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INFO415 Quiz 1

True/False 19/25 Indicate whether the statement is true or false. __F__ 1. If solving the business problem is feasible, the analyst develops one possible solution. ___F_ 2. A systems analyst needs to understand people and the way they work. ____F 3. A systems analyst needs to be an expert in all types of technology. ____T 4. Analysts must upgrade their knowledge and skills continually. ____F 5. Systems analysis means understanding and specifying in detail what the information system should accomplish. ____T 6. The systems analyst's work is described as problem solving for an organization. __T__ 7. A system is a collection of interrelated components that function together to achieve some outcome. __F__ 8. The first four major phases of the systems development life cycle (SDLC) are the planning phase, the analysis phase, the design phase, and the prototyping phase. __F__ 9. The primary objective of the analysis phase is to understand the business needs and processing requirements of the new system. __T__ 10. The support phase includes maintaining and enhancing the system. __T__ 11. A tool is a software support that helps create models or other components required in the project. __T__ 12. Every system must have sufficient controls to protect the integrity of the database and the application program. _F___ 13. No system is successful unless the users understand it and can use it appropriately. ____ 14. Design activities are those that define the architecture and physical structure of a new system to satisfy the business's requirements. ____ 15. During the design phase, analysts begin to define a computer-system solution. __T__ 16. Implementation is the actual construction, testing, and installation of a functioning information system. __F__ 17. The project planning phase is normally long and is not important in the overall success of the project. __F__ 18. A project cannot have both predictive and adaptive elements. __F__ 19. The spiral model is generally considered to be the first adaptive approach to system development. __T__ 20. A methodolgy contains guidelines to follow for completing every activity in the systems development life cycle. __T__ 21. A project management software application is an example of a tool. __T__ 22. Structured programmming and top-down programming are identical concepts. ___T_ 23. The data flow diagram is used with the structured analysis system development technique. __T__ 24. The class diagram is used with the Information Engineering system development approach __T__ 25. A model is a representation of an important aspect of the real world.

Multiple Choice 59/65 Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 26. The process of understanding and specifying in detail what the information system should accomplish is called systems __c__. a. Design c. Analysis b. Specification d. Administration ____ 27. Systems __a__ means specifying in detail how the many components of the information system should be physically implemented. a. Design c. analysis b. specification d. administration ____ 28. The most important role of a systems analyst in business is __b__. a. technical understanding of information systems b. problem solving c. knowing what data needs to be stored and used d. special programming skills ____ 29. After investing resources in thoroughly understanding the business problem, the analyst decides that the costs of solving the problem will likely outweigh the benefits. The analyst should _d___. a. move to the design phase b. invest more in the project to increase the benefits c. have the accounting department resolve feasibility issues d. suggest that the project be discontinued ____ 30. A system that is part of a larger system is called a(n) ___c_. a. system c. subsystem b. information system d. functional decomposition ____ 31. A(n) _b___ includes hardware, software, inputs, outputs, data, people, and procedures. a. system c. subsystem b. information system d. functional decomposition ____ 32. _d___ refers to the division of a system into processes or subsystems. a. System design c. Programming b. Data management d. Functional decomposition ____ 33. The term __a__ boundary refers to the separation between a system and its environment. a. System c. information b. automation d. production ____ 34. An automation boundary is best described as the separation between the _b___. a. system and its environment b. automated part of a system and the manual part of a system c. manual part of a system and its environment d. automated part of a system and its environment ____ 35. A(n) _a___ is an information system that captures and records information about the transactions that affect the organization. a. transaction processing system (TPS) c. communication support system b. decision support system (DSS) d. office support system ____ 36. Support systems that help employees create and share documents, including reports, proposals, and memos, are called ____. a. transaction processing systems (TPS) c. office support systems b. management information systems (MIS) d. communication support systems

