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ZXWR RNC Product Description

ZXWR RNC Product Description

ZXWR RNC Product Description


Version V1.00 V3.30 V3.60 V3.70 Date 2008-03-18 2008-08-15 2009-5-22 2009-9-9 Zhu Xianghua Chen Feng XuYi Author Approved By Remarks Not open to the Third Party Update according to RNC V3.07.300 Update according to RNC U9.1 Update according to RNC U9.2

2009 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved. ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used without the prior written permission of ZTE. Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is subjected to change without notice.

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 3 3.1 3.2 3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3 3.2.4 3.2.5 4 4.1 4.2 5 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6 Overview ..................................................................................................................... 1 Highlight Features ...................................................................................................... 2 Large Capacity and High Expandability ....................................................................... 2 IP Architecture Design, High Efficiency ....................................................................... 2 High reliability .............................................................................................................. 2 Outstanding radio resource management ................................................................... 2 Abundant Interfaces and Flexible Networking ............................................................. 3 System Architecture .................................................................................................. 4 Product Physical Structure .......................................................................................... 4 Hardware Architecture ................................................................................................. 5 RPU ............................................................................................................................. 5 RAU ............................................................................................................................. 5 RSU ............................................................................................................................. 7 ROMU .......................................................................................................................... 8 RPMU .......................................................................................................................... 8 Reliability Design ....................................................................................................... 9 Hardware Redundancy Design .................................................................................... 9 Software Reliability Design .......................................................................................... 9 Technical Specifications ......................................................................................... 10 Technical Indices ....................................................................................................... 10 Interface Indices ........................................................................................................ 10 Clock Indices ............................................................................................................. 11 Reliability Indices ....................................................................................................... 11 Electromagnetic Compatibility Indices ....................................................................... 12 Weight and Dimensions ............................................................................................. 12 Power Supply ............................................................................................................. 12 Environment ............................................................................................................... 12 Security Indices ......................................................................................................... 13 Installation ................................................................................................................ 15

II

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FIGURES
Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 RNC in WCDMA system ................................................................................................ 1 ZXWR RNC Figuration................................................................................................... 4 ZXWR RNC Rack Architecture ...................................................................................... 5 RNC Logical Units .......................................................................................................... 5 Hardware Installation Flow .......................................................................................... 15

TABLES
Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Table 5 Table 6 Table 7 Table 8 Table 9 RNC technical indices .................................................................................................. 10 RNC technical indices .................................................................................................. 10 RNC clock indices ........................................................................................................ 11 RNC Reliability ............................................................................................................. 11 Anti-Interference of Electromagnetic EMC Indices ...................................................... 12 Weight and Dimensions ............................................................................................... 12 power supply ................................................................................................................ 12 RNC Environment Indices ........................................................................................... 12 The General Terminologies and Definitions ................................................................ 17

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

Overview
In general, WCDMA system is consisting of Core Network (CN), UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) and User Equipment (UE). UTRAN has two network elements: Node B and RNC. Iub is defined as the interface between RNC and Node B. Fig 1 shows the position of RNC in WCDMA system.

Figure 1

RNC in WCDMA system

RNC connects other equipments via the following interfaces: Iub interface to Node B Iu-CS interface to MSC/MSC Server Iu-PS interface to SGSN Iur interface to other RNC

The main functionalities of RNC include: System information broadcast and UE access control Mobility management, such as handover etc. Radio Resource Management such as power control, cell resource allocation etc. Access bearer service of CS domain and PS domain

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Encryption and decryption for signaling and data

ZTE RNC product, named ZXWR RNC (hereinafter refer to RNC), is based on 3GPP FDD R7, being compatible with other network elements and UE based on R99/R4/R5/R6/R7. At the same time, ZXWR RNC provides series standard interfaces including Iu, Iub, Iur etc, supporting to connect with other venders equipments such as CN, RNC etc.

Highlight Features
The ZXWR products always aim at saving customers investment in 3G products by offering a large capacity and linear expandable system once and for all. This facilitates high density 3G services. The RNC adopts distributing design, separates control plane from user plane, interface from application, supports ATM protocol stack, it also supports all IP UTRAN. The RNC system has the following features:

2.1

Large Capacity and High Expandability


The RNC is designed to adapt service increment and various traffic environments. It provides a large capacity and is easy to be expanded. The data throughput is up to 9.6 Gbps and maximum traffic is 76800Erl. The control plane and the user plane of the RNC are in distributed mode so there is no bottleneck for centralized processing in the entire system. The processing resources of control plane and user plane are linear expandable according to the capacity increment requirement.

