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ch20

ch20

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. Weathering is the process that must occur before erosion can take place. True False

2. Exfoliation of granite in the Sierra is an example of chemical weathering. True False

3. An easily crumbled soil with approximately equal amounts of sand, silt, and clay is called loam. True False

4. Soils formed in cold, dry climates have shallow topsoil with less humus. True False

5. Steep, conical deposits of rock fragments at the base of a cliff or slope are called talus. True False

6. Old-age features such as floodplains and meanders gradually work their way down from the source to the mouth as a stream lowers the land. True False

7. In the deserts, the wind plays a greater role in shaping features than does water. True False

8. The limestone caves of Kentucky and New Mexico were formed by the chemical weathering of limestone by carbonation. True False

9. Acid-rain is strictly a man-made phenomenon resulting from the heavy industrialization of the eastern United States. True False

10. Soil creep is a very slow landslide. True False

11. The expansion of freezing water in a crack can cause the crack to widen. This is an example of A. chemical weathering. B. hydration. C. mechanical weathering. D. exfoliation.

12. Which of the following is an example of chemical weathering? A. exfoliation B. oxidation C. disintegration D. spalling

13. The red soils of Oklahoma and Georgia are due to the presence of A. feldspars. B. iron oxides. C. carbonates. D. loam.

14. Which sequence of processes occurs in the correct order? A. weathering, erosion, transportation B. erosion, weathering, transportation C. erosion, transportation, weathering D. These processes can occur in any order.

15. Weathering involves the A. picking up of rock fragments. B. movement of rock fragments. C. mechanical and chemical breakup of rocks. D. formation of rocks by the action of weather.

16. Which of the following soil components is not likely to be the result of mechanical weathering? A. quartz sand B. clay minerals C. silt D. humus

17. When a stream flows into a body of water it often forms a A. delta. B. floodplain. C. dune. D. ventifact.

18. Which of the following materials is least susceptible to chemical weathering? A. limestone B. halite C. quartz D. feldspar

19. A wind deposit that often makes productive farmland is A. ventifacts. B. moraine. C. dune. D. loess.

20. Glaciers form when A. the temperature remains below freezing. B. snow accumulates to form ice, which begins to flow. C. a summer climate does not occur. D. a solid mass of snow moves downhill under the influence of gravity.

21. A stream in its youth exhibits which of the following sets of characteristics? A. broad meanders and a wide floodplain B. few rapids and waterfalls and a U-shaped valley C. steep gradient and a V-shaped valley D. low gradient and the presence of oxbow lakes

22. Which of the following statements about a meandering stream is true? A. Greater erosion occurs on the inside portion of the curve. B. Meanders occur in youthful streams. C. When meanders from two adjacent streams meet, an oxbow lake is formed. D. Meanders result in the widening of a valley floor.

23. Picking up small pieces of smashed rock is called A. mechanical weathering. B. chemical weathering. C. erosion. D. transportation.

24. Dissolving a rock in acid is the equivalent of A. mechanical weathering. B. chemical weathering. C. erosion. D. transportation.

25. Carrying rock fragments to a new location is called A. mechanical weathering. B. chemical weathering. C. erosion. D. transportation.

26. One would expect to find deep rich soil layer where the climate is A. wet and warm. B. dry and cold. C. tropical. D. arctic.

27. Deposits of bulldozed rocks that remain after a glacier melts are called A. cirques. B. moraines. C. deltas. D. laterites.

28. A peneplain with monadnocks mean the landform development is in what stage? A. early youth B. rejuvenation C. old age D. maturity

29. Ventifacts are A. rocks picked up by the wind and transported to new locations. B. wind-deposited mounds of ridges of sand. C. areas where deflation has removed loose sediment from the surface. D. rocks sculpted by wind abrasion.

30. A peneplain is A. a section of a mature stream valley. B. the remains of a melted glacier. C. the sediment that is deposited at the mouth of a stream. D. a nearly flat rolling plain produced by erosion.

ch20 Key

1. Weathering is the process that must occur before erosion can take place. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 20.02 Tillery - Chapter 20 #1 Topic: Weathering

2. Exfoliation of granite in the Sierra is an example of chemical weathering. FALSE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 20.02 Tillery - Chapter 20 #2 Topic: Weathering

3. An easily crumbled soil with approximately equal amounts of sand, silt, and clay is called loam. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 20.03 Tillery - Chapter 20 #3 Topic: Soil

4. Soils formed in cold, dry climates have shallow topsoil with less humus. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 20.03 Tillery - Chapter 20 #4 Topic: Soil

5. Steep, conical deposits of rock fragments at the base of a cliff or slope are called talus. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #5 Topic: Erosion

6. Old-age features such as floodplains and meanders gradually work their way down from the source to the mouth as a stream lowers the land. FALSE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #6 Topic: Erosion

7. In the deserts, the wind plays a greater role in shaping features than does water. FALSE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #7 Topic: Erosion

