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ch9

ch9

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. The breaking and making of chemical bonds can explain chemical reactions and energy flow. True False

2. The representative elements have one to eight valence electrons. True False

3. An atom becomes a positive ion by gaining an electron. True False

4. Atoms gain or lose electrons in chemical reactions in order to increase their energy state. True False

5. Atoms gain or lose electrons in order to attain a valence orbital arrangement like that of a noble gas. True False

6. Ionic bonds occur between atoms from adjacent groups. True False

7. A covalent bond is a shared pair of electrons. True False

8. Three hydroxide ions are needed to form a neutral ionic compound with an aluminum ion. True False

9. The -ide ending in nitrogen dioxide tells you that this is an ionic compound. True False

10. The subscript "2" in Mg(OH)2tells you that the charge of the hydroxide ion is (-2). True False

11. The smallest unit of a covalent compound that still retains the properties of the compound is called a (an) A. electron. B. atom. C. molecule. D. dipole.

12. Evidence of a chemical reaction includes A. a color change. B. a change in temperature. C. the production of a gas. D. All of the above.

13. In an ionic compound, the metal A. usually forms a negative ion. B. takes the -ide ending. C. has a Greek prefix like mono, di or tri. D. is written first.

14. Ionic compounds are generally A. white, crystalline solids. B. gaseous substances. C. syrupy liquids. D. amorphous solids.

15. The formation of an ionic bond A. involves a transfer of one or more electrons. B. results in a release of energy. C. helps atoms achieve a noble gas electron arrangement. D. All of the above.

16. The amount of energy released when wood is burned is A. greater than the amount of solar energy absorbed during its formation. B. equal to the amount of solar energy absorbed during its formation. C. less than the amount of solar energy absorbed during its formation. D. greater or less than the amount of solar energy absorbed during its formation, depending on how it is burned.

17. Atoms that have eight valence electrons would tend to A. be very reactive. B. be inert. C. form positive ions. D. form negative ions.

18. The formation of a positive ion A. occurs when an atom gains a proton. B. involves a release of energy. C. occurs when an electron is removed from an atom. D. occurs in covalent bonding.

19. Consider the electron dot diagram of the unknown element X: This atom would most likely A. form an ion of +6 charge. B. react with hydrogen to form H2X. C. lose two electrons when forming an ion. D. form an ion of +2 charge.

20. What type of chemical bond does the sharing of a pair of electrons form? A. covalent B. ionic C. metallic D. double

21. The element M forms a stable ionic compound MCl2. If M were allowed to react with bromine, the resulting compound would have the formula A. MBr. B. M2Br. C. MBr2. D. there is not enough information to tell for sure.

22. Which combination of elements results in the formation of a white crystalline solid that dissolves to form a solution that conducts electricity? A. metal and metal B. non-metal and non-metal C. metal and non-metal D. metal and metalloid

23. What is the formula when atoms of M and X (pictured below) react to form a stable ionic compound? A. MX3 B. M3X C. MX D. MX5

24. Atoms from an element in group VA are allowed to react with atoms from an element in group VIIIA. What type of compound is likely to form? A. ionic B. covalent C. polar D. None of the above.

25. Atoms from an element in group IIA are allowed to react with atoms from an element in group VIIA. What type of compound is likely to form? A. ionic B. covalent C. polar D. None of the above.

26. A chemical bond that involves somewhat unequal sharing of electrons is called A. ionic. B. covalent. C. polar. D. coordinate.

27. What is the correct name for the ionic compound, CaF2? A. calcium fluorine B. calcium fluoride C. calcium difluoride D. monocalcium difluoride

28. What is the correct name for the compound, CuCl2? A. copper chloride B. copper dichloride C. copper(II) chloride D. copper chloride(II)

29. What kind(s) of bonding takes place in NaOH? A. covalent B. ionic C. metallic D. both covalent and ionic

30. When atoms of non-metallic elements react with one another, they tend to seek stability by A. acquiring a noble gas electron arrangement. B. losing electrons. C. forming ionic bonds. D. None of the above.

ch9 Key

1. The breaking and making of chemical bonds can explain chemical reactions and energy flow. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 9.03 Tillery - Chapter 09 #1 Topic: Chemical Bonding

2. The representative elements have one to eight valence electrons. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 9.02 Tillery - Chapter 09 #2 Topic: Periodic Properties

3. An atom becomes a positive ion by gaining an electron. FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 9.02 Tillery - Chapter 09 #3 Topic: Atomic Structure

4. Atoms gain or lose electrons in chemical reactions in order to increase their energy state. FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 9.02 Tillery - Chapter 09 #4 Topic: Chemical Reactions

5. Atoms gain or lose electrons in order to attain a valence orbital arrangement like that of a noble gas. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 9.02 Tillery - Chapter 09 #5 Topic: Chemical Reactions

6. Ionic bonds occur between atoms from adjacent groups. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 9.03 Tillery - Chapter 09 #6 Topic: Chemical Bonding

7. A covalent bond is a shared pair of electrons. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 9.03 Tillery - Chapter 09 #7 Topic: Chemical Bonding

8. Three hydroxide ions are needed to form a neutral ionic compound with an aluminum ion. TRUE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.03 Tillery - Chapter 09 #8 Topic: Chemical Bonding

