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.................................................................................... 223
..................................................... 224
............................................................... 225
-

1.
,
.. 228
I. , , , ,
....................................................................................... 228
1. , , ........... 228
1.1. ............................................................................... 228
1.2. , .................................................... 228
1.3. ................. 229
2. , .............................................. 230
2.1. ............................................................................... 231
2.2. ............................................................................. 231
2.3. ............................................................................... 232
2.4. ................................................................................... 232
II. , , ............................. 233
1. ................................................... 233
2. .................................................... 233
2.1. , , ............................................. 233
2.2. ................................................................. 235
3. , ........................................... 236
3.1. , , .......................... 236
3.2. , , ............................... 237
3.3. , ............................................... 238
3.4. , , .................................... 239
3.5. , , .................................... 240
217

3.6. , , ,
............................................................................... 242
III. , , ............... 244
1. , ................................................... 244
2. , , ..................... 246
IV. , , ................... 249
1. , , ..................... 249
1.1. .............................. 249
1.2. .......................................................... 249
1.3. ...................................................... 250
2. ............................................................. 250
2.1. ............................................................ 250
2.2. , ........... 251
2.3. ...................................................... 252
2. , ........ 254

1.2. , ................................... 263


2. , ..................... 264
2.1. , ... 264
2.2. , ............... 266
3. , ,
............................................................................. 269
4. ................................................... 269
3. ................................................. 271
I. .............................................. 271
1. , ....................................... 271
1.1. .......................................................................... 271
1.2. ............................................................. 271
2. ............................ 273
II. - , ................. 280
1. , , ......... 280

I. , ,
..................................... 254

2. -,
........................................................... 283

1. , , , ........................ 254
1.1. , ..................................................... 254
1.2. ........................................................ 254
1.3. , ................................................................... 255

3. , ............................. 285

2. , ...................................... 258
II. , .............................................. 260
1. ........................................................................... 260
2. ............................................................................ 261
III. , ............................... 262
1. ................................................ 262
1.1. , ................................... 262
218

III. , ...................................... 289


1. ,
.................................................................. 289
1.1. , , ........................ 289
1.2.
........................................... 290
1.3. .................................. 291
2. , ,
............................................................ 292
2.1. ....................................................... 292
2.2. ,
................................................... 293
219

2.3. ...................................... 293


3. ,
........................................... 295
3.1. ..................... 295
3.2. ......................................... 296
3.3. ........................ 297
4. ........................ 299
I. , , ....................................... 299

2. , , .............................................. 314
2.1. ................................................... 314
2.2. , ....................................... 315
2.3. , , .................................... 315
2.4. ...................................................................... 316
2.5. ...................................................................... 316
2.6. ........................................................................................ 317
3. , , ......................... 317
4. , , ........................ 319

1. ................................................................ 299

III. .............................................. 319

2. , , ..................................................................... 300

1. , .................................. 319

3. , ............ 301

2. ...................................................................... 320

II. , ............................................................... 302


1. , , ............................................ 302
1.1. ............. 302
1.2. ................................................. 304
1.3. ....................................................... 305
2. , ........................................................ 306

3. , .............................................. 321
6. , ............................................ 322
I. , , .................. 322
1. .................................. 322
2. ................................................................. 323

5. ......................................................... 308

3. ................................................... 324

I. , , .................... 308

II. , , , ...................................................... 326

1. , ........................................................ 308

1. ,
,
......................................................................... 326
1.1. .................................................... 326
1.2. ...................................... 327
1.3. .......... 327

2. ,
.............................................................. 309
3. , ,
.................................................................... 310
II. , .............................................................. 313
1. ................................. 313
1.1. , , ..................................................................... 313
1.2. ..................................... 313
220

2. ..................................................................... 329
2.1. ................................................................... 329
2.2. ......................................................................... 330
2.3. .......................................................................... 330
2.4. , , , ...................................... 330
221

2.5. ...................................................................................... 331


2.6. ..................................................................................... 332
2.7. ........................................................ 332
2.8. , .......................................................... 333
2.9. ................................................................... 334
III. - ........................... 334
1. ............................. 334
2. ............................................................................................ 335
3. ........................................................................................... 336
4. ........................................................................................ 338
5. ............................................................................................ 340
6. , ................................. 340
7. ......................................................... 343
IV. ......................................... 344
1. ....................................................... 344
2. ............................................................................... 346
2.1. ............................................................. 346
2.2. ....................................................................... 348
2.3. , ........................................................ 348
2.4. , ............................................................................ 348
2.5. .............................................................. 349

- .
, .

( ,
), . .
, .
, .
, . .
.
, - , ,
, , .
.
,
,
, ,
.
, , . - ,
223

. - .

( ) ,
- .
,
( , ),
- .
, , ,
. . .
. ,
, .
NB. ,

.
.

-.


:
1) ;
2) ;
3) ;
4) ,
;
5) , .
224

.
, .
.

()
.
.
. , , . , , (;).

n, a, v . . , . , attr.,
pass., p. p., ., ., . . . (. ) ,
.


:

.

.
. ()
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
225

.
.
. 1) ; 2)
.
. ()
.
.
. .
.-.
.
. ()
.
.
.
. ()
. .
.

.
.
.
-. -
.
.
. ,
.
.
. .
.
. ()
.
.
.
.
. ()
.
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226

. ,
.
. ()
.
.
. ,
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
. /
.
.

. ()
.
. /
.
.
. ()

:
a adjective
adv adverb
attr. attributive ( )
int interjection
n noun
pass. passive ()
pl plural
p. p. past participle
pres. p. present participle
sing. singular
sl. slang ,
v verb

gigantic [dZaI'gxntIk] a
, ,

Titan ['taIt(q)n] n
(titan) , ,

gigantism ['dZaIgxn"tIz(q)m] n

young [jAN]
1. a , ;

2. n (. the young) pl .

1. ,

I. ,

, ,

1. , ,
1.1.
brow [braV] n

bust [bAst] n
1)
2)
lock [lPk] n
1) ; pl
2) (), (, )
muscle [mAsl] n
, ; .
nose [nqVz]
1. n
1)
2) ,
2. v ,
nostril ['nPstrIl] n

phalanx ['fxlxNks] n
(pl -xes [-ksIz])
(pl . -nges)
. ,

228

torso ['tO:sqV] n .
(pl -os [-qVz], -si)
1)
2) (, )

1.2. ,

blond(e) [blPnd]
1. n
2. a ,
blonde [blPnd] n

brunette [bru:'net] n

constitution ["kPnstI'tju:S(q)n] n
,
figure ['fIgq] n
; ; ,

form [fO:m]
1. n
1) ;
2) (. )
2. v
/

gracile ['grxsaIl] a
1)
2)
Hercules ['hE:kjVli:z] n
1) . .
2) ,

youngish ['jANIS] a

1.3.

invalid ['InvqlId]
1. n ;
2. a ;
3. v ()

allergic [q'ledZIk] a

Lilliputian ["lIlI'pju:S(q)n]
1. n ;
2. a ,

allergy ['xlqdZI] n
;

muscular ['mAskjVlq] a
;

amnesia [xm'ni:zjq] n
. ,

musculature ['mAskjVlqtSq] n

anaemia [q'ni:mjq] n
. ,

pigmentation ["pIgmen'teIS(q)n] n

anaesthesia ["xnIs'Ti:zjq] n
1) ,
2) ,

potency ['pqVt(q)nsI] n
1)
2) ,
pygmy ['pIgmI] n
1) ,
2) attr.
skeletal ['skelIt(q)l] a

skeleton ['skelIt(q)n] n
;

lunatic ['lu:nqtIk] n

maniac ['meInIxk]
1. n
2. a ;
maniacal [mq'naIqk(q)l] a

229

marasmus [mq'rxzmqs] n
; , ()

psycho ['saIkqV] n
. , ,

neurasthenic ["njVqrqs'TenIk]
1. n
2. a

psychopath ['saIkqVpxT] n

neuropath ['njVqrqpxT] n
, ;

psychosis [saI'kqVsIs] n
(pl -ses)

2.1.
apathetic ["xpq'TetIk] a
, ,
apathy ['xpqTI] n
, ;
indifference [In'dIfr(q)ns] n
1) ,

2) ,
(to, towards)

neurotic [njVq'rPtIk]
1. n ,
2. a ;

rheumatic [rV'mxtIk]
1. n
1)
2) pl .
2. a

paralyse ['pxrqlaIz] v
(. .)

rheumatism ['ru:mqtIz(q)m] n

paralytic ["pxrq'lItIk] n

schizo ['skItsqV] n
. ,

indifferent [In'dIfr(q)nt] a
1) , , (to)
2) ,

pathological ["pxTq'lPdZIkl] a

schizophrenia ["skItsqV'fri:njq] n

inertness [I'nE:tnIs] n

pathology [pq'TPlqdZI] n

sclerosis [sklIq'rqVsIs] n (pl -ses)


.

lethargic(al) [lq'TQ:dZIk(ql)] a
1)
2) , ;

poliomyelitis
["pqVlIqVmaIq'laItIs] n
,

sclerotic [sklIq'rPtIk] a

tuberculous [tjV'bE:kjVlqs] a

2. ,
emotion [I'mqVS(q)n] n
1) ;
2) /
emotional [I'mqVS(q)n(q)l] a
1)
2) (. )
emotionality [I"mqVSq'nxlItI] n

230

temperament ['temp(q)rqmqnt] n

temperamental
["temp(q)rq'mentl] a
1)
2)

lethargy ['leTqdZI] n
1)
2) ,
passive ['pxsIv] a
, ;

passivity [px'sIvItI] n
, ;

phlegm [flem] n
, ;
,
phlegmatic [fleg'mxtIk] a
,

prosaic [prqV'zeIIk] a
1)
2) ,
prosaically [prqV'zeIIk(q)lI] adv

prosaist ['prqVzeIIst] n
,

2.2.
melancholia ["melqn'kqVlIq] n

melancholic ["melqn'kPlIk] a
;
melancholy ['melqnkqlI]
1. n , , ;
2. a
1) ,
2) ;

nostalgia [nP'stxldZIq] n
1) ,
2)
nostalgic [nP'stxldZIk] a
;

prostrate ['prPstreIt] a
(,
)
prostration [prP'streIS(q)n] n
1) (;
)
2)

231

sceptic ['skeptIk] n

optimism ['PptImIz(q)m] n

sceptical ['skeptIk(q)l] a

optimist ['PptImIst] n

scepticism ['skeptIsIz(q)m] n

optimistic(al) ["PptI'mIstIk(ql)] a
,

sentiment ['sentImqnt] n

sentimental ["sentI'mentl] a
, ;
sentimentality
["sentImen'txlItI] n
,

2.3.
ecstasize ['ekstqsaIz] v
/
ecstasy ['ekstqsI] n
,
enthusiasm [In'Tju:zIxz(q)m] n
1) ;
2)
enthusiast [In'Tju:zIxst] n
1)
2)
enthusiastic [In"Tju:zI'xstIk] a
/

2.4.
energetic ["enq'dZetIk] a

impulsive [Im'pAlsIv] a

nervous ['nE:vqs] a
1)
2) ; ( -.);

3) ,
neurasthenic ["njVqrqs'TenIk]
1. a
2. n
tropical ['trPpIk(q)l] a
;
,
volcanic [vPl'kxnIk] a
, ( . .)

II. , ,

1.
elegance, elegancy
['elIgqns, -sI] n
,
elegant ['elIgqnt]
1. a , ;

2. n . , ,

extraordinary [Iks'trO:dn(q)rI] a
1)
2) , ;

extravagant [Iks'trxvqg(q)nt] a
( , )
modish ['mqVdIS] a
1)
2)
pomp [pPmp] n
, ,

pomposity [pPm'pPsItI] n
;
pose [pqVz]
1. n (. .)
2. v
1)
2) /
(-.)
poseur [pqV'zE:] n .

presentable [prI'zentqbl] a
, ,
,
style [staIl] n
1)
2) ; ,
3) , ; ,
stylish ['staIlIS] a
, ;

2.
2.1. ,
,
civilized ['sIvIlaIzd] a
1)
2) ,
correctly [kq'rektlI] adv
,
cultural ['kAltS(q)r(q)l] a

232

culture ['kAltSq] n

cultured ['kAltSqd] a

ethic(al) ['eTIk(ql)] a
1) ,
2)
ethics ['eTIks] n pl
(. sing.)

233

ideal [aI'dIql]
1. n
2. a ,
liberal ['lIb(q)r(q)l] a
1)
2)
liberalism ['lIb(q)rqlIz(q)m] n

liberalize ['lIb(q)rqlaIz] v
()
loyal ['lOI(q)l] a
1)
2) , ;

loyalty ['lOI(q)ltI] n
1)
2) ,
mannerliness ['mxnqlInIs] n
;
,
mannerly ['mxnqlI] a
;
,
moral ['mPr(q)l]
1. n
1) , ,
2) pl ;
;
3) pl
2. a
1) , ; ;

2) ,
3) ;
4)
234

moralist ['mPrqlIst] n
1)
2) /

ritualist ['rItSVqlIst] n

2.2.

profanity [prq'fxnItI] n
1)
2)

morally ['mPrqlI] adv


1) ;
2)

amoral ["eI'mPrql] a

nature ['neItSq] n
1) , ,
2) , , , ( . .)
3) ( )

clownish ['klaVnIS] a
1) ,
2) ;

sophism ['sPfIz(q)m] n
( , ,

)

cynic ['sInIk] n

sophist ['sPfIst] n

cynical ['sInIk(q)l] a
;

objective [qb'dZektIv] a
,

sophistic(al) [sq'fIstIk(ql)] a

cynicism ['sInIsIz(q)m] n

objectivism [qb'dZektIvIz(q)m] n
1)
2)

degenerate [dI'dZen(q)rIt] n
,

sophisticate [sq'fIstIkeIt] v
1)
2) , ,

objectivity ["PbdZek'tIvItI] n

patriot ['peItrIqt] n

patriotic ["pxtrI'PtIk] a

patriotism ['pxtrIqtIz(q)m] n

principle ['prInsqpl] n
; ;
principled ['prInsqpld] a
;

demagog ['demqgPg] =
= demagogue
demagogue ['demqgPg] n

farce [fQ:s] n
;
nihilist ['naIIlIst] n

nihilistic ["naII'lIstIk] a

nihilizm ['naIIlIz(q)m] n

ritual ['rItSVql]
1. n
2. a ,

profanation ["prPfq'neIS(q)n] n
( , );
,

ritualism ['rItSVqlIz(q)m] n

profane [prq'feIn] v
;

sophistication [sq"fIstI'keIS(q)n]
n
1)
2) ,
tactless ['txktlIs] a

vulgarian [vAl'geqrIqn] n
/
vulgarism ['vAlgqrIz(q)m] n
1) ;

2)
vulgarity [vAl'gxrItI] n

vulgarization ["vAlgqraI'zeIS(q)n]
n
;
vulgarize ['vAlgqraIz] v
;
235

3. ,
character ['kxrIktq]
1. n
1)
2) ;

3) ,
2. v .
characteristic ["kxrIktq'rIstIk] n
;
,
characterization
["kxrIktqraI'zeIS(q)n] n
;

disreputable [dIs'repjVtqbl] a
1)
2) ;
disrepute ["dIsrI'pju:t] n
,
image ['ImIdZ] n
( , ); ,
individual ["IndI'vIdjVql]
1. n
1)
2) ,
3) . ,
2. a ,
individuality ["IndI"vIdjV'xlItI] n
1)
2) (. pl)
/
236

renommee ["reInqV'meI] n .
, , -
reputation ["repjV'teIS(q)n] n
; ,

3.1. , ,

adventure [qd'ventSq]
1. n
1) ;
;
2) attr.
2. v
1) ;

(-.)
2)
adventurer [qd'ventS(q)rq] n
1)
2)
heroic [hI'rqVIk] a
,
heroism ['herqVIz(q)m] n
, ,
macho ['mxtSqV] n

principled ['prInsqpld] a
;

risk [rIsk]
1. n
2. v
1) (-.)
2) ( -.)

riskiness ['rIskInIs] n
,
risky ['rIskI] a
,
Spartan ['spQ:t(q)n]
1. a
2. n
stability [stq'bIlItI] n
, ,
();
()
superman ['sju:pqmxn] n
1) .
2) (. .)

