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XXII XI 2014

2
Olympic sports and disciplines

Paralympic sports

Freestyle skiing

Nordic combined

Alpine skiing

Crosscountry skiing

XXII XI 2014

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Snowboard

Ski Jumping

Figure skating

Speed skating
Short track
-

Alpine skiing

Skeleton

Bobsleigh

Wheelchair curling

Crosscountry skiing

Ice-Hockey

Ice sledge hockey


-

2014
XXII
XI
2014
, 2012
Luge

Biathlon

Curling

Biathlon



2014

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2014
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100 Russian words

2014 Paralympic Winter Games designations


, ( ) -

cots; and

2014 Paralympic Winter Games emblems and

(c) any other 2014 Olympic/Paralympic Winter

-2014.

designations.

Games-time print materials for the written and pho-

grams developed by Sochi 2014.


2014

tographic press.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

2014 :

100

Subject: Paralympic Games

Games-related marks, designs, graphics or pictoSubject: Games Image

100 Russian words

2014 Paralympic Winter Games marks

(b) the 2014 Olympic/Paralympic Winter Games mas-

() /

2014 Paralympic Winter Games designations


Any or all of the designations which indicate a


2014

partnership, sponsorship or supplier relationship

with Sochi 2014.

2014 .

Subject: Paralympic Games


2014

2014 Paralympic Winter Games mascot(s)


Official mascot(s) of the 2014 Paralympic Win-

2014 ;

, -

ter Games as depicted in the Sochi 2014 Marks

() / -

and Imagery Handbook.

2014 ;

() , , -

-2014.

180
180-degree rotation of the body and skis.

Subject: Skiing

/ 2014

180, 180

-2014.

180 .

2014 Olympic and Paralympic Winter


Games Logo

180 Air

2014 Paralympic Winter Games emblems

Subject: Paralympic Games

()
2014
( )

2014 Paralympic Winter Games emblems

2014 ,

means:

( ) -

(a) the 2014 Paralympic Winter Games logo;

(b) the 2014 Paralympic Winter Games mascots;

-2014.

Aerial maneuver in which a snowboarder rotates 180

Official emblem of the 2014 Olympic/Paralympic Win-

and

degrees half of a spin.

ter Games as depicted in the Sochi 2014 Marks and

(c) any other 2014 Paralympic Winter Games-

Subject: Skiing

Imagery Handbook.

related marks, designs, graphics or pictograms

Any person selected by Sochi 2014 to acquire

Subject: Games Image

developed by Sochi 2014.

and exercise the highest level package of 2014

Subject: Paralympic Games

Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games-related


, 180 -.


2014
/-

2
2014 Olympic and Paralympic
Winter Games designations
Any or all of the designations which indicate a partnership, sponsorship or supplier relationship with

-2014.

()

2014 ;

-2014 -

()

2014 Olympic and Paralympic Winter


Games marks

2014

2014 ;

2014

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and the 2014 Olympic Winter Games designations.

, -

Subject: Games Image

2014

-2014.


2014
2014 .

2014.

.22 caliber rifle


2014 Paralympic Winter Games logo
Official emblem of the 2014 Paralympic Winter

2014 Olympic and Paralympic Winter


Games mascot(s)

Official mascot(s) of the 2014 Olympic/Paralympic

2014.

Winter Games as depicted in the Sochi 2014 Marks


and Imagery Handbook.

2014 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games em-

Subject: Marketing

2014 Olympic/Paralympic Winter Games emblems

/-

2014 Olympic and Paralympic Winter


Games emblems

nities within Sochi 2014 marketing program.

2014

Subject: Games Image

sponsorship and marketing rights and opportu-

2014 ,

Sochi 2014.


2014


2014

2014 partner

Subject: Games Image

()
2014

blems means:

( )

(a) the 2014 Olympic/Paralympic Winter Games logo;

/ 2014

Games as depicted in the Sochi 2014 Marks and

Rifle used in biathlon events.


Subject: Biathlon

5,6

Imagery Handbook.

Subject: Paralympic Games


2014

24-hour news desk

Main lobby of the Main Press Center includes

2014 , -

a 24-hour news desk staffed by senior OCOG

communications personnel to provide editorial

-2014.

information and arrange interviews.


Subject: Communications & Mass Media

360 3
-

900 Air

-,

(
).

50/50
Slide in which a snowboarder rides

Aerial maneuver in which the snowboarder

Subject: Skiing

360 degrees one full spin.


Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

900

Advertising media comprising press, television,

radio, posters, Internet and cinema.

50/50 -

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

540 Air
Aerial maneuver in which a snow-

Subject: Skiing

3-way emergency brake


Subject: Construction

720 7

, -

A&D information and welcome desk

Subject: Skiing

720, 720 7

vendors and suppliers have to comply with, in

A&D/

absorb the bump


Downhill ski technique in which an athlete flexes
the legs so that the lower body, not the upper body
absorbs the force of impact, then extends them to

have long legs in order to absorb the next bump.

Subject: Skiing

A&D information collection

Collection of data for the Arrival and Departure

, , -

system. The OCOG should develop the process

of collecting information for each Games client cate-

720

gory and sub-category in agreement with the Games

client owner (and the Games clients themselves in

Ability of skis or a snowboard to softly sag when

some instances).

riding on a bump.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Skiing

Aerial maneuver in which a snowboarder


Security Policy and Procedure, which all authorized

Subject: Games Services

, , ,

720 Air
5 Keys to the Gate

to get information.

Seven hundred and twenty (720) spins


around the vertical axis in freestyle skiing.

radio, posters, Internet and cinema.


Subject: Marketing

chef de mission can ask specific question,

Subject: Ecology

above-the-line advertising

Special desk where accredited person or

reduce, reuse, recycle initiative

Subject: Games Services

3R initiative

, , ,

Arrival and Departure FA

560
.

, -

Advertising media comprising press, television,

A&D

360

above-the-line advertising

straight alonga rail or other obstacle.

and-a-half spins.

Aerial maneuver in which a snowboarder rotates

boarder rotates 540 degrees one-

360 Air

able-bodied (person)

rotates 900 degrees two-and-a-half spins.

Subject: Skiing

360, 360 3

Subject: Marketing

Subject: Paralympic Games

Another term for helicopter.

accommodations allocation agreement

Person who has no functional disabilities.

900 Air

360 3

AAA

absorption

rotates 720 degrees two full spins.

Subject: Skiing

. -

order for vendors goods and material to be deliv-

ered to a venue after the Lock Down.

720

Subject: Security

( ).

abutment
Subject: Construction

10

acceptance of the classification code


acceptance of the classification code

access to medical services

. ,

the general promotion of the Paralympic Games and

It is intended that the following entities designated

the city as an access friendly destination Within the

as signatories, shall accept the Classification

, .

, -

framework of this program, the City, in collaboration

with theOCOG must produce an accessibility guide

for the Host City.

Code by signing a declaration of acceptance upon


the approval by each of their respective governing
bodies: IPC, IPSFs and the NPCs. Major Competition
Organizers and other sport organizations that may
not be under the control of a signatory may, upon

access control equipment


Subject: Security

the IPCs invitation, also accept the Code.

access monitoring

access to medical services

Subject: Paralympic Games

Medical care should be provided at competition

and training venues, Villages and the Olympic hos-

Process of implementing the accreditation scheme

pital. Should the athletes develop a need for care

, -

during on hours.

while outside these locations, the medical program

, ,

Subject: Games Management

must have provisions to transport athletes to the

, /

nearest appropriate health care facility.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

, ,

Subject: Paralympic Games

: ,

. - -

access ramp

. ,

, -

Snowboarding term that refers to an access ramp

, -

-,

, -

to a drop-in ramp.

. ,

, -

Subject: Skiing

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access card
Component of the two part identity card. It has

, -

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the entitlements identified on it. The access card


is transferable to any accredited person and can
grant access to any venue, within venue zones, and
transport privileges.

.
Subject: Construction

Subject: Games Services

accessibility committee

access roads

access to a spectator medical station

accessibility

Accessibility advisory group that may be created

Term used to describe equal access for people

in order to engage all agencies and authorities and

with disabilities to any environment, information

OCOGs key functions to the scope and needs of

or communication. It means that a person with

accessibility compliance of the Host City. This com-

All individuals working at or visiting the venue

a disability should be able to use a product or

mittee should include the appropriate executives of

. -

have access to venue spectator medical services.

service and to access the community at the same

the stakeholders authorized to exemplify the plans

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

level as a person without a disability.

of the working group for accessibility compliance to

Subject: Paralympic Games

specific activities for each single agency.


, .

Subject: Paralympic Games

, -

, -

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access control
System of accreditation devices and codes that

access to an athlete medical station

regulates the movement of people into and within

Athlete medical station provides services to ath-

Olympic and Paralympic venues.

letes and officials with access to the field of play

Subject: Games Services

areas. In some cases, if athletes are staying near

-.

the venue rather than in the Olympic Village, they

may seek medical care at the venue medical sta-

, -

tion even on days in which they are not competing

or training.

OCOG, in cooperation with the Host City, is obliged

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

to provide an accessibility awareness program,

access control

, -

accessibility awareness program

accessibility enhancement to specified cultural and


entertainment attractions as well as visitor/tour-

accessibility planning

Devices of controlling access to locations via identi-

ist services for spectators, athletes, team officials,

Planning to accommodate the needs of persons with

fication methods.

media and the Paralympic Family. Furthermore, the

disabilities at the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

Subject: Technology

OCOG and the Host City should focus planning on

Subject: Paralympic Games

11

12

accessibility program / project


accessible signage

accessible signage

Signage is a crucial element of an accessible environ-

ment for persons with disabilities. Accessible signage

accessibility program / project


Subject: Paralympic Games

/


accessible city infrastructure
Subject: Paralympic Games


/
accessible entertainment and leisure

becomes more critical when the accessible pathway

(, , -

is different from that which the majority of spectators

, , ..), -

Fundamental task for Event Services. It provides

or visitors are using. The use of wayfinding, descrip-

assistance to persons with disabilities, e.g., mobil-

tive and task specific signage that features picto-

ity, sight, hearing, etc., as part of the OCOGs overall

grams, directional arrows and written terms, allows

accessibility plan. Typically, the Event Services role is

people of any nationality and of any level of physical

restricted to pedestrian movement and seating as-

capacity to move with freedom, predictability and

Existing sport venues and facilities may need

sistance within the venue perimeter.

safety.

modification to encompass athletes with disabili-

Subject: Paralympic Games

ties. Overall, sport venues should comply with

accessible operations support

Subject: Paralympic Games

accessible venues

the appropriate technical specifications, in order to

be accessible for use by any member of the com-

munity.

Accessible entertainment and leisure allow people

, , -

with disabilities to enjoy a show, display, concert,

- , , ..,

feature or other event in the same equitable,

. , -

functional and independent manner as able-bodied

. -

people.

-.

Subject: Paralympic Games

, , .

accessible path of travel

, , , -

Access encompasses both routes of physical

movement and the community within a space or

, ,

across distance. Provision of a path of continuous

access is the fundamental requirement for an accessible environment. The accessible environment

accessible environment

Subject: Paralympic Games

accessible sports venues


Subject: Paralympic Games

, /

accessible transport

accessible workplaces for OCOGs employees


with disabilities
Subject: Administration & Office Management

adequately reflects the diversity and varying needs

Accessible transport allows all people who require

Environment where there is no barrier that would

of the community.

transport to use it with equity, functionality and

prevent it from being safely and confidently used

Subject: Paralympic Games

independence. Where this cannot be achieved com-

This term relates to the management of all pre-

accommodation

munications must be provided to detail the specific

Games and Games-time accommodation for the

mobility difficulties.

operations that are accessible, e.g. every second bus

Olympic Family. Accommodation may also have

Subject: Paralympic Games

is accessible.

oversight of accommodation needs of other

Subject: Paralympic Games

Games attendees. The OCOG may establish a func-

by people with intellectual, physical, sensory and

, , -

, -

. -

, .

, -

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accessible housing

accessible pathway

tional area dealing with accommodation aspects.


Subject: Games Services

One of three types of accommodation at the Para-

Pathways must meet the needs of all users including

lympic Village. Typical housing that allows people

people with mobility impairments and/or people with

, ,

with different disabilities to fully access the house

visual impairments.

. -

with little adaptation required.

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Paralympic Games

accessible vehicle

Vehicles (bus / train / plane / car / ship, etc.) that

, -

provide access and space for a minimum of one

wheelchair.

Accommodation FA should provide a phone

/ .

Subject: Paralympic Games

hotline throughout the reservation period of its

accommodation hotline

13

14

accommodation accessibility
contracted accommodation facilities for servicing and

accommodation facility

regarding the contracted hotels for the different

problem solving of its allocated client groups.

, -

, ;

client groups. The accommodation guide must

Subject: Games Services

include policies, procedures and timelines

with respect to accommodation reservations

accommodation facility

and payments.

accommodation department
Subject: Games Services

Facility where accommodation is provided;


includes, but is not limited to hotels.

Subject: Games Services


accommodation accessibility
Commitment to developing access for people with
disabilities requires the adoption of an appropriate

accommodation department director


Subject: Games Services

, .


, -

Accommodation FA (ACM)

Accommodation FCC (ACM FCC)

opportunity as company policy.

At the Games time Accommodation FA oversees

Centralized information, coordination and com-

Subject: Paralympic Games

implementation of accommodation procedures

munication hub, which supports the effective

set of standards for access, and management commitment to improving access to the facilities at every

Subject: Games Services

,
.

accommodation information desks

in accordance with agreements signed with the

operation of Accommodation FA. The key point of

hotels and client groups. The main activity of the

contact between the MOC and Accommodation

Places, where every accredited guest will obtain

ACM is coordination with hotels, solving problems

FA, which provides the MOC with relevant and

necessary information about accommodations.

encountered by the guests. Games-time priorities

timely information pertaining to that function. The

Subject: Games Services

, -

for ACM are:

Accommodation FCC operates 24 hours a day. The

smooth and efficient cooperation with hotels

staff working there has to deal with problems of

managing of major accommodation procedures

clients who applied to accommodation informa-

processing of last minute changes in reserva-

tion desks. The Accommodation FCC also handles

,
.

accommodation at the Paralympic village

tions

requests from hotels for problems related to the

There are three types of accommodation at the Para-

solving client groups lodging problems, issues

rooming list or for problems with the guests.

lympic Village: accessible housing, adaptable housing

operations of Accommodation information desks

and general housing.

in airport, MMC, mountain media sub-center and

Subject: Paralympic Games

main client hotels

Subject: Games Services

accommodation information
desks operations
Documents that contain job descriptions for staff

managing hotel room inventory and Resale

and list of services provided to the clients at ac-

program.

commodation information desks.

: ,

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Services

accommodation bureau

Structure, established by the Host Citys Municipal

, , -

. FCC

Administration to provide wide range of hospitality

and information services for spectators, including ac-

FCC ,

commodation.

Subject: Games Services

, .

. FCC

accommodation infrastructure

Facilities where accommodation for the Games

, -

, -

clients is provided.

, .

accommodation contract
Document offered by the OCOG and accepted by a

Subject: Construction


accommodation guide

Subject: Games Services

accommodation inventory
Supply of guest rooms secured via contract

accommodation guides

client group detailing the specific accommodation as-

signed to that client group.

OCOG is required to publish at least one official

by the Candidate City/OCOG with accommodation facilities.

Subject: Games Services

, ,

accommodation guide which provides information

Subject: Games Services

15

16

accommodation location

,
-

accompanying person
accommodation pricing
Subject: Games Services

, -/
.

accommodation resources section


Subject: Games Services

accommodation location
Location of hotels and other accommodation facili-

accompanying person
Accompanying guest, which some accredited

persons are entitled to. The accompanying person

, -

is only entitled to accreditation if the person who

has the right to invite attends the Games, and only

for the period during which the host is present at

the Games.

, -

Subject: Games Services

, ,

ties relative to Olympic and Paralympic venues.

accommodation system

. -

, ,

- -

Games management system software application for

. -

managing accommodation data and finance.

Subject: Games Services

, ,

, ,

-.

Subject: Games Services

accommodation packaged with tickets


Spectator accommodation services that are

account coordinator

bundled with tickets.


Subject: Games Services

,
,

accommodation venue security


Subject: Security

accommodation plan

partner so as to ensure the maximum return on in-

Role of the account coordinator is that of provid-

vestment is gained by the partners, and that Sochi

ing support to one or more account managers in

2014 can extract the most value from the partner

the day-to-day servicing of marketing partners with

for the organization of the Games.

particular focus on Games marks approvals and

accommodations allocation agreement (AAA)

account plan
Sochi 2014 will develop an account plan for each

other administrative duties related to the partners

Subject: Marketing

Written agreement between the OCOG and each

marketing activities.

-2014 -

Collective and overall plan of assigning all accom-

TOP partner, in which the OCOG formally commits

Subject: Marketing

modation facilities to all client groups.

to deliver the Games-time accommodations to which

Subject: Games Services

the TOP partner is entitled under its TOP partner

agreement.

, -

Subject: Marketing

2014

-, , -

accommodation plan for spectators

Candidate cities are required to provide

details regarding their accommodation plan

for spectators during the Games. Such a plan

, .

does not obligate the OCOG to provide rooms


for spectators in the same manner as for other

accompanied baggage

account service for IOC partners


Sochi 2014 is committed to the full integration
of the IOCs global TOP program and other IOC

account manager

worldwide marketing programs within its domes-

Account manager develops and maintains key rela-

tic sponsorship program. However, the Marketing

tionships with clients within his/her responsibility,

Plan Agreement provides that those IOC partners

client groups. However, it does require that

All baggage accompanying Games clients on ar-

granting and contributing to the delivery of key ser-

are serviced by the IOC with assistance from the

a Host City has sufficient rooms available,

rival at the official point of arrival, including airline

vices and marketing strategy objectives and to help

Sochi 2014 Client Services team. Sochi 2014 Cli-

at reasonable prices and reasonable distances

checked-in and cabin baggage and accompanying

them achieve their business objectives. This respon-

ent Services team will work closely with the IOC to

from competition venues.

sport equipment. Accompanied baggage is generally

sibility includes facilitating partnership planning and

ensure that Sochi 2014 derives value from the IOC

Subject: Games Services

the responsibility of the Transport function to trans-

resolving issues relating to contract management,

sponsors wealth of information and experience

fer. This transfer is free of charge.

marketing, communications and operations. The

from previous Games and that there is seamless

Subject: Games Services

account manager represents the marketing partner

co-ordination between the IOC and Sochi 2014

within the OCOG. This requires developing relation-

programs.

. -

ships with and knowledge of the key functional

areas that will impact a marketing partner.

. -

, -

. -

Subject: Marketing

Subject: Marketing


-2014
-

17

18

account service for Sochi 2014 domestic sponsors


account team

accounts payable (AP) payables


accounts payable (AP) payables

accreditation card

Team led by an account manager supported by

A persons or companys obligations in value terms

It is issued to persons who have a recognized offi-

account coordinators that is developed by the

to its creditors.

cial function to perform at the Games as determined

OCOG due to the increasing complexity of partner

Subject: Finance & Legal

by the Olympic Charter and the IOC Accreditation

-2014.

activities. The account team model provides

more depth for each partner and allows the

for staging the Games. The Accreditation Card con-

-2014 -

OCOG to maximize the use of trained workforce

tains all the information necessary to identify the

familiar with all marketing partner activities.

, -

Subject: Marketing

()

Chart, and/or whose role or function is necessary

card holders Games roles and access entitlements.

accounts receivable (AR) receivables


Money owed by customers to another entity in

Subject: Security

exchange for goods or services that have been

delivered or used, but not yet paid for.

, -

-2014.

Subject: Finance & Legal

account service for Sochi 2014


domestic sponsors

()

, / , -

. -

Sochi 2014 is committed to providing exceptional

service and hospitality to its sponsors. The key

areas of service include:

overall administration and management of

accreditation

sponsor relationship

accounting and reporting department

accreditation card operating system (ACOS)

Accreditation relates to the process of regis-

Description of different kind of OIAC/PIAC used

workshops semi-annually

The department is responsible for maintaining

tering, producing, distributing and validating

at the Games time, venue access codes and

development and management of Sponsor

the General Ledger, overseeing financial controls,

the Olympic and Paralympic identity and accredi-

accreditation zones inside the venues.

recognition program

managing cash and currency activities, annual

tation card that permits the holder access rights

Subject: Games Services

approval of imagery and marks for marketing

audits

and other privileges for the Games. The OCOG

communications activity

as well as producing fiscal reports.

may establish a functional area dealing with

/, -

Subject: Finance & Legal

accreditation aspects.

Subject: Games Services

organization and management of sponsor

oversight for ambush marketing and brand


protection
sponsor and venue hospitality

accreditation center

, -

, ,

Subject: Security

-2014 -

Facilities provided by the OCOG to render accredita-

, -

tion services to its major client groups.

Subject: Marketing


-2014

accounting system

An organized set of manual and computerized

;.

accounting methods, procedures, and controls

established to gather, record, classify, analyze

( );

and present accurate and timely financial data

for management decisions.

Subject: Finance & Legal

accreditation centers

Subject: Games Services


accreditation and entries
at the Olympic Games users guide
Subject: Games Services

,

.

accreditation check point (ACP)


Check point at which a persons accreditation card
is interpreted and checked/validated (following

accreditation card

, -

see Olympic identity and accreditation card

rimeter or a zone within the secure perimeter.

, , ,

Subject: Games Services

At each ACP, entry requirements are displayed

priate entry requirements are allowed entry, while

inappropriately accredited people are redirected

agreed procedures) as they enter the secure pe-

on a sign. Accredited persons displaying the appro-

19

20

accreditation department
to an accreditation help office if applicable. The

accreditation information poster


, , /

ACP is normally staffed by Spectator Services

personnel and supported by Security Personnel

(where required).

, -

Subject: Security

()

accreditation information poster

- , -

Poster that contains information about accredi-

/-

- ;

tation elements like categories, codes, access

privileges, etc.

Subject: Games Services

. ,

accreditation information

accreditation system
One of the Games Management Systems.

The accreditation system identifies the ac-

In order to identify and register all the Games

, : ,

credited participants in various events, man-

potential participants, each responsible organiza-

, ..

ages registration, assigns access privileges

. -

tion collects personal accreditation system using

a web based application. The information collected

into the accreditation system is also used by other

Checking the accreditation at the access control

( ).

functional area or Games systems.

points and checking if the person is entitled to

Subject: Games Services

access certain areas.

Subject: Games Services

accreditation department

and other rights to individuals, and provides

accreditation interpretation

access control information.


Subject: Technology

Subject: Games Services

Accreditation FA (ACR)

Accreditation is responsible for registering and

identifying all potential participants to the Olym-

-. -

pic and Paralympic Games, and accrediting only

Publication that represents information about

Facility that provides accreditation validation

eligible persons by issuing Olympic and Paralympic

accreditation and where to find accreditation

service to accredited Games clients.

services.

Subject: Games Services

identity and accreditation cards with appropriate


access privileges in order the person can perform

accreditation information brochure

accreditation pocket guide

Subject: Games Services

accreditation validation facility

their Games official roles.

Small, pocket size brochure for distribution

Subject: Games Services

to everyone upon validation and/or issuance of

, -

their accreditation cards. It is published by the

OCOG. The information within the accreditation

information brochure should include:

explanation of categories, pictograms and

zone codes

Area inside an accreditation center that is

location, address, dates and hours of operation

equipped with a sufficient number of processing

, -

of the accreditation center(s)

stations where cards are produced or validated.

procedure for lost or stolen cards

procedure for transferable cards.

Subject: Games Services

accreditation facilities
Purpose of all accreditation facilities is to process,

accredited access control policy


accreditation processing area

Subject: Games Services

Document that outlines the rules for accreditation interpretation and dealing with issues.
Subject: Games Services

, -

accredited competitor

issue and validate the appropriate Olympic and

Paralympic identity and accreditation card to indi-

viduals . There are three major types of accredita-

/ .

One of the Games Management Systems. The

tion facilities that can exist at the Games:

. ,

accreditation system identifies the accredited par-

validation counters

ticipants of various events, manages registration,

accreditation centers

assigns access privileges and other rights to indi-

Media accredited by the IOC/IPC for the purposes

venue accreditation offices.

viduals, and provides access control information.

of providing Games coverage.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

accreditation system

Subject: Games Management


accredited media

21

22

accredited person

ACR
ACOS

, /

ACR

accreditation card operating system

Accreditation FA

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Services

0,5-1

acoustic identity
accredited person
Subject: Security

Term refers to the acoustic identity of the

Subject: Skiing

Games. It is very important that consistent

accredited personnel
Subject: Workforce


accredited seating
ing the competition.

acrobatics

Freestyle stunts performed in midair with the

the Games can be presented as early as the

skier remaining upright as opposed to somer-

introduction of the emblem and throughout

saulting.

Difficulties an individual may have in executing.

the presentation of various Olympic /

Subject: Skiing

It is a criterion of athletes eligibility to compete

and ceremonies.

, ,

Subject: Games Image

, ,

active construction works

brand identity of the Games. The theme of

Paralympic programs, advertising campaigns,

Dedicated seating areas for accredited clients view-

Subject: Construction

acoustic identity is produced as sound and


musical themes are vital in implementing the

Subject: Venues

acrobatic jump

activity limitation

as stated in the IPC Classification Code.


Subject: Paralympic Games


,
. -

ACS

, -

, .

air conditioning system

Subject: Administration & Office Management

accredited tickets

Tickets that are used as accredited persons supple-

mentary access device for high demand or prime

event sessions.

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

acoustic signal
Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton


accuracy of measurements
acoustic signal
Subject: General Sport Terms

jump length measurement.


Subject: Skiing

Subject: Security

Subject: Ecology


ACM
Accommodation FA
Subject: Games Services

acquisition strategy (AS)

Games-wide stream
functional stream
venue development stream
client stream

Reporting system used to monitor and control

venue operations stream

issues and related resolution actions in the Secu-

command and control stream

rity Department during Pre-Games Time.

budget stream

Subject: Security

workforce stream.


, -

Subject: Games Management

active (soil) layer

Soil layer with growing plants and soil-forming

material, the thermal state of which is caused by

heat exchange with the atmosphere and radia-

tive processes, and the temperature undergoes

seasonal and daily fluctuations. Active layer ex-

Strategy for determining the most appropriate

tends to a depth of 0.5-1 m up to the layer with

means of procuring the component parts or

constant annual temperatures.

services of a project.

Subject: Construction

Subject: Planning & Integration


ACM FCC

Subject: Biathlon

streams:

:
accreditation check point

activity stream
GRIP framework includes eight major activity

action of the rifle

ACP

acid deposition

Actions Tracking

Ski jumping term that refers to the accuracy of the

activity stream implementation

One of the tasks of the Games management

team, which becomes its focus once the GRIP

Accommodation FCC

, -

is documented.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Management

23

24

acts of nuclear terrorism


addition of times
ACWP

addition of times

actual cost of work performed

Skiing term that refers to combining results from

, -

Subject: Planning & Integration

different runs (usually two) in a competition to

define a winner.

, -

Subject: Skiing

adaptable design
acts of nuclear terrorism

Adaptable design incorporates certain funda-

Act of a nuclear device or radioactive materials use

mental accessibility features and paves the

, -

by a terrorist organization to cause massive devasta-

way for others to be added later, if needed. The

tion.

overall philosophy is one of a contingency: if

( ) -

Subject: Security

needed, accessibility can be improved without

major renovation.

Subject: Paralympic Games

actual cost of work performed (ACWP)

additional entry
Term refers to additional official entries of athletes

additional officials housing

into the Games. The number of additional entries

OCOG must provide access to additional accom-

is limited.

modation at the expense of the NOC, should the

Subject: General Sport Terms

NOC want to house its additional officials outside

Actual cost incurred for work performed in a given

period, including all labor, materials, other direct

not be part of the bed allocation process in the

costs, etc.

Olympic Village as calculated by Rule 39 of the

Subject: Planning & Integration

, ,

Olympic Charter. It will be recognized that the NOC

can allocate its bed spaces as it sees fit within the

Ao category.

adaptable housing

additional host city venues

, -

One of three types of accommodation at the

Permanent or temporary Host City venues that

, , ..

Paralympic Village. It is housing that with minor

will be built to host the Games.

modification can be created as accessible.

actual data
Subject: Construction


actual expenses (AE) actuals
Money paid out by the OCOG as payroll or

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Finance & Legal

Subject: Construction


- -

, -

39 .

additional media medical care


adapted sport equipment

OCOG provides a medical station at the Main

range and kinds of disabilities.

services at the Media Village.

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

actual start date (AS)


Point in time that work actually started on

additional officials housing


OCOG must provide access to additional accommodation at the expense of the NOC, should the
NOC want to house its additional officials outside

the Olympic Village. The additional officials will not

, , -

be part of the bed allocation process in the Olym-

pic Village as calculated by Rule 39 of the Olympic

Charter. It will be recognized that the NOC can

an activity.

Subject: Planning & Integration

. ,

, -

Point in time that work actually ended on

Media Center and, if necessary, limited first aid

actual finish date (AF)

Special sport equipment suitable to a wide

Subject: Games Services

as a result of a purchase order or a contract.

the Olympic Village. The additional officials will

adaptive mice and keyboards


Alternatively shaped keyboards and mice that
allow people with minimal dexterity to be able to

allocate its bed spaces as it sees fit within the

additional medical services

effectively operate a keyboard.

In case additional medical services are needed,

Subject: Paralympic Games

patients will be transported via ambulance or

non-emergency vehicle to the appropriate medi-

Ao category.
Subject: Workforce

an activity.

cal facility for definitive care. Medical standards of

Subject: Planning & Integration

, -

practice and local regulatory guidelines determine

when ambulance is appropriate.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

25

26

additional Paralympic Games impact indicators

ADM
administrative staff

This means the B1 skier needs to ski 65% faster

than the B3 skier in the same race to be ranked

, ()

Persons who provide administrative support to

39 .

equal in the competition. The athlete in each class

1988 .

the Signage staff and act as central dispatch

or group of classes with the fastest adjusted time

is awarded a gold medal.


Subject: Paralympic Games

additional Paralympic Games


impact indicators

at Games-Time.

ADM
Administration and Office Management FA

Subject: Games Image

Subject: Administration & Office Management

admin IT services

In addition to standard Paralympic Games impact

. ,

indicators, additional indicators may be proposed

These services include access to corporate IT

for inclusion, reflecting strategies and initiatives

(B1) -

resources such as e-mail, Internet, file transfers,

undertaken by the OCOG and its stakeholders

0,65;

reprographics resources, such as printers, copiers

that are related to the Paralympic Games and are

and scanners.

expected to have an impact or legacy effect that is

(B3) -

not already covered by existing indicators.

1. ,

Subject: Paralympic Games

B1 , 65%

B3,

, , -

, , , -

, , ,

adjustment of pairs
Referee may adjust the starting order of pairs in

Administration and Office Management FA division.

such a way that a speed skater, who has skated

Subject: Administration & Office Management

in a previous distance or race, has the right to a

period of rest of at least 30 minutes before the

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

ADO

anti-doping organization

- .

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Venues

, ,

Administration and Office Management FA


(ADM)

ADS

, -

Key functional objective of the Administration

, , 30 .

and Office Management at the Games time is to

arrival & departure system

ensure vital office activities both in Moscow and

Subject: Games Services

Adler-Arena
adjustable front sight

anti-doping organization

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track


Subject: Games Commercial Activity

next race.

Games (whether temporary or not).

admission ticket

administration and office


management division

Venues that are to be developed to host the

Subject: Games Management

ADO

; ,

additional venues

admission ticket

Subject: Technology

in Sochi. This process contemplates transport and

ADS

Competition venue for speed skating at the Winter

office warehouse management, appropriate office

see foresight

Games of 2014 in Sochi.

logistics, office cleaning and utilities monitoring, as

arrival & departure system

Subject: Biathlon

Subject: Venues

well as rental payments management (if any at

Subject: Games Management

-

2014 .

adjustable pole strap


Subject: Skiing

Adler-Arena

the Games time).


Subject: Administration & Office Management

ADS
arrival & departure system
Subject: Technology

ADS data entry team

Oval-shaped facility with two competition tracks

and one training track. Originally this name had the

Personnel responsible for ADS information

Olympic Oval in Calgary, Canada, that was built for

, . -

data entry. One month prior to the Games,

Percentage factor is assigned to each class. For

the 1988 Winter Olympics.

the data entry team is quite small (3-5 people).

example, within the visually impaired category,

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

, ,

After that the team is likely to expand to in-

adjusted time

the class for totally blind skiers (B1) may have

clude additional data entry staff to cover

a factor of 0.65; in the same race, the class with

the Games time.

a lesser visual impairment (B3) has a factor of 1.

( ).

Subject: Games Services

27

28

ADS information data entry



ADS

advanced life support (ALS)


advance caravan
Responsible for crowd building and moves along

, -

the OTR route just prior to the core caravan. The

ADS. ,

advance caravan typically consists of a local law

enforcement vehicle and promotional and crowd

advanced life support (ALS)


Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

1
2

specific service assignments, according to the


OCOGs context and needs.
Subject: Games Management

advantage

3-5 .

building vehicles of the OTR presenting partner(s).

The number of these vehicles is defined by the

Factor or circumstance of benefit to an athlete or

partnership agreement.

a team in comparison to its opponents.

. -

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

Subject: General Sport Terms

ADS information data entry

A&D data requires manual data entry. Processes

, -

for data entry and issues such as font, acronyms,

codes, etc., should be considered and tested prior

to the Games-time data being entered. It is also

recommended that data control systems be estab-

: -

lished, such as time/date stamps, date entered, fil-

Report from a laboratory or other WADA-ap-

ing etc. Due to the time critical and intricate nature

- . -

proved entity that identifies in a sample the pres-

of the data entry, up to 20 hours per day of opera-

ence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites

Committee or group established by the OCOG

tions could be required for data to be entered and

or markers (including elevated quantities of

to work with the designated representatives

endogenous substances) or evidence of the use

on the OCOG Board to supervise the coordina-

of a prohibited method.

tion of the Paralympic Games. This group must

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

provide high-level expertise on the Paralympic

reports produced.
Subject: Games Services

ADS

advance manager
Individual who represents the OCOG by organizing

advisor to the OCOG president


Subject: Government Relations & Executive

adverse analytical finding


advisory committee

the OTR through a particular geographic region,

. ,

which may include multiple cities and countries.

Subject: Paralympic Games

Each Advance Manager is responsible for all field

, -

, , ,

operations, including route planning and mapping

, , -

.., -

exact details and movement of the Olympic flame,

helping to plan celebrations, and working with

torchbearers and OTR marketing partner(s). The

, ,

Advance Manager initiates contact with various

) -

, .. -

community leaders to enlist their assistance and

support in activating all logistical requirements of

the flame passage through their community.

20 .

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program


advance against royalties

key issues.

advertising and public control


Control of advertising and other public activities

aerial

and suppression of unauthorized advertising or

Snowboarding jump from the halfpipe rim with

, -

propaganda.

the rider returning to the takeoff point.any

In the field of intellectual property licensing, an ad-

Subject: IP Protection

freestyle skiing stunt performed in midair from

vance against royalties is a payment made by the

licensee to the licensor at the start of the period

. -

of licensing (usually immediately upon contract, or

on delivery of the property being licensed) which is

, -

to be offset against future royalty payments.

Subject: Finance & Legal

, -

a jump.
Subject: Skiing

advertising campaign

Subject: Marketing

aerial site
Site where aerials events take place.

advisor services

Subject: Skiing

IOC has a wide network of external advisors

, -

with Games experience covering all key areas of

).

the Games organization. These resources can be

used to the benefit of the Games organizers in

29

30

aerial surveillance
aerial surveillance

aim
AF

aim

Airspace patrolling operations and control opera-

actual finish date

tions over Olympic venues and sites at Games

Subject: Planning & Integration


Subject: Biathlon

,
.

time conducted by Games Security Task Force.


Subject: Security

Africa Paralympic Committee (APC)

aim line

air conditioning system (ACS)

IPC regional organization for the African region.

Another term for line of sight.

System for controlling temperature and sometimes

It is based in Luanda, Angola.

Subject: Biathlon

humidity and purity of the air indoor or in a vehicle.

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Administration & Office Management

()
AIOWF

Association of the International Olympic Winter

().

Sports Federations

aerialist
Subject: Skiing

Subject: Olympic Movement

African Sports Confederation of disabled


(ASCOD)

air fence
AIOWF

Subject: Paralympic Games

aerials
Freestyle skiing event in which competitors

Association of International Olympic Winter

consists of a two-jump qualifying stage followed

Subject: Skiing

Sports Federations
Subject: General Sport Terms

air pollution
Risk of air pollution is increased at the Games time

perform airborne maneuvers after skiing down


a slope and taking off from a kicker (ramp). It

, -

agreement of cooperation
between IPC and IOC

AIPS

by exhausts from shuttle buses and cars, heating/


international sports press association

cooling systems in temporary facilities, etc. The

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

responsible agencies should implement policies

by a two-jump final. The combined scores from

Most recent agreement was signed in June 2006

the two jumps determine 12 athletes qualified

aimed at protecting the organization of the Para-

for the final. Scores from the qualification round

lympic Games and securing the practice of one

are not counted in the finals. Competitors are

bid, one city, meaning that the staging of the

Jump in the mogul run in which a skier uses to

judged on jump takeoff (20%), jump form (50%)

Paralympics is automatically included in the bid for

perform jumps. Two airs are required in each

and landing (30%).

the Olympics. The agreement addresses the general

mogul run.all snowboarding jumps in which the

Subject: Skiing

scope and organization of the Paralympic Games

sliding surface of the board faces upwards.

()

with the aim of creating similar principles for the

Subject: Skiing

organization of the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

Subject: Paralympic Games

to mitigate air pollution; implement air monitoring

air

technologies; and ensure effective response proto-

cols to ensure the safety of the population.


Subject: Ecology

. -

(). -

. ,

2006 -

12 ,

, . ,

(20%),

(50%) (30%).

air quality indices (AQI)


air ambulance
Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

agreements with governmental partners


Subject: Government Relations & Executive

aerodynamic clothing

ahead in the count

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: General Sport Terms

air quality policy


Policy describing principles for air quality compro-

air blowing
Purging with a strong jet of air.

aerodynamic clothing

Subject: Ecology

Subject: Construction

air bump

mising activities.
Subject: Ecology


, .

air resistance

Specially constructed jump set in the mogul

of the air against a speed skater trying to pass

course.

through it.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

31

32

air rifle
()

airport owner
, ,

normal aspects of operating an airport out of

team spirit and motivation are very important

..

the Games time, both airside and landside, with

to the overall operation, due to the specific aspects

, .

additional services specific to Games participants,

and the length of operation

including validation of Olympic and Paralympic

it is recommended to use the same staff for both

identity and accreditation cards, meet and greet

Olympic and Paralympic Games.

air rifle
Subject: Biathlon

services, luggage and equipment management and

airport capacity

airfoil position

Subject: Games Services


Position a jumper takes while in flight performing
a ski jump. The skis are kept parallel while point-

airport contractors

ground transport.
Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Services

() -

ing slightly up, with the body leaning forward with

Depending on the airport structure, different

straight legs and hands pressed to the body.

contractors may operate key services, such as

, -

Subject: Skiing

parking operations, luggage trolleys etc.

Subject: Games Services

, -

, -

, ,

(, -

, ..).

airport owner
airline ticket
Subject: Games Services

airport meet and greet procedures


Procedures for handling each category of

the provision of meet and greet services for Olym-

Mid-air turn of skis after skiing over a mogul.

pic/Paralympic Family members and dignitaries at

Subject: Skiing

the airport.

airport accreditation center


Subject: Games Services

airport venue team


airport owner
Subject: Games Services

( )

Subject: Protocol

airport slot
see slot

airport transition period

This term refers to the transition period between

Olympic and Paralympic Games.


Subject: Games Services

airport operating period

of services within the airport venue.


Subject: Games Services

,

.

airside
Area accessible to aircrafts, including runways,
taxiways, apron (parking area for aircrafts away from

Subject: Games Services

airport authority

This team manages the planning and delivery

Subject: Games Services

airport arrival gates

( )

airport arrival and departure. Working closely


with other functional areas, the Protocol FA leads

airplane turn

Subject: Games Services

terminals) and ramps.


Subject: Games Services


, , , , -

Period commencing prior to the opening of the

Airport authority has management responsibility

Olympic Village and finishing when the Paralympic

for the spaces and overall operations at the airport,

Village closes.

and may manage some activities such as luggage trolleys, operations of the baggage handling

Subject: Games Services

airport venue staffing


Key principles of airport venue staffing are:

airspace control

systems etc. If required, it provides storage at the

, -

a large number of staff (paid and volunteers)

Ministry of the Interior, Ministry of Transport and

airport for off-airport processing.

is required to cover the needs

State Civil Aviation Authority, in cooperation with the

Subject: Games Services

extensive training is required as well as a famil-

designated Federal Olympic Security authorities, will

iarization period with the airport processes, etc.

specify and enforce Restricted Olympic Airspace

airport operations

staff rostering and shifts must be in accor-

over Olympic venues and sites during the 2014 Olym-

Operation of the airport(s) used for arrival and

dance with airports busy times, peaks and lows

pic Winter Games to enhance security measures.

departure of Games participants includes all the

in operations

Subject: Security

33

34

air-to-fakie

allocation of volunteers to Paralympic Games


allocated vehicles

allocation of volunteers to Paralympic Games

, (,

Vehicles provided to a Games clients or

OCOG needs to establish a balance between

-2008)

responsible organizations for the period

the benefit of having experienced volunteers

, .

of the Games.

from working at the Olympic Games with the

Subject: Games Services

benefit of bringing new energy and enthusiasm

, ,

in the team with new volunteers. In general, it

is recommended to keep experienced volunteers

for jobs where special skills are required, if this

is possible. For jobs where general skills are sufficient, it is recommended to bring new volunteers

IOC will determine for the OCOG the allocation or-

into the team, thus expanding community involve-

der for TOP and Tier I partners based on a formula

Accommodation facilities must first be allocated

ment in the Games.

stipulated in the TOP contracts and the MPA.

among major client group categories, similar to

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Marketing

2014 .
.

air-to-fakie

allocation order for TOP and Tier I partners

allocation of accommodation facilities

Any trick in halfpipe in which a snowboarder ap-

the preliminary accommodation plan submitted in

proaches the wall riding forward, does not rotate,

the Bid Book. Then this final accommodation plan

and lands riding backwards.

should also include the actual (or projected) client

Subject: Skiing

hotels rate for each major client group category

(average rate and rate range).

, -

Subject: Games Services

. ,

--
, ,

, -

Speed skating championship competition in which

automatic identification system

, , -

speed skaters race at various distances (typically

Subject: Security

. ,

four). Men race 500, 1,500, 5,000 and 10,000 m,

while women race 500, 1,000, 1,500 and 3,000

( ) -

m. It is not an Olympic event.

AIS

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

alarm system

( ).

Another term for intrusion detection system.


Subject: Security

allocation of OOH advertising space


to marketing partners

all-round

allocation of volunteers to Paralympic Games

Extent to which the OCOG will select volunteers

for the Paralympic Games that have previously

, -

worked at the Olympic Games should be a matter

( ,

Outdoor advertising program shall include, without

of careful assessment. Past OCOGs (e.g. Sydney

). 500, 1500,

limitation, the allocation of media space for the

2000) mainly selected new volunteers for the

5000 10000 , 500, 1000,

purposes of the Olympic image program, Sponsor

Paralympic Games, while others (e.g. Beijing 2008)

1500 3000 . .

alcohol policy

recognition program and use by the Games mar-

mainly selected volunteers who served at the

Document describing rules and limitations for serv-

keting partners, in such proportions and in such

Olympics. The OCOG needs to establish a balance

ing alcohol.

priorities as the IOC shall determine in accordance

between the benefit of having experienced volun-

Subject: Games Services

with the terms of the MPA and in consultation

teers from working at the Olympic Games with

with the OCOG.

the benefit of bringing new energy and enthusiasm

qualities.

Subject: Marketing

in the team with new volunteers.

Subject: Ice Hockey


,

.

alley-oop

Subject: Workforce

Any maneuver in halfpipe in which the snowboarder

rotates 180 degrees or more in the uphill direction.

, -

, -

Subject: Skiing

, - ,

, -

(, -2000

180

all-round player
Player that has both offensive and defensive


,
, .

alluvial soil
Subject: Construction


alpine climatic resort
Subject: Ecology

35

36

alpine events

alternate

alpine events

10 ,

alternate

, -

Alpine skiing events on the Olympic program are,

, :

Registered, non-playing member of the team who

slalom, giant slalom, super-G, super combined.

, , , -

is eligible to substitute for one of the competing

Subject: Skiing

-.

players.

, . -

Subject: Curling

10 .

: , , , --

alpine skiing track/course


Official registered course, laid out and marked

, -.

alpine skiing races.

Winter sport that was introduced at the first


Paralympic Winter Games in rnskldsvik, Sweden,

Subject: Construction

Alternative accommodation facilities are expect-

, -

ed to operate more like traditional hotels during

the Games. As most such facilities do not nor-

mally operate like traditional hotels, the OCOG

on a snow surface for the purpose of running

alpine skiing

alternative accommodation operations

should be attentive to the services that should

alternate formats for printed


on board safety material
Operators need to offer alternate formats of

be offered in alternative accommodation.


Subject: Games Services

in 1976. There are five Alpine Skiing events on

, -

on-board safety materials generated for passen-

the Paralympic program: Downhill, Slalom, Giant

( )

ger use on-board the aircraft. They may include

Slalom, Super-G and Super Combined. Competition

electronic versions, audio recording of materials,

accommodates male and female athletes with a

Braille materials.

Subject: Paralympic Games

physical disability such as spinal injury, cerebral


palsy, amputation, blindness/visual impairment

alpine skis

and other conditions. Alpine skiing for the blind

Alpine skis have bindings that secure both the heel

and partially sighted is a team sport, as the visu-

and toe to the skis and are equipped with

, , -

ally impaired skier competes with a sighted guide

ski brakes.

who efficiently guides the blind or partially sighted

Subject: Skiing

skier through a race course.

Subject: Paralympic Games

, .

, -

Airport that is often chosen for economy

reasons.

alpine snowboard

() 1976 . -

This snowboard is stiff, long and narrow, which

is ideal for turns at high speed.

: ,

Subject: Skiing

, , -
-. -

, ,

: ,

, , /

..

alpine stance

alternating step
Another term for diagonal step/stride.

alternative accommodation

becomes inoperable or compromised.

Subject: Games Services

to around 70 degrees and the back foot generally

alternative accommodation contract


Contracts for alternative accommodations should

skiing events, each for women and men. These

, , , -

contain the same elements identified for standard

include downhill, slalom, giant slalom, super-G,

accommodation facility contracts, plus additional

and super combined. The rules are the same for

50 70,

elements unique to the type of accommodation.

men and women, but the courses differ. Ten sets

( 10).

, -

Subject: Games Services

,
.

alternative sources of power


Subject: Ecology

of medals altogether are awarded.

Subject: Security


()
,

identical or up to 10 degrees less.

Alternative facility which has the same operational capability as the OSCC, to be used if the OSCC

racing; the front foot may be from 50 degrees up

Subject: Skiing

alternative Olympic security command


center (AOSCC)

alternative to traditional hotel accommodation.

Any type of accommodation that provides an

Olympic sport program consists of five alpine

Subject: Skiing

Snowboard stance. It is used primarily for alpine

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Games Services

alpine skiing

alternative airport

, .

, -

ALS

alternative transportation

advanced life support

, -

Moving the Olympic flame by another mode of

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

transportation. Past examples have included

37

38

altitude of finish
train, airplane, car, ski, skate, swimming, camel,
elephant, etc.
Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

ambush marketing channels


ambush incidents
Subject: IP Protection



. , , , ,

ambush marketer
Subject: IP Protection

, , , , ..

ambush marketing
altitude of finish
Subject: General Sport Terms

( )
altitude of start
Subject: General Sport Terms

( )

/
-

, -

, , ,

, -

; ,

, ,
, , -

AMD

asset management department

Subject: Finance & Legal

amendments to venue areas

All intentional and unintentional attempts

to create a false or unauthorized commercial

For every Paralympic sport there is a matrix includ-

association with the Olympic /Paralympic

, -

ing the amendments or planning considerations for

Movement or the Olympic/Paralympic Games.

--

venue areas that are to be used for the Paralympic

Ambush Marketing includes: a third partys use

Games in comparison to Olympic Games-time use.

of creative means to generate a false association

, , ,

with the Games, a third partys infringement of

imagery and indicia, and a third partys interfer-

Subject: Paralympic Games


, -

the various laws that protect the use of Olympic

AM

ambush marketing channels

asset management

encethe legitimate marketing activities of the

Common distribution channels for ambush mar-

Subject: Knowledge Management

Games Partners.

keting include electronic and print media; outdoor

Subject: IP Protection

advertising; street vendor or retail sale of unau-

thorized or counterfeit product; direct mail, etc.

Subject: IP Protection

ambassador program

Program that regulates the process of selection

and work of ambassadors of the Olympic and

Paralympic Games.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Amenity seating is required in order to provide ac-


amenity seating

; ; -

cessible seating for people who have visual impair-

, -

ments or those that have limited movement.

; -

/-

ambassadors

, /-

Subject: Paralympic Games

ambush marketing manager

Invaluable, high-profile faces of Sochi 2014, repre-

This person serves as the anti-ambush education

senting the world of sport and culture that unites

campaign manager, public advertising control man-

the public in anticipation of Russias first Olympic

ager, media monitoring as well as broadcast and

and Paralympic Winter Games.


Subject: Communications & Mass Media

internet control manager.

ambush marketing
Any intentional or unintentional attempts to

Subject: IP Protection

Americas Paralympic Committee


(Americas PC)

-2014

create a false or unauthorized association with

OCOG, IOC, ROC, OTR or the Games; any advertis-

, -

that acts as the sole representative body of the

ing, promotion, sale, exchange or circulation

IPC members in that region.

of goods or services, any commercial identifi-

Subject: Paralympic Games

cation activity or any other activity by an incor-

, -

porated or unincorporated entity that involves

unauthorized usage of the Olympic marks; or any

, .

ambush ads
Subject: IP Protection


ambush advertising activities
Subject: IP Protection



, -

attempts to mislead the public such as by creating


the illusion that the manufacturer of the goods or

Paralympic Committee for the Americas region

ambush prevention

provider of services is in any way associated with

Anti-ambush measures designed to prevent

the Games or other events organized by OCOG,

unauthorized use of protected marks, designations

IOC, ROC or OTR.

and images.

Americas Paralympic Committee

Subject: Marketing

Subject: Marketing

Subject: Paralympic Games

Americas PC

39

40

ammunition

annex

ammunition

program and the signature events.

.22-calibre rifle bullets used to shoot at biathlon


targets.

Subject: Marketing

Subject: Biathlon

(), (),

annex

5,6 , -

-2014

Term refers to regulatory legal documents,refer-

, ,

ence materials (e.g. legislative acts, Host City Con-

tract, Games budget, Master Schedule, etc.).

Subject: Games Management

amplitude

andrecht

, ;

Height of a takeoff in halfpipe.

Snowboarding trick which is a handplant using

, -

Subject: Skiing

the rear hand while grabbing the board with

, -

the other (front) hand.

(, ,

Subject: Skiing

-, , -

analysis of samples

Samples are analyzed by the laboratory that pro-

, , -

vides results within the time frame agreed upon

between the IOC/OCOG/laboratory as of receipt


of the samples.
Subject: Medicine & Doping Control


,
, //
.

anchor

.).

a-net
obstacles.
Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

.

anchor point

athletes at the field of play by means of a pub-

Part of the Games foundation plan. It can include

lic address system.

regulatory legal documents, reference materials (e.g.

Subject: General Sport Terms

Master Schedule, etc.).


Subject: Planning & Integration


-

-


(-)

- ,

(,

5-6 ,

, -

/.

, , - .).

Used by snowcats on the steep part of the slope.

Responsible for providing a continuous supply


of information to the public, coaches, and

annexes

legislative acts, Host City Contract, Games budget,


About 5-6 m fixed nets to protect athletes from

announcer

announcers booth/station
Announcers booth, or platform is set up in the

angle dozer
Subject: Construction



angle raise

announcement of the death


of an Olympic Family member
In of the event that an Olympic Family member
dies at the Games time, the following principles

stadium area to provide a commanding view of


all start and finish activities.
Subject: General Sport Terms

should be considered for communicating

, , -

the incident:

This term refers to the start, the finish or a speci-

Curling term for a raise shot, where a stationary

immediate information to the OCOG (President),

fied point between, within a transport system.

stone rebounds at an angle. See also raise.

IOC (President), national delegation (Chef de Mis-

Subject: Curling

sion) and IF concerned

Specifically, venue load zones are transport system


anchor points.

no communication with the press is to take place

announcing coordinator

, -

information to the family by the IOC, the IF or the

national delegation depending on the circumstances

Responsible for coordinating the activities of

message of sympathy from the IOC President to

the announcing team and gathering and distrib-

. .

the family, the NOC concerned and the IF concerned

uting announcing information.

Subject: Games Services

. ,
/
.

official statement by the OCOG/IOC to the press.

animal habitat
Subject: Ecology

/
ancillary events
Any event or program, other than the

Subject: Protocol

ankle support

Subject: General Sport Terms


, .

Games themselves, that is under the direct

Strong elastic material that provides compression

or indirect marketing control of Sochi 2014

and protection to a skiers foot and ankle.

and includes without limitation the cultural

Subject: Skiing

announcing of results
Subject: General Sport Terms

41

42

annual trophy
annual prizes awarded by the IOC President
for sports competitions
IOC President may decide to offer a prize at
sports competitions whose organizers so request. These prizes may be offered once or

anti-ambush guidelines
antenna tower
Part of a radio station complex in the form
of a tower equipped with radio antennas.
Subject: Construction

,


, , -

IOC, the IPC, WADA, International Federations


and National Anti-Doping Organizations.
Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

()

, -

on a regular basis.

, -

Subject: Protocol

. -

, -,

-. ,

, , ,

anthem recording company


Subject: Protocol

.
,
.

annual trophy

anthropogenic impact on the environment


Subject: Ecology

anti-ambush guidelines
Subject: IP Protection

anti-doping raids

anti intrusion system

anti-ambush program

antifriction pad

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Instituted in 1985, the IOCs annual trophies are


awarded by the NOCs in their countries to a person or institution of their choice. Every year, the

see perimeter intrusion detection system

OCOG develops and fully implements programs of

Placed behind the toe piece of ski binding to

IOC Executive Board selects a different theme.

Subject: Security

ambush prevention in relation to education, public

ensure the prompt release of the boot.

The trophy is accompanied by a diploma.


Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

Subject: Skiing

compliance of advertising, clean venues and con-

trol of ambush activities.

Subject: Marketing

, -

relations and communications and in relation to

anti scalping

-
anti-slider

1985 , -

Establishment and maintenance of transparent

anti-scalping system in order to protect from

Rubber or other material attached to a non-sliding

falsified and re-sale tickets.

curling shoe to improve traction on ice.

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

: -

.
.

, PR , -

Subject: Curling

, ,

autonomous non-commercial organization

Subject: Games Management

ANO

ANOC
Association of National Olympic Committees
Subject: Olympic Movement

anti-ambush ads
Subject: Marketing

ANOCA

anti-ambush education tools

anti-counterfeit program

Risk- and threat-based documents detailing all

unauthorized Olympic-themed merchandise from

security-related information including results of

entering and being sold within the Host Country.

computer modeling for terrorist attacks.

Subject: IP Protection

Subject: Security


, -

, -

Presentations, educational brochures, video-

tapes, etc. for use in workshops and train-

-.

Association of National Olympic Committees

ing seminars with internal and external Client

of Africa

Groups. Issue warning letters to competitors of

Subject: Olympic Movement

Marketing Partners, Host NOC, all National Sport

Signatory of the World Anti-Doping Code that is

anti-terrorist passports

Comprehensive program to effectively prevent

anti-doping organization (ADO)


AOS

Federations and other organizations that repre-

responsible for adopting rules, initiating, imple-

state agencies and organizations

sent ambush risk.

menting or enforcing any part of the doping

Subject: Security

Subject: IP Protection

control process. This includes, for example, the

43

44

AOSCC
AOSCC
alternative Olympic security command center
Subject: Security

appeal hearing
appeal
Subject: General Sport Terms

According to the IPC Classification Code after sub-

affirm the decision appealed or overrule the deci-

mission of the appeal the IPSF shall:

sion. If the decision is overruled, the Appeal Bodys

advise all relevant parties that an Appeal Body

written opinion shall specify the procedural error

will be constituted for the purposes of hearing

committed and shall direct the appropriate party

the appeal

to reconsider the decision in a manner consistent

send a copy of the notice of appeal, and all docu-

with the Appeal Bodys instructions. Appeal deci-

ments, evidence and details of witnesses to the

sions are final and are not subject to any further

party named in the notice of appeal (the

According to the IPC Classification Code, the Ap-

appeal.

opposing party)

peal Body shall have jurisdiction to review classifi-

Subject: Paralympic Games

advise the opposing party that it must, within

appeal a decision
Subject: General Sport Terms


AP
accounts payable
Subject: Finance & Legal

APC

appeal procedures

ganizing Committee. The Appeal Body shall either

provided to all parties, to the IPC, and to the Or-

appeal body

cation decisions in order to:

28 calendar days of receiving a notice of appeal

ensure that all appropriate sport class allocation

(or within such other period required by the IPSF)

procedures have been followed

, -

submit to the Appeal Body a list of all documents,

Africa Paralympic Committee

ensure that all appropriate protest procedures

evidence and expert witnesses to be offered by

Subject: Paralympic Games

have been followed.Appeal Body shall have

the opposing party in relation to the appeal

jurisdiction to review the merits of an allocation

set a hearing location and date: the Appeal Body

aperture diopter sight

of sport class or sport class status. Under no

shall have the right, in its sole discretion,

Optical device on the rifle that is used for aiming

circumstances shall the Appeal Body modify a clas-

to conduct a hearing live, by telephone conference

and adjusting.

sification decision by allocating an athlete a new

or by video conference.

Subject: Biathlon

sport class and/or sport class status. The Appeal

Subject: Paralympic Games

Body shall hear appeals only in cases in which all

other available remedies, including but not limited

to protest procedures, have been exhausted.

Subject: Paralympic Games


apex of a jump

appeal hearing

Subject: Skiing

As stated in the IPC Classification Code a location

and date of the appeal hearing are set by the IPSF.

The Appeal Body may designate counsel to assist

, -

Narrow fissure in the earths crust filled with

it in the hearing. Not more than two representa-

( );

a rock.

tives of any party, apart from the athlete and

Subject: Construction

the interpreter, are entitled to participate in the

28 -

hearing. Each party shall have the right to offer

documentary evidence, to submit a hearing memo-

, )

- .

randum or brief, and (subject to the Appeal Bodys

discretion) to call witnesses.

, -,

Subject: Paralympic Games

apophysis

appeal

As stated in the IPC Classification Code, this

is a process to resolve procedural disputes

: -

concerning classification. Each IPSF shall

/ .

, -

include within its classification rules an

appeal process procedure.

, .

Subject: Paralympic Games

. -

, .

According to the IPC Classification Code,

appeals may be commenced at any time,

by submitting a notice of appeal to the applica-

,
,
.

appeal decision

appeal submission

As stated in the IPC Classification Code, the Ap-

ble International Paralympic Sport Federation.

peal Body shall issue a written decision resolving

, (

The IPSF shall promptly transmit a copy of the

any appeal after the hearing. The decision shall be

) .

notice of appeal to the opposing party.

45

46

applicant city

approval of official points of arrival anddeparture

appointment of a chief classifier


National Paralympic Sport Federation has the right for the competition
Only the National Paralympic Committee or the

approval of official points


of arrival anddeparture

.
-

to submit an appeal.

According to the IPC Classification Code, IPSF shall

IOC and OCOG are to agree the official points

Subject: Paralympic Games

appoint a chief classifier for the competition in

of arrival and departure, and the services provided

accord with their classification rules. The IPSF shall

at each point, 18 months prior to the Games.

Subject: Games Services

inform the Organizing Committee of the chief clas-

sifier contact details at least three months prior to

the competition.

Subject: Paralympic Games

All composite logos or stand-alone emblems

, -

and any material encompassing the Games em-

blem are subject to OCOGs case by case approval.

18 .

