
,
|x|

x2 a2 .

24.

3
x 1;
sin ; sin .
2
8
8

3
: 1;
sin ; sin .
2
8
8

1 x 2 4 x 3 3x .

.
1 x 2 4 x 3 3x 0
.

1. f ( x) 1 x 2 4 x 3 3 x .
2. D ( f ) [1;1] .
3. f (x ) ,

2 2
3
2 2

, sin

, 8
2
8
2
:
sin

1 x 2 4 x 3 3 x 0 .

x [1;1],
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

2
2 2 2 2
.
;
1;

2
2
2

15

.., .. .

( x 2)( x 2) 0 .

1.3.

:
(; 2) (2; ) .
.
1. x 2 .

:
log 2 ( x 2) log 2 ( x 2) 3 log 2 ( x 2)
3 log 2 ( x 2) 2

2 log 2 ( x 2) log 2 ( x 2) 1 .

.
.
25.
2x 2

2 2.

. .
.
1. x 0 , :
1
2x 2x 2 2 2x 2 x
(
2
y 2 t ).
2. x 0 , :

( x 2) 2 2( x 2) x( x 6) 0 .
x 2 x 6 .
2. x 2 . :

log 2 (2 x) log 2 ( x 2) 3 log 2 ( x 2)


3 log 2 (2 x) 2

t 2 2 2 t 1 0,

1
2 x x 2 2 2 x t ,

2
t 0

t 2 1,

2 x 2 1,
t 2 1,

x
x
2

1
,

2 t ,

t0

2 log 2 (2 x) log 2 ( x 2) 1 .

(2 x ) 2 2( x 2) x 2 2 x 8 0 .
x 2 2 x 8 0
, x , ..
.
x 2 .
.

x log 2 ( 2 1),

x log 2 ( 2 1).
x 0 ,
x log 2 ( 2 1) ,

log 2 ( 2 1) log 2 1 0 ,

: x 2 x 6 .
27.

log 2 ( 2 1) log 2 2 1 .
,
.
1

: ; log 2 ( 2 1) ; .
2

26.
x2
log 2 x 2 4 3 log 2
2.
x2
.
:

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

1

2

x 2 2 x 15 3 / 2
7 ( x 3)

2 ( x 5)

1.

2
x 2 x 15 0 , .. x 3 x 5 .

: 1) x 3 2) x 5 .
1. x 3

16

.., .. .

7
2

x 2 2 x 15

x 3

x 2 2 x 15

x 2 2 x 15

2. -

x 2 2 x 15

x 2 2 x 15

x 2 2 x 15


.
(, ..) ,
.
,
.

1.

x 3

x 3
x 2 2 x 15 0 ,

: x 3 0 ,
2

7 x 2 x 15 1 , 2 x 2 x 15 1 ,
1 x .
2. x 5 . , -

28. (, 2002).
x 2 14 x 33
f ( x)
, g ( x) x .
9 x2
f g ( x 9) f (4) .

x 3 x 2 2 x 15
.

. , g ( x 9) x 9 ,

x 3 x 2 2 x 15

f g ( x 9) f ( x 9 )

x 2 6 x 9 x 2 2 x 15 x 3 .

( x 9 ) 2 14 x 9 33

a
y ,
b
a b 0, t 0 ,

4 2 14 4 33
1 , 9 42
f g ( x 9) f (4)

( x 9 ) 2 14 x 9 33
9 ( x 9)2

x 2 2 x 15

7
2
1 , x 5 , x 5 .

x 2 2 x 15

2
x 3

x 2 2 x 15

7
2

7
2

x 2 2 x 15

x 2 2 x 15

x 2 2 x 15

x 2 2 x 15

2 2 x 15

(t 3)(t 4)
0,

(t 3)(t 3)

t 0

1 x 5

1 x 5 .

0 x 9 3,
0 x 9 9,

9 x 9 16
3 x 9 4
9 x 18,

18 x 25.
: 9 x 18 , 18 x 25 .


x 5 .
,
.
. x 3 x 5 .
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

t 4
t 3 0,

t 0,

t 3

0 t 3,

3 t 4.
x ,

x 3

x 2 2 x 15

t 2 7t 12
0,

9 t2
t 0

x 2 2 x 15

x 3

x 2 2 x 15

t 2 14t 33
1,

9 t2
t 0

1.

t x 9 , t 0 ,

x 3

2x

f (4)

a
t
t
1 a b .
b
x 2 2 x 15

9 ( x 9)2

17

.., .. .
2.1.

2.2.


: f (x )
,
.
.
, .

:
1. () ( ).
2. ( ), ()
.
3.
( )
.

.
4. (a; b)
()
f (x ) , x0
f ( x ) 0 ,
(a; b) . f (x )
(),
(), ..
.

29. (, 1998).
x 2 3x 2 x 3 9 .

. :
x 2 3x 2 0 1 x 2 .

x :
1 x 2 1 x3 8
8 x 3 9 1 ,
..
.
,
1 x 2 .
: 1 x 2 .
30.

x 2 6 x 5 1 log 5

1
x

12x 2x

10 1 0 .

. :
x 2 6 x 5 0,

2
12 x 2 x 10 0,
x 0

x 1,
x 5.


, :
x 1

1
log 5 1 0 0 0 , .. 5
;
x 5
1
0.
5
: 5.

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru


ax b (a 0) :
b
x 0
a
ax b .
ax b
x x 0 .
ax b 18

.., .. .
.

f ( x ) f1 ( x ) f2 ( x ) ... fn ( x ) ,


x (1; 3 3 ) (1,5; ) ,

f ( x) 0 .

( *)

: (1; 3 3 ) (1,5; ) .

f i ( x ) a i x bi ,
ai x bi a j x b j

f ( x)

f ( x)
0
0
g ( x)
g ( x)

f ( x) g ( x) 0
( f ( x) g ( x) 0 ).
f ( x)

f ( x)
0

0
g ( x)
g ( x)

f ( x) g ( x) 0

g ( x) 0

( ai 0

aj 0,
i 1, 2, ... , n;
j 1, 2, ... , n; i j ). (*)
b
xi i (i 1, 2,..., n).
ai

b
(*): xi i
ai
(*) .
, b
x i (*)
ai
ai x bi .

f ( x) g ( x) 0
.

g ( x) 0

f ( x)
0
g ( x)
, f ( x) g ( x) 0 ,
: , , , .
f ( x)
0 ,

g ( x)
f (x) g (x) (*).

31.
(2 x 2 5 x 3)(3 3 x ) 0 .

32.

.

(2 x 3)( x 1)(3 3 x) 0 ,

x 2 2x 3
3 .
x 2 4x 3

.
1.
f ( x) (2 x 3)( x 1)(3 3 x ) .
2. D( f ) R .

(2 x 3)( x 2)
0
( x 1)( x 3)
.
(2 x 3)( x 2)
1. f ( x)
.
( x 1)( x 3)
2. D ( f ) (;1) (1; 3) (3; ) .
3. f (x ) (2 x 3)( x 2) 0 . 1,5 2 D ( f ) .
4. (;1) ,
(1;1,5) , (1,5; 2) , (2; 3) , (3; )
f (x )
. f (0) 0 ,
(;1) f ( x ) 0 .

3. f ( x) 0 ; (2 x 3)( x 1)(3 3 x) 0 .
: 1;
1,5; 3 3 . 1 3 1,53 3,375 ,

1 3 3 1,5 .
4.
f (x ) . f (0) 0 ,
, . 13.

