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ISSN 2073-8323

2 (56) / 2011
2002 .

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HCCI
.......................................................................................9
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.........................................25
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..........................................................................31
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................................................................36
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.........................61
.............................................................................65
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ISSN 2073-8323

+
2 (56) 2011 .
-
7715873
2002 .

+


-









( )
Bagration S.A. (. -)
,
.: 8-10-54-11-482-585-06

(. )

.: 38 (0692) 49-60-06, 47-39-40, 48-22-15
.: 8-050-698-33-26

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115201, , 1- , .2, . 12
/: (495) 617-04-56, . 8-915-095-65-51
E-mail: info@agzk-at.com www.agzk-at.com
. 84180

-

14.03.2011 .
18.03.2011 .
6090 1/8. 5000 . .
. . . 6,25. . . . 12,5

+ .

.

, .

- () ............................................................................... 102

CONTENTS
Dear Colleagues ...................................................................................................3
V.G.Kalmatdinov, V.A. Markov
The Influence of Geometrical Degree of Compression
and Angle of Closing Inlet Valves on The Process of Combustion
And The Indicators of Working Cycles
of HCCI Engine with Supercharge....................................................................9
N.A. Popov, M.B. Belov
Creation of Plants for Liquation of Natural Gas And Inception
of Effective LNG-technologies .........................................................................17
N.N. Partakhaltsev, D. Solovjev, I. Melnick, B. Kornev
Opportunities to Economize Diesel Fuel by Partial Substitution it
For Alternative One ..........................................................................................21
A.M. Domashenko, A.G. Lapshin, A.L. Dovbish,
V.A. Peredelsky, M.A. Kuznetsov
The Cryogenic Machinery To Supply Customers
with Liquefied Natural Gas Decentralizingly ................................................25
M.A. Skvortsova, A.N. Tikhomirov
The Use of Injective Mixers To Transfer to Gas Automobile Engines ........31
The Programme of Energy Efficiency by 2012 ..............................................34
How To Work Avoiding The Technical Limit ................................................36
D.G. Kalantarov
The Questions of Gas Vehicle Industry in The State Duma And... .............42
V.R. Borovyak
And In The Businessmen Circles ................................................................43
Refueling Stations Found Themselves Without LPG....................................46
I.F. Malenkina, A.A. Ponomareva
The Planning of Anti-crisis Measures in Production of CNG ....................50
N.A. Popov, M.B. Belov
The Experience of Exploitation of CNG Vehicle Refueling Stations
With Pressing Out Hydra-driving Machinery...............................................52
O. Vinogradova
The Gas Scheme: Does It Provide 500% of Profit? ........................................55
NOVATEK Is Interested In Gas Production Both in Russia
And in the World...............................................................................................59
S. Kristallinskaya
NOVATEK Got The Gazproms Piece of Cake ...........................................61
Closed Joint-Stock Company Terminalneftegaz ........................................65
SK Panorama Ltd ............................................................................................70
Closed Joint-Stock Company NTF NOVINTEKH
Was Launched in 1993 ......................................................................................73
The National Gas Technologies .......................................................................80
Kaliningrad The Baltic Region Closed Joint-Stock
Company Gaz-oil ...........................................................................................89
A. Andreev
A Car is Not a Luxury, but Means of Pollution,
Or How Inscrutable are The Ways of Ecologization
of Automobile Fuel? ..........................................................................................99
Methane-Info (NGVA) ............................................................................... 102

