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2001

01.11.2001 .

27 2001 . -329-.
,

10.08.1999 . 29-
01.11.2001 .









..
:
..
..
..


.
1.

............................................................ 1-1

2.

.............................. 2-1

3.

,
............................................................. 3-1

4.
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10

....................................... 4-1
...................................................... 4-1
.................................................. 4-3
................................................... 4-12
.......................................... 4-13
.................... 4-22
........... 4-23
........................................................ 4-26
......... 4-29
....... 4-31
............................. 4-36

5.
5.1
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.1.3
5.1.4
5.1.5
5.1.6
5.1.7
5.1.8
5.1.9
5.1.10
5.1.11
5.1.12
5.1.13
5.1.14
5.1.15
5.1.16
5.1.17

..... 5-1
.......................................................... 5-1
............................................................. 5-1
......................................... 5-3
.......................................................................... 5-4
/ ..... 5-5
..................................... 5-6
............................................. 5-10
/ .......... 5-12
...................................... 5-14
.................................................................... 5-15
................................................... 5-23
............................................................ 5-24
......................................................... 5-25
...................................................... 5-26
.................................................................... 5-28
......................................................... 5-29
() ......................... 5-30
,
............................................... 5-31
................................................ 5-39
.......................................... 5-41
.............................................. 5-42

5.1.18
5.1.19
5.1.20

0-I

5.1.21
5.1.22
5.1.23
5.1.24
5.1.25
5.1.26
5.1.27
5.1.18

............................. 5-43
............................ 5-47
........................................ 5-48
.......................................................... 5-48
..................................................... 5-53
................................. 5-54
............ 5-55

( ) .......................................................... 5-56
5.1.29
( ) ............. 5-57
5.1.30
.......................................................... 5-58
5.1.31
............................................................................. 5-59
5.1.32
..................................................................... 5-62
5.1.33
.......................................................... 5-62
5.1.34
........................................................ 5-63
5.1.35

.............................................................................. 5-64
5.2
,
................................ 5-66
5.2.1
............................................................ 5-66
5.2.1.1 ............................................................... 5-66
5.2.1.2 ................................... 5-67
5.2.1.3 .............................................. 5-68
5.2.1.4 ................................................ 5-71
5.2.1.5 .............................................................. 5-72
5.2.1.6 .................................................... 5-73
5.2.1.7 ............................................ 5-75
5.2.1.8 ............ 5-75
5.2.1.9 ......... 5-77
5.2.1.10 .................... 5-78
5.2.2
..... 5-79
5.2.3
................... 5-84
5.2.4
,
................................................ 5-89

6.
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5

0-II


................................... 6-1
................................................................. 6-1
................................ 6-2
............................................................................... 6-3
................................................................. 6-5
....................... 6-6

6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10
6.11
6.12
6.13
6.14
6.15

, ...................................... 6-7
..................................................... 6-8
.............................................................. 6-9
.......................................................... 6-10
............................................................. 6-13
.................................... 6-14
...................................................... 6-15
() .......................... 6-16
........................................................... 6-17
........................................... 6-18

7.


................ 7-1
........... 7-1
....................................................... 7-5
..................................................... 7-6
.......................................................... 7-7
................................ 7-8
...................................... 7-8
..................................................... 7-9

7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7

0-III


________________________________

1.
1.1
10, 2

; 4444
, 9432
,
,

, -85,





.
1.2


,
.
1.3
,

,

, .
1.4
,

.
1.5
,

. ,
1-1


________________________________

1-2


________________________________

2.

2.1

.
,
,
.
, .
, ,

2.2
- .
,
.
2.3 , (, ,
..), ,
. ,
,
,
.
2.4
. -


.
, .
,

,
,
.

.

2-1


________________________________

2.5 :

2.6 :

2-2


________________________________

3. ,

3.1

4444 9432. ,
,
, .

,
.
.
AERODROME


( , ),
,
, .
AERODROME CONTROL SERVICE

.
AERODROME CONTROL TOWER

,
.
AERODROME ELEVATION

.
AERODROME TAXI CIRCUIT



.

3-1


________________________________

AERODROME TRAFFIC

,

.
AERODROME TRAFFIC CIRCUIT

,
,
.
: ,
( )
, ,
, .
AERONAUTICAL INFORMATION PUBLICATION (AIP)

,
.
AIRBORNE COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEM (ACAS)

()
,

(),

,
, .
AIRCRAFT

,
,
, .

3-2


_______________________________

AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION

, ,


-

.
AIRCRAFT OBSERVATION
( )
,
,
.
AIRCRAFT PROXIMITY

, , ,
,
,
,
.

: ,
, ,
.
-

,
( -85),

.
AIRCRAFT STAND

,
.
:
,
.

3-3


________________________________

AIRMET INFORMATION
AIRMET


,

,


.
AIRPORT

, ,

, ,
.
AIR-REPORT
( )
,
,
,
() .
AIR-TAXIING

/
,
, ,
, 37 / (20 ).
AIR TRAFFIC

,
.
AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL CLEARANCE


, .

3-4


_______________________________

,


,
(),
,
,
.
AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL INSTRUCTION


,
.
AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL SERVICE
()
, :
a. :


;
b.

,
,


.
AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL UNIT

,
,
.
: ,

, ,
,
,

.
3-5


________________________________

AIRWAY

( )
.
: ,
,

,

.
ALERT PHASE

,
.
ALTERNATE AERODROME

,
,

.
: ,
( ),
,
.
ALTITUDE

(MSL)
, , .

.
APPROACH CONTROL OFFICE
()
,
,

.

3-6


_______________________________

APPROACH SEQUENCE

,
.
APRON

,

, ,
, .
AREA CONTROL CENTER

,

, .
AREA NAVIGATION (RNAV)

,

,
,
.
AREA NAVIGATION ROUTE

, ,
.
ATS ROUTE

,

.

3-7


________________________________

AUTOMATIC TERMINAL INFORMATION SERVICE (ATIS)



()


.
BASE TURN

,


.
3-
,

.
BROADCAST

, ,
.
CEILING


,
6000
.

.
CLEARANCE LIMIT
()
,

, .

,
.

3-8


_______________________________

CLOUD BASE
. CEILING
CODE (SSR)

,
,
.
CRUISING FLIGHT LEVEL

,
.
DECISION HEIGHT
()

,
,
.
: ,
,



,

. .
DISTRESS PHASE

,
,

.

3-9


________________________________

EMERGENCY PHASE

,
,
.
ESTIMATED ELAPSED TIME (EET)

,
.
ESTIMATED OFF-BLOCK TIME

, ,
.
ESTIMATED TIME OF ARRIVAL (ETA)


,
,
, ,
,
, -
.
EXPECTED APPROACH TIME

,


.
FINAL APPROACH

,

, :
,

,
,

3-10


_______________________________


;
, :

.
FLIGHT INFORMATION REGION (FIR)
()
,
-
.
, ,
, ,

.
FLIGHT LEVEL

,
760 .

.
FLIGHT PLAN


,
.
FLIGHT CREW MEMBER

,

.
FLIGHT STATUS

,

.

3-11


________________________________

,
,

.
FLOW CONTROL

,



.
FORECAST
()
,

.
GLIDE PATH

,
.
HEADING

,
, ,
(,
, ).
.
HEIGHT

,
, .
HOLDING POINT

,
,

3-12


_______________________________


.
HOLDING PROCEDURE

,

.
INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURE

,

,

,
,
,
, ,
, ,
.
: , ,
, .
INSTRUMENT METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (IMC)

,
,
. ,
.
LANDING AREA

,
.
LEVEL

3-13


________________________________


, .
LOCATION INDICATOR

.
MANEUVERING AREA

, ,
, .
METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION

, ,
,
.
METEOROLOGICAL OFFICE

, .
METEOROLOGICAL REPORT

,
.
MINIMUM FUEL

,
,

.

3-14


_______________________________

MISSED APPROACH PROCEDURE



,
.

MODE (SSR)
()
,
,
. ,
10: , , S .
MOVEMENT AREA

, ,
,
().
NON-RADAR SEPARATION

,
,
.
NOTICE TO AIRMEN (NOTAM)

,
,
,
,

, .
OBSTACLE CLEARANCE HEIGHT (OCH)



,

3-15


________________________________

-85:

OPERATOR

, ,

.
PILOT-IN-COMMAND

,
.
PRECISION APPROACH RADAR

,



.
PRIMARY RADAR

,
.

PROCEDURE TURN

,

,

.

.
RADAR

,
, / .

3-16


_______________________________

RADAR APPROACH

,
.
RADAR CLUTTER


.

RADAR CONTACT

,

.


.
RADAR CONTROL


,

, ,
.

.
RADAR IDENTIFICATION

,

.
RADAR SEPARATION

,
,
.

3-17


________________________________

RADAR SERVICE

, ,

.
RADAR VECTORING



.
REPETITIVE FLIGHT PLAN (RPL)

,



.
REPORTING POINT

,

.
REQUIRED NAVIGATION PERFORMANCE (RNP)

,

.
RESCUE CO-ORDINATION CENTER

,
.

3-18


_______________________________

RESCUE UNIT

,
,
.
RUNWAY
- ()

,
.
RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE (RVR)
-

, ,
,
,
.
SECONDARY RADAR


.
SECONDARY SURVEILLANCE RADAR (SSR)
()
,

, .
SIGMET INFORMATION


,
.

3-19


________________________________

SLUSH

,
; 0.5
0.8.
SNOW
( )
, ,

( 0,35 0,35).

(
0,35 0.5, 0.5).
,
,
, (
0,5 ).
SPECIAL VFR FLIGHT

()
,
,
(),
.
SURVEILLANCE RADAR

.
TAXI-HOLDING POSITION

,

,
.

3-20


_______________________________

TAXIING


, .
TAXIWAY
()


.
TERMINAL CONTROL AREA
.
,

.
:
(),
.
: ()
( -85)
THRESHOLD

,
.
TOUCHDOWN

, .
TRACK


,
,
(,
).

3-21


________________________________

TRAFFIC INFORMATION

,


,

,
.
TRANSFER OF CONTROL POINT

,
,

.

TRANSITION FLIGHT LEVEL

,
.

UNCERTAINTY PHASE

,

.
VISIBILITY




.
VISUAL APPROACH

,


.

3-22


_______________________________


.
VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS (VMC)
()
,
,
,
.
WAY-POINT

,

,
.
3.2 -
,
, .: ETA [i: ti: ei],
. ,
,
.
ACAS [eiks]
Airborne Collision Avoidance System

ACC
Area Control Center
()
ACN
Aircraft Classification Number
,

ADF
Automatic Direction-Finding Equipment

3-23


________________________________

ADIZ [diz]
Air Defense Identification Zone

AFTN
Aeronautical Fixed Telecommunications Network

AIP
Aeronautical Information Publication
()
ATA
Actual Time of Arrival

ATC
Air Traffic Control

ATD
Actual Time of Departure

ATIS[tis, eitis]
Automatic Terminal Information Service

APU
Auxiliary Power Unit
()
CAT [kt]
Clear Air Turbulence

CAVOK [ka:vokei]
Ceiling and Visibility OK
,
(. . 5.1.5-k)

3-24


_______________________________

DF
Direction Finder (Finding)

DME
Distance-Measuring Equipment
()
EAT
Expected Approach Time

EET
Estimated Elapsed Time
()
ETA
Estimated Time of Arrival

ETD
Estimated Time of Departure

FIR
Flight Information Region
()
GPS
Global Positioning System

GPU
Ground Power Unit
()
HF
High Frequency

IFR
Instrument Flight Rules
()
3-25


________________________________

ILS
Instrument Landing System

IMC
Instrument Meteorological Conditions

INS
Inertial navigation system

LCN
Load classification number

, ,
MET [met]
Meteorological or meteorology

NDB
Non-Directional Beacon
,
NOTAM [noutm]
Notice to Airmen

, , ,
..
PCN
Pavement classification number
,
1/500 ,

( 1,25 )
POB
Persons on board

3-26


_______________________________

QDM
Magnetic bearing to station

QDR
Magnetic bearing from station

QFE
Current atmospheric pressure at AERODROME LEVEL
(
)
QNE
Standard atmospheric pressure
, 760 .
1013,2
QNH
Current atmospheric pressure at SEA LEVEL
,
QTE
True bearing from station

RNAV [a:nv]
Area navigation

RVR
Runway Visual Range

SID [sid]
Standard Instrument Departure

SIGMET [sigmet]
Significant Meteorological Information
,

3-27


________________________________

STAR [sta:]
Standard instrument arrival
( )
TCAS [ti:ks]
Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System


TMA
Terminal Control Area

UHF
Ultra High Frequency

UTC
Coordinated Universal Time

VASI [va:si]
Visual approach slope indicator

VASIS [va:sis]
Visual approach slope indicator system

VDF
Very high frequency direction-finding station

VFR
Visual Flight Rules
()
VHF
Very High Frequency

3-28


_______________________________

VIP
Very Important Person

VMC
Visual Meteorological Conditions
()
VOLMET [vlmet]
Meteorological information for aircraft in flight

VOR
VHF Omni-directional Range
- ()

3-29


________________________________

3-30


________________________________

4
4.1
4.1.1
, .
4.1.2
,
,
, .
4.1.3

.
4.1.4
.
:
a.
:
b. ;
c. ,
100 .