1,5

. 13
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

19

.., .. .
(. . 14).

2
. 14

.
7 9 , 7 9 7 3 .
7 2,64 2

6,9696

: (; 1) (1,5; 2) (3; ) .

aj 0,

x [2,64; 7 ] 3.

: [2,64; 7 ] 3.

i 1, 2, ... , n;

j 1, 2, ... , n; i j )., k1 , k 2 , ... , k n .


f ( x ) 0 ,
f (x ) (**), ,
: b
xi i ai
(*) ,
k i , ,




.

k

f1 1 ( x ) f 2 2 ( x) ... f n n ( x ) ,

f i (x ) , ( i 1, 2, ... , n;
k1 , k 2 , ... , k n ).

k i .

34.

33.

1x

(2 x 5) 32 4

0.
x
4
(3 8)( x 4 x 20)

16

( x 3) 2 ( x 7 ) x 2 0 .
25

. 1.

. x 1
x 4 4 x 20 17 ( ), x 4 4 x 20 0 .

16

f ( x) ( x 3) 2 ( x 7 ) x 2 .
25

2. D( f ) R .
3. f (x) 16

( x 3) 2 ( x 7 ) x 2 0 . 25

(2 x 5) 32 x 4

0.
3x 8

x 3 x 7 , x 2,64 .
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

. 15
f ( x) 0

f i ( x ) a i x bi ,
ai x bi a j x b j

2,64

f ( x) f1 1 ( x ) f 2 2 ( x) ... f n n ( x) , (**)

( ai 0

7 2,64 .
4. f ( x) 0 . f (0) 0 ,
,
, . 15.

, f ( x ) 0 x (;1) (1,5; 2) (3; ) .

7 2,64 2

20

.., .. .
.
1.

(t 3) t 2 10 t 9 0
t 2 10 t 9 0,

t 3 0.

1x

(2 x 5) 32 4

.
f ( x)
x
3 8

1, 3, 9,

t 1 t 9 , 3 D( f ) .
4. f (t ) . f (0) 0 ,
f (10) 0 , , f (t ) 0
t 1 [9; ) (. .
17).

2. f (x )
x 0 x log 3 8 .
3. f (x )
x 2,5 x log 3 8 . , x 2,5
1

2 x 5 32 x 4 .
4.

f (x ) .

0 log 3 8 log 3 9 2 2,5 f (5) 0 ,


f ( x) 0

x (0; log 3 8) 2,5 (. . 16).

log 38

. 17

t 0 . .
t 1,


t 9,

3 x 1,

3 x 9

: 0 x log 3 8; x 2,5 .
35.

3 x 1,
x
3 81

x 0,
x 4.

. (*)
t 0 ,

.

x 2 2

3 1 3 x 10 3 x 9 0 .

.
3 x t ,
t 0 .

: {0} [4; ) .

t
2
1 t 10 t 9 0
3
( *)

.
1.

f (t ) (t 3) t 2 10 t 9 .
2. f (t ) .
t 2 10 t 9 0 ; (t 1)(t 9) 0; t 1
t 9 . D ( f ) (;1] [9; ) .
3. f (t ) .
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

. 16

(t 3) t 2 10 t 9 0 .

f(t)

2,5

21

.., .. .
(
):




.
, .
, (. [2]), (
.., ..).

F (x) G (x) (
, ), G ( x ) 0
F ( x ) 0 F (x) .
F

G
(. . 1),
f , g , h, p , q x
(h 0; h 1; f 0; g 0 ), a ( a 0; a 1) .
. 1

F
G
1
1
1

log a f log a g
log a f 1
log a f

(a 1)( f g )

log h f log h g

(h 1)( f g )

(h 1)( f h)

log h f 1
log h f

log f h log g h

( f 1)( g 1)
( h 1)( g f )

( g 1, f 1)
4
4

h f h g (h 0)
h f 1

log h f log h g 0
( fg 1)(h 1) 0 .

. 1.
log a f log a g 0, .. log a f log a g ,

a 0; a 1; f 0; g 0 .
( )
0 a 1,
f g . ,
a 1 0,

f g 0,

(a 1)( f g ) 0, F log a f log a g.


a 1, f g . ,

(a 1)( f g ) 0.
,
(a 1)( f g ) 0 ( ),


a 1 0,
a 1 0,

f g 0 f g 0.

log a f log a g , .. log a f log a g 0.
,
F 0, F 0, F 0.

(h 1) f

f g

( f g )( f g )


: , , , .

(h 1)( f g )

f g
0.
pq

(h 1)( f 1)

( f g )h

h f hg
0
h p hq

(a 1) log a f h log a g p 0 .

(a 1)( f 1)

f h gh
( f 0; g 0)

f g 0.

f g 0

f h gp 0

(a 1)( f a )

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

log h f log p g 0
(h 1)( f 1)( p 1)( g 1) 0 .

22

.., .. .
2. a 0 a 1,

log a f log a g
log h f log h g

log a h log a h
log a f log a g

.
log a h

( x 1)( x 1)( x 3) 0,

x 1,5,
x 0.

1,5; 1 1; 0 0; 3.
: 1,5; 1 1; 0 0; 3.

(a 1)( f g )
(h 1)( f g ).
(a 1)(h 1)
3.
log f h log g h

37.

log g h
log g h
log g f

log x 2 4 7 x 2 x 2 2 .

(log g h) log f g log g h log g h(log f g 1),


, 2 2, ,


( g 1)(h 1)( f 1)( g f )
( f 1)( g 1)(h 1)( g f ) .

log x 2 4 7 x 2 x 2 log x 2 ( x 2) 2 0
,

(| x 2 | 1)(4 7 x 2 x 2 ( x 2) 2 ) 0,

4 7 x 2 x 2 0,

x 2 0,
| x 2 | 1.

4. h f h g 0
h f h g . a 1,
log a h f log a h g ( f g ) log a h 0.
1
a 1
( f g )(a 1)(h 1) 0, (h 1)( f g ) 0.
,
F 0, F 0, F 0.
5. 4.
6. 6

p q p 2 q 2 ( p q p 2 q 2 ).

(| x 2 | 1)
(( x 2) 2 1) 6.

(( x 2) 2 1)(3x 2 3x ) 0,

( x 0,5)( x 4) 0,
x 3, x 2, x 1

36.

x( x 1)( x 3)( x 1) 0,

( x 0,5)( x 4) 0,
x 3, x 2, x 1.

log2 x 3 x 2 1 .
.
log 2 x 3 x 2 1 0 ,

3 2 1 0,5 0

. 18

(2 x 3 1)( x 2 2 x 3) 0,

2 x 3 0,

2 x 3 1
x 0
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

(2 x 2)( x 2 2 x 3) 0,

2 x 3 0,
x 0

(. . 18),
x ,
0,5 x 0 , 1 x 4 .
: 0,5; 0 1; 4 .
23

.., .. .
38.

log12 x 2 41x 35 (3 x) log 2 x 2 5 x 3 (3 x) 0

log x log x 3 x 0 .
3

.
,

(12x 2 41x 34)(2 x 2 5x 2)(2 x)

(10x 2 36x 32) 0,

12x 2 41x 35 0,

2 x 5x 3 0,
12x 2 41x 34 0,

2 x 2 5x 2 0,

3 x 0

8
17
1
4
( x 2) x 5 x 12 x 2 0,

5
7
x x 0,
3
4

x 1 x 0,

17
x x 2 0,
12

x 2 x 1 0,

x 3.

x
3 1 log x 3 x 1 0,

log x 3 x 0,

3 x 0,
x 0,

x 3,

x 1

( x 3)( x 1)( 3 x x) 0,

( x 1) 3 x 1 0,

x 3,

x 0,
x 1

( x 1)(3 x x 2 ) 0,

( x 1)(3 x 1) 0,
x 3,

x 0,

x 1

13 1
13 1
x
0,
x

2
2

1 x 2


.