ISSN 2073-8323
AutoGas Filling Complex
+ Alternative Fuel
2 (56) 2011
International Scientific-Technical Journal
State Registration Certificate 77-15873
Published since January 2002
Bi-Monthly Journal in Russian Language
Founder and Publisher AGZK+AT Company
Director General and Editor-in-Chief
Vladimir Dementyev
Chief Editor
Nadezhda Nefedova
Editor for Science
Michail Vasilyev
Editor
Alexander Portnov
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Tel. 38 (0962) 49-60-06, 47-39-40
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Editorial Board
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Head of Department, SevMorNefteGas Company,
Candidate of Technical Sciences
S.P.Gorbachev,
Senior Researcher, All-Russian R&D Institute of
Natural Gases,
Doctor of Technical Sciences ( D.Sc)
V.I. Yerohov,
Professor of Moscow Automobile Institute (Technical University), Doctor of Technical Sciences
N.A. Ivaschenko, Head of the Chair,
Professor of Moscow State Technical University
(Baumansky), Doctor of Technical Sciences
N.G.Kirillov,
Director of a Research Center Sterling Technologies,
Doctor of Technical Sciences
G.K.Lavrenchenko
Editor-in-Chief, Technical Gases Journal
(Ukraine), Professor, Doctor of Technical Sciences
A.V. Nikolaenko,
Rector and Professor of Moscow Automobile
Institute (Technical University),
Candidate of Economic Sciences
N.N. Patrakhaltsev,
Head of the Chair,
Professor of Moscow State Friendship University,
Doctor of Technical Sciences
S.S. Pustynnikov,
Director General of Scientific-Industrial Association Fire Protection Service
Candidate of Technical Sciences ( Ph.D in Technical Science)
V.A. Sarkisyan,
Executive Director of Central State R&D Institute
of Coal Industry
Doctor of Technical Sciences
K.A. Stepanov,
Director General of V.I. Vernadsky Fund, Candidate of Economic Sciences (Ph.D in Economics)
I.A. Khasanov
Deputy Head of State R&D Institute of Fire Protection, Ministry of Emergency Situations, Russia
Doctor of Technical Sciences
A.S. Khachiyan,
Professor of Moscow Automobile and Auto Road
Institute (University), Doctor of Technical Sciences
Address of the Editorial Board 115201, Moscow,
1st Varshavsky proezd, 2, building 12
AGZK+AT Office
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ISSN 2073-8323

621.436






HCCI
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HCCI .

HCCI ,
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INFLUENCE OF GEOMETRIC
COMPRESSION RATIO AND INLET
VALVE ANGLE CLOSURE
ON COMBUSTION PROCESS AND
HCCI TURBOCHARGED ENGINE
WORKING CYCLE CHARACTERISTICS
Kamaltdinov V.G. Ph. D. (Eng.), assoc. professor of Internal combustion
engines department of the South Ural State University,
Markov V.A. D. Sc. (Eng.), professor of Heat Physics department of the
Bauman Moscow State Technical University.
The advantages of HCCI Engine working cycle characteristics are
demonstrated. Calculation Research into the Combustion Process and the
Working Cycle Characteristics of a HCCI Engine Running on the Natural Gas
and Dimethyl Ether mixture is carried out.
Key words: diesel engine, homogeneous charge compression ignition,
diesel fuel, natural gas, dimethyl ether, compression ratio, inlet valve open

()

- , ..
HCCI

+, 2 (56) / 2011

(Homogeneous Charge Compression


Ignition) [1,2,3].


() ()
.

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( ).
,
HCCI
,
.

[4,5].
.


,

,
Tmax,
pz.
NOx

(. 1) [4].


4%
6%,
NOx 16%.
9

. 1.
g

NOx C


() (),

n:
1 - n = 2100 -1 =2,2;
2 - n=1500 -1 =2,2


2% NOx 8%.


. , ,

(1 12/12)

(. 2)
[4,5].

(n=2200 -1)
,
,
45 (. ...)
() 20 .
...
, 20 .
... .
,

, :

v 5%,
20%,
10

ISSN 2073-8323

. 2.

-740
(ppm
)

pz 15%,
15%, gi 10%.


pz ,
.
gi ,
165 . ...

(NOx, CO),

(

),
.
,



. ,


.
-



.
. . 3,
D/S=6,8/8,8,
. 3,
,
Saab () [2].
.

EP6
PSA BMW
(). 4-
S/D=8,58/7,7 c iVh=1,6 Ne=88
n=6000 -1
Peugeot ().
,



.


HCCI,
,

.



HCCI
.
, ,

().
, -

+, 2 (56) / 2011

ISSN 2073-8323

HCCI
Yanmar Co. Ltd
[7]. HCCI 13/15,


n=2100 -1,
.


.




HCCI
,



,
.

HCCI .


