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(17541841 .)

CONTENTS

.., .., ..

(

) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4

RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE


Savchenko I.V., Medvedev A.M., Bocharnikova N.I.
SCIENTIFIC PROJECT COVERAGE IN VEGETABLE PLANT
BREEDING (SESSION OF JOINT BOARD OF MINISTRY
OF AGRICULTURE AND PRESIDIUM OF RUSSIAN
ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4


.., .., ..

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

THEORY AND PRACTICE OF VEGETABLE CROP BREEDING


Pivovarov V.F., Shmykova N.A., Suprunova T.P.
BIOTECHNOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO VEGETABLE CROP
BREEDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

.., ., ..


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

Fedorova M.I., Vetrova S.A., Kozar E.G.


PHENOTYPIC FEATURES
OF CMS IN SEEDBEARING
PLANTS OF RED BEET . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18

.., .., .., .C. Domblides .S., Domblides .., Kan L.U., Romanov V.S.

POLYMORPHISM OF INTERSIMPLE SEQUENCE
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24 REPEATS (ISSR) IN ALLIUM SPECIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
.

.., .., .., ..

(S. MELONGENA, S.INTEGRIFOLIUM,
S. AETHIOPICUM) F1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28

PLANT BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY


Verba V.M., Mamedov M.I.,
Pyshnaya O.N., Shmykova N.A.
CONTENT OF PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS IN FRUITS
OF DIFFERENT SPECIES OF EGGPLANTS
(SOLANUM MELONGENA, S. INTEGRIFOLIUM,
S. AETHIOPICUM) AND THEIR F1 HYBRIDS . . . . . . . . . . . . .28

.., ..

BRASSICA CHINESIS VAR. JAPONICA

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34

Baleev D.N., Bukharov A.F.


OCCURRENCE OF INDUCED SEED
DORMANCY IN BRASSICA CHINESIS VAR.
JAPONICA UNDER INFLUENCE
OF ALLOPATHIC ACTIVE COMPOUNDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34


.., .., .., ..

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38

VEGETABLE PLANT PROTECTION


Maslova A.A., Ushakov A.A., Startsev V.I., Bondareva L.L.
COLE CROPS SELECTIVE BREEDING
FOR RESISTANCE TO PESTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38



.., ..

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43

ACTUALITIES IN POST HARVESTING STORAGE


AND PROCESSING OF VEGETABLE
Pivovarov V.F., Tsiganok N.S.
WAYS TO RESTORE THE PRODUCTION
OF DRIED, FRESH PEAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43


.., .., ..



2011 . . . . . .49

ANNOUNCEMENTS
Pyshnaya O.N., Gurkina L.K., Tareeva M.M.
IMPROVEMENT OF COMPETITIVENESS
IN AGRICULTURE IS THE TASK OF HIGH
PRIORITY FOR AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY IN RUSSIA.
THE GOLDEN AUTUMN 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49

..


( ) . . . . .55

Baibulova O.E.
THE ROLE OF YOUTH IN IMPROVEMENTS OF AGRICULTURAL
INDUSTRY OF RUSSIA
(ALLRUSSIAN YOUTH'S FORUM) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55


..


(
) .59

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN THE WORLD


Nikulshin V.P.
NEW TURN IN DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC
AND TECHNICAL COLLABORATION ON PLANT
BREEDING AND SEED PRODUCTION (IN REVIEW:
DELEGATION OF VNIISSOK VISITED MONGOLIA) . . . . . . . .59



.., .., ..

.. .
130 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63

PERSONALITY TRACES IN HISTORY


Pivovarov V.F., Pyshnaya O.N., Gurkina L.K.
A FOUNDER OF PLANT BREEDING METHODS
FOR VEGETABLE CROPS IN RUSSIA;
130 YEAR FROM S.I. ZHEGALOV'S BIRTHDAY . . . . . . . . . . .63

[1]

3 (12) 2011

 3 (12) 2011
2008 .

,
,

VEGETABLE CROPS OF RUSSIA
The journal of science and practical applications in
agriculture 3 (12) 2011

:


( )

Published since 2008


The journal is recommended for scientists
and practicable offers, farmers, plant breeders,
amateurs in agriculture and vegetable growing.