.
1 8 5 7
: ; 1 ; ; 2 (2; 3) .
2 5 3 4

13 1
x 2.
2
.
( x 1)( x 2) 0
x 3, x 0, x 1 . 1 x 2 x 1 0
.
13 1
; 2
:
2

40.
log ( x 1)

9
( x 1) 3
.

2
log 2,1 ( x 10) log 1,9 x 9 log 2,1 ( x 10) 2 log 1, 9 x

x 1 0,
x 1,

x 10,
x 0,


x 1,
x 10,
x 11,

x 9.
( x 10) 2 1

39.

log12 x 2 41x 35 (3 x) log 2 x 2 5 x 3 (3 x) .


21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

24

.., .. .
, x 1
log1,9 x ,

(3,5 x 1)( x 2 14 x 45 1) 0,
2
x 14 x 45 0,

3,5 x 0,
3,5 x 1

log ( x 1)

81 ( x 1) 3
log 2,1 ( x 10) 2

0.

log 3 81 log 3 ( x 1)log 3 ( x 1)


0;
(2,1 1) ( x 10) 2 1

( x 9)( x 11)

0;

2 5,

(9 x 1) 9

x 1

0;
( x 9)( x 11)

10

7 5 9,

4 5 ();

7 5 5,

5 2 ()

7 5 4,5,

( x 10)9 x 10
0.
( x 9)( x 11)( x 1)

,
: 7 5 9 , 7 5 5
7 5 4,5 .

4 log 32 ( x 1)
0;
( x 9)( x 11)

log 3 9 log 3 ( x 1) log 3 9 log 3 ( x 1) 1

( x 4,5) x (7 5 ) x (7 5 ) 0,

( x 9)( x 5) 0,

x 3,5,
x 4,5.

5 2,5,

5 6,25 ().

. 20
.

11

. 19

. 20

10
: ; 9 (10;11) .
9

. 20
.

41.

3 log (3,5 x )2 x 2 14 x 45

4 log 3,5 x x 2 14 x 45 .

. 20

. , 3,5 x 0 ,

: (; 7 5 ] [7 5 ; 4,5) .

3
log 3,5 x x 2 14 x 45
2
4 log 3,5 x x 2 14 x 45

5 log 3, 5 x x 2 14 x 45 0 .

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

25

.., .. .
4.
f (x ) . ( sin x , sin 3x , cos x ,
sin2 x ), ,

, , , , 2 ,
3
2
, [0; 2) .
[0; 2) f (x )

3
0, , ,
2
2
2 4 5
,
,
,
.
3 3
3
3

2
2
, .

f 0 ,
6
, . 21.



,
( f 1 ( x ) a1 )( f 2 ( x) a 2 ) ... ( f n ( x ) a n ) 0 ,
,
f1 ( x ) f 2 ( x ) ... f n ( x) 0 ,
f i (x )
, ai , i 1, 2, ... , n .
, T ,
, 2 ,

, .
,

, nT , n Z .
42.

sin x sin 3x
0.
cos x sin 2 x

. .
1.
sin x sin 3 x
f ( x)
.
cos x sin 2 x
2.

cos x 0
cos x sin 2 x 0

sin 2 x 0

x 2 k

k, n Z .

n
x
,

2
3.

. 21

x , f ( x ) 0 .

: 2 k x 2k ;
3
2
2k x 2 k ;
3
4
3
2 k x
2 k ;
3
2
3
5
2 k x
2 k ; k Z .
2
3

sin x 0
sin x sin 3 x 0

sin 3 x 0
x l

l, m Z
x m ,
3

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

26

.., .. .

,
4,

2.3.





(, 1 sin x 1 , x 0
..).
f ( x) g ( x ) ,
f x A

16 (5 x 2) 2 4,

2 15 x
4.
4 cos

4

2
x ,
5
.
: 0,4.

g x A . :

) f ( x) g ( x )
x ,
f x A
g ( x) A ;
) f ( x) g ( x )
f ( x ) A ,
g (x) .

f ( x ) 0

f ( x ) f 1 ( x ) f 2 ( x) ... f n ( x) ,
x
.
f ( x ) 0

f 1 ( x ) 0,
f ( x) 0,
2

...............
f n ( x ) 0.

43.

log5 x 1 x 4 .

f ( x ) 0 f (x ) .

. :

x 0,
0 x 1.

4
1

45.
x 3 8 x 2 7 x 26 x 2 3 x 10 0.

. ,

log 5 x 0 , 1 x 4 0 . , (0;1] .
: (0;1] .

x 3 8 x 2 7 x 26 0,
2
x 3x 10 0

44.
15 x
.
4
. .
15 x
15 x
0 cos 2
1, 4 4 cos 2
5.
4
4

(5 x 2) 2 0 ,
( 5 x 2) 2 0 ,
16 (5 x 2) 2 4 cos 2

x 3 8 x 2 7 x 26 0,

x 5,
x 2

x 2.

: 2.

16 (5 x 2) 2 16 , 16 (5 x 2) 2 4
x .
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

27

.., .. .

f 0,
| f || g|f g
g 0.

46.
| x 2 3x 2 | x 2 3x 2 .

, ,

,
.

. | a | a
| a | a | a | a .

a 0 , a x 2 3 x 2 .
x 2 3x 2 0

(;1] [2; ) .

| f ||g|| f g |

: (;1] [2; ) .

f 0,
f 0,


fg 0 ;
g 0
g 0

47. (, 2010).

| f ||g|| f g|

| x 3 2 x 2 3x | | x 2 4 x 5 |
| x3 x2 x 5 | .

f 0,
f 0,


fg 0 .
g 0
g 0

.
| a | | b | | a b | , a x 3 2 x 2 3 x
b x 2 4x 5 .

| f || g ||h|| f g h|


| a | | b | | a b | .
| a | | b | | a b | ,
ab 0 .

f 0,
f 0,

g 0, g 0,
h 0
h 0.


( x 3 2 x 2 3 x)( x 2 4 x 5) 0

x( x 1)( x 3)( x 1)( x 5) 0


48. (, 1998).
( x 2 2 x 2) cos( x 1) 2 x 2 4 x 3 .

[5; 1] [0;1] [3; ) .

. x 2 2 x 2 0
x , , x 2 2 x 2 ,



,
,
.

2x 2 4x 3

x 2 2x 2
( x 1) 2
.
cos( x 1) 1
( x 1) 2 1

: [5; 1] [0;1] [3; ) .

cos( x 1)

f 0,
| f || g| f g
g 0.

cos( x 1) 1 , 1

f 0,
| f || g| f g
g 0.

( x 1) 2
1 x 1 ,
( x 1) 2 1
x 1 .
x 1

f 0,
| f || g|f g
g 0.
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

( x 1) 2
1 ( x 1) 2 1

28

.., .. .
,
x 1 1.

