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2011 .

-07-06
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1..............................................................................................................................................3
...............................................................................................................................................6
2..............................................................................................................................................7
...............................................................................................................................................8
3..............................................................................................................................................9
................................................................................15
(5,6) .........................................................................................15
(4,5,6) , ............................................................16
(2,4,6) , , .................................................................17
(1,4,6) , , ..............................................................................18
(2,4) .......................................................................................19

1
,
,
, , :

a ;

b ;

c ( ) ;

d ;

e ;

f ;

g .

max = 7,4936.
(1.16) [1], . ,
w = 0,1,
.
.

a
b
c
d
e
f
g

a
1
1/2
1/3
1/3
1/5
1/3
1/2

b
2
1
1/3
1/5
1/5
1/5
1

c
d
e
3
3
5
3
5
5
1
2
2
1/2 1
3
1/2 1/3 1
1/3 1/3 1/3
3
3
5

Helpex.

f
3
5
3
3
3
1
5

g
2
1
1/3
1/3
1/5
1/5
1

)
.1 () () Helpex.

.2 Helpex.
, :
w = (wa, wb, wc, wd, we, wf, wg) = (0.28035, 0.23462, 0.097272, 0.082678, 0.052638,
0.039915, 0.21252) ,
wa ;
wb b;
wc ;
wd d;
we e;
wf f;
wg g.
4

max =7.481328.
1.12 [1]:
n 7.481328 7
Ind = max
=
= 0.0802 .
n 1
7 1

, .
:
a(0.28035) > b(0.23462) > g(0.21252) > c(0.097272) > d(0.082678) > e(0.052638) >
f(0.039915).
,
wc, wd, we, wf , ,
. w = 0,1.
:

.3 .
:

.4 .
:
w = (wa, wb, wg) = (0.5, 0.25, 0.25).
max =3.
max n 3 3
=
= 0.
: Ind =
n 1
3 1
: a(0.5) > b(0.25) = g(0.25).
5


a .
0,

, .

2
,
, : ,
, -, ,
() . , ,
(1.16) [1]
. ,
?
a ;
b ;
-;
d ;
e () .
Helpex

.5 Helpex.
:

.6 Helpex.
w = (wa, wb, wc, wd, we) = (0.40443, 0.26862, 0.11529, 0.066599, 0.14507)
7

max = 5.470983.
:
a(0.40443) > b(0.26862) >e(0.14507) > c(0.11529) >d(0.066599)
3- :

.7 Helpex.
:
w = (wa, wb, we) = (0.58178, 0.30908, 0.10915).
max = 3.000554.
:
a(0.58178) > b(0.30908) > e(0.10915).

a , b (),
e ( () ) .

3
:
; b ; ; d .
:
a
b
c
d

a
1
5
3
5

b
1/5
1
2
2

c
1/3
1/2
1
2

d
1/5
1/2
1/2
1

max=4,15,
(maxn)/(n1)=0,05.
.
Helpex:

.8 .
w:
w = (wa, wb, wc, wd) = (0.070389, 0.2236, 0.27688, 0.42913),
max =4.152714.
:
d(0.42913) > c(0.27688) > b(0.2236) > a(0.070389).
9

4
() , .
, : 1 ;
2 ; 3 ; 4 ; 5 ; 6
.

.
max=7,49.
, .
,
, (1, 2); (1, 2, 3); (1, 3, 5) .., .
,
.
, : )
; ) ?
0:
1
2
3
4
5
6

1:

1
1/3
3
1
2
1/3

1
1
1/4
1/3
1
1/3
1/4

2
4
1
1/7
1/3
5
1

3 4 5
3
1
3
7
3 1/5
1 1/5 1/5
5
1
3
5
1
1
6
3 1/3

3:

1
5
1

1/5
1
1/5

1
5
1

1/2
3
1

4:

1
9
7

1/9
1
1/5

1/7
5
1

6
4
1
1/6
1/3
3
1

5:

1
1/2
1

2
1
2

1
1/2
1

1 ,2 ,3 ,4 ,5 , 6
, .. wi = w(Ki/), i=16.

10

.9 .
:

.10 .
w1 = w(K1) = 0.32809;
w2 = w(K2) = 0.13763;
w3 = w(K3) = 0.02830;
w4 = w(K4) = 0.12901;
w5 = w(K5) = 0.238962;
w6 = w(K6) = 0.13801;
max = 7.197627.
Fi ( , )
:
1 ) 1 :

11

.11 .
2) 2 :

.12 .
3) 3 :

12

.13 .
4) 4 :

.14 .
5) 5 :

13

.15 .
6) 6 :

.16 .
, ,.
: w(,,) = w(F) w().
Mathcad:
14

0.32121

0.13946

0.15665
0.33333
0.45455
0.77278
0.25
0.69266

0.034485
0.367

0.5944 0.33333 0.090909 0.054377 0.5 0.089782



= 0.379

0.12845


0.24892 0.33333 0.45455 0.17284 0.25 0.21755

0.254

0.23742

0.13897

w () = 0.367, w() = 0.379, w() = 0.254.


: w() = 0.379 > w () = 0.367 > w() = 0.254
B.

(5,6) .
:

.17 .
0.25 0.69266
0.75094 0.36
= 0.398
0.5 0.089782

0.24906

0.25 0.21755

0.242

w() = 0.36, w() = 0.398, w() = 0.242.


:
w() = 0.398 > w(A) = 0.398 > w(C) = 0.242.
: , .

15

(4,5,6) , .
:

.18 .
:

0.77278 0.25 0.69266


0.22108

0.507

0.054377 0.5 0.089782


0.46025
= 0.271


w() = 0.507, w() = 0.17284 0.25 0.21755

0.31868

0.223

0.271, w() = 0.31868.


:
w() = 0.507 > w() = 0.271 > w() = 0.223.
: .
, .

16

(2,4,6) , , .
:

.19 .
:
w() = 0.55, w() = 0.189,
w() = 0.261.

0.3333 0.77278 0.69266


0.4289
0.55
0.3333 0.054377 0.089782
0.14204
= 0.189


0.3333 0.17284 0.21755
0.42898

0.261

:
w(A) = 0.55 > w() = 0.189 > w(B) = 0.261.
: (4,5,6) ,
.

17

(1,4,6) , , .
:

.20 .
0.15665 0.77278 0.69266
0.4979
0.443

: 0.5944 0.054377 0.089782


0.21726
= 0.333


0.24892 0.17284 0.21755
0.28484

0.223

w() = 0.443, w() = 0.333 w() = 0.223.


:
w() = 0.443 > w() = 0.333 > w() = 0.223.
: , 2- .

18

(2,4) .
:

.21 .

0.3333 0.77278 0.75094 0.443

0.3333 0.054377

= 0.264

0.24906

0.3333 0.17284
0.293

w() = 0.443, w() = 0.264 w() = 0.293.


:
w() = 0.443 > w() = 0.293 > w() = 0.264.
: , , (1,4,6) ,
.
, ,
.
:

.22 .
:
19

.23 .
:

w() = 0.462, w() = 0.292 w() = 0.246.


:
w() = 0.462 > w() = 0.292 > w() = 0.246.
: .

20

.
:

.24 .
:

.25 .
:

w() = 0.405, w() = 0.339 w() = 0.255.


:
21

w() = 0.405 > w() = 0.339 > w() = 0.255.


:
.


HELPEX.

,
, .

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1. .., ..,
, : , 2004.

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