:
(35 . ...
),
(0,24 ),
(355 ),
(m =
0,16103 , 11,68105 , 4,32105 ).

. 3.
5- D/S=6,8/8,8 ()
, Saab ():
1 ; 2 ; 3 ;
4

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[6,7].



115/16 =8

. 4.
EP6, PSA BMW:
; ; 1
; 2 ;
3 ; 4 ; 5 ;
6 ; 7 ; 8 ;
9 ; 10 ; 11

+, 2 (56) / 2011

11


1217 .

,
,
,
,
.

12 .

. pmax max. (.
5).
1,85
1,79, 0,06
3,2%. ,

.
13,5
.
17 pmax max (.
. 5). ,
W max, ,
.
>14
.

pmax 12
14 4,5
2,0 , >14 pmax
: 1,7 .
pmax 11,71
( 13,47 25,18
86,9%).
max : 12

ISSN 2073-8323
12 13 13 ( max 100 , )
( >14) 31 -
. - .
229 (
2108 2337 10,9%).
, - - . i,
-
pi -
gi - .
13 (. . 5). - ( HCCI
) , 2 . ... ( - (
W ) ,
=362 . ...).
max
pmax 18,04 ,
-

max=2210 - - . ,
=1,83.
-
13 17 ,
,
(W max < 360 .
...), ,
,
,
(i, pi gi)
HCCI
.



HCCI
,
[6].
- . 5. HCCI


+, 2 (56) / 2011

ISSN 2073-8323
, .
HCCI
13/15
n=2100 1, ( ) m=0,16103 /,
=35 . ... ,
=0,24
,
=355 ,

= 1,83
13 :
i=0,465, pi=1,65 gi=175,2 /().
.
,
.



,
.

(W max=364366
. ...) [7]

HCCI .


1217 .
12
,

, ( 361 303 ,
58 16,1%, .

6). -
i, - pi (W gi
=365...366 . ...),
max
, -

HCCI 17 (.
[7]. , . 6).

12 17 - ,
,
pmax - ( 15,52 24,02 , 8,5 54,77 %). ,
- , . , (
2185 2020 , 165 7,55%) -
. (. . 5), max - , =17
10,9%. -
- , ( 16,1%), ,
- ,

1

.

. =14
HCCI


0,457 0,503,
0,046 10,1%.

178,2
161,9 /(),
16,3 /()
9,15%.
1,624
1,787 ,
0,163 10,04%.
. 6.
HCCI
-

+, 2 (56) / 2011

13


7 .

14
334
.
, 17 5 %.

HCCI
[6,7].
,
(
12 17
)
1,81 2,12,
0,31 17,1%.
,

.
HCCI
,



. pmax , max .
HCCI 13/15
n=2100
1,
( )
m=0,16103 /,
=35 .
... ,
=0,24

17 : i=0,503, pi=1,787

gi=161,9 /().
14

ISSN 2073-8323

,

,
.

, .
=35 .
... ( pi=1,65 , gi=175,2 /(),
i=0,465, pmax=18,04
, max=2210
=1,83)
(=13) (. 7).
2 . ...
.

,


-
.




-


HCCI
,
.
.

, HCCI .


35 75 . ...
, 13, 14, 15 16
,
:
(=0,24 ),
(=355 ),


(m=0,16103 )
.
,


,
. 7.
,
HCCI
: 1 =13;
2 =14; 3 =15; 4 =16; 5


+, 2 (56) / 2011

ISSN 2073-8323

pmax,
W max (. 8).
max.



pmax max
.


,
,


.
,
.

,

(. . 7),
.
.
, 10 .
.. ,
,
.
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,


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,

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=16 =70 . ...
(pi=1,694 , gi=170,8 /(),
i=0,477).

(pmax=19,9 ,
max=2469 ).
, =1,46.


.
,


.
pmax,
max.
-



,


.
HCCI
, ( ),
.
1.

12 17


.
, .
2.
12 17

-

. 8. HCCI
: 1 =13; 2 =14; 3 =15; 4
=16; 5

+, 2 (56) / 2011

15

ISSN 2073-8323

( 9,1510,1%).