: 1 .
49.
cos 4 x sin x 1 .

cos 4 x 1

sin x 1 , cos 4 x sin x 1 -

4 x 2 n,

cos 4 x 1,
x 2 k ,

sin
x

1
,

2

cos 4 x 1,
4 x 2 n,

sin x 1
x 2 k ,
2

a1 a 2 ... a n n
a1 a 2 ... a n ,
n


a1 a 2 ... a n .
51.

n
x 2 ,

x 2 k ,

2
n, k Z

x n ,

4 2

x 2 k ,

x 2 k , k Z.
2

: 2 k , k Z.
2
50.

x1005

2010
x

2011.

.
2010
1
1
x1005
x1005
...
.
x
x
x

2010


,
1
1
x1005
...

x
x

cos x cos 3 x 2 .
. cos x 1

2011 2011 x 1005

cos 3x 1 , , 1.

1
x

...

1
x

2011 2011 1 2011 .

, ..

cos x 1,
cos x cos 3 x 2

cos 3x 1

x 1005

x 2 n,


2 k n, k Z.
x 3 ,

1
x

x 1.

, x 1 . x

2011 .
: 1.


,
x 2 n, n Z .
: 2 n, n Z .
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru


,
,
.
: a1 , a 2 , ... , a n

29

.., .. .
.

2.4.

2 x

, , ,
.

( *)

f (t ) 5t 4 1 0
t R , f (t )
R. , , f (t1 ) f (t 2 ) t1 t 2 .
, (*) 2 x 2 1 3 x, x 0,5 x 1 .
: (; 0,5) (1; ) .
53. (, 2005).

2. y 2 n1 t ,
n N , R, 2 n1 h( x ) 2n 1 g ( x) h( x) g ( x).
3.
y a t (a 1) R,
a h( x ) a g ( x ) h( x) g ( x).
4.
y a t (0 a 1) R,
a h( x ) a g ( x ) h( x) g ( x).
5.
y arctg t R, arctgh( x) arctg g ( x ) h( x) g ( x).
6.
y arcctg t R, arcctgh( x) arcctg g ( x ) h( x) g ( x).

(1 | x |) 1 3 x 2 x 4 3x 2 6 x .
.

f (t ) (1 t ) 1 3t 2 ,
.

4 3x 2 6 x 1 3(1 x) 2 ,
x 1 (1 x) ,

f (| x |) f (1 x ) .
f (t ) . :

f (t ) 1 1 3t 2 (1 t )
1 3t 2

3t (t 1)
1 3t 2

6t

2 1 3t 2
6t 2 3t 1
1 3t 2

, 6t 2 3t 1

. 6t 2 3t 1 0
t f (t ) 0 R .

52.

1 (3 x ) 5 3 x 2 x 2 1 .

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

f (2 x 2 1) f (3x ) .

f (t )
R, f h( x ) f g ( x)
h( x) g ( x).
f (t )
R, f h( x ) f g ( x) h( x) g ( x).
, .
1. y t 2n 1 ,
n N , R, 2 n 1
2 n 1
h( x )
g ( x )
h( x) g ( x).

1 2 x 2 1 (3 x) 5 3 x.

f (t ) t 5 t , t.
(*)

2 x

30

.., .. .
, f (t )
. ,
,
f (t1 ) f (t 2 )
t1 t 2 . ,

54.

x 3 x 2 4 x 2 x 3 1,

3
x 1 0

1
.
2

x 2 4 x 3 0,
3

x 1



f (t ) ,
f h( x ) f g ( x)

x 1

x 3, x 3 .
x 1

: [3; ) .
55.
arcsin( 3 x 2 2 x ) arcsin( 3x 2) .

h( x) g ( x),

E ( h) M ,
E ( g ) M ,

. y arcsin t 1 t 1
.
,

3 x 2 2 x 3x 2,
3 x 2 5 x 2 0,

2
3 x 2 2 x 1 0,
1 3x 2 x,
3 x 2 1

x
3

1
3 x 2,
1

x .
3
x 1

3
1
: .
3

E (h) E (g )
h(x) g (x) .
f (t )

, f h( x ) f g ( x)
h( x) g ( x),

E ( h) M ,
E ( g ) M ,

E (h) E (g )
h(x) g (x) .

1.

log a h( x ) log a g ( x ) , a 1 , h( x) g ( x) 0 .

2.

log a h( x ) log a g ( x ) , 0 a 1 , 0 h( x ) g ( x) .

3.

arcsin h( x ) arcsin g ( x) 1 h( x) g ( x) 1 .

4.

arccosh( x) arccos g ( x)

1 h( x ) g ( x) 1 .
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

. y log 3 t
t 0 ,

f (| x |) f (1 x ) | x | 1 x
x 1 x,
1

x .
2
x x 1
: x

log 3 x 3 x 2 4 x 2 log 3 x 3 1 .

56.

log84 2 x 2 x 2 (cos x) log x 19 (cos x) .


.
84 2 x 2 x 2 0,

2
84 2 x 2 x 1,

x 19 0,
x 19 1,

0 cos x 1

31

.., .. .

3 3

x 7; ; ; 6 ,
2 2 2 2

1 167
13
x ,

2
2

1 167
.
5 x

2

(*).

( *)
1 167
x
.
2
0 cos x 1 ,
.
1. cos x 1 ,
2 n, n Z , (*)

2 0.
2. 0 cos x 1
y log t a , t 0, t 1 0 a 1 .

1 167 13
:
; 2; 0
2
2

1 167
.
5;

57. (, 2005).

ln a
ln a

y (log t a)
0,

t ln 2 t
ln t

x 7 11 x 3 4 x 2 4 x 20 .

y log t a (0;1) (1; ) .


) y log t a , (0;1) ,

0 84 2 x 2 x 2 1

0 x 19 1
84 2 x 2 x 2 x 19

f ( x) x 7 11 x .

D ( f ) [7; 11] .
:
f ( x)

11 x x 7
2 x 7 11 x

x 7 11 x 6
x .

3 4 x 2 4 x 20 3 4 ( x 2) 2 16
3 4 16 6 .
, , 6.
x 2.
: 2.

1 167
1 167

x
,
2
2

x 18,
x 6,5,

x 5

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

2 11 x

, x 2 f (x ) f (2) 6 .

2 x 2 2 x 83 0,

x 18,
2 x 2 3x 65 0

f ( x) 0 7 x 2 ;
f ( x) 0 2 x 11 .

) y log t a , (1; ) ,

2 x7

D ( f ) (7; 11) . f ( x) 0 .
11 x x 7 x 2 .

7 x 6

2
84 2 x 2 x 1

.
19 x 18
84 2 x 2 x 2 x 19

84 2 x 2 x 1,

x 19 1,
84 2 x 2 x 2 x 19

32

.., .. .

.
f (x ) R.
g (x) R

14 14

; ; ,
3 3


(a; b) f (x )
g (x) , x0 f ( x) g ( x) , (a; b) . f ( x) g ( x)
( x 0 ; b) ,

f ( x) g ( x ) (a; x0 ) (. .
22).
(a; b) f (x ) x0

y=g

O a

x0

( x)

b x

, )
(2; ) , )
(; 2) .

f ( x ) c , (a; b) . f ( x) c
( x 0 ; b) , f ( x) c
(a; x0 ) (. . 23).

: ) (2; ) ; ) (; 2)
59.
6

x 2 x 3 log 3 ( x 2) 1 x 4 .

.
[0;1].

)
y =f ( x

c
O a

0.

2 2 5 2 3 5 2 80 3 14 3 2 .

