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.. Kitchen, On the Reliability of the Old Testament (Grand Rapids; Eerdmans,


2003), p. 447.

64

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. : Kitchen, Reliability, pp. 421-447; J.H. Walton, Ancient Israelite Literature in Its
Cultural Context (Grand rapids: Zondervan, 1989), pp. 19-44.
.:.. Speiser "The Creation Epic, ANET, p. 60-72; id., "The
Epic of Gilgamesh, "ANET, p. 74.0 . J.A. Wison,
"The Theology of Memphis," ANET, p. 5; id., "A Universalist Hymn to the Sun," ANET,
p. 368; id., "The Divine Attributes of Pharaoh," ANET, p. 331; id., "The Admonitions of
Ipu-wer," ANET, p. 441.
3
S.M. Paley, King of the World: Ashur-nasir-pal II of Assyria, 883-859 B.C. (New
York: Brooklyn Museum, 1976), p. 22.
4
R.N. Whubray, Introduction to the Pentateuch (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995),
pp. 46-47.
5
- . W.G. Lambert A.R. Millard, Atra-hasis: the Babylonian Story


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of the Flood (Oxford: Clarendon, 1969). . .. Speiser, "The Gilgamesh
Epic," ANET, pp.93-95; Kitchen, Reliability, pp. 425-426.
6
J.E. Hartley, "Genesis: Patriarchal History," in Old Testament Survey: The Message,
Form, and Background of the Old Testament, 2nd ed., ed. by W.S. Lasor, D.A. Hubbard,
and EW. Bush (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996), pp. 41-443; Kitchen, Reliability, pp.
313-372.
7
Whybray, Introduction, p. 36.
8
.. Hartley, "Genesis: Primeval Prologue," in Old Testament Survey: The Message,
Form, and Background of the Old Testament, 2nd ed., ed. by W.S. Lasor, D.A. Hubbard,
and F.W Bush (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996). p. 20.
9
.
Walton, Ancient Israelite Literature, pp. 45-68.

65

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, Aufkldrung, 10

R.B. Dillard and . Longman III, An Introduction to the Old Testament (Grand
Rapids: Zondervan, 1994), pp. 39-40; cf. O.T. Allis, The Five Books of Moses, 2nd ed.
(Philadelphia: Presbyterian and Reformed, 1949), pp. 1-18.

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. Krentz, The Historical-Critical Method (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1975), p. 16.
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, p. 30.

14
, p. 29.
15

. : C.G. Shaw, Enlightenment, The," Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics


(New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1928), 5:310-316; W.A. Elwell, ed., The Concise
Dictionary of Teology (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1991), pp. 155-156.


(1632-1704),

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. Elwell, Concise Dictionary, pp.


56-57,76-77.
17
M.W. Chavalas, "The Historian, The Believer, and the : A Study in the
Supposed Conflic of Faith and Reason," JETS 36 (1993): 145.
18
Krentz, Historical-Critical Method, pp. 34-35; cf. Chavalas, "Historian," pp. 154155.

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Cf. Krentz, Historical-Critical Method, p. 35.
24
25

Dillard and Longman, Introduction, p. 23.


Whybray, Introduction, pp. 26-27.

71

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Cf. R.N. and R.K. Soulen, Handbook of Biblical Criticism, 3rd ed. rev. (Louisvill,
KY: Westminister John Knox, 2001), pp. 178-179; Dillard and Longman, Introduction,
pp. 40-41; Allis, Five Books, pp. 23-29,40-95, 96-106.
27
J.E. McFadyen, The People andthe Book (1925), pp. 183,218; cited by C.R. North,
"Pentateuchal Criticism," in The Old Testament and Modern Study, ed. by H.H. Rowley
(Oxford: Clarendon, 1951), p. 48.
28
Dillard and Longmam, Introduction, p. 39.
29
J. Blenkinsopp, "The Documentary Hypothesis in Trouble," in Approaches to the
Bible, ed. by Harvey Minkoff (Washington, DC: BAS, 1994), 1:11.
30
R.E. Clements, One Hundred Years of Old Testament Interpretation (Philadelphia:
Wesminister, 1976), p. 8.