An official approval request form must be submit-

approval request form

. -

Following process is recommended prior to the

Games to be sure that the samples of flags offered

by the OCOG are correct:

, , -

All NOCs shall be supplied by the OCOG with

graphics of their flags for verification purposes

. ,

applicant city
City, which has officially been put forward by
its NOC to apply to host the Olympic Games
by a date specified by the IOC.
Subject: Olympic Movement

appraisal of workforce readiness

ted by email or courier for every design application.

approval process for NOC, IF flags

Subject: Games Image

prior to the Games. These images should include

, -

Both venue and Games-wide operational readiness

color design specifications, as well as orientation

exercises test the workforce on its knowledge of

guides for horizontal and vertical display. A sample

--

planned operations. On completion of the testing

flag produced by the OCOGs desig-nated manufac-

an independentis produced, which outlines the

turer should be sent to each NOC for approval prior

, -

strengths and weaknesses of the staff.

to final production.

Subject: Games Management

The occasion for the NOCs to approve their flag


application for accreditation forms

could be the NOC Chefs de Mission seminar, which

usually takes place one year before the Games.

Distributed by the OCOG, the form is completed

The same flag verification process should be uti-

by/for each member of a responsible organization

lized for the IFs. All IFs should approve all designs

in order to be accredited for the Games.

. -

and color material samples for final production.

Subject: Games Services

, -

, ,
( ) -

approval of form agreements

approved design
Subject: Construction


approved hill profile
Subject: Skiing

Subject: Protocol

AQI

air quality indices

, , -

Subject: Ecology

, -

AR

Prior to the beginning of the sales process in re-

spect of the Sochi 2014 joint marketing program,

accounts receivable

Sochi 2014 shall prepare and submit to the IOC for

Subject: Finance & Legal

application for accreditation instruction

its approval standard form agreements for Sochi

OCOG provides to each responsible organization

2014 joint marketing program participants (includ-

an instruction booklet detailing the application

ing standard form term sheets, if any).

for accreditation process and how to complete

Subject: Marketing

arabesque (spiral)

Figure skating term that describes a spiral posi-

. , -

tion, in which the upper body is inclined forward

and the free leg is extended behind the body in

2014

a straight line.

-, -

-2014

( ,

, -

).

, .

the accreditation forms.


Subject: Games Services

Subject: Figure Skating

47

48

arabian jump
arabian jump

arena
develop agreements with neighboring countries to

Another term for butterfly jump.

allow their health care resources to be included as

Subject: Figure Skating

an extension of the OCOG medical program.

arc of the turn

,
() , () ,
() .

Subject: Construction


Subject: Construction

Subject: General Sport Terms


arm
Subject: Construction

,
,
, , , .

Type of a lift in figure skating in which a man lifts


a lady holding her by the armpit.
Subject: Figure Skating

arm length
Subject: Construction

( )


, ,
.

arm sling/loop
Arm belt used to stabilize the rifle and the biath-

archive and storage of documents regulations area for bookable standup


Regulations that determine how to archive and
presentations/ interviews

armpit lift

. , -

arena

architectural solutions

Subject: Construction

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Subject: Skiing

arch

arena

arresting

letes arm while shooting in prone position.

Stopping a slide down a steep slope by using

Subject: Biathlon

ski poles as a brake.

storage all the documents during the Games

Area immediately adjacent to the field of play just

period and after them.

before and after competition with the venue as

Subject: Government Relations & Executive

a backdrop. Positions require lighting and power.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

archives

One of the Games management systems. The

moved forward and back as a counterbalance to the

arrival & departure system gathers the expected

opposite leg.

arrivals and departures data for the Host City and

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

provides the information to the groups respon-

or permanently.

Subject: Games Management

areas of rescue assistance

, , -

Areas of rescue assistance shall be provided in all

cases where immediate egress to an open and


safe area is not possible without using mechanical

Records that are appraised as having value,

means. These areas should be located on an acces1,300mm per anticipated potential user, with no

or permanently.

fewer than two such spaces.

Subject: Knowledge Management

Subject: Construction

Olympic/Paralympic Family as well as the welcome

greetings for the delegations.

arm with bucket cylinder


Subject: Construction

.
,

Supplemental form of accreditation/identification.

Subject: Skiing

, -

Arrival and Departure FA (A&D)


Role of A&D function is to provide complex

Subject: Games Management

--

armband

, , -

area covered by medical program

sible for managing the travel arrangements for the

sible route and have a minimum size of 850mm x

to be maintained either for a specific period

arrival & departure system (ADS)

Motion in speed skating that an arm takes being

to be maintained either for a specific period

archives

Records that are appraised as having value,

arm swing

Subject: Skiing

armlet

services for any Games client and ensure both

Geographic area covered by the medical program

Swatch of fabric worn on athletes arm for

first and last positive impressions of the Olympic

must include each Olympic venue, the athletes

judges to distinguish one from the other. The speed

and Paralympic Games, of the Host City and Host

village(s), the media village(s), the IOC hotel(s) and

850 x 1300 -

skater who starts on the inner lane wears white and

Country. All the function staff Involved in opera-

surrounding areas. If venues or travel routes are

the one who starts on the outer lane wears red.

tions, including volunteers, are to:

near a countrys borders, it may be appropriate to

2 .

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

Coordinate and control the arrival and departure

49

50

arrival and departure profile

arrival/departure hall
arrival/departure hall

process, so that it goes smoothly for each client,

process and provides all the relevant information

while they are subjected to the necessary

on stakeholders request anytime.

Another term for waiting area.

formalities.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Services

Manage relevant airport processes.


Minimize the time clients spend at the airport,
providing them more time for rest, entertainment
and training.

article of the rules


Subject: General Sport Terms

articulated dump truck


Subject: Construction

arrivals and departures

Facilitate all processes in airport.

Process by which residents of the Olympic/Para-

Ensure strict monitoring of arrival and departure

7/24, -

lympic Village arrive & depart the Host City and

process and be ready to provide all the relevant

the Village.

Physical, visual collections gained during previous

information on stakeholders request anytime.

Subject: Games Services

Games.

Subject: Games Services

Arrival and Departure system (ADS)

artifacts collection

Subject: Games Management

, -

, -

One of the Games Management systems. This sys-

tem provides 24/7 availability to operational staff,

, - -

ensures strict monitoring of arrival and departure

Project team established by the OCOG and

Physical, visual collections gained during the

process and provides all the relevant information

responsible for the development of the arrival

Games preparation and delivery.

, -

on stakeholders request.

and departures process for each Games client,

, , :

Subject: Technology

the management of the ADS and maintaining the


,

;

arrivals and departures project team

, -

Games time.

Subject: Games Services

artificial ice

, -

, -

ADS

arrow layout

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton


artificial ice/snow/track
Subject: General Sport Terms

Arrow layout is used for all mass start races. It


resembles a series of arrowheads, all pointing

arrival services

Subject: Knowledge Management

overview of the Games client experience during the

artifacts collection

artificial lights

toward the front or start line, and all in parallel

Light level anywhere on the course must

Services provided on arrival include:

one behind the other. This layout establishes the

not be less than 80 lux, measured parallel

facilitation, welcome/meet and greet

relative distance that each competitor must ski

to the surface. The lighting should be as

accreditation validating

if the course is straight ahead.

uniform as possible.

uniform distribution

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

arrival and departure profile

Profile of arrivals and departures, generally

transport

providing reports by day, by Games client, by

accommodation arrival and check-in.

Subject: Games Services

80 . , ,
.

point of arrival.
Subject: Games Services

,
, ,

, -

, -

( , -

, ).

artificial refrigeration
Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Arrival and Departure system (ADS)

ARSC

This system, manned with 7/24 operational staff,

auto retard speed control

ensures strict monitoring of arrival and departure

Subject: Construction

artificial snow
Subject: Skiing

51

52

artificial snow making system


artificial snow making system
Subject: Construction


artificial track

asset control
Asian PC

Asian Paralympic Council

Subject: Paralympic Games

);

, -

ASOIF

Refrigerated sliding track.

Association of Summer Olympic International

, ,

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Federations

Subject: Olympic Movement

artistic works

asset control

assessment of competencies
for classifier certification

Subject: Security

()

According to the IPC Classification Code, each


IPSF shall determine the specific procedures used

of or for the use of the Citys candidature

for the assessment of required competencies for

Physical and electronic recording, tracking and han-

committee, the City, the NOC or the OCOG

certification of each classifier level in their classifi-

dling of assets and equipment.

with respect to the Games.

cation rules. These procedures include, but are not

Subject: IP Protection

limited to:

Subject: Games Management

methods of assessment used in measuring

proficiency in the specific competencies assessed

at each level (for example online courses, written

, -,

and/or oral theory and practical examinations,

practical training and workshops)

how each competency is evaluated using

Physical and electronic recording, tracking and han-

objective and measurable methods (for example

dling of assets and equipment.

completion of online courses, passing theory or

Subject: Knowledge Management

AS

asset management (AM)

practical examinations, completion of required

Subject: Planning & Integration

hours of practical training and/or workshops)

methods of approval of certification levels, path-

way for advancement, maintenance of certification,

actual start date

and recertification.

Subject: Planning & Integration

Subject: Paralympic Games

asbestos
Subject: Construction

, .

asset protection plan


Plan devised to ensure that there were no unauthorized removal of material or equipment.
Subject: Security


,
.

asset protection services


Subject: Security


asset sales revenue budget
Potential revenue of the OCOGs assets to be sold

asset management department (AMD)


The department is responsible for effective maintenance of the SOCHI 2014 assets, with the objective

at disposal phase.
Subject: Planning & Integration

of bringing out the best results from them.

, -

Subject: Finance & Legal

as-built drawings

. -

acquisition strategy

AS


: ,

asset management

Artistic creations developed by or on behalf


assist

Subject: Construction

2014

Pass in ice hockey, which immediately precedes

. -

a successful scoring attempt. The last two players


to handle the puck prior to scoring are credited

ASCOD

asset protection

with assists.

African Sports Confederation for disabled

, -

SEC FA in cooperation with State agencies a

Subject: Paralympic Games

nd private security is responsible for protection of

assets owned or rented by the OCOG (incl. protec-

, -

(, ,

tion of the OCOG offices in Moscow and Sochi)

IPC regional organization for the Asian region,

/ (-

and asset protection of definite client groups if

. , -

based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

),

there are any obligations for delivering services

, -

Subject: Paralympic Games

);

during Games-time and transition period. Asset

protection can be divided into several types: techni-

cal protection, physical protection, protection during

. -

(, -

transportation.

Some disabled people visiting the Olympic Park

().

Subject: Security

will need to bring an assistance dog with them.

Asian Paralympic Committee (Asian PC)

Subject: Ice Hockey

assistance dog spending areas

53

54

assistant coach
The visit times to the Olympic Park and venues

assisting wheelchair users


assistant site manager

have been estimated as between 5 and 14 hours.

see site manager

It will be essential to provide areas for assistance

Subject: Construction

dogs to be watered and so forth. It will also


be important to provide appropriate facilities for
assistance dog owners at these areas, such as

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Paralympic Games


()
,
-

assistive hearing device

Organizers staging major events need to provide

signage and seats.

assisting wheelchair users

assistant starter

assistive hearing devices for people who are hard

Association of Summer Olympic International


Federations (ASOIF)

In cross-country skiing, an official responsible for

of hearing in addition to sign language interpreters

, -

assisting the starter at the start line and control-

for people who are deaf.

IOC-recognized, non-profit association, its

, -

ling the adjacent area.

Subject: Paralympic Games

membership consisting solely of International

. ,
-

Subject: Skiing

Federations governing sports on the Olympic

summer program. It wasestablished to coordi-

5 14 .

nate and defend common interests of its mem-

bers and to determine the consensus of the

- ..

IFs on questions of common interest in

relation to theOlympic Games and the

-,
, .

OlympicMovement.

assistant technical specialist


Official at figure skating competitions who helps

assistant coach
Subject: General Sport Terms


assistant of race director (RDA/RD-Assistant)

demonstrated by the competitors, and input

nized by the IOC that compete in the Olympic

them into the computer.

Winter Games. It is headquartered in Zurich, Swit-

Subject: Figure Skating

zerland, and presided by Ren Fasel, President of

the International Ice Hockey Federation.

Subject: General Sport Terms

. -

measuring of wind velocity; control and monitoring

of technical systems; coordination and direction of

the starting procedure.

assistant venue workforce manager


Subject: Workforce



, ,

. - ,

().

assistant of technical delegate


(TDA/TD-Assistant)
In ski jumping, an official responsible for correct and
duly preparation of competition facilities; inspection


assisting people with a visual impairment
Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Skiing

assisting people with special needs policy

Subject: Games Services


; -
,

Non-profit association, its membership consisterations. It was established to discuss matters


raised by its members and to determine the

Organization that represents all the National Olym-

consensus of the IFs on questions of common

pic Committees of the world.

interest in relation to the Olympic Winter Games

Subject: Olympic Movement

and the Olympic Movement.


()
.

Document that outlines the rules for assisting


people with special needs.

Association of the International


Olympic Winter Sports Federations (AIOWF)
ing of Olympic Winter International Sport Fed-

Association of National Olympic Committees


(ANOC)

, -

of the safety-related installations; communications


with team coaches, etc.

, .

assisting a person with a disability


Subject: Paralympic Games

; -


, -
-

Association of winter sports federations recog-

of technical systems for in-run speed measuring and

Subject: Olympic Movement

the technical specialist to identify all elements,

In ski jumping, an official responsible for placement

Subject: Skiing

Association of International Olympic Winter


Sports Federations (AIOWF)

Subject: Olympic Movement



,
-

Association of National Olympic Committees


of Africa (ANOCA)

.
,

Continental association formed to represent and

, -

further promote the interests of National Olympic

, -

Committees of Africa.

..

Subject: Olympic Movement

55

56

asymmetrical board
asymmetrical board
Snowboard with unmatched sides designed for
regular or goofy stance.

athlete failure to attend evaluation


athlete medical services

the marks and premium approvals process.

observation assessment.physical assessment

Subject: Marketing

and the technical assessment take place during

Athlete medical services should be provided

Athena

the classification evaluation period. The observa-

at competition, training, and non-competition

Subject: Skiing

- -

tion assessment takes place during the classifica-

venues and the medical program should be

Athena.

tion evaluation period (in case of official training

appropriately tailored to meet the unique needs

-, -

sessions) and/or the classification competition

at that venue. Athlete medical services must be

period.

provided on all days of official training and com-

Subject: Paralympic Games

petition, beginning one hour before training or

asymmetrical sidecut

Athena.

Snowboard that has a different-size sidecut


on either side.

athlete check-in to station

competition begins.
Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Athlete checks in to the doping control station.

The athlete has the right to be accompanied by

his representative (e.g. manager, coach, doctor).

to the stations will be restricted, with security

guards ensuring that only accredited staff, offi-

cials and selected athletes (and their representa-

. -

In ice hockey, a situation when two teams have

tives) can enter.

equal number of players on the ice.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

. -

Subject: Skiing

at even strength (EV)

Subject: Ice Hockey

. -

(,

, , ).

( -

at full strength

athlete medical station

, -

) /

Athlete medical stations at each competition

Situation in ice hockey when a team has its full

venue that provide services ranging from limited

complement of 6 players on ice.

Subject: Ice Hockey

( ).


, 6
.

at-grade road
Subject: Construction


at-grade/elevated road section
Subject: Construction


Athena

sports medicine and primary care services to initial

athlete failure to attend evaluation


According to the IPC Classification Code,

athlete driver training program

if an athlete fails to attend evaluation, the

care of life-threatening conditions.


Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Training program designed to train volunteer driv-

athlete will not be allocated a sport class or

ers on primary and secondary routes to venues.

a sport class status, and will not be permitted

, -

Subject: Games Management

to compete in that sport. Should the chief classi-

fier be satisfied with a reasonable explanation

for the failure to attend the evaluation, an athlete

may be given a second and final chance to attend

the evaluation.

Subject: Paralympic Games

athlete evaluation

athlete notification
Athlete is notified of his selection for a doping
control immediately post-competition, or at an

appropriate time if an out-of-competition test. The

Name of the Olympic marketing Extranet.

Process by which an athlete is assessed in accor-

athlete is accompanied by a doping control chaper-

Subject: Marketing

dance with the IPSFs classification rules and he

one from this moment.

IPC Classification Code. Each IPSF shall ensure

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

that a process is in place whereby athletes will

-.

be allocated a sport class and sport class status

. -

in accordance with the international standard for

athlete evaluation. The athlete evaluation may

Athena account needs to be created for each

include, but is not limited to:

marketing partner. Marketing partners are given

physical assessment

password access to Athena for all staff involved in

technical assessment

/ Athena

Athena account

57

58

athlete parade tickets


athlete parade tickets

athlete support personnel


athlete protest handling

Parade tickets for the athletes should be different

As stated in the IPC Classification Code, athlete pro-

, ,

to the spectator ceremony tickets and should be

tests must be conducted by a second classification

restricted to the number of athletes and officials

panel, in accordance with the international standard

, -

6 -

marching in the ceremonies. These tickets should

for protests and appeals. The chief classifier should

. -

act as access control for the stadium and field of

attempt to schedule any athlete protests against an

play as well as provide participants with a souvenir

assigned initial sport during the classification evalua-

of the ceremony.

tion period.

As described in the IPC Classification Code,

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

Subject: Paralympic Games

this term refers to any coach, trainer, manager,

athlete support personnel

interpreter, agent, team staff, official, medical or

paramedical personnel working with or treating

athlete participating in training and/or competi-

, -

tion.

, -

Subject: Paralympic Games

; , -

. -

, , -

, , , -

, , , ,
-

athlete presentation for evaluation

athlete quotas

, ,

,
.

athlete with a disability


Subject: Paralympic Games

-,

As stated in the IPC Classification Code, athletes

IPC establishes athlete quotas by sport based

must dress appropriately and bring all equipment

on the following key elements:

and devices for the evaluation procedure, as re-

number and type of medal competitions

quired by the sportification rules, including but not

gender representation

limited to:

disability representation

These meals are provided to athletes and

documentation

regional representation

team officials who are away from the

assistive devices

size and prevalence of the sport / discipline

Olympic/Paralympic Village for an extended

competition and/or daily use wheelchair

competition progression rules

period, and who qualify for an AVM.

This term refers to participants in a sport at the

competition and/or daily use prostheses and/or

competition formats.

Subject: Games Services

Olympic or Paralympic Games.

orthesis

Subject: Paralympic Games

any other device that they intend to use during

athlete with a physical disability


Subject: Paralympic Games

athlete venue meal (AVM)


-
athletes

Subject: General Sport Terms

the competition.

Subject: Paralympic Games

/ -

/ -

athletes care

, ;

Athletes who have been included in the IPC

limited emergency/primary care/sports medicine

registered testing pool shall provide accurate,

services provided in the athletes medical station.

up-to-date whereabouts information to the

The OCOG and NOC medical teams work together in

, :

IPC. The IPC shall submit the current where-

providing care to the athletes at the venues.

/ ;

abouts information of the identified athletes

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

to WADA. WADA shall make this information

accessible to other ADOs having authority to

/ ;

test the athlete. This information shall be main-

, , -

tained in strict confidence at all times; shall

, / -

athlete selection

athlete whereabouts information

It includes medical response to the field of play; and

be used exclusively for purposes of planning,

/ ,

Athlete selection is made by IOC, IPC, IF and

coordinating or conducting testing; and shall

OCOGin the manner and at the time and location

be destroyed after it is no longer relevant for

agreed by all parties.

these purposes.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Subject: Paralympic Games

/ -

59

60

athletes family host program


athletes family host program

Atos Origin integration department


the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of

Atos Origin integration department

This program provides complimentary accommoda-

sport and the honor of our teams.

One of the Technology FA departments.

tion in private residences to families of athletes

Subject: Protocol

Subject: Technology

competing in the Olympic and Paralympic Games


Subject: Games Services

Atos Origin

Using knowledge of environmental processes and

,
- .

attainment of environmental permits

ATR

understandings of the OCOGs environmental pro-

authorized ticket reseller

gram, the Environment FA supports the attainment

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

of environmental permits as necessary on behalf of

, -

, .

, -

the OCOG and its functions. ENV works with relevant

attach

functions to ensure implementation of the conditions

Each NOC may appoint an attach in order to

of any permits.

, ,

facilitate co-operation with the OCOG. The attach

Subject: Ecology

Traditional opening ceremony ritual. After the

acts as an intermediary between the OCOG and

Olympic flag has been raised, a competitor of the

, , -

his/her NOC, in order to assist in solving practical

host country mounts the rostrum. Holding a corner

problems such as for instance, travel and accom-

modation. During the period of the Olympic Games,

athletes oath

of the Olympic flag in his/her left hand, and raising

athletes stand

the attach must be accredited as a member of his/

solemn oath: In the name of all the competitors

At each competition venue an athlete stand is re-

her NOC delegation. (See Olympic Charter, Bye-law

I promise that we shall take part in these Olympic

served for people accredited in certain categories as

to Rule 38)

Games, respecting and abiding by the rules which

listed in the Accreditation and Entries at the Olympic

Subject: Olympic Movement

, -

govern them, committing ourselves to a sport

Games - Users Guide.

without doping and without drugs, in the true

Subject: Venues

the right hand, the athlete recites the following

spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and

attitude

the honor of our teams.

In figure skating, a spin position in which the free leg

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

- ,

is lifted behind the body, with the knee bent at an

, , , -

angle, and is held behind at a 90-degree angle to the

skating foot.

Subject: Figure Skating

. (.

. ,
:
,
,

38 )

athletic cup
Another term for cup (protector).
Subject: Ice Hockey

, -

Athens Organizing Committee of the Olympic and

Paralympic Games

Subject: Olympic Movement

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

Another term for forward.


Subject: Ice Hockey

Atos Origin

Indoor directional, identification, information and


venues and facilities.
Subject: Games Image


, ,

(attacking) line

Traditional ritual of the Opening Ceremony. After

TOP partner that delivers integrated Games

the Olympic flag has been raised, a competitor of

IT services, including, design, planning, operational

Another term for forward line.

the Host Country mounts the rostrum. Holding

support and management of the Games IT

Subject: Ice Hockey

a corner of the Olympic flag in his/her left hand,

Technical Services.

and raising the right hand, the athlete recites the

Subject: Technology

following solemn oath: In the name of all the

at-venue signage
regulatory signage at competition, non-competition

attacker

athletes oath

90 .

Another term for charging.

ATHOC

, -

attack

()
.

Atos Origin

,
.

atypical finding
Report from a laboratory or other WADA-approved
entity which requires further investigation as provided

attacking zone

competitors I promise that we shall take part in

, -

these Olympic Games, respecting and abiding by

, , -

Area between the opponents blue line and their

lated technical documents prior to the determination

the rules which govern them, committing ourselves

goal line.

of an adverse analytical finding.

to a sport without doping and without drugs, in

- .

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

by the International Standard for Laboratories or re-

61

62

audio and video services


auto retard speed control (ARSC)


authority for IPC testing

At IPC sanctioned competitions, the collection

, ,

of doping control samples shall be under the

, -

authority of the IPC. The members of the IPC

Anti-doping Committee may at any time super-

vise and intervene as necessary during testing

, -

conducted on behalf of the IPC in order to guar-

antee compliance with the IPC Anti-doping Code

auto retard speed control (ARSC)


Subject: Construction



automated water saving system
Subject: Ecology



,
.

automatic timing device


Subject: General Sport Terms

automatic 3-mode suspension

automatic transmission
with lockup torque converter

and the appropriate international standards.

audio and video services


Provision of TVs, audio devices, video boards,

Subject: Paralympic Games

public announcement systems and other audio and

, ,

visual equipment.

- -

Subject: Technology

Subject: Construction


automatic access

Subject: Construction

For most competition events (that is, excluding

, ,

the opening and closing ceremonies), all eligible ac-

, -

credited persons may enter those venues to which

Electronic system automatically monitoring

- .

, , ,

they are granted access by virtue of their accredi-

and tracking vehicles fitted with an appropriate

tation card and then occupy seats in the reserved

transponder and that are within the system

stands designated for their category, provided

service area.

space is available.

Subject: Security

audit committee
An audit committee oversees financial controls as
well as checks and balance in the financial process.
Subject: Finance & Legal

Subject: Games Services

authorization

automatic vehicle location (AVL)

Process of granting permission for a particular

action to be carried out, such as allowing a finan-

, -

, -

cial transaction to proceed.

) , -

Subject: Technology

audit session
Subject: Construction

, -

, -

, -

, .

autonomous non-commercial organization


(ANO)
Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games
Organizing Committee.

auditorium floor manager

authorized ticket reseller (ATR)

automatic identification system (AIS)

Subject: Games Management


()

This officer oversees the efficient running of press

Entity appointed by the NOC and approved

Automatic and autonomous data transmission

conferences in media centers, with responsibility

by the IOC to purchase Olympic Games tickets

system that provides for communication in broad-

for technology, security and documents distribu-

from the OCOG. The ATR sells and distributes

cast mode where everybody can see each other

tion.

the tickets to clients associated with the NOC

across a radio frequency band on two designated

2014 . .

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

as well as the general public within the territory

channels.

-
, - ,
.

authentication

that the ATR has been granted the right to


sell tickets in.
Subject: Games Commercial Activity

Subject: Security


()

availability and use of the national anthems


OCOG must ensure that it complies with the IOCs
requirements in relation to intellectual property

rights for all national anthems recordings. The

, -

OCOG should source shortened versions of the

national anthems, the approximate duration of

such recordings should be similar for all national

Process and technique for confirming the identity

anthems, not exceeding 1 minute 30 seconds.

and legitimacy of an object or person.

Subject: Technology

The OCOG should get all the anthems checked

automatic timing and place judging system

and obtain written confirmation of their accuracy

Automatic system that helps to determine results

from the respective NOCs on the occasion of the

, ,

of a sport event.

Chefs de Mission seminar, usually organized by the

Subject: General Sport Terms

OCOG one year before the Games. When played

63

64

availability and use of the Olympic anthem

aviation security authorities


aviation security authorities

by orchestra, the long version should be used (ap-

proximately 3 minutes). When played from record-

They are responsible for developing, communicating

. ,

ing, the short version should be used.

and implementing the regulations related to aviation

. ,

Subject: Protocol

security in the Host Country, including regulations

, .

for off-airport check-in.

Subject: Games Services

average gradient
Average degree of steepness or inclination

of a track.

, -

Subject: Skiing

, -

- .
-

30 .

, -

average slope
Subject: Construction

axial force
Subject: Construction


automatic vehicle location

axle
Constructive element of a bob. Between

Subject: Security

. -

Number of people traveling by private

passenger vehicles divided by the number

( 3 ),

of vehicles used.
Subject: Games Services

Olympic anthem in musical notation, as

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

AVM

athlete venue meal

IOC can provide the exact version of the

front and back axles a braking system is set.

Subject: Games Services

AVO
average vehicle occupancy

well as the Olympic anthem audio copy on CD. The


Olympic anthem is incorporated into the various

AVL

, average vehicle occupancy (AVO)

availability and use of the Olympic anthem

Subject: Figure Skating

, .

Original term for the axel jump.

-,

, 1

axel paulsen jump

- -

average vehicle ridership (AVR)

Subject: Games Services

ceremonies, and it is mandatory for the Olympic

Ratio of all people traveling by any mode, including

anthem to be played on the following occasions:

cars, buses, trains in a given area during a given

victory ceremonies at the Olympic Games

time period to the number of cars on the road. A

average vehicle ridership

Opening Ceremony of the IOC Session

key measure of the efficiency and effectiveness

Subject: Games Services

Opening Ceremony of the Olympic Games

of a transportation network - the higher the AVR,

Closing Ceremony of the Olympic Games

the lower the level energy consumption and air

other events to be determined by the IOC.

pollution.

End of the curling sheet to which the first stone

B classes cover athletes who are blind or have a vi-

Subject: Games Services

of a game is delivered.

sion impairment.

Subject: Curling

Subject: Paralympic Games

the Olympic anthem is played, it is customary,


while not obligatory, for people to stand as a
sign of respect.
Subject: Protocol


( -
)

AVR
B classes
In Paralympic alpine skiing, biathlon and crosscountry skiing competitions athletes compete in

away end

three groups according to the type of their disability.

, ,

axel jump

, -

Jump named after its Norwegian inventor, Axel

- -

Paulsen. It is the most difficult jump in figure skating

as it has an extra half-turn. The only jump where the

AVR,

skater throws himself (herself) forward and then

glides one step backwards to landing as in all jumps.

backside

Subject: Figure Skating

Subject: Skiing

:

;
;
;

aviation security
Subject: Security

. B

b/s

, -

B2B

bubble to bubble

Subject: Security

65

66

BA
BA

back inside take-off


,

back inside take-off

compounds, materials transfer, drop-off areas, park-

big air

, . -

In figure skating, launch of a jump with a take-off

ing and storage. BOH areas are typically located out

Subject: Skiing

from the inside edge of a blade while moving in

of view of the spectators and are accessible only to

backward direction.

accredited people (not to spectators).

Subject: Figure Skating

Subject: Construction

BAC

back flop


()

board of appeal of classification

Term in freestyle skiing that is used when a skier

Subject: Paralympic Games

is able to sit back and then lie back on their skies

while still moving.

/ , -

Subject: Skiing

back
Freestyle skiing aerial trick: a backward flip;

- - ,

back kicker

also known as a single flip.

, ,

Subject: Skiing

In freestyle skiing a ramp for back somersault

, , , -

jumps.

Subject: Skiing

; .

back full back full twist


back binding

Snowboard binding designed for the atletes rear

a full twist.

foot.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing
,

to support the operations of the venue such as

back layout

loading docks, administration offices, construction


compounds, materials transfer, drop-off areas, park-

position.

ing and storage. BOH areas are typically located out

Subject: Skiing

of view of the spectators and are accessible only to

Curling term describing the speed given to

: -

Material (e.g. foam or wood) placed at the end

a stone at delivery so that it will just reach

(perimeter) of each sheet of curling ice.

the back of the house.

Subject: Curling

Areas within and/or surrounding a venue designed

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: a single flip in layout

back house weight

back of house (BOH)

back board

, -

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: a backflip with

, ,

Subject: Curling

accredited people (not to spectators).


Subject: Venues


/ ,

back line

Curling term for a line at the back of the house,

- - ,

(, )

, ,

extending across the width of the sheet, which is

, ,

( )

parallel to and located 1.829 m (6 ft) from each

, , , -

tee line. A stone that completely crosses the

outside edge of the back line at the playing end is

out of play.

back crossover

back inside (edge)

Basic stroke in figure skating used to move in

In figure skating, the skaters movement

Subject: Curling

a circle and executed in a backward direction.

on the inside edge of a skate blade in a

Subject: Figure Skating

backward direction.

, -

Area not accessible to spectators within and/or sur-

Subject: Figure Skating

, -

rounding a venue . The BOH area is only accessible

, - 1,829

to appropriately accredited people. Typically BOH

back of house (BOH/BoH)

(6 ) . ,

includes areas designed to support venue opera-

-,

tions, such as loading docks, administration offices,

construction compounds, materials transfer, drop-off

back death spiral


Element used in pair figure skating. This move

areas, parking, sale ports, storage and site sheds.

back inside landing

involves the man spinning in a pivot position while

In figure skating, the landing of a jump on

holding one hand of the lady who is spinning in a

the inside edge of a skate blade sliding in

horizontal position with her body parallel to the

backward direction.

ice. Both partners are skating on a backward edge.


Subject: Figure Skating

back of a mogul
Subject: Skiing

/
/

Subject: Figure Skating

back of house (BOH)

BOH areas are typically located out of view of the


public, and access there is restricted.
Subject: Security


()
, -

Areas within and/or surrounding a venue designed

to support the operations of the venue such as

. ,

loading docks, administration offices, construction

67

68

back of the house


, - ,

back tuck
back pivot

, , ,

In figure skating, a two-footed movement in the

, .

free leg side in which the toe picks of the skating

foot are inserted into ice by a skater as a central

pivoting point while the other foot travels in a

Single backflip in the tuck position in freestyle

circular pattern around the pivot point.

skiing.

Subject: Figure Skating

Subject: Skiing

back of the house


Curling term for the area within the house that

back tuck

, -

Subject: Curling

, ,

- -.

back up sports equipment


Subject: General Sport Terms


back one-foot spin

see runners

their vertical axes in the free leg side while their skat-

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Subject: Figure Skating

parallel to the axis of movement.


Subject: Skiing
,
,
.

backchecking

backhand (shot/pass)

defensive zone, to regain the puck from the opposi-

backside of the blade. Backhands are usually

tion by checking or harassing an opponent who has

weaker than other types of shots but its trajectory

the puck.

is hard for goalkeepers to anticipate.

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Ice Hockey

back somersault
One single backflip.

Subject: Skiing

back outside edge


In figure skating, the skaters movement on the out-

Snowboarding term that refers to back somersault

Shot or pass in ice hockey that is taken from the

backflip back flip

Attempt by a hockey player, on his way back to his

back runner

Element in figure skating, in which skaters rotate on


ing legs maintain contact with ice leg.

, -

,
. -

lies between the tee line and the back line.

. , -

, , -

, .

back spin
backdrops

backhoe loader

side edge of a skate blade in backward direction.

Element in figure skating, in which skaters rotate

Subject: Figure Skating

on their vertical axes in the free leg side.

Material normally used at press conferences where

Shovel used to dig small pits and trenches, usually

Subject: Figure Skating

official session look and the title of the meeting

located below the excavator stand. The excava-

in both official languages (French and English), the

tor bucket is turned to the machine and it digs


, -

, ,

Olympic Rings and website address are placed,

towards the excavator.

according to the IOCs instructions.

Subject: Construction

back outside landing


In figure skating, the landing of a jump on the outside

Subject: Games Image

()
back straight

edge of a skate blade sliding in backward direction.

Straight length of the track farthest away from

-, ,

, -

Subject: Figure Skating

spectators and the finish line.

, : -

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

( -


, -

, .

back outside take-off


In figure skating, launch of a jump with a take-off

In figure skating, a jump that is executed with

a backward direction.

a toe pick at the moment of lift off in the free

Subject: Figure Skating


-

backscratcher
backfill
Subject: Construction

back toe jump

from the outside edge of a blade while moving in

), -.

leg side.
Subject: Figure Skating

/
/

Freestyle skiing maneuver where a skier touches


his or her back with the tails of both skis. The legs
are together, the knees are bent underneath the
body, and the skis are parallel.
Subject: Skiing

backflip

In figure skating, a reverse somersault in the air.

They are banned in competition, but play a role in

, -

show skating and exhibitions.

, ,

Subject: Figure Skating

69

70

backside (b/s)
backside (b/s)

backward swing
backside wall

backward swing

1 Rear part of a snowboard.

Side of the halfpipe that is behind a rider

Movement in speed skating that the arm takes as

Direction of the rotation performed by a snowboarder

when he or she rides straight down the

it is moved backwards as a counterbalance to the

back forwards.

halfpipe.

opposite leg.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

, .


baggage claim area

1 .

, -

, ()

Area of an airport where passengers claim their bag-

gage delivered by the same flight.


Subject: Games Services

backside air

back-to-back covenant

Snowboarding trick performed on the backside wall

This covenant reflects the basic package of

of the halfpipe where the athlete grabs the heel

rights and specific rights for each current partici-

edge of the board with the front hand.

pant in the TOP VIII program that Sochi 2014

Subject: Skiing

is obligated to protect and deliver. It may be

backward(s)
Subject: General Sport Terms

()

amended at the initiative of the IOC and/or

Another term for tailwind.

as a result of changes agreed by the IOC under

Subject: Skiing

, -

the TOP VIII program.

Subject: Marketing

Snowboarding maneuver in which a rider places his

or her hands both sides of the halfpipe rim.

Subject: Skiing

VIII,

-2014.

,
,

backwind

, -

backside handplant

baggage handlers
This term refers to workforce who specialize in the
movement of baggage or accompanied equipment.

bacteriological contamination
Subject: Ecology


()

Subject: Games Services

,
.

bad angle

, -

Another term for sharp angle.

Subject: Ice Hockey

VIII.

baggage transportation
Supplementary service provided to support Transports standard operations. Where possible, the
primary means of baggage transport should be on

backside rotation

back-up/standby power

badging

the same vehicle in which the customer is being

Snowboarding move in which a rider places both

Existing in-house generated power (generators al-

Process of issuing Olympic and Paralympic identity

transported. Where it is not possible, Logistics will

hands or the rear hand on the halfpipe rim and ro-

ready existing at the venue) or temporary installed

and accreditation cards.

provide vehicles and drivers for luggage transport.

tates 180 degrees in the backside direction.

generating systems. Back-up power is usually

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Skiing

automatically controlled.


, -

Subject: Construction


, -

, -

. , -

180

backside turn

Snowboarding turn in which a riders heel edge faces


the outside of the turn while a snowboard is riding on

Freestyle skiing term that refers to a skier moving

and a left turn for a goofy-footer.

down the slope backward in a snowplough posi-

Subject: Skiing

tion with the tails of the skies together.

BAFO

best and final offer

Subject: Games Management

backward snowplough

the toe edge. A right turn for a regular-footed boarder

, .

bag inspection
Subject: Security

This term refers to trucks used for movement of accompanied baggage or equipment, larger than cargo
vans and usually requiring a specific drivers license.

Subject: Skiing

baggage trucks

baggage carousel

Subject: Games Services

, -

Device, generally at an airport, that delivers

luggage to the passengers at the baggage claim

, -

. ,

area at their destination.

Subject: Games Services

71

72

balance sheet
, -

barricade covers

and the common domain. Depending on the

base plate baseplate

, -

application, the Look of the Games are often

Main part of the snowboard and ski binding, to

applied to them to highlight the barrier and en-

which all other components are attached. Base

hance the environment.

plates are made of both metal and plastic.

Subject: Games Image

Subject: Skiing

balance sheet

banner

A statement that shows the financial position

Material used for advertising and building decora-

of OCOG at a specified date by listing the asset

tion purposes.

, -

Subject: Games Image

. -

, -

, .

balances and the claims on such assets.


Subject: Finance & Legal

banner
by two vertical banners which may be connected

balanced position
Subject: Skiing

the snowboard and as close to the snow

barricade covers
They are used to decorate venue sports boards.
Subject: Games Image

, .

barrier
Railing at the side of a track or a slope.

bar

Subject: General Sport Terms


Subject: Construction

()

()

Row of bars of varying thickness and spaces, arwhen read by optical character recognition equip-

Load used to reach the maximum weight

ment, represent numbers and letters.

of a bob.

Subject: Technology

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

-
,

, -

barrier-free environment
Another term for the accessible environment.
Subject: Paralympic Games

Another term for delayed gate.


Subject: Skiing

barrel
Metallic tube of a firearm through which the projectile is discharged.
Subject: Biathlon

banked turn
Subject: Skiing

base
Another term for foundation.

Document setting minimum level of service skills for


F&B staff.
Subject: Games Services



,
.

Subject: Construction

basic stroke
Basic stroke in figure skating. Skaters push forward

base

from one inside blade to the other inside blade. It is

Running surface of a snowboard or a ski that

used to gain speed.

is in contact with the snow.

Subject: Figure Skating

Subject: Skiing

/ ()

. -

, .

base period
banking

1
2

banana

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

basic service qualifications policy


bar code
ranged according to international standards, which,

basic life support (BLS)

ballast

,
.

base for snow to be put on.

Subject: Skiing

bales of straw are sometimes used as a track

as possible.

(),

athletes boots are in direct contact with the top of

Subject: Skiing

In snowboarding and freestyle skiing events

Subject: Skiing

Kind of snowboard bindings without a baseplate. An

by a horizontal banner.

bale of straw


In alpine skiing events the finish line can be marked

baseless bindings

barricade

Refers to leaning ones body into a turn. It is

Concrete or metal bicycle barricades are a low

used in skiing and snowboarding.

cost security barrier used to direct and in many

Subject: Skiing

cases separate, vehicles or spectators at venues

basic visual communication tools

Another term for off-peak period.

They include color, symbols, typography and an un-

Subject: Games Services

derlying structure or organization which informs the

layout and composition of each component piece.


Subject: Games Image

73

74

basket

below-the-line advertising
bearing wall

, ,

Advertising media comprising design,

In the bidding process, it is the best technical and

Subject: Construction

direct marketing, public relations, events,

financial proposal of a bidder.

, .

Foot at the end of a ski pole that is made of plastic and meant for a skier to push off.

Subject: Construction

and demonstrations.

Subject: Games Management

, -

bedded-interstitial waters

Subject: Skiing

sales promotions, exhibitions, seminars


Subject: Marketing

bed rock
Subject: Construction

basket

best and final offer (BAFO)

Wall that supports the floor or roof of a building.

, -

below-the-line advertising

best competitor
Subject: General Sport Terms

, ,
, -

, -,
, .

betting

bedding angle
Subject: Construction


bay

General activity of predicting sports results

bench

by making a wager on the outcome of a sporting

Subject: Ice Hockey

event.

1 2
Subject: Construction

bedding rock

Subject: Construction


BC
building codes
Subject: Construction

BCWP

bell

bench minor penalty

foul except the goalkeeper is sent off the rink

for two minutes. In case of the goalkeeper, the


manager or coach of a team appoints the pe-

scorer to the competitors before the beginning of

nalized player. It is not allowed during penalty

Angle to which the edges of a snowboard

the last lap in the race.

minutes to replace the player.

are tuned.

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Planning & Integration

, , -

BCWS

bell lap
Final lap of a speed skating race, signified by the

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track


budget department
Subject: Finance & Legal

Subject: General Sport Terms


beam
Long piece of wood, metal, etc. used to support
weight, especially as part of the roof in a building.
Subject: Construction

, .

bias judging
Subject: General Sport Terms


biathlete

benchmark
Term in geology for a sign, fixed on the ground,

that indicates the specific altitude of the point.

Subject: Construction

be liable to a penalty

ringing of the bell.

BD

bevel

Signal in short track speed skating given by the lap

-, - -

Subject: Planning & Integration

Any player of the hockey team committed a

budgeted cost of work performed

budgeted cost of work scheduled

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

Athlete that takes part in a biathlon event.


Subject: Biathlon

()
() ().

below-the-line advertising

, -

biathlon

Advertising media comprising design, direct market-

Biathlon for athletes with a physical disability

ing, public relations, events, sales promotions, exhibi-

was introduced at the Paralympic Winter Games

tions, seminars and demonstrations.

in Innsbruck, Austria, in 1988. In 1992, athletes

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

with a visual impairment were also able to com-

beneficiary organization

pete in biathlon. At the Paralympic Winter Games

Receiving entity of rights for non-commercial

of 1994 in Lillehammer, Norway, biathlon was

Games marks use.

introduced as a medal competition for men and

, -

, -

Subject: IP Protection

women. Athletes are categorized as standing,

, -

, , -

. ,

-, ,

includes two distances: the short distance (three

laps round a 2.5-kilometer loop), where skiers

sit-ski or visually impaired. Paralympic biathlon

75

76

biathlon
stop twice to shoot, and the long distance (12

biathlon mixed relay



biathlon mixed relay

biathlon relay

Event in biathlon. In 2011, the IOC confirmed

Event in biathlon. The relay consists of four-

times and stop four times to shoot. Athletes are

the inclusion of the biathlon mixed relay event

person national teams covering distances of

given five shots and are required to hit a target.

2014 .

in the program of the Olympic Winter Games

7.5 km for men and 6 km for women. Each

of 2014 in Sochi. The mixed relay features two

member runs an equal part of the total distance.

km) race, where skiers circle the same loop five

Paralympic athletes always shoot in a prone posi-

biathlon individual

female athletes and two male athletes from the

Each leg of the race includes two shooting stages,

penalty that is added to the total time or a penalty

Individual competition is a classical style biathlon

same NOC competing together. Women race

one prone and one standing.

loop to ski once per missed shot.

race covering 20 km for men and 15 km for women,

a 6 km leg and men race a 7.5 km leg in the fol-

Subject: Paralympic Games

with 4 shooting lanes. Biathletes start at intervals

lowing order: W-W-M-M. Each athlete shoots

tion. The penalty for a missed shot can be a time

Subject: Biathlon

of either 30 seconds or 1 minute with each com-

twice (1 prone, 1 standing). For every missed

petitor choosing his (her) own shooting line. The

target a penalty loop of 150 m must be skied.

, -

first and third shooting stages are taken from the

The start is performed simultaneously in three

4 .

prone position, while the second and fourth are

rows, with the start order based on the results

() 1988 . 1992 . -

fired standing. Biathletes are penalized 1 minute for

of the Nations Cup Score.

7,5 ,

each missed target.

Subject: Biathlon

6 . -

.
1994

Subject: Biathlon

. 2011

biathlon sprint

20

. -

15

Event in biathlon. The sprint is an abbreviated

: , -

2014 . -

version of individual competition, and one in which

30 1 .

( -

speed is a key factor. Men race 10 km, and women

), -

7.5 km, each with two shooting rounds one prone

( 2,5 )

and one standing. For every missed target, a com-

(12 ), -

, . -

. 6

petitor must ski a 150-meter penalty loop.

, 7,5 .

Subject: Biathlon

. -

1 .

biathlon mass start

( , ).

Event in biathlon. The mass start competition is

150 . -

, .

one of the newest biathlon formats. It covers a

, 10

10 , 7,5 .

distance of 15 km for men and 12.5 km for women,

with four shooting stages, the first two prone and

. -

biathlon
Winter sport that combines cross-country skiing

the second two standing. In each race, 30 highest-

and small-bore rifle shooting. Biathlon at the Olym-

ranked athletes start together simultaneously and

pic Winter Games comprises 11 events: individual,

take their place at the first shooting stage depend-

One of the events in biathlon. In the pursuit

sprint, pursuit, mass start, relay for both men and

ing on their starting number. Athletes line up at the

competition, athletes start in a staggered fashion

Another term for start number.

women, and mixed relay.

remaining shooting stages depending on the order

depending on their time in the sprint race. Men

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Biathlon

in which they arrived at the firing line.

ski 12.5 km and women 10 km. Each covers four

Subject: Biathlon

shooting stagesthe first two are taken prone

, -

150 .

biathlon pursuit

and the second two from a standing position. Ath-

bib


bib

. -

. -

15 12,5

: -

, , ,

. 30 -

. -

, .

12,5 ,

10 .

Bid book is prepared by a candidate city for

One of the competition venues at the Winter

).

presentation to the IOC and its members. It

Games of 2014 in Sochi.

, -

, .

outlines how the City plans to stage the Games,

Subject: Venues

150 .

including venues, budgets, marketing, public

Biathlon and Ski Complex

letes ski a 150-meter penalty loop for each miss.

Piece of cloth or plastic with a number worn

Subject: Biathlon

by an athlete.

Subject: General Sport Terms

bid book

77

78

bid committee
support, environmental issues and more.

binding disc
()

, -

Subject: Olympic Movement

BKC
Building Knowledge Capabilities

binding disc

Subject: Games Management

Component in the middle part of a snowboard

-,

biellmann spiral

binding platform, which allows to set the binding

BKC

, ,

In figure skating, a catch-foot spiral position

in different positions and at different angles in rela-

Building Knowledge Capabilities

, ,

where the free leg is pulled above the head from

tion to the board axis.

Subject: Knowledge Management

..

behind. It is named after Swiss figure skater

Subject: Skiing

Denise Biellmann, who invented the position.

bid committee
Non-profit organization established for the pur-

Subject: Figure Skating

()

blade

Structural element of bulldozers, graders, loaders,

used for the dredging, snow removal and other

pose of bidding to host the Olympic and Paralym-

operations.

pic Games.

Subject: Olympic Movement

biometrics

, .

big air (BA)


Name of a competition in which snowboarders

bid documents

perform acrobatic moves on big jumps.a special

Subject: Construction

, -

Human characteristics that are unique to each

, , -

individual. Examples include fingerprints, retinal

patterns, hand patterns and signatures.

Subject: Technology

blade

All representations, warranties and covenants

construction for a snowboard park. It consists

Narrow tapering strip of metal that is attached to

contained in the bid documents as well all

of a ramp and a landing area.

. -

the sole of a skate. The lower part of the blade is

Subject: Skiing

, ,

made of hardened steel to keep the edges sharp.

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

other commitments, warranties or representations made either orally or in writing by the

/ ()

Candidate City Committee and/or the Candidate

, -

Country NOC.

Subject: Olympic Movement

. -

Front flip with a half twist in freestyle skiing.

Subject: Skiing


, , -

-.

birani

bilateral contact between OCOG and IPC


biter

Established between the OCOG and the

-.

IPC to ensure an exchange of information,

Curling term for a stone that just touches the

and a mutual understanding of each others

outer edge of the outside circle of the house.

needs and requirements in relation to the

Subject: Curling

Process through which a city goes when applying

Paralympic Games.

to host the Games.

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Olympic Movement

biellmann spin/pirouette

, ,

.

blade guards
Plastic covers used in ice sports that fit over
skate blade. They are used to protect skates
from surfaces other than ice.
Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

bitumen

Solid or viscous resinous substance, natural or

artificial mixture of hydrocarbons, used in road

, .

In figure skating, a catch-foot spin position where


the free leg is pulled above the head from behind.

blade (of stick)


Subject: Ice Hockey

- /

bid process

, ,
( )

, -

construction, production of insulation.

binding

Subject: Construction

blank end

It is named after Swiss figure skater Denise Biell-

Mechanical safety device that locks the boot

mann, who invented the spin.

to a ski or a snowboard.

, -

Curling term for an end resulting in no score


for either team.

Subject: Figure Skating

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Curling

79

80

blind athlete

blocked shot
This includes both permanent and temporary spac-

blocked shot

blood collection officer

, , -

es. Block plans are a key deliverable and they help

Shot in ice hockey that is stopped by a player of the

Official who is qualified to and has been authorized

form the basis for discussions with clients whose

defending team before it reaches the goalkeeper.

by the ADO to collect a blood sample from an

Subject: Ice Hockey

athlete.

space needs must be met in the overlay planning

blind athlete
Subject: Paralympic Games


blind pass

process. They are a primary tool for interactive

design sessions that are held with representatives

of all the OCOGs key functions.

Subject: Construction

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

blocker

Ice hockey term that describes an action of pass-

, -

ing the puck to another player without looking.

( -

Part of a goalkeepers equipment in ice hockey.

Subject: Ice Hockey

, ), -

A large rectangular pad attached to the front

of the goalkeepers stick hand that is designed

, -

to protect the back of the hand, and is also an

Room where:

effective tool for saving the shots.

the athlete reports to when ready to provide

Subject: Ice Hockey

a sample

blindside

, .

blood processing room

where the sample is provided and sealed

Snowboarding term for any rotation in which the

, -

documents are completed

rider is positioned blind for the takeoff or landing

the sealed sample is stored in a locked fridge until

(cant see straight ahead) and must look over the

the completion of the session

shoulder.

if required, it is where the samples are centrifuged.

Subject: Skiing

, -

blocking glove
block plan
Venue plan layout that shows major required
spaces, as blocks of space without interior layouts.

block

, :

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Another term for blocker.

Subject: Ice Hockey

This includes both permanent and temporary spac-

blocking vehicle

Set of functions, which report to President

es. Block plans are a key deliverable and they help

and the Senior vice-president and are headed

form the basis for discussions with clients whose

Motor vehicle used to obstruct/prevent vehicle

by Vice-president.

space needs must be met in the overlay planning

access into a venue, if required. Heavy vehicles

Subject: Games Management

process. They are a primary tool for interactive

are preferred.

design sessions that are held with representatives


,
- -.

of all the OCOGs key functions.


Subject: Venues

Subject: Security

BLS
basic life support
Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

,
/-

blue gate

, -

Type of gate installed on the course.

. -

Subject: Skiing

Another term for (track) marker.

( , -

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

),

block

, .

block


, .

blood and body fluid


waste handling and disposal

blue line

Direction regarding handling and disposal of body

Two blue lines divide the ice hockey rink into three

Another term for save.

fluid waste that may or may not be potentially

zones: the defensive zone, the attacking zone and

Subject: Ice Hockey

infectious.

the neutral zone.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Ice Hockey

block plan

, -

: ,

Venue plan layout that shows major required

( -

spaces, as blocks of space without interior layouts.

).

81

82

blue spot
blue spot

boards
, -

Another term for center (face-off/ice) spot.

Subject: Ice Hockey


/
-

board slide
blunt air
Freestyle skiing trick in which the skis are parallel,
tips are facing down and an athlete grabs the top
of the ski tail.

Subject: Skiing

boards

boarder
Another term for snowboarder.
Subject: Skiing

BMVBP

()

Another term for rail slide.

,
.

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton


,
,

Special track with artificial ice used in sliding events.

Subject: Skiing

bobrun bob run

Skis for Paralympic athletes.

1 Bobsleigh is a sport that involves high-speed

Subject: Paralympic Games

mountain descent down specially equipped iced

bobsleigh bobsled (US)

tracks on steerable sleds (bobs). Three events


make up the Olympic bobsleigh program: men compete in two- and four-person competitions; women

boards

boardercross boarder-x

compete in two-person competitions. Olympic bob-

Wooden or fiberglass walls no less than 4 feet

sleigh competition consists of four runs held over a

(1,22 m) high which surround the ice hockey rink

two-day period, with two runs completed each day.

brand management and visual brand presentation

Another term for snowboard cross.

to keep the puck and players from accidentally

Medals are awarded on the basis of total time over

Subject: Games Image

Subject: Skiing

leaving the rink and injuring spectators.

four runs, with the winner having the lowest overall

Subject: Ice Hockey

time. If two teams complete the competition in a

b-net

-.

Used to define the boundary of the course and


protect athletes from obstacles.
Subject: Skiing


(-)

boarding boardchecking

tie, they are awarded the same place.

Another terms for bob.

4 (1,22 ),

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Infraction in ice hockey which calls for a

minor penalty. It occurs when a player uses

any method (body checking, elbowing or

tripping) to throw an opponent violently onto

/.

the boards. This can result in a two-, four- or five-

boards minimal length

minute penalty, depending on the severity of the

Subject: Skiing

: -

board
Subject: Construction

infraction. If an injury is caused, it becomes

().

Subject: Ice Hockey

bob

()
board of appeal of classification (BAC)

, .

a major penalty.

2
Steerable sled. It consists of a main hull, a frame,

. -

a front and rear axle, and two sets of indepen-

, ( 4 )

As stated in the IPC Classification Code the appeal

. ,

dent steel runners. There are two-man and four-

body for all appeals submitted during a Paralympic

man bobs.

, -

Games shall be the IPC Board of Appeal of Clas-

( , ),

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

sification. The IPC will be responsible for establish-

ing the BAC. The board will have jurisdiction over

. -, -

. -

relevant appeals for all sports that take part in the

- , -

, , , -

Paralympic Games.

. -

Subject: Paralympic Games



,
,

bobsleigher bobsledder
Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

bob braking system


boardless safety system
boardless padding system

BOCOG

Brakes are applied by lifting a lever that lowers

Beijing Organizing Committee of the Olympic and

metal teeth into the ice.

Paralympic Games

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Subject: Olympic Movement

, -

For the Olympic Winter Games the rink

board padding system must be moveable in

nature with no fixed boards behind the padding

system. This allows to reduce the number of

athletes injuries.

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track


body
Subject: Construction

83

84

body action
body action

bolt

Subject: Skiing


body angle

BOH
back of house

Operational process applied to a bomb threat

Subject: Venues

2014 ,

(phone, e-mail, suspicious items, etc.) during

the Games Operational Period. Bomb Threat

Management considers key stakeholders,

BOH BoH

Subject: General Sport Terms

back of house

Subject: Security

body loner/extension

Subject: Skiing

()


( , -

bolt handle/lever

, ..)

Subject: Biathlon


Solid steel or concrete post mounted in the
ground and used to delineate traffic routes,
exclude vehicles from restricted areas while

, .

allowing pedestrian thoroughfare, provide an


additional barrier to fencing, etc.

Tactic used by a hockey player to physically re-

Subject: Security

bollard

bodycheck(ing)

Subject: Biathlon

In freestyle skiing the stance, balance and movements of a competitors body.

implements the appropriate treatment option.

boiler plant
Subject: Ecology

body position/posture

security integrity, technical information, and

bolt
Another term for breechblock.

Subject: Construction

bomb threat management

Subject: Security

, -

bomb appraisal technician

Subject: Security

Bonacossa Trophy
This trophy was awarded until 1971 to an

bomb management

individual who had rendered distinguished

Generic term that refers to the prevention and

service to the Olympic cause. It was instituted,

response measures utilized by Olympic Security

with the help of the Italian NOC, by the family

move an opponent from the puck or the play.

and law enforcement agencies for management

of Count Alberto Bonacossa after his death in

A bodycheck is legal only if the player being

, -

of bomb threats and the appraisal / neutraliza-

1953. Bonacossa was a great Italian skating

checked has the puck or was the last person to

tion or render safe procedures for improvised

and tennis champion before becoming an IOC

touch it. The bodychecker may only use the hips

explosive devices.

member in 1925.

or shoulder, and must make the hit above the op-

Subject: Security

Subject: Protocol

ponents knees and below the neck. In womens

ice hockey, any body checking is a penalty and is

, ,

1971

also usually not allowed in amateur leagues and

..

. ,

leagues with young children.

Bolshoi Ice Dome

One of the competition venues at the Winter

, -

Games of 2014 in Sochi.

1953 .

Subject: Construction

Subject: Ice Hockey

, ,

2014 .

, .
, ,

bomb management resources

Subject: Security

1925 .

bone

Bolshoi Ice Palace

One of the competition venues at the Winter

Games of 2014 in Sochi.

Subject: Venues

Snowboarding term that refers to straighten-

bomb management team

ing one or both legs during a halfpipe trick.

Subject: Security

Subject: Skiing

, ,

2014 .

bomb technician

Subject: Security

BOH

Bolshoy Ice Dome


back of house

One of the competition venues at the Winter

Subject: Construction

Games of 2014 in Sochi, where ice hockey

competitions will be held.


Subject: Ice Hockey

bonk
bomb threat
Subject: Security

Snowboarding term that refers to hitting a


non-snow object with the snowboard while
riding as part of a trick.
Subject: Skiing

85

86

bonspiel

boot

, -

-, ,

. .

bonspiel

booking and payments section

Curling competition or tournament.


Subject: Curling

Subject: Games Services

Subject: General Sport Terms

boom

bookable technical facilities

Subject: Construction

bored tunnel

boundinage

Subject: Construction

Hole that is drilled into the earth, as in exploratory

(, ), -

, , ,
.

boom cylinder
Subject: Construction

rights holders shall assist the OBO in allocating


tional staff is adjusted according to demand, but in

Subject: Construction

Subject: Construction

edited daily summaries of certain events;

Subject: Construction

Subject: Construction

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Subject: Construction

boost

bottomland

some cultures.
Subject: Protocol
, .
, ),
,
.

that could be decorated with the Look of the

Subject: Construction

Games elements.

Subject: Skiing

bouquet ribbon

water or the freshets.

a jump or a halfpipe.

Subject: Protocol


,
.

, -

booster pumping station

Station, designed to increase pressure on the part

of the network or in the culvert.

, , :

choosing colors considered inappropriate by

Each bouquet should be provided with a ribbon

Snowboarding term to describe catching air off

should also take into consideration (e.g. white

Part of the river valley overflowed during the high

served rules relating to the meaning of colors

(,

bottom-dump tipper

- -

Look of the Games colors, but generally ob-

boom with arm cylinder

bottom of the track

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

bouquet colors

boom setting

stand up positions;
tape playback.

Subject: Construction

to be made on events transmitted live as well as on

symbolizes death in some countries) to avoid

boring/drilling machine

boom offset

simple video editing facilities;


commentary positions, to enable commentaries

Subject: Construction

principle the following facilities must be planned as


a minimum:

boring

boom length

the facilities. The amount of equipment and opera-

Flower colors should be in line with the OCOG

monopolize the facilities. In the event of disputes,

Subject: Construction

to all rights holders, but no rights holder may

Subject: Construction
-

broadcast rate card. Booking rules must be open

minerals (e.g. quartz), located inside the finely

well drilling or in building construction.

permanent facilities or who are unable to cope


periods, and their use charged according to the

Lenticular-rounded formations of hard rocks or


frayed microcrystalline rocks in fault zones.

by the OBO for rights holders who do not have


at peak periods. They must be available for fixed

Subject: Construction

borehole
Moving part of a crane or an excavator.

These facilities must be installed and operated

bounce/cable-tool method

boot

Subject: Construction

bottom-set beds
Horizontal or gently inclined layers of finer

bouquet size

material carried out and deposited on the bottom

Size of floral bouquets should be between

of a lake or sea in front of a delta.

20 and 30 cm in length and about 25 cm in

Subject: Construction

diameter.

Subject: Protocol

2030 -

25 .

87

88

bow area
bow area
Subject: Construction


box meal
Subject: Games Services


boxtrees for champions

brand association
,

brand association

TOP partners may use product brand names in

, -

connection with the rights granted to them as ap-

proved in advance by the IOC, which approval will

not be unreasonably withheld.