3.2. ,
,

aggressive [q'gresIv] a
;
aggressiveness [q'gresIvnIs] n
1)
2) ,
despot ['despPt] n

despotic [des'pPtIk] a

despotism ['despqtIz(q)m] n

dictator [dIk'teItq] n

dictatorial ["dIktq'tO:rIql] a
1)
2) ,

Draconian, Draconic
[drq'kqVnIqn, drq'kPnIk] a
,
extremist [Iks'tri:mIst] n
,
/
fanatic [fq'nxtIk]
1. n
2. a ,
monster ['mPnstq] n
, ;
. .
sadism ['seIdIz(q)m] n

sadist ['seIdIst] n

terrorist ['terqrIst] n

terrorize ['terqraIz] v
1)
2)
tigerish ['taIg(q)rIS] a
1)
2) ,

tyrannical [tI'rxnIk(q)l] a
; ;

tyrannize ['tIrqnaIz] v

tyranny ['tIrqnI] n
1) ,
2) ,
tyrant ['taIqr(q)nt] n
;

237

ultra ['Altrq]
1. n
1)
2)
2. a ( ,
)
vampire ['vxmpaIq] n
1) ,
2) ,
vandal ['vxnd(q)l]
1. n ,
2. a
vandalize ['vxndqlaIz] v
1) ,
2) ;

3.3. ,

feminist ['femInIst] n

feminize ['femInaIz] v
() , ()
impotence ['Impqt(q)ns] n
1) .
2) ,
impotent ['Impqt(q)nt] a
1) .
2) ,
marionette ["mxrIq'net] n
(,
)
passive ['pxsIv] a
, ;

passivity [px'sIvItI] n
, ;

zombi(e) ['zPmbI] n
( ,
, , )

3.4. , ,

altruism ['xltrVIz(q)m] n
(
, )
altruist ['xltrVIst] n

altruistic ["xltrV'IstIk] a

characterless ['kxrIktqlIs] a

pessimism ['pesImIz(q)m] n

complex ['kPmpleks] n
1) . ;
. -
2) .

angel ['eIndZ(q)l] n
1) (. .)
2) sl. ,
- .

pessimist ['pesImIst] n

angelic [xn'dZelIk] a

defective [dI'fektIv] a
,
fatalist ['feItqlIst] n

fatality [fq'txlItI] n
1) , ;

2) ; ( . .)
238

pessimistic ["pesI'mIstIk] a

prosaic [prqV'zeIIk] a
1)
2) ,
prosaically [prqV'zeIIk(q)lI] adv

Utopian [ju:'tqVpjqn]
1. a , ,

2. n ; ,

communicable [kq'mju:nIkqbl] a
, ,
delicacy ['delIkqsI] n
, ,
delicate ['delIkIt] a
, ,
gallant [gq'lxnt]
1. a
; ,
( )

2. n
,
3. v
;

gentleman ['dZentlmqn] n
,
gentlemanly ['dZentlmqnlI] a
1) ,
2) ;
humanism ['hju:mqnIz(q)m] n

humanist ['hju:mqnIst] n

humanity [hju:'mxnItI] n
1) , ,

2) pl /
humanize ['hju:mqnaIz] v
1)

2) ; ;

ideal [aI'dIql]
1. n
2. a ,
idealist [aI'dIqlIst] n

liberal ['lIb(q)r(q)l]
1. n
2. a
liberalism ['lIbr(q)lIz(q)m] n

239

liberalize ['lIb(q)rqlaIz] v
()
loyal ['lOI(q)l] a
1)
2) , ;

loyalty ['lOI(q)ltI] n
1)
2) ,
patriot ['peItrIqt] n

patriotic ["pxtrI'PtIk] a

3.5. , ,

ambition [xm'bIS(q)n] n
,

individualism
["IndI'vIdZVqlIz(q)m] n
1) ()
2) ,

ambitious [xm'bISqs] a
1)
2) ,
(of)
3)

intriguant ['IntrIgqnt] n .

amoral ["eI'mPrql] a

machinate ['mxkIneIt] v
;
;

Jesuit ['dZezjVIt] n
(, ,
)

patriotism ['pxtrIqtIz(q)m] n

antipathy [xn'tIpqTI] n
1) ,
2)

philanthropist [fI'lxnTrqpIst] n

aplomb [q'plPm] n .

marauder [mq'rO:dq] n

philanthropize [fI'lxnTrqpaIz] v
1)
2) (-.)

egoism ['egqVIz(q)m] n

mercantile ['mE:k(q)ntaIl] a
; ;

solid ['sPlId] a
1) ; ,

2) . .
(with)
solidarity ["sPlI'dxrItI] n
;
sympathize ['sImpqTaIz] v
(with);

sympathy ['sImpqTI] n
; (with);
(for)
tact [txkt] n
,
240

egoist ['egqVIst] n

egoistic(al) ["egqV'IstIk(ql)] a
;
false [fO:ls] a
, ;
;
falseness ['fO:lsnIs] n
; ;

machination ["mxkI'neIS(q)n] n
; ;

misanthrope ['mIs(q)nTrqVp] n
,
misanthropic(al)
["mIs(q)n'TrPpIk(ql)] a

misanthropy [mI'zxnTrqpI] n
(, ,
)

familiar [fq'mIljq] a
;

nihilist ['naIIlIst] n

familiarity [fq"mIlI'xrItI] n

nihilistic ["naII'lIstIk] a

familiarly [fq'mIljqlI] adv

nihilizm ['naIIlIz(q)m] n

odious ['qVdjqs] a
; ,
parasite ['pxrqsaIt] n
,
parasitic(al) ["pxrq'sItIk(ql)] a
,
parasitism ['pxrqsaItIz(q)m] n

parasitize ['pxrqsaItaIz] v
. (. .)
prostitute ['prPstItju:t]
1. n . ; , ;
,
;
2. v
simulate ['sImjVleIt] v
1)
2) , (-.)
simulation ["sImjV'leIS(q)n] a
;
sophism ['sPfIz(q)m] n

sophistic(al) [sq'fIstIk(ql)] a

sophisticate [sq'fIstIkeIt] v
1)
2) , ,
sophistication [sq"fIstI'keIS(q)n]
n
1)
2) ,
241

swine [swaIn] n (pl .)


. ,
swinish ['swaInIS] a

tendentious [ten'denSqs] n
.
utilitarian ["ju:tIlI'teqrIqn]
1. a
2. n (Utilitarian)
utilitarianism
["jutIlI'teqrIqnIz(q)m] n
. ( ,
, )
vulgarian [vAl'geqrIqn] n
,

3.6. ,
,
,

aesthete ['i:sTi:t] n

aesthetic [i:s'TetIk] a

aestheticism [i:s'TetIsIz(q)m] n
,
anachronism [q'nxkrqnIz(q)m] n
( )
anachronistik [q"nxkrq'nIstIk] a
, ,
,
242

ascetic [q'setIk]
1. n ;
2. a ;

extraordinarily [Ik'strO:dnrIlI]
adv
,

asceticism [q'setIsIz(q)m] n
(
)

extraordinary [Ik'strO:dnrI] a
1) ;
2) ; ,
3) , ;

degenerate [dI'dZen(q)rIt] n
,
degeneration [dI"dZenq'reIS(q)n]
n
(
);
degenerative [dI'dZen(q)rqtIv] a
;
eccentric [Ik'sentrIk]
1. n ;
,
2. a ;
eccentricity ["eksen'trIsItI] n
, ;

exhibitionism ["eksI'bISnIz(q)m]
n
1) (
; ,
)
2) ,

exhibitionist ["eksI'bISnIst] n
(, , )

extravagant [Iks'trxvIgqnt] a
( , ); ,

gay [geI] n
, ,
genial ['dZi:njql] a
.
gourmand ['gVqmqnd]
1. n
1) . ,
2)
2. a
idiocy ['IdIqsI] n
1)
2) .
idiot ['IdIqt] n
1)
2) .
lesbian ['lezbIqn] n

masochist ['mxsqkIst] n

masturbation ["mxstq'beIS(q)n]
n

meditate ['medIteIt] v
1) ,
(on, upon)
2)
3)
meditation ["medI'teIS(q)n] n
( . . )
meditative ['medItqtIv] a
; ;

melodramatic ["melqVdrq'mxtIk]
a
1)
2) , ( . .)
modern ['mPd(q)n]
1. a ;
2. n
orgy ['O:dZI] n
1) ;
2) . , ( . .)
original [q'rIdZqnl]
1. n ,
2. a ,
phenomenal [fI'nPmInl] a
,
phenomenon [fI'nPmInqn] n
(pl -ena)
,
primitive ['prImItIv]
1. n
1)
2)
243

2. a
1) , ,

2)
romantic [rqV'mxntIk]
1. n
2. a ;
romanticism [rqV'mxntIsIz(q)m]
n

romanticist [rqV'mxntIsIst] n

snob [snPb] n
(,
)
snobbery ['snPb(q)rI] n
(, ,
, )
transsexual ["trxnz'seksVql]
1. a
2. n ;
,

transvestism [trxnz'vestIz(q)m]
n
., . ;

competent ['kPmpIt(q)nt] a
,

intuit [In'tju:t] v

coryphaeus ["kPrI'fi:qs] n .
(pl -phaei)

intuition ["IntjV'IS(q)n] n

transvestite [trxnz'vestaIt] n
., . ;
,

erudite ['erVdaIt]
1. n ;
2. a ;

unique [ju:'ni:k]
2. n
1. a
1) ;
2) . ,

erudition ["erV'dIS(q)n] n
; ;

vegetarian ["vedZI'teqrIqn]
1. n
2. a
vegetarianism
["vedZI'teqrIqnIz(q)m] n

wunderkind ['wAndqkInd] n
.

III. , ,
1. ,
aureola, aureole
[O:'rI:qVlq, 'O:rIqVl] n
,
authority [O:'TPrItI] n
1) , , ,

244

2) ,
competence ['kPmpIt(q)ns] n
1) ;
2)

Eureka [jV(q)'ri:kq] int .


!
genius ['dZi:njqs] n
1) (. sing.) ;

2) (pl -ses) ,
,
intellect ['IntIlekt] n
1) , ,
2)
intellection ["IntI'lekS(q)n] n
,
intellectual ["IntI'lektjVql]
1. n
1) ;
;
2)
2. a
1) ,
2) ,
intellectuality ['IntI"lektjV'xlItI]
n

intuitional ["IntjV'ISqnl] a

intuitive [In'tju:ItIv] a
1) = intuitional
2)
mental [mentl]
1. a
1) ;

2)
mentality [men'txlItI] n
1) , ,
2)
patent ['peIt(q)nt]
1. a
1)
2)
3) ,
2. n [. 'pxt(q)nt]
1) ;
2) ,
3) ( -.), ;

3. v [. 'pxt(q)nt]
;
( -.)
patentee ["peIt(q)n'ti:] n

245

patenting ['peIt(q)ntIN]
1. pres. p. patent 3
2. n
phenomenal [fI'nPmInl] a
,
phenomenon [fI'nPmInqn] n
(pl -ena)
;
pioneer ["paIq'nIq]
1. n
1) , ,
;
2)
2. v ,

polyglot ['pPlIglPt]
1. n
2. a ;

qualification ["kwPlIfI'keIS(q)n] n
; ;
-.
reasonable ['ri:znqbl] a
; () ;
;
reasonably ['ri:znqblI] adv
1) ;
2) ,

reasoning ['ri:znIN]
1. pres. p. reason 2
2. n ;
3. a
()
Solomon ['sPlqmqn] n
( . )

246

formality [fO:'mxlItI] n
1)
2)
;

adaptation ["xdxp'teIS(q)n] n
,

initiate [I'nISIIt] v
(), , ,

specialist ['speSqlIst] n

concentrate ['kPns(q)ntreIt] v
(), () (on, upon)

specialization ["speSqlaI'zeIS(q)n]
n

concentrated ['kPns(q)ntreItId] a
;

specialize ['speSqlaIz] v
()

course [kO:s] n
;

talent ['txlqnt] n
1)
2) .

device [dI'vaIs] n

talented ['txlqntId] a
,
unique [ju:'ni:k]
1. n
2. a
1) , ;
2) . ,

2. , ,
adapt [q'dxpt] v
1) , , , (to, for)

adaptable [q'dxptqbl] a
1) (,
)
2)
( . .)

2) ,
adaptability [q"dxptq'bIlItI] n
, ,

disciplinarian ["dIsIplI'neqrIqn] n

disciplinary ['dIsIplInqrI] a

discipline ['dIsIplIn] n

economical ["i:kq'nPmIk(q)l] a
,
economize [I'kPnqmaIz] v

economy [I'kPnqmI] n
1) ,
2) ( pl)
formalism ['fO:mqlIz(q)m] n
;
formalist ['fO:mqlIst] n
;

initiative [I'nISIqtIv]
1. n ;
2. a ;
,
instinct ['InstINkt] n
, ;

instinctive [In'stINktIv] a
,
instinctively [In'stINktIvlI] a
, ,

insubordinate ["Insq'bO:dnIt] a
;
,
interest ['IntrIst]
1. n
1) ,
2) ( -.); (-.)
2. v ,
interested ['IntrIstId]
1. p. p. interest 2
2. a
247

interesting ['IntrIstIN]
1. pres. p. interest 2
2. a

potency ['pqVt(q)nsI] n
1)
2) ,

intuition ["IntjV'IS(q)n] n

potential [pqV'tenS(q)l]
1. n
1)
2)
2. a ;

intuitional ["IntjV'ISqnl] a

intuitive [In'tju:ItIv] a

laconic(al) [lq'kPnIk(ql)] a
, ;

mobile ['mqVbaIl] a
; ,
mobility [mqV'bIlItI] n
1) ;
2) ;
mobilization ["mqVbIlaI'zeIS(q)n]
n

mobilize ['mqVbIlaIz] v
()
object ['PbdZIkt] n
1) ( . .)
2)
pedant ['ped(q)nt] n

pedantic [pI'dxntIk] a

pedantry ['ped(q)ntrI] n
,
perspective [pq'spektIv]
1. n
1)
2)
2. a
248

potentiality [pqV"tenSI'xlItI] n
1)
2) pl
progress
1. n ['prqVgrqs]
1) , ;

2)
2. v [prqV'gres]
1) , ;
2)
3)
progressive [prqV'gresIv]
1. a
1) ,
2)
2. n
punctual ['pANktjVql] a
,
punctuality ["pANktjV'xlItI] n
,
rational ['rxSqnl] a
, ;

rationalism ['rxSnqlIz(q)m] n

rationalizer ['rxSnqlaIzq] n

rationalist ['rxSnqlIst] n

rationally ['rxSnqlI] adv


;

rationality ["rxSq'nxlItI] n
,

reason [ri:zn]
1. n , , ;
, , ;
,
2. v ;
reason out

rationalization ["rxSnqlaI'zeIS(q)n]
n
1)
2)
rationalize ['rxSnqlaIz] v
1)
2)

scrupulous ['skru:pjVlqs] a
,

IV. , ,

1. , ,
1.1.

pa [pQ:] n (. papa)
. ,

babushka [bq'bVSkq] n .

papa [pq'pQ:] n
.

cousin [kAzn] n
, ;
,

parti [pQ:'ti:] n .
( )

mam [mxm] n
.
mamma [mq'mQ:] n
.

Penelope [pI'nelqpI] n .
. ; (. )

1.2.

mammy ['mxmI] n
.

dynast ['dInqst] n

nanny ['nxnI] n
. ,

dynasty ['dInqstI] n

249

family ['fxmIlI] n
attr. ; ;

multimillionaire ["mAltImIljq'neq]
n

genealogical ["dZi:njq'lPdZIk(q)l]
a
;

nouveau riche ["nu:vqV'ri:S] n


.
(pl nouveaux riches)
,

genealogy ["dZi:nI'xlqdZI] n
;
lineal ['lInIql] a

(of ), ,
,
maternity [mq'tE:nItI] n

patriarch ['peItrIQ:k] n
1) , ;
, ,
2) ;
veteran ['vet(q)r(q)n] n
1)
2) attr. , ;
; ,

oligarch ['PlIgQ:k] n

oligarchic(al) ["PlI'gQ:kIk(ql)] a

oligarchy ['PlIgQ:kI] n

parasite ['pxrqsaIt] n
,
parasitic(al) ["pxrq'sItIk(ql)] a
,
parasitism ['pxrqsaItIz(q)m] n

magnate ['mxgneIt] n

pension
1. n
1) ['penS(q)n] ;
2) ['pQ:NsIO:N]
2. v ['penS(q)n] ;
pension off

millionaire ["mIljq'neq] n

pensioner ['penSqnq] n

1.3.

2.
2.1.
donna ['dPnq] n .
1)
2) ,
250

duenna [djV'enq] n .
;
( )

effendi [e'fendI] n .
,
lady ['leIdI] n
(Lady) (
)
lord [lO:d]
1. n ; ;

2. v
1)
2)
milady [mI'leIdI] n
(. . )
milord [mI'lO:d] n
(. . )
peer [pIq]
1. n ,
2. v
prefix
1. n ['pri:fIks]
, , . . (.
Dr., Sir . .)
2. v [pri:'fIks]
1)
2) ;

pretender [prI'tendq] n
( ,
. .)
status ['steItqs] n
1) ,
2) . ;

2.2. ,

csar [zQ:] = tsar


emir [e'mIq] n .

emperor ['emp(q)rq] n

Maharaja(h) ["mQ:hq'rQ:dZq] n
.

monarch ['mPnqk] n
1)
2)
monarchic(al) [mq'nQ:kIk(ql)] a

Padishah ['pa:dISQ:] n .

prince [prIns] n

princess [prIn'ses] n

samurai ['sxmVraI] n .

shah [SQ:] n .

sheik(h) [SeIk] n .

sultan ['sAlt(q)n] n

sultana [sAl'tQ:nq] n
; , ,

251

title [taItl]
1. n ,
2. v /
titled [taItld]
1. p. p. title 2
2. a
titular ['tItjVlq]
1. a
2. n ,

tsar [zQ:] n .
1) .
2) ;
tsarevitch ['zQ:rqvItS] n .
.

medal [medl] n
;
medalled [medld] a
1)

2) /

Nobelist [nqV'belIst] n
.

palm [pQ:m] n
1) ;
. ,
2) attr.

tsarevna ['zQ:rqvnq] n .
.

popular ['pPpjVlq] a
1)
2) ;

tsarina [zQ:'ri:nq] n
.

popularity ["pPpjV'lxrItI] n

tsaritza [zQ:'ritsq] n .
.

popularization
["pPpjVlqraI'zeIS(q)n] n

tzar [zQ:] = czar [zQ:] = tsar

2.3.

laureate ['lO:rIIt]
1. n
2. a
laurel ['lPr(q)l]
1. n (. pl) ,
2. v
laurelled ['lPrqld]
1. p. p. laurel 2
2. a / ;
252

popularly ['pPpjVlqlI] adv

premium ['pri:mjqm] n
;
prestige [pres'ti:Z] n .

privilege ['prIvIlIdZ]
1. n ; ;
2. v ;
( -.)
privileged ['prIvIlIdZd]
1. p. p. privilege 2
2. a

prize [praIz] n
1) , ,
2) attr.

presentable [prI'zentqbl] a
, ,

reputation ["repjV'teIS(q)n] n
; ,

reverence ['rev(q)r(q)ns]
1. n
1) ,
2) ; ;

