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MR(adaptive multi rate) is a speech coding algorithm used in GSM(optional) and U MTS(mandatory) networks.

An important feature of AMR is its ability to adapt to radio channel and traffic load conditions and select the optimum channel mode (HR or FR) and codec mode ( bit rate trade-off between speech and channel coding) to deliver the best possib le combination of speech quality and system capacity. AMR is well discussed in the following book GSM, GPRS and EDGE Performance : Evol ution Towards 3G/UMTS , here is a link from EDA & Electronics Related E-Book links s ection: h**p://rapidshare.de/files/24504882/THalonen.rar.html You can also look through the following technical specifications: h**p://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Specs/html-info/26-series.htm