(,
), .

brakeman

Subject: Marketing

brand development
This process sets the foundations of the brand

management and visual brand presentation with

the definition of the brands central idea and the

As a boxtree is a symbol of Sochi it is planned

Last teammate to enter the bob at the start

values that create its distinct positioning in the

to establish a garden where they will be grown

of a race. They are responsible for pulling the

Olympic world. Brand development starts six years

in pots. And during 2014 Olympic and Paralym-

brake to stop the sled at the end of the run.

before the Games and its about the creation of a

pic Winter Games these boxtrees will become

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

set of applications that defines the strategy and

commemorative gifts for champions.


Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program


,
. -

Set of unified rules for identifying the brand and its

attributes. The Brand Book is a guide to using the


.
2014

brakes
Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

braking zone/area
bracket
In figure skating, a turn executed on one foot

the tone for all programs and applications the

brand book

Transition zone between the finish area and

OCOG produces.
Subject: Games Image

brand in different lanes (including all main rules for

usage of brand and Look of the Games elements,

colors, motto, fonts, etc).

Subject: Games Image

.
,

the outrun of a ski jumping hill.

from an outside edge to an inside edge or an

Subject: Skiing

inside edge to an outside edge, with the exit

curve continuing on the same lobe as the entry

( -

curve. The skater turns in the direction opposite

, ,

to the curve.
Subject: Figure Skating

, ..).

braking zone/area
Last part of a sliding track.
Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton


- .

,
.
, -

Message, either visual or verbal or both, that

communicates the identity and image of a product or service and conveys a set of expectations

Braille lettering
Subject: Paralympic Games

of and associations with a product or service. A

Braille version of document

brand book
Set of unified rules for identifying the brand,
its attributes, is a guide to using the brand in dif-

Subject: IP Protection


, .

ferent lanes (includes all main rules for usage of

brand equity

motto, fonts, etc).

Value and goodwill associated with a brand, both

Subject: IP Protection

tangible and intangible.

brand may take the form of a word, mark, symbol,

design, term, or a combination of these.

, -

Subject: IP Protection

Evaluation, construction and continued monitoring


of brand.

brand and Look of the Games elements, colors,

brand

brand development

Subject: IP Protection

brand identification

Games marketing partners with branding rights

shall exercise their rights in close consultation with

For people with vision impairment, who received

, , , ..).

the IOC and Sochi 2014 in order to incorporate the

training to read Braille language, Braille versions

of documents which are unlikely to change (e.g.,

, -

mission statements) should be made available

Enhancing a brands equity through advertising

upon request.

, , , ,

campaigns and promotions.

- ,

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: IP Protection

Look of the Games.

brand building

Subject: Marketing

89

90

brand identity

brand photography

-2014 -

, -

brand photography
Subject: Games Image

brand presence

brand identity
It is the essence and the central idea (vision and
values) of the Games expressed in a verbal and

brand management
and visual brand presentation team

Authorized advertising and display activities

funded by Marketing Partners in order to increase

visual/graphic form.

BMVBP team usually consists of:

commercial visibility in and around the Olympic

Subject: Games Image

Designers (Graphic Designers)

venues.

Subject: IP Protection

Project Managers
Architects (found to be an asset to the team

( )

for their knowledge of design programs and during

, /

the final 2 years on the application of the Look

, -

(,

at venues).

, , -

Subject: Games Image

. .) -

brand identity
Names, symbols, mottoes, font styles, colors and

brand protection

images associated with a brand.

Subject: IP Protection

Efforts by Games parties to protect intellectual

. , -

property assets and the contractual rights of

, , ,

( ).

broadcasters, sponsors, suppliers and licensees.

, , .

.
( -

brand management

Subject: IP Protection

brand protection database

- -

This database contains all ambush marketing ac-

Process of realizing the brand identity of

tivities, with documentation of the OCOG action

the Games.

).

, , -

taken to stop the ambush campaign.

Subject: IP Protection

Subject: Games Image

brand management department


Subject: Games Image


brand management and visual
brand presentation department (BMVBP)

Brand Management FA (BRN)


brand protection

OCOG is obliged to enforce the protection of the

rights of all Paralympic partners through the ap-

propriate brand protection program.

Central and strategic function within the OCOG

Brand Management function is a key ingredient

that is responsible for creating the brand iden-

to the operations of the Olympic and Paralympic

tity of the Games and the visual language that

Games. BRN provides services to all client groups

Primary purpose of this department is to ensure

depicts it, offering branding and design services

related to the brand, marks approval, brand promo-

the protection of the intellectual property assets

to all departments. The brand management and

tion and production of necessary material. In the

and rights of the OCOG, the host NOC, the IOC,

visual brand presentation department has the

Games time primary responsibility of BRN employ-

mission to create and deliver a unified brand

ees will be implemented within LKOG FA.

identity which reflects the vision and values of


the host city.
Subject: Games Image

Subject: Games Image

Subject: Paralympic Games

brand protection department

and the Games marketing partners as required

brand protection
communications & education plan
Plan includes a Function Creative Brief,

which outlines the creative direction, message

and target audience for the Anti-Ambush

by the Host City Contract, the Olympic Charter,


and the OCOGs agreements and contracts with
host NOC and marketing partners.
Subject: IP Protection

. -

communication and public relations campaign.

Plan also includes a public relations kit for

Brand Protection (e.g., fact sheets, talking points,

, ,

press releases, etc.) for press conferences and in-

- , , -

. ,

terviews to spotlight infringement cases and pub-

licize those resolved in the OCOGs favor. In case

--

of need, the education project can be extended to

OCOG employers.

- -

Subject: IP Protection

91

92

brand protection director


brand protection director
Person responsible for directing the activities of

brand strategy


branded food items
Food items which are made by a well-known

manufacturer and have the manufacturers

the Brand Protection function. His duties typically

include: hiring, training and managing the personnel;

name and symbols on it.

planning and implementation of the Brand Protec-

, -

Subject: Games Services

tion program; budgeting and resource allocation.

-2014,

Subject: IP Protection

/-

, -

2014 -



.
,
;

brand protection policies


Subject: IP Protection

;
.

brand protection procedures

( ,
)

Function responsible for protection of Olympic and


Paralympic marks (including counterfeit and ambush

brand protection program

Control all branding within venues and cover

unauthorized branding (constructions, items,

staff and contractors).


Subject: IP Protection

brand strategy

opment and management.

Subject: IP Protection

Program within an OCOG which key objectives

rights of Games 2014 marketing partners.

include preserving the integrity of the Olympic

Subject: IP Protection

Games; enhancing the unique visual presentation

of the Olympic Games; protecting intellectual

brand structure

ment; preventing the distribution and sale of

counterfeit merchandise; combating ambush

OCOG should decide the strategy of their brand

marketing by protecting Marketing Partners

structure. This is essential and it needs to be se-

),

exclusivity and so on.

lected carefully after the emblem selection. There

Subject: IP Protection

are three option/choices for the brand structure:


, -

(, ,
).

breach of the rules

property assets against misuse and infringe-

2014 .

Plan outlining a cohesive strategy for brand devel-

marketing prevention) as well as protection of the

branding control

Subject: IP Protection

Brand Protection FA (BRP FA)

monolithic, endorsed and branded.


Subject: Games Image

Subject: General Sport Terms


breaching waste management rules
Subject: Ecology

brand protection guidelines

Subject: IP Protection

. ,

; -

Chance to start a rush when the opposing

players losing the puck are caught out of

; -

: , -

position.

Subject: Ice Hockey



brand protection incident
Subject: IP Protection


..

Subject: IP Protection

Brand Protection mission

brand protection tool kit

branded brand structure

One of three options for organizing the

brand structure, where the OCOG operates

through a series of brands, which might be

Set of different informational, educational, illus-

unrelated to each other or to the graphing

trative and methodological materials supporting

elements used in expressing the brand identity

the operations of Sochi 2014 Organizing Com-

of the Games.

mittee Brand Protection function and other func-

break

brand protection initiatives



Another term for rule violation.

break a record
Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Games Image

break/meal management

Brand Protection mission is to ensure planning,

tions in the organization of their interaction with

coordination and realization of all Sochi 2014

major audiences (including clients and stakehold-

One of the functions of the workforce man-

actions aimed at protecting Olympic and Paralympic

ers) on the Olympic and Paralympic marks use,

, ,

agement department, that consists in coordi-

brand value and preserving image integrity

opposition to counterfeit products and ambush

nating the daily food and beverage service

of the Games.

marketing.

for all staff.

Subject: IP Protection

Subject: IP Protection

Subject: Workforce

93

94

breakaway
/

bridge abutment
breakout session

bridge abutment

BRN

Smaller presentation, intended to address a

Bridge support.

Brand Management FA

specific topic, to be attended by specific partner

Subject: Construction

Subject: Games Image

representatives. A workshop agenda that includes

breakout sessions allows the OCOG to maximize

Broadcasting FA

the marketing partners time and maintain the

breakaway

partners interest.

Sprint by a speed skater to leave the rest of skaters that is usually done in the final stages of a race.

Subject: Marketing

bridge beam

broadcast and distribution rights


IOC owns all broadcast and distribution rights

bridge truss
Subject: Construction

breakaway

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Subject: Construction

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

BRO

with regards to the Olympic Games. The IOC may


grant a broadcasting organization the exclusive
right to broadcast by television the Olympic
Games in its territory. The sums negotiated include

briefings to diplomatic corps

the technical facilities, infrastructure and other

Ice hockey term that describes a fast break in

Working meetings between Protocol FA and the

services that will be provided by the OCOG at its

which an attacker with the puck skates in alone on

diplomatic corps accredited to the Host Country.

sole expense, unless otherwise specifically agreed

the goalkeeper, having gotten past or clear of the

Subject: Protocol

by the IOC. Similar provisions are also valid for ra-

defensemen, trapping the opponents behind the

play.
Subject: Ice Hockey

breccia

Rock consisting of angular fragments embedded

Subject: Construction

, .

breaking of a ski

-.

related to time-keeping, data, the official Olympic


film, etc.).IPC owns all rights relating to the broad-

bringing food and beverages into venues

casting and distribution of the Paralympic Games.

, -

the venue can be a delicate and media sensitive

Games, the IPC transfers all Paralympic Games-

issue. Should for security and/or health and safety

related television/broadcast rights, to the OCOG

reasons food and beverage items be placed on the

in exchange for a fee as set forth in the IPC/IOC

prohibited items list, it is essential that the OCOG

Agreement.

Part of a gun at the back where the bullets are

communicates accurately the reasons for such a

loaded.

policy. It should be noted that athletes and rights

Subject: Biathlon

holding broadcasters should be exempted from such

a policy due to athletes having specific dietary and

, -

fluid intake needs and broadcasters a contractual

. -

right to bring food and beverages into the venue.

Subject: Games Services


breaking stress
Mechanical stress, above which the material is

the sale of broadcasting rights (including contracts

In undertaking the hosting of the Paralympic

breech

Subject: Skiing

into any contracts directly or indirectly linked with

, -

Control of bringing food and beverage items into

breaker
Subject: Construction

dio broadcasting rights. The OCOG must not enter

in a finer matrix.

breechblock breech block

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

destroyed.

Mechanical part of a firearm that closes

, -

, -

Subject: Construction

the breech of a weapon at the moment

of firing.

Subject: Biathlon

( , )
,
.

breakout
Designed play in ice hockey that facilitates

, -

, ,

. ,

( ,

, ,

Part of a sled that attaches the seat to runners.

, ..

. .).

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

the movement of the puck out of the teams


defensive zone.

bridge

Subject: Ice Hockey

, -

, -

. -

95

96

broadcast and distribution rights


-

broadcasting

, .

broadcast and distribution rights


IPC owns all rights relating to broadcasting

broadcast operations

and distribution of the Paralympic Games.

Functions of the host broadcaster/Olympic broad-

In undertaking the hosting of the Paralympic

casting organization.

Games, the IPC transfers all Paralympic Gamesrelated television/broadcast rights, to the OCOG
in exchange for a fee, as set forth in the IPC/IOC

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

in compliance with broadcast agreements.


Subject: IP Protection

Broadcasting FA (BRO)
It is the explicit responsibility of the Broadcasting
FA to coordinate with all the other respective functions of Sochi 2014 to ensure all infrastructure at

, -

the venues and the IBC& Sub IBC, including space,

temporary structures, partitioning, power, lighting,

commentary positions, accommodation, accreditation, transport, furniture, IT and telecom equipment,

broadcasting

logistics vehicles, among others, that are required by

Placing at the disposal of the public the official

the OBS-OBO to fulfill its mission and role.

events and ceremonies of the Olympic and Paralym-

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

pic Games without the circulation of any tangible

agreement.

device. Broadcasting, therefore, includes notably

Subject: Paralympic Games

-/ -

radio and television broadcasting, and transmission

to the audience by any means as defined by the IOC.

The OCOG may establish a functional area dealing

-2014 ,

with broadcasting aspects.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media


,
. , -

broadcast personnel
Subject: Communications & Mass Media

broadcast compound
Each venue will develop a broadcast compound

, , ,

, ,

It provides a list of all rate card items available for

, , , ,

rent byholders. This rate card is prepared by OBS.

- .

, - -

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

--


, -

broadcast rate card

which will host the OBOs technical facilities and,

, -

, -

within reasonable limits, the requirements of uni-

. -

lateral broadcasters for production vehicles. The

. -

-, -

, .

broadcast compounds will incorporate delivery of

broadcasting orders office

adequate power supply, including backup equipment and other facilities and services.

broadcaster

broadcasting agreement

Office located in the International Broadcast Center

Broadcast organization, television and/or radio,

Agreement relating to any form of broadcasting of

and responsible for ordering air time.

that owns the exclusive right to broadcast the

the Games. It is expressly understood that all deci-

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Olympic and Paralympic Games within a given

sions relating to the conduct and conclusion of the

country or territory.

negotiations and to the contents and execution of

, -

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

the said agreements, including all basic facilities, ser-

vices and other requirements to be provided by the

Subject: Communications & Mass Media


, ,
,

OCOG and/or the host broadcasting organization of

broadcasting studios

. -

- / , -

the Games, rest within the exclusive competence

of the IOC.

Rights holders studios and offices, OBS studios and

, --

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

offices, including relaxation rooms, toilets and other

broadcaster services section


broadcast employee
Subject: Communications & Mass Media


broadcast monitoring

Subject: IP Protection

, -

service areas for broadcasters.


Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Broadcasting FAs section.

. -

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

, ,

, -

- ,

, -

Brand Protection participation in IOC monitoring


activities and fulfillment of its own monitoring.

, , /

broadcasters rights protection


Broadcast monitoring services provided by OCOG

broadcasting systems division

- , -

One of the Technology FA divisions.

Subject: Technology

97

98

broken-stick penalty broken stick penalty



.

bucket
Subject: Construction

broken-stick penalty broken stick penalty


Subject: Ice Hockey

bucket
Seat portion of a mono-ski.

99

budget gap
-

, -

, .

, , -

) .

Subject: Paralympic Games

bronze medal game


Subject: Ice Hockey

Device used by curling players to sweep/clean the

Subject: Construction

ice in front of a moving stone.


Subject: Curling

Brand Protection functional area

Subject: Construction


buckets and rippers for backhoe

()

Subject: IP Protection
Lock, usually made of plastic, that pulls the strap on

Another term for broom.

the bindings of a snowboard.

Subject: Curling

Subject: Skiing


, , -

BU

bubble to bubble (B2B)

budget manager

/.

Budgeted cost of work that has actually been


performed in carrying out a scheduled task during a

to provide support in developing and managing

specific time period.

budget.

Subject: Planning & Integration

Subject: Finance & Legal

budget department (BD)

budgeted cost of work scheduled (BCWS)


Approved budget that has been allocated to

com-

plete a scheduled task during a specific time period.

budget report
A report that shows actual financial results in com-

Subject: Planning & Integration

parison with their planned values.

, -

Subject: Finance & Legal

- .

, -

The central department of the Finance and Account-

ing Department which is responsible for preparing

short-term and long-term budgets, and controlling

groups, personnel, vehicles and materials into

implementation of financial plans.

the Games Theatre via a security gateway and

Subject: Finance & Legal

Main activity stream for the financial aspects of

the OCOG, including both revenue and expendi-

Games Road Network into precincts, venues and

Budget Managers are assigned to the Functions

Describes the movement of Games constituent

their subsequent clean movement via the

Subject: Finance & Legal

budgeted cost of work performed (BCWP)

building utilities management


Subject: Administration & Office Management

Current budget minus total commitments.

buckle
brush

budget variance

Subject: Construction

BRP FA

Subject: Finance & Legal

bucket hook height

/
.

The difference between total revenue commitments and the current expense budget.

bucket capacity
broom

budget gap

building codes (BC)


Set of rules that specify the minimum acceptable
level of safety for constructed objects such as build-

budget stream

ings and nonbuilding structures.


Subject: Construction

()

ture. The budget stream reflects the Finance func-

, -

facilities. The key components of B2B are the se-

tions key activity of establishing and managing the

curity gateways, GRN & In Transit security, venue

OCOGs budget in an ongoing manner, and it also

access arrangements.

reflects the Marketing functions key revenue ac-

Subject: Security

tivities. Both functions must work closely together

to ensure effective planning and delivery of this

activity stream.


, ,

Subject: Games Management

budget financial system

building development
Subject: Construction


Building Knowledge Capabilities (BKC)

The system manages, by WBS, all aspects

of the OCOG budget, to include budget set up,

OGKM program for ongoing knowledge capturing,

B2B: , -

change management, source of funds management

accumulating, distributing and consuming. It occurs

(cash or VIK) and budget reporting.

throughout the entire lifecycle of the OCOG.

, .

Subject: Finance & Legal

Subject: Games Management

100

Building Knowledge Capabilities (BKC)


BKC

bumper

bump in

bumper

from the venue. At the conclusion of this phase

Period of time and operations when people

Another term for back board.

the venue is considered bumped-out.

are arriving at a venue before the competition.

Subject: Curling

Subject: Venues

, -

Subject: Security

, , ,

bump-in

Phase of the venue lifecycle, before the Games

, -

time, when all FF&E, technology equipment,

. -

sport equipment and other equipment are

Building Knowledge Capabilities (BKC)

bump in

delivered to the venue. At the conclusion of this

burger flip

OGKM program for ongoing knowledge capturing,

Phase of the venue lifecycle, before Games-time,

accumulating, distributing and consuming. It occurs

when all FF&E, technology and other equipment

throughout the entire lifecycle of the OCOG.

are delivered to the venue. At the conclusion of

Subject: Knowledge Management

this phase the venue is considered bumped-in.

180 degrees in the air and re-enters the pipe

Subject: Security

doing a McTwist.

2014
BKC

phase the venue is considered bumped-in.

, , -

, -

building utilities (BU) management


Subject: Administration & Office Management



bulk material
Subject: Construction

Subject: Construction

Subject: Biathlon

bump-in

Subject: Ice Hockey

equipment and other equipment are delivered to

bump
Another term for mogul.
Subject: Skiing

burned stone

the venue. At the conclusion of this phase the

Curling term for a stone in motion touched by

venue

a player or any part of a players equipment.

Subject: Security

is considered bumped-in.

Burned stone is removed from play.

Subject: Venues

Subject: Curling

- .

bump out
Phase of the venue lifecycle, after Games-time,
are removed from the venue. At the conclusion of

burning out
bump-out

Speed skating strategy in which one skater takes

this phase the venue is considered bumped-out.

Phase of the venue lifecycle, after the Games

the lead quickly and sets a fast pace in order to

Subject: Security

time, when all FF&E, technology equipment,

tire out other competitors.

sport equipment and other equipment are re-

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

()

moved from the venue. At the conclusion of this

phase the venue is considered bumped-out.

, -

Subject: Construction

, -

Subject: Biathlon

are departing after the competition or event.

bulls eye bull

180 ,

Phase of the venue lifecycle, before Games-time,

Period of time and venue operations when people


bullet

, ,

when all FF&E, technology and other equipment

bullet

Subject: Skiing

when all FF&E, technology equipment, sport

bump out

bull(dozer)

approaches the backside wall riding fakie, rotates

Halfpipe maneuver in which the snowboarder

Subject: Construction

, .

bumper

, -

Part of a sled. Front and rear bumpers absorb

. -

shocks and protect the athlete from the wall.

burr
Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

( )

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

bump-out

Phase of the venue lifecycle, after Games-time,

when all FF&E, technology equipment, sport

equipment and other equipment are removed

burst/collapse pressure
Subject: Construction

101

102

bus bar
bus bar

buyer

buyer

C&S

Small nib at the end of a timberwork that can be

A professional purchaser specializing in a specific

Contractors and Suppliers FA

inserted into the slot, groove or cut of the other

, -

group of materials, goods, or services. Buyers

Subject: Workforce

timberwork to connect them tight.

are part of the procurement and logistics depart-

Subject: Construction

+ -

ments staff.

. -

Subject: Finance & Legal

, ,

, .

butterfly jump
In figure skating, a flying spin with a two-foot

bus driver training program

in the air, with a scissoring leg motion.

on routes prior to Games operations.

Command, Coordination and Control FA

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Figure Skating


, -

C3

Signal starting a bobsleigh race.

command, control and coordination structure

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Subject: Security

, .

by draw

button
Curling term for a small circle at the centre

Subject: General Sport Terms


.

Subject: Curling

Subject: Technology

command, control, communications, computers


& intelligence
Subject: Security

bye
cab(allerial)

Position of a player who advances to the next round

of a competition without playing.

Snowboard maneuver where a snowboarder

Subject: General Sport Terms

rides backward up to the lip of a halfpipe, com-

butts

pletes a 360-degree rotation in the air, and lands

Another term for shooting range.

down the pipe riding forward. Named after the

Subject: Biathlon

skateboarding legend Steve Caballero.

Subject: Skiing

bypass road

Subject: Skiing

C4I

used in snowboard.

Subject: Security

of the house.

business systems division

More enthusiastic version of the verb do;

command, control, communications, coordination

see draw(ing)

bust

C4I
& integration

bus services

One of the Technology FA divisions.

C3

buzzer

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Services

takeoff. The body goes almost parallel to the ice

Training program designed to train bus drivers


Subject: Games Management

Cleaning and Waste FA

, -

C&W

buy-back

Subject: Construction

If local laws allow, tickets that would go unused

; .

could be bought back from the clients at slightly

360

lower than face value whereby the tickets would

be put back into the full OCOG sales network.

butt (of a rifle)


End of a rifle stock.

This would minimize risk and losses for the clients

Subject: Biathlon

well in advance and would avoid unwanted scalp-

()
.

ing and inappropriate price mark-ups.


Subject: Games Commercial Activity


butt-ending

, -

cabin lift
Another term for gondola.
Subject: Skiing


C&B

Infraction in ice hockey that occurs when a player

compensation and benefits

jabs an opponent with the butt of the hockey stick.

Subject: Workforce

For an attempt of butt-ending a player is penalized

with a double minor penalty + misconduct and for

a jab a player is penalized with a major five-minute

command and control

penalty + automatic game misconduct.

Subject: Security

Subject: Ice Hockey

cable bridge
Subject: Construction


C&C C2
cable line
Subject: Construction

103

104

cable routing section

cage

cable routing section

Subject: Construction

( ), -

Another term for face mask.

Subject: Ice Hockey

( , -

, /

cable sheath

cage

()

().

);

Subject: Construction

cable way services

cable television (CATV)

Subject: Games Services


Multi-channel cable television distribution system
is required to distribute pictures of the com-

calculation and payment


of final termination payments
This payment factors in employee salary for time
worked in the final pay period, accrued annual

cabling

calculation of post-Games transition


plan payments

leave, post-Games transition plan payments and

Post-Games transition plan payments are calculat-

petitions and the outputs of studios, available

Provision of design for lighting and cabling, provi-

other standard deductions or payments associ-

ed for eligible terminating employees and included

for viewing in both offices and technical areas.

sion of power cabling and provision of cable path-

ated with employee remuneration.

in their final termination payment.

Sufficient channels will be required for simultane-

ways for technology cabling. Design for temporary

ous distribution of such signals. Some of these

cabling to be developed by CC&O. During Games

channels will feed the closed circuit (cable or air-

the function provides maintenance of installed

waves) that will provide monitoring possibilities

cabling support system.

Subject: Construction

at other locations used by the Olympic Family.


Subject: Communications & Mass Media

()

Subject: Workforce

Subject: Workforce

, .

System for calculating greenhouse gas emissions

in Sochi will have to achieve four main goals:


to determine the sources and the volume


( ), -

calculation of results
calculation of greenhouse gas emissions

CAD
computer-aided design

point, the volume of emissions in July 2007

Subject: Construction

to prepare forecast of greenhouse gas emis-

cable television (CATV)


Multi-channel cable television distribution system

to compensate greenhouse gas emissions by


computer aided dispatch

making a number of package arrangements (reha-

and the outputs of studios, available for view-

Subject: Technology

bilitation of forest lands, using renewable energy

sources and rational use of energy)


bution of such signals. Some of these channels


will feed the closed circuit (cable or airwaves)

computer-aided design

locations used by the Olympic/Paralympic Family.

Subject: Technology

Subject: Biathlon

()
.

call
Subject: General Sport Terms


call area
Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Ecology

that will provide monitoring possibilities at other


Subject: Technology

to draw attention of stakeholders to the problems of global climate change.

CAD

()

Diameter of the bore of the rifle.

transport flows and Olympic/Paralympic venues


construction

CAD

channels will be required for simultaneous distri-

caliber

sions for 2014 with regard for the increasing

is required to distribute pictures of the events


ing in both offices and technical areas. Sufficient

of greenhouse gas emissions using as starting

Subject: General Sport Terms

Centralized office used for the purposes of receiv-

ing and transmitting a large volume of requests

by telephone.

CAD

call center

, -

Subject: Technology

, -

computer-aided-design

2007 ;

Subject: Venues

2014 -

.
.

105

106

call center
call center
Telesales and information centre established

candidate city

to provide ticket sales and services for the


general public.
Subject: Games Commercial Activity

can of wax
Subject: Skiing

/ ()

Candidate citys response to the IOCs phase

II questionnaire, which is a candidate citys blueprint

for organizing the Games. It is the starting point for

the organization of Olympic Protocol for a Host City.

-
-

canadian bacon air

candidature file

Subject: Protocol

. -

II,

Snowboard move in which riders put their rear

-, ,

hand behind their rear leg, grabbing the toe edge

-, -

. -

between the bindings while straightening their leg.

Subject: Skiing

-.

, ,

call of the competitors


Subject: General Sport Terms

/
call to start
Subject: General Sport Terms


, -

candidate city
cancellation (of competition)

Slogan, which will ask spectators/visitors to be

Subject: General Sport Terms

()

environmentally friendly.
Subject: Ecology

candidature procedure
Subject: Games Management

, .


call to/for action

, , , -

Subject: Administration & Office Management

City (formerly an applicant city) which has been


accepted by the IOC Executive Board as a candi-

date city.
Subject: Olympic Movement

cancellation of the race

canteen

canyon

Cancellation of the race (beforehand) occurs

( ),

if snow conditions are unsuitable, the recommen-

dations of the Technical Advisors report have

Subject: Construction

CAP
chief architect of project

not been carried out, the first aid and medical

camber
Arch built into a snowboard and skis. Camber
to effectively distribute an athletes weight along
the entire length of the snowboard or skis.

service are inadequate or missing, crowd control

candidature acceptance procedure

is insufficient.

Procedure conducted under the authority of

Subject: Skiing

the IOC Executive Board. All applicant cities shall

Subject: Construction

comply with that procedure. The IOC Executive

cap

( )

Board shall decide which cities will be accepted

as candidate cities. (See Olympic Charter, Bye-law

Type of snowboard construction where the topsheet

1.6 to Rule 34)

of the board extends to the edges.

; -

Subject: Olympic Movement

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

camel

. -

cancellation or withdrawal of the Games

and the free leg is extended behind the body

In the case of cancellation or withdrawal of

-. (. -

in a straight line.

the Olympic Games, IPC is entitled to withdraw

1.6 34 )

Subject: Figure Skating

the Paralympic Games from the respective Host

City, without prejudice to compensation for any

candidature file

damage thereby caused to IPC.such case the Host

Candidate citys response to the IOCs phase II

, -

NPC, the OCOG, the Host City, the Host Country,

questionnaire, which is a candidate citys blueprint

and all their governmental or other authorities,

for organizing the Games.

, .

or any other party, whether at any city, local,


state, provincial, other regional or national level,

cap
Component of the cartridge.
Subject: Biathlon

camel spin

Figure skating term that describes a position,


in which the upper body is inclined forward

; -

Subject: Olympic Movement

capital budget for venues and infrastructure


Capital budget for venues and infrastructure is to be
submitted to the IOC 12 months after election with

shall have no claim for any form of compensation

the first VICS. The budget must include permanent

Spin in a camel position.

against the IPC.

II, -

and temporary works.

Subject: Figure Skating

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Construction

107

108

capital budget for venues and infrastructure



care, control, custody


care, control, custody

, -

General term used for insurance or risk manage-

, ,

ment. Generally, when a company or entity (airline,

. -

transport company etc.) has care, control or

12 -

custody of someones property then they are liable

, , -

- ,

for loss or damage.

, ,

, , -

Subject: Games Services

. -

, ,
, ,

cargo vans

Vehicle with seats for one passenger, the driver

. -

and cargo space.

Capital budget for venues and infrastructure is

(,

to be submitted to the IOC 12 months after

..)

capital budget for venues and infrastructure

election with the first VICS.


Subject: Venues

carbon dioxide
Subject: Ecology

- -

carom

Subject: Games Services

carbon footprint

career website

Rebound of the hockey puck off the boards or

12 -

Total set of greenhouse gas emissions caused

Website that can be helpful to the workforce

any other object, causing it to change direction.

- ,

by an organization, event, product or person.

management department in providing organiza-

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Ecology

tion to its outplacement efforts.

captioning

Subject: Workforce

-,

Type of assistive hearing devices. Text versions

-,

of all spoken words/audible content displayed

on the main video displays or via dedicated


screens located throughout the audience.
Subject: Paralympic Games

carbon monoxide


, .

Subject: Construction

Subject: Ecology



carbon/low-alloy steel
Subject: Construction

/
caravan
Motorcade of vehicles surrounding the torch-

career workshops
Through a sponsor or other situation, the OCOG

carbon neutrality

car scrap handler


should provide workshops to employees beginning


job search. Workshops provided in previous OCOGs

carriage
Subject: Figure Skating

carriageway
Subject: Construction


carrier
Company moving the passengers or freight

terviewing skills, negotiation skills, and alternatives

Subject: Games Services

to regular employment such as starting a small

business or becoming a consultant. These courses

are best completed 3 months prior to the Games,

as employees will likely be too busy to attend or

cardholder verification method

gain value from them any closer to Games.

the Olympic flame. The caravan contains two com-

the identity and/or authenticity of the card-

ponents: the advance caravan which is responsible

holder, such as a PIN or biometric attribute.

Subject: Technology

18

and movement of the Olympic flame and torch-

have included resume-writing skills, networking, in-

Various means and technologies for verifying

caravan which is responsible for the protection

18 months prior to the Games to aid them in their

bearer to protect and promote the passage of

for crowd building and promotion and the core

Subject: Ecology


. /

Subject: Workforce

carry lift
In figure skating, a lift in which the man does
not rotate.
Subject: Figure Skating

. , -

bearers. The final number of vehicles in the caravan

is subject to presenting partner(s), Provider and

/ -

, -

OCOG contracts.

, , PIN-

, ,

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

carrying capacity
Subject: Construction

109

110

carrying of the rifle


carrying of the rifle

category creeping

Subject: Biathlon

similarity of their Games roles, and therefore allo-

. -

cated similar access and other privileges.

Subject: Games Services

cartridge belt
Belt with pockets for cartridge clips or loops

carving snowboard

, -

for cartridges.

Stiff narrow snowboard generally used with hard

Subject: Biathlon

boots and plate bindings.

cartridge case

It occurs when a marketing partner extends the

Games advertising and communication activities be-

yond its product category for which it has acquired

Subject: Biathlon

Court of Arbitration for Sport

on-sponsor infringement) or insinuating a broader

Subject: Finance & Legal

product category than what has been purchased.

CATV
cable television
Subject: Communications & Mass Media

CATV
cable television
Subject: Technology

Subject: IP Protection

CAS
Court of Arbitration for Sport
Subject: Planning & Integration

Part of the rifle bore where a cartridge is placed.

category of other marketing partners (sponsor-

, -

Subject: Biathlon

Subject: Construction

marketing rights, thus infringing on the product

CAS

()

(cartridge) chamber

category creeping

. -

Metal case that houses the primer and propellant

caterpillar tractor

Subject: Skiing

and holds the bullet.

casing

CATV monitor

CATV monitor will be located at no less than every

Wooden or metal forms used in the construction

, ,

third seat in the tabled area of the press tribunes.

of concrete and reinforced concrete structures in

CATV monitors in tribunes and media workrooms

the process of placing and curing concrete.

will have sound capability (via earpieces in tribune

Subject: Construction

(-

seats) so the media can listen to mixed zone inter-

cartridges

views and press conferences broadcast via CATV

Another term for ammunition.

, -

when available. CATV monitors should have flat

Subject: Biathlon

screen and be of a size to save space and maxi-

carved turn
Tight turn made with the edge of ski or snowboard.
Subject: Skiing

cast-and-place
Subject: Construction

Subject: Technology

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

, -

catcher catch(ing) glove


Webbed glove that the goalkeeper wears on the

carving

caterer
Another term for concessionaire.

,
.

mize the view of the FOP.

, .
,
-,

catering

( -

hand opposite the stick to catch the puck. It has

Catering relates to the planning, organization,

),

Technique of edging skis or snowboard to control

additional padding to protect the lower forearm,

coordination and management of contracts neces-

speed in and out of the turns during a run.

wrist, palm, fingers and thumb.

sary to deliver the food and beverage services to

- -.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Ice Hockey

all customer groups during the Games and related

events. The OCOG may establish a functional area

dealing with catering aspects.

Subject: Games Services

()

, ,

. -

carving boots

Subject: Skiing

Caucasian State Nature Biosphere Reserve

, ,

, , -

State nature reserve that is a property of UNESCO

world-scale natural heritage Western Caucasus.

The reserve lies within the three constituent enti-

ties of the Russian Federation: partly in the

Stiff hard snowboard boots used with plate or stepin bindings.

category
Group of accredited people based on the

111

112

cause-related marketing
Krasnodar region, partly in the Adygeya Republic and

CDT

CDT
-

in the Karachay-Cherkess Republic.

CBR

, ,
chemical, biological and radiological materials

,
-

contribution and distribution center


Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Subject: Ecology

Subject: Security

cease-and-desist letter

Common result of identifying and tracking ambush

, -

marketers is to present cease-and-desist letters

. -

. -

that identify:

precise violation

( -

legislation that protects the OCOG from

, ),

such a violation

exact source of the violation

, .

,
- .

CBR response
Subject: Security

cause-related marketing
Marketing partners incremental fund-raising activi-

ties aimed at supporting the Olympic organization.


The funds raised can come from the marketing

request that the campaign or activity be stopped


immediately
legally supported actions that the OCOG is

CBR response team

partner, the general public, or a combination of both.

Unit responsible for termination of chemical,

Activities may include:

biological or radiological weapons or substanc-

the purchase by the public of a premium item

es.
Subject: Security

with the resulting revenues going to support the

prepared to take with regard to the violation.

cement
Subject: Construction

Subject: IP Protection

center (forward) centerman


Center hockey player in the forward line who usu-

ally leads his teams attack when they are trying

to score a goal. He takes part in most of the face-

the marketing partners contribution of a sum of

offs. Centerman controls the puck and tries to

money to the OCOG, NOC, Olympic Russian team,

, -

score or pass it to a teammate who is in a better

NPC or Paralympic Russian team each time the

position to score a goal.

marketing partners product is purchased or service

Subject: Ice Hockey

Russian team;

is used; etc.
Subject: Marketing

CC&O


--

Construction Coordination and Overlay

, -

Subject: Construction

, . -

. -

CCC

-,

classification coordination center

Subject: Paralympic Games

Celebrate Humanity

CCC

Image campaign of public service announcements

center (ice) circle

crisis coordination center

created by the IOC in television, radio and print

Subject: Security

media that conveys the Look of the Games.

Circle, measuring 30 feet (9.1 m) in diameter, at

Subject: Games Image

the center of the ice where the puck is dropped

, , ,
,

CCD

Celebrate Humanity

, --,

construction completion date

, -

Subject: Construction

, .

CCTV
caution
Subject: General Sport Terms

celebration site
closed circuit television

Any area open to the public where live or real time

Subject: Security

Games-related activities occur. They can be any or

a combination of: staged cultural activities, broad-

CDSS
construction and assembly works
Subject: Construction

restart the game after a goal has been scored.


Subject: Ice Hockey


30 (9,1 ), , -

, ..

CAW

in a face-off to start an ice hockey game and to

center (ice) spot

cast of Games events on a giant screen, medal

Ice hockey term that describes the spot, where

command and decision support systems

presentations, sponsor showcasing or athlete

an official and two players hold a face-off to begin

Subject: Security

appearances.

or to resume the action of the game.

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

Subject: Ice Hockey

113

114

center guard

central repository system (CRS)


centering

central repository system (CRS)

, -

Placing boots and snowboard bindings so

This system stores information such as athlete biogra-

that the distance from the nose to the front bind-

phies, medal counts, event schedules,

ing is the same as the distance from the

transportation reports, and visitor information.

tail to the rear binding.

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Skiing

center guard

,
:

Curling term for a guard that is placed directly

on the center line, in front of the house.

, ,

Subject: Curling

, , -

/
, ,
.

center ice
One of the three areas of hockey ice surface located between the two blue lines.
Subject: Ice Hockey

centering pass

, ;

towards the middle of the ice to a teammate

at the Olympic Games.

with a better angle at the goal.

Subject: Venues

Subject: Ice Hockey

center line
It joins the midpoints of tee lines and extends
3.658 m (12 ft) beyond the centre of each tee line.
Subject: Curling

Central Bank of the Russian Federation


Subject: Finance & Legal


( )


, -

central editorial team

. -

Central editorial team made of experienced news

3,658 (12 )

professionals will edit information provided by

ONS reporting teams at all competition venues,

center line
Line dividing the hockey playing surface down the
middle.

Venue for the opening & closing ceremonies

Line dividing the playing surface down the middle.

Central Stadium

Pass in ice hockey from an attacking player

;
-

central supply

Pre-determined set of tools & equipment available

to functions on a loan basis to carry out self

managed tasks.

, -

Subject: Games Services

central tickets service box

, -

It is responsible for managing the re-sale and

exchange tickets as well as supporting Games-

time unused ticket programs.


Subject: Games Commercial Activity

central tenet of management approach

the Olympic Village Media Center, MPC and the

Central tenet of the IOCs Games management ap-

IOC hotel.

proach is risk management. The IOC seeks to minimize

, -

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

potential risks while maximizing opportunities through

various means including:


, -

identification of high-risk operational elements

identification of available opportunities for the

Games

Process that involves the use of the cen-

if the high-risk element is generic to all Games, the

trifugal force for the separation of blood into

IOC may involve itself directly with a view to seeking

constituents with a device called centrifuge. It

, ,

long-term solutions, particularly through partnerships

is a part of the laboratory analysis of samples

if a high-risk activity is applicable only to a specific

for doping control.

Games, typically the organizers will retain responsibil-

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Subject: Ice Hockey

centered stance
Snowboard binding stance where the distance
from the nose to the front binding is the same
as the distance from the tail to the rear binding.
Subject: Skiing

central hub

ity and seek the most appropriate solution; the IOC

centrifugation of samples

Central point of a transport system, generally

will monitor the issue, and assist organizers if required

referring to the hub and spoke or star principle.

implementation of project management methods

Subject: Games Services

and systems that enable risks and opportunities

, -

identification, risks monitoring and opportunities

materialization.

Subject: Games Management

-.

115

116

CEO
CEO

certificate for accredited laboratories


non re-election

chief executive officer

, -

age limit

Subject: Games Management

, -

failure to attend Sessions or take active part in

, ,

CEP

IOC work

certificate for accredited laboratories

transfer of domicile or of main center of interests

chief engineer of project

, ,

IOC, through the agency of its Medical Commission,

cessation of the IOC Athletes Commission mem-

Subject: Construction

. -

grants an accreditation to laboratories to conduct

bership

, .

doping analyses on its behalf.

cessation to exercise the function a memeber

Subject: Protocol

was exercising at the election time

ceremonies security
CEPF

Subject: Security
Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund

Subject: Ecology

ceremony program
CER

expulsion based on decision of the Session


if such a member has betrayed the Olympic oath,

, , -

or if the Session considers that such a member

has neglected or knowingly jeopardised the inter-

ests of the IOC or acted in a way which is unworthy

Term refers to a program for conducting an Olymcomputer equipment room

pic ceremony.

Subject: Construction

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program


CER

Ceremonies FA

of the IOC.

certificates of service
Certificates of service are provided to all the

Subject: Olympic Movement

OCOG terminating employees outlining their tenure

with the OCOG.

Subject: Workforce

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

ceremony rehearsal tickets

OCOG cannot charge for ceremony rehearsals, but

communication equipment room

may ticket the rehearsals and distribute tickets

Subject: Technology

to Games staff and volunteers in order to test

CER

stadium operations. Further, ceremony rehearsal

CERA

certification criteria

tickets should not be used for any marketing or

In relation to the IPC Classification Code this term

continuous erythropoietin receptor activator

promotions initiatives.

refers to criteria for each level of classifier certifica-

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

tion and minimalfor advancement.

Subject: Paralympic Games


cerebral palsy international sport
and Recreation Association (CPISRA)

, ,

One of the international sport organizations for the

disabled recognized by the IPC and responsible for

, ,

the administration of boccia and football 7-a-side.

Subject: Paralympic Games

-
.

Subject: Security

CFC


, , -

, .

certification of good inspection


chlorofluorocarbon

ceremony tickets

Subject: Ecology

certified vendor

()

These tickets should be of a very high quality and

7 x 7.

may be a different size and shape to tickets for

Vendor who received certification through the Vendor

the rest of the Olympic Games. They should be in

Certification Program.

chief financial fficer

Subject: Security

Subject: Finance & Legal

Ceremonies FA (CER)

full color and should reflect the look and feel of the

Ceremonies area is responsible for the preparation

design of the Games and dispatched in advance of

and delivery of all ceremonies activities including

the Games.

the opening of the Olympic stadium, welcoming

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

all NOC teams at the Olympic Village, opening &

CFO

CFO
chief financial officer

Subject: Games Management

cessation of IOC membership

closing ceremonies and victory ceremonies. The

OCOG may establish a functional area dealing with

Membership of IOC members ceases in the

ceremonies aspects.

following circumstances:

choreography

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

resignation

Subject: Figure Skating

CH

117

118

chain of custody
chain of custody

change on the go/on the move


assigning classification to the change

Sequence of individuals and organizations that

evaluating the change request

bear the responsibility for a sample as of its provi-

making recommendation to the project

sion and until it has been received for analysis.

manager, etc.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Subject: Games Management

, -

, -

change on the go/on the move

, -

Subject: Ice Hockey

-.


changing room
change orders

Following its initial approval of the design

..

and plans for the venue, the OCOG may initi-

Mechanized, cable-suspended, aerial chair device

ate, at its expense, change orders during the

change management policy

construction with the written venue owners

used to carry skiers up a mountain slope.

Document that defines how changes are request-

approval that shall not be unreasonably with-

Subject: Skiing

ed and approved.

held. All other changes to or modifications of

Subject: Technology

construction documents affecting the size of

Another term for change on the fly.

- -

chairlift


,
- -

Subject: General Sport Terms

channel hydraulic turbines


Subject: Construction


charger

a venue or field of play, seating capacity, sight

Another term for (cartridge) clip.

, .

lines, parking areas, number or location of rest-

Subject: Biathlon

rooms, size or location of locker rooms or other

changes affecting the suitability of the building

chairman of the race committee


Individual responsible for all aspects of putting on
a skiing race.

change of bobsled
Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Subject: Skiing

change of edge

as the Games venue must be approved by the

charging

OCOG, which approval shall not be unreason-

that occurs when a speed skater tries to pass

ably withheld.

a competitor on the inside and comes in contact

Subject: Construction

with this competitor.

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

In figure skating, the visible tracing on the ice that

changes from one distinct curve to another distinct

, , -

curve with no change of foot.

Subject: Figure Skating

chairperson of the IPC


Sports Science Committee
Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Construction

Infraction in ice hockey which calls for a minor

() ()

penalty. It occurs when a player makes a deliberate

move of more than two steps while body checking

an opponent. If serious injury is caused or blood is

, , ,

drawn, it becomes a major penalty.

change of pace
Subject: General Sport Terms

champion

change of runner

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

change in track

change of track

Another term for lane change.


Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

Subject: Skiing


change on the fly
change management committee (CMC)

charging

, -

chalkstone
Another term for limestone.

, -

, ,

Subject: Ice Hockey

. ,

, , -

.
- -

change request policy & procedure


for theofficial Games-time website,
online applications and Extranet
Internet FA document that is to regulate change

,
.

charging the block

Substitution or change of players in ice hockey

requests for the official Games-time website,

Passing on the inside of the congested area just

Change Management Committee is

without a stoppage in play.

online applications and Extranet.

as the short track skaters make a turn.

responsible for:

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Technology

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

119

120

chart of accounts (COA)


-

chefs de mission seminar


.

workforce, the IPC and NPC Chefs de Mission to

chemical (for course preparation)

address and disseminate Village and Games-re-

Snow hardener products, e.g. see salt.

, ,

lated information. During the Paralympic Games,

Subject: Skiing

, .

Chefs de Mission meeting hall should offer the

chart of accounts (COA)

check-in area

A systematized list of accounts used by

Location at the venue designed for controlling ac-

the OCOG.

cess to the venue and providing status on atten-

Subject: Finance & Legal

dance and redeployment opportunities. A check-in

( )

same services and provide the same set-up as

for the Olympic Games.

(,

Subject: Paralympic Games

).

chemical, biological
and radiological materials (CBR)

area is also the central location to distribute meal

coupons, venue newsletters and other pertinent

Chemical, biological or radiological weapons or

information.

substances.

Subject: Workforce

Subject: Security

chass

,
()

Figure skating step with one-foot take-off that

, -

can be a simple chass, a crossed chass, or a

slide chass.

Subject: Figure Skating

. : ,

checkpoint
Chassis of sled made of steel.

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

/
, .

check-points
Subject: Construction


chatter
Vibration of a snowboard or skis as a result of high

Part of a rifle stock.


Subject: Biathlon

,
.

cheers and applause


Subject: General Sport Terms

check(ing)

Ice hockey term that describes any contact initiated by a defending player against an op-ponent

chef de mission

to get the puck away from him. There are two

NOC delegation leader for the Games. (See Olym-

main types of checks: stick check and body check.

pic Charter Rule 38.2)

These are only allowed against a player in control


of the puck or against the last player to control it.
Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Construction

Subject: General Sport Terms

chest pad/protector
Chest and arm protector for an ice hockey goalkeeper that is designed to protect the chest, shoul-

--

ders, arms, and collarbone area from the impact of

pucks. Elbows and chest area are reinforced with

additional padding.

Subject: Ice Hockey

()
,

chefs de missions meetings

Regular mandatory meetings organized to pro-

, ,

vide forum for information exchange between

. -

the NOCs/NPCs and the OCOG Senior Manage-

ment and FAs and an opportunity to address

operational issues of general concern to NOCs/


NPCs. NOC/NPC Services is responsible for

chicken salad air

organizing and chairing the NOC/NPC Chefs de

Snowboard maneuver where riders reach their

Mission meetings in the Olympic/Paralympic

rear hand between their legs and grab the heel

Villages.

edge between the bindings while the front leg

Subject: Games Services

is straightened.


, -

Subject: Skiing

, -

/ ,

(. 38.2 )

, .

,
-

to present Games operational plans to NOCs.

Subject: Skiing
-

Meeting for Chefs de Mission, held in the Host

cheek rest

speed, tight turns or icy conditions.

chefs de mission seminar


City, one year prior to the Games for the OCOG

chassis

chert

Chefs de Mission meeting hall


in Paralympic Village

. /

, .

Chefs de Mission meeting hall is designed to

/ /-

host regular meetings between the Village

chief architect of project (CAP)


Subject: Construction

()

121

122

chief classifier
chief classifier
One of the IPSF games officials. Chief classifiers have the responsibility to ensure that all

chief judge
chief engineer of project (CEP)
Subject: Construction

()

classification aspects of planning and managing the evaluation and establishment of athlete
sport classes are undertaken in accordance with
the rules of the IPC and their respective IPSF,

chief executive officer (CEO)

chief financial officer (CFO)

The number of chief classifiers is one per Para-

A senior manager primarily responsible for managing

lympic sport.

financial risks, financial planning and reporting.

Subject: Paralympic Games

, , -

, -

chief of competition

Subject: Games Management

and that all practices and working conditions/


services for classifiers are of sufficient standard.

, , -

Subject: Finance & Legal

chief judge

Official responsible for the preparation of all techni-

Another term for head judge.

cal and administrative aspects of the competition.

Subject: General Sport Terms

He directs, controls and monitors the work of all

officials, and chairs the team captains meeting.


Subject: General Sport Terms

chief medical officer (CMO)

Individual that is responsible for the entire OCOG

medical program, including oversight of the integra-

tion with community-based health services. The

; , -

CMO is also responsible for the OCOGs doping

control program.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

chief financial officer (CFO)


Subject: Games Management

chief gate judge


, -

chief of competition security

Official responsible for providing the necessary

, -

controls to allow the spectators and media to cir-

culate freely without interfering with competition

. -

Chief gate judge organizes and supervises the work

of the gate judges. This official designates the gates

officials, athletes and coaches.

each of them will supervise and places them in posi-

Subject: General Sport Terms

tions. At the end of the first run and at the end of

chief distance measurer

the race chief gate judge collects the gate judges

chief of calculations

Official in ski jumping events whose responsibili-

control cards and delivers them to the referee.

hief of calculations is responsible for quick and

, -

ties are the correct placement of the distance

Subject: Skiing

accurate calculation of results. He supervises the

immediate duplication of unofficial results and the

publication of official results after expiration of the

markings on both sides of the landing hill; the


placement of measurers according to ICR Rules

/
-

and of the distance recorder.

protest interval, or after any protests have been

Subject: Skiing

dealt with.

, .

,
,

Subject: Skiing

chief of course

. -

of the course in accordance with the directives

and decisions of the Jury. This official must be

() -

familiar with local snow conditions on the terrain

; -

concerned.

Subject: Skiing


(ICR Rules)
.

chief interpreter
Chief interpreter should be recruited no less

than two years before the Games to assist in

chief engineer

the early planning stages, and in particular with r

Chief of course is responsible for the preparation

chief of competition

. -

Head of the Engineering Section of the Adminis-

espect to the interpreters contracting, accredita-

Official in biathlon events who handles the overall

, -

tration and Office Management FA.

tion, accommodation and transportation during

organization of the event; coordinates range, timing

Subject: Administration & Office Management

the Games time.

and course chiefs, and all volunteers.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Biathlon

chief of course equipment


and technical equipment

Chief of course equipment is responsible for

the provision of equipment and tools needed

123

124

chief of dye/color crew


for preparation and maintenance of courses,

chief of finish line


as well as for the race conduct and communications

equipment, if these duties have not been assigned

, ,

, -

to another official.

Subject: Skiing

, -

the chief of the competition and keeps him informed about hill conditions.
Subject: Skiing


, -


, -

competition he remains in continual contact with

chief of finish line

Official who supervises the finish area and the finish

line stewards in maintaining a clear finish area once

the skiers have finished the race and recovered suf-

ficiently to move out of the area.

, -

Subject: Skiing

, -

chief of exchange zone


chief of dye/color crew

chief of inrun

This official ensures that the zone is the

Official responsible for preparation of the takeoff

Person in charge of spraying colored liquid

proper size according to the rules, that it

, -

and inrun in ski jumping events. During the com-

, .

petition, the chief of inrun observes and controls

on the race line that helps the racers to better see

has been groomed and trackset correctly,

the profile of the course.

that the start and finish lines of the ex-

Subject: Skiing

change zones have been marked, that the

the entire length of the inrun. In case of a fall or

chief of first aid services

an obstruction on the inrun, the Jury uses informa-

zone is sufficiently fenced to both allow skiers

Official responsible for the treatment of first aid for

tion from this official to determine whether

, -

to enter and exit the zone before and after

everyone at both the official training and the compe-

to allow the competitor a re-jump.

being tagged, and that sufficient officials are

tition competitors, spectators, officials, etc. This

Subject: Skiing

trained and available to handle the amount of

official is also responsible for establishing emergency

activity expected.

procedures for transportation to a medical facility.

, -

Subject: General Sport Terms

( )

chief of equipment
Official responsible for supplying proper equipment

Subject: Biathlon

to the chief of competition. The chief of equipment

must also work closely with the chief of competi-

, -

tion before the competition to make sure that

. -

proper equipment and tools will be on hand during

, -

the competition.

Subject: General Sport Terms

, , .

, -

, -

chief of finish
Official who is responsible for the layout and positioning of officials in the finish area.

chief of exchange zone


This official ensures that the zone is the proper size

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

chief of medical and rescue services


Chief of medical and rescue services is responsible
for organizing adequate first aid and medical cover-

chief of forerunners

. ,

age during the official training periods and the

Official who manages forerunning and course

actual competition.

closing activities.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

()

according to the rules, that it has been groomed

, -

and trackset correctly, that the start and finish lines

of the exchange zones have been marked, that

chief of hill

the zone is sufficiently fenced to both allow skiers


to enter and exit the zone before and after being

chief of finish

Official who is responsible for the preparation

chief of press

tagged, and that sufficient officials are trained and

Official responsible for the layout and positioning

of the jumping hill. He coordinates and controls

available to handle the amount of activity expected.

of officials in the finish area.

the work of the chief of the inrun and the chief of

Chief of press is responsible for all briefing and

Subject: Skiing

Subject: General Sport Terms

the landing area. During both training and the

information provided to journalists, photographers,

125

126

chief of race

chief of stadium

television and radio reporters, in accordance with

the instructions of the Organizing Committee.

Subject: Skiing

chief of shooting range

chief of stadium

chief of the course

Official responsible for overseeing the stadium plan-

Official who is responsible for preparing, main-

ning, setup, grooming, and security.

taining, and controlling the race course to satisfy

Subject: General Sport Terms

the needs of competitors and to meet the techni-

- -

Official who is responsible for all firing practices

, -

and the preparation of the range for practice

, -

competition.

, - -

and competition.

, ,

Subject: Biathlon

Subject: Biathlon


chief of race

, -

cal and safety standards applicable to the

/
, -

chief of start

Chief of Race directs all preparation of the

Official who is responsible for the layout and position-

, -

competition and supervises the activities in the

ing of officials in the start area.

technical area. He summons meetings for consid-

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

eration of technical questions and leads the team


captains meetings after consultation with the

chief of ski marking & equipment checking

technical delegate.

Official responsible for ensuring that all of the

Subject: Skiing

competitors clothing markings are within FIS

chief of the landing area


In ski jumping events, official responsible for
preparing the landing slope and the outrun area

regulations; that the equipment to be used meets

chief of start

FIS rules and regulations; and that each competi-

tors skis are marked, prior to each skier starting

Official responsible for the layout and positioning of

niques with suitable skis (alpine skis) or mechanical

to race.

officials in the start area.

equipment. This is to provide optimal conditions

Subject: General Sport Terms

for the competition.

chief of scoring

Subject: Skiing

by way of manual packing and grooming tech-

Subject: Skiing

, ,

, -

Official in freestyle skiing events who is responsible

FIS; ,

for the ongoing verification of all scoring calcula-

tions during the competition. The chief of scoring

, -

Official responsible for the control and orderly func-

, -

must have a thorough working knowledge of all the

FIS; -

tioning of all technical systems and devices used

( )

rules concerning calculations of competition results.

during the competition.

),

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Skiing

chief of slip crew

chief of technical facilities

Chief of slip crew is in charge of smoothing the

slope to ensure a consistent course for each

, -

competitor.

Subject: Skiing

, -

, .

chief of security
In ski jumping events, this official is responsible

Subject: General Sport Terms

chief of timing and calculations


chief of temperature stations

Official responsible for coordination of officials


at the start and finish, including timing and calcula-

weather information and forecasts on the weather

tions. In slalom, this official or a special assistant

board in the starting warm-up area and adjacent to

will decide the interval between starts.

chief of sound and DJ


Official in freestyle skiing events who is respon-

the work of athletes and officials.

sible for all equipment and operation of sound

Subject: Skiing

installations.

chief of timing

Official responsible for maintaining the current

the hill so that they do not interfere with or disturb

for ensuring that persons not involved in running


the competition are kept at a safe distance from

. (

Subject: Skiing

the waxing facilities.


Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

, -

, -

, -

-,

127

128

chief of track equipment

chip card

chief of track equipment

chip card

Official who is responsible for provision of all

, , -

Alternate name for a smart card, a credit card sized

equipment required for preparation and mainte-

plastic card containing an integrated circuit chip.

nance of the track.

Subject: Technology

0,25.

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton


CHR

-, -

, -

, -

client hotels rate

Subject: Games Services

chief referee
Subject: General Sport Terms


chief of wax cabin crew
Chief of wax cabin crew is responsible for coordi-

chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)

CI

Compound containing carbon, fluorine and chlorine

consecutive interpretation

used as refrigerants. Chlorofluorocarbon is harmful

Subject: Games Services

to the ozone layer.

chief steward

Subject: Ecology

circular step sequence

nating and maintaining ski rooms/wax cabins.

Chief steward takes all measures to ensure that

Subject: Skiing

spectators are kept off the course. To this end suf-

, ,

which the beginning and end of the footwork must

ficient personnel must be used. Attention should

, . -

be marked. In addition, the size of the circle should

be paid to ensure sufficient space behind the barri-

be equal to approximately 1/3 of ice-skating rink

ers to permit circulation of spectators.


/ .

Element used in single or pair figure skating, in

Subject: Skiing

chief of weighing

and the circle should reach the long boards.

choctaw
In figure skating, a turn from one foot to the other

Subject: Figure Skating

in which the curve of the exit edge is opposite to

that of the entry edge. The change of foot is from

outside edge to inside edge or inside edge to out-

Official who controls the process of athletes and

. -

side edge.

equipment weighing.

Subject: Figure Skating

1/3 .

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

. ,

circulating coins and banknotes program

The Coins and Banknotes program relates to the

Games for circulating coins and banknotes both of

which are sold for their face or legal tender value.

. -

This program is developed and implemented by

SOCHI 2014, in cooperation with the IOC and in

concert with the related government entities.

chief operating officer (COO)

chief umpire

Manager responsible for the daily operation


of the organization.

Subject: Curling

Subject: Games Management



,
.

Subject: Finance & Legal

chinguard
Subject: General Sport Terms

chopping of landing
Subject: Skiing


, -

choreographer
chief press attach

chip

Person who creates dance compositions for

NOC should appoint, whenever possible, a chief

Small semiconductor embedded within the card,

figure skaters.

2014

press attach who will be the single contact point

with memory and/or processing capabilities.

Subject: Figure Skating

between the NOC, IOC Media Operations and


OCOG Press Operations on accreditation matters.

Subject: Technology

The attach will also be responsible for contacts

between the NOC and its national press as well

as the media from around the world.

/ .

,
-,

CIS
commentator information system

choreography (CH)

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

One of five program components in figure skating.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

chip bucket
Subject: Construction

Each component is awarded a raw mark from 0 to

CIS

10 in increments of 0.25.

commentator information system

Subject: Figure Skating

Subject: Games Services

129

130

CIS
CIS

city operations
Subject: Games Services

core information system


Subject: Knowledge Management

CIS

Safe, reliable, on-time 24 hours available taxi

services for Games clients.

city F&B requirements


Agreed with the city of Sochi requirements to F&B

CIS
commentator information system
Subject: Technology

CITY + 2014 identification of the Games


Olympic property of which the OCOG becomes

Subject: IP Protection

+ 2014
,
.

city administration relations section


One of the City Operations FA sections.

,
.

city operations
city/region master plan

Activities delivered by the local government author-

mediate Pre-Games.

ity of the Host City or other public authority to sup-

Objective of this master plan is to provide appropri-

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

port the Olympic and Paralympic Games staging.

ate Games solutions that leave long-term legacies

Subject: Games Management

within the financial means and needs of the Host

, -

city guide
of events during the Games time, destinations for

City andregion.
Subject: Games Management

This guide provides information on the program

city operations center (COC)

, -

tourists, entertainment venues in the Host City.

