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ch10

ch10

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. The empirical formula gives the actual number of atoms of each kind in a compound. True False

2. In a chemical equation, the reactants are found on the left side of the arrow. True False

3. When balancing a chemical equation, you need to change subscripts to make the number of atoms of an element the same on both sides of the equation. True False

4. When compounds containing carbon and hydrogen are burned in air, the products are usually carbon dioxide and water. True False

5. Substances that lose electrons in reactions are called oxidizing agents. True False

6. In combination reactions, elements react to form compounds. True False

7. When balancing a chemical equation, the number of H atoms in 2 CH4 is eight. True False

8. A decomposition reaction always breaks down a compound into the elements that make up the compound. True False

9. Chemists effectively count atoms by weighing matter. True False

10. The sum of the coefficients must be the same on both sides of a chemical equation. True False

Consider the chemical equation: CH4 + 2O2 CO2 + 2H2O

11. What is the number of atoms on each side of the equation? A. 5 B. 6 C. 7 D. 9

12. What is the formula weight of methane, CH4? A. 13 u B. 16 u C. 52 u D. None of the above.

13. What is the total mass of products in the methane reaction shown before question 11? A. 80 u B. 64 u C. 62 u D. 48 u

14. What is the empirical formula of C4H8? A. CH B. CH2 C. C4H8 D. C2H4

15. The reaction 2 Mg + O2 2 MgO is an example of A. oxidation. B. combination. C. combustion. D. All of the above.

16. When the equation __Li + __O2 __Li2O is correctly balanced, what is the sum of the coefficients? A. 3 B. 5 C. 7 D. 12

17. The reaction: 2 NaI + Cl2 2 NaCl + I2 is an example of A. decomposition. B. combination. C. replacement. D. ion exchange.

18. The reaction: potassium chlorate potassium chloride and oxygen gas is an example of A. decomposition. B. combination. C. replacement. D. ion exchange.

19. A chemical reaction is balanced by changing (the) A. subscripts. B. superscripts. C. coefficients. D. Any of the above as needed.

20. What is the number of oxygen atoms in Al2(SO4)3? A. 3 B. 4 C. 7 D. 12

21. The equation 2 C2H5OH + __O2 4 CO2 + 6 H2O is balanced by making the coefficient of oxygen A. 14. B. 12. C. 7. D. 6.

22. An oxidizing agent is a substance that A. reacts with oxygen. B. removes electrons from another substance. C. supplies electrons to another substance. D. frees a metal from its ore.

23. What is the formula weight of aluminum hydroxide, Al(OH)3? A. 44 u B. 45 u C. 75 u D. 78 u

24. What is the mass percent of sodium in washing soda, Na2CO3? A. 43.4% B. 32.5% C. 21.7% D. 62.1%

25. What is the total number of atoms in calcium phosphate, Ca3(PO4)2? A. 8 B. 9 C. 11 D. 13

26. What is the mass of 0.50 mole of baking soda, NaHCO3? A. B. C. D. 26 g 42 g 84 g 168 g

27. How many molecules are in a 8.0-g sample of oxygen gas, O2? A. 6.0 1023 B. 3.0 1023 C. 1.5 1023 D. 12.0 1023

28. Which of the following is a sign of an ion exchange reaction? A. a precipitate is formed B. a compound is broken down into simpler substances C. a reactant is oxidized D. a metal ion is reduced

29. The reaction between water solutions of sodium chloride and silver nitrate produces a precipitate: NaCl(aq) + AgNO3(aq) NaNO3(aq) + AgCl(s). This is an example of A. decomposition. B. combination. C. replacement. D. ion exchange.

30. Because of our belief in the law of conservation of mass, it seems reasonable that A. in combustion reactions, part of the mass of the reactants must be converted into fire. B. the mass of a newly formed compound cannot be changed. C. molecules cannot be broken down, for the mass would be reduced. D. the number of atoms of reactants must equal the number of atoms of products.

ch10 Key

1. The empirical formula gives the actual number of atoms of each kind in a compound. FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 10.01 Tillery - Chapter 10 #1 Topic: Chemical Formulas

2. In a chemical equation, the reactants are found on the left side of the arrow. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 10.02 Tillery - Chapter 10 #2 Topic: Chemical Equations

3. When balancing a chemical equation, you need to change subscripts to make the number of atoms of an element the same on both sides of the equation. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 10.02 Tillery - Chapter 10 #3 Topic: Chemical Equations

4. When compounds containing carbon and hydrogen are burned in air, the products are usually carbon dioxide and water. TRUE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.03 Tillery - Chapter 10 #4 Topic: Chemical Reactions

5. Substances that lose electrons in reactions are called oxidizing agents. FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 10.03 Tillery - Chapter 10 #5 Topic: Chemical Reactions

6. In combination reactions, elements react to form compounds. FALSE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 10.03 Tillery - Chapter 10 #6 Topic: Chemical Reactions

7. When balancing a chemical equation, the number of H atoms in 2 CH4 is eight. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 10.02 Tillery - Chapter 10 #7 Topic: Chemical Equations

8. A decomposition reaction always breaks down a compound into the elements that make up the compound. FALSE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.03 Tillery - Chapter 10 #8 Topic: Chemical Reactions

9. Chemists effectively count atoms by weighing matter. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 10.04 Tillery - Chapter 10 #9 Topic: Chemical Equations