.. ,

The journal founder & publisher:


The State Scientific Institution AllRussian Research Institute of
Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production of Russian Academy of
Agricultural Science (RAAS)
Editor@in@Chief
Pivovarov V.F. Academician of RAAS, a director of AllRussian
Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production
Editorial Board
A.A. Zhuchenko, Academician, Russian Academy of Science (RAAS),
Russian Academy of Science (RAS)
I.V. Savchenko, Academician, Russian Academy of Science (RAAS), a vicepresident of
plant growing department
A.F. Agafonov, PhD, agriculture
A.M. Artemeva, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology
I.T. Balashova, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology
N.I. Bocharnikova, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture
V.I. Burenin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture
M.S. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology
V.K. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology
N.A. Golubkina, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology
L.K. Gurkina, PhD, agriculture
H.G. Dobrutskaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture
A.S. Domblides, PhD, agriculture
N.I. Zhukov, PhD, economy
A.N. Ignatov, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology
L.U. Kan, PhD, agriculture
P.F. Kononkov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture
V.P. Kushnereva, PhD, agriculture
G.D. Levko, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture
M.I. Mamedov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture
A.S. Merzlikin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture, economy
F.B. Musaev, PhD, agriculture
S.M. Nadezhkin, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology
V.P. Nikulshin, PhD, agriculture
L.V. Pavlov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture
A.P. Primak, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology
O.N. Pyshnaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture
E.P. Pronina, PhD, agriculture
S.M. Sirota, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture
V.I. Startsev, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture
T.P. Suprunova, PhD, agriculture
N.I. Timin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture
A.A. Ushakov, PhD, agriculture
V.A. Kharchenko, PhD, agriculture
Yu.V. Chesnokov, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology
A.N. Chuprov, Principal Scientist, PhD, economics
N.A. Shmikova, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture
D.V. Shumilina, PhD, agriculture


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Responsible Scientific Editor


M.M. Tareeva, PhD, agriculture

..

Translation
A.S. Domblides, PhD, agriculture
V.U. Muhortov, PhD, agriculture
T.P. Suprunova, PhD, agriculture


..

:
143080, , , / , .
, . , . 14,
E@mail: vegetables.of.russia@yandex.ru; vniissok@mail.ru
http://www.vniissok.ru
: +7(495)5992442, +7(498)3031967 (.202)
: +7(495) 5992277

Photographing
A.P. Lebedev
Designer
K.V. Yansitov
(Original model and imposition)

Address of the publishing office:


AllRussian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed
Production (VNIISSOK), Selektsionnaya St., 14, VNIISSOK, Odintsovo region, Moscow
district, 143080 Russia, Editorial and Publishing Unit
E@mail: vegetables.of.russia@yandex.ru; vniissok@mail.ru
http://www.vniissok.ru
Tel. +7(495)5992442, +7 (498) 3031967 (add.202)
Recopying materials require reference to the journal to be made.
Publishing staff do not bear the responsibility for information included
in advertisements. Publisher reserves the right to make alterations in
manuscripts in case of lack of correspondence with the issue subject
and technical requirements

This issue is registered in Federal Service for Supervision of Media


and Mass Communications of RF.
The license 7733218 of the 19th September 2008
Circulation is 1500 copies

13168
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7733218 19 2008 .
1500 .
03.11.2011

127411, . , , 157 9, 9108
.: +7 (495) 6650544, www.mdmix.ru

[2]

3 (12) 2011

RUSSIAN ACADEMY
OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
SCIENTIFIC PROJECT COVERAGE
IN VEGETABLE PLANT BREEDING
(Session of joint board of Ministry of
Agriculture and Presidium
of Russian Academy of Agricultural Science)
Savchenko I.V., Medvedev A.M., Bocharnikova N.I.
RAAS
Email: otdrasten@yandex.ru; gametas@mail.ru
On 18 August, 2011 the joint meeting of Ministry
Board of Agriculture of Russian Federation and
Presidium of Russian Academy of Agricultural
Science was held.
THEORY AND PRACTICE
OF VEGETABLE CROP BREEDING
BIOTECHNOLOGICAL APPROACHES
TO VEGETABLE CROP BREEDING
Pivovarov V.F., Shmykova N.A., Suprunova T.P.
State Institution, AllRussian Research Institute of
Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS
Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77
Email: shmykova@mail.ru
The biotechnological methods of plant cell culture
in vitro are represented in the article. Recent
developments in the field of clonal micropropaga
tion, androgenesis, gynogenesis, and genetic
transformation of vegetable crops are shown.
Importance of utilization of biotechnological
approaches for successful development of agricul
ture is underlined.
Key words: clonal micropropagation,
androgenesis, gynogenesis,
genetic transformation,
vegetable crops.
PHENOTYPIC FEATURES OF CMS
IN SEEDBEARING PLANTS
OF RED BEET
Fedorova M.I., Vetrova C.A., Kozar E.G.
State Institution, AllRussian Research Institute of
Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS
Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77
Email: vniissok@mail.ru
Phenotypic characteristics defining the CMS in
plants of red beet have been studied. The level of
sterility varied from 5 to 100 %. Four groups of
anthers were sorted out where each group distin
guished by certain color, diameter, the number and
size of pollen grains inside. The increase of sterility
of plants provoked the decrease of pollen diameter,
pollen viability in fertile flowers; along this the
speed of pollen tube growth is reduced.
Key words: red beet, seedbearing plants,
sterility, CMS
POLYMORPHISM OF INTERSIMPLE SEQUENCE
REPEATS (ISSR) IN ALLIUM SPECIES
Domblides .S., Domblides ..,
Kan L.U., Romanov V.S.
State Institution, AllRussian Research Institute of
Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS
Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77
Email: vniissok@mail.ru
Some onion species such as A. altaicum, A. odor
um, A. fistulosum, A. nutans, A. schoenoprasum, A.
altissimum, A.proliferum, A. tuberosum, A. subhir
sutum, A.roylei, A.auctum, A.rupestre, A.vavilovii
were taken to compare each other applying ISSR
markers. Additionally to those interspecific onion
hybrids A.cepa x A.nutans and . x A. fistulo
sum were also analyzed. 5 ISSR primers were
selected out of 15 ones tested. 76 % of polymor
phic bands were found out. Hybrid progenies of
crossing between A. nutans A.cepa species were