City venue, which function is to provide a cen-

Subject: Games Management

tralized information, coordination, reporting and

decision-making system, allowing the Host City

civil defense simulation

, -

authorities and its partners/agencies to manage the

effective holding of the Games-time city operations.

Testing of all command chain structures internal to

Subject: Games Management

the OCOG (from field to MOC) and with law enforce-

-.

()
,

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Games Services

at the city of Sochi during the Games and the im-

acustodian for alimited period of time, and


through contractual agreements.

city taxi

, -

communications and information systems


Subject: Security

. -

city logistics

ment command centers.


Subject: Games Management

Process for optimizing the logistics and transport

- /

activities in urban areas while considering the traf-

-.

fic environment, the traffic congestion and energy

( )

consumption.

city bus services


On-time, reliable, safe and accessible transporta-

Subject: Games Services

City Operations FA (COPS)

tion of client representatives around host city area

tenance of productive relations between the Games

and specific free of charge transport solutions for

organizers, regional government and the Host City

workforce and spectators.

, ,

administration in creating perfect environment for

Subject: Games Services

excellent and wide-range service rendering and


, , -

providing by continuous support from the Host City

city look for Paralympic Games

City Operations mission is development and main-

clamshell bucket
Subject: Construction


clap skates clapskates

at all the venues.

Type of skates that is used in long track speed skat-

Subject: Games Management

ing. The skating blade on the clap skate detaches

Host city must apply a look which reflects the iden-

tity of the Paralympic Games. This should be done

in a way minimizing the transition from the Olympic

--

of the skate to remain in contact with ice longer and

to the Paralympic Games. In any case, all Olympic

increasing the skaters pushing power. When the

branding elements shall be replaced with Paralym-

blade has fully extended, a mechanism snaps the

pic ones.

, -

blade back up to the boot, resulting in the clapping

Subject: Paralympic Games

sound that gives the skate its name.

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

city car hire


Subject: Games Services


city drop-in/drop-off areas

from the heel of the boot and this allows the blade

- -

Areas near Games venues, where clients represen-

--

tatives are picked up or dropped off by the vehicles.

- .

131

132

class
-

classification center
classical skis

classification evaluation period schedule

Skis used in Paralympic cross-country skiing compe-

/,

According to the IPC Classification Code, once

titions. They are made of fiberglass, and are usually

the chief classifier has identified the athletes

from 25 to 30 cm taller than the skiers height.

, .

requiring evaluation, a classification evaluation

Subject: Paralympic Games

period schedule is prepared in consultation with

classification center

the Organizing Committee. Athletes with N

, -

Additional facility that is required in the Paralympic

(new) and R (review) sport class status must be

, ,

Village at the Games time for conducting athlete

included in the classification evaluation period

classification.

schedule before competition.

25-30 .

class

Subject: Paralympic Games


Subject: General Sport Terms


classic skis

classical sprint
Subject: Skiing

,
,

classification consent form

Skis with limited sidecut and a straight profile.


Subject: Skiing

/ -

classification

Subject: Paralympic Games

, ,

According to the IPC Classification Code, athletes

Process by which Paralympic athletes are allocated

must consent to evaluation by signing a classifi-

a sport class. The classification process includes

cation consent form to indicate their willingness

N () R

the allocation of a sport class and a sport class

to be classified and confirm their agreement to

( ) -

status, protest procedures and appeals. It ensures

provide full effort and cooperation throughout the

classic(al) technique/style

fair competition at all levels by systematically

classification process.

Traditional skiing technique. Athletes use a diagonal

grouping athletes according to their functional

Subject: Paralympic Games

stride in which both skis stay parallel to each other.

abilities in each sport. Classification is an ongoing

Subject: Skiing

process and takes place at all major competitions,

/

. , .

classic(al) technique/style

including the Paralympic Games, prior to and during

the competition.

, -

Subject: Paralympic Games

classification list
Subject: General Sport Terms


classification master list

To assist in the process of classification,

, -

IPSFs shall maintain a classification master

list of athletes, that should include, at the

. -

very minimum the athletes name, country,

Traditional skiing technique. Athletes use

sport class and sport class status. The classifica-

a diagonal stride in which both skis stay

, -

tion master list should identify athletes entering

parallel to each other.

Subject: Biathlon

international competitions. IPSFs shall make

classification coordination center (CCC)

available their classification master list to

Classification coordination center must be made

their respective national federations and

available for the administration of the athlete

relevant NPCs.

classification process. The operation of the

Subject: Paralympic Games

center starts from the day before the official

opening of the Paralympic Village and continues

during competition, for the administration of pos-

sible protests.

Subject: Paralympic Games

, ,

classical course
Normally the classical country course is set with
two tracks. Where the width makes it possible,
more tracks are set.
Subject: Skiing

classification
Subject: General Sport Terms


, -

classification area

, , -

. -

. -

, ; , -

One of the Paralympic specific spaces where classi-

, -

fication evaluation is conducted and administered.

Subject: Paralympic Games

133

134

classification master list update


classification master list update

classification strategy
Classification Code. They include classifiers, heads

athlete evaluation

As stated in the IPC Classification Code, the chief

of classification and chief classifiers.

eligibility to compete

classifier shall correspond and liaise with the head

Subject: Paralympic Games

sport class and sport class status allocation

of classification and/or the IPSF to ensure that

protest and appeal.rules are incorporated in

the sportification master list is updated in accord

the rules of the sport within which classification

with the sportification rules.

, -

takes place. All the participants in sport accept

Subject: Paralympic Games

these rules as a condition of participation.

Subject: Paralympic Games

, .


, -

classification process briefing

, -

According to the IPC Classification Code, prior

, :

/ -

to the athlete assessment, a classification panel

member will brief the athletes and their accom-

panying support staff regarding the procedures

involved in the classification process.

Subject: Paralympic Games

classification panel

classified documents
Subject: Government Relations & Executive


classifier

One of the IPSF games officials. A classifier is

According to the IPC Classification Code, a Clas-

responsible for evaluating and ruling on an ath-

sification Panel is a group of classifiers, appointed

, -

. -

letes minimal disability and positioning him/her

for a particular competition by an IPSF, to deter-

the appropriate sport class in accordance with the

mine a sport class and a sport class status. This

rules of the IPC and the respective IPSF. Classifiers

is done in accordance with the classification rules

of the respective IPSF. International classification

classification strategy
In 2003, the IPC Governing Board approved

panels must include a minimum of two classifiers, unless an IPSF requires that more than two

generally work in a voluntary capacity. The number

classification research

a classification strategy. The overall objective

of classifiers will vary according to each sport.


Subject: Paralympic Games

classifiers constitute a classification panel. During

According to the IPC Classification Code IPSFs

of the classification strategy is to support and

. -

a competition, members of a classification panel

should develop evidence-based classification

coordinate the development and implementation

should not have any other official responsibilities

systems through research. Classification research

of accurate, reliable and consistent sport focused

that are not in connection with classification.

shall comply with internationally recognized

classification systems. The classification strategy

Subject: Paralympic Games

ethical standards and research practices. IPSFs

focuses on the development of three primary

should develop a policy or procedure concerning

elements:

. -

the approval of classification research within their

Classification Code

sport(s).

international standards to supplement the clas-

Subject: Paralympic Games

sification code

models of best practice.IPC has accepted the

classifier certification

classification strategy on the basis that it will

contribute to sporting excellence for all athletes

As stated in the IPC Classification Code, classifier

and sports in the Paralympic Movement, provid-

certification establishes that an individual has met

. -

ing equitable competition, through classification

the competencies and is proficient to practice in

processes that are robust, transparent and fair.

a sport classification. IPSFs are solely responsible

Subject: Paralympic Games

for the certification of classifiers in their sport.

, , , -

2003

. -

. -

, .

classification personnel

classification rules

Subject: Paralympic Games

Persons responsible for different aspects of the

According to the IPC Classification Code, classifi-

classification process, according to the IPC

cation rules shall include provisions relating to:

135

136

classifier code of conduct


classifier code of conduct
This code of conduct includes:

clean venue compliance


,

advertising and other messages deemed inappro-

priate for the Games environment.

Subject: IP Protection

Recognition of the need to preserve and encourage confidence in the professionalism of classifi-

clean

cation rules and the classification personnel. This

Curling term to describe a light sweeping in front of

, , -

confidence must be inherent within all those involved

the stone to remove any debris.

in the Paralympic Movement and within the general

Subject: Curling

( 51).

After inspecting each venue for commercial

clean venue database

, ,

activity in the months leading up to the Games,

Description of transparent and agreed upon

, -

all brand identification and commercial messages

standards of practice to provide a meaningful set of

are catalogued to identifyissues that need to be

guidelines for professional conduct of classification

- .

resolved in order to bring the venues into compli-

, -

ance with Venue Branding Guidelines.

Subject: IP Protection

public.

personnel.
Provision of third parties (including, but not limited

clean fuel

to athletes, athlete support personnel, administra-

Natural fuel (such as compressed natural gas or liq-

tors, organizing committees, media and the public)

uefied petroleum gas,) or a blend (such as gasohol)

with criteria by which to assess the professional

used as a substitute for fossil fuels.

Clean venue compliance includes branding, adver-

conduct of classification personnel.

Subject: Ecology

tising and public control.

Subject: IP Protection

, , ,

Subject: Paralympic Games

()
(,

clean venue compliance

(, ),

-, -

, -

clean shooting
clean venue control manager

clean venue policy

Term used when a biathlete hits all five targets

with five bullets in a shooting stage.

Brand Protection official whose responsibilities in-

OCOG Policy ensuring that no advertising, public-

Subject: Biathlon

clude maintaining clean venues and coordinating

ity or branding of any kind appears on or from

with venue and function managers to implement

the field of play or performance at any Games

cross-function integration procedures; educat-

Venue. Brand Protection is responsible to spread

5 , -

ing venue staff on brand protection matters and

knowledge throughout the OCOG by meeting

monitor Test Events; conducting gap analysis and

with involved areas and policies release.

arrange clean venue tours; monitoring competi-

(
, ,

clean to clean transport system

tion and non-competition venues for compliance;

Subject: IP Protection

, , -

System which cuts down the number of security

and overseeing the transition between Olympic

) -

mag and bag checks for media as they move

and Paralympic Games.

between accommodations, MMC and competition

Subject: IP Protection

- -

venues.

clay marl
Subject: Construction


clean
Describes the status of a venue or site, person,

, -

vehicle or material package which is known to be


free from prohibited, restricted, hazardous or explo-

clean venue

sive devices or materials.

Venue that compiles with the standards established

Subject: Security

in the Host City Contract and the Olympic Charter

(Rule 51). The Olympic Charter mandates that all

, ,

structures, facilities and areas that are visible to

, , -

spectators, accredited people and broadcast cam-

eras at the Games, should be free of commercial

clean venue tours


Subject: IP Protection



clean venue violation
Subject: IP Protection

137

138

clean water for sanitary use


clean water for sanitary use

clicks
, -

OCOG should ensure adequate access to water at

, -

, -

the venues for sanitary purposes. Alternatives, such

, -

. -

, .

as waterless hand sanitizers, are acceptable, but in


food preparation and medical services, hand-wash-

cleaning company

ing facilities should be made available.

Company that provides cleaning services.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Subject: Administration & Office Management


, .

.
-

cleaning quality and frequency standards

. -

clicks


Term for a change in an athletes rear sight, tak-

ing the wind and sun into account. Each click will

adjust the rifle to shoot about 7.5 millimeters

, -

Document that identifies quality standards

horizontally or vertically on the target.

of cleaning to be applied to individual

Subject: Biathlon

functional areas.

Subject: Games Services

, -

client FA

Functional areas of the OCOG that represent

certain client group to Games organizers, monitor

Planning, implementation and management of the

7,5 .

and control delivery of services to the Games

provision of all cleaning, waste removal and waste

cleaning and waste

client committee

processing services to all competition and noncompetition venues within the direct control of the
OCOG for the Olympic and Paralympic Games. The
OCOG may establish a functional area dealing with

cleaning supplies storage area


Subject: Administration & Office Management

cleaning and waste aspects.


Subject: Games Services


, ,

clear the track


Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Ice hockey term that describes the act of getting

the puck out of ones own defensive zone.

,
.

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Games Services

reviewing the details of the client-service levels

and the overall Games experience

, -

providing input into planning and decision-mak-

ing

assisting the OCOG Senior Management with

approval of plans by preparing summary reports

client FA

tions, etc.

Functional areas of OCOG that represent certain

Subject: Games Management

client group interests to Games organizers, moni-

tor and control delivery of services to the Games

clients.

Subject: Games Management

, -

, -

Cleaning and Waste FA (C&W)


Cleaning and Waste Games-time role is the delivery

These Committees responsibilities include:

as well as highlighting issues and proposing solu-

clearance clearing the puck clearing attempt

clients.

clearing

of a successful Cleaning, Waste and Snow Removal

Curling term for a shot that removes both the

, ,

Program concentrating on the minimization of the

opponent and the teams stone out of play.

instance of waste to traditional landfill, maximizing


strategies to reduce, reuse and recycle, and encour-

Subject: Curling

client element

client FA

aging and enhancing world-wide trends in environ-

, ,

Element of the analysis of progress that in

Functional areas of the OCOG that represent

mental management as they apply to cleaning,

cludes all levels of services and requirements

certain client groups interests to Games organiz-

waste and snow removal.

defined by the Olympic Movement clients. The

ers, monitor and control delivery of services to

IOC ensures that these levels and requirements

the Games clients.

Subject: Games Services

clearing the zone

are known and respected by the Games organiz-

Subject: Planning & Integration

This term describes a situation in ice hockey when

ers. In addition to the task undertaken by the IOC

a defending player sends the puck out of the op-

Coordination Commission with respect to client

, -

ponents attacking zone, and all the attacking play-

services, the representation meetings and the

, -

ers must leave or clear the zone to avoid being

weekly conference calls cover matters regarding

called offsides when the puck reenters the zone.

these key clients.

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Games Management

139

140

client feedback
client feedback

client group services section


include anyone with a vested interest (workforce,

client group services section

Comments from the Games clients are

vendors, marketing partners, suppliers, Olympic Fam-

One of the Transport FAs section that is respon-

, -

collected through questionnaires and surveys

ily, athletes, ticket holders, television viewers, etc.).

sible for providing on-time, reliable, safe transport

Subject: Games Services

services to client groups.

Subject: Games Services

conducted during the Games to gather spontaneous feedback. Furthermore, clients will

be invited to submit reports in a pre-defined

format post-Games allowing them contribute

. -

more detail about their experience and different

services they received.

Subject: Games Management

, ,

(, , --

, , , ,

, ..).

. , -

client group

Clients are grouped into client group based on ac-

, -

creditation guide. This grouping is approved by client

client groups arrivals and departures division


Subject: Games Services

;
;
;
;
/ .

client hotels rate (CHR)

FA leaders. Client group can include anyone with a

stake interest (workforce, vendors, marketing part-

Prices of guest rooms for all client groups, except

ners, suppliers, Olympic/Paralympic Family, athletes,

those specifically entitled to the Olympic or Para-

Function nominated by the OCOG to be the lead

ticket holders, television viewers, etc.).

lympic hotels rate.

interface with a Games client.

client flows
Designated routes or pathways for Olympic
clients in and around a venue. Normally, the

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Games Services

client owner

Subject: Games Services

OCOG has installed direction or way finding sig-

nage at the venues for all relevant clients.

, ,

, -

Subject: Construction

, -

(, -, -

, , /-

Trademark of the client identified

Needs of Games clients, including general descrip-

, , ,

in the guidelines.

tion of service required. Client needs are based on

..).

Subject: IP Protection

contractual obligations, previous Games experi-

client group
client flows

client identification

Clients are integrated into client groups on the basis

,
.

client service requirements

ence and client expectations.


Subject: Games Services

Designated routes or pathways for Olympic cli-

of the Accreditation Guide. This integration

ents in and around a venue. Normally, the OCOG

is approved by client FA leaders. A client group

has installed direction or way finding signage at

can include anyone with a vested interest (work-

Different groups of people or organizations which

the venues for all relevant clients.

force, vendors, marketing partners, suppliers,

are given direct personal service by the ticketing

Subject: Venues

Olympic Family, athletes, ticket holders, television

program for reasons of contractual requirements

viewers, etc.).

or targeted marketing. Clients refers to the fol-

Subject: Planning & Integration

lowing Games customers:

client or key client

. -

client service requirements

NOC Delegations

Needs of Games clients, including general descrip-

International Federations

tion of services required. Client needs are based

Press

on contractual obligations, previous Games experi-

Broadcasters

ence and client expectations.

IOC

Subject: Planning & Integration

Marketing Partners

Spectators

, -

Clients are grouped into a client group on the

(, , --

Workforce

basis of accreditation guide. This grouping is

, , , ,

General public / community

approved by client FA leaders. Client group can

, ..).

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

client group

141

142

client services
client services

climb
client stream

influence all parties involved, in particular, the

dignitaries or persons at risk.

Activities for sponsor servicing (hospitality

This activity stream ensures the OCOG, public

way organizers do business, their structure and

matters) and Games-time operations (venue

authorities and external entities establish a vision

decision-making processes.

management). Client services also include

of the Games experience for each Games client.

responsibilities related to marks approvals and

It enables the organizers to maintain a focus on

contractual fulfillment with partners. This area is

this vision through the different planning phases

responsible to the OCOG Sponsorship Depart-

and streams, and assists in decision-making and

ment with operations responsible for all Games-

Games-time operational delivery.

time hospitality venues, which directly reports to

Subject: Games Management

. -

In figure skating, a choctaw in which the

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Security



,
, .

closed choctaw

instep of the free foot is held at the heel

the Games time, the client services team forms

, , ,

of the skating foot until the free foot is placed

a part of the front of house venue team. The

on ice behind the heel of the skating foot.

OCOG may establish a functional area dealing

Following the weight transfer the immediate

with client services aspects.

, -

Subject: Marketing

. -

the OCOG venue management division. During

new skating foot.

Upward slope.

Subject: Skiing

( ). -

clients subgroups

. -

Subgroups that detail each client group. In

case the service for the subgroup is different

, -

from the service for the overall client group,

OCOG planning is based on subgroups

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Figure Skating


,
,
,

climb

position of the new free foot is in front of the

climb


Another term for uphill.

Subject: Biathlon

clip

closed circuit television (CCTV)


Metallic container used to hold five .22-calibre rifle

Closed circuit television system whereby digital

cartridges. Up to four clips can be stored in the

or analogue imagery is transmitted from secu-

rifle stock. At the range, the clips are taken from

rity cameras (surveillance cameras installed in

. , -

the stock and inserted into the rifle as needed.

venues or monitoring stations, for transport and

, ,

Also called a magazine.

pedestrian flows) to a CCTV monitoring room in

Subject: Biathlon

Venue Security Command Center.

client services department


Its primary role is to provide Games market-

clients subgroups

Subject: Security

5,6 .

4 .

ing partners with the appropriate servicing to

Subgroups that detail each client group. In

ensure that their contractual rights and benefits

case the service for the subgroup is different

( , -

are delivered and that their business objectives

from the service for the overall client group,

. .

are met. The client services department is the

OCOG planning is based on subgroups

central point for the marketing partners within

Subject: Planning & Integration

the OCOG.
Subject: Marketing


. , , ,

, -


combustive-lubricating materials

closed double track


-

Client-driven service culture that is essential for

-.

the Games organizers. It helps to drive and

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track


cloakroom
Subject: Administration & Office Management

client-service approach

Subject: Construction

.
-

CLM

closed gate
Single gate set vertically in the fall line on
an alpine or snowboard course. Also called

close personal protection (CPP)


Close security protection of individuals, generally

vertical gate.
Subject: Skiing

143

144

closed hold

closing ceremony operational plan


,

closing ceremony operational plan

Detailed operational plan for the closing ceremony

and athletes parade that must be presented to

.
.

the IOC for approval.

closed venues

Dance position used in pair figure skating and


ice dancing, in which the partners are directly

construction manager

Subject: Construction

Subject: Games Services

opposite each other. One partner faces forward

while the other partner faces backward. The

CM
crisis management

closing date for entries

Subject: Games Management

Subject: General Sport Terms

mans right hand is placed firmly on his partners back at the shoulder blade with the elbow

CM

and not expandable.

Venues where the spectator capacity is limited

closed hold

Subject: Planning & Integration

closing ceremony

CM

raised. The left hand of the lady is placed at/

Ceremony which closes the Olympic Games.

on the shoulder of the man. The left arm of the

The ceremony takes place in the Olympic stadium

man and the right arm of the lady are extended

on the last day of the competitions of the Games

Stage of the CoCom meeting, during which

comfortably at shoulder height. Their shoulders

of the Olympiad and of the Olympic Winter

participants discuss main conclusions, follow-up

remain parallel.

Games and is held in accordance with the protocol

action, and issues requiring further attention are

change management committee

Subject: Figure Skating

decided by the IOC. It should reflect and portray

discussed and agreed.

Subject: Games Management

the humanistic principles of Olympism and con-

content management

closing plenary session

Subject: Knowledge Management

CMC

Subject: Games Management

CMO

tribute to the spread of these ideals. (See Olympic

Charter Rules 56, 57)

chief medical officer

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

, . -

CMP

, . -

Number (more than one) of venues and/or facili-

ties in close geographical proximity, which do not

require a secure perimeter. The operations of the

. (. 56, 57

venues/facilities impact on each other and are

therefore integrated to the extent necessary.

Small nets used to define space and to

Subject: Construction

control crowds.

closed mohawk
In figure skating, a mohawk in which the instep
of the free foot is held at the heel of the skating

closing ceremony department

, .

concrete mixing plant

cluster

Subject: Construction

c-net

Subject: Skiing


(-)

foot until the free foot is placed on ice behind

One of the ceremonies department divisions that

( ) / -

the heel of the skating foot. Following the

is responsible for preparing and delivering the clos-

weight transfer, the immediate position of the

ing ceremony.

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

. -

/ ,

new free foot is in front of the new skating foot.


Subject: Figure Skating

, -

, .

COA
cluster
Number (more than one) of venues and or facili-

closing ceremony of the Paralympic Games

ties in close geographical proximity, which do not

Ceremony which closes the Paralympic Games.

require a secure perimeter. The operations of the

Closing ceremony of the Paralympic Games is simi-

venues / facilities impact on each other and are

lar to the Olympic Games Closing Ceremony.

therefore integrated to the extent necessary.

Subject: Paralympic Games

closed venue

chart of accounts
Subject: Finance & Legal

coach
Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Venues

coach interaction

Venue where the spectator capacity is limited

Curling term for a 60 second on-ice meeting

and not expandable.

( ), ,

between a team and its coach during the game.

Subject: Venues

Subject: Curling

145

146

coaches stand/platform

CoCom
coastal cluster catering section

, 60-

.

coaches stand/platform
Stand from which coaches observe the jumps

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Services

/
,

CoCom

Subject: Security

coal dozer

Coastal cluster security

Subject: Construction

Subject: Construction

coarse chips

coastal cluster venue development section

sible for developing a common approach to building

Subject: Games Management

code enforcement across the various jurisdictions as

CoCom meeting agenda


Agenda is defined before the CoCom meeting
and focuses mainly on service levels to be provid-

, -

issues of the project.

Subject: Games Management

, -

Subject: Construction

One of the Construction Coordination and Overlay


FA divisions.

Subject: Construction

, -

code of conduct
Subject: Games Management

Subject: Construction

Subject: Ecology

classifier training and certification.

marize the status of the project at the time of the

, -

Coordination Commission.

Subject: Games Management

code of conduct

FA divisions.

, -

Subject: Construction

IOC document which needs to be signed by the IOC,

the NOC and the GSA in order to approve NOCs ap-

pointment of a GSA. The objective of this document

code

Coastal cluster at the Winter Games of 2014 in


Sochi will include the following venues: Central

of conduct included in the international standard for

Report prepared by the IOC and OCOG to sum-

One of the Construction Coordination and Overlay

coastal cluster

shall require all classifiers to comply with the code

coastal competition venues section

coastal belt

According to the IPC Classification Code, each IPSF

Subject: Paralympic Games

CoCom status report

coastal belt

Subject: Construction

coarse sand

CoCom meeting venue

Subject: Construction

ed to the Olympic Movement clients and the key

Subject: Security

across the Olympic region. The Committee is respon-

coordination commission

it relates to temporary facilities and equipment.

Coastal cluster SEC representative

Committee comprised of building and fire officials


from the various municipalities and jurisdictions

coal bucket

code committee

coastal cluster cleaning and waste removal


section

executed by athletes in ski jumping events.


Subject: Skiing

co-branding

is to standardize the working procedures of the


System of letters, numbers or symbols and their

GSA and to set the conditions a GSA is to respect in

association with a particular organization, precinct,

order to sell tickets.

venue, zone or other privilege or criteria, designed

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

Stadium, Bolshoi Ice Palace, Maly Ice Palace, Olym-

Two or more trademarks combined that form a

to ensure that such variables are always identified

pic Curling Center, Sochi Olympic Skating Center

composite logo.

by an agreed set of terminology.

Subject: Games Services

, , -

Subject: IP Protection

and Olympic Oval.


Subject: Venues

, -

, ,

, -

2014 :

, ,

,
, ,

COC

city operations center

Subject: Games Management

147

148

Code of Points (CoP)


Code of Points (CoP)
Another term for ISU Judging System.
Subject: Figure Skating


ISU.

collection of classification documents




According to the IPC Classification Code, chief

15-20 -

classifier liaises with the Organizing Committee,

3-4 ,

National Paralympic Committees/National Paralym-

-20 , -

pic Sport Federations and International Paralympic

Sport Federations to collect classification docu-

) -

ments, as required by the sports classification rules

coding applications for the Look of the Games


Codes are used on the following applications for

collection of classification documents

coldest point of the course

and/or advise them on the supportive classification

the Look of the Games: computer files, databases,

If the temperature is below 20 degrees Celsius,

documents that will be brought by the athlete to

codes of the contractors, contracts, warehouses,

measured at the coldest point of the ski course,

his/her evaluation in accordance with the sports

- -

venue designs, and actual products (i.e. fence fabric

a competition will be postponed or cancelled.

classification rules. Athletes are requested to make

Subject: Biathlon

available any relevant documents, as detailed in the

sportification rules, that would assist the classifica-

and banners).
Subject: Games Image

tion panel in their deliberations including, but not


limited to:

collective point score

: -

medical reports

In ski jumping, this score is calculated by adding

, ,

-20 , -

visual impairment assessments

style and distance points together. If the total

, , ,

X-rays.

of the style and distance points results in a nega-

Subject: Paralympic Games

tive sum, the minimum score is at least zero (no

, (, ).

collapse behavior
Subject: Construction


cohesive soil
Sticky soil, such as clay or silt.
Subject: Construction


, , .

coincidental penalties
Situation when both teams players are assessed an
equal amount of penalties at the same time.

collateral materials

negative points).
Subject: Skiing

, -

/-

Any item, not being a product, premium or promo-

tional material, which is used in the ordinary course

of the marketing partners business in connection

with and/or to facilitate the delivery or usage of

0 (

products, including stationery and consumables.

).

Subject: Marketing

, -

collector

, -

Main canal of the drain back system.

, -

. -

Subject: Construction

, -

, :

Coins and Banknotes programs are both the Circu-

, / -

Five official colors of the Olympic rings are

lating Coins and Banknotes program and the Com-

blue, yellow, black, green and red. The rings

are interlaced from left to right; the blue, black

Subject: Ice Hockey

coins and banknotes programs

memorative Coins and Banknotes program.


Subject: Finance & Legal


,
.

coldest point of the course

collecting artifacts and memorabilia policy


Policy describing rules for collecting, recording,

competition will be postponed or cancelled.


Subject: Skiing

collection point
Gathering location for approximately 15-20 torch-

Subject: Knowledge Management

bearers and 3-4 support runners. This is where

color relationships in the Olympic symbol

torchbearers and support runners are instructed


to meet prior to boarding the torchbearer drop-

and green rings at the bottom. (See Olympic


Charter Rule 8)
Subject: Protocol

, ,

off shuttle and joining the caravan. The collection

point is generally a public building with a meeting

, , , -

area and bathroom facilities, and can possibly be a

government office, sport facility, or location related

. , -

to a OTR sponsor.

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

. (. 8 )

If the temperature is below 20 degrees Celsius,


measured at the coldest point of the ski course, a

and red rings are situated at the top, the yellow

storage of artifacts and memorabilia.

collection and processing of waste


Subject: Ecology

149

150

colors
colors

combined cross-country race


combination

combined cross-country race

combined road

Choice of color palette is essential to the

In figure skating, two or more elements (jumps,

Cross country race, usually second event of the

Combined motor and railroad.

Games branding. When choosing colors, the

spins) performed in succession.

Nordic combined discipline in which athletes take

Subject: Construction

Subject: Figure Skating

start according to the score points following the

following parameters need to be taken into


consideration:

The color palette that supports the whole de-

sign system, the Olympic Ring colors, the sec-

(, )

ondary graphics, pictograms and main marks.

The colors that will be needed for the licensing products.


Subject: Games Image



.
-

combination jump/jump combination

, , ,

Term refers to parallel slalom in snowboarding


where each racer gets one run down each of two
courses for a combined time. The fastest combined

one right after the other, without intervening

time wins.

steps or turns.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Figure Skating

, , -

combined cross-country skier


Subject: Skiing

-,

combination of gates

ski jump and 10 km cross country race of

boarding course, installed in a particular order.

free technique.
Subject: Skiing

are: vertical combinations, hairpin combinations

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

and delayed gates combinations.

Subject: Skiing

10

Subject: Technology

,
, -

COM FCC

Communications FCC

: ,

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

,
. .

combustion gases
Subject: Ecology

Communications FA

Communications FA

Events that usually consist of one competition

Set of up to four gates on an alpine or snowThe most important types of gates combinations

combined events

COM

combined time

COM

Subject: Skiing

In figure skating, two or more jumps performed

ski jumping event.

combined jumping competition

combustive-lubricating materials (CLM)


Subject: Construction

- ()
COMD

Part of Nordic combined (NC) program.

command

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Security

come around
Curling term for a shot that curls behind another

co-marketing

combination spin/spin combination

combined points

Joint marketing programs featuring more than

In figure skating, a sequence in which the skater

Total score of points for ski jumping and cross-

one brand.

changes feet and positions (upright/sitting/cam-

country skiing in Nordic combined events.

Subject: IP Protection

el position) while maintaining speed throughout

Subject: Skiing

a continuous spin.
Subject: Figure Skating

Smart card using both contact and contactless

(//)
.

interface technology.
Subject: Technology


-, ,
.

Subject: Curling

-
, ,

.

comfortable operational/labor conditions

combi card

stone.

combined results
Combined results are calculated by adding the

Subject: Administration & Office Management

race times of single events or run.

combined bobsleigh, skeleton


and luge track
Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Subject: Skiing

command (COMD)
Authority vested in an individual of the Public

Safety and Security Agencies for the direction,

coordination and control of security forces.

Usually called Commander.


Subject: Security

151

152

command and control

command, control and coordination structure (C3)


, -

Command and control structure for the Games that

, , ),

is an integral part of the security model

and helps to implement it.

Subject: Security

command and control


Command and control refers to the concept of
forming the organizational framework for integrat-

command and decision support system (CDSS)

, -

command, control and coordination


structure (C3)

(,

. ,

ed operations and decision making, during both

Collection of software programs that provide

planning and Games operations periods, by all

commanders with the tools to maintain situational

organizers represented at the venues, precinct and

awareness and exercise command.

Subject: Security

see command

Subject: Security

other operational teams. The OCOG may establish


a Command and Control function to manage this.
During the Games time, this function is respon-


()

sible for implementing Games-wide command and

control, primarily coordinated through the Main

Operations Center.

Subject: Games Management

command center exercises

commander

command, control, communications,


computers & intelligence (C4I)
Facilities, equipment, communications, procedures,

commemorative certificate

information and personnel essential to

Commemorative certificates are produced for all

the COMD for planning, directing and controlling the

other accredited persons who do not receive the

Within the exercise framework for each function,

operations of security forces.

participation certificates and medals.

, -

the respective Functional Command Center is

Subject: Security

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

integrated for operational testing of communica-

, -

tion paths, information flows, decision-making and

, -

the integration of Command Center activities with

, , , -

, -

, .

external agencies.

, , -

Subject: Games Management

, , ,

commemorative certificate

. -

Process of integration and coordination of all pro-

presented by the Organizing Committee on

cedures, systems, facilities and operators (person-

behalf of the IOC.

nel) that enable command and control of forces.

Subject: Protocol

command and control (C&C or C2)


Exercise of authority and direction by a properly

designated commander over assigned forces in

the accomplishment of the mission.

command center exercises

Commemorative certificates are produced for

command, control, communications,


coordination & integration (C4I)

Subject: Security

, , ,

all accredited persons who do not receive the


participation certificates and medals. They are

. -

Within the exercise framework for each function,

, (),

the respective Functional Command Center is

integrated for operational testing of communica-

tion paths, information flows, decision-making and

the integration of Command Center activities with

Subject: Security

command and control stream


This activity stream develops the organizational

Design of participation certificates should be

Command, Coordination and Control FA (C3)

external agencies.

C3 mission is to develop and implement the Games

Subject: Technology

management system (principles, organizational

commemorative certificate design

structure, processes, tools) to ensure efficient deci-

in line with the Look elements simple and clear


to read. The OCOGs motto may be inserted.
Subject: Protocol

framework for integrated operations and decision-

sion-making and well-coordinated interaction of all

making, during both planning and Games opera-

Games organizers, during pre-Games, Games-time

tions periods, by all Games organizers represented

and post-Games time periods. This mission remains

, -

in venue, precinct and other operational teams.

, -

the same for both Olympic and Paralympic Games.

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Games Management

153

154

commemorative certificate material


commemorative certificate material
Commemorative certificates should be pro-

commentary switching center



duced on card of at least 2-ply quality.

Subject: Protocol

, ,

2014

( -

) ( -

).

commemorative certificate shape


Format of the commemorative certificate

commentator information system


(CIS)
This system provides real-time results information to broadcasters.

commemorative medal

commentary switching center

Subject: Technology

should be portrait.

Commemorative medal accompanied by a diploma

This service, which may be associated with the

Subject: Protocol

is presented to the members of the Olympic Fam-

transmission control and/or distribution center, will

ily who took part in the Olympic Games.

make it possible to connect commentary circuits

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

from venues to rights holders at the IBC or directly

to the destination countries, and the outputs of



() .

commemorative certificate text


Participation certificate text should include the

rights holders to the international lines. In addition

to monitoring capabilities, possibilities to switch

back-up circuits or commentary positions must allow

Traditional hotels used for accommodation

for a certain degree of flexibility.

purposes. It is in the OCOGs interests to es-

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

tablish a centralized hotel reservation system

following elements:
Olympic symbol and edition of the Games

commemorative medal

commercial accommodation

emblem of the Olympic Games

International Olympic Committee has medals

French, English and host nation official lan-

struck to mark special events, inaugurations, an-

guage (if neither French nor English)

niversaries, extraordinary meetings or congresses,

signatures of the:

etc. These medals may be accompanied by a

IOC President - lower left-hand side

diploma.

OCOG President - lower right-hand side.

Subject: Protocol

. -

for spectators.
Subject: Games Services

. - -

, , , -

commercial appearances by athletes

, ..

Olympic Charter is designed to prevent

competitors from ambushing official Marketing

Subject: Protocol

Partners by using Olympians to promote their

;
, -

commemorative pin

- (

IOC Executive Board distributes commemorative

pins to the athletes who took part in the Olympic

);

Games.

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

;
.



, -

commemorative coins
and banknotes program
The Coins and Banknotes program relating

commentary position

commentator
Subject: General Sport Terms

products and services. Under the terms of the


Athlete Entry Agreement, competitors in the
Olympic Games are prohibited from making
any commercial appearance without a waiver.

commentator information system (CIS)


This system provides real-time results information
to broadcasters.
Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Subject: IP Protection




, -

to the Games for commemorative coins and

Each commentary position must be separated

--

banknotes both of which are sold for a pre-

from other positions by a clear perspex or plastic

mium to their face or legal tender value. This

screen. A table large enough to install the com-

program is developed and implemented by SO-

mentary unit and a color television monitor with

CHI 2014, in co-operation with the IOC and in

an in-house (or local) venue CATV feed (for radio

This system provides real-time results information

concert with the related government entities.

and TV commentators).

to broadcasters.

Subject: Finance & Legal

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Subject: Games Services

commentator information system (CIS)

155

156

commercial crime management


commercial crime management

communication regarding athlete medical status



/

Subject: Security


commercial off the shelf (COTS)
Products directly available from manufactures

NOCs will have made provisions for their athletes

All physical communications and information

to be placed under the care of the NOC team doc-

systems hardware required to support a security

tors; the OCOG should respect confidentiality of

capability for the Games.

all patients in their care. Only with the athletes

Subject: Security

common midpoint
Subject: Construction

comms universe
commercial operations department
Subject: Games Commercial Activity

Process and task of making either a vehicle

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

, -

Communications FA (COM)

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

At the Games time the main responsibility of the

Communications function will be to provide trans-

. -

parent information and timely responses to the

media, as well as presenting the best image pos-

commissioning

COMMSEC

medical care provided to the athletes.

Another term for communication strategy.

commercial projects department


Subject: Games Commercial Activity


with and/or update the NOC team doctors regarding ()
permission should the OCOG medical staff consult

()
, -

communications and information systems


(CIS)

that do not need extensive development.


Subject: Games Commercial Activity

communication regarding
athlete medical status

sible of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. COM

communication security

will handle all crisis communications, and take part

Subject: Security

in the crisis management groups for every issue

identified as a crisis.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

communication security (COMMSEC)

or operation ready for Games-time use.

communication and reporting procedure

Security measures and practices which deny un-

Construction Coordination and Overlay document

authorized persons access to information during

that outlines the process of internal and external

communication between two or more authorized

communication and reporting, including response

persons. It is a part of OPSEC.

, -

to issues related to overlay.

Subject: Security

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Construction

commit a fault/mistake
Subject: General Sport Terms


common domain

, -

, -

, ,

a precinct perimeter but outside the venue perim-

eter to which access is granted either by ticket or

accreditation.


/
, -

communication equipment room (CER)


Subject: Technology

common domain
Area between venues and/or facilities, within
a precinct perimeter but outside the venue perim-

communication security systems section

communication initiatives

Communications FCC (COM FCC)

One of the Technology FA sections.

Centralized information, coordination and com-

Subject: Technology

munication hub which supports the effective

operation of Communications FA. The key point of


contact between the MOC and Communications
FA, which provides the MOC with relevant and
timely information pertaining to that function.

communication strategy

. -

Area between venues and/or facilities, within

Subject: Construction

()

Strategy of creating Sochi 2014 image in mass me-

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Different communication projects and events

dia based on the Russian Diamond. It consists of PR

designed to create excitement about the OCOG

campaigns with a proactive approach.

sponsorship program.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Subject: Marketing

-2014

eter to which access is granted either by ticket or

, . -

accreditation.

, -

Subject: Venues

. PR-.

157

158

communications timeline
communications timeline

community-based ambulatory clinics


community-based ambulatory clinics

Media plan serve for Sochi 2014s communication

, -

These clinics should be available to treat in-

activity planning according to the existing news

ternational guests and workforce who need

opportunity.

services that are not available at the venues.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

In some instances, resources available at commu-

nity-based ambulatory clinics may augment the

, -

services provided for the athletes at the Olympic/

-2014 ,

Paralympic Village polyclinic.

. :

, -

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

community agreements

Subject: Finance & Legal

), ..

- ,

. -

community relations
Term refers to external relations with local and

regional organizations, businesses and the public.

The OCOG may establish a functional area dealing

with community relations aspects.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

community-based ambulatory clinics

Major event of each day where the Olympic flame

These clinics should be available to treat inter-

arrives at a city event. The city is responsible for

national guests and workforce who need services

the planning and organization of city celebrations

. -

that are not available at the Paralympic venues. In

with support from the advance managers.

, -

some instances, resources available at community-

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

based ambulatory clinics may augment the services


, -

provided for the athletes at the Paralympic Village

community task force (CTF)

polyclinic.

Local organization formed in each community

where the OTR passes. The objectives of the

CTF are to develop a team that can: ensure the

communitys obligations in connection with the

- ,

OTR are met; provide the support services neces-

sary for the movement of the OTR; provide the

Small-scale Olympic cauldron that is lit at commu-

expertise and resources necessary for the organi-

. -

nity celebrations of a city along the OTR route to

zation of the community celebration; and provide

hold the flame.

resources for the marketing and promotion of the

, -

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

OTR and OTR events.

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

community celebration cauldron

Subject: Construction

Subject: Construction


compacted soil
Ground covering material.
Subject: Construction

Subject: Paralympic Games

compaction
Subject: Construction

()
compaction pressure
Subject: Construction


companion seating
Companion seating should be provided next or immediately adjacent to the wheelchair positions in

community-based medical services

, .

, ,

While the OCOG is directly responsible for medical

services provided within the venues, OCOG Medical

community involvement

compact loader

compact track loader


community celebration

Contractual agreements between the OCOG and


cities hosting Torch Relay Community Celebrations.

( -

the same rate.


Subject: Paralympic Games

Services must also coordinate with community-

OCOG in collaboration with the Host City authori-

; , -

based health services to ensure a seamless delivery

ties shall communicate with the local communities

; -

of medical care. In general, these services include:

and businesses in order to raise awareness about

Olympic Family hospitals

the Paralympics and involve them in initiatives,

medical transport

such as accessibility to stores and shops, facilitate

community-based ambulatory clinics

involvement of company staff in the Paralympics

public health and hygiene services

Planners must develop accessible seating

(additional leave), education activities, etc.

disaster planning.

that can maintain appropriate sightlines for

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

wheelchair users if/when the crowd stands.

comparable sightlines

159

160

compensation and benefits (C&B) policy


Similarly, railings and other obstacles may not

(competition) entry form

competition

block the lowered sightlines of people with mobility

Competition involves the staging or participation

impairment.

of an event in the sport or discipline at a venue.

Subject: Paralympic Games

Competition is managed by the OCOG competition

managers, while technical control and direction of

(competition) entry form


Subject: General Sport Terms

the competition is the responsibility of the relevant

Term encompasses all items of equipment which

International Federation.

the competitor uses in competitions. This includes

Subject: General Sport Terms

clothing, as well as apparatuses with technical func-

, / .

,

. -

competition equipment

,
-

,
.

competition manager

tions. The entire competition equipment forms a

OCOG individual responsible for the organization

functional unit.

and management of a particular sport, in close

Subject: General Sport Terms

liaison with the respective International Federation

--

and the OCOG Venue Team.


Subject: General Sport Terms

compensation and benefits (C&B) policy

, , -

Rules of salary setting, payroll changes, and

benefit options for the OCOG staff (overtime,

premium pay, last-minute compensation changes/


promotions, etc.)
Subject: Workforce

competition (metal) target


Metallic targets that are used in competitions.
Subject: Biathlon

competition form
Forms used by technical officials during competition.
They include everything from score sheets, protest

, -

forms, rounding marks, evaluation sheets, shuttle-

cock control sheets, withdrawal forms etc.

( ,
, / ..)

compete
Subject: General Sport Terms

compete in the finals


Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Games Management

competition / event tickets

competition official
Subject: General Sport Terms


competition rules
Subject: General Sport Terms

These tickets need to be of a high, souvenir qual-

, -

ity, incorporating sports pictograms, clear access

information and the specific seating information.

They should be dispatched to spectators in ad-

: ,

Start times, dates, venues and duration

vance of the Games.

, ,

of the events during the Olympic and Paralympic

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

, , -

Games.

Subject: Planning & Integration

, -

competition schedule

competition management

, -

Competition management relates to implementa-

tion of the rules and regulations of each IF and IPSF

According to the IPC Classification Code, IPSF com-

in the delivery of each sport at the highest level

petition rules shall establish, if required, the process

possible for the worlds best athletes to stage their

competing in a different sport class

and consequences whereby an athlete may or may


not compete in a different sport class than that allocated to him/her.
Subject: Paralympic Games

competition armourer
Subject: Biathlon

Subject: Games Management


competition draw

Subject: General Sport Terms

/ .

This schedule designates the start times, dates,

sports on the Olympic and Paralympic program are

venues and duration of the competitions during

organized in a consistent manner. The OCOG may

the Games.

establish a functional area dealing with competition

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: General Sport Terms


, : ,
, .

, -

talents. Competition management must ensure that

management aspects.

competition day

competition schedule

competition schedule database

Technology database system designed to manage

all the competition schedule data.

Subject: Technology

161

162

competition secretary

competitor limitations
competition venue (CV)

competitor limitations

Sport site of primary importance, operated by the

In the event that Sochi 2014 desires to grant

OCOG and/or its partners (by a multi-functional

Olympic marketing rights to a competitor com-

venue team), located within a secure perimeter,

pany, Sochi 2014 shall be required to first consult

subject to the exclusive use of the OCOG and/or its

with the TOP partner and explain to the TOP part-

competition secretary

partners, officially used for Olympic and Paralympic

ner that the grant of such rights to any competitor

Official responsible for all administrative and

competition.

company will not directly impede or diminish

secretarial work associated with the competition.

Subject: Construction

the value of the Olympic marketing rights granted

This official is in charge of preparing for other


, .

competitors outfit
Subject: General Sport Terms


complaints management policy

to the partner. Further, in the event any competi-

Document that outlines the rules for dealing with

OCOG officials all forms, lists, and tables, includ-

tor company is granted Olympic marketing rights

a complaint.

ing start lists, results lists, minutes of the team

, / -

by Sochi 2014 with IOC consent, Sochi 2014 may

Subject: Games Services

captains meeting, and informational bulletins on

( , -

not grant Olympic marketing rights to a competitor

the competition.

company for general corporate image advertising

, -

Subject: General Sport Terms

. -

or promotions.

Subject: Marketing

complete list of venues and facilities

, -

, -

, -2014 -

Organizers must establish the full list of venues

. -

and facilities it will use for the Olympic Games

-, -

by G-30.


(,

competitive marks and products

2014

Subject: Venues

, , , -

Sochi 2014 shall include in contracts with Sochi

2014 sponsors and licensees provisions prohibiting

them from depicting marks of or references to com-

, -

).

petitors of a partner on goods supplied under such

30

contracts, or on licensed goods, or on marketing

, ,

materials for any goods (including licensed goods), or

. , , -

services supplied under such contracts.

-2014

Subject: Marketing

- --

competition skis
Subject: Skiing


competition track
Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

,
-

Subject: Skiing

- -

-2014

complete turn
Subject: Skiing

competition venue

complete the distance

competitor of partner
completion of employment pack

Sport site of primary importance, operated by

Any entity which is primarily known to the general

the OCOG and/or its partners (by a multi-functional

, ,

public as the issuer, licensor or manufacturer of

Preparation of the generic completion of employ-

venue team), located within a secure perimeter,

products which are identical to the OCOG market-

ment pack includes information on: final payment

subject to the exclusive use of the OCOG and/or

( )

ing partners products.

calculation, question and answer sheet, career

its partners, officially used for Olympic and Para-

, .

Subject: Marketing

center, post-Games party and other generic

lympic competition.
Subject: Venues


, /

competitive/competition round

- .

, -

, ,

competitors
Persons entered by their NOCs to participate in

. -

, -

) -

Subject: Workforce

Subject: Skiing

information.

Stage of a ski jumping competition.

( ,

/ -

competitive/competition round
Stage of a competition.
Subject: General Sport Terms

a sports competition in any of the sports on the


Games program.
Subject: General Sport Terms

completion of temporary power installations


Completion of temporary power installations
1 month prior to the Games time is the transition
to Games operations, and it includes:

163

164

complex environmental monitoring system

comprehensive upgrade

supply and installation of plant and equipment

commissioning of equipment

system testing with actual loads, e.g. broadcasters, security, and technology loads etc.

composite logo

operation of power systems.

Mark comprised of two elements clearly divided by

Subject: Construction

white space and a line of separation: (a) Sponsors



,
1

Subject: IP Protection



, , -

() () .

composite material

..);
.

computer-aided design (CAD)


compression

System that is used to provide architectural and

Skiing term that describes the movement of absorb-

engineering graphic presentations, design docu-

ing a bump by flexing knees and thighs.

ments for planning and construction, engineering

Subject: Skiing

calculations, engineering analysis, technology net-

,
.

Subject: Construction

works design and material quantity take-offs.


Subject: Construction


()
,

compressive failure

composite stress

Subject: Construction
Subject: Construction

( , ,

Subject: Construction

comprehensive upgrade

Trademark and (b) Games Emblem.

, -

()

, - ,
, , ,

compulsory dance (CD)

Until 2010-2011 season, ice dancing comprised

complex environmental monitoring system

composition

three performances: a compulsory dance, an original

computer-aided design (CAD)

System organized in order to provide comprehen-

Intentional, developed and/or original arrange-

dance and a free skate dance. In a compulsory dance

System that is used to provide architectural and

sive solutions for the issues related to environ-

ment of all types of movements in figure skating

the performance closely followed a prescribed set

engineering graphic presentations, design docu-

mental support at the stage of planning, construc-

program according to the principles of proportion,

of steps staged to a piece of music with a particular

ments for planning and construction, engineering

tion and maintenance of Games venues, as well

unity, space, pattern, structure and phrasing.

character and musical rhythm. At present, ice danc-

calculations, engineering analysis, technology net-

Subject: Figure Skating

ing competitions, like those of other forms of figure

works design and material quantity take-offs.

skating, consist of two programs: the short dance

Subject: Technology

as for the development of Sochi as Alpine climatic


resort. SMS relies upon data from this system.
Subject: Ecology

, /

and the free dance.

Subject: Figure Skating


()
,

, , ,

2010-2011

, -

, .

- ,

, , -

, ,

compost

. -

Organic fertilizer that consists from humus with

. -

earth or peat.

Subject: Ecology

complimentary room
In some countries, it is customary to earn compli-

Detailed outline and methodology for the conduct

, ,

of tasks and activities to be performed in order

to accomplish the stated aim or mission for the

designated operation or activity.

mentary rooms for group bookings at accommodation facilities. If appropriate, the accommodation

comprehensive communications plan

facility contract should include such a provision,

It should include all the areas of the Communica-

including the rules regarding their use.

tions responsibility. The scope of the plan should

Subject: Games Services

extend to the months just prior to the Games

concept of operations (CONOPS)

Subject: Security

compulsory element/move
Subject: Figure Skating

,

.

themselves.
Subject: Communications & Mass Media

()

computer aided dispatch (CAD)


Software application that allows dispatchers to nom-

inate the status and task of operational resources.

Subject: Technology

concerted efforts
Subject: Construction

165

166

concession
concession
Facility from which a concessionaire/caterer or other

concourse

().

, -

vendor sells or distributes food, beverage or merchandise at the venue. A concession is any outlet

concessionaire
Entity that sell or distribute food & beverages at

clusively). The majority of food and beverage service

the venues.

outlets are deemed concessions, as they typically

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

. -

, -

portable or temporary stands, as well as stations for

roving vendors (hawkers) to be used at the venues.

Subject: Games Services

concourse

Concessions represent a key showcasing asset for


some of the marketing partners. TOP marketing

Large open space for the gathering or passage

partners with key roles and rights within the con-

of crowds (e.g. spectators).

, .

cessions are: Coca Cola, McDonalds and VISA.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Marketing

, -

, ,

(, ).

. -

-.

: Coca Cola, McDonalds

Large open space for the gathering or passage

VISA.

of crowds (e.g. spectators).

concessions branding rights


Facility from which a concessionaire / caterer or
other vendor sells or distributes food, beverage
or merchandise at the venue. A concession is any

Subject: Construction

condition of the course


Quality of slopes, snow.

concourse

Subject: Skiing


, .

()

conditions of entry for pedestrians

, -

While the term conditions of entry is most com-

monly applied when referring to ticket holders en-

Subject: Marketing

(, ).

tering a venue, persons entering via back of house


-
.

must also comply with a code of behavior (or code

concourse banner
Subject: Games Image

service outlets are deemed concessions, as they

concessions guidelines

sions can be indoor or outdoor and may include

These guidelines are intended to help the OCOG

permanent, portable or temporary stands, as well

achieve and maintain a balance between the need

as stations for roving vendors (hawkers) to be used

to generate revenue and the desire to maintain

at the venues.

an atmosphere at the Olympic Games that is

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

concrete pump

ing partners.

sarily exclusively). The majority of food and beverage

Subject: Construction

Contractual concession branding rights of market-

outlet serving non-alcoholic beverages (not neces-

typically serve non-alcoholic beverages. Conces-

Subject: Construction

()

Subject: Venues

().

concession

concrete mixing plant (CMP)

concrete pulverizer

( ). -

Subject: Construction

concessions

, / -

concrete mixer

be indoor or outdoor and may include permanent,

Subject: Construction

serving non-alcoholic beverages (not necessarily ex-

serve non-alcoholic beverages. Concessions can

concrete grade

primarily non-commercial. The guidelines do not

of good practice) in order to receive an official


Games accreditation to access a venue. In defining
conditions of entry for pedestrians, policies should
consider the following:

concrete
Subject: Construction

codes of conduct
prohibitions and restrictions
risk disclaimers
ticketing policy

concrete barrier

recording rights

hinder the OCOGs creativity in designing and

Prefabricated concrete blocks of significant mass

, / -

implementing the Look of the Games or limit the

and size that can individually be linked to form

existing rights of TOP partners. The concessions

a solid barrier and be used to block and impede

guidelines, as well as the contractual provisions

vehicles to deviate from an intended route.

, .

of certain TOP partners, provide the standards

Subject: Security

, ,

for concessions / kiosks branding and lay out the

( ). -

required deliverables.

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

( )

,
, ,

Subject: Venues

. -

, . -

167

168

condominiums and apartments

connecting branch

or imply any endorsement by the athlete of the

, ,

Olympic marketing partner or the Olympic partners

, , ..; / -

products or services.

. ,

Subject: Marketing

;
- .

condominiums and apartments

confidentiality agreement

A legal contract between SOCHI 2014 and an

interested party that outlines confidential material,

, -

Type of alternative accommodation. Condomini-

knowledge, or information that they wish to share

ums and apartments are residential units that

with one another, but wish to restrict access to by

- -

are owned or leased by individuals, but which may

third parties.

Subject: Finance & Legal

be collectively managed. The units may include


a single room, or a sitting room with separate

. -

connecting branch

bedroom(s).

Subject: Games Services

2014

Short tube that serves as diversion from the main

pipelines, tanks, etc., as well as the connecting

, -

, ,

portion in the pipeline.

(-),

Subject: Construction

, -

, ,

conflict of interest

, -

As stated in the IPC Classification Code, conflict of

, ..,

interest will arise where a pre-existing personal or

professional relationship gives rise to the possibility of that relationship affecting the classifiers abil-

cone
of the lanes in the curves must include movable

connecting steps
Another term for transitions.
Subject: Figure Skating

Subject: Paralympic Games

consequences of anti-doping rules violations


Athletes or other persons violation of an anti-dopingmay result in one or more of the following: (a)

ity to make an objective decision or assessment.


Normally on speed skating tracks, the demarcation

disqualification; (b) ineligibility; and (c) provisional


suspension.
Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

blocks of rubber or synthetic material. Closed

cones (20-25 cm high) shall be used as the first

block at the entrance of each curve. See also

concept of operations

(track) marker.

Subject: Security

: ) , )

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

CONOPS

/ ) .

conserving natural resources

,
.

conforming to standards
Subject: General Sport Terms

consecutive interpretation (CI)


In consecutive interpreting, the interpreter speaks

congestion

Subject: Ecology

after the source-language speaker has finished


speaking. The speech is divided into segments, and

( 20-25 )

consideration

the interpreter sits or stands beside the source-

Term refers to consideration received by

. .

Situation occurs when transport demand exceeds

language speaker, listening and taking notes as

Sochi 2014:

().

transport supply in a specific section of the trans-

the speaker progresses through the message.

of all contracts pertaining to the Sochi 2014

port system

When the speaker pauses or finishes speaking, the

joint marketing program or containing any element

Subject: Games Services

interpreter then renders a portion of the message

of commercial exploitation of the Sochi 2014

conference room (CR)


Subject: Administration & Office Management

-
conference rooms

or the entire message in the target language. This

marks, the ROC marks, or relating to the Games in

type of interpretation uses when the simultane-

any way, including but not limited to the revenues

ous interpretation is impossible or expensive. It

for the sale of admission tickets to the Games;

provides by the semi professional or volunteer

of all contracts which provide for value-in-kind

interpreters and widely used for polyclinic, medical

or other forms of consideration to be supplied in

(doping control), mix-zone needs and wherever any

return for, or in connection with, any advertising,

Rooms in an accommodation facility used for


conferences, meetings, exhibits, banquets, etc.;

congratulatory advertising

function rooms/space.

Congratulatory advertisements shall be solely

of type of language support needed.

promotional or other rights.

Subject: Games Services

for the purpose of congratulating the athletes

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Marketing

on their performance, and should not contain

169

170

consistent exterior stair treatments

construction activities

all in blue, all in red, all in green, all in black, all in grey,

-2014:

. -

all in gold, all in silver or all in bronze (in either ver-

, -

sion). It is forbidden to reproduce the rings in yellow

, ,

-;

on a white background.shown on a black background,

2014 -

the rings may only be shown all in Olympic yellow, all

, ,

in white, all in gold, all in silver or all in bronze (using

-2014,

either version). It is forbidden to reproduce the rings

in five colors on a black background.shown on a color

. -

background (other than white or black), the rings may

only be reproduced all in white, all in black, all in gold,

-;

all in silver or all in bronze. On a color background,

it is strictly forbidden to reproduce the rings in five

, ,

colors or in blue, yellow, green or red.rings must be

, -

reproduced in solid color: outlines may not be used.

Subject: Protocol

consistent exterior stair treatments

From the perspective of people with disabilities, ex-

terior stairs need to be treated in the same way as

interior installations. High contrast, none slip nosing;

Construction spans the mobilization of the con-

tactile warning strips; and conforming handrails are

structor to the project site through final comple-

required on all exterior stair designs.

, -

tion of permanent or temporary facilities and

Subject: Paralympic Games

equipment. Construction typically includes testing

and commissioning of systems and equipment to

make ready for operational use.

Subject: Construction

, 1 .

constituent groups

construction activities

Olympic and Paralympic Games involve many

. , -

different constituent groups, each one with differ-

, -

ent function, roles, set of activities and expecta-

, -

tions. In order to ensure accessible Games, the

OCOGs need to ensure that every constituent has

, -

( ),

access to a full range of services and a high quality

, , ,

constituent groups

experience. Games constituents include:

, , , -

Olympic and Paralympic Games involve many dif-

Host Citys residents

( -

ferent constituent groups, each one with different

Games spectators

).

function, roles, set of activities and expectations. In

tourists, prior, during and after the Games

order to ensure accessible Games, the OCOG needs

athletes and team officials

to ensure that every constituent has access to a

technical officials

full range of services and a high quality experience.

media representatives

Games constituents include:

Olympic and Paralympic Families and VIPs

Host Citys residents

sponsors and corporate partners

Games spectators

staff of the OCOG and of municipal/regional/

, , -

construction and assembly works (CAW)


Subject: Construction

- ()

,
(
).

construction and use of Olympic symbol

tourists, prior, during and after the Games

state agencies

athletes and team officials

volunteers.

Olympic rings may be used in either of two autho-

( ),

Subject: Olympic Movement

rized versions:

the solid version

, , -

technical officials
media representatives

Olympic and Paralympic Families and VIPs

the interlocking versionof the two versions

sponsors and corporate partners

can be used. However, the solid version must be

staff of the OCOG and of municipal/regional/state

, -

used when the symbol is less than 1 cm in width.

, ,

agencies

, ,

And it is strictly forbidden to reproduce the solid

, .

volunteers.

version of the rings in five colors.shown on a white

Subject: Games Management

background, the rings may appear either in the five

: .

Olympic colors (using the interlocking version), or

171

172

construction and use permits


construction and use permits

construction suppliers section


,

All necessary planning, zoning, environmental and

building approvals, variances and permits required

with these approvals.


Subject: Construction

construction engineering
Subject: Construction

Official who oversees construction projects and

, -

ensures that are completed according to the plan.

,
, -

Subject: Construction

. -

, -

construction suppliers section


Subject: Construction

Subject: Construction

Subject: Construction

Subject: Construction

construction works
Subject: Construction

construction point

consumables

Another term for K point.

K.

construction documents

()

Subject: Construction

Subject: Administration & Office Management


contact

tered into between venue owner and its architects,


engineers, and contractors for the design and

Subject: Construction

, ,
.. , , ,
, -

signals and there is no need of physical contact card with an external device for access
Subject: Technology


-,

, .

contained logo
Logo combining two components: (a) Sochi
2014 emblem or ROC emblem; and (b) Sochi

external device.