2. v ,

reputed [rI'pju:tId] a
;

respectability [rI"spektq'bIlItI] n
,

2. ,

I. , ,

1. , , ,
1.1. ,

1.2.

accent
1. n ['xks(q)nt]
1) ;
2)
2. v [qk'sent]
1) ,
2) /

archaism ['Q:keIIz(q)m] n
,

dialect ['da(I)qlekt] n
. , ;

Basic English ['beIsIk 'INglIS] n


. (
850 , . )

intonation ["IntqV'neIS(q)n] n
; ()
tempo ['tempqV] n
(pl -os [-qVz], -pi)
, (, . .)
term [tE:m] n

tonality [tqV'nxlItI] n
()
tone [tqVn]
1. n
1)
2) ( pl) ,
()
2. v
(); ()
254

archaize ['Q:keIaIz] v
1)
2)

encyclopaedic [en"saIklqV'pi:dIk]
a

encyclopaedist
[en"saIklqV'pi:dIst] n

encyclopedic [en"saIklqV'pi:dIk]
a = encyclopaedic
encyclopedist [en"saIklqV'pi:dIst]
n = encyclopaedist
Esperanto ["espq'rxntqV] n
()

jargon ['dZQ:gqn] n
1)
2) ,
jargonize ['dZQ:gqnaIz] v

slang [slxN]
1. n ,
2. a ,

slangy ['slxNI] a
1) ,
2)
,
terminology ["tE:mI'nPlqdZI] n

thesaurus [TI'sO:rqs] n
(pl -ri, -ses [-Iz])

1.3. ,
allegoric(al) ["xlI'gPrIk(ql)] a
,
allegorize ['xlIgqraIz] v
1) ,

2)
allegory ['xlIgqrI] n
,
argument ['Q:gjVmqnt] n
1) , (for
-.; against
-.)
2)

argumentation
["Q:gjVmen'teIS(q)n] n

argumentative ["Q:gjV'mentqtIv]
a
1) ,
2) ;

casuist ['kxzjVIst] n

casuistic(al) ["kxzjV'IstIk(ql)]
a

casuistry ['kxzjVIstrI] n
(
,
); ;
Ciceronian ["sIsq'rqVnjqn] a
,
context ['kPntekst] n
1) (

,
)
2) , , ;

contextual [kqn'tekstjVql] a
,

demagog ['demqgPg] =
= demagogue
demagogic ["demq'gPgIk] a

255

demagogue ['demqgPg] n

demagogy ['demqgPgI] n

detail ['di:teIl]
1. n
1) ;
2) ,
3) attr. ,
2. v
detailed ['di:teIld]
1. p. p. detail 2
2. a ,
expression [Iks'preS(q)n] n
,
hyperbole [haI'pE:bqlI] n
;
hyperbolical ["haIpq'bPlIk(q)l] a
;

laconic(al) [lq'kPnIk(ql)] a
, ;

3) (, . .)
manipulation [mq"nIpjV'leIS(q)n]
n
1) ;
2) ,
manoeuvre [mq'nu:vq]
1. n
1)
2)
2. v ,
(-.)
maximize ['mxksImaIz] v
1) , () ,

2)
metaphor ['metqfq] n
(

,
, )

logic ['lPdZIk] n

metaphorical ["metq'fPrIk(q)l]
1. a
2. v ; ;

logical ['lPdZIk(q)l] a
1)
2) ,

minimize ['mInImaIz] v
1) ,

2)

manipulate [mq'nIpjVleIt] v
1) (
. .)
2) , (
-., -.)

pause [pO:z]
1. n
1) , ; ;
2)

256

2. v
1) , (on, upon)
2) ;
philosopher [fI'lPsqfq] n
1)
2)
philosophical ["fIlq'sPfIk(q)l] a

philosophize [fI'lPsqfaIz] v
;

philosophy [fI'lPsqfI] n
;
phrase [freIz]
1. n , ; ;
2. v ()
phraseological
["freIzIq'lPdZIk(q)l] a

phraseology ["freIzI'PlqdZI] n
1)
2) ,
political [pq'lItIk(q)l] a

politicize [pq'lItIsaIz] v
1)

2)
;

politics ['pPlItIks] n pl
(. . sing.)
1) ;

2)
rational ['rxSqnl] a
, ;

rationalism ['rxSnqlIz(q)m] n

rationality ["rxSq'nxlItI] n
,
rationalization ["rxSnqlaI'zeIS(q)n]
n

rationalize ['rxSnqlaIz] v

rationally ['rxSnqlI] adv


;
reason [ri:zn]
1. n
1) , , ;
;
,
2)
2. v ;
reason out

reasonable ['ri:znqbl] a
1) ; ();

2) ,
reasonably ['ri:znqblI] adv
1) ;
2) ,
257

reasoning ['ri:znIN]
1. pres. p. reason 2
2. n ;
3. a , ()
remark [rI'mQ:k]
1. n
1) ; ;
;
2)
2. v
1) , (on, upon
-.)
2) ,
resume [rI'zju:m] v
,
sophisticate [sq'fIstIkeIt] v
1)
2) , ,

sophistication [sq"fIstI'keIS(q)n]
n
1)
2) ,
sophist ['sPfIst] n

style [staIl] n
; ; (,
. .)
tautologize [tO:'tPlqdZaIz] v

tautology [tO:'tPlqdZI] n
(
,
)
thesis ['Ti:sIs] n
(pl -ses)
, (
-
)

2. ,
companion [kqm'pxnjqn]
1. n
1) ;
( , )
2) ; , (
. .)
3)
2. v
1) /
2)

258

contact ['kPntxkt]
1. n pl , ,
,
2. v
( -. ,
. .);
correspondence
["kPrIs'pPndqns] n
, ;

debate [dI'beIt]
1. n
1) , ,

2) ,
2. v ; ,
;
debater [dI'beItq] n
/
dialogue ['daIqlPg] n
1)
2)
discuss [dIs'kAs] v
,
discussion [dIs'kAS(q)n] n
1)
2) ,
disputant [dIs'pju:t(q)nt]
1. n /
2. a
;
disputation ["dIspjV'teIS(q)n] n
1)
2)
3)
dispute [dIs'pju:t]
1. n
1) ; ,
2) , ;

2. v
1) ,
(with, against ; on,
about );

2) ,
(
-.,
-. . .)

forum ['fO:rqm] n
1) ,
2)
opponent [q'pqVnqnt]
1. n ,
2. a , ;
orate [O:'reIt] v
. , ,
orator ['Prqtq] n

polemic [pP'lemIk]
1. n
1) , ,
2) pl ;

2. a
polemical [pP'lemIk(q)l] =
= polemic 1
press conference
[pres 'kPnf(q)r(q)ns] n
-
theme [Ti:m] n
, (, , )
tirade [taI'reId] n
(, . .)
ventilate ['ventIleIt] v
, , ()
ventilation ["ventI'leIS(q)n] n
, ( , )

259

II.

1.
correctly [kq'rektlI] adv
,
delicate ['delIkIt] a
1) , ,
( )
2) , ,
delicacy ['delIkqsI] n
, ,
emotion [I'mqVS(q)n] n
1) ;
2) /
emotional [I'mqVSqnl] a
1)
2) (. ,
)
emotionality [I"mqVSq'nxlItI] n

etiquette ['etIket] n
1) (, ,
)
2)
gallant [gq'lxnt]
1. a
, -, ; , (
,
)
260

2. n

3. v
;
gallantry ['gxlqntrI] n
;

mannerly ['mxnqlI] a
;
,
tact [txkt] n
,

gentlemanly ['dZentlmqnlI] a
1) , [. gentleman]
2) ;
natural ['nxtSr(q)l] a
1) , ,
2) ,
naturally ['nxtSr(q)lI] adv
1) , ;
,
2) ,

manner ['mxnq] n
1) (, )
2) pl () ;

mannerliness ['mxnqlInIs] n
, ,

vulgarity [vAl'gxrItI] n

tactful ['txktfVl] a

vulgarian [vAl'geqrIqn] n
/

gentleman ['dZentlmqn] n
,

vulgarism ['vAlgqrIz(q)m] n
1) ;

2)

vulgarization ["vAlgqraI'zeIS(q)n]
n
;
vulgarize ['vAlgqraIz] v
;

2.
adieu [q'dju:] .
1. int ! (),
2. n (pl . -x [-z])

madam ['mxdqm] n
, ,
(. )

bye [baI] = goodbye 2

mademoiselle ["mxdqmwq'zel]
n .
, ( .
)

bye-bye ["baI'baI] . .
goodbye 1
ciao [tSaV] int
. ,
dame [deIm] n
1) ,
2) . .
3) .
goodbye
1. n [gVd'baI]
2. int ["gV(d)'baI] !
! /-!
hallo [hq'lqV]
1. int !, !
2. n ;

3. v ;
,

miss [mIs] n
1) ,
2) (Miss) (

;
Miss
Jones,
.
Miss
Mary; . . )
3) ., . ,

261

missis ['mIsIz] n sl., .


1) ;
2) (the missis) ,
mister ['mIstq] n
1) ,
2) (. Mister)
(
;

Mr.;
. .
: Hey, mister!
, !)
O.K. [qV'keI] .
1. n
2. a predic. ;
;
3. v (past p. p. O.K.d [-d])
( )
4. int ! ! !
! !

III.

pardon [pQ:dn]
1. n ;
,
2. v ,
salaam [sq'lQ:m]
1. n
1) ( )
2) ,
2. v ( )
salute [sq'lu:t]
1. n
1)
2)
2. v
1)
2) ,
viva ['vi:vq] .
1. int ! !
2. n
1)
2) pl

1.
1.1. ,

communicable [kq'mju:nIkqbl]
a
, , ,

262

companionable [kqm'pxnjqnqbl]
a
, . ,
compliment ['kPmplImqnt]
1. n , ;

2. v ,
;

compromise ['kPmprqmaIz]
1. n
2. v
confidence ['kPnfId(q)ns] n
1)
2)
confidential ["kPnfI'denS(q)l] a
1) ;
2)
3) ;
consult [kqn'sAlt] v
;
liberal ['lIb(q)r(q)l]
1. n
2. a
1) ,
2) (Liberal) .
liberalism ['lIb(q)rqlIz(q)m] n

liberalize ['lIb(q)rqlaIz] v
()
loyal ['lOI(q)l] a
1)
2) , ;

loyalty ['lOI(q)ltI] n
1)
2) ,
objective [qb'dZektIv] a
,
objectivism [qb'dZektIvIz(q)m] n
1)
2)

objectivity ["PbdZek'tIvItI] n

recommend ["rekq'mend] v
;
recommendation
["rekqmen'deIS(q)n] n
;
sympathize ['sImpqTaIz] v
; (with)
sympathy ['sImpqTI] n
; (with);
(for)

1.2. ,

clown [klaVn] v
,

comic ['kPmIk]
1. a , ;
2. n . ,
comicality ["kPmI'kxlItI] n
1) ;
2) -.
coquet [kP'ket] v .

coquetry ['kPkItrI] n .

ecstasize ['ekstqsaIz] v
1) /
2) /
263

ecstasy ['ekstqsI] n
,
gesticulate [dZes'tIkjVleIt] v

gesticulation [dZes"tIkjV'leIS(q)n]
n

gesture ['dZestSq]
1. n
1)
2) . ,
2. v
ha-ha [hQ:'hQ:]
1. int --!
2. n ,
3. v ,

humorous ['hju:m(q)rqs] a
1)
2) , ,
humour ['hju:mq] n
;
(. sense of humour)
humourist ['hju:m(q)rIst] =
= humorist
magnet ['mxgnIt] n
1)
2)
magnetic [mxg'netIk] a
; ,

confrontation ["kPnfrAn'teIS(q)n]
n
,
confuse [kqn'fju:z] v
, ;
,
confused [kqn'fju:zd]
1. p. p. confuse
2. a ,
criticize ['krItIsaIz] v
1)
2)
critique [krI'ti:k] n .

Homeric [hqV'merIk] a
(, )

magnetism ['mxgnItIz(q)m] n
, ,

discredit [dIs'kredIt]
1. n
2. v ;

humorist ['hju:m(q)rIst] n
1)
2) ,

magnetize ['mxgnItaIz] v
1)
2)

discriminate [dIs'krImIneIt] v

2. ,
2.1.
,

aggression [q'greS(q)n] n
1) ,
2) ;

aggressor [q'gresq] n
1)
2) ;

264

chantage ['tSQ:ntIZ] n .

collision [kq'lIZ(q)n] n
, ()
conflict
1. n ['kPnflIkt]
,
2. v [kqn'flIkt]
(with -.)

discriminating [dIs'krImIneItIN]
1. pres. p. discriminate
2. a
discrimination
[dIs"krImI'neIS(q)n] n
; ,
escalate ['eskqleIt] v
1) , (, . .)
2) ( ,
. .)
escalate down
( . .)
escalation ["eskq'leIS(q)n] n
, , ;
( . .)

ironic(al) [aI'rPnIk(ql)] a

irony ['aIqrqnI] n

negative ['negqtIv]
1. a
1) ,
2) ,
3) ;

2. n
1) ; /
2) ( . .)
3. v
1) , ,
( );

2)
3) ;
oppose [q'pqVz] v
1) ;

2) (with,
against)
3) ; ;
,
,
opposition ["Ppq'zIS(q)n] n
1)
2) , ;
3) , ;
265

oppositionist ["Ppq'zISqnIst] n

panic ['pxnIk]
1. n
2. a
3. v ,
panicky ['pxnIkI] a
.
sarcasm ['sQ:kxz(q)m] n
( , )
sarcastic [sQ:'kxstIk] a

satire ['sxtaIq] n
1)
2) , (on, upon)
satirical [sq'tIrIk(q)l] a
1)
2) , ,
satirize ['sxtqraIz] v

scandal ['skxndl] n
1) ,
2) ,
;
3) , ()
scandalize ['skxndqlaIz] v
1) ,
2) ,
scandalous ['skxndqlqs] a
1) ,
2)

266

shock [SPk]
1. n , ,
2. v
1)
2) ,
stress [stres]
1. n
1) .
2)
2. v ,

stressful ['stresfVl] a
1) ( ,
. .)
2) ,

categorical ["kxtI'gPrIk(q)l] a
,
defamation ["defq'meIS(q)n] n
;
discourage [dIs'kArIdZ] v
, ,

discouragement [dIs'kArIdZmqnt]
n
1) ,
2) ,

falseness ['fO:lsnIs] n
1) ; ;
2) ,
falsification ["fO:lsIfI'keIS(q)n] n
, ;
falsify ['fO:lsIfaI] v
,
(); ( . .)
familiar [fq'mIljq] a
;
familiarity [fq"mIlI'xrItI] n

tend [tend] v
1) ( -.);
( -.)
2) ( -.)

discouraging [dIs'kArIdZIN]
1. pres. p. discourage
2. a ,

disorientate [dIs'O:rIenteIt] v
;
,

tendency ['tendqnsI] n
1) ,
2) attr.

galimatias ["gxlI'mxtIqs] n
, ,

dramatization
["drxmqtaI'zeIS(q)n] n
;

grimace [grI'meIs]
1. n ,
2. v

dramatize ['drxmqtaIz] v
,
; ;

hysteria [hIs'tIqrIq] n

tendentious [ten'denSqs] a
.

2.2. ,


aplomb [q'plPm] n .
( , )
break [breIk] (broke; broken) v
( , , , , )

false [fO:ls] a
1) , ,
; ,

2) , ,
falsely ['fO:lslI] adv
1) ,
2) ,

familiarly [fq'mIljqlI] adv

hysterical [hIs'terIk(q)l] a
,
hysterics [hIs'terIks] n pl
,
insinuation [In"sInjV'eIS(q)n] n
1)
2) ,
inspire [In'spaIq] v
,

267

inspired [In'spaIqd]
1. p. p. inspire
2. a
intrigue [In'tri:g]
1. n ,
2. v
1) , (against )
2) ,
intriguing [In'tri:gIN]
1. pres. p. intrigue 2
2. a
1) ,

2) ,

machination ["mxkI'neIS(q)n] n
, ,
mimic ['mImIk]
2. n
1) ,
2) ,
1. a ;

3. v ; ;
provocation ["prPvq'keIS(q)n] n
1)
2) ;
provocative [prq'vPkqtIv] a
1)
2) , ;

268

provoke [prq'vqVk] v
1)
2) ,
3) ,
surprise [sq'praIz]
1. n
1) ;
2)
3)
(. )
4) attr. ,
2. v
1) ,
2) ;

3) to surprise smb. into


doing smth.
-. -.
(
. .)
surprising [sq'praIzIN]
1. pres. p. surprise 2
2. a ; ,
surprisingly [sq'praIzINlI] adv
, ;

theatrical [TI'xtrIk(q)l] a
, ,

trance [trQ:ns] n
1) .
2)

3. , ,

distance ['dIst(q)ns]
1. n (
); ,
( )
2. v ; ;
frigid ['frIdZId] a
1) ( )
2) , ,

frigidity [frI'dZIdItI] n
1)
2) ,
iceberg ['aIsbE:g] n
( ),

ignore [Ig'nO:] v
1) ;

2) . (, )
neutral ['nju:trql]
1. a
1)
2)
3)
2. n ,

neutralist ['nju:trqlIst]
1. n
2. a
uncompanionable
["Ankqm'pxnjqnqbl] a
,

4.
amour [q'mVq] n
, , ;
boyfriend ['bOIfrend] n
. , ,

Eros ['IqrPs] n .

