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# ch1

ch1

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. The property of mass is a measure of how heavy an object is. True False

2. A referent is a familiar object one can use to describe the property of an object. True False

## 3. Measurement information used to describe something is called data. True False

4. A 100-g piece of iron has twice the volume as a 50-g piece of iron. True False

## 5. The mass of 1000 cm3 of water is a kilogram. True False

6. The density of a 100-g piece of iron is twice as great as the density of a 50-g piece of iron. True False

## 7. A controlled experiment has all variables held constant. True False

8. The symbol has the meaning of "is proportional to." True False

9. A theory is a hypothesis that has been shown to be correct by many experiments. True False

10. The symbol "" is used to refer to an object's density. True False

11. Equations are used to A. describe a property. B. define a concept. C. describe how quantities change together. D. All of the above.

12. Which of the following is not a SI unit of the property it measures? A. length - meter B. volume - liter C. time - second D. mass - kilogram

13. In the text, the equation V = tk is used to describe the relationship between the volume of a gas tank and the time required to fill it. The symbol "k" A. has units of min/gal. B. is a variable. C. is the proportionality constant. D. depends on the length of time.

14. The English unit of volume closest in size to a liter is A. gallon. B. ounce. C. quart. D. cup.

15. If a cube of Jell-o is cut into two pieces, what total property of the new pieces change? A. mass B. volume C. density D. surface area

16. When something cannot be directly observed, it can be represented by a A. hypothesis. B. graph. C. model. D. theory.

17. Claims that appear to be pseudoscience should be A. accepted if it is said to have scientific validity. B. tested experimentally. C. accepted if promoted by news media. D. All of the above.

18. The property of volume is a measure of A. how much matter the object contains. B. the compactness of matter in a given space. C. the extent of the surface of the object. D. how much space the object occupies.

19. In the equation A = r2, (pi) is a A. manipulated variable. B. responding variable. C. numerical constant. D. constant that depends on the size of the circle.

20. The re-creation of an event by comparing two situations in which all the factors are identical except one is called a A. tentative experiment. B. cause and effect demonstration. C. statistical test of truth. D. controlled experiment.

21. A tentative scientific explanation which may or may not be rejected upon further experimentation is called a A. theory. B. hypothesis. C. model. D. principle.

22. A statement describing a relationship that is observed in nature to occur consistently time after time is a (an) A. hypothesis. B. scientific law. C. scientific theory. D. model.

23. Imagine a 10-g chunk of aluminum (r = 2.7 g/cm3) and a 10-g chunk of iron (r = 7.9 g/cm3). Which of the following is true? A. The chunk of iron is smaller than the chunk of aluminum. B. The chunk of iron is more massive than the chunk of aluminum. C. The chunk of aluminum is smaller than the chunk of iron. D. Both objects have the same volume.

24. A cube that measures 2 cm on each side has a surface area to volume ratio of A. 1/2. B. 2. C. 3. D. 6.

25. A scheme of thought that has survived a test of detailed examination for long periods of time is a (an) A. hypothesis. B. scientific law. C. scientific theory. D. model.

26. The most recently developed scientific theory is the A. plate tectonic theory. B. atomic theory. C. theory about the nature of light. D. theory of evolution.

27. One of the basic differences between science and a pseudoscience is the lack of A. data. B. valid and reliable experimental studies. C. testable hypotheses. D. theories.

28. A tentative thought- or experiment-derived explanation is known as a (an) A. hypothesis. B. scientific law. C. scientific theory. D. model.

29. An event with two situations with all the influencing factors identical except one is a (an) A. hypothetical experiment. B. experiment. C. controlled experiment. D. impossible experiment.

30. An experimental situation used as the basis of comparison is the A. control group. B. experimental group. C. hypothetical group. D. group of variables where changes will occur.

ch1 Key

## Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 1.04 Tillery - Chapter 01 #1 Topic: Measurement

2. A referent is a familiar object one can use to describe the property of an object. TRUE

## Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 1.06 Tillery - Chapter 01 #3 Topic: Measurement

4. A 100-g piece of iron has twice the volume as a 50-g piece of iron. TRUE

## Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 1.06 Tillery - Chapter 01 #5 Topic: Measurement

6. The density of a 100-g piece of iron is twice as great as the density of a 50-g piece of iron. FALSE

## 7. A controlled experiment has all variables held constant. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 #7 Topic: Nature of science

## Blooms Level: 1. Remember Section: 1.06 Tillery - Chapter 01 #8 Topic: Equations

9. A theory is a hypothesis that has been shown to be correct by many experiments. FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 #9 Topic: Nature of science

## 10. The symbol "" is used to refer to an object's density. FALSE

Blooms Level: 1. Remember Section: 1.06 Tillery - Chapter 01 #10 Topic: Equations

