You are on page 1of 25

Verifying MIMO Operation and Downlink Coverage for LTE & TD-LTE

Andy Standen, Product Manager Eric Hakanson, Senior Product Manager 22 June 2011

June 2011

Slide 1

Agenda
LTE MIMO Overview The MIMO Measurement Challenge Anritsu s LTE MIMO Measurement Solution Anritsu s LTE RRH Measurement Solution Example measurements, troubleshooting problems Downlink Coverage Troubleshooting New LTE Measurements Conclusion Q&A

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 2

LTE MIMO Overview (2X2 examples)


Multiple Input, Multiple Output
Input = Transmitter Output = Receiver 2x2 common today } 2 Tx in eNodeB, 1 Tx in UE

Transmit Diversity
Data stream repeated from all Tx MIMO Transmit Diversity Increase coverage Increase throughput at cell edge } Less error correction

Spatial Multiplexing
Different data streams Higher data rate Relies on Multipath MIMO Spatial Multiplexing
Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Requires good SNR


Slide 3

The MIMO Measurement Challenge


Severe co-channel interference
Due to MIMO }With 1 receiver Multi-channel measurement receivers expensive Direct-connect measurements? } Precoding precludes

Precoding causes bad EVM measurements on live traffic, even when connected directly to the transmitter

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 4

The LTE MIMO Measurement Challenge


LTE uses frequency reuse ( N ) of 1
Additional co-channel interference

Connection between transmitters and antenna


Sector Alpha antenna pair 1 Tx from Alpha, 1 Tx from Beta

Some eNodeBs have sync only on 1st transmitter


Others have on all transmitters Different troubleshooting method

Remote Radio Heads (RRHs) or Units (RRUs)


Complicate connecting to transmitter

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 5

eNodeB: Remote Radio Unit


Air Interface Interference GPS Antenna Antennas

Single Sector
2x2 MIMO } 2 radios per sector } Tx1 has Sync Signal } Tx2 may have Sync Signal

RF Cable Jumper if close to antenna Remote Radio Heads Ideally located close to antenna Fiber Optic Baseband Cable with DC Power Tx1 / Rx1 Backhaul GigE .

Test Needs
Transmitter Antenna & jumper cables LTE signal quality
Directional Coupler / Test Port

} OTA if no access to RRU Interference Coverage Backhaul Fiber

Channel Cards Power Supply

Tx2 / Rx2

Radio Server
Slide 6

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Anritsu s LTE MIMO Measurement Solution


Over-the-air measurements of Physical Broadcast Channel (PBCH)
Good indicator of eNodeB health Measures all transmitters

Reference Signal power of each transmitter


OTA Tx Test measurement

Throughput test to verify backhaul When problem detected


Verify with direct-connect measurement Test Model signal Each transmitter

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 7

MIMO Indicator
Shows which transmitter detected
For EVM measurements }OTA or direct-connect }Both show green for OTA-measuring both transmitters

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 8

Anritsu s LTE RRH Measurement Solution


Tx Test measurement Optimal OTA transmitter test
Verifies low co-channel interference Verifies MIMO OTA EVM Frequency Error

Also useful for non-RRH


Verifies complete system

Guideline OTA
One cell ID } Or at least 20 dB dominance RS Delta power < 3 dB EVM < 10% } Measure at installation, track changes Frequency Error < 10 Hz (GPS) Only quality indicator
Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 9

Qualifications for OTA EVM Measurements


Must be in a sweet spot
Good power level }Ideally >> -80 dBm RS power Low co-channel interference }>20 dB dominance }Ideally only 1 signal About 500 yards/meters from antenna, center of sector No large reflectors nearby

Directional antennas
If necessary

May need to move slightly to get optimal RS Delta Power


See Tx Test measurement later in webinar

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 10

Sweet Spot Examples


Poor Dominance = bad OTA EVM

>20 dB Dominance = medium OTA EVM

1 signal = good OTA EVM

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 11

Troubleshooting Misconnected Transmitters


Tx Test
Incorrect Cell ID } Scanner Only 1 Transmitter } Delta RS Power Wrong connection to antenna } Depends on eNodeB manufacturer
Sync on 1 Tx Sync on All Tx See next slides

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 12

Wrong Connection to AntennaSync on 1 Tx


Lots of power, no Cell ID =>Both Tx swapped
To Tx without Sync One without Sync, one disconnected Disconnect other Tx to identify

Lots of power, no sweet spot


Bad antenna Large reflector Non-Sync Tx swapped with Sync Tx from other sector
Mar 2011 Company Confidential Slide 13

Wrong Connection to AntennaSync on 1 Tx


Plenty of power High Dominance Very high EVM =>Tx without Sync swapped with another Tx without Sync
Disconnect other transmitters to identify

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 14

Wrong Connection to AntennaSync on All Tx


Lots of power, no Cell ID
Unlikely Serious transmitter problem

Lots of power, no sweet spot


Bad antenna Large reflector One Tx swapped with Tx from other sector } Sector obvious } RS Power Delta graph for which Tx

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 15

Wrong Connection to AntennaSync on All Tx


Plenty of Power High Dominance Very high EVM =>Failed Tx or strong interference
Directional antenna helps eliminate interference

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 16

Downlink Coverage Troubleshooting


Complement to Drive Tester Allows technician to troubleshoot coverage problems Supplement data gathered by Drive Tester

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 17

On-Screen Mapping Save as KML, CSV, JPG


Similar to SPA

New!

Coverage Mapping
Download maps with Map Master Off-screen data points still valid Thresholds adjustable Export to .kml or tab-delimited Helps operator see where measurements made

Included with LTE OTA options

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 18

Import Into Google Maps

Either Autosave from Scanner or Internal Mapping

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 19

New LTE Measurements


Power vs. Resource Block Control Channel Power Table

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 20

Power vs. Resource Block

New!
Guideline
Nonvaries with traffic

Consequences
RF performance can vary with traffic

Common faults
Poor RF performance or coverage can increase loading } Simpler modulation } More FEC } More re-transmissions

Power vs. RB
Shows eNodeB activity Utilization helpful to see traffic loading, and impact on RF spectrum

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 21

Control Channels Table View

New!

Same measurements as Bar Graph view


Power/RE: what UEs usually show Total Power: what some eNodeB configuration tools show

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 22

Conclusion
Tx Test measurement checks MIMO & RRH transmitters Coverage Mapping helps troubleshoot coverage problems Additional measurements for troubleshooting eNodeB problems

Mar 2011 Company Confidential

Slide 23

Q&A
Please submit questions using your GoToWebinar control panel

June 2011

Slide 24

Thank You For Attending

For further information on this webinar, please send e-mail to: andy.standen@anritsu.com eric.hakanson@anritsu.com

June 2011

Slide 25