1) . ,
,
2) .
erotic [I'rPtIk]
1. n
1) ,

2) ; ,
;
2. a ;
eroticism [I'rPtIsIz(q)m] n
1)
2) ;

flirt [flE:t] v
, (with)
flirtation [flE:'teIS(q)n] n

269

flirty ['flE:tI] a
,

girlfriend ['gE:lfrend] n
1) ,
2) ,
intimacy ['IntImqsI] n
1) , ,

2)
intimate ['IntImIt] a
1) ,
2) ( )

intimity [In'tImItI] n

Lovelace ['lAvleIs] n

Platonic [plq'tPnIk]
1. n pl .
;

2. a
1)
2) ,
sex [seks] n
; ;

3.
I.

1. ,
1.1.
brigade [brI'geId]
1. n
1)
2) attr.
2. v
collective [kP'lektIv]
1. n
2. a ; ;
collectivity ["kPlek'tIvItI] n
1)
2)
dock [dPk]
1. n
1)
2) (. pl)
2. v
1) ,
2)
firm [fE:m] n
,
guild [gIld] n
1) ,
2) ,

holding company
['hqVldIN 'kAmpqnI] n
,
; -;
-
organ ['O:g(q)n] n
,
personnel ["pE:sq'nel] n
, ; (, )
syndicate
1. n ['sIndIkIt]
2. v ['sIndIkeIt]
,

1.2.
apparatus ["xpq'reItqs] n
(pl -uses [-qsIz], . .)
, , ,

blooming ['blu:mIN] n
.
bulldozer ['bVl"dqVzq] n

compressor [kqm'presq] n
.

271

conveyer [kqn'veIq] n
. ;
crane [kreIn]
1. n . ()

2. v
disintegrator [dIs'IntIgreItq] n
. ,
generator ['dZenqreItq] n
. ;

excavator ['ekskqveItq] n

instrument ['Instrqment]
1. n
1) ; ;
,
2) attr. ,
2. v ,
instrumental ["InstrV'mentl] a
1)

2) / ( -.); (-.)
machine [mq'Si:n]
1. n
1) ;
2)
3) attr.
2. v
;

manipulation [mq"nIpjV'leIS(q)n]
n
; ( )
272

mechanical [mI'kxnIk(q)l] a
1) ;
2) ;
mechanism ['mekqnIz(q)m] n
, ,
motor ['mqVtq]
1. n ;
2. a ,

robot ['rqVbPt] n
1)
2) ;

3) attr.
servomechanism
['sE:vqV"mekqnIz(q)m] n
. ;

administrate [qd'mInIstreIt] v
; ;

press [pres]
1. n
1)
2)
2. v
1) , ,
2) , ,
3) ; ,

press down ,

administration
[qd"mInIs'treIS(q)n] n
1)
2) ()

regulator ['regjVleItq] n
1) .
2) ; ,

turbine ['tE:bIn] n

2.

motored ['mqVtqd] a
;

pump [pAmp]
1. n ;
2. v ;
;
pump out
pump up

transformer [trxns'fO:mq] n
1) ;
2) .

administrator [qd'mInIstreItq] n
1) , ; ,

(, ,
. .)
2) -
complete [kqm'pli:t] v
,
computerize [kqm'pju:tqraIz] v
1)
2)

computerization
[kqm"pju:tqraI'zeIS(q)n] n

construct [kqn'strAkt] v

constructive [kqn'strAktIv] a
1) ;
2) ;
cranage ['kreInIdZ] n

criterion [kraI'tIqrIqn] n
(pl -ia)
,
design [dI'zaIn] v
,
differentiate ["dIfq'renSIeIt] v
, (), ()
effect [I'fekt] n
, ,
effective [I'fektIv] a
1) , ,
2) ;
,
effectless [I'fektlIs] a
,
273

engineering ["en(d)ZI'nIqrIN] n
;

industry ['IndqstrI] n
1) ,
2)

expert ['ekspE:t]
1. n
1) , ;
2) attr.:
expert evidence ,
2. a , (at,
in );

innovation ["InqV'veIS(q)n] n
, , ;
inspect [In'spekt] v
,
;

expertise ["ekspE:'ti:z] n

instruct [In'strAkt] v

fabricate ['fxbrIkeIt] v
, , , ;

finish ['fInIS]
1. n , ;
2. v ;
; ,
(. finish up)
idea [aI'dIq] n
1) ;
2) ;
industrial [In'dAstrIql] a
1) ,
2)
industrialization
[In"dAstrIqlaI'zeIS(q)n] n

industrially [In'dAstrIqlI] adv


1)
;

2)
274

inspection [In'spekS(q)n] n
1) ,
2) attr.

instruction [In'strAkS(q)n] n
1)
2) pl , ,
,
instrumentation
["InstrVmen'teIS(q)n] n
1) ;
2) .
intense [In'tens] a
,
intensification [In"tensIfI'keIS(q)n]
n

intensive [In'tensIv] a
,
liquidate ['lIkwIdeIt] v
1) ( . .)
2) ; ;
( -.), ( -.)

liquidation ["lIkwI'deIS(q)n] n
1) ; ;
( -.)
2)
mark [mQ:k]
1. n
1) , ; ,

2) (. Mark) ( . .)
2. v ; ;
,
marking ['mQ:kIN] n
1) ; ,
2) ()
materialization
[mq"tIqrIqlaI'zeIS(q)n] n
1)
2) ,

materialize [mq'tIqrIqlaIz] v
1) ()
2) (); () (
. .)
mechanization
["mekqnaI'zeIS(q)n] n
;

modernize ['mPdqnaIz] v
;
modification ["mPdIfI'keIS(q)n] n
1) ;
2) pl ;
modificatory ['mPdIfIkeItqrI] a
;
motorization ["mqVtqraI'zeIS(q)n]
n

norm [nO:m] n
()
normal ['nO:m(q)l]
1. a , ;
2. n
1)
2) / /
novation [nqV'veIS(q)n] n
, ,
organization ["O:gqnaI'zeIS(q)n] n
1)
2) attr.

mechanize ['mekqnaIz] v
;

organize ['O:gqnaIz] v
1) ,
2)

metallurgical ["metq'lE:dZIk(q)l] a

organized ['O:gqnaIzd] a

metallurgy [me'txlqdZI] n

organizer ['O:gqnaIzq] n
;
275

perspective [pq'spektIv]
1. n
1)
2)
2. a
plan [plxn]
1. n
1) ;
2) ,
2. v
1) , ,
2) ;
3) ;
planned [plxnd] a
; ;

plus [plAs]
1. n
1) ,
2)
2. a ,
potential [pqV'tenS(q)l]
1. n
1)
2)
2. a ;
potentiality [pqV"tenSI'xlItI] n
1)
2) pl
practical ['prxktIk(q)l] a
1) ,
2) ,
276

practicality ["prxktI'kxlItI] n
,
practically ['prxktIkqlI] adv
1)
2) , ,
practice ['prxktIs]
1. n
1) ; ;

2) , ,

2. v . = practise
practician [prxk'tIS(q)n] n

practise ['prxktIs] v
1) (), ();
()
2) ,
(-.)
process ['prqVses]
1. n . / /
2. v
1) (-.
) ;

2) .
produce
1. n ['prPdju:s] ,

2. v [prq'dju:s] ;
;
()

product ['prPdAkt] n
; ; ,

productive [prq'dAktIv] a
; ,
program(me) ['prqVgrxm]
1. n
1)
2) ( . .)
3) attr.
2. v
1)
2)

progress
1. n ['prqVgrqs]
1) , ;

2)
2. v [prqV'gres]
1) , ;
2)
3)
progressive [prqV'gresIv] a
,
project
1. n ['prPdZekt]
, ; (, . .)
2. v [prq'dZekt]
;
/
projection [prq'dZekS(q)n] v
1) ;
2) . , ;
,

reconstruct ["ri:kqns'trAkt] v
1) ,
2) ( ),
reconstruction
["ri:kqns'trAkS(q)n] n
1) ; ,
2) ,
reform [rI'fO:m]
1. n
1) ,
2) ,
2. v , ,
reformation ["refq'meIS(q)n] n
,
regulate ['regjVleIt] v
1) ,
2) , ( . .)
regulation ["regjV'leIS(q)n] n
;

reorganization
[ri:"O:gqnaI'zeIS(q)n] n
,
reorganize [ri:'O:gqnaIz] v
,
resource [rI'sO:s] n
(. pl) , ,

277

retrograde ['retrqVgreId]
1. a
1) ;
2)
2. v
1)
2)
3)
revision [rI'vIZ(q)n] n
1) ,
2) ,
revolution ["revq'lu:S(q)n] n
1)
2)
3) , -.

revolutionize ["revq'lu:S(q)naIz]
v
1)
2)

2)
3) ,
( . .)

specific [spI'sIfIk]
1. a , ,

2. n ,

sanction ['sxNkS(q)n]
1. n
1)
2) (. pl) ,

2. v , ;

specification ["spesIfI'keIS(q)n] n
1) , ;

2) pl ,

scrupulous ['skru:pjVlqs] a
,
serial ['sIqrIql] a

serialize ['sIqrIqlaIz] v

series ['sIqri:z] n
(pl .)
;

rhythm ['rID(q)m] n
1)
2) ; ;

simulate ['sImjV"leIt] v
1)
2) , (-.)

rhythmic(al) ['rIDmIk(ql)] a
,

simulation ["sImjV'leIS(q)n] n
;

robotize ['rqVbPtaIz] v
; ,

sort [sO:t]
1. n
1) , , ,
2) .
2. v ; ;

sort out
,

sabotage ['sxbqtQ:Z]
1. n
1)
2)
2. v
1)
278

specify ['spesIfaI] v
1) , ; ;
()
2) ,
;

standard ['stxndqd]
1. n , , ,

2. a
1) , ;

2) , ;
standardization
["stxndqdaI'zeIS(q)n] n
,
standardize ['stxndqdaIz] v
;
stereotype ['stIqrIqtaIp]
1. n ; ;

2. a , ,
3. v ,

stereotyped ['stIqrIqtaIpt] a
, ,

stop [stPp]
1. n ; , ;
2. v
1) ()
2) ()
strikebreaker ['straIk"breIkq] n

super ['sju:pq] .
1. n .
2. a , ,

superior [sjV'pIqrIq]
1. a
1) , ,

2)
2. n
surrogate ['sArqgIt]
1. n ,
2. v ;
technical ['teknIk(q)l] a
;
technics ['teknIks] n pl
(. sing.)

technique [tek'ni:k] n
1) ,
2) ;
technocracy [tek'nPVkrqsI] n

technology [tek'nPlqdZI] n

279

test [test]
1. n
1) ;
2) ,

3) attr. , ; ,
2. v /
; ;
unification ["ju:nIfI'keIS(q)n] n
1)
2)

unify ['ju:nIfaI] v
1)
2)
utilization ["ju:tIlaI'zeIS(q)n] n

utilize ['ju:tIlaIz] v

work-in ['wE:k"In] n
- ( , , . .)

II. -

1. ,
,
adaptor [q'dxptq] n
;

calculate ['kxlkjVleIt] v
; ;

bit [bIt] n
, ( )

calculated ['kxlkjVleItId] a
,

block system [blPk 'sIstIm] n


( )
browser ['braVzq]
1. n (
)
2. v , ,
(. )
byte [baIt] n
. ( , 8 )
280

calculation ["kxlkjV'leIS(q)n] n
1) ;
2)
cartridge ['kQ:trIdZ] n
.
chat [tSxt] n
1) ,

2)

client ['klaIqnt] n
(


, )

fax [fxks]
1. n
2. v ,

compact disc ['kPmpxkt dIsk] n


-

hacker ['hxkq] n
1) ,

,

2) . ,
/

computer [kqm'pju:tq] n
1) ;
2) .
computerize [kqm'pju:tqraIz] v


copier ['kPpIq] n

copy ['kPpI]
1. n
2. v ;
disc [dIsk] n
( )
disk [dIsk] = disc
diskette [dIs'ket] n
.
driver ['draIvq] n
.
e-mail [I'meIl]
1. n
1) -,
,
2)
2. v
,

file [faIl] n
.

Internet ['Intqnet] n
,
joystick ['dZOIstIk] n
,
(. )
menu ['menju:] n .
.
microphone ['maIkrqfqVn] n

mobile phone ['mqVbaIl fqVn] n


. ;
modem ['mqVdem] n
. ;
monitor ['mPnItq] n
.
(. monitor screen)
notebook ['nqVtbVk] n
,
281

option ['PpS(q)n] n
.
organizer ['O:gqnaIzq] n
1)
2)
pager ['peIdZq] n

parameter [pq'rxmItq] n
., ., .
plate [pleIt] n
., .
printer ['prIntq] n

processor ['prqVsesq] n
.
projector [prq'dZektq] n

server ['sE:vq] n
(
,
(), )
stapler ['steIplq] n
,
telefax ['telIfxks] n

telephone ['telIfqVn] n

teletype ['telItaIp] n

telex ['teleks] n

program(me) ['prqVgrxm] n
.

terminal ['tE:mInl] n
. ; ,

provider [prq'vaIdq] n
(, )

traffic ['trxfIk] n
; ,
. . ( -.
)

scanner ['skxnq] n
.

videoadaptor ["vIdIqVq'dxptq] n

selector [sI'lektq] n

virus ['vaI(q)rqs] n
1) ()
2) attr.

2. -,

agiotage ['xdZqtIdZ] n
. ;
auction ['O:kS(q)n]
1. n ,
2. v
( auction off)
auctioneer ["O:kSq'nIq] n

bank [bxNk]
1. n
1)
2) attr. ,
2. v () ;
() ;
banker ['bxNkq] n

broker ['brqVkq] n
1)
2) , ;

broking ['brqVkIN] n

cashier [kx'SIq] n

cent [sent] n
(0,01 )
copeck ['kqVpek] n .
(0,01 )
dollar ['dPlq] n
1) ( 100 )
2) attr.
economist [I'kPnqmIst] n

282

euro ['jVqrq] n
,
filial ['fIljql] a
1) ,
2)
filial branch ( ~ agency)
filiation ["fIlI'eIS(q)n] n
1) , (
..)
2) /
finance ['faInxns], [faI'nxns]
1. n pl
1) ,
2)
2. v
1)
2)
financier [faI'nxnsIq]
1. n
2. v
pyramid ['pIrqmId]
1. n
1)
2) .



2. v .

283

realtor ['rIqltq] n
. ,
rent [rent]
1. n
2. v
1) ,
()
2)
rentable ['rentqbl] a
;
rentier ['rPntIeI] n .

rouble [ru:bl] n
( 100 )
speculate ['spekjVleIt] v
;

speculation ["spekjV'leIS(q)n] n
;
speculator ['spekjVleItq] n
1)
2)
spiral ['spaI(q)r(q)l]n
. ; (, . .)
sum [sAm]
1. n , ;

284

2. v ,
( sum up)
sum up ,

summarize ['sAmqraIz] v
, ,

summation [sA'meIS(q)n] n
1) ,

2) ,
president ['prezId(q)nt] n
1)
2) ,

tender ['tendq]
1. n
1) ;
(, )
2)
2. v
1) ()
2) ( )
talon ['txlqn] n
( , )
valuta [vq'lu:tq] n

3. ,
agent ['eIdZ(q)nt] n
, , ,

3) ,
(
. .)

boss [bPs] .
1. n ; ; ; .
2. v ;

boutique [bu:'ti:k] n .
; , ( )

boycott ['bOIkqt]
1. n ; ,

2. v

business ['bIznIs] n
;

brand [brxnd]
1. n
1) ,
2) ,
2. v
1)
2) ,

booklet ['bVklIt] n
, (
)
boom [bu:m]
1. n
1) ,
2) ,
2. v
1) , ;
2) ( ,
)

business manager
['bIznIs 'mxnIdZq] n
,
; ,

businessman ['bIznIsmqn] n
1) ,
2) ,
clerk [klQ:k]
1. n ;
2. v . ,
colleague ['kPli:g] n
,
commerce ['kPmE:s] n
, ()
commercial [kq'mE:S(q)l] a
,
commercialize [kq'mE:SqlaIz] v
;

285

containerize [kqn'teInqraIz] v

distribution ["dIstrI'bju:S(q)n] n
1) ;
2)

contract
1. n ['kPntrxkt]
1) , ;
2) attr.
2. v [kqn'trxkt]
, , ;

distributor [dIs'trIbjVtq] n
;
expediter ['ekspIdaItq] n
1) ; ,
. .
2)

courier ['kVrIq] n
, ,

export
1. n ['ekspO:t]
1) ,
2)
3) (. pl) ,
4) attr. ['ekspO:t] ,
2. v [eks'pO:t]
,
()

creditor ['kredItq] n

exportation ["ekspO:'teIS(q)n] n
,

dealer ['di:lq] n
1) .
2) ,

exporter [eks'pO:tq] n

contracted [kqn'trxktId]
1. p. p. contract 2
2. a / ;
cooperator [kqV'PpqreItq] n

director [dI'rektq] n
1)
2) ,

firm [fE:m] n
,

dispatcher [dIs'pxtSq] n
1)
2)

holding company
['hqVldIN 'kAmp(q)nI] n
, ; -; -

distribute [dIs'trIbju:t] v
1) ,
(among, to)
2) ()

image ['ImIdZ] n
, (
. .);
, ()

286

import
1. n ['ImpO:t]
1) ,
2) pl /

2. v [Im'pO:t]
, (into)
importation ["ImpO:'teIS(q)n] n
1) ; ,
2)
importer [Im'pO:tq] n

invest [In'vest] v
(in); ,
,
investor [In'vestq] n
,
know-how ['nqVhaV] n
1) - ,
2) , ,
licence ['laIs(q)ns] n
, ;
license ['laIs(q)ns] v
; ,
( . )
licensed ['laIs(q)nst]
1. p. p. license
2. a / / / /
( -.)
licensee ["laIs(q)n'si:] n
, /

management ['mxnIdZmqnt] n
1) , ;

