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1964 .

. XIX,

. 4 (118)

517.5


. .

1. -
2.
3. ,
4.
5.
6. ^- . . . .

3
10
22
34
46
57
79
91


.
,
, , ,
. .

[21], [29].
.

,
[1].
, ,
.
. ,


.
.

.

. .

,
.
- i? n , , . .
, , .

G (),
.
, G ():
xix2 = g(xi)x2,
g(xt)e = xt, g(xt)G(V).
(1)
,

f(xix2) = f(xi)f(x2).
(2)
, I
xt (x)i ^ G(V)
( ). f(x),
/() = 1,

/Or)=*p=ri(Xi(*))ei.

(3)

, %t () > 0 xV. , &


g g 1 Re z .
exp(L(#)), L ()
(
). LQ(x).
, . (-
)
MQ)=$

exv(L0(x))xe+ddx^

QgC^

(4 )

v
dx , a xd dx G(V)
Rn. Tv (Q) , Q,
-.
-
:

( , ) = ^x+d{e-x)a+ddx,

Q, agC 1 ,

(5)

\ (0, ),

xV, ( x)V ( Rn,


). By
- -:
R / \ By(Q,a)-

Tv ( Q ) ( g )
r y ( Q + a )

(\
()


, :

Fv (Q, , ; ) = ( _ ) $ *CT+d (e - * ) t - 0 + d (e ~ ^ " ^ '


6
Q,

, 1, , ".

(7)

, ,
,
: VF (Q, , ; X). Fv y i^
Q, a, t, .
Fv, y F ,
X, Fv = vF
( ):

<^

() =

YVU) S f ^ ~l)P+d **'

(8)

'i
(X, ), \i,
(\i X) g F. f () S (i?n), (8)
Q, (4),
Q (z 1. Q ^
,
.

,
.

. ,

.
- (
1.2, 1.3). . . , . . - [8],

- -
. .

.
.

.
.
.
, , . . ,
-,
[19].

. .

.
[28], . [3], [4], . . - [23], . [14]
.
.
1 - ,
, Rn. V
Rn Rtj, i < / [16]. ntj
] .
G (V) ,
, ,
. V,
V
G (V).
7-
(. . ,
).
- ,
. . - [24]. 1 .
2 ( 2.1).
1
I %t () ( 2 . 1 , (1.24)).
u, (dx) G (V) : xddx,
d 1 ntj ( (2.6)).


( ) = f <p(x)xv+ddx.
(9)
v

( ),
, ,
[17].
exp (L ()). 1,
Lo () s p a : ( (2.13)).
( 2.2, 2.4),
(4), (5) ( 2 . 1 , 2.2), (Q)
-,
(0) By (Q).
2 F-
( 2.5),
, .
F- 7 .
((2.54), 2.9),
,

.


[18].
3 ,
(8).
k^+d S' (Rn),
/) = [ +df (I) dX, f(X)S (),
(10)
v
(10)
Q. (3*vf) () Q , (++ , /) Q, , ().
# Q; S*V =,
[0] = (0, . . . , 0), i? ( 3.3,
(3.23), (3.24)). ,

(+*,

^ ^ = -

()

( (3.30)). ,
, . . -
, Q = / ? * , * = (, . . . 5 {), *-
, . . Xf (
V*), ( 3.2, 3.4)

*v p, = Z*= ( - ) * .

(12)

D\r ( )
.
(12 \ ^ > 0, { > 0)
.
. [27].
Q (11)
([29],
. II). ,
( 3.6). 9>
,
. I
( F(^-),
F (f) V ( 3.3).

. / (0)
f () S (Rn), / () ;
%t () = 1 < i < I ( 3.7).
( 3.8)
( = 1, [1 ] = (1, . . . , 1)).

110] .

. .

[10]. . . ,
.
,
-
. ,
,
.
,
.
4 .

. ,
, ,
.
.
.
. . 4
, Tv (Q), xp, ,
, ,
, (
(4.22)). ,
.
~Zv(Fv(Q,

, , )U=0Tv(x+p*)Tv{a)Tvi__p*__Q_d)

(13)

= 1
.
Fv. , I < .
Fv VF
,
( Q ; ,
F X ""1). , Fv
. , = 1
.
,
,
^F^ [21].
5
.
. ,
: ( 5.1),
, (
5.2, 5.2'),
( ). ,
-

[8].
.
, -
(Q) ( 5.1, 5.2).

- [32]. *

.

( -)
( 5.3, 5.4), . [3]
.
5

. 31% (
5.3), -
D,
!. (12).
, ,
/ (z)
(Myf) (z).
, D , . . D = Rn + iV, V
- , , a My = (
(5.93)):

J {w _x)-v*+df

{x) dx =

[ 2 ( ffl d ) vvf ,

(14}

, / (z) Z), D
, Im z = 0 Rn.
D [(w z)p*+d f (z), z D]r

. ,
^-, (14) ,

. .
, = 1 (14)
.
(14) ,

\ (1 + 2) ~r dx, ( 5.10).


- D = RnJr
+ iV* (^- ). D
,
G (V) V6. 21

10

. .

, I . V6 6,
V6 V: , -> 6, F 6 ,
6
V ( = g () 6). ^-
exp [(ik, ) (, )]. ^-
,
V = V V6 = V .
^- D
, J?y . . ( 6.5),
^-
G (D) D:
gz = az+ , a ^ F * , b e Rn,
(15)
; az (1).
,

.

. ,
. ,
. [20],
.
,
, . . .
[9]
, , .
.
,
,
. , ,
-
. ,
, -
[18]. ,
,
.
. . , . . , . . ,
. . , . . . . -
.
1. -
, ,
.
- Rn (
) w- .


. ,
,
. - Rn
( ).
,

. , -
,
[ 7 ].
, ,
- .

1.1. D
, D
.
, z^, z2 6 D
D , (z{) = z2 .

(,
1
).
. ,
.
,
. ,
,
, -
.
: (\z\ < 1)
(Im z > 0). ,
, z = 0,
. -, . .
,
: z >- az + , , > 0 (,

). ,

, .

(., , [8]). ,
.
, , ,
. ,
, ,

12

. .

, ,
,
.
F- .
1.2. V Rn,
. F (, v) X ,
, V- , .
1) F (Xiui+ 22, v) = XXF (, v) + X2F (2, v), 2 ,
2) F (, v) = (?, )_,
3) Z1 (, w) f F , V V,
4) F (, ) = , = 0.
V , F-
.
[24], [25].
1.3. V d Rn
1.2 / 1 (, v) - .
, F, D + =
= X , = (z, ) Cn+?7\ z = -\- iy v
6 C m ,
-F(u,u)eV.
(1.1)
, = 0, F = 0, Z) 7 (
[3], [30]). ([25], . 1, 2),
1.1.
.
,
D.
-> + , z -+ z+ a+ 2iF (, ) + iF (, ), , 6 Rn.

(1.2)

N(D).
(z, ) (iy, 0). N(D)
. D ,
, V - (. .
Rn ZD V,
V, ) F-
, . . :
1.4. F- F ,
V -
G (V), g 6 G (V)
g ,
gF(u,u) = F&,gu).

(1.3)

1.2. ,
- V V- Ft
-.

13

, ,
1.2, (1.2)
g:
z-+gz, u-Zgu
(1.4)
( g, g
, ). (1.2) (z, )
{iy, 0), 6 V, (1.4)
{ie, 0), - V.
- {
) , ,
1.2.
. . - [24].
, . . , . . * [8].
1.1.
-
.
,
-
( ).
-
Rn. -
.
[3], [17], [30].
1.5. D ,
Im D CZ Rn, ,
z = -\- iy , Im D.

, :

? 1.1
.
1.3.
,
Rm { ,
{) )
F {, v) g Rn , v Rm.
(1.5)
.

z-^z iF {u,Z), u-^yiu.
(1.6)

F{t,t)V,
z = x+iy,
u = s+it.

(1.7)

, , 1.1,
D,

14

. .

. ,
D , , g (. (1.3))
( . . Rm ) .

. (1.7) - .
,

-* + 2F (*, a) -f F (, ),
y->gy,

t -+ t + ,

t-+}t.

6 Rm,
(1.8)

,

. , ,
- -,


. [17], [31],

, 1 .
(1.7) .
, - ,
, -
(1.7).

. .
1.6.
Rn, . F (s, t) Rm X Rm
Rn V- , -.
1) F (kiSi + X2s2, t) = X,F (su t)+k2F
(s 2 , t), k{, X2 6 ,
2) F{s, t)
=l^(t,s),
3) F (*, t) V\
4) F (t, t) = 0, t = 0.
F-
F- , 1.3,
Rm.
1.7. V
1.6 F - .
R*m =
= Rn X , = (, t) "+ 1 , R", t ,
-F(t,

t) 6 -

(1.9)

, = 0, F = 0, .
-, a F (
- , - ; 1.4), -.
,

15

1.2. -
,,

), -
.
1.2, ,
-
.
[7]. , 1.2
- [15], [7].
1.1.
Rn+m
-
V (), , +?+ 1
. (, t, r)Rn+m+1,
yRn,
tRm,
r^R1,
V,.
> , (yr, t)P, ,
yr-F(t,t)V,

r>0.

(1.10)

. , V() V ()
, .
.
:
y>y+2F(t,
y>gy,
y->y,

a) + F(a, a)r,

t>gt,
t>Vlt,

t->t

+ ar,

r->r,

/>r,
r->Xr,

aRm,

(1.11}
(1.12)

k>0.

(1.13)

,
.
1.2. - V,
,

, V V (), . . ,
, 1.1.
,
G(V) V,
2 ) [7]. ,
, (
):

r(gx) = x(g)r(x),

geo(V),

xev.

(i.i4>

V , (g) > 0.
, () > 0. () = 1
Rn. V S,
, V. S ; G (V),
!) , '- ,
, .
2
)
.

16

. .

X (g) = 1 (, () = 1,
). ,

Rn.
1.2 S -
. ,
S , Rn, V V(P),
. , S ; V
.
1.1 1.2 .
, ,
, = V (P),
. ,
V . ., . ,
- , ,
. Va),
/?^ (dim7?^ = 1).
(2), V(V (1) - F{2\
2 (2 );
R{ X i?22- , 1.1,
i?Jx X i?? a X i?J2 ( d i m j ^ 2 = l) Vi2) = V (P{2)).
- (,
V(2) 7 (2) -
(\
(3)
(3)
R*; V V ( )
R\x i?J 2 X i?22 X R%3 -^ - -5 *~
(\ VH~V ^"^-
() ?*, Va) V ({)).
, - , ,

(
). , V,
l(V) (V = V(l)).
.
, V (. ;
).
RnZjV
:
R\ t . . . X Ru X # 2 2 R"1,

n = l+ 2 *.

6 Rn;

, xj Ru Rnj .
G(V)
(1.8), (1.11), (1.12), (1.13). , R7!1
(1.3) V(i~v.
,
Xii-^XiXa

(1.15)

17

Rn. (/? X . . .
xRuX
2
1
a
X i?2 X . . . X R ) Z) V \ (1.13):
Xi>V hiXt, Xjj>Xjj, xh>Xh /, < i. (1.12) , R)j
/ > .
, RnJ / > i. RnJ
F "^- FU);
Fii, Fi
, R\i,
Rkk
( F(j) ). F$

. Rntj Rnj, F\Ji .
F0) ,
g, (1.15) (1.3),
] / % . ,
(1.15) R\k
L, , R^bi i
(1.15) .
, R7!fj (
). , 4)
1.6 , Rntj RnJ (
, V, = 0,
). ,

RnJ = R^

X . . . X ;)<, = 2 .

(1.16)

<.7

Rn
R^fJ ( < / ) , = 1 i1).

Rn Rtj xtJ, F[fp (&< / < ) F \


(,
RikxRjk,
).
Rtj ,
Fii .
Rn, , /,
Rtj . {)
(i < / , <^,/) . G(F),
(1.11), (1.12), (1.13),
(
). ,
!) R-j, #j/7'
Rn, rij, ,
.
2. . , . XIX, . 4

18

. .

