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..

59

700
1600


30

--

2011

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373.161.1:51
22.1721
444
20

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20 59 / ... /: , 2011. 560 .
( ).

ISBN 978-5-222-18174-4

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ISBN 978-5-222-18174-4

373.167.1:51
22.1721

.., 2010
, , 2010

www.phoenixbooks.ru



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59

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1.


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1.
: ) 12; ) 18; ) 48; ) 60; ) 162; ) 220; ) 400;
)675; ) 1200; ) 21780.
.
) 12 = 2 2 3 = 22 3;
) 18 = 2 3 3 = 2 32;
) 48 = 2 2 2 2 3 = 24 3;
) 60 = 2 2 3 5 = 22 3 5;
) 162 = 2 3 3 3 3 = 2 34;
) 220 = 2 2 5 11 = 22 5 11;
) 400 = 2 2 2 2 5 5 = 24 52;
)
675 3
) 1200 2

225 3

600 2

75 3

300 2

25 5

150 2

5 5

75 3

1 5

25 5
675 = 33 52;

5 5

1
1200 = 24 3 52;

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59

) 21780 2
10890 2

5445 3

1815 3

605 5

121 11

11 11

1
21780 = 22 32 5 112.
2. :
) 12 16; ) 396 180; ) 60, 80 48.
.
) 12 2 16 2 (12; 16) = 2 2 = 4.
6 2 8 2
3 3 4 2
1 2 2
1
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198
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11
1

2
2
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30 2
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1

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90
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15
5
1

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40 2
20 2
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1

2
2
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(396; 180) =
= 2 2 3 3 = 36.

48 2
24 2
12 2
6 2
3 3
1

(60; 80; 48) = 2 2 = 4.

3. :
) 8 18; ) 25 40; ) 28; 53 60.
.
) 8 = 2 2 2; 18 = 2 3 3.
(8; 18) = 2 2 2 3 3 = 8 9 = 72.

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1.

) 25 = 5 5; 40 = 2 2 2 5.
(25; 40) = 2 2 2 5 5 = 40 5 = 200.
) 28 = 2 2 7; 53 = 53 ;
60 = 2 2 3 5.
(28; 53; 60) = 2 2 3 5 7 53 = 60 371 =
= 22260.

4.
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(6; 4; 9; 12; 36) = 36,
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) (15; 12; 18) = 2 2 3 3 5 = 180.
15 = 3 5;
12 = 2 2 3;
18 = 2 3 3.
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) (24; 15; 8) = 2 2 2 3 5 = 120.
24 = 2 2 2 3; 15 = 3 5; 8 = 2 2 2.
\5
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85 + 64 + 105
254
3
+2
+1
=6
=6
=
24
15
8
120
120
=8

14
7
=8
.
120
60

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10

59

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38

59

2


3.
ax + b = 0, a b
, ( I ).
1) a 0, b
x = - .
a
2) a = 0, b 0, .
3) a = 0, b = 0,
, .. x R.
y = ax + b.
(x0, y0),
,
, .. y0 = ax0 + b.
1. 5x + 3 (3x + 7) = 49.
.
,
: 5x + 9x + 21 = 49.
: 14x + 21 = 49.
21 :
14x = 49 - 21, 14x = 28, x = 2.
: x = 2.

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2.

2.

39

x-4
2x + 1
= 5+
.
3
4

.
12:
4(x - 4) = 12 5 + 3 (2x + 1).
, :
4x - 16 = 60 + 6x + 3, 4x - 6x = 60 + 3 + 16,
-2x = 79, x = 79 : (-2), x = -39,5.
: x = - 39,5.
3. 5 (x + 4) + 2x = 20 + 7x.
.
5x + 20 + 2x = 20 + 7x, 7x + 20 = 20 + 7x,
0 x = 0, .. .
: x R.
4. 12x - 1 + 3 (x + 2) = 15x.
.
, 12x - 1 + 3x + 6 = 15x,
15x + 5 = 15x, 15x - 15x = -5, 0 x = -5.
, ,
.
: .
5.

x2
16
=
.
x-4 x-4

.
, x - 4 0, .. x 4,
.
x2 - 16
= 0 .

x-4
, , x- 4 0, ..

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40

59

x2 - 16 = 0,

x - 4 0,

( x - 4 )( x + 4 ) = 0,

x 4.

(x - 4) (x + 4) = 0, x1 = 4, x2 = -4,
x4, x = -4 .
: x = -4.
6.

2x2 - 1 1
+ = 2x2 .
x
x

2x2 - 1
1
= 2x - , x
x


1 1
2x - + = 2x2 , 2x = 2x2, x2 - x = 0, x (x - 1) = 0,
x x
x 1 = 0, x 2 = 1. x = 0
( ),
x = 1 .
: x = 1.
7. x - 6 = 2ax.
.
x - 2ax = 6, ,
x , x (1 - 2a) = 6.
1
1 - 2a = 0, .. 2a = 1, a = ,
2
x 0 = 6, .
1
6
1 - 2a 0, .. a , x =

2
1 - 2a
.
: a =

1
;
2

6
1
, x=
.
1 - 2a
2

www.phoenixbooks.ru

2.