2) (the management) ; ,
manager ['mxnIdZq] n
1)
2) , ;

marketing ['mQ:kItIN] n
,

nomenclature [nqV'meNklqtSq] n
(, . .)
office ['PfIs] n
1) , , ,
2) attr.:
office block
operate ['PpqreIt] v
1) (, )
2) ;

operation ["Ppq'reIS(q)n] n

optimum ['PptImqm] n
(pl . -ma)
1) ,
2) attr.
287

partner ['pQ:tnq]
1. n
1) ; ;
2) ;
(in, of -.);
( , ; with)
3)
2. v
1)
2) (-.)
patron ['peItr(q)n] n
, , ;

patronage ['pxtrqnIdZ] n
1) , , ;

2)
protection [prq'tekS(q)n] n
1) .
2) , ; ;

3)
protector [prq'tektq] n
1)
2)
protg ['prqVteZeI] n .

quota ['kwqVtq] n
, , ( , . .)
quotum ['kwqVtqm] = quota
288

racket ['rxkIt] n
sl. , , ; ,
realization ["rIqlaI'zeIS(q)n] n
1) . , ,
2) ;
( . .)
realize ['rIqlaIz] v
1) . , ,
2) ;
(, )
rclame [reI'klQ:m] n
1) ,
2)
sphere [sfIq] n
, ,
sponsor ['spPnsq]
1. n
1) ; ,
. .
2)
3) ,
2. v
1) ;

2) ( -.)
subcontract
1. n ["sAb'kPntrxkt] ,
2. v ["sAbkqn'trxkt]
/
subsidize ['sAbsIdaIz] v

subsidy ['sAbsIdI] n
,
,

syndicate
1. n ['sIndIkIt]
2. v ['sIndIkeIt]
,
tariff ['txrIf]
1. n
1)

2)
3)
2. v
1)
2)

attr.

tonnage ['tAnIdZ] n
;
tonne [tAn] n

( 1000 )

III. ,

1. ,

1.1.
,
,
career [kq'rIq] n
;
careerist [kq'rIqrIst] n

direction [dI'rekS(q)n] n
1) , ,
director [dI'rektq] n
1) ;
2) ,
function ['fANkS(q)n]
1. n
1) ,
2) (. pl)

2. v , ;
functional ['fANkSqnl] a

nomenclative [nqV'meNklqtIv] a
()
personnel ["pE:sq'nel] n
1) , ;
(, )
2) attr.:
personnel management

post [pqVst] n
, ;
profess [prq'fes] v
, -.
289

profession [prq'feS(q)n] n
1)
2) -.
professional [prq'feSqnl]
1. n
2. a
1)
2)

professionalism
[prq'feSnqlIz(q)m] n
1)
2)
qualification ["kwPlIfI'keIS(q)n] n
; ; -.

secretarial ["sekrq'teqrIql] a

secretary ['sekrqt(q)rI] n

2. n [sq'bO:dnIt]
3. v [sq'bO:dIneIt] ,

subordination [sq"bO:dI'neIS(q)n]
n
, ;

titanic [taI'txnIk] a
,
()
vacancy ['veIk(q)nsI] n
,
vacant ['veIk(q)nt] a
, ( )

1.2.

Sisyphean ["sIsI'fi:qn] a .
. ()

agrobiologist ["xgrqVbaI'PlqdZIst]
n

specialist ['speSqlIst] n

agronomist [qg'rPnqmIst] n

speciality ["speSI'xlItI] n

bulldozer ['bVl"dqVzq] n

specialization ["speSqlaI'zeIS(q)n]
n

chauffeur ['SqVfq] n .

specialize ['speSqlaIz] v
()
subordinate
1. a [sq'bO:dnIt]
(to)
290

constructor [kqn'strAktq] n
;
cowboy ['kaVbOI] n .
( , )

docker ['dPkq] n
,

motorist ['mqVtqrIst] n

electrician [Ilek'trIS(q)n] n
1) ,
2)

operator ['Pp(q)reItq] n
;

engineer ["en(d)ZI'nIq] n

excavator ['ekskqveItq] n
;
farmer ['fQ:mq] n
;
inspector [In'spektq] n
; ;
instructor [In'strAktq] n
,
machinist [mq'Si:nIst] n

manipulator [mq'nIpjVleItq] n
, , (
. .); , ,

marker ['mQ:kq] n
1)
2)
master ['mQ:stq] n
1) ;

2) ,

planner ['plxnq] n
1) ;

2)
projector [prq'dZektq] n
;

regulator ['regjVleItq] n
( . .);
,
sorter ['sO:tq] n

technologist [tek'nPlqdZIst] n

1.3.

academician [q"kxdq'mIS(q)n] n

adjunct ['xdZANkt] n
;
analyst ['xnqlIst] n

archaeologist ["Q:kI'PlqdZIst] n

assistant [q'sIst(q)nt] n
;

mechanic [mI'kxnIk] n

biochemist ["baIqV'kemIst] n

metallurgist [me'txlqdZIst] n

biographer [baI'Pgrqfq] n

291

botanist ['bPt(q)nIst] n

cartographer [kQ:'tPgrqfq] n

cataloguer ['kxtqlPgq] n
,
encyclopaedist
[en"saIklqV'pi:dIst] n

intelligentsia [In"telI'dZentsIq]
n

linguist ['lINgwIst] n
,
naturalist ['nxtSrqlIst] n
,
optician [Pp'tIS(q)n] n

orthopaedist ["O:TqV'pi:dIst] n

examinee [Ig"zxmI'ni:] n

paediatrician ["pi:dIq'trIS(q)n] n

examiner [Ig'zxmInq] n

pathologist [pq'TPlqdZIst] a

lecturer ['lektS(q)rq] n
1)
2) (, )

pharmaceutist ["fQ:mq'sju:tIst] n

medic ['medIk] n
. -

philologist [fI'lPlqdZIst] n

pharmacologist
["fQ:mq'kPlqdZIst] n

philosopher [fI'lPsqfq] n

psychiatrist [saI'kaIqtrIst] n

physicist ['fIzIsIst] n

psychologist [saI'kPlqdZIst] n

geologist [dZI'PlqdZIst] n

politician ["pPlI'tIS(q)n] n
;

professor [prq'fesq] n
1) ()
2) . ()

therapeutist ["Terq'pju:tIst] n

rector ['rektq] n

doctor ['dPktq] n
( )

sociologist ["sqVSI'PlqdZIst] n

venereologist [vq"nIqrI'PlqdZIst]
n

student ['stju:d(q)nt] n

ichthyologist ["IkTI'PlqdZIst] n

zoologist [zqV'PlqdZIst] n

entomologist ["entqV'mPlqdZIst]
n

experimenter [Iks'perImentq] n
,
geographer [dZI'Pgrqfq] n

2. ,
,
2.1.

neuropathist [njVq'rPpqTIst] n

doctor ['dPktq] n
,

oculist ['PkjVlIst] n

gynaecologist ["gaInI'kPlqdZIst] n

ophthalmologist
["PfTxl'mPlqdZIst] n

medic ['medIk] n

292

2.2.
,

colleger ['kPlIdZq] = collegian
collegian [kq'li:dZjqn] n
1)
2) ,
demonstrator ['demqnstreItq] n
, ;
diplomaed [dI'plqVmqd] a

,

pedagogue ['pedqgPg] n
. ,

university ["ju:nI'vE:sItI] n
.

2.3.

acrobat ['xkrqbxt] n

actor ['xktq] n
1)
2)
actress ['xktrIs] n

caricaturist ["kxrIkq'tjVqrIst] n

293

choirmaster ['kwaIq"mQ:stq] n

clown [klaVn] n

comedian [kq'mi:djqn] n
1)
2) ,
correspondent ["kPrIs'pPndqnt]
n

critic ['krItIk] n

decorator ['dekqreItq] n

harlequin ['hQ:lIkwIn] n
1)
2)
hypnotist ['hIpnqtIst] n

impresario ["Impre'sQ:rIqV] n .
,
journalist ['dZE:n(q)lIst] n
1) ,
2)
Master of Ceremonies
['mQ:stqr qv 'serImqnIz] n
1)
2)
3)
mimic ['mImIk] n
,
miniaturist ['mInjqtjVqrIst] n
()
294

modeller ['mPdlq] n
1) ;
2)
music master
['mju:zIk 'mQ:stq] n

musician [mjV'zIS(q)n] n
1) ;
2)
organist ['O:g(q)nIst] n

pamphleteer ["pxmflI'tIq] n

parodist ['pxrqdIst] n

pianist ['pIqnIst] n

portraitist ['pO:trItIst] n

producer [prq'dju:sq] n
;
-
prosaist ['prqVzeIIst] n

redactor [rI'dxktq] n

reporter [rI'pO:tq] n
;
retoucher ['ri:tAtSq] n

satirist ['sxt(q)rIst] n

scenarist ['si:n(q)rIst] n

sculptor ['skAlptq] n
,

tragedian [trq'dZi:djqn] n
1)
2) ,

3. ,

3.1.

adjutant ['xdZVt(q)nt] n
;

admiral ['xdm(q)r(q)l] n

artillerist [Q:'tIl(q)rIst] n

brigadier ["brIgq'dIq] n
.
cadet [kq'det] n
. ;

cadre ['kQ:dq] n
.
cannoneer ["kxnq'nIq] n
,
carabineer ["kxrqbI'nIq] n
. .
cipher officer ['saIfq 'PfIsq] n
( , )
commandant ['kPmqndxnt] n

commander [kq'mQ:ndq] n
;
constable ['kAnstqbl] n
( );

consul ['kPns(q)l] n

consul general
['kPns(q)l 'dZen(q)r(q)l] n

criminalist ['krImInqlIst] n
,

decoder [di:'kqVdq] n

detective [dI'tektIv] n
; ,
dragoon [drq'gu:n] n
.
Field Marshal [fi:ld 'mQ:S(q)l] n

gendarme ['ZPndQ:m] n .
.
general ['dZen(q)r(q)l] n
;
295

generalissimo
["dZen(q)rq'lIsImqV] n
(pl -os [-qVz])

premier ['premjq] n
1) -
2) .

grenadier ["grenq'dIq] n

pyrotechnist ["paIrqV'teknIst] n

informant [In'fO:mqnt] n
; ;

resident ['rezId(q)nt] n
( -. )

jurist ['dZVqrIst] n
1) ,
2) .
lieutenant [lef'tenqnt,
. le'tenqnt] n

lieutenant general
[lef'tenqnt 'dZen(q)r(q)l] n
-
major ['meIdZq] n

major-general
["meIdZq'dZen(q)r(q)l] n
-
marshal ['mQ:S(q)l] n
(Marshal) .
miner ['maInq] n
.
minister ['mInIstq] n

officer ['PfIsq] n
; pl ,
policeman [pq'li:smqn] n
,
prefect ['pri:fekt] n

296

sapper ['sxpq] n

sergeant ['sQ:dZ(q)nt] n
1)
2)

concierge ["kO:nsI'eqZ] n .
;
cosmetologist ["kPzmI'tPlqdZIst]
n

photographer [fq'tPgrqfq] n

gondolier ["gPndq'lIq] n

postmaster ['pqVst"mQ:stq] n
;

governess ['gAv(q)nIs] n
,
hotelier ["hqV'telIq] n
/
jeweller ['dZu:qlq] n

lackey ['lxkI] n

signaller ['sIgn(q)lq] n
.

manicurist ['mxnIkjVqrIst] n

sniper ['snaIpq] n
,

mannequin ['mxnIkIn] n
1)
2)

vice admiral [vaIs 'xdm(q)r(q)l]


n
-

3.2.

barman ['bQ:mqn] n

chef [Sef] n .
-,

perfumer [pq'fju:mq] n

couturier [ku:'tVqrIeI] n .
,

sheriff ['SerIf] n

soldier ['sqVldZq] n
1) ;
2) ,

pedicure ['pedIkjVq] n
1)
2)

masseur [mx'sE:] n .

masseuse [mx'sE:z] n .

ricksha(w) ['rIkSO:] n

stylist ['staIlIst] n
1)
2)
3) -
telegraphist [tI'legrqfIst] n

telephonist [tI'lef(q)nIst] n

trainer ['treInq] n
;

3.3.

modeller ['mPdlq] n
;

contrabandist ['kPntrqbxndIst]
n

modiste [mqV'di:st] n
1)
2)

courtesan ["kO:tI'zxn] n

operator ['Pp(q)reItq] n
1)
2) ; ;
;

courtezan ["kO:tI'zxn] =
= courtesan
gangster ['gxNgstq] n

297

geisha ['geISq] n

hooligan ['hu:lIg(q)n] n

killer ['kIlq] n
1)
2) . ,
prostitute ['prPstItju:t] n

racketeer ["rxkI'tIq] n .
, -

raider ['reIdq] n
/ /
recidivist [rI'sIdIvIst] n

souteneur ["su:tq'nE:] n .

terrorist ['ter(q)rIst] n

4.
I. , ,
1.
antiquarian ["xntI'kweqrIqn]
1. n
1) , ,

2)

2. a
antique [xn'ti:k]
1. n
1) ;

2)
(. )
2. a
1) , ;

2)
collect [kq'lekt] v
1)
2)
collection [kq'lekS(q)n] n
1) ,
2)

hobby ['hPbI] n
, , ,
interest ['IntrIst]
1. n
1) ,
2) (-.); ( -.)
2. v ,
interested ['IntrIstId]
1. p. p. interest 2
2. a
1)
2)
interesting ['IntrIstIN]
1. pres. p. interest 2
2. a
numismatics ["nju:mIz'mxtIks]
n pl
(. sing.)

numismatist [nju:'mIzmqtIst] n

ex libris [eks 'li:brIs] n .


,

philatelist [fI'lxt(q)lIst] n

heraldic [he'rxldIk] a

philately [fI'lxt(q)lI] n

heraldry ['her(q)ldrI] n
,

swing [swIN] n

299

2. , ,
bank [bxNk]
1. n .
2. v .
biker ['baIkq] a
,
billiard ['bIljqd] a

billiard ball ['bIljqd bO:l] n



billiard-marker ['bIljqd"mQ:kq] n

billiards ['bIljqdz] n pl

body-building ['bPdI"bIldIN] n
. ,
bowling ['bqVlIN] n
,
bridge [brIdZ] n
( )
cricket ['krIkIt] .
1. n
2. v
diving ['daIvIN] n
, ;
domino ['dPmInqV] n
(pl -oes [-qVz])
1) pl ()
2) ()
doublet ['dAblIt] n
1) ( )
2) . ( ,
)
300

extreme [Iks'tri:m] n
,
jackpot ['dZxkpPt] n
1) -,
;
2) .

pyramid ['pIrqmId]
1. n pl ,
15
2. v
ricochet ['rIkqSeI]
1. n
2. v ;

joker ['dZqVkq] n
( )

roulette [rV'let] n .
( )

lot [lPt]
1. n
1)
2) ;
2. v

spin [spIn] v
(spun, . span; spun)
()

lottery ['lPt(q)rI] n

lotto ['lPtqV] n

mate [meIt] .
1. n
2. v
3. int !
paintball ['peIntbPl] n

pass [pQ:s] ., .
1. v
2. n

sport [spO:t]
1. n
1) , ;
. ;

surfboard ['sE:fbO:d] n

surfing ['sE:fIN] = surf-riding
surf-riding ['sE:f"raIdIN] n
.
totalizator ['tqVt(q)laIzeItq] n

whist [wIst] n
.
windsurfing ['wIn(d)"sE:fIN] n

3. ,

alcoholic ["xlkq'hPlIk]
1. n
2. a ,
charade [Sq'rQ:d] n

chiromancy ['kaIrqV"mxnsI] n
,

ping-pong ['pINpPN] n
-,

cocaine [kq'keIn] n

poker ['pqVkq] n
( )

cocainize [kq'keInaIz] v

preference ['pref(q)r(q)ns] n
.