10. The sum of the coefficients must be the same on both sides of a chemical equation. FALSE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.02 Tillery - Chapter 10 #10 Topic: Chemical Equations

Consider the chemical equation: CH4 + 2O2 CO2 + 2H2O

Tillery - Chapter 10

11. What is the number of atoms on each side of the equation? A. 5 B. 6 C. 7 D. 9

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 10.02 Tillery - Chapter 10 #11 Topic: Chemical Equations

12. What is the formula weight of methane, CH4? A. 13 u B. 16 u C. 52 u D. None of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.01 Tillery - Chapter 10 #12 Topic: Chemical Formulas

13. What is the total mass of products in the methane reaction shown before question 11? A. 80 u B. 64 u C. 62 u D. 48 u

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.04 Tillery - Chapter 10 #13 Topic: Chemical Equations

14. What is the empirical formula of C4H8? A. CH B. CH2 C. C4H8 D. C2H4

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 10.01 Tillery - Chapter 10 #14 Topic: Chemical Formulas

15. The reaction 2 Mg + O2 2 MgO is an example of A. oxidation. B. combination. C. combustion. D. All of the above.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.03 Tillery - Chapter 10 #15 Topic: Chemical Reactions

16. When the equation __Li + __O2 __Li2O is correctly balanced, what is the sum of the coefficients? A. 3 B. 5 C. 7 D. 12

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.02 Tillery - Chapter 10 #16 Topic: Chemical Equations

17. The reaction: 2 NaI + Cl2 2 NaCl + I2 is an example of A. decomposition. B. combination. C. replacement. D. ion exchange.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.03 Tillery - Chapter 10 #17 Topic: Chemical Reactions

18. The reaction: potassium chlorate potassium chloride and oxygen gas is an example of A. decomposition. B. combination. C. replacement. D. ion exchange.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.03 Tillery - Chapter 10 #18 Topic: Chemical Reactions

19. A chemical reaction is balanced by changing (the) A. subscripts. B. superscripts. C. coefficients. D. Any of the above as needed.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 10.02 Tillery - Chapter 10 #19 Topic: Chemical Equations

20. What is the number of oxygen atoms in Al2(SO4)3? A. 3 B. 4 C. 7 D. 12

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 10.01 Tillery - Chapter 10 #20 Topic: Chemical Formulas

21. The equation 2 C2H5OH + __O2 4 CO2 + 6 H2O is balanced by making the coefficient of oxygen A. 14. B. 12. C. 7. D. 6.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.02 Tillery - Chapter 10 #21 Topic: Chemical Equations

22. An oxidizing agent is a substance that A. reacts with oxygen. B. removes electrons from another substance. C. supplies electrons to another substance. D. frees a metal from its ore.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 10.03 Tillery - Chapter 10 #22 Topic: Chemical Reactions

23. What is the formula weight of aluminum hydroxide, Al(OH)3? A. 44 u B. 45 u C. 75 u D. 78 u

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 10.01 Tillery - Chapter 10 #23 Topic: Chemical Formulas

24. What is the mass percent of sodium in washing soda, Na2CO3? A. 43.4% B. 32.5% C. 21.7% D. 62.1%

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 10.01 Tillery - Chapter 10 #24 Topic: Chemical Formulas

25. What is the total number of atoms in calcium phosphate, Ca3(PO4)2? A. 8 B. 9 C. 11 D. 13

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.01 Tillery - Chapter 10 #25 Topic: Chemical Formulas

26. What is the mass of 0.50 mole of baking soda, NaHCO3? A. B. C. D. 26 g 42 g 84 g 168 g

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.04 Tillery - Chapter 10 #26 Topic: Chemical Equations

27. How many molecules are in a 8.0-g sample of oxygen gas, O2? A. 6.0 1023 B. 3.0 1023 C. 1.5 1023 D. 12.0 1023

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.04 Tillery - Chapter 10 #27 Topic: Chemical Equations

28. Which of the following is a sign of an ion exchange reaction? A. a precipitate is formed B. a compound is broken down into simpler substances C. a reactant is oxidized D. a metal ion is reduced

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 10.03 Tillery - Chapter 10 #28 Topic: Chemical Reactions

29. The reaction between water solutions of sodium chloride and silver nitrate produces a precipitate: NaCl(aq) + AgNO3(aq) NaNO3(aq) + AgCl(s). This is an example of A. decomposition. B. combination. C. replacement. D. ion exchange.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.03 Tillery - Chapter 10 #29 Topic: Chemical Reactions

30. Because of our belief in the law of conservation of mass, it seems reasonable that A. in combustion reactions, part of the mass of the reactants must be converted into fire. B. the mass of a newly formed compound cannot be changed. C. molecules cannot be broken down, for the mass would be reduced. D. the number of atoms of reactants must equal the number of atoms of products.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.04 Tillery - Chapter 10 #30 Topic: Chemical Equations

ch10 Summary
Category Blooms Level: 2. Understand Blooms Level: 3. Apply Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 10.01 Section: 10.02 Section: 10.03 Section: 10.04 Tillery - Chapter 10 Topic: Chemical Equations Topic: Chemical Formulas Topic: Chemical Reactions # of Questions 6 9 15 7 8 10 5 31 13 7 10