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II.B.11. Verification of design of draught fans a) Induced draft fan Given: Flue gas volume MCR 169,000 cu.

ft/min

Temperature at air pre-heater outlet - 520F Allow 20% margin on fan capacity-202,800 cu.ft/min Previous fan water gage design 9.36 Previous fan Hp MCR Previous RPM 370 920 640 920

Present fan Hp after upgrading Present RPM a.1) Gas pressure required:

(Total draft of a gas loop from p.477 Power Plant Engineering MKS Units by Morse) i) Furnace (D2) (5 mm) W.G. (30 mm) W.G. (80 mm) W.G. (80 mm) W.G. (80 mm) W.G.

ii) Boiler exit (D3)

iii)Air pre-heater outletiv) Dust collector (D3) v) vi) Economizer (D3) Scrubber exit (D3) -

- (100 mm) W.G. (5 mm) W.G.

vii) Breeching/chimney/ducts-

Total draft required 380 mm Add 40% to fan pressure:

380 mm X 1.4 = 532 mm Note: for item vii) draft represented by D4 was computed separately different portions from outlet of air pre-heater to

four

outlet of induced draft fan using the formula given below: Air pre-heater outlet to connecting duct to economizer 0.0036 cm W.G. 0.09 cm W.G.

Connecting duct to economizer Economizer to induced draft fan Induced draft fan to chimney Total D4 or

0.0238 cm W.G. 0.34 cm W.G. 0.45 cm W.G.

say

5 mm W.G.

D4

(d f V H) / 10 (2gR), cm (eq. 12-3 p. 477 Power plant Engg by Morse MKS units) where: D4 = draft loss due to friction in in ducts, breechings, chimney d = flue gas density at IDF inlet temperature 300F, = f = 1.25 cu.m/kg 0.014 for flue against steel and concrete. H = length of conduit, m

= acceleration due to gravity, 9.7 m/sec

= hydraulic radius of cross Section, m (area/perimeter)

= velocity of flue gas at different cross sections

a.2) Fan power requirement, kWf kWif = Vf x Ps / 102 () where: Vf = flue gas volume flow, cu.m/sec = 202,800 cu.ft/min = 95.8 cu.m/sec Ps = static pressure required, mm W.G. = 532 mm W.G = drive efficiency, 85% kWif = = 95.8 x 532 / 102 (0.85) 587 kW

a.3) The actual fan design is double inlet double width backward curve blades centrifugal fan.

b)

Forced draft fan: Given: Weight of air, Wa @ 40% excess air - 405,007 lb/hr

Density of air, a @ 30C (86F)

- 0.0727 lb/cu.ft

i) Volume of air @ MCR

= = =

Wa

/ 60 ( ) / 60 (0.0727)

405,007

92,721 cu.ft/min

ii) Required capacity

= = =

92,721 cu.ft/min x 1.2 111,265 cu.ft/min 52.56 cu.m/sec

iii)Air pressure required: Furnace Air duct loss + (37 mm) + (25 mm) + (25 mm) + (37 mm)

Changes in directionAcross air heater -

Total air pressure required = 127mm Add 40% on air pressure required = 177.8

iv) Required power of the fan, kWfd kWfd = = = Vf x Ps / 102 (); = motor eff. 52.56 x 177.8 / 102 (0.85) 107 kw, say 150 Hp

v) The actual fan design is double inlet double width

backward curve blades centrifugal fan 150 Hp 860 RPM