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81'25(07)
81.2-7


:
103062 , . 13, ;
./ (095) 917- 21- 60; c-maihsales@ets.ru.

, ,
Polyglossum,

: http://www.ets.ru

.
No part of this edition may be translated, reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means
without the written permission of publishers.

ISBN 5-93386-030-1
.., . 2001 .
.., . 2001 .
. 2002 .

.......................................................................................7
..........................9
1.

1.
.........................23
2. ...........................38
3. ................................53
4.
......... ........68
. .........................................................................................................83
2.
1. ............................................................84
2.
.......... .105
3. 116
4. ..............................................135
5. ..........................................150
6. ..........................................................166
.......................................... ............................................................178
3.

1.
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2. ....................................... 200
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.............................................................................................314
4.

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2. .................329
3.
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4. .........................................................360
5. ....................373
6. ...............................383
7. ..............................398
8.
....410
.............................................................................................416


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How I was sold in New Ark , ,


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businessman.

American businessmen got rich


on the war in Vietnam. ,
delegation of American businessmen,
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that farm these hundred and fifty years.
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needn't be so careful about their grammar as we, poor governesses.
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says he'll teach you to take the boards and make a raft of them; but seeing that you know
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you ain't more than a paragraphs


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Massachusetts, Oklahoma, Virginia,


Manitoba, Alberta Middlesex, Surrey ., ,
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were pills and medicine all over the place, and everything smelled like Vicks' Nose Drops
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that lousy teacher of music.
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Last year saw a rapid growth of industrial productions
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.

. , .
, (
), , , .
Charles, , ,
.. ,
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, ,

Henry, .
(Henri),

.

. ,
:
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. : United
Nations Organisation = , first-strike weapon -
. ,
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miniskirt = -.

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. : y mother had left her chair in agitation
and gone behind it in the rner. to leave
to go
.
.

.
,
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161

mother-in-law

brother-in-law.

, ,
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man 6 feet 2 inches tall :
.

,
.
- .

. . ,
, .
: Manson... climbed into the gig behind a tall... horse.
, - :
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, .
. ,

, : would cheer up somehow, begin to laugh again, and


draw skeletons all over his slate, before his eyes were dry ,
,
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.
.
,
, .

, :
was in London two years ago .
,

-,

:
,
. -,
, ,
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, ,
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, :
Both engine crews leaped to safety from a collision between a parcels train and a freight
train near Morris Cowley, Oxfordshire. :
, , ,
.
, ,
:
.
, .
: Mist covered a calm sea in the Straits of Dover yesterday.
--,
?
: -- .
.

.

: The marchers did not


intend to go to Parliament. Nor to petition their MP's
, .
, ,
. -
-

,
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, : This
condition, however, changes at certain critical energies of the electrons. At these critical
energies the gas atoms do absorb energy
, .

, , ,
. .

,
,
( money , outskirts
..).

: They left the room with their heads held high
.

. -
(It is our hope that an agreement will be reached by
Friday

(Australian prosperity was followed by a slump


).
,
: The stoppage which is in support of higher pay and shorter working hours, began
on Monday
. , ,
, , ,

, , : The crash killed


20 people 20 (
).
,
, .
-

, ,

: Nothing changed in my home town
. -
, ,
, : She is not unworthy of your attention
.
,
.

, ,
.
:

The

rail-road

unions

excluded

negroes

from

their

membership.


: ,
, . ,
, .
, , . ,
.
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: conservationist , whistle-stop speech
.
.
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, : owners
ran a shuttle service for parents visiting the children injured in the accident
, ,
.
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. ,
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, . ,
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: You could tell he was very ashamed
of his parents and all, because they said 'he don't' and 'she don't' and stuff like that
, , '
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6.

, , ,
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. , ,

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,

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, , , , .
.
.

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, to strike , , ,
, , , , .
the striking

trade-unions .
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, ,
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.
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.

,
. ,
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. , New
Haven -.
: I graduated from
New Haven in 1915. ,
, .
- -,
,
: .
- ,

1915 .
. to deal
: , ,
, . . : History has
dealt with Hitler; history will deal with all would-be Hitlers. ,
,

, , .
: ;
.

. : The
mountain tops were hidden in a grey waste of sky, :
. , to hide ,

(waste ! sky). ,

, ,
.
.
.

1.-,

: tribalism , know-how -, chip .

2.-,

: backbencher , brain drain


, work-to-rule () .

3.-,

,
. drugstore
, , drugstore
, , , . Afternoon
,
morning session afternoon session, .

4.

, . ,

exposure,

, , died of exposure

: , ,
..

5.

,
: landslide ,
brinkmanship

coroner

,
.
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, , to come out of the
brown study .
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mother of Kuzma. , ,
.

-, .
: 1)
; 2)
, , ; 3)
; 4)

5)

.
.

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, ,
.
Don't wash dirty linen in public,
, . ,

.
- . ,

hay

while

the

sun

shines

, ,
.
,
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. , ,
.

, , - -
. (
to kill two birds with one stone), (to find a
mare's nest) . (to play with fire) ,
(a fly in the ointment) .

-,

, . , to pass the Rubicon ( )


to show one's true colours ( ), the fish
begins to stink from the head ( ) good riddance from bad rubbish
( , ). - , , .
,

, ,

to get up on the wrong side of the bed


,
.
( ) .
cyo : ,
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Thames on fire ( ).
.

. ,
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.

.
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, .
,

.
.

-,

, -
, , : the heel of Achilles
, the sword of Damocles ..
. , ,
Le jeu ne vaut pas la
chandelle The game is not worth the candle; . -,

,
, . ,
to lead by the nose ,
, ,
.

to

throw

dust

in

the

eyes

, , .

