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621.833


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"".
. " ".
: "". 2011, 29. 192 .

292011

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7 05.07.2011

"", 2011

621.833
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, [1-2],
, .
' ,
.
, [1-2],
, .
By computer modeling it is shown that power of a friction of teeth can be the significant reason of excitation of fluctuations in cylindrical spur gears on tooth to frequency. It is offered to expand the list of the
quality indicators entered earlier in [1-2], for an estimation vibration activity of gearing, caused by power of
a friction of teeth.

. [1] ,
. [1]
, , : ) kF
; ) kT . kF
kT :
FMAX
T
T2 MIN
kT = 2 MAX
;
.
(1)
kF =
FMAX
T2 sred
FMAX F
( ); FMAX F ; T2MIN, T2MAX, T2sred
(
T1=const ).
[2]
,
kF kT -
. :
3


, .

f=0,1 40% , 20% (kF>20%).
, , , , kP
. .. : kP=1. kT(1,52)kP.
>2, , 2 3.
, .
, , -
: , ,
, , [2].
1-3, [2],
, ( ).
: P1=600, n1=17000/,
f=0,1; m=3, z1=28, z2=41, b2=32; : =20, ha=1, c0=0,25, hl=2;
x1=0,6596 x2=0,7689, w=25 : 1max=2max=0,74; =1,334; aw=107,312;
(. 1); kP=0,97%; FMAX=9002; max=996; : kF=21,21% kT=1,886%.
1 , ,
( ). 2 F : Fn
F. ,
800 8993 8196 ( ). ,
F , ; - , Fn . 3 , ,
( )
4

: ) ( )
)
.

4 ,

4 , :
.
. , ( 4) ( )
: ,
.

1 ,
Fn
P

4-5, [2],
, ,
: x1=1,3596, x2=0,0689, . , : =1,248, 1max=0,59, 2max=1.446, kP=1,799%, FMAX=8440,
max=916; : kF=10,68%,
kT=2,703%.
5

3 5, :
1) kT ,
. : kP (1,799%>0,97%) -
.
2) kF ,
. : , , , , .
2 4.
3) 5 ,
, .. , .
:
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6

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(
, ),
,
, .. .

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( ); ) , ( ). - , kF , kFr . :
1. kFr. kF
- , .
2.
(.. kFr
) (
kT).
3. .. kF, kT, ( kFr) , ,
F, T2 Fr. , .
4. , ,
.
5. , , .
kFr . :

k Fr =

Fr max Fr min
.
Fr 0
7

(2)

Frmax Frmin ; Fr0 ,


.

. QF (t ) ,
, , t0, [3]:

2
2
QF (t ) = a0 + a j cos j
t + b j sin j
t ,
t0
t 0
j =1

(3)

a0, aj bj (j=1, 2, , ) , [3]; t0 1 .


6 7
, : ) ; ) ; ) 3-7 ; , .
,
:
pT (
T2 ) 1-3 (
6 7 4- ).
pFr ( Fr ) 1.5-2
( 6 , 7 ).

. : kFrE kTE, .
: kTE = AT A1 .
AT ,

(, 1 1); A1
.
AT , AT =max.
, kTE T2 . (. 6 7).
8

k FrS =

2 c1Fr
2 c1T
( = k Fr k FrSin ) ; kTS =
( = kT kTSin ) ,
Fr 0
T2 sred

(4)

1Fr 1T kFr kT,


; Fr0, T2sred , (1) (2).
kFrSin kTSin , . , kTSin=1 ; kTSin=0,5
, . kFrSin
kTSin :

k FrSin =

k FrS
k Fr

2 c1Fr
=
Fr max Fr min

k
; kTSin = TS
kT

2 c1T
=
T2 max T2 min

(5)

Frmax, Frmin, T2max T2min Fr T2 ( ).


:
1) :
kFr=52,92%, kFrS=60,14%, kT=1,886%, kTS=1,638%.
2) : kFr=24,9%, kFrS=5,72%, kT=2,703%, kTS=2,084%.
kFr, ,
52,92/24,97=2,1 ; kFrS, 60,14/5,72=10,5 .
, kFrS kTS
, kFr kT.
, kFrE kTE.
() .

kFrE kTE .
: kFrS kTS:

. . " " " ".


: 1) kF; 2) kFr, 3) kT; : 4)
kFrS, 5) kTS. ,

. 4. (1-2) (4-5).
,
( ) . 3 5:
pF pT .
:

10

7 1
grad

pF =

T T
F Fr 0
F Fmin
, p Fr = r
, pT = 2 2 sred ;
Fr 0
T2 sred
Fmin

p FrS = p Fr k FrSin ;
(6)
pTS = pT kTSin .

F, Fr T2 ,
; Fmin ; Fr0 ,
. T2sred T2 ( T1=const ). kFrSin kTSin , (4).
:
1.
(kF, kFr, kT, kFrS kTS), , : )
(, ); ) ; ) , , . , , , .
2.
: , ""
, , "" kFrS kTS.
3. ,
, .
: 1. Babichev D.A., Serebrennikov A.A., Babichev D.T. Qualitative indexes of flat
engagements operation. Research and Development of mechanical Elements and Systems. The 7th international scientific conference: IRMES 2011. Zlatibor, Serbia. 2011 ( 8.: 1 ...).
2. .. , // . // . . -.
. -, 2011. (14-15 , 10., ). 3. ..,
.. , .: , 1966. 255.
11.05.11

11

621.833
.. , ..., , .
.. , ..., . . ..
, .
.. , ..., .



,

.
,
'
.
The problems of organization and realization of accelerated tests of gear drives are considered. Regarding of every pair of engaging teeth as a separate object of tests permits to reduce the period of tests and
to lower their labor intensity at essential increasing information content.

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1,4...3,2. ,

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. , 13

, 1643-81, m=3,
z1=z2=40, b=10, Rz=0,4 [10].
, ,

. 3%.

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=0-200, =50; 100; 150 200/, V0=3; 6; 9 12/ , V1; 2; 3 4/
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h /h0
1,2

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1
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20

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60

80

100 120 140 160 180 T,


200

60

80

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120 140

160

180 200
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: 1. .. 1626101.
/ .. , .. , .. , .. //
. . . 1991. 5. 2.
; .I. / .. , .. , .. . :
, 1997. 60. 3. 4261. // .. , .. , .. .
4. / .. , .. , .. , .. //
: .
. . / . .. , .. . : "", , 2001. . 502-507.
5. Basiniuk Y.V., Mardosevich E.I. Vibromonitoring of Technical Conditions of Dynamically Loaded
Drive System // Nonlinear Dynamics, Chaos, Catastrophes and Control. Students ND CCC. Riga,
2001. P.21-24. 6. , / .. , .. , ..
, .. // . , , . 2001.
4(10). C.48-53. 7. .. -
. .: - , , 1951. 2. .209-233. 8. .. . : , 1970. 196. 9. . // . .: -

20

, 1962. .VII. .103-111. 10. McEwen E. The Effect of Variation of Viscosity with Pressure on the Load Carrying Capacity of Oil Films Between Gear Teeth // Journal of Inst. Pet. Vol. 38.
1952. 11. . ., .. ;
, // . 3. .: , 1965. .133-146. 12. ,
. . 2- . .2. / . .. .. . .: , 1979. 358. 13. .. - . .: , 1999. 175. 14. , .. , / .. . : , 2006. 224. 15. // .. , .. , .. , .. . .: , 1988 65. 16. .., ..,
.. ,
// , : . . . / . ..., . .. ..., .
.. . : , 2002. .213.
24.05.11

621.833
M. O, ..., ., , ,
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A. , , .,
. , ...,




- , . :
;
- .
-
,

21

. :
;
- .
The mathematical characterization of the non-involute convex-concave gearing, its geometrical parameters and correctness basic conditions of generating with this gearing types are presented in this article.
Influences of the basic geometrical characteristics on the enhancement carrying capacity at the point of
contact and comparison results of convex-concave gearing and involute one from the point of contact
pressure intensity view are presented as well.

. ,
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, .
,
: , ,

. , , , . , -
, [1-3]. , .
,
C - , , .

c
. rk
-
A

[4, 5].
c

. C
- r ()

rk
.
E
,
1 -


22

. , [6-8]. - , .
1. , C, .
,
"S" . .., - . 2, -
[5]. ,
[6],
[9].
, (1) (2) .
x = m2rkh, d sin( C )

2rkh, d
cos C
( C ) cos C + sin C lg
;
r1
cos

y = 2rkh, d sin( C ) sin .

(1)

x = m2rkh, d sin( C ) cos( + r ( )) + r1 sin r ( );


y = 2rkh, d sin( C ) sin( + r ( )) + r1 cos r ( );

r =

2rkh, d
cos C
( C ) cos C + sin C lg
.

r1
cos

C . , ,
.
- , :
C ;
rkh ;
rkd ;
,
.
- ,
. , , ,

.. - [1].
,
, - ,
3. , -
, , A

(2)

rb

,
. C
rkh

S
kh

r kh
rkd
A

X
.

X
C
C
Y

r
. Y
kd
E
S
,
kd
2 -

3 -

23

24

a
b

2a

1a
O

ra
2b

1b

1.159

rkh

9.00

rks

4.50

alfac =

10.00

, b, 1b ,
, , , a, 1a . , , b,
2b , ,
, a, 2 a . - . ,
- [1, 2]. , - rk , c , mn , z , , -. - , [1] 4. - 1b < 0
2 a < 0 . ,
:
z c
28

26

24

22

20

18

alfa c

16

r+

2r1 rk sin cos( c )


< 0,
2rk cos( c ) r1 cos

(3)


:
2r2 rk sin cos( c )
(4)
r+
< 0.
2rk cos( c ) r2 cos
- , (3) (4). :
rk <

z1 mn
cos c .
4

(5)

z m
(6)
rk < 2 n cos c .
4
(5) (6) - , , ,
- . , [5], , .
, .

14

12

10

7
11
15
19
23
27
z
4

25

. , , ,
, : ,
r . ,
, . , ,
, - .
26

, , (5) (6) -
. c =18
mn
Z, 1. , 5.

1,5
4,279755
4,636401
4,993047
5,349693
5,70634
6,062986
6,419632
6,776278
7,132924
7,489571
7,846217
8,202863
8,559509
8,916156
9,272802
9,629448
9,986094

2,5
7,132924
7,727335
8,321745
8,916156
9,510566
10,10498
10,69939
11,2938
11,88821
12,48262
13,07703
13,67144
14,26585
14,86026
15,45467
16,04908
16,64349

3,5
9,986094
10,81827
11,65044
12,48262
13,31479
14,14697
14,97914
15,81132
16,64349
17,47566
18,30784
19,14001
19,97219
20,80436
21,63654
22,46871
23,30089

m
5
7
14,26585 19,97219
15,45467 21,63654
16,64349 23,30089
17,83231 24,96524
19,02113 26,62958
20,20995 28,29393
21,39877 29,95828
22,58759 31,62263
23,77641 33,28698
24,96524 34,95133
26,15406 36,61568
27,34288 38,28003
28,5317 39,94438
29,72052 41,60873
30,90934 43,27308
32,09816 44,93742
33,28698 46,60177

80
70
60
50
rk

40
15
10

30

1 rkh,d, m z c=18
z
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28

z, m, rkh,d c=18

20

10
28,5317
30,90934
33,28698
35,66462
38,04226
40,41991
42,79755
45,17519
47,55283
49,93047
52,30811
54,68575
57,0634
59,44104
61,81868
64,19632
66,57396

15
42,79755
46,36401
49,93047
53,49693
57,0634
60,62986
64,19632
67,76278
71,32924
74,89571
78,46217
82,02863
85,59509
89,16156
92,72802
96,29448
99,86094

20
57,0634
61,81868
66,57396
71,32924
76,08453
80,83981
85,59509
90,35038
95,10566
99,86094
104,6162
109,3715
114,1268
118,8821
123,6374
128,3926
133,1479

7
5

10
0
12

70-80
60-70
50-60
40-50
30-40
20-30
10-20
0-10

3,5
13

2,5
14

15
z

16

17

18

19

1,5
20

5 , ,

. -
, , . , , ,
,
[10, 11].
,
- B, D. ,
, rkh c , .

,
,
(5) (6)
- . 1 [5]
mn , Z c =18.
, 5.
c .
-
,
c rk..
c
, rkh,d -

>1,1.
, [1, 12, 13], - . ANSYS.
.

27

28

alfac

18

, , , B, D 25% (. 2)
[3]. - B,
D, 2

-
. .. 1D[Ma] 2D[Ma] E[Ma]
KK1
404,17
28,55
779,78
E1
20,26
64,219
1138

-
KK2
312,8
15,33
529,8

E2
9,112
29,277
778,8

KK3
162,97
13,29
670,6

E3
9,12
26,872
902,1

KK4
583,43
27,84
736,9

E4
26,19
37,181
1023
KK5
126,05
9,05
883,4
.
E5


VEGA 1/0189/09.