( 17,1% 54,77% ),
( 7,55%).

,
.
3.
35 70 . ... (13, 14, 15
16)
W max.

.
,


.



,
.

- 2009-2013
.

1. Nordgren H., Hultqvist A.,


Johansson B. Start of Injection Strategies
for HCCI-combustion // SAE Technical
Paper Series. 2004. 2004-01-2990. P.
1-8.
2. Haraldsson G., Tunestl P.,
Johansson B. et al. Transient Control of
a Multi Cylinder HCCI Engine During
a Drive Cycle // SAE Technical Paper
Series. 2005. 2005-01-0153. P. 1-15.

3. De Zilwa S., Steeper R. Predicting


NOx Emissions from HCCI Engines
Using LIF Imaging // SAE Technical
Paper Series. 2006. 2006-01-0025. P.
1-12.
4. .., ..,
..
:
. .: - -,
2005. 344 .
5. .., ..,
..

// . 2010. 1. .
20-31.
6. ..
HCCI
// . 2010. 3. . 3-9.
7. .., ..

HCCI ,
// + . 2010.
6. . 8-15.



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:
engineer_book@mail.ru
bagrovvv@nm.ru

+, 2 (56) / 2011

ISSN 2073-8323

621.51/52(075.8)



-
.. , .. ,
() .
-, , .

- -
,
.
: . ().
().
. -. -.

CREATION ARRANGEMENTS
OF LIQUATION NATURAL GAS AND
INTRODUCTION EFFECTIVE
LNG-TECHNOLOGIES
N.A. Popov, M.B. Belov
Role of the liquefied natural gas (LNG) will increase as an universal power
medium. For more wide it's uses necessary create the economical LNG-plants,
produce an equipment for it storage, transport and regasification. In this
connection valuable is company experience Gasprom transgas Ekaterinburg
for creation LNG-plants and introduction effective LNG- technology for
providing the fuel of autonomus boiler rooms, motor transport and gas-supp lying at emergency and repair works on the objects of main gas pipelines.
Keywords: Natural gas. Liquefied natural gas (LNG). Automobile gas-filling
compressor station (AGFCS). Compressor. LNG-plant. LNG-technology.

1.
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2,5 %
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ISSN 2073-8323

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ISSN 2073-8323

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+, 2 (56) / 2011

ISSN 2073-8323
621.436.001

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OPPORTUNITIES TO ECONOMIZE
OF NAPHTHA - DIESEL FUEL BY MEAN
OF PARTIAL REPLACEMENT IT
BY ALTERNATIVE
Nickolas Patrakhaltsev, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of Russia
Friendship University,
Dmitriy Soloviev, PhD, Russia Friendship University,
Ivan Melnik, Magister of Technology, Russia Friendship University,
Bogdan Kornev, Magister of Technology, Russia Friendship University
The article dials with usage of such alternative fuels as liquid naphtha
gas, alcohol etc. with bad qualities of inflammability, low cetan numbers.
Propane- butane, alcohol etc. are added to naphtha-diesel fuel during
the working process by mean of fuel system with regulation of pressure
initial in high pressure line. For rising of share of alternative fuel in
summing injected fuel there used a system of disconnection of cylinders
or cycles.
Key words: diesel, alternative fuel, liquefied natural gas, liquefied petroleum
gas, ethanol, diesel regulation, the system of shutting down cylinders
+, 2 (56) / 2011

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ISSN 2073-8323

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+, 2 (56) / 2011

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ISSN 2073-8323


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+, 2 (56) / 2011

ISSN 2073-8323

621. 59 (075.8)





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CRYOGENIC EQUIPMENT FOR


DECENTRALIZED CONSUMER SUPPLY
OF LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS
A. M. Domashenko, A.G. Lapshin, A. L. Dovbish,
V. A. Peredelskiy, M. A. Kuznetsov
The growing interest to the liquefied natural gas usage for decentralized
consumer supply is observed. It is important to elaborate and produce a
specialized cryogenic equipment for the development of this direction.
Cryogenmash, a well-known company, produces such equipment in Russia.
On the base of such equipment, produced by the company? It is possible to
create safe systems, combining natural gases liquefaction plants, LNG tanks
at a plant and at consumers, transport vehicles for the LNG delivery to the
consumers, LNG gasification system. The peculiarities and characteristics of
the mentioned equipment are being examined. Its effective usage in the
creation of quite a few complexes of different purpose in Russia has been
exemplified.
Keywords: Cryogenic technology. Liquefied natural gas. LNG plant.
Cryogenic tanks. Transport for LNG. LNG gasificator.

