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8125(81.111+811.161.11):35
S. VOLODKO
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION SUBLANGUAGE:
TRANSLATION FROM RUSSIAN INTO ENGLISH

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The article considers correlation between lexical units of the English language of public administration
and the Russian language of public administration while translating texts on the problems of public
administration. The necessity of getting students know basic principles of translation theory in the process of
teaching them professional English is grounded.
,
, LSP (Language for Special Purposes)
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:


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English for Public Administration Students,

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2005) ,
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:
1) , ,

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. , , , , . :
emperor, monarch, Watergate scandal.
, -, ,
;
2)
. , , . :
public (adj)
1) , ;
2) , , ;
3) , ;
4) , ;
appoint (v)
1) , (, );
2) ( );
3) , .
, , ,
,

.
, public -, :
public policy ;
public interest ;
public man ;
public holiday ;
public sale ;
public transport ;
public meeting ;
public sector .
judgement:
to sit in judgement ( );
judgement for/against a plaintiff
/ ;
final judgement ;
judgement about smth -;
in smbs judgement - ,
- ;
judgement on / upon smb / smth ,
;
sound judgement , , .

( ) (, ).
,
,,
.
,
-

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,
. , ,
( ) ( ).
, , . : Waterloo
, boss , attorney , popart - .. XIX.
, .., ,
, ,
. O.Wilde.

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.
,
, :
[w] , ,
[u], : Wilde
, Wood ;
[r] , ,
Morning , Burns [3].

. :
misleader ;
interdependence ;
to weigh all pros and cons
;
bicameral legislature ;
people of good will ;
traffic court ;
insurance free of particular average
(.. );
shadow cabinet ;
nuclear umbrella .


.
:
to lobby

;
brain drain
( );

. . . :

brain washing
( );
skinheaded (, ).

.., ,
, identity
, -
.
identity
, , ,
.
. : When
she reached the house she gave another proof of
her identity.

: ,
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,
.
, , , :
terrorism ;
gangster ;
humanism ;
iceberg ;
manager ;
contract ..

, ( faux amis),
. ,
,
, , , :
advocate ( );
data ( );
Dutch ( );
list ( );
magazine ( );
sympathetic ( );
principal ( ).
, ,
, , :
administer / , , ;
authority , ;
policy , , , , ;

office , ,
, ;
officer , ,
;
effective , , ( ), ,
;
manage , , , ;
insure , ,
();
interest ( ), ;
leader , ;
legal , ,
;
case , ,
, , ;
social , (), , ;
profit , ;
security , / / , , ;
need , (. .), ,
, ;
share , , , ;
effect , / ,
/ / , ;
appointment , , () / , , , ;
probation , ;
intelligence , / , , , , ;
competent , /
, , , , ;
background , , , , , ;
control , , ,
, , ;
credit , / /
(), :
/ / , /
.
,
, :
1) affect (v) , ;
effect (v) , ;
2) civil (adj) ( );
civil (adj) ( );
3) council (n) ;
counsel (n) ;

225


4) data (n) ;
date (n) ;
5) economic (adj) ;
economical (adj) ;
6) moral (adj) , ;
morale (n) ;
7) personal (adj) , ;
personnel (n) ;
8) policy (n) , ;
politics (n) ( );
9) economy(n) ();
economics (n) ();
10) raise (v) , -;
rise (v)
, , ,
.

.

, .
, ,
,

, .

. -

,
, . -
,
, .
, , - , . :
1) educational film ;
educational background ;
2) legal holiday () ;
legal profession ;
3) clear sky ;
clear profit ;
4) stable foundation ;
stable result ;
5) obscure rays ;
obscure project , ;
6) flexible rubber ;
flexible person ,
;
7) neglected duties ;

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neglected child , ;
8) social consumption ;
social reporter ;
9) academic discipline ;
academic garden , ;
10) routine work ,
;
routine attention ;
11) working class ;
working efficiency .

, stone wall (
+ / ), :
labour conditions , ;
employment agency ;
exchange value ;
drug abuse ;
arms reduction ;
rewarding job , ;
probation period ;
merit system
;
war profits ,
;
war expenditure
;
World War II victims .
,
+ . ,
,
,
.
,
. ,
Washington assistance :
1) , -;
2) , -;
3) , - - .
,

,

, :
1) , , .. ;

. . . :

2) ,
, , ..
;
3) ,
.
. , : Heavy
Government War Expenditure Cuts. , , cuts. ,
-.
, : .
: .
. : Vile Company Top
Administration Informer System Activity. :
activity .
: vile
; Company Top Administration ; informer
system . : ,
.
,
.

: to have dinner ,
: to keep a secret
, . .
,
, .
, .


:
1) , :
to shed crocodile tears ;
to pass the Rubicon ;
Sword of Damocles ;
lions share .;
2) , :
East or West home is best. ,
;
Strike the iron while its hot. ,
;
3) ,
:
He will not put the Thames on fire.
;
What will Mrs. rundy say? ?;
He is a real Sir Galahad. [4].
,
.
,
, -
. ,
.
.

1. , . .
: 2. / . . , . . , . . . .:
, 1980. . 1.
2. , .. : . / . . . .:
, 2002.
3. . .: , 1940.
4. , . . / . . . .: ,
1984.
: 19.01.2009 .

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