in dendrogram a slight closer to A. cepa group,


whereas A. nutans was at the similarity with index
0.52 for A.cepa group and 0.49 for hybrid proge
nies. As it was confirmed the A. fistulosum and A.
altaicum were genetically similar. The genetic simi
larity was also confirmed between A.altissimum and
.schoenoprasum that corresponded to the previ
ous phylogenetic studies.
Key words: Allium, ISSR markers, onion species,
genetic polymorphism
PLANT BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY
CONTENT OF PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS IN FRUITS
OF DIFFERENT SPECIES OF EGGPLANTS
(SOLANUM MELONGENA, S. INTEGRIFOLIUM, S.
AETHIOPICUM) AND THEIR F1 HYBRIDS
Verba V.M., Mamedov M.I., Pyshnaya O.N.,
Shmykova N.A.
State Institution, AllRussian Research Institute of
Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS
Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77
Email: vniissok@mail.ru
The content of phenolic compounds (flavonoids,
anthocyans and phenolcarbonic acids) was studied
in fruits of three species of eggplant (S. Melongena,
S. Integrifolium, S. Aethiopicum) and their F hybrids
that were grown under condition of lowcapacity
hydroponics. It was found out that some of F 1
hybrids of cultural species of eggplant (S.
Melongena) contained 2,3% of phenolic com
pounds, whereas content of phenolic compounds in
wild species of eggplants (S. Integrifolium,
S. Aethiopicum) reached up to 3%.
Key words: eggplant, interspecific hybrids,
polyphenolic compounds
1

OCCURRENCE OF INDUCED SEED DORMANCY


IN BRASSICA CHINESIS VAR. JAPONICA
UNDER INFLUENCE OF ALLOPATHIC
ACTIVE COMPOUNDS
Baleev D.N., Bukharov A.F.
State Institution, AllRussian Research Institute of
Vegetable Growing
Tel:+7 (495) 558 45 22
Email: baleev.dmitry@yandex.ru
The factor that caused the inhibition of seed germina
tion under the influence of 15 % extract from fruits
Anethum graveolens was revealed. When transferring
the testobject in favorable condition, this effect still
remained imitating the seed dormancy. It was shown
that under influence of temperature factor the time
required to escape this state was considerably reduced
Key word: germination, seed dormancy, allopathic
active compounds, dill
VEGETABLE PLANT PROTECTION
COLE CROPS SELECTIVE BREEDING FOR RESIS
TANCE TO PESTS
Maslova A.A., Ushakov A.A., Startsev V.I.,
Bondareva L.L.
State Institution, AllRussian Research Institute of
Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS
Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77
Email: vniissok@mail.ru
One of the most important and necessary aim during
breeding project realization is to develop varieties,
cultivars and F1 hybrids possessing the resistance to
pathogens and pests. Joint efforts of plant breeders
and immunologists of AllRussian Research Institute
of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production (VNIIS
SOK) have been resulting in development new vari
eties, F1 hybrids with combined resistance to
Crucifer flea and other leaf pests.
Key words: Cole crops, varieties and F1 hybrids,
resistance to pests and diseases,
Crucifer flea, leaf pests

[3]