1.

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+, 2 (56) / 2011


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ISSN 2073-8323


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ISSN 2073-8323

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+, 2 (56) / 2011

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ISSN 2073-8323
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+, 2 (56) / 2011

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+, 2 (56) / 2011

ISSN 2073-8323




.. ,

. .. .
.. ,

. .. , ..., .


.
,
.
.
: ,
, .

THE USE OF VENTURE GAS MIXERS


AS GAS SUPPLY SYSTEM FOR
AUTOMOBILE ENGINES
Maria Skvortsova, post graduate student of the Power plants and heat
engines department, Nizhny Novgorod state technical university named
after R.E. Alexeev.
Alexander Tikhomirov, deputy head of the Power plants and heat
engines department, Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University named
after R.E. Alexeev, Ph.D., Associate Professor.
This paper presents the analysis data of gas fuel conversion efficiency for
automobile gasoline engines with different gas supply systems. The losses
on transit modes which are characteristic of forth generation systems are
considered in contrast to the venturi mixers. The transit modes experimental
results of engine provided with LPG supply system with such mixer are
presented.
Key words: transfer to gas fuel, three-way catalyst, gas supply system.


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+, 2 (56) / 2011


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ISSN 2073-8323

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+, 2 (56) / 2011

ISSN 2073-8323

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, 129010, . , . 6, . 130, . . 68016-88, . 952-67-87, . 8-915-278-54-06, e-mail:
nikpatrah@mail.ru.
, , ...,
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+, 2 (56) / 2011

Kamaltdinov V.G., Ph. D. (Eng.), assoc. professor


of Internal combustion engines department of the
South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk.
Markov V.A., D. Sc. (Eng.), professor of Heat
Physics department of the Bauman Moscow State
Technical University.
N.A. Popov, M.B. Belov
Nickolas Patrakhaltsev, Doctor of Technical
Sciences, Professor of Russia Friendship University,
Dmitriy Soloviev, PhD, Russia Friendship
University,
Ivan Melnik,
Magister of Technology, Russia Friendship
University,
Bogdan Kornev,
Magister of Technology, Russia Friendship
University
A. M. Domashenko, A.G. Lapshin, A. L.
Dovbish, V. A. Peredelskiy, M. A. Kuznetsov
Maria Skvortsova, post graduate student of
the Power plants and heat engines department,
Nizhny Novgorod state technical university named
after R.E. Alexeev.
Alexander Tikhomirov, deputy head of the
Power plants and heat engines department,
Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University named
after R.E. Alexeev, Ph.D., Associate Professor.
33

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=982,5 ..21,75=960,75 ..

+, 2 (56) / 2011

1
2

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2020

11

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1100
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2011-2015 .
2,439
2011-2020 . 9,255 . .

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2011-2020 . 530
.



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+, 2 (56) / 2011

-

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100 000
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20032010 .:
20032010 . ( PDF, 48 ) 2000 . ( 18%)
2010 . ( PDF, ) 1200 . ( 18%);
2009 . ( PDF, 6 ) 1000 . ( 18%)
2008 . ( PDF, 6 ) 800 . ( 18%)



1 (210290)
1+1 (420290)
1/2 (210145)
1/4 (145105)

1- (210110 )
2- 3- (210290)
4- (210290 )

30%

13 860 + 18%
26 950 + 18%
8 470 + 18%
5 390 + 18%

770
1500
459
275

570
1150
337
202

11 550 + 18%
23 870 + 18%
31570 + 18%

642
1377
1835

472
1011
1348

:
.gxd, .p65, .ai, .eps, .tiff, .cdr.
CD, DVD, Zip 250.
: 300 dpi.
.

104

+, 2 (56) / 2011

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