Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 80

-

1932 .


:
.. , ,

.. , ,

.. , ,
.. . ,

.. ,
.. , ,
.. , ,

.. 2010

. :

.., .., .., ..,


..

12

., ., .

16

..

21

., . M

27

129626, , ,
106, , / 34.
. 7(495)682-26-54.
/: 7(495)682-58-46.
E-mail: werannik@mail.ru
: www.svetotekhnika.com
:
www.elibrary.ru

.., .., .., ..,


.., .., ..

29

., .

33


..
svetlo-nr@yandex.ru

., .

39


..
lights-nr@inbox.ru

.. ,
.. ,
.. , ,
.. ,
.. ,
.. ,
.. , ,

.. ,
.. ,
.. , ,

-
..
.
..
werannik@mail.ru

..

43


..

.., .., .., ..,


..

48


..

53

56


..

20.01.2011.
08.02.2011.
6088 1/8. . . 10,00.

. 1200.
, 101000, , ,
/ 648, . 361-93-77.

101898, , ., . 9.

. OSRAM

59

..

62

12011

(LIGHT & ENGINEERING)

.. 16-
-2010

64

80

58

.. 4-

72

79

15

76

15

42

..

26

..

11

,
(Vossloh-Schwabe)

4 c. .

Opora Engineering

2 c. .


General Electric c

1
3 c. .

..
,
, ,

2010-


.



.

,

.




,

,
.
2009 2010

:


4

.
, Osram, Philips,
GE ,

, -


.



2010





.






,






4-
Light &
Engineering.



, ,
,
.




:

,
. . . ,


..
42 .
.


, , ( )
(
).

, ,
2011 , 80-, .


. , ,

.


, 2011, 1

2010
, ,
,

, . , 4,

..


.
12 . 25 ,
,
, , .
,

-
.
,
, .. .
.
30 .

, , 2011, 1

.

.

-,

100 .


.. .
.
..
.
,
2010
33

.


.

: ?
4; ..



4; .



1; .
.


4;

( 5)
.
, ..
..

( 2); ..
( 5) .

23 2009
() (1).

..

( 6).

2011
.




, ,
,





.
5


:
. 1


.

?
, , ,

.


. -
, , ,
,
.
?

( )
. ,

, .
, , .
,
.
1


CIE 2010 Lighting Quality & Energy Efciency. 1417 2010 ., .
E-mail: wout@woutvanbommel.eu
. ..
..

.
?
( ) ,
( )
, .
,

.

?
30 .
. ,

, . ,
- -
. 1,6 . .
, ,


.
1.

. :

?

?


?

?
,
.
2.

?
1972 . ,
, ,
, ,
. - ,

, ,
. , , , ,
1980 ., . . 8 . ,

, 90- .,
2 . .
2.1.

. ,
, , .

. ,

, .
2.2.


,
, 2011, 1

,
.

,
, ,
, . [1] , : , .
-
. ,
, ,
.
2.3.

.
.
, .
, , ,
.
.
( )
, ,
,
.
[2].

.

,
. , , 2011, 1

, .
[3].

[4] .
, . , ,
.
.
3.

?
3.1.
, ,
. , , . , , . ,

, ..

.
,
UGR, ,
,
, 50- 60-
(, , , ,
, .).

.
TI ( ), ,
30- . (, .). 60- 70- . (, , ,

, .).
() ,
TI
.
, GR,
,
, 80- .
( ,
).
.



.

.
3.2.

3.2.1.
,
:

. ,
. ,
, .


,


.
(AFS) .

7

. 1.

- =
2700 Ra = 80

V ()

B ()


, , .

, AFS.
,
.

. , , ,
.
,
( , )
3.2.2.

. .

(8

)
.
,
.
, : ?
,

415 , , 6 [6].

,

.
3.2.3.

- . .
, .
-

,
. ,

.
4.
?
4.1.


,
. , , , .
, , , ,
, , . ,
(VSL) 2009 . .

2540 ,
,
15 [2]. : ,
.
4.2.


, ,
-
, ,
-

, , . , 2011, 1

() -,
, %

T = 2700 , Ra = 80


, %
100
99,0

100

T = 4000 , Ra = 65

133,8

T = 2700 , Ra = 80

99,1


-,
B().
, ,
-,
() [7].
(visual dose, )
V
(),
( )
(. 1).
, - , B() ( .
[8]). -

. . 2 -,
,
. -
,
,
.
B().
. 1.
T = 2700 Ra = 80 ,
,
( ). , - T = 27003000
, 2011, 1

. 2.

- =
2700 Ra = 80
,

Ra 80. - T = 4000
( )
34 %. ,


- T = 27003000 (Ra >80).
5.
?
5.1.

30 . ,
, , . ,


.
.

,
-
(
) (. 3).
[9].

,
.
-,
( . 4.2) [7].
9

() 65-
25- [7].
, %
,

25

T = 2700 , Ra = 80

65
92,9
64,6

100

T = 4000 , Ra = 65

52,2

T = 2700 , Ra = 80

55,3

. 3.


65-
(65)
25- (25)
,
[10]

. 3, . 2.
7 %, 48 %.
(35 %) 2700 . - =
27003000 -
.

( ).
- .
10

, ()
[11].
5.2.

.
(
). . 1,6 .

.
,
, -

, .


.
. , .

.

1997 . Light Up The
World (LUTW). 51 200 000
[12, 13]. LUTW 1,8- -
75 , 10- ,
-
.
- . 4,8
7,5 .
,
, [12].
,

,
.
Osram

, , [14]. Philips
( )
,
()
4020 [2].
6.

, 2011, 1

.
. , -
.
, ,

,
.

, , .
.
, , , , .
,
,
.
,
. ,
-

- .
1,6 . . ,



,


.

1. McDonough, W., Braungart, M., Cradle
to cradle, North Point press (2002).
2. URL: www.philips.com, accessed January 2010.
3. Currie, M.J., Mapel, J.K., Heidel, T.D.,
Goffri, S., Baldo, M.A., High-efciency organic solar concentrators for photovoltaics// Science. 2008. Vol. 321. P. 226228.
, 2011, 1

4. URL: www.litracon.hu, www.luccon.


com, www.andreasbittis.de, accessed January
2010.
5. Mollard, R. Hypovigilance and microsleep while driving a stretch of motorway /
Road Lighting Symposium, Brussels (2003).
6. Koek, W. LEDs be honest; the path to
market acceptance / Green lighting event,
Frankfurt, 2009.
7. Van Bommel, W.J.M. Gloeilampvervangende lampen en gezondheid,
Hoofdstuk 4.6.1.6, Aevering 43, Handboek Verlichtingstechniek, SDU, 2010.
Incandescent lamp replacement lamps and
health, to be published, 2010.
8. Brainard, G.C. Photoreception for regulation of melatonin and the circadian system
in humans /5 th International LRO Lighting research symposium, Orlando, 2002.
9. Zhou, A. Cateracts and the late style
of Monets paintings / Proceedings of the 17 th
annual history of medicine days, 2008.
10. CIE Publication, 158. Ocular lighting
effects on human physiology and behaviour.
Vienna, 2004.
11. Van Bommel, W.J.M. The spectrum of light sources and low lighting levels: the basics // The Lighting Journal
(ILE). 2009. October.
12. Light Up The World. URL: www.lutw.
org.
13. Bhusal, P.; Zahnd, A.; Eloholma, M.;
Halonen, L. Energy-efcient innovative lighting and energy supply solutions in developing
countries // International review of electrical
engineering, Vol, 2. P. 665670, 2007.
14. Weitzel, R. Off-grid lighting solutions
for least developed countries / Proceedings
Lux Europe, Istanbul, 2009, p 7782.