5,36

13,373

1289

KK , E ,
D,E -

: 1. Boansk, M. (1997): Voba geometrickch parametrov konvexno-konkveho


ozubenia z hadiska povrchovho pokodenia boku zuba. Habilitan prca, 104s, SjF STU, Bratislava.
2. Boansk,M., Vere, M. (1998): Urenie hraninch hodnt geometrickch parametrov konvexnokonkvneho ozubenia. In.: Zbornk refertov Strojn Ininierstvo 98, Bratislava, s.241-248. 3. Boansk, M.,
Orokock, R., Vere, M., Kouch, I., Nemekov, M. (2005): Porovnanie nosnosti K-K a evolventnho
ozubenia na zadieranie v interakcii s ekologickm olejom, In.: Sbornk mezinrodn konference kateder sti a
mechanizmu stroju, Sedmihorky, R, ISBN 80-7083-951-1 s.23-26. 4. Vere M, Boansk M. (1999): Teria
elnho rovinnho ozubenia, Vydavatestvo STU Bratislava, ISBN 80-227-1226-4, 112s. 5. Vere, M,
Boansk, M., Gadu, J. (2006): Theory of Convex-concave and plane cylindrical gearing, Slovak university of
technology in Bratislava, 180p, ISBN 80-227-2451-3. 6. Hlebanja, J. (1991): Influence of the path of contact
shape on sliding condition betweentooth flanks, Proceedings of MPT 1991, Hiroshima. 7. Litvin, F.,L.,
Fuentes, A. (2004): Gear Geometry and AppliedTheory, Second Edition, ISBN 0 521 81517 7 hardbacg
Camridge University press. 8. .. . :
, 2005. 100. 9. Vere M. (1987): Odolnost' ozubenia voi zadieraniu z hadiska jeho tvaru.
Kandidtska dizertan prca, 147s, SjF SVT Bratislava. 10. Kadnr, M. et al. (2011) The design and
verification of experimental machine for real journal bearings testing. In Technical Gazette. Slavonski Brod:
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering in Slavonski Brod. 2011, 18(1), s.95-98. ISSN 1330-3651. 11. Rusnk, J.,
Kadnr, M. (2007): Optimalizcia kbovho spojenia nosnho rmu stavebnho stroja Dumper Trag 30. In
Vrobn ininierstvo. Koice, 2007. ISSN 1335-7972, 2008, ro.VII., .1, s.49-50,60. 12. Tokoly, P.,
Boansk, M., Gajdo, M.: Prspevok k pevnostnej analze neevoloventnho typu ozubenia, Acta Mechanica
Slovaca, Koice 3-C/2008, ronk 12, s.405-412, ISSN 1335-2393. 13. Tokoly, P., Boansk, M.,
Medzihradsk, J. (2007): Posdenie vhodnosti pouitia softvru v pevnostnej analze ozubench kolies
metdou MKP, Acta Mechanica Slovaca, Koice, ISSN 1335-2393.
10.05.11

29

621.9
.. , ..., ., . . . ,
.
.. , ..., . . .
.. , . . .


PowerSHAPE
.
- ,
.
. - , .
Hyperbola instrument teeth mathematic support and surface modeling algorithm has been developed. Obtained surface models allow to control precision of hyperbola instrument teeth manufacturing using modern
coordinate-measuring machines and to conduct comprehensive analysis of wheel teeth and instrument contact.

. , .

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, , , ,
, ,
- .
.
30

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,
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, - .

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rn = (1 )3 p0 + 3(1 )2 p1 + 3(1 )2 p2 + 3 p3 ,

p0, p1, p2, p3 - , , , = 0...1 , .


[3] ,
, , CAD-.
1 , , .
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621.83
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-47
, -47 " " .
, 47 " " .
Considered work done over the last year the TC-47 Ukraine Technical Committee on standardization
"Mechanical drives" to develop of normative base.

9
: 1. ..
: . : - , 1994. 112. 2.
.. : .
... , 1995. 32. 3. .. CAD / .. , .. , .. , .. // // .
: , 2005. .17. .318-323. 4. .. // . . , 2007. .21 .298-302.
29.04.11

35

-47 " ", 1994.


, , 23 .
"" ( " "").
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(, , , ISO). .
(),
, ISO. -47 : http://www.i.com.ua/-niiredut.
, -47
2010. , ,
.
-47 2010. :
ISO 13 ISO [1, 2 .];
ISO 17 ISO [3, 4 .];
ISO
8 ISO [5, 6 .].
" "",
"", "-" "" "". 36

, 1994. .
2011. , ( ) , .

, -47 ( , , ), " "" ( : niireductor@yandex.ru, niiredut@I.com.ua).
: 1. EN 474-1:2006; A1:2009 . . 1.
. 52. 2. EN ISO 3471:2008 . . . 45. 3. EN ISO 9902 1:2001; 1:2009 . . 1. . 21. 4. EN ISO 99022:2001; 1:2009 . . 2. . 26. 5. EN 12041:2000; 1:2009 .
- . . 55. 6. EN 13954:2005 . . . 49.
16.05.11

621.83
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.

.
Modern methods of calculating the thermal ability mechanical occasion of general and special purpose.

.
37


,
.
-47 ISO [1, 2],
" "".
[1] .
,
- , .
. ,
96FTM9 AGMA ( ).
, ,
.
' ,
' .
,
.
.
.
, , . .
[2] ,
. , .
, , , . .
, , ' , . , , . , , '
38

- .
[1] , . ,
, - .
, .
, '
,
. -, , .
.
. ' "WAEPRO" ,
- FVA (Forschungsvereinigung Antriebstechnik e.V., )
.
[1] ,
,
, . 25 95C ' , .

.
, .
.
.

. ,
.
, ,
95C. , ,
39

95C. , , '
. PT ( ) ( ) : 95C;
25C; 1,4/ '
; ; . .
, ,
95C.

. : ; , ; , ,
; ;
.

.
,
. , : ,
; ,
,
.
" ""
, .
[2] , .
, , .

, [2], .
-
.
[1, 2], ,
40

[3, 4].
: 1. ISO/TR 14179-1 . . 1.
95. 2. ISO/TR
14179-2. . . 2. .
3. .., .., .. .
.: , 1977. 256. 4. .., .. .
.: , 1967. 155.
16.05.11

621.833.38
.. , - "",
, .,
.. , ..., ""
.. , ..., "",
,



, ""; - . , , . . ,
, , "" .
, "au", - . ,
' , . .
, , , "" .
The technique of geometrical and technological design is considered for the globoid gears modified by an
increase of machine center distance and gear ratio at the worm cutting in relation to the same parameters of
worm drive. It is shown that they differ from one-enveloping worm gears with higher loading capacity, especially at the big center distances. The algorithm for the assessment of loading capacity of gears is described in details. All offered methods and algorithms are verified by practice of design and manufacture of
modified globoid gears for adjustment devices of rolling mills, oil pumps, mixers and other equipment at
the Joint Stock Co "EZTM" (Electrostal Plant of Heavy Machines) and a number of other plants.

41

. [1]. , . : , . , , , , , 4-6 .
, .
.
-, , ,
. ,
, .
-, ,
, ,
,
.
XIX .

, , . 30-
" ", , .
, 70- [2].
1904 . 40- , -, -, .
.. , .. [3] .. , .. [4], .. ,
.. , .. , .. , .. .
, , ,
. . . , .. [5]
.. [6].
, .
42

.
,
, .

,
. ,
, .
,
. . .
, , .
150200 , , .

, :
( ) = as ( 2 s ) ,

(1)

s=0,4c , , .. , (. 1),
, as=S/(cs)2 , S
.

. , , , . .
.
[4]. , , .
.
-

43

, .
, , [6].
. . :
( h), ( ) .
,

[7].

, " U".
1
U. : d1 d2 ; aw=0,5(d1+d2) ; a0=aw+a0 ; x ; Dp=d2sinx Dp0 .
AU :
( ) = 0,5d 2 ku a0 [sin( x + ku ) sin x ] cos x .

(2)

ku=(z20z2)/z20
;
z2 z20 .
U
z20,
a0,
d0 Dp0.

17696-89 :
z20 =

z2

0,91 + 0,0074 u

(3)

[8] , :
- z1=1 z2<=44, z20=z2+1;
- z1=1 z2>44, z20=z2+2;
- z1>1, z20=z2+1,
,
z20 .
44

1 , U

a0 ,
, 17696-89:
a0 = d 2 ku cos x / 2(1 k ) cos( x + s ) .

(4)

a0=a+a20, d0=d2+2a20, Dp0=d0sinx1,


17696-89.
. . -,
45

, . .

, .
-,
,
[1].

.
, ,
, [3].
-.

. II
,
I III , . , II III,
,
.
,
, , ,
.
- .
"" ( 965652, B23F 21/20) .
2 , .

I III , ""
II, .
. 80- , . :
46

2 , -

, 17696-89,
, , .
,
,
d1, b2 U [8].
17696-89
d1=Kaw, K ,
.

, , K, u=z2/z1, m. K , K
a u , 1.

9369-77 . .
,
u, d1
b2.
24438-80 .
.
1 25, , ,
. , ..
:
- ha1*=0,9;
- c1*=c2*=0,2;
- h1*=1,8+c1* ..
s*1 0,45 ,
.. . [7].
16502-83 . . .
, .
17696-89 . .
, U.
, 9369-77 24438-80.
-

Kb, 0,315; 0,28; 0,25; 0,225.


.
, ,
aw>315 u<50.

:
- d2=2awd1;
- m=d2/z2;
- da1=d1+2ha1*m;
- df1=da12h1*m;
- da2=d2+m(h1*1*) ..
17696-89.

47

48

1 K
aw
a125
125<a315
a>315
u
K
<27
0,45
0,45
0,4
35
0,4
0,4
0,355
40
0,45
0,45
0,4
50
0,4
0,4
0,355
63
0,4
0,355
0,355
>63
0,355
0,315
0,315

. ,
,
, , , .
.
aw.
.. [4].
.
n=2,9
C=5,69,8110-5. T2,
, , , :
5 2,9

T2 = 55 10 a

Ku K n K m K z K p Kt ,

(5)

Ku ; Kn
, ; Km
; Kz , ; Kp ; Kt , .
, (5),

.
, , , ,
.
Ku Kn, ..
, ,

, , .
Ku Kn
,
MathCAD .

.
30,
Ku :
K u = 0,79 log 2 u + 2,79 log u 0,135 .

49

(6)

u>30, Ku :
A1u = [log(log a) + 0,839]log(u / 75) + 1;

A2u = [log(108 / log a) log a ] / log(a / 245);


Au = ( A1u / A2u ) 0,158;
K u = Au log u log(u / 30) + 1.

(6)

,
Kn:
A1n = log(6,75 log 2 a 33,92 log a + 53,61);
A2 n = ( A1n log(log a)) log a;

AN = [ log(a / 95)(2,97 0,796 log n) / A2 n ] 0,202;


K n = AN log n log(n 3) + 1.

(7)

Ku Kn
3 4.

50

Kd=(0,05L0,25)1, L
.
(5) , ,
, .. ,
, [7].
,
(5).
, ,
n=2,8 . ,
.
.


- Kp, Kpv () Krw . :
-
Kpv=1 100% Kpv=1,25 =25%;
- Krw 0,65
( 200%) 1,15 ,
125% .
Kz Kt , :
- K=1,11,2,
10, 25;
- Kt=1 7-, 0,9 8- 0,8 9- 16502-83.
, Km,
10,8,
0,5. , .
, 4555HRC.

, 290320HB.
51

:
1. .
, , .
2. , ,
.
, .
3. , . , ,
.
4. "" .
: 1. . ., .., .. / . . .. . .: "", 2008. 272. 2. O'Connor, L. Redesigning a
double-enveloping worm gear reducer (Cone Drive Operations Inc.), Mechanical Engineering-CIME, 1994,
vol.116, no.3, .80-82. 3. .., .. .
, . 96. .: , 1960. 204. 4. .. . .: , 1962. 256 . 5. .., .. // . 1970. 6. .47-51. 6. Litvin F.L. Fuentes A. Gear Geometry and
Applied Theory of Gearing (2-nd edition). Cambridge University Press, 2004. 800 .7. ..
// " ". 1985. 10. .50-52. 8. .., .., ..
. . - // . "
". , 2008. .355-358.
20.05.11

52

621.452.33-585:621.833
.. , ..., ,
. ,
.. , ..., , .
.. , , .




, ; , , ;
14-28% , , .
,
; ,
, ; 14-28% , .
The key rule of designed of asymmetrical teeth, the method of appointment of parameters of an initial contour for asymmetrical teeth is described; that to each corner of the basic party of an initial contour there corresponds such corner of the directing party at which durability of asymmetrical teeth on a bend is highest is
noticed; by results of calculation bending stress of asymmetrical tooth with asymmetrical teeth on 14-28% less.

.

. 1.

a)

53

.
.
, sw
. , .
,
, ,
.
N.
( 1,a), , 1. D , , .

, .
"" D ,
. nN . .. nN<n,
3 ( 1,) ,
nN D , , . ,
D,
. , .
sw ,
, x .
1. . .. [1, 2]. ..
, ,
.. .
[3, 4]. ,
. A.L. Kapelevich

[5]. .. [6],
, . .. [11]

54

,
, , .
,
.. , .. .. [7]. 7-117
[8]. 2.

YFS. (). () [7]. YFS () 0,25%,


.
, , , ,
. 1.
1 YFS

nN
7
12
18
19
20
22
33
YFS
3,38
3,32
3,31 3,3 3,29 3,31 3,73

1 nN, YFS
. n=33 nN=20. YFS , , .

2 :
33, 25

2.
. " " [1], :
, :
. , ,
.
[12, 13].
n>35 , .
nN : zv1=20, zv2=102; : xn1=+0,227; xn2=0.
3. .
33. 55

3 , :
n=33, nN=20

nN=33 nN=20
. c , 4.

56

2 ,
.

1
2
3

nN
33
25
33

n
20
20
25

2
ha*
sa*
1,0
var
var 0,35
1,0
var

f*

fN*

0,2
0,3
0,3

0,2
0,3
0,3

C*
0,25
0,25
0,2

var . 1 3
. 2
,
.
1 ,
. 2 . 3
, ,
.
hf*, 2 , ha* .
f* fN* 1
, :
.
f* fN*
,
10-15%. 3.
sa 2 , sa=sa*m.
.
,
[7], : ;
.
z=20, x=0,226 n=33
nN=20 YFS 3,29, n=20 YFS 3,77 [9, 10].
, 14-28%.
4. . 15
57

35 . , , , . ,
.
3.
15 45 YFS, 3.
3 YFS


15
20
25
30
33
35 40
45
10
4,3 4,12 3,91 3,68
3,6 3,52 3,4 3,54
15
4,1 3,93 3,74 3,54 3,47
3,4 3,4 3,71
20
3,96 3,78
3,6 3,45 3,29 3,37 3,5
25
3,8 3,65 3,49
3,4 3,42 3,44
30
3,7 3,55 3,45 3,44 3,51 3,57
33
3,65 3,48
35
3,6 3,54 3,56 3,64
40
3,7 3,76
3,7

, 3 , n=33 nN=20.
, ,
.
5. . ..
[1]
. ,
, . 5,a. 5,
. , ,
. .