V(V ()

> ,

Aii ^> UJ

# 1 2 > ^ 1 x\1i

^^1^11

>-\-2[\
Xi2

22>

(xi2, a12) +

i^i21

>#?

#12

22i

^ 1 > ,

( , a 1 2 )x 2 2 ,

> #12 ~f" #12^22? # 2 2 > # 2 2 '


>

12 -*2

V ^ 2 #12? # 2 2

^^2^22?

^2 > 0;

- (gm_i , ( 1)- )
\xij)

^Sm-i

\xij}i

#jy

^ xij

\ ^F ij

#m

#ij

I^

/ \

\xmi

^?

** iji

/ \

^2? # r a

>

dm) ~~r % ij

> ~~ & ? #/,7?


x

gm-ixm,

mm

^ xmmi

\am-> &m) xmm->

> #mm ? I ^
x

^ ^m m->

J ^C Q>m Z "

mm

(1.1 /)

> hmXmmi

hm ^> U .

(1.1)

72

, i? ,
G(V):

-->^>

**>0.

(1.20)

l(V) .
G(V) V
. , G(V)
V (. .
). V ,

r\i{e) = l,
xV.

rj.(e) = 0

1,\

(1.21)

(1.19),

, = 1 ( Xi = -; j ; ,
(1.19), = 1 . ,
(1.18) 771 = 1,
= 0 i, ( ). , g
, xt = 0,
, ,
G ( F ) , .
g(x):
g(x)e = x.
(1.22)

#i# 2 = g(#i)# 2 ,
(1.23)
XiV, a xzRn
. , ,
, .
, , , G(V)
,
(
(1.19)), .

19

xt = 0. , g(x)
(
(1.20))
G(V).
xRn,
xV.
h(x) = ni&).

(1-24)

V
%.()>0.

_
(1.25)
%i(x), .
, {1) x\v = 0, (1>
(2) ?__1=0 . ., x(l~i) = x. ) Va"m) X
X Vi-m+i x . . . X Vi, Vi Rit.

1

x{m+i) = x(m)

( l m)

trn^-F

- ~ (^m)

x(im) ), j<l

m, (0) = .

(1.26)

, <) = 0, -, z_m ()) = 0. #(7^-1) = #()


/ < Z m.
( )== ( '-'>).

(1.27)

, %() - .
V
- (X) = (1 (%1- ())~1/2

(#) 6 -timmi

g i?/_ m ,

mm (tmm \)) ( (#))

(l.Zoj

tij tj,
Rtj. xV, ttj
Rtj i < /; r m m ( m m ) > 0 .
t^, V
. ttj t \\ ttj |
i, / . I
, .
+ (V)
+.
x = tt',
(1.29)
:
tijtkj = hjtij^F^
(ttj, tkj),
i<k<j.
(1.30)
,
Xij = XjiRij, i < / . (1.26) ,
xtj V
t(x) 1 ). ,

)
. . [7]. $/
, V
, .
2*

20

. .

V ( (1.3))
, + .

t(xix2) = t(xi)t(x2).
(1.31)
-
( 1.3). D +,
V - F.
+ ,
D.
i */7
Rn R\jJ, V.
Ftj F, .
/ , ...,1,
FiU
.

. +
.
.
1. V
/:
'1{

. . .

. . . . . .
\%11

(1.32)

%ll)

, , / ? ,
1(1 + 1) ,
= -^^

I. V
x->gxg',
(1.33)
g Z- .

.
. , (1.33)
+ (V) (, )
. ,
V
x = tt', tT+(V).
Rtj
, ,
Xij Xjtl . ^ = 1. V / .
/() , 1-
, ,
, . .
V
= &,

(1.34)

21

, +
. %t(x). ,

&t(x) '- , 0 () = 1.
(1.25), ,
.
,
[25]. F- .

IXqi, - q% .

F(u,

v) = -(uv* + vu'),

(1.36)

v ,
v, v* = v'. ,
t T+(V),
\
u>tu.
(1.37)
q.

\ ,
, -, .
2. , (1.36),
. ,
, ,
1.3. .
V /-
. - i? n , n = l2,
;
>gxg*,
(1.38)
g Z-ro .
,

. I; (), Rtj,
%i(x) , . ,
nij = 2 i ]'. F-
, , :
F(u,

v) = uv*.

(1.39)

+ (V) (1.37). ,
, . , / > 2 , q2 > 0.
, ,
.

22

. .

3. .
)
((, /) = sp (xy)). , ,
ntj / ( 1, 2).

V. 2 ,

{) = 2-{\2)*-

. . . - ( r > g 2 > 0,

()

2() = 22 > 0.

: (#) = i-. Rk+2;

(1.40)

Ri2

12 = = 22 = 0.
,
.
, :
(ntj = 4) i /
3- ,
( ), = 8, 1] (. [14]).
4.
3 [6]:
^^ (^1)2 > 0 , "J
^2^33-(^23)2>0, |

(1.41)

>0. J
12 = 0, 3 =

23=1.

2.
, -

. ,
.
.
2 . 1 . V - ,
, G (V) (
) V. ,

V, / ()
, V ,
f(gx) = a(g)f(x),
gtG(V),
(2.1)
a (g) .

V G (V): g (x) (1.22).
V G (F), .

) , V*, V
(, ), yRn,
(, ) > 0 V,
0.

23

/ () G (F), (2.1) ,

G (V).
. (1.24).

2.1.
f(x), , f () = 1.

/(*)= *),

(2-2)

=1

(Q4, . . . , Qi) .
, ,
2.1 , QC1.
:
^ = (*(*))*. * * " ,

QC1.

(2.3)

=1

(1.25) V Q$Cl.
(xxzf = %$, x2V.
(2.4)
1, 2, 3 (1)
( ) ,
(,
3- ), , (1.40),
22.
V.
G(V) , [i (dx)
, ().
, , ,
.
i

= 2

(2.5)

i-i

, nj 2 (1-16).
2.2. V
p(dx) = xddx, dx=

dr\.(x),

dt= ( l + * + ' .

(2.6)

, j , k

. , \i(dx) = () dx.

P(x) = p(gx)fg,
gtG(V),
(2.7)
]'g g ( g
). , ((), \i(dx),
)
p{x) = {ig(x))'K
(2.8)
, jg(X) = j ~ (1.26),

24

. .

, , . .
(1.20).

/Vw = 4(, = (^)

(2-9)

.


()-->(0)= [ q>(x)xs>[L(dx), QC!.
v

(2.10)


( ),
. ()
[3], [17],
V.
V
1 (2.3).
( ), I < .
, (2.10) .
, , ,
(), (Q), , () = ().
, (2.10).
, , ,
, .

,
(, )
. .
.
exp (L (#)), L ()
Rn ( ).
.
G (F), , V
(1.23). V , , .
:
exp (L ( + 2)) = exp (L (x^)) exp (L (2)). ,
V (.
). Rn
(#i, # ) =

Ai{Xi)r%(xz),

xu

x2Rn.

(2.11)

(zu z2)
. L(x) = (k, x), XRn, L
, X g C n , . ,
exp (L ()) V ( > ,

xV).

25


L(x) = ( X, ), ReA,gV*.

(2.12)

, V , * )
.
X, = :
i

(, x) = sip(x)=

^}rit(x).

(2-13)

=1

, ,
(2.11).
, -
.
2.2. V ,
Q ,
QC1,

I V ( Q ) = ^ e x p ( sv(x))xv\i(dx),

(2.14)

v
.

2 . 1 .

(2.14) Re Qt > - .

rv(Q) = ^ I I r ( ^ " ) '

(25>

=1

Tv (Q)
1 ( () -
).
. Q.
(2.14)
(2.15) Q.
Q
. (1.28), (1.29).

4-4(0-

(2.16)

(1.26), (1.27), (1.28) ,


i

%i{x) = {s\i)\

*= (sh) 2p S

(2.17)

dx = 2l [] (s\i)ni+
i=l

*=2(*ij)2,
=1

dt, dt= l] ds%,

(2.18)

i, i, k

sp(a:)= 2 (4i)2,

(2.19)

, j , k

, /, , . .

) F* (2.11).

26

. .

. (2.14)
:
i

Tv (Q) = 21 5 ( - 2 (4-) 2 ) )2_'_1 dt.


f+

, ;, k

(2.20)

i=l

(2.20) s\i > 0, < ^ . <


], . (2.20) ,
I

2 \ exp(-( e i i ))({ 1 ) 2 p '- m '- l d,i | = r (

e i

-f-) ,

(2.21)

\ (.-(*$,)*) dsJ. = V.

(2-22)

(2.21) (2.22) (2.20), (2.15).


, , (2.14)
sp(#) (2.12). XRn; XV*.
F* -: G* (F),
G(V) (2.11) ((g*xu 2) = { gx2)). ,
eV*, F*
g*e, g* G* (V).
V V*:
xV<r~+x*V*, g*(x)e = x*.
(2.23)
, g(x)e = x (1.22). ,
(*, ) = (, ) = sp (U),

, V.

(2.24)

F, , /,
(*) = -(),

(2.25)

* (1-24), V*.
, F*, %. (2.25)
= (*)*, Q* = (QZ, . . . , Q,).
(2.26)
,
mi = m(V*) = nz_J+1(V).
(2.27)
(2.26)
d(7*) = d*(V).
(2.28)
, , % -
, .
. 2.3.
J ( - ( , x))xPii(dz) = rv(Q)z;e*,
v
Q* (2.26).

RezgF*,

Re Qi > - ,

(2.29)

27

. 2.3 , %i(z)=0 R e z F ,
z^ R e z V
QCL. (2.29) z~9*
Re Qt > - .
. (2.29) z = h* 6 F .
(2.29) (2.24) :
^ ( - sp (Lr)) SPJA (dx) = 1> (Q) ,-,

, F .

(2.30)

(2.14),
\i(dx)
(2.4).
, \i(dx)
,
(2.30)
\ ( 3v(xk))xeiL(dx)

= Tv(Q)h-p,

(2-31)

^ ^ -

- ,
.
2.3. V
n
R . Rn
, V:
x

i < #2
n

(a, b), a, bR ,
xRn,

(2X\)V.

(2.32)

V
> , > .

(, )
b

, (a)V.

\ , \

.
, (, ) ,
b>a((b-a)eV).
2.4. -
V ,
,

B y (Q, <j)= \ x(ex)a+dp(dx),

Q, 6 ",

(2.33)

.
2.4. QUO,
(2.33),

xP(Kx)+d\i(dx) = Bv(Q, o)Xp+G+d,


hV.
(2.34)

,
(2.30) ( ).

28

. .

2.2. (2.33) Re Qt > -,


_
R e Gi > -
2

>)=4$*

(2 35

->

(Q, a) Q, ' <

.
.
Tv (Q) Tv (a) = \ ( sp (x)) x^d dx exp ( sp ()) y+d dy
V

. ,
. k =
= -\-.

Ty{Q)Tv(o)=
\ e x p ( - s p ( A , ) ) ^ xe+d(k x)a+ddx.

.
Q .
(2.34), (2.35).
2.4 (
[a, b]). Q = O= d
2.5.

^dx = Bv(-d,
-d)(b-ayd
= {^{{~^(b-a)-d,
b > .
(2.36)

2.5 2.4, (2.36)


= .
By (Q, a).
>~1 V,
g> g'1 G(V):
x-i = (g(x))-ie
(2.37)
(, , -
( 1, 2, 3 1),
(2.37) ). ,
V (2.37) :
>0^=^>0.
(2.38)
, (0, ).
, (1.23)
a>&,

c>0t=$ca

+ cb

(2.39)

( , , > 0).
0 < < . (2.38) '1 > 0
< '1 (. (2.39)).
0<<^=^~1>9

(2.40)

29

. . (2.37) (0, ) (, ) (
- (1.23)
). ,
(x-1)e = x-v.

(2.41)
^'1:

(2.33)

B y (Q, <r)= [ y-v-d(e

y-i)G+dd(y-{)=

[ y--p-2d

( e)+d d (~{).

^( ). dy
: d (~) = dy.
2.2 d(ky) = 'kddy (A,F), , Q = 2d
, -(Q, a) = c ^ y--v(y
= -\-,

e)+ddy.

(e+x)-G~PxG+ddx.