2014 designation or ROC designation.

Subject: Technology

Subject: Games Image


, -

Subject: Construction

: () -2014

- .

; () -

-2014 .

construction review
Subject: Construction

contact
Another term for bodycheck(ing).
Subject: Ice Hockey


construction sequence (CS)
Subject: Construction

container for spare rounds


It is used in biathlon relay events.
Subject: Biathlon


contact card
Smart card requiring physical contact with the

outside world to exchange data or perform func-

construction services
Subject: Construction

tions. Access is facilitated via visible contacts on

construction site

content contractor

the card.

Company, providing informational materials for

Subject: Technology

INFO system.


-,

, ,

Smart card which transmits data via radio

, .

construction project delivery

construction of facilities to be constructed under


the concluded agreement.

Subject: Skiing

between the chip on a contact smart card and the

incorporated in a contract, or any memorandum of


understanding or other agreement that may be en-

with snow.

Point of physical interface and electrical connection

Requests for proposals for design or construction,

cations, addenda, modifications, each as defined or

contact point

construction project

design documents including, the drawings, specifi-

, ,

design contracts and construction contracts, and

the card chip.

construction materials

Subject: Skiing

construction contract

Subject: Skiing

contactless card
construction waste

construction completion date (CCD)


Subject: Construction

Length of the sidecut of a snowboard.

construction camp
Subject: Construction

contact length

Point where a snowboard is in contact

construction manager (CM)

,
, -

Subject: Construction

for the construction, occupancy and operation of


the venue. Venue owner shall obtain and comply

are placed and access traversed by vehicles.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Portion of a site disturbed by the construction

, -

and includes the areas where building materials

INFO.

173

174

content management
content management

contingency planning
interests of National Olympic Committees. These

contingency planning

Activity of Communication FA in content

include the Association of National Olympic

Essential part in achieving operational readiness -

quality assurance and management of OCOGs

Committees of Africa, European Olympic Commit-

planning actions for incidents of different levels that

proprietary websites and official internet-commu-

tees, Pan American Sports Organization, Oceania

occur during risk realization.

nities information.

National Olympic Committees and the Olympic

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Council of Asia.

Subject: Olympic Movement

contract management system


The system allows to manage key contract information in electronic manner.
Subject: Finance & Legal

, -

- -

()

-.

content management (CM)

Process of selecting, capturing, categorizing, index-

, -

ing, auditing and storing information in ways that

, ,

promote its reuse.

Subject: Knowledge Management


, , , ,
,

contingency tickets

As part of the OCOG marketing educational pro-

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

gram, the IOC cooperates with TOP partners and

contingency expenditure management


Subject: Games Management

continuous concrete
Subject: Construction

contingency plan
context activities

Document that regulates actions of several FAs


and/or external parties for management of inci-

of the Games, but not managed by the OCOG,

dents occuring during risk realization. Contingency

Erythropoiesis-stimulating hormone that is included

is a context activity.

plans will be developed for both test events and

in prohibited list.

Subject: Games Management

Games time.

, -

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control


CERA

, ,

, -

, .

context indicator

of the Games. An indicator is referred to as a con-

text indicator if what it measures relates more


to the environment in which the Games will be

contingency plan

contract security
Subject: Security



contractor
For the purpose of Brand Protection, a contractor refers to a company that has no Olympic

One of the indicators used to study the impact

TOP partner agreement.

continuous erythropoietin receptor activator


(CERA)

Any activity set up to support the organization

the OCOG to conduct detailed reviews of each


Subject: Marketing

contract reviews

Tickets reserved for unforeseen circumstances

contract administration

marketing rights with the Olympic Movement

Contract administration refers to administrative

and that delivers a product, service or equipment

activities associated with handling of contracts.

required for the operations of the Olympic Village

Subject: Finance & Legal

as per its agreement with the OCOG.

staged, the general context (general data), a broad-

Plan written specifically to describe the actions

er scale or is not directly related to the Games.

(e.g. operational procedures, and command,

Subject: Games Management

control and communication) for handling potential

Subject: IP Protection

risks. Contingency plans will be developed for both

, -

test events and Games-time.

, -

Subject: Planning & Integration


,
, -

contract administrator

Contract Administrators are responsible for manag-

, -

ing contracts. They are part of the procurement and

( -

logistics departments staff.

, )

Subject: Finance & Legal

continental associations

Associations or organizations of NOCs formed at

a continental level to represent and further the

contractor design
Subject: Construction

175

176

contractor meal voucher


contractor meal voucher
These vouchers entitle the contractors workforce to

contrast

.

receive the same meal as the OCOG paid staff and


volunteers.
Subject: Games Services



, .

Contractors and Suppliers FA (C&S)


This function responsible for managing and coordinating work carried out by outsourced staff and

contrast
Relative difference between light and dark areas

of a graphic. Also the level of readability between

a figure and its background.


Subject: Games Image

control group for accessibility compliance


This group is responsible for key decisions and

service providers before and during the Games.

sign-off of deliverables in relation to planning and

Subject: Workforce

. -

implementation of accessibility works at the Olym-

pic and Paralympic Games. It consists of senior

contractor types

(/)

officers from the Government, the Host City and the

contribution

OCOG and performs this role for all critical aspects

Contractors include:

() -

Funds paid by the marketing partner.

of the Games.

seconded staff from contracted service providers,

Subject: Marketing

Subject: Paralympic Games

sponsors, security agencies, public administration


agencies, traffic and transport authorities to the

contractors meals

, -.

OCOG

All contractors should have a viable meal solution

short term individual employment contracts with

in place for their respective workforce. Of all the

the OCOG

meal service options available for contractors, the

Basic functions of this facility are:

interns

recommended solution is for all contractors to pur-

termination of all contribution network, for all

existing venue staff.

chase contractor meal vouchers for their respec-

incoming vision and directly associated audio and

Subject: Workforce

tive workforce.

communications circuits from venues

--

Subject: Games Services

monitoring of incoming signals, with the pos-

, -

sibility of identifying them through vertical interval

contribution and distribution (CDT) center

, -

data decoders (measuring devices)

, ,

correction of incoming signal levels and any pos-

, -

sible problems the ITVR signals may have synchro-

nization of vision signals from all active venues

Control line is marked about 10-15 meters

distribution of all ITVR signals to the users

after the finish line, and is marked with a sign

, -

in the IBC.

ski control.

contractors

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

contractors uniforms

control line

Subject: Skiing

Contractor companies are to have their own

1015 . .

uniform that shall correspond to the Look of the

Individuals who are not managed and scheduled by

Games. The OCOG can support the choice of uni-

the OCOG.

form design and recommend the uniform partner.

Subject: Security

Subject: Workforce

Control line is marked about 10-15 meters after the

control line

finish line, and is marked with a sign ski control.

- -

Subject: Biathlon

, -

( );

1015 . -

, -

contractors
Employees of companies having contracts with the
OCOG or the IOC/IPC, and paid by these companies.
These members of the Games workforce are not

ITVR-, -

contractual requirements

control object

managed or scheduled by the OCOG, employee rela-

All deliverables prescribed in the IOC official con-

ITVR-

Basic element for the organization activity planning

tions are not managed by OCOG.

tracts that the Games organizers must deliver.

and management.

Subject: Workforce

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Games Management

control

, -,

Ability to control skis/board during competition

/,

performance.

Subject: Skiing

177

178

control of passage
control of passage

conventional tires
controlled area

conventional tires

If a competitor fails to pass through a gate (or a

Area outside an Olympic Venue. In this area OCOG

gate marker) correctly the gate judge must imme-

Security is not directly in charge of adopting security

diately record the competitors bib number and

measures while the Law Enforcement monitors all

the gate number(s) where the fault occurred.

the activities that are taking place in this area, espe-

Subject: Skiing

cially the activities which may pose a risk on Venues

Conversion rate is equal to the number of medal

operations.

potentials divided by the number of medals won.

Subject: Security

This percentage is used to determine how suc-

, ,

cessful a country or team is at converting their top

()
(
) , --

Subject: Construction

relationship between such parties. The coordina-

tion com-mission shall include representatives of


the IOC, the IFs, the NOCs and the athletes. (See
Olympic Charter Rule 38)

conversion rate

Subject: Olympic Movement

, .

athletes into medalists.

Subject: General Sport Terms

() , .

control of pedestrian flows


Subject: Security

, ,

, -

(. 38 )

control of vehicle flows


Subject: Security


control point

controlled parking zone (CPZ)


Area within or associated with a venue or facil-

COO

hand, the OCOG and the public authorities and,

controlled by the VST. The CPZ is an element of the

Subject: Games Management

Such Commission monitors on behalf of the

nated clean or dirty, and may be monitored by CCTV.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Security

control point

ments working relationship between, on the one


on the other hand, the IOC, the IFs and NOCs.

stands.

Coordination Commission manages and imple-

chief operating officer

venue/facility security overlay and it may be desig-

coordination commission (CoCom)

ity where the parking of vehicles is monitored and


Part of the ski course where the course controller

. -


()

IOC the decisions, activities and progress of the

cooperation agreement between IOC and IPC

Games organization, provides assistance to the

First IPC IOC agreement signed in 2000, pro-

OCOG and public authorities, and exercises any

vides general recognition and formal clarification of

additional authority conferred upon it by the IOC.

the relationships between the two organizations,

(See Olympic Charter Rule 38)

including shared values, IPC representation on IOC

Subject: Games Management

committees/commissions and financial support for

IPC development initiatives.

Part of the ski course where course

Subject: Paralympic Games

controller stands.

Subject: Biathlon

CCTV.

,
.

control room supervisor (CRS)

controlled traffic zone (CTZ)

,
, ,

, -

2000 ,

Roadways and traffic thoroughfares within or as-

sociated with a venue or facility which are monitored

, /

Official who supervises and coordinates the op-

and controlled by the VST and where only specifically

. (. 38 )

erations within the Venue Security Control Room.

authorized vehicles are permitted to travel. The CTZ

Subject: Security

is an element of the venue/facility security overlay


,
.

and it may be monitored by CCTV.


Subject: Security

()
-

coordination commission chairmen


cooperation with government authorities
Subject: Games Management

coordination commission communications


External communication regarding the work of

, -

control section

Subject: Games Management

coordination commission

the IOC coordination commission and its find-

One of the Government Relations FA sections.

In order to improve the organization of the Olym-

ings. The IOC will expect support from the OCOG

Subject: Government Relations & Executive

pic Games and cooperation amongst the IOC, the

with regard to media relations work associated

. -

OCOG, the IFs and the NOCs, the President shall

with the commission, and close collaboration on

establish an Olympic Games coordination com-

related messages.

CCTV.

mission to manage and implement the working

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

179

180

coordination commission meeting


coordination meeting
oversees the delineation and fulfillment

coordination meeting

of the roles and responsibilities of various

Meetings held in GSCC and chaired by GSCC

organizers

Director with the functions references, aimed

. -

) Assistance

at managing and sharing the main security issues

provides experience and expertise from the

and analyzing the solutions.

, ,

past Games

liaises with Olympic Movement clients to en-

sure they understand and follow regulations

helps resolve issues between parties (as a

facilitator/arbitrator)

) Representation

, -

acts as the representative of the IOC

fulfils a public relations and media activities role

, .

coordination commission meeting


Subject: Games Management


coordination commission progress report
Report that combines elements of the analysis
of progress (technical, client, political). The report
highlights the main issues arising from the overall

coordination of presenters for victory


and flowers ceremonies
Subject: Protocol

,


CoP
Code of Points

represents the IOC to government to raise


priorities and assist in issues resolution.
Subject: Games Management

analysis of status. It is based on the OCOGs Mas-

ter Schedule in agreement with the IOC.

, :

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Security

;
,

coordination of dignitaries delivery


for opening and closing ceremonies
Subject: Protocol

Subject: Figure Skating

coping

Edge of the lip that runs the length of the


halfpipe wall.
Subject: Skiing

coordination of inter-venue athlete equipment ()


.
transfers

, -

Logistics will provide a transportation service

(, , -

for athlete equipment where it is not appropriate

). -

for this equipment to be transported on the ath-

, .

lete bus system. The ability of Logistics to

offer this service will be dependent on demand,

- .

available Logistics resources and length of prior

notice provided.

City Operations FA

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Management

coordination commission reporting

copper
Subject: Construction

COPS

Coordination Commission requires regular updates

on venues planning, permanent works, overlay

and operations.

Ownership of original works of authorship fixed in

Subject: Venues

, -

a tangible medium of expression.

Subject: IP Protection

copyright

( /).

, -

, -

, -

coordination commission roles

copyright act
coordination of observer program visits

This act provides, among other things, that copy-

IOC details the required support materials,

right in artistic works will be infringed by use or

Coordination Commission has three main roles,

e.g. venue maps and fact sheets. KM confirms that

reproduction by a person who is not the owner or

as outlined below:

the presenter and all required materials

the authorized licensee or user of those works. For

are ready the day before the visit.

example, the Games logo, the Games mascot(s),

Subject: Knowledge Management

and the Olympic rings are protected from unau-

) Supervision
monitors the progress of the Games
organization
recommends, verifies and by delegation
from the IOC EB approves service levels for the
Olympic Movement clients
monitors implementation of bid commitments

coordination division for Olympic


and Paralympic Family assistants
Subject: Games Services

thorized use or reproduction by this Act.


Subject: IP Protection

, ,

, -

181

182

copyright assignment

corner

, , -

. -

, -


, .

Core Games budget

. -

The Core Games budget covers planning,

, ()

preparation and operational delivery of the

Games as per needed and determined high stan-

dards and specifications of such a sport event,


including all the Games-related activities and bid

copyright assignment
Transfer of ownership interest in a work product.
Subject: IP Protection

commitments.

corner
Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

/
corner

corner guard

Curling term for a stone in front of the rings

and off to the side of the sheet.

copyright infringement
Subject: IP Protection


core

Subject: Curling



corporate and government
relations department
One of the Government Relations FA departments.
Subject: Games Management

, , -

core graphics

corner judge

Inside of a snowboard. Cores are usually either

Any pattern/color or any other combination of

Corner judges shall watch for any infringement of

wood or foam.

graphic elements that is used to support the em-

racing rules by speed skaters, and inform the ref-

Subject: Skiing

blem and Games marks and communications. The

eree as soon as possible, if observing any irregulari-

Subject: Government Relations & Executive

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

Subject: Finance & Legal

corporate and government relations

corporate and government


relations department
Government Relations FA department.
Subject: Government Relations & Executive

core graphic often serves as a background to the

ties. Two judges appointed for each curve shall be

Games emblem and is used as a vehicle to visually

located inside the track at the entrance and exit of

align all applications produced for the Games.

each curve, respectively. If additional corner judges

Subject: Games Image

are available, a third judge should be located on the

core caravan

outside of the track at the entrance of each curve.

corporate culture

Consists of all vehicles necessary for the protec-

tion and movement of the Olympic flame and

, -

includes all vehicles considered to be inside the

ees in the organization, focused on the successful

security envelope from the local law enforcement

organization and management of the Olympic and

vehicle at the front end to the local law enforce-

- -

Paralympic Games.

ment or traffic attenuation vehicle in the rear. The

, .

. ,

Subject: Workforce

, , -

OCOG determines the size and scope of the core

core team

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

System of values and behavior norms of employ-

, . -

based on local operating conditions.

Usually refers to a small central group of people

, -

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

who either manage a specific project or are key

- -

managers for an operation.

caravan as well as changes to the core caravan


, -

Subject: Games Management

(corner) marker

Another term for (track) marker.

. -

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

cornering technique

, . , -

corkscrew

Ability of a bob and its crew to enter into a

corporate security services


Subject: Security



corporate signage guidelines
for technology venues

Term to describe any tight, fast, sideways-rotating

curve at a high rate of speed, maintain the speed

Purpose of these guidelines is to define the

turn trick in the halfpipe.

and not crash.

conditions under which Sochi 2014 technology

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

partners may display corporate signage in certain

183

184

corrals
technology operations venues on the occasion of
the Games. These guidelines apply to all Sochi 2014
technology partners who work or will work, who

cost variance (CV)


corrosion preventive measures

cost variance (CV)

Subject: Construction

provide or will provide products or services, in the


technology operations venues, which include main
technology center, integration lab, PC factory, etc.
Subject: Marketing



,
,

corrosion-resistant material
Subject: Construction

corruption prevention approach

Another term for kosak.

Subject: Skiing

amount of work that was accomplished.

Subject: Planning & Integration

cost driver

. ,

, -

, -

, . , ,

commercial off the shelf

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

2014 ,
-

COTS

cossack

. -

a project or a part of a project compared to the

Subject: Security

-2014

Amount of money that was actually spent on

1000 500

counter
Curling term for any stone in the rings or touching

Council for Assistance to Russian Olympic


Committee

the rings which is a potential point.


Subject: Curling

Factors that determine the cost of each service level

Main task of the Council is to provide complex

to be provided to Games clients.

development of the Olympic Movement in Russia.

Subject: Finance & Legal

Subject: Olympic Movement

, , - ..


,
, .

corrals
Three dimensional triangular shaped objects that

cost drivers
Factors that determine the cost of each service level

vehicles for the Games branding .

to be provided to Games clients.

Subject: Games Image

Subject: Planning & Integration

, .

cost manager
correct passage

countdown
Act of counting backwards towards zero
at the start.
Subject: General Sport Terms

with the rotation outside the original lobe.


Subject: Figure Skating

,
,

Person responsible for developing and monitoring

countdown celebrations

presentation.

Customarily, countdown celebrations are held

Subject: Games Image

in the host city on significant days left until the

500 days before the Games. Popular Olympic ath-

passed the gate line. This rule also applies when a

letes or hopefuls often attend and give speeches,

competitor has to climb back up to the gate.

as do local dignitaries and the OCOG President.

Subject: Skiing

Musical concerts and other artistic programs that

reflect the Olympic ideals and the host city tradi-

cost of works

tions and culture are usually presented. Licensed

Term cost of works, as used by the IOC,

merchandise and Olympic pins are often sold or

includes both soft costs and hard costs.

given away to commemorate the event.

, , ,

Subject: Construction

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

counter terrorist capability


Subject: Security

Games, such as 1,000 days before the Games, and

the tip of the remaining ski and both feet must have

Figure skating term that refers to one-foot turn

the budget for brand management and visual brand

counter

petitors ski tips and both feet have passed across


committing a fault, e.g. not by straddling a pole, then

on the same edge that results in a change of lobe

Gate has been passed correctly when both the comthe gate line. If a competitor loses a ski without

are used to frame the field of play. They are major

, -

, .

counter terrorist exercise


Subject: Games Management


counterattack
Subject: Ice Hockey


counterfeit control
Subject: IP Protection

185

186

counterfeit control manager


counterfeit control manager

course
original or genuine. In relation to the Games, the

course controller

Brand Protection official whose responsibilities in-

term counterfeit is used to describe unauthorized

1 ,

Use of controllers on a course provides a method

clude liaising with the Licensing function and OCOG

merchandise that bears Games-related design.

of ensuring that all skiers: complete the correct

Subject: IP Protection

trail; comply with the no skating rule where

merchandise licensees to monitor for infringing and


counterfeit merchandise; educating licensees and lo-

cal retailers; conducting mystery shopping program,

, -

monitor online auction sites, etc.

- -

Subject: IP Protection


. -

, ,

- ..

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Construction


, : ;
;
; .

Subject: General Sport Terms

course description
Alpine skiing course description should contain:

course builders
Subject: Construction


counterfeit goods

Subject: Biathlon

course area

counterweight

and comply with fair manner and overtaking rules.

course altitude


, -

course

, -

; -

required; comply with equipment exchange rules;

courier chaperone

the average gradient, the maximum gradient, the


minimum gradient (in percentages)
Subject: Skiing


course closer

Infringing merchandise that bears illegal copies

Official that accompanies samples from venue

of protected trademarks and designs.

to laboratory. He can have this chaperone travel

Competent skiers (often forerunners) or snowmo-

: ,

Subject: IP Protection

with courier car or company.

bilers who bear the responsibility of skiing or tour-

( ).

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

ing the course to ensure that the course is clear

, -


. -

counterfeit goods seller


Subject: IP Protection

,

counterfeit merchandise production
and distribution
Subject: IP Protection

( /
) ,

Transport of the samples may be carried out


ing an internal courier system using a member of

Subject: IP Protection

gated to ensure that it meets the course design


standards set by the governing body.
Subject: Skiing

/
, -

,
.

course controller
Use of controllers on a course provides a

a courier driver.

method of ensuring that all skiers: complete

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

the correct trail; comply with the no skating

course inspection
Subject: General Sport Terms

rule where required; comply with equipment

course inspector

exchange rules; and comply with fair manner

and overtaking rules.

Person who conducts the inspection of a track

Subject: Skiing

as a part of the homologation procedure.

Subject: General Sport Terms

- -

-.

, :

; ,


course
counterfeiting

In cross country skiing, a ski course is homolo-

the doping control workforce to accompany

course homologation

by a commercial courier company or by develop-

counterfeit sales

courier options
Subject: IP Protection

Subject: Skiing


counterfeit incident

of all racers.

1 Network of ski trails that competitors must

Forging, copying, or imitating, without authority

follow.

; -

or right, and with a view to deceive or defraud, by

Slope where competition is held.

passing the copy or thing forged for that which is

Subject: Skiing

course map
Subject: General Sport Terms

187

188

course of Olympic construction

CPP

course of Olympic construction

Subject: Construction


1000

, -

1000

course profile
Cross section of a skiing course.

courtesy present distribution

CPP

Subject: Protocol

Subject: Security

course setter


Hockey player who stays close to an opponent

CPZ

a play on offense.

controlled parking zone

The course setter must take speed control into

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Security

Subject: Skiing

, -

cover the distance

Subject: General Sport Terms

scription of the brand identity guidelines (e.g. theme,

cowl

that form a foundation for development of a brand

letes rear hand grabs the toe edge in front of the

strategy and marketing communications plan.

lead foot while the rear leg is straight.

Subject: IP Protection


(, , -

, -

),
,

crampons (for ski boots)

Hull of a bob; it is generally constructed

adapted to the specific needs of the sports world.

of fiberglass.

Crampons are traction devices used to improve

Subject: Finance & Legal

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

mobility on snow and ice.

; ,

Subject: Skiing

CPISRA
Association

courtesy line

All services that fall under the OCOGs creative serSubject: Games Services

crash

, Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton


creative services
critical path method

can view the hog line and prevent distraction of a

Subject: Planning & Integration

crash

Creation of visual communication to express the esSubject: General Sport Terms

delivering player.

creative services
vices function.

CPM

lowed to stand in order to ensure that an umpire

Subject: Curling

Subject: Paralympic Games

Curling term for a line indicating where the


sweepers from the non-delivering team are al-

Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation

cowl(ing)

disputes through arbitration and/or mediation

with a description of kit of parts creative elements

Snowboarding aerial maneuver in which the ath-

Subject: Skiing

An institution independent of any sports organization, which offers parties a means of settling

Subject: Administration & Office Management


Subject: General Sport Terms

Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS)

Articulation of the creative vision and a written de-

crail air

Course setting is a task of the course setter alone. coverboot

color palette image, positioning and message), along

course setting
Subject: Skiing

Subject: Construction

conference room
Subject: General Sport Terms

crawler tractor

creative brief

CR

crawler carrier

to prevent him from receiving a pass or making

existing safety measures and course preparation.

Subject: Construction

This official sets the race course respecting the

cover

crash out
Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

close personal protection

consideration.

This term means falling out of the race.

Subject: Skiing

CPM-based advertising
Cost of advertising based on a thousand page

sence and identity of a brand.


Subject: Games Image


crash helmet

impressions.

see helmet

- -

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Subject: General Sport Terms

189

190

creative vision
creative vision

crisis management organizational model


crisis

criteria package

Overall image, positioning, message, theme and

Occurrence that has or is likely to have a critical

Package which outlines the design and facility

color palette associated with the brand.

impact on the Games by causing a major disrup-

performance criteria that the design/builder must

Subject: Games Image

tion to the overall operation or to the image of

the Games, which may result in a major loss to

(, -

meet. A typical design/build project is tendered

crisis management organizational model

to design/build contractors based on a criteria

the Games organizers.

IOC has a crisis management organizational model

package. The criteria package is often developed

Subject: Games Management

to be implemented when necessary during Games.

by a separate design firm in conjunction with the

The crisis management model is an agreed mecha-

owners representative.

, ,

, -

nism for the IOC (with, where appropriate, Games

Subject: Construction

).

organizers) to effectively and efficiently:

prevent specific identified risks, threats and is-

, -

, -

sues from occurring or developing

if crises occur, manage them to minimize adverse

/.

impacts and prevent worst-case outcomes.the

, /

IOC, the IOC President is responsible for Games

, --

Communications aiming to minimize negative

crisis management. His role is to manage all

, -

impact in media.

aspects of an operational incident or crisis, and

, .

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

work with relevant expertise in the IOC to identify

suitable action plans and recommend these plans

to the IOC EB.

Subject: Games Management

creative vision
Overall image, positioning, message, theme and
color palette associated with the brand.
Subject: IP Protection




(, , , ).

crisis communications

crew
Team participating in bobsleigh and

crisis coordination center (CCC)

critical (sensitive) areas


Areas in an Olympic Venue that are deemed to be

luge events.

Permanent facility for use by senior national fig-

critical from a security or operational perspective.

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

ures, ministries, agencies and departments when

, -

These areas may include: Dignitary areas, TOBO

crisis incidents occur. The CCC is usually situated

Compound, power substations, spectator queuing

within the OSCC.

areas, spectator seating, etc.

Subject: Security


,
.


()

crew
Subject: General Sport Terms

criminal act
Subject: Security

(, , ),

Subject: Security

()

, -

, -

. :

, -

, -

, , -

, .

criminal counterfeiting
Subject: IP Protection


crippler air

crisis management (CM)

critical area

One of the three approaches of the IOC integrated

Area in an Olympic Venue that is deemed to

risk management methodology. This is a set of

be critical from a security or operational perspec-

policies, procedures, processes and tools that are

tive. These areas may include: VIP areas, power

applicable during the whole Games project lifecycle

substations, spectator queuing areas, spectator

Snowboarding aerial maneuver in which the

but with the main emphasis on the Olympic Games

seating, etc.

snowboarder performs a 180-degree flip. The

period, which enables the IOC to manage crisis

athlete approaches the halfpipe wall and lands

situations when they arise.

riding forward.
Subject: Skiing

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Security

crisis operations

Operations where an organization has to deal with

occurrences outside the normal operations.

Subject: Games Management

. -

180.

, , ,

VIP-, , -

, ,

, ..

191

192

critical asset

cross country

critical asset

telecommunications, transport, hospitals, etc.

Any asset or equipment that cannot be removed,


damaged or destroyed without significantly disrupt-

Subject: Security

cross country
Subject: Biathlon

cross the finish line


Subject: General Sport Terms

cross profile

crossbar

ing the Olympic Games operations. (e.g. Olympic

Venue, Olympic Transport, Communications, Infra-

structure, VIP).

Image of the earths surface and soil in plane that

Part of an ice hockey goal cage. The horizontal bar

Subject: Security

, ,

is perpendicular to the axis of the subgrade.

that connects the top of the two goalposts.

- , ,

, , -

, ..

critical path method (CPM)

(,

Network analysis technique used to predict project

, , , -

duration by analyzing which sequence of activities,

, VIP-).

(i.e., which path), has the least amount of schedul-

Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF)


CEPFs strategic efforts are aimed at mitigation

Subject: Construction

Subject: Ice Hockey

. -

cross roll

crossbone method air

ing flexibility.

In figure skating, a roll started with the action of

Snowboard maneuver in which a rider does a

Subject: Planning & Integration

the free foot approaching the skating foot from

method air trick while the back leg is straightened.

the side so as to strike the ice almost at right

Subject: Skiing

of adverse impacts exerted on the ecosystem in

, -

angles to the skating foot, started forward with

general and its landscape units (corridors) in particu-

the feet crossed in front or backward with the feet

lar. Toward that end, it is financing target programs

( ) -

crossed behind. The impetus is gained from the

for enhancing public organizations involvement in

outside edge of the skating foot as it becomes the

stewardship of protected natural territories and

( ).

new skating foot. In this case, the change of lean

enlarging the powers vested in state environmental


authorities.

to the curve in the opposite direction creates a

critical point
Another term for K point.

Subject: Ecology

Subject: Skiing


K.

CEPF

rolling movement.

Infraction in ice hockey which calls for a minor

Subject: Figure Skating

or major penalty. It occurs when a player hits an

-
,
,
,

crooked cop air

cross-checking

opponent with the shaft of the stick that is held


between the players hands.
Subject: Ice Hockey

()

Snowboard move by which a rider reaches behind

. -

the leading leg, grabs the heel edge between

the bindings, and bends the front leg to touch

the board.

Subject: Skiing

critical grab

Freestyle skiing aerial maneuver where an athletes

skis are shoulder width apart and knees are bent.

, .

Subject: Skiing

cross stroke
In figure skating, a step started with feet crossed

The skier grabs the inside edge towards the ski tip.

cross

so that the impetus or power is gained from the


Freestyle term that refers to the crossing of the

outside edge of the foot that is becoming the free

skis in an X.

foot. Legs cross above the knees.

, -

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Figure Skating

,
.

, -

critical infrastructure
Systems and assets which are vital to the operations
of the Games and would result in a serious negative
effect if lost or damaged, e.g. power, water,

, -

cross country
Subject: Skiing

, .
.

cross-country (ski) boots


Subject: Skiing


cross-country (ski) boots
Subject: Biathlon


cross-country binding
Subject: Skiing


cross-country binding
Subject: Biathlon

193

194

cross-country course
cross-country course
Subject: Skiing


cross-country race
Subject: Skiing

cross-country skiing skiathlon


.

cross-country skiing discipline comprises twelve dif-

ferent events, six for men and six for women. They

. ,

include interval start, mass start, skiathlon, relay,

( ). 30

individual sprint and team sprint events.

Subject: Skiing

5 , 10 .


, -

cross-country race
Subject: Biathlon


cross-country racer
Subject: Skiing

-
cross-country racer
Subject: Biathlon

using classic technique (and the necessary equip-

ment), then switch to free technique (in the

lucky

stadium) before completing the competition. The

losers, -

clock is running during the equipment exchange.

3-4 . 6 ,

The first skier to cross the finish line is the skiath-

12 -:

lon winner. In skiathlon, men race 15 km twice (in

: -

loops of 3.75 km), using each technique (for a total

, , , ,

distance of 30 km), while women race twice 7.5

km (in loops of 2.5 km) for a total distance of 15

Long and narrow skis that help distribute the weight

km. The competition course is usually laid out in

of a skier and facilitate quick moving.

In a mass start event, competitors start simultaneously, lined up in rows. The first competitor to
finish wins the race. Mass start races are the lon-

Subject: Sport Federations

gest individual cross-country races at the Olympic

cross-country skiing
Winter sport that first appeared at the Paralympic

)
1,3 1,6 .

Discipline: cross-country skiing

cross-country skiing skiathlon


In skiathlon athletes ski the first half of the race

cross-country skiing mass start

-
Cross-Country Ski Federation of Russia
Russian Cross-Country Skiing Federation

( )

competitions. At the Olympic Winter Games, the

such a way that skiers pass through the stadium


several times.
Subject: Skiing


( )

cross-country skis

Subject: Skiing


,

.

Winter Games. Men race over a distance of 50 km,

while women ski a distance of 30 km.

Subject: Skiing

Long and narrow skis that help distribute the weight

of the skier and allow the skier to move quickly.

Subject: Biathlon

- ( )

cross-country skis

Winter Games in rnskldsvik, Sweden, in 1976.

- -

In cross-country skiing athletes are categorized as

, .

standing, sit-ski or visually impaired and compete

15 ( 3,75 ) -

against athletes with similar disabilities. Paralympic

( 30 ),

cross-country skiers compete in sprint events (800

7,5 ( 2,5

and 1200 meters), individual events over short,

50 , -

) 15 . -

middle and long distances and in the relay event.

30 .

, ,

In figure skating, a series of two edges (usually

outside, inside) in which on the second step the free

foot crosses the skating foot (behind if the skater is

Subject: Paralympic Games

cross-country skiing relay

crossed chass

Relay format features teams of four skiers from

each competing country. The two first skiers on

() 1976 . -

each team must use classic technique while the

Sprint competition will, after a qualifying round

: ,

last two use free technique. Skiers take turns

(in individual interval start format), consist

competing, and tag their teammate in an exchange

of 30 skiers competing in elimination heats.

, -

zone of the stadium, at the end of each leg of the

In the elimination heats (quarterfinals and semi-

relay race. The team that completes all four legs of

finals) the skiers start side by side and race one

),

800 1200 , -

the race first is the winner. In relays, men race four

time around a 1.3 1.6 km loop. The two fastest

( ,

10-km legs , while women race four 5-km legs.

skiers in each heat advance to the next round.

( , -

Subject: Skiing

The next two fastest competitors who are ranked

).

) .

( )
cross-country skiing (XC skiing)

skating forward, and in front if the skater is skating

cross-country skiing sprint

backward).
Subject: Figure Skating

3rd or 4th (called lucky losers) will advance.

crossed foxtrot hold

Six skiers compete in the medal round for the

Skiing on level ground instead of down hills, one of

. -

Olympic medals.

Dance position used in pair figure skating and

the skiing disciplines and a part of Nordic combined

Subject: Skiing

ice dancing, in which the partners are in the same

195

196

crossed kilian hold/position

crossing straight

hold as open or foxtrot hold, except that the mans

right arm passes behind the lady and his right hand

is on her right hip, and the ladys left arm passes


behind the man and her left hand is on his left hip.
Subject: Figure Skating

cross-firing
other shooting line.
Subject: Biathlon


, ,

, -

Another term for crossing line.

, -

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

crossing straight
Another term for crossing line.

( )

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

cross-functional meeting
These meetings take place with participants from
relevant IOC functions to manage cross-functional

crossover step
Another term for crossover.
Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

( )

cross-linking

crossroads

Both outgoing and incoming links related to the

crossed kilian hold/position

crossover (area)

It is used when a biathlete fires at a target in an-

( )

OCOG website.

Subject: Construction

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

cross-section

Dance position used in pair figure skating and ice

topics, share key information and establish com-

Diameter.

dancing, in which the ladys left arm is extended

mon action plans.

Subject: Construction

across the front of the mans body to his left hand,

Subject: Games Management


body with both partners right hands resting clasped
while his right arm is extended across in front of her

crossover

Figure skating step used by athletes to skate along

cross-tracking

over her hip. This hold may also be reversed.

a curve or circle, in which a skater changes the skat-

Subject: Figure Skating

ing leg so that the right foot trajectory crosses the

Improperly crossing the path of another short

. ,

left foot trajectory.

track skater.

, -

,
, -

crossfunctional project

Subject: Figure Skating

-.

Project carried out within several functional areas

of OCOG.

Subject: Planning & Integration

crossed step behind

placed on ice on the outer edge side of the skating

foot with the free leg crossed behind the skating


Subject: Figure Skating


,

. .

crossed step forward


In figure skating, a step in which the free foot is

crossing controller
Official who stays inside behind the warm-up track
lane and checks the correctness of speed skaters
going over from one lane to the other.

crossover

cross-under

Speed skating step used to negotiate curves

Turn in which a snowboarders upper body

where the outer foot crosses over the inner to help

stays relatively still while knees, ankles and

maintain balance and speed. There are forward and

board cross under the still upper body shift from

backward crossovers.

edge to edge.

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

Subject: Skiing

-
,

, -

, ,

, ,

cross-over
Turn performed by a snowboarder through smoothly

crossing line

leg. The legs cross below the knees.

Whole length of the straightaway between

Subject: Figure Skating

the end of one curve and the beginning of

Subject: Construction

, -

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

placed on ice on the outer edge side of the skating


foot with the free leg crossed in front of the skating

cross-tunnel

In figure skating, a step in which the free foot is

leg. The legs cross below the knees.

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

shifting upper body weight from edge to edge.

crowd control
Subject: Security

Subject: Skiing

the other curve, where speed skaters

change lanes.

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

crowd control operations


Subject: Security

197

198

crowd management
crowd management

cultural Olympiad online


CTZ

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

Another term for pedestrian flow management.

controlled traffic zone

Subject: Security

Subject: Security

sible for development and successful realization

of the Olympic and Paralympic Games cultural

programs.
Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

cubage
CRS
central repository system

Subject: Security

Dedicated website with all the necessary info and

services regarding cultural activities, including Cul-

-2014,

tural Olympiad 2010-2014.

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

Subject: Construction

Culture FA is responsible for the development

, -

and successful realization of the following cultural

2010-2014 .

programs: Live site in OP, Cultural Olympiad and

cultural activities in Olympic and Paralympic vil-

cultural program

ships can play an important role in supplementing


the available accommodation in host cities, though

Culture FA (CUL)

-, -

-,

Type of alternative accommodation. Cruise

Determination of the cubic contents of something.

cruise ships

Subject: Construction

control room supervisor

cultural Olympiad online

Another term for cubic capacity.

cubic capacity

CRS

One of Sochi 2014 departments that is respon-

Subject: Games Management

culture department

CUL

lages. Culture FA will also coordinate other cultural

IOC Charter states that the Organizing Committee

programs realization such as live sites in the city,

the lengthy process of negotiating and acquiring

Culture FA

must organize a program of cultural events, and

cultural program for volunteers and other activities

cruise ships should be conducted in full consid-

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

that this program must serve to promote harmoni-

in OP. Culture FA will also be coordinating online

ous relations, mutual understanding and friendship

coverage and basic information of the FA activities

among the participants and the public attending

provision via dedicated website.

eration of all of the issues associated with using


cruise ships.

cultural Olympiad
Complex of cultural events, a compendium of the

the Games. The role of the cultural program is to

most outstanding elements of the preceding four

highlight the shared values of sport and arts in

. -

years of Cultural Olympiad (2010 The Year of

terms of excellence, endeavor and achievement;

Russian Cinema, 2011 The Year of Russian The-

to promote arts and culture of the host city and

atre, 2012 The Year of Music, 2013 The Year

the host nation while embracing an international

-. ,

of Visual Arts) , with a special focus on unity and

cultural dimension; and to provide a dynamic and

harmony, as represented by the Olympic flame.

high profile context for promoting Olympism/Para-

The finest films, productions, and exhibits will be

lympism and the Games. The OCOG may establish

revived for the celebration and the enjoyment of

a functional area dealing with cultural program

all visitors of 2014 Winter Games.

aspects.

, ,

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

crush zone
Subject: Construction

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

-,

, -

, -

. , -

(2010

, 2011

Ground covering material.

, 2012 , 2013 -

-.

Subject: Construction

).

. -

Hydraulic structure in the form of the channel, tun-

. ( ,

, ,

nel, pipeline, etc. for water supply.

. -

Subject: Construction

construction sequence

Subject: Construction

2014 .)

, .. .


crushed stone

CS

CTF

culvert

/
community task force
Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

cultural Olympiad department

Subdivision of the Education department responsi-

ble for preparing and delivering Cultural Olympiad.

cumulative time
Subject: General Sport Terms

199

200

cup (protector)
cup (protector)

curve exit into the straight


curve exit into the straight

Ice hockey term that describes a portable plastic

Another term for exit of the curve.

device that is used to protect the male groin area

, -

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

from the impact of pucks and other injuries.

, ,

Subject: Ice Hockey

, -

,
-

currency exposure
Risk of loss because of adverse movements

in exchange rates.

curl

Subject: Finance & Legal


Curling term for the curved path of a stone as it

travels down the sheet of ice.

Subject: Curling

( )
, -

The actual approved budget on basis of which the

operating their activities.

Subject: Curling

Subject: Finance & Legal

In figure skating, the lifting partner moves along

Curling is a sport game played between two

teams composed of four players each. The game is

Service desks provide issue resolution and freight

performed on one foot or two.

forwarding services for Games-related freight.

Subject: Figure Skating


, -

,
.

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

customs and freight guide


LOG publication designed to provide information

curve technique
Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track


curved (blade) stick
Subject: Ice Hockey

on customs and freight for the Olympic and Paralympic Family.


Subject: Games Services



,
-

current champion
Subject: General Sport Terms

called the house, alternating with an opponent.


The objective is to get the stone closer to the cen-

Subject: Games Services

played on ice, and members of both teams deliver


a 19.96 kg stone towards a circular target area,

customs and freight forwarding service desks

a curve across the ice in any position. This lift may be

curling

, .

OCOG and its Functions should be planning and

curler

, ,

curve lift

curve radius
current budget

cushion cylinders

Subject: Construction

customs authorities
They are responsible for developing, communicat-

ter of the circles than any stone of the opposition.


There are two medal events at the Olympic Games current finish date

custodial services

ing and implementing the regulations regarding

in curling: mens and womens team competition.

Current estimate of the point in time when

Include maintenance of residential areas and

import, export, entry and exit of passengers and

Subject: Curling

an activity will be completed.

office space.

goods into/out of the Host Country. Customs au-

Subject: Planning & Integration

Subject: Security

thorities also manage the operational processing

, -

.
19,96

current start date

at the ports of entry/exit.


Subject: Games Services

custom applications/ elements

().

Current estimate of the point in time when

an activity will begin.

Unique application (or one of applications) created

, ,

Subject: Planning & Integration

to brand a specific space of the Games.

- . -

Subject: Games Image

, .
:

/
( ),

curling shoes

curve

Special curling shoes have different soles. One has


an extremely slippery sole made of teflon, plastic

tion on the ice.


Subject: Curling


/.


Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

1 2 ,
curve
Subject: General Sport Terms

1 2 ,

customs clearance
In order to ensure seamless and timely importa-

customer

or steel to be worn on the sliding foot. The other


is made of rubber and provides much needed trac-

, -

tion of goods required by the OCOG to host the

Athlete, team official, guest, volunteer that buys

Games, Logistics will utilize the services of a desig-

Olympic products or services.

nated customs clearance agency.

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

Subject: Games Services

201

202

customs operations division


daily coordination meeting (DCM)


CV

and one behind. The front ski points straight up and

competition venue

the back ski points straight down.

Subject: Construction

Subject: Skiing

CV

cost variance

, ,

Subject: Planning & Integration

-, -

, .

customs operations division


One of the Logistics FAs divisions which is primar-

cycling the puck


daily coordination meeting (DCM)

daily reporting policy

ily responsible for custom clearance procedures.

Ice hockey term that describes a series of short

Subject: Games Services

passes in the offensive zone used to maintain

Management forum overseeing Games-time opera-

Document that defines daily reporting structure

control of the puck.

tions, at which the IOC Executive Board and the

and reporting standards.

Subject: Ice Hockey

Coordination Commission executives meet with the

Subject: Technology


, -

cutting (down) the angles

Games organizers.
Subject: Games Management


, .

daily run sheet (DRS)

Ice hockey term that describes a goalkeepers

tactic to move out past the crease to reduce the

Schedule that describes the chronological

scoring area that the shooter can see. If the goal-

operational activities of Functional Areas,

including Security, that occur at a venue over

keeper moves out too far, he becomes defenseless


to a deke.
Subject: Ice Hockey

()
,

a 24 hour period.

daily management
One of the three approaches of the IOC integrated
risk management methodology. These are tools, pro-

D/B

Subject: Security

cesses and practices established for identifying and

, -

design/build

managing all risks that appear on a daily basis when

, , -

Subject: Construction

monitoring the Games progress and operations.

Subject: Games Management

, -

. ,
.

D/B/B

cutting of prospecting holes

Subject: Construction

. ,

Deepening or extension of the mine opening in


a certain direction.

D/B/O

Subject: Construction

Daily schedule identifies the number of days each

sport will compete on, the number of rest days re-

quired (if any) and the number of sessions required.

Subject: Construction

D/B/O/T
design/build/operate/transfer
Subject: Construction

Speed skaters are not allowed to cross the inner line of the curve at either end of the oval, as

DA

include:

( ),

review of assignments and schedules for IOC

MC working members

the distance of the race. A violation of this rule

Subject: Protocol

coordination of assigned cars and drivers for

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

IOC MC working members

DA

review of medical services and doping control daily


dignitary assistant

Subject: Workforce

, -

reports submitted by the OCOG.

daffy

daily security newsletter


Subject: Security

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

, -

Daily operations for IOC medical commission

dignitary assistant

may result in disqualification.

Subject: Planning & Integration

daily operations for medical commission

defined by movable blocks or snowlines, to shorten

daily schedule

cutting the lines

design/build/operate

design/bid/build

daily start list


This list includes information on competitions

Freestyle maneuver in which a skier spreads his/

in all sports.

her legs wide apart with one in front of the body

Subject: Games Management

203

204

daily summary of doping control activities


dance jump
dance jump

dangerous wildlife encounter procedure

, -

In figure skating, a small jump not more than

Procedure describing the immediate actions

- .

a revolution, used to change foot or direction.

workforce should take if confronted with danger-

Such jumps must be executed in a dance hold

ous wildlife.

or at not more than 2 arms-lengths apart. Both

Subject: Ecology

daily summary of doping control activities


Report that includes the following information:

damaged baggage

partners may jump at the same time.

number of tests

This term refers to airline baggage that is checked

Subject: Figure Skating

summary of results

in by the passenger as accompanied baggage and

operational issues or concerns.should be pro-

is damaged in transit. Damaged baggage is the

vided either to the chairman of the IOC MC or to

responsibility of the appropriate airline.

-,

the IOC medical director.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

, -

2 .

dignitary and athlete protection

Subject: Security

.

.

daily summary of medical services

damaged rifle
Subject: Biathlon


damages

(dance) lift

DAP

DAPU

Movement used in pair figure skating and ice

dignitary and athlete protection unit

dance, in which one of the partners is elevated

Subject: Security

with active or passive assistance of the other


partner to any permitted height, sustained

dashboard

there and set down on ice. Rotations and

Report produced by the OCOGs and/or IOC that

changes of positions during the lift are limited.

describes the status of the Games project.

Report that includes the following information:

Tangible and intangible losses associated with

Subject: Figure Skating

quantitative medical data (number of medical

a brand protection incident (e.g. counterfeiting,

()

encounters, disposition of patients, etc.)

copyright or trademark infringement, clean venue

qualitative data (status report for any critical

violation).

Subject: IP Protection

/ .

injuries or illness, etc.)


operational issues or concerns.should be pro-

Subject: Games Management

database

vided either to the chairman of the IOC MC or to

, -

the IOC medical director.

, .

Tool for the Look of the Games, which identifies in

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

( -

detail all look items that will be positioned at the

venues. The database should have the following

).

information:

dampening

dance spin

Identification code of venue

In pair figure skating and ice dance, a spin

Code of each look item

skated by the couple together in any hold.

Description and dimensions of items

( , -

Snowboarding term that refers to reducing

It should be performed on the spot around

Placement

, ..);

snowboard vibration (chatter) to increase handling.

a common axis on one foot by each partner

Quality

( -

A shock-absorbent material like rubber is some-

simultaneously.

Rate per unit or item

times laminated into boards for this purpose.

Subject: Figure Skating

Cost (forecasted and actual)

..);
.

Subject: Skiing

Suppliers
Procurement status (if required).

, -

()

. ,

, -

daily timeline
by the venue operations team during a day of
competition.
Subject: Planning & Integration

, -

dangerous play

Minute by minute list of activities conducted

dance hold
Subject: Figure Skating

Subject: Games Image

Subject: Ice Hockey

.
:
.
.

205

206

dates of medical service

DC
dead puck

, , -

/.

Puck that flies out of the rink, or that a player has

/. -

caught in his hand.

).

diplomatic corps

, -

Subject: Protocol

( ).

-.

Subject: Ice Hockey

DC

DC
dates of medical service

day pass

Medical program must be operational from the

Temporary accreditation issued to an accredited

pre-opening until the closing of the Olympic Village

person requiring different access entitlements to

and, as set forth in the IPC guidelines, from the

those on his accreditation card.

opening until the closing of the Paralympic Village.


The OCOG must be sure to clearly communicate

deadline
direction changes
Subject: Skiing

DCAS

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Construction


deal summaries

detailed competition activity schedule

Before agreeing (either orally or in writing) to any

Subject: Planning & Integration

aspect of a proposed deal with a potential Sochi

the dates of service to the covered client groups.

If medical services are likely to be required by

these groups outside of the dates of service

daily coordination meeting

Marketing Extranet (or in such other manner as

the OCOG should provide information regarding

Subject: Games Management

required by the IOC) a term sheet of the deal in the

access to community-based health care services

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

person requiring different aces entitlements to


those on their accreditation card.

written approval.
doping control officer

Temporary accreditation issued to an accredited

,
,

format as required by the IOC for the IOCs prior

day pass

2014 shall provide to the IOC via the Olympic

DCO

in the host city.

2014 joint marketing program participant, Sochi

DCM

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Subject: Marketing


( -

DCP

Subject: Security

)
doping control program

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

-2014

, -

doping control program

( ) -

/. -

Subject: Paralympic Games

DCP

day run

DD

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

design documentation

Subject: Construction

day run
Medical program must be operational from the

Instructions on dealing with an incident.


Subject: Games Services

-.

dates of medical service

dealing with an incident procedure

DD

Subject: General Sport Terms


degree of difficulty

Subject: Skiing

opening until the closing of the Paralympic Village, as set forth in the IPC Guidelines. The OCOG

daybook

DDP

death spiral

must be sure to clearly communicate the dates

Daily working log created as an information source

domestic dignitary program

Element used in pair skating, this move involves

of service to the covered client groups. If medical

for OTR staff. Each day has its own daybook page

Subject: Protocol

the man spinning in a pivot position while holding

services are likely to be required by these groups

consisting of a daysheet, written route, torch-

outside of the dates of service the OCOG should

bearer information, maps and jurisdictional and

provide information regarding access to communi-

partner(s) contact information.

domestic dignitary program

ty-based health care services in the Host City.

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

Subject: Security

Subject: Paralympic Games

one hand of the lady who is spinning around him in

DDP

a horizontal position with her body parallel to ice.


, -

Subject: Figure Skating

, -

DDS

, ,

direct and dedicated services

Subject: Games Services

207

208

death spiral backward


death spiral backward
Another term for back death spiral.
Subject: Figure Skating

decorate opening/closing ceremony production compounds


deck support foundation
Subject: Construction


declared rounds
debris
Subject: Construction

Three extra rounds that a biathlete has during

Subject: General Sport Terms


decision-making process during Games time

Subject: Games Image

Subject: Biathlon

deep edge
In figure skating, sliding on the edge of the skate
along the arc, with the body tilted inside the
circle.
Subject: Figure Skating

a relay event.


decision of the jury

decorate opening/closing ceremony


production compounds

dedicated local network (VLAN)


OCOG is required to plan the provision of a

, -

dedicated local network to the largest news

organizations in order to enable them to transmit

data from Games venues to respective private

Bored tunnel, constructed in situ, without remov-

offices within the Main Press Center to enable

ing the ground above.

decommissioning

the collection of photographers images, report-

deep-laid tunnel

Subject: Construction

Organizers senior management (i.e. Chief Op-

Decommissioning starts with the last day of com-

erating Officer, General Managers and Venue

petition at an Olympic and/or Paralympic venue

Managers) is responsible for the management of

and must be coordinated with the overall recovery,

Games Operations, with support from the CoCom

decommissioning and teardown of the venues.

executives with the IOC Games. The OCOG MOC

Power systems must continue to operate during

supports the issue resolution and decision making

this phase of the venue life cycle and must be

from the organizers perspective. The IOC Games

decommissioned in a careful sequence to support

coordination office coordinates and assists in is-

the work of users in the recovery of equipment,

sue resolution and decision making from the IOC

teardown of temporary facilities and restoration of

perspective.OCOG President and the IOC Presi-

permanent facilities to legacy configurations.

-,

There are two players (one left defenseman and

dent are constantly updated and intervene only in

Subject: Construction

one right defenseman) on a hockey team whose

primary job is to protect their own net from being

exceptional circumstances.
Subject: Games Management

ers stories and other data.


Subject: Communications & Mass Media


()


, -

,
.

defective cartridge
Subject: Biathlon


defender defenseman defensive player

scored on. They are also known as the defensive

dedicated Olympic/Paralympic
immigration lane

line or defensive pair.

/ ,

(.. ,

Dedicated lane for any accredited person to

go through passport control at the airport.

) -

Subject: Games Services

),

, -

, -

decommissioning

Process and task of removing any Olympic-specific

items or overlay to make a vehicle or operation

ready for return after the Games.


Subject: Games Services

deck


Flat space on top of each halfpipe wall.

Subject: Skiing

()

, .

. .

defense
Position in ice hockey primarily responsible for
stopping the opposition from scoring. A team

dedicated pedestrian access points


Subject: Security

Subject: Ice Hockey

normally has two defensemen on the ice at any


time.
Subject: Ice Hockey


dedicated pedestrian access points
for disabled spectators
Subject: Security

, ,
. ,
.

defensive line
deduction of points
Subject: General Sport Terms

Unit of hockey players consisting of left and right


defenseman.
Subject: Ice Hockey

209

210

defensive play

delay (of competition)

of entities involved. Defining the framework is

one of the four elements of the IOC Games man-

agement approach.

delay (of competition)


Subject: General Sport Terms

()

Subject: Games Management

defensive play

whistle down the play until the offending team


regains control of the puck. And second, a penalty
against a team that has only 4 players on ice (including a goalkeeper), assessed only when one of its

delay of game

players gets out of the penalty box.

Ice hockey term that describes a game con-

Infraction in ice hockey which calls for a minor

nected with trying to prevent the other team

, -

penalty. It occurs when a player purposely delays

or player from scoring goals.

, ,

the game in any way, such as shooting the puck

Subject: Ice Hockey

outside the playing area or displacing the goalpost

Subject: Ice Hockey

from its normal position.

, -

Subject: Ice Hockey

.deflection

Another term for carom.

, ,

Subject: Ice Hockey

. ,

, .

, ,

, ,

) . -


defensive zone defense zone
defending zone

deforestation

Area on ice hockey field between the blue line

Another term for wood-felling.

and goal line.

Subject: Construction

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Ecology

delayed gate

Activity that starts with the bid process and is

deformability
Subject: Construction

delayed race

can move a course across the hill for a change of

Race which is not held at the scheduled time and

terrain or to avoid an obstacle.

occurs within a ticketed session.

Subject: Skiing


defining and assessing
the Games venue demand

.
Additional gates which forms a line or corridor that

deforestation

( ,
).

Subject: Skiing

ongoing through to the completion of overlay


design, as information is refined. The OCOG is

degree of difficulty (DD)

delayed offside

delayed whistle

the central coordination point for demand evalu-

Multiplier assigned to a score for a

Situation in which a hockey player enters the at-

Situation in ice hockey when an official raises his arm

ation and the Games venue planning and opera-

freestyle jump.

tacking zone before the puck, but the defensive

but does not blow his whistle, waiting to see the

tional studies, which provide the fundamental ba-

Subject: Skiing

team takes possession. The play is allowed to

outcome of a play before calling a penalty. This is

sis for decision-making and venue requirements.

Subject: Venues



, -

done so as not to penalize the non-offending team

of the zone or if every offensive player caught in-

by stopping its momentum.

side the zone tracks back and makes skate contact


with the offensive blue line.

degree slope
Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

continue if the defensive team moves the puck out

, -

deke

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Ice Hockey


, ,
,

. ,

, -

. ,

, .

Ice hockey term that describes a feint made by

an attacking player to induce a defender or goal-

, -

keeper to move the wrong way.

, -

DRM is the official registration of all athletes (Aa)

Subject: Ice Hockey

and team officials (Ac and Ao) as well as all other

defining the framework

delegation registration meeting (DRM)

accredited members of the NOC/NPC to participate

delayed penalty

in the Games. The OCOG and NOC/NPC agree on all

, -

There are two possibilities for delayed penalty in

names and entitlements of athletes, in which sports

This activity concentrates on defining the vision,

ice hockey. First, a situation when one player of

they have qualified and will participate. The OCOG

scope of operations and activities to be delivered

a team commits a penalty, but the other team

and NOC will also agree on the names and entitle-

as well as the roles and responsibilities

has possession of the puck. The referee does not

ments of team officials in line with the Accreditation

211

212

delegation registration meeting (DRM)

delivery and placement of rate card FF&E


delivery and placement of rate card FF&E

and Entries at the Olympic Games User Guide.

Based on the confirmed delegation size, the OCOG

Rate Card orders will be received and processed

at the DRM will determine the number of Olympic

by the Rate Card Function. Rate Card FF&E or-

Village beds and other services to each NOC/NPC.

/.

ders will be filled by Logistics. All FF&E available

for Rate Card clients will be specified in the Rate

, (-

deliberate ambush marketing

Card catalogue. Logistics will be responsible for

),

Subject: IP Protection

ensuring FF&E items are procured, received and

installed in required spaces in accordance with

. ,

the Rate Card order.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Services


() ( ),

/ . /

delimitation tape


FF&E

, ,

Used to delimit risk areas.

Subject: Security

/
, -

deliverable

delivery of ITVR signals

FF&E

ITVR signals, both radio and television, duly moni-

tored and corrected if required, will be delivered

. -

Material and immaterial outcome of works

FF&E,

from venues by the OBO, free of charge within the

implementation oriented at the OCOG goals

IBC to the respective premises of the rights holders.

achievement.

. -

The ITVR signals will be distributed by the OBO with-

Subject: Games Management

in the IBC for monitoring purposes through closed

,
/ .

delegation registration meeting (DRM)

FF&E

circuit television. In addition, all ITVR signals will be

delivered simultaneously by the OCOG for monitor-

ing purposes to the MPC, the Olympic Village, media

delivery manual

The DRM is the official registration of all athletes


(Aa) and team officials (Ac and Ao) as well as all

village(s) and the official IOC headquarters hotel.

deliverable

LOG guide designed to provide information on

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

ITVR-

other accredited members of the NOC/NPC to

Expected material and immaterial outcome of

delivery for the Olympic/Paralympic Family and

- ITVR-, -

participate in the Olympic Games. The OCOG and

works implementation oriented at the OCOG

suppliers.

NOC/NPC agree on all names and entitlements

goals achievement.

Subject: Games Services

of athletes, in which sports they have qualified

Subject: Planning & Integration

agree on the names and entitlements of team

/-

officials in line with the Accreditation and Entries

ITVR- -

at the Olympic Games User Guide. Based on the

( ). -

and will participate. The OCOG and NOC will also

, ITVR- -

confirmed delegation size, the OCOG at the DRM


will determine the number of Olympic/Paralympic

delivering end

Village beds and other services to each NOC/NPC.

End of the curling sheet from which stones are

Subject: Games Management

being delivered.

Subject: Curling

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

, -

delivery of food and beverage into venues


Master delivery schedule detailing the process
of food and beverage delivery into venues is

. /

delivery

usually developed by the Logistics FA, but

, ,

Motion a player makes when playing a curling

is subsequently handed over to the function

. /

stone.

(generally Transport or Security) which manages

Subject: Curling

permit check points. It is vital that the Food and

,
, ()
,
- .

() ( ),

delivery of ceremonies tickets

delivery stick
Another term for extender cue.
Subject: Paralympic Games

delivery stick/extender

Beverage Services FA and contracted caterers

Device attached to the handle of a stone acting as

maintain a pro active role in the management of

an extension of the arm/hand during the delivery

the master delivery schedule at the venue.

process.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Curling

213

214

demand responsive transport

departure services
;

departure services

deputy chef de mission

Services provided on departure include:

Larger teams are allowed to appoint one or more

accommodation check-out and pick-up

Deputies Chef de Mission to assist the Chef de

transport

Mission with his/her responsibilities, in accordance

facilitation, farewell.

with certain conditions.

department
Independent structural unit of the organization,

demand responsive transport

can include sections and/or directorates and

Subject: Games Services

Subject: General Sport Terms

Buses, minibuses, taxis and shared vehicles that

reports directly to the President, the Senior Vice-

can be pre-booked for a time and/or route that

president, the Vice-president or the Area Director

, ,

suits the customer.

of the organization.

, ,

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Management

, /

( )

, ,

, -

/ -

/ .

, -,
-

demolition

Subject: Construction


demonstration events
Demonstration events are hosted at Paralympic
competition with the purpose of becoming a sport
on the Paralympic program.

Subject: Ecology

department for Olympic venue development


Subject: Construction


deputy venue security manager

Subject: Construction

Employee who is responsible for assisting the


VSM to manage, supervise and coordinate
Security operations and their assigned Workforce
(paid staff, contractors and volunteers) at their

depot (bus or fleet)

assigned Venue; assisting the VSM in the day by

Facility that is used for the parking, dispatch

day management of Games Security operations; in

and administration of bus or vehicle transport

the absence of the VSM at the venue, the Deputy

systems and services.

is responsible for all duties and responsibilities of

Subject: Games Services

the VSM.

