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Annotated Bibliography

(Primary Sources) Aquino, Benigno, perf. Ninoy Aquino's guest appearance on The 700 Club Part 1. Youtube, 2008. Web. 23 Jan 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=__ripZFVtUQ>. Source was helpful with knowing how Benigno felt during his imprisonment as well as the things going on in his life at the time and his views about the state of the Philippines.

Aquino, Benigno, perf. Ninoy Aquino's guest appearance on The 700 Club Part 2. Youtube, 2009. Web. 23 Jan 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=__sbeE6QXfs>. Source was helpful with knowing how Benigno felt during his imprisonment as well as the things going on in his life at the time and his views about the state of the Philippines.

Aquino, Butz. From Dictatorship to Democracy. 11 Sept. 2011.<http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programms/documentary_archive/4713466.stm# > Goldsmith, Rosie.BBC News, 2006. Source was used to show how the people felt as when the actual tanks were in front of them and during the revolution.

Aquino, Corazon. "Corazon C. Aquino, First State of the Nation Address, July 27, 1987." . gov.ph, n.d. Web. 21 Mar 2012. <http://www.gov.ph/1987/07/27/corazon-caquino-first-state-of-the-nation-address-july-27-1987/>. The source was used for first-hand text from Aquinos First State of the Nation Address.

Aquino, Corazon. "Corazon C. Aquino, Second State of the Nation Address, July 25, 1988." . gov.ph, n.d. Web. 21 Mar 2012. <http://www.gov.ph/1988/07/25/corazon-c-aquino-second-state-of-the-nationaddress-july-25-1988/>. The source was used for first-hand text from Aquinos Second State of the Nation Address.

Aquino, Corazon. "Speech of Her Excellency Corazon C. Aquino ." On her Inauguration as President of the Philippines. Club Filipino, Manila. 25 FEB 1986. Speech. This source was helpful in supplying the dialogue in Cory Aquinos Inauguration Speech.

Aquino, Corazon. From Dictatorship to Democracy. 11 Sept. 2011.<http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programms/documentary_archive/4713466.stm# > Goldsmith, Rosie.BBC News, 2006. Source was used to show why Benigno Aquino came back to the Philippines, what he said on his flight back to the Philippines, and what Corazon asked the people to do. This helped us understand why Benigno Aquino wanted to help his country.

Aquino, Corazon, perf. A LEGACY OF FAITH. edsashrine.com, 2009. Web. 23 Jan 2012. <http://www.edsashrine.com/edsa/legacy-of-faith.html>. Source was helpful with Aquinos views on the revolution, scenes of the revolution itself, and how everything went down.

Aquino, Cory, dir. President Cory Aquino's historic speech (1/3) before the U.S. Congress (9-18-1986). NinoyAquinoTV, 2008. Film. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WX9ysynaIq0>. Source was used to help understand the Philippines place in the revolution after and when Cory was President.

Aquino, Cory, dir. President Cory Aquino's historic speech (3/3) before the U.S. Congress (9-18-1986). NinoyAquinoTV, 2008. Film. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vn0ZbsEUUrg>. Source was used to help understand the Philippines place in the revolution after and when Cory was President.

Anonymous- During time period at Clark Air Force Base, . Telephone Interview. 22 Jan 2012. Source was helpful in talking to us about the revolution itself, as well as the trip Marcos had coming out of the country to Hawaii.

Atienza, Armando. Personal Interview. 24 Jan 2012.

This interview was helpful in getting an up close view of all aspects of the revolution from before, to during the revolution, to afterwards from a person actually in the Philippines at the time.

Corona, Renato. "Core of Philippine Sovereignty." Manila. 09 Feb 2011. Speech. This speech was helpful in supplying first hand information, from a woman in the Philippines at the time and a later Chief Justice, on the constitution and how its developed in the Philippines over the course of the revolution.

EDSA 20. Rodrigo, Nancy. GMA 7 Television. 26 Feb. 2011. Source was used to tell how the people worked together and how they related to the soldiers during the revolution. It also showed us how Marcos still wants to stay in his country but unable to do so.

Enrile, Juan, and Fidel Ramos. Press Conference by Defense Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and Deputy Chief of Staff Fidel V. Ramos Interview. 22 Feb 1986. gov.ph, Manila. Web. http://www.gov.ph/1986/02/22/press-conference-by-defenseminister-juan-ponce-enrile-and-deputy-chief-of-staff-fidel-v-ramos-on-february22-1986/>. This source was helpful in supplying dialogue from the 1986 press conference with Ramos and Enrile. Enrile, Juan. Edsa 20/20. Tordesillas, Ellen. The Daily PCIJ, 12 Sept. 2011. Source was used to show what the rebels were doing and his opinions about the Edsa Revolution. This helped us understand the views of one of the leaders of the revolution.