2) pl
2. a
3. v
1)
2) , , ;

crossword ['krPswE:d] n

(. crossword puzzle)

hashish ['hxSi:S] n .

heroin ['herqVIn] n

horoscope ['hPrqskqVp] n

macram [mq'krQ:mI] n

marijuana ["mxrI'hwQ:nq] n .

masturbation ["mxstq'beIS(q)n] n

meditation ["medI'teIS(q)n] n

301

morphine ['mO:fi:n] n

narcosis [nQ:'kqVsIs] n

narcotic [nQ:'kPtIk]
1. n
1) ;
2)
2. a ;

narcotism ['nQ:kqtIz(q)m] n
1)
2)

narcotize ['nQ:kqtaIz] v
.
;
opium ['qVpjqm] n
,
origami ["PrI'gQ:mI] n .

odyssey ['PdIsI] n
;
,
(. .)

rebus ['ri:bqs] n

passport ['pQ:spO:t] n

1. , ,

acclimatize [q'klaImqtaIz] v
1)
2)
(. .)
baggage ['bxgIdZ] n
1) .
2)
check [tSek]
1. n
1) . [. .
cheque]
2) attr.
2. v ,
cruise [kru:z] n
,
302

kodak ['kqVdxk] .
1. n
2. v

parapsychology
["pxrqsaI'kPlqdZI] n

II. ,

1.1.

kiosk ['ki:Psk] n
1)
2) . , ( . .)

declaration ["deklq'reIS(q)n] n

declare [dI'kleq] v

document ['dPkjVmqnt]
1. n ,
2. v
1) ,
2)
excursion [Iks'kE:S(q)n] n
;
excursionist [Iks'kE:SnIst] n
,
exotic [Ig'zPtIk]
1. n ,
2. a ;

plage [plQ:Z] n .

safari [sq'fQ:rI] n .
,
(. )
sanatorium ["sxnq'tO:rIqm] n
(pl -ria)

solarium [sqV'leqrIqm] n .
(pl -ria)

souvenir ['su:v(q)nIq] n .
,
talon ['txlqn] n
( , )
tariff ['txrIf]
1. n
1)
2)
3) attr.
2. v
1)
2)

valuta [vq'lu:tq] n

visa ['vi:zq]
1. n
2. v
visit ['vIzIt]
1. n
1) ,
2) ;
2. v
1) ;
2) , ,
(-.)
visiting card ['vIzItIN kQ:d] n

voucher ['vaVtSq] n
1) (- ,


)
2) , ( )
voyage ['vOIIdZ]
1. n
1) ,
2) , ( )
2. v
1) ,
( )
2) ( )

303

1.2.

aeroplane ['eqrqpleIn] n
,
air jacket [eq 'dZxkIt] n

airline ['eqlaIn] n

airplane ['eqpleIn] n
. ,
airport ['eqpO:t] n

autobus ['O:tqVbAs] n
.
automobile ['O:tqmqVbi:l]
1. n
2. a
class [klQ:s] n
( , )
express [Iks'pres]
1. n .-.
2. adv:
to travel express

3. v
haven [heIvn] n

helicopter ['helIkPptq]
1. n ,
2. v
liner ['laInq] n
,
,

304

locomotive ['lqVkq"mqVtIv] n
, , ,

minibus ['mInIbAs] n

monoplane ['mPnqVpleIn] n

passenger ['pxsIndZq] n
1)
2) attr.
port [pO:t] n
1) ,
2) attr.
saloon [sq'lu:n] n
1)
2) , - (
)
3) -
start [stQ:t]
1. n
2. v
1) ,
; ( . .)
2)
start out

steward [stjVqd] n
( ; )
stewardess ['stjVqdIs] n
,
( )
(
)

stop [stPp]
1. n ; ,
2. v
1) ()
2)
stop over
,
terminal ['tE:mInl] n
1) ; ;
;
2)
transit ['trxnsIt] n
1) ,
2) attr.
transport
1. n ['trxnspO:t]
1) ,
2) ,
3) attr.
2. v [trxns'pO:t] ;

transportable [trxns'pO:tqbl] a
, ,
,
transportation ["trxnspO:'teIS(q)n]
n
1) ,
2) .
waggon ['wxg(q)n] n
1) .-. -;
( )
2) = station wagon
wagon ['wxg(q)n] = waggon

1.3.

comfort ['kAmfqt] n
; pl
comfortable ['kAmf(q)tqbl] a
;
;
discomfort [dIs'kAmfqt]
1. n
1) ,
2)
2. v ; ;
hotel [hqV'tel] n
,
luxe [lVks] n

de luxe
reservation ["rezq'veIS(q)n] n
1) , ,

2) (
,
. .)
3)
( ,
. .)
reserve [rI'zE:v] v
, ,

reserved [rI'zE:vd] a
,

safe [seIf] n

305

salon [sx'lO:N] n
1)
2) ;
reception [rI'sepS(q)n] n
1) (),

2) , ()
3) attr.:
reception camp ( centre)

( ,
,
. .)
service ['sE:vIs]
1. n ,
2. v
vestibule ['vestIbju:l] n
;

rucksack ['rVksxk] n .
,

2. ,
azimuth ['xzImqT] n
1) ;
,
2) attr.
barbecue ['ba:bIkjV:] n
,
bivouac ['bIvVxk]
1. n ,
2. v /
camping ['kxmpIN] n

march [mQ:tS]
1. n
1) ; ; (. days march)
2) attr. ,
2. v
orient ['O:rIent] v
();
( )
306

plan [plxn]
1. n ; ,
2. v
1) ,
2) ;

3) ;

orientation ["O:rIen'teIS(q)n] n
,
pack [pxk]
1. n
1) , ; , ,
2) attr.
2. v (), (), ;
( pack up)
packet ['pxkIt] n
,
picnic ['pIknIk]
1. n
1)
2) . ;
3) attr.:
picnic hamper

2. v
picnicker ['pIknIkq] n

tourism ['tVqrIz(q)m] n

tourist ['tVqrIst] n
1) ,
2) attr. ,
,
trailer ['treIlq] n
1) ;
2)
weekend ["wi:k'end]
1. n -,

2. v (-.)

5.
I.

, ,

1. ,
address [q'dres]
1. n
2. v ;
addressee ["xdre'si:] n

atmosphere ['xtmqsfIq] n
, ( ,
. .)
bungalow ['bANgqlqV] n
, ,

cottage ['kPtIdZ] n
; .

provincial [prq'vInS(q)l]
1. n
2. a ;
;
ranch [rQ:ntS] n .
1) ;

(. )
2)
region ['ri:dZ(q)n] n
1) ; ; ;
2) ()

dacha ['dxtSq] n .

regional ['ri:dZqnl] a
;
; ;

farm [fQ:m] n
,

territorial ["terI'tO:rIql] a
,

megapolis ["megq'pqVlIs] n
, -

territory ['terIt(q)rI] n
;

peripheral [pq'rIfqr(q)l] a

villa ['vIlq] n

periphery [pq'rIf(q)rI] n
1)
2)

zonal [zqVnl] a

plantation [plxn'teIS(q)n] n
1)
2)
province ['prPvIns] n
pl ,
308

zone [zqVn]
1. n
1) , ;
2) attr. ;
2. v

2. ,

apartment [q'pQ:tmqnt] n
1) pl ;
2) .
3) attr.:
apartment house .

balcony ['bxlkqnI] n

boudoir ['bu:dwQ:] n .
(
)
corridor ['kPrIdO:] n

douche [du:S]
1. n
1)
2) ,
2. v ; ()
faade [fq'sQ:d] n

foyer ['fOIeI] n .

front [frAnt]
1. n ()
(-.);
2. a ,
3. v
(-.),

frontage ['frAntIdZ] n
()
garage ['gxrQ:Z]
1. n
2. v
hall [hO:l] n
; ,
izba [Iz'ba] n .

niche [ni:S]
1. n
2. v
palisade ["pxlI'seId]
1. n ,
2. v
parapet ['pxrqpIt] n
,
penthouse ['penthaVs] n
,

reservoir ['rezqvwQ:] n .
1)
2) ; ;

rosarium [rqV'zeqrIqm] n

rosary ['rqVz(q)rI] n
,

sauna ['saVnq] n
,
309

socle [sPkl] n
()

toilet ['tOIlIt] n
,

conditioned [kqn'dIS(q)nd] a

terrace ['terqs]
1. n
1) ,
2)
2. v

veranda(h) [vq'rxndq] n
,

conditioning [kqn'dISnIN] n
()

girandole ['dZIr(q)ndqVl] n
, ,

console ['kPnsqVl] n
; , . . ( )

glaze [gleIz] n
,
hydrant ['haIdr(q)nt] n
,

crystal [krIstl] n
1)
2)

illuminate [I'lu:mIneIt] v
,

dictograph ['dIktqgrQ:f] n

illumination [I"lu:mI'neIS(q)n] n
(. pl)

discomfort [dIs'kAmfqt] n
,

incrustation ["InkrAs'teIS(q)n] n

vestibule ['vestIbju:l] n
;

3. , ,

air-condition ['eqkqn"dIS(q)n] v
1)
2) ()
amphora ['xmf(q)rq] n .
(pl -ae)

baldachin, baldaquin ['bO:ldqkIn]


n

bidet ['bi:deI] n

buffet ['bAfIt] n
( ); (
, )
bureau ['bjVqrqV] n
(pl -eaux, -eaus [-qVz])
, ,

cabinet ['kxbInIt] n
,
; ,
cable television
[keIbl 'telI"vIZ(q)n] n

310

candelabrum ["kxndI'lQ:brqm] n
(pl -ra)
( , - )
candelabra ["kxndI'lQ:brq]
pl candelabrum
Celsius ['selsjqs] n
;

chiffonier ["SIfq'nIq] n
()
closet ['klPzIt] n
,
comfort ['kAmfqt] n
; pl
comfortable ['kAmf(q)tqbl] a
;
commode [kq'mqVd] n

condition [kqn'dIS(q)n] v
()

divan [dI'vxn] n
,

drape [dreIp]
1. n ( pl) ,

2. v
drapery ['dreIp(q)rI] n
1)
2) ( pl) ,
electricity [Ilek'trIsItI] n

electrification [I"lektrIfI'keISn] n

electrify [I'lektrIfaI] v

entourage ["PntV'rQ:Z] n .
,
fashionable ['fxSnqbl] a
; ;

interior [In'tIqrIq] n

ionize ['aIqnaIz] v
( )
jalousie ['ZxlVzi:] n .
, ;
lamp [lxmp]
1. n ; ;
2. v
linoleum [lI'nqVljqm] n

lustre ['lAstq] n

majolica [mq'dZPlIkq] n
( , )
mastic ['mxstIk] n

311

mat [mxt]
1. n ; ; ;

2. v ,

mattress ['mxtrIs] n
,
miniature ['mInjqtSq] n

parquet ['pQ:keI]
1. n
1)
2) attr.
2. v
portire [pO:'tjeq] n .

portrait ['pO:trIt] n

radiator ['reIdIeItq] n
; ()
refrigerator [rI'frIdZqreItq] n
,
refrigeratory [rI'frIdZqrqt(q)rI]
1. n
2. a
secretaire ["sekrI'teq] n .
, ;

section ['sekS(q)n]
1. n , ,
( ,
. .)
2. v ,
sectional ['sekSn(q)l] a
,
312

service ['sE:vIs] n

sofa ['sqVfq] n
,
statuette ["stxtSV'et] n

stillage ['stIlIdZ] n

stool [stu:l] n
1) , ()
2)
swab [swPb]
1. n
2. v (. swab
down);
(. swab up)
tabouret ['txbqrIt] n
,
thermometer [Tq'mPmItq] n
,
thermostat ['TE:mqstxt] n

torchre [tO:'Seq] n

tumbler switch ['tAmblq swItS] n


, ( )
vase [vQ:z] n

ventilate ['ventIleIt] v
1) ,
2) ,
ventilation ["ventI'leIS(q)n] n
,

II. ,

1.
1.1. , ,
angora [xN'gO:rq] n
,
atlas ['xtlqs] n
.
caracul ['kxrqkql] n

cashmere ['kxSmIq] n

flannel ['flxnl] n

synthetics [sIn'TetIks] n pl
,
tick [tIk] n
()
tricot ['trIkqV] n .
()
tulle [tju:l] n

velour(s) [vq'lVq] n .
1) ; -
2) attr.

gabardine ["gxbq'di:n] n
.

velveteen ["velvI'ti:n] n

merino [mq'ri:nqV] n
(pl -os [-qVz])
1) ( )
2)
3) attr.

vigogne [vI'gqVn] n
.

mohair ['mqVheq] n
1)
2)
nutria ['nju:trIq] n
( )
nylon ['naIlqn]
1. n
2. a
plush [plAS]
1. n
2. a
poplin ['pPplIn] n
()

viscose ['vIskqVs] n
.
zephyr ['zefq] n
()

1.2.

bronzed [brPnzd] a
,
lemon ['lemqn] n
1)
2) attr.
lily ['lIlI] n
1)
2) attr. ,
313

matt [mxt] a
,

3. v

mulatto [mjV'lxtqV]
1. n (pl -os [-qVz]) ()
2. a ,
( )

reseda ['resIdq] n
1)
2) - ;

ochre ['qVkq] n
1)
2) -

rose
1.
2.
3.

olive ['PlIv]
1. n
2. a ,

ruby ['ru:bI]
1. n
1)
2) -
2. a , -
3. v -

opal ['qVp(q)l] n
1) .
2) attr. ;

orange ['PrIndZ]
1. n
2. a
pistachio [pIs'tQ:SIqV] n
(pl -os [-qVz])

purple [pE:pl]
1. n ,
2. a ;

[rqVz]
n
a
v . ,

sapphire ['sxfaIq]
1. n
1)
2) -
2. a -,
ultramarine ["Altrqmq'ri:n] n

ultraviolet ["Altrq'vaIqlIt] a

2. , ,
2.1.

camouflage ['kxmVflQ:Z] n
,

314

chic [Si:k]
1. n
2. a , ,

equip [I'kwIp] v
; ;
mode [mqVd] n

model [mPdl]
1. n
1) (),
2) ; ;
3) ( )
2. v
1)
2)
(-.; after, on)
3) ,
, ,
style [staIl] n
; , ;
stylish ['staIlIS] a
1) ,

2) , ;
toilet ['tOIlIt] n
1) ,
2) ,
3) attr. ;
uniform ['ju:nIfO:m]
1. n ,

2. a
1) ; ;
2) ( )

2.2. ,

bikini [bI'ki:nI] n
(
)
combination ["kPmbI'neIS(q)n] n
pl (
)
corset ['kO:sIt] n
1)
2) ( pl) ;
monokini ["mPnqV'ki:nI] n
, ,

pantaloon ["pxntq'lu:n] n
1) .
2) pl (. .) ;
.
3) pl
peignoir ['peInwQ:] n .

pyjamas [pq'dZQ:mqz] n pl

shorts [SO:ts] n pl
1)
2)

2.3. , ,

batik [bq'ti:k] n

blouse [blaVz] n
1)
2)
315

blouson ['blu:zPn] n

pullover ['pVl"qVvq] n
,

kepi ['kepI] n .
,

bolero ['bPlqrqV] n
,

sweater ['swetq] n

panama ['pxnq"mQ:] n
() . panama
hat

caftan ['kxftqn] n .
1)
2)

tolstovka [tPls'tPvka] n .

2.4.

costume ['kPstju:m] n
, ,

macintosh ['mxkIntPS] =
= mackintosh

jabot ['ZxbqV] n .
;

mackintosh ['mxkIntPS] n
,

jacket ['dZxkIt]
1. n ; ;
2. v /
jacketed ['dZxkItId]
1. p. p. jacket 2
2. a /
jeans [dZi:nz] n pl

jumper ['dZAmpq] n
1)
2)
3) ,

kimono [kI'mqVnqV] n .
(pl -os [-qVz])

mantle [mxntl] n
;
pelerine ['pelqri:n] n
( ,
,
)
plaid [plxd] n

poncho ['pPntSqV] n
(pl -os [-qVz])
(
,
)
raglan ['rxglqn] n
-

2.5.

galosh [gq'lPS] n (. pl)


; .

shawl [SO:l]
1) n ,
2) v ,

moccasin ['mPkqsIn] n

sombrero [sPm'breqrqV] n .
(pl -os [-qVz])

sabot ['sxbqV] n .
;

turban ['tE:b(q)n] n
,
velour(s) [vq'lVq] n .
1) ;
2) attr.

platform ['plxtfO:m] n
( )

sandal [sxndl]
1. n
2. v (. p. p.)
valenki [valqnkI] n .

3. , ,
aerosol ['eqrqVsPl] n
1)
2)
chignon ['tSi:njPn] n

conditioner [kqn'dISqnq] n
1)
2) ( )

mini ['mInI] n
.

cashmere ['kxSmIq] n
1)
2)

condom ['kPndPm] n

pliss ['pli:seI] n

jockey cap ['dZPkI kxp] n


()

316

2.6.

paranja ["para:n'dZa] n

barret ['bxrqt] n

midi ['mIdI] n
.

yarmulke ['jQ:mVlkq] n .
(
)

corsage [kO:'sQ:Z] n .

cosmetic [kPz'metIk]
1. n ;

2. a
cosmetology ["kPzmI'tPlqdZI] n

cream [kri:m] n
1) ( )
2) attr. = cream-coloured
deodorant [di:'qVd(q)r(q)nt] n
, ,
317

deodorize [di:'qVdqraIz] v
, ,
()
depilation ["depI'leIS(q)n] n
,
depilatory [dI'pIlqt(q)rI]
1. n ,

2. a

elixir [I'lIksq] n
.
epilation [epI'leIS(q)n] n
,
extract ['ekstrxkt] n
.
fen [fen] n

gel [dZel] n
., .

make up [meIk Ap] v


,

pulverizer ['pAlvqraIzq] n
,

Tampax ['txmpxks] n

make-up ['meIkAp] n
,

shampoo [Sxm'pu:]
1. n
1)
2)
2. v (shampooed [-d], shampood [-d])
()

tampon ['txmpqn] .
1. n
2. v

manicure ['mxnIkjVq]
1. n
2. v
maquillage ["mxkI'Q:Z] n .
1) ,
2)
pedicure ['pedIkjVq]
1. n
1)
2)
2. v
perfumery [pq'fju:m(q)rI] n

pincette [pxN'set] n .
,

hygiene ['haIdZi:n] n

pipette [pI'pet]
1. n
2. v

hygienic(al) [haI'dZi:nIk(ql)] a
1)
2) ,

plaster ['plQ:stq]
1. n
2. v

hygienics [haI'dZi:nIks] n pl
(. sing.)
;
lac [lxk] n

lacquer ['lxkq]
1. n ;
2. v ,
lotion ['lqVS(q)n] n
;

318

pomade [pq'mQ:d]
1. n ( )
2. v ()
preservative [prI'zE:vqtIv]
1. n ,
2. a ,
pulverization ["pAlv(q)raI'zeIS(q)n]
n
,

Vaseline ['vxsIli:n] n

4. , ,
amulet ['xmjVlIt] n

bijouterie [bI'Zu:t(q)ri:] n .
1)
2)
bracelet ['breIslIt] n

brilliant ['brIljqnt] n

brooch [brqVtS] n

cameo ['kxmIqV] n
(pl -os [-qVz])

III.