11. Equations are used to A. describe a property. B. define a concept. C. describe how quantities change together. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 1.06 Tillery - Chapter 01 #11 Topic: Equations

12. Which of the following is not a SI unit of the property it measures? A. length - meter B. volume - liter C. time - second D. mass - kilogram

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 1.03 Tillery - Chapter 01 #12 Topic: Measurement

13. In the text, the equation V = tk is used to describe the relationship between the volume of a gas tank and the time required to fill it. The symbol "k" A. has units of min/gal. B. is a variable. C. is the proportionality constant. D. depends on the length of time.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 1.06 Tillery - Chapter 01 #13 Topic: Equations

14. The English unit of volume closest in size to a liter is A. gallon. B. ounce. C. quart. D. cup.

Blooms Level: 1. Remember Section: 1.05 Tillery - Chapter 01 #14 Topic: Measurement

15. If a cube of Jell-o is cut into two pieces, what total property of the new pieces change? A. mass B. volume C. density D. surface area

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 1.06 Tillery - Chapter 01 #15 Topic: Measurement

16. When something cannot be directly observed, it can be represented by a A. hypothesis. B. graph. C. model. D. theory.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 #16 Topic: Nature of science

17. Claims that appear to be pseudoscience should be A. accepted if it is said to have scientific validity. B. tested experimentally. C. accepted if promoted by news media. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 #17 Topic: Nature of science

18. The property of volume is a measure of A. how much matter the object contains. B. the compactness of matter in a given space. C. the extent of the surface of the object. D. how much space the object occupies.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 1.06 Tillery - Chapter 01 #18 Topic: Measurement

19. In the equation A = r2, (pi) is a A. manipulated variable. B. responding variable. C. numerical constant. D. constant that depends on the size of the circle.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 1.06 Tillery - Chapter 01 #19 Topic: Equations

20. The re-creation of an event by comparing two situations in which all the factors are identical except one is called a A. tentative experiment. B. cause and effect demonstration. C. statistical test of truth. D. controlled experiment.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 #20 Topic: Nature of science

21. A tentative scientific explanation which may or may not be rejected upon further experimentation is called a A. theory. B. hypothesis. C. model. D. principle.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 #21 Topic: Nature of science

22. A statement describing a relationship that is observed in nature to occur consistently time after time is a (an) A. hypothesis. B. scientific law. C. scientific theory. D. model.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 #22 Topic: Nature of science

23. Imagine a 10-g chunk of aluminum (r = 2.7 g/cm3) and a 10-g chunk of iron (r = 7.9 g/cm3). Which of the following is true? A. The chunk of iron is smaller than the chunk of aluminum. B. The chunk of iron is more massive than the chunk of aluminum. C. The chunk of aluminum is smaller than the chunk of iron. D. Both objects have the same volume.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 1.06 Tillery - Chapter 01 #23 Topic: Measurement

24. A cube that measures 2 cm on each side has a surface area to volume ratio of A. 1/2. B. 2. C. 3. D. 6.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 1.06 Tillery - Chapter 01 #24 Topic: Measurement

25. A scheme of thought that has survived a test of detailed examination for long periods of time is a (an) A. hypothesis. B. scientific law. C. scientific theory. D. model.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 #25 Topic: Nature of science

26. The most recently developed scientific theory is the A. plate tectonic theory. B. atomic theory. C. theory about the nature of light. D. theory of evolution.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 #26 Topic: Nature of science

27. One of the basic differences between science and a pseudoscience is the lack of A. data. B. valid and reliable experimental studies. C. testable hypotheses. D. theories.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 #27 Topic: Nature of science

28. A tentative thought- or experiment-derived explanation is known as a (an) A. hypothesis. B. scientific law. C. scientific theory. D. model.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 #28 Topic: Nature of science

29. An event with two situations with all the influencing factors identical except one is a (an) A. hypothetical experiment. B. experiment. C. controlled experiment. D. impossible experiment.

Blooms Level: 4. Analysis Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 #29 Topic: Nature of science

30. An experimental situation used as the basis of comparison is the A. control group. B. experimental group. C. hypothetical group. D. group of variables where changes will occur.

Blooms Level: 4. Analysis Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 #30 Topic: Nature of science

ch1 Summary
Category Blooms Level: 1. Remember Blooms Level: 2. Understand Blooms Level: 3. Apply Blooms Level: 4. Analysis Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 1.01 Section: 1.03 Section: 1.04 Section: 1.05 Section: 1.06 Section: 1.07 Tillery - Chapter 01 Topic: Equations Topic: Measurement Topic: Nature of science # of Questions 3 4 8 2 13 1 1 1 1 13 13 30 5 12 13