2.2

IP Architecture Design, High Efficiency


Base on the all IP switching platform, data transmission is high efficient and flexible. The high performance packet data management platform ensures the system non-blocking data transaction capability. Comparing with ATM-based platform, it features convenient maintenance and configuration, flexible expandability, higher transmission efficiency, and agile transmission mechanism, which can meets the future requirements of increasing mobile data services.

2.3

High reliability
The RNC has high reliability and stability. The system is based on redundancy design. So there is no single point of failure. The system supports online software download and there is no need to reboot after version upgrade.

2.4

Outstanding radio resource management


ZTE owns dozens of patents on radio resource management of the RNC. It supports automatic optimization of radio parameters and can intelligently allocate and schedule radio resource priorities according to network load situation and QoS level.

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2.5

Abundant Interfaces and Flexible Networking


RNC supports ATM/IP dual protocol stack, it supports all kind of physical interfaces such as E1/T1, E3/T3, STM-1, POS, channelized STM-1, FE and GE etc. At different phases, RNC can flexibly network according to different conditions, and has realized IP UTRAN.

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3
3.1

System Architecture
Product Physical Structure
The RNC system is built in a standard 19-inch cabinet, and the dimension of height* width* depth is 2000* 600* 800 (mm). The rack of RNC system and architecture are shown as the following figures.

Figure 2

ZXWR RNC Figuration

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Figure 3

ZXWR RNC Rack Architecture

3.2

Hardware Architecture
RNC hardware logical units are shown as:

Figure 4

RNC Logical Units

3.2.1

RPU
The RPU (RNC Processing Unit) processes control plane signaling and user plane information, including RCB (RNC control board) and RUB (RNC user board) boards.

3.2.1.1

RCB
RCB accomplishes the control protocol processing of RNC, such as RANAP, NBAP, RNSAP, RRC, SABP etc.

3.2.1.2

RUB
RUB (RNC User Plane Processing Board) is a user plane processing board of RNC, dealing with the user plane protocols. RUB deals with the radio user plane protocols, including CS service FP/MAC/RLC/IuUP/RTP/RTCP protocol stack and PS service FP/MAC/RLC/PDCP/IuUP, GTP-U protocols.

3.2.2

RAU
RAU (RNC Access Unit) provides the interface access function for Iu, Iub and Iur of RNC. RAU is configured with the following boards: DTA: Digital Trunk board with ATM DTI: Digital Trunk board with IP

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SDTA2: Sonet Digital Trunk board with ATM, 2 Generation SDTI: Sonet Digital Trunk board with ATM APBE: ATM Process Board Enhanced POSI: POS Interface board GIPI3: Gigabit IP Interface board, 3 Generation
rd

nd

3.2.2.1

DTA
DTA is used to provide ATM over E1/T1 interfaces DTA provides 32*E1/T1 electrical interfaces and supports 30 IMA groups.

3.2.2.2

DTI
DTI is used to provide IP over E1/T1 interfaces DTI supports 32*E1/T1 electrical interfaces, and supports 32 MLPPP groups.

3.2.2.3

SDTA2
SDTA2 is used to provide channelized STM-1 interfaces and IMA protocol processing. SDTA2 provides 4 channelized STM-1 optical interfaces, and supports 168 IMA groups.

3.2.2.4

SDTI
SDTI is used to provide channelized STM-1 interfaces and MLPPP protocol processing. SDTI provides 2 channelized STM-1 optical interfaces, and supports 64 MLPPP groups.

3.2.2.5

APBE
APBE is for the processing of ATM access over STM-1, and implements SAR functionality of AAL2 and AAL5. APBE provides 4 STM-1 optical interfaces.

3.2.2.6

POSI
POSI is for the processing of IP access over STM-1/STM-4. POSI provides 4 STM-1 or 2 STM-4 optical interfaces.

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3.2.2.7

GIPI3
GIPI3 provides FE/GE interfaces. GIPI3 provides 2*GE optical interface/ electrical interfaces, or 4* FE electrical interfaces.

3.2.3

RSU
The RSU (RNC Switch Unit) provides a large-capacity and non-blocking IP switching unit for system control management, communication between service processing boards and traffic connection among multiple RAUs. It is constructed with: PSN: Packet Switch Network GLI: Gigabit Line Interface UIMC: Universal Interface Module of Control GUIM: GE Universal Interface Module THUB: Trunk HUB

3.2.3.1

PSN
PSN is the system switching board of RNC. It accomplishes kernel switching function of RSU, implements the packet data switching of each GLI. PSN supports up to 40Gbps switching capability.