(
)
diadem ['daIqdem] n
; ;
girandole ['dZIr(q)ndqVl] n

,

incrustation ["InkrAs'teIS(q)n] n

jewellery, jewelry ['dZu:qlrI] n


;

1. ,
album ['xlbqm] n
1)
2)
calculator ['kxlkjVleItq] n

calendar ['kxlIndq] n

camera ['kxm(q)rq] n
1) ,
2) .
319

chronometer [krq'nPmItq] n

photocopier ['fqVtqV"kPpIq] n

ionizer ['aIqnaIze] n

secateurs ["sekq'tE:z] n pl .
,

compact disc ['kPmpxkt dIsk] n


-
diapositive ["daIq'pPzItIv] n

photograph ['fqVtqgrQ:f] n
,

mixer ['mIksq] n
,
,

siphon ['saIf(q)n] n

photography [fq'tPgrqfI] n
,

primus ['praImqs] n

thermos ['TE:mqs] n
(. thermos bottle,
thermos flask)

pince-nez ['pxnsneI] n .

reflector [rI'flektq] n
., . ,

timer ['taImq] n
(
)

roaster ['rqVstq] n
;

toaster ['tqVstq] n
,

electric guitar [I"lektrIk gI'tQ:] n

gramophone ['grxmqfqVn] n
1) ;
2)
hi-fi ['haIfaI] n (highfidelity)
. -,

player ['pleIq] n
,
portfolio [pO:t'fqVljqV] n
(pl -os [-qVz])

loupe [lu:p] n
,

radio-gramophone
["reIdIqV'grxmqfqVn] n

monocle ['mPnqkl] n

stereophonic ["stIqrIq'fPnIk] a

phonogram ['fqVnqgrxm] n
;

stereo system ['stIqrIqV 'sIstIm] n


,

phonograph ['fqVnqgrQ:f] n

video ['vIdIqV] n
1)
2) .

photo ['fqVtqV] n
(pl -os [-qVz])
. . photograph

video cassette ['vIdIqV kq'set] n

2.
alcoholometer ["xlkqhP'lPmItq] n

centrifuge ['sentrIfju:dZ] n

amperemeter ['xmpeq"mi:tq] n

conditioner [kqn'dISqnq] n

barbecue ['bQ:bIkju:] n
( )

grill [grIl]
1. n ,
2. v

320

samovar ['sxmqvQ:] n .

ventilator ['ventIleItq] n

3. ,
browning ['braVnIN] n

musket ['mAskIt] n
.

carabine ['kxrqbIn] = carbine

pistol [pIstl]
1. n
1) ;
2) attr.
2. v

carbine ['kQ:baIn] n

Colt [kqVlt] n
( )
magazine ["mxgq'zi:n] n
( ); ()
Mauser ['maVzq] n

revolver [rI'vPlvq] n

Walter ['wO:ltq] n

Winchester ['wIntSIstq] n
( )

6. ,

illumination [I"lu:mI'neIS(q)n] n
(. pl)

I. , ,

Kremlin ['kremlIn] n .
( )

1.

mausoleum ["mO:sq'li:qm] n

alley ['xlI] n
1) , ( ,
)
2) ;

3)

centre ['sentq]
1. n
1)
2) attr.
2. v ()

memorial [mI'mO:rIql] n
;

Coliseum ["kPlI'si:qm] n
( )

monument ['mPnjVmqnt] n
;

asphalt ['xsfxlt]
1. n
2. v ,

escalate ['eskqleIt] v
( )

Moscow-town ['mPskqVtaVn] n
-,

avenue ['xvInju:] n
, , (. )

escalator ['eskqleItq] n

faade [fq'sQ:d] n
()

Big Ben [bIg ben] n


(
)

flag [flxg]n
1) , ,
2) ( . .)

bitumen ['bItjVmIn] n
;

flagstaff ['flxgstQ:f] n

border ['bO:dq] n
; (, )

fountain ['faVntIn] n

boulevard ['bu:lvQ:] n .
1)
2) .
center ['sentq] . = centre
central ['sentr(q)l] a
1) ;
2)

322

gallery ['gxlqrI] n
, ,
ghetto ['getqV] n
(pl -os, -oes [-qVz])
1)
2) ,
illuminate [I'lu:mIneIt] v
,
; ,

metro ['metrqV] n
(pl -os [-qVz])
,

patio ['pxtIqV] n .
(pl -os [-qVz])
;
paysage [peI'zQ:Z] n .
()
portal [pO:tl] n
1) , ;

2) attr.
sculpture ['skAlptSq] n
,
smog [smPg] n
;

square [skweq] n
;

obelisk ['PbIlIsk] n

statue ['stxtju:] n
,

ornament
1. n ['O:nqmqnt] ,
(. .)
2. v ['O:nqment]
()

stele ['sti:li:] n .
. ,

ornamental ["O:nq'mentl] a
,
;
park [pQ:k]
1. n
2. v , ()

tramline ['trxmlaIn] n

transparency [trxns'peqr(q)nsI]
n

tunnel [tAnl]
1. n ;
2. v

2.
autobus ['O:tqVbAs] n
.
automobile ['O:tqmqVbi:l]
1. n
2. a

cabriolet ["kxbrIqV'leI] n
1) , ,
2) ;

323

conductor [kqn'dAktq] n
(, )

phaeton [feItn] n

clinic ['klInIk] n
,

conductress [kqn'dAktrIs] n
-

platform ['plxtfO:m] n
,

limousine ["lImV'zi:n] n

taxi ['txksI]
1. n
2. v
1)
2)

fashionable ['fxSnqbl] a
; ; (, )

minibus ['mInIbAs] n

motorcycle ['mqVtq"saIkl] n

taxicab ['txksIkxb] = taxi 1

motorcyclist ['mqVtq"saIklIst] n

taximeter ['txksI"mi:tq] n
,

omnibus ['PmnIbqs] n
1)
2) .

tram [trxm]
1. n
2. v

passenger ['pxsIndZq] n
1)
2) attr.

trolleybus ['trPlIbAs] n

3.
aerodrome ['eqrqdrqVm] n

agency ['eIdZ(q)nsI] n

atelier ['xtqlIeI] n .
, (. )
auction ['O:kS(q)n]
1. n ,
2. v
( auction off)
automat ['O:tqmqt] n .
1)
2) -
324

bank [bxNk]
1. n
1)
2) attr. ,
2. v () ;
() ;

baza(a)r [bq'zQ:] n
1)
2)

garage ['gxrQ:Z]
1. n
1)
2) - (
)
2. v
gastronome ['gxstrqnqVm] n
(
)
hotel [hqV'tel] n
,
kiosk ['ki:Psk] n
1)
2) . , (
, . .)
municipal [mjV'nIsIp(q)l] a
1) ;
2)
municipality [mjV"nIsI'pxlItI]
n
; ,
municipalize [mjV'nIsIpqlaIz]
v

office ['PfIs] n
1) , , ,
2) attr.:
office block
pavilion [pq'vIljqn]
,
policlinic ["pPlI'klInIk] n
( )
port [pO:t] n
1) ,
2) attr.
prefect ['pri:fekt] n

prefecture ['pri:fektjVq] n

sauna ['saVnq] n
,
service ['sE:vIs]
1. n ,
2. v
supermarket ['sju:pq"mQ:kIt] n
,

tavern ['txv(q)n] n
. ; ,

toilet ['tOIlIt] n
,

bedlam ['bedlqm] n
1) ,
2)

325

II. , , ,
1. ,
,

1.1.

appetite ['xpItaIt] n
1)
2)
( , . .)
appetizer ['xpItaIzq] n
, ,
;
appetizing ['xpItaIzIN] a
, ; ;
banquet ['bxNkwIt]
1. n ; ;
2. v
1) (
-.)
2)
delicacy ['delIkqsI] n
,
delicatessen ["delIkq'tesn] n .
;
diet ['daIqt]
1. n
1)
2) , ,
3)

2. v ,
326

extra ['ekstrq]
1. n , (, )
2. a
gourmand ['gVqmqnd] n
. ,
menu ['menju:] n .

portion ['pO:S(q)n] n

ration ['rxS(q)n]
1. n , ,
2. v (,
)
receipt [rI'si:t] n
(. )
recipe ['resIpI] n
(. )
regimen ['redZImen] n
. ;
toast I [tqVst]
1. n ( , ; )
2. v () ;

toast II [tqVst]
1. n ;
2. v
(-.)

1.2.

bar [bQ:] n
1) ,
2) , , ;
barman ['bQ:mqn] n

bistro ['bi:strqV] n .
,
buffet ['bVfeI] n
,
cafe ['kxfeI] n .
1)
2) .
cafeteria ["kxfI'tIqrIq] n
, -
pizzeria ["pi:tsq'ri:q] n

restaurant ['rest(q)rO:N] n .

1.3.


barbecue ['bQ:bIkju:] v

; () ;
boiler ['bOIlq] n
, ()
broiler ['brOIlq] n
,

carp [kQ:p] n
;
champignon [Sxm'pi:njqn] n .

concentrate ['kPns(q)ntreIt] n
()
concentration
["kPns(q)n'treIS(q)n] n
, ()
conservation ["kPnsq'veIS(q)n] n
1)
2) ()
conserve [kqn'sE:v]
1. v (.
)
2. n ( pl) ;
,
consistence [kqn'sIst(q)ns] n
1) ;
2) ,
crystallize ['krIstqlaIz] v
, ( )
culinary ['kAlInqrI] a
1) ;
2) ( . .)
curd [kE:d] n
(
)
decaffeinate ["di:'kxfIneIt] v

( );
ersatz ['eqzxts] n .
, ,
327

essence [esns] n
,
farce [fQ:s]
1. n
2. v ;
fillet ['fIlIt]
1. n .
2. v
filter ['fIltq]
1. n
2. v ,
gastronomic ["gxstrq'nPmIk] a

gastronomy [gxs'trPnqmI] n
,
gelatin(e) ["dZelq'ti:n] n
1)
2) ,

liver ['lIvq] n
( , , , )
macaroni ["mxkq'rqVnI] n .
(pl -s, -es [-Iz])

maize [meIz] n
;
margarine ["mQ:dZq'ri:n] n

marinade ["mxrI'neId]
1. n
2. v ;
mayonnaise ["meIq'neIz] n .

meringue [mq'rxN] n .
.

gelatinous [dZI'lxtInqs] a
1)
2)

mixture ['mIkstSq] n
1) ,
2)

glaze [gleIz] v
.

nectar ['nektq] n
1) , ;
2) .

glazed [gleIzd] a

grill [grIl]
1. n ,
2. v ()
ingredient [In'gri:djqnt] n
,
jelly ['dZelI]
1. n
1)
2)
2. v /
328

pasteurization
["pxstqraI'zeIS(q)n] n

pasteurize ['pxstqraIz] v
()
rice [raIs] n
1)
2) attr.
sardine [sQ:'di:n] n
()

sauce [sO:s] v

sterlet ['stE:lIt] n .

separate ['sepqreIt] v
1) ,
2) ( )

surrogate ['sArqgIt] n
,

skate [skeIt] n
()
soya [sOIq] n
1)
2)

toaster ['tqVstq] n
,

vermicelli ["vE:mI'tSelI] n .

2.
2.1.
bacon ['beIk(q)n] n
,
boublik ['bu:blIk] n .

brynza ['brInza] n .

chips [tSIp] n
pl . ,
Edam ['i:dxm] n

hamburger ['hxmbE:gq] n
,

Camembert ['kxmqmbeq] n .
( )

hot dog [hPt dPg] n


,

cervelat ["sE:vq'lQ:t] n

kalatch [kQ'lQtS] n .

Cheddar ['tSedq] n
( )

pizza ['pi:tsq] n

cheeseburger ['tSi:zbE:gq] n

Roquefort ['rPkfO:] n .
( )

chicory ['tSIk(q)rI] n
1)
2) attr.:
chicory salad

salad ['sxlqd] n
;
salami [sq'lQ:mI] n .
.

329

sandwich ['sxnwIdZ] n
,

goulash ['gu:lxS] n .

vinaigrette ["vIneI'gret] n
1)
2) (. vinaigrette sauce)

grill [grIl] n
,
,

2.2.
borsch(t) [bO:S(t)] n .

bouillon [bu:'jO:N] n .
,
pure ['pjVqreI] n .
-;
rassolnik ['rQ:solnIk] n .

soup [su:p] n

2.3.
barbecue ['bQ:bIkju:] n
;
;
beefsteak ['bi:fsteIk] n

cutlet ['kAtlIt] n

entrecte ['PntrqkqVt] n

julienne ["dZu:lI'en] n .

kasha ['kxSq] n .

omelet(te) ['PmlIt] n
,
ragout [rx'gu:] n .

roast beef [rqVst bi:f] n

mayonnaise ["meIq'neIz] n .

paprika ['pxprIkq] n
,

rice [raIs] n
( )

choc [tSPk] n
.

salad ['sxlqd] n
,

varenik ["vQ:'renik] n .

soya [sOIq] n
1)
2)
spaghetti [spq'getI] n .

broccoli ['brPk(q)lI] n
,

spinach ['spInIdZ] n

chicory ['tSIk(q)rI] n

tomato [tq'mQ:tqV] n
(pl -oes [-qVz])
,

ketchup ['ketSqp] n

cacao [kq'kQ:qV] n
( )

charlotte ['SQ:lqt] n .
( )

shallot [Sq'lPt] n
()

gol(o)ubets ['gAlu:bets] n .

bonbon ['bPn"bPn] n .
( )

radish ['rxdIS] n
/-

shashlik ['SxSlIk] n .

escalope ['eskqlPp] n

biscuit ['bIskIt] n

caramel ['kxrqmel] n

sauce [sO:s] n
, ;

2.4. , ,
,

2.5.

pure ['pjVqreI] n .

schnitzel ['SnIts(q)l] n .
.

garnish ['gQ:nIS]
1. n
2. v ()

330

macaroni ["mxkq'rqVnI] n .
( pl -s, -es [- Iz])
( )

vanilla [vq'nIlq] n

vermicelli ["vE:mI'tSelI] n .
( )

chocolate ['tSPk(q)lIt] n
1)
2) pl
cocoa ['kqVkqV] n
( )
coffee ['kPfI] n

compote ['kPmpqVt] n .

confiture ['kPnfItSVq] n
,
cracker ['krxkq] n
,
cream [kri:m] n
;
dessert [dI'zE:t] n
, ()
drage [drx'ZeI] n .

fruit salad [fru:t 'sxlqd] n



331

halva(h) ['hxlvQ:] n

jam [dZxm] n
;
jelly ['dZelI] n

kefir ['kefq] n

pudding ['pVdIN] n

ryazhenka ['rjazheNka] n .

souffle ['su:fleI] n .

torte ['tO:tq] n
(pl . -ten)

vanilla [vq'nIlq] n
1)
2) .
waffle [wPfl] n

yoghurt ['jPgqt] n

zephyr ['zefq] n

2.6.
banana [bq'nQ:nq] n

fruit [fru:t] n
1) ,
2) attr.
grapefruit ['greIpfru:t] n
(pl .)

332

Jonathan ['dZPnqT(q)n] n
( )

mousse [mu:s] n
.

Burgundy ['bE:g(q)ndI] n

pepsi ['pepsI] n

champagne [Sxm'peIn] n .

lemon ['lemqn] n

sherbet ['SE:bqt] n
(
)

chartreuse [SQ:'trE:z] n .

mandarin ['mxndqrIn] n
()

soda ['sqVdq] n
;

mandarine ['mxndqri:n] =
= mandarin

tonic-water ['tPnIkwO:tq] n
,
,

kiwi ['ki:wi:] n
(. kiwi fruit)

mango ['mxNgqV] n
(pl -oes, -os [-qVz])
()
muscat ['mAskqt] n
()
olive ['PlIv] n
,
Riesling ['ri:slIN] n
( )

2.7.

coca-cola ["kqVkq'kqVlq] n
-
cocktail ['kPkteIl] n

cream soda [kri:m 'sqVdq] n


-
kissel ['kIsql] n .

kvass [kvas] n .

lemonade ["lemq'neId] n

2.8. ,

alcohol ['xlkqhPl] n
1) ,
2)
3) attr.
aperitif [q'perItIf] n

arrack ['xrqk] n
(
)
Bordeaux [bO:'dqV] n .
()
bouquet [bV'keI] n
, ()
Bourbon ['bE:b(q)n] n
( )
(. Bourbon whisky)

cider ['saIdq] n

cocktail ['kPkteIl] n

cognac ['kPnjxk] n

gin [dZIn] n
( )
grog [grPg] n
(
, )
liqueur [lI'kjVq] n .

