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Unit III Exam 1. Which of the following BEST reflected the idea of manifest destiny? a.

The signing of the Webster-Ashburton Treaty b. Henry Clays position on Texas in the election of 1844 c. the establishment of Texas as an independent republic d. the campaign platform of James Polk in 1844 e. northern Whigs during the Mexican War 2. a. b. c. d. e. 3. a. b. c. d. e. 4. a. b. c. d. e. 5. a. b. c. d. e. 6. a. b. c. d. e. All of the following contributed to the conflict between Mexicos government and settlers in Texas in the early 1830s EXCEPT the collection of import duties the support for annexation by John Tyler and James Polk Mexicos decision to abolish slavery in its territory Mexicos law requiring acceptance of the Catholic faith the coming of power of General Santa Anna The main reason for the U.S. delay in annexing Texas was the Controversy over the boundary of Texas and Mexico Opposition of Great Britain and France Independent spirit of the settlers in Texas Opposition in Congress to adding slave states Opposition in the Mexican government Which of the following was the LEAST important issue in the election of 1844? settlement of the Oregon border acquisition of California rechartering the Bank of the United States reduction of the tariff annexation of Texas Which of the following was NOT a major consequence of the U.S. war with Mexico? U.S. annexation of Texas Long-term Mexican resentment against the United States Securing Texas southern border on the Rio Grande Increased sectional tensions over slavery Cession of California and New Mexico to the United States Which of the following is a correct statement about the Wilmot Proviso? It forbade the introduction of slavery into territory acquired from Mexico It denied President Polk additional funds to conduct the war with Mexico It compromised differences between the North and the South It passed both houses of Congress but was vetoed by the President It was proposed by the Whigs to embarrass the Democrats

7. a. b. c. d. e. 8. a. b. c. d. e. 9. a. b. c. d. e.

Which of the following is LEAST useful in arguing that territorial expansion was motivated by a desire to spread slavery? William Walkers campaign in Nicaragua The Ostend Manifesto The slogan Fifty-four Forty of Fight The annexation of Texas Opposition to the Wilmot Proviso During the settlement of the West, all of the following were true EXCEPT the overland trails were used primarily by the very poor a large percentage of the western miners were foreign born the mountain men provided much of the early information about the West In the 1830s and 1840, the U.S. government gave squatters the right to buy federal lands The chief interest of most pioneering families who moved West was to engage in agriculture Which of the following had the greatest impact on transportation in the 1850s? canal building improvements in the steamboat the expansion of railroads the development of clipper ships changes in design of the overland wagon

10. The first major transportation project linking the East to the trans-Allegheny West was the a. Baltimore and Ohio Railroad b. National Road c. Erie Canal d. Lancaster Turnpike e. Clintons Big Ditch 11. In the 1830s and 1840s, all of the following were generally true about immigration EXCEPT a. Most immigrants came from the British Isles and Northern Europe b. Improvements in ship technology made the ocean voyage relatively cheap and fast c. The South attracted the least number of immigrants d. An overwhelming majority of native born Americans e. Poorer immigrants lived in the cities while those with some money farmed in the West

12. During the 1840s, large numbers of Irish immigrated to the United States mainly because of a. British persecutions in Ireland b. U.S. policies offering free land c. Support from the Irish American Aid Society d. The development of textile mills in New England


Famine resulting from the failure of the potato crop

13. Nativist reaction to immigration resulted in? a. The formation of the Know Nothing party b. The splitting of the Democratic Republican Party c. Major changes in the immigration laws d. Increased immigration from Southern Europe e. Greater sectional differences between North and South 14. All of the following restricted the growth of labor unions before the Civil War EXCEPT a. Increased numbers of immigrant workers b. Economic Depressions c. Opposition of southern plantation owners d. Judicial decisions 15. Twenty years after the ratification of the U.S. Constitution, Congress prohibited a. Slavery in all U.S. territories b. Slave ownership by Federal Employees c. Immigration d. Importation of slaves into the U.S. e. Efforts to change naturalization laws 16. Which of the following activities was most commonly practiced by African Americans as a means of resisting slavery in the early 1800s ? a. Sitdown strike b. Legal action c. Political action d. Armed revolt e. Work slowdown 17. The turnpikes, canals, and steamboats as new transportation links generally encouraged all of the following EXCEPT a. lowering of freight rates b. economic growth c. rising land values d. migration of peoples e. larger voter registration

a. it would hurt the manufacturing sector b. they believed that he federal power this bill represented could be used to suppress slavery c. it might hurt Andrew Jacksons political career d. they were convinced that it would destroy the American woolen industry e. the wealthy would lose some political power to the poorer masses 21. The Second Great Awakening was characterized by all of the following EXCEPT a. b. c. d. e. Efforts to encounter the rationalism and disbelief of the Revolutionary era Belief in free will in combination with the doctrine of original sin Efforts to appeal to peoples emotions Growing unity among Protestants churches Widespread belief that the second coming of Christ was near

