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PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)

Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

1. INTRODUCTION TO PETROLEUM SYSTEM AND EXPLORATION ACTIVITY

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

HYSTORY OF OIL FINDING


4000 BG; Seeps in Euphrat River as glue. 1000 BG; Seeps in Egypt as Mummy balsam balsam. 2000 y.a.; oil as raw material for lighter & heater. 1859; First drilling, Titusville (Pensylvania, USA) by Col Edwin L. Drake, about 21 M. IN INDONESIA, Since 8th Century in Sumatera as burning material. 1870, Oldest exploration by P. Vandijk in Purwodadi, Semarang. 15-6-1885, 15 6 1885 First drilling by Aeilco Janszoon Zylker Telaga Tunggal Zylker, Tunggal, Pangkalan Brandan (North Sumatera), about 400 Ft. At the end of 19th C, there were 18 petroleum company in Ind. 1902, RDC (Royal Dutch Company). 1907-1911, 1907 1911 RDC + Shell = B P M B.P.M. 1912, STANVAC (Standard Oil + Vacuum Oil) 1930, BPM + Netherland: NIAM. 1935, Caltex, NNGPM. 1945, PTMNRI TMSU (1954) PT P 1945 PTMNRI---TMSU (1954)---PT. Permina (1957) PN P i (1957)---PN. Permina i (1961). In 1961 also formed PT. Pertamin. 1968, PN. Permina + PT. Pertamin--- PN. Pertamina

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

HOW FIRST OIL WAS FOUND?

OIL SEEPAGE

OIL SEEPAGE

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

PETROLEUM SYSTEM
Source Rocks, Definition : rocks that has actually generated & expelled hydrocarbons usually hydrocarbons, fine grain sediment rocks. Major types of source rock : shale, marl, carbonate, coal. Reservoir Rocks, Definition : permeable & porous rocks which is filled by hydrocarbon & water in its pore. The rocks could be : Sandstone. Carbonate rocks. Oth rocks such as shale, volcanic rocks, f t d b Other k h h l l i k fractured basement etc. t t Cap Rocks, Definition : impermeable rocks medium that isolates a reservoir and retains petroleum. Example : shale anhydrite gypsum marl etc shale, anhydrite, gypsum, marl, etc. Traps, Definition : geologic features in which petroleum can accumulate. Structural, stratigraphic or combination. Migration, Migration Definition: the moving of oil & gas from its source rocks to reservoir rocks. Primary or secondary.

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

RESERVOIR

TRAP

COMMERCIAL HYDROCARBON ACCUMULATION

SEAL

SOURCE ROCK

PROPER TIMING OF MIGRATION

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

EXPLORATION ACTIVITY-basin delineation

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

EXPLORATION ACTIVITY-surface mapping

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

EXPLORATION ACTIVITY seismic survey & ACTIVITY-seismic interpretation

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

10

EXPLORATION ACTIVITY-drilling

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

11

LOGGING

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

12

CORING

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

13

GEOCHEMISTRY ANALYSIS

ANALYSIS ANA YSIS OF KEROGEN TYPE

ANALYSIS OF VITRINITE REFLECTANCE

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

14

SYLLABUS

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG -353)


WEEK I. II. II III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. VIII IX. X. XI. XII. XIII. XIV. XV. LECTURING TOPICS INTRODUCTION TO PETROLEUM SYSTEM & EXPLORATION ACTIVITY HYDROCARBON COMPOSITION, GENESIS & SOURCE ROCKS COMPOSITION RESERVOIR ROCKS-1 (PHYSICAL PROPERTIES) RESERVOIR ROCKS-2 (SILICICLASTICS) RESERVOIR ROCKS-3 (CARBONATES) CAP ROCKS, TRAPS & TRAPPING MECHANISM MIGRATION & ACCUMULATION MIDTERM EXPLORATION STEPS FORMATION EVALUATION-1 FORMATION EVALUATION-2 LEADS, PROSPECTS & RESERVES CLASSIFICATION PRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT PETROLEUM GEOLOGY OF INDONESIA BASINS FINAL EXAM PRACTICE DRILLING & MUD LOGGING CUTTING ANALYSIS CORE DESCRIPTION LOG ANALYSIS-1 (QUALITATIVE) LOG ANALYSIS-2 (QUANTITATIVE) INTERPRETATION OF SEISMIC DATA ANALYSIS OF DIPMETER & FMI RESPONSI 1 RESPONSI-1 WELL TESTING CORRELATION & SUBSURCACE SECTION SUBSURFACE MAPPING & RESERVES CALCULATION RISK ANALYSIS ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY FIELD TRIP PREPARATION RESPONSI-2

PETROLEUM GEOLOGY (TKG-353)


Sarju Winardi, Dept. of Geological Engineering, Gadjah Mada University

I. Introduction to petroleum system

15

ABOUT LECTURING
To be planned about 13 times lecturing 1 middle examination 1 final examination Absence max 3 times Final mark = 35% final exam, 35% middle exam, 30% practice, Mark (A>=75, 65<=B<=74.9, 55<=C<=64.9, D<=54.9). No re-examination both middle & final No remediation Bonus for active students both asking & answering.