(Wout
Van Bommel),
M. Sc, .
35-
,
,
,


. 2003
2007 . ,
Philips Lighting,
.
,
, .

..
90

, ,
,




,

,

,

11



.. 1, .. , .. , .. ,
..
, , ()



, ()
.



. Cs-Hg-Xe ()
.
: (), , , CsHg-Xe , , , ,
.
1

()
1

E-mail: svgavr@list.ru

() , ,

. . [1, 2].
(
, .),
.
.
,
().
, , ,
[1].
[3],
.
1
4 -

3 , (. 1). 2.
2,
Cs-Hg-Xe [4] Xe
.
:
(h)
2 3 (. 1)

;

2 ;
- .
1.

()
( ) TracePro 3.3.7.

5 000 10 000 ,
, ,

. () . 1.
-5 [1]:
190
36 .

m, 280 ,
300 .
,
2

. 1.

12


.
, 2011, 1


. , h 15 +25 ( ),
, (. 2).
h 520 .
,
. 3: , . , . 1,
1210 2,
2220 2.

. ,

.

.

, .

m

,

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

m, %

32,6

33,0

32,7

32,6

32,1

31,6

29,0

. 2.




(1)

(2) h

. 3.
n,




(1)
(2) h

2.


-23, -100
-62
98.
( f = 360 ), 2 f.
Xe .
Xe (. 4).
5 , Xe 300 . . . , 2011, 1

,
120 , ,
( ) 80 . 1500 2 .
200 ,

83,3 /
3, 127,4 /3.

. 5, Xe 230, 244, 251,


261 . 127,4 /3 , -, Si ( 3).
Cs-Hg-Xe
. [4].
3


,
.

13

. 4.

(, )
()

. 5. ()
()

. 6. Cs-Hg-Xe
11 90
450 /3 () Cs 852,11 () 1,0 (1); 1,5 (2); 2,0 (3)

90
d ( ) 7 11 .
14

(852,11
894,35 ), -

- (780 ) [1],
.
, .
(., .,
. 6, ) ,


62. ,
,
,
(...) .
d c 7 11 .
Cs-Hg-Xe ... , , Cs (. 6, ).
.
, :

, , , ,
,
.
, , ;

;
Xe (
) Cs-Hg-Xe (
) .

..

.

1. .., .., .. . :
, 2008. 414 .
, 2011, 1

2. .. (
). : , 1966. 411 .
3. .., .., .. .
//
88121. 2009. . 30.
4. .., .., .. // . 2008. 2. . 1218.


,
. .
1985 .
.

,
. ,
.
1963 . .



!
-
, .
, . . .. , .-. .. .
, , , ,
, .



2628 , 810 , 2729 ,
2224 2011 .
1.

2. (),

3. ,

4. , ,

5. ,

6. , ,

7. , ,

8.

.
2001 . .

9.


,
.
2008 . .
I


,
. .

2006 .

, 2011, 1

10. .

(, ) 6
( 10:00 16:00) : , , .106,
( ), , 2- , -. 20 %-
.
10 000 . .
50 %.
, ./ (495) 682
1904 E-mail: Light-house@list.ru

15

. 1, . , .
LEDON OLED Lighting, , .

()
, ,
. . ,
. .
:
, , , , , -.
1

1.
()
1

19-
C Licht2000. 1720
2010 .,
E-mail: info@ledonlighting.com
. ..

. ,
.
,
,

.
,
, ,
,
.

.
,
.
2.
(stack) ( 200 ), -

.

,
(
(ITO2)),
, ( )
(. . 1).

.
,

(small-molecule OLED).
1987 .
- (Ching Tang) Kodak Laboratories.

(. 2.3).

(PLED), ,

. , .

(, ). 6070- ,

.
2.1.

, , (OLED stack).


512 . -
2

. 1. ()

16

ITO -.
. .
, 2011, 1

.

c .
( ),


( ,

).

, . 2

.
,
.
1.
(three emitter
intrinsic white stack):

. ,
(3 4 ).
2.
(two diode white stack):
1, ( ) ,
, ( )
,
. (
6 8 ).
.
, .
3.
(three diode white stack):

. 9 12 ,
.
, 2011, 1

. 2. : 1
; 2 ; 3

,
21 , .

.
2.2.

,
ext,
,
(1):

ext = b1 recomb opt ,

(1)

b1 (
)
1, recomb
, opt
.


.
,
.
, [1, 2].
recomb
, (
) .


[3 6].
opt ,
. 20 %
.

40 %.
, , .

, . , , .

,
,
. ,
,

. , , , 2, ,
.

ORBEOS
OSRAM, 79

17

. 3. - [7] ( 85 , ,
(color bin requirements), 200 2 )

. 4. 370 470 .

3000 / 2 2800 23 /.

.

. Kodak
66 /
4000 . . 3
-,
18

, 2015 . 100 / .

.
,
.
: . , , .


,

.


-
.
.
. 5 000 50 %
1 000 / 2 .
: ,
(25 00050 000 30- ).
, ,
. , (
).

.
,
.

, .
, CaO ,
.

,
(57 ) ,
, . , 10
.
, 2011, 1

2.3.


.
, 370470 400500
(. 4); .
ITO;
. .
, , .
,

.
,
1515 .
.
( 200 )
, .

. 5. - LUREON. : , -, , . : - ,


, , ,



.
, ,

, . 2013 .
3. -
-
. , -

. , ,
.
-
( 1515 )

-.
,
.
, (OLED lighting module).


. -
LEDON LED Lighting.

. 6. - 100 100 1404 / 2 () 2633 / 2 ().


.
, 2011, 1

19

. 7.
8
-


(
Zumtobel LEDON
OLED Lighting)


:
,

.
.
.
.

. 5. -
(
80 % ) ,
-
.
4 . . 6
1404 / 2 .
90 % . ( 87 %)
(2633 / 2) .
Zumtobel
Lighting GmbH
(. 7).
4.
. ,

.
20

, -
-
. .
, . (Fraunhofer IPMS)
Zumtobel Lighting GmbH,
.
5. LEDON OLED
Lighting
LEDON OLED Lighting 2009 . Zumtobel
Group (Fraunhofer Society) , , -
.

LEDON OLED Lighting
, ,
.
LEDON OLED
Lighting
-,

, / ,
.

1. Pfeiffer, M., Leo, K., Zhou, X., Huang, J.S.,
Hofmann, M., Werner, A., Blochwitz-Nimoth, J. //
Organic Electronics. 2003. Vol. 4. P. 89.

2. Kido, J., Matsumoto, T.// Appl. Phys.


Lett. 1999. Vol. 73/ P. 2866.
3. Pfeiffer, M., Forrest, S., Leo, K., Thompson, M.E.// Adv. Mater. 2002. Vol. 14. P.
1633.
4. Adachi, C., Baldo, M.A., Forrest, S.R.,
Thompson, M.E.// Appl. Phys. Lett. 2000.
Vol. 77. P. 904.
5. Birnstock, J., Hofmann, M., Murano, S.,
Vehse, M., Blochwitz-Nimoth, J., Huang Q., He
G.F., Pfeiffer, M., Leo, K.// SID Symp. Digest.
2005. Vol. 36. P. 40.
6. Wellmann, P., Hofmann, M., Zeika, O.,
Werner, A., Birnstock, J., Meerheim, R., He, G.,
Walzer, K., Pfeiffer, M., Leo, K.// Journal of the
SID. 2005. Vol. 13, 5. P. 393.
7. U.S. Department of Energy; Multi-Year
Program Plan: Solid-State Lighting Research
and Development. March 2010.