22. Which of the following is true of the American transcendentalists? a. Supported government actions and regulations as the solution to social problems b. Argued for the importance of human intuition and individualism c. Prosecuted for their radical views d. Belonged to an experimental commune that practiced plural marriage e. Played a leading role in the Second Great Awakening 23. According to the cult of domesticity, a womens proper role was a. Teaching in the growing number of free public schools b. Balancing the obligations of family and career c. Striving toward social and economic equality with men d. Leading the movement for political and social reform e. Acting as a moral leader and educator of the family 24. The leading spokesperson for the tax-supported public school movement was a. New Dow b. Joseph Smith c. Charles Finney d. Horace Mann e. Timothy Dwight

18. Early 19th century educators included all of the

following except a. John Dewey b. William H. McGuffey c. Noah Webster d. Emma Willard e. Horace Mann 19. The growth in political democracy in the 1820s was due in part to a. the egalitarian ideas that had developed during colonial and Revolutionary times b. economic prosperity c. continued suspension of political parties d. the abolition of the Electoral College e. the development of a Unicameral legislature 20. Southerners feared the Tariff of 1828 because

25. All of the following were true of the temperance movement EXCEPT

a. b. c. d. e.

It was largely restricted to the southern states German and Irish immigrants often opposed the movement By the 1850s, the movement advocated the legal prohibition of alcohol The early leaders of the movement were Protestant clergymen It was the most popular of the Jacksonian era reform movements

a. b. c. d. e.

Rotation in office Universal suffrage for white mates The caucus system of nominating candidates Rewarding political supporters with government jobs Presidential electors being chosen by popular vote

26. Dorothrea Dix was inspired to dedicate her life to a humanitarian Crusade by a. The mistreatment of women factory workers b. Conditions in the poorly funded public schools c. Discovery of the confinement of the mentally ill in local jails d. The lack of schools for the blind and deaf e. The increase suicide rate in Pennsylvania and New York prisons 27. a. b. c. d. e. The abolitionist movement had the effect of Weakening white southerners attachment to slavery Converting most Americans to the abolitionist position Increasing the chances for compromise between North and South Proving moral persuasion was more effective then political action Bringing the issue of slavery to the forefront of the reform movement

32. After the election of 1824, the presidents choice of Henry Clay as secretary of state resulted in a. The end of political bitterness between the major parties b. The revival of the Federalist party c. Widespread criticism of the spoils system d. Charges of a corrupt bargain with John Q. Adams e. A political alliance between Clay and Andrew Jackson 33. An important effect of the tariff of abominations of 1828 was a. Increased prices for cotton overseas b. South Carolinas adoption of the theory of nullification c. The election of a democratic president, Andrew Jackson d. The alliance of north Eastern workers and Western farmers e. The growth of manufacturing in the South 34. The revolution of 1828 revealed that political power was a. Shifting to the Western States b. Shifting to the Southern States c. Entrenched on the Eastern seaboard d. Gravitating toward conservative elements e. Evenly divided between Whigs and Democrats 35. Which of the following documents would be most useful in evaluating President Jacksons commitment to democratic values? a. The Specie Circular b. Veto message on the rechartering of the Second Bank of the United States c. Congressional hearings on the corrupt bargain d. Supreme Court cases on the Indian-removal issue e. Calhouns writings on nullification 36. In the 1830s, the factor that most directly promoted the development of a two-party system was a. The growth of the immigrant population b. Increased interest in foreign affairs c. Changes in methods of nominating and electing the president d. Increasing section conflict between northern and southern states over the tariff use e. The dropping of constitutional limitations on the party system 37. The duties of all the public officers are, or at least admit of being made, so plain and simple that more is lost by the long continuance of men