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Blenkinsopp, "Documentary Hypothesis," p. 12.


Clements, One Hundred Years, pp. 8-9.
33
, p. 11.
34
J. Welhausen, Prolegomena to the History of Israel (Merian Book Library edition
1957; repr. ed., Gloucester: Peter Smith, 1973) pp. xvi-552.
35
B.S. Halpcrn, The First Historians: The Hebrew Bible and History (San Francisco
Harper and Row, 1988), pp. 23-24.

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North, "Petateuchal Criticism," p. 57.
, p. 59.

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.
North, "Pentateuchal Criticism," pp. 54-55,59; R.E. Clements, "Pentateuchal Problems,"
in Tradition andIterpretation, ed. by G.W. Anderson (Oxford; Clarendon, 1979), p. 102.
41
North, "Pentateuchal Criticism," p. 56.
42
, p. 55.
43
Clements, One Hundred Years, p. 19.

75


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North, "Pentateuchal Criticism," p. 64.

45
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46
, p. 73;
47

cf. pp. 71-72.


A. Campbell and M.A. O'Brien, Sources of the Pentateuch (Minneapois: Fortress,
1993), p. ix + 266 pp.; W.H. Schmidt, Old Testament Introduction 2nd ed., trans. By M.J.
O'Connell and D.J. Reimer (Louisville, KY: Westminister John Knox, 1999), p. xiii +
452 pp.; E. Nicholson, The Pentateuch in the Twentieth Century: The Legacy of Julius
Wellhausen (Oxford: Clarendon, 1998), p. vi + 294 pp.
48
O. Kaiser, "The Pentateuch and the Deuteronomistic History," in Text in Context,
ed. By A.D.H. Mayes (Oxford: University Press, 2000), p. 289.

(1901-1971)

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, pp. 289-290.
51
. North, "Pentateuchal Criticism," pp. 71-73.
52

R. Rendtorff, The Old Testament: An Introduction (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1986),


p. 160.
53
, p. 161.
54
Clements, "Pentateuchal Problems," p. 119.
55
R.C. Bailey, "Book Reviews," CBQ55 (1993): 112.
56
, p. 113.
57
Clements, "Pentateuchal Problems," p 122; cf. Kaiser, "Pentateuch and
Deuteronomistic History," p. 315.
58
W.W. Hallo, "Biblical History in Its Near Eastern Setting: The Contextual
Approach," in Scripture in Context, cd. by CD. Evans, W.W. Hallo and J.B. White
(Pittsburg: Pickwick. 1980), p. 4.

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.: Glenkinsopp, "Documentary Hypothesis,"


p. 14; Rendtorff, Introduction, p. 159; J.E. Hartley "The Pentateuch," in Old Testament
Survey: The Message, Form, and Background of the Old Testament, 2nd ed., ed. by W.S.
Lasor, D.A. Hubbard, and F.W Bush (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996), p. 13; Dillard
and Longman, Introduction, pp. 45-47.
60
J () . Soulen, Handbook, pp. 89-90; cp. Dillard and
Longman, Introduction, pp. 41-42; Hartley, "The Pentateuch,"pp. 10-11.
() . Soulen, Handbook, pp. 50-51; . Dillard and Longman,
Introduction, pp. 41-42; Harley, "The Pentateuch," pp.10-11. D (
) . Soulen, Handbook, pp. 46-47; . Dillard and Longman,
Introduction, pp. 42; Hartley, "The Pentateuch,"pp. 11. (
; ; ; -
) . Soulen, Handbook, pp. 127-128; . Dillard and Longman, Introduction, pp. 42;
Hartley, "The Pentateuch,"pp. 11.

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Dillard and Longman, Introduction, p. 42.


48.
. R.K. Harrison, Introduction to the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans,
1969), pp. 548ff.
63
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64

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81

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69

The Primeval Prologue," pp. 18-19.

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"Abraham is credited with righteousness"


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Dillard and Longman, Introduction, p. 55; . Whybry, Introduction, pp. 55ff.


Dillard and Longman, Introduction, p. 56.