,
,
.

;
d. ;
e. ,

,
;
f. ,
, - -.

4.1.5 ,
.

4-1


________________________________

4.1.6


, -
,


.
4.1.7
,
. ,
,
.


.

:
(
- ),
.

.
4.1.8
,
.



,
.
4.1.9

.

4-2


________________________________

4.2
4.2.1
:

Zero

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

one
two
three
four
five
six
seven
eight
nine

(
)

decimal

hundred
thousand

4.2.2 ,
. 4.2.3, .
.

- Aircraft callsigns
1)

4-3


________________________________

BAW711

Speedbird
SEVEN ONE ONE
Air France
FIVE ZERO FOUR

AFR504

2)

DOB 9321

DELTA OSCAR
BRAVO NINE
THREE TWO ONE
OSCAR ALFA LIMA
TWO FOUR TWO

OAL 242

(
,
) - Flight
levels

FL 200

flight level TWO


ZERO ZERO
flight level ONE
ONE ZERO

flight level
ONE HUNDRED


(
)

FL 110
:
FL 100

4-4


________________________________

( )
Heights

height,
:

600

height SIX ZERO


ZERO meters
height ONE TWO
ZERO ZERO meters

1200

(
, ) Altitudes

500

altitude FIVE ZERO


ZERO meters

3300

altitude THREE
THREE ZERO
ZERO meters

Headings


. degrees
:

80

heading ZERO
EIGHT ZERO
heading ONE ZERO
ZERO

100

4-5


________________________________

Tracks


.
degrees :

20

track ZERO TWO


ZERO degrees

20

257

track TWO FIVE


SEVEN degrees

- Wind direction and


velocity


:

160

ONE SIX ZERO


degrees
(at) ONE ZERO meters
per second
gusting ONE EIGHT

ZERO FIVE ZERO


degrees magnetic
(at) FIVE meters
per second

10 /
18
50
5

4-6


________________________________

- Transponder codes

2000

squawk TWO ZERO


ZERO ZERO
squawk SIX FOUR
SEVEN ONE

6471

Runways

07
30

runway ZERO SEVEN


runway THREE ZERO

- Altimeter settings

.

747

QFE SEVEN FOUR


SEVEN (millimeters)
QFE NINER FOUR
NINER (hectopascals)
QNH ONE ZERO
ZERO ZERO



QFE
()
QNH

949
1000

4.2.3 ,
( ), ,
,
,
180 360 ,
.

4-7


________________________________

( ) - Flight levels

2400

flight level TWO


THOUSAND FOUR
HUNDRED meters
flight level THREE
THOUSAND meters
flight level TEN
THOUSAND SIX
HUNDRED meters
flight level ELEVEN
THOUSAND ONE
HUNDRED meters

3000
10600

11100

- Cloud base

2200

TWO THOUSAND

TWO HUNDRED
meters
SIX HUNDRED meters

600

Visibility

1000

ONE THOUSAND
meters
FOUR THOUSAND
meters
FIVE kilometers
TEN kilometers

4000
5
10

4-8


________________________________

- Runway visual range (RVR)

600
1200

SIX HUNDRED meters


ONE THOUSAND

TWO HUNDRED
meters

90
60
30

30
60
90

NINE OCLOCK
TEN OCLOCK
ELEVEN OCLOCK
TWELVE OCLOCK
ONE OCLOCK
TWO OCLOCK
THREE OCLOCK
SIX OCLOCK

180 360


180 360
, ,
.., 180 360.

180
360

turn left ONE EIGHTY degrees


turn right THREE SIXTY degrees

747
-154

Boeing SEVEN FORTY SEVEN


Tupolev FIFTY FOUR
4-9


________________________________

4.2.4 DECIMAL,
.
Number

0,29
734,5

DECIMAL two nine


seven three four
DECIMAL five

Frequency
-
, .

123,0

one two three


DECIMAL zero
one two three
DECIMAL one two
one two three
DECIMAL one five

123,125
123,150

: decimal
point, .
Mach [ma:k].

0,7
0,82

Mach POINT seven



Mach (point) eight two

4-10


________________________________

4.2.5
. .
.
Time
hours minutes .

0920
TWO ZERO
(9 20 )
ZERO NINE
TWO ZERO
1643
FOUR THREE
(16 43 )
ONE SIX FOUR
THREE

4-11


________________________________

4.3
,
,
, ,
,
, :

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z

4-12

Alfa (Alpha)
Bravo
Charlie
Delta
Echo
Foxtrot
Golf
Hotel
India
Juliett
Kilo
Lima
Mike
November
Oscar
Papa
Quebec
Romeo
Sierra
Tango
Uniform
Victor
Whiskey
X-ray
Yankee
Zulu

(
)


________________________________

4.4
4.4.1
,
.
ACKNOWLEDGE

,
,
,

: Acknowledge
you have Whiskey
.
AFFIRM

,
:
P - Confirm I am number one.
C Affirm.
, ( ,
).
().
APPROVED

,
,
, .

,
.
,
, , ,
.

4-13


________________________________

:
1. P - Request start up (pushback).
().
C Start up (pushback) approved.
() .
2. P - Request right turn out after departure.
.
C Right turn out approved.
.
BREAK

,
.
.
BREAK BREAK

,


,
.
.
:
P Ugolny Ground, HiFly 45.
C HiFly 45, stand by, break break, LoGo 12, stop immediately.
, 45.
45, , , , 12,
.
CANCEL

4-14


________________________________

: Cancel distress message, engine is running


, .
CHECK

- . ,
,
: Check decision height
.
CLEARED

: Cleared to land .
CONFIRM

(,
, , )
: Engine is running again, confirm ,
.
CONTACT

...
: Contact Moscow Approach 122.7
122,7.
COPIED


:
C - Caution, construction work north of main taxiway.
- ,
.
4-15


________________________________

P - Copied
- .
CORRECT

"" ""
:
P Confirm visibility 800 meters.
800 .
C Correct.
.
CORRECTION

( )
. ...
: Temperature two, correction, temperature minus two
2, , 2.
DISREGARD

,
.
:
C HiFly 45.
45.
P HiFly 45, go ahead.
45, .
C HiFly 45, disregard.
- 45, ,
(
).
GO AHEAD

, .

.
4-16


________________________________

:
C HiFly 45.
45.
P HiFly 45, go ahead.
45, .
HOW DO YOU READ

?
4.8.3
IDENTIFIED

,

(
)
.
I SAY AGAIN


. READ BACK.
MAINTAIN

,
, .. ""


.
MONITOR

...
:
Monitor ATIS 126.5 126,5.

4-17


________________________________

NEGATIVE

, , ,

:
P Confirm I am cleared to land.
, ?
C Negative, continue approach.
, (
, ).
negative
- (. . 4.4.2).
OVER

,

.
OUT


.
PASS YOUR MESSAGE

. ,
.
:
C HiFly 45.
45.
P HiFly 45, pass your message.
45, .

4-18


________________________________

POSITION

a. :
, ?
b.

.
READ BACK


, ,
:
C HiFly 45, hold short of runway 30.
45, 30.
P Roger, HiFly 45.
, 45.
C HiFly 45, I say again, hold short of runway 30. Read back.
45, , 30.
.
P Hold short of runway 30, HiFly 45.
30, 45.
REPORT


:
Report heading .
REQUEST
,


:
"Request higher level" " ".
ROGER

4-19


________________________________


, READ BACK(
), AFFIRM
() NEGATIVE ()
SAY AGAIN

:
Station calling, say again your call sign ,
.
SPEAK SLOWER


STAND BY

, .
.

:
Stand by, Ill call you back ,
( ).
UNABLE

, .

:
C Climb to flight level 11100 meters.
11100.
P Unable, request 10100 m due weight.
, 10100 .
WILCO


will comply .
4-20


________________________________

WORDS TWICE


a. : .

b. : ,


:
HiFly 45, readable now and then, words twice 45,
, .
4.4.2
.
:
- Unable to approve
, , Unable to approve, snow
removal in progress, expect one hour delay
, , ;
-

go around, runway is
occupied - , ;

, ,
, - Hold position,
(reason) - a vehicle on runway (another reason) (), (
);

, ,
Cancel take-off, I say again,
cancel take-off - , ,
;


stand by - Give way to MiG-29 and
follow him -29 .

4-21


________________________________

4.5
4.5.1
: . : Rostov
Control, Tolmachevo Ground, Irkutsk Approach, Kurumoch Tower.

Ground

()

Tower
Radar
Approach
Control

Precision (

)
Tower (

Vnukovo Precision

Tower

Pervaia Tower

Tolmachevo
Ground
Kurumoch Tower
Knevichi Radar
Irkutsk Approach
Rostov Control

4.5.2 ,
,
, /
.

4-22


________________________________

4.6

4.6.1
,
:

) ,

,
:

,


)



)

F-ABCD
RA-85411
N-ML8FZ
Gulfstream R-ABCD

HiFly ABCD

HiFly 45

HFA 45 (Hotel Foxtrot


Alpha 45)

4-23


________________________________

4.6.2 ,

,
:

) (
) (
-)

F-CD
411 (
)
N-8FZ
Gulfstream R-CD
HiFly CD

)


)

)

HiFly 45
HFA 45

4.6.3
,
,
, :
SCA9342, SCA, caution, SCI 9342 is also on this frequency,
acknowledge.
9342, , , 9342
, , .
SCA9342, copied.
9342, .
SCI9342, SCI, caution, SCA9342 is also on this frequency,
acknowledge.
9342, , , 9342
, ,
.
SCI9342, roger.
9342, .

4-24


________________________________

4.6.4 ,

,
,

,
HEAVY
. heavy
.
Krasnoyarsk Approach, HiFly 45 heavy, position.
, 45 ,
.
HiFly 45, Krasnoyarsk Approach, go ahead.
45, , .

4-25


________________________________

4.7
4.7.1
:

Distance

kilometers


Height

meters


Flight level

meters

(,

)
Flight levels
in hundreds of
feet
(, ,
)
Airspeed (indicated, true, ground speed)


Rate (of climb, of descent)

/
meters per
second

kilometers per
hour

() /
Upper wind velocity
kilometers per
hour

Wind velocity

/
meters per
second


kilometers .
4-26


________________________________

()
( )
Upper wind direction (true meridian)


( )
Surface wind direction (magnetic meridian)


Cloud height

meters


Cloud amount

( )
Visibility (runway visual range)

;
meters;
kilometers

. .;

QFE

millimeters;
hectopascals

. .;

millimeters;
hectopascals

QNH

Temperature

Endurance

degrees

degrees

degrees Celsius
(Centigrade)

in hours and
minutes

4-27


________________________________


Take-off and landing magnetic track

degrees

tens of
degrees

Marked runway number

:
:

sky clear
few cloud
scattered
broken
overcast

4.7.2
, , , ,


, ,
,
.
:
1800
15
500
120 5
350

Flight level 1800 meters


Distance 15 kilometers
Height 500 meters
Wind 120 degrees (at) 5
meters per second
Speed 350 kilometers per hour

4.7.3
,
,
.

4-28


________________________________

4.8

4.8.1 :
- ,
- ,
- RADIO CHECK ( ),
- .
Pulkovo Ground, HiFly 45, radio check on 121.7.
, 45,
121,7.
4.8.2
:
- ,
- ,
- .
HiFly 45, Pulkovo Ground, I read you 5.
45, , .
4.8.3
:
UNREADABLE

I read you one


READABLE NOW AND THEN


I read you two


READABLE BUT WITH DIFFICULTY


,

I read you three


4-29


________________________________

READABLE

I read you four


PERFECTLY READABLE

I read you five


4-30


________________________________

4.9

4.9.1

.
a) (unit call sign), (aircraft call sign)
( ), ( )
Pulkovo Ground, HiFly 45.
, 45.
1

b) (aircraft call sign), (unit call sign) GO AHEAD


/PASS
2
YOUR MESSAGE /
( ), ( )

HiFly 45, Pulkovo Ground, pass your message.


45, , .
4.9.2 ,
,
,
ALL STATIONS (
).
a) ALL STATIONS, (unit call sign) (message)
( ) ()
All stations, Sheremetievo Radar, current QFE 1001
hectopascals.
, ,
() 1001 .

.
4-31


________________________________

b) ALL STATIONS, (aircraft call sign) (message)

()

All stations, HiFly 45, severe icing in cloud between 1000


and 2000 meters in the vicinity of MSA.
, 45,
1000 2000 .
,

.
4.9.3
,

SAY AGAIN


SAY AGAIN (item)
()

4.9.4

,
.
a) STATION CALLING (unit call sign) SAY AGAIN YOUR
CALL SIGN
,

),

Station calling Bratsk Approach, say again your call sign.
, ,
.