ACTUALITIES IN POST HARVESTING STORAGE AND


PROCESSING OF VEGETABLES
WAYS TO RESTORE THE PRODUCTION
OF DRIED, FRESH PEAS
Pivovarov V.F., Tsiganok N.S.
State Institution, AllRussian Research Institute of
Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS
Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77
Email: vniissok@mail.ru
The importance of production of fresh peas and meth
ods of processing, technology for preparation of dried
peas is highlighted in this article
Key words: garden pea, fresh pea, canning, freezing
technology, dried peas
ANNOUNCEMENTS
IMPROVEMENT OF COMPETITIVENESS
IN AGRICULTURE IS THE TASK OF HIGH
PRIORITY FOR AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY
IN RUSSIA. THE GOLDEN AUTUMN 2011
Pyshnaya O.N., Gurkina L.K., Tareeva M.M.
State Institution, AllRussian Research Institute of
Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS
Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77
Email: vniissok@mail.ru
In October, 6 16 The XII Russian Agricultural Exhibition The
Golden Autumn 2011 took place at AllRussian Exposition
Center. Within scheduled program of the exposition the round
table conference was held Problems of Plant Breeding,
Agricultural Crop Seed Production in Marketing Condition.
THE ROLE OF YOUTH IN IMPROVEMENTS
OF AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRY
OF RUSSIA (ALLRUSSIAN YOUTH'S FORUM)
Baibulova O.E.
RSSM
Tel: +7 (495)6078494
Email: info@rssm.su, pressa@rssm.su
On 7 Octobre 2011, Moscow AllRussian forum The Role of
Youth in Improvements of Agricultural Industry of Russia was
held within of work program of XIII Russian Agricultural Exhibition
The Golden Autumn 2011 at the AllRussian Exposition Centre.
AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN THE WORLD
NEW TURN IN DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC AND
TECHNICAL COLLABORATION
ON PLANT BREEDING AND SEED PRODUCTION
(IN REVIEW: DELEGATION OF VNIISSOK
IS VISITING MONGOLIA)
Nikulshin V.P.
State Institution, AllRussian Research Institute of
Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS
Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77
Email: vniissok@mail.ru
Aspects of scientific and technical bilateral collaboration
on plant breeding and seed production between All
Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and
Seed Production and Ministry of Agriculture, Heavy and
Light Industry in Mongolia were considered. The proto
col has been signed for the period of 5 years.
PERSONALITY TRACES IN HISTORY
A FOUNDER OF PLANT BREEDING METHODS FOR
VEGETABLE CROPS IN RUSSIA; 130 YEAR FROM
S.I. ZHEGALOV'S BIRTHDAY
Pivovarov V.F., Pyshnaya O.N., Gurkina L.K.
State Institution, AllRussian Research Institute of
Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production, RAAS
Tel:+7 (495) 599 24 42; fax: +7 (495) 599 22 77
Email: vniissok@mail.ru
In 2011, the 130 years from the S.I. Zhegalov's birthday is
being celebrated. Segei Ivanovich Zhegalov was a first who
gave rise to Russian vegetable plant breeding and seed pro
duction. He was a first director of Gribovo Experimental Station
which became later the AllRussian Research Institute of
Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production (VNIISSOK)

3 (12) 2011


005.74



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Email: otdrasten@yandex.ru; gametas@mail.ru
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[ 11 ]

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3 (12) 2011

annuum x C. chinense, C. baccatum x

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[ 12 ]

3 (12) 2011


.3. SCAR atp6 coxII, ,
(Capsicum frutescens C. chinense)

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grifolium ( ., 2010).

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[ 13 ]

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2005; Dunwell, 2010). 

2009; Ferrie Caswell 2011; Germana,

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2009).

Amstrong, 1983), ,

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2006; Gorecka et al., 2007). 

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. 

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) 

[ 14 ]

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.

 

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al., 2002; Rotino et al., 2005; Corral

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, 

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2002), (Michalik, Baranski,

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2006). 

1992).

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, 2009) (.7).

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2000; Streatfield and Howard, 2003;

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(, 2007).

1998).

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) in vivo

[ 16 ]

3 (12) 2011

1) .., ..
. ., 2004.44 .
2) .., .., .., .,
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5) .., .., .., .
// .2009. 3..
6067.
6) . ., . ., .., .
. ., 2007.47 .
7) .. . .,
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8) .. . .
. ., 2006.47 .
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1. Dellaporta, S.L., Wood, J., Hicks, J.B. A plant DNA


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and DNA of Allium cepa. Chromosoma 70:161181


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Theor Appl Genet (2000) 100:118126
7. L.W.D. Raamsdonk, W. Ensink, A.W. Heusden, M.
Vrielinkvan Ginkel and C. Kik Biodiversity assessment
based on cpDNA and crossability analysis in selected
species of Allium subgenus Rhizirideum //Theor Appl
Genet (2003) 107:10481058
8. Zietkiewicz E, Rafalski A., and Damian Labuda D.
Genome fingerprinting by simple sequence repeats
(SSR)anchored polymerase chain reaction amplifica
tion. // Genomics 1994, 20. P. 176183
9. Klaas, M., N. Friesen 2002. Molecular markers in
Allium, p 159186 In: Rabinowitch, H.D. and L. Currah
(eds.). Allium crop science: Recent advances CABI
Publishing, New York, NY

[ 27 ]

3 (12) 2011

.
635.646:581.1

(SOLANUM MELONGENA,
S.INTEGRIFOLIUM,
S. AETHIOPICUM) F1

.. ... .
.. .. , . .
.. .. , .
.. .. , . .