, . , .
:
1. , ,
.
, .

58

Turboprop Engine Gearbox // Gear Technology, January/February 2008, s.60-65. 9. 17108-89


. .
. , 1990. 124. 10. 5744-86 . . 11. .. //
"I": . . . , 2009. .20. .59-66. 12. .., ..
// . 2010. 1. .39-42. 13. .., .. , //
" "; http://technomag.edu.ru/doc/174986.html
31.05.11

a)
)
5 : a)
n=33, nN=20 ; )

2. .
3. 14-28% 18%.
4. .
5.

.
.
.
6. n
nN, .
n=33 nN=20 .
: 1. .. . .: ,
1995. 320. 2. .. ; http://new.gears.ru/zip/vulg/vulgakov_book.zip
3. .., ..
// . 2002. .148-154. 4. ..,
..
; http://new.gears.ru/zip/vulg/vulg_s5.zip 5. Kapelevich A.L. Measurement of directly designed gears with symmetric and asymmetric teeth. VDI Berichte 2108 Band 2, 2010, 1029-1038. 6.
/ .
.. . .: , 1986. .252-254. 7. .., ..,
.. //
i "I": . . . , 2009. .20. .19-29. 8. Novikov A.S., Paikin
A.P., Dorofeyev V.L., Ananiev V.M., Kapelevich A.L. Application of Gears With Asymmetric Teeth in

59

621.833
.. , ..., . . ..
, . --,
.. , ..-..,
. ..



, , .
.

.
, ,
. . .
Shows a system containing an equation of elastic equilibrium and the compatibility of the elastic displacements, given the dependence for determining the stiffness of the Novikov arched teeth. Shows the
influence of technological errors in engagement to the actual number of contact points. With using the
developed program was given the analyzes the contact stress and bending stress of teeth with longitudinal modification of their surfaces.


, [1]. ,
.
60

( ..). .
,
,
, . , ,
, .

() . -5.
, , [2], [3]. , [4], ,
.
,
, ..
( ) , "" , , , . ( ,
..), , , , , .
, [4] :
Wi + u i + l i = W(i +1) + u (i +1) + l (i +1) ;

2n

T = Ti .
i =1

(1)

: W ( -) , u , l () ,
61

T , Ti
i - , n
.
(1) .
, (, , ), " z ".

( -) W [4]:
Wz = A K (Tz K bz ) 0,64 cos k1,64 m00,93 ( *z ) 0,3 (cos z ) 1 z10,67 u 0,64 . (2)

(2): A , r0 [5] A = 0,6 + 0,4B , B = 0,214(r0 / mt )0,44 ,


mt ( 0,65 B 1 ); K , , -5 0,0651; T z
, ; K b ,

1 2 [6]; k ; m 0 ; -

; ; z1 ; u = z 2 / z1
.
( ).
(
) , [7].
: ,
, ( ),
( ).
u z

" " [4] .
l
, , :
62

l z = (bz 0,5) 2 l ,

(3)

b z bw ,
.
l d , ,
d 0 d 0 , ,
d 0 = d d 0 = 4l d 02 /(bw2 4d 0 l ) .

(4)

(1), () , , , () :
K Tz = T z / T .

(5)

,
Fz Hz :

Fz1, 2 = 2000 K Tz1, 2 K bz1, 2 T1,2 YVz1,2 Yaz1, 2 K t / z1, 2 (mt cos ) 3 ;

Hz = Z H [K KzT1, 2 /( z1, 2 cos k )]

0,687

m02,063 ( *z ) 0,312 ( Z l K l l * ) 1,063 .

(6)
(7)

( "1" "2" ).
[4]: K b ,
; YV ; Ya ; K t [8] , , : K t = 1 , K t = 0.8 ; Z H , Z l , K l , l [4]; K K , ,
[4].
(6) (7) , b z
z .
K Fz K Hz :
63

-
-

K Fz1 = K Tz1 K bz1YVz1Yaz1 K t sec 3 z1 ;

(8)

K Fz 2 = K Tz 2 K bz 2 YVz 2 Yaz 2 K t sec z1 ;

K Hz = ( K Kz ) 0,687 ( * z ) 0,312 .

(9)


.
, ,

.
1 t = 1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
2n
k
2n
k
l , .
K Fz
bz
K Hz
bz
.
0
0,098
10
0,278
1
0,069
10
0,278
1
6
0,158
10
0,494
1
0,080
10
0,278
1
0
8
0,231
10
0,494
1
0,099
10
0,492
2
10
0,414
5
0,494
1
0,161
10
0,484
2
12
0,747
6
0,497
2
0,266
10
0,476
2
0
0,127
10
0,278
1
0,083
10
0,278
1
6
0,151
10
0,278
1
0,094
10
0,278
1
0,03
8
0,165
10
0,494
1
0,095
10
0,278
1
10
0,336
6
0,494
1
0,134
6
0,468
2
12
0,645
6
0,497
2
0,250
5
0,476
2
0
0,146
10
0,278
1
0,092
10
0,278
1
6
0,171
10
0,278
1
0,103
10
0,278
1
0,05
8
0,173
10
0,278
1
0,104
10
0,278
1
10
0,285
6
0,494
1
0,124
6
0,468
2
12
0,577
6
0,497
2
0,234
5
0,476
2
0
0,163
10
0,278
1
0,099
10
0,278
1
6
0,189
9
0,278
1
0,111
9
0,278
1
0,07
8
0,192
9
0,278
1
0,112
9
0,278
1
10
0,234
6
0,494
1
0,115
6
0,278
1
12
0,510
5
0,494
1
0,217
5
0,476
2
0
0,184
8
0,278
1
0,109
8
0,278
1
6
0,212
8
0,278
1
0,120
8
0,278
1
0,1
8
0,217
8
0,278
1
0,123
8
0,278
1
10
0,230
6
0,278
1
0,128
6
0,278
1
12
0,432
5
0,494
1
0,189
5
0,476
2
0
0,195
6
0,278
1
0,113
6
0,278
1
6
0,223
6
0,278
1
0,125
6
0,278
1
0,12
8
0,232
7
0,278
1
0,128
7
0,278
1
10
0,250
6
0,278
1
0,136
7
0,278
1
12
0,380
5
0,494
1
0,174
7
0,468
2

64

1
0,15

2
0
6
8
10
12

3
0,208
0,237
0,249
0,278
0,305

4
6
5
6
7
5

1
5
6
7
0,278
1
0,119
0,278
1
0,131
0,278
1
0,135
0,278
1
0,147
0,494
1
0,160

8
6
5
6
7
5

9
0,278
0,278
0,278
0,278
0,468

10
1
1
1
1
2

2 t = 2

l , .

0,03

0,05

0,07

0,1

0,12

0,15

.
0
6
8
10
12
0
6
8
10
12
0
6
8
10
12
0
6
8
10
12
0
6
8
10
12
0
6
8
10
12
0
6
8
10
12

K Fz

2n

bz

K Hz

2n

bz

0,105
0,148
0,224
0,407
0,722
0,131
0,148
0,149
0,320
0,618
0,148
0,167
0,169
0,263
0,561
0,163
0,184
0,187
0,229
0,502
0,181
0,202
0,209
0,222
0,428
0,190
0,210
0,220
0,240
0,396
0,199
0,219
0,231
0,265
0,346

8
10
10
5
6
8
10
10
6
5
8
10
9
6
5
8
9
8
5
5
6
6
7
6
4
6
5
6
6
4
4
4
5
6
4

0,267
0,495
0,495
0,495
0,498
0,267
0,248
0,248
0,495
0,495
0,267
0,248
0,248
0,495
0,495
0,267
0,248
0,248
0,472
0,495
0,267
0,248
0,248
0,248
0,472
0,267
0,248
0,248
0,248
0,472
0,267
0,248
0,248
0,248
0,472

2
2
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
1

0,069
0,093
0,121
0,185
0,273
0,081
0,088
0,102
0,166
0,258
0,089
0,097
0,099
0,153
0,247
0,096
0,105
0,107
0,140
0,236
0,105
0,113
0,117
0,125
0,219
0,109
0,117
0,121
0,131
0,207
0,113
0,121
0,125
0,139
0,188

8
8
8
5
4
8
10
8
5
4
10
9
8
5
4
6
7
8
5
4
6
6
6
5
4
6
5
5
5
4
4
4
4
5
4

0,267
0,472
0,472
0,472
0,472
0,267
0,198
0,472
0,472
0472
0,198
0,198
0,198
0,472
0,472
0,198
0,198
0,198
0,472
0,472
0,198
0,198
0,198
0,198
0,472
0,198
0,198
0,198
0,198
0,472
0,198
0,198
0,198
0,198
0,472

2
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

65

-5, : m0 = 3,15 ,
mt = 3,5, z1 = 15 , z 2 = 46 ,
x1*, 2 = 0,1 , bw = 140 , d 0 = 220 , " " 3% [4]. , -

, T 2 = 3000 . ()
8 12.
21 ,
[7], l : ( t = 1 )
( t = 2 ).
"0" , . 1 2. K Fz1, 2 K Hz b z "" , 2n ,
k , 1, ""
, 2,
.
.
1)
( t = 1 t = 2 ).
2) l
.
3) 2n , ""

( bz 0,5 ).
4) "0" l , , (
6-) ; 610
l , ;
(11,12) l , , .

:
66

1. 6- .
2. 612 3, F H
,
( l =0) .

68
910
11
12

l
m t
0,0080,011
0,0140,020
0,035
0,045

1,4
1,61,8
2
2

1,1
1,21,4
1,6
1,6


. ,


.

,
, , .
, 10-08-00031
: 1. .., .., .. // . 1990.
9. .41-44. 2. . . 2- ., . . / . .. . .: . 1980. 416. 3. .. , .., .. . : , 1978. 144. 4. .., .., .. . . .: -1, 2007. 384. 5. .., .., .., .. // . 1986.
2. .20-22. 6. .. . .
: , 1977. 208. 7. 1643-81. . .
.: - , 1981. 69. 8. .., .., .. // . 1997. 1. .6-8.
04.05.11

67

.. , ..., . .. , .

. ,

.

3 l

[7]

621.771

Theoretical research has been carried out and monitoring system is developed of the dynamic loads in
the drivelines of hot rolling mills. Dynamic models and software are developed, which allow to support
databases with history of loading cycles and failures of driveline elements and to represent statistical information in convenient form for decision making in maintenance departments of rolling mills.

.
[1], ,
, - () , (). ,
, , ,
.
,
. ,
, . ,
, , [2]. ,


, .
. (EAM Enterprise As68

set Management),
. ,
, ,
, , SMS Siemag (PPMS Plant and
Process Management System) [3] [4].
[5],
. , [6], ,
.

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[7] , .
[8, 9]. , , ,

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. ,

, [10].

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69

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15-20% .

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. , :
;
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5). , , (
5), .

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73

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. . (f=1/2T,
74

T ). 1680, : 0,13; 0,14; 0,12; 0,06 0,03.

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() ;
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75

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7). .

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(06).

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)
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, ,
(5) (6) , (2 4) .

32 75,
. 13 28 , 76

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: , , . . ,

=() (K=const).
K , ,
. K =(), ,
,
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(. 8).
, .
(), 0,012 (6). ,
.

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=f()
:
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=22+1+0,
0, 1, 2 , ; ( ).
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1 ,
K . () 1(K) - , (
). , , 2.
( 50%)
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. []

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:
[ M max ] =

8 K Mmax 1680


, , . [12],
77

M max P( M cm ) d M cm ,

(2)

P(Mc) (
, ). (2) (1)
0 , :
78

[ M max ] = A0 + A2 2 .

(3)

(3) ,
2 . ,
:
2
4
(4)
M max = A1 Mcm
+ 2 A22 Mcm
.

*. , [13], , ,

(. 10).

.
. ,
, , .
( 5% ).
,
. 10% - . , ,
. ,
(. 9).
,
.
, ""
,
.

9 :
) ; )

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( ) ,
( )
[14].
.
1.

.
2.

. , ,
, , , .
3.
.
*

79

. ..

80


. ,

, , , .
(
)
,
[15].
: 1. (). , 1982.
2. ..
/ . . .
.10 .: , 2005. .314-321. 3.
Voestalpine Stahl / ., ., . // METEC Congress-2003, Dusseldorf, 16-20
June, 2003. .419-422. 4. /
.., .., .. . // . 2001. 11. .62-64. 5.
. / .., .. . // IV .
, 2002. .278-280. 6.
1680 / .., ..,
.., . // . . 19, .5. : . ,
2004. .71-76. 7. ..
// . 1998. 11. .33-36. 8. ..
// 4- . , , 2001.
9. /
.., .. . // . . . .9 .: , 2004. .208-220. 10.
/ .., .., .., .. // 12- " ". 20-24 ,
2004. .124-126. 11. Krot P.V. Statistical Dynamics of the Rolling Mills // IUTAM 2009 Symposium on the Vibration Analysis of Structures with Uncertainties. July 610, 2009, St. Petersburg.
IUTAM Bookseries, 2011. Volume 27, Part 4. p.429-442. 12. / .., .. . // .
2003. 8. .41-45. 13. .. // : , , .
.1. : , 2008. .46-53. 14. .. // . 2008.
2(12). C.45-53. 15. .. . -.: , 2007. 276.
31.05.11

81

621.833
.. , . ,

-

-
.
10.
- . 10.
The influence of biconvex-concave teeth wear of bevel gears on the curvature radiuses of the teeth lateral surface and contact stresses in gear was investigated. A model of the worn gear teeth of coal shearer
RKU10 is shown.

. - (-) [1]
. -
, .

[2]. , , - .

- .
.

,
, , . [3].
10
" " (. , ., ).
.
( 1)
.
82


13

15,4647

13
24

0,55
0,95

90

6,3

70

27,69/

10420

1866,9/
2024

, 5763HRC

1080

2 b
t :
) , )


.
2.

3.

2-3 , . , .
, , , .
, ,
.