Madeira [mq'dIqrq] n
()
Malaga ['mxlqgq] n
()
Marsala [mQ:'sQ:lq] n
()

brandy ['brxndI] n
,

Martini [mQ:'ti:nI] n
( , )

brut [bru:t] a .
, ( )

muscat ['mAskqt] n
( )
333

nalivka [nQ'lIvkQ] n .

nastoyka [nQ:'stOIkQ] n .

porter ['pO:tq] n
( )
punch [pAntS] n

Riesling ['ri:slIN] n
( )
rum [rAm] n
1)
2) .
sake ['sQ:kI] n .
,

vermouth ['vE:mqT] n
( )
vino ['vInqV] n
sl.
vodka ['vPdkq] n .

whisky ['wIskI] n

wine [waIn] n

wine card [waIn kQ:d] =


= wine list [waIn lIst] n
,

2.9.

circus ['sE:kqs] n

philharmonic ["fIlQ:'mPnIk] n

club [klAb] n

planetarium ["plxnI'teqrIqm] n
(pl -ria)

conservatoire [kqn'sE:vqtwQ:]
n .

dolphinarium ["dPlfI'neqrIqm] n
(pl -iums, -ia)

stadium ['steIdjqm] n
(pl -iums, -dia)

golf club [gPlf klAb] n


-

strip club [strIp klAb] n


hippodrome ['hIpqdrqVm] n

tennis-court ['tenIskO:t] n

manege [mx'neIZ] n .

theater ['TIqtq] . = theatre

sherry ['SerI] n
,

cigar [sI'gQ:] n

motordrome ['mqVtqdrqVm] n
;

sherry-cobbler ['SerI"kPblq] n
- ( )

cigarette ["sIgq'ret] n
;

music hall ['mju:zIk hO:l] n


1) -
2)

tequila [tq'ki:lq] n
( )
Tokay [tqV'keI] n
,

ciggy ['sIgI] . .
cigarette
tobacco [tq'bxkqV] n
(pl -os [-qVz])

III. -

1.
auditorium ["O:dI'tO:rIqm] n
(pl -iums, -ia)
,
bordello ["bO:'delqV] n
(. .)
,
334

cabaret ['kxbqreI] n .

casino [kq'si:nqV] n
(pl -os [-qVz])
,

rosarium [rqV'zeqrIqm] n

theatre ['TIqtq] n

variety show [vq'raIqtI SqV] n

yacht-club ['jPtklAb] n
-

orangery ['PrIndZqrI] n

zoo [zu:] n

2.
cinema ['sInqmq] n
1) , , (. the cinema)
2)
cinematograph ["sInq'mxtqgrQ:f]
n

cinematography
["sInqmq'tPgrqfI] n

detective film [dI'tektIv fIlm] n

film [fIlm]
1. n ,
2. v
1) ,
; ( )
2)
335

musical ['mju:zIk(q)l] n
; ;

seance ['seIQ:ns] n .

serial ['sIqrIql]
1. n ,
;

2. a
telefilm ['telIfIlm] n
1) ,

2) ,

thriller ['TrIlq] n
, ,

video ['vIdIqV]
1. n
2. a ,

videofilm ['vIdIqVfIlm] n

western ['west(q)n] n .
,

3.
act [xkt] n
1) , ( )
2) , ( )
actor ['xktq] n
1)
2)

balletomane ['bxlItqVmeIn] n

comedian [kq'mi:djqn] n
,
comedienne [kq"meIdI'en] n .

comedietta [kq"mi:dI'etq] n .

artist ['Q:tIst] n

comedy ['kPmIdI] n

entracte ['Pntrxkt] n .

debut ['deIbju:] n .

ballet ['bxleI] n .

drama ['drQ:mq] n
1)
2) (. the drama)

ballet dancer ['bxleI 'dQ:nsq] n


()
ballet master ['bxleI 'mQ:stq] n

336

farce [fQ:s] n
.

gallery ['gxlqrI] n
;
melodrama ['melqV"drQ:mq] n

parterre [pQ:'teq] n .
1)
2) . ;

mime [maIm]
1. n
1) ,
2)
2. v
1)
2)

premire ['premIeq] n .
., .

opera ['Pp(q)rq] n
1)
2) (. the opera)

repertoire ['repqtwQ:] n .

operetta ["Ppq'retq] n

orchestra ['O:kIstrq] n
1)
2)

orchestral [O:'kestr(q)l] a

ovation [qV'veIS(q)n] n
,
pantomime ['pxntqmaIm]
1. n
1)
2)
2. v
parodist ['pxrqdIst] n

parody ['pxrqdI]
1. n
2. v

program(me) ['prqVgrxm]
1. n
1)
2) ,
2. v

revue [rI'vju:] n .
. ,
scenario [si:'neqrIoV] n .

spectacle ['spektqkl] n
1) ,
2)
theatre ['TIqtq] n
1)
2)
3)
theatrical [TI'xtrIk(q)l] a
1) ,
2) , , ;
theatricalize [TI'xtrIkqlaIz] v
,

337

4.
accompaniment
[q'kAmpqnImqnt] n
1) .
2)
accord [q'kO:d] n
. ,
arrangement [q'reIndZmqnt] n
.
blues [blu:z] n
.
cabaret ['kxbqreI] n .
1)
2)

cancan ['kxnkxn] n .
()
concert ['kPnsqt] n
1)
2) attr.
conservatoire [kqn'sE:vqtwQ:]
n .

conservatory [kqn'sE:vqtqrI] n
. = conservatoire
corps de ballet ["kO:dqbx'leI]
n .

effect [I'fekt] n
1) ,
2) pl .,

emotional [I'mqVSqnl] a
1)
2) (. )
338

gala ['gQ:lq] n
-, -
harmony ['hQ:m(q)nI] n
;
hit [hIt] n
1) ; ;
2) ,

hit parade [hIt pq'reId] n
. -;

instrumentation
["InstrVmen'teIS(q)n] n
.
laureate ['lO:rIIt]
1. n
2. a
leitmotif, leitmotive ['laItmqV"ti:f]
n
.
melodic [mI'lPdIk] a
,
melody ['melqdI] n
1)
2)
music hall ['mju:zIk hO:l] n
-
musical ['mju:zIk(q)l]
1. n ;
;
2. a
1)
2)

opus ['qVpqs] n .
;

popularization
["pPpjVlqraI'zeIS(q)n] n

orchestration ["O:kes'treIS(q)n] n
,

potpourri [pqV'pVrI] n .
.

passage ['pxsIdZ] n
. ()

prelude
1. n
1)
2)
2. v
1)
2)

philharmonic ["fIlQ:'mPnIk]
1. n
2. a ,
pianino [pjx'ni:nqV] n
(pl -os [-qVz])

pianist ['pi:qnIst] n

podium ['pqVdIqm] n
(pl -ia)
1)
1) (
. .)
polyphonic ["pPlI'fPnIk] a
. ,
pops [pPps] n pl
1) - ;
-
2) ,
popular ['pPpjVlq] a
1)
2) ;
popularity ["pPpjV'lxrItI] n

['prelju:d]
.


(with)

presentation ["prezen'teIS(q)n] n
1) ,
(to -.)
2) ;
reprise [rI'pri:z] n
. ( )
show [SqV]
1. n
1) ; ;
2) ,
2. v (showed [-d]; showed,
shown)
1)
2) (),
(), ()
strip club [strIp klAb] n

striptease ['strIpti:z] n

symphony ['sImfqnI] n
1)
2) attr.
339

unison ['ju:nIz(q)n] n
1) .
2)

variety show [vq'raIqtI SqV] n

virtuoso ["vE:tjV'qVzqV] n .
(pl -os [-qVz], -si)

variation ["veqrI'eIS(q)n] n
.

5.
acrobat ['xkrqbxt] n

clownery ['klaVn(q)rI] n

attraction [q'trxkS(q)n] n

equilibrist [i:'kwIlIbrIst] n
;

carrousel ["kxrV'zel] n
1)
2)

fakir ['feIkIq] n

circus ['sE:kqs] n

clown [klaVn]
1. n
1)
2)
2. v ,

harlequin ['hQ:lIkwIn] n
1)
2)
illusionist [I'lu:Z(q)nIst] n
,
manege [mx'neIZ] n .
1)
2)
3)

6. ,
arabesque ["xrq'besk]
1. n
2. a , ,
authentic [O:'TentIk] a
,
auto portrait ['O:tqV 'pO:trIt] n

bas-relief ["bQ:rI'li:f] n

340

bust [bAst] n
1)
2)
caricature ['kxrIkqtjVq]
1. n
2. v
caryatid ["kxrI'xtId] n
(pl -s [-z], -es [-i:z])
. (
, )

chimera [kaI'mIqrq] n
( )
collage [kP'lQ:Z] n
.
colossus [kq'lPsqs] n
(pl colossi)

colouring ['kAlqrIN] n
.
composition ["kPmpq'zIS(q)n] n
.
design [dI'zaIn]
1. n ; ( . .)
2. v , , ;
( . .)
diorama ["daIq'rQ:mq] n
.
diptych ['dIptIk] n
.
entourage ["PntV'rQ:Z] n .
,
etude [eI'tju:d] n .
., .
exposition ["ekspq'zIS(q)n] n
, ,
fresco ['freskqV]
1. n (pl -os, -oes [-qVz]) ;

2. v
genre ['ZPnrq] n .
1) ; ,
2) ,
(. genre painting)

grisaille [grI'zeIl] n
. ( ,
)
grotesque [grqV'tesk]
1. n
1)
2)
2. a
1)
2) ,
lithography [lI'TPgrqfI] n
( )
miniature ['mInjqtSq]
1. n
1)
2) .
2. a
3. v
monument ['mPnjVmqnt] n
;
mosaic [mqV'zeIIk]
1. n
1)
2) -.
(. )
2. a
3. v ;

original [q'rIdZqnl]
1. n
1) ,
2)
2. a ;
panorama ["pxnq'rQ:mq] n

341

pastel ['pxst(q)l] n
1) .
2) attr.
paysage [peI'zQ:Z] n .

portrait ['pO:trIt] n

portraitist ['pO:trItIst] n

portraiture ['pO:trItSq] n

potpourri [pqV'pVrI] n .
( )
reproduction ["ri:prq'dAkS(q)n]
n
1) ,
2) ,
restoration ["restq'reIS(q)n] n
1) ; ;
2)
(. ,
. .)

sculpture ['skAlptSq]
1. n
1) ,
2) ,
2. v
1) , ,
2)

sculptured figure
['skAlptSqd 'fIgq] n
, ,
signature ['sIgnqtSq] n
. ( )
sphinx [sfINks] n
(pl -es [-Iz])
1) ( :
)
2)
statue ['stxtju:] n
,

7.
air show [eq SqV] n
1) -,
2)
-

fantastic [fxn'txstIk] a
1) ; ;
2) . ,

ice show [aIs SqV] n


-,

fantasticality [fxn"txstI'kxlItI] n

ice revue [aIs rI'vju:] n


-;

fantasy ['fxntqsI] n
1) ,
2) ;

ball [bO:l] n
,
barge [bQ:dZ] n

corrida [kP'ri:dq] n
,
defile [dI'faIl]
1. n ,
2. v ,
( )

tempera ['temp(q)rq] n
. (),

disco ['dIskqV] .
1. n (pl -os [-qVz])
2. v ;

sculptor ['skAlptq] n
,

torso ['tO:sqV] n .
(pl -os [-qVz], -si)
()

dolphinarium ["dPlfI'neqrIqm] n
(pl -iums, -ia)

sculptural ['skAlptS(q)r(q)l] a

triptych ['trIptIk] n
.

excursion [Iks'kE:S(q)n] n
1) ;
2) attr.:
excursion train

sarcophagus [sQ:'kPfqgqs] n
(pl -agi)

342

festival ['festqv(q)l] n
;
firework ['faIqwE:k] n

funicular [fjV'nIkjVlq]
1. n
(. funicular railway)
2. a
gallop ['gxlqp]
1. n
2. v
1) ,
2) ()
galloping ['gxlqpIN]
1. pres. p. gallop 2
2. a ()
(. .)
hippodrome ['hIpqdrqVm] n

jockey ['dZPkI] n

labyrinth ['lxbqrInT] n

343

masquerade ["mxskq'reId]
1. n
2. v ;

matador ['mxtqdO:] n

moto-cross ['mqVtqVkrPs] n

motor rally ['mqVtq 'rxlI] n


,

phenomenon [fI'nPmInqn] n
(pl -ena)
,
picador ["pIkq'dO:] n .
( ,
)
pike [paIk]
1. n ,
2. v

chance [tSQ:ns]
1. n ; ;

2. a
3. v
1)
2)

forward ['fO:wqd] a
; ;

command [kq'mQ:nd] n
.

match [mxtS] n
,

court [kO:t] n
;

Olympiad [qV'lImpIxd] n

Olympian [qV'lImpIqn] n
, ; .

motordrome ['mqVtqdrqVm] n
;

pomp [pPmp] n
, ,

parade [pq'reId] n

pomposity [pPm'pPsItI] n
;

disqualification
[dIs"kwPlIfI'keIS(q)n] n
(. .);
( -.)

swing [swIN] n

equip [I'kwIp] v
; ;

toreador ['tPrIqdO:] n .

favourite ['feIv(q)rIt] n
.

peep show [pI:p SqV] n


-
petard [pe'tQ:d] n
; ( )
phenomenal [fI'nPmInl] a
,

IV.

torero [tP'reIrqV] n .
(pl -os [-qVz]) = toreador

1.
athlete ['xTli:t] n
1)
2)
athletic [xT'letIk] a

athleticism [xT'letIsIz(q)m] n

344

captain ['kxptIn]
1. n
2. v
category ['kxtIg(q)rI] n
. ;
champion ['tSxmpjqn] n
,

foul [faVl]
1. n . ,

2. a . ,

3. v .

junior ['dZu:njq] n
.

Olympic [qV'lImpIk] a

parade [pq'reId] n
()
photofinish ["fqVtqV'fInIS] n
.
qualification ["kwPlIfI'keIS(q)n] n
. ,
rating ['reItIN] n
,

final [faInl]
1. a , ,

2. n ( pl)
;
, . .

record ['rekO:d] n
1)
2) attr.

finalist ['faInqlIst] n
.

referee ["refq'ri:] n
1) . ,
2)

fortune ['fO:tS(q)n] n
; ; ;

recordsman ['rekO:dzmqn] n

risk [rIsk]
1. n
345

2. v
1) (-.)
2) ( -.)
riskiness ['rIskInIs] n
,
risky ['rIskI] a
,
sport [spO:t]
1. n
1) ,
2) pl
2. a
3. v
sporting ['spO:tIN]
1. pres. p. sport 3
2. a

stadium ['steIdjqm] n
(pl -dia)

title [taItl]
1. n . ,

2. v ,
( )

football ['fVtbO:l] n

titled [taItld] a
()

footballer ['fVtbO:lq] n

trainer ['treInq] n
1) ;
2)

football-player ['fVtbO:l"pleIq] =
= footballer

sportive ['spO:tIv] a

training ['treInIN]
1. n
1)
2)
2. a ,

sportsman ['spO:tsmqn] n

tribune ['trIbju:n] n
( )

2.
2.1.

badminton ['bxdmIntqn] n

baseball ['beIsbO:l] n

basketball ['bQ:skItbO:l] n

billiard ['bIljqd] a

346

drive [draIv]
1. n , ( ,
)
2. v (drove; driven)
. , ( ,
)

billiards ['bIljqdz] n pl

corner ['kO:nq] n
. ,
cricket ['krIkIt] .
1. n
2. v
dribble [drIbl]
1. n ,
( )
2. v , ( . .)

gambit ['gxmbIt] n
.
game [geIm] n
. ; ;
game point [geIm pOInt] n
. ; ,
goal [gqVl] n
.
goalkeeper ['gqVl"ki:pq] n
. ,
golf [gPlf] n

mate [meIt] .
1. n
2. v
3. int !
motoball ['mqVtqbO:l] n

off side [Pf saId] n


. ,
()
out [aVt] n
.
pass [pQ:s] .
1. n
2. v
penalty ['penltI] n
1) , ,
2) attr.
ping-pong ['pINpPN] n
-,
polo ['pqVlqV] n
.
pressing ['presIN] n
.
pool [pu:l] n
( )

golf club [gPlf klAb] n


-

reserve [rI'zE:v] n
. ,

golfer ['gPlfq] n

Rugby ['rAgbI] n
(. Rugby football)

handball ['hxndbO:l] n
,

set [set] n
( )

hockey ['hPkI] n

tennis ['tenIs] n

347

tennis-court ['tenIskO:t] n

time [taIm] n
.
volleyball ['vPlIbO:l] n

2.2.
cross [krPs] n
.
discoboli [dI'skPb(q)laI] .
pl discobolus
discobolus [dI'skPb(q)lqs] n .
(pl -li)

false start [fO:ls stQ:t] n


1) .
2)
finish ['fInIS] .
1. n
2. v
leader ['li:dq] n
.
Marathon ['mxrqT(q)n] n

(. Marathon race)
outsider ["aVt'saIdq] n
.
sprint [sprInt]
1. n ,

2. v ,
sprinter ['sprIntq] n
,

348

start [stQ:t]
1. n .
2. v
1) .
2) .
starter ['stQ:tq] n
.
stayer [steIq] n
. ,

2.3. ,

acrobat ['xkrqbxt] n

acrobatic ["xkrqV'bxtIk] a

acrobatics ["xkrqV'bxtIks] n pl
(. sing.)

aerobics [eq'rqVbIks] n pl
(. sing.)
,
gymnast ['dZImnxst] n

gymnastic [dZIm'nxstIk] a

gymnastics [dZIm'nxstIks] n pl
(. . sing.)

2.4. ,
box [bPks]
1. n
1)
2)

2. v
1)
2)
boxer ['bPksq] n
.
break [breIk] n
. ,
( )
clinch [klIntS]
1. n , ( )
2. v ( )
dan [dxn] n
( )
gong [gPN] n

judo ['dZu:dqV] n .
.
judoist ['dZu:dqVIst] n
.
karate [kq'rQ:tI] n .

knockdown ['nPkdaVn]
1. n .
2. a ( );
knock-out ['nPkaVt] n
1) .
(. knock-out blow)
2)
parry ['pxrI]
1. n ,
, (. .)
2. v , ()
ring [rIN] n
1) , ( )
2) (the Ring)

round [raVnd] n
. ,
tatami [tq'tQ:mi:] n .
,

sumo ['sV:mqV] n .

upper-cut ['ApqkAt] n
, ( )

2.5.

aqualung ['xkwqlAN] n

aquaplane ['xkwqpleIn]
1. n .
2. v
butterfly ['bAtqflaI] n
. ( ; . butterfly stroke)
crawl [krO:l]
1. n ( ;
. crawl stroke)
2. v
diving ['daIvIN] n
(
)
rafting ['ra:ftIN] n
,
regatta [rI'gxtq] n
,

scooter ['sku:tq] n
.

349

surf [sE:f]
1. n ;
2. v .
surfboard ['sE:fbO:d] n

surfing ['sE:fIN] = surf-riding
surf-riding ['sE:f"raIdIN] n
.
water polo ['wO:tq 'pqVlqV] n
. ,
windsurfing ['wInd"sE:fIN] n

yacht [jPt]
1. n
2. v ,
yacht-club ['jPtklAb] n
-
yachting ['jPtIN]
1. pres. p. yacht 2
2. n
(. yachting sport)
yachtsman ['jPtsmqn] n
.

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)

;
15 ;
!;
;
53 ;
;
;
;
;
5 ;
;
.

,
- -
,
-

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