B V ( Q , O) = C[
v

, = 1.
(2.34) ( 2.2). (2.30):
(e + x)~G-v =
By(Q, ) =

Tv{l+Q)

J exV(-sv((e
v

x)X))XG+^(dX),

( + Q ) S ^ ^ a + d 5 e x H - s p ( ( e + x)^))^+P^(^).
V

(2.42)

, 2.2, ,
(2.42) .
By(Q,

) =

C
Tv{ Q+a)

I e x p ( - s p ( A ) ) ^ + ^ ( ^ ) jj exv(-sp(xX))xGii(dx)
V

__

ciy(a)

^ !VTQ+^)

xp (

,.,, -

(a) (Q)

~ s p W ) * f l {dX) ~c -TTiQ+oV

v
, = 1.
2.6. Re gt > -- , Re Gj > --

By(Q, a ) - \ (ex)--PxGJrddx.
(2.43)
v
,

d{y~1)--=y2ddy.

(2.44)

, ,
, , .
.

30

. .

.
(2,20) :
i

Yv () = \ ( -

, j , k

- ) ) (*1)2'~^

dt

>

(2-45)

\-={

= FT . t>
-^>x(t) = tt' : Rn = T
F- F(t, t) = tt' =x.
. Rq F- F*
/?Q, ,
i?! 1 , . . . , 1, Fa F,
Rti. F , Rq
G(V) , ,

T+(V)(g->H):
F(gs,gs)

sGRq,

= gF(s,s)

gG{V).

(2.46)

2.5. /(s) Rqr


F- Fr
V-,
f(gs) = a(g)f(s)

s^R*,

gG(V).

(2.47)

V- f &
V, a(g), . . xp = a(g(x)).

F- [J (s|.) l
(2.17), .
F- (F(s, s))P; (2.46)
. F-
.

(/) = $ ( - sp (F (s, s))) f (s) ds,

(2.48)

Rq

f V- . ,
f{s) , R e O j > 0 . (2.30)
TF(f).
2.7. V- f(s) ^

J ( - s p (/(, s)))f(s)ds
xV,

Qt>0,

= rF(f)^P*^

(2-49)

q = (qlt . . . , qi).

(2.46) ,
d(g(x)s)

= x2 ds.

(2.50)

31

(2.43):

B*(Q, / ) = \ (e + F(s, s))-*f(s)ds,


*
f V- .

^'

/) =

!W) \ dsf{s)

= f^j\

(2.51)

I e x P ( - s P ( M e + ^(*' 8))))^() =

exp(-sp(X))XPii(dX) J exp(-sp(M>, s)))f(s)ds =


e.

(/)

rF(/):rv(e-0-|)

P
f exp(-sp(A,))X
2^(dX)
n
r v
y
rv(Q) J r x
"
r v (e)
v
,
, , [,
R e a ; > 0 , Re (^Qi ot -") > 0 .

2.8. Re at > 0, Re foj a, 4f J > 0

B(Q,/) =
f V-

rF(/)rv(o-fff-)
^ .
;()
.

(2-52)

,
q

y i + F (s, s))-e f (s) ds = BF (Q, /) ~ + + ^~,

6 V.

(2.53)

(2.53) , s g(k)s.
,
.
.

,
. . . [18]

.
,
, (
).
VaRn
. ,
1 ( 3), ntj (^ ).
V , xV
x tt', -
(1.29), = ', .
Z
/

kl(l 1) \

( .- 1 .

JJ

z Z

32

. .

zz'$V. ztj, i > /, z,


Zij^Rjt,
z
ij= rji (z') z' (, k

( 1) (z^-)2 = 2

(2?5)2)-

J y (Q; p) = J ( 2 Z ' ) - p

)*

Q i = 0 .

P = 0>-

/ 2 54)

, [18], , = 0. ,
i

(zz')^

= \] %i(zz') = l, [1] = (1, . . . , 1). -

Q4 = 0.
(zz'y.
Rn ZJ V ,
Rtj 1.

V ^ (D
(Z 1); V,
Vy-i)

, V ( 1, 3). V{i-[)
V(l~{\ 1. -{)
xV
F ( /_i). (ZZ)~P = ((zz')(z_i))- p ,
Qi = 0. Z;_ t Z ( = 0),
zi-i z g Z Z^_4, ,
( 4
(I 1) X 1 ;
i ? ^ - 1 ) ) . (zz / ) ( /_i ) = ii + ^ - ^ / - i .
/^i(^i, 4) = iSi F(z_^-
R(i). . , x g F ( / _ i ) , ()
+{V^\)) ( tt'),
^1-(1) Fiit^, ti) = xFi(>i,il).
, V i = z^zl-i F ( l _i), / P l (i) =

1J

Pm

( 2 ) * F(/_i) /? ( 1 ) ;

\\P\\*I

= 0())

ft

1 || II = 2

/?f = (0, . . . , 0,

1).

m=l

(2.54) zti.

(2.53)

11 Pi

, (^-i) [ 1 ] = 1,
Jv (; ) = BFl (Q, / P l ) 3v{l_i)

(Q(i-ih P), Qd-i) = Qa-D - Q2 [1].

(2.55)

33

^ (Q, fv ).
k

TFi(fPi)=

(*2)

I exp(- ^

Wif?^i-

(1 1) ,
.
k{l-2)

r Fl (/ Pi ) = n

(^1).

, F(z_i) : n=l 1-)


, (2.15)

, = (1 1) (& = 2,...,Z).

^~ ^
?

k(l-i)(l-2)

'* I

_ 1)() =
' '-(''

(2.56)

'

(-2=^

=2

-r(Qz_L4^)nr(Qi-ibblll

=2

(2.52)
1-2)

/^,,_!*_. !1* *

(())") -

2 ;

- ( - 2 + 1 ) / ; 4-

(2-57)

=2

(2.55) Jv(Q',p) 2.9.


k(l-l)(l-2)
S )41

JV(Q;P) = -

1^<;-1

^^

II

( Q;

/1 X

(*1)

I P l l l + . . - + IIPill + ^ . HPill +

"

' " f t 11 + * ^

( - , - ^ = ! + ^ ; . * - ) . (2.58)

j<i<Z-i

, Qi = 0. ,
(zzf)^==l,
.
,
z^- = 0 i < // kj.
3

. , . XIX, . 4

34

. .
3. ,


(
).
/ (k)S (Rn), . . ,
| X | [12].
3.1.
Q =
= (Qi> Qz) 1 S (Rn)
Q ,

(5>/, =

fMbi-xy+tdv,

(3.1)

3.1. /(,) S (Rn)

R e Q i > ^
.

(3.1)

QC .

& :

(X) = / (X + ) - > ( ^ ) (X) = (3$f) ( + ).


(3.2)
, =0.
,

(&Pvf)(0) = ~lf(X)Xe+dX.

(3.3)

X=tt'

(1.29) (. (2.16) (2.19), (2.45)):


i

(0) = )

f {>)

m2Pt~m,-ldt,

(3-4)

=1

+
, s\j~rl){t)
(2.16). f (W)
sij, -
S (i? n ). (1.30) ,
sij, i j \ s\i
( , / (ttf) s\i
s)j = 0, 1 < / < Z , stj,
i j \ ). slj, i /,
(su)2 = Ui,
(, . . ., ) S (R1) (3.4)

w (0)

>

= rvW ^ (" -"') ("')

Rl+ > 0,
(3.5) R e Q j > ^ ~ , ,

2 du

>

1 < i < I.

<3-5>

35

(3.5) QCL
([12], . I, 3); ,
IV (Q)
. ^+ S' (Rn), Re qt >
> --
(k%+d, ) = ^ (A,) b p+d dk,
(3.6)
v
Q ,
Q, ,
Tv (Q).
. 3.1 ,
/ (X) V, / (ttr) = (t), (t) 6 S (Rn)
slj, (t)
Sij, (fpyt)(k)
Q, ,
(2QI mi) .
, ,s-(/, i ]', (3.3),

( ^ / ) ( 0 ) - \ . . ., sh) (^i) 2 ^"^" 1 dslx. . .ds\.
l

R+

(3.7)

i = l

, (
ii

91

Tv(Q).

, Y\ (2Qi mi)1 [12] ,


i=l

. . (&vf) (0) ,
I

[J

r(2Qimi)

5, ,
6, (3.2) :
(X) = f (uA), u. 6 V -> ( ^ ) (I) = - ( ^ / ) (|ib),

(3.8)

(3.1) .

S^R'1) /(X),
( /2=1 Si(Rn) [13], -
), . . f ()

\&1-<0,

|] = | ^ | .
=1

(3.9)

36

. .

, / (X)^Si(Rn)

3* , ,
.
, St (Rn) ,
[13] ^ ( i ? 7 1 ) . J (x) S1 (Rn)
f+(z),

f_(z) ( 1.5) | lm Zj | < .

7 . (2)= \ / ( b ) e x p ( i ( b , ~z))dK

z = z+iy.

(3.10)

Rn

(3.9) | / (X) | < ( | \ ) > 0


(3.10) | yj | < .

/W=Wr

~fM**P(-HKz))dx,

(3.11)

l m z=y

Imz = ?/, | yj | < .


. /gF*. /()
(3.11) (3.1):

(/) ( = ( 2 ( ) S ^ ( ^ ~ ^ ) P + i I l-(*+iy)**V{-i{x-iy,

)) dx.

(2n)^rv(Q) ^" ^ + ^

^""* ^ ~~ ^' ^

^ ~~ ^ ~~iy* u^

u9Jtddu

'

. 2.3 (
(2.29)), , Re (ix + ) = */G F*:
^ ( ( /, M ) ) M p + d ^ = r v ( Q ) ( t o + y)-p*;
(3.12)
v
, zp
Q R e z g F ( 2.3).
3.1. f(k)Si(Rn)

(^/)() = - ^ _

\ l_{x+iy){ix

+ y)S exV(-i(x-iy,

(3.13)

Rn

*/F*, f_(z)
(3.10)

f (). (3.13) QCL


.

, / () g St (Rn)

37

(3.13)

3* Q.
(3.13)
. +

S'(Rn).

$+*(*(, x+iy))dk

TV(Q)

= (-iz

+ y)^%

yV*,

S(Rn)1

Re Qi > -, (3.14)

. .
( ix + )~9
D(V*) = Rn-\- iV*- Q^C1;
/ = 0 . ,

+

( (X, )). >0

p+d

X+

TV(Q)

- - *S" (i? n ). -

( ix + )~* 6" ( ) >


( ix + 0)~p S'(Rn),

%P+d

- , (X) S(Rn)

(2 ( ^

, W)) = ( ( - ^ +0)7*, > ) ) .

(S1)' (Rn) ( ix-\-0)~9

(3.15)

. Re Qi> -~

_ (z) () (3.10). (3.12)


Q. .
( 1-\-0)~9*,
(S1),(Rri),

:
( ( - t o + 0); p *, q>(*)) = $ (-ix. + y):P\t(x

+ iy)dx,

ytV*,

(3.16)

Rn

() S1 (Rn), + (z) ,
(f+(z). (3.16)
.

= ( - ) .

(3.17)

38

. .

"

( + 0)~ *. , ,
, . Spy

Tv(Q)

(3.13). (3.16) ,
.
3.2.

- * / Sr(Rn)
(~ix~r0)~p

(ix + 0)~ *),


p

( " - r 0 ) ; * = iim

(^+j/); *,

(3.19)

S' (Rn).
(S1)' (Rn),
( ixJr0)~p*

(1-{-0)~ ) 4.
(( + ^ + 0); *, ( . ) ) = 5 ( + ix^y);Q*y(x

+ iy)dx,


() JS1 ( ), .. (_)
)
.

ZPy

/67*,

(3.20)

HI = & - 7 (ix+0);*.

(3.21)

(3.21)
, .
9*v
(pvf) ( = /* -f^

= (/ ( - ,)).

.
(3.13) ,
9> :
>?/

f(^)^Si(Rn)

(3.22)

= ^- - ^ / +2 ,
3

= #,
[ 0 ] = ( 0 , . . . , 0), .
) 1

(3.23)
(3.24)

, (5 v /)(^)
, ,
Si(Rn),
S(Rn),

39

5>\ S (Rn)
,
S^v ( , Q). , %V Q
2.3 ( (2.30))
9>% [ ( - sp (\))] = (- ( - sp ([)).

