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3.

.
-,

2.

-- , -

.
F()- .

F ()
m
n

{} =
9.

= { }

, .. -
,
.

,

.
. .

5.


:
1. n
.
-

P = n!= 1 2 3...( n 1)n;1!= 1;0!= 1

11.
.
n

n ,

2.

a ,

m ,

n!
m

(n m)!

nA

n A n
= n(nn . _1)...(
m +.1
)


3.- n
m 1
A
.
n!
m
=

n
n

lim

n
=p
n

An

= Pm C n

p |< ; > 0

,
.
P(AB)=P(A)PA(B)
(4)
, .

,
.

(4),
(
),

1,
.
2,
..., N I

(
).
, A

.
M ,

M L

II ,
(

).
xL
B.

A B


,
.

x.
N

III ( ).

-- (
( , ,

.

,

,

{


}.

(,

).

(, ), .
:

.
6.- .
- (-) ,
. -


(, , ..).
,
.
12.

.


X -,

A , B,

:
1. .P ( A B )
2.


.
P ( B / A) =


P( A) .
3.
,
.

.
9.

,
10.
:

8.
.

s-

14.

, :

1.

1.1

2.
3.

,
;

),

--
,
). ,
,
(,
,
,


:
)
.

,
. ,
{

A
7. .

;
13.

1929,

1933;

,
,

m!(n m)!


m
m

10.


,
n-
n . m , 1

A.

;
m=0, ,
-
, ()
.
;

.
;
IV (
).
x y ,
,
.
A B,

, IIV,
( :
(5)
).

(4) IIV
(5)

.
: .

(
)
,
,

.

.
17.

i j ;

18.
,
n A1, A2,, Ak.

P( Ai A j ) = P ( Ai ) P ( A j ) ; k {2...n}
{ A4 , A12 ... Aik } (1 i1 < i2 ... < ik n)
P ( Ai 4 , Ai 2 ... Ain ) = P

: .
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BAi BAj i j

.
, ,

..
.

19.
H1,H2,...,Hn -
.


(*)
P(Hk /A) - () Hk
, Hk , .
(*)

(*)


(*) , :

2
20.
,

.
,
.

.
,

, .

: R

R ..
b B (b) F ( ) .

21. ,

F ( x) = P{ < x}; x R

: 1)

F (x) - . 2)

lim F ( x) = 1 . 3) lim F ( x) = 0 . 4) F (x) -


x
x
, . 5)

P{ [ x1 , x2 )} = F ( x2 ) F ( x1 )

x + 0)

. 6)

[a/ , b];[a, b), a b; (a, b], _ a = D; (a, b), . _ b = + D

P{ = x} = F (

22.

23.

*
,
x1, x2, ...,
xn, ... . p(x), x=xi
(i=1,2, ...) ,

xi

(16)

().
()
, , .
x1, x2, ..., xn, ... .

,

F ( x)

_
.

= ( ... )

1
n


n=2.

( , ) ( , )

1
2
. .

= (1 , 2 )
F 1 2 ( x1 , x2 ) = P{1 < x1 2 < x2 }
: 1)

F 1 2 - . 2)

lim F 1 2 ( x1 x2 ) = 1 . 3)

x1
x 2

lim F 1 2 ( x1 x2 ) = 0, x 2 R . 4)

x1

lim F 1 2 ( x1 x2 ) = 0, x1 R

x 2
18.

: .
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25.

),
, ...,

3
27.
n A m
(). A
p, A
q=1-p; m, n

,

28.

,
- "" "",

-
. 13 ( ).

(4.3.2)

- m n.

- ni t.
n t

Pn(t) =
exp(-lt), (4.3.3)
l - .
31.
{ , F , } - . ( )
,
f () , R

30.

F() = { :( ) < } =

34. .

, .
,
, :
N .
C ,
[;b] ,
, :

32. .

( ). X

X.
3.

X. X
.
:

.
.

a ,
>0, p (x ) F
(x) :

,
,
M = a, D = 2.
~ N(a, ) ,
a .
,
, a = 0 = 1 ( ~ N(0, 1)).
:

,
M = 0, D = 1.
16.

,
36.
x

t 2

1
( x) =
2 dt . : 1) ( x) = ( x) . 2)
2 0
: .
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1
. 4)
2
P{ [ a, b]} = (b (a ))

(0) = 0 . 3) (+) =

37. -
-

0< p <1

38.
= (1,2)
, P1,2(x1, x2)
(x1, x2)

.
- npq > 9.


,
n k, p q 0.5.
-
0< p <1, n
a
b

.
, , , ,
n k1 k2,

,
,
.
n.
npq ,

, n
k1 k2,

.
39.
- ,

40.

:
,
.
4
42.
1.

: .
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, ,
,

2.
,

4.

. 3.

, .

41.

X. , ,
. , X
, ,

FX(x) ,
:

.

X ,

,
,

.

,
fX(x),

,
Y = g(X) .
:

,
X ;

,
X .

X ,

.
, g(X) = Xk,
k-
.
46.,
.
1. ,
:

, ..
2.

, ,

: .
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44.


cov( , ) = M (( M )( M )) .

cov( , ) = M ( ( M ) ( M ) + ( M M ) =
= M ( , ) ( M ( M ) ( M )( M ) + ( M )( M ) =

= M ( ) M M .
cov( , ) = 0 . cov( , ) = 0 ,

3.

-- , :

45.

47.
n

D( ) = D1 = nD1 = n( p p 2 )

i =1

49. .

48.
X,Y ,
.

--
.. .

:
,
cov(X,Y)
X,Y, DX,DY , ,
, :

.
...

(
) XY,X Y .

--

1. :
2.


,
.
2, .

k :

. 3. X,Y

.
, X Y

. , , .

n ,

,
:

.
5

50.
,
, .
.

, ,
, - ,
(. ),
.

, ,
, ,
( ,
),

. .
,
, . .
61.

- .
- ,
.

51.
*
*
*
1
2
n

x = ( x , x ...x ) ; x * x *
i
i +1

53.
,
,
h, ni/h ( ).

, ,
ni/h.
i- hni/h=ni ,
, . .
.

.
- ,

.
60.

: .
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, g(X1)
,
,

- .

54. ,

- ,

F(x). ,
,
.

- A.
x ,
x.

1.
.
,
:
,

xi = Xi(),
- ,
x. , ,
.
2. :
.
-
.
3., -
.
4.

:
.

5.
F(x):

.
:
. 6.
,
:

.

.
,

.
63. -
2 (-) n
n
.

65.

- .
( )

: .
EMAIL:chornivoron@mail.ru

, :

- n , 2(n).

[L,U],
, ,
,
- .

.
59.

1 - 2
D D

66.

1. H0 H1.
.
2. ,
,
.
3. , :

67.
, ..,
,
,
.
:
rs = 1 - 6(xi - yi) / n(n - 1),

;
H0;
-

xi - x;

, ..
.
4. .

yi - y;

,
. ,

n - .

.
5. .
( )

( )
H0.

: .
EMAIL:chornivoron@mail.ru

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