Father Rointer. From Dictatorship to Democracy. 11 Sept. 2011.<http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programms/documentary_archive/4713466.stm# > Goldsmith, Rosie.BBC News, 2006. Source was used to tell what it was like when the tanks came to disperse the crowd. This helped us understand what it was like in the EDSA Revolution.

Impreso, Irene. Personal Interview, 12 Sept. 2011. Source was used to show how the Filipinos reacted and showed support when Benigno Ninoy Aquino was assassinated. This helped us realized how the people felt when the leader of the opposition party, whose main mission is for nonviolent discussion for the betterment of his country was shot to death. Also this source was used for knowledge on the peoples reaction and their views of the new leader, Cory Aquino.

Marcos, Ferdinand. "Ferdinand E. Marcos, Eighth State of the Nation Address, September 21, 1973." . gov.ph, n.d. Web. 21 Mar 2012. <http://www.gov.ph/1973/09/21/ferdinand-e-marcos-eighth-state-of-the-nationaddress-september-21-1973/>. The source was used for first-hand text from Marcos speech talking about the constitution.

Marcos, Ferdinand. "Presidential Decree No. 27, s. 1972." Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. gov.ph, n.d. Web. 23 Feb 2012. <http://www.gov.ph/1972/10/21/presidential-decree-no-27/>. This source was helpful in supplying the decree no. 27 from 1972.

Marcos, Ferdinand. "Proclamation No. 2045, s. 1981." Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. gov.ph, n.d. Web. 23 Feb 2012. <http://www.gov.ph/1981/01/17/proclamation-no-2045-s-1981/>. This source was helpful in supplying the Proclamation 2045 document from 1981.

Marcos, Imee. From Dictatorship to Democracy. 11 Sept. 2011.<http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programms/documentary_ archive/4713466.stm #> Goldsmith, Rosie.BBC News, 2006. Source was used to tell me what happened to Marcos during the EDSA Revolution. This helped us understand what the family of Marcos felt during the revolution.

Ramos, Fidel. From Dictatorship to Democracy. 11 Sept. 2011.<http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programms/documentary_archive/4713466.stm# > Goldsmith, Rosie.BBC News, 2006. Source was used to show what the rebels did during the revolution. This helped us get an insight on what it was like as a rebel in the revolution.

Relampagos, Nerissa. Personal interview. 14 Sept. 2011.

Source was used to show the state of the Philippines before, during, and after the revolution, what it was like participating in the rally and the effect of Aquinos assassination. This helped us understand how the Filipinos felt during the time of Marcos regime.

Ricardo, Hose. From Dictatorship to Democracy. 11 Sept. 2011.<http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programms/documentary_archive/4713466.stm# > Goldsmith, Rosie.BBC News, 2006. Source was used to tell us what it was like in the EDSA. This helped us get a view on the fears of revolting.

Sigua, Gilbert. Personal Interview. 05 15 2012. This source as used to describe the peoples reaction to the revolution, Cory Aquinos rise to power, and the snap elections. Also he helped in capturing the major reform after the revolution.

Sin Cardinal. From Dictatorship to Democracy. 11 Sept. 2011.<http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programms/documentary_archive/4713466.stm# > Goldsmith, Rosie.BBC News, 2006. Source was used to show how Cardinal Sin who is the head of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines asked the help of the Filipino people to go to Edsa and help protect Minister Enrile and Gen. Ramos which lead to millions of people in Edsa. This helped me realized how important he is to the success of the revolution.

"The 1987 Constitution: A chronological narrative." Constitution Day - Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. gov.ph, n.d. Web. 23 Feb 2012. <http://www.gov.ph/constitution-25-years/>. This source was helpful in supplying first hand information and pictures from the drafting of the new freedom constitution after the Philippine Revolution.

Velez, Jose, perf. PIA presents AV clip on EDSA People Power I. pia.gov.ph, Web. 23 Feb 2012. <http://archives.pia.gov.ph/wdavh2011/?m=3&i=phedsaone&sm=events>. This source was helpful in supplying audio of Cardinal Sin and his radio broadcast calling the people to EDSA Square.

Ver, Fabian. From Dictatorship to Democracy. 11 Sept. 2011.<http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programms/documentary_archive/4713466.stm# > Goldsmith, Rosie.BBC News, 2006. Source was used to illustrate the events Ver and Marcos during the revolution and afterwards once he was evacuated out of the country.