( )

( /

department of education

Subject: Security

Subject: Games Image

,
-

Subject: Paralympic Games

deputy venue commander


depletion of ozone layer

deposits
department for management of brand,
look of Games and Internet projects

demolition 2-piece boom

, .

Subject: Construction

Subject: Security

), -

, -

One of the Sochi 2014 departments that is

responsible for development and successful

, -

realization of the Olympic and Paralympic Games

educational programs.
Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

dental care

Dental care provided at the Olympic Village poly-

clinic and available only on an emergency basis.

2014, -

Services include:

treatment of broken or injured teeth

limited oral surgery.


Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

depot management section


Subject: Games Services

:
;
;

) ;

;

depressed railway

department
of intellectual property protection
Subject: IP Protection

derivative works
Extension of an existing trademark or service mark

depressed/tunnel road section

that incorporates all or a portion of the mark into a

Subject: Construction

new design or phrase.

Subject: Games Image

department of licensed products protection

depth of the edges

. -

, -

Subject: Construction

fillings
replacement of caps

(-

Subject: IP Protection

Subject: Figure Skating



-
.

215

216

derivative works
derivative works
Extension of an existing trademark or service mark
that incorporates all or a portion of the mark into a

design/build (D/B)
design build contract
Subject: Construction

new design or phrase.


Subject: IP Protection

design builder
Subject: Construction

design data
Subject: Construction


design and construction department
Subject: Construction

design documentation (DD)

design and construction principles

design phases for permanent facilities

Subject: Construction

design/build (D/B)
Project delivery method in which the owner

design/build/operate/transfer
(D/B/O/T)

engages a single entity to design and construct

Project delivery method in which the owner

the project. The lead in the design/build entity

engages a single entity to design and construct

may be a design firm or a construction contractor,

the project and then to operate it for a stipulat-

however due to performance guarantees and risk

ed period of time. The facility is owned by the

allocation it is more common that the construc-

design/build entity until the point of transfer to

tion contractor is the lead. Financing of the

the ultimate venue owner. This delivery method

project is provided by the facility owner.

is the same as design/build/operate with the

Subject: Construction

additional responsibility of financing the design,

construction and operations for a designated

period of time.

Subject: Construction

.
(-

//
/

/)

, -

Principles that are developed by the IOC and apply

Design phases for permanent facilities projects

to all competition venues.

are typically broken down into feasibility study

Subject: Construction

(including concept approval), schematic design,

design development and construction documents.

Subject: Construction

, -

- -


()
,
.



: --

design and planning head

Design and planning head is responsible for the

), ,

development of master plans for venue clusters

, .

Subject: Construction

design/bid/build (D/B/B)

,
,

design/build/operate (D/B/O)

and precincts, design of the venues (both permanent works and overlay), signage design based on

design/build services

Project delivery method in which the owner en-

designation

OCOG graphic standards (typically developed by

Project delivery method in which the owner engages

gages a single entity to design and construct the

the Image and Identity function) and Look of the

different entities to design and construct the facility.

project and then to operate it. This delivery meth-

Official claim of association granted to Market-

Games design based on OCOG graphic standards.

This method is typically sequential in

od is the same as design/build with the addition

ing Partners to enable them to promote their

Subject: Venues

its execution. The project is designed, at the

of operational responsibilities for a designated

legitimate association with the Games or the

completion of design it is competitively tendered to

period of time, after which the operation of the

Movements. Each designation is linked to the

construction contractors and the successful contrac-

facility may revert to the venue owner. Financing

licensor (e.g. a specific event, OCOG, NOC, IOC),

tor then builds the project under the oversight of the

of the project is provided by the facility owner.

generally limited in scope (e.g. Games specific,

designer and/or the owners representative. Financ-

Subject: Construction

national, worldwide).

ing of the project is provided by the facility owner.

Subject: Construction

//

//

Subject: IP Protection

, -

, -

, -

( -

),

(,

, , ,

(, ,

).

design and survey works


Subject: Construction

217

218

designation
designation

detuning
(, )

This term includes trademarks, commercial signs,

, , -

brand names, design elements, emblems and other

insignia identifying products/services and their

, -

manufacturers.

Subject: IP Protection

detuning

detailed competition activity schedule (DCAS)

diagonal stride on the flat


Subject: Skiing


diamond paste

Term to describe the process of slightly dulling the

Paste, containing microscopic diamond particles,

edges of a snowboard, usually done around the

thats used to polish the runners.

nose and tail.

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

, ,

Schedule, that identifies to the minute the activi-

, ,

ties each sport competition team will complete on

/,

a daily basis for each session of competition.

, -

Subject: Planning & Integration

/,
.

Subject: Skiing

did not finish (DNF)

, -

designers

, -

, -

development machine

Term used in course-based competitions that

Signage department staff that is responsible for

Complicated mining machine designed for mechani-

describes a situation when an athlete starts a

developing family of sign types, templates and type

cal rocks destruction and rock mass loading into

race but cannot finish it.

layouts; researching and developing materials and

the vehicles (trucks, conveyor).

methods of sign fabrication and installation; document sign design for fabrication.
Subject: Games Image


, ,

Subject: Construction

detailed energy system operation plan

tion of the energy systems.

Subject: Construction

(, ).

did not start (DNS)


devices ensuring reduced content of polluting
substances in exhaust gases
Subject: Ecology

design-related marks
Subject: Games Image

-
detailed agreements with venue owners

detailed scenarios of events


(to be safeguarded)
Include schedule and list of participants, informa-

tion about amendments to plans.


Subject: Security

velop a detailed agreement with each venue owner,

-, -

which is subject to approval by the IOC. The agree-

Term used in course-based competitions for


a competitor failing to start the race.
Subject: General Sport Terms

()
,

,

DH

After the Host City election, the OCOG must de-

.
downhill
Subject: Paralympic Games

differential
Mechanism that provides rotation of the trans-

DH

ment should also consider use of existing technology equipment such as scoreboards and video

Set of detailed documents and drawings for opera-

; -

Subject: General Sport Terms

()

port driving wheels at different speeds when


Downhill

cornering.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Construction

detailed sport activity schedule (DSAS)

DHQ

boards, use of venue staff and early access for test

This schedule includes the detailed competition

events, technology installations, commissioning,

activity schedule but also includes all the key activi-

doping control headquarters

testing and fit-out.

ties leading into the competition, starting from the

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Subject: Venues

time the sport competition team


( )
-
,

moves into the competition venue through to the

, -

diagonal step/stride

bump out.

Classic ski technique in which the right arm moves

Subject: Planning & Integration

forward with the left leg and vice versa.

differential lock
Subject: Construction

Subject: Skiing

, -

, -

digging force
Subject: Construction

()

219

220

digital signature
digital signature

dip azimuth
dignitary and athlete protection unit (DAPU)

dip azimuth

Merit to institutions or individuals in recognition

Data string used in place of a physical signature

Specialized unit responsible for administration of

Angle between the meridian on which there is an

of or as an expression of official thanks for

to validate the authenticity of a message.

the dignitary and athlete protection program.

observation point, and the direction of dip (stra-

outstanding services to Olympism. This diploma

Subject: Security

tum, depths, limb of the fold, face of fissure, lode).

is awarded according to three criteria (evaluated

Determined by mining compass.

individually or together): the quality of service

Subject: Construction

rendered, standing or rank in office, duration of

Subject: Technology


, -

, -

can be accompanied by the gold Olympic rings pin

or an engraved silver platter.

dignitary
Heads of State, holders of high office, or foreign

(, , , -

dignitary assistant (DA)

officials who are internationally protected persons

Volunteers assigned by the OCOG to a domestic

or who are of special importance to the govern-

dignitary or a group of domestic dignitaries.

ment, including Olympic and Paralympic Family


members.
Subject: Protocol


, -

Subject: Protocol

diploma design

, -

ments, simple and clear to read.

Subject: Protocol

dignitary assistant (DA)

Subject: Workforce

Subject: Protocol

Look of diplomas should be in line with Look ele-

, ).

service. To express special thanks, this diploma

): ,

, ,

. -

diploma material

Diplomas should be printed on a card of at least

dignitary
Heads of State, holders of high office, or foreign
officials who are Internationally Protected Persons
or who are of special importance to the Govern-

dignitary coordination arrangements


Subject: Protocol

Subject: Security
, -

,
.

dignitary and athlete protection (DAP)

Subject: Security


dimensions
Subject: Construction


dining area

Provision of close personal protection to designat-

F&B site has a special area for guests to be

ed at risk dignitaries, athletes or internationally

while eating.

protected persons, by specialist Law Enforcement

Subject: Games Services

personnel.
Subject: Security


()


,

diploma shape
Format of the diploma should be landscape.
Subject: Protocol



() .

diploma of Olympic Merit


IOC President may award a Diploma of Olympic

diploma text

Merit to institutions or individuals in recognition of

Diploma text should include the following ele-

or as an expression of official thanks for outstand-

ments:

ing services to Olympism. This diploma is awarded

Olympic symbol and edition of the Games

according to three criteria (evaluated individually or

emblem of the Games

together): the quality of service rendered, standing

French, English and host nation official language

or rank in office, duration of service.

(if neither French nor English)

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

athletes name

name of the NOC that the athlete represents

sport, discipline and competition name

signature and title of:

--

IOC President - lower left-hand side

OCOG President - lower right-hand side

for 1st place - Olympic champion and gold

medalist

): , -

for 2nd place - silver medalist

, -

for 3rd place - bronze medalist

positions from 4th to 8th place shall be indicated

diopter sight
Subject: Biathlon

, , -

, -

dignitary coordination arrangements

Subject: Protocol


, .

ment, including Olympic Family Members.

4-ply quality.

dip and strike (of rock layers)


Subject: Construction

by - 4th place, 5th place, 6th place, 7th place and

diploma of Olympic Merit


IOC President may award a Diploma of Olympic

8th place, respectively.


Subject: Protocol

221

222

diplomas

direction of the spin


, -

: -

;
;

diplomatic mission

, -

Group of people (including diplomats) from one nation

- (

present in another as authorized representatives of

the first.

);

Subject: Protocol

;
,

direction of the spin


Subject: Figure Skating

director of budgets
The Director of Budgets heads the Budget Department which reports to the CFO.
Subject: Finance & Legal

direction sign

( )

Sign that directs the reader along a path

, ;

or to a destination.

Subject: Games Services

, -

;
;

direct and dedicated services (DDS)

Additional direct and dedicated services designed to

meet the specific operational needs OBS personnel

will be required.

;
4- 8-
4- , 5- , 6-
, 7- 8- , .

Subject: Games Services

diplomas

Together with medals, diplomas are the prizes


given for competition at the Olympic Games. Com-

,
.

director of Communications FCC


Subject: Communications & Mass Media

direction sign
Sign that directs the reader along a path or

to a destination.
Subject: Games Image



,
.

direct elimination

director of Paralympic Games


integration and coordination department
Subject: Paralympic Games

directional

petitors who have placed from first through eighth

System that involves an athlete being eliminated from

in each event receive a diploma.

the competition after one loss.

Term that describes a snowboard in which

Subject: General Sport Terms

the nose and the tail have different form and

Official who works closely with the IOC Media Op-

flexibility.

erations to ensure that media facilities and services

Subject: Skiing

meet the required standards. The Head of Press

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

, -

,
.

direct grant of marketing rights


Subject: Marketing

diplomas

who have placed from first through eighth in each


competition receive a diploma.
Subject: Protocol

Subject: Ecology


. ,

hierarchy and must be filled by a qualified media pro-

fessional prior to the previous edition of the Games.

The Head of Press Operations will be based in the


MPC during the Games to facilitate daily liaison with

directional effect
direct incineration of unprocessed waste

direction changes (DC)


Subject: Skiing

Term that describes an effect that centrifugal


force is having on an athletes body.
Subject: Skiing

Subject: Communications & Mass Media



, -

directional stance
direction flag

the IOC Media Operations and the accredited media.

Operations is a senior position within the OCOG

Together with medals, diplomas are the prizes


given for competition at the Games. Competitors

director of press operations

Snowboard binding stance where the distance

Direction flags are placed along each side of the ski

between the nose and the front binding is dif-

Collective body of foreign diplomats accredited to

course: green flags are located along the right side

ferent from that between the tail and the rear

a particular country.

and red flags along the left side.

binding.

Subject: Protocol

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

diplomatic corps (DC)

223

224

director of Press Operations FCC


disallowed goal
disability

them. The card should include a recommenda-

. (. -

Individuals physical, intellectual, emotional or sen-

tion that passengers make sure they receive

46.2 ). ,

sory impairments.

a personal briefing from a flight crew member

Subject: Paralympic Games

covering procedures and aircraft layout, as they

: .

director of Press Operations FCC

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

director of procurement and logistics

disclosure of protests and appeals

, , -

operators point of view): mobility; vision loss

and hearing loss. Cards should carry the accept-

As stated in the IPC Classification Code, par-

ed international symbol of the disability group,

ties identified in protests and appeals shall be

set in a broad field of color.

informed of the status and findings resulting

Subject: Paralympic Games

from the protest or appeal process, and shall be

Usually this position is held by the Head of the


Press Operations functions.

affect the three main disability groups (from an

disability awareness program


Further to job and venue related training, the
OCOG must provide a disability awareness training
component to all Paralympic Games workforce.
Subject: Paralympic Games

provided with a reasoned decision concerning the


outcome of the protest or appeal. The recipient

, -

parties shall not disclose this information until

the IPSF has resolved the protest or appeal. The

identity of athletes whose sport class has been

, -

protested and/or appealed may not be disclosed

The Director of Procurement and Logistics heads

by the IPSF before completion of the protest or

the procurement and logistics department which

appeal process.

reports to the CFO.

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Finance & Legal

, -

( ):

, ,

, -

, , .

; , -

disability awareness training


director of risk management
Subject: Finance & Legal

Subject: Paralympic Games

. -

disability category
director of security
Head of the Security Department.

Subject: Paralympic Games

disallowed goal
Subject: Ice Hockey

disability etiquette training

disassembling of buildings and structures

Subject: Security

People with disabilities require the same customer

Subject: Construction

etiquette training is about good customer service


Describes the status of a venue or site, person,

and delivering what youve been asked for.

vehicle or material package which is not known to

Subject: Paralympic Games

be free from prohibited, restricted, hazardous or


explosive devices or materials.
Subject: Security

-
,

.

services as people without disabilities. Disability

dirty

,
/ , .

disaster zone
Subject: Ecology

discount tickets
Ticket prices must not be discounted.
Any potential discount strategies, if deemed

discipline

to support achieving the ticketing program

Discipline, as defined in the Olympic Charter, is

objectives, should be presented to the IOC

, , -

a branch of a sport comprising one or several

for consideration.

, ,

events. (See Olympic Charter Rule 46.2). For

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

, -

example, there are two disciplines bobsleigh

and skeleton inside bobsleigh sport.

Subject: General Sport Terms

disability specific passenger briefing card


disabilities
Subject: Paralympic Games

Passenger briefing card is intended to inform pas-

, -

sengers to self-identify important safety features,

procedures and aircraft announcements affecting

225

226

disease treatment advertising


disease treatment advertising

disqualified
dissolution policy

venues, provisions for proper disposal of waste

with all consequences, including forfeiture of all

Sochi 2014 can allow a TOP partner to use its

water should be implemented for community-

medals, points and prizes.

Policy and schedule of staff dissolution after the

marks to promote the partners role as a supplier

sponsored events, and service providers operat-

Subject: Paralympic Games

Olympic and Paralympic Games.

of remedies for different diseases (including

ing outside the venues. The increased need for

cancer, diabetes and mental disorder).

sanitary facilities (portable toilets) and collection

Subject: Marketing

of waste water from food preparation and other

Subject: Workforce

activities should be addressed early in the plan-

, -

-2014

ning period so that resources, if needed, can be

, -

brought in from outside the venue sites.

, ,

Subject: Ecology

Distance markings are placed on both sides of

distance marking

the landing slope and used for measuring the

, ).

, -

, ,

athletes jumping distance.

disembarkation
Subject: Games Services

. ,

dismantling
Subject: Construction

Subject: Administration & Office Management

,
. -

disputed goal

displaced gate

Subject: Ice Hockey


Subject: Skiing

disqualification
Athletes results in a particular competition or

Subject: Construction

distance marking
Subject: General Sport Terms

dissected relief

distance measurer

Subject: Construction

In ski jumping, distance measurers have the


responsibility to watch over the measuring area
which they were assigned to, to show the given

Phase following the delivery of the Games when


the OCOG concentrates on business closure, the
evaluation of the project, retrofit and return of

landing spots in their measuring area and to


convey those to the distance recorder.
Subject: Skiing

the venues and the delivery of final reports.

Subject: Games Management

, -

()

, -

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

, , -

-
, .

disqualification
Subject: General Sport Terms

disqualification of results
in IPC sanctioned competitions

distance points
Points awarded for distance that is measured
from the edge of the take-off to the athletes

dissolution phase
Phase following the Games delivery when venues

whatsoever.

disposal of waste water

Subject: Construction

of any medals, points and prizes.

, ,

tising and promotional displays in any format

, ,

Billboards, signs, posters and any other adver-

Subject: Marketing

competitions are invalidated, including forfeiture


displays

disruption

dissolution (phase)

Subject: Construction

displacement surface

Subject: General Sport Terms

dispersive ground

disqualified

( )

dispatcher office

Subject: Skiing

are restituted to their owners, and the OCOG

landing point on the slope.


Subject: Skiing

strikes balances, develops the official report and

, , -

completes its activity.

Subject: Planning & Integration

, -

distance recorder

Venues may be located away from city sewage

Anti-doping rule violation occurring during or in

/ -

Official responsible for the accurate recording

systems, so the OCOG should make arrange-

connection with an IPC sanctioned competition

, ,

and reporting of jumping distances indicated by

ments to dispose of waste water without

may lead to disqualification of all of the athletes

the distance measurers.

harming the environment. In addition to that at

individual results obtained in that competition,

Subject: Skiing

227

228

distribution

division for creating the Games management system


diver

division for creating the Games


management system

, -

Hockey player who exaggerates contact made

, -

against him in order to entice the referee into

One of the ommand, Coordination and Control FA

calling a penalty against the opposition.

divisions.

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Games Management

distribution

DM
document management
Subject: Knowledge Management

DNF

Placing at the disposal of the public the official

events and ceremonies of the Olympic and Paralym-

, -

pic Games by means of any tangible devices, such

did not finish


Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

DNF
did not finish

as records, videograms (video discs and video cassettes), films, and the like.
Subject: Communications & Mass Media

diversion airport
Airport, which is used only if the Olympic Airport

division for environmental support of the


Olympic Games organization

does not work (does not accept flights) for vari-

One of the Environment FA divisions.

ous reasons.

Subject: Games Services

( ),

( )

Marketing Communications must put in place a process for distributing and approving sponsor materi-

Subject: Games Services

etc. They must also ensure that the media have

Material (e.g. foam or wood) used to separate

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

the sheets of ice in curling.

Subject: Technology

divider

access to these materials.

Subject: Curling

(, ),

disturbance of forest floor

Subject: Construction

ditch cleaning bucket


Subject: Construction

Subject: Construction

can be regulatory, administrative, organizing,


contractual, planning or other internal and external
documents.

.
: -

Subject: Technology

, , ,

, ,
.

division for the open information space

Flow of documents in the organization from its

Another term for embellishment.

One of the Technology FA divisions.

creation or receipt to completion of a performance

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Technology

or sending.

division
section, be a part of department or report directly

division of TOP program revenues


Division of the net revenues form the

president or the Area Director of the organization.

TOP program between the IOC and OCOG.

Subject: Games Management

The IOC determines at its sole discretion the

,
, -

Subject: Administration & Office Management

to President, the Senior Vice-president, the Vice-

ditch shoring

Information object in textual form. Documents

One of the Technology FA divisions.

Structural unit of the organization, can include

ditch

document

document processing
diving

Subject: Ecology

did not start

Subject: Games Management

division for telecommunications


infrastructure in the region

, -
..

DNS

division for IT infrastructure operations

als in general and also their Games-time releases,

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Subject: General Sport Terms


One of the Technology FA divisions.

diversity of menu options

did not start

Subject: Ecology

DNS

, , , -

distribution and approval


of sponsor materials

Subject: General Sport Terms

OCOGs share.

document maintenance
Subject: Games Management

Subject: Marketing

document management (DM)


Process of creating, using, categorizing,

, -,

indexing, auditing and storing recorded

- -

information.

Subject: Knowledge Management

229

230

document support and monitoring division


domain name

domestic dignitaries
,

providing and determining the consequent level

, , -

Registered name of a website or any other

of service to the domestic government delegations

, , -

resource on the World Wide Web (Internet),

and officials attending the Games, to their accompa-

e.g. www.olympic.org
Subject: Technology

document support and monitoring division

nying quests and entourage

domestic dignitaries

assignment of dignitary assistants to the delega-

OCOG Domestic Dignitary Program recognizes

tions to act as OCOG point of contact for dignitaries

One of the Government Relations FA divisions.

the following host country Domestic Dignitar-

attending the Games

Subject: Games Management

, ,

ies categories: Head of State, Head of Govern-

providing welcome service at the hotel

www.olympic.org

ment,Ministries, President of Region,President

distribution of complementary tickets to the open-

of Province,Mayor of Host Cityand other desig-

ing and closing ceremonies and gifts

nated local and national authorities detailed in

distribution of the gift program for accredited

Equipment used in the CCTV video surveillance

the Domestic Dignitaries Program Concept of

dignitaries, etc.

system to monitor the Venue perimeter. Dome

Operations.

Subject: Protocol

document support and monitoring division


Government Relations FA division.
Subject: Government Relations & Executive

dome camera

cameras are characterized by high resolution and


zooming capacities.

Subject: Security

Subject: Security

, ,

, CCTV

-: ,

,, ,

, -,

, , -

documentation section
One of the Government Relations FA sections.
Subject: Government Relations & Executive

documentation support
and monitoring section
One of the Government Relations FA sections.
Subject: Government Relations & Executive

domestic arrival
see domestic flight
Subject: Games Services

domestic dignitary accreditation quotas


Subject: Protocol

domestic departure
see domestic flight
Subject: Games Services

domestic dignitaries

domestic dignitary program (DDP)

..

Program specifically designed to provide services


to high-ranking persons from the Host Country.
Subject: Protocol

OCOG Domestic Dignitary Program

recognizes the following Host Countrys

domestic dignitarycategories: Head of State,

-.

documents support

domestic flight
Flight that begins and ends in the same country.
Subject: Games Services


, .

domestic licensing program


Marketing program, that is initiated and implement-

Head of Government,Ministers, President of

domestic dignitary program (DDP)

Subservice delivered by GOV. The functions

Region,President of Province,Mayor of Host

role is to guarantee high quality and timeliness

Cityand other designated local and national

Program specifically designed to provide services

parties, which may be commercial or non-commer-

of documents circulation and classified

authorities detailed in the Domestic Dignitaries

to high-ranking persons from the host country.

cial entities, to produce specific merchandise bear-

documents activity.

Program concept of operations.

Subject: Security

ing Games marks.

Subject: Government Relations & Executive

Subject: Protocol

ed by the OCOG for granting licenses to interested

Subject: Marketing

. -

-.

-: ,

,, ,

, -,

domestic dignitary program management


One of the Protocol FA tasks that consists in:

, .

231

232

domestic marketing program


domestic marketing program

doping control
domestic sponsorship program

doping control

sensitivity of doping control plans, documents and

This program spans the life of the OCOG and pro-

Another term for Domestic marketing program.

Planning, implementation and management

operations. All of the OCOGs doping control opera-

vides funding, products and services for the delivery

Subject: Marketing

of the process including test distribution planning,

tions will be run from this command center.

of the Games. The Domestic program complements

sample collection and handling, laboratory analysis,

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

the TOP program.

results management, hearings and appeals. The

Subject: Marketing

OCOG may establish a functional area dealing with

doping control aspects.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

domestic sponsorship Tiers

; -

Domestic sponsors and suppliers tend to be cat-

, ,

egorized into Tiers, which entitle these marketing

-. -

partners to varying levels of rights, benefits, op-

-, -

- -

portunities and service. There exist three Tiers of

-,

the OCOG domestic sponsors: I: general partnerII:

, , -

official partnerIII: partner

Subject: Marketing

. -

Official that assists in all operations of doping con-

trol program.

-.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

domestic partner expectations


They include conducting a Full cross-functional inte-

, -

doping control command center assistant

gration program to Sochi 2014; a reciprocal program

, -

of Sochi 2014 integration into the partner organiza-

tion; identification of the anticipated Sochi 2014 Cli-

, -

ent Servicing requirements for the partner to 2014.

Official who is trained and authorized by the ADO

Subject: Marketing

, , -

to carry out specific duties including notification of

-.

(doping control) chaperone

the athlete selected for sample collection, accom-

::

panying and observing the athlete until arrival at

;:

the doping control station, and/or witnessing and

2014 ,

;: .

verifying the provision of a sample where the train-

-2014
, -

doping control department


Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

ing qualifies him to do so.

donor

Philanthropic contributor with no marketing

-2014.

rights.
Subject: Marketing

domestic partner goals & objectives

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control


( -)
,

doping control director


Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

doping control education program

Element of the marketing plan consisting in iden-

tifying and understanding the partners sponsor-

Education program about anti-doping procedures,

ship goals and objectives. It allows Sochi 2014 to

, -

doping control responsibilities, contents of the

prohibited list in accordance with the IOC anti-doping

engage the partner in activities that are relevant to


their business objectives.
Subject: Marketing

doping control

-, -

rules.

Planning, implementation and management of

, -

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

the process including test distribution planning,

, -

sample collection and handling, laboratory analy-

sis, results management, hearings and appeals.

. - -

The OCOG may establish a functional area dealing

Official responsible for a group of chaperones. A

, --

-2014

with doping control aspects.

doping control position usually appointed at the

, -

Subject: Games Services

Games time.

-
,

domestic partnership program

doping control chaperone coordinator

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

doping control functions

-, -

, -

Doping control functions are the following:

Another term for Domestic marketing program.

-,

monitor the doping control tests carried out by the

Subject: Marketing

, , -

OCOG in accordance with the IOC anti-doping rules

and the World Anti-Doping Code

, .

doping control command center

liaise with team doctors in Villages and at venues

, -

Doping control program requires the Games-time

monitor injuries and analyze medical data provided

-.

command center. It must be fully secure due to the

by medical services

233

234

doping control guide (for Paralympic Games)


monitor dental and physiotherapy services in
close cooperation with medical services.
Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

-
-

--

doping control program (DCP)


- ,

-.

doping control program (DCP)

doping control venue manager

Doping control program consists in planning

Manager of doping control at the venue. A doping

-.

and delivery of the infrastructure necessary to

control position usually appointed at the Games

implement the doping control activities at the

time. His role is to manage doping control process

- -

, -

Paralympic Games, in accordance with the require-

at the allocated venue and to manage doping

. -

ments of the IPC, and in compliance with provi-

controlat the venue.

- -

sions of the World Anti-Doping Code and accompa-

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

, -

nying international standards.

, ;

-.

Subject: Paralympic Games

doping control officer (DCO)


-
- ,

Official who has been trained and authorized by

the ADO with delegated responsibility for on-site

- -

management of a sample collection session.

, -

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

- .

doping control guide


(for Paralympic Games)

, -
,

Guide detailing the testing processes to beat

the specified Paralympic Games.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

-
( )

, .

It is recommended that the doping control


workforce be given the accreditation according

doping control program manager


Official that is responsible for developing the
test distribution plan; managing doping control

doping control operational manuals

doping control workforce accreditation

to the flexible requirements of the testing


program.
Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

program; developing and implementing agree-

These manuals provide detailed information on

ments with the laboratory and the NADO; etc.

, --

operational processes for all doping control staff.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

, -

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

, -

-;

-;

Guide detailing the testing processes to beat

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: two flips.

the specified Paralympic Games.

; ..

Subject: Skiing

doping control guide


(for Paralympic Games)

doping control program (DCP)

doping control station

Doping control program consists in planning and

Location where the sample collection session

delivery of the infrastructure necessary to imple-

will be conducted.

ment the doping control activities at the Olympic

and Paralympic Games, in accordance with the


requirements of the IOC, IPC and in compliance

doping control headquarters (DHQ)

and accompanying international standards.

oversee the entire doping control service during

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

collections from all competition venues and inci-

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

-
, .

:
.

double axel
In figure skating, an axel jump with two and
a half rotations in the air.
Subject: Figure Skating

with provisions of the World Anti-Doping Code

Doping control headquarters is established to


the Games time. Daily reporting of all sample

double (somersault)

Subject: Paralympic Games

-
( )

doping control station coordinator

Station coordinator is responsible for the

set-up and management of the services

within the doping control station. A doping control

double cork

dents flows into the DHQ. In addition, the DHQ

position usually appointed at the

coordinates the distribution of the equipment,

Games time.

Snowboarding term that refers to a rotation

personnel and number of special transport for

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

in which a snowboarder inverts or orients

doping control.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

him/herself off axis twice during an aerial rotation.


Subject: Skiing

235

236

double draw

double occupancy

, -

, -

Simultaneous draw of the start number and the


name of the competitor in alpine competitions.
Subject: Skiing

Freestyle skiing term used for the rotation of the

Subject: Skiing

body around the vertical axis (a spin).

double jump
In figure skating, a jump with two full rotations in

the air (two and a half rotations for double axel).


Subject: Figure Skating

In figure skating, a flip jump with two rotations

in the air.

( 2,5 ).

double layout

, -

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: two flips in the layout

position.
Subject: Skiing

double full

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: a single layout flip with

two twists.

double loop

In figure skating, a loop jump with two rotations

in the air.
Subject: Figure Skating

double full, full, full double full full full

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: three flips with four

twists; two twists on the first flip, right off the jump.

Subject: Skiing

, , --
:
; .

In figure skating, a lutz jump with two rotations

Snowboard move in which a rider performs

Subject: Figure Skating

two separate grab tricks during one aerial.

Subject: Skiing

Guest room occupied by two people (regardless of

the number of beds in the room).

Subject: Games Services

().


,
( ).

double takeout
Curling term for a stone that removes two of
the opponents stones from play.

double poling double-poling

Subject: Curling

same time to move themselves forward.

, ,

Subject: Skiing

,
.

double toe loop


In figure skating, a toe loop jump with two rotations in the air.

Two pushes in a row with the same leg and

Subject: Figure Skating

same ski.

Subject: Skiing


,
.

double track double-lane track


Two sets of main line track located side by side
designed for speed skating race.

double salchow
In figure skating, a salchow jump with two rota-

double lutz
in the air.

double grab

double occupancy

double push

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

Skiing technique when skiers use both poles at the

Subject: Figure Skating

double start

double flip

. -

Freestyle skiing jump.

Subject: Biathlon

double inverted
double draw

double stage trigger

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

tions in the air.

, -

Subject: Figure Skating

,
.

double tracks
Subject: Skiing

double somersault with twist

Freestyle skiing term used for two flips

double minor

with the rotation of the body around the

double tuck

Type of minor penalty in ice hockey given for

vertical axis.

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: two flips in the

() .

certain accidental infractions that result in an

Subject: Skiing

tuck position.

injury to another player or for certain deliberate

double helicopter

Subject: Skiing

attempts to injure an opponent that are unsuc-

Freestyle skiing aerial move in which the skier does a

cessful. Penalty time of 4 minutes is served,

: -

360-degree aerial turn, twice.

double the time of a normal minor penalty.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Ice Hockey

237

238

double twist
double twist

down weighing
. -

down weighing

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: a single layout flip with

1 Athletes weight transfer between skis or along

two twists.

each skis length, or the amount of the ski pressure

. -

Subject: Skiing

on snow.

Snowboarding term to describe lowering the cen-


:
.

ter of gravity by bending at the knees, thus apply-

dove release
Traditional ritual of the Opening Ceremony.

double upright

A symbolic release of doves acknowledges the

ing greater pressure directly to the boards edge.


Subject: Skiing

peaceful intent of the Games. This release may

tion of two moves in one jump.

be fashioned creatively but should clearly acknowl-

Subject: Skiing

edge its origins in Olympic Tradition. Live animals

should not be used. The symbolic release of doves

may take place at any time after the entry of

, -

the athletes but before the lighting of the

Olympic cauldron.

Term for a snowboard move in which the snow-

boarder grabs the board with both hands while

in the air.

Subject: Skiing


down-unweighting
Another term for cross-under.
Subject: Skiing


-.

downwind
Another term for tailwind.

Subject: Protocol

double-handed grab

Subject: Construction

1 () 2 ()

Freestyle skiing term that refers to the combina-

down-hole equipment

downgraded jump
Another term for underrotation.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Figure Skating

drafting
Skiing directly behind another skier in order to take

downhill (DH)

advantage of his/her slipstream. Drafting enables

, .

Alpine skiing event on the Paralympic program. In

the skier to do less work, and makes it easier to

. -

downhill, athletes race down a long, steep course.

maintain an even pace.

They must pass through a number of gates that

are used as checkpoints. The penalty for missing

a gate is disqualification. Each athlete is allowed

only one run down the course and athletes times

determine the order of finish.

Subject: Paralympic Games

double-tipped board
Another term for twin tip.
Subject: Skiing

down motion
Snowboarding term used to describe the athletes
motion down a halfpipes wall. It can also refer to

double-track line
Subject: Construction

Subject: Skiing

the process of lowering the athletes weight while

they are making a turn.

Subject: Skiing

Skiing directly behind another skier in order to take

drafting

, , -

advantage of their slipstream. Drafting enables the

, -

skier to do less work, and makes it easier to main-

Part of the opening ceremony. A symbolic release

. -

tain an even pace.

of doves acknowledges the peaceful intent of the

Subject: Biathlon

Games. This release may be fashioned creatively

but should clearly acknowledge its origins in Olym-

dove release

time after the entry of the athletes but before the


lighting of the Olympic cauldron.

down range
Subject: Biathlon

downhill (DH)
One of alpine events that features the longest

down time

after another and the fastest time determines the

Amount of time it takes a sled to finish the course.

winner.

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Subject: Skiing

.
.

course and the highest speeds in alpine skiing.


Each skier makes a single run down the course one

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

pic Tradition. Live animals should not be used. The


symbolic release of doves may take place at any

drainage gutter
Subject: Construction


drainage system
Subject: Construction

239

240

draw
draw

dressing room
draw schedule

Curling term for a shot that stops inside or in front


of the house.

of dress at all times, including shoes being worn at

Subject: Curling

all times. For access to the field of play or certain

key positions, photographers may be required to

Subject: Curling

white for ceremonies, etc.

Curling term for the calculation made by taking the

average distance of the last stone draws (LSD)

excluding the least favorable LSD, and used, if

required, to assist in the determination of ranking

-,

after a round robin.

. , -

Subject: Curling

Another term for face-off.


Subject: Ice Hockey

()
draw
Subject: General Sport Terms

1 2

Subject: Construction

respect a specific dress code, such as all black or

draw shot challenge (DSC)

, ,

draw

drilling rig

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

drilling site access


Subject: Construction


drilling starting diameter
Subject: Construction

z .

D-rings

Handles that are used to steer a bob. They get

their name from their shape.

, , -

..

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

D-
D -

draw around

draw the bye

dressing room

Another term for come around.

see bye

Another term for changing room.

Subject: Curling

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: General Sport Terms

-
-.

drinking water
Subject: Construction

dribbling
draw lots
Subject: General Sport Terms

draw weight

Another term for stickhandling.

Curling term for the momentum required for


a delivered stone to reach the house at the

Subject: Ice Hockey

Competitors or teams are assigned their start

/
-

Subject: General Sport Terms

, -

Speed skater who takes the inner track lane in the


race has the advantage. That is why start posi-

draw(ing)
tors. Can be either open (public) or closed (private).
Subject: General Sport Terms

tions at some distances are determined by a draw.

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

,
, ,

Another term for tunneling 1.

Subject: Construction

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton


Tool used to set gates and nets.
Subject: Skiing

,
.

driver accreditation
All drivers must possess and display an authorized
Olympic Accreditation Card at the VSA, otherwise

drill bit
Removable part of a drill used to set and nets.

a Turn-Away Notice would be issued.


Subject: Security

, -

.
.

dress code
Subject: General Sport Terms

draw room

driver
Another term for pilot.

Subject: Skiing

dredging

Subject: Ecology

Subject: Construction


drill

Process of allocating random numbers to competi-

draw of tracks

drifting

drinking water supply source

Subject: Curling

numbers based on manual or computer draw.

Subject: Ecology

playing end.

draw of start numbers

drinking water supply

drilling

Accredited photographers will be required to respect

Another term for boring.

a dress code specified by the OCOG and approved

Subject: Construction

by the IOC. This will include an appropriate standard

drivers handbook
Transport FA publication that contains directions,
venue info and mapping for the drivers.

241

242

drivers push bar


Subject: Games Services

duck stance
drop-in/drop-off areas

Specific areas within competition and non-compe-

tition venues or outside venues where vehicles (or

gondolas) arrive and depart and where passengers

wait to embark or disembark their vehicle.

Subject: Games Services

drivers push bar

to push the sled at the start.

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Snowboard stance which is useful for tricks by

removing the forward bias altogether, the feet

are angled outwards in opposite directions.

Subject: Skiing

duck stance


drivers breakroom

DRS

Subject: Administration & Office Management

; daily run sheet

Subject: Security

,
.

drivers lounge

drug test results

Waiting facility for drivers associated to venues,


facilities or parking areas.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

DSAS

detailed sport activity schedule

Subject: Planning & Integration

DSC
DRM

dual casing string


Part of a drilling rig.
delegation registration meeting
Subject: Games Management

Subject: Construction

drop pass
Mogul event that is a parallel race where two skiers

to pick up.

start at the same time, each with their own fall line.

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Skiing

, -

, -

drop-in (ramp)
Artificial ramp used by snowboarders to gain

dust preventive measures


Subject: Construction


dust seal

dust trapping
Subject: Ecology


dusty road conditions
Subject: Construction

dump truck

dwang

Another term for tipper.

Short transverse beam, usually horizontal, which is

Subject: Construction

found in a number of building structures and relies

, , ,

durable environmentally friendly materials

Subject: Ecology

dwell time
Time a vehicle (bus, truck, train, or ship) is allowed to

duration of the Paralympic Games


Duration of the Paralympic Winter Games shall
meet the requirements set by the Paralympic

dual reporting

on the rack, the longitudinal beams or masonry.


Subject: Construction

dumping fork
Subject: Construction

dual mogul

the puck behind for a teammate following him

Situation when a hockey player simply leaves

Subject: Curling

Subject: Games Services

DRM

Subject: Ecology

Another term for duck stance.

Subject: Construction
draw shot challenge

delegation registration meeting

duckfoot

ductile iron

dust collector

Subject: Construction

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Venues

Subject: Figure Skating

Retractable push bar on a bob used by a driver

duration of the program

load or unload freight at a terminal.


Subject: Games Services

Winter Games sport program, but in any case

, (,

speed for tricks and jumps.

Concept according to which at the Games time the

shall not be less than nine days or exceed

, )

Subject: Skiing

venue manager has ultimate responsibility to ensure

twelve days.

operations at the venue, while functional managers

Subject: Paralympic Games

, -

are responsible for maintaining Games-wide coordi-

nation and consistency.

Subject: Games Management

dynamic modulus of elasticity


Quantity determined by the ratio of stress to tensile

243

244

E stand
strain (contraction) in longitudinal vibrations in the
material, i.e. in a dynamic mode of the material.

earthmoving data

.

Subject: Construction

environmental compliance reports


Subject: Government Relations & Executive

early finish date (EF)

, -

In the critical path method, the earliest pos

() -

sible point in time on which the uncompleted por-

, . . -

tions of an activity (or the project) can start, based

on the network logic and any schedule constraints.


Early finish dates can change as the project pro-

ECR

Subject: Construction

earthmoving data

earthworks

EDC

Subject: Construction

environmental discovery center


EAS

Subject: Ecology

EDD

gresses and changes are made to the project plan.

enhanced amenity seating

explosives detection dog

Subject: Planning & Integration

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Security

EBU

EDGE

European broadcasting union

enhanced data rates for global evolution

( )

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Subject: Technology

. -

E stand
At each competition venue an E stand is re

served for people accredited in certain categories,


as listed in the Accreditation and Entries at the
Olympic Games - Users Guide. (e.g. journalists,
photographers).
Subject: Venues

early start
Premature start.

edge
emergency call centre

Metal strip along on the sides of skis or a

Subject: Security

snowboard.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: General Sport Terms

/
.

ECC

ECM

enterprise content management


Subject: Knowledge Management

edge

early start date (ES)

In figure skating, the visible tracing on ice pro-

eco-compatible waste management policy

In the critical path method, the earliest possible

point in time on which the uncompleted portions of

Obligatory policy of waste management and dis-

on a distinct curve.

(,

an activity (or the project) can start, based on the

posal for F&B providers.

Subject: Figure Skating

).

network logic and any schedule constraints. Early


start dates can change as the project progresses

EAC

and changes are made to the project plan.


electronic access control
Subject: Games Services

Subject: Planning & Integration

Subject: Games Services


( )

EAC

.
electronic access control

Subject: Security

,
, -

/.

edge

duced by a skater skating on one foot that is

e-commerce site

Outer or inner side of the skate blade.

Website, where the Games products are sold online.


Subject: Technology

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

()

, --

earned value (EV)


Another term for budgeted cost of work performed.

EAC

Subject: Planning & Integration


electronic access control
Subject: Technology

Subject: Venues

Subject: General Sport Terms

()

munity of living organisms in a particular area and


its non-living environment.

Subject: Ecology

earth-moving

Another term for non-exclusive access.

System involving the interactions between a com-

early access

edge
ecosystem

edge angle
1 Amount of angle between the snow and the
edge of the ski.

Amount of angle between the extension

Another term for earthworks.

of the ski sliding surface and the bottom

Subject: Construction

of the edge.

Subject: Skiing

245

246

edge change
1 2
1 .

EDU

.

, .

Means to transfer the pressure from the edge

amongst others, which will be integrated into the


Education FA

Olympic and Paralympic subject areas. Under the

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

guidance of the Educational Department, Sochis

edge tuner
Device designed for tuning edges of a snowboard.

edge change

EDU

Subject: Skiing

teachers have been delivering workshops for

education

subject teachers within the framework of testing

This area is responsible for encouraging young peo-

these modules for compliance with Organizing

ple, and through them their families, to understand

Committee procedures. Then, all these materials

of one ski to another.

and embrace the spirit of the Games, building

will be submitted to the Ministry of Education of

Subject: Skiing

a sense of involvement and participation in the

the Russian Federation for approval of their use at

Games and maximizing the educational benefit and

federal level.

learning outcomes for school students available

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

edge jump
In figure skating, a jump in which the skater takes

edges

Metal strips on the sides of each ski which aid

through the Games by building on opportunities

in snow gripping when pressure is applied to it.

inherent in the themes that underpin Olympism

Subject: Skiing

(such as technology, cultural diversity, environ-

2010

ment, pursuit of excellence, sport, globalization

11 -

off from an edge, without bringing the free foot in

and friendship) and student/community interest.

- -

contact with ice to assist the takeoff. The axel, loop

, ,

The OCOG may establish a functional area dealing

, , , . -

and salchow are common edge jumps.

with Education aspects.

Subject: Knowledge Management

. -

Subject: Figure Skating


, , () ,

. ,

edging edge setting

edge of a knoll
Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

, -

, ,

, ,

edging stone
Another term for edging stone.

, , , -

Subject: General Sport Terms


Before the Games the ONS editors oversee the

educational program

Sochi 2014 innovative educational program is de-

veloped to achieve three major strategic goals:

editor
edge of takeoff

Tilting onto the edge of skis or a snowboard.

To support the organization and delivery of the

Education FA (EDU)

Games in line with Sochi 2014 Strategic Vision.

Point of inrun where a jumper gets airborne/starts

timely and accurate loading of background mate-

At Games time EDU services will be focused on ed-

To form a new generation of Olympic enthusi-

the flight phase.

rial onto INFO and manage the athlete biographies

ucational excursion programs on Olympic objects

asts and professionals to constitute an unique

Subject: Skiing

project. During the Games the editors manage the

of Coastal Cluster, Mountain Cluster, Old Sochi,

human legacy of the Games.

MPC editing team and any content issues arising

etc. and International Olympic Youth Camp.

To initiate the creation of innovative schools to

at the venues.

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

support further development of sports and Olymp-


,
.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

edge release

ism in Russia and the world.educational program

will be split into two main areas - public education

--

and special education.

Reduction of the edge angle.

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

Subject: Skiing

INFO

, .. -

. -

-2014 -

edge stroke
Speed skating term that refers to an act of moving

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

educational modules

In 2010, 11 educational and methodological

-2014.

modules for humanities subjects in schools were

electronic document and records management

produced, with the collaboration of the Russian

system

International Olympic University. The subjects

Subject: Knowledge Management

covered were history, literature, music and art,

across the ice and gaining speed by using the edges


of the blades.

,
.

EDRMS

247

248

EF

ejector
ejector

Another term for extractor.

Subject: Biathlon

effluent

/.

Subject: Construction

EF


early finish date
Subject: Planning & Integration

Subject: Ecology

effective edge

Part of a snowboard edge that is in contact with


snow; does not include nose and tail edges.

.
, .

elbow pad
Molded pad that protects elbow joint, forearm

effluent

- .

and lower part of the shoulder.


Subject: General Sport Terms

electro-mechanical target system


Subject: Biathlon

eggflip
Snowboard trick. A rider performs an eggplant

Subject: Skiing

,
.

but chooses to flip over in order to re-enter the

, -

pipe instead of rotating 180 degrees.

; .

Subject: Skiing

electronic access control (EAC)


Electronic-based system which utilizes personalized photo-ID access cards to assist the VST in

elbowing

monitoring personnel movements into and out

Infraction in ice hockey for which the referee

of security restricted areas. Access control is not

calls

to be confused with venue or facility access and

. -

a penalty. It occurs when a player checks an op-

control, which is based on Games accreditation

Process aimed at identification, monitoring and

, 180

ponent using arms or elbows instead of body.

and screening procedures.

evaluation of indicators of task performance and

, .

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Games Services

efficiency management

achieving results by the OCOG employees of all


hierarchy tiers. KPI denominations and target values

eggplant

()

are updated in conformance to changes of the

Snowboard trick. A one-handed 180-degree

. ,

OCOG strategy. Following the results of target val-

backside rotated invert in which the front hand is

ues achievement, data for every employees annual

planted on the lip of the halfpipe wall.

bonus are calculated.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Planning & Integration

electric arc

, ,

180;

Electrical breakdown of a gas.

Subject: Construction

EIA

environmental impact assessment

() , -

Subject: Construction

Electronic-based system which utilizes personal-

electric power generation


Subject: Ecology


electric start signal

EIA
Process aimed at identification, monitoring and
evaluation of indicators of task performance and
achieving results by the OCOG employees of all

environmental impact assessment


Subject: Ecology

Situation when a player is sent to the penalty box

Subject: Games Management

for 2, 5, 10 minutes or till the end of the game.

, , -

restricting and monitoring personnel movements


into and out of security restricted areas and

Subject: Ice Hockey

to be confused with venue or facility access and


control, which is based on Games accreditation
and screening procedures.
Subject: Security

electric start signal


Subject: General Sport Terms

ejection

bonus are calculated.

Subject: Skiing

hierarchy tiers. Following the results of target values achievement, data for every employees annual

ized photo-ID access cards to assist the VST in

buildings such as the VSCC. Access control is not

efficiency/performance management

electronic access control (EAC)

()

,

electro-acoustic glasses

In Paralympic biathlon rifles are equipped with

special electro-acoustic glasses. They respond to

, -

signals coming from the target. The closer is the

, -

2, 5, 10

aim to the target center, the higher the tone is.

Subject: Paralympic Games

249

250

electronic access control (EAC)


electronic target system


electronic hog line device

Device in curling indicating if a stone had been

released by a player before the stone reached

the hog line at the delivering end.

Subject: Curling

electronic access control (EAC)


Electronic-based system that utilizes personalized
photo-ID access cards to assist the VST in restrict-

ing and monitoring personnel movements into and

, -

out of security restricted areas and buildings such

, -

as the VSCC. Access control is not to be confused

- -

with venue or facility access and control, which

procedures.
Subject: Technology

()

,

Snowboard trick. An invert in which the halfpipe wall

electronic target system


Subject: Biathlon

electronic news gathering (ENG)


Practice of using small video cameras and minimal

crew to record footage for the news.


Subject: Communications & Mass Media

is approached fakie, the rear hand is planted, the


rider rotates 360 degrees backside and lands boarding forward.
Subject: Skiing

electronic timekeeping
Subject: General Sport Terms

is based on Games accreditation and screening

elgeurial

: , ,
,
360

electronic timer

Timing device based on optical sensors, photo-

eligibility

finish system or transmitter worn by a competitor

and used to record when an athlete crosses the

According to the IPC Classification Code, to be

finish line.

eligible to compete, an athlete must have an im-

Subject: General Sport Terms

pairment that leads to a permanent and verifiable

, .
,

electronic news gathering crews


Subject: Communications & Mass Media

electronic rifle
electronic document and records
management system (EDRMS)

athletes ability to compete equitably in elite sport

, -

with athletes without impairment.

, -

Subject: Paralympic Games

In Paralympic biathlon competitions visually impaired athletes are shooting an electronic rifle

Technology based system used to manage the

that allows aiming by hearing. The closer is the

creation, use, maintenance and disposition of both:

aim to the center of the target the higher the

electronically created documents for the pur-

tone is. Different tones that occur when the rifle

activity limitation. The impairment should limit the

, ,

electronic timing
Subject: General Sport Terms

,
, ,
-

elements of the analysis of progress

pose of improving an organizations workflow

is moved, allow the shooter to find the exact cen-

electronically created records for the purpose

ter of the target.

Elements of the analysis of progress are as follows:

Subject: Paralympic Games

technical element

of providing evidence of business activities.


Subject: Knowledge Management

. -

client element

political element.

Subject: Games Management

eligibility
Subject: General Sport Terms

, -

, ,

, -

. -

In order for a competitor, coach, trainer or other

team officials to be eligible for participation in the

Games they must sign the Eligibility Conditions


Form which signifies that they will comply with the

electronic draw

electronic security

Another term for trestle.

the rules of the IF/IPSF concerned.

Subject: Construction

Subject: Games Services

cally transmitted or stored information. It is a part


of OPSEC.

Olympic Charter, the IPC Handbook, as well as with

to deny unauthorized persons access to electroni-

Subject: General Sport Terms


,

elevated road

Electronic security measures and practices used


Draw done by computer.

eligibility conditions form

Subject: Security

elevation mark

, , , -

Height of something above a given or implied place.

Subject: Construction

251

252

eligibility conditions form


, ,
/.

eligibility conditions form


In order for a competitor, coach, trainer or team
official to be eligible for participation in the
Olympic Games they must sign the eligibility
conditions form which signifies that they will

embarkation
eliminated team

embarkation

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Games Services

elimination and recultivation


of waste landfills in the Games region

embellishment
Situation when a hockey player exaggerates con-

Subject: Ecology

comply with the Olympic Charter as well as with


the rules of the IF concerned.
Subject: Games Management


,
, , -

elimination competition/event
Head-to-head race/competition that allows the fastest to advance while the slowest get dropped.

emergency call button


Emergency call buttons should be provided

eree into calling a penalty against the opposition.

in washrooms for wheelchair users. These

However sometimes this ends up in a unsports-

devices allow people that may have fallen

manlike conduct penalty being called against the

while making a transfer to or from the toilet

embellishing player.

to call for assistance.

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Security

tact made against him in order to entice the ref-

emergency alarms

Subject: Paralympic Games

, -

, -

/ -

. -

, -

; -

, .

elimination heat eliminating heat


eligibility criteria
According to the IPC Classification Code, criteria
detailing how an athlete may be considered eligible to compete shall be defined for each sport
by the respective IPSF. Each IPSF shall have

emblem

see elimination competition

Visual expression of the brand identity of the

Single centralized facility where all emergency

Subject: General Sport Terms

Games (mark or logo).

calls are received and either dealt with or redi-

Subject: Games Image

rected to the appropriate agency for action.


( ).

eligibility criteria based on the specific tasks


required to compete in each sport. As a consequence, an athlete may meet eligibility criteria
in one sport, but may not be eligible to compete

elimination of poaching
Subject: Ecology

Subject: Security

()
,

emblem usage guidelines

They contain all possible color versions of the em-

blem and backgrounds that it can be used on.

in another sport. Eligibility to compete should


be assessed in accordance with the classification

emergency call centre (ECC )

elimination races

Subject: Games Image

emergency communication protocol

code and the international standard for athlete

Form of competition where the loser retires after los-

evaluation.

ing one race.

pect packages, fire or any other incident relating

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: General Sport Terms

to public safety . They provide the application of

appropriate code words when transmitting the

, , -

, .

message on radio.

EMERCOM
Ministry of Emergencies

elimination system

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Security

embankment

Subject: Security

, ,

emergency (management) response

These protocols are designed for cases of sus-

Response procedures utilized in the resolution

, -

Artificial slope made of earth or stone that rises up

of an emergency.

from either side of a road or railway/railroad.

Subject: Security

Subject: Construction

emergency evacuation rehearsal

, -

Each venue team can conduct a full emergency

evacuation rehearsal led by the venue manager.

Subject: Games Management

253

254

emergency management

EMS staff
emergency plan

EMS staff

Subject: Security

EMS must be able to provide advanced life support,

emergency response team (ERT)


emergency management
Subject: Security

Subject: Security

There is ground and air ambulance.

complement of emergency medical technicians, vol-

unteers, doctors, nurses and/or paramedics.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Subject: Security

endangered species
Subject: Ecology

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

and this can be accomplished with the appropriate

emergency services
emergency medical service transport

employee assistance program

, -

endangered species list

Subject: Ecology

Off-site, professional, free and confidential coun-


, ,

seling service provided to employees for help in

/ .

endorsed brand structure

managing workplace and family problems.

emergency medical services (EMS)


This term generally refers to the community-

Subject: Workforce

enabling works

One of three options for organizing the

General term for demolition, remediation

brand structure, where the OCOG creates

(cleaning the soil) and general site clearance.

a new graphic mark for a program (e.g. torch

Subject: Construction

relay) and endorses it with the Games emblem

based ambulance teams. The term EMS can

refer to EMS staff including physicians, nurses,

paramedics, emergency medical technicians

, -

and to EMS resources, such as air ambulances

, ,

from the brand identity of the Games.

(e.g. med-evac helicopters), ground ambulances,

( )

Subject: Games Image

bicycle units, and special response units, such

empty net

end

Subject: Ice Hockey

care during transportation in special vehicle to


the higher level of care, to patients with acute

illnesses or injuries, which constitute a medical


emergency.

empty seats
Unused seats in the stands.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

- ,
Portion of a curling game that is completed when

each team has thrown eight stones and the score

(, -

has been decided.

/ ), -

Subject: Curling

,
, .

empty-net goal empty net goal


Goal scored against a hockey team that has taken

the goalkeeper off the ice and replaced him with

a forward.
Subject: Ice Hockey

, , -

, -

, .

end (zone)

Subject: Ice Hockey

energy consumption
Subject: Ecology

end line

Another term for goal line.


Subject: Ice Hockey

energy saving program


involving introduction of alternative power
Subject: Ecology

-
. -

energy conservation measures


Subject: Ecology

, , , -

),

.
, -

as medically equipped golf carts or gators. Emergency medical services provide initial emergency

or a selection of graphic elements that derive

end of the race

EMS

environmental management system

Subject: Ecology

end of the session check procedure

energy supply division

Subject: General Sport Terms

,
-

EMS

emergency medical services

Instructions on spectator egress and venue sweep

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

after the end of competition session.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Construction

255

256

energy supply section for the coastal cluster


energy supply section for the coastal cluster
Subject: Construction



energy supply section for the mountain cluster

enhanced marketing rights

engineering measures to ensure venue


safety and area control

Subject: Construction

engineering section

enhanced marketing rights


- .

Subject: Ecology

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

engineering systems section

ment, as well as regional and local authorities,

honor and enforce all commitments undertaken by

Seating that allows greater width in front of


the seat to allow people who use guide dogs or
have crutches or walking frames. An amount of
EAS should be provided in addition to wheelchair

enforcer

Traditional ritual of a victory ceremony that takes


place at the beginning of an event.

Host City, NOC and OCOG ensure that the govern-

Subject: Construction

enhanced amenity seating (EAS)


Subject: Ecology

entrance of the presenters


and the Olympic medalists

ensuring respect of commitments undertaken


by government and other authorities


non-rights holding broadcast organization

venues.

energy-saving lighting devices

entrance into curve


Subject: General Sport Terms

ENR

Subject: Administration & Office Management


-

One of the Administration and Office Manage-

Policy describing principles of energy reduction at

Subject: Marketing

ment FA sections.

energy use and greenhouse gas


emissions reduction policy

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Construction

radios and music.

Subject: Protocol

the government, and such authorities in relation to

planning, organization and staging of the Games.

Subject: Government Relations & Executive

entries
Process that provides the official entry of qualified

positions. These should be equitably distributed

-, -

Hockey player whose job is to intimidate the op-

and located at the ends of rows, and up or down

ponents, to fight, to shut down the most dangerous

as few steps as possible.

, ,

Subject: Paralympic Games

forwards of the other team and to protect most


valuable players of his team.
Subject: Ice Hockey

athletes into the Games.


Subject: Games Services

, -, -

ENT

entries process
ear, nose, and throat doctor

Process known as entries provides for the

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

official entry of qualified and eligible athletes

into the Games. (See Olympic Charter Rule 45


-

and its Bye-law)


Subject: General Sport Terms

, -

ENG


electronic news gathering

, , .

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

engine
Subject: Construction

enhanced data rates for global evolution


(EDGE)
Digital mobile phone technology add on to GPRS
enabling high data transmission rates, thus
enabling the delivery of multimedia and other

engine high idle


Subject: Construction


engineering infrastructure objects
Subject: Construction

enterprise content management (ECM)


Technologies used to capture, manage, store, preserve, and deliver content and documents related

to organizational processes.

, .

Subject: Knowledge Management

(. 45 -

broadband applications to cellphones and other

, ,

portable devices.

, , -

Subject: Technology

, -



GPRS,

entry
Subject: General Sport Terms


entry list (country, name, competition)
Subject: General Sport Terms

entertainment in dining area


Dining areas must be equipped with TVs,


(, , )

257

258

entry music

environment & sustainability reports

entry music

guage of the host country. The host countrys flag

factors (land, water and atmosphere), biologi-

Music played during the parade of athletes.

enters last. An athlete representative of that coun-

cal factors (animals, plants, and other forms of

Subject: Protocol

try carries each flag alongside and a name-board

life), and aesthetic factors (appearance, sounds,

environmental awareness
Subject: Ecology

bearer (again the country name is shown in three

smells, taste and textures). The OCOG may es-

languages). The name-boards shall be provided by

tablish a functional area dealing with environment

the OCOG and shall all be of equal size. The name-

aspects.

Reports that must be delivered by the Government

board-bearers shall be designated by the OCOG.

Subject: Ecology

Relations FA to the Environment FA.

entry of nations flags

The flag bearers place their flags in a semi-circle

environmental compliance reports (ECR)

Subject: Government Relations & Executive

Traditional ritual of the Closing Ceremony. After

adjacent to or behind the rostrum and join the

playing of the national anthem and before the

other athletes.

athletes parade, all of the nations flags enter

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

(, -

), (, -

) ( ,

the Olympic stadium. Led by Greece, these flags


enter in alphabetical order according to the lan-

guage of the Host Country. The Host Countrys

. -

, , ).

flag enters last. An athlete representative of that

, -

country carries each flag alongside and a name-

board bearer (again the country name is shown

in three languages). The name-boards shall be

provided by the OCOG and shall all be of equal

-. -

size. The name-board bearers shall be designated

. -

by the OCOG. The flag bearers place their flags in

, -

a semi-circle adjacent to or behind the rostrum and

, ,

join the other athletes.

Subject: Protocol

( -

environmental damage
Subject: Ecology

environment & sustainability reports


Subject: Ecology

environmental degradation/destruction

Environment FA (ENV)

environmental discovery center (EDC)

Subject: Ecology

).

ENV mission is to unite the OCOG team and

Center that is founded to educate people about

stakeholders to implement environmentally re-

the importance of the environment, as well as the

sponsible and sustainable approaches to planning

spirit of Olympism/Paralympism. Its objectives are to

, ,

and hosting the Games that protect unique and

raise environmental awareness, to promote environ-

. ,

important local and global natural resources.

mental stewardship and the principles of sustain-

- -

, -

Subject: Ecology

ability, to provide information on unique nature of

. ,

addressing environmental issues, as well as on the

history and the present development of the Olympic/

entry point on the venue

Paralympic Movement.