:
qE r
,
H = 0,418

83

84

1 -

Er (
Er =203000); 1 2 , ; r = 1 2 ( 1 + 2 ) , .

4 b
t :
) ; )


5.

5 t :
1 , 2

3 t :
1 ; 2


4.
85


,
.
86

. , . , .
.
: 1. 12.44.28.028-76. - . .: 1976. 28. 2. . // Gliwice:
MECHANIKA, 1999 Z.131. 3. S. Winkelbach. Low-Cost Laser Range Scanner and Fast Surface Registration
Approach / Simon Winkelbach, Sven Molkenstruck, Friedrich M. Wahl // Deutsche Arbeitsgemeinschaft fr
Mustererkennung. 2006. LNCS 4174. P.718-728.
20.05.11

621.833.6
.. , . - "", .
.. , . . ""
.. , "", .
.. , ..., ""


AI
AI .
. .
AI .
.
The method of finding of the optimum result volume of planetary transmission AI from the conditions of
the bending strength and contact strength is considered. The optimum distribution transfer attitude from the
area of existence of number of teeth is given. Example optimization of planetary transmission is given.

. , .
87

.
.
, ,
AI ... AI .

. .

. . AI ... AI .
. , [1-3]. [2]

,
. - , . [4].
,
.
. AI ... AI
, . , [6-7].
.
AI ... AI n 1 [7]. i- , ui, 1.
V , 1,
n

V = V1 + V2 + ... + Vn = Vi ,
i =1

88

(1)

, , , , Bi .
, z3i-2,
Bi = 1 . -

Vi i- .

b1d12 .
, [1]
2T K F K Fv 1 F1 (YFS )1 z1
.
(4)
b1d12
U k1 ( FP )1

1 AI ... AI

[5] , Vi

Vi =

b3i 2 d 32i 2
4

2
2

1 + k ui 2 + n ui ,
i
Mi

4
2

, (4), ,
[6, 7]. , .

F =

(2)

z3i
i- ; ki
z3i 2
i- ; d 3i 2 , b3i 2
z3i-2
i- ; nMi , i-
,
z3i-2 z3i-1,
z3i-22.
(2) (1)

b1d12
4

Ai Bi ,

(3)

i =1

b d2
u2
u 2
Ai = 1 + k i i
+ nMi i ; Bi = 3i 2 32i 2 .
4
b1d1
2
(3) B1 = 1 .
,
89

2T (K F K Fv )1 1 (YFS )1
.

( FP )1
4

(5)

(3) (5)

ui = 1 +

V =

VF =

nM 1

V
z
= 1
C F k1U

Ai Bi .

(6)

i =1

Bi = 1 k1 = k 2 = ... = k n = k
= nM 2 = ... = nMn = nM , (6)
VF =

z1
kU

Ai .

(7)

i =1

(7) , n- AI ... AI , .. V F = V F (u1 , u 2 ,..., u n ) .


, n , U , z1, k nM
(7) AI ... AI .


90


V F
= 0, j = 1, n 1
u j

U
.
u n = n 1

u j
j =1

CH =

VH =

(9)

(9) (7),
AI ... AI

(U
n

2 +

nM
4

( U ) .
n

(10)

(10) ,
(7).
uopt i 4 , (9), (10)
z1,
36
.
(11)
z1 =
uopt i 2

(10) z1=18 [3].


u opt i u opt i = 4 ,
z1 18, .. . V F .
[1]
b1d12

0.7T K H K Hv 1 H 1 (Z E )1
2

U k1 (cos

tg w )1 HP 12

u
1 .
u1 2

(12)

91

(13)

n
V
u1
Ai Bi .
=

C H k1U (u1 2) i =1

(14)

, (7),
(14)
VH =

n
V
u1
Ai .
=

C H kU (u1 2) i =1

(15)

V F (15)
AI ... AI .
nopt i

V H
= 0, j = 1, n 1
u j

U
.
u n = n 1

u j

j =1

uopt i > 4 -

(cos tg w )1 ( HP )12

(13) (3) , ,

u opt 1 = u opt 2 = ... = u opt n = n U .

z1n k
1 +
kU 4

(8)

(8) [2]

V F min =

T K H K Hv 1 H 1 (Z E )1

(16)

(16) , (8).
V H
(9).
V H min =

kU

(n

k
1 +
U 2) 4

(U
n

2 +

nM
4

( U ) .
n

(16)

(9) , AI ... AI
. Z Z k Z -

92

ui .
AI ... AI , V F
V U -

,
.
, m 1 . .

U * :
- nopt ;
- u opt i ,

U * u opt i

)n

opt

u ,

.
,
(7) (15) .
, () AI ... AI , .
n AI ... AI
n

lg U
,
lg u opt

(17)

u opt .
U *
n . u
u =

U *
.
n
uopt

(18)

:
U * = 21,778 ; n = 2 ;
k=3; nM = 5 ; z = 18, z = 103 ; z 2 = 18 ; z3 = 99 ( );
.
8 AI ,
: 5,714; 4,667; 4; 3,538; 3.2; 2,941; 2,737; 2,571.
AI ... AI
(16)

V H
=0

(19)
u1
.

u1u 2 = 21,778
(19) : u opt 1 = 2,815 ; u opt 2 = 7,736 .
V H min = 0,989 .

AI ... AI , 2.
z00-z01 U U * . AI z3.
93

V H = V H (u1 ,u 2 ) -

V H = V H (u1 ) , u1 .
94

u1 > u 2
. .

k
n

1 + (u1 2)2 + M u12 +


4
4
2)

2
2
2
k U

(
)
n
U
u
1

.
+ 1 + 2 + M 1
2

4 u1
4 u1 U


u

1

V H = V H (u1 ) =

u1
*
kU (u1

(20)

(20) u1 > 2
. u1 = u opt 1 = 2,815 .
8- AI , , 4
AI ... AI . .

z00
z01
z1
z2
z3
z4
z5
u01=z01/z00
u1=1+z3/z1
u2=1+z3/z4
U = u 01u1u 2
d, %
V

1
2,815
7,736
21,778
0
0,989


1
2
3
18
18
18
25
19
24
57
39
33
21
30
33
99
99
99
21
21
33
39
39
33
1,389
1,056
1,333
2,737
3,538
4
5,714
5,714
4
21,72
21.339
21,333
0,27
2.01
2,042
1,015
1,181
1,469

4
27
36
99
27
36
1
4,667
4,667
21,778
0
1,798

"" (19).
z00-z01 4- . . U U * .
, 1.
, , u1 u 2 . 95

. ,
,
AI ... AI . .
, .
: 1. , : . . . / .. , .. , .. . : . . -, 1983. 110. 2. ..
( ) : . . - ". . -",
2003. 446. 3. .. //
- . .33. .202-207. 4.
. . / ..
, .. , .. , .. . . . .. ..
. --: , 1998. 538. 5. .. // . .: , 1982. .32. .85-87. 6. .., ., ..,
.. //
"". 2009. .29. .45-52. 7. .., .., ., .. AI //
"". 2010. .26. .77-85.
26.04.10

621.833
.. , ..., . "", .
.. , ..., . ""
.. , . ""
.. , ..., . . ,


.
.
In article realization of a method of the generalized development of B.A.Gessen for Novikov tooth gearings is shown.

96

. , ,
.
, ,
. ,
,
. , ,

' .
' , , .. , .. .
.. ,
, .

. . ..
;
.
. . a b ( ), ( ). r
0x0y0z0. ra -
r
; Va a.
r
r r
Va = a ra .

' Q; Qb Qp. Qp C2 .
, S , r r r
[5] , n , b :
r
r
r
= T + b K ,
T K .
[3] Q Qp
r
, Q Qp a .
r
a . Q , Qp
97

r
a .
: ;
r
Qp a .
Q v , . v
v . v Q,
. r
V , ' v . v
Q , Q
r
a Qp
v . , v , Q Qp.
Qp QB,
r
. QB

, QB.
S = S (t ) .
r
V .
Qp ,
. , ,
, Q . r
. Q , r
, V
r
. , r
, .
, . *
r
Q - , r
*. -
S , *. , S , * ( S =const)
r
Q . -
98

S S .
r
- r* *
r
r
r
r* = r ( S ) + ( S , S ) .

(1)

Q . , S = S (t )
* ,
r
r
r
r dS
r
r

V * = V + ( +
) +
,
dt

r
r
r
r dS
dr
V = * = * * * ( S =const);
dt
dt
Q ; ,
.
, :

=0;

=0,

Q .
(1) ,
, , S (t ) :
r
r
r* = r (t ) + (S , t ) .

Q p Q A ,
r
a .
r
a . Q A , Q p r
a . Q A
r
Q p a .
Q A . . , Q p Q A , . ; .
99

, - , . ,
( ) ( ) . ,
, . . , .

. ,
, , . , , , ,
.
: 1. .. // . .19, . 1949. 2. .. . .: , 1975. 102. 3. .., ..
//
: . . . :
, 1979. .50-53. 4 . . . .
.: - . -., 1963. 123.
31.05.11

621.833
.. , ..., .
. .



, . ,
.
,
.
, .

100

In operation the method of synthesis of gears with use of the parameter value, making the basic impact
on magnitude of criteria of working capacity of linkage is developed. The initial head loop ensuring improvement of criteria of working capacity of gears is synthesized.

. , [17].
[1, 2, 4-7]. -
[1-3].
[6, 7].

.
, , [7]. , .
, , - .

V =

V 12 = f1

(u + 1)
u

1
+ 1;
f1
2

(1)

- ,
( 1 = 1 c 1 )
101

R1 + f1 '2 ;
'

f2

(2)

- , ( 1 = 1 c 1 )

f
n
R ' 2 ;
' 2

u 2
f2

V2 =

(3)

- ( 1 = 1 c 1 )
V =

f1
1
n
'
2
1
R
+

1
2
f 2'
'2
u

(4)

(R1 + R2 ) f 2' ( '2 )

x=

1 2 n 3

(5)

1 =

.
, .
1. - . [1, 2, 8]
:
- ( 1 = 1 c 1 )

n
'2

u +1

f 1 '2

f 2' Ri

f1

'2
'
f2

(6)

(1)(6) :
f 1 , f 2 ,
; f 2' f 2 f1 ; u ; R1 , R 2 -

( )

; n = 1 + f 2'
;

'2

2 f1 ,
'2 =

f 2' f 1 f 2"

( )

2
f 2'

102

+ f 2' ;

(7)

i = Ri

f1
f 2'

'2 ;

(8)

f 2" f 2 f1 .
(6) (8) i = 1 ( ),
i = 2 ( ).

2. . R1 R2 ,
1

f1
'2 1,
f 2 Ri

(8)

[1]
( (1)(8))
- ( )
n2

= x0

( )

f 2' '2

(9)

- [9] ( ..)
hu = u x

0,5
0

ty

f 2'

n3

0,5

'2 ;

(10)

-
[10] ( ..)
h =

(2 R1 )0,75
x00, 4

n1,95

( ) (f )
1,55
'2

' 0, 4
2

(11)

- ( ) [9] ( (8))

( ) ( )

0,25 '

2
f1 '
f1 ' x00,75 f 2'
n
n
K = f ' R1 + ' 2
R ' 2
' 2
0,75

f2
f2
n
2u
2

0,5

103

; (12)

P = p ff 1

1
+ 1;
f'
2

(13)

- [11] ( ..)
f '
(14)
= f 1' 2 .
f 2 Ri
(9)(14) :
x0 = ( R1 + R2 ) R1R2 ; , , , , a ,
( f1 f 2 ); f
[9]

HB Ra x 0, 25
x
0,09qn0,110 lg

Enp

f =
,
0, 75
0,07V0,1 V 12

( )

(15)

qn ; HB
; Ra
; Enp
; x ; .
, f1 ,
f 2' , n, V 12 - .
'2 , (7). '2 ( )
( ), '2 3. , '2
0 < '2 < 3. , , ,
( 1,2) Sa 0,25m ( m ) [11]. , .
104

3. . 1 .
f1 , f 2 ( f1 )
. f1 = f10 f 2 = 0,
f10

f2'

'
f20
= tg0 ,

I
f20
= a1 = tg0;

( )

2 = kf 1 + ,

(16)

f1
+ f2 ,
f 2'

(18)


f1 = (kf1 + c f 2 ) f 2' .

(19)

'
f1 = f10 f 2 = 0, f 2' = f 20
= tg 0 (19)

(20)

(19)
i

r =1

(r )
f 20
( f1 f10 )r ,
r!

,
: k = 2 ; tg 0 = 0,5 ; f 10 = 0,5 (
1). (22) (21): a1 = 0,5 ;
a 2 = 0,25 ; a 3 = 0,625 ; a 4 = 2,6875 ; a 5 = 16,3437 ; a 6 = 128,3906 .
2.
( 2)

(17)

, 2 [1],

f2 =

(21).

ar
( f1 f10 )r + 0,1988 . (23)
r =1 r!

f2 =

c .

c = f10 (ctg 0 k ) .

[
[

(16)

2 =

[1+(a1 k)a1]a1 ;

f10
a a +3(a2 )2 +3(a1 k)a3 a1
[a a + 2(a1 k)a2]a1 ;
III
IV
f20
f20
;
= a3 = 2 1
= a4 = 3 1
f10
f10
[a a +10a2a3 + 4(a1 k)a4]a1 ; f VI = a = a5 a1 +15a2a4 +10(a3)2 +5(a1 k)a5 a1 . (22)
V
f20
= a5 = 4 1
20
6
f10
f10

f1 = f10 ( 1).

'2 K ( f1 )
f1 . , K ( f1 ) = k = const .

'2 = k = const.

II
f20
= a2 =

(21)

(r ) r f f = f . f 20
2
1
10

(19) f1 = f10 . "k"


105

f 2
(23) .

> 1,2 2
( n = 9,34 ; max = 30,7 ; 0,5S a = 0,312 ) .

. ( 20 )
( ):
,
1,87 , 1,9 , 1,55 , 1,27 ,
1,9 .

