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1.1
1.2
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3.0....................................................................................................................................................... 4
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2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4

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3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7

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, ...................................................... 17
() ................................. 19
, ......................................................................... 21
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.................... 26
, ................................................... 28

4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5

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5.1
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6.1
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7.1
7.2
7.3

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8.1

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8.1.1. LA

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: Lundell L, Dent J, Bennett J, et al. Endoscopic assessment of esophagitis: clinical and functional correlates
and further validation of Los Angeles classification. Gut 1999; 45:172-80

8.1.2.

1 = , ,

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: Pungpapong S,Keaveny A, Raimondo M, Dickson R, Woodward T, Harnois D, Wallace: Accuracy


and interobserver agreement of small-caliber vs. conventional esophagogastroduodenoscopy for evaluating
esophageal varices. Endoscopy 2007; 39; 673-80

8.1.3. C & M
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: Sharma P, Dent J, Armstrong D, Bergman JJ, Gossner L, Hoshihara Y, Jankowski JA, Junghard O,
Lundell L, Tytgat GN, Vieth M. The development and validation of an endoscopic grading system for Barrett's
esophagus: the Prague C & M criteria. Gastroenterology. 2006 ;131:1392-9

8.1.4.

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: The Paris endoscopic classification of superficial neoplastic lesions: esophagus, stomach, and colon (no
authors listed). Gastrointestinal Endosc.58; 6, Supplement 1: S3-S43

8.1.5. JGCA

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0-IIa

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0-Iic

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0-III
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0-III + IIc

: Endoscopic classification review group. Update on the Paris endoscopic classification of superficial
neoplastic lesions in the digestive tract. Endoscopy 2005;37:570-8

8.1.6.

Forrest I a

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g = < 2, G = > 2

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Forrest III

: Forrest JA, Finlayson ND, Shearman DJ. Endoscopy in gastrointestinal bleeding. Lancet 1974; 2: 394-397

8.1.7. Goligher

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: T.R. Schrock, Hemorrhoids: nonoperative and interventional management. In: J. Barkin and C.A.
O'Phelan, Editors, Advanced therapeutic endoscopy, Raven Press, New York (1991).

IIa+IIc IIc+IIa 2 .
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Clin Pathol 1994;47:880-5.

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: Bismuth H, Castaing D, Traynor O. Resection or palliation: priority of surgery in the treatment of hilar
cancer. World J Surg 1988; 12: 39-47

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L, Tytgat GN, Vieth M. The development and validation of an endoscopic grading system for Barrett's esophagus: the
Prague C & M criteria. Gastroenterology. 2006 131:1392-9


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