Subject: Security

Subject: Ecology

,
,

the region, on the latest developments aimed at

-.
- .

entry ramp

, ,

/-

( -

Beginning of a halfpipe, where an athlete starts

. : -

).

motion.

Subject: Skiing

. , -

environmental advising

, . -

Environment FA provides support and advice

concerning environmental issues to functions as

necessary and as requested.

Subject: Ecology

ENV
Environment FA

entry of nations flags

Subject: Ecology

Part of the closing ceremony. Preceding the


athletes parade, all of the nations flags enter

environment

, ,

/ .

environmental engineering
and monitoring section

the Olympic stadium. Led by Greece, these flags

Concept of environment includes all aspects of

One of the Environment FA sections.

enter in alphabetical order according to the lan-

the surroundings of humanity, including physical

Subject: Ecology

259

260

environmental enlightenment programs




environmental key-point action plan


plans, key FA activities and relevant service

environmental incident response at-venue during

, -

contracts.

overlay fit-out or teardown

, .

Subject: Ecology

working with/advising/supporting all relevant

environmental impact assessment (EIA)


environmental enlightenment programs

Assessment of the possible positive or negative

functional areas in the context of the venue


planning team.
Subject: Ecology

Sochi 2014 will further support environmental

impact that a proposed project may have on the

enlightenment strengthening environmental

environment, together consisting of the natural,

awareness in the management staff as well as in

social and economic aspects.

Subject: Ecology

, -

academic institutions.
Subject: Ecology


()

2014 -

, -

, .

,
.

environmental graphics
As opposed to printed graphics, environmental
graphics is a term describing three-dimensional

environmental impact
during construction works
Subject: Construction

Subject: Ecology

environmental impact
during construction works
Subject: Ecology

(, , , ..).

environmental incident notification procedure


Procedure describing the communications and

environmental graphics

environmental key-point action plan


Subject: Ecology


;


.

environmental legislation
Subject: Ecology

environmental monitoring
Subject: Ecology


environmental management

applications of graphics such as signage, banners, flags etc.

Administrative functions that develop, imple-

environmental monitoring projects

ment, and monitor the environmental policy of

Environmental experts and academics from

an organization.

Sochi 2014 will monitor and evaluate the flora

Subject: Ecology

and fauna in and around the site of the 2014

Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games. One of

the goals is to create the first comprehensive

, -

record of the regions herbs and edible plants.

Subject: Ecology

reporting requirements for at-venue personnel to

environmental management system (EMS)

As opposed to printed graphics, environmental

report environmental incidents to the appropriate

graphics is a term describing three-dimensional

environmental manager.

The EMS is a thoroughly structured system of

-2014 -

applications of graphics such as signage, ban-

Subject: Ecology

documents outlining panning procedures, respon-

sibilities, processes and resources necessary for

reaching Sochi 2014 environmental goals.

2014 .

Subject: Ecology

ners, flags etc.


Subject: Games Image



, -

, -

(-

, -

, , , ..).

environmental incident prevention


environmental impact assessment (EIA)
Assessment of the possible positive or negative
impact that a proposed project may have on the

Subject: Ecology

,
, ,
2014.

Subject: Construction


()

environmental projects and programs section


One of the Environment FA sections.
Subject: Ecology

environment, together consisting of the natural,


social and economic aspects.

environmental incident prevention


and response planning

environmental manager

Environmental managers have dual role

In coordination with relevant FAs and external

responsibilities:

agencies, ENV develops and integrates environ-

in-field staff training, compliance monitoring,

mental incident procedures into venue operational

systems troubleshooting, and supporting

environmental protection
Subject: Ecology

261

262

environmental protection organizations


environmental protection organizations
Subject: Ecology

environmentally responsible behavior

environmentalist

environmentally responsible behavior

Subject: Ecology

environmental requirements
fulfillment control

environmentally efficient construction

Subject: Ecology

, /-


, , ,

environmentally sensitive areas

Subject: Construction

Subject: Ecology

environmentally efficient construction

environment-friendly vehicles

environmental safety

Subject: Ecology

Subject: Ecology
Subject: Ecology

environmentally friendly
Subject: Ecology

environmental stewardship

Subject: Ecology

environmentally friendly
construction materials

Training program dedicated to environmental


,

.

Subject: Olympic Movement

devices. Controllers also supervise the equipment,


keep records of any infringements and report to

EOD

environmentally friendly
construction materials


explosive ordnance disposal

Subject: Security

. -

Subject: Ecology

Environment FA supports the Workforce FA in de-

environmentally friendly
waste management policy

veloping environmental components of workforce

Obligatory policy for F&B providers for waste

training programs, to deliver targeted environmen-

management and disposal.

tal messages regarding environmental incident

Subject: Ecology

prevention/response, general environmental best


practices (e.g. transportation, food/beverage, pa-

per use, waste management, energy conservation,

etc.) and other key topics.

Subject: Ecology

,
/
,

EPC

.
European Paralympic Committee

, ,
, ..) .

equitable education
Although not directly related to hosting the Para-

EPO

lympic Games, providing equitable education superythropoietin

ports the positive direction a Host City needs to

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

take to ensure that all its members, including people

with disabilities must have same the same access

to education at all levels, as anybody else in the


community.

equality of marks
Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Paralympic Games

environmentally friendly/safe materials


Subject: Ecology

equilibrium
Subject: Skiing

environmentally low impact venue

equipment

,
-
,

Subject: Construction


(, ,


, -

the jury.
Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Paralympic Games

environmental workforce education

Subject: General Sport Terms

maintenance of the necessary equipment control

equipment control

Official responsible for correct preparation and

awareness enhancement and behaviors.


Subject: Ecology

, ).

European Olympic Committees

Subject: Construction

environmental training program

, -

equipment controller
EOC

Another term for the environmental protection.


Subject: Ecology

(.,

environmentally low impact venue


Subject: Ecology

All items used by a concessionaire / caterer


that are deemed necessary for making, dis-

ERP system

pensing, serving, storing or selling of pro-

enterprise resource planning system

ducts (e.g., a visi-cooler, which is a refrigeration

Subject: Technology

unit with glass doors through which product


is visible, or a beer tap from which the beer

ERP system implementation division

is poured).

One of the Technology FA divisions.

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

Subject: Technology

263

264

error in the calculation of the results


ERP

eticket
the Games organization and staging.

error in the calculation of the results

, , -

European Paralympic Committee (EPC)


ETS

IPC regional organization for the Europe.


estimated team size

It is based in Vienna, Austria.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Paralympic Games

estimated project capital costs


euler jump

emergency response team

Estimated costs incurred on the purchase of land,

Subject: Security

buildings, contruction and equipment related to

Uncommon jump in figure skating, that is a full-

the Games organization and staging.

rotation jump with a loop jump entry and swing

Subject: Finance & Legal

leg landing.

erythropoietin (EPO)
Hormone that increases the rate of erythropoiesis.

().

European union of sports press (UEPS)


Organization that represents European sports

, -

for athletes. Erythropoietin is included in the pro-

, , -

hibited list.

()

Subject: Figure Skating

It can be used as a performance-enhancing drug

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

, -

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

Subject: Construction

ERT

eticket

estimated team size (ETS)

journalists. It is the biggest continental section


of AIPS and was established in 1977.
Subject: Communications & Mass Media

eurocarving

, -

NOCs/NPCs are required to provide their esti-

. -

mated number of athletes and team officials to

Snowboarding term used to describe a certain

/ -

the OCOG 12 months prior to the Games to assist

mode of riding, when a rider tries to approach

UEPS

. -

with the planning of Olympic/Paralympic Village

the slope surface without bending at the waist or

and other Games-related services.

other joints.

. 1977 .

Subject: Games Services

ES

Subject: Skiing

EV

early start date

12 /

, -

earned value

Subject: Planning & Integration

Subject: Planning & Integration

).

escort runner
Person who accompanies the torchbearer along

the Olympic Torch Relay route.

, -

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

Subject: Ice Hockey

European organization which is the worlds largest

evacuation

estimated time of arrival (ETA)

75 broadcasting organizations from 56 countries

Immediate and rapid movement of an injured or

Subject: Games Services

in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. The

suddenly ill person away from the scene to a safe

headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland.

location where more definite medical assessment

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

could be assured.


escorted person
estimated time of departure (ETD)

Subject: Games Services


escorting visually impaired people
Subject: Paralympic Games

at even strength

European broadcasting union (EBU)


confederation of national broadcasters. It includes

Subject: Games Services

EV

ETA


, -

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

. 75

- 56 ,

estimated time of arrival

. -

Subject: Games Services

().

escorting wheelchair users


Subject: Paralympic Games

ETD

European Olympic Committees (EOC)

evacuation/escape tunnel

estimated time of departure

Continental association formed to represent and

Subject: Construction

Subject: Games Services

further the interests of National Olympic Commit-

tees of Europe.

estimated project capital costs

ETD

Subject: Olympic Movement

Estimated costs incurred on the purchase of land,

explosive trace detection equipment

buildings, construction and equipment related to

Subject: Security

evaluating the Paralympic Games


Evaluation of the Paralympic Games is based on:
an IPC internal evaluation with input from all

265

266

evaluation

even-strength goal

functions and review of the Games-time issues

tracker database

part of the short track program. (See Olympic

feedback from the Games organizers in the

Charter Rule 46.2)

Host City

, ,
-

feedback from different clients who attended the

evaluation commission for candidate cities

m, 1,500 m, etc. races are events conducted as

Subject: General Sport Terms

. ,

cal aspects and services related to the Games, two

IOC President appoints an evaluation commission

, -

other elements play an important part in the post-

for candidate cities. These commissions shall each

Games evaluation of the Paralympic Games:

include IOC members, representatives of the IFs,

Games legacy on various levels, especially with

of the NOCs, of the Athletes Commission and

regard to social, cultural and sports aspects as well

of the International Paralympic Committee. Nation-

, . -

as to the media coverage and awareness

als of candidate cities countries are not eligible

, -, -

contribution of the Games to the values and vision

as members of the evaluation commission. Evalua-

of the Paralympic Movement; verification of coher-

tion commission shall study the candidatures of

ence and clarity of messages conveyed throughout

all candidate cities, inspect the sites and submit

the Games.

to all IOC members a written report on all candida-

Subject: Paralympic Games

tures no later than one month before the opening

date of the Session which shall elect the host city

Games.the analysis above mainly focuses on techni-

, 500, 1000,

even-strength goal
Subject: Ice Hockey


event

of the Games. (See Olympic Charter, Bye-law to

Short-time, non-formalized set of works aimed at a

Rule 34)

specified outcome. The event can be regarded as a

Subject: Olympic Movement

project to which a simplified document flow is ap-

;
-

plied due to its fugacity and low labor intensity.

1500 .. ,
-.
(. 46.2 )

event and venue security


planning department
Subject: Security

Subject: Games Management

event indicator

, .

- .

One of the indicators used to study the impact of

, -

the Games. An indicator is referred to as an event

, , -

indicator if what it measures is directly related to

, ,

, -

the Games, or it is highly probable that the staging

of the Games will have an impact upon what is to

be measured by that indicator.

. -

, -

-,

, -

Short-time, non-formalized set of works aimed at a

specified outcome. The event can be regarded as a

project to which a simplified document flow is ap-

, -

plied due to its fugacity and low labor intensity.

- . (. -

Subject: Planning & Integration

34 )

evaluation
Apart from the ongoing evaluation of the strengths

Subject: Games Management

event

,
.

, -

evaluation process

event leadership training

and weaknesses, the consolidated evaluation of

Evaluation process spans across all Games edi-

, -

Event leadership training prepares those in leader-

the outcome of each Games takes place at the end

tions. It is conducted in both pre-Games and post-

ship roles to be able to successfully supervise

of the project, followed by the necessary actions

Games phases, and is incorporated into the man-

a primarily volunteer workforce in a large event

to improve the defined framework and processes.

agement and assistance activities performed by

Evaluation is one of the four elements of the IOC

the IOC. However, only the evaluation conducted in

Games management approach.

the post-Games phase provides the complete pic-

Each sport and discipline has at least one event.

Subject: Games Management

ture of the Games and allows for final conclusions

An event is defined in the Olympic Charter as a

to be drawn. It is critical to analyze all aspects of

competition in a sport or in one of its disciplines,

the Games at this important stage and identify the

resulting in a ranking and giving rise to the award

key lessons for subsequent Games.

of medals and diplomas. For example in short

Subject: Games Management

track, which is a skating discipline, 500 m, 1,000

environment. Event leadership training is the re-

event

sponsibility of workforce training and development


department.
Subject: Workforce

267

268

event security & asset protection department


events and marketing services manager

exceptional circumstances

. -

Exceptional circumstances, as regards to inter-

- ..

national standard for protests and appeals, will

event security & asset protection


department
Subject: Security

arise if a chief classifier believes that an athletes

events and marketing services manager

This person is responsible for developing and ex-

athletes ability to compete equitably within that

. -

ecuting marketing and communications projects,

sport class.

including major marketing partner conferences,

, -

hospitality events, marketing partner communi-

cations, marketing partner recognition plan and

other project management.

, -

Subject: Marketing

event security at road events


Subject: Security


event services
The term relates to planning and management
of various services for ticketed spectators and ac-

, .

event services planning


and integration section
Subject: Games Services

and venues, ticket taking, ushering, lost and


found services, crowd monitoring and information
provision. The OCOG may establish a functional
area dealing with event services aspects.

, ,

, -

, ,
- .

excessive assuring
Subject: Construction

event support division


One of the Protocol FA divisions.

event-specific scratch-and-draw lottery


Subject: Games Commercial Activity

Subject: Protocol

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Paralympic Games

-, -

credited persons. Responsibilities typically include


design of spectator flow throughout precincts

confirmed sport class no longer reflects that

events and marketing services department

excessive pressure of natural gas


Subject: Ecology


exchange point
Where one OTR segment ends and the next

evolved road plan

OCOG department responsible for:

Comprehensive planning and execution of major

marketing partner conferences and meetings,, and

related hospitality events.

Planning any additional hospitality events as

required.

Event Services FA

, ,

Development and execution of comprehensive

Subject: Games Services

, ,

marketing partner recognition plan and ongoing

tracking of initiatives.

Development and execution of regular communi-

, -

cations to marketing partners, etc.

Event Services FA (EVS)

Subject: Construction

Event Services directly serves all Olympic

, :

and Paralympic client groups through two

distinct areas of responsibility: spectator experi-

--

ence and event stewarding. These services are

provided consistently across training, competition

and non-competition venues. High service levels

for these areas demand detailed planning with a

, ;

wide range of OCOG functions and with external

partners and stakeholders.

- -

Subject: Games Services

passes and another torchbearer receives the


flame.
Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

EVS

exact starting time


Subject: General Sport Terms

exchange zone controller


Controller helps to organize the waiting team
member of each relay team, ensuring that they

Subject: Marketing

begins. It is the point at which one torchbearer

excavating bucket
Subject: Construction

do not enter the exchange zone until their currently team member is seen to be approaching
the exchange zone.
Subject: Skiing

excavator
Subject: Construction



- ,
,

excavator back hoe


Subject: Construction

,
, .

269

270

exchange zone controller


exchange zone controller

exclusive usage of partners products


and all Sochi 2014, or ROC direct or indirect

products and services of Olympic Games

Controllers help to organize the waiting team

events and functions, including social events, work-

sponsors at the venue (and re-brand existing

member of each relay team, ensuring that they do

shops, meetings, test events, vending machines in

products and services, to the extent necessary

Sochi 2014 offices and at all cultural events and,

to respect the exclusive rights granted to Olympic

to the extent possible, at all hotels under contract

sponsors).

not enter the exchange zone until their currently


team member can be seen to be approaching the

exchange zone pre-caller

exchange zone.

Person who calls out the bib numbers of the ap-

with, or under the control of, Sochi 2014.

Subject: Biathlon

proaching skiers to help the next competitor move

Subject: Marketing


,
, -

into the exchange zone to accept the tag.


Subject: Biathlon

Subject: IP Protection

-2014 ,

-, /

, ,

, ,

, -

, -

, (

-2014 ,

) -

, ,

-2014 ,

, , ,

, -

exchange zone judge/referee


This judge ensures that a proper tag is made
on the next athlete. Should a legal tag not take

exchange zone/area

place before the next competitor exits the ex-

Area of the relay course where one teammate

, , -

change zone, a judge must record the fact and

tags off to the next teammate.

, -2014

( -

Subject: General Sport Terms

, -

report it to the jury as soon as possible.


Subject: Skiing


, -


,
.

exclusive usage of partners products


events, where appropriate. If marketing partners

exclusive access

).

Partners products should be used at all OCOG

exclusive use period

products are unavailable, the competitive manufac-

Period during which the OCOG has exclusive use

Period prior to, during and after the Games-time,

turers name should be covered.

of the venue and the perimeter area, until the

when the OCOG controls access to a venue for

Subject: Marketing

turnover date.

Olympic and/or Paralympic use. Bump-in, fit-out,

move-in, Games operations, move-out and bump-

exchange zone judge/referee


This judge ensures that a proper tag is made

Subject: Games Management

out occur during the exclusive access period.

, -

Subject: Venues

- -

on the next athlete. Should a legal tag not take

place before the next competitor exits the ex-

change zone, a judge must record the fact and

report it to the jury as soon as possible.

. -

Subject: Biathlon

, ,

Term refers to the exclusive right to use and oc-

, -

cupy the venue and the perimeter area.

Subject: Games Management

exclusive use

. -

exclusive use period(s)

exclusive right-of-way

Venue use period during which one or moreareas


are dedicated to the exclusive use of the OCOG.
Subject: Venues

(-)

, -

Highway or other facility that can only be used

by buses or other transit vehicles.

Subject: Games Services

exchange zone pre-caller

exclusive use of sponsor products


EXE

Person who calls out the bib numbers of approach-

In accordance with the Candidature Procedure

ing skiers to help the next competitors enter the

and Questionnaire, during the period of the Games

Executive FA

exchange zone and accept the tag.

(including Olympic and Paralympic Games) and

Subject: Government Relations & Executive

Subject: Skiing

sufficient time ahead of the Games for the OCOG

exclusive supply and presence

to adequately prepare the venue for the Games,

Sochi 2014 shall ensure that partners products are

the venue owner / manager must agree that the

the only products served at all Sochi 2014 offices,

OCOG shall have the right to exclusively use

execution of movement
Subject: General Sport Terms

271

272

executive assistant to OCOG first vice president


executive assistant to OCOG
first vice president

existing venues
existing venues

- -

Venues with or without permanent works (retrofit)

Subject: Government Relations & Executive

to be performed.

. ,

Subject: Venues

( ),

Executive FA (EXE)

- .

, -

Games-time role of the Executive function is to

provide a high quality and 24/7 support of busi-

-.

exit interview

ness activities of the OCOGs President and First


Vice President. The list of Executive function operations at the Games time is as follows:
administrative support (running the
calendar, etc.)

exessive use of electricity

Interview conducted with a departing employee.

Small space that is in-between two sections

Another term for overuse of electricity.

The purpose of an exit interview is to ascertain

of the sliding track to allow for expansion

Subject: Ecology

causes of the employee turnover, and to settle

or contraction of the track brought about

financial aspects between the employee and the

by changes in temperature.

organization.

speech writing coordination


managing requests for tickets, accreditations,
etc., received by the President and First
Vice President

exhaust air recovery


Subject: Ecology

preparation of documents for the meetings,


organization of the meetings in cooperation
with other FAs
control for the execution of the instructions

exhaust pipe
Subject: Construction

Subject: Workforce

Subject: Construction



existing host city venues
Host City venues that will be used during the Games

time with or without permanent works (retrofit) to

be performed.

Subject: Construction

, -

-,

. .,

-;

,

;

-.

- ,

, -

,
.

exit line
Subject: General Sport Terms

expense commitments

existing signage cover-up


Subject: Games Image

no actual payment has been made.


Subject: Finance & Legal


, ,

exit of the curve

..);

Obligations entered into by the OCOG for which

exhaust retarder

- .

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

, -

given by the President and First Vice President.


Subject: Government Relations & Executive

expansion joint

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

explanatory books
Explanatory books contain all pertinent information

exit process

relating to each sport for team leaders, including

Processing workforce after the Games: contracts

venue information, specific Games-related rules,

termination, post-Games payments, and outplace-

competition schedules, accommodation, transport,

ment services, where applicable.

weather, etc.

Subject: Workforce

Subject: Games Management

: ,

, ,

, -

, -

, .

, ,
, ,

expanded clay

, , .

Subject: Construction

executive housing
Many marketing partners require high-level ex

existing utility infrastructure

ecutive housing for their senior management

andthat already exist at the venue.

personnel. It is suggested that the OCOG de-

Subject: Construction

velops a relationship with a local real estate


company or agency to evaluate and manage

High voltage system up to main transformer

exploratory design
Subject: Construction

expanded public transport network

Public transport network that includes


metro connection with the city center and

explosive ordnance disposal (EOD)

a large pool of taxis and car rental vehicles.

Detection, identification, field evaluation, rendering

such alternative accommodations for marketing

It is considered essential towards serving

safe, recovery and disposal of unexploded ord-

partner requirements.

, -

spectators transport needs.

nances.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Security

273

274

explosive trace detection equipment (ETD)


()
, , ,
, -

expressway
Subject: Construction

expulsion
explosive trace detection equipment (ETD)
Subject: Security

Subject: Construction

()
extender cue
In wheelchair curling players may use an extender

explosives detection dog (EDD)

external creative agency


external creative agency
External creative agency designs core elements of

Process of an external nature against the one under

the Look of the Games (e.g. colors/pattern, med-

consideration. External processes can be either

als, podiums, pictograms, etc.).

other OCOGs business processes or third parties

Subject: Games Image

business processes.

(, /, -

. -

, , .).

--

cue to throw the stone. This cue has a plastic cap

, -

external entity

and can be attached to the handle of the stone to

sweep or search to thepresence of explosive mate-

push it along the ice.

Any organization, other than the OCOG, that is

Subject: Paralympic Games

associated with hosting the Games. A typical

of explosives.
Subject: Security

,

, -

external screening
Third, low level of vehicle security screening. Its

municipal police authority.

purpose is to confirm that previous security screen-

Subject: Finance & Legal

ing of an authorized vehicles for athlete traveling


, ,
.

external agency/entity
Any organization, other than the OCOG, that is

explosives management

example of an external entity is the national or


, .

Subject: Planning & Integration

Dogs that are trained to respond during a security


rials or those substances that indicate the presence

external process/interface

is compromised (i.e. the vehicle is still clean).


Subject: Security

- -

. ,

associated with hosting the Games. A typical

, -

external hydraulic hoist

Refers to the prevention and response measures

example of an external agency is the national or

applied to the handling of explosive devices, impro-

municipal police authority.

Mechanism most often used in smaller vehicles

Subject: Games Management

for wheelchair users access. It is usually installed

- .

vised explosive devices and threats.


Subject: Security

1,000 mm.

Partner branded signs posted on the outside facade

Subject: Paralympic Games

of a concession / kiosk facility or placed in the

ternal signage is very carefully examined to ensure


it is not visible from field of play, spectator seating

All groups that are implicated in the Olympic and

or broadcast camera position and is, as a general

Paralympic Games that are not part of the IOC,

rule, extremely limited.

IPC, NOC, NPC or OCOGs administration.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Second of two marks awarded for the compulsory

dance in ice dance according to 6.0 Scoring System,

, -

that was the judging system used in competitive

, , , .

Subject: Figure Skating

external process
der consideration. External processes can be either

, ,

other OCOGs business processes or third parties

, ,

All groups that are implicated in the Olympic and

business processes.

Paralympic Games that are not part of the IOC,

Subject: Games Management

external clients

IPC or OCOGs administration.

, -

Subject: Games Management

. ,

. -

--

, -

, -

2005 ,

, .

/ , /.

1000 .

Subject: Games Image

, ,

Process of an external nature against the one un-

figure skating until 2005, when it was replaced by


the ISU Judging System.

outside vicinity of a concession / kiosk area. Any ex-

external clients

expression mark

external signage

or lowered to/off the height of approximately

. -

, -

Subject: Administration & Office Management

at the back of the van or bus and can be raised

, ,

express mail service

, -

external signage
Partner branded signs posted on the outside facade
of a concession / kiosk facility or placed in the

275

276

extinguishing the Olympic /Paralympic flame

extreme service shoe

outside vicinity of a concession / kiosk area. Any

and volunteers, or in case of high attrition rate

-. -

external signage is very carefully examined to

attraction of extra staff and volunteers to cover

ensure it is not visible from the field of play, spec-

losses.

tator seating or broadcast camera position and is,


as a general rule, extremely limited.
Subject: Games Commercial Activity

Subject: Workforce

extreme service shoe


Subject: Construction

/.

Type of base construction of a snowboard. An ex-

, ,

truded base generally consists of the plastic base

extractor

Fitting in many firearms for removing spent

cartridges.

Subject: Biathlon


extinguishing the Olympic /Paralympic flame
At the conclusion of the closing ceremony, a

, -

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

Subject: Curling

extruded base

Subject: Skiing

//

, ,
,
.

F
flip (jump)
Subject: Figure Skating

eye care

solemn fanfare or music is played as the Olympic/


Paralympic flame is extinguished.

Another term for electronic hog line device.

material melted into its form.

eye on the hog

extra-end extra end

Ophthalmologic and optometric services provided

F&B

Curling term for an additional end played to break

at the Olympic/Paralympic Village polyclinic and

food and beverage

a tie at the end of regulation play.

available only on an emergency basis. Services

Subject: Ecology

Subject: Curling

include:

initial diagnosis and treatment of eye injuries and

F&B

, -

eye diseases

food and beverage

/ .

replacement of eye glasses and contact lenses.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

extinguishing the Olympic flame


At the conclusion of the Closing Ceremony, a


Extranet

food and beverage


Subject: Games Commercial Activity

solemn fanfare or music is played as the Olympic

System that automizes business-process of inter-

flame is extinguished.

action between entities, involved into preparation

Subject: Protocol

of the Sochi 2014 Games, over controlled access.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

-2014.

At the conclusion of the Paralympic Games Clos-

Concession / kiosk that sells food and beverage.


Subject: Games Commercial Activity

/
/ ,

eye care
Ophthalmologic and optometric services provided

Extranet

F&B concession/kiosk

extinguishing the Paralympic flame

F&B

(),

F&B information

at the Paralympic Village polyclinic and available

Information on F&B provided to potential guests.

as the Paralympic flame is extinguished.

Intranet for stakeholders and media. Provides

only on the emergency basis. Services include:

FAB or/and F&B provider gives information, printing

Subject: Paralympic Games

accreditation to media and all necessary

initial diagnosis and treatment of eye injuries and

of brochures or dispatching of electronic information.

press materials. Extranet includes joint

eye diseases

Subject: Games Services

events calendar, monitoring and analytical

replacement of eye glasses and contact lenses.

materials for stakeholders.

Subject: Paralympic Games

ing Ceremony, a solemn fanfare or music is played

Subject: Technology

-
extra workforce selection and recruitment

(),

During the transition period there is a possibility

of late appointment of Paralympic-specific staff

. :

277

278

f/s
f/s

face-off leader
face mask

face-off leader

frontside

Protective mask worn by the goalkeeper in ice

Ice hockey player who is good at face-off.

Subject: Skiing

hockey. It is made of thick wire or thin metal

Subject: Ice Hockey

, -

bars. Masks are fitted to the players face and

FA

can withstand multiple high-speed impacts from

functional area

pucks.

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Ice Hockey

()

facility management
OCOG may establish a Facility Management

face-off spot

function that is responsible for operations and

Various circular spots on the ice hockey field where

management of all engineering infrastructure,

an official and two players hold a face-off to begin or

e.g. water, sewage, power and energy supply.

to resume the action of the game. There are four red

Subject: Venues

functional area

face-off spots located in the neutral zone and two red

Subject: Olympic Movement

, .

face-off spots located at each end of the ice.

Subject: Ice Hockey

FA

face of a mogul

functional area

/
/

Subject: Skiing

FA
Subject: Planning & Integration

, , -

..

face-off

Method of starting an ice hockey game, in which

facing (work)
Outer layer or coat of material applied to the sur-

, .

the referee drops the puck between two oppos-

FA Construction Coordination and Overlay


(CC&O)

ing players standing one stick length apart with

face of a wall.

facility

Subject: Construction

stick blades flat on the ice. Players attempt to

Non-competition site, typically a support function,

Objective of Construction Coordination and Over-

gain control of the puck after it is dropped be-

operated by the OCOG and/or its partners (not neces-

lay is to monitor permanent venues design and

tween their sticks onto a face-off spot on the ice.

sarily a multi-functional venue team), not necessarily

construction implemented by others; to design and

It is used to begin each period or to resume play

located within a secure perimeter, not necessarily

construct the overlay and temporary power supply,

when it stopped for other reasons.

subject to the exclusive use of the OCOG, used to

lighting and cabling systems. At the Games time

Subject: Ice Hockey

deliver the Games.

finance and accounting department

Subject: Construction

Subject: Finance & Legal

the function is responsible for overlay and energy

()

management.

Subject: Construction

, -

, .

FAD

/ ( -

, .

).

, -

, .

fail to fire
see misfire
Subject: Biathlon

failure to fire
Another term for misfire.

;
,

face-off circle

facility

Subject: Biathlon

Various circles on the ice hockey field where an

Non-competition site, typically a support function,

official and two players hold a face-off to begin

operated by the OCOG and/or its partners/agencies

or to resume the action of the game. There is

(not necessarily a multi-functional venue team), not

one blue face-off circle on the rink and two red

necessarily located within a secure perimeter, not

Another term for cowl(ing).

face-off circles are found at each end of the ice.

necessarily subject to the exclusive use of the OCOG,

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Subject: Ice Hockey

used to deliver the Games.

FAB
Food and Beverage Services FA
Subject: Games Services

FAB

fairing

Subject: Venues

Food and Beverage Services FA

/ (

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

).

fake
Another term for deke.
Subject: Ice Hockey

279

280

fakie

fast track method


false work

fakie

Subject: Construction

Snowboarding term that refers to riding/landing


backwards.

fast track method


Project delivery method in which the owner

engages different entities to design and construct

Subject: Skiing

faulting
Subject: Construction

the facility, however the construction contractor

family of sign types

is selected at an early stage of design. The design

FCC

, /

Set of graphics designed to be recognized as a

is then developed in packages (i.e. foundations,

functional command center

whole, each sign type a subset of a larger vision,

structure, exterior finish, interior finish) that allow

Subject: Games Management

held together by common typeface(s), color(s)

construction to start before all elements of the

geometries and use(s).

design are complete. Under this approach, if a

Subject: Games Image

prime contractor is selected for all packages, the

functional command center

subcontract or trade work may be competitively

Subject: Planning & Integration

fall
Subject: General Sport Terms

fall line

FCC

bid for each design package as it is developed.

FCC

, ,

The project is constructed under the oversight

Most direct route from the top to the bottom

of the designer and/or the owners representa-

functional command center

of a slope or a jumping hill.

tive. Financing of the project is provided by the

Subject: Security

Subject: Skiing

facility owner.

, ,

Subject: Construction

/
/

,
.

fallen jump
Subject: General Sport Terms


falling on the puck

fare

moment of use.

Subject: Games Services

(,

fascias
seating areas.

. -

his body while lying on ice.

Subject: Games Image

,
, -

fast dance

. -

Dance in figure skating: kilian, quickstep or paso

doble.

Subject: Figure Skating

Subject: General Sport Terms

FD
functional division
Subject: Games Management

fast-fill fuel system


Subject: Construction

fast spin

Situation when an athlete taking part in a race

Element in figure skating, in which skaters rotate

starts before the official signal has been given.

on their vertical axes at a speed.

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Figure Skating

Subject: Finance & Legal


false start

finance department

, , , -

false calculation

FD

, -

. ,
, ,

FCD
Subject: Construction

ately falls on the puck, or gathers the puck under

, -

Subject: Security

), ,

FCC director

final completion date

Linear decorations placed in front of the spectator

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Workforce

, , -

goalkeeper closes his hand on the puck, deliber-

functional command center

,
Price paid by the user of a transport service at the

Infraction in ice hockey which calls for a minor


penalty. It occurs when a player other than the

FCC

FD
free dance
Subject: Figure Skating

fault
Subject: Construction

Federal Border Service (FPS)


One of the security organizations for the Sochi
2014 Games that is responsible for sealing and

fault

, ,

, ,

Another term for offense.

Subject: General Sport Terms

protecting the borders of the Russian Federation.

Subject: Security

()

281

282

federal government bodies

feeder road

-2014,

transport systems, power generation installations,

water supply systems and new biological waste

facilities. The FTP Directorate works to achieve

feeder road
Subject: Construction

economically viable and environmentally sustain-

Subject: Government Relations & Executive


Federal Guard Service (FSO)
One of the security organizations for the
Sochi 2014 Games that is responsible for

furniture, fixtures and equipment

Subject: Games Services

these sustainability objectives by delivering

federal government bodies

FF&E

feeding station

able design and operation through an approach of

There is a number of feed stations along the

public inclusiveness

ski course to provide drinks and sometimes

Subject: Ecology

snacks for the competitors.

It is required for photo agencies to transmit im-

Subject: Skiing

ages from venues.


. -
()

fiber optic cabling

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

protective security for domestic and international

dignitaries.

Subject: Security

. , ,

()
-

, -

-2014,

Federal Security Service (FSB)


One of the security organizations for the Sochi

terrorism and border control.


Subject: Security

()

Subject: Construction

-
FIBT
fence fabric

International Bobsleigh and Tobogganing


Federation

fences, usually in a decorative treatment that

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

supports the Look of the Games design program.

Federation of Ski Jumping


and Nordic Combined of Russia
Russian Ski Jumping and Nordic Combined
Federation
Disciplines: ski jumping, Nordic combined

-2014,

Subject: Sport Federations

Subject: Construction

Materials used to cover existing or temporary

feller buncher

2014 Games that is responsible for national


security and intelligence functions including anti-

fibre glass

Because of the large amount of security fencing

field of play (FoP)

at venues, fence fabric provides a large visual bar-

Area used for a sporting competition plus

rier at the entrance and perimeter of the venue or

the immediate and surrounding support

common domain.

areas at which a boundary separates the

Subject: Games Image

attendant spectators. The design and specifi-

cations of each field of play varies from one

sport to another and are in accordance with

IF rules. As such, the boundaries of the FOP

, -

: ,

and activities permitted to take place in it are

distinct for each sport. In sporting vernacular,

the FOP is often referred to as court, field, dia-

mond, pool deck, track, ring, course, arena

(or similar name).

Federal Service for Hydrometeorology


and Monitoring of Environment
(Roshydromet)

federation stand
At each competition venue, a federation stand
is reserved for people from the International

Subject: Ecology



()

Federation governing the sport being staged


at that venue.
Subject: Venues

,
,

Subject: Ecology

feed

array of infrastructure projects in Sochi, including

Subject: Construction

Subject: Ecology

Subject: Ice Hockey


,
.

FF&E

. ,

furniture, fixtures and equipment

Subject: Administration & Office Management

. -

Another term for pass.

()

fertilizer

Program that was established to deliver a broad

fertile layer

Federal Service for Surveillance


in the Sphere of Nature Management

Federal Target Program


for the development of Sochi (FTP)

Subject: Construction

FF&E

, , , -

furniture, fixtures and equipment

, , , , (

Subject: Construction

).

283

284

field of play (FOP)


field of play (FOP)

field player fielder


.

and its surrounding area is probably the most

while sliding on ice skates. Figure skating at the

For the purposes of generic definition, FOP is

important part of work for the Look of the

Olympic Games includes both mens and ladies

defined as the area used for sporting competition

Games Program. It is the area most covered dur-

individual events, pair skating, ice dance. In 2011,

plus the immediate and surrounding support ar-

ing broadcast, where the athlete competes and

the IOC confirmed the inclusion of figure skating

eas at which a boundary separates the attendant

acts as inspiration to his/her psychology with the

team event in the program of the Olympic Winter

spectators. The design and specifications of each

Games marks all around.

Games of 2014 in Sochi.

Subject: Games Image

Subject: Figure Skating

field of play varies from one sport to another


and are in accordance with IF rules. As such, the

field of play advertising (FPA)

,

,

( )

boundaries of the FOP and activities permitted

No kind of demonstration of political, religious or

to take place in it are distinct for each sport. In

racial propaganda is permitted at the accredited

sporting vernacular, the FOP is often referred to

Paralympic venues and sites. Approved commercial

as court, field, diamond, pool deck, track, ring,

installations and field of play advertising signs are

course, arena (or similar name).

allowed at the Paralympic competition venues. The

(, , ,

Subject: General Sport Terms

FPA program concerns all commercial and non-

.) .

commercial Look of the Games installations on the

: -

field of play that are visible for TV cameras, pho-

, ,

tographers and spectators throughout the com-

, ,

petition. All other commercial installations within

. -

. 2011 -

. -

a Paralympic competition venue are subject to the

IPC approval. IPC will decide upon such installa-

tions on a case-by-case basis.

2014 .

Subject: Paralympic Games

()

.
, ,

, ,

, , , , ,

, , (

. -

).

figure skating blades


field player fielder

Figure skating blades used during competitions

Another term for skater.

must be sharpened to produce a flat to concave

Subject: Ice Hockey

cross section without change to the width of

the blade as measured between the two edges.


However, a slight tapering or narrowing of the

fighting

cross section of the blade is permitted.

Infraction in ice hockey which calls for a major

penalty. It occurs when two or more play-

No field of play advertising is permitted at the

ers drop their sticks and gloves and fight. If a

Games. The challenge of the FPA program is to

referee deems one player to be the instigator,

ensure that sponsors are provided with the good

that player also receives a minor penalty and a

branding opportunities and locations possible,

, ,

misconduct penalty.

while ensuring a clean and well-presented Field

Subject: Ice Hockey

of Play that can be identified as being part of

. - -

the Games. This is achieved through integrating

sponsors into the Look of the Games program.

. ,

The Games are the only major sporting event in

field of play advertising (FPA)

. ,

the world, where there no advertising is allowed


either in stadium or on athletes.
Subject: Marketing

field of play security/protection


Protection against unauthorized intrusions onto

field of play surround

figure skating boots


Boots made of thick, stiff leather, with extra

laces and wide tongues, which provide the ankle


with both flexibility and support. They are usually

figure skater
Subject: Figure Skating

()

custom-made.
Subject: Figure Skating


, -

figure skating

, ,

the field of play.


Subject: Security

Subject: Figure Skating

()

Olympic discipline in which individuals, or pairs

All places around the field of play and mixed

perform spins, jumps, footwork and other

zone at the competition venues. The field of play

intricate and challenging moves set to music

, -

285

286

Figure Skating Federation of Russia


Figure Skating Federation of Russia
Russian Figure Skating Federation

final design
FIMO

Discipline: figure skating

Final design includes:

Document describing the project final totals and

Subject: Olympic Movement

adjustments to venue master plan based on func-

ways of their realization. It contains the plan/ac-

tional operational input

tual analysis of the key project indicators; it also

final space programs

generalizes and registers the experience acquired

International Federation of Sports Medicine

complete FOP drawings - showing the entire FOP

within the framework of the project.

Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

to ensure it meets the specified standards

Subject: Games Management

FIMS

of the respective International Federations, including

figure skating program

final project report

International Olympic Memorabilia Federation

Subject: Sport Federations

final design

final

position of all technical and sport officials and equip-

Skating elements set to music and performed by

Last round of a competition.

ment during competition

a skater in a defined length of time. The order of

Subject: General Sport Terms

construction documents for overlay installation

- -

Olympic operational drawings (includes client

flows and identifies specific room usage)

elements, the location of the elements performance


on the rink and the music should reflect the idea of

a program, its integrity is one of the criteria for the


panel of judges. There are two programs for every

accreditation drawings

final approval for accessibility

interiors drawings (FF&E)

final project report

skating and ice dance event, including the Olympic

Following the testing and after implementation

final technology equipment layouts (PC, TV, fixed

Final project report is developed by the project

Games events.

of any corrective actions deemed necessary, final

phones etc.)

leader or project manager before its completion.

Subject: Figure Skating

sign-off of venues conformity in terms of accessi-

technology network and cabling design docu-

This document includes analysis of plans confor-

bility and inclusiveness should be done by indepen-

ments approved for implementation

mity to actual implementation.

dent accessibility experts.

updated statement of probable cost.

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Construction

. ,
-

Subject: Planning & Integration

. -

, -

, , -

. -

, ,

- ;

This report should open a new stage in the

development of Russian practices of sustain-

, -

able development in harmony with nature and

, ;

contribute to formation of continuous interest of

public to responsible consumption of resources

and respectful attitudes to nature in the post-

figure skating team event


Figure skating team event features teams from each
Olympic participating country made up of six skaters: one male skater, one female skater, one skating
pair and one ice dance couple. Points are awarded

final classification
Subject: General Sport Terms

to each skater/couple. The team with the highest


number of aggregate points is declared the winner.
Subject: Figure Skating

final completion

final report on the results of ecological


programs and projects of Sochi 2014

( -

Olympic period.

Term applied to a construction project that has

Subject: Ecology

been completed according to the terms and condi-

);

tions set forth in the contract documents.

Subject: Construction



-2014

( ,

- ,

, ,

);

: ,

, .

(, ,

..);

.
.

.

filled-up ground
Subject: Construction

final completion date (FCD)


Subject: Construction


final day of a competition
Subject: General Sport Terms

final draw
Subject: General Sport Terms

final round
Subject: General Sport Terms

287

288

final score
final score
Subject: General Sport Terms


final table

financial planning
finance operating plan

the provision of timely and accurate financial re-

A financial plan outlining the revenues and expenses

ports, financial information and commercial advice

The document, which provides accounting informa-

over a period of time.

to the OCOG Board, Executive Office and relevant

tion about the activities of SOCHI 2014. The finan-

Subject: Finance & Legal

internal and external committees.

cial statements include a balance sheet, income

Subject: Finance & Legal

statement, statement of cash flows, statement of

Last stage of a snowboarding competition.

, -

Subject: Skiing

finalist
Subject: General Sport Terms

finance oversight committee

The department manages all financial activities

Subject: Finance & Legal

, -

2014.

cial management, controls, policies and procedures.

, -

, ,

Subject: Finance & Legal

, -

, .

financing costs

, , .

for SOCHI 2014.


Subject: Finance & Legal

changes in equity, etc.

A committee that helps the OCOG to oversee finan-

finance and accounting department (FAD)

financial statement

finance team

financial planning

Expenses that reflect the price of purchasing

Financial planning has the responsibility to develop,

goods, services and financial instruments.

implement and maintain the OCOG financial plan

Subject: Finance & Legal

The Finance Team is responsible to provide and

and its various revenue and expenditure budgets.

manage key financial information for each Function

It is responsible for monitoring and reporting actual

thus allowing them to accomplish their respective

performance against budget, ensuring revenue and

responsibilities in hosting the Games within the

expenditure are managed to budget limits, provid-

2014.

parameters of the budget.

ing ongoing accurate forecasts and assessments of

Subject: Finance & Legal

financial risks, and evaluating revenue strategies and

finance committee

expenditure proposals for consistency with opera-

A Finance Committee oversees the budget deci-

tional plans and budgets.

sion making process.

Subject: Finance & Legal

Subject: Finance & Legal

, -

,
.

finance department (FD)

finance working group

fine quartz streaks


Subject: Construction


finish
Subject: General Sport Terms

finish area
Subject: General Sport Terms

The Finance Department manages all financial

A Finance Working Group reviews the various

activities for the OCOG.

budget updates that are carried out by the OCOG.

Subject: Finance & Legal

It consists of members of the oordination

1 In cross-country skiing, the finish controller

ommission, IOC Finance and/or experts appointed

checks each competitors skis to ensure that he/

by the IOC.

she has crossed the finish line with at least one

Subject: Finance & Legal

marked ski.

()

.


finance manager

finish controller

In alpine skiing, the finish controller has the follow-

financial reporting

ing duties: supervision of the section between the

Finance Managers are responsible for providing

Financial reporting consists in preparation of reports

last gate and the finish; supervision of the proper

the OCOG with sound financial advice and infor-

. -

that examine the financial situation regarding the

crossing of the finish line; recording of the order of

mation on the various Games related projects.

, /

Games planning, organization and staging, as well as

finishing of all racers who complete the course.

Subject: Finance & Legal

, .

information on the legacy of the Games.

Subject: Finance & Legal

financial management

Subject: Skiing


1 -

Financial management relates to determination

and maintenance of the framework for effective

, ()

financial reporting and financial control over the

, ,

, , -

OCOGs operations. Its primary objectives include

289

290

finish curve

finish referee
finish line steward

, -

finishing material
Subject: Construction

Official responsible to remove the bibs from finish-

. ()

ing skiers, to offer and provide support to exhaust-

; -

ed skiers and to usher them out of the finish area

toward the clothing and refreshment area.

. () -

Subject: Skiing

. ()

Basic speed skating maneuver in which a

skater approaching the finish line swings

both arms in front of the body to increase

or sustain momentum.

; , .

finish curve


finishing stride/technique

Last curve before the finish line on

, -

a sliding track.

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Referee is stationed at the finish line to determine

and record the order of finish of all skiers.

Subject: Biathlon

, -



- .

finish line steward

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

finish referee

Official responsible for removing bibs off the

finishing skiers as well as offering and providing

Gate that is located on the finish line of the

support to exhausted skiers and usher them out

course in moguls.

of the finish area toward the clothing and refresh-

Subject: Skiing

ment area.

finish gate


,
.

Subject: Biathlon

himself/herself near the finish line and check

skating who watches to make sure that skaters

each finishers skis to ensure that the ski(s)

are properly marked.


Subject: General Sport Terms

,
, -

Finish referee must remain at the finish from the

beginning of the official inspection time until the


end of a training/event throughout the training and

finish line

the race. This official makes sure that all the regu-

Line marking the end of the race and the posi-

lations for the organization of the finish and the

tion of timing photocells.

finish inrun and outrun are properly observed. He/

Subject: Skiing

she supervises the finish controller, the timing and

the crowd control in the finish area. He/she must

, -

be able to communicate immediately with the

jury at all times. He/she reports the names of the

finish line
Line the athletes cross to end the race.
Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Skiing

competitors who did not finish to the referee and

FIPO
Philately
Subject: Olympic Movement

fire extinguisher
Subject: Security

finish referee

Subject: Olympic Movement

International Federation of Olympic

finish ski marking controller

Official in long track and short track speed

finish order

FINO

Subject: General Sport Terms

Official who has the responsibility to position

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

finish site

finish the race in a legal manner.

International Federation of Olympic

finish judge

, ,
.

finish time
Subject: General Sport Terms

fire safety measures


Subject: Construction



firearm
Subject: Biathlon

finish track

firearms check-in

Subject: General Sport Terms

Official registration of a firearm prior to the embarkation on a plane.


Subject: Games Services

finish(ing) judge

informs the jury of all infringements of the rules.

Official who watches to make sure that the com-

Subject: Skiing

petitors finish the race in a legal manner.

Subject: General Sport Terms

firearms collection

, , -

Process of depositing competition firearms at a

check-in and storage facility upon the arrival to

/.

. -

the Olympic/Paralympic Village.

Subject: Games Services

291

292

firefighting equipment

,

first appearance
1
2

,
/
.

firing range


firing distance
Another term for shooting distance.
Subject: Biathlon

first player

According to the IPC Classification Code, first ap-

Another term for lead.

pearance for N and R sport class status athletes

Subject: Curling

is generally defined as the first time the athlete

(/)

Another term for shooting range.

competes during the competition. Athletes cannot

Subject: Biathlon

be allocated a C sport class status until they have

completed the first appearance requirements of


the sport in order to allow other competitors/

Selected services having high impact on client

first (pre-doctor) aid

nations to:

experience and high complexity of delivery, usually

Provision of initial care for an illness or injury.

observe the athlete in competition

involving integration with numerous FAs, which

It is performed by a medical responder (nurse or

potentially protest the allocated sport class.

causes the necessity for early detailed planning.

Subject: Paralympic Games

Services which require sufficient costs/investments

firefighting equipment
Subject: Ecology

first appearance

medical attendant) directly at the place of


the accident.
Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

()

first priority services

are also regarded as first priority ones.


Subject: Games Services

N R, , -

. -

Another term for shooting lane.

( )

Subject: Biathlon

, , , -

. , -

/,

firing lane

/
first aid attendant
firing line
Another term for shooting line/ramp.

Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Biathlon

first aid center

firing mechanism

Subject: General Sport Terms

They include the TOP partners right of first negotia-

tion for presenting sponsorship rights to the Torch

Relay; the right of first discussion with the OCOG

Subject: Biathlon

to use the word Olympic in connec-tion with an

first aid room


All first aid facilities must accommodate

firing pin

people with disabilities as well as non-disabled

Part of the firing mechanism of a firearm that

clients. This requires tactile/high contrast sig-

ignites the charge by striking the primer.

nage and connecting paths accessible to wheel-

Subject: Biathlon

chair users and people using walking aids. In

first rights

first heat/first run


Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Interactive entertainment program; the first right


to place recognition layout at the back page of the
Official Games/Souvenir Catalogue, etc.
Subject: Marketing

first model of achieving


the construction objectives

addition, the typical cot used in most first

One of the two methods for achieving the con-

aid facilities must be replaced with a variable

struction objectives of the Host City and OCOG.

height gurney.

This model vests the responsibility for delivering

Subject: Paralympic Games

permanent works in a government or quasi-gov-

ernment agency (or development authority) while


firing point

overlay installation remains the responsibility of

Another term for shooting position 1.

the OCOG.

Subject: Biathlon

. -

Subject: Construction

firing points numbering


..

Another term for shooting points numbering.

, --

Subject: Biathlon

, -

first in all internal and external listings of partners

. , ,

and all other listings including TOP partners


firing position

first using
Term means that TOP partners should appear

( -

within the direct or indirect control of the OCOG

Another term for shooting position.

), -

or the NOC.

Subject: Biathlon

Subject: Marketing

293

294

FIS

fit-up & teardown overlay schedule


fisticuffs

fixed arch

, -

Another term for fighting.

, , -

Another term for hingeless arch.

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Construction

,
, ,

fit-up & teardown overlay schedule

, ,
.

FIS

fit-out

fixed camera

Bar chart or table describing the major mile-

Equipment used in the CCTV video surveillance

Phase of final preparation of the venue, before

stones of when the OCOG must occupy portions

system to monitor the Venue perimeter.

the Games time, involving installation of physical

or all of the venue for the overlay fit-up and

Subject: Security

items such as temporary and portable struc-

teardown, as well as restoration of the venue.

International Ski Federation

tures. The venue would generally be under the

This will help establish the OCOGs right to move

, CCTV

Subject: Skiing

control of the OCOG during the Fit-out phase.

in and do work in preparation for test or training

At the conclusion of this phase the venue is

events, Olympic or Paralympic Games.

FIS points
International Ski Federation approved scoring
system for ski racing. FIS points are awarded for approved races and used to create a FIS listing which

considered to be fitted-out, with all systems


operational in preparation for move-in.
Subject: Construction

Subject: Construction

fixed interval start


Subject: Skiing

effectively ranks skiers competing in different com-

petitions around the world. In the Olympic Games,

, -

racers from 1 to 30 will be ranked in accordance

, -

, -

Service provided on a repetitive, fixed-schedule

with the World Cup discipline standings, and racers

basis along a specific route with vehicles stopping

from 30 onwards will be ranked by the FIS points.

to pick up and deliver passengers or freight to

Subject: Skiing

specific locations.

, -

FIS-

, . FIS-

fit-out

, ,

, -

Phase of final preparation of the venue, before

FIS,

Games-Time, involving installation of physical

items such as temporary and portable struc-

Another term for 540 Air.

tures. The venue would generally be under the

Subject: Skiing

control of the OCOG during the Fit-out phase.

30

At the conclusion of this phase the venue is

considered to be fitted-out, with all systems

operational in preparation for move-in.

five forty

fixed telecom services


Technology FAs services that consist in supplying
desktop phone services and also wired communication systems used for one- or two-way point-to-

five-hole five hole


Ice hockey term that describes a gap between a

Subject: Venues


Fisht Olympic Stadium

Subject: Games Services

, -

, FIS,

FIS-.

fixed route

goalkeepers legs. One of the five main scoring

point or point-hub communication.


Subject: Technology

areas of the net. The five hole is vulnerable when

One of the competition venues at the Winter Games

the goalkeeper must move side to side.

of 2014 in Sochi.

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Construction

, -

. -

2014 .

. -

Fisht Olympic Stadium


Venue for the opening & closing ceremonies
at the Games.
Subject: General Sport Terms

fitting
Steel frame, welded mesh, metal rods in

flag arrival
At the closing ceremony of the Games four
years prior, the official Olympic flag is transferred

fix

from the current host city to the next host

reinforced concrete structures, counteracting

Another term for binding.

city. It is customary for the Mayor of the next host

stretching.

Subject: Skiing

city to fly back home with the official flag. Upon

Subject: Construction

arrival, there is a large public and press ceremony

295

296

flag bearer

flag handover ceremony


flag manufacturer

to welcome the Olympic flag to the next host

, ,

city (four years before their Games). According

, -

Company that produces all protocol flags.

to protocol and tradition, the official flag is to be

. - -

Subject: Protocol

displayed in Mayors office for the following four

. .

years. The real official flag is placed in a safety


deposit box, while a replica is put on public display.
Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

flag handling

- .

Protocol dictates a certain etiquette when

flag placement in case of tie

handling a flag, a nations foremost symbol:

flags should be folded when carried to and

from flagpoles

no flag should be in a position lower than

-.

another flag

Traditional ritual of the Closing Ceremony. The

Two flags should not be flown from the same pole

, --

no flag should be smaller than another

mayors of the Host City and next Host City join

under any other circumstances.

flags should be securely fastened so as not to

the IOC President on the rostrum for the flag

. -

fall

handover ceremony. From the field access to the

when a flag visibly deteriorates, it should be

rostrum, the mayors will take the same path as

, -

replaced with a new one.

the IOC President. The mayor of the Host City

Subject: Protocol

returns the Olympic flag to the IOC President who

then passes and entrusts it to the mayor of the

- (
). ,

If a tie occurs, two flags may be flown from the


same pole during medals ceremonies. The flags will

flag handover ceremony

be hung in alphabetical order from top to bottom.

Subject: Protocol

Host City of the following Olympic Games. This

, -

flag must be displayed in the latter citys main mu-

nicipal building until the Closing Ceremony of the

, -

next Host Citys Olympic Games.

flag bearer

Subject: Protocol

flag precedence at competition,


training and non-competition venues
When viewed from the front, flags should be

displayed from left to right beginning at the point

Member of the delegation at the participants pa-

of honor. In general, the point of honor is to your

rade who is responsible for bearing a flag of their

, ;

- --

left when looking from the Olympic Family seating

delegation. The flag bearers place their flags in a

area toward the field of play. All flag displays should

semi-circle adjacent to or behind the rostrum and

begin with the protocol set. Where possible, there

thereafter join their national teams. The flag bear-

should then be a space of one flag, followed by the

ers are designated by the NOC.

. -

NOC flags displayed in alphabetical order from left

to right. The flag of the Host Country should fly last

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

flag handover ceremony

in the set of competing NOC flags. In general, all

Traditional ritual of of the closing ceremony. The

- . -

flags should be evenly spaced and displayed at the

, .

mayors of the host city and next host city join

- -

same level. At all competition venues, only the flags

, ,

the IOC President on the rostrum for the flag

of NOCs qualified to compete at that venue have to

, ,

handover ceremony. From the field access to the

be displayed, in line with the protocol set.

rostrum, the mayors will take the same path as

. .

the IOC President. The mayor of the host city re-

flag bearer

Subject: Protocol

flag manual

turns the Olympic flag to the IOC President who

This document explains rules and regula-

then passes and entrusts it to the mayor of the

tions around flying country flags, and images

Member of the delegation at the athletes pa-

host city of the following Olympic Games. This

of flags (horizontal and vertical) with listing

rade who is responsible for bearing a flag of their

flag must be displayed in the latter citys main

of Pantone colors.

, -

delegation. The flag bearers place their flags in a

municipal building until the closing ceremony of

Subject: Protocol

. ,

semi-circle adjacent to or behind the rostrum and

the next host citys Olympic Games.

thereafter join their national teams. The flag bear-

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

ers are designated by the NOC.


Subject: Protocol

, -

, -

. ,

- -

) -

, .

297

298

flag protocol in the event of the death of an Olympic Family member


. --

flags location at the victory ceremonies


flags location at the victory ceremonies

All flags, at both indoor and outdoor locations,

. ,

, -

will be raised in the horizontal format. Flags will

() -

be raised in the following formation when viewed

from the athletes position on the medals podium:

. -

in the center there is a flag of the country that has

won the competition, to its left - the flag of the

country, that has gained the second place, and to

flag protocol in the event of the death


of an Olympic Family member
Should a member of the Olympic Family pass away
during the Olympic Games, only the Olympic flags
flying at Olympic venues may be lowered to half-

flag set

flash quote reporter

its right - the third place; in addition to that the

These reporters work from the mixed zone to

There are three flag sets for each venue:

flag in the center is raised higher than the other

provide accurate, pithy and newsworthy com-

protocol set

two, located at the same level.

ments from athletes about their performance and

Subject: Protocol

the competition. Only experienced personnel will

victory ceremony set


participating NOC set.
Subject: Protocol

, , -

be assigned as flash quotes reporters.


Subject: Communications & Mass Media

mast for a period of 1 to 3 days. To put the flag in

the half-mast position, the flag must be raised to

, , -

the top of the flagpole and then immediately low-

, -

ered to the half-mast position. This means leaving

from the top of the flagpole an empty space which

: -

. -

is in length equal to the shorter side of the flag (e.g.

, - ,

, - ,

if the flag is 2 x 3m, a space of 2m must be left


from the top of the flagpole). For the flags flown at
flagpoles at indoor venues, a black ribbon can be
tied to the top of the flagpole. The black ribbon will

flagpole
Subject: Protocol

Subject: Protocol

, .

stay on top of the flagpole for the whole period of


mourning decided upon by the IOC.

flags at night

flame arrival in the host country


and host city

Subject: Figure Skating

One of the closing phases of the Olympic Torch

lights are to remain on for the entire night.

Relay.

Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

, -

If a venue is not open for spectators during

, -

security lighting is sufficient and meets flag pro-

tocol standards. It is not feasible to remove the

1 3 .

flags each night due to the labor requirements

across various functional areas, cost, time, risk

of damage, theft and the margin for error when

. ,

reinstalling flags.

flame arrival in the Olympic stadium


Traditional ritual of the opening ceremony.
Subject: Games Ceremonials & Cultural Program

Subject: Protocol

, .

). ,

, -

Subject: Construction

, .

(

).

flat (bottom)

2 3 ,

flag quality

on one foot on both edges of the blade).

When specific lighting for flags exists, the

the hours of darkness, existing ambient and

(,

In figure skating, the visible double tracing on the


ice that is straight (imprinted by a skater skating

flat

Lower flat area in the halfpipe between the


two walls.
Subject: Skiing

flat ground
flank

Snowboarding term that describes tricks performed on a flat slope.


Subject: Skiing


flash quote

, ,

Brief, pertinent comments by athletes and/or of-

Quality of the material of the flag has to be ap-

, -

ficials in response to questions by broadcast and

propriate for its use. There are differences to be

press reporters in the mixed zone immediately

considered for indoor or outdoor flags.

following competitions.

Subject: Protocol

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

, ,
.

flat part of the course


Subject: Biathlon

299

300

flat part of the course/slope


flat part of the course/slope

flight attendance

Subject: Skiing

/ /
flat pass

flight attendance

- -

Airline operates the flight with a crew. The crew

Pass in which the puck is lifted so that it goes over

always includes the flight attendant(s). The flight

an opponent or his stick.

attendant handles the passenger during the flight.

A&D monitors if the crew members are on board

Action of passing the puck by a hockey player


to a teammate along the surface of the ice.

fleet services
Subject: Games Services

Subject: Ice Hockey

flip pass

and ready to operate the flight.

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Ice Hockey

flex

flip shot

Shot in which a hockey player cups the puck in

Term that describes the stiffness of a snowboard

his stick, then flips it with his wrists up off the ice

or a ski. Different degrees of flex are better for dif-

towards the goal. This sometimes makes the puck

Previous Games experience has shown that

ferent styles of riding.

harder to block.

empowerment of the decision-making process at

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Ice Hockey

flat staffing structure

the lowest OCOG levels prevents paralysis in the

operations of the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

, -

This can be achieved through a flat organization

structure with a maximum of five levels.