:
1. , .
106

2. , 1,272 ( ).
: 1. .., .., .. . . - . ., 2006. 408. 2. .., .., .. . . - . .,
2004. 336. 3. ..
// . .: . . 1968. . 35-46.
4. .. //
. . 1867106, 1967. .1-8. 5. .., ..,
.., ..
// "". : "", 2010. 27. .128-133. 6. Tokoly P., Bosancky M., Vanya A. The effect of gear geometry on the thickness of tooth face hardened eayer //
"". : "", 2010. 27. .10-19. 7. .. . : , 2005. 100. 8. .., .., .. // "". : "", 2001. 12. .27-33. 9. , ,
. 2- . // . .. .. . .: ,
1978. .1 400., 1979. .2 338. 10. ..
. .: , 1976. 304. 11. .. . .: , 1980. 464.
05.05.11

621.9:621.833
.. , , , .




,
, . .
,
,
.
.
Experimental studies of the approximate cylindrical spyroid gears have shown that such programs have
a fairly high technical characteristics, which they can be widely used in industry. The paper setting out
the methodology of machine tools for cutting wheels of such transfers by copying the cutting head with
inclined incisors.

107

'.
. [1],

, ,
' .
.
. .
.
,
( , ) , .
.
, , .
, , - ,
,
.
400 0,02.
,
' , [1] , .
, , , , 0,02 5 .
- 108

,
.

,
, , ,
, D,
, ( 1).

1 :
1 ;
2


, 0,005 . , , 2.
1 . ,
, 2, . 2 1 3,
.
. 3 4,
3 1. 3 5, 3 .
4 6, 7 8. 7 8, 4 6
3 1. 7 8 . 109

, .
, . 3 2
. ( 3)
L = ,
(1)
L ;
r1 , = r1 cos 1 ; r1 [2]; 1 ; , 1 3 .

3
L

2 1 3,
2. 3 . , 7 8, .

, .
D ( 1) cd ( , ), ,

ha 0 .
8
110

. ( 4) , -
.
Cr = r(1 cos 1) . r L .
1

(2)
L = + r
1 ,

cos

L ;
, = r1 sin 1 ; , 1;
; r : r =2
( 577).
- .
1. (
" ")
. L

. ,
Lh = ha 0 ha 0
, 0,005.
L ,
L . .
2. ,
.
3 2 . ,
, 0,015. , 2 (90+ )
.
0,2...0,3.
, 111

, .
. ,
.
( ), (180 ),
, .
, . 0,01
6
2 . 5.

4
L

3. . , ha 0 .


.
, .
.
4.
. 112

.
0,01. ,
, ,
. .
5.
.
6. .

.
, , .1 , .
, ( 1).
, . ,
0,0030,05,
.

:
1.
.
2.

.
: 1. ..
/ .. //
: - . : "", 2003.
.65. .105-110. 2. .. ' / .., .. // . : "". .69.
.239-244.
05.05.11

113

621.833
.. , ..., , . ,




, .

, , .
New methodology of system probability calculation on stress by main efficiency criterions of cylindrical
gear package reducer with regard to random factor fluctuations influencing their load-carrier capacity
has been offered.

.
, ( )
. ,
,
.
.
" "
[1], , , ( 1), , .
,
, .

( )
.
, 21354-87 ,
, .
114

.
,
.
, .
, .
: ; ; ; . . ,
,
( i ; i ; i ;...) , di () xi , :

[Ti ] = f1 (i ; i ; i ;......;di ; xik ; S~i );


i

1
-

, . ,

,
,
.

. ,
. ,


. , , ,
.
,
- , ,
.
115

(i = 1,2,3...N); (k = 1,2,3,...n).

(1)


, ,

. ,
.
,
, , .
, -
- .
n , . i, ()
:
N ~
N ~
~
P = Q(t ) = Pi + ( Pc Pi ) K N ,
1

116

(2)

KN , .
, , () "~
" ( ) P = Pc . ( -

.
, " ".

"" a wT . , ,

N
): P~ = P~i .

""
(
) [3, 4].
, , , .. , ,
, , " -", ( ) :

, . , , ,
c,
, xik ; x(i 1) k .

d i +1
= B j j f 2i ( xik ; x(i +1) k ),
di

B j = f 3i ( i ; i ; i ;... i +1 ; i +1 ; i +1 );

~ ~

j = f 4i ( S i ; S i +1 ) ;

~ ~
B j , j ; S i ; S i +1
.
, , .
, .
,
m xik ; m x( i+1) k , j [2]:

j = B j j f 2i ( A0 j + Aij xi +1 + ... + A1 j xi 2 + ... + A2 j x(i +1) k + A2 j ),


A0 j , Aij ,... A1 j ,... A2 j , A2 j ( ).
, ( )
. , ,

117

[ ]

Ti < Ti .

(3)

(4)

" -"
[2],
. , [Ti ] Ti
, ,
([T ]i ) (Ti ) :

(Ti ) =

([T ]i ) =

Ti

(Ti m ) 2
Ti
;
exp

2 T2
2
i

[T ]i

([ ]

T m
i
[T ]i
exp

2 [T ]
2
i

(5)

) ,
2

(6)

mT , T , m[T ] , [T ] i
i
i

.
, ,
Qi(t) :

ai mT ai m[T ]
i
i
*
Ti [T ]i

[ ]i ) = *

~
Qi (t ) = P (Ti < T

118

(7)

ai ; *
.

.
I. , T0,
() .
, . , .
:

[ ]i ) =

qi (t ) Pi (T0 > T

T0 m[T ]
i

[T ]i

T0

([T ]i )d [T ]i =

T
* 0

m[T ]
i
,
[T ]i

(8)

1
1 u p[T ]

(i = 1,2,..., n) .

(9)

up , (
).
II.
( )
. ()
:
+
T p m[T ]
~
i
Qi (t ) P T i < T p = 1 (Ti )dTi = * i

[
T
]
i

([ ]

T p i , :
T pi m[T ]
i

[T ]i

,
" -". ,
, (
) .
( ) ~
: S i = TPi T0 .
:

~ 1 + u p [T ]i
Si =
.
1 u p [T ]

(12)

m[T ] ,
i
i

(11)

, ( )
:
~
S i = f 5i Qi (t ); [T ] ,
(1 = 1,2,..., k ) .

= ( * ) q i (t ) = u p .

m[T ] = T0

TPi = m[T ] (1 + u p [T ] .

= ( * )Qi (t ) = u p .

119

,
,
. ,
.
III.
:
~
T pi = k d SiT0 ;

T pi = k d T0

(10)

1 + u p [T ]

1 u p [T ]

(13)

kd .
- , .
- .
120

,
. , . "
", (w).
, , , , ,
, .
. .


:

[TH ] =

iT2

2 ba

( H lim Z NT / S H min ) K HM 3
a w , .
K A K H K H K Hv
(iT + 1) 3 ( Z E Z H Z ) 2

(14)

21354-87.
, .
(14),
. ,
, .
() ( , , ). ,
[57]:
m xi = 0,5(sup xi + inf xi ); xi =

(sup xi inf xi )
(sup xi inf xi )

,
; xi = xi =
6
m xi 3(sup xi + inf xi )

, : ,
H lim , K A , K H , K H , K Hv .


: , H 0 lim b ,
Z R ; Z w ;

Z N ; Z L . :

H lim = ZV Z X Z N Z R Z w Z L H 0 lim b .

(15)

(15) m 0 , mZ R , mZ N , mZ L , mZ w ,
H lim b

H lim :
m H lim = A1 (mZR mZN mZL mZw m
+(

2 H lim
Z L2

) m Z2L + (

H 0 lim b

+ 0,5((

2 H lim
Z w2

2 H lim
Z R2

) m Z2w + (

) m Z2R + (

2 H lim
H2 0 limb

2 H lim

) m 2

Z N2
H 0 limb

) m Z2N +

)).

(16)

A1 = Z V Z X . , Z N , Z R , Z w , Z L , H 0 lim b :
m H lim = A1 (mZ R mZ N mZ L mZ w m

H 0 lim b

).

(17)

H lim , , :

2 H lim = (

H lim 2 2

2 2
Z N + ( H lim ) m2 Z2 L +
) m Z R + ( H lim ) m
Z R
Z N
Z L
H lim 2 2
H lim 2 2
)m Z w + (
) m 0 )).
H lim b
Z w
H 0 lim b

m xi , xi , xi , sup xi , inf xi , , , .
, -

, , , :

121

122

+(

(18)

2H lim = A12 mZ R mZ N mZ L mZ w m

2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2
.
ZR
ZN
ZL
Zw
0
H 0 lim b
H lim b

T2H = (

H lim =

H lim
m H lim

Z , Z , Z , Z ,
R

= Z2 R + Z2 N + Z2 L + Z2 w + 2

H 0 lim b

.
mTH :
2

mTH = A2 (
+(

m H lim mK HM
mK A mK H mK H mK Hv

2TH

) m K2 H
K H2

A2 =

+(

2TH
K H2

)+

(iT + 1) ( Z E Z H Z )

TH
1 TH
(( 2 ) m 2H lim + (
) m K2 A +
2 H lim
K A2

) m K2 H + (

2iT2 ba ( Z NT S H min ) 2
2

2TH

) 2
2 m K Hv
K Hv

+(

2TH
2
K HM

) m K2 HM ).

2T
T
TH 2 2
1 2T
2 4
H lim + ( H2 ) m2 K4 A +
) m KHv + ( H ) 2m K2 HM + (( 2 H ) m
2 H lim
K HM
K Hv
K A

+(

2TH
2TH 2 4
2TH 2 4
2TH 2 4
2 2
)

(
)

(
)

)
((
)m
KH K2 H +
+
+
+
m
K
m
K
m
K
2
H
H
Hv
K H K H
K Hv
K H2
K H2

+(

2TH
2TH
2 2
2 2
)m
KH K2 Hv + (
)m
KHv K2 H ).
K HvK H
K H K Hv

TH = A2

m2 H lim mK HM
mK A mK H mK H mK Hv

((42H lim + K2 A + K2 H + K2 H + K2 Hv + K2 HM ) +

+ (24H lim + K4 A + K4 H + K4 H + K4 Hv ) + ( K2 H K2 H + K2 H K2 Hv + K2 Hv K2 H ) 0,5 .


(20)

TH = ((42 H lim + K2 A + K2 H + K2 H + K2 Hv + K2 HM ) + 2(4 H lim + K4 A

a w3 .

+ K4 H + K4 H + K4 Hv ) + ( K2 H K2 H + K2 H K2 Hv + K2 Hv K2 H ) 0,5 .

, , :

m2 H lim mK HM
mTH = A2
mK mK mK mK
A
H
H
Hv

+(

(19)

H 0 lim b

TH 2 2
T 2 2
T
T
K A + ( H ) m2 K2 H + ( H ) m2 K2 H +
) m H lim + ( H ) m
H lim
K A
K H
K H

2
2
2
2
2
1 + H lim + K A + K H + K H + K Hv
m2
mK2 A mK
mK2 H mK2 Hv
H lim

. :

m2 H lim mK HM
mTH = A2
mK mK mK mK
A H H Hv

123

(21)

(22)

(22)

.
:

TH = 42H lim + K2 A + K2 H + K2 H + K2 Hv + K2 HM .

(23)

, ,


.
. mK HM , 124

[5]. " " [5]: mK HM = 1,0 ; K HM = 0,04 .


()
. , , " "
mK FM [5]: mK FM = 1,0 ; K FM = 0,03 .
:

[TF ] = (iiT m+n1) Y YbaY


T

FS

( F limYNT / S F min ) K FM 2
a w , .
K A K F K F K Fv

(24)

, , :

m F lim = A3 (mYR mYN mYg mYd m

F 0 lim b

).

(26)

m F lim ; mYR , mYN , mYg , mYd , m

F 0 lim b

; A3 , A3 = YT YZ YAY Yx .
, ,
F lim :

2 F lim = (

F lim 2 2

) m YR + ( F lim ) 2m Y2N + ( F lim ) 2m Y2g + ( F lim ) 2m Y2d +


Yd
YR
YN
Yg

,
, :
,
K A , K F , K F , K Fv .
,
: ,
F 0 lim b ; -

, :

Yg ; ao

+(

F lim 2 2
2
) m 0 + ( F lim ) 2m Y2g Y2d .
F lim b
F 0 lim b
Yg Yd

2 F lim = A32 (mYR mYN mYd mYd m

(25)
m 0 , mYR , mYN , mYg , mYd ,
F lim b

F lim b :

F 0 0 lim b

+ 0,5((

2 F lim
2 F lim
2
+
)

(
) m Y2N +
m
Y
R
YR2
YN2

2 F lim
2 F lim
2 F lim
2
2
+(
+
+
)

(
)

(
) m 2 0 )).
m
Y
m
Y
g
d
F lim b
Yg2
Yd2
F2 0 lim b

125

m F lim

Y ,Y ,Y ,Y ,
R

m F lim = A3 (mYR mYN mY g mYd m

F lim

F lim =

YN ; YR :
(25)

)2

(Y2R + Y2N + Y2g + Y2d + 2

Yd ;

F lim = YT YZ YAY Yx F 0 lim bYRYN Yg Yd .

F 0 lim b

F 0 lim b

+ Y2g Y2d ).

= Y2R + Y2N + Y2g + Y2d + 2

F 0 lim b

F 0 lim b

+ Y g Y d ,

(27)

(28)

()

.
TF . mTF :
mTF = A4 (
+(

m F lim mK FM
mK A mK F mK F mK Fv

)+

2TF
1 2TF
(( 2 ) m 2 F lim + (
) 2
2 m KA
2 F lim
K A

TF
2TF
2TF
2TF
2
2
2
+
+
+
)

(
)

(
)

(
) m K2 FM ). (29)
m K F
m K F
2 m K Fv
2
K F2
K F2
K Fv
K FM

126

A4 =

iT ba (YNT S F min ) m 2
a w .
(iT + 1)(YFS Y Y )

:
mTF = A4 (

m F lim m K FM

TF = 2 F lim + K2 A + K2 F + K2 F + K2 Fv + K2 FM .