143080 , ,
. , . , .14
.: +7(495)5992442
Email: vniissok@mail.ru
(, ,
) (Solanum melongena L., S.integrifolium L., S.
aethiopicum L.) F1, . 
, F1 (S.melongena) 2,3 %
, S. aethiopicum L. S.integrifolium L. 3 %.
: , ,





(). 

, 

. 

. 

, 

, 
F 1



[ 28 ]

3 (12) 2011

.

[1].


, 
(),
( .. ).
, 


, 
, 
. , 

, 


, 

[2].



, 
, 
, , 
,

[3; 4]. Prior, C [5] 
, 

, 
. ,



[6; 7],
,


, 
[8].




. 


, 
. [9].
Sudheesh et
al. [10] 


,


F1
 
(19,1 /2)
(27,4 .)

[ 29 ]

3 (12) 2011

.

1 /100 .

,

, 
( 
),
.
,


[11; 12; 13; 14]. 




[15] 
[16], 
[17].
[18]


.


[19]. 



I II,
Staphyllococcus aureus Esherichia
coli,
[20]. 

,



. 
, 

1.
(S. melongena L., S.integrifolium L., S. aethiopicum L.)
, %

(4+5)

F1 S.melongena L.
F1 @ @

0,19 0,03

1,4 0,0

0,8 0,0

2,2

F1 @ @

0,17 0,02

1,2 0,0

0,7 0,1

1,9

F1 @ @

0,14 0,02

1,3 0,0

0,9 0,1

2,2

F1 @ @

0,12 0,02

1,2 0,0

1,0 0,1

2,2

F1 @ @

0,25 0,03

1,4 0,0

0,7 0,1

2,1

F1 @ @

0,25 0,03

1,4 0,0

0,7 0,0

2,1

F1 @ @

0,17 0,02

1,4 0,0

0,7 0,0

2,1

F1 @ @

0,13 0,01

1,0 0,0

0,7 0,1

1,7

F1 @ @

0,12 0,02

1,0 0,0

0,8 0,1

1,8

F1 @ @

0,19 0,04

1,2 0,0

0,7 0,1

1,9

F1 @ @

0,33 0,05

1,4 0,0

0,8 0,1

2,2

F1 @ @

0,14 0,02

1,2 0,0

1,1 0,0

2,3

F1 @ @

0,16 0,00

1,4 0,0

0,8 0,0

2,2

F1 @ @

0,17 0,03

1,1 0,0

1,0 0,1

2,1

F1 @ @

0,22 0,06

1,3 0,0

0,7 0,1

2,0

F1 @ @

0,09 0,02

1,5 0,0

0,7 0,1

2,2

F1 @ @

0,11 0,01

1,1 0,0

0,8 0,0

1,9

F1 @ @

0,12 0,03

1,0 0,0

0,7 0,0

1,7

F1 @ @

0,18 0,02

1,4 0,0

0,9 0,0

2,3

F1 @ @

0,22 0,03

1,3 0,0

1,0 0,0

2,3

0,11 0,02

1,1 0,0

0,7 0,0

1,8

0,18 0,02

1,3 0,0

0,9 0,1

2,2

0,16 0,05

1,0 0,0

0,8 0,1

1,8

0,12 0,05

1,0 0,0

0,8 0,0

1,9

0,11 0,01

1,3 0,0

0,8 0,1

2,1

F1
@ (S.melongena L.)

0,13 0,04

1,0 0,0

0,8 0,1

1,8

S.aethiopicum L.

1,5 0,0

1,4 0,0

2,9

S.integrifolium L.

1,8 0,0

1,2 0,1

3,0

S.aethiopicum @

1,7 0,0

0,9 0,0

2,6

S.aethiopicum @

1,6 0,0

1,0 0,0

2,6

@ x S.integrifolium

1,6 0,0

1,1 0,0

2,7

[ 30 ]

3 (12) 2011

.



[18].
: 
(S.melon
gena L.), 
, 

,
.


.


5 20 
F1 ,
S.integrifolium
L. S.aethiopicum L. 

. 

2530
. ,
.



12
50, 
, .

1112%.




.


Gajula et al. [21].
:

. 2. ,
S.melongena,
 (TOFMS) (520 ).

[22]. 
3
:
C = A x 449,2 x F x V x 100% ,
26900 x I x m

X = D 0,107 Vtot , %
m Vpr
D 410
, 0,107 
, Vtot 25 ,
Vpr 2 .





. 1. ,
520 ( 23.06.10 ) ( ):
F1 , , , , , .



3, . %;
;
449,2
3,
/;
26900 
3
;

[ 31 ]

F ;
V , ;
l , ;
m , .

()
, 
.. [23]. 