28. William Lloyd Garrison and the American Antislavery Society supported a. Gradual emancipation of slaves without compensation to owners b. Immediate emancipation of slaves without compensation or emigration c. Gradual emancipation of slaves with emigration to Asia d. Immediate emancipation of slaves with compensation to owners e. Violent overthrow of slavery in the south 29. The Seneca Falls Convention was significant because it a. Initiated the religious revivals in the burned-over district b. Demanded the immediate abolition of slavery c. Issued a historic declaration of womens rights d. Addressed concerns for the education of children e. Concluded that the Auburn system was a failure 30. Perfectionist aspirations to create a utopian society are best reflected in a. The Hudson River School b. Thoreaus experiment at Walden Pond c. American Colonization Society d. The organizing of revivalist camp meetings e. The founding of New Harmony, Brook Farm, and Fourier Phalanxes

31. Jacksonian Democrats favored all of the following EXCEPT

a. b. c. d. e.

in office than is generally to be gained by their experience. This statement best reflects the views of John C. Calhoun Daniel Webster John Q. Adams Andrew Jackson Henry Clay

43. Dorothea Dix is most closely associated with which area of social reform in the first half of the nineteenth century? a. Temperance movement b. Womens rights c. Settlement house movement d. Abolitionist cause e. Prisons and asylums 44. The outcome of the election of 1824 between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson was decided by a. the Electoral College b. a plurality of the popular vote c. The Senate d. The House of Representatives e. The corrupt bargain 45. The theory of nullification according to which a state can reject a federal law, is associated with a. John C. Calhoun b. Daniel Webster c. Andrew Jackson d. James Madison e. John Marshall 46. Andrew Jackson view of the presidency emphasized a. Strong cabinet leadership b. Strengthening the power of the states c. Support for the nullification doctrine d. Congressional partisan leadership e. Leadership by the executive branch in the interests of the people 47. To Andrew Jackson, the spoils system a. denied qualified persons the right to keep federal jobs b. was needed in the absence of civil service laws c. benefited the political process d. was a political practice beyond his ability to control e. kept him from appointing his friends to political office 48. Andrew Jackson supported all of the following EXCEPT a. Indian removal b. the right of nullification c. the removal of federal deposits from the bank of the United States d. annexation of new territory e. use of the presidential veto power

38. The main issue on the presidential campaign of 1832 was a. The recharter of the Bank of the United States b. The removal of Native Americans from eastern states c. The use of federal funds for internal improvements d. The cost of western lands sold by the government e. The nullification of the tariff of abominations 39. President Jacksons response to Supreme Court decisions on the treaty rights of Native Americans resulted in which of the following? a. Jacksons loss of popularity among working-class voters b. Indian uprisings in the eastern states c. The division of tribal lands into family units d. Impeachment of the president for not enforcing the law e. The forced removal of Cherokees from their lands in Georgia 40. Supporters of the Whig party included all of the following groups EXCEPT a. Supporters of Clays American System b. New immigrants, such as the Germans and the Irish c. Westerners who wanted federal funds for internal improvements d. Reformers concerned about immorality and vice e. Advocates of a national bank 41. The Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions dealt with a. The abolition of slavery b. Colonial opposition of British taxes c. Working conditions of children in factories d. The concern of farmers over railroad rates e. Womens rights 42. The trial of tears refers to a. The removal of the Cherokees and other native American tribes to Oklahoma b. The difficulties new immigrants faced in getting to the united states c. The migration of freed slaves to the north after the civil war d. Child labor in nineteenth-century factories e. Conditions on slave ships coming to the colonies in the seventeenth century