(3.25)

2.6 ( (2.43)) , Re yt > -j- ,

Be(-pf-Y0>-2L

n (^P+) = ^ ++-

<3-26)

, Y < (^+) .
(3.26).
9>1(%) (3.26) (5, ;
' ^(^-)

Xy+d

,+ -- -
, .
+ d

- . . ,
, < ( F),
Rn.

Xp+d

, - ~,

(Q)

, < 0. , %*L
, . 2.4 (
(2.34))
( Q, a):
\P-\-d

%G^d

aP+c+d

a (3.23) f(k)S(Rn).

(3.24) S (Rn) (3.15).


,
Wm=8M>
S'(Rn).

(3.29)

(3.28) (3.29),

x-p+d

^^];. .

40

. .

3.3. $
S' (i? n ), X, <
- Rn.

! S (Rn)

&$&$ = 3>$9fy = ^ 1 + 2 ,

(3.23)

0 ] = ,

(3.24)

(3,30) S^yy ty.


,
, . . .
(3.21) , Q,
, - * ~ . , ,

3.2. V- Q= (Q 4 , . . . , ),
.

.
(1.24), (1.26)
3.1. ^ = (0, . . . , 0, 1, 1, 2, 4, . . . , 2 1 " * " 0 ) .
= 0 / < , = (0, . . . , 0, 1),

V-.

,
.
,
, , ,
. ,(,
I ). ,
(, ) . ,
( ), F-
(0, . . . , 0, 1, 0, . . ., 0).
( 1 1).
At(x);
(*) = (0, . . ., 0, 1, . . ., 1), q(p = 0 / < i.
3.4. 9*

, ( q*)=:p V-.

*?" = *$ = ( -

'(3.31)

(3.30)
$y(p = ip. ( 3 1)
=(1, 1) .
,
. [27].

42

. .

:
<S^<p=l>.

(3.34)

,
.
3.4. (3.34) V- .
\. ,
ty(k)S(Rn) ^ Sf (Rn),
- < . 3.1 3.3
( (3.23), (3.24)) F-

= 9

(3.35)

,
, |.

. 7*- , [(p*)i = pi-i+i > %.

,-

ki = pi-i+i

-j- .

(3.36)

QC ,
^<Qi<kt.

(3.37)

(3.34)
(,):

(,) = ^

jjq>Oi)Gi-b) p+d d,i.

(3.38)

(3.35) ,

. (3.37). (3.35)

, g

= ^ ; -

( ^ ) .

(3.39)

, (3.39)

:
>

(^)-(-) S (^>) 0 ^ " + < .

(3-40)

< |) |)
( , , |)( ^) = 0 XV).
.
3.6. V-
^

= |)

(3.34)

|) *S" (i? ), X < ,


=^

(3.35)

43

. (3.35)
() S(Rn).
*- ,
pi-i+i > mu

kt = pi-t+i

> , - < Qt < ku

V-

IV (Q)

5 (^)(^-^) + ^ = |)(),

(3.38)

(*)= (-) S ( ^ ) 0 * ) 0 * - ~ + , ,

^ ( ) ,

(3.40)

l)yty R .
n lh =1 (,) = 0, X > 0; (3.40)
\ = v .

.
3.5. V Qc,
= (4, . . ., ,), > 0,
%t(x) = ci.
(3.41)
Qc
G (V) ,
(. 1).
dcoc ,
xhdx = dcd(dc,

/Cj=

-,

(3.42)

dc = dct ( dcoc
). / (x)S (Rn).
/ () Qc-

Cff{c)=\f{x)d<*c.

(3.43)

Qc

Jf(c)

/ () = 0. (3.24)

/(0) = (]/)(0).

(3.44)

, (3.1)
}

(^/)(0)=-4 \ Jf(c)J[ {c^-^-'dc,

(3.45)

i?+ (ct > 0). Tv (Q)


(2.15), (3.45) :
l-n

( ^ / ) ( 0 ) = 2 l i m [ ( ( I ] < i . ; *)yf)(c)},

(3.46)

44

. .

cFfc.) ,
ct:

==

V)^) T75)' I ( ^ ~ ^ ) a " 1 ^ .

(3.47)

(3.46) Qt
Qt = , .
3.7. / () S (Rn) , /(0) Jf(c) :
ln

mi

/(0) = ~ lim[((IJ ?1^)1,).

(3.48)

rrii , $>

2
}

.
, mt , (3.48)
,
. (
[10]).
.
3.6. V
, > 0:
[1] = , [1] = (1, . . . , 1 ) .

(3.49)


G(V). dcoc ,
xd dx = dc d(oc,
f(x)S
Mf(c)=^

(3.50)

(R ) :
f(x)da>c.

(3.51)

- / ( 0 ) , , (UPv^f) (0) / ( ) .
( ^ / ) ( 0 ) = [ ] = (, . . . , ) /() , []
(3.1):

{&)) = 1~\)

v(l

"

=^

Mf(c)cdc.

("-)
=1

(3.52) (3.52) ,
= 0. ,
( a - J = 0 ( mt).

45

_JL+1


Mf(c),

- ^ + 1 .

i<l,

mt ,

(9) (0) =

T^XWTST

J ' / &.

(3-53)

t m*, i < Z, /"/() / ()


i < I ()
I 7(/() ' 0

*i = l + -^r>

(3.54)

(*/)(
f () m^

-*)
,

Ff(c) = {{U L,Yf)(c).

(3.55)

(3.53) :
(Hfl/)(0)=^-n^F^limn)(c/'/(c)).

(3.56)

. = 0
.
3.8. f(x)S(Rn)

, / (0) Mf(c)
V:
1_-

/(0) = 2

1-1

[ ((\\ Lt) Mf) ()],


->0

(3.57)

=1

Lt (3.54).
, (3.48), (3.57)
/ (0)
, .

[10]. .
3.2 ^6,S'(Rn)

n
((>) ( -\-0)~* 5" (R ):
[p+d.

ry(Q)(~^+0)-p*.

(3.58)

f (x), xRn,
/(, ), ,
./?i?\

46

. .

[10].

*^>) = 4

I T(ai)exv(-iap)da.


. ( + 0)-* :
( ^ a + 0)-P* = a-HP*!i(/g + 0)-P*,

(3.59)
,

a > 0 , || Q* || = || = 2 Qy.

3.9.
+

(3.60)

^ ^ ^ ^
(3.61)
| | Q | | .
, (3.60)
(~

+ 0 ) - * = ;"* ( - ig + 0 ) - * + a=Hp*!l (i% + 0 ) - * .

( 3 .62)

, ? (. [12], ^ 1).

a

l > ^- (1 1| Q ||) (- 4- - * - - _ ^ _ _ _ _

- ^ ~ r 0)llPH-i.

(3.63)
(3.61).
| | Q | | .
iQJj (3.61) . Q= d
V ( , ||d||
, ), . .
.
(3.61) ].
. (3.61)
-,
( , (3.61)
-).
, (
^ - ),
V . ,

[1], [21].
4.
,
,
. ,

47

. ,
,
( , ) ,
,
, .

.
, ,
.
,
,
, -
.
4 . 1 .

V ( )
,

FV(Q, , ; ) =

Bv\ajX_a)

J +* {-*)*-<>+* (
,(

J;X)-P

d^

Q, , , 6
VF(Q,

, ; ) =

'_0)

(4.1)

+(--+*(-)-,

Q, a, T g C ,

0<A,<e

(~X)V,

(4.2)

.
Fv VF
\ ,
xV.



0 < < ,
(4.3)

FV(Q,
, ; X) = VF(Q, , ; X).
, V . *
V (4.3) X
X = se, s^C1. , , ,
FV(Q,

, o~d;

X)=VF(Q,

, d\ X),

(4.4)

, (4.1), (4.2)
= .
Fv,
(4.1) >~1 (2.37):

Fv (Q, , ; X) -- -^

jj &---+*(-)-.

(4.5)

(4.2) ,
.

48

. .

(4.1),
(4.2). (4.1), (4.5).
, ( )~ (4.1) ( )~ (4.3)
. , %t{X \i) i \ > .
, kRn,
, X < .
, X Fv .
, X Fv
(4.1), (4.2)
Q 0,
2.2 2.6.
4 . 1 . $ , %t(X \i) 0
i \i > , (4.1), (4.5) Reo^ >
Re (.tj Ot) > ~~raz-

mi

Fv (Q, G, ; X).

< X < ( X) V ,
(4.2).

Fv VF Q, , .

/ i

Pv(Qi > ' X)

ri\

4 . 1 .

yF (, , ; )

v* /

'

dony

Q, , %1
,

I ()

1 {X)

(2,mi)T(2Xi 2;,-)
W/.

( < " )

(*'-<*-

Q, , , . .

, - 2aj /^,
2%t 2ot mt
.
,
, .
,
,
FV(Q, , ; X) _
()
'

_^_

Tv{ G) ( )

x+d(e-x)x-G+d{e-xX)-9dx,
J

(4.6)
/

'

X 4 . 1 .
.
xtj> = (%j(x) %j(e ))^,
i /, = . (1.26), (1.27) ,
%t (x) %i(e~x)
li () r\i () .
.

~=\[{li{y)4i{y))2,
-=1

"(4.7)

49

. .
1

- - ' - 1

xd{e-x)ddx=Y[

)\1())

dy.

(4.8)


. , ,
,
(, ), ( , ) ( F),
(4.6)
3.1.
(0, ) DciRn.
,
| , ^
3D D. (1.26), (1.27) ,
\ [ i,
- Rik ; i,
Rik , ^ , ]; (
, %l = yll ] = 1 ).
, , rj, 3D, . y0dD.\ ,
()1/2 (])1/2, /0,
, ( )"9
.
(2.15) ,
0 , ,
4 . 1 . ([12], . I,
. 2), 4 . 1 .
VJF(Q, , ; )
. (0, ).
(4.2) ^ %:
VF(Q,

, ; ) =

* ^T+d

\ xa+d (-)-

(-+

dx,

j-1

b y (, ")

, ,
(. (3.32)):
vF(Q,a,x;X) = ^ f i r

[ ^ ^ = ^ ] ,

0<a<e.

(4.10)

Ke(Rn)
, (, ).
( )~
QCl.

4

. , . XIX, . 4

50

. .

XG+d
j ^ e # ; ( i ? n ) (-%.

+V
X+
Xl-a+d
n
+
+

(4-)
() - () <^ * - '"'* * ^( =- ^) . '

K'e(Rn),
K'e{Rn) .
,
V, (0, ).
( X) V (4.2) >( I)'1 :
VF(Q,

a, ; - ) =

* T+d ^ ^ ( + ^ ^ - ^ '

( 0 , /, ^

' ^ ,

7.

(4.12)
VF
' (Rn)
.

/
lx+dvF{Q,
, ; X)

4.Z.
- ,
0 < < (4.5) ./1. ,

,

Q, a,

Ke(Rn),

"

1 ()

Q, , .

T+d

yF(Q, a, ; X)

(4.12),

'

(R ).

vF

4.2 ,
1 ()

, ,
4 . 1 , . -,
.
VF
,
kv
(4)

rvw

)=

rv(^H)

, ,
VF(Q,

a, + ; ) =
,

( + )
^())

^t+d
j

+d

x)(X-xf

dx,

0<X<e.

(4.14)


(4.14),
.
( X) V.
, VF
Fv-

51

, Fv VF
:
FV(Q, , ; ) = 9% \ ^ ^

(-)-']^

X0Jrd

e a

= ^~4w< - *>~ P ]~'

(44,)

, .
yF.

Fv VF. (4.2)
> .
4.3.
, ; X) = (e-%)-pvF(Q,
- , ; ( - ) .
(4.15)
VF(Q,
, , X (0, ),
[(, ) - 1 ,] V.
,
(4.3). FV(Q, a, T; X) = VF(Q, , ; ) -
, Fv.
x

= (e-Xy)-i(e-y).

