Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 21


-Nagendra Singh Shekhawat 09ec000597

Microwave Tubes
The interaction between an Interaction electron beam and between an Ordinary gridded RF field is tube(triode at the electron beam and continuous RF field takes highest frequency) place(klystron) (TWT,MAGNETR ON)

An electric field is used to ensure that interaction between an electron beam and RF field is continuous(TWT,BWO) A magnetic field ensures a constant electron beam and RF field interaction(MAGNETRON)

Invention of Magnetron
Limitations of Ordinary Gridded Tubes -Skin Effect -Transit Angle Effect Need of High-power microwaves

Velocity-modulated Tubes

Brief History of magnetron

1920s:American Engineer Albert W. Hull invented the first magnetron while working for General Electric. 1940s:Two physicists, John Randall and Harry Boot, working at the University of Birmingham, England developed a much more powerful magnetron that is compact enough to fit into ships, planes and submarines.

Cavity Magnetron

PHYSICAL STRUCTUREAnode-made of copper plates Cathode-made of high emission material Magnets Cavities Filament Leads Output antenna(waveguide) Cooling fins DC voltage source

Working of Cavity Magnetron

1.Production and Acceleration of an electron beam in a dc field

2.Velocity-modulation of the electron beam

Electron bunch formation

3.Formation of electron bunches by velocity modulation (Space-charge wheel)

4. Dispense energy to the ac field

Equations of electron motion

Hull cut-off voltage equation V0c=B02b2(1-(a/b)2)2e/8m Hull cutoff magnetic equation B0c=(8V0m/e)1/2/ b(1-(a/b)2)

Strapping & Modes of Oscillations


Microwave ovenEverytime you warm Something in microwave oven, you use a device that helped to Change the course Of history of WW2

Sulfur Lamp

The Large Hydron Collider

Gigantic Scientific instrument near Geneva To study the smallest known particles-the fundamental building blocks of all things.

Working Of Accelerator
Main Components 1. Radiofrequency(RF) cavities and electric fields 2. Vacuum Chamber 3. Magnets