3.2.3.2

GLI
GLI is the access switching board, which implements RPU/RAU access to RSU, including the physical layer adaptation, IP package checklist, segment, forwarding and traffic management etc, and it converges the data from RPU/RAU to PSN for switching.

3.2.3.3

UIMC
UIMC is a type of switching board of RNC, belonging to RSU. It accomplished switching function among control plane processing boards, and clock distribution. Information switching of UIMC boards in different shelves is implemented by THUB.

3.2.3.4

GUIM
GUIM is for the switching functionality of user plane processing boards. Information switching of GUIM boards in different shelves is implemented by GLI and PSN.

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3.2.3.5

THUB
THUB is for control plane data switching among different shelves. It supports 400Mbps switching capability.

3.2.4

ROMU
The ROMU (RNC Operation and maintenance unit) is responsible for the general processing and implementing O&M control (including O&M agent) of the entire system as well as system clock supply and external synchronization. It includes: ROMB: RNC Operating & Maintenance Board CLKG: Clock Generator SBCX: X86 Single Board Computer

3.2.4.1

ROMB
ROMB as RNC O&M agent is used to monitor and manage all of the boards in the system, and to implement the general processing of the system and route protocol management.

3.2.4.2

CLKG
CLKG board is responsible for the clock supply and external synchronization. CLKG board gets clock reference from BITS, GPS receiver or the circuit. After synchronization, the signal is used at every interface shelf. The default configuration of CLKG doesnt include GPS module. GPS module should be added in CLKG if GPS clock or GPS location service is required.

3.2.4.3

SBCX
SBCX provides the operation and maintenance management agent functionality.

3.2.5

RPMU
RPMU (RNC Peripheral Monitor Unit) belongs to ROMU. It provides monitoring function to peripheral equipments, and collects information of all boards, alarms while the system has faults. It includes: PWRD: Power Distributor ALB: Alarm Box

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3.2.5.1

PWRD
PWRD is not only responsible for -48V power provision for all shelves and fans in the rack, but also for the collecting peripheral and circumstance information, including the PWRD and fans status, temperature, smoke, water and infrared alarming. PWRD reports the detected information to ROMB via RS485 interface.

3.2.5.2

ALB
Alarm box will obtain the alarm information from OMM, and send the different level alarms according to different fault situations of the system in order to be managed and intervened in time by the equipment management personnel. ALB provides several alarm methods including SMS, LCD display, file transfer, voice alarm etc.

4
4.1

Reliability Design
Hardware Redundancy Design
In order to ensure reliability, RNC rack and shelves adopt dual-power-supply, and the connection cables in RNC rack are at least dual-mode. At the same time, RNC provides 1+1 backup for the key boards such as: ROMB, CLKG, RCB, UIMC, GIMU, CHUB, PSN, GLI, and RUB adopts load-sharing method, which is named redundancy resource pool. And each of the interface boards adopt 1+1 backup or load-sharing. The entire system performance will not be affected if individual board has fault.

4.2

Software Reliability Design


RNC software subsystem adopts high reliability design. Besides the external operation and maintenance ports, which are protected by internal firewall software, RNC internal communication in whole system is entirely isolated. So RNC can detect and defend against the network security attacks. At the same time, the OMM subsystem supports powerful user authentication functionality; the idea is that system will distribute relevant operation permission according to user name and password. RNC software system has powerful self-fault-tolerant capability, mainly reflected in: Automatically checking the legitimacy of data configured by user, refusing wrong or unreasonable data configuration and informing user to modify Supporting key version and data backup, and performing rollback when version or data loading failed Supporting watch dog functionality, resetting the boards when software going wrong and recording the failure information by black box function Detecting the failure of ports, link and SW/HW, resetting/triggering backup unit to guarantee system running normally

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5
5.1

Technical Specifications
Technical Indices
Table 1 RNC technical indices

Item
Processing capability Data throughput ( Two-way data flow ) Maximum Quantity of Nodes B Maximum Quantity of cells BHCA