)(1 + K2 A + K2 F + K2 F + K2 Fv ).

m K A m K F mK F m K Fv

:
mTF = A4

m F lim mK FM
mK A mK F mK F mK Fv

(30)

TF :

T2F

=(

TF

F lim

) 2m 2 F lim

T
T
T
+ ( F ) 2m K2 A + ( F ) 2m K2 F + ( F ) 2m K2 F +
K A
K F
K F

TF 2 2
TF 2 2
2TF 2 4
1 2T
) m K Fv + (
) m K FM + (( 2 F ) 2m 4 F lim + (
)m K A +
K Fv
K FM
2 F lim
K A2

+(

2TF 2 4
2TF 2 4
2TF 2 4
2TF
2 2
+
+
+
)

(
)

(
)

)
((
)m
K F K2 F +
m K F
m K F
2 m K Fv
K F K F
K F2
K F2
K Fv

TF = A4

mK A mK F mK F mK Fv

[( F lim

+ K2 A

+ K2 F

+ K2 F

+ K2 Fv

+ K2 FM

)+

+ 2( K4 A + K4 F + K4 F + K4 Fv ) + ( K2 F K2 F + K2 F K2 Fv + K2 Fv K2 F )]0,5 .
:

TF =

TF
mTF

= (2F lim + K2 A + K2 F + K2 F + K2 Fv + K2 FM +2( K4 A +

+ K4 F + K4 F + K4 Fv ) + ( K2 F K2 F + K2 F K2 Fv + K2 Fv K2 F ))0,5 .
127

( Z E Z Z H S H min ) 2 m K A m K H m K H m K Hv
T H .
2
iT2 ba Z NT
( m H lim ) 2 m K HM

(33)

aw =

aw
maw

1
= TH .
3

(34)


Qi(t):

:
2

2TF
2TF
2 2
2 2
)m
K F K2 Fv + (
)m
K Fv K2 F ).
K F K Fv
K Fv K F

m F lim mK FM

(32)

,
, .
,
Qi(t) :
ma w = 10 (iT + 1)

+(

+(

(31)
, :

(31)

mmn =

(i T +1) YFS Y Y mK A m K F m K F m K Fv
1
103 T pF .
iT
m F lim mK FM
ba
( maw ) 2

(35)


:
mn
(36)
mn =
= T F .
mm n
, (33)-(36) , , , , ,
, .
128

:
1. ,
,
.
2.
, .
: 1. .., .., .., ..
// . .
" 2003". --/, 2003. .14-17.
2. .., .. . .: ,
1988. 480c. 3. .. / .. , .. , ..
; . .. : . . . -, 2002. 305. 4. ..,
.., .. . .: , 1988. 237. 5. ..
// 1982. 4. .34-43; 5.
.49-53; 6. .49-52; 7. .45-48; 8. .45-47.
07.05.11

539.3
.. , - . "",
.. , ..., ., . ""
.. , .
. .. ""



. . .

. . .

.
[1, 2]. : [3],
() [4], () [5].
[1], , .
. , .
.
( ) ( , ), . . ,
. ,
, 2
1 (. 1).
R1 , R2 ,
, ( ).
, , R1 , R2 , , .

2
2
z=

z=

1 2
x
2 R1

1 2
y
2 R2
y
2

1
d

1
1

1 ( 1 z = 0 )

General formulation of contact problem was proposed for the bodies with the close radius of curvature
along one of the main directions. Geometric dimensions of the contacting bodies and the curvature radius were parameterized. Behavior of contact zones and the distribution of contact pressure during the
contact interaction of the bodies with close radius was illustrated.

2 , 2 , 1 2

129

130

. ,
, , . . . = b r ,
. ,
pmax ( ) . , , b , , ,
"" pmax . ,
, "" . , b , 0
,
. , .
pmax = pmax ( , , )
.
( , , ).

1
I (u ) =
(1)
ij (u ) ij (u )dv Pi ui d min,
2 ( 1, 2 )

, ; u k ,P
.

Pz d = P,
(2)

P .

u1z u z2 =

1 2
1 2
x +
y .
2 R1
2 R2

u ( x, y ) + u z 2 ( x, y ) + h( x, y ) = 1 + 2 , S1 ( x, y )
z1
S 2 ( x, y ) ;

u z1 ( x, y ) + u z 2 ( x, y ) + h( x, y ) > 1 + 2 , S1 ( x, y )

S 2 ( x, y ) ;
u z ( x, y ) =

1 2
E

p( , )

(4)

d d ;

(5)

1 12 1 22 p( , )

u z ( x, y ) + u z ( x, y ) =
d d =
+
1
2
E1

S
E1
1
p( , )
=
d d ;
E *

(6)

Cnc mc pmc = hnc , nc N c ;


mc N c

3 2

c pmc = P.
mc N c 2

(7)

pn

z2
z2 (x, y)

P
1

I ~ I ij ~ I n
( n , n )

j
ej

z1 (x, y)

ei

z1

/3

2 - 3
1 2

( )

131

(3)

(. 2, 3):

h (x, y)


(r1 = 1 / R1 , r2 = 1 / R2 ) , : r1 = r2 = 0 ; r1 = 0, r2 0 ; r1 0, r2 0
. r1 r2 r
= r1 / r2 ]0;1] , 0 .
, . , , ,
pmax .

132

(7) Cnm , m ( p n = 1) , n (. 3).


(. 4) a, b
:

z =0

x2
a

=2

3P
x2 y2
3P
1 2 2 max =
.
2ab
2ab
a
b
1

( > 30 ). .
1

10

20

30

50

80

100

200

(8)

, , , . ,
. , ,
.
. (. 5). : b =0,015, c =0,025, d =0,01
(. 1). 100.

6
2 (. 1)

2 (. 1) 100. : R2 / R1 = = var . R2
(. 6) .

, ( , ).
R2 133

. . ,

.
: 1. . . .: , 1989.
509. 2. .. . .: , 1980.
303. 3. Hertz H. ber die Berhrung fester elastischer Krper. Math. 1881. Vol. 92. S.156-171.
4. . . .: , 1987. 328.
5. . . .: , 1977. 349.
31.05.11

134

621.833
.. , . -, . ,
.. , , . --,

-
( 2)

- .
.
Substantiates the hypothesis of the origin of the primary defects near the boundaries of areas and slip
and grip under extreme nature of the change of contact-fatigue life changing gradient of shear stress in
the degeneration of the field of adhesion.

[1] ,

.
( ) ,
+ 0. [2] "" , , .
, . ,
.
[3, 4], [4] .
,

2
1
,
3
- .
grad . 0
11
grad
grad

, 3

1. 135

( 1). 1 0 + ( , ). 0 ,
, grad 2.
v, , , ,
.
grad

"k" 0,01 0,04 ( 1 1).
[5]

, . a, b ( ):
()
a ()
b ()
()

1190
0,382
0,234
0,015

1670
0,431
0,263
0,030

2340
0,479
0,293
0,057

" ". ( 2) , , . so.


, , .
,
" " .

" " .

, + 0. .
.
, ( 3,).
136

ySo

ySo
x

y
y

"
"
S=0
S=0
x
.



, 2 .



+ 0. . . , ( 3,).
, [6, 7]
v=0, ( 3,),
, , , ( 4).

3 . -07-15: m=3,0; z1=49; z2=51;


=0,356; 1=191,082-1; =3000; f=0,05 [6]
() 1=2=0; .
() 1=0,3; 2=0,3;

137

a
+
b
4
1=0,3; 2=0,3

, "" ,

L=cosab/[b2os2+a2sin2]0,5,
, .
L>L ; LL
.
,
(
). , , .
: 1. .., .. - ( 1) // "": . . . . . " ". , 2011. 28. .106-110. 2. .., .. / . .: . 1969. .274-284. 3. . . .: , 1989. 432. 4. Tyler J.., Burton R.., Ku
P.. Contact fatigue under an oscillatory normal load // Trans. ASLE. 1963. 6. .255. 5.
.. //
. 1993. 3. .61-69. 6. .., ..
// . .
. . 44. , 1988. .113-119. 7. .., .. - // . 2007. 3.
04.05.11

138

621.833
.. , , . ,
. --,

, , , . .
. .
. , , .
, , , .
. .
. .
, , .
The numerical algorithm of the flat contact problem decision consisting in definition of a minimum
some square-law functional, set in the area containing in advance unknown border is developed. It is defined from a minimality condition of functional. Problems for flat area are considered. The twodimensional problem dares a method of grids. Border position find from a minimum condition. For
minimum search various methods, in particular, genetic algorithms are used.

. ,
. , .

,
.

. , , . ,
, u*,* : I u*,* = min I (u, ) , u

uH,

H, .
[8]. , . .
139

.
, - ~ . ,
~ . u min I (u, ~ ) , u~ ,
u

u~ I, , :
I~ ( ) = I (u~ ( ), ) .

I~
min I~(u~( ), ) .

:
1) : 0.
2) u0.
3) I 0 = I (u0 ,0 ) .
4) n.
5) u n : min I (u , n ) .
u

6) I n = I (un , n ) .
7) .
:
) ;
) In.

( ). ,
, ..
, .
1. . ,
, (. 1).
, 1 2, Z(x) X(x), Z(x) ,
, X(x) (x
- ), , () (+)
(0):
=+ 0.

Z(x) : Z(x)0 R, Z(x)=0 .


:
X(x)=Z(x)e(x),
140

e(x)=v(x)/||v(x)|| (v0, v(x)


1 2);
( ).

v(x)=0.
, ||X(x)||Z(x).
:
Z(x,t)=Q(t)

[a(t )]2 x 2 ;

Q(t)=

1 1
1
+
,
2 A R1 R2

Ri i .
, , , , , .
,
F=

{Z ( x) || v( x) || X ( x) v( x)}dx.

2. . , .
, . .
.
, ,
141

. . ,
. "" .
,
, . . , . , ( ). (. fitness function),
. , ,
(. crossover) , () . () ()
, .

().
, , .
, :
1. : ;
2. : .

.
.
-
.
,
. , .
,
. .
() , , , () 142

, .

, ,
.
:
1. , ,
2. .
, , .

, .
. .
.
. , ( ) , .
3. .
1. axa. a, h , .
2. , -
.
3. [1]

minF = Z(a+b) v(fV i Zi) i KA Zi(piqi),


a, b, p, q, v1, v2.
4. .
4. .

:
1. . , . ( ), , .
2. -

143

,
.
.
:
1. ( )
, ,
.
2. , 0 (. 2) .

V
0

3. 0.
: 1. .
. // . . -. 1971. .160-166. 3. Bhattacharya K., Kohn R.V. // Arch. Rational Mech. Anal. 1997. 139, 99-180. 4. Mielke A., Theil F., Levitas V.I. // Arch. Rational Mech. Anal.
2002, 162, 137-177. 5. .. . .: , 1985. 6. .. . .: , 1978. 7. .., .., .. . .: , 1987. 8. ., ., . . .: , 1980. 9. .., .., .. MATLAB7.
.: . -, 2005.
04.05.11

144

I1&&1 (&1 & 2 ) + C n (1 2 ) = M g (&1 );

I 2&&2 (&1 & 2 ) + C n (1 2 ) + M g = 0.

621.833.7
.. , ..., , .
.. , ..., .,
. "", .
.. , ""




,

.
, .
,
.
, .
Formulas to assess the dynamic loads in the power wave gearing of hermetic type during start-up and
transient condition are developed, taking into account the mechanical characteristics of the electromotor
to Kloss. Dynamic loads, which resulting in metal-polymer flexible wheel at start up and transition
modes of induction electromotor are determined theoretically and experimentally.

,
()
.
1. .
[1, 2]
Mg =

2M k
,
S& S k
+
Sk
S&

:
I1&1 + 12&1 + Cn1 = M g (&1 ) 0 t t0 ;
I1&1 + 12 (&1 & 2 ) + C n (1 2 ) = M g (&1 )

I 2& 2 12 (&1 & 2 ) C n (1 2 ) + M H = 0

t t0 .

(3)

.
, , 1.
2. . ,
,
.
:
=101; I=8,63104
2; Iq=71062;
, IT=1,32;
MH=450;
C=3,1103/; =15/.
12-2, , , 1.
.

[2]
M 12 =

(1)

(2)

M g I 2 + M H I1
I2 + I2

(M g M H )I 2 cos t + (2M g M H )I 2 sin t ,


1

I1 + I 2

I1 + I 2

(4)

[2]
1

, 1.
.

:
145

M g M H I2

cos p0t +

I1 + I 2
M g I 2 + M H I1 nt

+e
M12 =
. (5).
2M g M H M H C n

M
M
I
I1 + I 2
n
g
H 2
+
sin p0t

+
p
I
I
I
p

0
!
2
1 0

146



(3) . , 1. .
2. , [2]. ,
2 3 . ,
, ,
(5), 2. 1016%, 515%. (4)
2032% . 1535%.

,
3, 4.

3 ()

4 :
2 :
1 , ; 2 ,
; 3 , ; 4 ,

3. . . , ,
- .
,
, .
.
147

1 ; 2 ; 3 -061;
4 ; 5 ; 6

:
Iq=3,210,12;
IT=1,33,92;
Cn=0,81032,1104/;
MH=0450;
12=540 .
- , .
:
, : 148

(3).
, , .
( 3)
5, 6. . .

7

:

8

:

1 , (4);
2 , (5);
3 , (3);
4 Mmax,

1 , (4);
2 , (5);
3 , (3);
4

9

:

10
:

1 , (4);
2 , (5);
3 , (3)

1 , (4);
2 , (5);
3 , (3)

(5)
. , (4), , , ,
.

7-8.
,
,
.
, 9, ,
. , , 1% , 5%, 3%.
149

, 10, . 0,8103 2,1103/,


150

fc=4,222,31, 18%. ,

fc=501. ,

. . [1, 2] , .

.
,

, ,

, fc501.
4. .
, . [1, 2].
, .

, , .
,
. ,
.. , =0,010,02
[1, 2]. . , =0,81,0.
, =0,210,42 [1, 2].

