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2011

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2. .
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3. . , .
4. .
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5. . .
6. .

1. . .
.
:




6 .
:
T = 3800
n = 24 1
= 0.29

= 0.7
t1 = 0.25 t

t 2 = 0.35 t
t 3 = 0 .4 t

2. .
.
.
([1]-1.2):
T n
3800 24
N = =
= 9.54

9550
9550

([1]-1.8.),
.15:
=

= 0.95 0.97 0.99 0.99 3 = 0.859

()

, ([1]-1.7):
N
9.25
N = =
= 11.1

0,859

:
U =U

U=U2
min

=U

. min

. min

max

=U

. max

. max

U
U

min

= 2 3 2 = 18

max

= 4 6 2 = 144

U
U

n = n U

n
= 24 144 = 3456
max
n
= 24 18 = 432
min

2, 249.
: 413223; N=11; n=2900 -1.

56-57[1].
:
n
2900
U= =
= 120.833
n
24

U
U

120.833
= 42.84;
2.820

:
t = 6 365 24 K K = 10670

t = 0.25 t
= 2667,5
1

t = 0.35 t
= 3734,5
2

t = 0.4 t
= 4268
3

= t1 + t 2 + t 3 = 2667 ,5 + 3744,5 + 4268 = 10670

T1

= T = 9550

= 11 9550 = 36.2241
n
2900

T
= 2,2 T = 36.2241 2.2 = 79.693
max

T = T 0.6 = 21.734
2
1

T = T 0.4 = 14.489
3 1

Tmax=265.313
T1=36.2241
T2=21.734
T3=14.489

2667.5

3735
tc=10670

4268

3. . , .
2.8.[1],

K =

1
= 1.37
0.73

N = 11
n = 2900 1

U = 3

APM WinMachine, :
:
:
:


11
2900.00 ./.
3.00 2.20 6
1200.00

S
Z
d1
d2

4
180.00
500.00

l
a
u
F

3550.000
1230.53
2.8201
301.87

536.3

= 3 .0

U
U

85.3
= 28.43
3 .0

:
T
=U
U

T = 3.0 28.43 0.95 0.97 36.2241 = 2847.023


T
= T = 2847.023

T =
2 U

T =
1 U

T
3
. .
T
2
. .

= 1299.59

= 315.451

4.



, /
, *

,

24
3800
42
1.067e+004

1 -
, /
, *

151.6
601.6
6.649

2 -
, /
, *

24
3800
6.317

4.1 .

APM WinMachine.
:

10



,
,
./.

,

601.59
151.60
6.65
10670.00
1
1

3.000
30.000
28.000

1 .

aw
m
b
d
db

163.007
3.000
25.447
43.190
282.397
40.058
261.920

11

dw
da
df
x
h
b
z

43.247
49.617
36.119
0.071
6.749
127.000
13

282.767
288.395
274.897
0.000
6.749
119.000
85

2 .

sFa
317.647
sHa

296.471

531.818

30.0

28.0

HRC

sFr

55.525

48.990

sHr

531.353

3 .

Ft
4254.985
Fr
1917.090
Fa
1012.342
B
63.500
R

21.623

12

4.2. .

APM WinMachine.
:
:



,
,
./.

,

3800.00
24.00
6.32
10670.00
1
1

4.000
30.000
28.000

13

1 .

aw
m
b
d
db
dw
da
df
x
h
b
z

92.000
86.452
92.000
100.000
82.000
0.000
9.000
158.000
23

328.000
4.000
0.000
564.000
529.987
564.000
572.000
554.000
0.000
9.000
148.000
141

2 .

sFa

317.647

296.471

sHa

599.959

30.0

28.0

HRC

sFr

138.952

126.654

sHr

598.816

14

3 .

Ft
Fr
Fa
B
R

13475.180
4904.563
0.000
79.000

46.000

5. .
.
APM WinMachine, :

, 42606 8328-35;

, 212 8338-35;

, 212 8338-35;

.
:

15

:

N

,
,
,
0 120.00
4666.91
114.25
1 310.00
400.00
90.00

N

, x
,
,
0
120.00
0.00
-180.00

N
,
,

0
120.00
0.00

N
,
, x

0
120.00
90.48
1
290.00
-90.48

N

0
25.00
1

175.00

.,

.,

958.54

-2127.49

0.00

2333.46

958.54

-2127.49

0.00

2333.46

155.7
5
155.7
5

16

17

18

:

N

,
,
,
0 120.00
14340.00
-110.00
1 280.00
4666.91
-65.75

N

, x
,
,
0
120.00
0.00
-0.00
1
280.00
0.00
-180.00

N
,
,

0
120.00
0.00
1
280.00
0.00

N
,
, x

0
120.00
601.59
1
280.00
-601.59

19

0
25.00
1
275.00

.,

2858.07
129.41

.,

10709.12
7021.04

-0.00
-0.00

11083.94
7022.24

14.94
1.06

20

21

22

:

N

,
,
,
0 265.00
14340.00
70.00

N

, x
,
,
0
265.00
0.00
-0.00

N
,
,

0
265.00
-0.00

N
,
, x

0
50.00
3800.00
1
265.00
-3800.00

23

0
125.00
1
275.00

.,

.,

-2452.28
-2452.28

-6737.59
-6737.59

0.00
0.00

7169.99
7169.99

-160.00
-160.00

24

25

26

:
( 32207 8328-75)

72.000
35.000
9.000
13.000
9.000
1.000

0.020
0.015

.
.

2333.459
0.000
1008.000
1.100

143474.899
972.218
21697.294
38986.049
12.848

/.
/

27

-1.073
0.057
6.027

:
() 208
8338-75

80.000
40.000
12.700
9.000
1.000

0.020
0.015

0.000
0.707
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

.
.



.
.


.

28

47199.938
2944.178
10680.345
32632.692
30.058
-0.020
0.187
2.967

/.
/

:
() 1000912
8338-75

85.000
60.000
7.140
19.000
1.000

0.020
0.015

0.000
0.707

.
.

29

.


.

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

41691.377
3430.102
1525.573
17294.275
40.037
-0.130
0.169
0.424

/.
/

30

6. . .

25.0
90.0

40
40
40X

8.0
7.0
4.0
3.3
10.0
256.0

240.0

128.0

90.0

31

45.0
602.0

40
40
40X

14.0
9.0
5.5
3.8
30.0
256.0
254.815
128.0
63.704

56.0
3800.0

40
40
40X

32

16.0
10.0
6.0
4.3
133.0
256.0
255.102
128.0
63.776

33

8. :
1. .., .. :
[ . ]. 3- ., . . .:
, 1991. 276 .:.
2. .., .. : . .:
. . 1975. 552 .
3. .. . .: 1993, 212 .
4.http://www.apm.ru/rus/support/documentation/

WinMachine

- APM