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Khmer Vietnamese Ethnic minorities Chinese

90% 5% 4% 1%

Total population 14.5 million + Khmer Krom in Vietnam + 250,000 Chinese migrants*

Centrality of Great Lake or Tonle Sap Wet and Dry Seasons Lower Mekong Global Climate Change

Tonle Sap fish are source of protein for most of population

Kingdom of Cambodia

Geo-Strategic Setting

Land borders with


Laos Thailand Vietnam 541 km 803 km 1,228 km

Asymmetric power relations with neighbours to east and west Maritime disputes with Thailand and Vietnam in Gulf of Thailand

Border protection to deal with transnational crime Territorial integrity land and sea borders

2008

Cambodia-U.S. Relations

Cambodia-U.S. Relations

Mekong River
Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam are down stream states affected by up stream developments

Yunan province

Mekong River Dams

China plans a cascade of eight dams. Two already built, two under construction and four to be built. Dams are entirely within China built without consultation with downstream states.

Projected Xayaburi Dam in Laos could have major ecological and environmental impact on Cambodia Dams on the Se San River, Gia Lai province, Vietnam has down stream impact on Cambodia

Party/Year

1993
38% 45 4 1 -

1998
41% 32 14 -

2003
47% 21 22 -

2008
58% 5 22 6 7

CPP FUNCINPEC BLDP MOLINAKA SRP NRP HRP

Party/ Position

Commune Chiefs

1st Deputy Chiefs

2nd Deputy Chiefs

Council members

Total 7993 2660 274 425

CPP SRP
FUNCINPEC

1591 28 2 0

1125 403 47 46

185 963 155 317

5092 1266 70 62

NRP

Party/Unit CPP SRP


FUNCINPEC

Provincial and Municipal

District and towns

76.3% 20.5% 2% 1.9%

74% 20.6% 2.4% 2.3%

NRP

Party CPP SRP FUNCINPEC

2006 Seats 2012 Seats % % 69.2 43 77.8 46 10.3 20.4 9 2 22.2 11 -