2030%
.
,
,
(4) (5) [2]. , -

151

n p0 < 10 .
.
[2]
M 12 max =

M g I 2 + M H I1
I1 + I 2

+e

p0

(M g M H )I 2 .

(6)

I1 + I 2


[2]
M12 =

M g I 2 + M H I1
I1 + I 2

(2Mg MH )MHCn sin p t. (7)

M g M H I 2
cos p0t +
+ ent
I1 + I 2

I1 p02

M 12 max =

I2
0,1,
I1 + I 2

M g I 2 + M H I1
I1 + I 2

(2M g M H )Cn M H e 2pn

I1 p02

(8)

I2
>0,1
I1 + I 2

M 12 max =

M g I 2 + M H I1
I1 + I 2

M g M H I2 3
+
2
2(I1 + i2 )

(2M g M H )M H Cn e 2pn . (9)


I1 p02


35%.
15% [2, 3] :
t . =

1 M 12 max
,
ln
n 1,1M H

(10)


z=

p0
M
ln 12 max .
2n 1,1M H

152

(11)

5. . 11
[2]
M g I 2 + M H I1
(I1 + I 2 ) 2M g Cn1 M H2 I1
1 +
(12)
M 12 max =

I1 + I 2
M g I 2 + M H I1


.
, .
.

0,01. .
I1 I 2 < 0,15
1017% .
.
:
1.

.
2.
. 11

, 12
.
3. .
.
4. , , .
: 1. ..
: . . . . , 1981. 22. 2. ..,
.., .. . . : , 2010. 112. 3. .. .
. : . , 1979. 166.
20.05.11

153

621.833
.. , . "", .
.. , ..., .,
. ""
.. , ..., .
""



- .
. .
-
. .
.
The contact ratio of all of types of evolute spur gear with a convex-concave contact is considered. The method
of his solutions is described in the case of modification of basic rack. The comparative analysis of contact ratio
basic and modified racks and their comparing is conducted to the similar involute gear.

.
.
- ()
, , . , .. ,
, .. - . , . ,
1, . .
[1, 2]:
y0 =

y0 1 + y0 2
,
ky0 + x0

(1)

x0 , y0 ; k
. k>1 (), . k<1 (),
154

.. . 2 - . [3, 4]

( x z , y z ) , :
( y 2 ( x0 ))'

( x2 ( x0 ))'

x ( x ) cos ( x0 ) + y2 ( x0 ) sin ( x0 )
cos ( x0 ) = 2 0
;
r2

2 ( x0 ) = 2 ( ( x0 ) + ( x0 ));

xz ( x0 ) = x2 ( x0 ) cos 2 ( x0 ) y2 ( x0 ) sin 2 ( x0 );
yz ( x0 ) = x2 ( x0 ) sin 2 ( x0 ) + y2 ( x0 ) cos 2 ( x0 ).

( x0 ) = arctg

a)

[1] . (2) :

1 :
) ; ), )

x0 [h*f , ha* ];

( x0 )
y z ( x0 ) =
.
y( x0 )

y ( x0 ) = C1 x0 + C2 x02 + C2 x03 + ... + Cn x0n .


ha* ];

x1 ( x0 ) = ( x( x0 ) a( x0 )) cos 1 ( x0 ) + ( y ( x0 ) + r1 ) sin 1 ( x0 );

y1 ( x0 ) = ( x( x0 ) a( x0 )) sin 1 ( x0 ) + ( y ( x0 ) + r1 ) cos 1 ( x0 ).

155

y ( x0 ) = 0,28491x0 + 0,18971x02 + 0,14419 x03 + (0,14427) x05 +

+ 0,086228 x07 .

x0 [h*f , ha* ];

(2)

x0 ,
( ).

.
, [5], , . [6]
:

(5)

.
1. :

. . [1, 3]:
x0 [ h*f ,

(4)

(6)

2. :
y ( x0 ) = 0,267949 x0 + 0,184264 x03 + 0,0129465 x05 0,0288067 x07 ;
y ( x0 ) = 0,267949 x0 + 0,114641x03 + 0,008447 x05 0,0197301x07 ;
y ( x0 ) = 0,36397 x0 + 0,206366 x03 + 0,0138768 x05 0,031043 x07 ;
y ( x0 ) = 0,36397 x0 + 0,126246 x03 + 0,0089702 x05 0,0191787 x07 .

(7)

, x0 [h*f , ha* ].
(3)

2-4 ( ), 156

( ). : z1=40,
u=2, m=10.

4 .
= 20 . : ) k=3, ) k=5
)

2 :
) - , ) - .
= 15,9

. , .. . . , , . .

3 .
= 15 . : ) k=3, ) k=5

157

158

z = za zp -

5
. a1 a2 b1 b2
, , a1
a 2 , a1b1 = a 2 b2 ,
b1 b2 . . P = 2 / z1 :

= P .

(8)

= z + a + p .

(9)

, 5,
d a1 d a 2 ,
. LK , , .
a , (4)
:
xd a21 + yd a21 = (r1 + ha*m) 2 ,

(10)

r1 ,
( x z1 , y z1 )
, a :

a = arctg(x z1 y z1 ) .

( xa , ya ) ( x p , y p ) .

(3), x0 x / 4 .
za x0 = ha* ( xa , ya ) . za :
6
z

za = arctg(xa ya ) .

zp x0 (4) (12). ( x p , y p ) ,

zp = arctg(x p y p ) .

(11)

:
(12)

r2 .
(4) (12), ( x z 2 , y z 2 )
, p :

p = arctg(x z 2 y z 2 ) .
159

(13)

(15)

. [1,
7] ,
. "" , . .

p , xd a22 + yd a22 = (r2 + ha*m) 2 ,

(14)

160

7
. hm1 hm2
. , hm1 hm2
x0 .
(4) (5), , z m1 zm2 , , ,
.
, , m1 m2 .
z m1 ( xm1 , ym1 ) , m1 :

m1 = arctg xm1 ym1 .

9
- -

(16)

m2 . :

( m1 + m 2 )
.
2 / z

(17)

8-13 .

10

8
( = 15,9, u = 1)

161

8-10 ,
, > 1 , z1 > 120 > 2 .
- -. ,
[1],
.
, u .
11-12 , ,
, , > 1 .
162

, , ,
= 15 , u : < 1,5 .
13 ,
[5] , .. , () 2. ,
.
.
11
( = 15, u = 2)

12

:
1. k
.
2.
.
3. , ,
, .
4. , . . - . , ,
= + 1,1K1,2 .
: 1. .. . :
, 2005. 100. 2. .. //
"": . . . , 2003. .5. .103-106. 3. .., ..
// "": . . . . . " ". , 2010. 19. .124-128. 4. .., ..
// : . . . .
", , ". , 2011. 120. .132137. 5. .. . .: . 1968. 584. 6. .., ..
// "": . . . . .
" ". , 2010. 19. .124-128. 7. ..
. // . 2010.
1. .37-43.
30.05.11

13

163

164

621.831:539.4
.. , .
"", "", . ,
.. ,
-1 ""



. . .

. . .
Gearing with high contact ratio (HCR) has another properties then gearing formed with the standard
shape profile. These gears are characterized by increased strength capacity. In the present paper the
problem of stress concentration at the root of gear based on the boundary element method (BEM). HCRgearboxes designed by the use of presented improved calculation will not be oversized.

. ,
.
, .
John Deere 6020, Eaton Twin Splitter
, . [1-3].
"" ( 1,
2). , .
: ,
( , ,
) .

, .

165

. ,
13755-81. ,
.
.
=1,98.
. 21534-87 YFS . , ()
[4-6]. ,

=14,5;17,5;20;25 ha* =1 =28 ha* =0,9; =20 ha* =1,25.
(x=0,8+0,8)
(z=10500)
.
YFS
.

ha*

c*

*f

YFS

1
2
3
4
5
6

1430
1730
20
25
28
20

1,0
1,0
1,0
1,0
0,9
1,25

0,408
0,345
0,25
0,203
0,184
0,23

0,544
0,493
0,38
0,352
0,347
0,352

YFS=3,96+11,89/z27,47x/z0,015x2
YFS=3,62+13,12/z27,38x/z+0,028x2
YFS=3,57+10,46/z23,36x/z+0,038x2
YFS=3,08+9,85/z20,76x/z+0,049x2
YFS=2,70+8,32/z19,19x/z+0,063x2
YFS=3,91+15,89/z30,69x/z+0,29x2

.
YFS
KH KF. <2 100% . >2 166

, . , ~63% .

, [2, 7-10].

152,
5965HRC, 2945HRC,
7-6-6 () 1643-81.
8 ().
=15.

4 z1/z2=19/45; m=4,5; =1,42 z1/z2=29/69; m=3; =2,12

167

168


"-1523" 3.
, ,
30000 , "-1523" . 4282, 1520
( XMS-950).

621.831

.
. , 16532-70 21534-87 .

"-1523". .

- . , , , . - .

: 1. Barnett D.W., Agarwal A.B., Braun E.R. Load Sharing in High Contact Ratio
Truck Transmission Gearing // ATZ Automobiltechnische Zeitschrift. 92 (1990). 2. P.80-88.
2. .., .
// . 2008. 8(55). C.129-134. 3. Rameshkumar M., Sivakumar
P. end etc. Load Sharing Analysis of High-Contact-Ratio Spur Gears in Military Tracked Vehicle Applications // Gear Technology. 2010. P.43-50. 4. .., .., .. //
: . .
.-. . , 1979. .197-199. 5. .., .. ; . . . , 1982. 49. . 24.05.82, 3163-82. 6. ..
// . II,
. -. 2008. .XVI. .159-162. 7. Wang J., Howard I. A Further Study on
High-Contact-Ratio Spur Gears in Mesh with Double-Scope Tooth Profile Modification // Gear Technology. 2008. P.64-70. 8. Franulovic M., Basan R., Krizan B. Critical Position of HCR Gears Teeth
with Regard to Pitch Error // Engineering Review. 2008. Vol.28 2. P.1-10. 9.
.., .. . - : -- / . 4-, . . / . . .. . : , 2007.
186. 10. KISSsoft software 10-2008, Calculation Programmes for Machine Design [www.KISSsoft.ch.].
04.05.11

169

.. , ..., . ,
.
.. , ..., .
.. , .
.. , . .

.. ,

-
.
, . - .
The technique of the equations estimating tensely-deformed condition of a cover of a flexible wheel of
wave gear is presented. Power factors covers operating on an allocated element are reduced to the counterbalanced system normal and tangents of pressure which it is replaced with equivalent system of efforts and the moments. The stress-deformed condition of a cover is received in movings and is solved by methods of the theory of elasticity.

.
, , 0,012
( 1) [1]. h a , . , . .
M 0 , , U M,
r = r +U ;

U = U 1 + v 2 + n ,

U, v, U 1 , 2 , n .
,
170

2
2
1 + U 1 2 v
1 v 1
h2

+
+

2 a x
2 x 2 a 2
a 2 12 a 2

3
3
2
2
d 3

(
)
1
1
1
1
v
v

d
h

P
2
+
+

= 0;

+ 2
+ 2
3
3
2
2
x
2
Eh
a
x

a 12 a

2
4
4
2
U 1 v h

a 4 +

a x 2 2
x a a 12 x

1 4 h2 1 3 v
1 3 v aP 3 1
+

= 0.
+ 3
+ 3

4
2
3
Eh
12 a x a
a

2 U + 1 2 U + 1 + 2 v + P1 (1 2 ) = 0;
Eh
2 a x a x
x 2
2 a 2 2

, , .
, , [1]. , ,
( 2) N, N, N, , , ,
Eh U
1 v
+ v
;
2
1 v x
a a
U
Eh 1 v
+v
;
N =
x
1 v 2 a a
Nx =

Eh v 1 U
+

;
2 (1 + ) a

N x =

Mx =

Eh3 2 v v 2
+
+

;
12 1 v 2 x 2 a 2 2

M =

Eh 3
12 1 v 2

M x =

2 1
v 2 + 2
a
x

Eh 3
12(1 v ) a

(1)

v 2

+ 2 ;

1 v 2

2 x + x

; .
- [2]
171

2 ,

172

(2)

U , v , w ,
1=2=3=0, (2)

2 U w

= 0;

2
a
x

2 2

v
1

h
= 0;
(3)

1 +
2
2
2 12a x

U ah 2 4

=
0
.
12 x 4
x

(1) (6) U = 0 ,
N x = G h C1.

N x
N x = h.

(4)

2 (4)
v = C 1 x.

(5)

( 3)

2a
=
= a a .
1
1 (5)
,
v ( 4)
v
= .
(6)
1 =
dx

(8)

(7) (8) 1

C1 =

(3)
v = C1 x + C 2 .

(7)

(9)

v 1 (9) (5)
x
v=
.
G
,
= 2 a 2 h

2 a h


Wp

(10)

Wp .
(6), (9) (10),

(11)
=
.
W pG
x = a (11),

x
W p G a

x
GI p

3 - 4

I P = 2 a 3h ; G= 2(1 + ) -

173

174

.
(1) (6), (9), (10)
2
= 0 M x , x

M x =

h2 .

24 a 3

(12)

0 = l .
l
l = l =

M x .
,

M x

h2
.
24 a 3

( 5)
, . , , , .

l
2
l l
,
cos
2

= 02 a .
2
2


a2
(13)
= E = E 02 .
2
,

0 =

M KP
(1 + )
=
M
G I p E a3 h

KP

(14)

0 (14)
(13),

=M

(1+ )
KP

2 E h2 a

(15)


[ ] [ M KP ]

[M ] = 2 a 2h[ ].
KP

(16)

(15) (16)
5

l =

= 0 ,
175

4(1+ )
E

[ ].

(17)

(17) = 0,32[ ] .
, ,
, , .
176

, , .
.

, . .
.
.
.
, ,
( 6)

2
qt = qt max 1 *2 ,

, ; ,
; q t max .

2
3M
qt max = 2 2 ,
8a1 *

3M 2 tg
.
8a12 *

(19)

,
(18), (19) .
, ,
,
.
.
.
.