. 22

(14 3 x) 2

, g (x) R.
f (x ) , g (x) R,
f ( x) g ( x)
. ,
x 2 ,

)
y =f ( x

g ( x)

y 6 x 2 x 3 log 3 ( x 2) 1 x

x0


. f (1) 4 ,
x [0;1)
.

b x

. 23

: [0;1).

58. :
) 2 x 5 x 3 5 x 80 3 14 3x .
) 2 x 5 x 3 5 x 80 3 14 3 x .
.

5
3
f ( x) 2 x x 5 x 80 g ( x ) 3 14 3 x .
f (x ) R. :
f ( x) 10 x 4 3x 2 5 0 ,
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

33

.., .. .

(4; ) 1, 0, 1 .
.
1. | x | 1 .

2.5.

:
) , , ,
;
) , ..
,
.
)
.

log | x| ( x 5 4) log |x| (2 x 8) ,



x 5 2x 4 .

( *)

y x 5
y 2 x 4 (. . 25).

y
y= x+5

1
x0 O 1

y=2

x+4

60. . 24
y f (x ) y g (x ) ,
3;6 .
f ( x) g ( x ) .

. 25
y

. 25 ,
x [5; x 0 ] , x0

y = f (x)
1
0 1

x 5 (2 x 4) 2 , 2 x0 0 .

y = g (x)

4 x 2 15 x 11 0
11
1 , x 0 1 .
4

| x | 1
(*):

. 24
.
2 4 .
y f (x )
y g (x )

x (2; 4) .
: (2; 4) .

4 x 1 .

2. 0 | x | 1 .

61. (, 2009).

x 5 2x 4 .
(. . 25) x 1 .

0 | x | 1 , (1; 0)
(0; 1) .
: 4 x 1 , 1 x 0 , 0 x 1 .

log | x| ( x 5 4) 2 log x 2 (2 x 8) .
.

x 0 , | x | 1 , x 5 , x 4 ,

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

34

.., .. .
62. -

.
, | a b | b; | a b | b; | a | | a 0 |
0.

1 x 2 a x ?
. y 1 x 2
x 2 y 2 1 y 0 (. . 26).

y=
a

63.

| x 2 | 5.

. | x 2 | x 2.
, 2 5.
2 7
5 , (3).
x (; 3) (7; ) .
: (; 3) (7; ) .

A
B

. 26
y a x
k 1 .
y a x .
,
, ..
.

64.

| x 5 | | x 2 | .
.

| x 5 | | x 2 |.
| x 5 | | x 2 | | x (2) |
x 5 2 ,
, x
25
[2; 5] , x
1,5 .
2

x (;1,5) , .. , 5
(2).
: (;1,5) .

a OB 12 12 2 .
a 2 ,

1 x 2 a x,
,

.
: a 2 .

3.

65.


, .
. .

| x 5| | x 3| 8.
.
5 3 8,

| x 5| | x3| 8
[5; 3] .
,
[5; 3] ( ), 5 3 8.

3.1.

:
, 21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

: (; 5) ( 3; ) .
35

.., .. .

ABC ( ABC1 ),
B y x .
B (. . 27) BC
BC1 ,

A, B, C .
, AB BC AC ,

3.2.


M 1 x1 ; y1 M 2 x 2 ; y 2

M 1 M 2 ( x1 x 2 ) 2 ( y1 y 2 ) 2 .
n M 1 , M 2 ,..., M n
n 3

AC

M 1 M 2 M 2 M 3 ... M n 1 M n M 1M n , (1)

,
M 1 , M 2 , ... , M n M 1 M n
. , M 1 , M 2 , M 3 ,
(1)

y
C
7
6
5
4
3
2

B0
A
x

. 27

( x 2 4) 2 ( x 3 1) 2



AC
y kx b
(
A C ):

( x 2 2) 2 ( x 3 7) 2 10.

3 1 k ( 2 4) b,

3 7 k ( 2 2) b.

u ( x 2 4) 2 ( x 3 1) 2

A( 2 4; 3 1) B( x; x ) .

4 2 13
4
b 3
.
3
3
3
B0 , y x AC .

4
4 2 13
x x 3
.
3
3
3
3 3 4 2 13
x
.
7
k

v ( x 2 2) 2 ( x 3 7) 2

C ( 2 2; 3 7)

B( x; x )
(
C1 ( 3 7; 2 2) B( x; x ) , C1
C y x ).
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 C1

(2)

66.

O 1

( x1 x 2 ) 2 ( y1 y 2 ) 2 ( x 2 x3 ) 2 ( y 2 y 3 ) 2

, ,
B AC . , B B0 AC y x .

.
, M 1 ( x1 ; y1 ), M 2 ( x2 ; y2 ), M 3 ( x3 ; y3 )

2 4) ( 2 2) ( 3 1) ( 3 7)

6 2 8 2 10 .

M 1 M 2 M 2 M 3 M 1M 3

( x1 x3 ) 2 ( y1 y 3 ) 2 .

36

.., .. .
:

3 3 4 2 13
.
7

, a
b . , k , b k a ,
,

. ,
y x .

x 1 2k ,

5 kx.

3.3.

, k 0 , k 0 ( x 0 ).
k 0 ,

, .

a b .


a b | a | | b | cos ,
,

| a | | b | a b | a | | b | ,
(3)

10
100

x 1 ,
x 1 2 ,

x
x

x 0
x 0
x 3 x 2 100 0,

x 0.


. (3) :

100,
, x 3 x 2 100 0
x 5 . ,
, :

a12 b12 a 22 b22 a1a 2 b1b2

x 3 x 2 100 ( x 5)( x 2 4 x 20) .

a12 b12 a22 b22 ;

x 2 4 x 20 0
,
.
, x 5
,
x 0 , x 5
.

a12 b12 c12 a 22 b22 c 22


a1 a 2 b1b2 c1c 2 a12 b12 c12 a 22 b22 c 22 .

67.

. 5.
2

2 x 1 5 x ( x 4)( x 24) .
.
a {a1 , a 2 } {2; x}


b {b1 , b2 }

{ x 1; 5} , .

a1b1 a 2 b2 a12 a 22 b12 b22 , ..


ab | a | | b |.

(3)
a b | a | | b | . , 21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

37

.., .. .
14.

1.

| x 2x 2 | 2x 2 x .

x 2 x(cos 2 cos 3) cos 2 cos 3 0 .

15.

2.

2 || x 2 | 3 | x 4 .

( x 4) 2 ( x 5 ) x 2 0 .
25

16.

3.
2

17.
3

(2 x 5 x 3)(3 x ) 0 .

| x3 2 x 2 8 x 7 | x3 4 x 2 8 x 7 .

4.
2

18.

( x 3 x 2)( x x 2011) 0 .

| x 3 2 x 2 8 x | | x 2 3x 10 |
| x 3 3 x 2 11x 10 |

x 2 8 x 15
5.
0.
x 5

19.

1
1
x

1
6.
0.
1
1
x7
7.

| x 2 8x 2 | x 2 2 x 2 .
20.

2x 5 2 | x 3 | | x 1 | .

3 x 2 2 x 1 2 x 2 3x 1

.
2 x 2 5 x 3 3x 2 7 x 4

22.

( x 1)( x 2)
3 x .
x 2 | x | 2

x 2 4 x 4 x 2 6 x 9 (2 x 2 x 5) 2

.
( x 1)2
( x 1)2
2( x 2 1)2

23.