Indices 76800 Erl 9.6Gbps 1960 5880 7000K

5.2

Interface Indices
Table 2 RNC technical indices

Transmis sion type


E1/T1

Standard
ITU-T G.703/G.704

Interface board
DTA DTI SDTA2

Port Interface
DB68 DB68 LC/PC

Remark
Provide 32* E1/T1 for Iub ATM transmission Provide 32* E1/T1 for Iub IP transmission Provide 4* channelized STM1/OC-3 optical interfaces for Iub ATM transmission Provide 2* channelized STM1/OC-3 optical interfaces for Iub IP transmission Provide 4* STM-1/OC-3 optical interfaces for Iub/Iu/Iur ATM transmission Provide 4* STM-1/OC-3 optical interfaces( or 2*STM-4/OC-12c) for Iub/Iu/Iur IP transmission Provide 4* FE for Iub/Iu/Iur IP transmission

Channeliz ed STM1/OC-3

ITU-T G.957 ITU-T I.432.1 ITU-T I.432.2

SDTI

LC/PC

STM-1/OC3c

ITU-T G.957 ITU-T I.432.1 ITU-T I.432.2

APBE

LC/PC

POSI GIPI3 configured with FE electrical interface GIPI3 configured with GE electrical interface

LC/PC

FE

IEEE 802.3

RJ45

GE

IEEE 802.3

RJ45

Provide 2* GE electrical interface for Iub/Iu/Iur IP transmission

10

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Transmis sion type

Standard

Interface board
GIPI3 configured with GE optical interface

Port Interface

Remark

LC/PC

Provide 2* GE optical interface for Iub/Iu/Iur IP transmission

5.3

Clock Indices
Table 3 RNC clock indices

Item
Synchronization level Clock working mode:

Indices Level 2 class A Fast capture, tracking, holdover and free-run 1) Incoming signal jitter and wander: 1.5UI (0.02 kHz2.4 kHz) 2) Outgoing signal jitter and wander: 1.5UI (0.02 kHz10 kHz) 0.2 UI (18 kHz100 kHz)

Clock synchronous interface

link

Each clock board supports 7 clock resource, including: 4 clock in equipment room (2MHZ or 2Mbit), 2 line clock (8KHZ, acquired from Iu interface) and 1 * GPS clock. One of the 7 clock resource will be specified as the working clock source via software configuration, the rest clocks for standby. When all the 7 clock sources are missing, clock board can work under free oscillation, which is used by RNC. No matter it is acquired from clock source or under free oscillation, RNC can provide its own clock to NodeB.

5.4

Reliability Indices
In ZXWR RNC, the algorithm of system reliability is based on the GJB/Z299B Electronic Equipment Reliability Estimation Manual and MIL-HDBK-217F Electronic Equipment Reliability Estimation
Table 4 RNC Reliability

Item MTBF MTTR Availability Downtime

Indices 240000 hours 0.5 hour 99.999792% 1.09 minutes/year

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

5.5

Electromagnetic Compatibility Indices


Table 5 Anti-Interference of Electromagnetic EMC Indices

Item Static Discharge Immunity Surge Impact Immunity

Standard Contact Discharge: 6000V Air Discharge: 8000V DC Power port Line(Ground): 2000V

5.6

Weight and Dimensions


Table 6 Weight and Dimensions

Item
Requirements of Equipment Site Dimensions

Standard 350kg/m
2

2000 mm x 600 mm x 800 mm (Height x Width x Depth)

5.7

Power Supply
Table 7 power supply

Item
Power input Allowable fluctuation range Maximum Power Consumption per rack

Standard -48V DC -57 VDC to 40 VDC 3700W

5.8

Environment
Table 8 RNC Environment Indices

Item

Indices Temperature Long-term operation: 0 ~ +40 Short-term operation: -5 ~ +45 Long-term operation: 20%~90% Short-term operation: 5%~95% When the system is in the full power output and the working temperature is 43C 2C, the noise power level is less than 6.5 Bels (aprox. 65dB).

Equipment environment

Humidity

Noise

12

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Requirements of Equipment Site Atmospheric pressure Storage environment Transport Environment

250kg/m2 70 kPa106 kPa

It should be packed and stored indoors. Temperature: -45C~+70C. Relative humidity: 5%~98%; free of condensation. Transport environment: 2K4P/2B2/2C3/2S3/2M3 Sustainable transport time: 30 days Intact package ETSI 300019-1-4 ClassM4.1

Mechanical Adaptability

5.9

Security Indices
Optical Interface Protection The optical interface design and optical module chosen are according to the requirements of BS EN 60825-2-2000. Racks Stability

The layout of the rack shall maintain the overall symmetry. Under the premise to ensure the performance indices and thermal design requirements, the gravity center shall be lowered as much as possible to improve the overall stability. In normal conditions, the equipment shall not be inverted on a 10 degrees tilt platform. The shell of the equipment must be able to resist some external percussion. The case, shelves, and shell must be fixed reliably, without the tendency to scatter. Rack Protection Grade