:

X = D x 50 x 100 x 100 , %
m x 782 (100 W)
D
; m
, ; W

3 (12) 2011

.

(), %; 782 

325 .

.
@
. 
, 

(
+ ) 
F1 S. melongena L.
1,7 2,3 %, 1,8
2,2 % (. 1), 

F1
0,7 1,1 %, 
1,0 1,5 %. 
, 
F1


.

F1 
1,1 %, 


, [5] 
0,5 % 
(Trigonella coerulea L.), 2,0 % 
(Lavandula angus
tifolia M.), 2,2 %
(Mentha piperita L.). 
, , 
, 
.

F1
0,09 0,33 %.
Noda et al. [14] 

Choujanasu
0,14 % (0,15 / ),
(F1 
, F1  ,
F1  )

0,22 0,33 %.
40% 

(8085 ) F1
 


(0,3% )

[ 32 ]

3 (12) 2011

.
F1 
105,6 193,8%.


,
F1

(. 1).


.


F1 ,

(6)3 (. 2).

S.aethiopicum L. S.integrifolium
L., , 
, , 


(S.aethiopicum L. S.integrifolium L.)


2,93,0 %, 1,5 

S.melongena L. 
, 


. 
(S. melongena L.)
2,1
%, 
2,62,7%.
1,3

S.melongena L., 
1,61,7 .
.

, ,
F1 
S. melongena c 
.

1. Prohens J., Nuez F. Handbook of plant breeding: Vegetables


II. Springer, New York, 2008, USA.
2. Anderson R., Amarasinghe C., Fisher L. et al. Reduction in
freeradicalinduced DNA stand breaks and base damage
through fast chemical repair by flavonoids//Free Radic. Res.
2000. V.33. .91103.
3.Joshipura K., Hu F., Manson J. et al. The effect of fruit and
vegetable intake on risk for coronary heart disease//Ann. Int.
Med. 2001. 134. .11061114.
4. Bazzano L., He J., Ogden L. et al. Fruit and vegetable intake
and risk of cardiovascular disease in US adults: the first National
Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Epidemiologic Follow
up Study//Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 2002. V.76. .9399.
5. Prior R., C G. Analysis of botanicals and dietary supple
ments for antioxidant capacity: review//J. Int. 2000.
V.8, 4. .950956.
6. Kawaii S., Tomono Y., Katase E. et al. Antiproliferative activity
of flavonoids on several cancer cell lines//Biosci. Biotechnol.
Biochem. 1999. V.63. .896899.
7. Brakenchielm E., Cao Y. Suppression of angiogenesis, tumor
growth, and wound healing by resveratrol, a natural compound
in red wine and grapes//FASEB. 2001. V.15. P. 1798
1800.
8. Ren W., Qiao Z., Wang H. et al. Flavonoids: Promising
Anticancer Agents//Med. Res. Rev. 2003. V.23, 4.
.519534.
9. .., ..

// .
2009. 6. .499502.
10. Sudheesh S., Presannakumar G., Vijayakumar S. et al.
Hypolipidemic effect of ?avonoids from Solanum melongen
L.//Plant F. Hum. Nutr. 1997. 51. .321330.
11. Noda T., Kneyuki T., Igarashi K. et al. Antioxidant activity of
nasunin, an anthocyanin in eggplant peels//Toxicology. 2000.
V.148. P.119123.
12. Fukumoto L., Mazza G. Assessing antioxidant and prooxi
dant activities of phenolic compounds//J. Agric. Food Chem.
2000. V.48. .35973604.


S.aethiopicum L. S.inte
grifolium L., 
, ,

,
F1 S.melongena L.

1,3 ,
1,61,7 ,
S.melongena L.

F1

(6)3,
.

F1 
0,22 0,33 % ( 0,14%).
40% 
F1 
105,6 193,8%.

