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Chapter 9 Interest Groups Test Bank NEW FOR 2010 1. Which of the following is an example of the revolving door?

? A. A company vice-president is sent to Washington to meet with members of the states congressional delegation B. A staff member of the Senate Banking Committee is appointed to a post in the Treasury Department C. An official in the Department of State resigns to take a job at a major university D. A special assistant to the president resigns to run for Congress E. A staff scientist leaves the EPA to take a job with an environmental lobby 2. When a political action committee makes a contribution to an elected official, the expectation is A. the elected official will vote the way the group wants B. the interest group will have access to the elected official C. the elected official will provide jobs for members of the interest group D. the elected official will make sure the interest group is not audited by the IRS E. the elected official will kick back a portion of the contribution to lobbyist 3. All of the following are examples of economic interest groups EXCEPT A. American Farm Bureau Federation B. Consumer Union of the U.S. C. Service Employees International Union D. American Bankers Association E. American Federation of Teachers 4. In order to contribute to the campaign of a presidential candidate, an interest group A. can make the donation directly to the candidate B. must earmark money for voter education C. can only give the money to the national party D. must create a PAC to raise and distribute the money E. must approve ads bought with its money 5. The free rider problem refers to A. candidates for office who face no primary opposition B. a candidate with great personal wealth who does not need PAC money C. members of Congress who take gifts from lobbyists D. non-germane amendments added to a bill E. a person who benefits from an interest group but does not join 6. Lobbyists try to influence public policy by doing all of the following EXCEPT A. mobilizing grass roots support B. testifying before congressional committees C. meeting with federal district judges D. speaking with heads of federal agencies E. providing research data to government officials 7. A lobbyist for the National Rifle Association is most likely to get the support of A. a Republican who voted for the Brady Bill B. an incumbent facing a difficult reelection

C. a liberal Democrat D. a newly elected Senator E. a conservative Republican 8. Which of the following is the Mexican American Legal Defense Fund LEAST likely t do to achieve its goals? A. lobby Congress on immigration reform B. endorse only Hispanic candidates for office C. file a lawsuit involving immigrant employment discrimination D. challenge local English only ordinances E. submit a redistricting plan to increase Latino voter strength 9. Which of the following statements about lobbyists is NOT true? A. Lobbyists are often former government officials B. Lobbyists must register with the House and Senate C. Lobbyists cannot represent foreign countries D. Many interest groups have their own lobbyists on staff E. Strong interpersonal skills are important to a lobbyists success 10. A former under secretary in the Department of Energy becomes a consultant for the American Petroleum Institute and testifies before Congress on the regulation of offshore oil drilling. This is an example of A. an iron triangle B. influence peddling C. an issue network D. the revolving door E. effective lobbying 11. When the AARP produces its Guide to Internet Resources on Aging, it is supporting which function of an interest group? A. member benefits B. education C. representation D. lobbying E. electioneering 12. Which of the following statements about interest groups is valid? A. Interest groups only try to influence policymaking at the federal level B. Interest group are only composed of individual members C. In almost all cases, the potential membership of an interest group is greater than the actual membership D. Interest groups get all of their funding from membership dues E. Interest groups are mot effective when they deal with multiple issues 13. Lobbyists must file reports of their activities, including information about their clients, with A. the Federal Election Commission B. the Justice Department C. the Securities and Exchange Commission D. the House of Representatives and the Senate

E. Office of Management and Budget 14. Politicians are concerned about the graying of America because A. older Americans do not contribute as much as they can to political campaigns B. older Americans are politically engaged and vote in high numbers C. older Americans are single-issue voters and care only about foreign policy D. older Americans are apathetic and do not bother to vote E. older Americans are not well-organized politically compared to other groups 15. What is the main difference between a political party and an interest group? A. Interest groups are not concerned with the political process B. Interest groups have more members than political parties C. Interest groups are concerned with a limited range of issues D. Only dues-paying members of an interest group benefit from its activities E. Political parties do not rely on their members for financial support