..


flight delay
Subject: Games Services

flex pole

, -

Flex poles are fitted with a spring loaded hinge.

They must conform to FIS specifications.

flight number

flight trajectory

Line taken by an athlete from takeoff to

. -

the landing.

FIS.

flat stance

Subject: Skiing


flexion

, -

riding forward or backward. In this stance both feet

Snowboarding term that describes a basic

are at a zero angle, or perpendicular to the length

body movement, where an athletes center

of the board.

of mass moves towards the ground and into

Subject: Skiing

a flexed position.

Freestyle skiing term used for a somersault

Subject: Skiing

performed backwards, frontwards or sideways.

, -

, / -

, , .

0.

flip (jump) (F)


flight

In figure skating, a toe pick-assisted jump


Main phase of an athletes jump in ski jumping.

launched from the back inside edge of one

Subject: Skiing

foot and landed on the back outside edge of

the opposite foot.

fleet

,
,
.

Subject: Construction

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

Another term for bottomland.

Subject: Construction

for upright jumps.

flood plain
flip

floater

flat-to-flat horizontal
interconnections of the heating system

Ramp built for aerial competitions. Also used

Subject: Skiing

, .

, -

Subject: Games Services

Snowboard stance that allows a consistent stance

,
.

Subject: Workforce

, ,

Subject: Figure Skating

floor girder
Subject: Construction


flower ceremony
Subject: General Sport Terms


flower of the winds
Subject: Construction

Vehicles in a transport system. Usually, fleet

flight

refers to highway vehicles, rail vehicles as well

Another term for warm-up group.

as ships.

Subject: Figure Skating

Subject: Games Services

fluid level recorder


Subject: Construction

301

302

fluid parallel turn


fluid parallel turn
Subject: Skiing


flush

FMCG

FM-

, -

. -

FM-

In figure skating, a jump that lands in a spinning posi-

. / -

tion.

FM-

Subject: Figure Skating

, -

FM- -

, , -

Telecoil,

, ..

Slalom gate pattern with three or four closed gates


in succession.
Subject: Skiing

,
.

flutz

flying spins

Figure skating term that is a portmanteau of lutz


and flip, used for an improperly executed lutz

flying squirrel air

follow my team tickets

jump, where the outside take-off edge is mistakenly

Snowboard aerial trick in which an athlete bends

Ticket package for a stated number of matches

changed to an inside edge, making it a flip jump.

at the knees and grabs the heel edge of the snow-

FM- -

in which a specified team will take part.

Subject: Figure Skating

board with both hands; the front hand near the front

,
,

Subject: Skiing

FMCG

Jump in figure skating, that starts like a camel spin,

flying start
Illegal start. A speed skater being in motion prior to

lands on that leg in a camel spin position with the

the starting signal for a race.

following spin.

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

Subject: Figure Skating

follow-up actions
front of house

All actions agreed between the IOC and OCOG

Subject: Construction

during meetings or conference calls.


Subject: Games Management

FoH

.
Subject: Games Services

follow-up letter
FOH

Letter that is sent to the OCOG senior managefront of house

ment and the other organizers (if necessary),

Subject: Venues

to advise them of the outcome of the IOC Session

flying substitution/change
Another term for change on the fly.

or EB meeting and to emphasize priorities.

FOH FoH
front of house

Subject: Ice Hockey

flying sit spin

Subject: Security

FM loops


1 In figure skating, a spin in which a skater leaps off

Subject: Marketing

then a skater makes a swing with the free leg and

fast-moving consumer goods

FOH

flying camel spin

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

foot, and the rear hand near the rear foot.

Subject: Games Management


,
( -

ice, assumes the sitting position at the peak of the

Type of assistive hearing devices used at both large

jump, and lands in the sitting position on the swing

venues and in one on one service counter applica-

foot with the following spin.In figure skating, a spin

tions. Literally a low output FM radio signal broadcast

Event Services is generally responsible for man-

in which a skater leaps off ice, assumes the sitting

through a specific area. The voice/signal is picked up

aging front of house area; other FAs operations

position at the peak of the jump, and lands in the sit-

through a conventional microphone and transmitted

and services provided are overseen. VM and

Within two weeks after the CoCom meeting, the

ting position on the take-off foot with the following

through the FM loop. Users can access the signal via a

EVS plan for deciding what are the borders of

IOC sends a draft report to the OCOG for review

spin.

special receiver, FM radio or via T switch available on

FoH at each venue EVS together with functions

within oneoutlining the main outcomes and the

Subject: Figure Skating

most modern hearing aids. Since these are RF units,

involved coordinates FoH operations - amenities,

decisions taken.

1 2

FoH management

line of sight to the FM loop device is not required by

spectator areas, services provided, clean & safe

1 -

the user.

surface, entertainment, etc.

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Games Services

follow-up report

Subject: Games Management

303

304

food & beverage services department

food at airport
food at airport

and even first aid areas. FAB is also responsible for

management of food services contractors includ-

Cafes, restaurants and fast food will be available

ing control of deliveries and logistics, food and

for any person at airport building. Relevant Orga-

beverage sales reporting, management of food and

nizing Committees functions ensure that restau-

beverage suppliers and sponsors relationships and

rant and cafes available and in operation, the level

for overseeing adherence of alcohol service permit.

of services, translation of menu etc is correct and

Subject: Games Services

conform to the standards.

food & beverage services department


This department has the responsibility for the total

food preparation and presentation


Subject: Games Services

Subject: Games Services

food safety

planning, coordination and delivery of food and bev-

erage services to all client groups.

Local authorities may have a heightened concern on

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

all issues related to food safety and the challenges

. -

of operating temporary food premises for extended

, -

periods. It is best to be pro-active with the local

, ,

, -

authorities, committees and forums to discuss plans

, ,

and issues.

food and beverage concession


Subject: Games Services


food and beverage pricing
Subject: Games Services



food and beverage pricing

Subject: Games Services

food during the flight

, ,

Airline will provide food during the flight accord-

ing to its rules. It is essential to ensure that there

, -

is infrastructure to prepare standard and special

meal for departure flight.

Subject: Games Services

Food and Beverage Services FA (FAB)

Food and Beverage function is a key ingredient

to the operations of the Olympic and Paralympic

Control of food and beverage prices can be a public

Games. FAB supports all constituents. Food and

and media sensitive issue. Contracts should be clear

beverages are provided throughout venues at

Local authorities may have a heightened concern on

that food & beverage prices for user pays patrons,

concessions areas, lounges, FOP, staff break areas,

all issues relating to food safety and the challenges

such as general public, marketing partners, etc.

compounds and even first aid areas. FAB is also

of operating temporary food premises for extended

should not set new benchmarks for the Games which

responsible for management of food services con-

are unacceptable to public, marketing partners and

tractors including control of deliveries and logistics,

media patrons.

food and beverage sales reporting, management of

Food labels should contain information about

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

food and beverage suppliers and sponsors rela-

main ingredients and nutritional content.

tionships and for overseeing adherence of alcohol

Subject: Games Services

service permit.
Subject: Games Commercial Activity

food safety

periods. It is best to be pro-active with the local

food labeling

authorities, committees and forums to discuss plans


and issues.
Subject: Games Commercial Activity

( -

, .)

Rules describing ordering and delivery of food and

, -

, ,

beverages for client groups.

, -

, ,

Food and Beverage Services FA (FAB)

food order and delivery policy

Subject: Games Services

Food and Beverage function is a key ingredient to the

, ,

operations of the Olympic and Paralympic Games.

FAB supports all constituents. Food and beverages

Policy describing ordering and delivery of food and

are provided throughout venues at concessions

beverages for client groups.

areas, lounges, FOP, staff break areas, compounds

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

food safety section


Subject: Games Services

food order and delivery policy


food service contractors
Subject: Games Commercial Activity

305

306

food service management at training venues


food service management
at training venues
At training venues where the F&B has no
dedicated representative to manage the food
and beverage service, the venue manager is

FOP access policy

Document that outlines the rules for entering FOP.

, ,

Subject: Games Services

forest fire-fighting measures

expected to manage the service.

Subject: Games Services

forest fire-fighting measures


Subject: Ecology

. : , .


forward inside edge

forechecking

forest floor

In figure skating, a skaters movement on the inside

, -

Ice hockey term that describes a pressuring the op-

Soil surface in the forest that is rich in organic

edge of a skate blade in a forward direction.

position when it controls the puck in the neutral zone

materials.

Subject: Figure Skating

or its defensive zone.

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Ecology


food/drink purity security
Subject: Security

, -

forest machines
Subject: Construction

forejumper

Another term for foundation.

Skier who performs test ski jumps before the start

Subject: Construction

and, upon the jurys request, during the competition.

Subject: Skiing
,

Another term for step sequence.

Subject: Figure Skating

, , .

Subject: Ecology

Degree to which the highbacks of traditional bindings


or boots of plate bindings keep an athletes ankles and
Subject: Skiing

forest plantation

Subject: Ecology

forward line
Unit of hockey players consisting of two wings (right

forerunner
FoP

forward lean

calves bent over his/her toes.

forest management enhancement


footwork (sequence)

, -


footing

forestock

and left) and a center. They play nearer the opponents

Organizer is obliged to provide at least three forerun-

Fore end of a rifle stock.

goal and are responsible for most of the scoring.

field of play

ners who have signed the FIS Athletes Declaration.

Subject: Biathlon

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Construction

The forerunner is a member of the Organizing Com-

mittee. In downhill, forerunners should participate in


FOP
functional operating plan
Subject: Games Management

FOP

form

may designate different forerunners for each run.

Constitutes 50% of the score in aerials.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Planning & Integration

In figure skating, a skaters movement on the outside

, ,

edge of a skate blade in a forward direction.

.
-

.
field of play
Subject: General Sport Terms

Subject: Figure Skating

formation
Subject: Construction


,
.

FOP

forward outside edge

50% -

,
FIS. -

functional operating plan

,
( ) .

all training runs. Under extraordinary conditions, the


jury may increase the number of forerunners. The jury

forward
Hockey player who leads the offense, tries to

forward stance

capture the offensive zone and score, or passes

Type of snowboard stance. Suitable for most purpos-

off to an open winger or center. There are three

es, both feet are angled forward. Frequently the front

Marker at the end of the barrel that aids in aligning a

forwards on the ice the center and the right and

foot is angled roughly 15- 21 degrees and the back

shot with the target.

left wings.

foot at 0-10 degrees.

Subject: Biathlon

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Skiing

foresight fore sight

307

308

forward swing

four-point landing 4-point landing


structure is established, and the image of the

Games is envisioned. Outputs of this phase are:

. -

master schedule, draft of venue and infrastructure

construction schedule, venue and infrastructure

15 21, 0

responsibility matrix and Games foundation plan.

10.

Subject: Planning & Integration

Constructive part of a sled. The frame is usually


made of a lightweight metal.
Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

four-point landing 4-point landing


forward swing

frame

Freestyle skiing term used when a skier plants

. , ,
.

both poles landing from a jump.

Movement in speed skating that the arm takes as

-.

Subject: Skiing

it is moved forward as a counter balance to the

opposite leg.

, -

, ,

like those of other forms of figure skating, consist

Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

, -

of two programs: short dance and free dance.

The free dance has not undergone significant

free dance (FD)


Since 2010-2011 season, ice dance competitions,

Freestyle skiing term used when a skier plants

close dancing positions, the unison displayed by

-,

both poles taking off from a mogul.

skaters and their ability to express the character of

Subject: Skiing

musical selection.

forward take-off edge

changes over the years and the basis of its scoring

four-point takeoff 4-point takeoff

remains the quality of compulsory elements in

In figure skating, launch of a jump with a take-off

from an edge of a blade while moving in a forward

, ,

direction.

2010-2011

Subject: Figure Skating

foundation planning phase

Subject: Figure Skating

fourth player

Initial phase for the Games organizers beginning

as soon as the Host City is elected. In this phase

Fourth curler on a team to deliver last two stones

. -

the OCOG is incorporated, the Board is formed,

in each end.

senior management staff is recruited, the need for

Subject: Curling

- -

fossil fuel
Subject: Ecology

Games-related legislation is identified, the corpo-

(/)
,

, -

Games are defined. The organizers focus on Games

tion Plan, which acts as the overall framework for


Another term for infraction.
Subject: Ice Hockey

FPA

all-subsequent planning.

field of play advertising

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Marketing

foul

tween the hog line and the tee line, but excluding

FPA

. ,

Subject: Paralympic Games

stone from the FGZ to an out-of-play position,

, -

then the delivered stone is removed from play,

FPS

.
-

Subject: Security

City election. Within this phase the OCOG is

fracture waters
Subject: Construction

four-man (bob/bobsleigh/bobsled)

registered, the Supervisory Board is formed, top

Team of four men racing together in the same

management is selected, need for Games-related

bobsled during a run.

legislation is identified, corporate governance

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Subject: Curling
,
- -

Initial phase of the OCOG, starting with the Host

original positions.

,
-

foundation planning

and any displaced stones are replaced to their


Federal Border Service

Subject: Construction

the house. If, prior to the delivery of the fifth stone


of an end, a delivered stone moves an opposition

Subject: General Sport Terms

Curling term for an area at the playing end, be-

field of play advertising

foundation

free guard zone (FGZ)

-Another term for rule violation.

rate governance structure and the vision of the


wide organization and produce the Games Founda-

foul

, .
,
, -

frame
Subject: Construction

,
,
.

309

310

free leg/foot
free leg/foot

freedom to promote the Paralympic Games


freedom to promote the Paralympic Games

Athletes leg not in contact with ice or snow surface.

Subject to the consent of the relevant OCOG,

Subject: General Sport Terms

TOP partners and other IOC international spon-

sors, in the territories where they have been

granted Olympic marketing rights, shall be free to

(, , , -

promote the Paralympic Games without the ap-

..),

proval of the IPC and/or the relevant NPC, pro-

vided that such promotion is referenced as part of

. 4,5

their on-going support to the Olympic Games.


, .

free meals
Subject: Games Services

, 4 .

free medical services


Medical services shall be provided free of charge to
the following accredited persons: competitors, team
officials and other team personnel, technical officials,
media, sponsors/suppliers/licensees, representatives
of the IOC, the IFs and the NOCs, and other persons
Subject: Medicine & Doping Control

free technique

Freestyle Skiing Center


and the Snowboard Park
One of the competition venues at the Winter
Games of 2014 in Sochi.

Subject: Venues

- -

Subject: Biathlon

2014 .

,
/

free technique course


be well packed and wide enough to allow two

competitors to ski side by side. Where appropriate,

, -

one single track may be set along the side of the

, ,

course. The last 200 m should be prepared to a

Style of riding where a snowboarder rides on

, //

width of at least 10 m.

different slopes and types of snow with various

, , ,

Subject: Skiing

speed incorporating elements of freestyle and

freestyle sprint
Subject: Skiing

free position

Another term for skate skiing.

Subject: Sport Federations

Subject: Paralympic Games

In free technique competitions, the course should

Discipline: frestyle

at the Games, as designated by the IOC.

()

Freestyle Federation of Russia


Russian Freestyle Skiing Federation


freestyle sprint

freeriding freeride

Subject: Biathlon


freeze

carving. It is not an Olympic event.

Curling term describing a form of a draw shot that

Subject: Skiing

stops directly up against another stone.

()

Subject: Curling

Any of the freestyle skiing positions.

. ,

, -

Subject: Skiing

. 200

10 .

free rifle

free technique freestyle (technique)

freestyle (skiing)

freezing the puck

Rifle designed for international-type target shooting.

Another term for skate skiing.

Skiing discipline. There are 5 events for both men

Tactic in which a hockey player uses skates or

Subject: Biathlon

Subject: Skiing

and women in the Olympic freestyle program:

stick to hold the puck against the boards, or a

moguls, aerials, ski cross, ski halfpipe and ski

goalkeeper covers the puck with the glove or

slopestyle.

the blocker and gets a stoppage in play.

Subject: Skiing

free technique skis


free skating (FS)

()

Subject: Ice Hockey

Skis used in Paralympic cross-country skiing com-

. -

Second and longer of the two programs performed

petitions. They are about 10 cm to 15 cm shorter

by singles and pair skaters at a figure skating com-

than classical skis for greater maneuverability.

: , , -,

petition that follows after the short program. All

Subject: Paralympic Games

- -. -

, .

types of elements (jumps, spins, steps, spirals, etc.)


are performed in free skating, but only the quantity

of the elements are strictly prescribed, the content

of the program is up to the skaters choice. The time

. -

limit is 4.5 minutes for mens singles and pairs and 4

minutes for ladies singles.

10 15 ,

Subject: Figure Skating

freight and shipping guide


freestyle (technique)

Publication published by PRS FA that is designed

Another term for skate skiing.

to provide freight and shipping related information

Subject: Biathlon

to NOC, IOC recognized news agencies and ENR

organizations.
Subject: Communications & Mass Media

311

312

freight and unaccompanied baggage



front bumper/bunk

front bumper/bunk

all constituents and services for spectators, such

Part of a bob.

as toilets, food and beverage, concessions and

, ,

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

first aid.

. -

, ,

..

front kicker

freon
freight and unaccompanied baggage

Another term for the chlorofluorocarbon.

Goods and equipment imported for use in and in


connection with the overall operations and man-

Subject: Ecology

agement of the Olympic or Paralympic Games.

Ramp for front somersault jumps.

Subject: Skiing

. -

Freight may be sent by a number of Games Clients,


including IOC, NOC, IFs, broadcasters, press and

Subject: Security


()

frequency

front of house (FOH)

, ,

marketing partners. Freight referred to as NOC

Number of times an Identification of Manufacturer,

Area within a venue accessible to ticketed spec-

Freight is transferred free of charge between the

Composite Logo or Client Identification may ap-

tators and other clients, located after the ticket

official port of entry and the Olympic Village and/

pear on a uniform.

check point. Usually contains seating for all clients

Subject: IP Protection

and services for spectators such as toilets, food

Curling term for the area within the house that

and beverage, concession stands and first aid.

lies between the hog line and the tee line.

or Venues. The remainder of freight movements are


sent on a user-pays basis. Unaccompanied baggage

refers to airline baggage that is checked-in by the

passenger for dispatch with an aircraft but does not

travel with the person. Unaccompanied baggage is

consigned and shipped as freight. Freight is gener-

frequency of wind directions


Subject: Construction

,
-

, - -.

Subject: Ecology

Subject: Luge, Bobsleigh & Skeleton

Area within a venue accessible to ticketed spectators and other clients, located after the ticket

of the stale fish.

check point. Usually contains seating for all clients

/ . -

Subject: Skiing

and services for spectators such as toilets, food

. -

, -

- .

and beverage, concession stands and first aid.


Subject: Venues

front

Another term for foresight.


Subject: Biathlon

front sight cover


Subject: Biathlon


, -

front sight

Snowboard trick that is the backside version

front of house (FOH)


fresh fish air

front runner
See runners

, -

, , -

Subject: Curling

, , , , - . -

, ,

fresh and mineral water

front of the house

ally under the scope of Logistics function.


Subject: Games Services

Subject: Construction

()

front somersault

Aerial maneuver in which a skier makes a full,

Forward flip in freestyle skiing.

360-degree forward flip.

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

freight yard

front binding

Part of the railroad station for the reception, un-

Binding designed for the front foot of the athlete.

loading, storage and loading of cargo. Warehouses,

Subject: Skiing

, -

, ,

360.

front of house (FOH/FoH)

front tuck

Area within a venue accessible to ticketed spec-

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: a single front flip in the

located on the freight yard.

tators and other constituents, located after a

tuck position.

Subject: Construction

ticket-rip point. FOH usually contains seating for

Subject: Skiing

items weighing platform, load boards, etc. are

313

314

frontflip front flip


FSP

FSP

full in, full out full in full out

: -

functional strategic plans

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: two flips with each

Subject: Games Management

flip having one twist.

-.

frontflip front flip


Snowboarding term used to describe a front som-

Subject: Skiing

FSP
frontside turn

ersault parallel to the axis of movement.

Snowboard turn in which a riders toe edge

Subject: Skiing

faces to the outside of the turn while the

snowboard is on the heel edge. It is a right

-, - - -
functional strategic plans

Subject: Planning & Integration

FTP

full IOC recognition

, -

turn for a regular-footed snowboarder and

Federal Target Program for the development

Term refers to the IOC recognition procedure.

, .

a left turn for a goofy-footer.

of Sochi

Full recognition, or its withdrawal, is decided by

Subject: Ecology

the Session. All details of recognition procedures

Subject: Skiing

frontside (f/s)

are determined by the IOC Executive Board.

Side of the snowboard on which athletes

, -

(See Olympic Charter Rule 3)

toes rest; also the side a snowboarders

. -

Subject: Olympic Movement

front faces.

Subject: Skiing


fuel and lubricants

Petroleum products, which include a variety

of fuels and lubricants, mainly applied to

. -

the vehicles.

Subject: Ecology

(. 3 )

; .

frontside wall
frontside air

Halfpipe wall that is in front of a snowboarder.

Any snowboard aerial trick performed on the frontside wall of the halfpipe.

Subject: Construction
Subject: Administration & Office Management

fuel spill(age)

front hand on the lip of the halfpipe and rotates

Subject: Ecology

FRS


functional requirements specification

, -

Subject: Games Management

FS
Subject: Figure Skating

Snowboarding term that is used when a rider

FSB
Subject: Security

FSO

Rotating counter-clockwise for a regularfooted snowboarder, or rotating clockwise


Subject: Skiing

-
:

Subject: Skiing

.
.

for a goofy-footed snowboarder.

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: a full twist on the last

twist done in the layout position.

Federal Security Service

frontside rotation

full out

Subject: Skiing
: ,

Subject: Skiing
Freestyle skiing aerial trick: a flip with a full

free skating

is resting on the toes.

flip of a double or triple somersault.

full

frontside position

180 degrees in the frontside direction.

180 .

rehearsal led by the venue manager.


Subject: Games Management

FRS

frontside handplant

Subject: Skiing

Each venue team conducts a full operational dress

fuel efficient electronic controlled engine


functional requirements specification

full operational dress rehearsal

Snowboard maneuver in which a rider places the

, -

- ()

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

full screening
First, high level of vehicle security screening. Its

full in

purpose is to mitigate the potential threat of a

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: a full twist on the

Large Improvised Vehicle Bomb and the introduc-

first flip of a double or triple somersault.

tion of prohibited items into the venue by non-

Subject: Skiing

security screened vehicle occupants.

Subject: Security

Federal Guard Service

Subject: Security

, -

315

316

full stadia
,

full, tuck, full full tuck full


, -

full, tuck, full full tuck full

, ( ,

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: three flips with two

twists; the second flip is without a twist.

) ,

Subject: Skiing

, , --

,
.

full stadia

full, double full, double full


full double full double full
Freestyle skiing aerial trick: three flips with

One of the ticketing program primary objectives

five twists; the second and third flips each

is supporting full stadiums, and having a proper

have two twists.

pricing policy in order to prioritize this objective.

Subject: Skiing

Ticket pricing should be geared to ensure that


there are no large quantities of empty seats,

, ,
- -

and that events do not take place in stadia with

no atmosphere.

; -

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

full, double full, full full double full full


Freestyle skiing aerial trick: three flips with four

, -

twists; the second flip has two twists.

Subject: Skiing

, , - -

, -

full, double full, tuck full double full tuck


Freestyle skiing aerial trick: three flips with three

full time
Subject: General Sport Terms

;
.

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: two flips with one

twists; the second flip has two twists.


Subject: Skiing

, , - -
;
.

full-bore rifle
Subject: Biathlon

Subject: Skiing

One of the elements scoring criteria in figure skating.


Subject: Figure Skating

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: three flips with three


twists; each flip has one twist.

Subject: Skiing

, , --
;

tion of the body around its vertical axis.

Subject: Skiing

full, lay full lay

, -

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: two flips in the layout

360 .

position with one twist in the first flip.


Subject: Skiing

full, double full full double full

These logical spaces will not necessarily corlayout.


Subject: Planning & Integration


(,

fully personify/ID tickets system


Subject: Games Commercial Activity

).


.

Another term for functional area.


Subject: Games Management

functional area (FA)


IOC has developed a generic listing of functional areas, which are based on the Games func-

tions rather than on an OCOGs organizational

structure. The functional areas are not meant


to replace or prescribe an organization struc-

function budget
Subject: Finance & Legal

ture, but to provide a means for comparing


similar functions across multiple OCOGs,
present and past.
Subject: Games Management

function key expense items


Subject: Finance & Legal

Freestyle skiing term used for a 360-degree rota-

at the moment of functional allocations creation).

full, full, full full full full

full twist

spaces (exact spaces are considered yet unknown

respond to one room in the design of physical

fullness

twist in the first flip.

Plan, where requirements are assessed by each


logical space. Here, planning is done by abstract

full tuck/pike

functional allocations

function


()
,
,

function room spaces

Another term for conference rooms.

Subject: Games Services

/
-.

,
.

functional (area) schedule


Detailed project plan which contains tasks and

functional area (FA)

Freestyle skiing aerial trick: two flips with three

milestones that support the delivery process of the

IOC has developed a generic listing of functional

twists, with a double twist in the second flip.

functions key deliverables.

areas, which are based on the Games functions

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Games Management

rather than on an OCOGs organizational structure.

317

318

functional area (FA)

functional command center (FCC)


The functional areas are not meant to replace or

prescribe an organization structure, but to provide

: , -

, -

a means for comparing similar functions across

, , -

. -

multiple OCOGs, present and past.

. -

Subject: Olympic Movement

, ,

, ,

, ,

( ),

, , -

, -

. -


()

,
.

functional area operating plans

functional division (FD)


Set of departments, divisions, sections within one

functional command center (FCC)

Documents produced by the OCOG and its part-

ners during the operational planning phase that

Centralized information, coordination and communi-

in direct reporting to the President, or First Vice-

further develop the planning produced in the func-

cation hub, which supports the effective operation

president, or Senior Vice-president and headed by

tional area concepts of operations. Contents in-

of a function. It is the key point of contact between

the Area Director.

clude: additional details on the actual approach for

the MOC and a function, which provides the MOC

delivering the Games services, focusing on those

with relevant and timely information pertaining to

functional area (FA)

functional area of activity of the organization, being

Subject: Games Management

()

products and services delivered by the functional

that function.

, , -

Organization unit charged with planning and plans

area outside the venues. These plans need to be

Subject: Games Management

fulfillment within a definite operations area. Core

produced by functional areas that have operations

FA structure is assigned by the IOC. FAs may be

outside the venues. A draft is produced, then after

, -

reorganized by streams in the event of changes in

any testing, the document is finalized.

, -

- -

the OCOG organizational structure.

Subject: Games Management

Subject: Planning & Integration


()

, -

functional exercises

These exercises will be determined by the individual

functions with external agencies, and integrated

. :

, .

Centralized information, coordination and commu-

talkthroughs, walkthroughs, tabletops, rehearsals or

nication hub which supports the effective operation

simulations, however the chosen format will depend

, -

of a function. It is the key point of contact between

on each function and the preparation activities they

the MOC and a function, which provides the MOC

deem necessary to conduct.

functional area concept of operations

into the overall framework of the operational readi-

functional command center (FCC)

, -

with relevant and timely information pertaining to

Documents produced by the OCOG and its part-

that function.

ners during the operational planning phase, further

detailing the approach that will be taken by func-

tional area to deliver the required products and

services. Contents include: summary of delivery

functional area strategic plans

Subject: Planning & Integration

ness program. Functional exercises may include

Subject: Games Management

, -

. -

, -

key risks and mitigation strategies, reporting lines,

Documents produced by the OCOG and its part-

, -

supervision of outsourced components, explana-

ners early in the operational planning phase, using

, ,

tion of centralized vs. decentralized approach. One

the global strategic plan as a base. Contents in-

concept of operations is produced per functional

clude: functional area scope and deliverables, cus-

area.

tomer requirements and levels of service, process-

Subject: Games Management

es, resources and resourcing approach (outsource

approach, requirements, resources, staffing plan,

, ,

functional command center (FCC)

vs. in-house), functional area structure, budget,

Centralized information, coordination and communi-

potential risks, steps to achieve milestones. One

cation hub which supports the effective operation of

strategic plan is produced per functional area.

Security FA. The key point of contact between MOC

Part of the Games foundation plan. It includes

Subject: Games Management

and Security FA, which provides MOC with relevant

strategic goals for each function, key services every

and timely information pertaining to that function.

function is planning to render to clients and to other

Subject: Security

functions, and to get from them, general approach

functional Games foundation plan

319

320

functional operating plan (FOP)


to functional strategic plans development.
Subject: Planning & Integration

functional planning stream outputs


functional pictogram
Pictograms used in wayfinding, with maps, and
on applications used during the Games. The

. -

decision to select these pictograms is based on

an assumption that these symbols (or similar

functional planning stream outputs

, , -

Subject: Games Management

..

functional requirements specification (FRS)


functional project

Narrative of the operational outcomes required

ones) are used internationally and are famil-

iar to the majority of the audience. It is not

Project carried out within one functional area

from specific equipment, systems, processes,

required of the OCOG to design new functional

of the OCOG.

etc. FRS are not technically prescriptive.

pictograms as the ones from any previous

Subject: Planning & Integration

Subject: Games Management

Games can be used.

functional operating plan (FOP)


Plan that details how a function will operate. Early

Subject: Games Image


,
.

iterations of the plan focus on definition of scope,

, -

objectives, proposed delivery strategy and resource

, ,

requirements however, as the plan evolves through

- . -

Functional project managers appoint person re-

the preparation phases, more information is in-

sponsible for the task performance, supply project

cluded, resulting in a detailed operating plan.

, ,

with material and human resources and ensure

Subject: Planning & Integration

that the conflicts are settled.

Detailed project plan which contains tasks and

Subject: Planning & Integration

milestones that support the delivery process of

, ,

functional project manager

..
.

functional schedule

, -

, -

, , -

, -

,
, -

functional plan

Strategy produced by the function early in the

operational planning phase, using the global

the functions key deliverables.


Subject: Planning & Integration

functional publications
functional strategic plans (FSP)

strategic plan as a base. This planning docu-

Publications designed to serve a functional pur-

ment is designed for managing the responsibili-

pose will often form the basis of requests from

Documents being developed by functional areas on

Document reflecting functional activities for the

ties, opportunities and challenges within the

OCOG functions. The needs assessment should be

the basis of operational plans in the course of stra-

Games organization and staging, and containing

function.

carried out to establish a base list of publications.

tegic and tactic planning. They describe functions

Subject: Planning & Integration

Publications lists from former OCOGs may also

activities for achievement of alleged results at the

serve as a useful reference.

Games and include: list (description) of programs

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

and deliverables, milestones, clients requirements

functional operational plan (FOP)

lists of both internal and external client groups,


client services levels, outcomes of each function

operations. Functional operational plans may be

integrated in the comprehensive operational plan or

viewed separately for each Function, client group or

. -

ture, resource assessment (resource plan), budget

venue. Operational plans are annually updated and

, -

evaluation, potential risks, actions oriented at per-

finalized from general overview to detailed master

, -

formance targets attainment, principles of interac-

schedule for the Games period.

, .

tion with other functions and partners.

Subject: Games Management

functional planning

and expected service level, organizational struc-

Subject: Games Management

This is the planning undertaken by functions

, -

within the OCOG. It clearly defines important

facts about each function and aims to define

, ,

the functions operations at the Games-time.

Subject: Planning & Integration

functional requirements specification (FRS)

Narrative of the operational outcomes required

from specific equipment, systems, processes,

, -

etc. FRS is not technically prescriptive.

()

, -

Subject: Administration & Office Management

, ,

, .

- .


()

, , ( ), ,

321

322

functional strategic plans (FSP)


, ,

functions policies and procedures development


functional structure

CoCom meeting. They are led by designated IOC

Organization, based on functional deployment, i.e.

CoCom members.

procurement, construction, finance, etc. Each func-

Subject: Games Management

, ,

tional group within the organization is vertically

functional strategic plans (FSP)


Documents being developed by functional areas on
the basis of operational plans in the course of stra-

Subject: Games Management

, -

. , .

tegic and tactic planning. They describe functions

activities for achievement of alleged results at the

Games and include: list (description) of programs

and deliverables, milestones, clients requirements

, .. -

and expected service level, organizational struc-

ture, resource assessment (resource plan), budget

evaluation, potential risks, actions oriented at performance targets attainment, principles of interac-

, -

integrated.

functional structure

tion with other functions and partners.

Structure of allocation of works performed by the or-

Subject: Planning & Integration

ganization, based on functional deployment, i.e. pro-

fundamental principles of Olympism


functions policies
and procedures development
Subject: Games Management

Olympic Movement. They are listed in the Olympic


Charter.
Subject: Olympic Movement

function-specific contingencies

curement, construction, finance, etc. Each functional

Those contingencies that have potential to impact

group within the organization is vertically integrated.

on aaspect of the Games, such as competition

Functional structure communications are essentially

delay, bomb threat, food poisoning, etc.

vertical; horizontal interaction with other functional

Subject: Games Management

structures is limited.

Subject: Planning & Integration

Six principles that govern the development of the

.
.

furniture, fixtures and equipment (FF&E)


Generic furniture, fixtures and equipment that
are required by all functional areas to perform

their Games operational role. These items are

, -

required to perform the day-to-day operational

()

, -

needs (i.e. chairs, desks, consumables, etc).

, ,

(, , ..).

, -

, , (-

), ,

, ,

; -

This planning aims to ensure that all representa-

(, ,

tives with a functional operational role understand

..).

Subject: Administration & Office Management

,
, ,

function-specific contingency planning

how to identify a risk for their function and how to

functional stream

functional testing plan

Main activity stream for the OCOG functions. It

Plan detailing how a function will conduct

helps the OCOG, public authorities and external en-

specific tests.

tities to develop on a functional level and prepares

Subject: Games Management

the organizers for venue planning, venuisation and

enact the required contingency plan sufficiently as

This term is usually used in the building industry.

Subject: Games Management

In relation to the Games, this term refers mainly

to furniture and equipment that are necessary in

operationalization. The Functional stream involves

every function of an OCOG and the external enti-

ties involved in Games delivery.

functional testing plan

furniture, fixtures and equipment (FF&E)

an appropriate response to any given situation.

the Games venues.


Subject: Construction

. ,

Plan detailing how a function will conduct specific

, ,

test events.

. ,

Subject: Planning & Integration

Subject: Games Management

fundamental principles of accessibility

furniture, fixtures and equipment (FF&E)

All venue design and planning, as well as Games

In relation to the Games, this term refers mainly

operations need to be carried out with three fun-

to furniture and equipment that are necessary in

damental principles of accessibility at the heart

the Games venues.

, .

functional working group

of the process. These principles are equity, dignity

, -

Such working groups are organized to discuss

and functionality.

specific detailed aspects of the project at the

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Games Services

323

324

furniture, fixtures and equipment installation


,
,
.

or control a flow of water.


Subject: Construction

game timekeeper
-

, -

, ,

furniture, fixtures and equipment installation

Subject: Administration & Office Management

Judge in ice hockey responsible for timekeeping

of the game.

Subject: Ice Hockey

, ,

gage
furniture, fixtures and equipment installation
Subject: Construction

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Construction

, -

()

Games (official) suppliers


General Association of International Sports FederaSubject: General Sport Terms

by which the OCOG formally commits to the TOP

to the Games to TOP partners, broadcasters of

partner to deliver the Games assets.

the Games, OCOGs Joint Marketing Program participants and any other major Games sponsors,

game

partner, which consists of all relevant provisions,

Package of assets which is offered in relation

Subject: Construction

future management

Games assets agreement


agreement between the OCOG and each TOP

Games assets

Underground tunnel or passageway in a mine or cave.

Subject: Marketing

()

tions

.
One of the three approaches of the IOC integrated

, -

Subject: Biathlon

gallery
furrow

Another term for caliber.

GAISF
furniture, fixtures and equipment installation

game timekeeper

as determined by the IOC and shall include access

Subject: Marketing

to first class hotel rooms, tickets, local ground

transportation, appropriate parking permits, a certain

amount of space in hospitality marquees or lounges,

risk management methodology. This approach uses

Two teams playing a specified number of ends to

appropriate accommodation for the staff operating

a methodology called risk and opportunity man-

determine a winner.

franchises and concessions.

agement. It is a proactive method that identifies


information in advance.
Subject: Games Management

Subject: Curling

, .

, -

A plan of all expenses and revenues by activities

necessary to organize and stage the Games.

game
Subject: Ice Hockey

, .

game misconduct (GM)

Games budget


. -

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Finance & Legal

. -

, ,

, -

, -

Games budget

Situation in ice hockey, when a player is not allowed

to continue the game as a punishment for an infrac-

Plan of all expenses and revenues by activities

tion, and is sent to the teams dressing room, but can

necessary to organize and stage the Games.


Subject: Games Management

be replaced by another player.


Subject: Ice Hockey

Games assets

Package of assets which is offered in relation to the

, -

Games to TOP partners, broadcasters of the Games,

OCOGs joint marketing program participants and any

goals against average

/ ,

other major Olympic sponsors, as determined by the

Subject: Ice Hockey

IOC and shall include access to first class hotel rooms,

GAA

gabion

game scorekeeper

Games budget

tickets, local ground transportation, appropriate park-

OCOG integrated operational plans showing rev-

ing permits, a certain amount of space in hospitality

enue and expenditure for the entire period

Large square container made of wire in which rocks

Judge in ice hockey responsible for scorekeeping

marquees or lounges, appropriate accommodation for

of the Games organization and staging, up to the

are packed. Gabions are used for building structures

of the game.

the staff operating franchises and concessions.

moment of the OCOG dissolution.

outdoors, for example to support pieces of ground

Subject: Ice Hockey

Subject: Marketing

Subject: Planning & Integration

325

326

Games chronological planning phases


Games coordination office (GCO)

Games emblem

Mark comprised of three elements: (a) the host city

name and year of the Games, (b) graphic device of

the OCOG, and (c) Olympic/Paralympic symbol.

Subject: IP Protection

Games chronological planning phases

Games codes


, : )

Five major chronological planning phases are experi-

Primary authority listing of codes and related ter-

enced during the OCOG life-cycle:

minology (in English & French) required in various

foundation planning phase (G-84 to G-66)

Games systems applications in the Olympic/Para-

Office responsible for coordinating the IOCs activi-

operational planning phase (G-66 to G-42)

lympic Games. They are required to ensure that

ties, as well as being a singular point of contact

operational readiness planning phase (G-42 to 0)

computer applications refer to the correct thing,

with the Games organizers to ensure that informa-

Games operations phase (0)

place, person or activity and focus on information

tion is shared and problem resolution is integrated

First formal update of the candidature file and set-

dissolution phase ( 0 to G+12).

required across multiple functional areas. Some

when both organizations and/or other Olympic

ting out the overall vision, objectives and strategies

Subject: Games Management

of the codes are set by the IOC and external orga-

Movement organizations must be involved.

for hosting the Games, including the OCOG structure

Subject: Games Management

and an overall roadmap for the preparations.

nizations, while others will be unique to the host

- ; )

Games coordination office (GCO)

; ) / .

Games foundation plan (GFP)

city, such as the venue codes. Examples include

the names and associated codes of countries,

(84 66

languages, venues, sports, disciplines, events,

);

and functional areas.

-,

(66 42

Subject: Technology

Subject: Planning & Integration

/ -

(42 );

( );

),

( 12

).

Forum to exchange Games experience and discuss

sets out the overall vision, objectives and strategies

major conclusions with future organizers. It takes

for hosting the Games, including the OCOG struc-

, ,

place a few months after the Games in the next

ture and an overall roadmap for the preparations.

Exclusive transport system provided for the dedi-

host city.

The Olympic Protocol is an important element in the

cated transport of a Games client. The system can

Subject: Games Management

Games Foundation Plan. Protocol content should

include bus or fleet provided services. Games clients

that require transport systems include athletes and

, , ,

IOC master schedule - section IOC Services

team officials, IFs, media, IOC, marketing partners,

, -

and Protocol

spectators and workforce.

Olympic Family database

Subject: Games Services

, , -

IOC directory information

, , , -

principles for organization of the Protocol function.

);

Games client transport system

Games foundation plan (GFP)


Games debriefing

include:

Subject: Protocol

First formal update of the candidature file that

Games compliance inspection

Games debriefing

, ,

During Games operations, the Security Depart-

Forum to exchange Games experience and discuss

-,

ment and Law Enforcement conduct random

major conclusions with future organizers. It takes

3, -

security compliance inspections of the vendors

place a few months after the Games in the next

warehouses and production facilities. In the event

host city.

. -

, , , , --

of non-compliance, the vendor is formally notified

Subject: Knowledge Management

, .

of what remedial steps are required to become

Games clients
Main recipients of Olympic and Paralympic
Games experience, following them either live

compliant and the time frame for these remedial

steps to be auctioned.

Subject: Security

or via the media.

Subject: Planning & Integration

327

328

Games integration systems (GIS)


Games integration systems (GIS)

Games management systems (GMS)


Games knowledge reports

Games management systems (GMS)

Games master schedule

Designed to provide electronic support to Com-

Reports completed by each OCOG, which allow for

Application areas that deal with the administra-

OCOG must establish a Games master schedule

manders and Staff who plan, execute and manage

the collection of key data, strategic decisions and

tion of the Games or the organization that has

(based on the IOC master schedule) according to

security operations.

analysis for all elements of Games organization.

responsibility for them. Examples of these areas

the technical requirements set up by the IOC. The

Subject: Security

Subject: Knowledge Management

are accreditation, Games staffing, transportation,

first version of the Games master schedule must

access control, and logistics. As an organization,

be submitted to the IOC for approval with the

it is the group of people who are responsible

Games foundation plan. The OCOG must regularly

, ,

for developing, implementing, and deploying

submit the Games master schedule for review and

these systems.

approval by the IOC. Any changes from the first

Subject: Technology

and subsequent versions of the Games master

Games intelligence center (GIC)

Games management guiding principles

()

schedule must be approved by the IOC and the

OCOG top executives.

, -

Subject: Games Management

Center responsible for the collection, registra-

Guiding principles of the Games management

. ,

tion, synthesis, assessment and dissemination of

approach are:

- ( -

Games intelligence.

minimization of risk, and

, .

- ) -

Subject: Security

maximization of opportunity.clear and effective

, -

, .

partnership structure, with efficient management

and day-today operations, should not only minimize


()
, , , -

risks, but also should maximize the opportunities to

fulfill the objectives of the organizers and the IOC.

Games IT services

Subject: Games Management

Games management systems division

- -

One of the Technology FA divisions.

Subject: Technology

These services provide access to core Games

applications that support key operations, such

as Games INFO, commentator information

system, data feeds and printed results. The

services embed functionalities using standard

Team responsible for leading the development

schedules, athletes, teams, venues for accredited

reprographics services.

and implementation of the tools and processes re-

media.

Subject: Technology

quired to deliver the GRIP. It consists of represen-

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

tatives of a number of relevant OCOG functions.

Subject: Games Management


, , INFO, -

Games media guide


Games management team (GMT)

Games management systems (GMS)

, -

Publication containing information on events, time


, , , , , .

Application areas that deal with the administration

of the Games or the organization that has respon-

, -

sibility for them. Examples of these areas are ac-

Games mobility provides services to a wide range

creditation, Games staffing, transportation, access

of people with disabilities, including people who

control, and logistics. As an organization, it is the

use wheelchairs, people who are visually impaired,


people who are hearing impaired and people who

group of people who are responsible for developing,

Games knowledge reports


Reports completed by each OCOG, which allow for
the collection of key data, strategic decisions and

implementing, and deploying these systems.


Subject: Games Management

()

Games marketing partners

provides this service to other groups, in particular

Subject: Marketing

people with a temporary injury (sprained ankles

Subject: Games Management

, -

. ,

, ,

, .

, -

have a mobility impairment. Games mobility also

Another term for the Olympic marketing partners.

analysis for all elements of Games organization.

Games mobility service

Games marks approval department


Subject: Games Image

and fractures), pregnant women and older people.


Subject: Paralympic Games





,
,

329

330

Games official

Games operations phase



, ,

operations, (2) Olympic Games operations, (3)

operations phase for certain venues, such as the IBC

- .

transition period, (4) Paralympic Games operations

and the accreditation center, start earlier than the

and (5) Paralympic load out. The division of the

opening of the Olympic Village.

, , -

Games Time Operations into operational phases is

Subject: Planning & Integration

-.

(, ),

a means to structure Games Security activities.

Subject: Security


Games official

Games photo guide

Publication containing useful Games-related infor-

mation, including photo positions, for accredited

IPC term used to describe a Games client consist-

photopress.

ing of technical officials and classification officials.

Subject: Games Management

. ,

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

: (1)

; (2)

, ,

, -

; (3) ;

, ,

(4) -

; (5)

Games operations

, -

Games operations phase

Games product

Conduct of all Games-time activities. The full work-

. -

Another term for Games operations period.

All elements of the Games, considered as the

force is in place and external clients access the

Subject: Security

product (sport, cultural activities, city activities,

venues. For a competition venue, this period will

include the arrival of athletes and team officials for

athlete training, the arrival of press and broadcasters and then spectators and guests for competi-

Olympic/Paralympic torch relay, ceremonies), must


be developed in a coherent and integrated manner,
with a consistent management and delivery ap-

Games operations phase

Games organizers

proach among all parties: the IOC, IPC, the clients

tion. At a non-competition venue, Games opera-

Period of time indicatively beginning with the

Main entities responsible for hosting a Games. These

and the organizers.

tions may commence much earlier, for example the

opening of the Olympic Village and training venues

can include the authorities of the host city and host

Subject: Games Management

arrival of volunteers at the accreditation center to

and finishing with the closing of the Paralympic

country, the OCOG and the local NOC.

collect their accreditation.

Village. This phase includes the Olympic Games

The IOC is one of the organizers.

Subject: Venues

period, the transition period and the Paralympic

Subject: Games Management

(, ,

Games period. It should be noted that the Games

, /-

operations phase for certain venues, such as the

, -

, ),

, -

IBC and the accreditation center, start earlier than

the opening of the Olympic Village.

Subject: Games Management

-, , -

: , ,

, -

. -

Periods from the official opening of the Olympic Vil-

Exercise that involves the participation of Games-

lage to the official closing of the Olympic Village, and

time Functional Command Centers, all venue

, .

the official opening of the Paralympic Village

teams (notionally) and all external command cen-

to the official closing of the Paralympic Village.

ters, and engages the executive and media teams.

, ,

, ,

, ,

Games operations phase

Games period

Subject: Games Management

Games readiness exercise (GRE)

Subject: Games Management

), , (-

Period of time indicatively beginning with the

),

Games time operations period consists in the

opening of the Olympic Village and training venues

, .

security operations carried out at the Olympic and

and finishing with the closing of the Paralympic

Paralympic venues at Games time. It is divided into

Village. This phase includes the Olympic Games

different subgroups, each characterized by differ-

period, the transition period and the Paralympic

One of the City Operations FA sections.

High-level concept of the Games planning,

ent tasks and activities: (1) Pre-Games

Games period. It should be noted that the Games

Subject: Games Management

recommended by the IOC and adapted by

Games operations period

Games personnel accommodation section

Games readiness integrated plan (GRIP)

331

332

Games readiness integrated plan (GRIP)


the OCOG, which describes the OCOG

Games security working group (SWG)

Games road network (GRN)

lifecycle from foundation planning phase up

Network of designated roads that is used during

, -

to dissolution. GRIP defines major types of plans

the Games for the movement of Games constitu-

to be developed at different phases of the

ent groups. The GRN links precincts, venues and

OCOGs activity.

facilities across the Games Theater. It includes

Subject: Games Management

primary, alternate and emergency routes.

Subject: Security

()

Games theater of operation


Generic term that describes the geographic area

Games security working group (SWG)

across which Games Operations are conducted.

Representative body of agencies and organiza-

It is the sum total of all precincts, venues and facili-

tions assigned with overseeing security prepara-

ties linked by the GRN.

tions for the Games.

Subject: Security

, -

. ,

, .

. ,

, , -

Subject: Security

()


, -

Games safety
Games readiness integrated plan (GRIP)

Games services

Games time

Planning and implementation of measures to

Generic term commonly used to group func-

Period defined as beginning with the Games

High-level concept of Games planning, recommend-

provide safe working conditions, venue security

tional areas that provide a range of specialty

Opening Ceremony and ending with the Games

ed by the IOC and adapted by the OCOG, which

policy, rules of safety event conditions, as well

services for Games venues, to members of the

Closing Ceremony.

describes the OCOG lifecycle from foundation plan-

as to ensure conditions for effective emergency

Olympic/Paralympic Family and/or the general

ning phase up to dissolution. GRIP defines major

procedures within the responsibility of the Organiz-

public, such as accommodation, accreditation and

types of plans to be developed at different phases

ing Committee.

security.

of the OCOG activity.

Subject: Workforce

Subject: Games Services

Subject: Planning & Integration

Subject: Games Management

, -

Period defined as beginning of the opening

, /

ceremony and ending with the end of the

, -

/ , , -

closing ceremony.

. GRIP -

, .

Games security command center (GSCC)

Subject: Planning & Integration


Games technology

Games time

Technology systems and operations required to

Role of GSCC is to coordinate and integrate secu-

support Games operations e.g. timing, scoring and

rity operations among OCOG Functions and Law

results systems, Games management systems,

IOC-recommended, high-level planning framework

Enforcement, during the Olympic and the Paralym-

information systems, wired and wireless telecom-

that can be applied by organizers to deliver the

pic Games.

munications technologies, print distribution, help

Comprehensive venue merchandising plan devel-

Subject: Security

desk and technology management.

oped by OCOG with the IOC which includes oppor-

Subject: Technology

tunities to showcase all the main Olympic products.

Games Readiness Integrated Plan (GRIP)

Games. It describes the evolution in Games planning during the lifecycle of the OCOG from foundation to dissolution. The exact planning phases

Games time retailing plan

Subject: Planning & Integration

and timing of each phase are adapted to fit the

, -

context of the specific Games.

Subject: Venues

, -

, , , -

, , -

Games security sweep schedule

Games time retailing plan


Sochi 2014 will work with the IOC to develop a

Schedule that details by date, and resource

. -

allocation, all security sweeps that are planned

for Games facilities.

Another term for Games theater of operation.

Olympic products.

Subject: Security

Subject: Security

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

comprehensive venue merchandising plan which

Games theater

will include opportunities to showcase all the main

333

334

Games timeline (GT)


Games-related media content


Games-time recruitment procedure

leave/holiday suspension conditions, disciplinary

quizzes or question and answer sessions which

-2014

procedures, drugs/alcohol, receiving gifts, grievance

address key themes with a relevance to the Games.

Procedure on how to cover shortfalls and attrition,

resolution, confidential information etc.

It is particularly recommended to encourage manag-

how to take a decision on extra recruitment during

Subject: Workforce

ers and team leaders to ask questions relating the

the Games time.

Games-time service delivery.

Subject: Workforce

,
.


, , -

Games timeline (GT)

, /

Subject: Paralympic Games

Timeline that refers to activities during the Games

, , /-

operations phase when VST personnel are deployed

, , ,

, -

to the venue & the Games are conducted.

..

Subject: Security

()

Games workforce systems (GWS)

Games-time venue form

Form to request day pass.

Subject: Games Services

Games workforce systems include critical tools by

. -

which the OCOG delivers the workforce required to

, ,

stage the Games. The functionalities within compre-

hensive Games workforce systems are as follows:

, .

Games tracker

Games-time workforce training

workforce planning

Leading up to the Games, workforce management

Tool that consolidates all information used by

registration/tracking

, -

department focuses on providing the staff and volun-

the IOC Games management team during the

selection

teers (and some contractors) with the skills required

preparation phase to follow the Games project

training

on a daily basis.

scheduling

Subject: Games Management

entitlements

Information and experiences that may provide value

orientation training

to perform their Games-time assignments. Training

Games-related media content

for the Games time is typically delivered in four ways:

retention/communication

for an end-user/audience in the contexts of Olympic

venue specific training

, -

accreditation

and Paralympic Games (news, sport events reports,

job specific training

local HR/payroll system

quotes, etc.)

event leadership training

background check.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Subject: Workforce

Subject: Workforce


Games tracker

Tool that consolidates all information used by

the IOC Games management team during the

. ,

( )

preparation phase to follow the Games project

. -

on a daily basis.

..

Subject: Technology

Games-time insurance policy

, -

/;

Principles of Games-time insurance options for dif-

, , -

ferent subgroups of workforce.

Subject: Workforce

Games video library

/;

Library containing video materials related to the

Olympic and Paralympic Games.

/ ;

Subject: Communications & Mass Media


, , .

Games/ job-specific accessibility training


This training session should continue the themes
found in the general disability etiquette training.

Games workforce code of conduct

/;

Games-wide contingencies
Contingencies that have potential to impact the

Games-time media transport guide

overall operation of the Games such as bad weather,

Publication containing information on the transpor-

utility failures, personnel contingencies, major inci-

tation options and routes for the media.

dents, etc.

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

Subject: Games Management


, -

However, this session should encourage interaction

, -

, , ,

Policy of allowed and prohibited actions by the

and question sessions on key themes.

, ,

Games workforce, including sections on annual

This interaction could take the form of role play,

..

335

336

Games-wide contingency planning


Games-wide contingency planning

gap analysis report


game-winning goal game winning goal (GWG)

Subject: Games Management

High level summary of all unscoped branding is-

score and the opponent does not score a goal.

sues for senior management review (these are com-

-,

Subject: Ice Hockey

mercial activities that have not yet been addressed

Activity stream for the fundamental aspects of

planning that encompasses the entire organiza-

tion. The Games-wide stream, by necessity, involves


every function of the OCOG and all external entities

Subject: Skiing

Goal in ice hockey, after which the team leads the


Games-wide stream

gap analysis report

Gantt chart

nor budgeted by any function).


Subject: IP Protection

gate key

Tool used to aid in installation and removal

of flex poles.

Subject: Skiing

( ,

( )

involved in the Games delivery.

Chart in which a series of horizontal lines shows

Subject: Games Management

the amount of work done in certain periods of

).

time in relation to the amount planned for those

garter (belt)

gate line

periods. This type of charts is used for planning

, -

complex projects.

Belts that a hockey player attaches to the jock to

Gate line in downhill, giant slalom and super-G,

Subject: Planning & Integration

hold the pads and/or pants in place.

where a gate consists of two pairs of poles holding

Subject: Ice Hockey

gate flags between them, is the imaginary shortest

, ,

gate line in slalom is the imaginary shortest line

/ -

between the turning pole and the outside pole.

Subject: Skiing

Games-wide/corporate FA

Subject: Games Management

/

, ,

.

gas collector

, -

Subject: Ecology

ties of client, service and product FAs and the OCOG


in general during all the Games phases.

Functional areas of the OCOG, supporting the activi-

line between the two inner poles at snow level. The

gap

-,

, ,

Distance between two speed skaters calculated


in seconds or points.
Subject: Speed Skating & Short Track

gate

. -

Plastic blue and red poles which define the race line.

Subject: Skiing

, -

gateway

Games-wide/corporate FA
Functional areas of OCOG, supporting the activi-

Location offering accessibility to a large system

gap analysis

gate fault

ties of client, service and product FAs and OCOG in

This analysis highlights additional facilities, equip-

Occurs when the Athlete does not pass gates ac-

general during all Games phases.

ment and operational solutions that are required to

cording to the FIS rule.

Subject: Planning & Integration

deliver Games venues. These additional facilities,

Subject: Skiing

of circulation of freight, passengers and/or


information.
Subject: Games Services

equipment and operational solutions need to be

defined, agreed by the OCOG, the Host City and

, /

, ,

relevant government authorities, and action plans

FIS.

developed for their delivery.

Subject: Construction


game-tying goal game tying goal (GTG)

gate flag

gay twist

Rectangular cloth panels which is fixed between

Snowboard trick that is a Caballerial which

two poles.

includes a grab.

Goal in ice hockey, after which the team ties the

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Skiing

score, and then neither team gets a goal in the

, -

game.

Subject: Ice Hockey

( )

, -

gate judge

GCO

, -

- -

Judge who controls the passage of gates in alpine

Games coordination office

competitions.

Subject: Games Management

337

338

GCO
GCO

general media telecommunications


as fundraising, ticketing, venue advertising, local

appropriate authorities shall ensure that all the

Games coordination office

sponsorship, licensing.

necessary measures are taken in order to guar-

Subject: Technology

Subject: Paralympic Games

antee the safe and peaceful celebration of the

GEF

Paralympic Games.

Global Environment Facility

, ,

Subject: Ecology

, -

-,

, , -

, ,

, .

general impression
general accommodation price control

One of the aspects of judging a jump in ski jumping

Candidate cities must control accommodation pric-

competitions.

ing in addition to the Olympic and Paralympic ho-

Subject: Skiing

Subject: Paralympic Games

general media telecommunications

. -,

General media telecommunications requirements

-,

be established after a Candidate City is awarded

include but are not limited to:

the Games.

Fixed line phone installations in private and

non-private locations

ISDN services, both basic and primary

tels rate and client hotels rate. Some prices must

Subject: Games Services

general ledger (GL)


A collective document which contains summarized

DSL or ADSL services of various speeds, keep-

data concerning accounting reports and accounts.

ing in mind the requirements of major news agen-

Subject: Finance & Legal

cies for high speed services

System that allows mobile devices to be connect-

general packet radio service (GPRS)

Fax facilities

ed via IP addresses.

Mobile phone network with sufficient Games-

Subject: Technology

time capacity, and so on.

- .

Subject: Communications & Mass Media

general admission session ticket

general marketing


, IP-.

general participants

Paralympic Winter Games have historically

Direction of the brand development, advertising,

sold tickets for specific sports sessions. A spec-

management strategy and coordination of all

, ,

Subgroup of participants that include performers

tator is able to purchase a ticket to a particular

marketing-related functional areas. This area pro-

of crowd actions at ceremonies.

session and upon entering the venue have access

vides project leadership in liaison with internal mar-

Subject: Workforce

to general admission seating. These tickets are

keting, non-marketing areas and external Games

date/session/time specific but do not reserve a

stakeholders. The OCOG may establish a functional

specific seat.

area dealing with general marketing aspects.

ISDN

Subject: Paralympic Games

Subject: Marketing

DSL ADSL

general partner

, , -

, -

/ / ,

Element of the marketing plan consisting in iden-

, ,

, ..

tifying partner companys core business, mission

One of three types of accommodation at the Para-

, .

lympic Village. In most cases this housing has an


upstairs component with no accessible or adapt-

general marketing rights

Subject: Marketing


I.

general partner company information

statement and general company objectives. This

. -

general housing

Tier I OCOG domestic partner.

general obligations for security

information allows Sochi 2014 to engage the part-

As stated in the Host City Contract, the appro-

ner in activities that are relevant to their business

priate authorities of the Host Country shall be

objectives.

responsible for all aspects of security in relation

Subject: Marketing

able bathrooms, however they do have appropri-

General marketing rights transferred to the

to the Paralympic Games, including financial, plan-

ate handrails and step heights on the stairways.

OCOG by the IPC for undertaking the hosting

ning and operational aspects related thereto.

, -

Subject: Paralympic Games

of the Paralympic Games, include such areas

The City, the Government, the OCOG and the

339

340

general policing at Olympic venues


,

general training
general public (GP)

general training

. -

Term refers to private individuals, excluding the

General training contains the basic training ele-

-2014 -

NOC Family, who would acquire tickets for the pur-

ments for the entire workforce. The intent of

pose of personal use.

general training is to expose the entire work-

Subject: Games Commercial Activity

force to the basic information and customer

. ,

general policing at Olympic venues

service skills expected of all staff members,

regardless of job or venue assignment. Informa-

, -

( ,

tion elements include Olympic and Paralympic

Includes providing a community policing presence

),

history, sports, model venue, venue structure,

within venues, principally:

accreditation, policies, procedures and codes

crowd control as required

of conduct. Service skills cover communication,

house rule enforcement


respond to breaches of peace and of the law

cultural awareness and disability awareness.

general retention fund

Subject: Workforce

general-purpose tractor
Subject: Construction

victim assistance

Five percent of the sums of money payable to

proactive policing

the OCOG, in relation to the sale of all broadcast-

initial emergency responses

ing rights and an international Olympic marketing

, .

Inaugural peacemaking youth camp first

Subject: Security

program, shall be paid into a general retention fund

organized in 2007. Generations for Peace

maintained and controlled by the IOC. The IOC shall

camp brings together leaders of youth from

determine the application of the general retention

, -

various European and Central Asian countries

fund in relation to the organization of the Games

that have been involved in various forms of

and the obligations of the OCOG in respect thereof.

conflict. In 2010 it was held in the Russian city

Subject: Finance & Legal<