(4.16)

,

= ,-1[ + ( ," 1 )" 1 ^ 1 ) ] .
,
,

(4.17)

2.2 (2.44),

dx = (e-X)d(e-Xy)2ddy.

(4.18)

, 0 < < , 0 < ?/ < .


4.4. , (4.3),
:
FV(Q, , ; X) = VF(Q, , ; A)- {e-Xf'^Fy
a

>V(Q, , ; X) = VF(Q, , ; X) = (e-X)- Fv(x-Q,

(T-Q, - , ; ),
, ; ( - ^ ) .

(4.19)
(4.20)

(4.19) ;
(4.20) (4.15) (4.19).
(4.19), (4.10). , ,
(4.3),
Fv (, , ; X) = xx+d

()
{e_X)P+a-x

^+-a+d(e-Dp-x
&v I
()

J '

0 < ^ < .

(4.21)

, 4.3 , a r = d
,.
, -
-

4*

52

. .

- ,
, (4.3), (4.4).
, ,
Fv VF
. ,
,

1 ( / < ) . V
(

Tv(Q + k)Tv(g-\-k)Tv(x)

<% kRl,
, . . hiz=z^-\-pu

lfe

/ / 99\

(Q) ( + )

pt>0

( 2.1,

(2.15)). , (, , ; X)
1 ,
,
:
9(Q

' a ' T'

K)

fVC^+S)

-^\TVW)YVW)

(-^)(-)

,
ico zoo,
( ), ( + ) ( + ).
2.1 ,
:
1

(, , ; ) =

2 f| /^( , ; *(^))

(4-23)

,
Tv(Q).
(Q, a, ; ,),
7 =1 (. . ) .
Fv (Q, a, ; ) 3) (3.31).

(4.1),
.
. (3.27), (3.2), (3.8)
( X)
(-){-.

(4.24)

*>-{e-xk)-*-->;

(4.25)

-* = ^ = ^ -
.
3\-[(-)-]=

T v
Q d
Tv { _}- _^ _ld}

53


$v[Fv(Q,

, ; X)]

()(+*)(-rf)
(+*)(0)(p*-Q-d)

xFv(Q + P*, or + p*, + jD*; X).

(4.26)

X 0:
?

/ , ~. 7!

()((7+*)( Q d)

/ / 07\

^ \ / ( Q , , ; 0) = 1.
() ,
FV(Q, a, ; X). , ,
Fv.

+ <<, , ;*)=

'-^^(-*)*.

(4.28)

Z(V*)

[ (4.27),
*- Z(V*). 2 . 1 ,
, (4.28) | %t (X) | < 1 (

).
FV(Q,

a, ; X)~\p(q,

a, ; X)

(4.29)

= 0 3). ,
, V-. [ ,
F- .
, S y Z-.
,
,
,
, (
, , ,
X X'1 Q ).

I|)(Q, a, ; X) (, , (Q, , ; X)),
.

( ). F (Q, a, ; X)
, Q, .
F Q
. Fv, VF, , Q
,
. , ( Q)
F-, FV(Q, a, ; X) X,
, Fv (Q, a, ; X).

54

. .

4.5. *- , ,
Fv (Q, , ; X),
gp(a, ; X) = Fv(-p,

, ; )

(4.30)

.
X (4.3). FV = VF.
, ( )~
, . , ,
=*,
7*- . ^ = 3) (4.14) FV(Q, , ; X)
. , X,
(4.3), . ., ,
( , , (4.3) ).
(4.21)
. Q = / ? * + a ,
aCl.
4.6. V*- X,
(4.3),
(%(,

G v (a, v ; b ) =

; X) = Fv(p*
(V-

+ a, -p*,
).

; X)

(4.31)

$%(Xy+p*+d (-)*+-)-

(4.32)

g v Gy .
= = d Gy
{V- ).

. ,
Gy(a, ; X). .
f (X) = Xhtp(X), (X)
( S (Rn) (, kt > 0, 1 < / < Z . , |3>
> d () Tv (Q) ,
mV)(0)-0.

(4.33)

(4.33)
, \ f(X)X^+ddX

(|3)=.

(4.33) .

XQ(9>Gvf)(X)dX = 0,

(4.34)

/ (X) , (Q + O ) > , IY(Q-|-a d) = co.


(4.33) 9*. ,
, = = /?*, ^*- . (4.34)
, Q j > 0 , QJ (p*)t -\-mt-\--~

)()

55

() - ,
. >() ,
( _ ^ ) * ^ 6 ( 0 , ) . ,
, (4.32), X,
(4.3), V- Gv( d, d; X),
(0, ) Xq, qtmt,

X, Qi( qi<i<
< (*)) . = 1
. (, , X)
(. (4.32)) ,9 Xy+q+ ( )~.

, .
(
). ,
yv(,

; X) = lim Fv (\" 1 ] , , ; ) .

(4.35)

,
LeJ

lim (e)

= exp (sp ),

8->0

^('

') = = Bv(a, i T-F) ^ <+ ( e - ^ r < 7 + d e x p ( s p ( ^ ) ) ^ .


(4.36)

y F .
(, ; ) = )(, ; ,*):

) = (5?=5) I xa+d(e-x)x-0+dexV((X,
x))dx.
(4.37)

(4.37)
, Fv, VF-
, , .
( '

> ( , X)

--01^[^^].

V. (4.38)

( X)V.
, (4.36),
> .
(,

, (4.39),

; A,) = exp(sph) v <p(t , ; ~)

(4.39)

56

. .

:
3$<Pv(o, ; Vh=o = T v ( - p ^ a x t P * ;

~G)

(4-41)

(, ; ),
Dy* , V*:

(4.37) , = *
(V-
)
Lv(x;

(, ; ) -

) = ( - / > * , ; ).

(4.43)

(4.3),
(, ; ). (4.40) Ly

:
Ty(x)^s^ OJ)l (+*+ ( _ s p ) ) >

( ; km) =
( 4 4 4 )
,
( sp ) ,kq+x+ .

Ly(x; *)

; ) = 1111^^[-1] , t ; > ) ,

(4.45)

, .
^ ^ ( 1 , . . . , ; fj1, . . . , (; );
, P ; 6C Z , pFq [21].
q:
q+ipq __

By ( 1 , 1 1 ) ... By (?, $<?) ^

$ ....$ <+^(e- M o p l - a l + d < + d (e- M f f ) p e - a 9 + d x


q

X ( w4 . . . uqX)~a
q+

dui . . . dwg.

(4.46)

vF . , Fv (Q, a, ; ) =
= 2 /^(, Q; ; ).

- (1,

.... 3"1; 1, .... *; *-) =


= limpn(a1,

- "' 1 -

[ | ] 5 1, -, 9; ) .

(4.47)


v
Fy. (. (4.25), (4.26),
(4.27)):
3>$(q+ln

(a 1 , , 9+1 ; P \ . . . , ; I)) \= =
(.1+1d) ( + *. *~ a i )
Tv(-/>*-a+1-rf)Il
B v ( a \ 6'a*)

/ 4 .48)

57

5.


. 1 ,
-
( 1.1).
.
. ,
: ,
, ,

( ).
(., , [17], [30]).
.
, D ,
,
,
,
. , D + (
1.3, ),
-. , D
QD, = (z, ), = F (, ),
z -\- iy.
5.1. DdCk

(], ), \, ), ' D
,
/()=()"$(|.0/(0.

|6,

(5.1)

/ (), L\
D
1 ).
5.2.
D S(, ), ),
] 6 A D ,
'

() \

(^Qf(Qdxdudu,

(D)

6#,

(5.2)

D 2 ) /(), QD ( - )

dxdudu.

/ ,
, ,
!) \ - ) dz dz = dx dy.
2

) D D.

58

. .

, QD (
) .
S (rj, )
. , ,
(5.1), (5.2)
,
.
,
/ 4 (), . . . , /v()>

Ll(D):

(, ) = 2 ) ) -

(5-3)

v=l

(5.3) [2], [5], [31].


(5.1)
D . g
D D' = gD, fg (g) = J
.
BgD(gr\,

g ) / g ( * l ) / g ( 0 = ^ ( T | , t),

(5.4)

BgD BD .
(5.4) , D
gD. , , ,
,
,
( 1.1).
g D, (5.4)

B(gr\, gt)jg(r\)h()
= B(r\, ).
(5.5)
, (, )

. ,
(5.5)
.

. , (rj, )
rj , ] = . ,

* < " = c J7^fej?'

(5 6)

0 D , g^ D, (,
, = (,0, 0) . , (, ) ,
, 5 ( , ) .
D , . N (D) (1.2).
(5.5) gN(D)
,

59


{,

5.1.

Z)=hQ^-iF(v,

)) ,

, = (;, v),

= (2, ),

(5.7)

,
V.
. , (, Q
] = . (5.5) ] = ^,
gN(D).
, / g () = l , , (, Z)
N (D), , , (rj, )
,
(, Q=b{i{y-F(u,

u)))=b(j=^--iF(u,

u)^j ,

(5.8)

. (5.7) (5.8)
. , ], t,D
)

iF{v,u)

D(V) =

RnjriV.

, D(V), ,
v = u = 0. , ,

-Re(*>, .)) + ?<"'V)+Fiu'uhv.

(5.9)

(5.9) ,

F(u v, u v) = F(u, u) + F(v, v) F{v, u) F{u, v)
(5.10)
, F ( , v)V. , (5.1)
.
- .
, , (5.5)
(], ) .
(5.9), . (5.7).
5.1

b(iy)=B(z,t),

= (/, ),

yev.

(5.)

G (V) D,
G (V) V.
G(V) , (5.5) , b(iy)
. ,
+,
D (. 1). g(y)~ D
g(y)G(V)
(1.4). (5.6)

= {)\

(5.12)

j g(y) g () (
g(y)).

/V

60

. .

2.2, /v = (
, , . . g(y)
(1.20). 1 : /v = /* ~ =
= [I (Xi())" d i + 1 " , . .
b(iy) = cyM-,

? = ( ?1 , . . . , ^ ) -

(5.13)

(5.13) 5.1
5.1. -
D
{, i) = cQ^-F(v,u)yd~q

= c{4, ).

(5.14)

, 2.3
5.1 , (5.14), .
.
.
5.2.

()"

$ <4.. ) . ) ^ ^ = ^ & ^ ( , , ).

(5-15)

b
.

Q(TI, 0 = = ^ p - - 2 / > , ).

(5.16)

2.3 , )

(. = ^=25=-)^ ( ( - < ! D ' 0) ( X ) - , " M *' i W (5.17)


, (5.15),
^ = \2 = r\ = (w, ), (5.5),
(5.7) , v = 0 (
=u~v, zf = z 2iF(u, u) + iF(, v)).
, Rew , . ,
((, rj) = (|, ))

(i)" + m $ | P ( T , , ) W e =
D

~)
2

\\f>(x + iy, ; )\2 dxdydudu,

r)(w,0).

(5.18)

(5.18) ,
.
[ \$(x + iy, ; w, 0)\2dx.

1) , d* = d* (V) = d (V*) (. (2.28)).

(5.19)

61

(5.17) :
(-\- iy, w, 0) =

=rv.(g>-M.)!|ep0(4))P(-(y + ^ | ) ) w r -

^ -

(5-17')

(5.17) :
\ | ( + iy, ; w, 0) j 2 dx =

= ( . ( - ) ) ^ e x p ( ( - j , - I m , X ) ) ( X r - M * d L

(5.20)


, ,
(5.20). 2.3,
(~ Imw) V. , (5.20) (5.19) .
(5.18).
, F (, u)V. t yF {, )

X \ dudu{dt\
Cm

dXexp(( t F(u, ) Imw, X))(kff

~2d\

(5.21)


(5.21) .
\ ( ( - X, *)) dt = ( - d) (X)**
v

(5.22)

( (2.29)),
i I )

\ ex~p((X,F(u,u)))dudu.

(5.23)

( K,F(u, )) = ( , VF (, )) = ( , F (g (*) , g (*) )) (


F, (1.3)). (5.23) ' ^(*) ,
, (5-13),
, (2.24),
- )

\ (( X, F (,

u)))dudu~

= (V')~q { - )

\ ( sp (F (, ))) du du =
Cm

= (^); Q * ( ) ' " \ exp( sp(7^M, u)))dudu.


