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1 Dahringer, L. D., Muhlbacher, H. International Marketing: A Global
Perspective. Addisson-Wesley Publishing Company Reading (MA),
etc., 1991 p.179.
2 .. ? //
1876 . . ..
. . . 30 . . XVIII
XXX. . XXIII. . 80.

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443

......................................................................3
EnGram Inc.s Story
Prologue ...................................................................... 19
. Input Control Test ..................... 21
EnGram Inc.s Story
Part One ...................................................................... 28
1.
...................... 30
EnGram Inc.s Story
Part Two ...................................................................... 35
2. - -s, -ed, -ing ............ 37
2.1. -s......................................................... 37
2.2. -ing ..................................................... 43
2.2.1. I ..................................................... 43
2.3 -ed ...................................................... 48
2.3.1. ........................ 48
2.3.2. II .................................................... 48
EnGram Inc.s Story
Part Three ................................................................... 54
3. -
( ) ............................................ 57
3.1. () .
Continuous/Progressive Tense Active .......................... 58
3.2. () .
Perfect Tense Active .................................................... 62
3.3. () .
Perfect Continuous Tense............................................ 64

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444
EnGram Inc.s Story
Part Four ..................................................................... 72
4. -
( ). Passive Voice .....................................73
4.1. .......................... 76
4.2. ........................... 77
4.3. ............................ 77
EnGram Inc.s Story
Part Five ...................................................................... 85
5. :
-
..................................................... 88
EnGram Inc.s Story
Part Six ..................................................................... 103
6. . Modal Verbs ........................ 105
6.1 Must / have to ............................................................ 105
6.2. Can / be able to ......................................................... 107
6.3. May / be allowed to ................................................... 108
6.4. -
............................................................ 109
6.5. to be ....................... 110
6.6. to have ................... 112
EnGram Inc.s Story
Part Seven ................................................................. 123
7. I II
Participles I & II ........................................................... 125
7.1. I ..................... 126
7.1.1. - I
....................................... 126
7.1.2. - I
......................................... 127
7.1.3. -
I ................. 128
7.1.4. - I,
while when ...... 130
7.2. II.................... 132

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445

7.2.1. II
................................... 132
7.2.2. - II,
while when ...... 133
7.2.3. - II,
:
follow, influence, affect ................................... 133
EnGram Inc.s Story
Part Eight .................................................................. 146
8.
.................................................... 148
Nominative Absolute Participial Construction ................... 148
EnGram Inc.s Story
Part Nine ................................................................... 162
9. . Gerund ................................................ 164
9.1. ........ 165
9.1.1. ....... 165
9.1.2. .......... 165
9.1.3 .......... 166
9.1.4 .... 166
EnGram Inc.s Story
Part Ten..................................................................... 180
10. . Infinitive ........................................ 183
10.1. ............. 184
10.1.1. ACTIVE ............................... 184
10.1.2. PASSIVE ........................... 184
10.1.3. INDEFINITE/SIMPLE ...... 184
10.1.4. CONTINUOUS................... 185
10.1.5. PERFECT ........................... 185
10.1.6. PERFECT CONTINUOUS ...185
10.2. .... 185
10.2.1. ............... 185
10.2.2. ............ 186
10.2.3. ................ 188

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446
10.3. ................................ 191
10.3.1.
............................................... 191
10.3.2.
.............................................. 194
EnGram Inc.s Story
Part Eleven ................................................................ 212
11. . Conditional Clauses ....... 216
11.1. .................................................... 217
11.2. ......................................... 218
11.3.
( ) .................................... 218
11.4. .................... 218
EnGram Inc.s Story
Part Twelve................................................................. 234
12. Miscellaneous .................................................... 238
12.1. .................. 238
12.2. - ......................................... 239
12.3. - ..................................... 240
12.4. - there be ................................. 241
12.5. -
one/ones, these, those,
that - there are........... 241
12.6. - ................... 242
12.7. -......................... 242
12.8. ......................................... 243
12.9. INDEFINITE / SIMPLE .. 244
12.10. .......................... 245
EnGram Inc.s Story
Epilogue..................................................................... 266

Output Control Test ....................................................... 272
.
-. The Very Short & Simple,
Self-Consistent Reference Book on English Grammar ..... 279

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447

1.
.................... 279
2. -
-s, -ed, -ing .......................................... 280
3. .......... 281
4.
............................................................ 282
5. .... 283
6. Modal Verbs .............. 283
7. I II ...... 286
8. ............... 287
9. ........................................................ 289
10. Infinitive............................... 289
11. ............................... 292

........................................................................ 295
...................................... 337
3.1. .................. 337
3.2. 2 .................... 344
3.3. 3 .................... 354
3.4. 4 .................... 356
A3.5. 5 .................... 360
3.6. 6 .................... 367
3.7. 7 .................... 375
3.8. 8 .................... 379
3.9. 9 .................... 383
3.10. 10 ................. 390
3.11. 11 ................. 403
3.12. ............. 407
........................................................ 415
.................................................................... 439

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448

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84108 1/32. . Newton.
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