9.

| 2 x 7 | 3 x 4
0.
x 5 | 5 x 7 |
24.

x 2 6x 8
x4
2
0.
x 1
x 3x 2
10.

( x 2 x 1) 2 2 | x 3 x 2 x | 3 x 2
0.
10 x 2 17 x 6

2x 3
0.
x 2 3x

11.

25.

( x 2)( x 4)( x 7)
1.
( x 2)( x 4)( x 7)

5 14

2
2 x 3
x x 1

12.
2

2
1 2x 0 .

26.

3
2
0.
x 1 x

( x 2 8 x 12) x 2 10 x 21 0 .
27.

13.

x 2 25 8 5 x 10 x .

2x 1
2.
x2

21.

8.

( x 2 3x )(2 x 3) 16

x | x 2 1 | 2 | x 1 | 0 .

x 2x 1
.
x 1

28.
4 x x 2 3 x 2 7 x 12 x 2 5 x 6 .

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

38

.., .. .
29.

41.

8 2x x2
8 2x x2

.
2x 9
x 10

(1 2 | x |) 1 x 2 (4 x 1) 4 x 2 4 x 2 .
42.

30.

2 x 44 28 2 x 4 4 x 2 8 x 97 .

2x 5x 2
0.
2x 2 6x

2 x 3

43. (0,2) x 2 5 .

31.

44. f ( x) 3 x x .
1
2 f ( x) f (1 x) .
3
3
45. 4 x1 2 x2 0 .
2
46.

x 2 5 x 4 x 26
2.
7x
1 x3 1
x.
x 1

32.
33.

x2 1 2 1 x

x 1

36.

2x

3 x 3

2x

3 x 5

96 0 .

49.

x 2
2

4x

3.

2 2 x 1 2 x 1 2 x 0,5 x x x 0, 5 0 .
50.

x2
.
x

5 32 x

3 x 1

2 32 x

3 x

32 x

3 x 3

72 .

51.

37.
x5
f ( x)
2x 1
g ( x ) 5 x 3 ?

32 p

p2

52 p

p 1

52 p

p 1

32 p

p 1

52.

38.

2 x 2 1

4 x 14 0,25 2 x .

53.

2 x 2 3 x 35 2 x 2 x 36 | 2 x 1 | .

(3 2 2 ) x 3 4 (3 2 2 ) x .

39.

1
x

54. 2 5 10 .

x 3 8 6 x( 2 x )
4x 3 .
| 3 4x |
40.

1
55. x 4 .
3

56.

4 x 2 8 x 16 1

x
x
6 x 1

2x

4 x 5

4x 2 x 2 .

57.

x 2 8 x 16 1
.
5

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

8 0 .

48.
2

x 7 x 14 x 5

35.

5 32 x 15 52 x 1 8 15 x .

34.
5 x

92

47.

0.

x 7 1

12 x 4 x 1 3x1 12
0.
x2 2x 1
39

.., .. .
58.

69.

1
x 1

( x 4) 3 0,3

0.
x3

f ( x ) 64 2

1x

(2 x 5) 32 4

0.
x
4
(3 8)( x 4 x 20)

(0,5) 2 x
5x 1

16 x 2
.
32 x 4 3 x 3

72.

32 3 x 27
0.
x 2 5 x 14

3 x 2

log ( x 2 2 x 9) log ( x 1) .
3

73.
2

log 1 ( x 1) log 3 ( x 2).

2 x 1

0.

74.

x2 2x 1

x 1
.
log 2 log 3
log 1 log 1 2
x

1
x

2
x

8
9

62.
x

3 x 2
2
8 x
1 .
x
3 2
3

75.

63. 9|x| 6 3 x 11 .

log 1 log 5 x 2

64.

log 1 log 9 x 2

76.

x 2 4 x
2 1 2 10 2 x 16 0.

log 5 3 x 4 log x 5 1 .

77. log 1

65.

78. log 20,1 x 1 0 .

66.

79.

21 2 x 2 6 x | 3 2 x |
1.
5 | 2 x 3 |
67.
3x2 x

4x 2
x4 1
4


2
x

1
4
x

68.

1 3 x 1 3 x

log

11 5

( x 2 2 x 16 2 55 ) 2 .

80.

x2

log 3 ( x 2) 2 .

3 x 1
1 9 x 3 x 1

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

2x 1
1.
x2

17 9 4 3 3 2 .

1 3 x

log sin 91 (3 x 8) log sin 89 4 .

61.

4x

1
2

71.

60.
x

0,125

2 2 x

70.

59.

2 x

81. log 2 1

9
1.
x2

82.

1 1 9 x
.
3 x

2 log 1 (3x 1) 4 3 .
2

40

.., .. .
83. (, 2010)

95. (, 2010)

log 4 (2 x ) log14 (2 x)
log 4 49 .
log14 x log 49 x

log 2 x 4 4
log 2 x 4 (8 x )

96. (, 2010)

log 9 x 6 ( x 2)
log 9 x 6 x 2

log 3 ((3x 2 1)(6 x 7)) log 1 (6 x 7) 1 .


86.

log 4 ( x 2) log x 2 1 .

x2
2.
x2

98.

x
2 log 2 ( x 2 3x 4) .
4

99.

log 2 x 2 4 3 log 2

log 3 (1 2 x x 2 )
0.
log 3 5 ( x 1 2 )

87.

88.

log
tg

log 1 ( x 2 3x 1) log 1 (2 x 2 3 x 2)
3

log 1 ( x 2 x 1) log 3 4 2 .

101.

89.

7 |x3| log 2 (6 x x 2 7) 1 .

log13 ( x 2 2 x 4) log13 ( x 2)
log 13 ( x 3 x 2 4 x 3) .

102.
2 4 x2
x 1 1,
4
1 log ( x 4) log ( x 21).
3
3

90.
log 5 ( x 2) log 5 (1 x )

log5 1 x x 2 8x 8 .

103.
3 x
y log 5 log 0,5
.
x2

91.
log 3 ( x 2)( x 4) log 1 ( x 2)
3

1
log
2

7.

104.

92.
2
x 3 x log 4 0 .
3
3
9
93.
log 2

( x 2) 1 .

log 22 ( x 2 2 x) log 0, 5 ( x 2 2 x) 3 2 0 .

3
16

100.

3
2

log 4

1.

97.

log 2 ( x 2 4 x) log 0,5

1
.
log 2 log 1 2 x
2

84.
3x 2
( x 1) 3
log 2
3 log 8
1.
x 1
3x 2
85.

x2 4
.
log 6 ( x 3)

105.

x2 4 x 3

x 2 8,3x 17
ln(16 x 2 ) .
3 x2
x 1
106. log 1 log 2
1 .
2x
3

2
1 .
log 1

2
x 4x x 1 1
2
94.

log 1 x log 3 x 1 .

107.

log 4 x 2 log 22 ( x ) 6 .
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

41

.., .. .
108.
log 2 x 5
2 log 2 x.
1 2 log 2 x

122.
1
log 0 , 2
log 5 ( 2 x)
2x 1
0.
1
log 5 ( 2 x 1) log 0 , 2
3 2x
log2 (3x 2)
123.
0.
log3 ( 2 x 3)
124.

109.

1 1 4 log82 x
2.
log8 x
110.

log 1

125.

111.

49

log x 5

log x 5

2 0.

126.

lg(3 x 2 x 1) log32 11

.
lg(5 x 3 x 2)5 log 2 11

x 1 log 3 9 x
1.
1 log 3 x

113.

127.