9. The -ide ending in nitrogen dioxide tells you that this is an ionic compound. FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 #9 Topic: Chemical Bonding

10. The subscript "2" in Mg(OH)2tells you that the charge of the hydroxide ion is (-2). FALSE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 #10 Topic: Chemical Bonding

11. The smallest unit of a covalent compound that still retains the properties of the compound is called a (an) A. electron. B. atom. C. molecule. D. dipole.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 9.01 Tillery - Chapter 09 #11 Topic: Covalent Bonding

12. Evidence of a chemical reaction includes A. a color change. B. a change in temperature. C. the production of a gas. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 9.03 Tillery - Chapter 09 #12 Topic: Chemical Reactions

13. In an ionic compound, the metal A. usually forms a negative ion. B. takes the -ide ending. C. has a Greek prefix like mono, di or tri. D. is written first.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 #13 Topic: Chemical Bonding

14. Ionic compounds are generally A. white, crystalline solids. B. gaseous substances. C. syrupy liquids. D. amorphous solids.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 #14 Topic: Chemical Bonding

15. The formation of an ionic bond A. involves a transfer of one or more electrons. B. results in a release of energy. C. helps atoms achieve a noble gas electron arrangement. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.03 Tillery - Chapter 09 #15 Topic: Chemical Bonding

16. The amount of energy released when wood is burned is A. greater than the amount of solar energy absorbed during its formation. B. equal to the amount of solar energy absorbed during its formation. C. less than the amount of solar energy absorbed during its formation. D. greater or less than the amount of solar energy absorbed during its formation, depending on how it is burned.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.01 Tillery - Chapter 09 #16 Topic: Chemical Reactions

17. Atoms that have eight valence electrons would tend to A. be very reactive. B. be inert. C. form positive ions. D. form negative ions.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 9.02 Tillery - Chapter 09 #17 Topic: Chemical Reactions

18. The formation of a positive ion A. occurs when an atom gains a proton. B. involves a release of energy. C. occurs when an electron is removed from an atom. D. occurs in covalent bonding.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 9.02 Tillery - Chapter 09 #18 Topic: Chemical Reactions

19. Consider the electron dot diagram of the unknown element X: This atom would most likely A. form an ion of +6 charge. B. react with hydrogen to form H2X. C. lose two electrons when forming an ion. D. form an ion of +2 charge.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.02 Tillery - Chapter 09 #19 Topic: Chemical Reactions

20. What type of chemical bond does the sharing of a pair of electrons form? A. covalent B. ionic C. metallic D. double

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 9.03 Tillery - Chapter 09 #20 Topic: Covalent Bonding

21. The element M forms a stable ionic compound MCl2. If M were allowed to react with bromine, the resulting compound would have the formula A. MBr. B. M2Br. C. MBr2. D. there is not enough information to tell for sure.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 #21 Topic: Chemical Reactions

22. Which combination of elements results in the formation of a white crystalline solid that dissolves to form a solution that conducts electricity? A. metal and metal B. non-metal and non-metal C. metal and non-metal D. metal and metalloid

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 #22 Topic: Chemical Reactions

23. What is the formula when atoms of M and X (pictured below) react to form a stable ionic compound? A. MX3 B. M3X C. MX D. MX5

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 #23 Topic: Chemical Bonding

24. Atoms from an element in group VA are allowed to react with atoms from an element in group VIIIA. What type of compound is likely to form? A. ionic B. covalent C. polar D. None of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 #24 Topic: Chemical Bonding

25. Atoms from an element in group IIA are allowed to react with atoms from an element in group VIIA. What type of compound is likely to form? A. ionic B. covalent C. polar D. None of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 #25 Topic: Chemical Bonding

26. A chemical bond that involves somewhat unequal sharing of electrons is called A. ionic. B. covalent. C. polar. D. coordinate.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 9.04 Tillery - Chapter 09 #26 Topic: Chemical Bonding

27. What is the correct name for the ionic compound, CaF2? A. calcium fluorine B. calcium fluoride C. calcium difluoride D. monocalcium difluoride

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 #27 Topic: Chemical Bonding

28. What is the correct name for the compound, CuCl2? A. copper chloride B. copper dichloride C. copper(II) chloride D. copper chloride(II)

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 #28 Topic: Chemical Bonding

29. What kind(s) of bonding takes place in NaOH? A. covalent B. ionic C. metallic D. both covalent and ionic

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 #29 Topic: Chemical Bonding

30. When atoms of non-metallic elements react with one another, they tend to seek stability by A. acquiring a noble gas electron arrangement. B. losing electrons. C. forming ionic bonds. D. None of the above.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 #30 Topic: Chemical Bonding

ch9 Summary
Category Blooms Level: 2. Understand Blooms Level: 3. Apply Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 9.01 Section: 9.02 Section: 9.03 Section: 9.04 Section: 9.05 Tillery - Chapter 09 Topic: Atomic Structure Topic: Chemical Bonding Topic: Chemical Reactions Topic: Covalent Bonding Topic: Periodic Properties # of Questions 8 8 14 2 7 7 1 13 30 1 17 9 2 1