(Jrg Amelung).
.
1967 .

,
.

.
(2009 .)
LEDON OLED Lighting

(Christian
Kirchhof).


(
, 1979 .)
(2006 .).

, -.
LEDON OLED
Lighting,


(Michael Eritt),
Ph.D. (2010 .).
2003 .


,
.


,
.
LEDON OLED Lighting

, 2011, 1



.. 1
. , ,


. , , , .
,
.

1

E-mail: ronchi@innito.it; luciaronchi@


palenque.biz
. ..

1.
. , , ,
. (
). , , .

. 1.
( [8]). ,
, 2011, 1

.
:
, ,
, ,
.


,
. ,
, , -

.
,

. , ,

[17].

. 1 ( [8]),

.
, ( )
, , , [9], [10],
, [11], , , , [12, 13 .].

, , ,
(Zeitgeber), . , , .
21

. 2.


, ,

. 3. [22]

. 4.




, .
( )

. ,

. ,
( , ),
(
).
[14, 15], .
, , ,
( ),

. ,
, , ,

.
22


, [16],
,
, , . .,
.
,
, (, 30-) (
),


[17].
, [6, 8] , ,
, . .

(
) -

.
(
,
) [6].
2.
2
,
,
(). , ,
, [1921].
,
, : ( ) (
).
.
[16, . 77],

,

24- . , , . ,
2

, ().
. .
, 2011, 1

. (,

4 , (, ).


/.
3.
, ,
, (
) 0,5
1 0,45 .
,
Lb = 10 / 2. ,

( 1,5 , 1 )
7 34 (
2 ),
(. 2).
, , 1,5 . Lt, C = (Lt Lb)/ Lb,
2530 %. , . ,
(
), . , , Minolta LC 100: =
0,483, =0,413 ( , ); = 0,230, = 0,310 (); = 0,413, = 0,325 (); = 0,320, = 0,595 ();
= 0,546, = 0,375 ( 3); =
0,577, = 0,439 (); = 0,693,
= 0,306 ().

3

- (minus
blue). . .

, 2011, 1

18 21 .
. (, ) 10 10
.
1,5 . 13 , , 5 . 10
( , )
. . 16

4 . , , .
4- , , 9:00
13:00, 13:00 17:00 17:00
21:00, , 3
. , , 3- , , 12-
.
3.1.


. 1 %,
10 %. .
,
,
,
(, )
.
[20],
. -

1,01,5 , , ,

.
,

,

.

.

[21]. ,
(. 3)

. . [22],
.
. 4.
,
= 2030 , .
,

. = 1018 ()
; = 2230 , ,
, = 20
. , ,
,
, . 4.
s1 = 10
18 ( , 1020 ) s2

= 2230 ( , 2030 ).
4.
,
, s1 , s2: ,
0,5 +0,5. s1, s2 (., ., . 5) ,
23

. 5.
s2 (
= 1020 ) s1
( = 20
30 ).

(
12-
)

. 6. s1 ( = 1020 ) . () , ,
.
( , )

(identity line). ,
= 1020 2030
[21].
,
. ,
, . 6, ,
s1, 24


.
, .
, ,
, .




.
, s1 s2 ,
(s1 s2).
. . 7
8 ,
(s1 s2)
( ). ,

12-
, 3
4 ,
.


[23]


.
.
. ,
, [14, 15].
5.


, 4-
.


.
, 2011, 1

. 7. s1 s2 ( ) :
(-);

. 8. , . 7, : ;

, s1
s2 (. 5), . ,

, , .
- s1 s2 .

( = 25 ). , , 2011, 1

,
, , .
- : ; ,
[24]
; - .
6.
, -

, . (

)
, , , 4-
.
, ,
.

,
,
25


.

1. Van Bommel, W.J. M., van den Beld, G.J.
Lighting for work: a review of vsual and biological effects // Lighting Res. Technol.
2004. Vol. 36. P. 255268.
2. Van Bommel, W.J.M. Visual, biological
and emotional aspects of lighting. Recent new
ndings and the meaning of lighting practice //
Light & Engineering. 2005. Vol. 36. P.
69.
3. Boyce, P.R. Education: the key to the
future of lighting // Lighting Res. Technol.
2006. Vol. 38. P. 283294.
4. Bullogh, J.D., Rea, M.S. Simulated driving performance and peripheral detection, at
mesopic and low photopic levels. Lighting Res.
Technol. 2000. Vol. 32. P. 194198.
5. CIE Symposium 04 Light and Health:
Non Visual Effects // Color Res. Appl.
2005. Vol. 30. P. 395.
6. Proc. CIE2010 Lighting Quality & Energy Efciency, March 1417, 2010, Vienna,
Austria,
7. Rea, M.S., Figuero, M.G., Bullogh,
T.D. Circadian Photobiology: an engineering
frame work for lighting practice and research //
Lightng Res. Technol. 2002. Vol. 34. P.
177190.
8. Boyce, P.R. Lighting research for interiors: the beginning of the end, or the end of the
beginning // Lighting Res. Technol. 2004.
Vol. 36. P. 283294.

9. Schweiger, H.-G. The mechanisms of circadian rhythms of photosynthesis. In: Hlne,


C. et al. (Eds), Trends in Photobiology. New
York: Plenum Press, 1980. P. 437450.
10.Mackie, R.E. (Ed.), Vigilance. Operational performance and physiological correlates. New York: Plenum Press, 1975. P. 112
132.
11. Jayle, G.E., Boyer, P.L., Saracco, J.B.
Lelectroretinographie, Daily variability of human electroretinogram. . Paris: Masson et c.,
1965. P. 419424.
12.Overington, I. Vision and Acquisition.
London: Pentech Press, 1976.
13.Ronchi, L.R. On the variability of visual functionality across the day // Light & Engineering. 2009. Vol. 17. P. 2533
14.Brainard, G.C., Hanin, J.P., Greesen et
al. Action spectrum for melatonin regulation
in humans. Evidence.for a novel circadian photoreceptor // The Journal of Neurosci. 2001.
Vol. 21. P. 64066412.
15.Hatter, S., Liao, H.-W., Takao, M. et al.
Melanopsin containing retinal ganglion cells:
architecture, projections, intrinsic photosensitivity // Science. 2002. Vol. 295. P. 106
1073
16.Weale, R.A. Focus on Vision. London:
Hodder and Straughton, 1982. P. 5792
17.Caille, E.J., Bassano, J.L. Biorhythms
and watch rhythms: hemeral watch rhtythm
and anhemeral watch rhythm in simulated permanent duty. In: Vigilance. Operational performance and physiological correlates, Mackie
R.E. (Ed). New York: Plenum Press, 1975. P.
461509.
18.Van Bommel, W.J.M. Dynamic lighting
at work- both in level and color- Proc. 2 nd CIE
Expert Symp. on 04 Lighting and Health //
Color Res. Appl. 2005. Vol. 30. P. 395

19.HoogeI, Th.C., Erkelens, C.J. Peripheral vision and oculomotor control during visual search // Vision Res. 1999. Vol. 39. P.
15671576.
20.Perimetric Update. Proc. IPS (International Perimetric Society) from 1980 to 1999,
Dr. Junk Publ. Dordrecht, Netherland.
21.Ronchi, R.L. Diurnal variability of visual eld response under constant electrical lighting // Proc. CIE 2010 Lighting Quality & Energy Efciency, March 1417, Wien.
22.Inditsky, B., Bodmann, W. Quantitative
model of visual search // Proc. 19 th Session
CIE, Kyoto, 1979, P. 197201.
23.Hoel, P. Elementary Statistics. New
York: Wiley, 1960.
24.Buck, S.L. Rod-cone interactions in human vision. In: The Visual Neurosciences, L.M.Chalupa, J.S,.Werner (Eds.). Cambridge, MA: Bradford Book, The MIT Press,
2003. P. 863878.