Annotated Bibliography (Secondary Sources)

10 Most Corrupt Leaders in Recent History." tiptoptens.com. tiptoptens.com, n.d. Web. 21 Mar 2012. <http://www.tiptoptens.com/2011/05/05/10-most-corrupt-leadersin-recent-history/>. The source provided a picture of Ferdinand Marcos explaining his land reform program.

"1986 People Power Revolution: Where do we go from EDSA?." youronevoicecanmakeadifference.wordpress.com. youronevoicecanmakeadifference.wordpress.com, n.d. Web. 8 Jan 2012. <http://youronevoicecanmakeadifference.wordpress.com/where-do-we-go-fromedsa/>. This source provided a vast amount of pictures to use for our website.

Alvin Woon. US court adds weight to human rights claims under Marcos. 2011. Photograph. wordpress.comWeb. 21 Mar 2012. http://dorianmerina.wordpress.com/2011/01/25/victims-under-marcos-regimepush-for-recognition/> This website provided a picture that represented U.S.-Filipino relations during Marcos reign.

Angeles, Jose. "Marcos and the New Society: A Political Biography." tripod.com. tripod.com, Oct. 2005. Web. 21 Mar 2012. <http://joseangelitoangeles.tripod.com/marcos.htm>. This source was used for information on directly before the revolution as well as during the revolution. Also it was used for pictures of events during that time.

Associated Press. Corazon Aquino Dies. N.d. Photograph. The New York Times This source provided a helpful photograph of Corazon Aquino.

Bautista, Jun. "People Power Revolutions." THE RIGHT TO SPEAK. blogspot.com, 21 Feb 2011. Web. 15 Jan. 2012. <http://articleiii-4.blogspot.com/2011/02/peoplepower-revolutions.html>. This website provided useful information on the reform after the revolution, the revolution itself, and a picture of people protesting.

BetaColexn. Cory Aquino Dedication Page. N.d. Photograph. photobucket.comWeb. 21 Mar 2012. <http://s564.photobucket.com/albums/ss88/BetaColexn/Cory Aquino Dedication Page/?action=viewt=cory_aquino_obit_06.jpg&sort=ascending This source was used for a variety of pictures and graphics relating to the revolution.

Bettmann/CORBIS, . "Results for ferdinand marcos." Corbis Images. corbisimages.com, n.d. Web. 21 Mar 2012. <http:/www.corbisimages.com/Search This source was used for a variety of images with Marcos and after the revolution.

BUSINESS WORLD. Back to Marcos Country. 2010. Photograph. inflight.ph, Manila. Web. 21 Mar 2012. <http://www.inflight.ph/back-to-marcos-country/>. Source provided a picture of Marcos standing on his balcony at his palace.

Canlas, Ryan. "08212009: LIKE NINOY AND CORY, I WILL FIGHT FOR WHAT IS JUST AND RIGHT!!!." Speaking One's Mind: when everybody else just keeps quiet. wordpress.com, 21 Aug 2009. Web. 8 Jan 2012. <http://ryanericsongcanlas.wordpress.com/2009/08/21/like-ninoy-and-cory-i-willfight-for-what-is-just-and-right/>. This website provided a good graphic of Benigno and Corazon Aquino.

"CASAofBaltimore." . casabalt.org, n.d. Web. 21 Jan 2012. <http://www.casabalt.org/tweet/casaofbaltimore-never-doubt-small-groupthoughtful-committed-citizens-can-change-world-indeed->. This website provided a quote related to the nature of the EDSA Revolution.

"CHALLENGE TO MARCOS: 'SHE'S NOT A SOLDIER'; AQUINO'S OATH OF

OFFICE." New York Times 25 Feb 1986, 13. Web. 14 Jan. 2012. <http://www.nytimes.com/1986/02/25/world/challenge-to-marcos-she-s-not-asoldier-aquino-s-oath-of-office.html?scp=7&sq=people power&st=nyt>. This website was useful for information on Corazons Inauguration.

Cold War. N.d. Photograph. dipity.comWeb. 8 Jan 2012. <http://www.dipity.com/TiaLesage/Cold-War/>. This source provided a useful picture of places influenced by the EDSA Revolution

"Country profile: Philippines." Philippines - Australian Export Finance and Insurance Corporation. Philippines - Australian Export Finance and Insurance Corporation, Nov 2011. Web. 23 Feb 2012. <http://www.efic.gov.au/country/countryprofiles/Pages/Philippines.asp&xgt;. This website provided a picture of the per capita gdp of the Philippines over time.