49. In the first half of the nineteenth century, Cherokee efforts to retain their tribal lands in Georgia received direct support from a. the White residents of Oklahoma b. President Andrew Jackson c. the United States Supreme Court d. the Democratic press 55. All of the following were among President e. the United States Congress. Andrew Jacksons objections to the Second Bank of the United EXCEPT a. it allowed the economic power of the 50. According to Alexis de Tocqueville in Democracy in America government to be controlled by private American individualism arose as a result of individuals. a. the absence of an aristocracy b. it threatened the integrity of the b. limited geographic mobility democratic system c. the uneven distribution of wealth c. it was preventing the government d. urbanization from achieving its policy of creating inflation e. the Enlightenment d. it could be used irresponsibly to create financial hardship for the nation 51. Which of the following resulted from the policies of e. it benefited a small group of wealthy the Andrew Jackson administration? and privileged persons at the expense of the a. A central bank was established rest of the country b. The values of paper currency issued by individual banks become uniform. 56. The Nullification Controversy directly c. The number of banks, each issuing its own involved South Carolinas opposition to which of the paper currency, increased. following federal policies. d. A nationwide banking system was begun a. The Alien and Sedition Acts e. Federal fiscal activities became linked to a b. The protective tariff system of federal banks. c. the Missouri Compromise d. The Civil Rights Act of 1832 52. An important consequence of the tariff of e. The Compromise of 1850 abominations is that it led to the a. taxation of consumer items 57. In the Nullification Controversy, some b. reelection of Andrew Jackson Southerners took the position that c. inflexion of doctrine of nullification a. the federal government had the right d. alliance of Southern planters and Western to nullify state laws that interfered with the farmers right to hold property in slaves e. expansion of the New England textile b. the federal courts had the right to industry nullify acts of Congress that restricted the spread of slavery 53. President Andrew Jacksons Specie Circular c. the states had the right to nullify acts stipulated that of the federal government they deemed to be a. inefficient employees of the federal unconstitutional government should be immediately dismissed d. Southern states had the right to regardless of their political affiliation. nullify statutes of Northern states interfering b. federal government deposits should be with the recapture of escaped slaves withdrawn from the Second Bank of the United e. Congress should refuse to receive any States. petitions against slavery c. no federal funds should be spent on internal improvements 58. President Jacksons Maysville Road veto d. paper money should not be accepted in dealt with payment for federal government lands sold. a. federally financed internal e. the government would use force if necessary improvements to collect the tariff in South Carolina. b. foreign policy c. the power of the Second Bank of 54. The most forceful Southern protest against high the United States relative to that of other protective tariffs during the first half of the nineteenth century financial institutions was the d. the efficiency and honesty of a. Webster-Haynes Debate government employees b. Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions e. the purchase of government land c. Nullification Controversy with paper money d. resignation of Vice President John C. Calhoun e. imposition of the congressional gag rule.

59. When President Andrew Jacksons enemies spoke of the Kitchen Cabinet they were referring to a. a group of friends and unofficial advisors of the president b. a number of persons of low standing, including a former cook, who were appointed by Jackson to high cabinet positions c. a suggestion as to where Jackson might keep the federal governments money if he removed it from the Bank of the United States d. a coterie of Jackson supporters in the U.S. Senate e. several state governors who supported Jackson 60. Andrew Jacksons election in 1828 is seen by many historians to represent the end of the Federalists party in America the rise of individualism and popular democracy in

63. The situation of women and immigrants in the factory system was similar in that they both a. were able to organize labor unions successfully b. were powerless to affect pay rates or working conditions c. saw conditions in their factories slowly improve d. found opportunities for rapid improvement e. moved into management positions relatively quick

a. b. America c. the first real consolidation of federal power over the states since the drafting of the Constitution d. the beginnings of a genuine American aristocracy in government e. the low point of power for the executive branch of government in the 1800s

64. The direction of the population movement that took place between 1790 and 1840 was from a. the North to the South b. the Old Northwest back to New England. c. New England to California d. the Atlantic coast to the areas between the Appalachians and the Mississippi e. the Erie Canal to the transcontinental waterway

In the case of Commonwealth v. Hunt, the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that a. slavery was unconstitutional in Massachusetts Which of the follow did the rise of the Early Industrial Revolution b. labor unions were not necessarily NOT led to illegal combinations or monopolies a. a rise in the standard of living for the working class c. Massachusetts tax money could not b. the development of the middle class be used to support an unjust war against c. great difficulty for the workers in adapting to the new Mexico way of life d. segregated schools for blacks in d. increase in immigration Massachusetts did not violate the U. S. e. participation in the European wars. Constitution e. Massachusetts had to reimburse the 61. The most profound economic development by midSouth for the misuse of cotton 19c America was the a. development of a national banking system 66. What conflict in values emerged as America b. creation of corporations went through its market revolution c. rise of the factory. a. although Americans professed to d. decline of the small-town merchant and general store. believe in equality, the market revolution e. creation of the agrarian society in the South coupled with American materialistic pursuits led to great inequalities in wealth 62. The Erie Canal revolutionized domestic markets b. personal lifestyles prized by because it permitted the Northerners, who were more religious, a. shipment of wheat from Chicago to the differed from those of Southerners, who were Pacific Northwest more materialistic--a distinction that national networks made obvious. b. transfer of goods from New York to New c. most farmers clung to Crevecoeur's Orleans along inland waterways ideal of a semi-subsistence way of life, despite c. movement of cotton from the Deep South to the relentless reach of commercial networks New England d. although the South depended on slave d. transport of gold from California to the east labor, they realize human bondage was wrong coast and ended slavery e. passage to the transcontinental waterway e. the canal system brought equity to all Americans despite race or gender influences


on Congresses efforts to pass taxes to pat for construction 67. The beginning of the Early American Industrial Revolution during the early 1800s resulted from all of the following developments EXCEPT a. technological advanced imported from England b. the appearance of better transportation systems c. monetary assistance from the federal government to new factories d. new inventions such as the cotton gin e. backing from the Constitution

e. new farm machinery required slaves and masters to work more closely together, with a resulting reduction of mutual hostility. 72. Which was the most important immediate cause of the rise of manufacturing in the United States? a. growth of the textile industry b. New England water power c. patriotic appeals and the growth of nationalism d. the South emerged as an industrial giant e. stoppages of trade by the embargoes and the War of 1812.