. ,
, .
,
, .

(
1 + )M 2 X
;
V0 =
2
1+ 3 a E h

W 0 = 0,

U 0 = 0;

a1 6
.


,
.

2
q r = q R 2 1 *2 ,

q R2 =

(18)

q R 2 .

177

(20)

U 0 , V 0 , W 0 , , ; a ; h ; , , . 2 2 = h 2 12 a 2 .
(20)

x0 = 0;

0 = 0;

Z
M 2 1

,
=
0 2 a 2 h (1 + 3 2)

178

(21)

Z , .
(21) ,
, ,
(25).
. , =548,3, h=13,5, 2=500, ,
(25), 20.
:
1. .
2. -
, , .
: 1. .. , . .: "", 1971. 808. 2. .. . .:
, 1977. 488.
16.05.11

621.833
.. , ..., . . . ,
.
.. , ..., ., . . .
.. , ..., . . .
.. , . .
.


-
- .

- .

179

The mathematical model and sequence of synthesis of teeth geometry halfrolled cylindrical spur
transmissions on set values of geometric and kinematic criteria of serviceability are explained.

.

, .
[1].
.

[2, 3], . ,
.
- , [4-7]. [2-7] ,
. , - , [8]: ,
,
, . , [9],
[10]. [10] . , . ,
[11] , .
.

- .
1. . , ()
. . ,
(. ).
S (
O X (..) ) :

180

X = f1 ( ) ; Y = f 2 ( ) ; Z = 0 ,

(1)

f1 ( ) , f 2 ( ) , ;
,
= const .
. , (1)
S1 :


X 1 = f1 ; Y1 = f 2 + R1 ; Z1 = ,

(2)

R1 , , .
.

(1), (1). [3], :
F = V (12 ) e1 = 0 ,

(3)

e1 (2),
:
f '
f '
(4)
e x1 = 2 ; e y1 = 1 ; e z1 = 0 .
n
n
n =

( f1 ')2 + ( f 2 ')2

(2), f1 ' ,

f 2 ' f1 , f 2 .

V (12 )
( 1 = 1c 1 ):
V X121 =

u +1
[ f 2 + R1 (1 cos 1 )] ; VY121 = u + 1 [ f1 R1 sin 1 ] ; VZ121 = 0 .
u
u

181

(5)

1 ; u
.
(3) (4) (5), :
F ( , 1 ) =

u +1
[ f 2 f 2 '+ f1 f1 ' R1 ( f 2 ' cos 1 + f1 ' sin 1 f 2 ')] = 0 .
un

(6)

2. .

, :
V 12 ; V1 V2 , ;
V ,
; , ; 1 2 .
f1 = f1 ( f 2 ) , f 2 ' = 1 , f 2 ' ' = 0 .

(7)

,
f1 f 2
:
u +1
V 12 = 1
f12 + ( f 2 + R1 )2 + R12 2 R1 [ f1 sin 1 + ( f 2 + R1 ) cos 1 ] . (8)
u
sin 1 cos 1 :
sin 1 =

tg 1
2

1 + tg 1

; cos 1 =

1
1 + tg 2 1

(9)

(8) (9)
tg 1 , :
tg 1 =

f1 ( f 2 + R1 )

( f1 )2 + ( f 2 + R1 )2 AV2
AV2 f12

AV , :
182

(10)

f12

+ ( f 2 + R1 ) +
2

AV =

R12

2 R12

V 12 u

1 + u
.

tg 1 :
sin 1 =

f1 ' ( + R1 )

( f1 ')2 ( + R1 )

2 R1

( + R1 ) + f1 ' ( f1 ')

cos 1 =

2 ( + 2 R1 )

R1n

R12
2

( + 2 R1 )

(11)

, (14)
.
:
f ' cos 1 sin 1
nR1 1
f1 R1 sin 1
n2
. (15)
f1 ' ' =

u +1
{ f1 f 2 f1 ' R1 [ f1 ' (1 cos 1 ) + sin 1 ]} f1 R1 sin 1
V2
un
(15) , , f1 ' ' (14)
V2 =

:
tg 1 =

2
2
n 2 f1 ' ( + R1 ) ( f1 ') ( + R1 ) 2 ( + 2 R1 )
.

2
( + R1 ) + f1 ' ( f1 ')2 R12 ( + 2 R1 )2

(12)

(11) (12) (7) -

= f1 f1 '+ f 2 n 2 = 1 + ( f1 ')2 .
(10) (12), , f1 = f1 ( f 2 ) ,
f1 ' .
[12].
:

[1 + ( f ') ]
1

f1 ' ' =

1 ( f1 ' cos 1 sin 1 ) 1


V1
.
f1 R1 sin 1

(13)

sin 1
cos 1 (11).
(13)

2 f1 f1 ' ( + R1 ) +

( f1 ' )

( + R ) 2 ( + 2R ) = 0 .
2

183

(14)

u +1
{ f1 f 2 f1 ' R1 [ f1 ' (1 cos 1 ) + sin 1 ]} .
un

(16)

:
f ' cos 1 sin 1
2nR1 1
f1 R1 sin 1
n2
. (17)
f1 ' ' =

u +1
{ f1 f 2 f1 ' R1 [ f1 ' (1 cos 1 ) + sin 1 ]} f1 R1 sin 1
V
un
(17) (14)
:
u +1
V =
{ f1 f 2 f1 ' R1 [ f1 ' (1 cos 1 ) + sin 1 ]} .
(18)
un

,
. ,
:
f1 ' ' =

n{ f1 f 2 f1 ' R1 [ f1 ' (1 cos 1 ) + sin 1 ]}

2( f1 R1 sin 1 )

u +1
4
R1 ( f1 ' cos 1 sin 1 )

n2
u

1 1 +
.

f1 f 2 f1 ' R1 [ f1 ' (1 cos 1 ) + sin 1 ] f1 R1 sin 1

184

(19)

, (19)
(14)
f1 f 2 f1 ' R1 [ f1 ' (1 cos 1 ) + sin 1 ] .

(20)

,
, (14) (20)
.

:

f1 ' ' =

f ' cos 1 sin 1


1 R1n 2 1
f1 R1 sin 1

n2
;
f1 R1 sin 1

u +1
{ f1 f 2 f1 ' R1 [ f1 ' (1 cos 1 ) + sin 1 ]}
u
2
f ' cos 1 sin 1
R1n 2 1
f1 R1 sin 1
1 +2
n2

f1 ' ' =
.
u +1
{ f1 f 2 f1 ' R1 [ f1 ' (1 cos 1 ) + sin 1 ]} f1 R1 sin 1
u

(21)

, 1 2 . = const , = const ,
z = const , = const . , (21) ,
.
, , , (14) (20).
3. - . . 2 ,


f1 ' ' = F ( f 2 , f1 , f1 ' , P, K ) , f1 ' = F ( f 2 , f1 , P, K ) ,

(22)

K ; P
( R1 ).
(22) ,
K . 185

, , . K
, ,
.

[12]. ,
, ,
(13), (15), (17), (19) (21) :
~
~
~ ~
~
~
~
f
f
f1 = f1 + f1 f 2 f 2 + 1 f 2 f 2 + 1 f 2 f 2 + ... ,
2!
3!

(23)

~ ~ ~ ~
~
f1 ( f 2 ) f 2 .
f1 , f1, f1, f1...
~ ~
f1 , f 2 , ,

.
.
(14), (16), (18)
(20) . , .
, ,
, . , , .
, [3, 10]:

F E1 r1V 12 F = 0,

(24)

F F
(6); r1 - (2); E1 (2), E1 = n 2 [13].
(24)
:

)] [ (

) (

)]

+ R1 f1 ' R1 f 2 ' ' 1 + n 2 =

186

u
n 2 R1 ,
u +1

(25)

= f1 ' cos 1 f 2 ' sin 1 ; = f 2 ' ' cos 1 + f1 ' ' sin 1 ;
1 = f1 f1 ' '+ f 2 f 2 ' ' ; 2 = f1 f 2 ' f1 ' f 2 .
, , , (25).
, . ,
, (0,25...0,3) m , m [14].
:
S1 =
S2 =

2 f1* (0,25...0,3) m;

2 f1 * cos[1 (1 + u )] ( f 2 * + R1 ) sin [1 (1 + u )] +
2
+ R1 (1 + u )sin (1u ) (0,25...0,3) m.

f1 = f1 * f 2 = f 2 * :
Rb1 =

f12 + ( f 2 + R1 )2 ;

Rb 2 =

f12 + ( f 2 + R1 )2 + [R1 (u + 1)]2 2 R1 (u + 1)[ f1 sin 1 + ( f 2 + R1 )cos1 ] (26)

Rbi Ra1
Ra 2 . 1 (11)
f1 = f1 * f 2 = f 2 * .
, . 1,11,2 [14]:

= z1 12 11 ,
(27)
2

(6) f1 = f1 * f 2 = f 2 *
, . (26), Ra1 Ra 2 .
.
. , , .
, . , - .
: 1. i ., . i i () // , , 2002, 10(64).
.26-40. 2. .. . .: , 1949. 399. 3. .. . .: , 1968. 584. 4. .., .., .. . :
"", 1978. 144. 5. .. // . ., 1867106, 1967. .1-8.
6. .. // . . - "". . . .
" ". : "", 2010. 27. .162-166. 7. Tkly P.,
Gajdo M., Boansk M. Effect of tooth shape to size of contact stress noninvolute gearing //
"". .
" ". : "", 2009. 19. .10-20. 8.
.. // . . . 1964. 10. .5-15. 9. .. . .: , 1974. 264. 10. .., .., ..
: . : - .
., 2006. 408. 11. .., .., .., ..
- // . : . : , 2009. 3. .195-200. 12.
.., .. . 13- . .: . . . .-. ,
1986. 544. 13. .. . .: , 1969. 176.
14. .., .., .. .
.: , 1971. 328.
05.05.11

11 12 ,
;
z1 .
11 12 , (27), (6). 187

188


..

......................................................................................

.., .., .., ..


...................................... 96

.., .., ..
...... 12
o M., T ., A., .
................................................................ 21
.., .., ..

PowerSHAPE ....................................................................................................... 30
..
-47 ............................................... 36
.., ..

............................... 37
.., .., ..
........... 41
.., .., ..

............................................................................ 53
.., ..

............................................................................. 60
..

................................................................................................ 68
..
-
....................................................................................... 82

..
.................................. 100
..

............................................... 107
..
.................................................................................................... 114
.., .., ..
..................................................................................................................... 129
.., ..
- ( 2)............................................................................................................... 135
..
................................. 139
.., .., ..
.... 145
.., ..
..................... 154
.., ..

........................................................................................................... 165
.., .., .., .., ..
...................................................................................... 170
.., .., .., ..
- ............................................................................................... 179

.., .., .., ..


AI
......................................................................... 87

189

190

CONTENTS
Babichev D.A.
Vibration activity of friction power in spur gear pair and its criteria ...................

Nadeina E.V.
The methodology of tuning a machinery for cutting a plane wheels of
approximate spyroid gears.................................................................................... 107

Basinyuk V.L., Starginskiy V.., Mardosevich .I.


Accelerated tests of gear drives and transmissions on their basis ........................ 12
Boansk M., Tkly P., Vanya A., Kouch I.
Noninvolute gearing as a possibility of using in gearbox of agricultural machine ..................................................................................................................... 21
Vitrenko V.A., Vorontsov B.S., Kirichenko S.G.
Superficial design of hyperboloidal instruments is in system of PowerSHAPE .. 30
Vlasenko V.N.
The TC-47 works on development of normative base.......................................... 36
Vlasenko V.N., Dobrovolskaya .V.
Modern methods of calculating the thermal ability mechanical occasion of
general and special purpose.................................................................................. 37
Gudov E.A., Lagutin S.A., Fedotov B.F.
Load capacity of modified globoid gears ............................................................. 41
Dorofeev V.L., rnaudov K.B., Dorofeev D.V.
Appointment of parameters of an initial contour for involute gears with
asymmetrical teeth................................................................................................ 53
Korotkin V.I., Javrujan O.V.
Longitudinal modification of arched teeth of Novikov gearing as a factor of
reduction of their stress ........................................................................................ 60

Nadzhafov A.M.
System probabilistic calculation on durability of three-stage package reducing
gear....................................................................................................................... 114
Negrobova N.B., Tkachuk N.A., Tkachuk N.N.
Contact interaction of machine details with the prolated contact areas................ 129
Onishkov P.N., strovskiy D.V.
To an estimation of contact-fatigue durability of a polar zone (the Message 2) .. 135
Onishkova ..
Numerical research of problems with variable boundary..................................... 139
Priymakov A.G., Ustinenko A.V., Priymakov G.A.
Dynamic loads in the power wave gearing of hermetic type taking into account
the mechanical characteristics of the electromotor............................................... 145
Protasov R.V., Ustinenko .V.
Research of contact ratio for evolute gear ............................................................ 154
Stasilevich A.G., Supin V.V.
Creation the tractor transmissions with gears of multiple contact........................ 165
Strelnikov V.N., Sukov G.S., Sukov .G., Lesnyak G.., Gavrish Ju.P.
Research of tensely-deformed condition of a flexible wheel cover for large
wave gear ............................................................................................................. 170
Shishov V.P., Nosko P.L., Tkach P.N., Tkach I.G.
Synthesis of cylindrical halfrolled gears by geometric and kinematic criteria ..... 179

Krot P.V.
Monitoring system of the dynamic loads in the drivelines of hot rolling mills .... 68
Kuznetsova A.V.
The influence of biconvex-concave teeth wear of bevel gears on the contact
strength................................................................................................................. 82
Matusevich V.A., Sharaban Ju.V., Shehov .V., Abramov V.T.
Optimization of the multistage planetary mechanism by criterion of a
construction volume ............................................................................................. 87
tjushenko M.V., Fedchenko G.V., Beregniy V.., Kalinin P..
The Gessen's method in Novikov cylindrical gearings......................................... 96
Mukhovatiy A.A.
Method of synthesis highly loaded gears ............................................................. 100

191

192


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