13. Ichiyanagi T., Hatano Y., Matsugo S. et al. Kinetic compari


son of anthocyanin reactivity towards AAPH radical, hydrogen
peroxide and tbuthylhydroperoxide using capillary zone elec
trophoresis//Chem. Pharm. Bull. 2004. V.52. P.434438.
14. Azuma K., Ohyama A., Ippoushi K. et al. Structures and
antioxidant activity of anthocyanins in many accessions of egg
plant and its related species // J. Agric. Food Chem. 2008.
V.56. .1015410159.
15. Yoshimoto M., Okuno S., Yamaguchi M. et al.
Antimutagenicity of deacylated anthocyanins in purplefleshed
sweetpotato // Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 2001. V.65.
.16521655.
16. Katsube N., Iwashita K., Tsushida T. et al. Induction of apop
tosis in cancer cell by bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) and the
anthocyanins//J. Agric. Food Chem. 2003. V.51. P.6875.
17. Matsumoto H., Hanamura S., Tachibanaki S. et al.
Stimulatory effect of cyanidin 3glycoside on the regeneration
of rhodopsin//J. Agric. Food Chem. 2003. V.51. P.3560
3563.
18. Tateyama C., Igarashi K. Anthocyanin and chlorogenic acid
contents of some selected eggplant (Solanum melongena L.)
cultivars, and the radical scavenging activities of their
extracts//Journ. J. Soc. Food Sci. Technol. 2006. V53, .4.
P.218224.
19. LunYi Z., Greg C., Henry G. et al. Effect of chlorogenic acid
on hydroxyl radical//Molec. Cell. Biochem. 2003. V.247,
12. P. 205210.
20. Chkhikvishvili I., Kharebava G. Chicoric and chlorogenic
acids in plant species from Georgia // Appl. Biochem. Microbiol.
2001. V.37, 2. .188191.
21. Gajula, D., Verghese M., Boateng J. et al. Determination of
total phenolics, flavonoids and antioxidant and chemopreven
tive potential of basil (Ocimum basilicum L. and Ocimum tenui
florum L.) // Int. J. Cancer Res. 2009. V.5. P.130143.
22.
.
.: . 2004. .4.1.167203.
23. .., .., ..

//
. 2008. 3. .7174.

[ 33 ]

3 (12) 2011

.
635.345:631.531.01:581.524.13


Brassica chinesis var. Japonica



.. .. , ..
.. .. , . .

140153, ., .., . , . 500
.: +7 (495)5584522
Email: baleev.dmitry@yandex.ru
Brassica chinesis var. Japonica 15,0%
Anethum graveolens. 
, . ,
.
: , , , .

. 

, 

, (

, 

), (

. 

. , 

, 

, 

, 

, 

. ,

, 

. , 

, ,

. 

[6].

, 

. 

[ 34 ]

3 (12) 2011

.
,

1 t =

, 

2830, 

, . 

 

(Brassica chinesis var. Japonica). 

(23). 

() (

. 

) .

. , 

H.

Piper (1952). 

, 

.. 

[4]. 10 14 

, 

[5].

Brassica chinesis var. Japonica 

, ,

, 

, 

. 

) 


( 2,5 10,0 %) 

[13], 

15,0% Brassica chi

nesis var. Japonica , 

( 14 )

, 

: 

1203982. 

15 .

Brassica chinesis var. Japonica)

Brassica chinesis var. Japonica

10

(15,0%)

. 

14 15,0% Anethum

graveolens, 

Anethum graveolens.

(, 

. 

. 

, 

, 

, 

23 (1 

) 1203982.

(Anethum

graveolens) .

Brassica

( 15,0%) 15 

chinesis var. Japonica 

17 (2

100 

),

. 

30 (3 ) 17

[ 35 ]

3 (12) 2011

1. ,

Brassica chinesis var. Japonica 
.

2. Brassica chinesis var. Japonica


: )
10 ; ) 14 .

(16 .) / 30 (8 )

6 , 

. 

(4 ) (.).

95% 17

var.

, ,

. 

Japonica, 

14,7 (. 1).

Brassica

chinesis

99,0% 
.

[7].

(. 2),

, 

15,0% Anethum

. 

Brassica chinesis var. Japonica, 

graveolens 10 

. 

(10 )

, 

Anethum graveolens, 

23,

, 

23 


Brassica chinesis var. Japonica, 15,0%
Anethum graveolens

,
.

,
.

,
%

( Anethum graveolens)
23 (St)

99,0

17

99,0

30

99,0

17 (16 .)/30 (8 .)

99,0

05

1,9
Anethum graveolens 10

23 (St)

14

96,0

17

13

97,0

30

11

92,0

17 (16 .)/30 (8 .)

93,0

05

2,2
Anethum graveolens 14

23 (St)

15

90,0

17

15

83,0

30

14

83,0

17 (16 .)/30 (8 .)

92,0

05


2,3

[ 36 ]

3 (12) 2011

.
,
(15 )

,
(15 )

1% 
17 4%
30.

,
(5 )

, 

, 

Brassica chinesis

var. Japonica 15,0%

Anethum grave

olens

, 

15,0% Anethum

. 

graveolens 14 

. 

. , 

8 ,

90% 15 ,

, 

, 

11,4 .

, 

[6].

23

, 

[8]. 

var.

4,7 

Japonica, 

Brassica chine

Anethum graveolens 

sis var. Japonica.

Brassica

1. ..
/ .. ,
.. , .. // . 2010. 9
(14). . 28 31.
2. .. 
Apium graveolens
/ .. , ..
// . . 
. .. . : , 2011. . 108 110.
3. .. 