4-32


________________________________

4.9.5 ,
CORRECTION ( ),
,
.
4.9.6
,
CORRECTION, I SAY AGAIN (
, ).
4.9.7 , ,
.
a) (unit call sign), (aircraft call sign), (the first part of
message) I SAY AGAIN (the first part of message), (the
second part of message) I SAY AGAIN (the second part
of message)
( ), ( ),
( ) (
), ( )
( )
Khantym Control, LoGo 12, position 60 kilometers
inbound KARLO, flight level 4500 m, I say again, LoGo
12, position 60 kilometers inbound KARLO, flight level
4500 m, estimating KARLO at 27, request entry
clearance, I say again, estimating KARLO at 27, request
entry clearance.
, 12, 60
, 4500, , 12,
60 , 4500,
27 , , ,
27 ,
.
4.9.8
(, ) Spell the word
).

4-33


________________________________

Spell the location name.


.
Spell position after MSA.

.
4.9.9

,
, ,
.
Moscow Control, HiFly 45, LoGo 12 is calling you on this
frequency.
, 45,
12.
HiFly 45, Moscow Control, negative contact,
please relay.
45, , ,
, .
LoGo 12, this is HiFly 45, go ahead, Ill relay.
12, 45,
, .
( )
HiFly 45, relaying for LoGo 12. Position AMDOR at 09,
flight level 2700 m, TU at 37.
45, 12.
09 , 2700, 37 .
HiFly 45, relay to LoGo 12. Maintain flight level
2700 m, attempt (try) contact in 5 minutes.
45, 12.
2700,
5 .

4-34


________________________________

LoGo 12, this is HiFly 45, Moscow clears you to maintain


flight level 2700 m and attempt contact in 5 minutes.
12, 45,

2700,

5 .
( )
Moscow Control, this is HiFly 45, LoGo 12 copied OK.
, 45, 12
.

4-35


________________________________

4.10
4.10.1
()
, :
a. , ,
;
b.

, ,
, ;
c. ;
d. ;
e. () ;
f. :
g. ;
h.

( ) ;
i. ;
j. ;
k.
l. .
4.10.2 -
,
:
(aircraft call sign) I say again, (instruction). Read back.
( ) , ().
.

HiFly 45, maintain flight level 2400 meters, turn right


heading 360.
45, 2400, 360.
Maintaining 2400 meters, HiFly 45.
2400, 45.

4-36


________________________________

HiFly 45, I say again, turn right heading 360. Read back.
45, , 360.
.
Right heading 360, HiFly 45.
, 360, 45.

4-37


________________________________

4-38


_______________________________

5.1
5.1.1
/aircraft location/ REQUEST START UP
/ /
Stand 41, request start up.
41, .
Stand by.
.
Standing by.
.
/aircraft location/ REQUEST START UP, INFORMATION (ATIS
identification)
/ / ,
( )
Gate B 7, request start up, information Oscar.
7, , .
Stand by.

START UP APPROVED

Request start up.
.
Start up approved, report ready for taxi.
,
.


________________________________

START UP AT (time)
()
Request start up.
.
Expect departure at 34, start up at 24.
34 , 24.
EXPECT START UP AT (time)
()
,
.
Request start up.
.
Your number 8, expect start up at time 26.
8, 26
.
START UP AT OWN DISCRETION

Ready for start up in 5 minutes.
5 .
Start up at own discretion.
.
EXPECT DEPARTURE (time). START UP AT OWN
DISCRETION
().

Request start up.
.
Time 1253, expect departure at 1326, start up at
own discretion.
1253, 1326,
.
2


_______________________________

YOUR SLOT IS (time), START UP (number) MINUTES


BEFORE
() , ()

Your slot is 34 plus 5, start up 10 minutes before.


- 34 5, 10
.
5.1.2
/call sign/ REQUEST PUSHBACK
//
Request pushback.
.
Stand by due traffic taxiing behind.
, .
PUSHBACK APPROVED

Request pushback.
.
Pushback approved.
.
STAND BY

Request pushback and start up.


.
Pushback approved, stand by for start up.
, .


________________________________

PUSHBACK AT OWN DISCRETION

Will be ready for pushback shortly.


.
Pushback at own discretion.

EXPECT (number) MINUTES DELAY DUE (reason)


() - ()
Expect 2 minute delay due helicopter taxiing behind.
2 , .
Pushback face North approved

5.1.3
)

REQUEST TOW (aircraft type) FROM (location) TO


(location)
( ) ()
()
Request tow C-130 from stand 2 to taxiway 4 for test
start-up.
, -130 2 4
.

a) TOW APPROVED VIA (specific routing to be followed)


(
)
Request tow to taxiway 4 for start up.
4.
Tow approved via taxiway 2 and main taxiway.
2 .


_______________________________

b) HOLD POSITION

Hold position, give way to Airbus from right to left.
,
.
Giving way.
.
c) STAND BY

Request tow to hangar.


.
Stand by, Ill call you back.
, .
5.1.4 /
REQUEST TIME CHECK

TIME (minutes)
()
Request time check.
.
Time 1234.
12 34 .
REQUEST DEPARTURE INFORMATION

.


________________________________

RUNWAY (number), WIND (direction and speed), QFE (detail),


TEMPERATURE (detail), /VISIBILITY FOR DEPARTURE
(detail) (or RVR (detail))/
(), ( ),
(), /
() (
())/
Request departure information.
.
Runway 31, wind 270 at 3 meters per second,
QFE 729 mm or 946 hectopascals, visibility for
departure 600 m.
31, 270 3 ,
729 946 ,
600 .
5.1.5
WIND (number) DEGREES (number) (units)
() () (
)
Wind 340 degrees 5 meters per second.
340 5.
WIND AT (height/flight level) (number) DEGREES (number)
(units)
( / )
()

()
(
)
Wind at 9600 m 340 degrees 90 kilometers per hour.
9600 340 90 .


_______________________________

VISIBILITY (distance) /direction/


() //
,

Visibility 400 m north, south unlimited.
400 ,
.
RVR (or RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE) /RUNWAY (number)/
(distance) METERS
/ ()/ ()

RVR runway 22 is 1200 m.


22 - 1200 .
RVR (or RUNWAY VISUAL RANGE) RUNWAY (number) NOT
AVAILABLE /(or) NOT REPORTED/
()

/() /
RVR
/RUNWAY
(number)/
TOUCHDOWN
(distance),
MIDPOINT (distance), STOP END (distance) METERS
/ ()/
(), (),
()


: ,
, /
.
,
, ,

: ,
/ .


________________________________

RVR runway 14 touchdown 800 meters, midpoint 1200


meters, stop end 900 meters.
14
800, 1200, 900.
RVR /RUNWAY (number)/ (first position) (distance), (second
position) NOT AVAILABLE (third position) (distance)
/ ()/
( ) (), ( )
, ( ) ()

-
.
RVR runway 14 touchdown 800 meters, midpoint missing,
stop end 900 meters.
14
800, - , 900.
Weather

1210 weather.
12 10 .
PRESENT WEATHER (details)
()
Present weather haze, visibility 1800 m.
- , 1800 .
CLOUD (amount /type/ and height of base) (or SKY CLEAR)
(, //
) ( )

.
.

Few (scattered, broken, overcast) cloud 900 meters.

(,
,


_______________________________

) 900.
CAVOK ( CEILING AND VISIBILITY OK)

[ka:vokei].
, ,

:
) 10 :
) 1500 ;
) , .
TEMPERATURE /MINUS/ (number) (and/or DEW-POINT
/MINUS/ (number))
// () (/
// ())
Temperature 3, dewpoint minus zero.
3, .
QFE (number) /units/

()

QFE 742 millimeters, or 998 hectopascals.


742 , 998 .
(aircraft
type)
REPORTED
(description)
ICING
(or
TURBULENCE) /IN CLOUD/ (area) (time)
( ) () (
) / / () ()
Severe turbulence in cloud between 3000 and 4500
meters.
3000 4500.

REPORT FLIGHT CONDITIONS



9


________________________________

Report flight conditions.


.
Wind 230 degrees, 120 kilometers, minus 54
degrees, the ride is smooth.
230 120 , 54 ,
.
5.1.6
RUNWAY SURFACE CONDITION (number) (conditions)
() ()

LANDING SURFACE (condition)


()

(., , , , , ).
Landing surface rolled sand.
.
CAUTION CONSTRUCTION WORK (location)
, ()
Caution, construction work north of main taxiway.
,
.

Copied.
.
CAUTION (specify reasons) RIGHT (or LEFT, or BOTH SIDES)
OF RUNWAY /number/
( ), ( ,
) //
Caution grass mowers both sides of runway.

10


_______________________________

, .
CAUTION WORK IN PROGRESS (or OBSTRUCTION) (position
and any necessary advice)
, ( )
( )
Caution, obstruction close to stand 21 - disabled vehicle.
, 21-
.
RUNWAY REPORT AT (observation time) RUNWAY (number)
(type of precipitant) UP TO (depth of deposit) MILLIMETERS.
BRAKING ACTION GOOD (or MEDIUM TO GOOD, or MEDIUM,
or MEDIUM TO POOR, or POOR or UNRELIABLE [and/or
BRAKING COEFFICIENT (equipment and number)]
( ),
() ( ) ( )
. (
, ,

) [\
( )]
Runway report at 1510. Runway 03 covered with snow up
to 10 millimeters, braking action medium.
1510. 03
10 , .
BRAKING ACTION REPORTED BY (aircraft type) AT (time)
GOOD (or MEDIUM, or POOR)
( )
() ( ,
)
Braking action reported by Airbus 320 at 13 medium.
320 13
.
RUNWAY (or TAXIWAY) WET /or DAMP, WATER PATCHES,
FLOODED (depth), or SNOW REMOVED length and width as

11


________________________________

applicable) or TREATED, or COVERED WITH PATCHES OF


(DRY) SNOW (or WET SNOW, or COMPACTED SNOW, or
SLUSH, or FROZEN SLUSH, or ICE, or ICE UNDERNEATH, or
ICE AND SNOW, or SNOWDRIFTS, or FROZEN RUTS AND
RIDGES)/
( ) / , ,
( ),
( ), ,
() ( ,
, ,
, ,
, , ,
)/
Advise runway condition.
.
Runway covered with compacted snow.
.
5.1.7 /
CONTACT (unit call sign) (frequency) /NOW/
( )
//

()

Contact Irkutsk Approach 126.1.


126,1.
AT (time or place) PASSING / LEAVING / REACHING FLIGHT
LEVEL (number) METERS CONTACT (unit call sign)
(frequency)
() / ()
/ /
() ( )
At MSA contact Ladoga Control 123.5.
123,5.
IF NO CONTACT (instructions)
, ()

12


_______________________________

If no contact return (revert) to 133.7.


, 133,7.
STAND BY (frequency) FOR (unit call sign)
() ( )
,
,
.
,
.
MONITOR (unit call sign) (frequency)
( ) ()
MONITORING (frequency)
()
Monitor ATIS on 126.75.
126,75.
We are monitoring 126.75, but theres no
transmission there.
126,75,
.
WHEN READY FOR/TO (maneuver or action) CONTACT (unit
call sign) (frequency)
( )
( ) ()
When ready for taxi contact Ground 119.1.
,
119,1.
When ready to relay government message contact 134.0.

, 134,0.
REMAIN THIS FREQUENCY

Remain this frequency until advised.
.

13


________________________________

Roger.
.
Contact (unit call sign) on (frequency). Report contact
established
( ) ()

Contact Chita Control on 135.6, report contact established.


135,6 .
Chita Control on 135.6, will report contact
established.
135,6 .
There's no reply on 131.2
131,2
There's severe interference on 131.2
131,2
5.1.8
SHOW LANDING LIGHTS

LoGo 12 on taxiway 3.
12 3.
LoGo 12, show landing lights.
12, .
...
LoGo 12, you are on taxiway 4, stand by for the
leader van.
12, 4,
.

5.1.9

14


_______________________________

/aircraft type/ /wake turbulence category if heavy/ /aircraft


location/ REQUEST TAXI /intentions/
/ / / ,
/
/
/

//
(
. q).
HiFly 45, Boeing 757 heavy, stand 16, request taxi for
departure from intersection with taxiway 2.
45, 757 , 16,

.
:
/aircraft type/ /wake turbulence category if heavy/ /aircraft
location/ (flight rules) TO (aerodrome or destination)
REQUEST TAXI /intentions/
/ / / ,
/ / / ( )
( )
//
LoGo 12, Cessna Caravan, on stand 1A, IFR to Pulkovo,
request taxi, ready from taxiway 6.
12, , 1,
, , 6.
LoGo 12, roger, stand by.
12, , .
TAXI TO HOLDING POINT /number/ /RUNWAY (number)/
/TIME (minutes)/
// / ()/
/ () /
Request taxi.
.


