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The older Upanishads are associated with Vedic Charanas (Shakhas or schools).

TheAitareya Upanishad with the Shakala shakha, the Kautki Upanishad with the Bashakala shakha; the Chndogya Upanishad with the Kauthuma shakha, the Kena Upanishad, and the Jaiminiya Upanishad Brahmana, with the Jaiminiya shakha; the Kaha Upanishad with the Caraka-Katha shakha, the Taittirya and vetvatara with the Taittiriya shakha; the Maitryai Upanishad with the Maitrayani shakha; the Bhadrayaka and a Upanishads with the Vajasaneyi Madhyandina shakha, and the Mndkya and Mundaka Upanishads with the Shaunaka shakha. Additionally, parts of earlier texts, of Brahmanas or passages of the Vedas themselves, are sometimes considered Upanishads.

The Muktika canon


The following is a list of the 108 canonical Upanishads of the Advaita school, according to the Muktika Upanishad (number 108), 1:30-39 (which does not list the associated Veda). In this canon,

10 Upanishads are associated with the Rigveda and have the Shnti beginning vanzmemanasi. 16 Upanishads are associated with the Samaveda and have the Shnti beginning pyyantu. 19 Upanishads are associated with the White Yajurveda and have the Shnti beginning prnamada. 32 Upanishads are associated with the Black Yajurveda and have the Shnti beginning sahanvavatu. 31 Upanishads are associated with the Atharvaveda and have the Shnti beginning bhadram-karnebhih.

The first 10 are grouped as mukhya principal, and are identical to those listed above. 21 are grouped as Smnya Vednta common Vedanta, 23 as Sannysa, 9 as Shkta, 13 as Vaishnava, 14 as Shaiva and 17 as Yoga Upanishads.[citation needed] 1. sa, (YV, Mukhya) The Inner Ruler 2. Kena (SV, Mukhya) Who moves the world? 3. Katha (KYV, Mukhya) Death as Teacher 4. Prana, (AV, Mukhya) The Breath of Life 5. Mundaka (AV, Mukhya) Two modes of Knowing 6. Mndkya (AV, Mukhya) Consciousness and its phases 7. Taittirya (KYV, Mukhya) From Food to Joy 8. Aitareya, (V Mukhya) The Microcosm of Man

9. Chndogya (SV, Mukhya) Song and Sacrifice 10. Brihadranyaka (YV, Mukhya) 11. Brahma (KYV, Sannyasa) 12. Kaivalya (KYV, Shaiva) 13. Jbla (YV, Sannyasa) 14. vetvatara (KYV, Sannyasa) The Faces of God 15. Hansa (YV, Yoga) 16. runeya (SV, Sannyasa) 17. Garbha (KYV, Sannyasa) 18. Nryana (KYV, Vaishnava) 19. Paramahamsa (YV, Sannyasa) 20. Amritabindu (KYV, Yoga) 21. Amritanda (KYV, Yoga) 22. ira (AV, Shaiva) 23. Atharvaikha (AV, Shaiva) 24. Maitryai (SV, Sannyasa) 25. Kautki (V, Samanya) 26. Bhajjbla (AV, Shaiva) 27. Nsihatpan (AV, Vaishnava) 28. Klgnirudra (KYV, Shaiva) 29. Maitreyi (SV, Sannyasa) 30. Subla (YV, Samanya) 31. Kurika (KYV, Yoga) 32. Mantrika (YV, Samanya) 33. Sarvasra (KYV, Samanya) 34. Nirlamba (YV, Samanya) 35. ukarahasya (KYV, Samanya) 36. Vajraschi (SV, Samanya) 37. Tejobindu (KYV, Sannyasa) 38. Ndabindu (V, Yoga) [2] 39. Dhynabindu (KYV, Yoga) 40. Brahmavidy (KYV, Yoga) 41. Yogatattva (KYV, Yoga) 42. tmabodha (V, Samanya) 43. Parivrt (Nradaparivrjaka) (AV, Sannyasa) 44. Triikhi (YV, Yoga)

45. St (AV, Shakta) 46. Yogachmai (SV, Yoga) 47. Nirva (V, Sannyasa) 48. Maalabrhmaa (YV, Yoga) 49. Dakimrti (KYV, Shaiva) 50. arabha (AV, Shaiva) 51. Skanda (Tripvibhi) (KYV, Samanya) 52. Mahnryaa (AV, Vaishnava) 53. Advayatraka (YV, Sannyasa) 54. Rmarahasya (AV, Vaishnava) 55. Rmatpai (AV, Vaishnava) 56. Vsudeva (SV, Vaishnava) 57. Mudgala (V, Samanya) 58. ilya (AV, Yoga) 59. Paigala (YV, Samanya) 60. Bhiku (YV, Sannyasa) 61. Mahad (SV, Samanya) 62. Srraka (KYV, Samanya) 63. Yogaikh (KYV Yoga) 64. Turytta (YV, Sannyasa) 65. Sannysa (SV, Sannyasa) 66. Paramahasaparivrjaka (AV, Sannyasa) 67. Akamlika (Mlika) (V, Shaiva) 68. Avyakta (SV, Vaishnava) 69. Ekkara (KYV, Samanya) 70. Annapra (AV, Shakta) 71. Srya (AV, Samanya) 72. Aki (KYV, Samanya) 73. Adhytm (YV, Samanya) 74. Kuika (SV, Sannyasa) 75. Svitr (SV, Samanya) 76. tm (AV, Samanya) 77. Pupata (AV, Yoga) 78. Parabrahma (AV, Sannyasa) 79. Avadhta (KYV, Sannyasa) 80. Dev (AV, Shakta)

81. Tripurtapani (AV, Shakta) 82. Tripura (V, Shakta) 83. Kaharudra (KYV, Sannyasa) 84. Bhvana (AV, Shakta) 85. Rudrahdaya (KYV, Shaiva) 86. Yogakundalini (KYV, Yoga) 87. Bhasma (AV, Shaiva) 88. Rudrka (SV, Shaiva) 89. Gaapati (AV, Shaiva) 90. Darana (SV, Yoga) 91. Trasra (YV, Vaishnava) 92. Mahvkya (AV, Yoga) 93. Pacabrahma (KYV, Shaiva) 94. Prgnihotra (KYV, Samanya) 95. Goplatpani (AV, Vaishnava) 96. Ka (AV, Vaishnava) 97. Yjavalkya (YV, Sannyasa) 98. Varha (KYV, Sannyasa) 99. yyani (YV, Sannyasa) 100. 101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. 107. 108. Hayagrva (AV, Vaishnava) Datttreya (AV, Vaishnava) Grua (AV, Vaishnava) Kali-Saraa (Kali) (KYV, Vaishnava) Jbla (SV, Shaiva) Saubhgya (V, Shakta) Sarasvatrahasya (KYV, Shakta) Bahvca (V, Shakta) Muktika (YV, Samanya)