.
(Lucia R. Ronchi),
Ph.D.

.

.
,
.
.
.

!
,
,


50- ,

26

, 2011, 1

M

. 1, .
OSRAM Gmbh, , .



() . ,
,
, . ,
.
,
. .
.
:
, , .
1

1.

.
,
. , .

2 .

. , 1

19- Licht2000. 1720


2010 .,
E-mail: hubert.ott@osram.com
.

, 2011, 1

, .

.

.
2.
.

, .
:
(binning):
, .

.
:
.

, .
:


.

.
:

.
-

, ,
,
.

.

. , , .

.
3.


?
. , , , , .
, ,
,
,



,
.

.

(Spot
Light)
(Down Light). , PrevaLED Core
Light Engine OSRAM. , ,
,


. 27

. OSRAM PrevaLED Core


.
, .
. ,

.
. .
4.



.
, ,
,
.

.


,

.

28


.
,

.
() ,
(
Tunable White).
5.

, , .
.
Zhaga,
. Zhaga Light Engines , ,
. , , . Zhaga

.
Light Engines . -


(www.zhagastandard.org).
6.

.

.
,
.
, , ,
,
. , Light Engines, Zhaga.


(Hubert Ott),
-.
1996 .

Osram
Opto Semiconductors

(Arnulf Rupp), .

Osram Opto Semiconductors

, 2011, 1



.. , .. , .. , .. ,
.. 1, .. C, ..
, () , ; (), .



.
254
,
(Keitz).
. .
: , , , 254 , .
1

1.

254 (
) [1]. ,
, . [2].
,
, ( ). () -

D (. 1).
, .
L

dL.
,
L.
D ( )
:

= (E2 DL)/(2 + sin2),



(. 1),
.
(D4L)
(
):

= ED2.

(2)

(DL/2)
:

= E4D2/(2+).
1

(1)

(3)

E-mail: soburda@gmail.com

. 1.



, 2011, 1

(1) [1]:
.

.
.


L D.
D L
( ). 2
,

, ,
254 .
( (1))
D.
Round Robin, 12
[3].

254
D.
D.
5 %
.
15 %
(
10 %). ,
, , .
,

.
2

,
, .
, ,
. , . , ,
.

29

. 2. : SED240; -29

. 3.



(/L),
(1),

D.
:
15 (1), 77 (2) 55 (3) c


() , 90 % -
, ()
D. L = 146
D,

0,5

1,5

45

31

22

18

12

55

36

26

20

13

2.


433 () ,
.

, .
.
,
30

,
230 ().
SED240
IL1700 ( International Light
Technologies) .
International Light
Technologies Laser 2000
() (. 2, ).
-29
,
(. 2, ).

SED240 2 %, 8 %.
0,52 ().

.
3.

D (50350 50 ),
. D.

35 1,9 .
300, 146 .

1530 (
) ,

. 3,
(1) D.
L D.
15, 55 77
, ,
L. . 3 ,
D/L. D/L>8.
,
.. (1)
, 2011, 1

(2) D.


SED240.


() .
. 4, D,
. , ,

.

, 90 %-

, D.
,
D/L (=
0,35), 30 .

.

. SED240 -29. . 5 ,
. ( 30
) -

2 %. , -29 , , ,
. 6, /L D . ,

(- ,

).
, D c
, D D
.
- ,
.
, 2011, 1

. 4.



().

146 ,

D =
0,5 (1); 1 (2); 1,5 (3)
3 (4)

. 5. : SED
240; -29. , os ()

. 6.


(/L),
(1),


D: 1
-29;
2 SED 240.

30

, (< 5 )
1 %.

,

. ,
,
. , , 31

. 7. (/L), (1), D 55 : 1
; 2

254 (< 10 % 3),


, D, 20 % (., ., . 7).
, , 1 . 3
4.
2 % (., ., . 8).
, ,
()
254 .
,
( ).

1. Lawal, . et al. Proposed Method for
Measurement of Output of Monochromatic (254
nm) Low Pressure UV Lamps // IUVA News.
2008. Vol. 10, 1.
2. Keitz, H.A.E. Light Calculation and Measurements. London: Macmillan and Co Ltd,
1971.
3. Volker, A., Dreiskemper, R., Kessler, M.
Comparison of UV Power Measurement of Low
Pressure UV-lamps by a worldwide Round Robin
Test // IUVA News. 2010 Vol. 12, 1.
3

Varian
Cary 50.

/L
15 D ,
.

32

. 8. ,
(1),
D 300 (
146 ): 1 ; 2

.-. ,
.
.

.
().
()


,
.
. .. .


,
. .
().

.-.
. .


,
()

.-. ,
.
1973 . .
()

, 2011, 1




. 1, .
TRILUX GmbH & Co. KG, ,



.
: , , , , , , , 2,
, .
1

1.



2007 . () ,
.

2100 .
, 2007 .,
, ,
,
1,1
2,9 C,
18 38 . -
1

19-
C Licht2000. 1720
2010 .,
E-mail: c.braatz@trilux.de

. . .
Light & Engineering
2.2011

, 2011, 1

, . . 2007 . -, 2,4
6,4 C, 26
59 .
. 1997 .,

, .

2012 . 8 %
1990 . ,
,
. ,
, ,
2009 . . ,
2010 ., . 4 500 175 31
,
2010 . ().

.
2020 .
2050 .
5085 %
1990 .,
1,52 C. , 8095 % .

2010 . ,
-


. , .
, ,
,

1 . .
3 524 . 27
,
14 %, ,
.
2020 . 202020: 20 % , 20 %

20 %
, , . 30 %
1990 .
, ,
40 %.
, . ,
, . , ,

, .
.
, .
,
, ,

.
, 33

,
. ,
, ,
, .
.

, .
2.

2009/125/EG
21.10.2009,
, 2005/32/EG
,
. , : , ,
, .
(). , 2005/32/
EG, .
244/2009/EG
, DIM- (
) .
245/2009/EG

, , .
TIM- ( )..
,
34


,
E . ,
,
,
,
,

.
245/2009/EG
2 ( ),

.
,
, , ,

. ,
245/2009/EG .
,

, , , .
244/20 0 9/ EG
245/2009/EG
,
. .
3.

,
, ,

, .
. ,
:
18.03.2009:
245/2009/

EG , ,

.
24.03.2009: 245/2009/EG .
13.04.2009:
245/2009/EG.
13.04.2010:
,
.
21.04.2010:
347/2010/EG

245/2009/EG.
24.04.2010: 347/2010/EG .
14.05.2010:
347/2010/EG.
13.10.2010:
245/2009/EG
347/2010/EG .
13.04.2012:
245/2009/
EG 347/2010/EG ,
.
13.04.2015:
245/2009/EG
347/2010/EG ( , , ).
13.04.2017: ,
.