/ .. , .. //
. .: . 2011. . 166 167.

chinesis

4. . . , ,
/ . . , . . // 

:
.. . : . 2011. . 24 26.
5. .. / .. .
.: , 1985. 351 .
6. .. 
/ . . . .: , 1974. 253 .
7. .. / .. , ..
, .. . : , 1999. 232 .
8. . : 
/ . // 
. : , 1982.
. 273 319.

[ 37 ]

3 (12) 2011


632.9:635.342




.. .. , ... .

.. .. , . .

.. .. , . .

.. .. , ... .



, 143080, , .
.: +7(495)5992442
Email: vniissok@mail.ru



. 



.
: , F1,
,
,

( ., 2004;

, 2010).

F1 , 

. 

, 

(, 

. 

, 

, 

, .

(, , 

, ) 

, 

[ 38 ]

3 (12) 2011

. 

. 

, 

. 

, 

, .


.

, 

, 

, 

. 

. 

15 200 .

, , 

. 

15 30 .

. , 2006 2009 , 

, 2010 

2026,

3538 

, 

. ,

2010 .

, ,

. 

, ,

, 

, 

).

50 %

., 

(. 1).

, . 

, 

, 

F1 

.1.

, 20062010

[ 39 ]

3 (12) 2011

1982, . 1980, 1993; 

. 2003, , 2005).

, 

20062010 ,

(, 2010).

, 

, 1985).

, 

, 

1 (

0 10%)

2 (

11 25%)

3 (

26 50%)

10

4 (

100 %,

50%)

0 50%. 

, 

, 

20072008 (. 1).

, 

. , 

, , 

, ,

(, 1988; 

, , 

2004; , , 2008).

, ..

10

(, , 1987; 

( 2).

3200

F1

2500

611

1474

.2.
(20062010 )


[ 40 ]

3 (12) 2011


1.
( ), 20062010

,
.

,
.

010

183

48,5

379

63,4

1125

152

40,3

135

22,6

2650

21

5,6

62

10,4

>50

21

5,6

22

3,6


,


F1 .


, 

63%, 

, 

5 8% (. 2).

. , ,

12% , 

20

50 F1 ,

, ,

(, , , 

.) 

340

8,017,5% , 

( , 

574

, .

, ).

, ,

(. 1).

80%

( 10

. 

100%) 

( 0 40%),

1 2 , 

80 22

(, 2008). ,

2. , 20082010

,%

75,0

63,4

70,2

61,8

55,0

52,5

,%

6,5

5,7

8,6

7,5

6,5

7,6

[ 41 ]

3 (12) 2011


3. , 20082010

451

69,2

119

75,3

26

22,2

30

46,9

49

76,6

43

46,2

181

27,8

39

24,7

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76,9

33

51,5

15

23,4

50

53,8

20

3,0

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1,6

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.

, 

. , 

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(7076%) ,

(7,6%).

122 ;

. 

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19; 11; 

F1 , 

4; 7. 

76,9%

46,9 51,5%,

, 

46,2% 53,8%,

., 2010).

(. 3).

.


. /.,2005..1..148150.
1. ..

5. . .

. //

, 

: . /.

. . I 

., .,2004..76.

 .

6. .., .., .., 

, ./2008. .1. .8789.

..  

2. .. 

. //

. 

. . II

. II 

 . 

. , 

, ./ 2010..1. .7380.

./ 2010..1. .388.

3. . .

7. 

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./., , 1985. 260 .

[ 42 ]

3 (12) 2011


635.656:631.563.2

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Email: vniissok@mail.ru

, , 
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645 . ,

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[ 43 ]

3 (12) 2011

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30

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35 . 200

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33,5

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: 

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353898 , 133100

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[ 44 ]

3 (12) 2011

% 

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(

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 .

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214 

32

, 

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1 66 %.

3 (12) 2011


, , 

[21].

[2]. ,

290 . 

, 

, ,

, , 

1720 [11] 

, , 

,

, , 

[22, 10]. 

[29].

25000 (400 ) 

. , 1910

1181,45

[22, 13, 14, 25, 7, 4]. 

, 1927 701,45 .

, , ,

1913

. 

353,76 , 1927

136,51 ( )

 

[26, 8]. 1935 

1875

[33]. 

. 1905 

. 

1520 

, ,

. 

1015 .

[23]. 1905 

1939

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. 

, 

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, 

, 

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[29]. ..

. 

, 

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, 

, 500

. .


XVII .

( ,

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, 

) 

, ,

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[ 46 ]

3 (12) 2011


, 

 ,

, 

(75 % ).

(7075

%) .

, 

( 

( 

) , ,

).

, 

, 

, 

[15].

. 

, , 

, 

, ,

(1

. 4

2 ). 

1 .

. 

, 

12 .

(34

1 ).

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6070 0.

, 1936

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. 

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1214 .

, 

810

. 

, 

. 

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. 

, 

. 

[ 47 ]

3 (12) 2011

, 

, 

, 

, .

, 

 

( ) 

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