Dolan, Ronanld. "From Aquino's Assassination to People's Power." Philippines. countrystudies.us, 1991. Web. 14 Jan 2012. <http://countrystudies.us/philippines/>. This source provided gave us a good grasp on what happened during the revolution in a more in depth manner.

Dunford, Mike. "Volcano Monitoring and the Stimulus: Cost Effective and a Clear Public

Good." The Questionable Authority. scienceblogs.com, 25 Feb 2009. Web. 23 Jan. 2012. <http://scienceblogs.com/authority/2009/02/volcano_monitoring_and_the_sti.php >. This website provided a picture of Clark Air Force Base.

DWGT-TV Channel 4 Manila The Philippines Start of a New Broadcast Day.... N.d. Photograph. nationalanthems.usWeb. 21 Mar 2012. <http://www.nationalanthems.us/forum/YaBB.pl?num=1079225297/28>. This source provided the Channel 4 Philipppine broadcasting logo.

EDSA People Power 13. N.d. Photograph. designerget.com This source was used for a picture of people protesting during EDSA.

"EDSA People Power Revolution in pictures." PINOYEXCHANGE.COM. PINOYEXCHANGE.COM, 27 Feb 2006. Web. 8 Jan. 2012. <http://www.pinoyexchange.com/forums/showthread.php?t=248173>. This source was helpful with supplying a multitude of photographs of the people involved in the revolution, as well as events in it.

Ferdinand Marcos Pictures. N.d. Photograph. FanPix.Net

This website provided pictures of Ferdinand Marcos from many ages.

In the name of Democracy. The Edsa Revolution Website. 16 Sept. 2011 <http://librarythinkquest.org/15816/mainpage.html> This source was useful for quotes of the revolution as well as understanding key events in the process.

"Jules' travelogue." Everywhere: TRAVEL IS ALL AROUND YOU. N.p., n. d. Web. 8 Jan. 2012. <http://everywheremag.com/people/julesterrado/page4>. This website provided a good picture of the Manila Bay skyline, the city the revolution took place in.

Karnow, Stanley. In Our Image. New York: Random House Inc., 1989. This book was useful for understanding the U.S.s place in the Philippines and how it influenced and affected the Philippines and events there.

Komisar, Lucy. Corazon Aquino The Story of A Revolution. New York:. Brazilier, Inc.,1987. This book was helpful in telling about the story of Imelda Marcos.

Matthieson, Romuald. "Handog ng Pilipino sa Mundo by Various Artists from the O.P.M. MP3 and Lyrics Download." bluepanjeet.net. bluepanjeet.net, 05 Aug

2009. Web. 21 Jan 2012. <http://2/2009/08/05/5447/handog-ng-pilipino-samundo-artists-opm-mp3-lyrics-download/>. This website provided lyrics to a popular song sung during the protests.

"Milestones after EDSA 1: Events that shaped the Philippines and the world." Milestones after EDSA 1: Events that shaped the Philippines and the world 18 Feb 2011. n.pag. abs-cbnNEWS.com. Web. 15 Jan 2012. <http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/depth/02/24/11/Post-EDSA-I-milestones-4>. This source was very useful in realizing the reform after the EDSA Revolution in the Philippines.

Moyer, Robin. Ang Bayan Ko. Kowloon: Project 28 Days, Ltd, 1986. This book was helpful in telling about the Philippine Revolution and the events leading up and during it.

National Geographic. Mapmaker Interactive. N.d. Interactive Map. National GeographicWeb. 8 Jan 2012. <http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/mapping/interactivemap/?ar_a=1>. This source allowed us to create a map of selected areas to display of the world showing the impact of the EDSA Revolution around the world.

N.d. Photograph. flickr.comWeb. 23 Feb 2012. <http://www.flickr.com/photos/dennis_raymondm31/3793818293/>. This website provided a picture of Cardinal Sin, helpful in the revolution portion of our website.

Nino Sinco. The 1986 People Power Revolution. N.d. Photograph. spot.phWeb. 21 Mar 2012. <http://www.spot.ph/gallery/911/The-1986-People-PowerRevolution/article/47681 This source was used for pictures of the revolution and afterwards.

Oneill Brothers. Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Old Oak Tree. MP3 This source was used for music of a song the country related to Ninoy Aquino and his death.