Cm

(5.24)

62

. .

, sp (F (, ))= 2 Fu(u),

FH

, ,
(5.24)
( J \ ( | z |2) dzdz = n.
ci

^ (( , F (, u)))dudu=nm(X)~q

(5.25)

Cm

(5.23)
(5.22), (5.25),

( ) " + m $ I (, ) I2 dl d l = (*"*.))
D

S eX P -

Im W

' ^ ^""* ^ =

V*

- ()-;(1^

(5-26)

(2.29)
2.3. .
. (5.15) ,1 = )2
, ] D (, ),
L2a(D), ,
(5.1). (5.15)
(5.14), . ,
rv,(g*-2d*)

(5.27)

"4 ' +"1>( d) '

.
5 . 1 . (), )
D

(.) = 4 ^ ^ ^ 7 ( ^ " ^

<P'U)J

=-^rn+nTv{_d)

(5.28)

. 5.1
.
, , (, ) g Lla(D),
(5.1) / (t)^L2a(D).
, (5.15)
, (5.1) .
, ,
. ,

D L\ (D) (. 6)
.
, .
, .
, ,

63

QD
. , , ,
, (5.3)
,
D (
).
(5.4), (5.5) , , .
, , (5.2)
g,
.
, g
, ,
,
/

*-\ ~

d(gx)d(gu)d(gu)
du du

/r \

g,
( jg ). ,
, S (, ). D , S (, )
(5.29) (
(5.6)):
S(t

Q= c ^ ,

(5.30)

gi - D,
0 > = S (^07 So) .
,
- ,

(5.5), (5.6). ,
, (5.29), (5.30)
, , .
5.1 .
5.2. D
( ))
S(4,

Q=-sQ^p-iF(v,

)) ,

(5.31)

s ,
V.
5.2
5.1. 5.1, 5.2.

)
.

64

. .

5.3. -
D { 1))

5 (, t)=cQ^-F(v,

{Yj

5.4.

u ) ) d ~ e = cY(ri, I).

(5.32)

) 01*' S)Y( v\z)dxdudu=

_ _ ^ , |2).

(5.33)

, QD y = F(u, ). (5.33)
, (5.15), , ,
(5.33) , (5.22).

5.3. S (, ) -
D ( *))

S (|, 0 = +

{^21

(*>, ) J

(5-34)

, 5.1,
, ,
.
, , , (5.28),
(5.34) .
5.2 5.4
() .
, .
, :
, (5.2).
,
2.3.
5.5. V dRn

8 (,)= (( A,, y))dy<

V*.

(5.35)

.
V*, , , , V
. , , V [ .

S f/gF, | ! = ; |/ | = 1. (, )
G, X
F*.

$ ( ( - , )) dy < ^ exp (-Q\


V

\ dx, dy \y\l
s
1

y\) dy = c\exV(-Q\y\)\y

d\y\dT.

)-. . 63.

1 d\y\<


5.4 1 ).
,
Cj = (2n)n\^y^

65

f (, ),

,*,

^ \J(X,u)\*exv((-2X,F(u,u)))dXdudu<oD1

^,
(5.36)

* QVn

/() = / ( * , u)= J 7(

u)exV(i(l,

z))dk,

z = x+iy,

(5.37)

, F {, u)V2),
D ,
\

\ ' ^( + ^ '

) \2dxdu du < c = cj

yF(u,'u)V.

(5.38)

Rncm

y = F(u, ) (5.37) L2 (Rn).


f(z, ) QD

(2)^\\

\ \7(, )\2^-2,

F(,

u)))dXdudu

V*
=

(y)

\ \fI2dxdud-

(5 39

- )

QD

f{x-\-iy,
) f (x-\-iF (, ), )
y F(u, u)>0 ,.
, D fit,),

(5.38) - , ,
/(,, ), (5.36) ,
(5.37) / ( ) .
. / (,, ),
5.4, L 2 ( F * , F);
/() ,). 5.4 ,
LHQD) QD / ix+iF {, ), )
, / ( , )
y>Fiu, ) / i x + iF(, ), ) ( L 2 (i? n )).
, /, gL2iV*,
F) (5.39)
:
(2n)n(yV"J
y*

J/(^

a)g(A,, u)exp(( 2A,, Fi, u)))dkdudu

rm

= (

I fil)mdxdudu.

(5.40)

) 5.4 , [3].
2
) 2 ( 2.2),
: y^>F(u, ) V.
5

. , . XIX, . 4

66

. .

. , f(k, u) L2(V*, F).


/
\ |7(, )| 2 (( 2 A,, F(u, u)))dX<<x>.

(5.41)


f(x+iF(u,

), )= \ /(, )(( X, F (, u)))exp(i(X, x))dX

(5.42)

, . . (5.37)
y = F(u, ). (5.42)
:
(2) ^ |(/(X, )|2(( 2, F(, u)))dk=

\ \f(x+iF(u,u),u)\*dx.

(5.43)

, (5.39).
(5.37) t F(u, u)V.
,

J \T(X, )|((-, y))d\ =


*

= [ \J(X, )|(( , F (, )))(( , t))dK<oo.


(5.44)
v*
; S , | / (,, )\
((, F (, ))) > 1. (5.44)
S F* \ S. F* \ S
\ (( X, t))dX, 5.5 ( (5.35)). v*
S (5.36), (( X, t)) < 1
(A,F*, tV). (5.44) (5.37)
F(, ) g F F ,
, f(z, ) D.
(5.37) 7
,
)

\ \f {x\iy,

u)\2 dxdudu=z

Rn

= ( 2 ) ( Y l \ [ \f(X, )\2((-2,

F(u, )))(( 2,,

t))dXdudu.

V'* m

(5.45)
(5.38) (5.45), (( 2, t))<l.

/(z, ) f (x-\-iF(u, ), )
~~> F (, ), . .
lim [ \f(x-\-iF(u,u),
R

)f (r+ LF(, u) + it,u)\*dx = 0.

*g V.

(5.46)

67

(5.46) ,
\

\J(X,

)| 2 (( 2,, F (, )))(1 ((A,, t)))2dk = 0.

(5.47)

f->o Jn
n

> , (5.47)
| , | > > 0 t, ,
t ,
(5.47). , f(x+iF
(, ), )
/() .
/() (5.38)
ty F(, u)V.
t \ \f(x\-iy,

u)\2dx

. ft(X,
X Rn , ,

\ \ | /t (,, ) |2 dX du du < .
An rm

ft(u), u)~

\ ft(X, u) ((, to)) dX,


Rn

ft (w, u) =: / (w f iF (u, a) | , )

(5.48)

w I m w g F ,
(5.37)
\\f(x

\
Rn

+ iF (, ) + + ^

) 2 d# dudu =

= (2n)nJ

J | 7 * ( ^ )| ((--2 s))dXdudu

(5.49)

. s g F ( 6 ^ ). , (5.49)
,
V* ft (,, ) ,
V, X s
(A,, s) < 0, , s >oo,
, (5.48) .
, , f (X, ) F * . ft(X, )
t, , /*(, u) = f0(X, ) (( A,, t));
. w (5.41).
/ (A, u) = f(X, ) *(( , F (, ))).
(2) ( ^

\ \ | J{X, ) | ((-2., F (, ))) ((-2,, t)) dXdudu < , (5.50)

/(, )(( X, t)) t0 /(, )


( L 2 ( F * , F)), , /(A, u ) L 2 ( F * , F).
5*

68

G. .

/() >D f(k, ) (5.37).


F ( )
/ () QD.
.
5.2'.
D S (\, ), ),
)2), Z>D ,
/() = ( ) $ 5 ( . l)f{l)dxdudu,
)
(5.2)
%
/ () Ll(QD).
S (), . )
, , ]
S (), Z,)Ll(QD), (5.2) QD,
5.4. ,
5.2' S(r\, E,)Ll(QD) (
Ll(QD)). ,
S (rj, )
/i (), . . . , /v() ^%():

S(% ) = 2 ) " .

(5-51)

V=l

S (\, t) , . . (5.51) .
/ () 5.2,
/() Ll(QD), 5.2'
S (r\, ) . , S
;
.
5.2 5.2'.
, -
(5.34) .
.
5.6. f() f(, . . . , )
() ,
<(% . . . , **) = <(, . . . , ,

(5.52)


f(u)y(u)dudu

= f(0) \ y(u)dudu

[(5.53)

,
(5.53).

: |wi| = Qi, - = wk, / > 1 ; Qt, wh .

69

() = const. / () ,
, , , ,
. (5.53).
5.4 (, ) = (, Q^Ll(QD),

). (5.17), (5.17') (
-~> j

Y( i) = VvX*-&) \ (i {l'z))

exp ( - iK iw

+ 2F (w' v))) {l)f

dK

(5 54)

y-F(u,u)V.

om+n

y(7i, ; ) = < ( , _ , - ^ (-(,, + 2^(, 1>)))().

(5.55)

( ) ^ YCn )/() d / ( ) G S ( Q D ) - B

5.4 . , ^ ^ ,
(, ) (5.34). ,
5.2 5.4,
v = (
- ]). Y ( ^ ) /() ~
(5.40):
QD

v* cm
(5.56)

,
\ /.(,, )(( 2,, F(M, u)))dudu.

(5.57)

, , (( 2,, F(u, )))


(5.52), F , [
(5.57) 5.6 ( (5.53)).
\ /(,, z^)exp(( 2A,, F (, u)))dudu =

= /(*., 0) ^(( 2, F(u, u)))dudu = 2-m (h)~<i*jimJ(X, 0).

(5.58)

(5.25); , ,
i

2 = - (5.58) (5.56),

( \y(w, 0; QfiQdxdudu-r^^fiw,

0).

(5.59)

70

. . '

, (5.34) Gere.
5.3 .
.
5.2. -

D ,

Tv*(Q*-d*)

^ 0 ] . ) = - +

{-Ji

*-

, U) J
= --+

"))

(5^4 )

'

5.2
5.3, 5.3 5.4 , ,
5.4.
5 . 1 .
5.4.
5.5.
,
n n

( i Y

J \7(,)\2((-21,

/(X, ), X g F * ,

F(u, u)))6v(\)dXdudu<

uCm,

(5.60)

* c m

(8()

/ ( ) = / ( z , )=

\f(X,
v*

(5.35)),

)((,, z))dX,

z^x

+ iy,

(5.37)

t, t y F(, u)V,
D
/ () LI (),
( ^

J \J(K, u ) | 2 e x p ( ( - 2 k , F(u, u)))6v(k)dkdudu

= Cy)m+"Sl/(S)l2dUC.

(5.61)

, / ( ) L%(D) (5.60) / ( ^ , ),
(5.37) / ( ) .
. /(X, ),
5.5, L 2 ( F * , F, ).
,
6v(k) = rv(-d)W.
(5.62)
(5.61)
/ ( ) ,
g(Z)L\(D):

== ( Y ) " * " " \ \ ^ '

)tl^)

exp ((-2,, F (u, u))) 6V (X,) dA, du du.

(5.63)

.
6V ():
()

71

(5.60)

^ \ [ \J{k, u)| 2 exp(( 2, F(u, ) ) ) ( ( - , s))dkdududs


*

< oo.

s 2t. t 6 V

|(2)

)\2({-2,

[\J(k,

F(u,

))) (( 2,, 0 )

dkdudu.

t F (, ) (5.37),
, t V ,
0 < t0 < t ( )
, 5.4. , / ()
Z) . t
t,
(5.61). .
5.1,
. ,
5.2, ,
5.4 5.5.
5.4 5.5
- ,

, ,
.
, 5.1, 5.2. ,
.
. ,
5.2', , S (, ), ,
L\ ( Q D ) . 5.2
S (, ) z,
,
S(K

; ) = - ^ ( - ( , iw+2F(u,

v))) (%F (2))~\

(5.64)

6 F W = ( Y )

( ( ~ ^ F(u*

u)))dudu,

XV*.

(5.65)

, (5.65)
S (, ; 4\)L2(V, F).
.
5.7. (5.65) A,F*,
^()
1

JLinM^CX,))1* > 1 ,

XeV*.

