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Chapter 001 - Instructor Test Items - 1.1 Science Is a Way of Understanding the Natural World

Description

About Science

Instructions The following questions are from the Instructor's Test Item File. We have attempted to match the online content to the printed content as closely as possible. Some content may have been modified for online presentation or deleted due to the online conversion. We apologize for any inconvenience. We recommend that you create a new assessment, rather than editing the questions in this directory when you want to use the questions. There are image tags that permit the use of multiple images. DO NOT edit the /http://blackboard.ju.edu.jo/courses/1/0302104 /ppg/directory image tags.

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Question Why is the process of science not restricted to any one particular method?

Answer

restricted to any one particular method? A n s w e r The scientist needs to

The scientist needs to be open to all possibilities and different ways of doing science in order to gain as much knowledge as possible from his or her research.

In order to interpret experimental evidence, it is important to perform the experiment using a variety of different scientific methods.

What one method proves as right, another might prove as wrong.

Science is not restricted to any one method because not everyone doing science has access to the same sort of equipment.

Multiple Choicedoing science has access to the same sort of equipment. 0 points Add Question Here Modify

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Question Some politicians take pride in maintaining a particular point of view. They think that a change of mind would be seen as a sign of weakness. How is a change of mind viewed differently in science?

Answer

A change in mind is not viewed differently in science and is still subject to much criticism.

Science deals with facts that are confirmed by experiments. A "change of mind" in science, therefore, is usually the result of new experimental evidence obtained from experiments.in science and is still subject to much criticism. A scientist who changes his or her

A scientist who changes his or her mind is often perceived as less honest, while a politician who changes his or her mind is often

perceived as less trustworthy.

A scientist tries to understand many different points of view and so is apt to change his or her mind frequently.

Multiple Choiceof view and so is apt to change his or her mind frequently. 0 points Add

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Question How might the demand for reproducibility in science have the long-run effect of compelling honesty?

Answer

Any false claims are eventually uncovered. Scientists, therefore, stand to gain most from reporting their results truthfully.

A scientist who has knowingly falsifies any bit of evidence runs the risk of losing credibility for all his or her life's work.

Science is about discovering the rules of nature. A scientist who creates his or her own rules through dishonesty, which may not be reproducible in other laboratories, is not truly doing science.

in other laboratories, is not truly doing science. All of these are true. Multiple Choice 0

All of these are true.

Multiple Choiceis not truly doing science. All of these are true. 0 points Question Why is it

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Question Why is it wrong to assume that you are only "doing science" while you are doing experiments?

Answer

It is wrong because doing experiments is not the only accepted activity for the official practice of science.

It is wrong because doing experiments is not the only accepted method of producing a scientific theory.

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It is wrong because any activity which helps further knowledge and understanding about the environment is considered the practice of science.

the environment is considered the prac tice of science. All of these explain why it is

All of these explain why it is wrong.

Multiple Choiceprac tice of science. All of these explain why it is wrong. 0 points Question Can

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Question Can a person claim himself/herself to be a scientist if he/she no longer does experiments?

Answer

No. Officially defined, a scientist is a person actively engaged in experimentation.

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No. Since experimentation is one of the four key components of the scientific process, any person no longer actively engaged in performing experiments cannot officially claim to be a scientist.

experiments cannot officially claim to be a scientist. Yes and No. A person may claim to

Yes and No. A person may claim to be a scientist but the scientific community no longer officially recognizes him/her as such.

Yes. A professional scientist is recognized for more activities than the performance of actual experiments.

Multiple Choicemore activities than the performance of actual experiments. 0 points Question Which of the scientific activities

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Question Which of the scientific activities is likely to be most time consuming?

Answer

Observations are the most time consuming of the various scientific activities.

Forming scientific hypothesis is the most time consuming of the various scientific activities.

Experimentation is the most time consuming of the various scientific activities.

Formulating questions from observations is the most time consuming of the various scientific activities.

most time consuming of the various scientific activities. Add Question Here Modify Remove Multiple Choice 0
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Multiple Choicescientific activities. Add Question Here Modify Remove 0 points Add Question Here Modify Remove Question In

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Question In answer to the question, "When a plant grows, where does the material come from?" the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle hypothesized by logic that all material came from the soil. Which of the following experimental tests might best prove Aristotle's hypothesis to be correct or incorrect?

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Answer

2 of 2 A n s w e r stop watering the plant to see if

stop watering the plant to see if the mass of the water contributes to the long term growth of the tree

grow the tree in a pot and measure the mass of the soil before and after the tree grows to a certain height

cover the tree with a black bag

Aristotle was one of the greatest philosophers of all time; thus no test to any of his hypothesis is necessary.

Multiple Choicetime; thus no test to any of his hypothesis is necessary. 0 points Add Question Here

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Question While visiting a foreign country a foreign-speaking citizen tries to give you verbal directions to a local museum. After multiple attempts he is unsuccessful because

Answer

you are not smart enough to understand simple directions.

it is difficult to navigate through an unfamiliar city.

you don't understand the language.

None of these

city. you don't understand the language. None of these Multiple Choice 0 points Add Question Here

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Multiple Choice 0 points Add Question Here Modify Remove Question If someone is able to expl

Question If someone is able to explain an idea to you using small familiar words, what does this say about how well that person understands the idea?

Answer

Small words simply mask the complexity of the idea revealing how little the person truly understands the concept.

 

A

person who completely understands an idea uses complex words to express complex ideas.

A person who completely understands an idea is capable of explaining it using language that

A

person who completely understands an idea is capable of explaining it using language that is familiar to both of you.

A

person who uses small familiar words to explain an idea is usually hiding a lack of understanding.

 
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Question What is the best way to really prove to yourself that you understand an idea?

Answer

Tape record your explanation and play it back for yourself to be sure it makes sense.

Formulate questions concerning the idea and see if your friends can answer them.

Articulate the idea to others and confirm their understanding when you finish.

Ask someone else to explain the idea to you to see if their explanation matches yours.

when you finish. Ask someone else to explain the idea to you to see if their
when you finish. Ask someone else to explain the idea to you to see if their

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when you finish. Ask someone else to explain the idea to you to see if their