.
15


________________________________

Taxi to holding point runway 14.


14.
/aircraft type/ /wake turbulence category if heavy/ /aircraft
location/ REQUEST DETAILED TAXI INSTRUCTIONS
/ / / ,
/


.
TAXI VIA ( specific route to be followed) TO HOLDING POINT
/number/ /RUNWAY (number)/ /TIME (minutes)/
( )
// / ()/ /
() /
Taxi via main taxiway, then 2 and 5 to holding point 18.
, 2- 5-
18.
TAXI TO HOLDING POINT /number/ (followed by aerodrome
information as applicable) /TIME(minutes)/
// (
) /
() /

, ., .
TAKE (or TURN) FIRST (or SECOND) LEFT (or RIGHT)
( ) ( )
Take first right and hold.
.
First right and hold.
.
TAXI VIA (identification of taxiway)
( )

16


_______________________________

Taxi to the end of taxiway 5.


5.
TAXI VIA RUNWAY (number)
()
Taxi via runway 33, second left onto taxiway 8.
33, 8.
TAXI TO TERMINAL (or other location, e.g. GENERAL
AVIATION AREA) /STAND (number)/
( , .,
)
/ ()/
Taxi to terminal, will advise stand number later.
,
.

REQUEST AIR TAXIING FROM (or VIA) (location)


TO
(location or routing as appropriate)
( ) ()
( )
.
Request air taxiing via taxiway 21 to the hangar.
21 .
Hold position, give way to ambulance on taxiway
21.
,
21.
AIR-TAXI TO (location or routing as appropriate) /CAUTION
(dust, blowing snow, loose debris, taxiing light aircraft,
personnel, etc.)/
( ) (
) / (, , ,
, ..)/
.

17


________________________________

Air-taxi to the hangar, caution, personnel between


taxiways 4 and 5.
, , 4 5
.
AIR-TAXI VIA (direct, as requested, or specified route) TO
(location, heliport, operating or movement area, active or
inactive runway). AVOID (aircraft or vehicles or personnel)
/ (,
) (, ,
,
).
( )
.
Air-taxi as requested, avoid personnel between taxiways 4
and 5.
,
4 5.
REQUEST BACKTRACK

,
, ,

, .
BACKTRACK APPROVED

Request backtrack runway 01.
01.
Backtrack approved, line up runway 01.
,
01.
Backtrack approved, cleared to line up 01.

01.
BACKTRACK RUNWAY (number)
()
18


_______________________________

.
Backtrack runway 08 and line up.
08
.
/aircraft location/ REQUEST TAXI TO (destination on
aerodrome)
/ /
( )

.
HiFly 45, at VIP sector, request taxi to the night stand.
45, ,
.
TAXI STRAIGHT AHEAD

If unable to turn 180 here, taxi straight ahead.
180,
.
TAXI WITH CAUTION

Taxi with caution, taxiways are slippery.
, .

GIVE WAY TO (description and position of other aircraft)


(
)
Give way to the fighter.
.
GIVING WAY TO (aircraft)
( )
LoGo 12, I say again, give way to the fighter.
19


________________________________

12, , .
Giving way to the fighter, LoGo 12.
, 12.
TRAFFIC (or type of aircraft) IN SIGHT
( )
Confirm Boeing 757 on taxiway 6 in sight.
757 6 ?
757 in sight.
757 .
TAXI INTO HOLDING BAY

Taxi into holding bay and give way to 767.
767.
FOLLOW (description of other aircraft or vehicle)
(
)
Follow the leader van.
.
VACATE RUNWAY

Vacate runway via last left.
.
Last left.
.
RUNWAY VACATED

Runway vacated.
.

20


_______________________________

Contact Ground 122.2.


122,2.
IF PRACTICABLE EXPEDITE TAXI /reason/
//
If practicable expedite taxi, theres a sanitary flight behind
you.
,
.
Roger.
.
EXPEDITING

If practicable, expedite taxi.


.
Expediting.
.
/CAUTION/ TAXI SLOWER /reason/
// //
SLOWING DOWN

Taxi slower.
.
Slowing down.
.
Request progressive taxi



. ,

-

21


________________________________

Request progressive taxi.


.
Roger, taxi straight ahead and turn second right.
,
.
Straight ahead, second right.
, .
()
Continue straight ahead.
.
Straight ahead.
.
()
Turn left now.
.
Turning left.
.
()
Turn first right and report marshaller in sight.
,
.
First right. Marshaller in sight.
. .
Continue with the marshaller.
.
Stop taxi /I say again, stop immediately/
/, /

22


_______________________________

5.1.10
a), c), e), g)
. wilco roger
.
HOLD (direction) OF (position, runway number, etc.)
() (, ..)
Hold south of stand 5.
5.
Holding south of stand 5.
5.
HOLD POSITION

HOLDING

HOLD (distance) FROM (position)
() ()
Hold 50 meters from the runway.
50- .
HOLD SHORT OF (position)
()
Hold short of runway 25.
25.
HOLDING SHORT
()
5.1.11
REQUEST CROSS RUNWAY (number)
()
Request cross runway 08.
08.
23


________________________________

Hold position, traffic 1 kilometer final.


(, ),
, 1 .
CROSS RUNWAY (number) /REPORT VACATED/

()
/
/
Cross runway 08, report vacated.
08, .
Crossing.
.
()
Runway 08 vacated.
08 .
EXPEDITE CROSSING RUNWAY (number) TRAFFIC (aircraft
type) (distance) KILOMETERS FINAL
(), (
) ()

Expedite crossing runway 08, traffic 4 kilometers final.
, ,
4.
Expediting.
.
RUNWAY VACATED

5.1.12
take-off

Cleared for take-off Cancel take-off,

24


_______________________________

.
departure,
after departure (, ) airborne, when
airborne (, ).
UNABLE TO ISSUE (designator) DEPARTURE (reason)
( ) ()
Request BD 4 departure.
4.
Unable to issue BD 4 departure due traffic.
4 - .
REPORT WHEN READY /FOR DEPARTURE/
/ /
ARE YOU READY /FOR DEPARTURE/?
/ /?
Are you ready?
?
In 2 minutes.
2 .
ARE YOU READY FOR IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE?
?
Are you ready for immediate departure?
?
Negative.
.
READY

WAIT /reason/
//
.

25


________________________________

LINE UP /AND WAIT/

/

.
Line up and wait.
, .
Line up and wait.
, .
LINE UP RUNWAY (number)
()
LINE UP. BE READY FOR IMMEDIATE DEPARTURE
.

5.1.13
CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF /REPORT AIRBORNE/
/ /
CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF RUNWAY (number)
(),
.
HOLD POSITION, CANCEL I SAY AGAIN CANCEL TAKE-OFF
(reasons)
, ,
, ()
(
).
HOLDING

STOP IMMEDIATELY
IMMEDIATELY

26

(repeat

aircraft

call

sign)

STOP


_______________________________

(
)

( ).
STOPPING

CLEARED FOR TAKE-OFF FROM (present position, taxiway,


final approach and take-off area, runway and number)
( ,
, , )
,
.
Taking off

REQUEST DEPARTURE INSTRUCTIONS



AFTER DEPARTURE TURN RIGHT (or LEFT), (or CLIMB)
(instructions as appropriate) (or MAINTAIN RUNWAY
HEADING) /TO FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS or
significant point/ /other instructions as required/
( )
( ) ( ) (
) / ()
/ / , /
REQUEST RIGHT (or LEFT) TURN /WHEN AIRBORNE/
( )
/ /
RIGHT (or LEFT) TURN APPROVED
( )
Ready for take-off

Hold position

27


________________________________

5.1.14
AIRBORNE (time)
() ()
AFTER REACHING (or PASSING) FLIGHT LEVEL (HEIGHT)
(number) METERS (instructions)
( ) ()
()
After passing height 200 meters contact Radar 126.0.
200 126,0.
CONTINUE ON RUNWAY HEADING (instructions)
()

.
.
Continue on runway heading until advised.
.
On runway heading.
.
CLIMB STRAIGHT AHEAD (instructions) /until advised/
/ /
, .
Climb straight ahead until height 200 meters.
200 .
Airborne, left turnout onto heading (number)
, ()
5.1.15
a) TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) HEADING (three digits) /TO
INTERCEPT (track, route, radial, airway, etc.)/

28


_______________________________

( ) ( )
/ ( , , ,
../
degrees
heading .
Turn left heading 360.
360.
b) TRACK (three digits) DEGREES /MAGNETIC (or TRUE)/
TO (or FROM)
(significant point) UNTIL time, or
REACHING (fix or significant point or flight level)
( ) /
( )/ ( ) (
) , (
)
track
degrees .
Track 320 degrees magnetic from MSA.
320
.
c) TURN RIGHT (or LEFT) DIRECT TO (significant point)
( ), ( )
Turn right direct to MSA.
, .
d) AFTER REACHING (or PASSING) FLIGHT LEVEL
(number) METERS (or significant point) FLY HEADING /or
FLY DIRECT TO/ (significant point)
( ) (
) / /
( )
After passing MSA fly direct to KYI.
.
After MSA direct KYI.

29


________________________________

.
e) /CLEARED VIA/ (SID name and number) DEPARTURE
/ / (
)
Cleared via R 2B departure.
2 .
f)

Climb initially to flight level (number) meters


( )

5.1.16 ()
a) FLIGHT LEVEL (number)
()
()

(
)
,

, ,

.

. 4.2.3.
Flight level 350.
350.
b) FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS
()
Flight level 1200 meters.
1200.
c) HEIGHT (number) METERS
()
Height 1200 meters.
1200 .

30


_______________________________

5.1.17 ,

CLIMB (or DESCEND) TO FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS
( ) ()

/
Descend to reach flight level 8100 meters 20 kilometers
before MSA.
, 8100 20 .
CLIMB (or DESCEND) TO REACH FLIGHT LEVEL (number)
METERS AT (time or significant point)
( ),
() / ( )
Climb to reach flight level 8100 meters at MSA.
, 8100 .

CLIMB (or DESCEND) TO REACH FLIGHT LEVEL (number)


METERS BY (time or significant point)
( ),
() (
)
Climb to reach flight level 8100 meters by time 53.
, 8100 53 .
CLIMB (or DESCEND) TO FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS,
REPORT LEAVING FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS

(
)
(),
()
Climb to flight level 8100 meters, report leaving 7500
meters.
8100, 7500 .
Climbing to flight level 8100 meters, will report
leaving 7500 meters.
8100, 7500 .

31


________________________________

CLIMB (or DESCEND) TO FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS,


REPORT REACHING
( ) (),

Descend to flight level 3600 m, report reaching.


3600, .
Descending to flight level 3600 m, will report
reaching.
3600, .
CLIMB (or DESCEND) TO FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS,
REPORT PASSING FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS

(
)
(),
()

Climb to flight level 8100 meters, report passing 7500


meters.
8100, 7500 .
Climbing to flight level 8100 meters, will report
passing 7500 meters.
8100, 7500 .
CLIMB (or DESCEND) TO FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS
AT (number) METERS PER SECOND
/MINIMUM (or
MAXIMUM)/

(
)
()

( ) ()

Climb to flight level 8100 meters at 10 meters per second
minimum.
8100 10
.
Climb to flight level 8100 meters at 10 meters per second
maximum.
8100 10
.
32


_______________________________

REPORT STARTING ACCELERATION (or DECELERATION)


( )

.
REQUEST FLIGHT LEVEL CHANGE FROM (name of unit) AT
(time or significant point)
(
) / ( )
Request level change from Moscow Control at MSA.

.
Roger.
.
STOP CLIMB (or DESCENT) AT FLIGHT LEVEL (number)
METERS
( ) ()

.
...
Stop climb at flight level 5100 m.
5100.
To maintain 5100 m.
5100.
CONTINUE CLIMB (or DESCENT) TO FLIGHT LEVEL
(number) METERS
( ) ()
Continue climb to flight level 9600 m.
9600.
Climbing to flight level 9600 m.
9600.

33


________________________________

EXPEDITE CLIMB (or DESCENT) /UNTIL PASSING FLIGHT


LEVEL (number) METERS/

(
)
/
()/
Expedite climb until passing flight level 8100 meters.
8100.
Expediting until 8100 m.
8100.
WHEN READY (or AT PILOT'S DISCRETION) CLIMB (or
DESCEND) TO FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS
( )
( ) ()

/.
EXPECT CLIMB (or DESCENT) AT (time) /AFTER (position)/
( ) () /
()/
Ready for descent.
( ).
Expect descent at 42 due opposite traffic.
42 - .
Roger.
.
REQUEST DESCENT AT (time)
()
Request descent at 33.
33 .
Descend to flight level 6000 m now due traffic
ahead.
6000 -
.

34


_______________________________

Descending to flight level 6000 m.