(5.66)

72

. .

(5.65) (,
),
(, F(u, )): (A,, F(u, ^ ) ) = Q > 0 , do ,
f-~ j dz dz = Q4'1 dQ da, . . do Q.
( Q).

Jexp(-Q)Q n -MQ = I > ) .

, (5.65) . (5.66).
8 > 0 - ,
(( , F(u, )))>1 7 * , || = 1.
> 0. ^F(k) > (1 e)l !
1

X V*. (1 ())' ! > (1 ) I ^ I . 1

, , lim (gF (A,)) I I > 1 ,


||->

8 > 0 (5.59).
f

. , lim (^(,)) I I = 1 ,
.
, S (, ; ) L2 (V*, Z7) ] Z), . .
( i ) W - ( 2 S r J ^ (( 2, Imw + 2ReF(u,

v) + F(u, )))

X(lF(2X)y2dXdudu<

(5.67)

,
v = 0. 5.7 ,
(5.67)
J \ ( ( - 2, Im w)) ( | p (2))"1 .

(5.68)

V*

(5.66) , > 0 ||
(^(2))" 1 <(8, |2|).

(5.69)

, lmwV, ,
5.5, (5.68). , S(%, ; r[)L2(V*, F),

S(b )= J Sr(^> ; ]) (/(, ) ) ^ =
V*

= 2 J ' i(z-w) + 2F(u, v)))aF(2k))-*dX


(5.70)
v*
z D; 2gQ D , 5.4
(5.70) . zdD

(5.70) . , Re(j(zw)-{-2F (, v))V


(5.9), ,
(5.68), (5.70). ,
(), ) . 5(, v\)Ll(QD)
S (, TI) = 5'(TI, Q, (5.40) / () g Ll(QD}

( y ) m j j 5(,

QHQdxdudu^

QD

= ( y ) W (2) J ^ (*,, ; ) ( ^ )(( 2,, JF(M, u)))dXdudu =


c"
i

27

u)))J{K,u)(lF(2X)y1dXdudu.

jj J exp((-X, ? + 2 / > , u) + 2 / > ,

(5.71)
, (5.71) /(|), -,
(5.71) N (D),
v=-0. ,
, 5.6
\ (( 2, F(u, u)))J(X, u)dudu = lF(2k)f(X,

0).

(5.72>

(5.65) (5.64),
\ ( (, w)) J ( 0) = / (?, 0),
(5.73>
v*

5.3 ). '
,
S{4, Z) = S(w, v; z, ) = (22 \ ((, I ( M ; - Z ) + 2 / , ( I ; , ^ ^ ) ) ' 1 ^
v*
(5.74>
| F (?) > 0
M b ) = ( 4 - ) W J (( ^ F(M, u)))dudu,
(5.74) wD,

KV*.

(5.65>

zD.

, s ( y O (5.31) ;
(lF(2X)y1.
5.3 .
5.4.
,
B(^t))=B(w,v;z,u)=n-n

J exp((A,, i(w-z)
V

+ 2F(v,

u)))(lF(2k))'1(6v(k))'1dK
(5.75)

) 5.3 . [3]

74

. .

>F(k)

(5.65), a 6V (,)

d v ( X ) = J e x p ( ( - A , y))dy<oD,

6 7*.

(5.35)

'

(5.75) , ) Z).

5.4 , b(yt)

(5.7)

- ( ^ ( 2 ) ) - ( ( ) ) - .
, 5.1, 5.2 5.4,
5.3 (5.62), (5.25) 2.3
( (2.19)).
-
D. (5.34)
, ,
D . D
,
.
,
/() D, f (, ), . .
,
F(, u)V
/(E) = J /(, u)exp(i(K

zj)dk.

(5.37')

, 5.5 ,
(5.37) ,
(|/(Ji, ) | ( ( A,, F(u,

\
)))) 7 * 1 < *

(5-76)

! |->

( (5.76) ).
5.3. % ,
, (5.37),
()~*, . .
(Mpvf) () = \ J ( ) ()-? exp (i (., z)) dk,

(5.77)

(5.77) F(,
u)V.
, % 3
3*v-
$2.
5.6. f (, ) ,
{ \J(K

tt)|2exp((-2X,

F(u,

u)))dk<

(5.78)

75

(5.37)

My,
ReQ,

< ^

(5.79)

(5.37) (5.78)
5.4. (5.77) (5.78)
(
) ,
^ ( ( - 2 , t))(K)~^dX<

2.1

(2Re(Q*)i (d*)0 > -

(5.80) ,
(2.6),

(2.28), (5.72).
. Q, a, Q + cr
/(), 5.6,
(Mpv(Mavf))(l)

(5.80)

= (Mv(Mpyf))(Q

(2.27)

(5.80),

= (^v+pf)(th

(>? /) ( = /()

(5.81)

(5.82)

, , > My
. , My
, , S*v 5.7. My

, ( *) = V*-
( 3.2).
i

(3.27).
,
5.7 (^)** (
).
L\(D) L\(QD).
My, ,
My, (^)^\
.

Ll(QD),

5.5.

f () Ll(QD)

My

Reei<

!*bbl.

(5.84)

76

. .

Q
[Wvf) () = {j)

2"-*+

2F

\ \~i

= ({

( ' ) )

f < z ' u)

dx du du

J ^(, QfiQdxdudu.

(5.85)

5.5
5.2. , SQ(k, )
*(, ]) L 2 (F*, Z1) ri g Z>,
(5.84) ( (5.25) 2.1).
, , Qt < 0. ,
( q*)=p (5.85)
/() Ll(QD) 8.
(5.85)
.
5.5 L%(D).
5.6. f(t>)^L%(D)
ReQi<mi+2di+2gi+2

(5.86)

My,
() () = ( Y)

nn+rnTv{_d)

) (}

2F (v, u)J

f (z, u)dldl =

= ( i ) " J 5(, )/'() dS^E-

(5-87)

My, L%(D) Ll(QD),


, 5.6. Q = 0
5.5 5.6 5.2 5.1 .
5.5 5.6

5.7. D , /() (^>)
( L%(D)), 0 (,) V*,
\ ((-2, t))(Q(K))2(lF(2k))'1dk<
v*

(5.88)

(
J ((-2, t))(Q(K))mF(2k)y1(6v(X))~*

dX < ).

(5.89)

, 9(A)
, lim |9()| 1 / | ! < 1. = (z, ) D
\ |->


(Mef) (0 = [ 7\ ) 6 (X) exp (i (, z)) d%,
*

(5.90)

() = ( f

\ $ Ol, ) / () dx du du,

5 9 (. = (2)" 5 ((, i(w-z)


v*

+ 2F(v,

f () ) ,

I O W I , ^ ) ) ' ^ ) ^ ,

() = ( y ) " + m J ^ (, ) / () dt dl

77

(5.91)

f () 6 (D),

^ ( . ) =

$ ( ( ^ ' i(w-z)
v*

+ 2F(v,

))) (lF (2)6

(l))'^ Q (%) d\.


(5.92)

8 , (5.91), (5.92) ,
/ ( )

, ,
9 .
5.3, 5.4;
(5.88), (5.89) SQ(X, ; \) BQ(X, ; \)
L 2 ( F * , F) L 2 ( F * , F, 6) .
6(,) = 1 5.7 5.3 5.4.
5.5 5.6
. ,
, %-
( 5.7). , D
(D = Rn-\-iV, QD = Rn), (5.85) Q = *
(/? 7*-) :
^ (w-x)-**+*f(x)dx

Rn

f(x)

^]Zd^vvf{w),

T
V

D,

( -^

wD,

(5.93)

f(z)Ll(QD).

/ (z); w D

z D. (5.93)
,
w,
1 ),
, ( = 1
,
).
(5.86), (5.87)
Rn x Rn xCm x V.
5.2, 5.4.
*) , (5.85) , D
, (Q*) 7*-, w
.
.

78

. .

5.8. , 1 , d~\-qux
(5.84).
()

\ C))a(Q(S )) dxdudu

d-\-q

IV* ( o* T*--d* q*)

=
^

"" ^ = ^ ^ ^

QOl. l) = {^-2F{v,

))


(5.86)

(Q01

" 2))^+^-

(5-94)

(. (5.16)).

5.5

T V ^ F ^ - ^ e ^ T h ) ! ^

(5.95)

( , (5.95) ),

4)) t =

^z^

e x p ( - ( a , ,))()-*'+*

(5.96)

, (5.77)
(5.94).

5.9. , 1 , 2d -\-q 2d~{-q
(5.86),

Q - ) n + m J (Q(Tb))(Q, ) <*<* =
*\
+ ( <0 * ( **
~ T.*-1-9*
* + 2tf*-^?*)
(Q(MI, 2 ) ) + + ^ 2 / .
2*( * ) * ( - * )

(5.97)

(5.94), (5.97) 1 = 2 = ie, = ,


,

\ (1 f 2)~' dx, :

5.10. ,
5.8 (5.9), :
{-J1

\ \ \(e + F(u, )

ixfG I dx du du = 4" +11 q""*" ^ " ^ ^ ' " Q ,

Rn Cm

(5.98)
( )

\ \

\(e f f ^ (u, u) + ix) | 2 a dx dt du du =




= ( /% . . ., ).

/ i^1 (w, ).
,
( 1, 1 3) G = [ ] =

79

| |~, | ( -f- ix)2G \ = \ + 2 \~.


1, ntj V
I.
]
R

+ l)
2

\
,

\ \

ax^L

||

(2+*(1 + 1)/(2-/1))
((^(Z0/2))2

i=1

(5.100)
R 2

> 0 ) .
6. ^-

, , .
.
.
, , .
:

.
. .
(
). / (, 2)
: ,
, zl9 z2
z 2 , z.
,

,
, . ,

, , ,
. -
, , (2* , I
),
;
V
G (V).
,
.
,

) (5.100)
- [32].
(5.100)
. . [18].

80

. .

,
.
, . V
- , .
G (V); V. 1 ,
Rn (. 19)
* =,

yV,

(6.1)

() = Qt = sign (% ()), *- () = 0 /, i / ,
(1.23).
. 6 =
= (0!, . . . , ), 0j + 1, 1 0, (6.1)
Rn. 0* 0,
V. , (6.1)
:
= \ t 6 + (),
(6.2)
0 . VQ
Rn, 0; VQ
G(V). , VQ ( ).
0j , d i m F 0 = ft, , V[^ = V.
0:

(/) = (;^, . . . , | ; ) .

(6.3)

0, , .
21 ; ,
.
(7- ).
% = (),

x = yeQ.

(6.4)

6.1. VCZR - ,
. V^-
zCn:
el,6(z) = exv(i(l,x)-(bk,y)),
z = x + iy, .
(6.5)
V ^-^ DdCn
/ (z),
D (7- ):
f(z)=^(X)eK6(z)ii(dl),

(6.6)

i? n , \i(dk) .
f(z), ^- ,
V^-.
6 = [1] ^ [i]( z ) = exp(i (A,, z)), / ( ^
; = [ 1] e^t [~i](z) = exp (J(X, z))
/
(z).
D (6.6)
( 1.5). , -

81

[17], D ,
(,).
^-
. , ^- ,
, ^- . ,
4 (X) 2 (^) fi(z) fz(z)1).

,
X >6 .
, = Rn
\x(dX) .
6.1. f(x)
/ (X)

{1<,
I , | - >

|| = 2 14,

I I

(6-7)

~
1=1

V ^- / (z)

\ yt | < , / .
f (X)
V^- / (z)
.
f(X)^Si(Rn),
. . (6.7)
, , , f&(z) \\> (
) .

.
6.1
. .
(6.7) \\
|/()|<(-||),

>0,

(6.8)

. , | / (X) | < ( | 6 | )
> 0.
% ( * ) = $ / **, (z) dX = J / (X) exp [i (X, ) - (ty, )} dX
Rn

(6.9)

Rn

, | yt | < i.

.

.
6.2. / (z) g$ (z)
V-
D. ylmD

) , 7- , 7- (6.6)
( ).
6

. , . X I X , . 4

82

. .
\ \f&(x-\-iy)\2dx

\ \ g6(x + iy)\2 dx,

Rn

Rn

\ 76(x + iy)gd(x

+ iy)dx = (2n)n^

f(X)g(~X)dl.