. 2012 . , ,
,
T8.
,
, T5, ,
,

. ,
.
:
; ;
; ; 2 000, 4 000, 6 000, 8 000,
12 000, 16 000 20 000 ;
;
, 2011, 1

R a; ; ;
.

,
.
, .

(LLMF) :
.
,
.
.
(LMF) (, 1 (13.10.2010),
c ,
2, ).

,
.
TRILUX
, , TRILUX
TRILUX.

245/2009/
EG 347/2010/EG
(13.10.2010):

2 000
- , .
, , . 8 2009/125/EG,
, 2011, 1

.
:
. , III
( 2, 2) 245/2009/EG,
17, 345/2010/EG
.
:
.
. , (/
)
.
:
. .
.
.
,
, (, ILCOS).
:
LBS.
.

. , , , , ,
LMF
(
).
245/2009/
EG, . , , ,
.
, . . LLMFLMF,
LMF.

.
.
.
(CEN)
( V 245/2009/EG).

.

,
,
, ,

, ,
, (
) . .
,
. .
,
2010 .
1 , 2012 .
0,5 .
, .
4.


, .

(,
) II.
, . (., ., . 1),
35

36

, 2011, 1

(
,
),
.

(
,
),


(, )
,

(, ) ,

, ,

, ,

. 1.

E-C10

E-C9

E-C8

E-C7-S

E-C7-L

E-C6-S

E-C6-L

0,26

0,30

0,65

0,25

0,35

0,30

0,40

0,66

0,60

0,80

0,50

0,60

0,55

0,65

0,05

2

CO2
1
, /




CO2,
/ 1000

,

1 2
(
)

1000

10000

0,39

640

15625

0,61

596

16779

0,65

590

16950

0,66

390

25641

1,00

225

44444

1,72

140

71428

2,78

80

125000

4,76

: ?
,
. ,

.
.
,
,
, 90 %
. ,
, . ,
26 ,
, 32 ,
,

30 %. ,
.
, 2011, 1

,
. ,
2 .
.
. ,
, . .
5. CO2

CO2
1 ?
. 1 .
: , , ,
. -

, ,

.
, . , , ,
CO2

, ,
- , , , .
1

.
7 22 1 .
6. ,


.
.
,

37


, %

80

50

50

20

15

10

. 2. ()

. ,
, , , , .

. 2, .., , 80 % ,
. , ,
5 , . , ..
( , )

.

1/5 ,
,

.
38


3 %
, 50 %, , 3 %-
(. 2).

,
.
,

. ,
,
. ,
, CO2 -

. ,

- , , , ..
,
.

.


.
,
. ,
,
,
.


(Christian Braatz),
.


TRILUX GmbH & Co.
G


(Jrg Minnerup),
.

TRILUX
GmbH & Co. G

, 2011, 1


. , . 1
Instrument Systems, ,

( )
, () . ,
,
. ,

,
(4-).
(2-),
.
:
, , , ,
, .
1.

,
.


- ,
.

.
3031.08.2010, ,
E-mail: konjhodzic@instrumentsystems.
com
. ..

, 2011, 1

. ,

,
. .

. ,
() .

, .
. ,
,
,
, .

, ,
. , ,

.
2.

-

, ,
.

: 30 / 2 ,
60
80 % .
.

. ,
. ,

.
.
(. 1).
, ,
.

.
3.


, (97 %) , (94 %) .

[Winter S., Lindemann
M., Jordan W., Binder U., Anokhin
M.// Metrologia. 2009. Vol. 46. P.
248251].




,
39

v,

, %

802,0

2660

15

726,2

-9,45

2702

25

715,1

-1,53

2710

30

713,4

-0,24

2711

45

711,8

-0,22

2713

60

711,7

-0,01

2713

75

711,8

0,01

2714

. 1. 440
,

40

5
.
(. 2).

. , ,
, .
,


.


, , .

, .
.
.
:

4,9 % 4,1 % .



, 2011, 1

,
.

, /

v,

v, %

Philips Downlight

397,1

2732

-3,43

30

15,1

26,3

Philips Smart

1912

3991

-2,55

-2

48

33,1

57,8

Cree LR6 Neutral

695,5

3362

1,36

35

70

12,7

54,8

GE Cove Lighting

267,2

2707

-0,71

7,3

36,6

MP Lighting

711,7

2726

-1,66

-9

30

18,4

38,7

Lamina MR6

249,8

3173

-0,12

36

7,7

32,4

,
.
4.

,
,
.

, .
,

. ES
LM-7908,
30
. . 1
v .
10 % .
30-
.

. ,
, 2011, 1

. v

. 2.
,

.

. ,
. , 40 %

. 2.

4-

41

,
97 % .
(4 -) .

(2-).

. 3.



30 ()
70 ()


(Richard Distl).
(1986 .)

Instrument
Systems,


.

10 % . (. 3)
2- .

42

5.


.

. ,
94 % -

(Denan
Konjhodzic), Ph.D.
C


Instrument
Systems.
: ,
,
,

, 2011, 1



.. 1
,


,
.
,
.
:
, , , , .
1

,
. -

, ,

.

, , ,
,
, ,
.. . ,
.
, , ,
,
, .

, ;
-

1

E-mail: shu2005@mail.ru

, 2011, 1

.
, , ,
.
, , ,
.

; , .
, .

: ( ),
.

:
. : , ,
. .
,
,
. : (19982008),
(2008), (19992001),
PESARO (2006),

,
(1989),
(1998),
- -
(2008),
(20072009),
(20052009),
(2008)
(2009).
,
, , .
.

, (1989). : .. , .. , .. , .. ,
.. [1]. ,

.
:
.
: , , -
, , , ,
, , , . .
,
,
.
43

. 1.

, ()
,
. ,
,
.
, .. 1989 .,
.

(20052009). , Winkels
& Partner [2].
,
, . ,

, , . ,

. ,

.

44



.
.

, -
, , , , , .
, ,
, , , , .



.
.

.

50 .
,
,
(. 1).

.
(1998).
. .. -

[36].
.

..
,
:
1. ,
(, , , ,
, ) ( , , ).

-
2. , : ;
; .
3.

,
.. , -
,
.
.. ,
, 2011, 1

. 2.

, .
, .

c .
,
.
, , ,
.
.
,
.
( ),
, ,

,
.
: ,
.
, 2011, 1

,
.
..

,
,
. ,
, :
20 , ,
, (. 2). , .
-
(2008). .. , .. , .. ( ), . .
.. [7].
,
.

-

, , ,

,

.
-
. ,
,

- . -
: , , , , , .
,
. -
,
,

.
45

. 3.

. ,
,
. , ,
.

.


,



.
, .

.
,
.

.
, [8, 9], .
,
.

,

(. 3).

(2008). -


(2008) [10], -

. 4. ,

46

, 2011, 1

(2009) [11] (19982008) [12].


,
,
, , .
, . .
,
.
,
(. 46).

:



;

, .

.
, :
, , ,
, , .

,



, 2011, 1

. 5. ,

. 6. , ,

,
,
.