(3 x ) log 3 ( x 5) 0 .

2 2x x2 x 2
0.
5

log 3 x log 3 2
2

log 3 x
1.
log 3 (3x 2)

x2 4
0.
115.
log 1 x 2 1

128.

log 2x2, 5 (1,5 x)


116.
0.
( x 0,5)( x 1)

log x (3x 2 6 x 2) log x

log 4 2 1
1.
x 1

1
3.
x2

132.
log x 4 (5 x 20) log x 4 ( x 4) 2 .

4x
0.
x2

133.

log x (7 x) log x x 3 6 x 2 14x 7


log x ( x 1).

121. x ,
2
log 0, 7 (23 4 x)
y
45 4 x
83
y
.
4 x 45
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

131.

120.
8 2 x log 2

129. log 6 x 11 5 1 .

log 2 x1 5 log 2 x 1 x .

( x 0,5)(3 x)
118.
0.
log 2 | x 1 |
x

log 5 ( x 2 4 x 11) 2 log11 ( x 2 4 x 11)3


0.
2 5x 3x 2

130.

lg x
117. 2
0.
x x6

119.

log 2 3 2 x 1 1
1.
x

112.

114.

log 2 2 x 2 13x 20 1
0.
log 3 ( x 7)

x 4 log 2 x 2 4 log16 x 4 .

134.

log 3 x 1 2 x 2 x 1 log 3 x 1 11x 6 3 x 2 .


x2

42

x2

.., .. .
135.

log 6 x 2 5 x1 2 log

150.
6 x 2 5 x 1

log x 2 ( x 2 x 1) log x 3 1 .

2.

x 5

136.

151.

log x1 (2 x 2 3x 1) 2 .

log x 2 (7 x 2 x 3 ) log ( x 2) 1 ( x 2 3x )

137.

log

log x 2 (9 x 2 15 x 6) 2 .

153.
y

139.

log x 2 4 7 x 2 x 2 2.

1
7
2 1 0 .
1 y
2 1

2 y 5

log 22 y

140.

9 x

log 2 x 1 9 2 3 2 x 2 x 1 2 .

log 1 x (2 x 2 3 x 1) 2 .

log x

154. 2

x 1 1 .

141. log2 x 3 x 2 1.

log

6p

2
2
0,5 p 0,5 x
1 ?
x
2 p 2
x

142. log 1 x 1 2 .
2

155.

143. log 3 x 1 x 1 .
3
3 x 1

156.

144. log

log x log x 4 x 0.

x
0.
2
2 x 7 x 6 3

157.
log 2 x ( x 2) log x 3 (3 x) 0.

4x 5 1
.
log x 2
| x 2 | 2

158.
log x 2 2 x 3

146.

| x4| | x|
0.
x 1

159.

log 2 x1 log2 ( x 2 2 x)
0.
log 2 x1 ( x 2 6 x 10)

log 3 (10 x 3) log 3 (3 x 10)


0.
log 3 10 x log 3 x

147.

160.

lg(5 y 2 2 y 1) log 5 3 7

.
log 5 7
lg(4 y 2 5 y 1) 3

1
log 2x 2 ( x 18) 2 2.
16
161.

log x 2 36 16 x x 2

148.

log x log x 6 x 0.

6
1 log2 ( x 2)

.
2x 1
x

149.

162.

log10 x (9,5 x) 2 2 log x8 ( x 8) .


21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

log x log9 3 x 9 1.

145.

5 x .

152.

138.

x2

log x 2 x log x (2 x 3 ) .
43

.., .. .
163.

176.

(| 2 x 1 | x 2) log 1 ( x 4) 1
3
0.
x 2 1
|x|
2
2

1 lg x 1 1lg x
1 lg x .
log 1 5

2

2

log 3 ( x 12)

.
log 2 x 1 ( x 7) log 3 ( x 7)

165.

179.

log 1 4 x 2 (| x | 4)

2
x log 2 x 3 ( x 4 x 4)
x

2.

log 14 x 2 10 x 2 5 x
2

9 log 2 x 3 ( x 2 4 x 4) .

166.

2
x log (5 x ) x 6 x 9
x

180.

4 log ( 5 x ) x 6 x 9

log x 1 ( x 2) 4 2 3 log

.
2

182.

168.

sin 2 3x cos2 3x 1 .

log54 x x 2 5 9 x 2 x 2 log1 x (1 2 x).


169.

183. arcsin

1
log 2 x 3 9 x 2 30 x 25 7
3x 5
3.
2 log 2 x 3 6 x 2 19 x 15 1
170.

log 22 x 3

5 log x 2 log 2 x 5

( x 2 2 x)(tg 2 x 2 x1 ) 0 .
185.

log x 2 10 .

173. x

(10 x x 2 24) log 2 sin 2 x 1 1 .

lg x 2

100.

lg 2 x 3 lg x 1

187.
3 2 x x2 0 ,
x
cos 2
0.
2
188.

1000 .

174.
10 x

lg x

10

10

lg 2 x

1 000 000 .
(log 3 x )

175. 3

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

52x

log 3 x

cos x 1 x 2 16 .

186.

171. x lg x 10 x lg x 3 .
x
172.
10

3
.
x 6

184.

log 2 x

( x 2) 6 .

x 2

2
ctg sin x 4 x x 5 0 .
2 3

1
log 2x 1 ( x 19) 2 2.
16

1
x 1

181.

167.

178.

2 log 2 x 1 | x |

log x 1 19 18x x 2

2.

177.
x log 2 101 10 x 10 2 2 x
log 5 101 2 x 5 2 x 2 2 2 x .

164. (, 2010)

x log 2

2 x 1

4
4

3 sin x arctg 4 cos x arctg .


3
3

44

.., .. .

63. (; 1] [log 3 ( 20 3); ) .


1
64. 2 [6; ). 65. x log 3
.
17
2

1. (cos 3; cos 2) . 2. 5 ; 2 4.
25

3
3. (1; 3 ) (1,5; ) . 4. [1; 2] .
5. [3; 5) (5; ) . 6. (1; 2] (7; 8) .
1
3 4
7. ; (1; 1) . 8. . 9. (;1)
7
2 3
(2; 4] . 10. [4; 3) [1,5; 0) [1; ) .
11. (; 7) (4; 2) . 12. [0,5; ) .
13. 1 (1; ) . 14. (0; 0,5) .
15. (2; 2) (2;14) . 16. (; 3) (0; 1) .
17. [3; 1], [7; ) . 18. [4; 2] [0; 2]
[5; ) . 19. (; 0] [1; 2] [5; ) .
5
20. (; 2) (0; 4) . 21 ; 2 (2; ) .
4
2
1
22. x 1, x 2 . 23. x .
3
3
24. x 2 3, 0,3 x 2 3 , x 1,
x 2 . 25. [3; 1) (1; 0,5] .

66.

67.

2 3 x

2 3 x 0;

2
;
3

0 x 2 3 ;

2
x 2 3 . 68. x 0 .
3
69. (; 7] {2} . 70. [4; 0) (0;1) (1; 4] .

26. (; 2] 3 [7; ) . 27. (; 1] 5.


28. x 3 . 29. [4; 1] 2. 30. 3 x 0,
x 0,5, x 2 . 31. (; 0] [5; 7) (9; ) .
32. [2; 1) [0; 1] . 33. [7; 6) [5; 1] 1 .
34. 1 x 2, 4 x 5 . 35. [0; 1] (4; 16].
36. [2; 0) (0; 3] . 37. [0,6;1) .