6000.
IMMEDIATELY

,
.
Stop climb immediately.
.
Stopping climb.
.
AFTER PASSING (significant point)
( )
.
AT (time or significant point)
/ ( )

.
At 47.
47 .
At MSA.
.

WHEN READY (or AT PILOT'S DISCRETION) (instruction)


( )
()

.
When ready descend to flight level 8100 meters.
8100.
REPORT READY FOR DESCENT

35


________________________________

.
IF UNABLE (alternative instructions) AND ADVISE
, ( )

,
.
Climb to flight level 3000 m VMC, if unable maintain flight
level 1800 m and advise.
3000, ,
1800 .
Maintaining flight level 1800 due cloud at 2500 m.
1800 -
2500 .
UNABLE TO COMPLY


.
ARE YOU ABLE FLIGHT LEVEL (number)
() ()
.
Are you able flight level 11600?
11600?
Negative, Im too heavy.
- .
FLIGHT LEVEL (number) NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason).
ALTERNATIVE(S) IS/ARE FLIGHT LEVEL(S). ADVISE
()
/
-
().
() () ().

Flight level 10100 not available due traffic. Alternative is


11100 meters. Advise.
10100 . 11100.
.

36


_______________________________

Flight level 10100 is not available due restrictions.


Alternatives are 11100 and 9100 meters. Advise.
10100 .
11100 9100. .
Request 9100 meters.
9100.
TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT)
( )

TCAS.
,
.
(acknowledgment)
( )

TCAS.

Roger.
.
RETURNING TO (assigned clearance)
( )
, TCAS
.
(acknowledgment) (or alternative instruction)
( ) (
)

.
TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT), RETURNING TO (assigned
clearance)
( )
( )

TCAS. ,
.
TCAS climb, returning to flight level 9600 meters.
, 9600.
37


________________________________

(acknowledgment) (or alternative instruction)


(
)
(

)

.
Roger.
.
TCAS CLIMB (or DESCENT) COMPLETED, (assigned
clearance) RESUMED
( ) ,
( )
TCAS climb completed, flight level 3000 meters
resumed.
, 3000.
(acknowledgment) (or alternative instruction)
(
)
(

)

.
Roger.
.
UNABLE TO COMPLY, TCAS RESOLUTION ADVISORY


-
.
(acknowledgment)
( )
Roger.
.
5.1.18

38


_______________________________

()

( - / above - below).
. ()


().
TRAFFIC (information)
() ()
HiFly 45, request flight level 10100 m.
45, 10100 .
HiFly 45, unable to clear due traffic.
Maintain 9100 m.
45, - .
9100.
Maintaining 9100 m. Request traffic details, HiFly 45.
9100. ,
45.
Traffic at flight level 9600 m estimating MSA at
34. HiFly 45, maintain 9100 m.
9600 34 .
45, 9100 .
TRAFFIC IS (classification) UNMANNED FREE BALLOON(S)
(or GLIDER, OR KITE) WAS/WERE /or ESTIMATED/ OVER
(place) AT (time) REPORTED (flight level(s)) /or FLIGHT
LEVEL UNKNOWN/ MOVING (direction) (other pertinent
information, if any)

()

() ( , )
() / / ()
() , (
) / /
() ( ,
)

39


________________________________

Traffic is glider, was at 100 m 5 km west of runway 16 at


time 45.
- , 45 100 5-
16.
Looking out.
.
()
Traffic in sight.
.
LOOKING OUT

,
,
.
TRAFFIC IN SIGHT

,
,
.
NEGATIVE CONTACT /reasons/
//
Negative contact, in cloud.
, .
NEGATIVE CONTACT :
) (Negative contact on
122.7 122,7 );
) ,
, (Negative contact
).
5.1.19
NEXT REPORT AT (significant point)
( )
40


_______________________________

Maintain 9100 m, next report at MSA.


9100, .
Maintaining 9100 m, will report MSA.
9100, .
OMIT POSITION REPORTS UNTIL (specify)

()

, .
RESUME POSITION REPORTING

Contact Approach 123.25 and resume position reporting.
123,25
.
Approach 123.25, resuming position reporting.
123,25, .

HiFly 45, position.


45, .
HiFly 45, go ahead.
45, .
HiFly 45, ANDOR at 34, flight level 10100 m, TU at 44,
FK next.
45, 34 , 10100,
44, .
HiFly 45, next report at FK.
45, .
P -Wilco, HiFly 45.
, 45.

41


________________________________

Ladoga Control, HighFly 45, MSA at flight level


10100 m, KYI at 56.
, 45, 10100, 56
.
HighFly 45, Ladoga Control, bearing 240,
distance 110, maintain flight level 10100 m,
report KYI.
45, , 240,
110, 10100,
.
5.1.20
REPORT CROSSING (significant point)
( )
Report crossing MSA.
.
Will report MSA.
.
REPORT (distance) FROM (name of DME station) DME
() (
)

.
Report 30 kilometers from MSA DME.
30 .
REPORT CROSSING (three digits) RADIAL (name of VOR)
VOR
( )
( )
, (
).
Report crossing 245 radial MSA VOR.
245 .
42


_______________________________

Crossing 245 MSA radial now.


245 .
REPORT DISTANCE FROM (significant point)
( )

.

REPORT DISTANCE FROM (name of DME station) DME


(
)
Report distance from MSA DME (Mike Sierra Alfa
di: em i:).
.
DME MSA 23.
23.
REPORT POSITION

Report position.
.
Position R22, 20 km inbound MSA.
22, 20 .
5.1.21
a) FROM (location) TO (location)
() ()
From Sheremetievo to Pulkovo.
.
b) TO (location);
followed as necessary by:
(), :
DIRECT

To Pulkovo direct.
.
43


________________________________

VIA (route and/or significant points)


/ ( / )
To Pulkovo via P210 and B1.
210 1.
VIA FLIGHT PLANNED ROUTE

Cleared to Pulkovo via flight planned route.

.
AS FILED
-
After MSA continue as filed.
,
-.
c) FLIGHT LEVEL (number) (or route) NOT AVAILABLE DUE
(reason). ALTERNATIVE(S) IS/ARE FLIGHT LEVEL(S)
(routes). ADVISE
( )
- (). -
().
Flight level 10100 meters not available due restrictions.
Alternatives are flight levels 9100 meters and 11100
meters. Advise.
10100 -
. 9100
11100. .
Request flight level 9100 meters. Will appreciate
10100 meters as soon as it becomes available.
9100. 10100,
.
d) ADVISE IF ABLE TO PROCEED PARALLEL OFFSET

44


_______________________________

(
)
Advise if able to proceed parallel offset.
,
.
Affirm.
.
e) PROCEED OFFSET (distance) RIGHT/LEFT OF (route)
(track) /CENTER LINE/ /AT (significant point) (time)/
/UNTIL (significant point) (time)/
()
/ () ( ) /
/ / ( ) ()/ / (
) ()/
Proceed offset ten kilometers right of R 22 until further
advised.

22 .
Offset ten kilometers right of R 22.
22.
f)

CANCEL OFFSET (instructions to rejoin cleared flight


route or other information)
(

)
Cancel offset, turn left 20 degrees and rejoin R 22.
,
22.

20

20 degrees left to rejoin R 22.


20 22.
g) CROSS (significant point) AT (or ABOVE, or BELOW)
FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS

45


________________________________

( ) ( , )
()
Cross MSA at flight level 3600 meters.
3600.
Cross MSA at flight level 3600 meters or above.
3600 .
h) CROSS (significant point) AT (time) OR LATER (or
BEFORE) AT FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS
( ) () (
) ()
Cross MSA at 25 or before at flight level 7200 meters.
25 7200.
i)

CRUISE CLIMB BETWEEN FLIGHT LEVELS (number)


METERS /(or ABOVE FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS/
()
() ( ()
.

j)

CROSS (distance) DME /(direction)/ (name of DME


station) AT (or ABOVE, or BELOW) FLIGHT LEVEL
(number) METERS
() /()/
( ) ( , )
()
Cross 25 kilometers DME MSA at flight level 3600
meters.
25 3600.

5.1.22
MAINTAIN FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS /TO (significant
point)/
() / ( )/
46


_______________________________

Maintain flight level 8600 m to MSA.


8600 .
MAINTAIN FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS UNTIL
PASSING (significant point)
() (
)
Maintain flight level 8600 m until passing MSA.
8600 .
MAINTAIN FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS UNTIL (time)
() ()
Maintain flight level 8600 m until 04 next hour.
8600 04 .
MAINTAIN FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS UNTIL ADVISED
BY (name of unit)

()

( )
Maintain flight level 8600 m until advised by Rostov
Control.
8600 .
MAINTAIN FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS UNTIL
FURTHER ADVISED

()

Maintain flight level 8600 m until further advised.


8600 .

5.1.23
CROSS (significant point) AT (time) /OR LATER (or OR
BEFORE)/
( ) () / (
)/
47


________________________________

Cross MSA at 45.


45 .
ADVISE IF ABLE TO CROSS (significant point ) AT time or
FLIGHT LEVEL (number)
( ) () /
()/?
Advise if able to cross MSA at 45.
45 ?
5.1.24
CLEARED VIA (designation)
()
Cleared via UM 2 Bravo Arrival.
2 .
CLEARED TO (clearance limit) VIA (designation)
( )
()
Cleared to MSA via A 30, BNM, B 564.
30, , 564.
CLEARED VIA (details of route to be followed)
(
)
Cleared via A 11, MT, B 323, OSR.
11, , 323, .
CLEARED (type of approach) APPROACH /RUNWAY
(number)/
( ) /
()/
Cleared ILS approach runway 09 left.
48


_______________________________

, 09 .
COMMENCE APPROACH AT (time)
()
,
.
, .
,
, Turn left (right) now, heading
(three digits) (), (
).
Commence approach at 35.
35 .
REQUEST STRAIGHT-IN APPROACH

Request straight-in approach.
.
Unable due traffic, join the hold at MSA.
- ,
.
CLEARED STRAIGHT-IN APPROACH /RUNWAY (number)/
/ ()/
Cleared straight-in approach runway 22.
, 22.
CLEARED STRAIGHT-IN (type) APPROACH /RUNWAY
(number)/
() / ()/
REPORT VISUAL
,
Report visual.
, .
Ground contact.
49


________________________________

.
REPORT RUNWAY /LIGHTS/ IN SIGHT
//
Report runway in sight.
.
Wilco.
, .
()
Runway in sight.
.
REQUEST VISUAL APPROACH

Request visual approach.
.
Unable visual due traffic, cleared ILS runway 32
approach.
- ,
32.
CLEARED VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY (number)
()
Request visual approach.
.
Cleared left hand visual approach, number 4.
,
4.
REPORT (significant point) / INBOUND, or OUTBOUND /
, / ( )/
( )
Report position.
.

50


_______________________________

MSA outbound.
.
Report MSA inbound.
, .
Roger.
.
()
Inbound MSA.
.
REPORT COMMENCING PROCEDURE TURN

ARE YOU FAMILIAR WITH (name) APPROACH PROCEDURE?
()?
Are you familiar with NDB runway 02 approach?
02?
Affirm.
.
Cleared NDB runway 02 approach, stand by for descent.

02,

.
REQUEST (type of approach) APPROACH /RUNWAY
(number)/
( ) / ()/
Request ILS approach.
.
Hold at MSA, expect ILS approach at 34.
,
34 .

Flight level 1200 meters, QFE 748 mm set, current

51


________________________________

height 1130 meters, descending to height 600 meters.


1200, 748 , 1130
, 600.

Maintain height, height error more than 50 meters.


Confirm QFE 748 mm set.
,
50 .
748 .

Maintaining height. QFE 748 mm set, current


height 1070 meters.
. 748
, 1070.
EXPECT CLEARANCE AT (time) (location) /WHEN (condition)/
() () /
()/
Expect clearance at 25.
25 .
Expect clearance when clear of traffic.
.

5.1.25
HOLD VISUAL /OVER/ (position), (or BETWEEN (two
prominent landmarks)
// (),
( )
.

52


_______________________________

Hold visual over the lake north of the field.


.
HOLD AT (significant point, name of facility or fix) FLIGHT
LEVEL (number) METERS, EXPECT APPROACH (or
FURTHER CLEARANCE) AT (time)
( ,
) ()
( ) ()

.
REQUEST HOLDING INSTRUCTIONS


.
HOLD AT (name of facility) (call sign and frequency, if
necessary) FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS INBOUND
TRACK (three digits) RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND PATTERN,
OUTBOUND
TIME
(number)
MINUTES
(additional
instructions, if necessary)

(
)
(
) ()
( ) ,
( ) ,
() (
)
Hold at MSA at flight level 2400 m, inbound track 270
degrees, righthand pattern, outbound time 1 minute.
2400, 270
, ,
1 .
HOLD ON THE (three digits) RADIAL OF THE (name) VOR
(call sign and frequency, if necessary) AT (distance) DME (or
BETWEEN (distance) AND (distance) DME) (flight level)
INBOUND TRACK (three digits) RIGHT (or LEFT) HAND
PATTERN (additional instructions, if necessary)
( ) ()
( ) ()
( () () )
53


________________________________

() ( ),
( )
( )
Hold on the 335 radial of the MSA VOR between 25 and
35 km DME, righthand pattern.
335 25
35 , .
Hold on the 335 radial of the MSA VOR between
25 and 35 km DME, righthand pattern.
335
25 35 , .
5.1.26


.
.
a) NO DELAY EXPECTED

Cleared via KS 25 Bravo arrival, no delay expected.
25 ,
.