____ 37. CASE stands for __b__. a. computer application system environment b. computer-aided system engineering c. computer application system engineering d. computer-aided system environment ____ 38. A technique that seeks to alter the nature of the work done in a business function is called _a___. a. business process reengineering c. information systems strategic planning b. strategic planning d. enterprise resource planning (ERP) ____ 39. A process in which executives try to answer key questions about the company is called __b__. a. business process reengineering c. information systems strategic planning b. strategic planning d. enterprise resource planning (ERP) ____ 40. A description of the integrated information systems needed by the organization to carry out its business functions is called __b__. a. business process re-engineering c. technology architecture plan b. application architecture plan d. enterprise resource planning (ERP) ____ 41. A description of the hardware, software, and communications networks required to implement planned information systems is called _c___. a. information systems strategic planning c. technology architecture plan b. applications architecture planning d. enterprise resource planning (ERP) ____ 42. Rocky Mountain Outfitters would like to move business applications to the client-server architecture, reserving the mainframe for database and telecommunications functions. This is an example of __a__. a. applications architecture planning c. technology architecture planning b. enterprise resource planning (ERP) d. strategic planning __b__ 43. Which of the following is an example of a technique used to complete specific system development activities? a. project planning b. integrated development environment (IDE) c. application service provider (ASP) d. supply chain management (SCM) __c__ 44. Which of the following is the analysts approach to problem solving? a. Verify that the benefits of solving the problem outweigh the costs, then research and understand the problem. b. Develop a set of possible solutions, then verify that the benefits of solving the problem outweigh the costs. c. Verify that the benefits of solving the problem outweigh the costs, then define the requirements for solving the problem. d. Implement the solution, then define the details of the chosen solution. __d__ 45. Highly integrated systems that support company-wide operations and data, often combining aspects of TPS and other systems is a(n) ____. a. decison support/knowledge based system (DDS/KBS) b. management information system (MIS) c. communication support system d. enterprise application __c__ 46. An example of a project phase is ____. a. gathering information about the user's needs b. performing a project cost/benefit analysis c. planning the project d. drawing the system interface __d__ 47. The primary objective of the analysis phase is to ____. a. analyze the capabilities and structure of the previous system

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____ 49.

____ 50.

__c__ 51.

__b__ 52.

__a__ 53.

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b____ 55.

b____ 56.

c____ 57.

b____ 58.

d____ 59.

d____ 60.

b. prioritize the alternatives for a new system c. determine the basic structure and approach for the new system d. understand and document the users' needs and requirements The problem domain is the part of systems development that refers to the _b___. a. problems associated with the computing environment b. area of the user's business for which a system is being developed c. problems of the organization of the company d. area of the industry that results in more intense competition That portion of the new information system that satisfies the user's business needs in the problem domain is referred to as the __b__. a. system procedure c. Network b. Application d. user interface Usually, the longest phase for any information system is the _a___ phase. a. Analysis c. implementation b. Design d. Support The help desk idea is primarily associated with which project activity? a. Verification and testing c. End-user support b. Prototyping d. Analysis of work patterns Users are typically more involved in the project during which two phases? a. Analysis and design c. Design and implementation b. Planning and analysis d. Analysis and implementation The first official activity of the project team as it initiates the project planning phase is to ____. a. define the business problem c. develop a cost/benefit analysis b. staff the project team d. write a project proposal The term _a___ describes a planned undertaking that produces a new information system. a. systems development project c. systems development life cycle (SDLC) b. Phase d. design phase Most new information systems must communicate with other, existing systems, so the design of the method and details of these communication links must be precisely defined. These are called ____. a. models c. help desks b. system interfaces d. design interfaces The most comprehensive tool available for system developers is called a(n) ____. a. Gantt chart b. CASE tool c. Data flow diagram (DFD) d. project evaluation and review technique (PERT) chart A(n) ____ in system development is a collection of guidelines that help an analyst complete a system development activity or task. a. iteration c. technique b. model d. tool A(n) ____ program is one that has one beginning and one ending. a. iterative c. incremental b. structured d. object-oriented ____ programming divides more complex programs into a hierarchy of program modules. a. Incremental c. Object-oriented b. Iterative d. Top-down The key graphical model of the systems requirements used with structured analysis is the ____. a. flowchart

b____ 61.

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b. data flow diagram (DFD) c. class diagram d. project evaluation and review technique (PERT) chart The ____ is a critical component of any new system. a. project management application c. reverse engineering tool b. user interface d. code generator tool The objective of the ____ phase is to keep the system running productively during the years following its initial installation. a. support c. planning b. design d. analysis The ____ technique was developed to provide some guidelines for deciding what the set of programs should be, what each program should accomplish, and how the program should be organized into a hierarchy. a. Extreme programming (XP) c. object-oriented b. structured design d. structure chart A(n) _____ approach to the SDLC is used when the exact requirements of a system or needs of users are not well understood. a. predictive c. incremental b. persistent d. adaptive The _____ approach is an SDLC approach that assumes the various phases of a project can be completed entirely sequentially. a. waterfall c. prototype b. artifact d. spiral model

INFO415 Quiz 1 Answer Section


TRUE/FALSE 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: F T F T T T T F T T T T T T T T F F T T T F T F T PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: 5 12 13 13 4 4-5 6 38 38 46 48 45 46 44 44 45 36 37 40 47 48 52 54 58 47

MULTIPLE CHOICE 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: C A B D C B D A B A C B A PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: 4 4 4 5 7 7 7 7 7 8 9 11 15

39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65.

ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS: ANS:

B B C C A C D C D B B D C D A A B B C B D B B A B D A

PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS: PTS:

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF: REF:

15 16 16 16 11 5 9 38 38 44 45 46 46 43-45 43 36 45 48 49 51 51 54 45 46 52-53 37 39

78%