68. The paternalistic factory system of Lowell and Waltham did not lost long because a. workers resented being watched over so carefully b. in the highly competitive textile market, manufacturers were eager to cut labor costs. c. unions undermined the owners' authority d. men found jobs in the factories, and they disliked the paternalistic system e. the South stopped shipping cotton north because of the Black Tariff 69. During the 1820s and 1830s, the growth of business was assisted by all of the following developments EXCEPT the a. creation of a stable state banking system b. specialization of stores c. improvement in the distribution of goods d. emergence of new general incorporation laws e. favorable Supreme Court decisions

73. The American system of manufacturing, which emerged in the early 1800s, was successful because of its use of a. slave labor b. handsome, individually crafted, highquality items c. the "putting out" system--distributing raw materials and collecting finished products for distribution. d. early electric power to provide cheap energy for new factories. e. interchangeable parts to allow for mass production of high-quality items.

74. The "Lowell System" refers to which of the following a. employment of young women who were then housed in dormitories 70. All of the following were provisions of Clay's "American b. chattel slavery. System" EXCEPT c. worker's cooperatives a. high tariffs to protect infant industries d. an early American labor union. b. federal financing of internal improvements e. a business organization with limited c. low tariffs and state support of internal improvements liability for its owners d. the improvement of roads and canals e. low tariffs and state support of internal improvements 75. The Oneida Community a. advocated "free love" to redefine 71. The Early Industrial Revolution had which of the following gender roles effects on slavery in the South b. called for celibacy and attracted a. the creation of numerous labor-saving machines vastly members of conversion reduced the need for slave labor c. believed it liberated women from the b. rapid growth in the textile industry encouraged Southern demands of male "lust" and from traditional planters to grow cotton, thereby making slavery more important bonds of family and eventually became a to the economy. dominant manufacturer of silver c. the government bought and freed Southern slaves, then d. was widely accepted and had almost transported them to the North, where factories were experiencing no critics. a major labor shortage. e. purposed a free society with no taxes d. the Industrial Revolution began as the Civil War was or tariffs. ending and it provided work for many former slaves.


In his Essay, Resistance to Civil Government, Henry David Thoreau claimed that an individual should a. no pay poll taxes b. live in isolation and as simply as possible c. obey only legitimately elected government officials. d. reject the artificial constraints of government. e. refuse to obey unjust laws. 77. After 1830, which of the following reform movements began to overshadow the others? a. antislavery. b. women's rights. c. Temperance d. Education e. prison and penal reform.


78. Which of the following did NOT characterize the early 19c religious movement known as the Second Great Awakening? a. extreme displays of emotion. b. an emphasis on individual convention. c. increased interest in social reforms such as the temperance movement. d. acceptance of slavery as ordained by God. e. extensive involvement by women and African-Americans 79. Antebellum feminists were generally a. devoted to the issue of women's rights to the exclusion of all else. b. active in other reform movements as well. c. indifferent to political issues while attentive to social causes. d. united in their goals and methods e. believe in universal manhood suffrage. EXTRA CREDIT 5 POINTS EACH E1) THERE IS A TOWN IN NORTHERN ONTARIO WHERE 5% OF ALL THE PEOPLE LIVING IN THE TOWN HAVE UNLISTED PHONE NUMBERS. IF YOU SELECTED 105 NAMES AT RANDOM FROM THE TOWNS PHONE DIRECTORY, ON AVERAGE, HOW MANY OF THESE PEOPLE SELECTED WOULD HAVE UNLISTED NUMBERS? (DONT ROUND) E2) THERE ARE SIX EARS OF CORN IN A HOLLOW STUMP. IF A PERFECTLY HEALTHY SQUIRREL CARRIES ONLY THREE EARS OUT EACH DAY,

Extra Credit E1) Zero, you will not find unlisted phone numbers E2) Six, each day the squirrel will carry out his two ears and one ear of corn E3) N & T (the Next two straight letters) E4) 19