You are on page 1of 3

Jacqueline Fotino Period five

Cabbage Juice Lab

Problem: How can the pH of various substances be determined?

Hypothesis: If an indicator solution is made from purple cabbage, then the pH of the sample liquids will be identified by putting the indicator solution into them and observing their color change.

Materials: Beaker (small) Straw Eyedropper Purple cabbage juice indicator Litmus paper (blue and red) Bleach White vinegar Lemon juice Milk Ammonia Baking soda (dissolved in water) Six test tubes Test tube rack

Procedure: 1. Fill up each test tube about one-fourth of the way with cabbage juice indicator by positioning the beaker above the tube and tipping slowly.

2. Squeeze the rubber nozzle at the end of your eyedropper and insert it into the cup full of vinegar. 3. Release the nozzle to fill your eyedropper with liquid. 4. Remove eyedropper from the cup, hold it over the first test tube, and firmly squeeze the nozzle once more to deposit the vinegar into the cabbage juice. 5. Carefully pick up the vinegar/cabbage juice filled test tube and swish the liquid around with an easy flick of the wrist to evenly distribute the chemicals. 6. Record the color and pH level of the liquid (using the pH scale in your science book) to your chart. 7. Place red and blue litmus paper adjacently from each other and squeeze a drop of straight vinegar onto each. 8. Record the color that each paper turned, if any. 9. Repeat steps 2-8 with each remaining liquid and record your results.

Results: Liquid Control Lemon Juice Milk Vinegar Bleach Ammonia Baking soda in water Color With Indicator Blue Pink Blue Pink Green Green Teal pH level 7 5 7 5 4 11 8 Acid or base Neutral Acid Neutral Acid Base Base Base Litmus paper (red) Red Red Red Red White Blue Blue Litmus paper (blue) Blue Red Blue Red White Blue blue

Conclusion: The control used in the Cabbage Juice lab served the purpose of indicating what pH level each liquid had based on the color it turned when added to the juice. The cabbage juices pH level is 7, because it must be neutral to be an indicator. Colors that indicate an acid include orange, red, light pink, dark pink, and purple. Colors that indicate a base are turquoise, teal, dark green, light green, and yellow. Red cabbage is considered a good indicator because it contains a natural pH indicator and changes color according to the acidity or basicity of any added chemicals.