(6.10)

. z/,
. (6.9) /a (z)
gd(z) ( , ). / (z)
j fy (X) = f(X) exp ((6 , )),
g6 (z) gy(X)= g( X) exp ((, )). / g
(6.10) .
(6.10).
3 A,+d
.
.

*8 =

(.)

[_= )JL. , (6.2), (6.3)

xVs

X*( *) = IXiWI-

(6.12)

+d

=^ . (6.11) (3.6)

(^)() =4-((^(,

(^5(),

(6.13)

,
Q. % = ', t T+(V), (6.13)

w ) = 4 ) I <<') ) 2| - '- 1 *

<6-14>

, 3, .
6.1. (A) S(Rn)
(6.13)
B e Q ^ > / y

Q, ,

1%

, Tv (Q), .
3 (A) ^Si (Rn).
.
2.3.
6.3.
- \ [(-,, ) + i (k, )] (*ky+d dk

r v (e)

V ^-

?/F*,

Re Qt > -~
( - J

83

~&*

R ~\-iV*.
2.1
^- . ,

IW) I [ ( - ^ ' ) + > )] Wp+ddA, = ( e ) (|)~ p *.


z = iy

(~^)

(6.15)

*9*- , 6.1

, (6.15)
Q.

( -- )

( 4-J

Q C \ ZD.

( , , , , '
S' (i? n ), S'(R71)).
!
.1,

( )

1/--

z D Re qt > -~ .
^-

1

( \

,,

Q. /

S (R ) VQ.
exp[i(A,, )'(6, )] xRn,
yV,
Rn,
$(Rn).
f&(z) D,
: / ( + iy)
Sf (Rn),
/ [ ( 6 , )].
^- D. , ,
, [17]
^- ,

. ,
^- *
Z ) = i ? n + iF*. *
^- ,
.
6.2. V ^-
D~RnAriV*
/5(2),
z = xJriyD,

/(( ? )), / S' (Rn),
V&.
6*~

84

. .
6.2

6.2. V^- f&(z)


D (), V^-
() y(k)S(Rn),
1)
( 2 ) ( / , f ( X ) e x p ( ( - 2 ^ , y)))= J %(x + iy)y6(x)dx<oo.

(6.16)

, , (X) VQ,
(2)*(/, ^ ( ( ( - 2 ^ , )))=1

7( + 1) + )(1<,

(6.17)

F* .
(6.16)
.
6.3. f fS'(Rn),

VQ,
/=

lim

U(x + iy),

(6.18)

2/->0, yV*

S' ( ).

4+d
6.4.
, Q:
(

Y^Vp4=

iim v?y\

(0)

S' (Rn)
(6 . 19)

S' (Rn).

{).

(6.20)

(6.20) , (6.19)

--- 1.
3 , , () St (Rn),
yp+d

^ - ( + 0)~* .
f v \Q)

. ,
6.2.

) / (/, )

"

6.5. V^-

/a (z) D V^- (), V^-


() () Si (Rn)
( 6.1)
(2) (/,

( - ) ) = \ 76{x + iy)y(x

/ V*, x^iy

+ iy)dx<o3

(6.21)

V^-

(z).
. /, (6.21),
6.1. y(z). ^^-
, /, ,
tyy (,) = ( X) ((,, )). % (,) S (Rn),
/ , tyy(h) (6.16). (6.21).
, /, 6.5,
(6.21) .
6.5 .
6.6. () Sx (Rn)

k +d

*
/1
({)
TV
ry(Q)'
"V
(2 V
1 ( <-)/;+\-* ~,

(2Sj4

V p * ~t
1

f ~

\\
/

, (-)/ + \~* ,

'( );=(2 - (+11 ' )

V*

"^"
()

, ft \

(6 22)

V^- _(+ /); (6.22) .


3 (6.22)

p+d
A,
+

. .

I \Q)

( ix + y)~^ ,
. ,.

S (R71) Q,

( " )

zZ),

S'(R ) z/F*. ,
, , 6.6
-f^ .
, ^- ,
,

( ^~)

86

. .

Q. (6.15)
()

a+d
dp =
X J [ - (% ) + i (fi, x)\ ( V )
v

1
~rv(Q)Tv(a)

J dvexV[i(v,x)-(^

+ \v-ii),y)]

V A (6)

J (V)P+*[*(v-^)]+*d|i.
(0,v)6

(6.23)
(6.23) ^ v = ^ + jx ,
Re Q^, "Re at >-(. 2.2);
(, v) 6 7 6 (. . (0, v) 6 , A,F 6 , (v A,)F 6 ).
() v i ? n , = + '
- , |7- (> G(F)
- VQ.
, = [1] = [ 1], V&
^() V6. . ()
, Vy VA^).
(6.23) Vy, ( ^ ) -
Vy \ (Yv) ,.
, ,

YGA(6)(0,eY)6

X [ exp[i(v, ^) (Yv( X + (eY X), ))] (yv)f>+ + dv.

(6.24)


^ J exp[i(v,
vY

Z)-(YV*,

y)](vv)P+ d dv,

teV.

(6.25)

= 0. (2.30), (2.31) ,
(6.25) (ty)v, (6.24), , (6)(/)^* =^*,
6.7.

By (Q, a):
B y (Q, a ) =

( 6 X)p+ d [ 6 (e Y -X)F+ d (^ + 6 (e Y -X))-^+p)

(6.26)

YEA(6)(0,eY)6

#/ ?/? Re Qj, Re a^ > - F T .


= [ 1 ] (6.26) (2.34). , (6.25)
Q. t
S' (i? n ),
v =- Ky+d ( YvZ, ). , >0 -

87

, +

-5r(Rn).

Ay(Q)

(6.25)

6.8.

YGA(6)

(, <j)=

(ty)p+ d [ e (e Y -b)]+ d db,

(6.28)

(0,eY)6

(6.28) ReQj, Rea^ > --


+d

Q, .

+d

+-
YA (6)

- = [1], [ 1] ,
3. %
G(V)
f(gX) = (geyf(k)

(6.30)

S'(Rn),
(ge)v
. , ([12], . IV, 1, . 1; [13], . I I , 4, . 5),
, , (6.30),
, Q, IY(Q d)

. (6.30) -=. , ,
, %%
(

% = tbt').

(JJ

(6.30),

Y __7 , , Yv(Q d).


, G(V);
(6.15). .
3 ^"+ .
5^. -- . f (k) g S (Rn),

.
6.3.
Q==
= (QI, . . ., Qi),

VQ,
S (Rn)

. .

, Q
,

( n e / ) W = iv^) S f(v>n4p-W+ddvL,

(6.3i)

(, )6

.

6.1. (6.31) f (X) S (Rn)
ReQi>-~-

QC1.


Xp+d

(6 32)

*V=/*iw

(^ 6 ) () = () (

_ >

( ^ ) 7 * , () < S (Rn).

(6.33)

f (X) St (Rn)

(?)()= J / - ( + ^ ) ( ) ( ^ ) ~ * [-(, )-*(*., *)] da;,

(6.34)

"
/_ V-^-
f(k).

9>] = ,

(6.35)

^=)2'6(^)^

(6 36

- >

YGA 6

! :
(,) = /(, + ) - > ( ^ ) ( ) = ( ^ / ) ( + ), aRn,

(6.37)

w, ,
()

= /(),

1^-(^)()

= -(^/)().

(6.38)

, (6.37), (6.38) Q,
TV(Q), , , ,
(6.37),
, (6.30),
(6.38).
, 3, , 8<
( 7 ) , ,
. . .
-
D=Rn-\-iV*.
5.4, 5.5,
.

6.2. f(X)L2(V6),
J \f(X)\2dl

= cf<oo,

89

. .
f(l) = 0 l$V6,

(6.39)

f (x) V ^-
fd(z) D,
\ \h(x+iy)\2dx<cf

/7*.

(6.40)

Rn

fdix-^-iy) >0, V*, f(x).


, V^- / (z) D,
(6.40) -
Cf > 0 (/ (z) L | ( / ? n , V*)),
V^-

f (x)
f
(X)L2(VU).
f (z)Ll{Rn,
V*)

Rn

/ () f (z) .
6.3. f () L2 (V; (6X)d),
{ \f(X)\2(bX)ddk<

00.

(6.42)

/ () V^-
/ (z) D = Rnjr iV*,
Ll(D):
(-jfl

\7b{z)\*dzdz<oz.

(6.43)

fs(z)Ll(D)

V^-

f(x), f ()
L2 (V&, ( 6 ^) d ).
jj | / ( X , ) | a ( ^ ) d d ^ = ( y y \ \J6(z)\2dzdz.

f (z) Ll(D)

(6.44)

6.2, 6.3 ,
5.4, 5.5, 5.1, 5.2. = [1]
.
(6.41) (6.45)
^- .
My
.

90

. .

6.4. * ,
Fa- D,

/ (z) = J J () [ - ( U , ) + i (, )] dk,

(6.46)

(6)~*, . .
{M^f)(z)

= J 7 ( W ) - P * e x p [ - ( t y , ) + *(, *)]<&,

(6.47) .
5.5, 5.6
6.4. f (z)Ll(Rn,
V*) *

Re Qi < 1

JU=ml.

(6.47)

(6.48)

6 / ) = ^g=fi!> J <>(-=)'+", (x) ^


./ f(z)Ll(D),

(6>49)

Re Qi < **-* + i+2^-f + i +2 ^

(6>50)

/a>p>*>4\ i \ f [ \nTv( 2dQ*) f (.b)/wz\e+2d*,, , ,( ^ * / ) H = ( T j -Urv(-rf) J C~T-;


/(*)<****.
^^ w/ Q, a, Q + a
,

/ c4\
(6.51)

(6.48), (6.50)

(6.52)

5.
^-
. G (D)
D = Rn-{-iV*:
gz = az+b,
aV*,
b^Rn,
(6.53)
az (1.23).
G(D),
N (D), gz = zJrb (. .

, = ). [22]
G (D)
N (D) G(V).

, . . V&. , 6 g A

91

L2(V&):
_ d*

T6J(l)=J(a*X)a~

2 e x p [ - i ( b . ~)], J(k)L*(V6),

g (6.53).
Z/ 2 (F 6 , (6X)d):
T*7(b)=J(a*b)a-**exV[--i(K

/ ( ? i ) e L 2 ( F 6 , (%d).

(6.54)

(6.55)

6.2, 6.3, :
6.5. G(D)
(6.53)
- D = RnjriV*
21
,
N (D).
L\{D)\
T6gf(z) = f(g~1z)ad\

Ll(R ,

gz=az+b,

a g F * , bRn,

V*):
T6gf(z) = f(g-iz)<iz.

(6.56)

(6.57)

Tg 2 ( F 6 ) (6.54) Z/ 2 (F 6 , (6^)d) (6.55).


= 1, . . ,
, 6.5.
,
. . .
. . [11].
G (D), ,

. ,
,
, , -,
( -
).
. ,
.
1 1964 .

II] P . A p p e l , J . K a m p e d e F e r i e t , Fonctions hypergeometriques et hyperspheriques, Polynomes d'Hermite, Gautier-Villars, Paris, 1926.
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Journ. reine und angew. Math. 169 (1933), 1-42; 172 (1934), 8 9 - 1 2 8 .
[3] S. h n e r, Group invariance of Cauchy's formula in several variables, Ann. of
Math. 45, 4 (1944), 686707.
i[4] S. B o c h n e r , Bessel functions and modular relations of higher type and hyperbolic
differential equations, Comm. Sem. Math, de Univ. de Lund, Tome Supplementaire
dedie a Marcel Riesz (1952), 1220.

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. , , ., , 1961.
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, ., , 1962.
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, 55 (1947), 571574.
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., , 1958.
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, ., , 1958.
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. . , ,,
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. . - ,
, 116 (1957), 181 184.
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. . - ,
, Proc. of the Intern. Congress of Math.
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. ,
, . 1 : 4 (1952), 328.
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, 1963.
. . ,
, ., , 1962.
. . ,
, ., , 1963.
- , , ., , 1960.