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-

-286
I40%
Tea01

Tea01

1765
Tea01

. .
Tea01
()
1860
Tea01
()
e
Tea01
()

Tea01

1896
Tea01


Tea01

Tea01

1906
Tea01

(Va) (Vc)
Tea01


Tea01

,

Tea01


Tea01

P=const, V P=const
Tea01


Tea02

V = const
Tea02

P = const
Tea02

V = const P = const
Tea02

L2
t = 1

L1
Tea02

Vz
=

Vc
Tea02

1
t = 1 k 1

Tea02

Vz
=

Vb
Tea02

PZ
Pc

Tea02
,,-
PV = RT
Tea03

=0,950,97
Tea03

Po=0,1MPa
Tea03

To=288K
Tea03

v=0,70,9
Tea03

t=(525)C
Tea03

Ta=(420450)K
03

Ta=(310350)K
03

, ,V,
03


03


Tea03
:

04

To=288K
04

Pr=(1,051,25)Po
04

Tr =(700900)K
04

Tr =(900-1100)K
04

P0,T0
04

Ta=(320380)K
04

Pa=(0,090,095)MP
04

Pa=(0,1050,110)MPa
04

Pa=0,11-0,13MPa
04

Pa=0,15MPa
04

v=0,70,9
04

Pc=(0,92,0)MPa
05

Pc=(3,55,5)MPa
05

Pc=(5,512)MPa
05


Ta=(550750)K
05

Ta=(750950)K
05

n1=1,351,40
05

100
n1=1,41

n
05

n
Pc = Pa 1
05

n 1
T = Ta 1
05

M c = L0 (1 + r )
05

= f ( Pc , Pz , Pt , t , m )
05

=1422
05

=8,014
06

=1,011,03
06

=0,850,95

06

=0,750,85
06

L0=0,5
06

Pz=(3,05,5) MPa
06

Pz=(5,012)MPa
06

Tz=(24002800)K
06

Tz=(18002300)K
06

=1,42,2
06
( )

=0,821,15
06
( )

=1,551,75
06


06

(17,5...18.0 ) MPa
06

1
06


06

QVc + QVh = QVz


06
V=const P=const
KJ
m C p m C v = 8.315

KMoli grad
06
V=const
m CV = A + B T
06
P=const
m C P = m CV + 8.315
06

C=0,86kg,H2=0,13kg,O2=0,01kg
06

2
B T z + A T Z S = 0
06

Tz=(23002800)k
06

Tz=(18002300)k
06

Pz =

T z

06

Pz=(3.0.5.5)MPa
06

Pz= Pc
06

Pz=(5.512)MPa

07


07


07

-
07

07

07


07

r=0,060,15
07

r=0,020,06
07

r =0,000,02
07

Pr =(1,051,25)Po
07

Tr =(700900)K
07

Tr =(900-1100)K
07

CO NO x C m X n
07


07

Ne
07


07

07


07

Pb =

P
n

z
2

07

130
n2 = 1.22 +

n
07


Pb =

P
n

z
2

07

07

T b =

T
n

z
1

07


T b =

T
n

z
1

07

4
Pr = P0 (1 + 0,55 10 n) MPa

07

1
Vg 1 = (600...700) M S
07

1
Vg 2 = (60...80) M S
07

Pb = (0.30.5) MPa
07

Pb = (0.2...0.4) MPa
07

Tb=(15001800)k
07

Tb=(12001800)k
08

i
r =
t
08

r = 0,5....0,8
08

N = L K i
08
1
n
K =

60
08

Lc
i =

Hu
08


i = 0,25...0,38
08

i = 0,35...0,50
08

Ga 10 3 g
g
=
i

N i MJ
08

P V i n
Ne = e s

60
08

Le
e =

Hu
08

Le = Pe Vs
08

e = 0,25...0,35
08

e = 0,35...0,40
08

Ga 10 3
ge =

Ne
08


1 10 3
[ g MJ ]
g
=
e
e H u
08

g e = ( 75...100 ) g MJ
08

g e = ( 60...70 ) g MJ
08

g i = ( 45...65) g MJ
08

Pm = A + B Wmed MPa
08

Pe = Pi Pm
08

Na
Ns =

Ap
08

N l = (45...37) kw dm 3
08

N l = (6...22) kw dm 3
08

N
Nl =

Vl
08

2
N s = (20...30) kw dm
08

2
N s = (8...25) kw dm
08

Q g = Q e + Q r + Q ev + Q x

08


Q = (20...25)%
08

Q = (30...40)%)
08

Q = (25...35)%
08

Q = (5...10)%)
08


08
e
2
F j = mrw ( cos + cos 2 )
08
e
2
F j I = mrw cos
08
e
2
F j II = mrw cos2
08


08


09



09


09

09


09


09


09

,
09


09


09


09

e
09

eo
09

2
Fc = m2 b rw
09

F sin( + )
Ft .b =

cos
09

R
q =

d fb l fb

09

qd= ( 3,5...7,0 ) MPa,


09


qd = ( 7,0...14 ) MPa
09


300
09


09


09

,

09


09


09

09

09

09

Nf = an

09


2
Nf = an
09

3
Nf = an
09


09


09


09


09


09

;
09


09

M m = 7,018 F f ; NM
09

3
N e = 0,735 F n 10 ;2)
09

G
Ga =

09


G
3
g e = a 10
Ne
09

Gh = 3600 Ga
09

88,4 F f
Pe =

Ve
09

aaa ,

09


\09



09


09

, ,

09

,

09


10
-
()
10
-
()
10

-
()
10

n
=

30
10

S n
=

30
10
-
()
R
=
l
10

1

= 3,0 4,2
10

mr = m p + mb1
10

()

S x = R[ (1 cos ) + (1 cos 2 ) ]
4
10

()
dS
W p = x
dt
10

()

W p = Rw sin + sin 2
2

10
()
()
dw
j=

dt
10

()
()
j = Rw 2 ( cos + cos 2 )
11

mr = mac + mb2
11

m = m p + mb1
11

mb = mb1 + mb2
11

m1b = 0,275mb m2 b = 0,725mb


11

Fj = m j
11


11

2
Fc = mr R w
11

D2
Fg = P

4
11
-

11
- a
Mb1

11
Maa
,
11



11



11


11
(
)


11
( )



11
O

11


11


12
( )
d f .b. = a 1 ...a2 D l fb = (b1 ...b2 ) D

12
( )
d f r =( a3 ... a4 ) D; lf r =(b3 ... b4 ) D
12

m2b

( )

12

R = F 2 tb + Fcb 2
12


12

2
F j = mrw ( cos + cos 2 )
12
I
2
F j I = mrw cos
12
II
2
F jII = mrw cos 2
12
I

12
II

12


300
13


13


13


13

13


13

N e g e cm3
,
Qn =

60 min
13

Q m.max. = (1,15...1,25) Q n
13

Q dem. = (1,752,0) Q n
13
(-5)

13

1
13



13


13


13


13

14

,
14

KJ
Qr = C (t 2 t1 ) ms ;

s
14
a

14
t 2 t1

14
M s

1
14

Va = Qr 3600 C a (t 2 t1 )
14

Pa Va
N vent =

v
14

V
Dv = 1,3 a
V
14

60 V
nv =

Dv
14

60 Q r
V1 =

C a (t1 t 2 )
14

V1 g
Np =

60
14

nd
10
hmin = 55 10 C

4
14

Q m = f Qc
14

Q t = Gc H i
14

Vm = (9...45) Ne; l h
15

15


15


15


15


15


15


15

-
15