41

8.
(a2 - 9)x = 7a2 - 20a - 3.
.
,
x
a R.

(a - 3) (a + 3) x = 7a2 - 20a - 3.
2
7a - 20a - 3 = (7a + 1) (a - 3).

(a - 3) (a + 3) x = (7a + 1) (a - 3).
a - 3 = 0, .. a = 3,
0 x = 0, .
a + 3 = 0, .. a = -3, 0 x = 120,
.
7a + 1
a 3, x =

a+3
.
: a = 3, x R; a = -3 ;
7a + 1
a 3, x =
.
a+3
9. a y= ax + 5 M (-3; 2)?
.
M (-3; 2),
x = -3, y = 2, 2 = -3a + 5,
3a = 3, a = 1.
: a = 1.

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555

........................................................................ 3
1. .... 6
1. .............6
.........................................................14
2. .... 17
2.1. .............17
2.2. ......................................17
2.3. ................17

.........................................................31
2.
..................................................................... 38
3. ..................................... 38
.........................................................42
4. ........................ 44
4.1. .................................45
4.2. ....................................46
4.3.
I ...............................................49
.........................................................51
5. ,
.
............................................ 54
5.1. ..............57
5.2. ..........58
5.3. , ......59
5.4. ......................61
.........................................................64
6. ... 66
............88
7. ..................... 90
....................................................... 102
8. ........................................ 105
8.1. ............ 105

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556

59

8.2. ........................... 108


8.3. .............. 112
8.4. ................... 115
8.5. ........................... 117
8.6. ....................... 120
....................................................... 122
I ....... 122

I ....................................................... 124
.... 125

II ...................................................... 127

9.
.................................................. 128
9.1.
........................... 129
9.2. ......... 132
9.3. ............ 137
....................................................... 146
10. ....149
10.1. ........................... 150
10.2. .............. 155
....................................................... 156
3. ............... 158
11. ............................... 158
....................................................... 160
12. ......................... 161
12.1. ,

........................ 161
12.2. ,

......................................... 163
12.3. -
........... 163
12.4. , ,

............................ 165

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557

12.5.
............................................ 167
....................................................... 168
13. ................................... 171
....................................................... 178
14. ............................... 180
....................................................... 188
15. ..................... 190
....................................................... 195
4. ....................................................... 197
16. ....................... 197
17. ........................ 201
18. ..................... 210
....................................................... 213
5.
59 .......................................................... 219
19. ........................................... 219
5 ...................................................... 219
6 ...................................................... 228
7 ...................................................... 237
8 ...................................................... 248
9 ...................................................... 260
20. . . ....................... 270
5 ...................................................... 270
6 ...................................................... 279
7 ...................................................... 288
8 ...................................................... 306
9 ...................................................... 347
6.
.................................................................. 392
21.
................................ 392
21.1. 1........................................... 393
21.2. 2........................................... 397
21.3. 3........................................... 401
21.4. 4........................................... 404
21.5. 5........................................... 407

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558

59

21.6. 6........................................... 411


21.7. 7........................................... 414
21.8. 8........................................... 418
21.9. 9........................................... 421
21.10. 10....................................... 424
21.11. 11....................................... 428
21.12. 12....................................... 431
21.13. 13....................................... 434
21.14. 14....................................... 437
21.15. 15....................................... 440
21.16. 16....................................... 444
21.17. 17....................................... 447
21.18. 18....................................... 450
21.19. 19....................................... 454
21.20. 20....................................... 457
21.21. 21....................................... 460
21.22. 22....................................... 464
21.23. 23....................................... 467
21.24. 24....................................... 470
21.25. 25....................................... 473
21.26. 26*...................................... 477
21.27. 27*...................................... 480
21.28. 28*...................................... 483
21.29. 29*...................................... 486
21.30. 30*...................................... 490
22. ........................................ 494
1........................... 494
2........................... 498
23. 1 30.............. 502
23.1. 1........................................... 502
23.2. 30*........................................ 507
7.
................................................................. 516
24. ........................... 516
24.1.
...................... 516

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559

24.2. ,
........................... 517
24.3. ,
.............................. 518
25. .. 519
25.1. ..................... 519
25.2. .... 520
25.3. ,

.................... 522
26.
................................................ 524
27. ................ 531
28. ,
............... 538
.............................................................................. 545
...................................................................... 554

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59

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.
.
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. , .
10.09.2010. 21.12.2010.
84108 1/32. 2.
SchoolBook. .
... 29,4. 2500 .


344082, . --, . , 80.

344019, . --, . , 57.

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