1. , ,
: / : .., ..,
.., .., .. .:
, 1989.
2. . -
(Winkels & Partner) //
Light design. 2010. 12 (40). . 3443.
3. .. . .: , 2006.
4. .. // .
1994. 9. . 25.
5. .. :
? // .
2004. 1. . 4853.
6. .. //
. 1995. 45. . 56.
7. .., .., ..
- : . . . . .-. !.

., 2009. . 347352. URL: http://nsk2009.


svetotech.com ( : 26.11.2010).
8. David Muller. Visuelle Symphonie //
Professional LIGHTING design. 2009.
69. .10 17.
9. .
// Light design. 2009.
12. . 4854.
10. Bamberg and Bocholt lighting master
plans: Liht.wissen 16. City Marketing with
Light. . 1419.
11. Lighting Master plan Bremen: Liht.
wissen 16. City Marketing with Light. .
2225.
12. : (), //
Light design. 2008. 5 (34). . 1629;
2008. 6 (35). . 2234.

,
.
2004 .

.
.

()

47

.. , .. , .. , .. 1,
..
, ,
,


-,
.
,

.
: , , (),
, ,
,
, .
1


. , , ,
, -, ,
.
,

1

48

E-mail: l.m.teksheva@mail.ru

: , , ( ),
, ,
,
. . [3, 4].
,

[3].


( )
, ,
.


-
( ).

.
70,5 2. -


4 :
, ,
;

(
-);

;
(
).

.
.
3,2
.

[5]: 400 ;
15 .
.; 10 %. 35004500 . : 30 %, 70 %,
50 %.
(
)
-,
( ).

LIGHTINGTECHNOLOGIES ARS/R
218

OSRAM Lumilux +ECO L18/21840.


Betalux4 1 ,
.
Betalux4
, 2011, 1


(. 1) () (. 2) ,

.

Betalux4 .
, 2 %,
0,2 %.


. 3.

() ,
, .
11 - 20
35
, . .

.


[2].

, 2
.

.

.
, 2011, 1

. 1. Betaluxe 4 ( )

. 2.

, ,
8- 2 .
0,95.
( 30')
-

, .
: () ( ).

. 1.
49




1.

2. ,

3.

4.

1.

()

2.

3.

( )

4.

( , )

5.

6. -

(
, )

7.

8.

, ,

. 3.




- , -99
-
,
.
50

79 83
-
.
,
.

.


, .

[1].

-
-
,
, ,

.

(90 )
- ()
BPLab,
(=/100), ()
.
162 , 2011, 1

(M) - 15 90

15

90

15

90

, . .

124,5 9,20

128,2 11,62

124,69,20

123,612,21

, . .

72,1 9,63

76,9 10,39

72,0 10,69

73,4 14,22

, (. 1)

76,611,28

69,38,72

75,49,07

67,69,62

, ..

94,615,28

89,813,70

93,612,38

82,9313,39

(79
83 ) 324
.

(. 4)
(), ( , ).
5 % ( < 0,001),

1,8 % ( < 0,01).
,
, (. 5).
, .

. 2.

(),
() . , .
4,8 . .,
10,7 . .
,
.
, 2011, 1

. 4.

(
)

( )
(
)

. 5.

( )
(
)

(. 3).

22,8 %

( < 0,05), 3,4



.

,
51

(n=79)


(n=79)

(n=83)


(n=83)

74

93,7

56

70,9

77

92,8

68

82,0

6,3

17

21,5

6,0

10

12,0

7,6

1,2

6,0

n
N

.
10,8 %, 2 , .

,


.
, ,
,
-
20 35 .
, ( 400 ,
15 . ., 10 %), (), .


1 .

52

, , , ,
. , ,
,
.
-
, ,
, ,


.


, , , .

, , ,
(12,0 %
21,5 % ).
, ,
-


.

,
,
, . . , , ,
,

.

1. .., ..
. .,
1997. 232 .
2. . // . 2009. 2. . 510.
3. ..

// , . 2008. 4. .
6364.
4. C. Moonstone Avago
Technologies // . 2009. 1. . 811.
5. 2.2.1/2.1.1.127803 ,
. ., 2003.
, 2011, 1


,
.
1985 .


.
.. .


,
. .
1975 .
,
.

,
. .
1968 .
. ..
.


,
. .
1972 .
.


,
. .
1979 .
.

, 2011, 1


.. ,
. , ,

. ..
,

,
,
, , , , . ,
,
.


.
230595*

,
.
,
- , .


, , ,

.

1.
,
,
.
,
,

.
2.
?
3.
?
4. 400 ? ?
5.
. ( ) R = 8085 -
,
, (1 ).
6. ,

.
7.

? (
).
8.
,


. .
, .
.
53

9. ,
.
10.
1,5-
?
11. ,
. ,

, , <15 (

230595*).

.
12.
( )? ?
13. ,

,
, .

. ,
.

.

.
.
54

.. ,
. , ()


, , .


, ,
. ,



, , . () , ,
.
,
, ,
, .. .
, . ,
( ), .
,
( ), (, , .).
,
() . ,
. . ,
,
,

. ,
?
. ,
. ,
: ( ) , ,


.
, . ,
,
,
, ,
. . ,
. , ?
:
? 450570
500 , , ,
? ,
( ) , : ,
. , ,
, , .

, , , , 2011, 1


. . ,
,
.
, :

, , :

. ,
, , ?
. ,
(. 3). , .

. 4 5. , ,

(. 4),

.
,
.
. 4 5
.

,
,
.
, . 4 5,
.
.
, , :




1 .
,
.

, ,
. , 2011, 1


( , ) .
.
, ,
, (
).

, , .
,


.

. . ,
. ,


( ) ,
.
, :

. ,
, , . , .

.


, , , . ,
. 3 ,
. 3 . . 1 2, -

, .

, , ,
,
. .. ,

.
. 1

, .
.
.

,
, ( 15, .
, 2 %, .
),

, . ,
.

(,
,
3- )
, . ,
.
, ,
,
, .
,
, 55

, ,
-, (, ,
) , -,
.

.. ,
. ,



, . .
. :
,

, , ,
.

.


,
.
-

. , ?
:
?
. 3 ,
4500 . (1:0,64) 57006500 . ,
.
? , , ?
, . , , ,
, , . .
***

30-
.
,
-

.

.
,
,
, -
,
.
,

.


. . ,

, , .

,
: .
400 , 10 % 15
. .
,
,
-


?
,

,

.

.. , . ,

. ..
.. , .
,
. ..
.. , . ,
15861



, , ,

.
, , ,

56

, 2011, 1

.
,
, ,

,
,

:

1,2 (0,02
.) -20;

;
738 740;
Disto A5.
8.02303

, 8.1272005
0,040,25 ,
8.19589 ,
,
0,2525
, 0,2
0,25 .
1767782 . .

,
, cd/klm.

.
. Betaluxe
4 ( ) , , 2011, 1

. 18



.
.
,

.

.
, 5700.
, .
, ,
,
, / 17025.
, -

. ,
, ,


,
.
,
.
,
70- ,
( ..,
.. , 2003,
4). 80-

.
57

,

,
,
. ,
,
.
.

,
.
, 40

( 10 %)

.

, .
400

2.2.1/2.1.1.127803.

8- ,


.



.
:
, ,

, .
,
.
, 58

( 0,001)
.
,
1, ,
, .


.

( ) :
. .,

, , . , , .

, :
( , ) ,
;

, , , ;
.
;
, , ,

, , ;
, ,
-

. , ,


.