. , to save one's skin

pycc

.
, . Betty saved
Tim's skin by typing his report for him ( )
, .

, ,
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, bird in the hand is worth two in the bush
, ..
.
. -, ,
.
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.

, - master of

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,
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leopard change his spots? -, ,

. , , , ,
, , , ,
, .

: People who live in glass houses should not throw
stones , , .
-
. -,
, . , , ,
. ,
It is raining cats and dogs
, It was raining cats and dogs and a little puppy got on my
page, ,
(, ,
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, .

.

Fine words butter no parsnip,
Nightingales are not fed on fairy-tales.
-, ,
()
.
, ,
( is not fit to carry water for her),
(to put the cart before the horse)
,

, .

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, ,
. , , to beat
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to mind ones P's and Q's, ,


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to carry coals to Newcastle
. ,
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.

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Rome was not built in a day

- .
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to dine with Duke Humphrey


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, .
was guest of honour at a reception given for delegates to the world
youth forum which opened here last Wednesday.
, .
,
. given
, which opened
.
, .
,
.

. .
1. ,

.
,
, , : () Give me the book that you bought
yesterday , , () that time he had
already left the country K .

, ,
Past Perfect -
.

2 . 6 ,

. ,
.

(,

-,

, .),

Business disposed of, Mr.Swiveller


was inwardly reminded of its being high dinner time
, , .
3. ,
,
.
with
( ): The old capitalist and bureaucratic managements
remained the directors and managers of the new nationalized industries, with a few rightwing trade-union officials thrown in for luck

. ,
.
,

.
.

. . . ., 1975
. . . ., 1980.
. . . ., 1975.

. . . ., 1975.
. . . ., 1973.

1.

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, - (a firing squad ), - (to
wash one's hair ), (entered the high way
), - (three flights of stairs ), (high chair ) ..

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.
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open door into the garden (-) Il regarde' dans le jardin par la parte
ouverte. -, ,
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walked seven miles on an empty stomach-Il a fait dix kilometres le ventre vide.

. , , , ,
.

. ,
( strode away like the mountaineer he was),
( did not say
Il n I' pas dit).
,
.
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few cars on the road. ).
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), , ,
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butter, brown pencil, brown shoes, brown bread, brown paper, brown hair).
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Brislin R W (ed). Translation. Application and Research. N.-Y., 1976
Brower R (ed). On Translation. Cambridge (Mass.)., 1959.
Casagnade J.B. The Ends of Translation // IRAL Vol. XX, No.4, Oct 1954
Catford J. A Linguistic Theory of Translation. L., 1965.
Delisle J. L analyse du disconrs comme methode de traduction. Ottawa, 1984
Dryden J. Ovid's Episteles // W.P.Ker (ed.) Essays of John Dryden. Oxford. 1926.
Firth J.R. Linguistic Analysis and Translation // For Roman Jakobson. The Hague.,
1956.
Goethe J.W. Drei Stucke vom Ubersetzen // H.J.Storig (Hrsg.). Das Problem des
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FAO... LET THERE BE BREAD
1. A new excitement has been added to the queer race that Man has run against
himself down through the ages, testing whether he can produce food fast enough to
feed his fast-growing family.
2. In the past the race has never been a contest.
3. Never, in all the yesterdays since he clambered out of the primeval ooze, has
Man the Provider caught up with Man the Procreator: there has been famine
somewhere in the world in nearly every year of recorded history.
4. Even today after twenty centuries of Christian Enlightment, half man's family
goes hungry and vast numbers of them are actually starving death.
5. Nevertheless, the race has suddenly grown closer, close enough to be charged
with suspense.
6. For the Provider has latterly been getting expert coaching from the sidelines and,
despite the fact that the Procreator, running strong and easy, is adding to his family
at the unprecedented rate of nearly fifty million a year, the gap is steadily closing.

7. The coach responsible for this remarkable turn of events is the Food: and
Agriculture Organization, more familiarly known as FAO, a specialized Agency of the
United Nations,
8. And for its achievements in this crucial contest it richly deserves two heers.
9. Not least of all because when it comes to the categorical imperatives of eating,
every quack can be an expert and, in consequence, FAO operates in an area where
lunacy often passes for logic.
10. As its name suggests, FAO worries even more about the eater than about the
farmer.
11. The emphasis is natural enough, for farmers (and fishermen and producers of
food generally) comprise only about three-fifths of the world's gainfully employed;
but we all eat and, to hear FAO tell it, most of us eat wrong.
12. I was, indeed, out of concern for the well-being of eaters the world over that
FAO was born.
13. First there was the calorie, invented in the 1890's by an America agricultural
chemist named Wilbur Atwater.
14. Then came the vitamin, discovered in 1911 by a Polish-born American
biochemist named Casimir Funk.
15. Calorie and vitamin together ushered in the wondrous era of nutrition, which,
wigged and bearded as a science, got us all to thinking of our diet.
16. T the agricultural economists, however, nutrition was more than a science of
diet; it was a signpost pointing the way to an economy of abundance.
17. Thanks to nutrition, they considered, farmers could be spurred to greater
production of selected crops, international trade would flourish, and all the world
would eat better.
18. Throughout the 1930's they urged a marriage of health and agriculture when
the war came, with its urgent demand for bumper crops, they had their ideas
already formulated
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103062, , ., 13
066328 23.02.2000
77..8.953. .314.4.00
12.04.2000
19.07.2002 . 60x90 1/16.
. . 26,5 . .
3000 . . - 0207340.



150049, , . , 97.