Cleared via KS 25 Bravo.


25 .

b) REQUEST EXPECTED APPROACH TIME



Hold at MSA at flight level 2400 m.
2400.
Will hold at MSA at 2400 m, request expected
approach time.
2400,
54


_______________________________

.
Expected approach time 48.
48 .
5.1.27
(specify visual or non-visual aid) RUNWAY (number)
(description of deficiency)
( )
() ( )
ILS glide path runway 33 unserviceable.
33 .
(type) LIGHTING (unserviceability)
() ()
Runway centerline lighting not available due maintenance.
-
.
ILS CATEGORY (category) (serviceability state)

()
(
)

ILS category two not available.


.

TAXIWAY LIGHTING (description of deficiency)


( )
Right side of taxiway 6 lighting not operating.
6 .
(type of visual indicator) RUNWAY (number) (description
of deficiency)

55


________________________________

( ) () (
)
Landing threshold lights runway 09 unserviceable.
09 .

Turn up runway lights.


.

Turn down approach lights.


.
5.1.28 (
)
(call sign) (position) FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS FOR
LANDING
() () (/)

JOIN LEFT (or RIGHT) HAND (position in circuit) (runway
number)
/SURFACE/
WIND
(direction
and
speed)
/TEMPERATURE (degrees Celsius)/ QFE (detail) /units/
/TRAFFIC (detail)/

(
) ( ) ( )
// ( )
/
(
)/

() / / /
()/
MAKE STRAIGHT-IN APPROACH, RUNWAY (number)
/SURFACE/ WIND (direction and speed) TEMPERATURE
(degrees Celsius)/ QFE (detail) /units/ /TRAFFIC (detail)/
, ()
// ( )
/
(
)/

56


_______________________________

() / / /
()/
(call sign) (position) FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS,
INFORMATION (ATIS identification) FOR LANDING
() () ()
( ),
.
JOIN (position in circuit) /RUNWAY (number)/ QFE (detail)
/unit/ /TRAFFIC (detail)/
( ) / ()/
() / /
/ ()/
5.1.29 ( )
(position in circuit, e.g., DOWNWIND LEG / FINAL)
( , , /
)
,

1-, 2-, 3-, 4- .

1- 2- (crosswind leg), 2-
3- (downwind leg), 3- 4- (base leg),
(final) ,
4- 1- (upwind leg).
leg .
-
,
,
.

Join
downwind
; Join baseleg
; Join crosswind
.

57


________________________________

NUMBER . FOLLOW (aircraft type and position) /additional


instructions if required/
. (
) /
/
HiFly 45, number two. Follow Ilyushin 96 turning base.
45, . -96,
.
HiFly 45, number two. Ilyushin 96 in sight.
45, . -96 .
5.1.30
MAKE SHORT APPROACH

.
You are number one. Make short approach.
. .
MAKE LONG APPROACH (or EXTEND DOWNWIND)
(
)
.
You are number four. Make long approach. Number three
Cessna 172 turning base. Report traffic in sight.
. .
172 . ,
.

REPORT TURNING BASE (or FINAL)


( )
.
REPORT LONG FINAL

58


_______________________________

: Long final
,
, 7
, Short final.

Long
final
, 3,5
, Short final.
CONTINUE APPROACH /POSSIBLE GO-AROUND/

/
/

.
REPORT ESTABLISHED

Report fully established

,
.
REPORT OUTER MARKER

5.1.31
CLEARED TO LAND (wind direction and velocity)
( )
Cleared to land, wind 070 degrees at 8 meters per second.
, 70 8.
Cleared to land.
.
CLEARED TO LAND RUNWAY (number) (wind direction and
velocity)
, () (
)
Cleared to land runway 07 right, wind 070 degrees at 8.
59


________________________________

, 07 ,
70 8.
Cleared to land 07 right.
, 07 .
CLEARED TOUCH AND GO

,
.
MAKE FULL STOP


.

REQUEST LOW APPROACH (reasons)


()

.
CLEARED LOW APPROACH /RUNWAY (number)/ /(height
restriction if required) (go around instructions)/
/ ()/ /(
) (
)

.
REQUEST LOW PASS (reasons)
()


( ..).
CLEARED LOW PASS /RUNWAY (number)/ /(height
restriction if required) (go around instructions)/
/ ()/
/( ) (
)

60


_______________________________

Cleared low pass at minimum height 50 meters, after


passing the Tower climb to flight level 1200 m on runway
heading, at 200 m contact Radar 119.2.
,
50 ,
1200 , 200
119,2.
REQUEST STRAIGHT-IN (or LEFT (or RIGHT) TURN TO
(location)
(
) ()
.
MAKE STRAIGHT-IN (or LEFT (or RIGHT) TURN TO (location,
runway, taxiway, final approach and take-off area)) /ARRIVAL
(or ARRIVAL ROUTE) (number, name, or code)/. /HOLD
SHORT OF (active runway, extended runway center line,
other)/. /REMAIN (direction or distance) FROM (runway,
runway center line, other helicopters or aircraft)/. /CAUTION
(power lines, unlighted obstructions, wake turbulence, etc.)/.
CLEARED TO LAND
( (
) (, , ,
)) /
( ) (,
)/. / ( ,
..)/. (
) (, ,
)/. /, (
,

,
..). .
.

Make approach into wind.


.
.

61


________________________________

Gear down, ready to land.


, .
5.1.32
ORBIT (RIGHT, or LEFT) /FROM PRESENT POSITION/
( ) /
/
5.1.33
.
GO AROUND, I SAY AGAIN, GO AROUND
, ,

Go around, I say again, go around.


, ,
.
Going around.
.
Go around, I say again, go around.
, ,
.
Going around. Advise reason.
. .
You are 200 m right.
200 .
GOING AROUND

Go around as published.
62


_______________________________

.
5.1.34
LANDING GEAR APPEARS DOWN
, -,

-,
,
() .
RIGHT (or LEFT, or NOSE) WHEEL APPEARS UP (or DOWN)
( , ) , , ( )
WHEELS APPEAR UP
, -,
RIGHT (or LEFT, or NOSE) WHEEL DOES NOT APPEAR UP
(or DOWN)
( , ) , , ( )
CAUTION WAKE TURBULENCE /FROM ARRIVING (or
DEPARTING) (type of aircraft)/ /additional information as
required/
,

/
( ) ( )/ /
, /
CAUTION JET BLAST
,
CAUTION SLIPSTREAM
,
5.1.35
a) On ground.
.
On ground.
.
63


________________________________

On ground at 46, vacate left.


46, .
b) Advise vacated.
.
c) CONTACT GROUND (frequency)
()
d) WHEN VACATED CONTACT GROUND (frequency)

()
e) EXPEDITE VACATING

f)

YOUR STAND (or GATE) (designation)


( ) ()

g) TAKE (or TURN) FIRST (or SECOND, or CONVENIENT)


LEFT (or RIGHT) AND CONTACT GROUND (frequency)
( , ) (
) ()
Take first convenient left.

( ).
h) AIR-TAXI TO HELICOPTER STAND (or HELICOPTER
PARKING POSITION) (area)

( ) ()
.
i) AIR-TAXI TO (or VIA) (location or routing as appropriate)
/CAUTION (dust, blowing snow, loose debris, taxiing light
aircraft, personnel, etc.)/
( ) (
) /, (, ,
, , ..)/
.

64


_______________________________

j)

AIR-TAXI VIA (direct, as requested, or specified route) TO


(location, heliport, operating or movement area, active or
inactive runway). AVOID (aircraft or vehicles or
personnel)
(,
) (, ,

,
).
( )
.

k)
Report leader van (or marshaller) in sight.
, (
)
l)
Continue with the marshaller.
.

65


________________________________

5.2 ,

5.2.1
C ,
:
-
(own navigation)
;
- ,
(vectoring),

.
5.2.1.1
a) REPORT HEADING /AND FLIGHT LEVEL (or HEIGHT)/
/ ( )/
,
.
b) FOR IDENTIFICATION TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING
(three digits)
( )
( )
.
For identification turn left heading 030.
030.
c) TRANSMIT FOR IDENTIFICATION AND REPORT HEADING

. Transmit for DF
.
,
.

66


_______________________________

d) RADAR CONTACT /position/


//
,

.
Radar contact, 5 kilometers east of KYI, on track.
, 5-
, .
e) IDENTIFIED /position/
//

( ),
,
,

, .

,
,
(Resume own navigation).
f)

NOT IDENTIFIED /reason/, /RESUME (or CONTINUE) OWN


NAVIGATION
//, (
)
.
Not identified, you appear to be outside radar coverage.
Resume own navigation.
, , .
.

5.2.1.2

/ ()
.
.

67


________________________________

POSITION (distance) (direction) OF (significant point) (or OVER


or ABEAM (significant point)
() () ( ) (
) ( )
position
. :
, , , .

, . 5.1.7.
Position AB.
.
Position 30 km left of track, 50 km inbound AB.
30 , 50 .
Position 5 km outbound MSA.
5 .
(BEARING)
-:
QDR, MAGNETIC BEARING FROM STATION -
;
QDM, MAGNETIC BEARING TO STATION -
;
QTE, TRUE BEARING FROM STATION -
.
5.2.1.3
a) LEAVE (significant point) HEADING (three digits)
( ) ( )
Leave MSA heading 230.
230 ( 230).
b) CONTINUE HEADING (three digits)
( )
Still on heading 230.
230.
68


_______________________________

Continue heading 230.


230.
c) CONTINUE PRESENT HEADING

d) FLY HEADING (three digits)
( )
e) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number) DEGREES /reason/

(
)
()
//
- ,
,
"".
Turn right 30 degrees for spacing.
30 .
f)

TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits) /reason/


( ) ( )
//
,

"".
Turn right heading 030 due traffic.
030 - .

g) STOP TURN HEADING (three digits)


( )
h) FLY HEADING (three digits), WHEN ABLE PROCEED
DIRECT (name) (significant point)
( ),
()
( )
i)

HEADING IS GOOD

69


________________________________

5.2.1.3.1
:
- ;
- () .
.

.
5.2.1.3.2.
:
- ;
-
(
).

You are 20 kilometers left of track.


20 .

You appear to be 20 km left of track.


, 20
,
, ..
.

.
5.2.1.3.3. ,
, , :
-
;
-
.
a)
Contact Ladoga Approach 125.2 and report heading.
- 125,2 .

70


_______________________________

125,2 :
b)
HiFly 45, flight level 9600 meters, on radar
heading 120.
45, 9600, 120
.
radar heading ,
.
5.2.1.3.4 ,
,
:
DUE (TO) TRAFFIC
-
FOR SPACING

FOR DELAYING ACTION

FOR DOWNWIND (or BASE, or FINAL)

( ,
)
5.2.1.4
(position of aircraft) RESUME OWN NAVIGATION (specific
instructions)
(
)

( )

,

71


________________________________


.
RESUME OWN NAVIGATION /DIRECT/ (significant point)
/MAGNETIC TRACK (three digits) DISTANCE (number)
KILOMETERS

//
(
)

( ) ()

:
-
;
-
;
-
.
Resume own navigation direct AB. Magnetic track 050.
Distance 70 km.

. 050. 70 .
5.2.1.5
MAKE A THREE SIXTY TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) /reason/
( ) //
Make a three sixty turn left for delaying action.
.
ORBIT LEFT (or RIGHT) /reason/
( ) //
MAKE ALL TURNS RATE ONE (or RATE HALF, or (number)
DEGREES PER SECOND). START AND STOP ALL TURNS ON
THE COMMAND "NOW"
60
( 30) ()

72


_______________________________

.
""

.
TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) NOW
( )

. ,
.
STOP TURN NOW


. ,
.
,
, heading
.
5.2.1.6
SPEED (number) KILOMETERS PER HOUR
()
REPORT SPEED

.
MAINTAIN (number) KILOMETERS PER HOUR OR GREATER
(or OR LESS) UNTIL (location)
() /
( ) ()
Maintain 300 kilometers per hour until outer marker.
300 / .
DO NOT EXCEED (number) KILOMETERS PER HOUR
()

73


________________________________

MAINTAIN PRESENT SPEED



INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED TO (number) KILOMETERS
PER HOUR OR GREATER (or OR LESS)
( ) ()
/ ( )
.
INCREASE (or REDUCE) SPEED BY (number) KILOMETERS
PER HOUR
( ) ()
/
NO /ATC/ SPEED RESTRICTIONS
//
3000
463 /.
,
,
.
REDUCE TO MINIMUM APPROACH SPEED

REDUCE TO MINIMUM CLEAN SPEED


.