Security protection grade is IP20 (2indicates that prevents the object which is bigger than 12mm such as finger to insert into. And 0 indicates that has no special water protection) Steel Ball Test

Such test can be done by using the integrity rack shell of sample or the other biggest area of not enhanced part: one 500g steel ball will free fall from 1.3m height to hit the up surface of the equipment, the case has no clearly indent. Or the 500g steel ball with 1.3m line as a horizontal pendulum to hit the beside surface of the equipment, if there is indent damage or scratch, but it does not affect security, water resistant, and it also can endure corresponding anti- electric strength, this test is passed. Lightning Protection

The system provides lightning protection measures. The working ground and the protection ground are reliable with the grounding resistance of the protection ground less than 1 ohm. The protection grounding terminals are anti-corrosive; the insulating layer of

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

the grounding conductor is yellow-green. There is tooth-shape washer for the connection between the protection ground and the screw of shell (or PCB) to make the protection group more reliable and stable. Current leakage Current leakage of the overall system: <3.5 mA.

Security Marks

A clearly and long term sticky tags or marks must be labeled to ensure no mistake of wrong board and cable connection. It has indicator, switch and button and mark with clear color to indicate the meaning of the system running status. Heat Resistance and Flame Proof

The case can resist heat and flame. The outside case and clapboard between shelves are all made of flame proof, heat resistance and explosion prevention material. All material and units has the flame proof level better than V-2 or HF-2. Input Current

Under the condition of rated input voltage, the input current shouldnt be more than110% of rated current. Abnormal Situations

RNC has no danger at the situations of overload, output short circuit, power in reverse, fan locked and other man-made faults caused by mistake operations. The Isolation of Communication Network to Ground

The components bridged at the normal position will not be damaged if the 1000Vac grounding insulation between the telecom network circuits and grounding components is not punctured. The Stable Anti-electric Strength of Network Voltage Protection

As for TNV-1 circuit, whether it can be connected or not, it meets the requirements of the stable anti-electric strength of network voltage protection. Components Related with Security

Components related with security in RNC have related certifications. Anti-earthquake performance

RNC equipment has the anti-earthquake performance of 7th scale.

14

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Installation
Figure 5 shows the installation flow of ZXWR RNC hardware.

Start

Installing cabinet

Installing boards

Installing cbles

Installing GPS antenna feeder system

Installing accessories Checking the installation Powering on/off the equipment

End
Figure 5 Hardware Installation Flow

The workload of the hardware installation is large and complex. It can fall into the following parts: 1 Installing cabinet

ZXWR RNC adopts 19-inch standard cabinet. The cabinet installation includes base installation mode and feet installation mode. In the case of multi-cabinet, fix a single cabinet first and then connect the cabinets. 2 Installing boards

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ZXWR RNC Product Description

Usually, the shelf is installed inside the rack before delivery. The users are only required to install boards and other accessories on the site. 3 Installing cables

After installing the cabinet, cables are required to install, including cabinet power cable, cabinet grounding cable, intra-cabinet line, out-of-cabinet line, and inter-cabinet line. 4 Installing GPS antenna feeder system

GPS serves as the clock and frequency reference of WCDMA, playing a very important role. In addition, it provides the system with GPS ephemeris signals for AGPS location. GPS antenna receives the navigation location signals from the GPS satellite, modulating into the frequency, clock signals and AGPS messages via the GPS signal receiver. The clock signals are provided to WCDMA units and AGPS messages are sent to the processing unit. 5 Installing accessories

After installing the cabinet, accessories related to RNC operation are required to install, including the alarm box and all kinds of sensors. 6 Checking the installation

Check the installation of ZXWR RNC hardware completely after it ends. The check includes the cabinet installation techniques, cable connection and layout, auxiliary device and related items. 7 Powering on/off the equipment

After checking the installation, please power on/off the equipment for check.

16

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Acronyms and Abbreviations


The general terminologies and definitions of this product are listed in the following table.
Table 9 The General Terminologies and Definitions

Item Iu Iub Iur Uu Node B

Explanation Interconnection point between an RNC and a Core Network. It is also considered as a reference point. Interface between an RNC and a Node B. A logical interface between two RNC. Whilst logically representing a point to point link between RNC, the physical realization may not be a point to point link. The Radio interface between UTRAN and the User Equipment. A logical node responsible for radio transmission / reception in one or more cells to/from the User Equipment. Terminates the Iub interface towards the RNC.

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