1 145
1 145
38.
; 5 4;
.
2
2

3
39.
x 7 . 40. 0 x 1, x 3, 4 x 5,
4
1
5
5 x 6. 41. x . 42. 4 . 43. ; 2 .
3
3
44. (; 1) (2; ) . 45. [1; ) .
46. (0; 9) . 47. [0;1] . 48. (; 5] [2; ) .
49. 0; 0,5 (1; ) . 50. [1; 2,5] .
51. 0,5 p 1 . 52. (5; ) . 53. x 0 .
54. (0; 1) (log 2 5; ) . 55. (; 1] .
56. 2. 57. (log 4 3; 1) (1; log 3 4) .
58. [4; 1) (1; 3) . 59. 0 x log 3 8;
x 2,5 . 60. (; 7) (2; 5] .

1 13
2
.
71. 2 ; 4 . 72. [5; ) . 73. 2;

2
3

74. x 2 . 75. x 1 , x 1 . 76. 1 x 4 .


77. 0,5 x 1 . 78. 0,1 x 10 . 79. [2; 0] .
17

80. 2; (7; ) . 81. x 3; x 3 .


9

127 21 1 1
82.
; ; .
384 64 4 6
2
83. (0; 1) (1; 2) . 84. 1 2 x ,
3
1

1 x 1 2 . 85. 1 ; . 86. x 2
6

x 6 . 87. 1 x 17 . 88. 1. 89. (2; 5] .


90.
91.
2 x 1 .
2 x 3.
27
92.
0 x
.
93.
1 x 0 .
16
lg 0 ,5lg 2

1 log 1, 5 3
.
94. 0; 10 lg 1, 5 0;
2

1
95. [8; 4) (4; 1) ; 0 .
8
96. (2; 1) (1; 0) (0;1) (2; 6) (6;) .

(0; 1) [2; ) .

2 x 2;
3
0 x 1 2 . 99. 2 x 2 tg .
16
100. [1 5 ;1 3 ] [1 3;1 5 ] .
101. 3. 102. (4; 16,5] . 103. (0,5; 3) .
104. (3; 4) (4; ) .
97.

98.

105. (4; 3 ) ( 3; 1,7] .


3 17
1
106. ; . 107. (; 4) ; 0 .
2 9
8

1
61. (; 2,5] (0; 0,5] . 62. 0; log 2 .
3
3

21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

x 3.

108. 0 x 0,5, 2 x 24 2 .

45

.., .. .

3 2

3 x 5 . 152. (0;1) ; (1 log 2 3) .


2 3

log 2 7 5
2
153.
y ; 0 y 1.
3
3
154. (; 7) (1; 1,5] . 155. log 3 10; .

2
1
;1 (1; 8 ) . 110. 0 x ;
4
4
log 7
log 5
1 x 4 . 111. 1 x 5 2 7 2 .
1 39 3 69
. 113. (5; 4] [3; ) .
112. ;

50
4

114. (0; ) . 115. (; 2) ( 2 ; 1)


109.

17 1
1;
. 157. (2; 1] (1; 2) .

158. 1 5 x 3; 5 1 x 5 .
1
159. (0; 0,1) (1; ) . 160. 2. 161. x 0 .
2
.
6x
y
y 1 log 2 ( x 2) .
2x 1
1
162. 0 x 3 ; x 2 . 163. 4 x 1 .
2
164. (7; 6),[3; 0), (0;1), (1; 4] .
156.

(1; 2 ) (2; ).
116.
(2,5;1,5)
(1,5; 0,5) 0,5 (1;1,5) .
117. (0; 1] (3; ) . 118. 0; 0,5 (2; 3) .
119.
(1; ) .
120.
(2;1] 3.
121. (5,75; 11,25) . 122. (0,5; 1) .
2 1
123. ; . 124. 7; 6 2; 2,5
3 3
2

4; 4,5 . 125. log 2 ; 0 ; [1; ). 126. [2; 3) .


3

3 5
5
, 2 x .
127. 1 3 x
2
2
128. x 2; 2 x 2 15 ; x 6 .
5

129. ; 1 . 130. 0,5; 1 (5; ) .


3

1
131. (0; 1 2 ] 1
; 2 .
3

132. (4; 3) [1; ) . 133. 1 x 2,


1
3 x 7 . 134. 1 1,5; 3. 135. 0 x ,
3
1
5
x . 136. (1; 0) (0; 0,5) (1; 5] .
2
6
1 5
137. ; . 138. (; 5] . 139. (0,5; 0]
3 8
2 44
;1.
[1; 4) . 140. [ 8; 1)
5

141. (1,5; 1) (1; 0) (0; 3).


1
2
142. [0,5; 1), [2; ). 143.
x .
3
3
144. 1 x 1,5, 2 x 2,5, x 3.
145.
146.

1
5 5
5 5
x
;
x 0;
2
20
20
5 45 3 44
1
0x
;
x .
20
10
2
166. 0 x 1, x 2, 3 x 4, 4 x 5.
165.

167. 3. 168. 5 x 2 2 2 , 4 x 0,
7
. 170. 0 x 1; x 2.
0 x 0,5 . 169.
4
.

0 x 1 x 1
.
171. 0 x 10 lg 5 , 10 lg 5 x. 172. (1;1000).
173.

lg 4

x 10

lg 4

1
;
4
177.
x 2, 0 x lg 101 2 .
x 4.
178. 0,1 x 0,5 . 179. x 3; x 8 .

175. 0 x 32 3 ; x 32 3 . 176. 0 x

1 5
1 5
;0x
;
2
2
1 13
2 4
x
.
181.
0; ;
2
3 3
k
1; 5. 182.
, k Z . 183. [3; 6) .
3

184. 0; ; 2 . 185. 0. 186. 5. 187. 2.
2 2
188. 0,5.
180.

6 1 x 2; 2 x 5.
1
2 1 x 1 3. 147. [3; 0); 0; ;
4

5
1; . 148. (2; 5). 149. (9; 9,5) (9,5; 9,75) .
4
150. (1; 0) (1; 3) (5; ). 151. 2 x 1,
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

x 1000 . 174. 10

46

1 x

.., .. .
12. 2010: /.-. .. , ..
, .. .; . ..
, .. . .: : , 2009. ( ).
13. .., .., ..
2010 . . .:
, 2009.
14. . . 10-11 :
-. / .. ,
.. , .. . .: , 2001.
15. www.mathege.ru -
2010, 2011 ( )
16. www.alexlarin.narod.ru


,
.
17. http:///eek.diary.ru/ , ,
.


1. .., .., .., ..,
..
2008. . - /
.: -, 2007.
2. ..
// , 1969,
3.
3.
2010. . /
.: -, 2010.
4. 2010. :
/ .., .., .., ..,
.., ..,
.., .. .: , 2009.
5. 2010. .
/ . .. ,
.. . .: , 2010.
6. .
. . 1-6, 8, 12, 14, 18, 25. .:
, (
), 1993-2003.
7. . . . : 10-11 / ..
, .. , .. ,
.. . .: . . 2009. 477 .
8. . . . : 11 / .. , .. . 2- ., .
. .: . .
2011. 391 .
9. .., ..
2010. . 3 / .
.. .. . .:
, 2010.
10. .., .. . . ; .: -,
2010.
11. .., .., ..
f (( x )) f (( x)) // ,
2005, 5.
21.01.2011.
www.alexlarin.narod.ru

47