MAINTAIN MACH (number) /OR GREATER (or OR LESS)/


/UNTIL (significant point)/
() /
( )/ / ( )/
Maintain Mach point 82 (or Mach 82) until MSA.

.
Do not exceed Mach (number).
().

74


_______________________________

INCREASE/REDUCE SPEED TO MACH (number) /IF


PRACTICABLE/
/
() / /
5.2.1.7
OMIT POSITION REPORTS UNTIL (specify)

()

, .
HiFly 45, omit position reports until MSA.
45,
.
NEXT REPORT AT (significant point)
( )
HiFly 45, next report at MSA.
45, .
REPORT REQUIRED ONLY AT (significant point(s))
()
RESUME POSITION REPORTING

5.2.1.8

:
- TRAFFIC;
- ( )
"";
- ;
- ;
-

(,

,
).
75


________________________________

a) TRAFFIC (number) OCLOCK (distance) (direction of


flight) /any other pertinent information/
() () ( )
/ /
UNKNOWN

SLOW MOVING

FAST MOVING

CLOSING

OPPOSITE (or SAME) DIRECTION


( )
OVERTAKING

CROSSING LEFT TO RIGHT (or RIGHT TO LEFT)


( )
TYPE

FLIGHT LEVEL

CLIMBING (or DESCENDING)


( )
Traffic 11 oclock, 30 km, same direction Yak-42 at your flight
level, slow moving.
30, 30 , , -42
, .
b) REQUEST VECTORS

76


_______________________________

c) DO YOU WANT VECTORS?


?
d) CLEAR OF TRAFFIC /appropriate instructions/
/ /
e) TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY /(number)
DEGREES/
( ) ()

, .

.
f)

TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY HEADING (three


digits)
( ) ( )

, .

.

5.2.1.9
RADAR CONTROL TERMINATED /DUE (reason)/

/- ()/
,

.
Radar control terminated due equipment failure, resume
own navigation.
-
,
.
RADAR SERVICE TERMINATED (instructions)

()

77


________________________________

,
,
-

.
Radar service terminated, contact 125.4.

125,4.

WILL SHORTLY LOSE RADAR CONTACT (appropriate


instructions or information)

( )
Will shortly lose radar contact due computer reset, resume
position reporting.
-
,
.
RADAR CONTACT LOST /reasons/ (instructions)
//
()
Radar contact lost, left radar cover. Will regain contact in
15 kilometers.
,
.
15 .
5.2.1.10
SECONDARY RADAR OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate
information as necessary)

(
, )

78


_______________________________

PRIMARY RADAR OUT OF SERVICE (appropriate information


as necessary)

(
, )



5.2.2.1
VECTORING FOR (type) APPROACH RUNWAY (number)
() ()
Vectoring for NDB approach RWY 17.
17.
VECTORING FOR VISUAL APPROACH RUNWAY (number).
REPORT FIELD IN SIGHT

(). ,
VECTORING FOR (positioning in the circuit)
( )
Vectoring for base.
.
VECTORING FOR SURVEILLANCE RADAR APPROACH
RUNWAY (number)

()
VECTORING FOR PRECISION APPROACH RUNWAY (number)

()
(type) APPROACH NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason) (alternative
instructions)
() - ()
( )
79


________________________________

ILS approach not available due maintenance works.


Precision approach available.
-
. .
5.2.2.2

POSITION (number) KILOMETERS FROM (fix). TURN LEFT (or
RIGHT) HEADING (three digits)
() (). ( )
( )
Position 20 km from MSA. Turn left heading 240.
20 . 240.
YOU WILL INTERCEPT (radio aid or track) (distance) FROM
(significant point or TOUCHDOWN)
() ( )
()

)
You will intercept localizer 14 km from touchdown.
14
.
REQUEST (distance) FINAL
()

.
Request 10-kilometer final.
10- .
CLEARED FOR (type) APPROACH RUNWAY (number)
()
()

80


_______________________________



.
Cleared for ILS approach runway 12.
12.

REPORT ESTABLISHED /ON LOCALIZER (or GLIDE PATH)/


/ ( )/
established ,



.
CLOSING FROM LEFT (or RIGHT) / REPORT ESTABLISHED/
( ) /
/
TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) HEADING (three digits) /TO
INTERCEPT/ or /REPORT ESTABLISHED/
( ) ( ) /
/ / /
Turn left heading 340 to intercept ILS RWY 19, report
established.
340, 19.
.
EXPECT VECTOR ACROSS (localizer course or radio aid)
(reason)

(
) ()


.
,

.

81


________________________________

Expect vector across localizer for spacing on final.

THIS TURN WILL TAKE YOU THROUGH (localizer course or


radio aid) /reason/
(
) //
This turn will take you through localizer for spacing.

.
TAKING YOU THROUGH (localizer course or radio aid)
/reason/
(
) //
Taking you through localizer for spacing. You will intercept
ILS from the right.
.
.
MAINTAIN (height) UNTIL GLIDE PATH INTERCEPTION
()
REPORT ESTABLISHED ON GLIDE PATH

INTERCEPT (localizer course or radio aid) /REPORT
ESTABLISHED/
(
)/ /

5.2.2.3

82


_______________________________

a) CLEARED FOR ILS APPROACH RUNWAY (number) LEFT


(or RIGHT)
() (
)
Cleared for ILS approach runway 19 Left.
P 19 .
b) YOU HAVE CROSSED THE LOCALIZER. TURN LEFT (or
RIGHT) IMMEDIATELY AND RETURN TO THE LOCALIZER

.
( )

c) ILS RUNWAY (number) LEFT (or RIGHT) LOCALIZER
FREQUENCY IS (frequency)
() ( )
()
ILS runway 32 Left localizer frequency is 109.5.
32 109,5.
d) COLLISION ALERT, TURN LEFT (or RIGHT) (number)
DEGREES (or HEADING) (three digits) IMMEDIATELY TO
AVOID TRAFFIC
/DEVIATING FROM
ADJACENT
APPROACH/, CLIMB TO HEIGHT (number) METERS
, (
) () ( ) ( )
/
/, ()

83


________________________________

5.2.3.1

:
- ;
- ;
- .
5.2.3.2
THIS WILL BE A PRECISION RADAR APPROACH RUNWAY
(number)

()
This will be a precision radar approach runway 05.

05.
PRECISION APPROACH NOT AVAILABLE DUE (reason)
(alternative instructions)
() ( )
Precision approach not available due radar failure. I
recommend you an ILS approach.
-
. .
IN CASE OF GO AROUND (instructions)
()
In case of go around climb on runway heading to height
400 meters.

400 .
5.2.3.3
DO NOT ACKNOWLEDGE FURTHER TRANSMISSIONS

84


_______________________________



.
REPLY NOT RECEIVED. WILL CONTINUE RADAR CONTROL
.

5.2.3.4
CLOSING (SLOWLY or QUICKLY) FROM THE LEFT (or
RIGHT)
( )
( )
HEADING IS GOOD

ON TRACK
( )
SLIGHTLY (or WELL, or GOING) LEFT (or RIGHT) OF TRACK
( , ) (
)
(number) METERS LEFT (or RIGHT) OF TRACK
() ( )
5.2.3.5
APPROACHING GLIDEPATH

COMMENCE DESCENT NOW /AT (number) METRES PER
SECOND (or ESTABLISH A (number) DEGREE GLIDEPATH)/
/ ()
( () -

85


________________________________

,
now .
Commence descent now to establish a three degree
glidepath.
,
3 .
RATE OF DESCENT IS GOOD

ON GLIDEPATH

SLIGHTLY (or WELL, or GOING) ABOVE (or BELOW)
GLIDEPATH
( , ) (
)
Slightly above glidepath.
.
/STILL/ (number) METERS TOO HIGH (or TOO LOW)
/-/ () ( )
Still 50 m too low.
- 50 .
ADJUST RATE OF DESCENT

COMING BACK /SLOWLY (or QUICKLY)/ TO THE GLIDEPATH
( )

RESUME NORMAL RATE OF DESCENT



(distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN, HEIGHT SHOULD BE
(number) METERS
() .
()

86


_______________________________

3 km from touchdown. Height should be 150 m.


3 .
150 .
ELEVATION ELEMENT UNSERVICEABLE (to be followed by
appropriate instructions)
( )

)
Elevation element unserviceable, 6 kilometers from touch
down, height should be 300 m.
,
6 , 300 .
Elevation element is active till 4 km final due to rain
clutters (precipitation, weather).
4-
- (,
).
5.2.3.6
(distance) FROM TOUCHDOWN / THRESHOLD
() /
OVER APPROACH LIGHTS

OVER THRESHOLD

5.2.3.7
a) CHECK GEAR DOWN AND LOCKED

b) CHECK DECISION HEIGHT

87


________________________________

5.2.3.8
REPORT VISUAL
,
REPORT RUNWAY /LIGHTS/ IN SIGHT
, / /
APPROACH COMPLETED /instructions/
//
A half kilometer from touchdown, approach completed.
, ,
.
5.2.3.9
CONTINUE VISUALLY OR GO AROUND /missed approach
instructions/

/ /
GO AROUND IMMEDIATELY /missed approach instructions/
/
/
2 . immediately
.
Go around immediately. Go around immediately. Climb
straight ahead to height 600 m.
2- .
2- . 600.
CONFIRM YOU ARE GOING AROUND
?
IF GOING AROUND (appropriate instructions)
/
/
If going around, climb to height 600 m to MSA.
88


_______________________________

600 .
GOING AROUND

5.2.4.1
ADVISE
MODE
(AND/OR
CODE)
CAPABILITY
OF
TRANSPONDER

(/ )
TRANSPONDER (as shown in the flight plan)
( -)
NEGATIVE TRANSPONDER

5.2.4.2
FOR DEPARTURE SQUAWK (code)
()
For departure squawk 1753.
1753.

SQUAWK (code)
()
Squawk 6451.
6451.

89


________________________________

2000
,
.
5.2.4.3

RESET TRANSPONDER SQUAWK (mode) (code)


() ()


.
Reset Alpha 1753.
1753.
RESETTING (mode) (code)
() ()
5.2.4.4
CONFIRM SQUAWK (code)
()
SQUAWKING (code)
()
5.2.4.5
SQUAWK (code) AND IDENT
()
(IDENT)
.


( ).

90


_______________________________

5.2.4.6

SQUAWK STANDBY


,
.
5.2.4.7
SQUAWK MAYDAY CODE SEVEN-SEVEN-ZERO-ZERO
---
5.2.4.8
STOP SQUAWK

5.2.4.9
SQUAWK CHARLIE

5.2.4.10

90

:
CHECK ALTIMETER SETTING AND CONFIRM FLIGHT LEVEL
(number)

()

91


________________________________

Check altimeter setting and confirm flight level 10600 m.



10600.
5.2.4.11 -

STOP SQUAWK CHARLIE, WRONG INDICATION
,
5.2.4.12

CONFIRM FLIGHT LEVEL (number) METERS


()

92


_______________________________




6.1.1

:
(distress) ,
() ,
;

(urgency) ,

, ,

, .
6.1.2
MAYDAY PAN
,
.
6.1.3
, Roger,
MAYDAY.
6.1.4
,
, .

MAYDAY MAYDAY MAYDAY, HiFly 45, engine on fire.


, 45,
.

HiFly 45, Rostov Control, roger, MAYDAY.


45,

,
,
.
1


________________________________

PAN PAN PAN, HiFly 45, we have two drunk


passengers, one is
seriously injured, request
priority landing, police and medical
assistance on landing.
, 45,
, ,
,
.

HiFly 45, Rostov Control, copied, stand by for


vectors.
45, , ,
.
6.1.5

,
.
,
,
.
6.2
6.2.1



, ,
.

ALL STATIONS, STOP TRANSMITTING, MAYDAY


, ,


_______________________________

HiFly 45, STOP TRANSMITTING, MAYDAY


45, ,
6.2.2
,
.
Rostov Control, HiFly 45, CANCEL DISTRESS, engine
fire put out, request return to Rostov.
, 45, ,
,
.
6.2.3

, .

ALL STATIONS, DISTRESS TRAFFIC ENDED, resume


transmitting
,
,
.
6.3

Weve a fire warning light in the cabin (in the hold, in


the galley).

( , ).

We have a fire in our number three.


.

.
3


________________________________

Weve smoke in the cockpit.


.

We have a smell of burning.


.
e)
HiFly 45, engine on fire, making forced landing 40
kilometers west of MSA.

45,

40- .
f)
Weve a fire warning light on our number one.

.
g)
Our number two is on fire.
.
h)
Unable to put out fire.
.


_______________________________

6.4

Moscow Approach, HiFly 45, AR, 3000 meters,


engine losing power, engine losing power.
, 45, , 3000,
, .