..



3 2011
13-
-

:
, - , 176,
(
,
)



28 2011 .
./ (495) 682-19-04

E-mail: Light-house@list.ru

www.Dom-Sweta.ru

, 2011, 1

OSRAM

. 1

OSRAM
.
( 2020 ) , 2020
,
.
, , .
: OSRAM, , ,
,
1

OSRAM (
).
17 1906 .

. 1
1919
AEG, Siemens & Halske AG
Deutsche Gasglhlicht-Anstalt.
1978 , OSRAM 100 %- , Siemens.

,
.
OSRAM

, 1300 , (/ ),
,
.

: 80 . .
1

E-mail: info@osram.ru
. ..

, 2011, 1

( 25 . .
); 14 . . .
Siemens 2009/2010 , OSRAM
. 14 %
, 4,681
. 12,2 %,
2,2 % .
OSRAM 5,5 % .
OSRAM
,
, 19,5 % 2009
.
,
.


OSRAM, .
46 OSRAM 17 .
. OSRAM

. OSRAM
?
, ,
,
.
, ,
OSRAM
. , ,
. ,
, : 1,6
.
.
77 ,
190 . 30 . .
, ,

OSRAM

.
, OSRAM,
,
, . ,
,
.
OSRAM ,
. ,

. .
19 % .
, , .
OSRAM :
,

().
B2 C 2
:
75
14
1800 . ( ),
, CO2.
B2 B 3 . SAS Radisson Hotel
5000 OSRAM
HALOGEN ENERGYSAVER 30 000
.
, : ,
.

2

. Business-to-Customer ( )

. Business-to-Business (
)

59

. 1.

. 2.





( OSRAM)

. 3.

,
. . ()

(, . 1):
, , 60

, ,
.

2. 30 % , ,
, 900 .
(
450 . CO2).
OSRAM ,
.
OSRAM
.

.
, OSRAM

, . ,

, .
. , , OSRAM
, , OSRAM
. OSRAM
.

. 2. , ,
.
. .

, . ,

(OLED).
. ,
.
, 2011, 1

,
, .

40

17,25

152,00

1290,00

, ./

3,45

, .

10

25

25 000

25

2,5

. 4. C
(
)

, 2015

(U.S. Department of Energy June 2009
SSL Manufacturing Workshop).
.
,
,
.
.
, , 2015 .
-
, . OLED -
. , 2015
(. 5).
, ,

.

( 40 1930-
1970-,
)

.
, .


(Josef Martin),

. 5.

.
,
. .
80 % 5 (. 2 3).
, 2011, 1

OSRAM

2015 . -. -,
(. 4). ,

.
1988 .

,
,
1999 .

.
1993 .
. 2009 .

61


1
1.

Philips
2010 . ,

,
-, Philips .
()
olorReach,

70 % . , ,
. .
- . Philips
.
Philips
,

.
,

. , - ,
.

62

: Leds Magazine, LED professional review, .

Philips
Novallure
EcoClassic30.

45 %, , ,
20 2 .
2010 Philips .

44 (
Wassenaar Leiden Nieuw-Vennep)

Philips
, Gebroeders

van der Lee Spectrum 44 2011 .



, ,
. Philips
SpeedStar () LEDGINE,
.
180 000
40 %
.

, Philips
SpeedStar, ,
. ,
. ,


.


.
-


. .
. . 6 000 LUXEON
Rebel,
,
.
2.

EdiPower II
Edison Opto

EdiPower II.
, EdiPower II
, 2011, 1

, .
EdiPower II

46, 815,
1624 3050 .
EdiPower II ,
. , .

EdiPower II .
-
120 /,
- , .
EdiPower II .
,
.
, , .
EdiPower II
.

,
(,
).
6500 K
XM-L 1000 100
/ 3 A. , .
, XML
, , ,

160 160 / 350 ,
315 150 / 700 .
,
(22 ), , .
( 11 ).
Cree , XM-L

(!).
XM-L Cree ,
, Cree
.


.

.

, -

Cree XM-L

Cree (55 )
XM-L -

.
XM-L , 2011, 1

.
, ,
-

.
,
. , , ,
.
,
.

.

.

AG-PT-84 T , .
, .
Ambergreat Electronics Pte Ltd

AG-PT-84 T:

.

: 170250 (5060 ),
53 (. ).
94 (84 Cree).
C > 90 /.

8460 .
4000
5500 K.
3565 .
IP65.
520 ()
440 () 250 ().
5 .
.. , .-.
, . ..

63

16- -2010
9 12 2010 .
-2010. : . ,
3 ( ) 7 ( ).
400 27 , 207
, 102 , 35 , 16 , 14
, 14 .
2010 . -,

. -,
-,
, , .,
,
.

: 4-
, , -,
, ,
, , , .
, -2010 ()
, ().

. 1.

. Osram,

?
1. .
- , . ,
Osram (),
,
, .
, , (). ,
(). ,
70 (. 1). : 2000 / 2, 30 /,
5000 . , .
,
0,1 / 500 .
(-)
,
(). . , ( -

. 2. . , -

. 3. . , -

64

, 2011, 1

. 4. - .
RUSLED,

) (. 2 3)
.
KTL (). ,
, ,
. ,

.
,
(. ). 3 5 ,
1 3 , 47 100
.
, . , , .
() () 18 36

GALAD. : 80 /,
Ra = 75.
.
-
BLV,
( ) ( 10 000 ).
G6.3 .

Cree,

100 /, 50 000 .
, , 25 .

.
. 4 5.
, 2011, 1

. 5. -
. , -

. 6.
40.

. , , . Philips
Lumileds: 80 /,
25 000 , Ra = 80 ( Master GLOU LEDbulb A60).

60 .

Bioledex.
27 13 , 80 /.
Seoul Semiconductor ( ),
,
Acriche,
220 110 (50 ).
60 /,
35 000 . , 90 /,

.
, ( ) (. 6).
(2836) ,
, ,
(),
/Reux M 250, 400 600 (. 7), 65

. 7. /Reux M ( ). ,

. 8.

Leec

7


- 70 150 90 / Ra 95.
250 5000 .
,
27 .
() , ,
27, 14 G23 3
48 , .
.
9
, 66

7 6 . ( Leec) (. 8).
,
, , .
250 .
,
, 4
( 4/8 , 12,7 ).
6 30 , 10 000 . 5 ( 5/8 ,
16 ), , ,
, .
, ,
: , , .
, , , . .
. - ,
-
.
2.
, () .
( ) ,
.
:
, ,
.
. , 2010 .
.
, ,
. , , . , ,

.
,
, .
, , , , , (
), , - .
, 2011, 1

. 10. . -,

. 9. PLANT. ,

, ,
Nichia,
.
PLANT , (. 9). -
.
IP 65, , , .
,
: STREET 160 IP 66, ; SLIM

.
.
- ( )
, Nichia (. 10).
Nichia .
: ,
, .
, 2011, 1

. 11. OTM
LED. ,


, () , SLIM 90 %,
75 %.

: DS NBR IP 54
;
OTX LED OTM LED (. 11);
36 OPL/R;
PTF/R LED , ; ;
LNA 5; SNS . (. 12). ,
,
.

. 17 Compact
105 250 (. 13); 46 Contur
8 5 67

. 12.

. 14. ,
. ,

. 15. ,

. 13.
17 Compact.
,

; 64 Shar .

,
Multi, 7 65 .