8. The limestone caves of Kentucky and New Mexico were formed by the chemical weathering of limestone by carbonation. TRUE

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #8 Topic: Weathering

9. Acid-rain is strictly a man-made phenomenon resulting from the heavy industrialization of the eastern United States. FALSE

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 20.02 Tillery - Chapter 20 #9 Topic: Weathering

10. Soil creep is a very slow landslide. TRUE

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 20.03 Tillery - Chapter 20 #10 Topic: Erosion

11. The expansion of freezing water in a crack can cause the crack to widen. This is an example of A. chemical weathering. B. hydration. C. mechanical weathering. D. exfoliation.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 20.02 Tillery - Chapter 20 #11 Topic: Weathering

12. Which of the following is an example of chemical weathering? A. exfoliation B. oxidation C. disintegration D. spalling

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 20.02 Tillery - Chapter 20 #12 Topic: Weathering

13. The red soils of Oklahoma and Georgia are due to the presence of A. feldspars. B. iron oxides. C. carbonates. D. loam.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 20.02 Tillery - Chapter 20 #13 Topic: Weathering

14. Which sequence of processes occurs in the correct order? A. weathering, erosion, transportation B. erosion, weathering, transportation C. erosion, transportation, weathering D. These processes can occur in any order.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #14 Topic: Erosion

15. Weathering involves the A. picking up of rock fragments. B. movement of rock fragments. C. mechanical and chemical breakup of rocks. D. formation of rocks by the action of weather.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 20.02 Tillery - Chapter 20 #15 Topic: Weathering

16. Which of the following soil components is not likely to be the result of mechanical weathering? A. quartz sand B. clay minerals C. silt D. humus

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 20.03 Tillery - Chapter 20 #16 Topic: Weathering

17. When a stream flows into a body of water it often forms a A. delta. B. floodplain. C. dune. D. ventifact.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #17 Topic: Erosion

18. Which of the following materials is least susceptible to chemical weathering? A. limestone B. halite C. quartz D. feldspar

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 20.02 Tillery - Chapter 20 #18 Topic: Weathering

19. A wind deposit that often makes productive farmland is A. ventifacts. B. moraine. C. dune. D. loess.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #19 Topic: Erosion

20. Glaciers form when A. the temperature remains below freezing. B. snow accumulates to form ice, which begins to flow. C. a summer climate does not occur. D. a solid mass of snow moves downhill under the influence of gravity.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #20 Topic: Erosion

21. A stream in its youth exhibits which of the following sets of characteristics? A. broad meanders and a wide floodplain B. few rapids and waterfalls and a U-shaped valley C. steep gradient and a V-shaped valley D. low gradient and the presence of oxbow lakes

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #21 Topic: Erosion

22. Which of the following statements about a meandering stream is true? A. Greater erosion occurs on the inside portion of the curve. B. Meanders occur in youthful streams. C. When meanders from two adjacent streams meet, an oxbow lake is formed. D. Meanders result in the widening of a valley floor.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #22 Topic: Erosion

23. Picking up small pieces of smashed rock is called A. mechanical weathering. B. chemical weathering. C. erosion. D. transportation.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #23 Topic: Erosion

24. Dissolving a rock in acid is the equivalent of A. mechanical weathering. B. chemical weathering. C. erosion. D. transportation.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 20.02 Tillery - Chapter 20 #24 Topic: Weathering

25. Carrying rock fragments to a new location is called A. mechanical weathering. B. chemical weathering. C. erosion. D. transportation.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #25 Topic: Erosion

26. One would expect to find deep rich soil layer where the climate is A. wet and warm. B. dry and cold. C. tropical. D. arctic.

Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 20.03 Tillery - Chapter 20 #26 Topic: Soil

27. Deposits of bulldozed rocks that remain after a glacier melts are called A. cirques. B. moraines. C. deltas. D. laterites.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #27 Topic: Erosion

28. A peneplain with monadnocks mean the landform development is in what stage? A. early youth B. rejuvenation C. old age D. maturity

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #28 Topic: Erosion

29. Ventifacts are A. rocks picked up by the wind and transported to new locations. B. wind-deposited mounds of ridges of sand. C. areas where deflation has removed loose sediment from the surface. D. rocks sculpted by wind abrasion.

Blooms Level: 2. Understand Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #29 Topic: Erosion

30. A peneplain is A. a section of a mature stream valley. B. the remains of a melted glacier. C. the sediment that is deposited at the mouth of a stream. D. a nearly flat rolling plain produced by erosion.

Blooms Level: 3. Apply Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 #30 Topic: Erosion

ch20 Summary
Category Blooms Level: 2. Understand Blooms Level: 3. Apply Blooms Level: 4. Analyze Section: 20.02 Section: 20.03 Section: 20.04 Tillery - Chapter 20 Topic: Erosion Topic: Soil Topic: Weathering # of Questions 10 12 8 9 5 16 30 16 3 11