MAYDAY MAYDAY MAYDAY, LoGo 12, engine failed,


will attempt to land at your field, 15 kilometers west,
1800 meters, turning left onto heading 080.
, 12,
,
, 15- , 1800 ,
080.

LoGo12, Vnukovo Radar, roger MAYDAY,


cleared straight-in runway 06, wind 040
degrees 5 meters per second, QFE 998
hectopascals, you are number one.
12, , ,
06, 40
5 /, 998
, .

HiFly 45, CANCEL DISTRESS, engine serviceable.


Runway in sight, ready to land.
45, ,
. , .

Weve lost our number one.


.


________________________________

to lose
,
.

Weve a rough running engine.


.

Number one is OK now.


.

Weve vibration in our number four.


.
6.5
EMERGENCY DESCENT (intentions)
()

Attention all aircraft in the vicinity of (or at) (significant


point or location) emergency decent in progress from
flight level (number) (followed as necessary by
specific instructions, clearances, traffic information,
etc.)
, , (
)
() (
, , ..)


_______________________________

Weve a pressurization problem.


.
,

, , , ,
.

Weve had explosive decompression.


.
explosive
, .

.
.
We have a cracked windshield (side window).
().
6.6 ,
a)
Well have to dump.
.
b)
I intend to dump fuel.
.
c)
All stations, DC 8 dumping fuel at flight level 3000
meters between 40 and 20 kilometers west of MSA.
, 8
3000 40 20 .
7


________________________________

d)
All stations, fuel dumping completed.
, .

e)
Are you going to burn off fuel?
?

f)
We require 3 hours to burn off fuel.
3 , .

g)
Stop taxi, you have fuel leakage.
, .

6.7

I am low on fuel.
.

, ,
, .
,
Report endurance
.
, ,
. .


_______________________________

I am running out of fuel.


.

Do you wish to declare an emergency?


?

I declare emergency.
.

Report endurance.
.
6.8
a)
Weve an electric problem.
.


.
b)
Weve a hydraulic problem.
.

( ..)

.


________________________________

c)
Our FMS (Flight Management System) is on the blink,
or
Our FMS (Flight Management System) is U/S
(unserviceable).
.
U/S ju: e.

. , ,
.
d)
Our inertial navigation system (INS) has failed.
.
INS ai en 'es.
e)
Confirm INS operating normally.

?
6.9
6.9.1

,


.

Moscow Control, HiFly 45 on 125.5, how do you


read?
, 45 125,5, ?

10


_______________________________

Any station on 125.5, HiFly 45, how do you read?


125,5, 45, ?
6.9.2
,
,
( ) Transmitting blind
( blaind).

.
.
HiFly 45, transmitting blind. Position MSA, flight level
9100 m, estimating BNK at 31, DZL next. I say again.
HiFly 45, transmitting blind. Position MSA, flight level
9100 m, estimating BNK at 31, DZL next. Next
transmission at BNK.
45, . ,
9100, 31 , .
. 45, .
, 9100, 31 ,
. .
6.9.3
,


.
6.9.4
,

. ,
,
,
, .

a) IF RADIO CONTACT LOST (instruction)


()

11


________________________________

b) RADIO CONTACT LOST (instruction)


()
c) REPLY NOT RECEIVED (instructions)
()
d) IF YOU READ /maneuver instructions or SQUAWK (code
or IDENT)/

, /
(
)/

,
,
.
Reply not received, if you read turn left 40 degrees.
, ,
40 .
Reply not received, if you read squawk IDENT.
, ,
.
If you read, squawk 2000.
, 2000.
e) (maneuver or SQUAWK) OBSERVED. POSITION (position
of aircraft). WILL CONTINUE TO PASS INSTRUCTIONS
( ) .

).

.
Turn observed, position 10 kilometers north of MSA, will
continue to pass instructions. Resume own navigation.
, 10-
, .
.

12


_______________________________

IDENT observed, will continue to pass instructions.


,
.
f)

ACKNOWLEDGE BY MOVING AILERONS (or RUDDER)


(
)
,
.

g) ACKNOWLEDGE BY ROCKING WINGS



,
.
h) ACKNOWLEDGE BY FLASHING LANDING LIGHTS

,
.
i)

If no transmissions received for 3 minutes continue


visually or go around.
3 ,
.

.

6.10

PAN PAN PAN, HiFly 45, passenger with suspected


heart attack, request landing at the nearest suitable
aerodrome.
, 45,
,
.

13


________________________________

We request an ambulance (medical assistance,


wheel chair) on landing.
( ,
-) .

The pilot is incapacitated /due food poisoning/.


/-
/.
, ,
-
(, ,
).

There are several seriously injured passengers.



.
6.11

We have just flown through heavy hail, I think the


radome is damaged.
,
, .

We have had a lightning strike, the ADF is going


round and round.
,
.

14


_______________________________

We are losing height slowly because of severe icing,


will have to make a forced landing.
-
,
.

We encountered severe CAT (clear air turbulence) at


our flight level, we have cabin crew scalded by hot
coffee and passengers with broken limbs. Request
immediate diversion to Irkutsk and will need medical
services on landing.

,

.
.

Request to avoid weather 15 kilometers south of the


airway.
15
.
(,
..)
"weather".
6.12
a)
INS (Inertial Navigation System) has not been
updated for some time, can you confirm our
position?

15


________________________________

-
,
?
,

,

.
b)
MAYDAY MAYDAY MAYDAY, HiFly 45, total
instruments failure, request vectors to Rostov.
, 45,
, .
c)
You are deviating north of track. Turn
heading 250.
.
250.

right

6.13 ()

( )

,
.

HiFly 45, confirm squawking allocated (assigned)


code.
45,
() .
:
, ,
- - ?

16


_______________________________

HiFly 45, confirm squawk 7500.


45, 7500.
: ,
7500 - -
.

Affirm, HiFly 45.


, 45.
,
.

Negative, HiFly 45.


, 45.
,
.

----------- (no reply)


----------- ( )
,
.
6.14
a)
Weve had a bird strike.
.
b)
Cabin not secure.
.

17


________________________________

,
,
.
c)
One of our pax is drunk.
.

passenger ,

.
d)
We have a slight problem here.
.
,
.
.
6.15
a)
Follow me.
.
b)
Descend.
.
)
Roger, wilco.
, .

18


_______________________________

d)
Intercepted.
.
e)
You land.
.

e)
Follow the interceptor.
.

19


________________________________

20


_______________________________



7.1



:
- estimate (,
);
- ;
- ;
- ;
- estimating ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ( );
- .

, :
- Roger ;
- ;
- ( ) ;
- ;
- .

:
- Revision ;
- ;
- .

:
ESTIMATE /direction of flight/ (aircraft call sign) (SQUAWKING
(SSR code)/ (type) ESTIMATING (significant point) (time) (flight
level) (or DESCENDING FROM (flight level) TO (flight level)
/SPEED (filed TAS)/ (route) /REMARKS/
1


________________________________

/ / (
) / ( )/ () (
) () () ( ()
() / (
)/ () //

:

ESTIMATE (aircraft call sign);


( )

Go ahead for (aircraft call sign);


( );

(2-)
b NO DETAILS
, (1-)
,
. .
(aircraft
call sign) SQUAWKING
(SSR
code)
/ESTIMATING/ (significant point) (time) AT (flight level);
( ) ()
// ( ) ()
();
Helsinki
Control ( ) Ladoga Control
(
) ( ):

:

Ladoga from Helsinki.


.
Helsinki, go ahead.
2


_______________________________

, ().
Estimate HiFly 45.
45.
Go ahead.
().
HiFly 45 squawking 4531, estimating AB 56 at flight level
330.
45, 4531, 56
330 .
Ladoga copied HiFly 45, squawking 4531, AB 56 at
flight level 330.
45
56 330 .
Copied OK.
.

:

Ladoga from Helsinki.


.
Helsinki, go ahead.
, .
Estimate HiFly 45.
45.
No details.
.
Estimate eastbound HiFly 45, squawking 4531, estimating
AB 56 at 330, speed 770 to Moscow.
45,
4531, 56 330
, 770, .
:
3


________________________________

,
.
Ladoga copied HiFly 45, squawking 4531, estimating
AB 56 at 330, speed 770 to Moscow.
45
56 350 , 770, .
Copied OK.
.
ESTIMATE UNMANNED FREE BALLOON(S) (identification
and classification) ESTIMATED OVER (place) AT (time)
REPORTED FLIGHT LEVEL(S) (figure or figures) METERS /or
FLIGHT LEVEL UNKNOWN/ MOVING (direction) ESTIMATED
GROUND SPEED (figure) KILOMETERS PER HOUR (other
pertinent information, if any)

() ( )
() ()
() ( ) (
) ()
() ( ,
)
REVISION (aircraft call sign) (details as necessary)

)
, )

:
Ladoga from Helsinki.
.
Helsinki, go ahead.
, .
Revision, HiFly 45 now estimating AB at flight level 370.
, 45 370
.
Ladoga copied HiFly 45, AB at flight level 370.


_______________________________

45, 370 .
Copied OK.
.
7.2
REQUEST RELEASE OF (aircraft call sign)
(
)
Helsinki, request release of HiFly 45.
, 45.
(aircraft call sign) RELEASED /AT (time)/ /conditions and/or
restrictions/
( ) /
()/ / / /
HiFly 45 released at 56.
45 56 .
IS (aircraft call sign) RELEASED /FOR CLIMB (or DESCENT)/?
(
) / ( )/?
Is HiFly 45 released?
45?
(aircraft call sign) NOT RELEASED /UNTIL (time or significant
point)

/ ( )/
HiFly 45 not released until AB.
45
.
UNABLE RELEASE (aircraft call sign) /TRAFFIC IS (details)/
( )
/ ()/
5


________________________________

Unable release HiFly 45 due traffic.


45 ,
.
7.3
a) MAY WE CHANGE CLEARANCE OF (aircraft call sign) TO
(details of alteration proposed)

(

(
)?
May we change clearance of HiFly 45 to CD at 58, then EF
at 1409, flight level 370?
45
58 , 1409, 370?
AGREED TO (alteration of clearance) OF (aircraft call sign)
( ) (
)
Agreed to CD at 58, then EF at 1409, flight level 370
of HiFly 45.
58 , 1409,
370 45.
UNABLE TO APPROVE CHANGE TO CLEARANCE OF
(aircraft call sign)
(
)
Unable to approve change to clearance of HiFly 45.

45.
UNABLE TO APPROVE (desired route, flight
level, etc.) /OF (aircraft call sign) /DUE (reason)/ (alternative
clearance proposed)


_______________________________

( , ..) /
(

)
/-
()/
( )
Unable to approve CD at 58, then EF at 1409,
flight level 370 of HiFly 45 due flight level
restrictions. AB is available at flight level 370 till
1410.
58 , 1409,
370 45 -
. 370
14 10 .
7.4
APPROVAL REQUEST(aircraft call sign) ESTIMATED
DEPARTURE FROM (significant point) AT (time)
( )
( )
()
Approval request HiFly 45, estimated departure from
Helsinki at 1340.
45
13.40.

(aircraft call sign) REQUEST APPROVED /restriction if any/


( )
/ /
HiFly 45 request approved, passing of the border at
1420 or before.
45 ,
14 20 .
(aircraft call sign) UNABLE
instructions)
(

( )

APPROVE
)

(alternative


________________________________

HiFly 45 unable approve, expect 30 minute delay


due restrictions.
45 , 30
- .
7.5
INBOUND RELEASE (aircraft call sign) /SQUAWKING (SSR
code)/ (type) FROM (departure point) RELEASED AT
(significant point, or time, or flight level) CLEARED TO AND
ESTIMATING (clearance limit) (time) AT (flight level)
/EXPECTED APPROACH TIME (time)/ CONTACT AT (time)
(
) / ()/ () ( )

( ) /
(), ( )/
( ) ()
() / ()/
()
Inbound release HiFly 45, Airbus 310 from Helsinki
released at AB, cleared to and estimating SPB at 1406 at
flight level 1800 m.
45,
310 ,
, 14.06
1800 .
7.6
RADAR HANDOVER (aircraft call sign) /SQUAWKING (SSR
code) /POSITION (aircraft position or significant point) (flight
level)
(

)
/
()/

( )
()
Radar handover HiFly 45 squawking 4531 position AB at
flight level 2700 m.
8


_______________________________

45,
4531, 2700.
Handover accepted.
.
7.7
a) EXPEDITE CLEARANCE (aircraft call sign) EXPECTED
DEPARTURE FROM (place) AT (time)
( )
() ()
Expedite clearance HiFly 45, expected departure from
Helsinki at 1340.
45,
13.40.
b) EXPEDITE CLEARANCE (aircraft call sign) /ESTIMATED/
OVER (place) AT (time) REQUESTS (flight level or route,
etc.)
( )
// () () (
..)
Expedite clearance HiFly 45, over AB at 56, requesting
flight level 370.
45, 56
, 370.


________________________________

10