(). ,
, (. 14).
IP 65, 2 : 25 +40 , 50
+40 , +5 +60 . , - ,
, . , .
68

( )
, ,

(. 15). 200 .
4 58 .
03- (
1 ExdsII6) ,

.

-.
: ;
champ NG mira, ; (. 16).
GALAD () /
01 02. . .
, : , ,
, 2011, 1

. 17. . , -

. 16. , , -

,
2000 , , .
67 10 40 .
(.
), - .
15
( ) (. , ). ,

, , .
, ,
.
,
, , .
Abacus
,
. (-), Abacus, , , 2011, 1

.
. .
(. ).
18 . ,
KTL (). -36- 16 , ,
5 , .
.
( ), (. ), (. ), (. ),
(. ) . ,
, , .
, ,
.
,
( ) , (. 17). 2010 .
- (.
5 2010 .). . . ( , 69

. 18. Sandwich 360. bps Leuchtensysteme,


. 20. . Lival,

. 19. System 66. bps Leuchtensysteme,

, ,

.) , ,
.
(), Onix, Gema, Corus -
Reex, Elixe, Yria, Oblic 35 150 .
, , , ASD, .
(-)

( 2 ExdmIIT6 X), , , .
: 100 000 .
( ), (
, )
. - .
.
, , .
Sandwich 360
70

bps Leuchtensysteme.
, ( ),
(. 18).
31 ; . 5. 1000 / 2.

System 66 70
(. 19).
Lival (), Halla () Philips () (). Lival,
(. 20).
(.
)
-
.


M (-). , (, ).
. , :
, .
.
3.

: ,
, ( .. )
. , , 2011, 1

. 21. .
. 22. .

,

BJB Vossloh Schwabe.
, ,
.
BJB
Nichia Philips, ,
.

() . , ,
().
, .
(. ). 90 , 4 , 6
. , .

, ,
(. 21). (. 22).
Alanod () Anafol (),
, (
Miro Silver 98 %).
: ().
BL Group,
, , , bps Leuchtensysteme
.
Helvar

.
(), ,
, 2011, 1

. 23.


.
,

. , . , 4 280
,
(. 23), 500 ., 3
( 25 ) 350 . : ,
, .
, ,
.
. , ,
18 , 1790 30 000 . .
,
.
, ,
8 11 2011 .
.. ,
.
71

4-

1011



. -

OSRAM Opto Semiconductors.
PHILIPS .

: (. 1),
-, ,
. 200
.
. - ,
(
) .
- (. 2)
-
OSRAM Opto Semiconductors .

. 1.

72

, .
.. - (. 3). , ,


, , ,
. ,
.
600 .
.
, ,
, 2011 .
100 ,
.

. ,
.. (. 4), ,
,


. //
.

. : ,
, , .
, (, 5 8
, , , ).
, . ,
10 60 %
.
31 . /
15,5 . ( CO2) .
. .. (. 5), ,

.
. ,
. ,
2011

.
..

( ) (. 6), , 2011, 1

. 2. .


-
.
, , .

, . ,
,
, , , , . ,

.
.

. 4. ..
, 2011, 1

. 3. .. -

-
(20092013 .) . ..

.

,
, , .
2010 . . . .. .. (. 7). ,
:

$14 . 2015 .

$1 .
2012 . ( 2020 . $2 . () $6,5 . ()).
(15 %/)
.
.. (. 8),
.

,
. , .

. 5. ..

73

. 6

.
,

(. http://www.rospotrebnadzor.ru/les/
documents/postanov/24803.zip). ,
.

.
(Deepak Loomba), DeCore Science & Technologies,


- . , 30 %-
,
, ,

. 8. ..

74

. 7. ..

.

. ,

, ?!
.


, .
.


.
(. 9),
PHILIPS. -

.

.
,
Philips Lumileds.

, . .
.
,
..

. ,
,
.
:

. 9. ..
, 2011, 1

100 . 2 5 .


()
.

.
883 . .
.
21 .
.
.

55 . .
, , .
, .
.

.
.
(. 10)
,
,
. :
.
.

.
() .

.

.
, ,
.
.
.

.
, 2011, 1

. 10. ..

. 11

, , OSRAM Opto Semiconductors


PHILIPS,
.

.

, :
,


.. .


.
. Philips ,
(. 11)


www.ledforum-moscow.
com \ Download
2010
.
.. , ,
75

15
2011 15
() (
, Light house).

,
, ,
,
, .
.. .
10
(. , 2007, 1, .
6469).

Boos
Lighting Group,
346 (. 1)
, 106,

.
,
.

.

. 1.

76

1996
, ,
.


1999
-
.
,
, .
, , .
9- - 1 2007
(. .. , 2007, 3, . 7577).
10- - 4 2008

(. .. , 2008, 3, . 7576).
11-, 3 2009 ,

()
(. .. , 2009, 3, .
7476).
12-, 1 2010 ,

495,
(. ..
, 2010, 2, . 6870).
3100
,
.

, : ;
(. .. ); (. .. ); (. .. );
,
(.. );
(.. , . . ),
(. .. ); (-).
, .. , 23 2007 ,

,
,
.

16 ,
400 .
-
-.
, ,
, 2011, 1

.
- , , ,
:
Alanod, BJB, Trilux, LMT (),
Motorola (), Fagerhult (),
Tridonic (), SELS (),
Artemida, Futura Plast, Beghelli () .
- :
18 2009
ERCO .
, (ERCO,
).
22 2009
GE Lighting (GE
Lighting, ).
11 2010
Vossloh-Schwabe (Vossloh-Schwabe,
).
28 2010
. (APEIN, S.L.,
LUMTEC, ).
24 2010
THORN , , , , .
(THORN Lighting, ).

34 -, 2000 .

. 2. , 26, 2006 .

. 3. , 37, 2010 .


. 43 .


.
, 2011, 1

. 4. , 26,
2006

77


, .
2008
..
,
, , , .

. 5. , 37,
2010 .


, : ,

.
2002 .

8
4
. 2007
6
17 , 2008
2
5 .

.. ,
.
OSRAM.
, .

,
(2001 2003
) 78

. 850 , 10 : 1) -,
; 2) , ; 3) ,
-; 4)
; 5) ; 6) ; 7)
; 8) , ; 9) , , ;
10) .
,
.

, ,

. .. .
1000
,

,
. 60 -

3- (18 , 6 )
,
.
.. ( .. , . . , .. , . .. ) (. 2),
, 2010 ,
,

. ..
( .. , .. , .. , .. ,
. .. ) (. 3).
(. 4 5) 20 %- .

650 ,
572 ( 33- ),
, , 78
( 4- ).

.

2002 , ,
,

. ,
3 , 2011, 1

, .
.
2009

.
www.Dom-Sweta.ru. , , ,
, , .
, .

.

,
. ,
, , ,
, , ,
50 .
,
,


.
.
(3 ) ,
, .
.
.. , ,
,
, 2011, 1



-2010, 9 12 2010
, (10 ).

.. , .. , .. A,
.. , .. , ..
, .. , .. , .. , :
. . (. . . ) .. (
).
.
, . . . ,
2010
2011 .
1999


().
:

;

;

.


.
2010
.
,
.
. , 2010 .

, , .
,
.


.
,
.

. ..
, 2011 , .


;
; .. , 42 . ,
.
, 2010 .

-.
.. ,

79

80
2011, 1

77-1080 9 1999., ,

, . 2000. .

Оценить