"Peace, change alive on EDSA25." OPAPP. Office of the Presidential Advisor on the Peace Process, 24 Feb 2011. Web. 8 Jan 2012. <http://opapp.gov.ph/news/peacechange-alive-edsa25>. This source provided a good graphic to be used in the header of the website.

People Power Beyond EDSA: 25 years ago." CAT Alert: Cannot Allow Torture Philippines. blogspot.com, 25 Feb 2011. Web. 21 Mar. 2012. <http://cannotallowtorture.blogspot.com/2011_02_01_archive.html>. This source was used for pictures and some information on the EDSA Revolution.

"PEOPLE POWER IN THE PHILIPPINES." fragmentsweb.org. fragmentsweb.org, 1997. Web. 21 Jan 2012. <http://www.fragmentsweb.org/TXT2/philiptx.html>. This website provided information and quotes on the four day revolution.

Pike, John. "New People's Army (NPA)." FAS. FAS.org, 03 May 2004. Web. 14 Jan 2012. http://www.fas.org/irp/world/para/npa.htm/> This website provided a picture of the NPPs logo located in our timeline emphasizing communist presence in the Philippines and turmoil.

"Post Wedding Notes (3 months later)." Karl and Aileen. karlandaileen.wordpress.com/, 02 Apr 2010. Web. 8 Jan 2012. <http://karlandaileen.wordpress.com/>. This website provided a picture of a map of the places things occurred in the revolution.

Quezon, Manuel. "SOME READINGS AS THE CONSTITUTION TURNS 25." Manuel L. Quezon III Punditry. Politics. History. Commentary.. quezon.ph, 29 Jan 2012.

Web. 23 Feb 2012. <http://www.quezon.ph/2012/01/29/some-readings-as-theconstitution-turns-25/>. This source provided a cartoon of the overbearing views of Marcos and his constitution.

""Say you want a revolution, well, you know..."." man with black hat. blogspot.com, 25 Feb 2011. Web. 8 Jan. 2012. <http://manwithblackhat.blogspot.com/2011/02/sayyou-want-revolution-well-you-know.html>. This website provided a picture of a popular newspaper headline of Ninoy being shot as well as some valuable information.

"The 25th EDSA People Power Revolution Anniversary." iaea2011. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan 2012. <http://www.iaea2011.com/articles/41>. This website provided a useful graphic related to the EDSA Revolution.

"The Mendiola Bridge Peace Arch is an ugly, expensive symbol of institutionalized tyranny.." em esber blog 2. blogspot.com, 23 Jul 2010. Web. 14 Jan. 2012. <http://jibraelangel2blog.blogspot.com/2010/07/mendiola-bridge-peace-arch-isugly.html>. This source provided a picture of Mediola, a prime example of student rallies and unrest in the Philippines during Marcos second term as president.

"THE PHILIPPINES: Life in a New Society." Time Magazine. 20 Nov 1972: n. page. Web. 14 Jan. 2012. This website gave information on Marcos New Society.

"THE TIMELINE: PEOPLE POWER." THE PENSIEVE. blogspot.com, 23 Feb 2011. Web. 15 Jan. 2012. <http://thepensieveonline.blogspot.com/2011_02_01_archive.html>. This website provided a multitude of pictures and a timeline on the revolution.

The Voice of Edsa 1986 remembered!. Youtube, Web. 23 Feb 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U__iN2kS600>. This source was helpful in giving us first hand audio of the channel four broadcast during the revolution.

"The Wolf." The Minimalist. Tumblr, 22 Feb 2010. Web. 8 Jan. 2012. <http://ellobofilipino.tumblr.com/post/403822144/today-marks-the-start-of-edsa86-week-edsa-86>. This source was helpful in supplying a creative/innovative graphic displaying the message of the revolution, People Power.

"TV5 Provides Exclusive Telecast of Historic Tatak EDSA 25 Celebration."

Starmometer. N.p., 22 Feb 2011. Web. 8 Jan. 2012. <http://www.starmometer.com/2011/02/22/tv5-provides-exclusive-telecast-ofhistoric-tatak-edsa-25-celebration/>. This source was useful for some pictures and information on the revolution.

Valdez, Basil. Bayan Ko. EMI Records Ltd, 1986. MP3. A song made specifically for the 1986 revolution.

Various Artists. Handog Ng Pilipino Sa Mundo. WEA Records, 1986. MP3. A song that became an anthem of the revolution for our website.

WoogleDumpling. Blogspot, 22 Feb 2011. Web. 8 Jan. 2012. <http://woogledumplings.blogspot.com/2011_02_01_archive.html>. This website was used for an innovative graphic of people protesting as in the revolution.

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